April 1645: Ordinance for additional Power to Sir T. Fairfax.

Pages 660-662

Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1911.

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April, 1645

[1 April, 1645.]

Whereas the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament have, by an Ordinance, in or about the 15th Day of February last past, intituled, "An Ordinance for raising and maintaining Forces, for the Defence of the Kingdom, under the Command of Sir Thomas Fairefax," Ordained, That there be forthwith raised and formed an Army, consisting of Six Thousand Six Hundred Horse, One Thousand Dragooners, and Fourteen Thousand Four Hundred Feet, and shall be under the immediate Command of the said Sir Thomas Fairefax Knight, who is thereby constituted and ordained Commander in Chief of all the said Forces: The Lords and Commons now assembled in Parliament, taking the same into their serious Consideration, have Ordained, and be it Ordained, That the said Sir Thomas Fairefax shall rule, govern, command, dispose, and employ, the said Army, and every Part thereof, and all Officers and others whatsoever, employed, or to be employed, in or concerning the same, in, for, or about, all Defences, Offences, Invasions, Executions, and other military and hostile Acts and Services, as Commander in chief, and be subject to such Orders and Directions as he hath or shall receive from both Houses of Parliament, or from the Committee of both Kingdoms; and the said Army, and every Part thereof, shall conduct and lead against all and singular Enemies, Rebels, Traitors, and other like Offenders, and every of their Adherents, and with them to fight, and them to invade, resist, depress, subdue, pursue, slay, kill, and put to Execution of Death, by all Ways and Means; and to fulfil and execute all and singular other Things for the governing of the said Army; and likewise shall have Power to assign and grant Commissions to all such Commanders and Officers as shall be thought necessary and requisite for the Government and Command of the said Army; and likewise shall have Power to assign and appoint One or more Provost Marshalls, for the Execution of his Commands, according to this Ordinance: And it is further Ordered and Ordained, That the said Sir Thomas Fairefax shall have Power to command all Garrisons, Forts, Castles, and Towns, already fortified, or to be fortified, without amoving or displacing the Governors and Commanders; as likewise, by himself or others deputed and authorized by him to take up and use such Carriages, Draught Horses, Boats, and other Vessels, as in his Discretion, as as often and he shall think meet, shall be needful, for the conveying and conducting of the said Army, or any Part thereof, or for bringing or carrying Ammunition, Ordnance, Artillery, Victuals, and all or any other Provisions necessary or requisite for the Army, or any Part thereof, to or from any Place or Places, according to the Intent of this Ordinance; and likewise to give Rules, Instructions, and Directions, for the governing, leading, and conducting the said Army; and shall also have Power to execute Martial Law, for the Punishment of all Tumults, Rapines, Murders, and other Crimes and Misdemeanors, of any Person whatsoever in the said Army, according to the Course and Customs of the Wars, and Law of the Land, and according to the Laws and Ordinances of War heretofore allowed by both Houses of Parliament; and the said Laws and Ordinances of War shall cause to be proclaimed, performed, and executed; straightly charging and requiring all the Officers and Soldiers of the said Army to be obedient to him the said Sir Thomas Fairefax; as likewise all Lieutenants of Counties, Sheriffs, Deputy Lieutenants, Officers of the Ordnance, Justices of the Peace, Mayors, Bailiffs, and other His Majesty's Officers and Subjects whatsovever, in their respective Counties and Places, to be aiding and assisting to him the said Sir Thomas Fairefax, in the Execution of the said Office of Commander in chief of the said Army, for the Ends and Purposes, and in the Manner aforesaid: And do likewise Ordain and Declare, That the said Sir Thomas Fairefax, the Commanders and Officers of the said Army, and all His Majesty's Officers and Subjects whatsoever, in the Execution of the Premises, shall be saved harmless and defended, by the Power and Authority of both Houses of Parliament.