Parishes: St Botolph Aldgate

The Cartulary of Holy Trinity, Aldgate. Originally published by London Record Society, London, 1971.

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'Parishes: St Botolph Aldgate', The Cartulary of Holy Trinity, Aldgate, (London, 1971), pp. 167-192. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol7/pp167-192 [accessed 19 June 2024].

. "Parishes: St Botolph Aldgate", in The Cartulary of Holy Trinity, Aldgate, (London, 1971) 167-192. British History Online, accessed June 19, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol7/pp167-192.

. "Parishes: St Botolph Aldgate", The Cartulary of Holy Trinity, Aldgate, (London, 1971). 167-192. British History Online. Web. 19 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol7/pp167-192.

[St. Botolph Aldgate]

868. [f. 148v] Summary of the statute (fn. 1) by which rents may be recovered in the city of London.

869. Form of the writ (fn. 2) to be issued to the mayor and sheriffs in a case of non-payment of arrears of rent.

870. Note: the form (natura) of this writ appears in a plea held in the Husting on the Mon. after or before 6 Dec. 19 Ed. II between the abbot of Waltham and Adam le Treyer concerning a wharf called Holyrodewharf.

871. [f. 149] (fn. 3) In the time of King Edgar [959–75] thirteen knights 'satis amabiles' obtained from the king derelict land in the eastern part of London. It was granted on condition that each of them should fight three duels, one on land, one below [ground] and one in the water and this was done on one day on what is now called Estsmethfeld. On that day the king named the body the 'knyghtegilda' and defined its limits: from Aldgate to the place where the bars (barre) now are, towards the east on both sides of the lane towards the gate now known as Bishoppesgate to the house of William the priest, afterwards of Geoffrey the Tanner then of the heirs of Coluere and then of John Esby now 'de Bursere' and to the south to the Thames as far as a horseman riding into the river at low tide can throw a lance. So all Estsmethfeld with part of the lane on the right going to Doddyngpond in the Thames and the land which now has the hospital of St. Katherine with the mills and the outer wall and the new ditch (fossatum) of the Tower stand part of the fee. The wall and the ditch were built by the bishop of Ely as justiciar during Richard's absence in Jerusalem and by this Holy Trinity lost ½ mark of rent and the mill was removed because it was in the way and the greater part of a garden destroyed but Edward I gave them 5½ marks p.a. The knights had no further charter from Edgar, Aethelred or Cnut but their heirs obtained one from Edward the Confessor [See also after 872].

872. [1042–4] King Edward to Bishop Aelfweard and Wulfgar, portreeve, declares that his men of the gild of English 'cnihtas' are to have their sake and soke within borough and without over their lands and over their men and as good laws as they had in the days of King Edgar and of the king's father and of Cnut. (fn. 4)

871 contd. [f. 149v] William son of William the Conqueror granted a charter [See also after 874].

873. [1087–1100] Notification by William II addressed to M[aurice] bishop [of London], Geoffrey de Mandaville and R. Delpare confirming to the men of the 'Cnihtengild' their land and customs; witness, H[ugh] de Boch[land] at Reading.

Reg. A.-N., i, no. 444; Cal. Letter-Bk. C, 218; L.M.A.S. Trans., v, 488; British Borough Charters, 1042–1216, 127.

874. [1100–3] Confirmation of Henry I of 873; witnesses N. (fn. 5) de Mountford, H[ugh] de Boch[land], R. Bigot, at Westminster.

Reg. A.-N., ii, no. 663; Cal. Letter-Bk. C, 219; L.M.A.S. Trans., v, 489.

871 contd. The priory was founded in 1108. In 1125 certain burgesses of London, descendants of the noble English knights, namely Ralph son of Algod, Wlunard le Douerisshe, Orgar le Prude, Edward Hupcornhille, Blakstan, Alwin his relative, Alwin and Robert his brother sons of Leofstan, Leofstan the Goldsmith and Wizo his son, Hugh son of Wlgar, Algar Secusne, Orgar son of Deremann, Osbert Drinchepyn, Adelard Hornepitesune came to the chapter house and gave to the priory the land and the soke of the 'Anglisshe cnihtegild'. And to establish this they laid Edward the Confessor's charter on the altar and formally offered the church of St. Botolph without Aldgate; witnesses, Bernard prior of Dunstable, John prior of Launde, Geoffrey chamberlain de Clynton, Peter and Nicholas Ci(m)and, [f. 150] William the clerk, Edward son of Alfward, Hugh son of Ralph, his dapifer and chaplain, Edward de Southwark and William his son, Leuegar the priest, Eilwin son of Syredus, Haco the deacon, Algar the priest, Aschellus and many others. The donors sent Orgar le Prude to Henry to obtain his confirmation [See after 875].

875. [1126] Notification by Henry I addressed to Richard bishop of London and to the sheriff and reeve and all of London and Middlesex confirming the grant by the cnihtengild of the land and of the church of St. Botolph to Holy Trinity; witnesses, Adeliza the queen, Geoffrey the chancellor, Geoffrey de Clinton, William de Clinton; at Woodstock. Enrolled in Memoranda Book 'C' (fn. 6) at the Guildhall.

Margin: Hec carta scripta est in rotulo Regis Ricardi anno regni eius viij°.

871 contd. Henry sent Alberic de Ver and Roger the nephew of Hubert to invest the church with its possession. After the collation of the church of St. Botolph, Holy Trinity had the church and its large garden and a canon was appointed to supervise the property and to administer the sacraments to the parishioners. This was in accordance with a letter of Innocent III.

876. Letter of Innocent III permitting Holy Trinity to serve the churches of St. Botolph, St. Katherine and St. Michael [f.150v] by two of their canons: at the Lateran 18 May 1201.

Letters of Pope Innocent III, ed. C. R. and M.G. Cheney (1967), no. 319 and p. 224.

871 contd. Before the acquisition of the soke Laurence Houndsditch paid 6s. 8d. p.a. to the Knyghtgylde and Prior Norman became seised of this rent from a tenement from which Robert de Retherhethe and Agnes his wife, daughter of Laurence Salamon son of Laurence Houdesditch, gave [a further] 3s. rent.

877. [1294–1302] Agreement between Stephen prior and convent and John de Cambio of Canterbury, clerk, that the prior and convent have granted to John a piece (placea) of land; abutments, the tenement of Agnes de la More on the east, a tenement of the aforesaid John on the west, the tenement of John le Cofferer on the south and between the great garden of the priory on the north; the grantee, his heirs and assigns to cause to be made their own fence (propriam clausuram) and maintain it; the piece contains 12 perches in length and 10 perches in width; rent 9s. 3d. p.a.; the said John ex Cambio [f. 151] granted to the prior and convent a certain piece (quandam particulam) of the above-mentioned tenement lying between the great garden on the east and the new garden of the priory on the west and between the land of the said John on the south and that of the bishop of London on the north, containing in length 30½ perches and in width 5 perches; exchange sealed by both parties; witnesses, Edmund Trentmars, Peter Berneval, John Pottere.

878. [List of those paying rent]: John of Canterbury (de Cantuaria), 1 and 5 Ed. II; Roger Horold, 19 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Richard Preston, 31 Ed. III [See also after 879] as appears by the following indentured quittance.

879. Indenture witnessing that Nicholas prior and convent received from Richard de Preston, citizen, 13s. 4d. in payment of arrears of rent of 9s. 3d. p.a.; sealed; dated London 12 Mar. 1357.

878 contd. Simon Haverhull; William Taillour, 35 Ed. III; William Dawe, 49 Ed. III; Simon his son throughout Ric. II and Hy. IV; this tenement is situated on (super) Houndesdyche between the land of the priory on the west and that of William Belhome which was once of Roger the Gardener on the east.

880. [1261–8] Grant by Gilbert prior and convent to Roger the Gardener (Gardinerius) of Waltham and Alice his wife of a messuage with houses built thereon in the parish of St. Botolph without Aldgate extending from the king's highway of Houndesdyche to the wall of the prior's garden; abutments, the land and houses of Simon son of William Chyngeford on the east [f. 151v] and the land and houses of Richard the Tanner (Tannator) on the west; rent 6s. p.a.; the grantees are not to destroy or allow the houses to deteriorate but to maintain them and not to build against (super) the garden wall; swore fealty; if the grantees wish to sell, the canons to have the preference by a bezant of 2s.; chirograph sealed; the grantees gave a pittance of 2s.; witnesses, Thomas de Wymborne, then 'sockener' of this soke, Robert de Hakeneye, Walter Trentmars.

881. [List of those paying rent]: Roger Gardiner; John le Turnour; Robert his son; widow of the same Robert, 1 and 19 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; John Gate, 33 Ed. III; Adam Canon, 35 Ed. III; Thomas Saham, 1 Ric. II; his widow, 8 Ric. II; this tenement is situated on Houndesdyche between the tenement of Simon Dawe which was once of John de Cambio on the west and on the east [incomplete].

882. [1222–48] Grant by Richard prior and convent to Stephen Tannar of land; abutments, the grantee's own land on the west; containing in width along the lane (chiminum) and 'ubique' 14 ells less a few inches and extending from the lane to the ditch (fossatum) of the priory garden; to hold to the grantee's heirs in fee; [f. 152] rent 3s. p.a.; if the grantee wishes to sell or pledge the fee, the canons to have an advantage of a bezant of 2s. over other buyers; swore fealty; gersuma 40s.; witnesses, William de Algate, Terricus, Adam, Bartholomew, brothers of the same.

883. [List of those paying rent]: Stephen Tanner; his widow; John le Coferer then the land was divided for Adam de Buctone paid 2s. 6d. and William Wastell paid 2s. 6d.: after Adam de Buctone; William Revell, 31 Ed. III; William Cory, 40 Ed. III; Hauekyn, 46 Ed. III; Stephen Daubeney, 8 Ric. II: after William Wastell; his widow, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Richard Rislingbury, 32 Ed. III; Robert Risby, 49 Ed. III and 8 Ric. II and these two tenements are situated adjacent on (super) Houndesdyche between a tenement of the priory on the west and the tenement once of Stephen Tanner now of Richard Hammes on the east.

884. [1222–48] Grant of Richard prior and convent to Stephen Tannar of land lying between his own land on the west [in all particulars as 882 except for the insertion of Ralph in the list of witnesses].

885. [f. 152v] [List of those paying rent]: Stephen Tannour; Robert Baddyng [See also after 886] as appears by the following charter.

886. [1222–48] Exchange between Richard prior and convent and Robert Baddyng by which Holy Trinity quitclaimed to Robert 18d. p.a. of the annual rent of 3s.; for which quitclaim Robert gave to the canons all the land which he holds of them between the land once of Roger Bigge and the land of the canons themselves; sealed; witnesses, Solomon son of Laurence, Stephen the Tanner (Tannatore), William de Algate, Terricus, Ralph, Bartholomew, brothers.

885 contd. R. Baddyng 1s. 6d.; Henry de Barra; Thomas de Balsham, 1 and 19 Ed. II; Matilda his widow, 32 Ed. III; John Hauekyn, 49 Ed. III; Thomas Morhaunt, 1 Ric. II; Hauekyn 'Brouderer', 8 Ric. II; this tenement is situated on Houndesdych.

887. [1170–97] Grant of Stephen prior and convent to Edric the Merchant (Mercator) of land which Richard the chaplain (capellanus) bought from Norman son of Alfred Horeh; to hold in fee; rent 4s. p.a.; swore fealty; gersuma to the prior 1 bezant and to the convent, a London sextary of wine; witnesses, Robert the chaplain, Ralph the clerk of Stebeheth, Adam his brother.

C.A.D., iv, A 7353.

888. [List of those paying rent]: Edric; Robert Lambard; his son whose wife Albreda granted the tenement to William son of Stephen de Sharnbrok [See also after 889] as appears by the following charter.

889. Grant by Albreda widow of Robert Lambert to William son of Stephen de Sharnbrok of a messuage with a curtilage which the grantor had in the suburb of London without Algate in [f. 153] the parish of St. Botolph; abutments, the cemetery of St. Botolph on the west and the land of Mundekinus Trentmars on the east extending from the king's highway on the south to the priory garden on the north; the grantee is free to sell or assign as he pleases; rent to the grantor and her heirs ½d. at Easter, to Holy Trinity 4s. p.a.; gersuma 20 marks; sealed; witnesses, Alan la Suche, warden, John Adrian, Luke de Batencuit, bailiffs, Roger de Leuesham; made 10 Jan. 1268.

888 contd. William de Sharnbrok or de Algate who granted the tenement to William de Wellis as appears in a charter (fn. 7) enrolled 27 Ed. I; Thomas Bidell, 1 Ed. II; Nicholas Derman, 19 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; William Cosyn, 30 Ed. III; William Barford, 49 Ed. III; Robert Burford throughout Hy. IV.

890. Grant of Gilbert prior and convent to Edmund son of Walter Trentmars of land with houses built thereon which Walter holds of the fee of the priory; abutments, the land of Robert Lambert and the land of Laurence of Ipswich (de Gipewiz) extending from the king's street without Algate to the wall of the priory garden; rent 4s. 10d. p.a.; 15s. paid for the grant and for arrears; chirograph sealed; [f. 153v] witnesses, Thomas son of Thomas fitzRichard, mayor, Robert de Mundepelles, Osbert de Suthfolk, sheriffs; done 4 Mar. 1263.

891. [List of those paying rent]: Edmund Trentmars; John the chaplain then the land was divided for Joan Goldcorn paid 4s. 4d. and Geoffrey Hakeseye paid 6d.: after Joan Goldcorn; Robert Barbour or Youn; his widow, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Thomas Copyn, 30 Ed. III; Alice Perers, 44 Ed. III; William Burford, 47 Ed. III; Robert his son throughout Ric. II and Hy. IV: after Geoffrey Hakeseye; his widow; John Digge or Gigge, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; John Norton, 20 Ed. III; [See also after 892] to whom prior Nicholas granted a piece (particula) of the priory garden to increase the tenement as appears by the following indenture.

892. Indenture made between the prior and convent and John de Norton, citizen, and Alice his wife witnesseth that the prior and convent has granted to them a certain piece of the priory garden; abutments, the tenement of the said John on the west and the said garden on the east; in width 2½ ells and in length extending to the fountain which is between the two tenements on the south and the great garden of the prior and convent on the north, which length is 46½ ells; rent 2s. p.a.; the easement to the spring being protected in perpetuity (aisiamento fontis … salvo imperpetuum) so that the costs and repairs shall be, in perpetuity, shared between the two parties to the indenture, their heirs and assigns; whoever defaults in this respect shall lose the easement; John and Alice pledge for themselves and their successors all their built-up tenement next to this plot that the prior may distrain therein for the rent of 2s. [f. 154] if in arrears, as for the rent of 6d.; sealed by both parties; dated London 1 Apr. 1354.

891 contd. John de Norton paid 2s. 6d., 28 Ed. III; Adam Stable, 48 Ed. III; his widow, 8 Ric. II; afterwards the executors of John duke of Lancaster appropriated the tenement to the church of St. Paul for the maintenance of a certain chantry for the duke's soul; the dean and chapter of St. Paul's; and the three tenements are situated at length adjacent on the north of the great street of Algatestrete between the tenement of the priory on the east and the cemetery of the church of St. Botolph on the west.

893. [1255–6] Grant of John prior and convent to Warin de Hakeney of land in the parish of St. Botolph with houses built thereon; abutments, the messuage which John Cust held of the priory and the land of Matilda Junior; in width along the street 11¼ ells and in the middle 7 ells less 4 ins., extending from the king's street to the priory garden; rent 7s. p.a.; the grantee not to destroy or allow the houses to deteriorate but to maintain them; if the grantee wishes to sell, the canons to have an advantage of 2s. over other buyers; gersuma 20s.; swore fealty; chirograph sealed; [f. 154v] witnesses, Ralph Hardell, mayor, Matthew Bukerell, John Mynur, sheriffs.

894. [List of those paying rent]: W. de Hakeney then the land was divided for Geoffrey de Haneke 'seise' paid 3s. 6d. for his part which part is now in the hands of the priory: and Robert Turnour paid 3s. 6d. for the other part: after Robert Turnour; his widow, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; John Longe, 6 Ed. III; Nicholas Longe, 30 Ed. III and 8 Ric. II; his widow, 9 Hy. IV; John Shawe, 11 Hy. IV; and the tenement is situated on the north side of Algatestrete between the tenement of the priory on the west and the tenement once of Matilda Juvenis, now of John Raulyn on the east.

Margin: Longitudo istius tenementi continent xl ulnas regis ut patet in testamento (fn. 8) Roberti Turnour quod irrotulatur post festum Mathei apostoli anno Edwardi filii Edwardi xijo.

895. [1147–67] Grant of Ralph prior and convent to Goditha wife of Solomon de Stebbehetha of a tenement (managium) which was the bishop's; rent ½ mark p.a.; swore fealty; witnesses, Herman, canon of Suwer(c), Robert Hus(c)ardus.

896. [List of those paying rent]: Goditha; Solomon her son, then the land was divided for 8d. was paid from the tenement once of Matilda Juvenis, and for that once of Simon Marchall 18d., and for that once of William Buxford 12d.; Juliana daughter of Ralph Crepyn or Algate, clerk, paid for his house and another adjacent 2s.; the widow of William Haveryng paid for the house in which Roger Underwode lives 9d.; Robert de Hakenay paid for the house of the late Richard Heved 9d.; and thus the total sum of 6s. 8d. [as in 895]: after Matilda Juvenis; Godfrey Marchal who granted the tenement to William Horsham as appears in their charter 22 Ed. I, John Breton being warden of London; William Manhale, 1 Ed. III; Robert Brom, 30 Ed. III; Richard Cotyngham, 32 Ed. III; John Chaltone, 36 Ed. III; Nicholas Longe, 48 Ed. III and 8 Ric. II; John Rawlyn throughout Hy. IV and Hy. V: 18d. for the tenement of Simon Marshal who granted 2s. 6d. p.a. of quit rent [See also after 897] as appears by the following charter.

897. Grant by Simon Marshal (Marescallus) and Roysia, daughter of the late Richard de Depedene, his wife to William prior and convent of Holy Trinity of 30d. p.a. of quit rent; the canons to hold in free alms; the quit rent issuing from a certain [f. 155] tenement which Richard de Depedene held of the fee of the said canons; the grantors concede that the canons shall distrain and take naam in the aforesaid tenement both for the 30d. and the 18d.; Simon and Roesia will not pull down the houses or increase the rent without the assent of the canons; sealed; witnesses, Ralph de Sandwich, warden, Walter Hauteyn, Thomas Cros, sheriffs; dated 20 Apr. 1287.

C.A.D., ii, A 1972.

896 contd. Simon Marshal paid 4s. who granted the tenement to William de Haveryng as appears by their charter (fn. 9) enrolled 20 Ed. I; William Manhale, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Robert Brome, 30 Ed. III; Nicholas Longe, 32 Ed. III; William Webbe, 37 Ed. III; John Horleus, or Pyioun, 3 Ric. II; Robert Bussheye, 8 Ric. II: after William Buxford who granted the tenement to William de Haveryng as in their charter (fn. 10) enrolled 23 Ed. I; his widow, Agnes Crepyn, 1 Ed. II; Richard Bryccheford, 36 Ed. III; William Webbe, 48 Ed. III; John Horleus or Pyioun, 3 Ric. II; Robert Bussheye, 8 Ric. II, who bequeathed the aforesaid two tenements to the church of St. Michael de Bassyeshawe; the wardens of that church [See also after 898] as appears by the following quittance.

898. Quittance of William Haradon prior and convent of Holy Trinity upon the receipt of 25s. of quit rent from Richard Osbarn and Henry Hert, citizens, from a certain tenement in the parish of St. Botolph; abutments, the tenement of John Raulyn on the west and that of Isabel Furneys on the east, extending from the king's street on the south to the garden of the abbot and convent of St. Mary Graces beside the Tower on the north; [f. 155v] payment in full of all arrears of a quit rent of 5s. p.a.; sealed counterparts; dated 22 Mar. 1410.

896 contd. After Juliana, daughter of Ralph Crepyn, clerk, otherwise called Algate; Roger Undurwode: afterwards for the tenement which Ralph Crepyn had of the late William Haveryng paying 2s. 9d. p.a.; Julia daughter of Ralph who granted the tenements to Hamundus de Coptone, moneyer, as appears in their charter (fn. 11) enrolled 35 Ed. I; Hamo Coptone until 5 Ed. II when he granted the tenement of the late William Haveryng to John de Welco(m)stowe, (fn. 12) rent to Hamo and his heirs, 20s. p.a. and to Holy Trinity 9d. p.a.: after H. de Coptone, 6 Ed. III paying 2s.; John Chaucer, 20 Ed. III; William Furneux, 31 Ed. III; his widow, 36 Ed. III; the abbot of St. Mary Graces by the Tower, from 42 Ed. III: after John Wolcomstowe; William Rodyng, 6 Ed. III; Robert Ecclesale, 30 Ed. III; his widow, 36 Ed. III; Richard Chadisle, 41 Ed. III; Alice Perers, 47 Ed. III; Thomas Clerk, 8 Ric. II: after Richard Heved paying 9d.; Robert Hakenay [See also after 899] who granted 13s. 4d. p.a. to the prior and sacristan of Holy Trinity as appears by the following charter.

899. [1268] Grant by Robert de Hakeney, woolmonger, to the priory of Holy Trinity of 1 mark p.a. of quit rent in the suburb of London from a messuage which the grantor had in the soke without Alegate of the fee of the canons; to hold to the said canons and the sacristan for the time being; the canons to have the right to distrain; the canons gave 9 marks; sealed; witnesses, Stephen de Edesworth, warden, William de Dunelm, Walter Hervy, bailiffs, Walter Tovi, Edmund Trentmars, John le Rus.

896 contd. After Robert paying 14s. 1d.; Richard de Algate who granted the tenement to William Wastel as by their charter (fn. 13) enrolled 33 Ed. I; John de Enefeld, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; John Stowe, 4 Ed. III; William Rodyng, 6 Ed. III; Robert Ecclesale, 30 Ed. III; his widow, 36 Ed. III; Richard Chadisle, 41 Ed. III; Alice Perers, 47 Ed. III; Thomas Clerk, 8 Ric. II and all these tenements are situated at length adjacent [f. 156] on the north side of Algatestrete between the tenement once of Robert Turnour now of John Shawe on the west and the tenement of Henry at Hoke on the east.

900. [1222–48] Grant by Richard prior and convent to Ralph Marescall of a certain construction (fabrica) which John Cylbryght, marshal (marescallus), held of the canons; rent 4s. p.a.; the grantee not to sell to Jews or to pledge to anyone nor to grant it to religious; if the grantee wishes to sell, the prior and convent to have an advantage upon payment of a bezant of 2s. over other buyers; swore fealty; gersuma 1 mark of silver; witnesses, William de Alegate, Ralph his brother, Stephen Tanner, Alfred the Butcher.

901. [List of those paying rent]: R. Marchall; John Mabun and then the construction was divided for William Tannour paid 12d. and John Krau(er) 3s.: after William Tannour; William Lewes, 1 Ed. II; Nicholas Derman, 1 Ed. III; Thomas Croucheman, 33 Ed. III; Robert Caxton, 38 Ed. III; John at Water, 48 Ed. III; Henry at Hok, 8 Ric. II: after John Krau(er); Simon de Chigewell; John Horn(er); William Bonseriaunt; John le Lunge; Nicholas Derman, 1 Ed. II; John Romeney, 10 Ed. III; Thomas Croucheman, executor of John, 30 Ed. III; now [1425–8] the wardens of St. Botolph.

902. [1170–97] Grant of Stephen prior and convent to William nephew of Keneward and to his sister Estrilda of two adjacent lands to hold for a rent of 3s. 8d. p.a. and 16d. p.a. respectively saving the customs which belong to the soke; swore fealty; gersuma 1 mark and a London sextary of wine; witnesses, William, Facetus, Turbertus, Roger, William, armiger.

903. [156v] [List of those paying rent]: Keneward paying 3s. 8d.; Simon de Chigwell; John Horn(er); William Bonseriaunt; Nicholas Derman, 5 Ed. II who bequeathed the tenement to John Romney as in his will (fn. 14) enrolled after 30 Nov. 1335 and the same John bequeathed the two tenements to the church of St. Botolph for the maintenance of a perpetual chapel (capella) by his will (fn. 15) enrolled 33 Ed. III; the executor of the will, Thomas Croucheman: Estrilda paying 16d.; William Hippynke; Agnes daughter of William Buriler; Geoffrey Horn(er); John Ace; Martin Dulyngham; Agnes his wife who granted the tenement to Gregory Norton [See also after 904] as appears by the following charter.

904. Grant by Agnes once wife of Martin de Dolyngham to Gregory de Norton, citizen, of a plot (placea) of land with houses built thereon in the parish of St. Botolph; abutments, the land of William Bonseriaunt once of John Horner on the west and Spitelelane on the east, the tenement of John le Lung on the north and the king's street on the south; rent to the chief lords of the fee, viz. to Holy Trinity 16d. p.a. and to St. Botolph 4s. p.a.; gersuma a sum of money [unspecified]; sealed; witnesses, John le Blount, mayor, Nicholas Picot, Nigel Drury, sheriffs, Ralph prior of Holy Trinity, then alderman of that ward, Peter Berneval, John le Lung, Edmund Trentmars, John le Poter, Alan le Poter, Nicholas Dereman, Hamon le Poter, Jordan de Alegate, butcher, John de Billirica, Simon the sergeant (seriuiente) of that ward, Henry the clerk and many others; dated London 27 Aug. 1308.

903 contd. Then the tenement was divided for Stephen Talp(er) paid 8d. and William Pisere 8d.: after Stephen Talp(er); [f. 157] John Romeneye who bequeathed the shop to the fabric (operi) of the church of St. Botulph by his will (fn. 16) enrolled 23 Ed. III which shop the wardens of the fabric of the church granted to John Hamerton: after William Pisere; John Romeneye who bequeathed the shop to Agnes his daughter by will mentioned above, which shop Agnes gave to the wardens of the above church.

905. [1270–1] Grant of Eustace prior and convent to Benet de Hakeneye, citizen, and Emma his wife of a garden which the priory had in the corner (in cornera) between the messuage of John le Poter on the south and that of John son of the late Richard Rusy on the east in the parish of St. Botolph in the suburb of London; to hold in fee; the grantees not to sell to religious or Jews; quit rent of 1 mark p.a.; if the garden decays so that the rent cannot be paid, then the grantors may distrain upon it and upon a tenement which the grantees have in the parish between the field of Stebenhethe by Smethefeld on the east and the messuage of Walter Daniel on the west but when the garden and the houses built thereon [f. 157v] are sufficient for distraint then the grantors or anyone on their behalf shall no longer have any rights in the aforementioned tenement; if the grantees wish to sell the garden in whole or in part, the prior and convent to have an advantage upon payment of 2s. over other buyers; swore fealty; sealed chirograph; witnesses, John Adrian, mayor, Gregory de Rokesle, Henry le Waleis, sheriffs, Thomas de Wymburne, Ralph de la More, Hervy de Martelane, John le Rus, Ralph Crepyn, Robert de Hakeneye, Richard de Hundesdich, Robert de Coryngham, Henry Deubeneye, Walter le Poter, William Tanner, Ralph the Marshal (Marescallo), John the clerk (clerico).

906. [1277–8] Grant of a quit rent of 2s. 8d. p.a. by Benet de Hakeneye, and Emma his wife to Eustace prior and convent from a tenement which the grantors hold of the canons; [described as in 905] the canons to hold in free alms; sealed; witnesses, Gregory de Rokesle, mayor, John Brian, (fn. 17) Walter le Engleis, sheriffs, John de Norhamtone, John de Enefeld, Henry Deubeneye, Robert de Coryngham, Reginald the Goldsmith, Thomas the chaplain, German the clerk, Thomas the Tailor, William de Alegate, Norman the clerk.

907. [List of those paying rent of 16s.]: Benet de Hakeneye; Margery Lyncolne; John de Billirica, 19 Ed. II; William of the Wardrobe (de Gardroba) or de Ragton, 1 and 30 Ed. III; Peter Taillour, 32 Ed. III; his widow, 35 Ed. III; the abbot of St. Mary Graces from 44 Ed. III.

908. [f. 158] [1222–48] Grant of Gilbert son of Benet to Richard prior and convent of 3s. 6d. p.a. of quit rent which Walter son of Walter de Porta was accustomed to pay the grantor from certain land with houses; abutments, the garden of the canons on the north and the land of Robert Blondy on the south; the canons to hold in free alms; the prior and canons gave 20s. sterling; witnesses, William de Alegate, Ralph de Alegate, Stephen the Tanner (Tannatore).

909. [List of those paying quit rent]: Walter de Porta; John le Potter; Robert Raughton, potter, 1 and 19 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Peter de Weston, 6 Ed. III as appears by the First Acquittance (fn. 18) of several parishes; Alice Trumpton, 35 Ed. III; John Lawe, 49 Ed. III then the tenement was divided for Alice Trumpynton paid 21d. and Philip Chamberleyn 21d., 1 Ric. II: after Alice Trumpynton; Thomas Clerk, 4 Ric. II: after Philip Chamberleyn; Roger Ryot, 14 Ric. II; William Wodeward, 'foundour'.

910. [1222–48] Grant and sale by Martin son of Benet to Richard prior and convent of 3s. p.a. of quit rent which Alfred the Butcher paid from land with houses of the fee of the prior and convent; if the land is insufficient to pay the quit rent, payment is to be made from all the grantor's lands and tenements which he holds in the parish of St. Botolph of the grantees; the prior and convent gave 20s.; witnesses, William de Alegate, Ralph [f. 158v] Alegate, Solomon son of Laurence, Stephen the Tanner.

911. [List of those paying quit rent]: Alfred the Butcher; Ralph Marchall who granted the tenement to Stephen Wenden(e) [See also after 912] as appears in the following charter.

912. [1256–7] Grant by Ralph Marshall (Marescallus) and Matilda his wife to Stephen de Wenden(e), clerk, of certain land with a house built thereon in the parish of St. Botolph; abutments, the land of the grantee on the north and the land of Holy Trinity on the south, containing in width at the end along the street 8½ ells 7 ins. and in depth from the street to the land of Roger de Leuesham 30 ells and in width along the land of the said Roger 5¾ ells 4 ins.; all the land as the grantors bought it from the late Richard le Pater; to hold to Stephen and his heirs in perpetuity; rent to Ralph and his heirs 2d. p.a. and 3s. p.a. to Holy Trinity; gersuma 24s.; sealed; witnesses, Ralph Hardel, mayor, William Eswy, Richard de Ewelle, sheriffs, Thomas de Wymburne, alderman, William de Hakeneye, goldsmith, Walter Trentmars, Gilbert de Wymburne, William Katel.

911 contd. S. Wenden[e]; John de Sancta Ositha whose daughter granted the tenement to John de Alegate as appears by their charter (fn. 19) enrolled 19 Ed. I from which tenement Ralph le Marchall granted to Richard prior and convent 2d. p.a. in addition to the 3s. [See also after 913].

913. [1290–1] Grant of Ralph le Mareschal to the prior and convent of Holy Trinity of 2d. p.a. of quit rent which John de Sancta Ositha paid from land which he had on lease from the grantor which land was of the canons' fee; abutments, the messuage of the late William le Waleis on the south and that of Cecily de Distavelane on the north; the canons to hold with the 3s. p.a. in free alms; sealed; witnesses, Edmund Trentmars, [f. 159] Stephen de Houndesdich, William le Tannour, William Lambert.

911 contd. Hamo Copton, moneyer, 1 and 19 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; William de Rothyng, 6 Ed. III; William Underwode, 30 Ed. III; his widow, 8 Ric. II.

914. Memorandum: that the priory has had 14d. p.a. from a tenement which once belonged to William Wallensis as appears in an old rental with the letter 'H' and in subsequent rentals.

915. [List of those paying quit rent]: William Walleys; Hamo de Copton; John Algate who sold the tenement to Alan le Potter who bequeathed the tenement to Agnes his daughter by his first wife as appears in his will (fn. 20) enrolled 1 Ed. II; Agnes le Potter who married William le Clerk who paid 1 and 19 Ed. II; his widow, 1 Ed. III; John Romeney, 6 and 20 Ed. III from which tenement John Chaucer and Agnes his wife granted to William at Hale 13s. 4d. p.a. of quit rent as appears by their charter (fn. 21) enrolled 39 Ed. III which same William bequeathed 13s. 4d. to Thomas his son, the canon, and after the death of Agnes his wife and the said Thomas to the prior of Holy Trinity, as appears in the will (fn. 22) of William enrolled 42 Ed. III.

916. [1270–1] Grant by Eustace prior and convent to Walter son of Robert (le) Flemyng of Bixhill of a messuage which Stephen Quernebeter held of the grantors; abutments, the messuage of the late William Walensis on the north and that of Richard de Houndesdiche on the south containing in width along the street 7½ ells and at the end beside the land once of Roger de Leuesham on the east 5¾ ells and in length 31 ells; to hold in perpetuity to Walter, his heirs and assigns except other religious and Jews; rent 14d. p.a.; if the grantee wishes to sell, the canons to have the first claim upon payment of 2s.; chirograph sealed; [f. 159v] witnesses, John Adrian, mayor, Henry Walensi, Gregory Rokesle, sheriffs.

C.A.D., ii, A 1868.

917. [List of those paying rent]: Walter le Flemyng, gate-keeper (ianitor) who granted the tenement to John de Algate, potter, which John granted it to Alan de Suthfolk which Alan bequeathed it to Agnes his wife as appears by his will (fn. 23) enrolled 1 Ed. II.

918. Note: [1170–97] that Stephen prior and convent granted land to Fulchered at a rent of 6½d. p.a.

C.A.D., ii, A 1949.

919. [List of those paying rent]: Fulchered; Ralph the priest (sacerdos); Simon fitz Rauf; William the priest (sacerdos); Roger Eppyng; Richard Algate who granted the tenement to Alan Suthfolk as appears by their charter (fn. 24) enrolled 29 Ed. I which Alan bequeathed the tenement to Agnes his wife as appeared by his will (fn. 25) enrolled 1 Ed. II; Agnes; William Clerk; his widow, 1 Ed. III; John Romeney, 6 Ed. III which John bequeathed the aforesaid three tenements at length adjacent to the church of St. Botolph for the maintenance of a perpetual chapel by his will (fn. 26) enrolled 23 Ed. III and these three tenements are situated adjacent between the tenement of John at Lee formerly of William Underwode on the north and a tenement of Holy Trinity on the south and the sum of the quit rents of these premises is 16s. 2d. p.a.

920. [1294] Grant of Stephen prior and convent to Lord Edmund [brother of Edward, king of England] son of the Lord Henry once illustrious king of England, so that he can assign it to the Minoresses of London without Algate in free alms, of a tenement which is of the canons' fee, notwithstanding the statute of mortmain; the tenements were of Master Thomas of Bredstrete, William the Shoemaker (Sutoris), Alexander son of Geoffrey 'le Coureour' and Hodierna his wife, William de Wautham and Ellen his wife, Adam le Wyndrawere and Alice his wife and Thomas de la More; the Minoresses paying a rent to Holy Trinity of 16s. 9½d. p.a.; free access reserved to the canons and their successors to the fee [f. 160] to distrain on the goods and chattels therein without the contradiction of the sisters; saving also all temporal and spiritual rights belonging to Holy Trinity and to its church of St. Botolph without Allegate in the above tenements and also those of Solomon le Teuler and John Goldcorn so that all indemnity should be preserved (conservatur) to Holy Trinity for ever; chirograph; sealed counterparts; dated London 23 Aug. 1294.

921. [1274–5] Grant by Walter son of Robert le Flemyng of Bixle to Eustace prior and convent of Holy Trinity of 2s. p.a. of quit rent which the grantor had from the whole tenement of Osbert son of Richard le Chapman of Hakeneye formerly of Stephen le Gardiner and Florence his wife beside Estsmethefeld; abutments, the land of Edmund the Bedell on the south and the land of Nicholas the clerk on the north and containing throughout its length the same width of 9¼ ells and extending from the street to the land of Edmund Trentmars on the east; free entry and exit to distrain is granted; if this tenement is not distrainable, the grantor that the canons may enter all the lands which he has of their gift once of Stephen le Quernbetere in the parish of St. Botolph and take naam therein; [f. 160v] the canons gave 18s.; sealed; witnesses, Gregory de Rokesle, mayor, Henry de Frowyk, Luke de Batincourt, sheriffs, Edmund Trentmars, William Tanner, John Hervey.

922. [List of those paying quit rent]: Osbert the Chapman (carectarius) then the tenement was divided for John de Billirica paid 12d. p.a. and Osbert paid 12d. p.a.: after John de Billirica; John his son, 1 Ed. II and I Ed. III; William atte Wyke, 30 Ed. III; Eustace Westwode, 48 Ed. III and 2 Ric. II; Nicholas Longe, 8 Ric. II: after Osbert; Walter Cobbe, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Robert Greylond, 30 Ed. III; his widow, 2 Ric. II.

923. [1222–48] Grant by Richard prior and convent to Ralph son of Adam de Benyton of land with a house built thereon in the parish of St. Botolph; abutments, the land formerly of John Basse and the land of the late Roger le Gardiner extending on the west along the street and containing at the end (caput) in width 5½ ells 2 ins. and on the east it extends along (super) the land of Walter Trentmars and contains at that end 5½ ells 3 ins. and in the middle, 5¼ ells 4 ins.; rent 18d. p.a. and to Bartholomew de Alegate ¼d. at Michaelmas; [f. 162] the grantee is not to pledge to Jews nor to sell to any religious without the assent of the prior and convent; if the grantee wishes to sell, the prior and convent to have an advantage upon payment of a bezant of 2s. over other buyers; swore fealty; gersuma 20s.; witnesses. Adam de Alegate, Walter Trentmars, John le Vinor.

924. [List of those paying rent]: Ralph the Gate-keeper (Portarius); Edmund the Bedel then the land was divided for William Daniell paid 12d. p.a. and John de Billirica 6d. p.a.: after William Daniell; Agnes Bosham, 19 Ed. II and 6 Ed. III; William Daniell, 30 Ed. III; John Chalton, 48 Ed. III and 2 Ric. II: after John de Billirica; John Payn to whom John de Billirica granted the tenement; (fn. 27) John Payn, 19 Ed. II whose wife Margery granted the tenement to Alexander Cobbe as appears by their charter (fn. 28) enrolled after 25 Mar. 1335 which Alexander paid 30 Ed. III; Nicholas Cobbe, 48 Ed. III; Richard Morecok, 2 Ric. II.

925. [f. 161] (fn. 29) [1314–15] Grant by Hamo de Coptone, moneyer and citizen, to John de Wolcomstowe, potter (ollarius), of London and Constance his wife of a certain tenement with a garden; abutments, the tenement of William Godefray on the east and the tenement of the grantor on the west containing in width at the foremost part along the street 6 ells 2 ins., in the middle 6¾ ells, in the part following (sequente) 12½ ells and at the back (posteriore) part 18¼ ells and in length from the street on the south to the garden of Holy Trinity; rent to Holy Trinity 9d. p.a. and to the grantor and his heirs 20s. p.a.; allowance to the grantor and his heirs to distrain if the rent falls into arrears; gersuma a certain [unspecified] sum of money; sealed counterparts; witnesses, John de Gesors, mayor, Stephen de Abyndon, Hamo de Chigwell, sheriffs, Ralph [prior of Holy Trinity] alderman of that ward, Nicholas Derman, William le Potter, clerk, Robert le Tournour, William Wastel, Thomas le Bedel, 8 Ed. II.

926. Note: that Hamo de Coptone died without heirs and after his death Agnes as next-of-kin (consanguinea) and heir, namely the daughter of John Hamo's brother, received this rent of 20s. and was seised of the messuage and married (cepit in virum) a certain John Chaucer which John and Agnes, by a charter (fn. 30) enrolled in the Husting 19 Jan. 1366, granted to William at Hale, citizen of London, the quit rent of 20s. p.a. and William bequeathed the 20s. if his heirs died; half to the prior and convent of Holy Trinity and half to the abbess and sisters of St. Clare without Algate as appears in his will (fn. 31) enrolled 20 Nov. 1368.

927. [f. 161v] Grant by John de Billerika, carter (carectarius) of London, to John called Payn le Brewere and Margery his wife of all that part of the land with houses built thereon which the grantor had of the gift and enfeoffment of Stephen de Retherhethe and Juliana his wife in the parish of St. Botolph without Algate against the Tower of London; abutments, in width 37/8 ells from the street on the south to the land of Walter Trentemars on the north between the tenement of John Page on the south and that of William Daniel on the north; and all that land which the grantor had of the gift and enfeoffment of Laurence son of Edmund le Bedel towards (versus) the Tower in the same parish stretching (pretendentem) in width from the king's street towards the west as far as the land of Walter Trentemars on the east containing 3 ells and in the middle between the tenement of William Daniel on the north and that of John de Billerika on the south 3¼ ells 1 in. and along the street between the two aforesaid tenements 2¾ ells and in length from the street towards the west as far as the land of W. Trentemars on the east 129 ells; to hold to the grantees and their heirs together with the reversion of a certain house which William de Leddrede and Margery his wife hold for the term of their lives when the lease falls in; rent a clove-gillyflower at Christmas and to Stephen de Retherhethe and Juliana his wife and their heirs 1d. at Michaelmas, to the New Hospital of St. Mary 16d. p.a., to Edmund Trentemars and his heirs 16d. p.a. and to Holy Trinity 6d. p.a.; gersuma a certain [unspecified] sum of money; sealed; witnesses, John de Gesorcis, mayor, Stephen de Abyndon, Hamon de Chiggewell, sheriffs, Walter Trentemars, Nicholas Dereman; dated London 11 June 1315.

928. [f. 162] [1274–5] Grant by Walter son of Robert (le) Flemyng of Bixle to Eustace prior and convent of 2s. p.a. of quit rent which the grantor received from land with houses from Matilda widow of Nicholas de Ipswich (Yepeswych, Gypeswico), clerk; abutments, Matilda's land on the north and the land of William Somer towards Estsmethefeld; [f. 162v] with free entry and exit for the canons to distrain upon the houses if the quit rent is in arrears; if the land is not distrainable, the canons are to enter the grantor's lands which he holds in the parish and which were once of Stephen de Quernbeter; the canons gave 18s. sterling; sealed; witnesses, Gregory de Rokesle, mayor, Henry de Frowyk, Luke de Batincourt, sheriffs, Edmund Trentmars.

C.A.D., ii, A 1933.

929. [List of those paying quit rent]: Matilda Gepiswych; William the Whittawer (Alutarius); his widow; William Wastell; his widow, 1 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Peter de Weston, 6 and 30 Ed. III; Thomas Cornewaleys, 36 and 49 Ed. III.

930. [1222–c. 1230] Grant by Richard prior and convent to Bartholomew de Algate son of Edricus of land with houses in the parish of St. Botolph; abutments, the land of Robert Baddyng and the land of Norman fitz Alwin, containing along the street 20¼ ells and extending from the street to the land of Geoffrey son of Susan on the east; rent 6s. p.a.; if the rent falls into arrears and no naam can be found on the said land, the canons may distrain on the capital messuage (managium) of Bartholomew in the soke; Bartholomew and his heirs to maintain the houses which they find on this land or [f. 163] elsewhere constructed so that men of the ward may dwell in them and they shall be responsible for other things which pertain to the soke (ut in eis homines manere possent qui de warda et aliis que ad soccam pertinent respondeant); if the grantees wish to sell, the canons to have an advantage on the payment of a gold bezant over other buyers; swore fealty; gersuma 2½ marks; witnesses, Stephen Crassus, alderman, William, Terricus, Adam, Ralph de Alegate, brothers, Keneward Turnour, Stephen Tanor.

931. [1170–97] Grant by Stephen prior and convent to Reginald Tannur of land in the soke which Edmund the Gate-keeper (Portarius) held, namely half the land which Hecstan held in fee; rent 3s. p.a.; swore fealty; gersuma 1 bezant to the prior and one London sextary of wine; witness, Robert the subprior.

932. [List of those paying rent]: Reginald; Hervy the Shoemaker (Sutor) and then the land was divided for John son of Hervy paid 18d. and Kenewardus 18d. [See also after 933].

933. [1222–48] Grant by Richard prior and convent to Simon de Neweport and Florietta his wife of certain land with houses in the soke; abutments, the land of John Keneward on the south and of Terricus de Alegate on the north extending from the street to the field (campus) of Geoffrey Trentmars; to hold to Simon and his heirs by Florietta; rent 3s. p.a.; swore fealty; gersuma 15s.; witnesses, William de Alegate, Terricus, Bartholomew, brothers, Richard May, Hugh the Gate-keeper (Janitor), John son of Robert, Turgisius, Stanhardus.

934. [List of those paying rent]: S. de Neweport; John Hervy paid 6s. p.a. (fn. 32) and after John Hervy; Agnes Bosham, 1 Ed. II and 6 Ed. III; William Daniel, 32 Ed. III; Adam Canon, 42 Ed. III; Richard Rothyng, 49 Ed. III; the brothers of the Holy Cross, (fn. 33) 8 Ric. II.

935. [f. 163v] Note: that Osbert Trentmars rendered to the knights of the 'Knyghtgyld' 7s. 5d. p.a. from his principal tenement in the parish of St. Botolph and that the knights gave this rent to the canons when they granted the whole soke.

936. [List of those paying quit rent]: Osbert; Susan Trentmars; Geoffrey son of Susan; Walter Trentmars; Edmund Trentmars, 1 Ed. II [See also after 937] as appears by the following indenture.

937. Indenture of Edmund Trentmars by which he acknowledged that he owed the prior and convent of Holy Trinity 44s. 6d. of arrears of a certain rent of 7s. 5d. p.a. issuing from his principal tenement and granted the prior and convent or their rent-collector (rentarius) 8s. 11d. p.a. in part payment of the aforesaid arrears for five years from the making of the indenture, namely 2s. 7d. p.a. from that 10s. p.a. which Roger de Sart(er) ino and Agnes his wife owe to Edmund from their tenement which was once of Geoffrey Haukeseye in Alegatestrete and 6s. 4d. p.a. from a tenement which William de Basyng holds of Edmund in Estsmethefeld by the Tower of London and Holy Trinity shall take the remaining 7s. 5d. out of the 10s. by which Roger and Agnes hold for the 7s. 5d. due from Edmund's principal tenement for five years so that the prior and convent shall demand nothing from Edmund's principal tenement and if they are not able to obtain the arrears he grants that they may distrain on his principal tenement; indenture sealed by Edmund and the prior of Holy Trinity; dated London 25 Mar. 1308.

936 contd. Edmund Trentmars, 6 Ed. III; Henry Fanner, 16 Ed. III; his widow, 30 Ed. III; Thomas Cornwaleys, 33 Ed. III as appears by a plea held in the Husting, Mon. 7 Dec. 1359.

938. [f. 164] [1222–48] Grant by Richard prior and convent to Ernald 'Horsdrivere' of land with houses which the grantee and Robert Hottere once held of William Basset; abutments, the land of Kenewardus the Turner (Tornator) on the south and the land of Geoffrey Waterladere on the north; rent 7s. p.a.; swore fealty; if the grantee wishes to sell, the prior and convent upon the payment of a gold bezant or 2s. sterling shall have an advantage over other buyers; the grantee is not to pledge to Jews or other religious except to Holy Trinity; gersuma 10s.; witnesses, William de Alegate, Terricus, Ralph, Bartholomew, brothers, Geoffrey son of Susan, Geoffrey the Ewerer (Aquarius).

939. [List of those paying rent]: Ernald; his widow then the land was divided for Norman the clerk paid 12d. for one part and Alexander le Tryer paid 6s.: after Norman; John Lorchon, son of the same Norman, 1 Ed. II and 1 and 6 Ed. III; John Cobeler, 30 Ed. III; Richard Paxton, 35 and 49 Ed. III; John Stokynbury, 8 Ric. II: after Alexander this part was divided for William Bullok paid 5s. for his part and after W. Bullok; John de Caustone; Walter Bardeneye otherwise called Papworth; Matilda Aubyn 1 and 19 Ed. II; Thomas Langedon, 30 Ed. III; the prioress of St. Helen: and the third part which is in the middle of the two parts aforesaid from which Holy Trinity had 12d. came into the hands of the priory by gavelet which was afterwards leased to Henry Gamene for 3s. p.a. as appears by the following.

940. Lease of Richard prior and convent to Henry Gamene, carter (carectarius), of a plot of land in the parish of St. Botolph in Portsoken; abutments, the tenement of Walter de Bardeneye on the south and the tenement of John Lorchon on the north and extending from the street which leads from Alegate to the Tower as far as the garden of John Lorchon, containing in length from the tenement of Walter to that of John along the street 53/8 ells 1 in. and in length below (infra) the said tenements along the garden of the said John 5¼ ells 1 in. and in [f. 164v] depth from the street to the said garden of the south next to the tenement of Walter de Bardeneye 63/8 ells 2 ins. and in width at the north end against the tenement of the said John 6½ ells 3 ins.; rent 3s. p.a.; indenture sealed by both parties; witnesses, Hamon de Chigwelle, mayor, John de Prestone, Simon de Abyndone, sheriffs, Nicholas Derman, Robert de Raughton, John de Billirica, William Clerk, potter, John Eliot, Simon le Hoder, bedel; dated London 21 Dec. 1320.

941. [List of those paying rent]: Henry Gamene; John de Notyngham, 1 Ed. II [sic]; Richard Clerk, 19 Ed. II; John de Notyngham, 1 and 6 Ed. III; John Cobeler, 30 Ed. III; Richard Paxton, 35 and 49 Ed. III; John Stokynbury, 8 Ric. II and these tenements are situated at length adjacent between the tenement of the hospital of St. Katherine, from which Holy Trinity once had a rent of 4s. 8d. which they remitted (fn. 34) to the brothers and sisters, on the south and the tenement of John Cornwaleys on the north.

942. [1170–97] Grant by Stephen prior and convent to Lambert the Glover (Wanterius) of land which Godwin son of Firminus and his wife held before him; rent 2s. p.a.; to hold as long as the grantee pays the rent without fraud (calumpnia); swore fealty; the grantee received it for a lodging (herbergacio) and he holds it by custom (et per convencionem illam herbergacionem tenere debet); he who lives in this land or Lambert ought to attend the halimote (ille qui in illa terra per Lambertum manebit debet sequi hallimotum vel ipse Lambertus); gersuma 12d. and 12d. to the convent for pittances; witnesses, Fulchred the Limeburner (Limbernarius), James, Peter, Richer de Sarterino.

943. [List of those paying rent]: Lambert the Glover; John Trauaill; William Trauaill who granted the land to Nicholas Cross (de Cruce) who paid 2s. p.a. to Holy Trinity and [f. 165] 3s. p.a. to the grantor [See also after 945] which 3s. was remitted to Nicholas as appears by the following.

944. Agreement between William Trauaill of Pullokeshill and Nicholas Cross that William remitted and quitclaimed to Nicholas 3s. p.a. of rent from a tenement in the parish of St. Botolph; abutments, the land of John Yhope and the land of Walter Daniel; quitclaim of the rent with all things and 'ecchatris' belonging thereto; Nicholas gave 30s. sterling; sealed; witnesses, Thomas de Sorcwod, Richard Wiskard, Walter Blaunchard, Stephen Albano.

945. Recognisance of Nicholas Cross by which he binds himself and his heirs to pay 3s. p.a. of quit rent to Holy Trinity from the tenement which he holds in Estsmethefeld together with 2s. p.a. which the house was formerly due to receive; sealed, Christmas 1259; witnesses, Thomas de Wymburne, then sokereeve (sokenreve) of the prior, Walter Trentmars, Walter Daniel, Simon le Hosteler, Roger the Tiler (Tegulario), John the Gate-keeper (Janitore), Alexander de Rerdon.

943 contd. Nicholas Cross; the abbot of Coggeshale.

946. [1222–48] Grant by Richard prior and convent to Robert le [f. 165v] Waterladere, son of Goldyng, of land in the parish of St. Botolph lying next to Estsmethefeld; abutments, the land of John Trauail on the west and the land of Richard the Spurrier (Calcerius) on the east extending from the path (chimino) to the land of the hospital of St. Katherine; rent 2s. p.a.; the grantee not to sell or pledge to Jews or to lease it in any way (vel aliquo alio modo dimittere); if the grantee wishes to sell or lease then the prior and convent shall have a preference by 12d.; swore fealty; ½ mark gersuma; witnesses, William de Alegate, Terricus, Adam, Ralph, brothers, Solomon son of Laurence, Stephen the Tanner, Ralph the Tanner, Theobald the Capper (Capillario), Richard de Westmeln', Alkelinus the Baker (Pistore), John de Halewyk, William Haket.

947. [List of those paying rent]: Robert Waterladere; John Gardyner then the land was divided for William Chese paid 4½d. and William Danyel 6d.; Alexander de Chynggeford 4½d. and John Hakeneye 9d., 1 and 5 Ed. II: after William Chese; Peter de Staunton and Alexander de Chynggeford paid 9d., 1 Ed. II and Emma de Hakeney paid 9d. and Agnes de Boseham paid 6d. the same year; the abbot of Coggeshale 6d. and Robert Greylond 18d., 30 Ed. III; the tenement is to the west of that of the abbot of Coggeshale.

948. [1147–67] Grant by Ralph prior and convent to Turbertus of land which Kingus held at a rent of 18d. p.a. during his lifetime; rent 2s. p.a. after the death of Kingus; witnesses, William the priest (presbiter), Geoffrey the clerk, Geoffrey Tannur, Raginaldus cum botis, Hereward Palmer, Algar Basse, Siward son of Herebricht.

949. [List of those paying rent]: Turbertus; Geoffrey (Galfridus) his son otherwise called Waterladere.

950. [1197–1221] Grant by Peter prior and convent to Geoffrey le Waterladere [f. 166] of land next to Estsmehtefeld on the east held by the late Hereward Ruffus; to hold to Geoffrey and his heirs in fee; rent 6d. p.a.; if the grantee wishes to sell or lease the land then the prior and convent shall have the preference by 1 gold bezant; swore fealty; 12s. gersuma and one salmon of the value of 2s. for pittances; witnesses, Laurence Lindraper, Richard son of Gocelinus, Edward his brother, [Ig]hanne Thiep, Geoffrey Trentmars, Wurthing the Carpenter (Carpentarius). Geoffrey le Waterladere paid 2s. 6d. p.a.

951. [List of those paying rent]: Robert Waterledere; John Gardyner; Jordan de St. Paul; Walter in le Herne, 1 and 19 Ed. II and 1 Ed. III; Roger atte Ponde, 6 Ed. III; John Cory, 23 Ed. III in which year the pestilence first began; John Lovekyn now (fn. 35) mayor of the City.

952. Note: that John Cory at the instigation (excitione) of substantial men of the City with the agreement of Prior Nicholas asked Michael Northburgh, bishop of London, to consecrate a toft at the rear of the said land (unum toftum aretro dictam terram) as a burial ground so that this field is called the cemetery of Holy Trinity. In which place Edward III with the consent of the prior and convent founded the abbey of St. Mary Graces A.D. 1359 (fn. 36) and so the rent of 2s. 6d. [mentioned in 951] was paid by the abbot.

953. Total of this parish £8 6s. 8½d. and yet it is tithed at £14 10s. 1d. as appears in the king's exemplification.

954. [f. 166v] Agreement made in 1412 between William Wodeward, founder, John Kokyr, incumbent (ico[nim]os) of the church of St. Botolph without Algate, John Cornwaleys, Robert Borford, John Byrd, John Edward, John Bray, Thomas Brygth and other parishioners and William Haradon, prior of Holy Trinity and rector of St. Botolph by the mediation (medianter) of Thomas Axbrygg, canon, concerning a chantry in the church for the soul of John Romeney, once citizen and potter (ollarii), of London, whose executors had left the custody of it to the prior, which custody was in fact exercised by the parishioners. The prior conceded the custody to the parishioners reserving to himself and to Holy Trinity an annual quit rent. The parties chose two men, John Cornwaleys for the parishioners and Richard Osberne, clerk of the Chamber at the Guildhall, for the prior and convent, to examine the evidences and they found that the prior and convent were seised by John Romeney of an annual quit rent of 6s. 8d. from one of his houses now inhabited by John Haverill; abutments, the tenement of Henry atte Hook on the west and that once of John Romeney now of John Hamerton on the east; and also of 8d. p.a. from two shops once belonging to John Romeney situated between the tenement of John Hamerton on the west and Spytillane on the east; and also of 2s. 10d. p.a. from three other tenements of John Romeney which Nicolas Taillour and John Wiryng had by a lease of the prior and convent situated between the tenement of John atte Lee on the north and those of the prior and convent and of the abbess of the Poor Clares (Sancte Clare) on the south; and also of 13s. 4d. p.a. from the same tenements which William atte Hale bequeathed to the prior and convent as appears in his will (fn. 37) enrolled in the Husting of Common Pleas, Mon. 20 Nov. 1368. The parishioners promised to pay the total annual rent of 23s. 6d. [f. 167] For this agreement the prior and convent agreed to pay to John Dalby the chantry priest and his successors. 26s. 8d. p.a., to be paid by Thomas [Axbridge] and his successors from the profits of the church of St. Botolph except at any time when the said church be let to farm by the prior and convent. The prior and convent grant all the brewhouse equipment (omnia utensilia et vasa sua bracine) in the tenement which John Haverill holds to the parishioners on condition that all the aforementioned obligations are performed and, if they are not, the prior and convent have the power to enter the house and remove the equipment; witnesses, William Norton, alderman and others.

955. Licence was granted to Edmund son of Henry III to assign certain tenements held of Holy Trinity to the abbey of the Poor Clares. Release to Juliana abbess of St. Mary without Alegate of the order of St. Clare, of all claims for the priory or for the church of St. Botolph which the prior had, saving to Holy Trinity the canonical portion according to the papal statute if any of the parishioners of Holy Trinity dwelling outside the bounds of St. Mary's seek burial in that abbey and a rent of 16s. 9½d. p.a. The tenements, which Edmund made over to the abbess were held of Holy Trinity at the above-mentioned rent and were once held by Master Thomas de Bredstre, William the Shoemaker (Sutor), Alexander son of Geoffrey le Coureur and Hodierna his wife, William de Waltham, Helen his wife, Adam le Windraker (fn. 38) and Alice his wife, and Thomas de la More and also those of Solomon le Tuler and John Golcorn. The prior and convent granted tithes to the abbey as it had obtained exemption of all such payments from Boniface VIII. [f. 167v] Holy Trinity freed all their men who lived within the ambit of the abbey. The limits of abbey contained in length on the west side from the tenement formerly of Gilbert de Thotenham, potter, to that of Simon the Tiler, 15 perches 7 ft. and within the limits (distantibus) 5 perches 3 ft. from the outer door of the sisters on the west side from the south side of the tenement which was formerly Solomon's as far as the tenement once of Peter Berneval near (sub) the tenements of Ranulf Alan and Nicholas John, potters, and John Goldcorn, 14 perches 6 ft. Also on the east side next the field of Eadmund Trentemars from the tenement of Peter Breneval [sic] as far as the tenement formerly of Gilbert the Potter (Potater) 27 perches and in width on the south side from the said field to the king's street 24 perches and on the north side next the tenement of P. Breneval from the aforesaid field to the tenements of John Goldcorn and John Poter 20 perches. Indenture sealed by the prior and convent and by the abbess of the monastery of the order of St. Clare, dated Easter 1303.

956. [f. 168] Release by Katherine abbess of St. Mary of the order of St. Clare, after a lawsuit, of rights in a certain plot and to a rent of 2s. p.a. therefrom; dated Easter Sunday 1371.

957. Release by Katherine abbess of the monastery of St. Clare, after a lawsuit, of rights in a certain plot with a little house built upon it and to a rent of 12d. p.a. therefrom; abutments, the tenement formerly of Robert de Gadesby on the north and the enclosed field? (ceptum) of St. Mary's on the south and its tenement situated next to the outer gate of the monastery on the west and the earth wall (murum terrenum) lying next to the little garden of St. Mary opposite the gate leading to the dwelling in which the lady de Clare (domina de Clara) lived a short time ago, on the east, containing in length 20 ells and in width 10 ells; the prior and convent to have the right to enter and distrain; [f. 168v] sealed; dated London 16 Nov. 1374.

Margin: Concordia inter priorem et conventum ecclesie Christi Lond' et Minorissas pro quadem placea situata inter tenementum quondam R. Gadesby modo elemosinari nostri et portam predictarum minorissarum.

958. [f. 169] Composition made between Nicholas prior and convent and the abbey and convent of St. Mary Graces; starts with a memorandum as to how the abbey was founded by Edward III at the time of the pestilence and records the inadequacy of space for the burial of the victims and the consequent consecration of a new cemetery near the Tower of London; the establishment of this Cistercian house within the parish of St. Botolph without Algate, led, as this church was annexed to Holy Trinity, to a conflict between the two houses on oblations and tithes upon which Simon bishop of London adjudicated; it was decided that 100s. p.a. should be paid to Holy Trinity in compensation, to be paid by the sheriff out of the farm of London and Middlesex; in return, all the tithes and oblations from certain tenements should not be paid to the parish church but to the abbey; [f. 169v] namely, a toft lying on the east next to a common field between Hoggestrete on the north and the garden of St. Mary Graces on the south containing 147 ells in length and in length on the west side extending from Hoggestrete to the garden of John de Cory, clerk, and across a certain plot also for the cemetery up to the holding of the abbot on the south, 123 ells 2ft. with the thickness of the earth wall in Hoggestrete and the north end of the plot contains 93 ells and the south end contains 65 ells; the lands and tenements formerly of Helen Cros and Nicholas de Dedynton where the monks were living on the 'buttancia' on 'le Tourhill' containing in width 24 ells upon which a gateway opening on to Tower Hill had been built; also the tenements formerly of John de Basyng and Geoffrey de Henewade situated between those of Helen and Nicholas on the north and that of John de Parys on the south containing along Tower Hill 26¼ ells; also a tenements formerly of John Brawstok abutting on the south on (super) the street which leads from Tower Hill towards Duddyngespond situated between the tenement once of Richard de Parys on the east and the west and containing in width 24½ ells 2 ins.; also a tenement once of Peter atte Vyne abutting on the same street situated between the tenement of Richard de Parys on the west and that of William de Box on the east and containing in width 127/8 ells; also a tenement once of Henry de Sutton, William Baconn and Alice his wife, of Richard le Porter and Lucy his wife and Matilda Sewtyng sister of Lucy and Geoffrey Waterleder abutting on the same street situated between the tenement of William Box on the west and that of William Game on the east containing in width 703/8 ells 7 ins.; and also a tenement of William Game situated between tenements of the said William on the west, east and north containing [f. 170] in width 3¾ ells; all these tenements are in the county of Middlesex and extend from Tower Hill on the west and from the said street on the south towards the cemetery and garden of the abbot and convent of St. Mary Graces except one piece of a tenement once of Geoffrey Waterlader which extends above the common field on the north. Cession by Holy Trinity of all tithes, oblations and other spiritual obventions from burials etc. and the bishop decreed that if St. Mary Graces should acquire more lands etc. in the parish all parochial rights were to be reserved to Holy Trinity; sealed by the bishop and chapter of St. Paul's and by Holy Trinity; dated 20 Mar. 1364.

959. Charter of Edward III granting 100s. p.a. to Holy Trinity to be paid out of the farm of the city of London and the county of Middlesex; [ff. 170v–171] (fn. 39) Westminster, 1 Dec. 1356.

Margin: Enrolled in Michaelmas Term 5 Ric. II, roll 28. (fn. 40)

960. Note: Othwerus once custodian of the Tower of London and his successor Aschuillus disputed control over part of the soke of the Englyschkynztengyld with Holy Trinity. Prior Norman asked King Henry that justice be done to which the king agreed but the matter was not settled before his death. In the second year of King Stephen's reign the prior aided by Matilda, Stephen's wife, Algar bishop of Coutances, Roger then chancellor, Arnulf archdeacon of Sées (Sagiensi), William Martel dapifer, Robert de Curcy, Alberic de Ver, Geoffrey de Mandeville, Hugh le Bigot, Adam de Balnai, Andrew Buch(iun)te and many others, citizens of London, approached the king who agreed that a day be appointed to settle the matter. It was shown that the part of the soke in dispute belonged to the rest of the soke and had so belonged since the time of Edward the Confessor and this was proved by the oaths of twenty-one men; Orgar the monk surnamed le Prude, Ailwin son of Rad(uin)fi, Estmund, Alfric Cheic, Brictred Cuherd, Wlfred, Semar, Batun, Alsius, Berman, Wlpsus the Smith (Faber), Alfwin Halle(n), Leues(in)e the Smith, Wlwinus Abbot, Ailwin the clerk, Algar brother of Geraldus, Wlfric the Butcher (Carnifex), Elfiet Cugel, Wlfric, Edric Modlieuesune, Godwin Balle and many others were ready to testify but this number was judged sufficient.

Reg. A.-N., iii, no. 506 and Round, Commune of London, 99.

961. [f. 171v] [1140–6] Confirmation of the land [in dispute in 960] (fn. 41) by Stephen to Holy Trinity; the land of Smethfeld which Earl Geoffrey had taken possession of for a vineyard; witnesses, Queen Matilda, Thomas the chaplain, William de Ypres, Richard de Luci.

Reg. A.-N., iii, no. 507; Round, Commune of London, 100; P.R.S., x, no. 28; Cal. Letter-Bk. C, 221; C.A.D., iv, A 6683.

962. [1140–4] Release by Geoffrey earl of Essex to Holy Trinity, addressed to the bishop of London, of their mill by the Tower and all the land outside the Tower which belonged to the Engliscecnithtengilda with Smethefeld with all their men and with all things belonging thereto and half a hide in Brembelega with all liberties and customs as William son of Wido had granted it to the house when he took the habit of a canon; to hold in free alms of the grantor and his heirs; witnesses, Countess Rohesa, the grantor's wife, Gregory the dapifer, Warin son of Gerold, Ralph de Crichcote, Geoffrey de Querendun, Ernulf the doctor (medico), Iwodus the doctor; also a grant of 1 mark of silver from the rent (servicio) of Edward de Selegeford; by the testimony of the above-written witnesses plus William archdeacon of London.

Round, Commune of London, 101; Cal. Letter-Bk. C, 222.

963. List of the witnesses of all the acts [mentioned in 960, 961 and 962] done in the second year of Stephen's reign: Ralph son of Algadus, Randulf, canon of St. Paul's, Haconus a deacon, William Travers, Gilbert the priest, Lungus, Wimundus, Joseph, Godefrey, John, Hubert, Leofwine, Godard, Aluric, Richard, Alwardus, all priests, James, Gervase, William, all clerks, Andrew Buchiunte, Stephen Bukerel, William the chamberlain (camerario), Ralph son of Andrew, Laurence Buchiunt, Theodoric son of Deremanus, John Buchiunt, Stephen Bukerel [sic], Gilbert Beket, Gervase son of Agnes, Hugh son of Wlgarus, Eustace nephew of Fulcred, Walkelinus, Robert son of Ralph, and his brothers Richard and David, Ailward the Forger (fabricio), Edmund Warde alderman, Edward son of Si(mu)us, Edgar Fuloc, Edward, Robert son of But, Alfegus, Ailwinus, Godwin, Ralph Godesune and Algar his son and Edmund his brother, Huneman Suethinus, [Si]ward Here, Godwin Brodhers, Hereward, Gerald, Sexi Forfot, Godwin Oxefot, John son of Edwin, Sawardus, Siredus and many others.

Round, Commune of London, 101–2.

964. Record of a disagreement between Holy Trinity and Ailward priest of St. Peter in the bailiwick of the Tower in the third year of Henry II's reign 1157, when Ralph was prior and Hugh de Mateni (fn. 42) archdeacon, the cause of which was that Ailward took off for burial the body of Godlune wife of Eilricus 'rusticus' of Smethefeld claiming her as his parishioner when Witthulfus the priest of St. Botolph had performed the last rites. Holy Trinity went to the archdeacon but Ailward appealed to him without the knowledge of the convent and the official was persuaded to allow the burial in the cemetery of St. Peter, [f. 172] The dispute as to parochial boundaries was settled and all Smethefeld and all the street and all the ponds of Dudyngspond were adjudged to be in the parish of St. Botolph as it had been in the time when Robert had been priest of St. Botolph and Derman(n)us priest of St. Peter to which Archbishop William had testified as appears in the following.

965. [1125–36] Letter from William (fn. 43) archbishop of Canterbury to W. (fn. 44) the dean, the archdeacon and the chapter of St. Paul's ordering that the parish of St. Botolph be vested in Prior Norman which parish has been adjudged his in the chapter before the archbishop.

966. [1128–34] Letter from Gilbert bishop of London to William and Haco (Hacone) the dean ordering them to do justice to the canons of Holy Trinity concerning the parish of St. Botolph of which Derm(m)anus the priest of the Tower (sacerdos de Turre) has unjustly deprived (aufert) them; also the entire chapter of St. Paul's is admonished to help them to recover the parish as quickly as possible.

967. List of those present in the chapter when the record was made; Randulf the dean, Algar the priest of St. Benet, Hurricus, Robert de St. Nicholas of Cole Abbey, Richard the priest of St. Margaret, Ailnodus 'presbiter scriba', Master Maurice, Tiulfus canon of St. Martin, and many other great men.

968. Note: that the day following the chapter which had been held on Wed. in the 4th week of Lent 1157 the 'rusticus' came into the church of Berkyngchirch and divided the oblation, as had been ordered, and gave to Withulfus, in the presence of Prior Ralph and Walter and Elias, canons, and Ralph the dean and Master James, a cloak (pallium), a roe-buck? (che(v)sam) and six sheep.

969. Note: that in 1166 Robert the Philosopher brought Holy Trinity again into the case of the parish of Smethefeld, having obtained a royal writ, saying that his church had been unjustly deprived of three sheep while he was absent in the king's service in the army of Toulouse (Tologe). Many times the prior was called before Archdeacon Nicholas also before Gilbert bishop of London, when it denied the claim and produced witnesses to show that the deceased woman was a parishioner of St. Botolph and Robert was induced to renounce his claim and this was done at Westminster on 9 May on the same day that a plea was heard between Earl Alberic and his wife which went on appeal to the pope.

970. List of those present at Westminster in the chapel of the sick (capella infirmorum): Prior Ralph, Walter the sub-prior, Gilbert and Robert, canons, Hui(n)gus a monk, Nicholas the archdeacon, Richard the archdeacon, Godfrey the treasurer, Richard the brother of Archdeacon Nicholas who confirmed the verdict by the following.

971. [c. 1166] Letter of Nicholas archdeacon of London to all faithful reciting the cause of dissension as to whether Smithfield was in the parish of St. Peter in the Tower (in pedeplanis Turris) or in the parish of St. Botolph and that Robert had renounced his claims and that it was in the parish of St. Botolph without Algate.

972. Note: that King Stephen and Matilda his wife gave to Ralph prior and convent of Christchurch London 6 librates in the manor of Braching in exchange for a mill of the convent and for that part of land which Earl Geoffrey occupied to make a vineyard in which place Queen Matilda founded the hospital of the poor.

Footnotes

  • 1. Statutes of the Realm, i (1810), 222; Liber Albus, i, 468.
  • 2. Liber Albus, i, 62, 186.
  • 3. Cf. Cal. Letter-Bk. C, 216 et seq.
  • 4. For the original text, translation and commentary, see F. E. Harmer, AngloSaxon Writs (1952), 231–5, and British Borough Charters, 1042–1216, ed. A. Ballard (1913), 126–7, 257.
  • 5. Rectius R[obert].
  • 6. Cal. Letter-Bk. C, 220–1; L.M.A.S. Trans., v, 479; Reg. A.-N., ii, no. 1467.
  • 7. H.R. 28 (53).
  • 8. C. Wills, i, 282.
  • 9. H.R. 21 (58).
  • 10. H.R. 24 (12).
  • 11. H.R. 35 (41).
  • 12. See 925.
  • 13. H.R. 33 (31, 32).
  • 14. C. Wills, i, 408–9.
  • 15. C. Wills, i, 555, enrolled 23 Ed. III.
  • 16. C. Wills, i, 555.
  • 17. John son of John Adrian.
  • 18. 1038.
  • 19. H.R. 20 (94).
  • 20. C. Wills, i, 196.
  • 21. H.R. 93 (154).
  • 22. C. Wills, ii, 118–19.
  • 23. C. Wills, i, 196.
  • 24. H.R. 30 (87).
  • 25. C. Wills, i, 196.
  • 26. C. Wills, i, 555.
  • 27. See 927.
  • 28. H.R. 63 (25, 26).
  • 29. f. 161 is an inserted leaf of full width but 1½ ins. short in length.
  • 30. H.R. 93 (154).
  • 31. C. Wills, ii, 118–19.
  • 32. Possibly a reference to 932 although the rent from the two tenements would appear to be 4s. 6d.
  • 33. The Crutched Friars.
  • 34. See 323.
  • 35. Mayor, 1348–9, 1358–9 and 1366–7.
  • 36. Probably in error for 1349.
  • 37. C. Wills, ii, 118–19.
  • 38. Rectius Winedrawer.
  • 39. The charter repeats all the tenements mentioned in 958.
  • 40. See C.P.R. 1354–58, 487–8.
  • 41. See Reg. A.-N., iii, no. 506 f.n.
  • 42. Rectius Mareni.
  • 43. William de Corbeil, archbishop, 1123–36.
  • 44. William de Mareni, dean, 1111–38.