General history: Gentlemen's seats and deer parks

Pages xcviii-c

Magna Britannia: Volume 4, Cumberland. Originally published by T Cadell and W Davies, London, 1816.

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In this section

Gentlemen's Seats.

Names of the Seats. Parishes. Owners or Occupiers.
Armathwaite-Castle Hesket Robert Sanderson Milbourn, Esq.
Brayton Aspatria Wilfred Lawson, Esq.
Carleton-hall Penrith Rt. Hon. Thomas Wallace.
Calder Abbey St. Bride's Miss Senhouse.
Corby-Castle Wetheral Henry Howard, Esq.
Dalemain Dacre Edward Hasell, Esq.
Dovenby-hall Bridekirk Joseph Dykes Ballantine Dykes, Esq.
Dalehead Crosthwaite Thomas Stanger Leathes, Esq.
Ewanrigg Deerham John Christian, Esq.
Hayton-Castle Aspatria Mrs. Joliffe, (rented by the Rev. Isaac Robinson.)
Holmrook Gosforth Major Skeffington Lutwidge.
Hutton-hall Penrith Occupied by J.O. Yates, Esq. (the property of the Earl of Lonsdale.)
Hutton John Greystock Andrew Huddleston, Esq.
Irton-hall Edmund Lamplugh Irton, Esq.
Isel The property of Wilfred Lawson, Esq. (unoccupied.)
Justice-town Kirklinton Thomas Irwin, Esq.
Kirk-Oswald Timothy Smallwood Featherstonhaugh, Esq.
Linethwaite St. Bees Thomas Hartley, Esq.
Melmerby Rev. Thomas Pattinson.
Mirehouse Bassenthwaite John Spedding, Esq.
Moor-park Burgh on Sands Joseph Liddell, Esq.
Nether-hall Cross-Canonby Humphrey Senhouse, Esq.
Newbiggin-hall St. Mary's Carlisle Rev. S. Bateman.
Ponsonby-hall Edward Stanley, Esq.
Rickerby Stanwix James Graham, Esq.
Salkeld-Lodge Addingham Lt. Col. Lacy.
Staffold Kirk-Oswald Richard Lowthian Ross, Esq.
Skirwith Abbey Kirkland John Orfeur Yates, Esq.
Tallantire-hall Bridekirk William Browne, Esq.
Walton-hall William Ponsonby Johnson, Esq.
Warwick-hall Robert Warwick, Esq.
Woodside Chapelry of Wreay Executors of the late John Losh, Esq.
Workington-hall John Christian Curwen, Esq.

The following are amongst the ancient seats of the Cumberland gentry, which, having gone to decay, are for the most part fitted up as farm-houses ; Cardew and Warnell-halls, seats of the Dentons; Catterlen, a seat of the Vaux family; Croglin-hall, of the Towrys; Dalegarth, of the Stanleys; Drawdykes, of the Aglionbys; Greenthwaite-hall, of the Haltons; Harbybrow, of the Highmores; Huthwaite-hall, of the Swinburns; Hawksdalehall, of the Nicolsons ; High-head-castle, of the Richmonds ; Hardrigg-hall, of the Southaics; Ilekirk, of the Barwis's; Lamplugh-hall, of the Lamplughs; Lanercost Abbey, of the Dacres; Millom-castle, of the Huddlestons; Newton-Regny, Ribton, and Wythorp, of the Lowthers; Salter-hall and White-hall, of the Salkelds; Seascales, of the Senhouses ; Seaton-hall of the Askews; Scales-hall, of the Broughams; Warthole, of the Dykes family; and Whitbeck, of the Parkes.

Forests and Deer-Parks.

The forest of Inglewood, formerly so abounded in venison, that King Edward I. during a few days which he spent in Cumberland for the purpose of hunting, is said to have killed 200 bucks in it (fn. n1). The prior and convent of Carlisle had the tithe of venison in this forest (fn. n2). The Duke of Devonshire is the present proprietor of this forest, which was granted by King William III. to the Earl of Portland.

There were formerly deer-parks at Cockermouth, Naworth, Brampton, Isel, Brayton, Castlerigg, Ulpha (fn. n3), Millom, &c. and a paddock at Crookdake.

The Duke of Norfolk has extensive deer parks at Greystock and Gowbarrow (fn. n4). There are deer parks also at Muncaster and Crofton, and a paddock at Nether-hall.


  • n1. Chron. Lanercost.
  • n2. Prynne's Records, Vol. III. p. 672.
  • n3. The deer in this park were said to be the largest and the fattest in the North of England. T. Denton's MS.
  • n4. See p. 106.