BHO

B

Pages 28-140

Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840. Originally published by W.S. Maney and Son Limited, Leeds, 1986.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Furniture History Society. All rights reserved.

Citation:

B

Babel, Peter, near James's St, Long Acre, London, papier-mch frames and ornaments maker (1763). [D]

Babin, Augustine, 3 New St, Old St, London, chair and sofa maker, invalid, recumbent, etc. (1839). [D]

Back, Stephen, Canterbury, Kent, cm (182639). Recorded in 1826 and 1830 in the parish of St Peter; in 182224, Monastery St; and 183839, Westgate St Without. [D; poll bks]

Back, William, St George's St, Canterbury, Kent, carver and gilder (183034). [D; poll bk]

Backhouse, Bartholomew, 36 Warren St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Backhouse, James, 21 John St, Liverpool, cm (176981). [D]

Backhouse, John, Liverpool, cm (176668). Trading at 36 King St from 176674, then at 21 John St by 1784. [D]

Backhouse, Richard, 1 Grimshaw St, Preston, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Backhouse, Robert, Silver St, Westminster, London, carver (1749). [Poll bk]

Backhouse, Thomas, Atherton St, Liverpool, cm (1787). [D]

Bacon, Charles, 31 Britannia St, City Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Bacon, Daniel, Norwich, cm (1825). App. to John Brunning; admitted freeman of Norwich 26 April 1825. A cm of the same name was also admitted on 3 May 1826. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Bacon, James, 6 New St Sq., Shoe Lane, London, cm (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy for 200 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 100]

Bacon, James, address unrecorded, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Bacon, John, The Golden Fleece Inn, Colchester, Essex, u (1728). Took out a Sun Insurance policy for 1,200 of which stock in trade accounted for 400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 27, ref. 46355]

Bacon, John, Middle Row, Holborn, London, upholder (1763). [D]

Bacon, John, White Horse Yd, Coppergate, York, joiner, cm, undertaker etc. (1837). Advertised in Yorkshire Gazette, 7 January 1837.

Bacon, Mark, Nottingham, cm (1746). Will dated 29 June 1746. [Notts. RO, probate records]

Bacon, Richard, Colchester, Essex, u (1734). Probate dated 1734. [Wills at Chelmsford, vol. 3, p. 13]

Bacon, Samuel, Alfreton, Derbs., cm (1829). [D]

Bacon, Thomas, parish of St Mary, Rotherhithe, London, joiner and upholder (170620). Took out several insurance policies with the Hand in Hand Co. on a house on the north side of the street between Russells Mill and Globe Stairs and divided into two tenements, for 100. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 4, ref. 10988; vol. 12, p. 223; vol. 13, p. 445; vol. 22, p. 332]

Bacon, Thomas, Bridge St, Boston, Lincs., cm (181935). Recorded at no. 9 in 1819; also as an u in 1822; and as Bacon & Son, cm and chairmakers, 182635. [D]

Bacon, William, Ordnance Row, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and upholder (178198). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for 200 of which utensils and stock accounted for 140. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 293, p. 41]

Badcock, Charles, Oxford, cm (180230). Polled of St Peter-leBailey in 1802, and listed in directories, 182330, as cm and u, of St Aldate's. See Martha Badcock.

Badcock, Francis, St Aldate's, Oxford, cm (1768). [Poll bk]

Badcock, John, St Clement's, Oxford, cm (1751). Married Martha Jones at Bloxham, 29 July. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Badcock, John, 31 and 34 New Bridge St, Exeter, Devon, cm (183040). [Exeter Journal]

Badcock, Martha, St Aldate's, Oxford, cm (180508). Presumably wife of John Badcock. [D]

Badcock, Richard, St Aldate's, Oxford, cm (1802). [Poll bk]

Badcock, Thomas, St Aldate's, Oxford, cm (17981802). [D; poll bk]

Badcock, Thomas, 95 Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1834). [D]

Baddely, Thomas, Uppingham, Rutland, cm (1732). Took app. named Freeman in 1732. [S of G, app. index]

Badge, , 58 Princess St, Devonport, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

Badger, , address unrecorded, cm (c. 172530). Named in the Chiswick account book as receiving 5 6s. [Chatsworth papers, ref. L166, vol. A, p. 170]

Badger, Ellen & Sons, 3 Bank St, Bolton, Lancs., cm and u (181434). [D]

Badger, James, Coleham, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1835). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Badger, Joseph, 25 Portobello, Sheffield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1822). [D]

Badger, Matthew, London, picture-frame maker (1761). Described as late of St. Andrew, Holborn when discharged from Debtors Prison. [London Gazette, 26 September 1761] A Mr Badger, carver, subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Badger, Richard, Bolton-le-Moor, Lancs., cm and wheel maker (1793). [D] A Mr Badger, cm of Battersley Moor, Lancs., subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Badham, John (& Co.), Bristol, cm (181828). Trading 1818 19 at Clifton Pl.; 182021 at Clifton Pl. and Hotwell Rd; 182228 at 78 Clifton Pl. [D]

Badham, Richard, Boar Lane, Bedminster, Bristol, cm (1794). [D]

Badham, Thomas, 117 Redcliff St, Bristol, cm (182324). [D]

Bagg, Charles Johannes, Norwich, chairmaker (1806). Son of Charles Bagg, weaver, admitted freeman of Norwich 23 November 1806. [Norwich freemen rolls] A Charles Bagg, cm of Hoxton, London, is listed in the Norwich poll bks in 1818 and 1830.

Bagley, Edward, Tewkesbury, Glos., frame maker (1758). Took app. named Dudfield in 1758. [S of G, app. index]

Bagley, John, address unrecorded, joiner and carpenter (1733 37). Worked at Moulsham Hall, Essex, making garden furniture. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter]

Bagnall, Walter, Blackheath, London, cm (183839). Recorded in 1838 at Tranquil Vale and in 1839 at South Vale. [D]

Bagnall & Sanderson, Green Dragon Yd, Worship St, London, cm (183234). [D]

Bagot, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (176784). App. to R. & R. Gillow and admitted freeman 177374. Took app. 6 April 1781. Named in the Lancaster poll bk in 1784. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; poll bk]

Bagot, William, Liverpool, cm (1816). Admitted freeman 12 June 1816. [Liverpool freemen rolls] A William Bagott, cm of Liverpool, is recorded in 1821 at 41 Jordan St, in 1823 at 44 Jordan St, and in 1824 at 44 Bridgewater St. [D]

Bagott, Richard, Lancaster, cm (17991800). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bagott, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (181618). Recorded in 1816 at 2 Tarleton St, and in 1818 at 2 Morley's Ct, Bolton St. [D]

Bagshaw, John, 7 Parliament St, Nottingham, joiner and cm (183235). [D]

Bagshaw, Joseph, Dukinfield, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm and joiner (1824). [D]

Bagshaw, Thomas, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Derbs., cm (179798). [D]

Bagshaw, William, Manchester, cm and furniture broker (182540). Recorded from 182532 at 14 Thomas St, and from 183340 at 33 Thomas St. [D]

Bagster, James, 2021 Piccadilly, London, cm, upholder, looking-glass maker, tentmaker; carpet, bedding, cabinet warehouse manufactory owner (17821808). Trading from 17901808 at 2021 Piccadilly, and in 1792 recorded as having a workshop at 7 Air St, Piccadilly. In 1791 he supplied furniture, including a carved and gilt looking-glass, to John Pinney of Bristol who considered this latter too crowded with ornaments which he therefore removed. In 1794 he supplied A cushing stuft with fine wool etc., costing 2 2s, to Mr Phillips of Langford Parsonage, near Maldon, Essex. Bagster subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and featured in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. He took out Sun Insurance policies in 1782 for 1,000 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 700; on 14 July 1792 for 500 of which utensils and stock in his workshop in a yard in Air St accounted for 250; on 9 July 1805 for utensils, stock and goods in trust in his shop and warehouse, for 1,000; and on 15 October 1806 on five houses in Baldwin's Gdn for 800. [D; poll bk; Furn. Hist., 1976; Essex RO, D/D Sp. A5; GL, Sun MS vol. 301, p. 634; vol. 389, ref. 602691; vol. 434, ref. 777625; vol. 437, ref. 795474]

Bagster & Son, Richard & Jaspar, 20 Piccadilly, London, u and tentmakers (180611). [D] An R. Bagster, u and tentmaker, is recorded at 35 Piccadilly, 180911. [D]

Baildon, Thomas, Blake St, Stonegate, York, u, appraiser, undertaker and auctioneer (17621798). Son of William Baildon, tailor, and Sarah Baildon. App. to Robert Barker jnr u, 1 May 1762. Admitted freeman 1785. Advertised 16 August and 11 October that he had been Fourteen years last past Foreman to Messrs. Haig & Chippendale, 60 St. Martin's Lane, London purposes opening a shop in Blake St., York where the upholstery business will be carried on in all its branches The sale of his effects is recorded in 1797. [D; York app. reg. and freemen rolls; York Courant, 16 August and 11 October 1785]

Baildon, Thomas, 2 Porter St, Newport Mkt, London, cm (178084). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for his house for 200. Polled at Westminster, 1784. [GL, Sun MS vol. 287, p. 411]

Baildon, William, Porter St, Newport Mkt, London, u (1784). [D]

Bailes, John, 434 Oxford St, London, bedjoiner and carver (17801837). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1780 for 400 of which utensils, stock and timbershop accounted for 160; in 1786 for 600 of which utensils accounted for 320; in 1791 for 500 for house and goods only; and in 1792 for 1,000 of which goods and stock accounted for 270. Partnered with William Bailes between 1806 and 1837. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 280, p. 641; vol. 338, p. 349; vol. 389, ref. 605474]

Bailes, Matthew, Pavement, York, u (1791). [D]

Bailes, Sarah, 343 Oxford St, London, bedstead maker (1829 1839). [D]

Bailes, William, 434 Oxford St, London, bedstead maker (180637). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 24 April 1807 for 300; and partnered with John Bailes on 17 October 1806 for 950 of which stock, utensils, workshop and sheds accounted for 550. Between 1809 and 1837 W. & J. Bailes are listed in London Directories. On 1 November 1810 William and Betsy Bailes took out a Sun Insurance policy for 350 for household goods. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 802616; vol. 437, ref. 795490; vol. 453, ref. 850413]

Bailey, , address unrecorded. In 1838 supplied new furniture for Stafford House, London, costing 226. [Staffs. RO, D593/R/126/8]

Bailey, Benjamin, West Gate St, Bath, Som., upholder (1805). [D]

Bailey, David, 52 St John's St, London, chairmaker (180911). [D]

Bailey, Edmund, 11 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm and broker (1782). In partnership with Edward Johnson, with whom he took out a Sun Insurance policy for 200 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 180. [GL, Sun MS vol. 304, p. 531]

Bailey, Edward, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (182133). Recorded variously at 4, 1, and 29 Townhead Cross, 182125, Bow St in 1828 and Eyre St in 1833. [D]

Bailey, Edward, 13 and 14 Mount St, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm, u and undertaker (180940). In 1826 he endorsed the prefatory recommendation in Nicholson's Practical Cabinet Maker as Manufacturer to His Majesty, and is recorded in London directories between 1809 and 1840. He is frequently named in the Royal Household accounts as carrying out much general jobbing, cleaning, work on upholstery, blinds, carpets etc. at Carlton House, St James's Palace, King's Lodge, Windsor, and Carlton House Ride, between 1826 and 1831. In October 1829 he supplied furniture, including a patent recumbent chair, (presumably the model illustrated in the Practical Cabinet Maker, pl. 64), for the Royal Lodge, Windsor, costing a total of 157. [Royal Household accounts, PRO, LC 11/5374] Between 1832 and 1840 he performed similar work at the palaces of St James's, Kensington and Buckingham, and at Windsor Castle, and took an inventory of furniture at Stud House, Hampton Court. In 1833 he regilded the Royal Arms on top of the throne at St James's Palace, and in 1835 supplied two portable mahogany tables to Kew Palace.

The Lord Chamberlain's accounts for 183541 list furniture provided for the Store Tower, Windsor, being Her Majesty's Vice Chamberlain's apartments, including a Large Mahogany Wardrobe enclosed by folding doors panelled & veneered with Spanish on Honduras costing 35. For the servants rooms Bailey supplied 2 dressing tables japanned buff with shaped backs, 3 corner washhand stands japanned buff, 33ft. Japanned buff chests and 18 black stained beech chairs with rush seats, for which the total bill was 142 16s. Bailey also provided curtains, locks and a bookcase for Clarence House, kneeling stools for the Chapel Royal, and undertook work at Kensington Palace for the Duke of Sussex's apartments. [PRO, LC 11/77110] At the beginning of Queen Victoria's reign Bailey was re-appointed Upholsterer, Cabinet Maker, Undertaker, &c. to Her Majesty, as the bill-head for work done at the Coronation, totalling 7,154 2s 4d, states. [PRO, LC 21/19] Bailey took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 April 1823 for 2,000 [GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1003747] and in 1838 he took out a mortgage on 55 Green St, including household goods and furniture. [Marylebone Lib., deed 152/26]

Between 1817 and 1835 Edward Bailey is recorded as the partner of Richard Saunders (both having been partners with Thomas Tatham until Tatham's death in 1818). The firm of Bailey and Saunders received a lucrative commission from the Prince of Wales for furnishing Brighton Pavilion. In 1817 they provided for the Banqueting Hall two side tables of rosewood and satinwood supported by Chinese dragons, designed by Robert Jones costing 430 each. For work in the Music Room the firm were paid over 15,000, which included the chimney-glass at 857 11s, and four large chairs superbly carved and gilded. They also provided a set of thirty-six japanned chairs, and in 1819 two Commodes Anglaise, copied from a French pair ordered for the Chinese Drawing Room in Carlton House. For the Saloon at Brighton Pavilion accounts of 1823 list velvet trimmings, lace tassels, draperies etc. and furniture made to the designs of Robert Jones, including a set of pier cabinets with Graeco-Indian ormolu enrichments, chairs, pole-screens and amboyna wood tables, totalling 2,757 18s 9d. Much of this furniture is still in the Royal Collection. [PRO, LC 11/41] The Royal Household accounts of 1819 cite general cleaning, alterations and upholstery work at Carlton House and Stud Lodge, totalling 705 5s 1d [PRO, LC 11/27] and between 1819 and 1823 furnishings for Royal Yachts, Carlton House, Brighton Pavilion, Kensington Palace and Hampton Court. [PRO, LC 11/20, 3138] In 1824 the firm supplied a rosewood console and cabinet, and a mahogany writing table for the Red House, Carlton House, and a large mahogany chair for HM's bedroom. [PRO, LC 11/44, no. 74] In 1826 Messrs Bailey and Saunders were paid 1,413 12s in discharge of old claims as to Bills delivered to the Ld. Chamberlain. [RA, 35606] A bill of 4 May 1820 for work done for John, 6th Duke of Bedford, is receipted by Edward Bailey, and one of November 1821, Richard Sanders for Bailey & self. [Bedford Office, London] On 5 October 1835 Bailey and Saunders received orders for furniture for the Royal Library, Windsor, in the Elizabethan style. [D; Conn., June 1977; Apollo, May 1975; Wills, Looking-Glasses; DEF; H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace] See George Edward & William Marsh.

Bailey, Edward, Gloucester, cm (1833). Child bapt. at St John Baptist. [PR]

Bailey, Francis, 52 Warren St, Liverpool, u (1835). [D]

Bailey, George, High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (17841808). [D]

Bailey, Gilbert, Goosegate, Nottingham, cm, u, paper hanger and furniture broker (183241). [D]

Bailey, Henry, 29 Park Lane, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D]

Bailey, J., Worship Sq., Shoreditch, London, looking-glass frame maker (1790). [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Bailey, J., Union Row, Torquay, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Bailey, James & Boote, Alexander, Crown Ct, Soho, London, u (1778). Declared bankrupt, 28 February 1778. [Leicester Journal]

Bailey, James, 5 Margaret's Hill and 6 St Michael's Pl., Bath, Som., chairmaker (182633). [D]

Bailey, James, Horfield Rd and Lane, Bristol, cm (179394). [D]

Bailey, John, St Paul's Churchyard, Liverpool, cm, joiner, appraiser and auctioneer (177390). Trading in 1774 and 1787 at 5 Old Ropery, and in 1781 at 5 Fenwick Alley. [D] A Thomas Bailey was trading at 7 Fenwick Alley, 176674.

Bailey, John, Liverpool, cm (17781816). Recorded in 1804 at 9 Batchelor St, Dale St, and in 1816 at 6 Hawke St. Admitted freeman in 1778. His son, Robert Manners Bailey, cm and joiner, petitioned for freedom on his birthright in 1812. [D; Liverpool freemen committee bk]

Bailey, John, 46 Marshall St, Golden Sq., London, upholder and broker (180111). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 6 January 1801 for 900 of which utensils and stock accounted for 700; on 11 January 1805 for 1,000 of which utensils, stock and goods in trust accounted for 800; and on 10 December 1807 for 300. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 712501; vol. 431, ref. 769997; vol. 440, ref. 809930]

Bailey, John, Belgrave Gate, Leicester, cm and broker (1828). [D]

Bailey, John jnr, Norwich, cm (1831). App. to John Kerry; admitted freeman 20 June 1831. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Bailey, Joseph, Spalding, Lincs., cm (181722). Recorded at Hall St, 181922. [D; Lincoln RO, subject index]

Bailey, Joseph, Liverpool, u (1820). Son of John Bailey, joiner, admitted freeman 11 March 1820. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bailey, Leonard, Duke St, Norwich, cm (1836). [D]

Bailey, Owen, 1213 Speldhurst St, Burton Cresc., London, carver and gilder (183537). [D]

Bailey, Robert, Chard, Som., cm and joiner (1793). [D]

Bailey, Robert Manners, Liverpool, cm and joiner (b. 27 May 17881812). Petitioned for freedom on his birthright as son of John Bailey, cm, and admitted freeman, 12 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Bailey, Rodney, 9 Hawke St, Liverpool, u (180235). Admitted a freeman 8 July 1802 and thereafter until 1835 recorded several times in the freemen reg.

Bailey, Thomas, Liverpool, cm, builder and appraiser (1759 74). Trading at 7 Fenwick Alley from 176674. Married 19 April 1759 Mrs Bloodworth, housekeeper to Robert Cunliffe, Esq., Mayor, at the Old Church. In 1761 took app. named Cooper, whilst former apps Robert Fairhurst of London, and George Harper, were admitted freemen in 1761 and 1774 respectively. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk; Liverpool Advertiser, 20 April 1759] A John Bailey was trading at 5 Fenwick Alley in 1781.

Bailey, Thomas, address unrecorded, cm (176270). Cited in the account bk of the Earl of Ancaster on 30 May 1762 receiving 64 4s in full; and on 30 May 1770, 28 8s 6d in full for Beauro Library Table &c. supplied in 1768. [Lincoln RO, 2ANC, 6/8; 6/13]

Bailey, Thomas, Conduit St, Hanover Sq., London, upholder and cm (176674). On 17 November 1766 he sent Mr Bennet a bill for a neat mahogany Pembroke table 2 9s. plus oddments totalling 2s 6d. A trade card of Vicars & Rutledge, upholders, in the Ponsonby Coll., states they are successors to Mr Bailey of Conduit St. [Poll bk; Heal Coll., BM]

Bailey, Thomas, North End, near Hampstead, London, upholder and cm (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 300 of which utensils and stock accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 428]

Bailey, Thomas, 116 Aldersgate, London, carver and gilder (183537). [D]

Bailey, Thomas, Market Pl., Soham, Cambs., cm, u and carver (1839). [D]

Bailey, William, 177 Fleet St, London, u (1784). [D]

Bailey, William, Stoney Hill, Bristol, carver (179395). [D]

Bailey, William, Queen St, Shelton, Staffs., cm (181823). [D]

Bailey, William, Stowmarket, Suffolk, cm (181939). Addresses in Bury St from 182439, and in Market Pl. in 1830. Married in 1819. [D; Suffolk RO, calendar of marriage licence bonds, FAA: 50/2/118 p. 65]

Bailey, William, Camberwell Green, London, cm and u (1826). [D]

Bailey, William, 91 Great Titchfield St, London, bedstead maker (1829). [D]

Bailey, William, Birmingham, carver and gilder (183035). Trading at 10 Gough St in 1830 and 77 Navigation St in 1835. [D]

Bailey, William, Market Pl., East Harling, Norfolk, cm (1830 39). [D]

Bailey, William, 6 Leonard St, Shoreditch, London, cm (1832 34). [D]

Bailey, William, Belgrave Gate, Leicester, cm and broker (182835). [D]

Bailey, William, Brook End St, Ross-on-Wye, Herefs., cm (1835). [D]

Bailey, William, 15 Marshall St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Bailey, William & Co., 102 Curtain Rd, and 1 and 2 Bateman's Row, London, cm and looking-glass manufacturer (182579). Established in 1825, the firm supplied Every description of gilt glasses, console and other tables, jardinires, fancy chairs, window cornices, picture frames etc. wholesale and for export. [D]

Bailey, William, 30 New Gloucester St, Hoxton, London, looking-glass manufacturer and frame maker (1839). [D]

Bailey & Saunders, see George Elward & William Marsh.

Bailey & Archer, 61 Long Alley, Moorfields, London, cm and u (182728). [D]

Bailey & Jackson, 92 New Bond St, London, u (1839). [D]

Bailie, John, 23 Cow Cross, London(?), carpenter, joiner and cm (1782). Took out a Sun Insurance policy for 200 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 299, p. 343]

Baillie, James, 4 Stephen St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1808). [D]

Baily, John, Parish of St Augustine, Bristol, cm (1754). [Poll bk]

Baily, John, 39 Foster Lane, London, u (1773). [D]

Baily, John, St Mary Tower, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1788). Married in 1788. [Suffolk RO, calendar of marriage licence bonds, FAA: 50/2/108, 20 September]

Baily, Richard, Hill, Warks., chairmaker (1751). Took app. named Evins, in 1751. [S of G, app. index]

Bain, R., 11 King St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1837). [D]

Bain, William, Bath, Som., cm (1761). Discharged from Debtors Prison, 25 August 1761. [London Gazette]

Bainbridge, Henry, London, joiner (170216). Took out two insurance policies with the Hand in Hand Co. for a brick house on the north side of Gt Marlborough St in the parish of St James, Westminster, empty and in his own possession, firstly on 11 July 1702 for 150, assigned to William Millman Esq. on 14 August 1703 and renewed on 5 March 1716; and secondly in 1706 for 500. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, ref. 2939; vol. 4, ref. 12102]

Bainbridge, Thomas, Lancaster, trade unrecorded (180823). Named in the Gillow records making a bookcase in 1811. [Westminster Ref. Lib., vol. 344/99, p. 1902]

Bainbridge, Thomas, 176 High Holborn, London, carver and gilder (18131816). [D]

Bainbridge, William, Gerard St, London, carver (1798). Declared bankrupt 1 January 1798. [Liverpool Advertiser]

Bainbridge, William, 5 Broad St, Carnaby Mkt, London, looking-glass manufacturer (180912). [D]

Bainbridge, William, 1 Gt Russell St, Bloomsbury, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Baines, Abraham, 64 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm and u (180811). [D]

Baines, Abraham & Son, Ludgate St, 1 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cabinet and upholstery warehousemen (181128). Named as Baines & Son in directories between 182228. The stamp of Baines & Son, 1 St Paul's, London, occurs on a circular monopodium rosewood table with a plaque underneath stating, in French, that Napoleon Bonaparte signed his abdication upon it in 1814 at Fontainebleau. A set of four similated rosewood and gild dining chairs impressed BAINES & SON ST PAULS CHURCHYARD, and a sideboard bearing the inscription T. Baines London 1815 have been recorded. From 182327 Margaret or Margery Baines & Son, John, are listed at 1 St Paul's Churchyard. [D; V & A archives]

Baines, Edward & Henry, High St, Uppingham, Rutland, chairmakers and turners (1835). [D]

Baines, Francis Singleton, Lancaster, u (181718). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Baines, Henry, Lancaster, joiner and cm (173984). Admitted freeman as a joiner, 173940, and took eighteen app. joiners and cm between 3 September 1744 and 15 October 1785. On account of his declining business, a sale of his stock in trade began on Monday 18 February 1782, and was to continue until the whole are sold. The sale, which took place at a warehouse in Ranelagh Street, included a variety of elegant wardrobes, desks & book-cases, ladies toilets, French Commodes with toilets, ditto with writing tables tea trays, corner cupboards, buffets, dining tables, snap, card, spider & Pembroke ditto, stands & wash stands close-stool smoking chairs & clock cases a great number of mahogany chairs looking-glasses Patterns of painted, stained & Windsor chairs may be viewed at the same time & place [D; Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 28 February 1782]

Baines, J., 46 Fleet St, London, upholstery and bedding warehouse owner (1835). [D]

Baines, James, 83 Well St, Oxford St, London, cm and u (1827 28). [D]

Baines, John, Littleworth, Uppingham, Rutland, chairmaker and turner (1835). [D]

Baines, John, Lutterworth, Leics., chairmaker and turner (1835). [D]

Baines, Joseph, St Peter's Sq., Leeds, Yorks., cm (1805). Placed advertisement in Leeds Mercury, 1 June 1805 in which he Returns thanks to his friends for past favours, and begs leave to inform them that having declined that business, various articles of new-made furniture are to be disposed of at moderate prices at his late shop, near St. Peter's Sq.

Baines, Margaret & Son, 1 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cabinet and upholstery warehouse, cabinet and carpet warehouse owners (182527). Margaret and John Baines, 1 St Paul's Churchyard, cm and u, took out Sun Insurance policies on 31 March 1823 on warehouse, stable and workshops, Wheatsheaf Yard, Fleet Mkt for 1,400, and on open shed and sawpit in yard for 100; and on stock, utensils and goods in trust in warehouse, stable and workshops, live stock included for 500, and in open shed and open yard, for 1,000. M. & J. Baines, London, u and cm, were declared bankrupt on 24 October 1826. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 494, ref. 1003293 and ref. 1003294; London Gazette, 24 October 1826; Liverpool Mercury, 27 October 1826]

Baines, Robert, Littleworth, Uppingham, Rutland, chairmaker and turner (1835). [D]

Baines, Samuel, Stonechair, Shelf, Rishworth, Yorks., joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Baines, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1768). Son of Henry Baines. [Poll bk] A Thomas Bains, cm of Lancaster, was admitted a freeman in 176667. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Baines, Thomas, Lancaster, turner (181623). Named in the Gillow records. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Baines, Thomas, Northgate-Without, Canterbury, Kent, cm and broker (1824). [D]

Baines, William, Vicarage Lane, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, cm and joiner (1829). [D]

Baines, William, Dean's Lane, Oakham, Leics., chairmaker (1835). [D]

Baines (or Baynes) & Dufill, 37 Fetter Lane, York, chairmakers (182840). [D]

Bains, James, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, joiner and cm (1828 29). [D]

Baird, Thomas, Manor Chare, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Bairsto, George, Selby, Yorks., joiner, builder and cm (1826 37). Trading from 182629 in Millgate, and from 183137 at Gowthorpe, near Selby. [D]

Baiston, James, Coach Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm (181722). [D]

Baiston & Co., St Peter's Sq., Leeds, Yorks., joiners and cm (1790). [D]

Baiston & Hargill, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Baivan, Edward, Liverpool, cm (1761). Report in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 25 September 1761, concerned his imprisonment for debt in Lancaster Castle. Discharge from Debtors Prison announced in London Gazette, 12 September 1761.

Baker, Amos, Much Part St, Coventry, Warks., chairmaker and turner (1822). [D]

Baker, Ann, Newgate St, Newcastle, working u (182734). Recorded at Court 15, Newgate St in 1827. [D]

Baker, Barnard, Covent Gdn, London, upholder and cm (1751d. 1796). Trading in King St in 1776 and at 23 Bedford St, 177896. Son of John Baker of Shelley, Essex, farmer. App. to Elizabeth Hutt, widow of J. Hutt, clothworker. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. 5 September 1751, and master of the Upholders Co., 1785. Took apps named Thomas Greenwood between 177291, and Thomas Pickstone between 177784. In 1775 Baker supplied to the 2nd Earl of Shelburne goods to Mr Clerisseau's Account 100 15s, and from February to June 1776, goods to the value of 16 0s 1d. The accounts of Robert Palmer, Executor to the late Thomas Tower of Weald Hall, South Weald, Essex, include payment to Mr Bernard Baker, upholsterer, due from Mr Tower, 31 10s, on 21 December 1778. Several bills and receipts survive for furniture provided for Sir John Nelthorpe, Bart, including one of 12 June 1784 for Ten neat arm chairs with cane seats and backs varnished, 10 10s. Between 178495 Baker supplied A neat vase shape dress glass in mahg. compass frame & 3 drawers, 1 16s, and a 3ft. 3 wainscot chest drawers, 2 16s. Another bill and receipt of 20 March 1793 lists a neat mahogany bottle carrier (for 2 bottles), a ditto small claw table, 15s, 2 large mahogany Berger chairs with hollow backs & seats caned, 5, and two (thin) cushions for ditto, 12s

A shield-shaped dressing or shaving glass, c. 1790, with the label Barnard Baker, Upholder and Cabinet Maker, Bedford Street in the drawer, is in the Du Pont Museum, Winterthur, Delaware. Died aged 69, January 1796. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records; Bowood MS; Essex RO, D/DTw/A10; Lincoln RO, NEL 9/6/456; NEL VIII/92; NEL 9/15/13; Antiques, May, 1968; poll bk; Gents Mag., January 1796]

Baker, Benjamin, 231 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Baker, C. & W., 72 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, u and cm (182037). [D] The firm of Baker & Webb was trading at this address from 183234. See William Baker at this address.

Baker, Charles, Laycock (Lacock), Wilts., chairmaker (1736). Recorded in the case of Thomas Fry, chairmaker of Laycock, called to appear and answer Charles Baker of Laycock, chairmaker, his master, concerning his assaulting and threatening to kill him. Fry appeared and was discharged. [Wiltshire Quarter Sessions and Assizes, 1736, ed. J.P.M. Fowle]

Baker, Daniel S., Islington, London, cm and upholder (1793 1829). Recorded in Upper St, 180811, at 39 High St, 1822 23 and as D.S. at 39 Hedge Row in 1829. The firm of Baker & Co. was trading at this address, 182627. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. In that year he declared his membership of the Freemasons, Lodge of Three Grand Principles, which met at the King's Head Tavern, Upper St, Islington. [D; GL, ref. MR/SF/283]

Baker, Edward, 40 Frankfort St, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Baker, Edward, 10 Gildart's Gdns, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Baker, Edward Jordan, Hotwell Rd, Bristol, cm (1810). See Thomas Baker and William Baker & Son, of Hotwell Rd. [D]

Baker, Emanuel, 28 Exmouth St, Commercial Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Baker, Gilbert, Folkestone, Kent, cm (1794). [D]

Baker, James, Bristol, u (171534). Polled of St Stephen's parish in 1715 and 1722, and of St Nicholas in 1734.

Baker, James, 7 Back Bittern St, Liverpool, cm (1834). [D]

Baker, James, 11 Shudehill and 33 Oldham Rd, Manchester, chairmaker (1836). [D]

Baker, John, address unrecorded, u (1710). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co., 26 April 1710. Recorded as having taken an app. on 5 October 1713. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Baker, John, Canterbury, Kent, upholder, appraiser and auctioneer (17601807). His trade label bears the address Birgate St, Canterbury, and his name occurs in directories and poll bks between 1784 and 1807. He is listed as a freeman in 1760 and 1796. [D; BM; V & A archives; poll bks; Canterbury freemen rolls]

Baker, John F., Sandwich, Kent, cm (b. 1728d. 1809). Recorded in directories in 1798, 1803 and 1807. His wife, Anne, died aged 76 on 25 September 1808, and he died aged 81 on 26 October 1809. [D; Gents Mag., November 1809]

Baker, John, Market St, Sandwich, Kent, cm (182339). [D; poll bks] Perhaps the son of John F. Baker of Sandwich.

Baker, John, Reading, Berks., cm (1768). [Poll bk]

Baker, John, Newcastle, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Baker, John, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm and chairmaker (181240). Trading in Welsh Row, 181228, and High St in 1834. His daughter, Mary Astles, was bapt. 10 September 1812. [D; Chester RO]

Baker, John, Eastgate St, Gloucester, manufacturers of sofas and fancy chairs (1820). [D]

Baker, John, Church St, Woodbridge, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Baker, John Luck & Olive, William, London, cm (177981). Trading at 59 Chiswell St in 1779 when they took a Sun Insurance policy for 200 of which utensils and stock accounted for 150. By 1781 their address is recorded as 13 Red Cross Sq., when Baker alone took out another Sun Insurance policy totalling 700 of which utensils and stock accounted for 400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 416; vol. 294, p. 188]

Baker, Jonathan, Cockerton, Darlington, Co. Durham, spinning-wheel maker (1828). [D]

Baker, Joseph, Queen's Cross, Dudley, Worcs., cm (1820). [D]

Baker, M., 14 Museum St, Bloomsbury, London, u (182627). A William Baker, u, is recorded at this address in 1823. [D]

Baker, Mark, 9 George Yd, Hatton Wall, London, carpenter and picture and looking-glass frame maker (183539). [D]

Baker, Nicholas, Bath, Som., upholder (173141). Polled at Bristol in 1734, and took apps Arthur Trimnell in 1731 and Banbury in 1741. [Poll bk; S of G, app. index]

Baker, R., Bridewell Lane, Bristol, sign and furniture painter (181213). [D]

Baker, Richard, Bristol, carver and gilder (178494). Working in the parish of St Stephen in 1784, and at 15 Clare St in 1794. Declared bankrupt 23 February 1792. A William Baker, carver and gilder, is recorded in Clare St in 1784. [D; poll bk; Exeter Flying Post, 23 February 1792]

Baker, Richard jnr, St Clements, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1820). His name occurs in the calendar of marriage licence bonds, 181725. [Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/119, p. 87]

Baker, Richard, 8 Northgate St, Gloucester, cm (183940). [D]

Baker, Robert, 117 Long Acre, London, trunk and plate case maker (1801). [D]

Baker, Samuel, at the White Hart on the north side of Monmouth St, in the parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, upholder and broker (1733). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 October 1733 on household goods in trust in dwelling house in the parish aforesaid, 300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 38, ref. 62132]

Baker, Samuel, Southwark, London, cm and u, carpet and upholstery warehouse owner (180308). Addresses at 40 Queen St in 1803, and at 144 High St from 180708. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 August 1803, totalling 999 of which utensils and stock accounted for 700. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 427, ref. 750994]

Baker, Thomas, Shrewsbury, Salop, joiner and cm (172021). Took app. named Rider in 1720, and is cited in the Shrewsbury burgess roll in 1721. [S of G, app. index]

Baker, Thomas, Hotwell Rd, Bristol, cm (1794). See Edward Jordan Baker and William Baker of Hotwell Rd. [D]

Baker, Thomas, 34 Snowhill, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Baker, Thomas, 10 Union St North, Liverpool, u (1839). [D]

Baker, Thomas, 1 Christopher St, Hatton Wall, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Baker, William, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1729). Took app. named Nicholas in 1729. [S of G, app. index]

Baker, William, East Retford, Notts., chairmaker (1752). [Notts. RO, probate records]

Baker, William, West Retford, Notts., cm (175758). Will dated 1757. Took app. named Hobson in 1758. [Notts. RO, probate records; S of G, app. index]

Baker, William, Clare St, Bristol, carver and gilder (1784). A Richard Baker carver and gilder, is recorded at 15 Clare St in 1794. [D]

Baker, William, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Baker, William, Hotwell Rd, Bristol, cm and u (180115). Recorded as W. B. & Son in 1810, and declared bankrupt in 1815. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 15 June, 1815] See Edward Jordan Baker and Thomas Baker both of Hotwell Rd.

Baker, William, 17 Church St, Lambeth, London, chairmaker (180911). [D]

Baker, William, Bailey St, Birmingham, Greecian & fancy chairmaker (181822). [D]

Baker, William, Liverpool, chairmaker (182124). Trading at 31 Marlborough St from 182123, and at 23 Standish St in 1824. [D]

Baker, William, 14 Museum St, Bloomsbury, London, u (1823). [D] An M. Baker, u, is recorded at this address, 182627.

Baker, William, 72 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, u (1825). [D] See C. & W. Baker of the same address.

Baker, William, Windsor, Berks., and London, carver and gilder (17941840). Recorded in New Windsor between 17941806; at 9 Thames St, Windsor between 182430; and King St, Bloomsbury, London, 183540. Mentioned in the 5th hall book of the borough of New Windsor in connection with litigation brought against the Borough Council, (pp. 51167, 182852). The Royal Household accounts refer to Baker as having carried out much jobbing work between 183140 at Windsor Castle, Hampton Court, Bushey Lodge and Buckingham Palace, including regilding, repairing and carving on chairs, sofas, picture and glass frames and door mouldings. On 30 June 1831 he was paid a total of 88 for such work, and in the same year was repairing and regilding the candelabras in the corridor and Dining Room of St George's Hall. He also supplied frames costing 65 18s 3d for Harrington House, and in 1832 carried out repairs to the Gothick pillars, Caps & Bases belonging to pedestal dining Tables. In 1837 he was paid a total of 45 7s 7d for 94 days work repairing and regilding furniture throughout the principal suit of Apts., no doubt in honour of Queen Victoria's accession. [D; poll bks; Royal Household accounts, PRO, LC 11/71, 74, 80110; Joy, English Furniture, 1800 1851]

Baker, William, Redcross St, Southwark, London, cm and u (182728). [D]

Baker, William, Cannon St, Taunton, Som., cm (1830). [D]

Baker, William, Pipe Maker's Lane, Boston, Lincs., cm and chairmaker (1835). [D]

Baker, William, 27 High St, Bloomsbury, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Baker & Bright, Newbury, Berks., turners and chairmakers (1798). [D]

Baker & Lyal, 243 High Holborn, London, cabinet manufacturers (180103). [D]

Bakestrom, William, Maiden Lane, parish of St Paul's, Covent Gdn, London, cm and looking-glass maker (1723). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 28 May 1723 for 500 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house only. [GL, Sun MS vol. 15, ref. 28099]

Bakewell, Mathew, Birmingham, inlayer and gilder (1712). Took app. on 9 July 1712. [PRO, app. reg.]

Bakewell, William, of Birmingham, cm (1826). App. to Job Hughes of Derby, cm, and admitted freeman of Leicester in 1826. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Balch, , address unrecorded, frame maker (1770). The private accounts of Richard Hoare of Boreham House, Essex, include a payment to Balch of 6 11s on 2 December 1770. [Essex RO, D/DU 649/2]

Balch, Edward snr, West Ham, London, joiner and upholder (1769). By his will, dated 13 September 1769 and proved 18 December 1769, he left to his wife Hannah the shop & business of an Upholder to be carried on by my wife & grandson Edward Balch my apprentice. [PRO, 953(406) p. 69]

Balcomb, James, Gillingham, Kent, cm and u (1839). [D]

Balders, William, Swaffham, Norfolk, cm, u and appraiser (182225). Will proved at Norwich in 1825. [D; Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills]

Baldie, John, 6 Meard's Ct, Dean St, Soho, London, cm (1809 11). [D] Possibly mis-spelling of Baldwin of this address.

Baldock, Edward Holmes, Hanway St, London, furniture dealer, restorer, etc. (b. 1777d. 1845). Born on 14 May 1777. Married on 19 November 1811 Mary Goringe, the daughter of John and Sarah Goringe of Buxted, Sussex. They had two children: Edward Holmes (181275), who married the daughter of a Salopian baronet, Sir Andrew Corbet; Mary Frances (181442), who married a barrister of Lincoln's Inn, William Amos Starborough Westoby.

In 1805 Baldock's name first appears as the freehold owner of 7 Hanway St, London. Over the years he expanded his premises. By 1840 his property in this street comprised nos 1 and 2, both with back premises, and in addition he owned a yard (precise location unspecified) and no. 3, which he let. It was in 1 and 2 Hanway St that he carried on business up to 1843 when he retired, selling his stock and moving to a fashionable residential address, Hyde Park Pl. According to one 19th-century source the business was taken over by Frederick Litchfield's father. [Conn., June 1978, p. 102]

In 1805 he described himself as dealer in china and glass. By 1821 he was styled in the Post Office Directories as antique furniture and ornamental china dealer, and in 1826 he described his activities in a bill heading as buying, selling, exchanging and valuing China, Cabinets, Screens, Bronzes etc.. Though Baldock's business consisted primarily in dealing in antique porcelain and furniture largely foreign he repaired, remodelled and altered existing furniture. He also produced designs for new pieces and had them made. Whether the furniture was actually manufactured on his premises is a matter of conjecture in the absence of documentary evidence.

References to alterations to furniture occur in the Lucy, Lowther and Buccleuch papers during the years 1836 to 1843. These involved the addition of mounts, the replacement of the interior fittings of secretaries and tables, the addition of doors to case furniture and the embellishment of other pieces with porcelain plaques. Baldock also supplied sofas and chairs made up in part or in whole of old pieces of carving. A large quantity of dismembered pieces of furniture, listed in Baldock's sale catalogues of May and July 1843, may well have been stocked for use in making up pieces. He evidently specialised in furniture in the Boulle manner, in French 17th-century style ebony cabinets and in oriental 17thcentury style seat furniture of turned ebony and carved ivory.

In 1841 the Duke of Buccleuch was sent drawings of bedroom furniture as well as working drawings of an octagonal table, a bookcase and three stalls. A drawing of a Louis XV lean-to secretaire, which may have been supplied by Baldock, survives in the Buccleuch archives. It is not however clear whether it represents an existing piece or a design for a projected piece in the Louis XV style. The same doubt arises in the case of a design of a lectern in the Gothic revival style which was drawn on Baldock's premises (drawing now in Marylebone Lib.). On the other hand a design of a table in the Buccleuch papers which is annotated No. 3 Amboyna wood ground with coloured flowers is almost certainly the preliminary sketch for a table which was later made.

A number of well constructed and, in some cases, finely inlaid pieces of furniture are known which are 19th-century in date and which are branded with Baldock's initials, EHB. While some are pastiches of 18th-century French furniture others are in a contemporary English style. Whether these pieces were both designed by Baldock and made on his premises it is impossible to tell. The EHB mark cannot be regarded as a maker's stamp in the accepted sense of the term as it is also struck on genuine French 18th-century furniture which merely passed through Baldock's hands.

[G. de Bellaigue, Edward Holmes Baldock, I and II, Conn., August 1975, pp. 29099 and September 1975, pp. 1825; C. G. Gilbert, Leeds Furn. Cat., no. 395, pp. 31821]

Baldock's bills survive in the following archives: Windsor Royal Archives, George IV's papers, 182728; Staffs. RO, 1st Baron Hatherton papers, 1831; Warwick RO, George Lucy papers, 182637; Duke of Buccleuch and Queensbury's private archives, 5th Duke of Buccleuch papers, 183043; Cumbria RO, 2nd Earl of Lonsdale papers, 183641; Duke of Northumberland's private archives, 3rd Duke of Northumberland papers, 1824; Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS, Edward Lord Lascelles papers, 1807; Staffs. RO, Duke of Sutherland's papers, 1830; Lincoln RO, Lord Willoughby d'Eresby papers, (2nd Lord Gwydir), 182728; Herefs. RO, John Arkwright papers, 1832; Lord de Saumarez's private archives at Shrubland Hall, Sir William Middleton's papers, 183943. G. de B.

Baldry, Foxale, St Clements, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1799). Marriage recorded in 1799. [Suffolk RO, calendar of marriage licence bonds, FAA: 50/2/111 p. 213]

Baldwin, David, George St, Derby, chairmaker and turner (182935). Recorded at no. 2 in 1835. [D]

Baldwin, John, 6 Meard's Ct, Dean St, Soho, London, cm (1808). [D] See John Baldie of this address.

Baldwin, Robert, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records, 1807, working on a commode. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/98, p. 1819]

Baldwin, Robert, Liverpool, cm (180927). Trading at 15 Scotland Rd in 1810, 5 Scotland Rd in 1811, and 35 Eldan St in 1827. Marriage reported in Liverpool Courier, 23 August 1809 on monday last at St Ann's Church to Miss Fletcher of Burscough. [D]

Baldwin, Thomas, 21 Somerset Buildings, Bath, Som., cm and u (182633). [D]

Bale, James, Winchester, Hants., cm (17921805). Recorded in High St in 1805. [D]

Bale, Joshua, Bingley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Bale, William Edward, Little Chapel St, St Margaret's, London, carver and gilder (1838). Took app. named John Wallace in 1838. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Grinsell's charity app. indentures]

Bales, Samuel, 36 Warren St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm (1802). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 July 1802 for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 423, ref. 732955]

Bales, Samuel, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Bales, Samuel, 36 Broad St, Golden Sq., London, cm and carver (1820). [D]

Bales, Samuel, Berwick St, Soho, London, cm and u (182229). From 182225 at 85, and in 1829 at 25 Berwick St when listed only as a carver. [D]

Bales, Simon, Norwich, cm (17931803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Baletti, Anthony, 13 Pottergate St, Norwich, frame maker (1802). [D]

Baliey, John, Meards Ct, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Ball, Benjamin, 56 Port St, Manchester, joiner and cm (1794). [D]

Ball, David, 9 Anderson's Walk, Vauxhall, London, carver (1808). [D]

Ball, Edwin, 9 St Mary's St, Southampton, Hants., cm (1834 39). [D]

Ball, Elias, 45, Broad St, Golden Sq., London, cm and u (182629). [D]

Ball, G., 7 Castle Mill St, Bristol, cm and broker (1835). [D]

Ball, George, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1811). [Census 1841].

Ball, Henry, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 17961840). Daughter's baptism recorded in 1816, and two sons in 1819 and 1824. [PR (bapt.); Census 1841]

Ball, Henry, 63 Gerard St, Liverpool, cm (181427). Indenture dated 1814. In 1822 he petitioned freedom on servitude to John Ward Turner and James Wainwright, cm, and was admitted freeman on 17 October 1827. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Ball, James, Lee's Mews, North Audley St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Ball, James, 2 Beckford Pl., Walworth, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Ball, John, 9 Princes St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholder (1808). [D]

Ball, John, 106 Gt Russell St, Bloomsbury, London, u (1809 11). [D]

Ball, John, Spilsby, Lincs., joiner and cm (182226). [D]

Ball, John, Hundleby, Lincs., cm and joiner (1835). [D]

Ball, John, Liverpool, cm (b. 1800d. 1833). Indenture dated 1814. In 1821 he petitioned freedom on servitude to Thomas Dutton, and was sworn a freeman on 12 October 1826. Trading at 1 Leece St in 1827. Died on 9 April 1833 after a short illness. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk; Liverpool Mercury, 19 April 1833]

Ball, Jonathan, High St, Salisbury, Wilts., u (1839). [D]

Ball, Joseph, Bridgnorth, Salop, cm (179798). [D]

Ball, Mary, 2 Waring St, Gildarts Gdns, Liverpool, u (1837). [D] William Ball was trading in Gildarts Gdns in 1827.

Ball, Robert, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1747). Took app. named Edmondston, 1747. [S of G, app. index]

Ball, Robert, 31 St James's St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Ball, T., Union St, Ryde, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1839). [D]

Ball, Thomas, Vine St, St James's, London, u (1749d. 1758). Polled at Westminster in 1749. Death reported on 29 May 1758: Last Friday died at his house in Vine Street Mr Ball, upholsterer and deputy-master of the revels, under Solomon Dayrolles Esq. [London Chronicle, 29 May 1758]

Ball, Thomas, Aldgate, London, cm and u (182429). Trading at 17 Mitre St from 182728, and at no. 34 in 1829. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 5 July 1824 for 300. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 497, ref. 1017870]

Ball, W., Baxtergate, Loughborough, Leics., u and auctioneer (1800). Advertised on 7 March 1800 that he had just arrived from London and was settling in Loughborough. [Leicester Journal, 7 March 1800]

Ball, William, Lancaster, joiner and cm (175165). Made free as a joyner, 175152. Took app. joiner and cabinet maker, 2 February 1765. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Ball, William, Bull Inn Yd, Coventry, Warks., carpenter and cm (1776). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for 200 of which utensils and stock accounted for 150. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 248]

Ball, William, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1798). App. to Samuel Dodd in 1798. [Notts. RO, app. list]

Ball, William, Liverpool, furniture and sign painter (181027). Addresses at 6 Brown St from 181011; at 13 Johnson St in 1818; at 34 Stanley St and 5 Carpenters Row in 1821; and at 24 Gildarts Gdns in 1827. [D] Mary Ball, u, was trading in Gildarts Gdns in 1837.

Ball, William, 76 Berwick St, Soho, London, cm and u (1822 39). [D]

Ball, William, Chichester, Sussex, chairmaker, turner and patten maker (182640). Recorded in St Pancras, 182628; Summers Town in 1832; and New Broyle in 1839. [D]

Ball, William, 26 Essex St, Birmingham, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Ball & Keating, Grosvenor Mews, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm (183239). [D]

Ballantine, David, Liverpool, joiner and cm (183439). Trading at 46 Norfolk St in 1834; 16 Sparling St in 1837; and 93 Sparling St in 1839. [D]

Ballard, Charles, 170 High St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm, u and paper hanger (1822). [D]

Ballard, Henry, Manchester, cm (17971808). Addresses at 35 Back Water St in 1797, and 4 Windmill St in 1808. [D]

Ballard, J., Nuneaton, Warks., plumber, glazier, house and sign painter, gilder and varnisher (c. 1760). A small mahogany toilet mirror has a trade label on the back describing Ballard's trade: Cleans, Repairs, or Varnishes old Paintings, & silvers Looking Glasses. House Painting and Paper Hanging Executed after the most Approved Methods on Reasonable terms. The label has an oval Rococo border with easel, brushes and palette at top and bottom.

Ballard, Robert, Liverpool, cm (1761). Admitted freeman, 10 February 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Ballard, William, Hoxton, London, chairmaker and undertaker (181339). Trading at 7 Hoxton Mkt in 1813, and at 7 Britannia Row from 183739. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 19 May 1813 for 100 of which household goods in his dwelling house, where no work was done, accounted for 70, and wearing apparel, 30. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 463, ref. 881984]

Balld, Robert, Worcester, cm (1753). Took app. named Humphrys in 1753. [S of G, app. index]

Baller, Robert, Long Acre, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, u (167174). Recorded in feuds between 167174 with George and Susannah Higgins, William Bursey and John Hales, Gent., relating to property in Long Acre, St Martin-in-the-Fields; Hart St, St Paul's, Covent Gdn; and Boonegate, Herts. [Marylebone Lib., deeds 176/410]

Balley, William, Spitalfields, London, cm and broker (17811816). Recorded at 42 Fashion St, 178184, and 190 Brick Lane, 17931816. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1781 for 200 of which utensils and stock accounted for 100; and on 16 April 1803 for 1,000 of which utensils and stock accounted for 200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 291, p. 114; vol. 427, ref. 747111]

Balling, Timothy, St Ives, Hunts., chairmaker (1754). His son, William, was bapt. in 1754 at St Ives Independent Church. [Hunts. RO, Non-Con MF RG48]

Ballingal, John, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Ballon, John, Bedale, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Balls, John & Co., Bird St and Oxford St, London, cm, u and appraiser (180940). Addresses at 1213 Bird St, Manchester Sq., 180937; George Yd, Grosvenor Sq., 182728; 170 Oxford St, 183540 and 26 Bird St in 1839. A Regency dwarf breakfront open bookcase bears the trade label of Balls & Co., 170 Oxford St. & 10,11,12, & 13 Bird St. The bookcase, of rosewood inlaid with brass, has a frieze inlaid with scrolling foliage, and is raised on ebonized gadrooned feet. [Christie's, 28 April 1983, lot. 107] Recorded on a bill of 25 August 1840 as an orator with George Cossar, carpenter, of Walthamstow, Essex. An u named Balls, was paid 6s in June 1839 by 3rd Lord Braybrooke of Audley End, Essex. [D; PRO, C 13 417/16; Essex RO, D/DBy/A363]

Balls, Thomas, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Balls & Hughes, 50 High St, Kensington, London, u (182627). [D]

Bally, , 10 Milsom St, Bath, Som., cm and u (17931805). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Balmar, Adam, 30 Prudhoe St, Newcastle, cm (1828). [D]

Balme, Joshua, Main St, Bingley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Balmer, Daniel, Liverpool, cm (180739). Recorded at 90 Gerard St in 1807, and at 63 Blackstock St in 1839. [D]

Balmer, James, Hungate, York, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Balmer, John, Greek St, Liverpool, cm (b. 1790d. 1826). Sworn a freeman, 16 October 1812. Died, 12 June 1826, aged 36. [Liverpool freemen reg.; Liverpool Mercury, 23 June, 1826]

Balmer, Pexel, Sunderland St, Houghton-le-Spring, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182734). [D]

Balmer, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (182939). Trading at 4 Whittle Ct in 1829, and Mill Pl., Shaw's Brow, 183539. [D]

Balmford, Simeon, Near the New Baths, Leeds, Yorks, joiner and cm (1822). [D] See Simeon Balmforth.

Balmforth, John & Sons, Dod Lee, Longwood, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1837). [D] See T. Balmforth and John Balmforth & Sons of Longwood.

Balmforth, Jos., Wakefield, Yorks., adjoining Vicarage, cm and u (182834). [D]

Balmforth, Simeon, Hotel Yd, Call Lane, Leeds, Yorks., Near the New Baths, joiner and cm (181722). [D] See Simeon Balmford.

Balmforth, T., Snow Lee, Longwood, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1837). [D] See John Balmforth & Sons and Thomas Balmforth of Longwood.

Balmforth, William, Fell Lane Gate, Dewsbury, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Balsam, John, Newton Abbot and Newton Bushel, Devon, cm (1838). [D] Possibly J. Balson of Newton Abbot, cm, who was declared bankrupt on 13 July 1837. [Exeter Flying Post]

Balshaw, Charles, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (182225). Trading at Church St in 1825. [D]

Balshaw, John, Church St, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm, joiner and builder (182534). [D]

Baltis, Matthew, Norwich and London, cm (180318). Son of Matthew Baltis, bricklayer, admitted freeman of Norwich 25 June 1803, and polled at Norwich in 1806 and 1818. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [Poll bks; Norwich freemen reg.]

Bamber, George, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (179798). [D]

Bamber, Henry, Lancaster (178485). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Bamber, James, Poulton St, Kirkham, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bamber, Thomas, 44 Quay St, Manchester, cm, joiner and coffin maker (17971825). With Richard Bamber as cm and print block maker in 1825. [D]

Bamber, William, Cock Yd, Church St, Preston, Lancs., joiner and cm (181825). [D]

Bamber, William, Grange, Broughton, Westmld, cm (182934). [D]

Bamfield, William, Castle Ct, Strand, London, cm (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for 100 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 273, p. 301]

Bamford, John, 50 Crickets Lane, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bamford, John & Sons, Longwood, Huddersfield, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D] See John Balmforth & Sons of Longwood.

Bamford, Thomas, Snowlee, Longwood, Huddersfield, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D] See T. Balmforth of Longwood.

Bamforth, William, Daw Green, Dewsbury, cm (182834). [D]

Banbury, James, Bath, Som., u (1752). Declared bankrupt, July 1752. [Gents Mag.]

Banbury, William, 1 Smiths Rents, St John St, Clerkenwell, London, knife case maker (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 100 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 20. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 608]

Bance, George, Croydon, Surrey, cm and u (180739). Addresses in Butcher Row, 1832 and High St, 183839. MS order book lists customers addresses and breakdown of prices for work commissioned. [D; Potterton Books, catalogue 7, 1983, no. 2580]

Bancks, Adam, Westgate St, Newcastle, carver and gilder (1782). [D]

Bancks, Jacob, 78 Oldham St, Manchester, cm (1794). [D]

Bancroft, C., Manchester, chairmaker (1825). Worked with John Bancroft. [Furn. Hist., 1981]

Bancroft, David, Dale St, Liverpool, chairmaker (17901800). [D; Furn. Hist., 1981] J. & D. Bancroft were in Dale St, 1790, and Joseph Bancroft, 1804.

Bancroft, David, Salford, Lancs., chairmaker (180413). Trading in Collier St in 1804, and at 21 Bloom St from 180813. Partnered with John Bancroft in Chapel St, 1804 18. [D]

Bancroft, John, Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., chairmaker (17811825). Recorded at no. 126, 17971802; with David Bancroft there as fancy chairmakers in 1808; together at no. 141, 180418; and John alone there, 182125. There is a spindle-back chair at Temple Newsam House, Leeds, stamped J & D BANCROFT. [D; Furn. Hist., 1981]

Bancroft, John, Oldham, Lancs., joiner and cm (182834). Trading at Duke St, 1828 and Manchester St in 1834. [D]

Bancroft, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (180437). Recorded at 48 Vernon St, Dale St in 1804; 3 Trinket St in 1810; 3 Fox St, 181114; Clayton St, 181829; and London Rd, 183537. [D] The name I. BANCROFT, is stamped on a set of Regency chairs recorded in Liverpool. [V & A archives]

Bancroft, Sarah, 4 Back Falkner St, Manchester, u (1802). [D]

Bancroft, William, Manchester, u (177384). Addresses in Market St Lane, 1773, and Longmill Lane, 178184. [D]

Bandy, John, St Ann, London, gilder and carver (1761). Discharged from Debtors Prison, 17 November 1761. [London Gazette]

Banfield, Edwin, 7 Sidney Pl., Commercial Rd, London, cm and u (183239). [D]

Ban(d)field, John, Som., cm (183040). Listed at Petherton in 1830; and as cm and u at High St, Chard, 183940. [D]

Banfill, Samuel, 20 Edward St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm and u (182234). [D]

Bangay, Samuel, 8 Brownlow St, Drury Lane, London, picture frame maker (1786). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 April 1786 for 200 of which utensils accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 336, p. 103]

Banister, George, 23 College St, Bristol, carver and gilder (17921800). [D]

Banister, John, Liverpool, cm (1761). Son of James Banister, polisher, sworn freeman 12 March 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Banister, Robert, Clayton St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm and joiner (181417). [D] Ann Bannister & Sons are recorded at this address, 1818.

Banister, Zachariah, Clipstone St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm (1828). Reported on 1 August 1828 as insolvent with James Cook, cm. [Chester Chronicle and North Wales Advertiser, 1 August 1828]

Bankes, Margaret, Liverpool, u (183437). Trading at 24 Bevington Bush in 1834 and 77 Gerrard St, 183537. [D] The firm of Bankes & Fletcher, u, are recorded at 24 Bevington Bush in 1834. [D]

Bankes, William, 7 Gloucester St, Bloomsbury, London, fancy chairmaker (1808). [D]

Banks, , address unrecorded (1750). Cited in the Holkham Hall accounts in 1750 as being paid 2 2s for a mahogany dining table, and 9 for a small wainscot table.

Banks, , St Leonard St, Stamford, Lincs., cm and u (1835). [D] Probably either Thomas or William Banks.

Banks, Benjamin, 3 Lichfield St, Soho, London, cm and wine cooler maker (180127). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 6 July 1801 for 500 of which utensils and stock accounted for 440; and on 2 February 1813 for 500 on house only in 10 High St. in tenure together with 50 Upper Thames (No stove therein). [D; C. Life, 30 April 1948, pp. 88283; DEF; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 721125; vol. 462, ref. 889952]

Banks, Benjamin, Prescot, Lancs., cm and joiner (181434). Recorded in Fazakerley St, 181416; Toll Bar, 1818; and Fall Lane, 1834. [D]

Banks, Benjamin, Brierley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Banks, Edward, Kingsgate St, St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, picture frame maker (1722). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 12 March 1722 for 500 on his house, goods and merchandise; and on 6 October 1722 for 300 on the same. [GL, Sun MS vol. 15, ref. 27953; vol. 14]

Banks, George, Hull, Yorks., cm (176884). [Poll bks]

Banks, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1812). On servitude to Thomas Burns, sworn a freeman 5 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Banks, James jnr, Bondgate, Selby, Yorks., turner, dish, bowl, chair and shovel manufacturer (1837). [D] A low back crinoline stretcher Windsor chair bears the stamp on the front corner of the seat in a triangle, J. BANKS SELBY.

Banks, Joseph, Nottingham, joiner and cm (171013). Took apps named Clark in 1710 and Etherington in 1713. [S of G, app. index]

Banks, Thomas, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Banks, Thomas, York, looking-glass maker (1809). Son of Christopher Banks, schoolmaster; app. to David Doeg, looking-glass maker, 12 August 1809. [York app. reg.]

Banks, Thomas, Finch St, Liverpool, cm (1812). Admitted freeman, 12 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Banks, Thomas, 13 New Dock Walls, Hull, Yorks., carver and gilder (181720). [D]

Banks, Thomas, Old Meeting St, Birmingham, carver and gilder (1822). [D]

Banks, Thomas, London, chairmaker (1835). Trading at 12 Smith Buildings, City Rd, and 31 Cross St, Islington. [D]

Banks, Thomas, 82 White Lion St, Pentonville, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Banks, Thomas, Huntingdon St, St Neots, Hunts., cm and builder (183940). [D]

Banks, Thomas, Stamford, Lincs., cm and u (183140). [D; poll bk] See Banks,.

Banks, W., High St, Lymington, Hants., u and cm (1839). [D]

Banks, William, Hull, Yorks., cm (1780). [Poll bk]

Banks, William, 10 Pavement, Moorfields, London, upholder (177888). Son of John Banks of Little Moorfields, Gent. App. to Mark Dawes on 5 August 1778, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 19 August 1788. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Banks, William, St George's St, Stamford, Lincs., cm (17761835). App. to Wortley Searson of Stamford, u, in 1776; admitted freeman by servitude, 1789. Still alive in 1835. [Stamford app. and freemen reg.; poll bk] See Banks,.

Banks, William, Hemsworth, Yorks., joiner and cm (182237). [D]

Banks, William, 1 St James Ct, Bath, Som., chairmaker (1826). [D]

Banks & Topping, Blackpool, Lancs., joiners, cm and timber dealers (1828). [D]

Bannard, John, Henrietta Pl., High Bridge, Hammersmith, Middlx, cm, u and furniture broker (1839). [D]

Banner, Francis, 113 Aldergate St, London, u (17911803). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 14 January 1791 for 3,000 of which workshops accounted for 300, counting house and warehouse, 100; and on 23 March 1791 for 1,000. Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 3 September 1798. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [GL, Sun MS vol. 375, pp. 189 and 644] The firm of Banner & Bruce, cm, are recorded at the same address in 1799. [D]

Banner, J. L., 1 Hart St, Liverpool, cm and joiner (1827). [D]

Banner, Thomas, 3 St Thomas's Buildings, Liverpool, cm (1784). [D]

Banner, Thomas, Compton St, Clerkenwell, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Bannister, Ann & Sons, Clayton St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm and joiners (1818). [D] Robert Banister is recorded at this address, 181417.

Bannister, George, 10 Chamber St, Goodman's Fields, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Bannister, John, Little Fish St, Worcester, chairmaker (182035). [D]

Bannister, William, 8 Pollen St, Hanover Sq., London, carver (183940). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1840. [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 134192]

Bansall, Richard, Brokers Row, Redcross St, Southwark, London, cm and carpenter (1835). [D]

Bant, William, Birmingham, cm (181622). Recorded at Bristol St in 1816 and 1822, and Suffolk St, 181718. [D]

Banter, Isaac, 14 Church Row, Bethnal Green, London, cm and u (182728). [D]

Banting, Thomas, 22 Pall Mall, London, cm and u (182340). See Banting, France & Co.

Banting, William, 27 St James's St, London, cm and u (1823 40). See Banting, France & Co.

Banting, France & Co., 27 St James's St, London, cm and u (181340). The intermesh of titles, France & Banting, Bantings, France & Banting, Banting, France & Co., and Thomas and William Banting serves to confuse the exact structure of this active firm. In one or other of its names it was active from the early 19th century. As Banting, France & Co. they worked for the Earl of Bristol at Ickworth from 9 August 1817. When Ickworth was completed in 1829 it too was furnished by Banting, and also the London house. The invoices totalled 5,177 12s 8d and were submitted from 27 St James's St. [Accounts: Bury St Edmunds and W. Sussex RO] As Thomas and William Banting they were still at this address in 1840. [D] In 183436 the firm worked on London houses for the Gage family in Whitehall Yd and at 16 Arlington St, totalling 3,224 1s 9d. [Firle Pl. MS, copies V & A archives] It was however Royal commissions, seemingly inexhaustible, which were the firm's staple employment. They supplied furniture, moved and cleaned it, repaired and converted it in most royal houses over many years, 182536.

For the Belvedere, Banting estimated for Gothic furnishings, included a cellaret lined with lead, 4 side tables, 2 mahogany conveniences for H.M.'s use, & polished tops, stuffed & covered with purple velvet. [Windsor Royal Archives, Box 1, LC, item 17]

In June 1837 Willliam Banting made application from 27 St James's St to be appointed Upholsterer to Her Majesty [PRO, LC5/22], noting the alteration of my premises as above will shortly be completed. Pigot's Directory, 1838 shows Thomas Banting at 22 Pall Mall, and William at 27 St James's St. The entry was repeated in Pigot, 1839, but by 1840 they are both at 27 St James's St. [POD] A manuscript sketch-book for Banting & Son, 27 St James's Street survives [MMA, NY, 36.28.5] and mentions clients such as Lord Bristol (Ickworth), one in Eaton Sq. (1838), and a client who died 1845. The designs include beds, curtains and chairs with early examples of deep buttoning. [Joy, English Furniture, 18001851, pp. 197, 268; PRO, LC 1/12; 5/123; 10/14] The firm exhibited at the Great Exhibition of 1851 and as late as 1885 supplied furniture to Princess Beatrice at Windsor Castle.
KENSINGTON PALACE, London (Duke of Sussex). Supplied furniture in 1813 and had to wait three years for payment. [Ickworth and the Hervey Family; W. Sussex R.O.]
WINDSOR CASTLE (1825) A Handsome Tambour Writing Desk on 4 turned legs with reeded & carved leaves on patent castors, 2 drawers in frame & 6 drawers in the inside with pigeonholes to the writing flap, lined with black morocco, 2 carved leaves for the handles, all of very fine Spanish mahogany, French polished 36. 10. 0.
2 Spanish Mahogany Boxes to slide on each side & Wood Knobs added to drawers, & fixing on the locks 7. 10. 8.
A very Handsome Stand made to match another for China dish on 4 standards & hollow-sided block, ornamented with brass, and French polished
(1826) A Mahogany Bookcase of Spanish wood to fill the recess, with divisions, and shelf in upper part and shelf in lower part enclosed by 2 pairs of folding Doors, to drawing 25. [Windsor Royal Archives, 2540103] G. B.

Banton, T., Marylebone, London, cm (1830). [Norwich poll bk]

Baptist, Alexander, 5 Rankin's Yd, Newgate St, Newcastle, cm (1827). [D]

Baptist & Angus, Elliot's Ct, 29 Bigg Mkt, Newcastle, cm (182729). [D]

Barber, , Piccadilly, London, upholder (1756). Announcement in Public Advertiser, 26 May 1756, read: Household Furniture to be sold catalogues at Mr Barber.

Barber, , address and trade unrecorded (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Barber, Charles, parish of St Owen, Hereford, joiner and cm (1832). App. to Samuel Davies, carpenter and joiner of the parish of St Peter; admitted freeman, 1 July 1832. [Hereford freemen reg.]

Barber, Elias, 1 Minday's Ct, Carnaby Mkt, London, sedan chairmaker (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for 200 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 150. [GL, Sun MS vol. 277, p. 233]

Barber, George, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1780). [Canterbury freemen rolls]

Barber, J., 16 Cateaton St, London, desk and dressing case maker (1835). The firm of Barber, Son & Davey, writing desk and dressing case makers, are recorded at this address in 1829. [D]

Barber, Jacob, London, cm and u (180228). Trading at 37 Red Lion Sq., 180207, and at 1820 Lamb's Conduit St, 180828. Cited in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 March 1814 for 600 on a house, 66 Castle St East, Oxford St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 462] William Barber, u, is recorded at 18 Lamb's Conduit St in 1829.

Barber, James, Portugal St, Piccadilly, London, u (174649). John Forretts's account current with the 3rd Earl of Burlington lists payments to Barber, of London, on 6 May 1746, 10s 3d, and 72 11s 7d. [Poll bk; Chatsworth, Burlington papers, folio A/C BK, f.31, f.75]

Barber, James, 5 Artillery Ct, London, u (1776). Son of Joseph Barber, St Luke's, Middlx, Gent.; app. to Samuel Burton; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude, 3 April 1776. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Barber, James, Newark, Notts., cm (b. 1763d. 1830). Addresses at Dry Bridge, 178898; Carter Gate, 180507; as cm, u and chair manufacturer there, 181922, and as James & Sons in 1828. Advertised, 9 May 1788, for two journeymen cm, stating: Good Workmen may find constant Employment by applying to JAMES BARBER who begs leave to inform the Public that he has laid in a choice Assortment of the newest Patterns of Looking Glasses &c and every article in the Cabinet Business. His customers may be supplied with the best of Goods, on the Shortest Notice, and of the cheapest Terms. The Trade may be supplied with any quantity of the new fashioned hair covering for Chairs. NB. An Apprentice wanted. Advertised again, 2 July 1790 for two journeymen cm who must apply to his Glass Warehouse on the Dry Bridge. His death, aged 67 years announced in Drakard's Stamford News, 12 March 1830. [D; poll bk; Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, 9 May 1788 and 2 July 1790]

Barber, John, London, cm (1755). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1755.

Barber, John, Red Bank, Manchester, Windsor and Upton chair maker (178188). [D]

Barber, John, York(?), cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. A John Barber, York, was app. to Thomas Jackson, carpenter, in 1725 for 7 years. [York app. reg.]

Barber, John, Coney St, next to The Black Swan, York, turner, maker of ladies's spinning wheels, fire screens, writing tables etc. (17851806). Advertised in York Courant, 23 August 1785. Account with Mrs Woodhouse for 12 mahogany chairs and 2 with arms, paid on 13 May 1791, totalled 19 4s. [York archives dept] A John Barber, York, cm, is recorded taking apps named John Barker, 14 April 1790, William Fawbert, 10 October 1791; Henry Pullon, 1 November 1791; John Ward, 1 August 1794; Charles Scott, 14 October 1794; William Fawdington, 19 October 1801; and George Kelley, as toymaker and turner, 1 September 1806. [York app. reg.]

Barber, John, Chester, cm (1812). Admitted freeman, 7 October 1812. [Chester freemen rolls]

Barber, John, Lancaster, cm (182237). App. to Leonard Redmayne, 1822; admitted freeman, 182728. Named in the Gillow records, 182237. [Lancaster app. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Barber, John, 133 Gt Suffolk St, Southwark, London, cm (1829). [D]

Barber, John Foster, Bargate, Newark, Notts., cm and u (1828). [D]

Barber, Joseph Foster, Bargate, Newark, Notts., cm and u (1835). [D]

Barber, Peter, Cartergate, Newark, Notts., cm and u (183241). [D]

Barber, Richard, Chester, joiner and cm (175354). Son of Catherine Barber, widow; app. to John Welch, joiner and cm, 25 December 1753, 12 February 1754. [Chester app. reg.]

Barber, Robert, Brighton, Sussex, cm (182240). Addresses at 7 Portland St, 1822; Grenville Gdns, 1824; Mt Sion Pl., 1829 37; and in North St, 1840. Baptisms recorded of son, Thomas, 14 July 1822; daughter Jane, 27 June 1824; daughters Susannah, Elizabeth and Mary, 2 August 1829; son William Lane, 2 December 1832; daughter Ann, 16 April 1837; and son Robert Isaac, 2 February 1840. [D; E. Sussex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Barber, Samuel, 37 Shudehill, Manchester, cm (180408). [D]

Barber, Thomas, address unrecorded, cm (1773). The accounts of George Cooke for Dunham Massey, Cheshire, include a payment of 4 7s 6d for a Dail chest for Mr Worthington Room, 25 March 1773. [John Rylands Lib., Manchester]

Barber, Thomas, Brighton, Sussex, cm (177273). Advertised, 13 April 1772, for a journeyman cm WANTED immediately Eleven Shillings per Week will be given, or if the Person chooses he may work by the Piece. Advertised again, 12 July 1773, for a journeyman cm, One who is a compleat Master of his Trade, may have constant Employ . [Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 13 April 1772 and 12 July 1773]

Barber, Thomas, 28 Hanging Ditch, Manchester, cm (17721805). [D]

Barber, Thomas, 21 Regent Pl., Brighton, Sussex, cm (1822). [D]

Barber, Thomas, St Sidwell, Exeter, Devon, cm (1823). Baptism at St Sidwell's of son, Thomas Cooke, recorded 19 December 1823. [PR(bapt.)]

Barber, Thomas, Church Lane, Pontefract, Yorks., cm (183437). [D]

Barber, William, South St, Bishop's Stortford, Herts., cm (1823). [D]

Barber, William, 67 Leonard St, Shoreditch and 2 Leonard Sq., London, cm, u and fancy cm (182639). [D]

Barber, William, 18 Lamb's Conduit St, London, u (1829). Jacob Barber, cm and u, is recorded at 18 Lamb's Conduit St, 180828. [D]

Barber, William, 57 Upper Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., London, u (1839). [D]

Barberry, , George St, Oxford Rd, London, cm (1803). Cited in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803.

Barborough, Matthew, 24 Clowes St, Manchester, carver and gilder (1802). [D]

Barbour, Edward, address unrecorded, upholder (1708). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co., 5 May 1708. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Barclay, Jacob, Newcastle, u (1774). App. to Thomas Hunt; admitted freeman, 7 October 1774. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Barden, Isaac, Gabriel's Hill, Maidstone, Kent, chairmaker (1805). [D]

Bardin, John, Worcester, spinning wheel maker (1747). App. to Thomas Bardin, spinning wheel maker; sworn freeman on 29 June 1747. [Worcester freemen admissions]

Bardin, Samuel, Worcester, upholder (1764). App. to Richard Meredith, upholder; admitted freeman on 24 September 1764. [Worcester freemen admissions]

Bardin, Samuel, Cornmarket, Oxford, upholder (1784). [D] Mentioned in Jackson's Oxford Journal between 175380.

Bardin, Samuel, Staines, Middlx, u (1802). Recorded in the Oxford poll bk of 1802 as not voting.

Bardin, Thomas snr, Worcester, turner and spinning wheel maker (174773). Took apps named John Bardin sworn free in 1747; Thomas Bardin jnr, sworn free in 1761; and William Bardin, sworn free in 1773. [Worcester freemen admissions]

Bardin, Thomas jnr, Worcester, turner and spinning wheel maker (1761). App. to father, Thomas Bardin, turner and spinning wheel maker; admitted freeman, 2 March 1761. [Worcester freemen admissions]

Bardin, William, Worcester, spinning wheel maker (1773). App. to his uncle, Thomas Bardin, turner and spinning wheel maker; sworn freeman, 28 October 1773. [Worcester freemen admissions]

Bardolph, James, 11 Gt Chapel St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Bardsley, John, Town Lane, Dukinfield, Lancs., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Bardswell, G., Liverpool, joiner and cm (177490). Trading at 76 Strand St in 1774; 33 Chapel St in 1777; and 65 Stanley St in 1790, as a household broker. [D]

Bardwell, Ann, 95 Fargate, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (1822 28). [D] Possibly wife or widow of:

Bardwell, Edward, 92 Fargate, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (181420). [D]

Bardwell, William, London, trade unrecorded (1840). The accounts of Glenstol House, Ireland, include regular and substantial purchases of furniture, glass, pictures, etc. from him. [V & A archives]

Barefoote, Josiah, London, cm and u (d. 1744). Sale of stock announced in Daily Advertiser, 19 May 1744: The Upholstery & Cabinet Goods of Mr Josiah Barefoote, deceas'd within Two Doors of Durham Yard in the Strand, viz. worsted Damask Beds, settee Bedsteads, curtains, field bedsteads ditto, Easy chairs fine french carpets, a small India cabinet, Mahogany & Walnut tree chairs, Leather seats.

Barell & Robins, Westgate, Chichester, Sussex, cm and u (182326). [D]

Barfoot, BF., 47 New Gloucester St, Hoxton, London, cm (1835). [D]

Barfoot, Richard, 137 St John St, Clerkenwell, London, japanner and gilder (1821). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 April 1821 for 400 of which stock, utensils and goods in trust accounted for 20. [GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 980230]

Barfoot, William, Wimborne, Dorset, u (1798). [D]

Barford, Henry, London, cm and u (176883). Addresses in Pall Mall, 176870, 226 Piccadilly, 177380, and Covent Gdn Piazza, 178183. Fellow of the Society of Arts and Manufactures, 176870. [D]

Barford, Richard, next door to the Earl of Inchiquins, in Pall Mall, u (174748). [Heal]

Barford, Richard, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (1793). Recorded in the calendar of marriage licence bonds, 14 November 1793. [Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/108]

Barford & Pick, Piccadilly, London, cm and u (177677). [D]

Barfort, J., address and trade unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Barington, , address unrecorded, u (1701). Supplied to Elizabeth, 4th Duchess of Bedford, bed and window curtains, cushions, window cornices and chairs costing a total of 42. [Bedford Office, London]

Barke, Thomas, High St, Shifnal, Salop, cm (183536). [D]

Barker, Mrs, Hall St, Spalding, Lincs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Barker, Charles, Hall St, Spalding, Lincs., cm, u, joiner and carpenter (1826). [D]

Barker, Edward, Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (181737). Trading in St Peter's Sq., 181730; Somerset St, 1834; and Albion Ct, Duke St, 1837. [D]

Barker, George, St George's parish, Southwell, and York, carver and gilder (1799). Son of Edward Barker, cornfactor; app. to John Staveley, carver and gilder, 24 June 1799. Admitted freeman of York, 1808. [York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Barker, George, Leeds, Yorks., cm (182237). Addresses at 4 Providence Ct, Top Close, 1822; 46 Vicar Lane and 124 Kirkgate, 1826; and 124 Kirkgate, 182837. [D]

Barker, George, Wilsden, near Bradford, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Barker, Hugh, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (182533). Recorded in Division St, 1825; Baskes Pool, 182829; and Dronfield, 1833. [D]

Barker, James, Bedford, cm (1784). [D]

Barker, James, Newark, Notts., cm (1793). [D]

Barker, James, College St, Northampton, chairmaker (1820). [Poll bk]

Barker, James, King St, Hammersmith, Middlx, cm and u (182339).

Barker, John, Rowsley, Derbs., master joiner and architect (170002). Chatsworth accounts list payments on 30 October 1700 for Making & putting up Joyner's work of compass cornish with a coronet, Two eagles etc. and a head board, base and Balls for a bed over the Library, totalling 1 17s 4d; for making and putting up another Cornish for a bed, assisted by Richard Holmes, for 18s; and To makeing and putting up mouldings about Hangings in ye Rooms next ye Upper Dining Rome, also for 18s. In 1702 he supplied an oval table frame for the arbour in the garden, with a marble top made by Samuel Watson, costing 6 7s 6d. [Chatsworth account bks, vols. 6 and 7]

Barker, John snr, Petergate, York, u (b. 1673d. 1731). Son of Robert, blacksmith, bapt. 6 April 1673. Admitted freeman by patrimony in 1697. Married Jane Cobb, 20 November 1698 and had 7 children between 1701 and 1717, including William, John and Robert, who was his heir. Took apps named Smith in 1714, and Edward Wood, on 26 March 1716, for 8 years. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 31 October 1724 on a dwelling house in Thursday Mkt, St Sampson's parish, York, in occupation of Matthew Hall, attorney at law, at a premium of 2s; and on 24 June 1729 for 300 on two houses. Buried on 24 January 173132. [York app. reg.; PRO, 43/127, vol. 28, p. 5437; GL, Sun MS vol. 17, ref. 32568, vol. 28]

Barker, John jnr, York, u (170958). Son of John Barker bapt., 7 February 170910, at Holy Trinity (Christ Church) King's Sq. Admitted freeman, 1736. Polled in York in 1741 and 1758. [York Parish Reg. Soc., vol. LXXXV; York freemen reg.; poll bks]

Barker, John, York, cm (1790). Son of John Barker, common brewer; app. to John Barber, cm, 14 April 1790. [York app. reg.]

Barker, John, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1807). App. to Thomas Cullen, 1807. [Notts. RO, app. lists]

Barker, John, Northampton, chairmaker, chair turner (182030). Trading in Sheep St, 182023, and in Abingdon St, 182630. [Poll bks]

Barker, John, Chester, cm (177884). Recorded in Pepper St in 1784. App. to George Johnson, cm of Chester; sworn freeman, 9 May 1778. [Chester freemen rolls; poll bk]

Barker, John, Thomas Buildings, Chester, cm (1824). Sworn freeman, 21 October 1824. [Chester freemen rolls]

Barker, John, Windsor Pl., Chester, u (1840). [D]

Barker, John, Knightsbridge, London, cm (1821). Set up a furniture maker's shop but gave up after five months because of stagnation of trade and lost at least 100. [PRO, B3/438]

Barker, John, London, u (182035). Trading at 72 Gt Titchfield St, 182025; at 54 Dorset St, Manchester Sq., 182627; and at 31 Sloane St, Chelsea, 1835. [D]

Barker, John, Welch Row, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Barker, John, 123 Norfolk St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (183039). [D]

Barker, John, Vine Lane, Northumberland St, Newcastle, cm and u (183338). [D]

Barker, John, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1838). [Richmond PR(bapt.), 9 March 1838]

Barker, Mary, 1719 Cropper St, Liverpool, u (181037). [D]

Barker, Matthew, Pavement and Low Petergate, York, u, appraiser and undertaker (b.c. 1746d. 1791). Son of Robert Barker, u of Pavement, Petergate, bapt. 20 September 1746 at Holy Trinity (Christ Church), King's Sq. Admitted freeman in 1778. Took over his late father's business in 1781 and opened his father's shop and warehouse in Petergate in 1782. Married twice, firstly in 1777, to Rosamund, daughter of Martin Croft, plumber and glazier; she had two children who both died in infancy, and died in childbed in 1780 aged 35. Married secondly, in 1781, Elizabeth Brabbs of Sheriff Hutton, who bore six children, all of whom died young. Matthew himself was buried on 14 November 1791, whilst his wife, Elizabeth died in 1816, aged 60. [D; York freemen rolls; York Parish Reg. Soc., vol. LXXXV; poll bk; York Courant, 14 August 1781; York Chronicle, 14 March 1782; York Gazette, 31 August 1784]

Barker, Robert snr, at the Sopha Dome Beds, Petergate, York, u, appraiser and undertaker (b. 1706d. 1781). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Son of John Barker, u of Petergate, bapt. 9 December 1707 at Holy Trinity (Christ Church), King's Sq. Admitted freeman by patrimony in 1731. Married twice, having, by the first marriage, four children who survived infancy, Robert jnr, his heir, bapt. 30 November 1734; Thomas, who became a clergyman, bapt. 12 March 173738; Noblet, who became a surgeon, bapt. 1 June 1742; and Matthew, who took over his father's business, bapt. 22 September 1746. Married secondly Mary Magdalene Devisnie of Escrick, on 10 July 1755, buried 15 March 1796, aged 75.

Took apps for 30 each: Robert Brennand, in 1744; Thomas Barker, in 1753; John Clarke, in 1742; Stephen Sagar, for 40 for 7 years in 1759; Joseph Wilson for 8 years in 1765; and Thomas in 1759.

Advertised on 13 October 1741, selling ass and foal, and on 16 November 1742, two geldings; and with John Barker of the same trade and address, on 12 October 1742, acting as agents for letting a house in Thursday Mkt and selling a house at the corner of Gillygate near Bootham Bar, inhabited by William Plowman, coach maker. They advertised together again on 25 January 1743 as agents selling a dwelling house in Thursday Mkt, and on 22 August 1749 selling all the genuine Household Furniture belonging to Capt. Graydon, at Fulford, near York from 4 September Robert and John both voted in parliamentary elections in 1741 and 1758, and Robert served as Sheriff of York, 177677, indicating his respectable status.

On 18 May 1756 Robert Barker submitted a bill totalling 35 14s to Daniel Lascelles for upholstery, beds, etc. and 6 Windsor chairs at 6s each. He is referred to several times in the York Assembly Rooms minute book between 173579, on 18 November 1735 concerning four Dozen Chaires according to the Pattern delivered in at 9s per Chaire with S.P. leather Bottom & Brass nailes . The Committee also Bargained with Mr Reynoldson and Mr Barker for four Quadrille Tables at 1 17s 6d each, each of them to make two according to this pattern now shown. On 24 February 1736 the Committee Ordered that Mr. Barker's Bill for four Dozen chairs and 2 Quadrille Tables be discharged, 25 7s. On 28 November 1739 Barker received a commission for two Mahogany Card Tables for the use of the Card Assembly at 1 14s each, two more being supplied by Mr Reynoldson. On 28 January 1764 Barker was ordered to make four new card tables and recover four old ones and Twenty Four of the worst of the chairs with the new leather. On 12 October 1776, a bill of 50 6s was discharged to Barker, and on 2 May 1779, another of 30 4s.

In 1781 he announced that he was declining business, and he died on 24 July, 1781, aged 75. His will, dated 18 June and proved 31 July, 1781, bequeathed to his wife Mary, a house in Petergate, divided into two tenements held on lease from the Corporation. Also the house part adjoining now or lately inhabited by Slingsby, Griffith & Gledding leased from the Vicars Choral. She to have for life, then to son, Noblet; also to wife her gold watch, 1 pair of silver candlesticks and her own jewels; 300 to his wife, 100 to his son Robert, 20 to son Matthew, All else to Noblet & his mother. His stock in trade was sold after his death, and the business was taken over by his son Matthew. [Surtees Soc. vol. 102, York freemen, p. 234; S of G, app. index; York City archives, D34; York Parish Reg. Soc., vol. 1, LXXXV; York Courant, 13 October 1741, 16 November 1742, 12 October 1742, 25 January 1743, 22 August 1749; poll bks; Furn. Hist., 1974; Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 386; York Assembly Rooms, Directors minute bk; York Courant, 6 March 1781, 16 August 1781, 14 August 1781; C. Life, 30 October 1974, pp. 93233] A.E.

Barker, Robert jnr, at The Chinese Bed and Sopha, Coney St, Spurriergate, York, u, appraiser and undertaker (b.c. 173480). Eldest son of Robert snr, of Petergate, York, bapt. 30 November 1734. Admitted freeman by patrimony, 1758; polled in 1758, 1771 and 1774. On 29 June 1762 announced in York Gazette the opening of his shop in Coney St, but the business failed in 1765 when his assignees issued a notice to his creditors. [York Courant, 5 November 1765] His household furniture and stock were put up for sale shortly afterwards. [York Courant, 4 February 1766] Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1765 totalling 1,000. [GL, Sun MS ref. 216066]

Three letters from Robert Barker to Sir Rowland Winn concern the furnishing of Nostell Priory, 176364, and include designs for bookcases. [Nostell archives, C3/1/5/16, 34; Furn. Hist., 1974, pls. 17 and 18A] In 1780 Robert Barker took an inventory of furniture etc. of C. S. Duncombe, Esq. [York freemen rolls; poll bks] Records do not always make it clear whether it is Robert snr or Robert jnr who is being referred to. A.E.

Barker, Robert, 43 Compton St, Soho, London, composition ornament maker and carver (178084). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 700 of which utensils and stock accounted for 550. [GL, Sun MS vol. 281, p. 296]

Barker, Robert, Shelf, Rishworth, Yorks., joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Barker, Thomas, Burslem, Staffs., turner and chairmaker (1798). [D]

Barker, Thomas, 41 Hanging Ditch, Manchester, cm (1800). [D]

Barker, William, Petergate, York, cm (1746). Advertised in the York Courant, on 14 October 1746. Possibly the son of John Barker and brother of Robert, bapt. 6 May 1714. William Barker of York and John Ellis took an inventory of Newby Park for Sir Tancred Robinson, c. 1750. [Leeds archives dept, Newby papers, 2789]

Barker, William, Lancaster, joiner and cm (177380). App. to Henry Baines, 1773 and admitted a freeman in 177980. Freemen rolls state he was of Wennington. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Barker, William, Black Burton, Yorks., cm (1784). Polled at Lancaster.

Barker, William, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1791). Named as a journeyman cm in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791.

Barker, William, London, u (1813). He altered and reupholstered six late 17th-century armchairs at Ham House, inscribing a new wooden member: this Chair was restufft at Kingston, but covered at the Time the Bed was done. April 13th 1813 William Barker from London. [Furn. Hist., 1974]

Barker, William, Watton, Norfolk, cm and joiner (1822). [D]

Barker, William, Horse Mkt, Northampton, chairmaker (1823). [D]

Barker, William, 26 Edgware Rd, London, u (1839). [D]

Barker, William, 5 Middlesex Terr., London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Barker, William, 14 Elm St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Barkham, Thomas, Diss, Norfolk, cm, u, appraiser and brush maker (182239). Trading in Market Pl., 183039. [D]

Barkley, Alexander, at The Dukes Head, Monmouth Ct, Monmouth St, London, victualler and cm (1781). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for 300 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 150. [GL, Sun MS vol. 288, p. 455]

Barkshire, Charles, Petworth, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1826). [D]

Barkworth, John, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincs., cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Barley, James & John, Market Pl., Harleston, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Barley, John, Harleston, Norfolk, carpenter, cm and u (1830 39). [D]

Barloni, S.D., 6 Eyre St Hill, Clerkenwell, London, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1829). [D]

Barlow, Daniel, Wilmslow, Cheshire, chairmaker (1753). Took app. named Roylands, 1753. [S of G, app. index]

Barlow, Edward, 22 Market St Lane, Manchester, cm and sworn appraiser (17881819). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 18 August 1791, and on 18 June 1791 for 400 of which utensils, stock and goods in trust accounted for 350. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 379, pp. 391 and 569]

Barlow, George, 52 Navigation St, Birmingham, cm (181622). [D]

Barlow, Henry, 6 Bloom St, Salford, Lancs., cm (183238). Trading as a chairmaker, 183638. [D]

Barlow, J., 107 Rea St, Birmingham, writing desk maker (1823). [D]

Barlow, John, Liverpool, cm (17901811). Addresses at 39 Matthew St in 1790; Dale St, Whitechapel in 1800; and 59 Circus St in 1811. [D]

Barlow, John, Back Queen St, Chester, cm (1831). Admitted freeman, 19 April 1831. [Chester freemen rolls]

Barlow, John, 2124 New Richmond Rd, Pendlebury, Lancs., cm and u (183440). [D]

Barlow, Nathaniel, High St, Colchester, Essex, u (178084). [D; poll bks]

Barlow, T., 26 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, cm (1820). [D]

Barlow, Thomas, Newington Causeway, London, chairmaker (1820). [D]

Barlow, Thomas, 1 Clover St, Princes Sq., London, chair and sofa maker (182728). [D]

Barlow, William, address unrecorded, upholder (171926). Son of Bartholomew Barlow, Boston, Lincs., baker; app. to Thomas Fidoe, 6 May 1719. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude, 6 July 1726. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Barlow, William, Swallow St, London, carver (174551). Worked for William Kent at 44 Berkeley Sq. in 1745, and with James Richards at Henry Pelham's house in Arlington St. His Kentian friezes with foliages, festoons, shells and flowers cost 48s each. Barlow's bill dated 174546 for work done at Berkeley Sq. includes a six-legged table with Raffle leaves, leather money & scal'd sides, possibly a writing table designed by Kent. Thomas Banks, the sculptor, worked as a young man for Barlow, an ornament carver. Polled at Westminster in 1749, when he is recorded in Swallow St. In 1751 he was paid 220 by the 3rd Duke of Ancaster possibly for mirrors at Grimsthorpe, Lincs. (Child's Bank). [Poll bk; C. Life, 13 September 1956; Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration; C. Life Annual, 1965; C. Life, 28 May 1921, p. 645; Conn., June 1981, p. 144]

Barlow, William, 30 Suffolk St, Birmingham, cm and u (1830 39). [D]

Barnaby, Edward Elden, Norwich, cm (181330). Recorded in the parish of St Peter, Permountergate, 1818, and St John, Timberhill, 1830. Edward Alden Barnaby app. to William Elden Earl, cm, admitted freeman, 27 February 1813. [Poll bks; Norwich freemen reg.]

Barnard, J., Coleshill St, Birmingham, cm (180508). [D]

Barnard, J., 2 Green St, Bath, Som., cm and broker (182633). [D]

Barnard, James, 77 Broad Quay, Bristol, cm and u (1807). [D]

Barnard, James, 48 Upper Marylebone St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Barnard, John, London, carver and gilder (1781). On 29 April 1781 he supplied a pare tree frame two Edges Carv'd and gilt with board & glass to Ditto 2.6., to the Hon. Mrs Henrietta Howard of South Audley St, London. Another similar account is dated 8 April 1781. [Essex RO, D/DP A190]

Barnard, John, Norwich, cm (183639). Trading in West Pottergate in 1836, and in Upper Mkt in 1839. [D]

Barnard, John, 29 Belton St, Long Acre, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Barnard, P., 1 Leather Lane, London, picture frame and glass manufacturer (180911). [D] Possibly P. Barnarda or P. Barnaschina.

Barnard, Richard, Noel St, London, carver and gilder (1784). [Poll bk]

Barnard, Richard, 11 Francis St, Bedford Sq., London, carver and gilder (180911). [D]

Barnard, Robert, Rotherhithe, London, u, cm and broker (1775). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 for 1,100 of which warehouse, utensils and stock accounted for 410; and for 1,100 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 280. [GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 59; vol. 245, p. 138]

Barnard, Thomas, 307 Holborn, London, upholder (177885). Son of Daniel Barnard, Dunmow, Essex, farmer; app. to Noah Chivers, 4 March 1778. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude, 2 November 1785. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Barnard, William, St Mary's, Ely, Cambs., carpenter, joiner and chairmaker (1830). [D]

Barnarda, P., 22 West St, West Smithfield, London, barometer and looking-glass maker (180311). [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Barnaschina, Anthony jnr, New Rd, Gravesend, Kent, furniture broker and u (183239). [D]

Barnaschina, Anthony, 68 Leather Lane, London, wholesale picture and looking-glass frame maker (1839). [D]

Barnaschina, B., 68 Leather Lane, London, looking-glass frame maker (1837). [D]

Barnaschina, P., 4 Leather Lane, London, picture frame manufactory owner (180409). [D]

Barnasconi, Anthony, Manchester, looking-glass and picture frame maker (183639). Trading at 35 Swan St in 1836 and 116 Tite St in 1839. [D]

Barnby, Joshua (Wingfield), Hull, Yorks., cm and furniture broker (182639). Addresses at 4 Jackson St in 1826 and 26 Bridge St, 183539. [D]

Barnby, Timothy, Hull, Yorks., cm (182840). Addresses at 20 Wells St with res. at 6 St John's Sq., 182935; res. at 2 South St, 1838; 4 Wood's Pl., South St and Well's Yd, Waterworks St, 183940. [D]

Barndale, Josiah, Liverpool, cm (1750). Took app. named Lowe, in 1750. [S of G, app. index]

Barnes, George, Liverpool, cm (d. 1790). Died on 10 October 1790. [Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 18 October 1790]

Barnes, George, North High St, Bishop Wearmouth, Co. Durham, carver and gilder (1827). [D] The trade card of Barnes, looking-glass and picture frame maker, Sunderland, is in the Johnson Coll., Bodleian Lib., Oxford. [Furn. Hist., 1974]

Barnes, J.H., 19 Pierpoint Row, Islington, London, u and auctioneer (1820). [D]

Barnes, James, Huntingdon, chairmaker (1793). App. to John Barnes of Huntingdon, basket maker and chairmaker, on 22 February 1793. [Hunts. RO, borough charity app. indentures, HB 13/10]

Barnes, James, 11 Castle St, Oxford Mkt, London, cm (1808). [D]

Barnes, James, 83 Well St, Oxford St, London, upholder and undertaker; carpenter and cm (181729). [D]

Barnes, John, Aldermanbury, London, cm (1750). Listed as a member of the Livery of the Joiners Co. [GL]

Barnes, John, Warminster, Wilts., cm (176165). Took app. named Lewis, 1761. Declared bankrupt, June 1765. [S of G, app. index; Gents Mag., June 1765]

Barnes, John, Huntingdon, basket maker and chairmaker (178093). Took app. named James Barnes of Huntingdon, 22 February 1793; and Robert Bird of Huntingdon, aged 14, 18 April 1780. [Hunts. RO, borough charity app. indentures, HB 13/10]

Barnes, John, Duke St, Bloomsbury, London, cm (1787). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 July 1787 for 300 on household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 345, p. 264]

Barnes, John, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Barnes, John, 17 Frederick Pl., Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1804). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 10 July 1804 for 300 of which workshop accounted for 60, and utensils and stock, 40 [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 764303]

Barnes, John, 4 Poland St, Oxford St, London, cm (180911). [D]

Barnes, John, 2 Stangate, London, cm (1829). [D]

Barnes, John, Bristol, Windsor and fancy chairmaker, cm (183740). Recorded at Jacob St, 183738, and 60 Old Market St, 183940. [D]

Barnes, Jonathan, Stockwell St, Leek, Staffs., chairmaker (181628). [D]

Barnes, Joshua, Main St, Bingley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Barnes, Robert, Manchester, u (180813). Trading at 5 Chatham St in 1808 and at 28 Broad St in 1813. [D]

Barnes, Robert, Sanvey Gate, Leicester, cm (181822). [D]

Barnes, Robert, 3 St Botolph St, Colchester, Essex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Barnes, Robert Wilkinson, 30 Great Underbank, Stockport, Cheshire, cm and u (182541). [D]

Barnes, Samuel, parish of St Augustine, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Barnes, Thomas snr, Preston, Lancs., cm (1742). Son of Richard Barnes, husbandman, recorded burgess in 1742. Uncle of Thomas Barnes jnr. [Preston Guild record of burgesses]

Barnes, Thomas jnr, Preston, Lancs., cm (1762). Nephew of Thomas Barnes snr. [Preston Guild record of burgesses]

Barnes, W., Wisbech, Cambs., cm (1839). Recorded in South End and Gt South St. [D]

Barnes, William, Leicester, cm (178896). App. to John Shipley in 1788; admitted freeman in 1796. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Barnes & Cook, 56 Queen St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., carvers and gilders (1839). [D]

Barnescastle, John, London, cm (1796). [Norwich poll bk]

Barnet, John, Thorne, Yorks., cm (1780). [Hull poll bk]

Barnet, John jnr, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1838). Reported bankrupt, Sussex Agricultural Express, 21 April 1838.

Barnett, C., Bridlesmithgate, Nottingham, upholder (1814). [D]

Barnett, Emanuel, May Fair, London, carver (1749). [Poll bk]

Barnett, F., 45 Castle St, Bristol, general furnishing ironmongery and cutlery warehouse owner; manufacturer of iron bedsteads (183640). [D]

Barnett, George, 17 Market Pl., Derby, u and cm (180935). [D]

Barnett, George Frederick, 13 Duke St, Tooley St, London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Barnett, Henry Mark, York, u (1826). Son of John Joseph Barnett; app. to John Milner, u, 13 April 1826. [York app. reg.]

Barnett, R., address unrecorded, cm(?) (1796). Supplied an ivory cabinet costing 4 14s 6d to the Hon. James Drummond of Perth, in 1796. [Scottish RO, GD 160/Box 46/XIV Bundle]

Barnett, T., 6 Chichester Pl., King's Cross, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Barnett, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1780d. 1822). Admitted freeman on 11 March 1780. Died 3 June 1822. [Liverpool freemen reg.; Gore's Paper, 6 June 1822]

Barnett, Thomas, Goalgate St, Stafford, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Barnett, Thomas, London, carver (182935). Trading at 11 Tabernacle Row, City Rd in 1829, and 48 Upper North Pl., Gray's Inn Rd in 1835. [D]

Barnett, William, 47 Marshall St, Oldham Rd, Manchester, cabinet turner (1825). [D]

Barnfather, David, High St and George St, Wigton, Cumb., joiner, cm and chairmaker (182834). [D]

Barnham, James, Norwich, chairmaker (1751). Took app. named Blowfield in 1751. [S of G, app. index]

Barnham, James, parish of St Andrew, Norwich, carver (1812). [Poll bk]

Barnham, John, Norwich, carver and gilder (17991840). Addresses at St Martin's by Palace St in 1803, and St Stephen's Bank in 1830. [D; poll bks] A Mr Barnham of London, carver and gilder, polled at Norwich in 1796.

Barns, Edward, Temple St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., chair bottomer (1833). [D]

Barns, James, Back Lane, Ashford, Kent, cm, u and turner (1839). [D]

Barns, James, High St, Tenterden, Kent, cm and patten maker (1839). [D]

Barns, William, parish of All Hallows, Exeter, Devon, cm (1832). [Poll bk] W. Barns, u, is recorded at 14 Bartholomew St, Exeter, 183640. [Exeter Pocket Journal]

Barnsdall, Edward, 39 Warsergate, Nottingham, joiner, cm and paperhanger (1832). [D]

Barnsdall, Joseph, Nottingham, cm (17911835). Trading at Bottle Lane in 1799; Pilcher Gate in 1814, and Warsergate in 1835. Signed the Nottingham Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791, on behalf of the masters. [D]

Barnside, Edward, High St, Loughborough, Leics., joiner/cm (1822). [D]

Baron, Henry, Stoodley Bridge, Todmorden, Yorks., joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Baron, James, Market Pl., Plymouth, Devon, cm (1784). [D] See William Baron of Market St.

Bar(r)on, John, address unrecorded, upholder (171957). Son of Charles Barron, Brentwood, Essex, surgeon, app. to Arthur Osborn, 2 December 1719. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude, 6 August 1729. Took app. named Charles Long, 175557. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Baron, John, Angel, Bread St, London, upholder (1750). Listed as a member of the Livery of the Upholders Co. in 1750. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bar(r)on, Randolph, Martletts Ct, Bow St, St Martin-in-theFields, London, upholder (170929). Advertised in press, 1712 and 1727. Took app. 16 December 1713. Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 19 October 1713, on his house in Martletts Ct for 150. His son, Thomas, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony, 20 March 172829. [Heal; poll bk; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 12, p. 205; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Baron, Robert, Newcastle, u (1760). App. to William Charnley; admitted freeman on 15 October 1760. [Newcastle freemen reg.] A Robert Barron of Alnwick polled at Newcastle in 1774.

Baron, Robert, Northgate, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (1834). [D]

Baron, Thomas, St Martin's Lane, London, upholder (172830). Son of Randolph Baron, u, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony, 172829. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 31 December 1730 for 300 on his household goods and goods in trade. [GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 33, ref. 52877]

Baron, Thomas, Bodmin, Cornwall, cm and u (17911805). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 February 1791 for 300 of which 100 accounted for stock. Recorded in property deeds in 1784, 1798 and 1805. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 374, ref. 580233; Cornwall RO, DD/RD/697; DD/CF/1255; DD/PH/66]

Baron, Thomas jnr, Bramhope, Yorks., cm (182230). [D]

Baron, William snr(?), Market St, Plymouth, Devon, cm, u and milliner (17851814). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 21 March 1785 for 1,000 on utensils and stock. Fire raged for 7 hours at his premises, 25 October 1798. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 327, p. 482; Exeter Flying Post, 25 October 1798] A Mr Baron, u of Plymouth subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. See James Baron of Market Pl.

Baron, William jnr, Whimple St, facing Broad St, Plymouth, Devon, cm, u, auctioneer, appraiser, undertaker, patent mangle and household furniture dealer (182226). Supplied bedding and household furniture to Major Carlyon at Tamar Terr., Stoke, on 9 May 1823, including a mahogany high bookcase enclosed by pannell doors brass locks etc., a lobby chest, supper tray, parrot hat stand, double lamp table, butler's tray, and two carved mahogany shell-backed hall chairs, totalling in all 27 2s 6d. Also recorded in the accounts of 14 August 1824 and 28 January 1826. [D; Cornwall RO, DD/CN/3445/118]

Baron & Mills, 72 and 73 Well St, Oxford St, London, cabinet founders and window blind makers (1835). [D]

Barr, James, London Rd, Twickenham, Middlx, cm and u (183238). [D]

Barr, John, Lancaster, japanner (1810). Named in the Gillow records working on a chair, 1810. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/99, p. 1860]

Barr, John, St John's Bridge, Coventry, Warks., cm and u (181822). [D]

Barr, John, Hornsea, Yorks., cm and auctioneer (183440). [D]

Barr, Mary, Bristol, u (182931). Recorded at 20 Horfield Rd, 182930, and at 3 Duke St, King Sq. in 1831. [D]

Barr, T., Lechlade, Glos., cm, u and ironmonger. Undated trade card in Johnson Coll., Bodleian Lib., Oxford. [Furn. Hist., 1974]

Barr, William, 29 Rose and Crown Ct, Moorfields, London, chair and sofa maker (182039). [D]

Barraclough, John, 107 Westgate, Bradford, Yorks., cm and joiner (183437). [D]

Barraclough, Richard, 60 King St, Manchester, cm and u (181418). [D] Also spelt Barrowclough (q.v.).

Barraclough, Thomas, Adwalton, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Barraclough, William, Holmfirth, Yorks., cm (1822). [D] Recorded in 1834 as Barrowclough.

Barracluff, J., High St, Leicester, cm (1815). [D]

Barralett, Anthony, 31 London Wall, London, cm and u (182223). [D]

Barrant, Thomas, Norwich, chairmaker (1750). Took app. named Gray, in 1750. [S of G, app. index]

Barrar, Beniah, Edbrook Rd, Kington, Herefs., carpenter, joiner and cm (1835). Beniah Barrell is recorded in Bridge St, Kington, in 1840. [D]

Barras, William, Newcastle, u (1782). App. to William Charnley. Admitted freeman 12 November 1782. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Barrass, Cuthbert, address unrecorded, upholder (173342). Son of John Barrass of Wickham, Durham, yeoman; app. to Thomas Gardner, 25 September 1733. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude, 5 May 1742. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Barratt, Wardour St, London. A Regency rosewood cabinet stamped BARRATT WARDOUR STREET sold at Sotheby's, 15 June 1984, lot 131.

Barratt, George, Derby, u (182628). Recorded in the Chatsworth furnishing accounts as supplying goods to the value of 168 6s 11d in 1826; and 7 3s 9d in 1828. [Chatsworth papers, household ledger 182034]

Barratt, John Charles, 368 Strand, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Barratt, Richard, 39 Northampton St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1821). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 29 January 1821 for 300 of which stock, utensils and goods in trust accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 485, ref. 976309]

Barratt, Richard, High St, Bideford, Devon, cm and u (1823 26). [D] The marriage of the daughter of Mr Barrett, cm of Bideford, is reported in The Alfred 11 April 1826.

Barren, Thomas Richard, 3 Mary's Pl., Osborne St, Hull, Yorks., cm (183839). [D]

Barret, Benjamin, High St, Braintree, Essex, cm and u (1826 27). [D]

Barret, John, Dove Ct, Westminster, London, carver (1784). [Poll bk]

Barret, W., 13 Little Chapel St, Soho, London, chair and sofa maker (180911). [D]

Barret, William, Worcester, cm (1781). App. to Ely Crump, cm. Admitted freeman on 5 November 1781. [Worcester freemen admissions]

Barret, William, address unrecorded, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Barrett, snr, 15 High St, Eton, Bucks., auctioneer, appraiser and u (1830). [D]

Barrett, Charles, 2 London St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Barrett, James, St John Timberland, Norwich, chairmaker (176880). [Poll bks] Mrs Barrett, widow, chairmaker, is recorded at 29 Timber-hill St, 178384. [D]

Barrett, James, Worcester, cm (1780). App. to Richard Morton, cm. Admitted freeman on 11 September 1780. [Worcester freemen admissions]

Barrett, James, 26 St Anne's Ct, Soho, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Barrett, John, Compton St, parish of St Ann, London, cm (1725). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 5 January 1725, for 300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 22, p. 3]

Barrett, John, 49 Hounsditch, London, cm and dealer in china, glass and earthenware (1782). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for 500 of which utensils and stock accounted for 250. [GL, Sun MS vol. 300, p. 522]

Barrett, John, 5354 Wardour St, Soho, London, cm, bedstead maker, bedding warehouse owner (17891825). Recorded at 50 Wardour St, 181923, and 270 Strand, 1825. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 July 1806 for 700 on 6 Meards St, Dean St, Soho, in tenure of a laceman. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 437, ref. 792303] See T. Barrett & G Wickstead, and Thomas Barrett.

Barrett, John, Moor Lane, Bolton, Lancs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Barrett, John, Regent Rd, Eccles, Lancs., chairmaker (1834). [D]

Barrett, Robert, 70 Tooley St, Southwark, London, cm, broker and milkman (1782). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for 300 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 140. [GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 242]

Barrett, Samuel, 8 Mansion House Pl., Camberwell, Surrey, u and cm (date unrecorded). Took out a Sun Insurance policy. [GL, Sun MS vol. 576, ref. 1335718]

Barrett, T. & Wickstead, G., 5354 Wardour St, Soho, London, cabinet and bedstead manufacturers, chairmakers, bedding manufacturers (180315). Recorded at 50 Wardour St in 1811. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. Succeeded by J. Ovenston. [D] John Barrett is recorded at this address, 17891820.

Barrett, Thomas, 270 Strand, London, cm and u (182628). A circular writing table is recorded bearing the label of Thomas Barrett, 270 Strand. [D; V & A archives] See John Barrett

Barrett, Thomas, 252 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (182528). [D]

Barrett, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b.c. 181141). Daughter bapt. in 1834, sons in 1836 and 1840. Aged 30 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Barret(t), William, Liverpool, cm (17961819). Recorded at 17 Circus St in 1800. Petitioned freedom on birthright as son of Thomas Barrett, potter, paying 3s 4d. Admitted freeman, 25 May 1796. Death of his son, Richard, reported in Liverpool Mercury, 5 November 1819. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Barrett, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 17811841). Daughter bapt. in 1813, son in 1821, and daughter in 1831. Aged 60 at the time for the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Barridger, Laurens, Sewer Lane, Hull, Yorks., wood clock maker (179091). [D]

Bar(r)iff, Thomas, 51 Charlotte St, Whitechapel, London, cm and u (181725). [D]

Barrington, James, 3 Greenland St, Liverpool, cm and u (1839). [D]

Barrington, John, 14 Dansie St, Liverpool, with shop at 5 Pembroke St, cm (1839). [D]

Barrington, Samuel B., 96 Wardour St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Barrington, William, Bridgwater, Som., cm (177880). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 200 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 542; poll bk]

Barrit, I., Summers Ct, Bishopsgate St Without, London, u etc. (1837). [D]

Barritt, James, Head Gate, Colchester, Essex, turner and cm (182339). Listed also as u in 1832. Took app. named John Winch in 1823. [D; Essex RO, D/DHt T337/5]

Barritt, James, 5 Fashion St, Spitalfields, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Barritt, Samuel, 5 Fashion St, Spitalfields, London, carver and gilder, looking-glass and picture frame maker (182939). [D]

Barritt, Samuel, 8 High St, Camberwell, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Barrnot, John, Cambridge, u (1711). Paid 19s 11d for work in the Masters Lodge of St John's College.

Barron, , London, u (168587). Named in the accounts of C. Blunt, u, as being paid 4s 6d in 168586, and 3 10s in 1686 87. [PRO, C114/164, pt. 1]

Barron, , The George, Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, u (probably early 18th century). Mentioned in the Monson papers. [Lincoln RO, Monson 16/2/1/14]

Barron, A. F., 32 Pilgrim St, Newcastle, joiner, cm, furniture broker, u and carver. Early 19th-century trade card in Landauer Coll., MMA, NY.

Barron, Benjamin, over against Bond's Ct, Walbrook, London, u (172041). Son of Robert Baron of Mary Land, clerk, app. to John Osborn, 3 August 1720. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude, 6 November 1728. Advertised in the press in 1732. Took app. named Christopher Appleby, 173241. [GL, Upholders Co. records; Heal]

Barron, Elizabeth & Son, 35 Smithy Door, with house in Davenport Ct, 125 Deansgate, Manchester, cm (1808). [D] See John, Peter and Thomas Barron.

Barron, James, 28 Little Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, upholder (178893). [D]

Barron, James, Oxford St, London and Lower Temple St, Birmingham, cm and u (1814). In 1814 he issued a 7 page catalogue with 68 plates, 65 in colour, entitled Modern & Elegant Designs of Cabinet & Upholstery Furniture, including drapery, furniture, roller and Venetian blinds, to be continued annually. [Copy at Du Pont Museum, Winterthur, Delaware]

Barron, John, Wood St, London, upholder (1747). Advertised in press, 1747. [Heal]

Barron, John, 35 Smithy Door, Manchester, cm and sworn appraiser (178897). [D] See Elizabeth Barron & Son, Peter and Thomas Barron.

Bar(r)on, John, Fore St, Lostwithiel, Cornwall, cm (182330). [D]

Barron, Peter, Manchester, cm, sworn appraiser and auctioneer (180004). Trading at 22 Market St Lane in 1800 and 35 Smithy Door in 180204. [D] See Elizabeth Barron & Son, John and Thomas Barron.

Barron, Richard, Liverpool, cm (1796). Petitioned freedom on birthright as son of Thomas Barron, silversmith, in 1796. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Barron, Robert, Market Pl., Market Weighton, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Barron, Thomas, 35 Smithy Door, with house in Davenport Ct, 125 Deansgate, Manchester, auctioneer, sworn appraiser and cm (180809). [D] See Elizabeth Barron & Son, John and Peter Barron.

Barron, Thomas, Eccleston, Lancs., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Barron & Golding, 24 Burr St, East Smithfield, London, cm (180711). [D]

Barroth, James, Norwich, chairmaker (1753). App. to Henry Nicholls; admitted freeman on 3 May 1753. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Barrow, James, Pilton, Som., cm (1810). On 19 April 1810 he announced that his wife Mary was now separated from him and he was not responsible for her debts. [Exeter Flying Post, 19 April 1810]

Barrow, John, Stamford, Lincs., turner and chairmaker (1773 1802). Admitted freeman in 1773 on payment of 5; took app. William Clapham, u, in 1802. [Stamford freemen reg.]

Barrow, John, Lancaster, cm (17911840). Admitted freeman, 182930. Named in the Gillow records, 17911840. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Barrow, John, 2 Rea St, Birmingham, cm (1822). [D]

Barrow, John, 68 Rahere St, Goswell Rd, London, fancy cm (183539). [D]

Barrow, Joseph, Edward St, Stockport, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Barrow, Lancelot, Bristol, u (171719). Took apps named Walker, 1717 and Hodges, 1719. [S of G, app. index]

Barrow, Margaret, 19 Richmond Fair, Liverpool, u (1827). [D]

Barrow, Nicholas, Lancaster, cm (181840). Admitted freeman in 181819. Named in the Gillow records between 182340 working on a washstand and table. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/101, pp. 3248, 3310; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Barrow, Richard, Liverpool, cm (17961811). Recorded at 33 Paul's Sq., 181011 as Sexton of St Paul's. Admitted freeman, 25 May 1796. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.] Possibly Richard Barron.

Barrow, Samuel, 4 Lombard St, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D]

Barrow, Thomas, address unrecorded (167071). Supplied chairs to Charles Stuart, Duke of Richmond. 167071. [Duke of Richmond papers, vol. 4: bills 166173, noted in Symonds papers, Winterthur, Delaware]

Barrow, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (17911800). App. to Isaac Greenwood, 1791. Admitted freeman, 17991800. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Barrow, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (182526). Admitted freeman in 182526. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Barrow, William, 3 Devonshire St, Queen Sq., London, carver and gilder (178592). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 22 June 1785 for 50 on utensils and stock; and on 13 September 1792 for 450 on his household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 329, p. 497; vol. 388, p. 575]

Barrow, William, Lancaster, cm (17991840). Admitted freeman, 17991800. Named in the Gillow records, 180040. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Barrow, William, Lancaster, cm (182937). App. to Leonard Redmayne, 1829. Admitted freeman on 28 October 1837. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Barrow, William, 21 Evesham Buildings, Sommers Town, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Barrow, William, 4 Little Suffolk St, Southwark, London, chair and sofa maker (1826). [D]

Barrowcliff, John, London, bed and mattress maker (182228). Trading at 40 Drury Lane in 1822 and 41 Regent St, Piccadilly in 1828. [D]

Barrowclough, John, 8 Back Spear St, Manchester, u (182122). [D]

Barrowclough, Richard, King St, Manchester, cm and u (1815 18). Listed at no. 61 in 1815 and 60 in 1818. [D]

Barrowclough, William, Nuneaton, Warks., u (1822). [D]

Barrows, Joseph, Chester, cm (1732). [Poll bk]

Barrows, Richard, Market End, Essex, cm and u (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 200 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 280, p. 91]

Barrs, Thomas, Birmingham, cm (1757). Took app. named Hodgkins in 1757. [S of G, app. index]

Barry, A., 7 Vere St, Oxford St, London, u (180103). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 27 May 1801 for 450 of which utensils and stock accounted for 300. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 718602]

Barry, A., 1 Duke St, Grosvenor Sq., London, upholder (1807 17). [D]

Barry, Andrew, 16 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, u (1820). [D]

Bar(r)y, Edward, Long Acre, London, u (1792). [Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Barry, Edward, Newington Causeway, London, u, undertaker and appraiser (180723). Addresses given at 58 in 180712, and 64 in 181523. The firm of E. Barry & Son, u and cm, is recorded at the second address, 182328. Trade card and bill-head in Heal Coll., BM. [D]

Barry, James, High St, Salisbury, Wilts., chairmaker (183039). [D]

Barry, Timothy, 60 Mortimer St, London, u (1839). [D]

Barry, William, 15 Junction Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm, u, paper hanger and furniture broker (183140). Supplied furniture for Burton Constable on 29 July and 16 October 1838 comprising a press bedstead, 2, a French bedstead, 3, six painted chairs, 3s 6d each, six long backed chairs, 5s each and a pott cupboard, 10s. [D; Burton Constable vouchers]

Barry, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker and French polisher (1840). [PR (marriage)]

Barshina, P. jnr, 4 Leather Lane, London, picture frame manufactory (181214). [D] See P. Barnaschina.

Barston, Thomas, Grantham, Lincs., ironmonger and cutler (1770). Advertised on 14 April 1770 that he has just laid in a fresh stock of London, Birmingham & Sheffield goods, mahogany tea boards, tea chests, looking glasses etc. [Cambridge Chronicle and Cambridge Journal, 14 April 1770]

Barter, John, snr and jnr, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (1728). Took app. named Hallett in 1728. [S of G, app. index]

Barter, Robert, Exeter, Devon, cm (1754). Took app. named Bragg in 1754. [S of G, app. index]

Bartholomew, C., 38 Gt Pulteney St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Bartholomew, J., London, cm, u and chair manufacturer (183739). Recorded at 4 Gray's Inn Rd in 1837 and 4 Upper North Pl., Gray's Inn in 1839. [D]

Bartholomew, J., Cheltenham, Glos., cm (183940). Trading at Gloucester Pl. in 1839. [D]

Bartholomew, Joseph, Derby, cm and u (182835). Trading at 28 St Mary's Gate in 1828 and no. 14 in 1835. Declared bankrupt, Derby Gazette, 13 March 1832. [D]

Bartholomew, William, Chichester, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (182639). Recorded in Somerstown in 1826 and South Pallant in 1832. [D]

Bartington, S., 95 Wardour St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Bartle, , Market St, Ely, Cambs., chairmaker (1839). [D]

Bartleman, Robert, 76 Oxford St, London, chairmaker and u (177584). In partnership with William Fleming in Chandos St, 1775. [D]

Bartlett, Edward, Russell St, Drury Lane, London, cane chairmaker (1709). [Poll bk]

Bartlett, Frederick, 229 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D].

Bartlett, G., address unrecorded. In 1822 supplied chairs, curtains and carpet for Hampton Court Chapel. [PRO, LC11/35]

Bartlett, George, Old Jail Lane, Dorchester, Dorset, cm (1840). [D]

Bartlett, George Frederick, Lewes, Sussex, cm and u (183041). Trading in High St in 1830 and in St Mary's Lane in 1832. [D; poll bks]

Bartlett, Giles & Philip, 18 Blenheim St, Gt Marlborough St, London, gilders and chair japanners (182439). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 16 February 1824 for 200 on stock, utensils and goods in workshop. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 499, ref. 1013000]

Bartlett, Giles, 32 Drummond St, Euston Sq., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bartlett, Henry, Griffin Lane, Bristol, chair and couch maker (183840). [D] Possibly James Henry Bartlett, cm, of 2 Griffin Lane.

Bartlett, Henry, 18 New Rd, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and furniture broker (1839). [D] See T. Bartlett.

Bartlett, James, Market Lavington, Wilts., cm (1730). Took app. named James Giddings on 29 August 1730 by Common Indenture and Counterpart, fee 10. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Bartlett, James, Bristol, cm (180517). Addresses at 4 Broadmead in 1805 and Leek Lane, 181317. [D] The firm of Bartlett & Holland, cm and u, are recorded at 4 Broadmead in 1801 and 51 Castle St, 17991800. [D]

Bartlett, James Henry, 2 Griffin Lane, Bristol, cm (1831). [D] Possibly Henry Bartlett of Griffin Lane.

Bartlett, John, East St, Chichester, Sussex, cm, u and auctioneer (17931832). [D]

Bartlett, John, Church Passage, Weymouth, Dorset, cm, u and auctioneer (182324). [D]

Bartlett, Jonathan, 67 Aldersgate, London, cm (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 400 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 280, p. 135]

Bartlett, Robert, Newton Abbott, Devon, cm and shopkeeper (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 600 of which utensils and stock accounted for 340. [GL, Sun MS vol. 287, p. 11]

Bartlett, Stephen, Upton-upon-Severn, Worcs., cm (1798). [D]

Bartlett, Susannah, Crewkerne, Som., chairmaker (1793). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 January 1793 for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 392, p. 98] See W. Bartlett.

Bartlett, T., 18 New Rd, Brighton, Sussex, u (1839). [D] See Henry Bartlett.

Bartlett, W., Crewkerne, Som., chairmaker (1829). Fire on premises reported in Exeter Flying Post, 4 June 1829. See Susannah Bartlett.

Bartlett, William, Exeter, Devon, u (1798). Reported on 1 March 1798 that since Having been in Southgate prison for debt since June, his health has suffered. Appeals for donations to pay the 15 for his release. [Exeter Flying Post, 1 March 1798]

Bartlett, William, Bromells Rd, Clapham, London, cm (1838). [D]

Bartlett, William, Stow-on-the-Wold, Glos., cm (1839). [D]

Bartlett & Co., 19 King St, Soho, London, japanners (1819). [D] Possibly Giles & Philip Bartlett.

Bartley, M. A., Vine Cottage, Ashley Pl., Bristol, u (1839). [D]

Bartlington, S., 95 Wardour St, Soho, London carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Barton, Edmond, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (b. c. 181641). Aged 25 at the 1841 Census.

Barton, Frank, Nottingham, joiner and cm (182628). App. to John Chiswell, 182628. [Nottingham app. list]

Barton, George, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (179498). Daughter bapt. and buried in 1794; son bapt. and buried in 1795; son bapt. in 1796. [D; Chester RO, PR (bapt.)]

Barton, George, John St, Meadow Lane, Leeds, Yorks., chairmaker (1828). [D]

Barton, I., address unrecorded. Between 15 February and 10 March 1798 supplied a mahogany Pembroke table and four Camber chairs, and cleaned the bookcase & bureau of ink etc, for Stourhead. [Wilts. RO, MS 383/5/1]

Barton, J., address unrecorded. Inlaid rosewood sofa table recorded signed J. Barton May 17 1822. [C. Life, 12 June 1969, advert. of Meyrick Neilson, Tetbury]

Barton, Jacob, Eton, Bucks., u (182330). Trading also as an u in 1823; and also as appraiser and auctioneer in 1830 when his address is given at 40 High St. [D] See John Barton.

Barton, James, Liverpool, cm and joiner (176061). Petitioned his freedom on purchase, paying 6s 8d in 1760. Former apps Edward Sinclair and John Moncaster petitioned freedom in 1760 and 1761 respectively. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1761 for 400. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk; GL, Sun MS ref. 183970]

Barton, James, Blackburn, Lancs., u, cm and paper hanger (181834). Recorded at Northgate and New Sq. in 1818; 33 Fleming Sq., 182428; and Clayton St in 1834. Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 19 October 1821. [D]

Barton, John, Smithy Door, Manchester, cm (1788). [D] Possibly John Barron.

Barton, John, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Barton, Lincolnshire subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Barton, John, Horsefair, Rugeley, Staffs., cm (1818). [D]

Barton, John, 55 High St, Windsor, Berks., cm, u and appraiser (182440). [D; fifth hall book of the borough of New Windsor, pp. 109, 152, 159, 174, 183] See Jacob Barton.

Barton, Joseph, 18 Mint St, Southwark, London, u and appraiser (182027). [D]

Barton, Jos., Strand, Starcross, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Barton, Miss Mary, 13 and 17 Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, u (180004). [D]

Barton, Matthew, 4 Short St, Spencer St, Hull, Yorks., cm (183839). [D]

Barton, Nathaniel, Colchester, Essex, u and cm (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy for 2,200 of which utensils, stock and warehouse accounted for 700. [GL, Sun MS vol. 242, p. 499]

Barton, Thomas, Liverpool, carver (17971835). Addresses at 51 Sparling St, Park Lane, 180005; 53 Sparling St with shop at 11 Wapping, 180710; 21 Wood St, 181114; 1 Williamson Sq., 181829; 1 Gregory Pl., Gerard St, 1829; and 11 Back Lime St, 183435. Marriage at St George's to Miss Elizabeth Case reported in Liverpool Advertiser, 6 March 1797. The firm of Barton & Bourne, carvers, is recorded at 12 Wapping, 180405. [D]

Barton, Thomas jnr, Green Ct, Green Lane, Pleasant St, Liverpool, carver (1835). [D]

Barton, Thomas, St Sepulchre Gate, Doncaster, Yorks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Barton, Thomas, Manchester, cm (180817). Trading at 89 Water St, 180813 and 23 Bootle St in 1817. [D]

Barton, Thomas, Melton Mowbray, Leics., cm (1822). [D]

Barton, Thomas, 36 Lambert St, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1833). [D]

Barton, W., 2 Snow's Fields, Southwark, London, u (180911). [D]

Barton, W., Northgate St, Chester, cm (1819). [Poll bk]

Barton, William, Beverley, Yorks., cm (177491) [D; poll bk]

Barton, William, Southwark, London, u (180411). Trading at 17 Counter St in 1804 and 243 Borough, 180711. [D]

Barton, William, Prospect Pl., St George's Fields, London, u and cm (180911). [D]

Barton, William, Rochdale, Lancs., cm and chairmaker (1818 34). Recorded in Packer St, 181825 and South Parade in 1834. Advertised in Liverpool Mercury, 18 June 1824 for five or six CABINET MAKERS good workmen; will meet with constant employment and very liberal wages. [D]

Barton, William, 3 and 5 Chaingate, Southwark, London, u and cm (1820). [D]

Barton, William, 20 St Saviour's Churchyard, London, u (182029). [D]

Barton, William, 4 Newington Causeway, London, upholder and cm (182335). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 17 May 1823. [D]

Barton, William, Hinderwell, near Whitby, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Barton & Bond, Longworth's Folly, Manchester, joiners and chest makers (1811). [D]

Bartram, Thomas, London, upholder (1761). [Maidstone poll bk]

Bartram, William, Nottingham(?), joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Bartrum, B., 10 Milsom St, Bath, Som., cm etc. (1826). [D]

Barwell, Robert, Maldon, Essex, cm and u (182632). [D]

Barwick, Benjamin, Catterick, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823). [D]

Barwick, Henry, Lancaster, chairmaker (17991800). Admitted freeman, 17991800, when stated of Broughton. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Barwick, James, Goosegate, Nottingham, chairmaker, cm and furniture broker (181232). Son of Samuel Barwick, app. by charity in 1812. Listed as burgess in 1821. Recorded at Paradise St in 1828 and Byron St, Snenton in 1835. [D; Notts. RO, list of charity app. indentures; index of burgesses]

Barwick, James, Market Pl., Broughton, Ulverston, Lancs., chairmaker (1829). [D]

Barwick, John, St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, cm (1734). [Poll bks]

Barwick, John, Lancaster, chairmaker (17991800). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Barwick, John & James, Broughton-in-Furness, Lancs., chairmakers (182428). [D]

Barwick, Joseph, Lancaster, u (1837). Admitted freeman on 5 July 1837. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Barwick, Thomas, Knottingley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Barwick, William, Lancaster, u (177082). App. to Myles Pennington, 1770. Admitted freeman, 178182. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Barwick, William, Liverpool, u and cm (178895). Trading at Renn's Gdn, 1790 and 26 Castle Ditch, 1794. Taken into partnership as u by the firm of Edmundson & Fayrer in 1788, but in 1791 the partnership was dissolved. Barwick started business on his own account but continued to share the old warehouse at 26 Castle Ditch with John Fayrer. Advertised together on 15 January 1791 as supplying Gentlemen, Merchants & others with goods of the best materials, either for exportation or their own houses, on the shortest notice & on the most reasonable terms. Barwick declared bankrupt, 8 September 1794, and 4 May 1795. [D; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 24 November 1788, 17 January 1791, 8 September 1794; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 4 May 1795]

Barwick, William, 51 White Lion St, Pentonville, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Barwood, William, North Walsham, Norfolk, cm (1798). [D]

Basan, John, Burlington Gdns, London, carver (before 1743). [Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 18]

Basendale, Lloyd, Liverpool, u (1760). Took app. named Fishwick in 1760. [S of G, app. index]

Basepool, Robert, Winchester, Hants., u (178384). [D]

Baserga, Louis, London, picture and looking-glass frame maker (183539). Recorded at 9 Back Hill, Hatton Gdns in 1835 and 9 Back Hill, Leather Lane in 1839. [D]

Basfield, John, York, cm (d. 1795). Death reported in Gents Mag., March 1795, after having been retired some years.

Basford, John, Wednesfield, Staffs., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Baskerville, John, 22 Moor St, Easy Hill, Birmingham, japanner and papier mch, manufacturer (170675). Earliest recorded manufacturer of papier mch, he supplied a selection of useful articles such as tea boards elegantly designed and finished. [Art Union, 1846, p. 59; W. Hutton, History of Birmingham, pp. 12023; Jourdain & Rose, English Furniture: the Georgian Period, 17501830]

Baskerville, Thomas William, 4 Windmill St, Finsbury, London, furniture japanner and painter (182939). [D]

Baskett, J., Southampton Rd, Lymington, Hants., cm etc. (1839). [D]

Baskett, Joseph, York and Sheffield, carver and gilder (178495). Aged 14, of Wentworth, app. to Robert Blakesley, carver and gilder, on 19 June 1784. Of Sheffield, admitted freeman of York in 1795. [York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Baslington, John, Spilsby, Lincs., joiner and cm (1826). [D]

Baslow, Samuel, 31 Duke St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Basnett, Edward, Liverpool, cm (180512). App. to Thomas Basnett, cm, in 1805. Admitted freemen on 6 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Basnett, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1761). Admitted freeman on 10 February 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Basnett, Thomas P., Liverpool, cm and victualler (b. 1752d. 1822). Trading at 17 Vernon St, 178190; no. 31 in 1796; 20 Key St, Tythebarn St in 1800; and Edmund St, 180322. Admitted freeman on 11 September 1780 on servitude to Edward Lowe. Son Thomas b. 22 June 1784, became a tailor. Took app. named Edward Basnett in 1805. Death reported on 7 June 1822, aged 70. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.; Liverpool Mercury, 7 June 1822]

Bass, Samuel, Gainsborough, Lincs., joiner and cm (1818). App. to William Rollett in August 1818. [Hull app. reg.]

Bass, Thomas, Exeter, Devon, cm (1767). Admitted freeman in 1767. [Exeter freemen rolls]

Basseler, , address unrecorded, cm (1700). He was paid 1 3s 6d by the Executors of William, 1st Duke of Bedford, for unspecified work. [Bedford Office, London]

Bassett, Henry, Margate, Kent, cm, u and shop keeper (1777 81). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1777 for 1,800 of which utensils and stock accounted for 300; and in 1781 for 1,800 of which utensils and stock accounted for 400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 48; vol. 296, p. 513] Henry & Stephen Basset, cm, u and shopkeepers, are recorded in 1777 taking out a Sun Insurance policy for 1,000 of which stock, utensils, workshop and warehouse accounted for 380. [GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 49]

Bassett, Edward & Son, 64 Newington Causeway, London, cm and u (182728). [D]

Bassett, George, London, cm and u (182639). Addresses at 31 Judd Pl. West, New Rd, St Pancras, 182629, and at 17 and 22 York Terr. in 1839. [D]

Bassett, Stephen, address unrecorded, upholder (170304). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 1 March 170304. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bassett, Thomas, Steep Hill, Lincoln, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Bassett, William, Back St, Leek, Staffs., chairmaker (1835). [D]

Bassick, A., Scarborough, Yorks., cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bastable, Esarhaddon, Bristol, cm (17811827). Trading at Castle Mill St in 1792; Newgate St, 179395; Merchant St, 17991801; St Michael's Hill, 180506; Milk St, 180710; and Trenchard St, 181227. [D; poll bks] See Jonah and Jonathan Bastable.

Bastable, Jonah, Milk St, Bristol, carver (1792). [D]

Bastable, Jonathan, Bristol, upholder (17741812). Recorded in the parish of St Peter, 177481; parish of St James in 1784; and Milk St in 1812. [D; poll bks] Partnered with John Burge as carvers in Milk St in 1810 but both recorded alone by 1812. [D]

Bastard, John, Portsmouth, Hants., cm (1735). Took app. named Fitchett in 1735. [S of G, app. index]

Bastard, John & William, address unrecorded, cm (1756). Their account rendered to John, 4th Duke of Bedford on 30 July 1756 invoices nine small items: a tea board, coffee board, two trays, a plate basket, two punch ladles and a knife box, totalling 1 13s 3d, and is marked To go to Camp. The Duke was in camp as a militia commander during the summer of 1756. The account also names George Rawson, personal servant to Francis, Marquess of Tavistock, the Duke's son, then aged 17 and probably in camp with his father. Some of the articles may have been for his use. [Bedford Office, London; G. Blakiston, Woburn and the Russells] Possibly the brothers John & William Bastard of Blandford, Dorset, better known as architects:

Bastard, John, Blandford, Dorset, cm (174052). Recorded in deeds of 19 May 1740 and 14 July, 1752. [Dorset Nat. Hist. and Arch. Proceedings, vol. LIII]

Bastard, Thomas, Sherborne, Dorset, carver and freeman (1761). Took app. named Painter in 1761. [S of G, app. index]

Baston, William, London, u (183539). Trading at 33 Marshall St, London Rd in 1835 and 28 Garden Row, Southwark in 1839. [D]

Bastow, Samuel, 31 Duke St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Batchellor,, London, cm (1721). Sent a bill to the 1st Duke of Portland for what is due in London for Equipage, Furniture, workmanship &c to August 1721 28809. [Notts. RO, PW B90]

Batchelor, John, 5 Gt Quebec St, New Rd, London, cm (1809 11). [D] See William Batchelor.

Batchelor, Samuel, French St, Southampton, Hants., cm, broker, etc. (1811). [Southampton register] A Samuel Batchelor, cm, subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Batchelor, Samuel, Silver St, Bradford-upon-Avon, Wilts., cm (1839). [D]

Batchelor, Walter, Bristol, cm, clock case and camp desk maker (183540). Recorded in Thomas St, Pugsley's Field in 1835 and at 3 Lower Montague St in 183940. [D]

Batchelor, William, High St, Chesham, Bucks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Batchelor, William, 5 Gt Quebec St, Marylebone, London, cm (182039). Also recorded at 14 Gt Quebec St in 1820. [D] A William Batchelor, cm, subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Batchelor, William & Thomas, 111 Crawford St, London, cm, u and undertakers (1839). [D]

Bate, , Market Drayton, Salop, spinning-wheel maker (1797). [D]

Bate, George, Union St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm (1827). [D]

Bateman, George, Lancaster, u (181718). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bateman, John, The Golden Ball by the Dytchside, Holborn Bridge, London, cm (date unrecorded). A walnut bureau is recorded bearing the label of John Bateman. [C. Life, 14 June 1962, p. 1420]

Bateman, John, St Luke, Middlx, chairmaker (1760). Took app. named Linney in 1760. [S of G, app. index]

Bateman, John, Lancaster (181633). Named in the Gillow records between 181633. A Regency mahogany teapoy with octagonal hinged top containing two boxes and spaces for two sugar bowls, on turned stem and four-cornered base, is recorded stamped Gillows Lancaster and I. Bateman. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Christie's, 1 November 1976]

Bateman, John, Leicester, cm (1833). Admitted freeman in 1833. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Bateman, John, 8 John St, Marylebone, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bateman, Matthew, Lancaster, turner (182634). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Bateman, Redman, Lancaster, cm (175173). App. to R. Bell in 1751. Admitted freeman, 176162. Recorded in partnership with William Blackburn in 1762 when he took app. named J. Crofts on 17 May; in partnership with William Blackburn and William Forrest in 1765 when he took app. named R. Russell on 25 February and in partnership with Forrest only in 1769 when he took app. named J. Hodgson on 6 November and in 1773 when he took app. named Thomas Cowper on 12 October. [Poll bk; Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Bateman, William, Crewdson's Yd, Highgate, Kendal, Westmld, cm (182829). [D]

Bates, , address unrecorded, cm (1774). Ralph Yates of Clerkenwell Close, Clerkenwell, London, carpenter, insured two houses only adjoining in the tenure of Bates, cabinet maker 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 235, ref. 347657]

Bates, Edmund, 8 Wellington St, Leeds, Yorks., carver in wood, draughtsman and gilder. Early 19th-century trade card announces he is a member of the Yorkshire Architectural Society, and carves Models for Architects, Silversmiths and Brass Founders, and executes every Description of Gilding and Bronzing in a superior Style. [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY]

Bates, George, Whitcombe St, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Bates, James, Bird Cage Alley, in the Mint, Southwark, London, cm (178587). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 8 July 1785 for 400 on houses only with Samuel Spicer, broker; and on 6 January 1787 for 800 on six houses in Southwark and a workshop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 331, p. 47; vol. 340, p. 496]

Bates, James, 20 London Rd, Southwark, London, cm and u (180919). [D] Possibly John James Bates.

Bates, James, 15 Southgate, Halifax, Yorks., cm and u (1830). [D] See Mary Ann Bates.

Bates, John, Gainsborough, Lincs., chairmaker (1760). [Lincoln RO, subject index]

Bates, John, 40 Newton St, Dale St, Manchester, with home at 2 Warwick St, Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Bates, John, 7 Hardwick Pl., Commercial Rd, Whitechapel, London, cm etc. (1835). [D] See John Battes.

Bates, John James, London Rd, St George the Martyr, Southwark, London, u and cm (d. 1813). A bill of 26 October 1837 concerns his estate and gives the date of his will as 27 January 1813 and of his death as 31 January 1813. [PRO, C13 564] Possibly James Bates.

Bates, Mary, 14 Southgate, Halifax, Yorks., u (1837). [D] See James Bates.

Bates, Richard, 51 New Compton St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (182639). [D]

Bates, Samuel, Market Pl., Richmond, Yorks., painter, gilder and carver (1827). [D]

Bates, Thomas, London, cm (1784). [Norwich poll bk]

Bates, Thomas, London, mahogany knife case maker (1793). [D]

Bates, Thomas, Bolton St, Chorley, Lancs., cm and chairmaker (1828). [D]

Bates, William, Liverpool, cm and furniture broker (183539). Trading at 13 Stanley St in 1835; nos 5 and 43 in 1837; and nos 9, 76 and 80 in 1839. [D]

Bates, William, Bishop Wearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Bates, William Edward, 2 Black St, Horsely Down, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Bateson, David, Lancaster and London, cm (177284). App. to J. Neill in 1772. Admitted freeman of Lancaster, 178283, when stated of Little Russel St., Bloomsbury, London. Polled at Lancaster in 1784, with address in London. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Bateson, David, 128 High Holborn, London, cm (17911821). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 10 June 1791 for 400 of which utensils, stock and goods in trust and on commission accounted for 310. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 373, ref. 584247] See M. Bateson.

Bateson, James, Lancaster, cm (17991800). Admitted freeman of Lancaster in 17991800. Freemen rolls state of London.

Bateson, M., 128 High Holborn, London, u and cm (1820). [D] See David Bateson.

Bateson, William, Bloomsbury, London, u and cm (177495). Recorded at Queen St in 1774; 13 Gt Russell St in 1782; 114 Gt Russell St from 178495 and no. 148 in 1789. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for 1,000 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 200. [D; poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 300, p. 197]

Batger, Anthony, 159 Ratcliff Highway, London, u (178193). Son of John Batger, sugar refiner of St George in the East, Middlx. App. to Robert Phipps (d. 1775) then to Benjamin Soundy. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 March 1781. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records] The firm of Batger & Co. are recorded at the same address in 1789. [D]

Bath, John, 6 New Inn, Bateman's Row, Shoreditch, London, cm (1808). [D]

Bath, John, 3 Blossom St, Norton Falgate, London, cm (1820). [D]

Bath, John, London, fancy cm, portable desk, dressing case and cabinet case maker (182939). Trading at 7 Artillery St, Bishopsgate in 1829; 37 Jewin St in 1835; and 97 Cheapside in 1839. [D]

Bath, William, Sidney St, Cambridge, u (182932). Baptisms of two children, in 1829 and 1832, recorded in the parish of All Saints. [Cambs. RO]

Bather, Nathaniel, Foregate St, Chester, cm and furniture broker (180040). Son of James Batho of Chester, sworn freeman of Chester in June 1800 under the name of Batho. Took app. named Frederick Phillips in 1825. Recorded in the election for Sheriff of Chester in 1819. [D; poll bks; Chester freemen rolls and app. reg.]

Bather, Nathaniel, 2 Robert St, Clarence St, Liverpool, cm (1803). [D]

Bathgate, Archibald, 10 Trafford Lane, Liverpool, cm and victualler (180507). [D]

Batho, John, Bodingham, Suffolk, chairmaker (1730). Took app. named Cooper in 1730. [S of G, app. index]

Bathurst, Walter, address unrecorded, upholder (1766). Son of James Bathurst, Leominster, Herefs., farmer. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption on 6 November 1766. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Batlerson, , Berkeley Row, Berkeley Sq., London, cm and chairmaker (1744). Advertised in November 1744 as supplying wallnut tree chairs stuffed and covered with damask and Spanish leather, matted bottom Beach chairs of all sorts. [Harris & Sons, The English Chair]

Batley, Richard, Snaith, Yorks., cm (1831). [D]

Batley, William, 13 Brownlow St, Holborn, London, portable desk, dressing case, work box and pocket book manufacturer (182029). Recorded as Batey in 1820. [D]

Batley, William, Norwich, chairmaker and wholesale cm (183642). Addresses in St George's Plain in 1836 and Pitt St in 1842. [D]

Batt, John, 22 St James Parade, Bath, Som., u (1826). [D]

Battel, William, Mount St, Diss, Norfolk, cm and u (183039). [D]

Batten, Edward, Rochester, Kent, carver (1780). [Poll bk]

Batten, Edward, 14 Stepney Causeway, London, carver (1785). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 May 1785 for 450 on household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 328, p. 363]

Batten, Elizabeth, Chatham, Kent, upholder (1784). [D]

Batten, John, St Margaret's Bank, Rochester, Kent, upholder, cm, appraiser and undertaker (17921839). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 7 June 1792 for 3,300 of which utensils and stock accounted for 1,000, workshop and storehouse adjoining house for 300, utensils and stock therein, 200; cart house, stable and loft above, 70, utensils and stock therein, 30, and house in tenure of widow Batten, 485. Named as an orator in a bill of 13 June 1817. Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] advertises Gentlemens Cabbins, Wardrooms Marques &c. genteely fitted on the Shortest Notice and Hair Trunks, Sea Chests, Cotts, Mattrasses, Bedding etc. A bow front chest of drawers is recorded bearing the circular label of John Batten, Upholder, Rochester. A Mr Batten, u, of Rochester, subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 387, p. 18; V & A archives; PRO, C13 710/29] See Latitia and T. Batten.

Batten, John jnr, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Batten, Latitia, St Margaret's Bank, Rochester, Kent, broker and upholder (177685). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1776 for 1,800 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 100; in 1781 for 2,100 of which utensils, stock, workshop and storehouse accounted for 1,100; and on 8 October 1785 for 200 on various tenanted properties. [GL, Sun MS vol. 248, p. 553; vol. 297, p. 306; vol. 333, p. 108] See John and T. Batten.

Batten, T., St Margaret's Bank, Rochester, Kent, cm (1803). [D] See John and Latitia Batten.

Batten, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (182224). Daughter bapt. in 1822 and son in 1824. [PR(bapt.)]

Batten & Glover, Horse-Ferry, Rotherhithe, London, carvers. Early 19th-century trade card is in Landauer Coll., MMA, NY.

Battersby, , Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records working on a bookcase in 1818. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/100, p. 2065]

Battersby, John, Friar(gate) St, Lancaster, cm (180939). App. to John Hodgson in 1809. Admitted freeman in 181618. On 13 May 1826 Hodgson took into partnership his foreman, John Battersby, who has been many years in his service. Between 18 May 1826 and 29 June 1839 took on 16 app. cm. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; Lancaster Gazette, 13 May 1826]

Battersby, Robert, Lancaster, cm (b. 1790d. 1827). Trading at Stonewell in partnership with Edward Lodge until 1826, and in Friar St in partnership with John Hodgson and his brother John Battersby as Hodgson & Battersbys. Died in August 1827 aged 37. [Lancaster Gazette, 13 May 1826 and 20 May 1826; Liverpool Mercury, 31 August 1827]

Battersby, Thomas, London, cm and joiner (1768). Petitioned freedom on servitude to Richard Copeland in 1768 paying 6s 8d. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Battes, John, London, cm and u (182039). Trading at 82 Broad St, Ratcliff, 182029; 7 Hardwick Pl., Commercial Rd in 1835, and 3 and 4 Jamaica Terr., Commercial Rd East in 1839. [D] See John Bates.

Battey, William, 190 Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London, cm (1789). [D]

Battin, Isaac, Gloucester, cm (182229). Children bapt. between 182229 at St Nicholas's. [PR(bapt.)]

Battin, J., Suffolk Rd, Cheltenham, Glos., chair and sofa manufacturer (1839). [D]

Batting, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (1773). Named in the marriage register on 12 July 1773. [PR]

Battison, George, Ampthill, Beds., joiner (183536). Received commission for 50 double and 50 single beds from the Guardians of the new Union Workhouse, Ampthill, built in 1835, and was paid 58 6s 8d in February 1836. One survives, consisting of elm frame united by bed bolts, pine headboard and slats. [Exhib. cat., Common Furniture, Temple Newsam House, 1982]

Battison, William, Church St, Ampthill, Beds., cm (1839). [D]

Battistessa & Co, London and Edinburgh, carvers and gilders (183040). Recorded at 13 Baldwins Gdns, Gray's Inn Lane, London, 183035, whilst their undated trade card gives addresses at 106 Hatton Gdn, London, and Calton St, Edinburgh. It also describes services: Glasses Ground, Polished, Silvered, Paintings cleaned and repaired. Barometers, Thermometers & Optical Glasses Made & Repaired. Picture Frame Makers & Looking Glass Manufacturers. The firm of Battistessa, Molteni & Guanziroli, carvers and gilders, was trading at 106 Hatton Gdn in 1839. [D; Goodison, Barometers; Landauer Coll., MMA, NY]

Battle, Joseph, Mews, back of Park St, Bristol, cm (1833). [D]

Battler, Mathew, York, cm (1754). Took app. named Leadly in 1754. [S of G, app. index]

Batton, Edward, St Mary, Rotherhithe, London, wood carver (1756). Took app. named Freeman in 1756. [S of G, app. index]

Batty, Edward, Lancaster, house carpenter and cm (177199). Between 20 June 1771 and 10 June 1799 took 12 apps. [Lancaster app. reg.]

Batty, John, 59 Hardman St, Manchester, cm (183840). [D]

Baty, William Lonsdale, Orchard St, Westminster, London, cm (1813). His father mortgaged the White Swan Inn, England St, Carlisle and died in 1768. [PRO, C13 683/28] Possibly related to:

Baty & Kirkbride, Carlisle, Cumb., cm and joiners (182834). Trading at Fisher St in 1829 and 17 Rosemary Lane in 1834. [D]

Baudvine (or Baudovin), Nicholas, London, u (168384). Recorded in the Royal Household accounts supplying a bed 6 curtains, 3 cantoons, 3 bases, 1 coronidem, 2 cases for columns of the tester, 2 head panels, coverlet, 4 interior cantroons, 4 cups, 2 armchairs, 4 stools, all green silk, white interior etc. for Queen Mother, 70. 9s 0d. The bill totalled 2,062 1s 5d. [PRO, LC9/120, 277] See Podvine (or Paudevine).

Baugh, Francis, 146 Redcliff St, Bristol, basket and chairmaker (17991817). [D]

Baugh, Thomas, Scotland St, Ellesmere, Salop, cm and joiner (1822). [D]

Baugh, T. & G., Dudley, Worcs., chairmakers (1839). [D]

Baugham, William, 66 (New) Compton St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (181739). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 October 1823 for 700. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1008441]

Bavin, James, 11 Market St, Borough St, London, chair and sofa maker (183239). [D]

Bavin, John, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Bavin, William, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker and shopkeeper (179098). [D; Militia Census]

Bawcombe, Harry, Steyning, Sussex, cm (d. by 1778).

Advertisement asking all Persons indebted to the Estate of HARRY BAWCOMBE late of Steyning Cabinet-maker deceased to submit details of debts. [Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 23 March 1778]

Bawden, J., 17 Lower Maudlin St, Bristol, ornamental and cabinet carver and cm (1834). [D]

Bawtry, Barnaby, next door to The Black Swan, Coney St, York, u (171741). Listed Master in York reg. of app. indentures for Maurice Farnworth in 1717, Thomas Ubaine in 1722 and Joseph Metcalfe in 1731, all for 7 years. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 31 October 1724 on goods and merchandise in dwelling house only at a premium of 2s; and on 28 January 1728 for 300 on household goods and merchandise. His house is recorded for sale on 9 September 1740, but he was still in Coney St at the York poll of 1741. [GL, Sun MS vol. 17, ref. 32566; vol. 28, p. 36; York Courant, 9 September 1740; poll bk] Possibly the son of:

Bawtry, Joseph, York, u (1715). His son, Bernard, admitted freeman of York in 1715. [York freemen rolls]

Baxendale, Gamaliel, Liverpool, u (b. 174065). Son of Josiah Baxendale, petitioned to be free on birthright in 1765. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk] Possibly brother of Joseph Baxendale.

Baxendale, James, Manchester, chairmaker (183440). Recorded at 7 Ashley St, St Gee's Rd and 51 Thomas St in 1834; 7 Ashley St and 47 Thomas St in 1836; and 5 Ashley St in 1840. [D]

Baxendale, John, 10 Crown Lane, Manchester, chairmaker (180809). [D]

Baxendale, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (175052). Admitted freeman on 27 March 1750. Took apps named Finley and Leadbetter in 1752. [Liverpool freemen reg.; S of G, app. index]

Baxendale, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1757). Petitioned freedom as free-born son of Josiah Baxendale, paying 3s 4d in 1757. Former app., Thomas Robinson, petitioned freedom in 1780. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk] Possibly brother of Gamaliel Baxendale, and possibly:

Baxendale, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (176674). Addresses in Oldhall St, 176673, and at 4 Peter's Lane in 1774. [D] A Joseph Baxendale of Liverpool, cm, was admitted a freeman of Lancaster in 176768. [Lancaster freemen rolls] Another is recorded in 1799 when his son, Josiah, petitioned freedom on birthright. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk] A Mr Baxendale of Liverpool provided mahogany furniture for Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn in 1771. [Nat. Lib. of Wales, Wynnstay, R41]

Baxendale, Josiah, Liverpool, cm (173268). Admitted freeman of Lancaster, 173233, and of Liverpool on 8 September 1733. Took apps named Waller in 1735 and Ward in 1751. Former apps, Richard Waller and James Threlfall petitioned freedom in 1756; John Harvey and Leigh Sutton in 1757; and Thomas Potter, Thomas Ward and Edward Lowe in 1761. Recorded on 22 December 1758 concerning the sale by auction of the household goods of John Titley, Liverpool. Polled at Lancaster 1768. [Lancaster freemen rolls; S of G, app. index; Liverpool Advertiser, 22 December 1758; Liverpool freemen reg. and committee bk; poll bk]

Baxendale, Lloyd, 11 Oldhall St, Liverpool, u and cm (b. 1730/31d. 1813/14). Recorded in West Derby in 1790. Admitted freeman of Liverpool on 26 October 1754 and of Lancaster, 176768. Took app. named Rosson in 1754. Former apps, Edward Fishwick, petitioned freedom in 1767, George Chesworth in 1774, Adam Cross in 1778 and Andrew Rosson in 1792. Reported in charge of the sale of a bankrupt's furniture on 25 September 1783 including an assortment of exceeding good mahogany goods in the present taste. Obituary notice of 7 January 1814 states Lately of London, aged 83 years. [D; Lancaster freemen rolls; S of G, app. index; Liverpool freemen reg. and committee bk; Liverpool Advertiser, 25 September 1783; Liverpool Mercury, 7 January 1814]

Baxendale, Richard, 1 Moverley St, Salford, Lancs., chairmaker (1804). [D]

Baxendale, William, Blackburn, Lancs., chairmaker (181825). Trading at Penny St in 1818 and 17 Salford St, 182425. [D]

Baxland, Henry & Sons, London, cm (early 19th century). Employed by Sir John Soane to make furniture for the Bank of England in the Regency period. [R. A. Woods, English Furniture in the Bank of England]

Baxter, A., Duke St, Plymouth Dock, Devon, u and cm (1814). [D]

Baxter, Anthony Thomas, The Naked Boy, Henrietta St, Covent Gdn, London, cm and u(?) (173038). Letters to Baxter from Mrs Elizabeth Purefoy and her son Henry, of Shalstone, Bucks., discuss work he carried out for them from 173038. On 11 January 1735 Mrs Purefoy commissioned him for quilting patterns, whilst on 1 February 1735 her son wrote to Baxter, My mother would have one of the new fashioned low beds with 4 posts to them and a quilt to the same, she will endeavour to learn how many yards will do If you have any freind an upholsterer let me know between this and next Saturday what quantity he thinks it requires Mrs Purefoy, however, is unwilling to give above 10s. a yard for the Quilting. On 21 May 1738 she wrote to Baxter requesting 18 yards of chintz to make window curtains for a drawing room. [G. Eland, The Purefoy Letters, 173553; W. T. Whitley, Artists and their Friends; Heal]

Baxter, Elkanah, Bishopsgate St, London, upholder (170318). Son of Jeremy Baxter of Northowram, Yorks., clothier; app. to Robert Hall on 2 February 1703. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 8 April 1718. In partnership with Jonathan Hall in Bishopsgate St. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Baxter, Francis, address unrecorded (170925). Carried out work at Chicheley Hall, Bucks., between 170925 supplying in August 1709 a Communion Table for the Church, and in April 1723 wainscotting little room with Elm, costing 10 15s. In April 1723 he set up ye great staircase with W. Porden, together charging 90. Baxter's other assistants, Beale and Illison, are recorded in May 1723 carving and turning bannisters; G. Wolly in July 1724 for turning bannisters and columns for the pulpit stairs; and Ebrall (Thomas Eborall) in December 1724 and September 1725 for joiner's work and wainscotting the Elm Room. [Bucks. RO, Sir John Chester's account bks, D/C/2/3(ii), 36(iii)]

Baxter, Francis, parish of St Peter, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Baxter, John, 112 Near Wapping, New Stairs, Wapping, London, cm and upholder (177693). Recorded at 114 Wapping, 179093. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1776 for 400 of which 100 accounted for workshops and 250 for utensils, stock and goods; in 1782 for 400 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 250; on 13 October 1791 for a total of 900; on 27 September 1786 for 500 on his house; and on 18 July 1791 for a total of 700. Declared bankrupt in 1793. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 249, p. 487; vol. 292, p. 555; vol. 381, p. 118; vol. 339, p. 465; vol. 379, p. 140; Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Baxter, John, Liverpool, cm (1790d. by 1820). Admitted freeman on 20 June 1790. [Liverpool freemen reg.] Possibly son of Thomas Baxter, cm.

Baxter, Mary, 1 Ker St, Devonport, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (182224). [D]

Baxter, Richard, Castle Foregate, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (1840). [D]

Baxter, Samuel, Church St, Malpas, Cheshire, cm (1834). [D]

Baxter, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (176196). Recorded at 33 Crosshall St in 1796. Admitted freeman on 23 January 1761. His son John, trade unspecified but possibly cm, petitioned freedom on birthright in 1789 paying 3s 4d. [D; Liverpool freemen reg. and committee bk]

Baxter, Thomas, Norwich, cm (180018). Trading in the parish of St Peter per Mountergate in 1802, in the Close, 1806, Lakenham, 1807, and the parish of SS Simon and June, 1812. Son of Thomas Baxter, weaver; admitted freeman of Norwich on 4 October 1800. [Poll bks; Norwich freemen reg.]

Baxter, William, Cat St, Burton-on-Trent, Staffs., cm (1818). [D]

Bay, Thomas, Narrow St, Ratcliffe, London, cm (176768). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., January 1767, and Public Advertiser, 11 April 1768.

Bay, Thomas, 17 Ships Alley, Wellclose Sq., London, carpenter and cm (1776). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 totalling 300 including cover for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 249, p457]

Bayfield, John Joachim, address unrecorded, cm (?), (1721). Name and date Aug. 1721 pencilled on carcase of early 18th-century walnut folding-top card table, private English coll.

Bayles, James, 14 Gt Suffolk St, Southwark, London, cm (1817). [D]

Bayles, Lucy, address unrecorded, cm and u (174546). Carried out work for Robert Nugent of Gosfield Hall, Essex, for his London house in Dover St. A long bill for cm and u sundries supplied, 174546, lists four items of furniture: on 22 October 1745 8 very good Larch walnutry chairs with quilted backs 14; on 26 October a Large Chest, 3 15s; and on 18 March 1746 a mahogany table costing 2 8s and a mahogany standish with inck & sand glasses, costing 3s 6d. [Essex RO, D/DU 502/2, pp. 21920]

Bayles, William, Market Pl., Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182739). A bill of 22 July 1839 lists items supplied for Wemmergill, North Yorks.: 2 swing glasses tray bott. with drawers costing 2 8s and 6 staind cain bottom roswd chairs costing 2 5s. [D; Durham RO, D/St/Box 208]

Bayless, James, 107 Bermondsey St, London, u (1819). [D]

Bayley, C., Market Pl., Abingdon, Oxon., cm and u (182330). [D]

Bayley, Daniel, at The White Bear, Aldermanbury, London, cm (1713d. c. 1729). A bill of November 1713 paid by Mr Bempde(?) for Mr Child lists A Desk upon Drawers, costing 2 10s. [V & A archives; Harris, Old English Furniture]

Bayley, Francis Allen, Liverpool, u (1840). Son of Rodney Bayley, u, admitted freeman on 25 July 1840. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bayley (or Bayly), George, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Bayley, James, 11 Balsover St, London, u (1792). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 24 December 1792 for 300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 609100]

Bayley (or Bayly), John, parish of St Augustine, Bristol, u (1754). [Poll bk]

Bayley, John, Liverpool, cm (17781802). Admitted freeman in 1778. In 1802 his son Rodney, u, petitioned freedom on his birthright. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk] Possibly grandfather of Francis Allen Bayley.

Bayley, John, James St, St Giles's, London, cm (1784). [D]

Bayley, John, Ashford, Kent, cm and auctioneer (182339). Recorded in High St in 1838. [D]

Bayley, Rodney, Liverpool, u (180235). Trading at 8 Hawke St from 181824; at 9 Tobin St from 182729 and 9 Hawke St in 1827; and at 10 Hawke St in 1835. Son of John Bayley, cm, admitted freeman on 8 July 1802. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.] An R. Bayley, u, of Liverpool married in 1808 Miss Jane Taylor of Castle St at St John's Church. [Liverpool Courier, 5 October 1808] See Francis Allen Bayley.

Bayley, Rubin, Liverpool, u (1840). Admitted freeman on 28 July 1840. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bayley, Samuel, 7 Park Pl., Carlisle Lane, Lambeth, London, cm (1823). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 12 March 1823 for 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1001698]

Bayley, Thomas, 3 Hart Ct, Bridgewater Sq., London, convex mirror manufacturer (1808). [D]

Bayley (or Bailey), William, St Martin-le-Grand, Westminster, London, framemaker (1749). [Poll bk]

Bayley, William, London, upholder (177786). Trading at St Paul's Churchyard in 1780, Fleet St in 1781, and Gough Sq. in 1786. Son of James Bayley, app. to Joseph Graham on 2 January 1771. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 April 1780. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Bayley, William, Rushall St, Walsall, Staffs., cm (1780). [D]

Bayley (or Bayly), (J.?) William, Lancaster, carver and gilder (178492). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Bayley, Son & Blew, Cockspur St, London, cm (late 18th century). Satinwood writing or artist's cabinet recorded, bearing inside lid the label of Bayley, Son & Blew, Cockspur Street, London. The cabinet contains wells, fitted compartments and bottles, and has a front falling to reveal four secret drawers. [Sotheby's, 3 March 1961, lot 150] The firm continued into the 19th century under the name of:

Bayley, Blew & Chapman, 17 Cockspur St, London, dressing case makers and Perfumers to His Majesty and H R H Duke of York (182935). The accounts of George IV of 1828 mention a rosewood writing desk edged with brass and a buhl border, patent lock, and flaps covered with green velvet; interior glass is mounted with silver. The cost of 15 12s included a solid leather travelling cover. A bill of 1835 in the Arundel Castle records for 3s has the heading: Bayley, Blew & Chapman, Dressing Case Makers, Perfumers to His Majesty, 17 Cockspur Street. [D; RA 25433; Arundel Castle records, A2110]

Bayley, James & Boote, Alexander, Crown St, Soho, London, u and cm (177890). Declared bankrupt in February 1778, and again in May 1790. [Gents Mag., February 1778; Derby Mercury, 27 May 1790]

Baylis, Thomas, address unrecorded, frame maker (1660). He provided five frames, gilded and burnished, for the 5th Earl of Bedford. [Bedford Office, London]

Bayliss, Joseph, against Thompson's Coffee House in George St, near Hanover Sq., London, cm (1719). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 November 1719 on dwelling house, goods and merchandise. [GL, Sun MS vol. 10, ref. 15696]

Bayliss, Thomas, Walsall, Staffs., chairmaker (181318). Trading at George St, 181318, and High St in 1818. [D]

Bayliss, William, Woolwich, Kent, auctioneer and u (1792). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 July 1792 for 1,000 of which household goods and utensils in stock accounted for 600 and utensils in shed, 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 388, p. 249]

Bayliss, William, Bromsgrove, Worcs., cm (1831). [Poll bk]

Bayly, E., Shooters Hill, Cowes, Isle of Wight, Hants., u and cm (1839). [D]

Bayly, Richard, Bitton, near Bristol, cm (177481). [Poll bks]

Bayly, Richard Thomas, 22 Nassau Pl., London, cm, u and undertaker, furniture broker (1839). [D]

Bayly, Thomas, London, joiner or carver (1694). Signed a petition on 26 June 1694 presented by the Company of Joyners Carvers of London to the City. [Furn. Hist., 1974]

Bayly, Thomas, Maze Pond, parish of St Thomas, Southwark, London, turner (1712). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 15 April 1712 on his dwelling house for 150. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 10, ref. 22848]

Bayly, William, London, carver and gilder (181639). Trading at 15 Carnaby Mkt, Golden Sq., 181625, and at 15 Marshall St, Golden Sq., 181739. [D]

Bayman, Francis, Whitehorse Lane, Stepney, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Baynard, John, Truro, Cornwall, cm (1808). Recorded concerning a lease dated 1 January 1808 of Sir William Lemon on part of Ryder's tenement in Lemon St. [Cornwall RO, DD WH 1220]

Bayne (or Boyne), George, London, upholder (17881802). Recorded at Irongate Wharf in 1797, and at Gloucester St, Whitechapel in 1802. Son of William Bayne of Tower Hill, tailor, app. to Richard Dennis on 2 January 1788. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 April 1797. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery list]

Baynes, George, Thaxted, Essex, cm (17981835). Probate dated 1835. [D; Wills at Chelmsford]

Baynes, Henry, Lancaster, cm (175962). Took apps named Whittingdale in 1759 and Lassells in 1762. [S of G, app. index]

Baynes, James, Lancaster, u (181112). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Baynes, James, 24 Gt Mitchell St, Old St, London, cm (1812). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 23 April 1812 for 300 of which stock, utensils and goods in trust accounted for 30, stock and utensils in workshop behind dwelling house, 70, and stock and utensils in Heathers shed in yard in Curtain Rd., 150. [GL, Sun MS vol. 455, ref. 809700]

Baynes & Co, Jeremiah Finnis, 19 Blackman St, Southwark, London, u and cm, carvers and gilders, looking-glass manufacturers (1815). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 January 1815 for 5,000 on stock, utensils and goods in trust in dwelling house, warehouses and workshops, sawpits and yards. [GL, Sun MS vol. 463. ref. 901849] See Baynes & Ireland.

Baynes, Richard & Duffield (Duffill or Druffil), 37 Fetter Lane, York, chairmakers and turners (182338). Baynes alone took app. named John Gill on 17 October 1823, whilst Baynes & Duffield took apps named George Johnson, 9 December 1824, Robert Lund, 1 January 1825, Anthony Smith, 1 September 1825, William Waggoner, 2 November 1825, George Brown, 17 March 1827, John Kettlewell, 26 May 1828, John Bellerby, 8 October 1833, John Baynes, 26 February 1834, James Jefferson and George Swalwell, 14 August 1835. [D; York app. reg.]

Baynes, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (17911800). App. to Isaac Greenwood in 1791. Admitted freeman in 17991800. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Baynes & Ireland, 19 Blackman St, Southwark, London, looking-glass makers, carvers and gilders, carpenters, u and cm (182023). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 February 1821 totalling 3,000 of which 800 accounted for warehouse, showroom and other buildings, 40 for household goods in dwelling house, warerooms, showrooms, gilding shop, glass room (no carpentry or cabinet work done therein) and three stores, 1,500 for stock, utensils and goods in trust, 150 for pictures and prints, 150 for stock, utensils and goods in trust in carpenters and cabinet manufactory in the yard next to Black Horse stables (a small stove therein), 160 for stock etc. in open shed and yard, and 200 for stable coachhouse and loft communicating with workshop above. Insured the same buildings, stock, utensils and goods on 12 February 1823 for a total of 2,100. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 978001; vol. 490, ref. 1001514] See Jeremiah Finnis Baynes & Co.

Baynham, J., 50 Collingwood St, Blackfriars Rd, London, carver (1829). [D]

Baynham, Thomas, Woodbridge, Suffolk, cm (1792). Recorded on 18 August 1792 in the calendar of marriage licence bonds. [Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/108]

Bayster, James, 20 Piccadilly, London, u (1788). [D]

Bazin, James, 24 Cumberland St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver and gilder (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 300 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 255, p. 163, ref. 379289]

Bazin (or Basin), , address unrecorded, carver (178788). Worked at Gorhambury, St Albans, Herts., sending bills on 24 May 1787 for carving capitols in library, 3 3s, on 1 January 1788 for carving a door, 6 3s, and on 5 June 1788 for door in music room, 1112s. [Herts. RO, accounts bk XI, 71]

Bazive (or Bazine), Victor George, 125 Crawford St, London, carver and gilder (183537). [D]

Beach, George, Birmingham, cm (176062). Took apps named Kirk in 1760 and Lees in 1762. [S of G, app. index]

Beach (or Beech), Richard, 19 Straight, Lincoln, cm and u (182241). Recorded at Foot of the Hill in 1822, 19 Straight, 182641, and also High St in 1835. [D]

Beach, Robert, Crown Pl., Soho, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Beach, William, Dorchester, Dorset, u (1803). Admitted freeman on 7 June 1803. [Dorchester freemen rolls]

Beach, William, 6 Providence Sq., Collier St, Hull, Yorks., cm (183839). [D]

Beach & Maschwitz, 30 Ann St and Lench St, Birmingham, cm (foreign furniture) (1835). [D]

Beachcroft, Samuel, London, upholder (1714d. 1731). Recorded at the White Hart & Sun next St. Peter's Allye in Cornhill in the Parish of St. Peter's Cornhill in 1714, and at The White Hart, Mark Lane, Fenchurch St, 172731. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 6 May 1714 on goods in his dwelling house. Declared bankrupt in 1727 and died in 1731. [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 392829; Heal]

Beachcroft, Samuel, Marshall St, Westminster, London, upholder (1749). [Poll bk]

Beachcroft & Shepard, 4 Chandos St, Covent Gdn, London, upholders and cm (1805). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 January 1805 for 1,300 of which 400 accounted for utensils and stock in workshop and warehouse, 400 for those in open yard, and 100 in sawpit and workshop above. [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 769948]

Beacock (or Beecock), John, Leeds, Yorks., cm (182839). Trading at 70 West St, 182834, at 115 West St, 183437, and 57 Savile St in 1839. [D]

Beadle & Perfect, Micklegate, York, house, sign and furniture painters (1823). [D]

Beagle, James, 29 Marshall St, London Rd, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Beagle, James, 79 St George's Rd, Southwark, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Beaker, Nicholas, address unrecorded, upholder(?) (171835). Son of Nicholas Beaker of Nettleton, Wilts.; app. to Athelstane Tindale (Tyndall), upholder, of Bristol on 11 August 1718 by common indenture and counterpart for the fee of 40. Took app. in 1735. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters; S of G, app. index]

Beal, , London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Beal, Francis, Wainfleet, Lincs., joiner and cm (182226). [D]

Beal, George, York, cm and u (180640). Announced in York Courant, 18 August 1806 entering partnership with his uncle, Thomas Beale, and recorded in partnership at Stonegate in 1823 and 49 Coney St, 183740, no. 50 in 1828. Took apps named John Brown, 4 April 1807, John Webster, 5 October 1811, George Meynell, 17 October 1814, John Skilbeck, 8 March 1826, Henry Rhodes, 31 July 1828, John Chapman, 14 June 1835 and Edward Lund, 21 April 1836. [D; York app. reg.]

Beal, J., 70 West Smithfield, London, cooper and turner (1796). [D]

Beal, James, London, cm (180025). Recorded at 15 Albion Buildings, Bartholomew Close, 180011, and at 90 Gt Bartholomew Close, 181125. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 23 May 1800 for 200 on stock and utensils in his shop and adjoining warehouse; and on 11 March 1811 for 1, 150 of which stock and utensils in dwelling house (no work done therein) accounted for 400, and stock and utensils in workshop, warehouse and store in Albion Buildings, 500. Took out further insurance policies on 2 February 1813 and 5 February 1814 each for 1,000 of which stock and utensils accounted for 750. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 418, ref. 702756; vol. 452, ref. 854893; vol. 462, ref. 889986; vol. 462]

Beal(e) (or Beall), James, London, cm and u (180211). Addresses given at 4 Stephen St, Tottenham Ct Rd, 1802; 5 Old Bailey 180308; and 9 Commerce Row, St George's Rd, Blackfriars, 180711. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 3 August 1802 for 500 of which 450 accounted for utensils and stock; and on 20 January 1807 on household goods in dwelling house (no carpenter's or cabinet work done therein), 200; on stock, utensils and goods in trust, 600; on the same in open yard behind and on seasoning and open shed, 200; and on workshop, 100. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 423, ref. 735298; vol. 438, ref. 800040]

Beal, Nicholas, 22 Castle St East, Oxford Mkt, London, japan chairmaker (1817). [D]

Beal(e), Thomas, York, cm and u (17871838). Addresses at Micklegate Bar, 1787; Grape Lane, 1798; Minster Yd, 180911; Stonegate, 181823; and 4950 Coney St, 1830. Announced in York Courant, 18 August 1806 taking nephew, George Beal, into partnership. Named in the account book of the Rev. John Firth on 23 June 1791 being paid 5 2s 4d. [Mumby family papers] Advertised in York Herald, 29 July 1797, and York Courant, 26 July 1802. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; York Courant, 11 March 1816]

Beal, Thomas, Swinemarket, Pocklington, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Beale, Dan., Salisbury Sq., Shaftesbury, Dorset, chairmaker and cooper (182324). [D]

Beale (or Beall), George, London, carver (174549). Trading at Russell Ct, Westminster, 1749. Bill for carving carried out for the Honble. Mrs. Nugent of Gosfield Hall, Essex, at her house in Dover St, London, dated 24 May 1745 refers to a chimney piece to hold China with a Basket in ye Midle, costing 12, 2 Glass frames Carvied for ye Dressing Room, 5, one Chimney Peices Card Round ye Marbel for ye Dresen Room, 5, 2 Trusses Carvid for the Indea Cabbinets, 2; and also Cleaning ye Carving in the Liberarey and Maken good the Glass frame for ye Chimney. [Essex RO, D/DU 502/2; poll bk]

Beale, George, Hull, Yorks., chairmaker (183740). Trading at 13 Leadenhall Sq., 183738, and at no. 14 and also in Guildhall Passage, 1840. [D]

Beale, J. H., 13 Westmoreland Pl., City Rd, London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Beale, James, Maldon, Essex, cm (1839). [D]

Beale, John, 7 Rose St, Soho, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Beale, John, 27 Joiner's Pl., St George's Fields, London, cm (1808). [D]

Beale, John, 7 Raven Row, Mile End Rd, London, cm and u (182628). [D]

Beale, John, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, cm (1836). Daughter Mary Anne bapt. on 13 December 1836. [Kent RO, DRb/RT2/371E/6]

Beale, Loyde, 15 Borough Rd, London, cm (181314). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 14 April 1813 and 1814, each for 1,050, of which stock, utensils and goods in trust accounted for 200 and 300 respectively. [GL, Sun MS vol. 462, ref. 893095; vol. 462]

Bealing, Richard, London, u (16721711). Named frequently in the Royal Household accounts between 16881711, supplying bedding, cushions, upholstered furniture, curtains etc. for the Houses of Parliament, Hampton Court, Kensington and Whitehall Palaces and Windsor Castle. Provided cases for St. Edward's Chair. [PRO, LC9/279282, LC11/5] A bill of December 1692 charged to her Matie includes a fine carved Couch frame wth rounde ends of wallnuttre fully Carved at 3, with materials to upholster it including a thick squab Cushing Gilt nailes and tax, and down-filled cushions covered with vellvett fringd and tassells. The bill also listed an Easey Chaire frame wth eares and elbowes finely carvd at 1.15, upholstered and covered with velvet, edged with fine crimson Ingrane firing and tassels. [Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers, 75 69, 27] In 1693, as Royal Upholsterer, Bealing supplied a very fashionable Indian damask bed, and in the same year provided for Whitehall Palace a French bedstead, and Damaske hangings finely fringed. In 1696 he made for Kensington Palace a clothbed being finely done, and carved work, and in 1698 a scarlet & white damask bed, very fine, & covering all ye carving of ye tester, headboard & cornices & basemouldings, costing 30. [V & A archives] In that year he also supplied the State bed of William III now at Hampton Court. [Conn., June 1977, pp. 13839] In 1699 he made for Kensington Palace a crimson & gold velvett bed after ye newest fashion, and in 16991700 supplied to the groom of H M Bedchamber, Hampton Court, a fine flowered worsted Damask bed and two elbow & four back chairs covered with the same fringed & done as the bed 60. [Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers] He also removed Ye Kings Bed and hangings from Windsor to Hampton Court, set it up and supplied new bedding. He upholstered a canopy and chair of State, two walnut stools, four long forms of walnut etc. for the Privy Chamber at Hampton Court, the frames having been made by Thomas Roberts, joiner. In 170001 he was paid for upholstering two stools and an elbow chair made by Roberts for Hampton Court, and for upholstering four large sophas and covering with green mohair laced with gold. In 1711 he was still described as her Majesty's upholsterer. [DEF; Calendar of Treasury Papers, 170811] A pair of carved walnut caned chairs, c. 1685, featuring crowns and stamped RB twice may be associated with this tradesman. [Gilbert, Leeds Furn. Cat., vol. 1, 1978, p. 73; Old Furniture, vol. 2, pp. 16, 32; vol. 10, 1927] Bealing provided beds, chairs, curtains and wall-hangings for William, 5th Earl of Bedford at Woburn Abbey between 167282. Eight accounts exist in which 361 items are specified, totalling 556. Bealing also acted for the Earl at the auction sale in 1676 when he bought the crimson damask bed which had belonged to the Earl's sister, Margaret, Dowager Countess of Manchester. [Bedford Office, London]

Bealt, Francis, Chapel Lane, Hull, Yorks., cm (179099). [D]

Bean, Richard, Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1817). [D]

Bean, Samuel, Gillygate, York, joiner and cm (181618). [D]

Bean, Samuel, York, u (1823). Son of Elizabeth Bean, app to William Smith, u and cm, on 18 September 1823. [York app. reg.]

Bean, William, Edmund St, Birmingham, fancy gilder (1818). [D]

Beaney, Thomas, The Priory, Hastings, Sussex, cm and u (183239). T. Beaney listed as a turner at Pelham St in 1839. [D]

Bear, William, 54 Ashley Cresc., City Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bear & Drew, Andover, Hants., cm (182324). [D]

Beard, Arabella, 157 Fenchurch St, London, cm and u (1787 1813). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers 1803. [D] See Geoffrey and Henry Beard.

Beard, Daniel, 51 Gloucester St, Liverpool, with shop at 10 Walnut St, cm (1839). [D]

Beard, David, Liverpool, cm (1780). Petitioned freedom on servitude to Lee (Leigh?) Sutton, who was admitted on the same terms as Robert Fairclough. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Beard, Geoffrey, 157 Fenchurch St, London, cm and u (1803). [D] See Arabella and Henry Beard.

Beard, Henry, 157 Fenchurch St, London, upholder (1808). [D]

Beard, I., 4 Bearbinder Lane, Mansion Lane, London, brush maker and turner (1792). [D]

Beard, John, parish of St James, Bristol, carver (1774). [Poll bk]

Beard, John, Exeter, Devon, carver (1774). [Bristol poll bk]

Beard, T., address unrecorded, chairmaker (early 19th century). Spindleback chair of Herefs. type, impressed T. BEARD on front seat rail is at Temple Newsam House, Leeds. Others of the same pattern recorded.

Beard, Thomas, Paignton, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Beard, William, 32 Gloucester St, Queen's Sq., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Beardmore, George, Market St, The Potteries, (Burslem), Staffs., cm (181834). Trading at Market St in 1818, also as a chairmaker; and Hanover St (or Sq.), 182234, also as joiner and builder in 1834. [D]

Beardwood, Henry, 24 Clare St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bearman, Bartholomew & Hearsman, John, Moore St, London, cm (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for 200 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 140. [GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 73]

Bearne, Andrew, 5 Grafton St, Soho, London, cm and u (1820 39). Recorded as Bearne & Son, cm, u and undertakers in 1839. [D]

Bearsley, Samuel, Botolph St, Colchester, Essex, bedstead maker (182627). [D]

Beasley, George, Rugby, Warks., cm (1835). [D]

Beasley, Robert, Frankfort St, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1830). [D]

Beatie, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Beattie, William, 60 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm and dealer in jewellery and hardware (180203). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 28 October 1802 for 990; and on 19 February 1803 for 999 of which utensils and stock accounted for 799. [GL, Sun MS vol. 427, ref. 740090]

Beattie (or Beaty), William & Son, Longtown, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (181129). [D] See George and John Beaty.

Beatty, Edward, Hungerford St, London, cm (179093). [D]

Beatty, Edward, Liverpool, joiner and cm (182327). Trading at 32 Vauxhall Rd in 1823; Walker Pl., Hatton Gdn in 1824; and 31 Warren St in 1827. [D]

Beatty, Thomas, Warwick, carver and gilder (182835). Addresses at Castle Hill, 182830 and Church St, 183135. [D; poll bk]

Beatty (or Beaty), William, Barnet, Herts., u and undertaker (180811). Recorded as Beatty in High St, 1808, and as Beaty in Wood St, 180911. [D]

Beatty, William, 8 Wellington St, Everton, Liverpool, cm (1835). [D]

Beaty, Francis, Hungerford Mkt, London, cm (177477). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 200 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 422; poll bk]

Beaty, George, Longtown, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (182829). [D] See William Beattie & Son, and:

Beaty, John, Longtown, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (1828 29). [D]

Beaty, William, St Clement Danes, London, upholder (1762). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., January 1762.

Beauchamp, George, 18 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm, u and joiner (17761814). Recorded at no. 31 in 1780. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1776 for 700 on his house; in 1778 for 1,400 of which stock, utensils and goods accounted for 1,000; in 1779 for 600 on stock in warehouse near Chiswell St, Grub St; in 1780 for 1,000 of which utensils and stock accounted for 700; in 1781 for 2,000, utensils, stock and goods accounting for 1,300; in 1785 for 300 on utensils and stock in warehouse at 19 Grub St; in 1802 for 300; and in 1812 for 3,000, stock, utensils and goods in dwelling house accounting for 1,300. In 1777, 1779 and 1783 employed four non-freemen, licence renewed quarterly. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 366; vol. 262, p. 520; vol. 272, p. 94; vol. 286, p. 491; vol. 292, p. 12; vol. 330, p. 114; vol. 423, ref. 727806; vol. 457, ref. 871558; GL, City Licence bks, vols. 9 and 10]

Beaumont, , address unrecorded, carver and gilder (1785). Named in the Longford Castle, Wilts. accounts receiving payment of 8 8s in 1785. Possibly William Beaumont of the King's Arms, Leicester Sq., or of Mary-le-Bow-Fields. [V & A archives]

Beaumont, , Baldwins Gdns, Gray's Inn Lane, London, cm (1789). James Pingay, carpenter, took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1789 on a brick house in Baldwins Gdns in the occupation of Beaumont for 200, and on timber workshop behind, 50. [GL, Sun MS vol. 363, ref. 556606]

Beaumont, , London, carver and gilder (180911). The account bk of Edward, Lord Lascelles relating mainly to Harewood House, Hanover Sq., London, lists payment to Beaumont, carver and gilder, on 8 March 1809 for 62 12s, and on 7 February 1811 for 118s. [Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 192] Possibly William Beaumont of The King's Arms, Leicester Sq., or of Mary-le-Bow-Fields, or Thomas Beaumont of 44 Poland St, Oxford St.

Beaumont, Charles, Old Kent Rd, London, cm and u (182637). Recorded at 2 Hanover Pl., 182628, and as C. Beaumont at 2 Wardour Pl., in 1837. [D]

Beaumont, George, 18 Gt Warner St, Coldbath Fields, London, cm (1808). [D]

Beaumont, George, 17 Eldon St, Finsbury, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Beaumont, John, London, cm (180120). Addresses at 45 Beech St, Barbican, 180103; at no. 7, 180415; and 12 Cumberland St, Shoreditch in 1820. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Beaumont, John, Woolroad, Saddleworth, Yorks., cm and u (1822). [D]

Beaumont, John, 8 Bond St, Manchester, cm (1828). [D]

Beaumont, John D., Maidstone, Kent, u (1826). [Poll bk]

Beaumont, Joseph, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (181618). [D]

Beaumont, Thomas, London, carver (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Possibly:

Beaumont, Thomas, 44 Poland St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (180929). [D]

Beaumont, W., 13 Red Lion Sq., Spitalfields, London, cm (1820). [D]

Beaumont, William, Whitechapel, London, cm (1762). Took app. named Stapleton in 1762. [S of G, app. index]

Beaumont, William, 17 Wellclose Sq., London, cm (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 400 on houses. [GL, Sun MS vol. 258, p. 227]

Beaumont, William, The King's Arms, 24 Leicester Sq., London, carver and gilder (178893). Trade card in Banks Coll., BM, dated 1788, shows classical female figure supporting oval frame with inscription Beaumont, CARVER & GILDER, Nephew & Successor to the late Mr. Vialls [Thomas Vialls] at the King's Arms, Leicester Square. Took apps named Edward Bennet on 30 May 1791, and Robert Paul on 2 January 1792, both for 10. See Strawberry Hill accounts, p. 105. [D; PRO, 1R 1/36; Heal] Possibly:

Beaumont, William, Mary-le-Bow-Fields, London, carver and gilder (1791). Took app. named Harriet Du Flos in 1791. [Westminster Ref. Lib., St Martin-in-the-Fields PR]

Beaumont, William, 144 High St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1793). Advertised in Hull Packet, 1793, as a maker of tablets, friezes and chimney pieces.

Beaumont, William, 23 London Wall, opposite Carpenters Hall, London, cm (1824). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 5 April 1824 for 100 on household goods, and 500 on stock, utensils and stores in manufactory of Newnham Pl., Bishopsgate St Without. [GL, Sun MS vol. 494, ref. 1016206]

Beaumont, William, 23 Cable St, Manchester, chairmaker (1813). [D]

Beaumont, William, 147 Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., chairmaker (1816). [D]

Beauvais, Mrs, address unrecorded (1770). Named in the account bk of the Earl of Ancaster on 4 June 1770 receiving payment of 45 9s 10d for furniture purchased in France and brought over. [Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 6/3]

Beavan, George, Copse Cross St, Ross-on-Wye, Herefs., cm (1835). [D]

Beavan, James, 44 Lemon St, Whitechapel, London, cm (before 1826). Freeman of Hereford. His son, James Beavan, boot manufacturer, admitted freeman of Hereford by posthumous patrimony in 1826. [Hereford freemen admissions]

Beavan, Thomas, 3 Queen Lane, Thomas St, Bristol, cm (17991800). [D]

Beavan, William, Hereford, chairmaker (1734). [Poll bk]

Beavan, William, Bye St, Hereford, cm and u (183540). [D]

Beaver, George, Saddler St, Wells, Som., cm and u (1839). [D]

Beavit(t), George, Brownlow St, Drury Lane, St Martin's Lane, London, cm (1796d. 1799). Foreman to Thomas Haig, who bequeathed him 100. [PRO, B 11/1394 fo. 536; PRO, C13 683/27]

Beazely & Sons, 92 Fenchurch St, London, trunk and chest maker (1804). [D]

Bebbington, Ralph, Salford, Lancs., cm (180433). Trading at 13 Union St in 1804; 15 Cook St in 1808; and 18 Cook St in 181333. [D]

Bebbington, Richard, 4 Back Fawcett St, Manchester, cm (1813). [D]

Beck, , address and trade unrecorded (176887). Debts of 20 owed to Chipchase & Lambert between 176887. [PRO, C12, 2158/18]

Beck, Arnold Frederick, Glassonbury St, Long Acre, London, cm and musical instrument maker (176377). Insured his household goods and stock for 150 and wearing apparel for 50 on 2 August 1763. [GL, ref. 201685, p. 483] Possibly the maker of pianofortes (dated 1775 and 1777) trading at Broad St, Golden Sq., who is thought to have employed a cm in his firm to make instrument cases. He may, however, have gone to one of the specialist inlayers for some of the mahogany panels. Eight pieces are attributed to Beck's cabinet-maker, and three more bear marquetry medallions by the medallion marqueteur who seems to have worked for him. Known pieces include a square piano in marquetry case by Frederick Beck at Lady Lever Gallery, Liverpool, and a pair of semicircular commodes at Osterley Park, Middlx, bearing marquetry medallions. The central medallion of one, showing Diana seated with one of her hounds, is repeated on an unusual fall-front commode sold from the collection of Earl Temple, Sotheby's, 9 May 1941, lot 101. Lot 100 was a similar commode, probably from the same shop. Characteristic marquetry style of intricate contours of veneer and nervous engraved lines in draperies; fleurette-and-trellis marquetry. Beck piano illus. in DEF, 1st edn., vol. 2, p. 6, fig. 11. [C. Streeter, Met. Museum Bulletin, June 1971; Burlington, June 1980]

Beck, George, 20 Berwick St, London, cm (1787). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 20 January 1787 for 200 on household goods, stock etc. [GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 526789]

Beck, George, High St, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Beck, J., Clerkenwell, London, journeyman cm (d. 1748). Death reported, Penny London Post, 14 July 1748: On Thursday about 6 o'clock, as Mr. Beck was going through Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell, to his work, he was seized with a Apoplectick Fit, and, there not being any body present that could let him Blood, he expired in a few minutes.

Beck, Joseph, 23 Plane St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (182630). [D]

Beck, Samuel, address unrecorded (1755). Worked for John Trotter, u. [PRO, LC9/211]

Beck, William, looking-glass manufacturer (1780). See Charles Walker. [GL, Sun MS]

Beckensall, W., East St Helen's St, Abingdon, Oxon., cm (182340). [D]

Becket, John, Lancaster, cm (17901836). Named in the Gillow records between 17901836, and in 1790 working on tables. Admitted freeman, 180607. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/95, pp. 559, 609; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Becket(t), William, Lancaster, cm and joiner (17711800). App. to William Blackburn in 1771; admitted freeman, 177980, when stated of Wray. Named in the Gillow records between 17861800 moulding claws. Possibly the maker of the large chest of drawers, mahogany veneer, oak carcase, bowfronted, belonging to the late Edward Croft-Murray and traced to William Rawlinson of Ancoats Hall, which he rented from the Moseleys in the later 18th century. Inscriptions in black lead on underside of bottom of third drawer and on outside of back of third drawer: WILLIAM BECKET MAKER 1789. [Poll bk; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; V & A archives]

Beckett, Charles, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (182237). Baptisms recorded of sons John, 31 July 1822, Henry, 16 January 1828, Edmund, 30 November 1829, and Henry, 10 February 1837. [Chester RO, PR(bapt.)]

Beckett, Henry, Wheelock St, Middlewich, Cheshire, cm and u (1834). Notice in the Chester Courant and Advertiser for North Wales, 1 April 1834 assigning all his stock in trade, household goods and furniture, books debts, personal estate and effects whatsoever unto William Hitchin of Newton, in the said county, timber merchant and Thomas Hitchin of Newton, aforesaid, cooper, in trust for the equal benefit of his creditors. [D]

Beckett, John, St Ebbe's, Oxford, bedmaker (1802). [Poll bk]

Beckett, John, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm, u and auctioneer (182837). [D]

Beckett, John, 10 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, carver and gilder (183539). [D]

Beckett, Joseph, Chester, u (1772). Son of Joseph Beckett, innholder, admitted freeman on 1 January 1772. [Chester freemen rolls]

Beckett, Joseph, address unrecorded, u (177284). Worked at Erddig, Clwyd, submitting bills on 21 August 1772 for 24 10s 11d, paid on 29 June 1773, and on 27 October 1784. Probably a local man, as most of the other accounts are for work done by local craftsmen. [Erddig account bk]

Beckett, Samuel, Manchester, carver and gilder, looking-glass and picture frame maker (182538). Recorded at 14 Roger's Row in 182528; no. 11 in 1829; 22 Booth (or Bootle St), 182829; and 16 Bridge St, 183234. Recorded as Samuel and Sons, Booth St, 1838. [D]

Beckett, Thomas, Wenlock, Salop, plumber, glazier and cm (1822). [D]

Beckett, William, St Aldate's, Oxford, cm and u (1830). [D]

Becks, Andrew Berkley, Bath, Som., u (1828). Declared bankrupt with Edmund English, u, Chester Chronicle and North Wales Advertiser, 7 November 1828. See Andrew Berkley Beeks of Green St., London.

Becks (or Beeks), Frederick, Clifton, Bristol, cm and u (1833 40). Trading at Nelson Pl., 183336 and at Prince's Pl., 183740. [D]

Beckwith, Charlotte, 5 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, u (181719). [D] See John Beckwith, and Beckwith & Hawksworth.

Beckwith, Henry, High St, Stockton-on-Tees, Co. Durham, cm and u (17841832). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Advertised in the Liverpool Mercury, 17 June 1825 wanting in an old established Cabinet & Upholstery Concern, a steady MAN, as FOREMAN in the Cabinet department. It is absolutely necessary that he should perfectly understand his business, & be fully competent to give proper directions to the workmen under his charge. The situation is permanent & would in every respect be found comfortable. Probably the Henry Beckwith, cm, who supplied items of furniture to Wynyard Park, Co. Durham for the 4th Marquess of Londonderry in 1820. [D; Durham RO, Londonderry papers, D/LO/E 484, vol. 182941]

Beckwith, James, address unrecorded, cm (1814). Named in the Royal Household accounts on 5 January 1814 supplying new plate glass for dressing table in President's Room and blinds in Office Keeper's appartment, Council Office, Whitehall. Also provided Brussels carpet to St James's palace, making a total of 32 4s 7d. [PRO, LC 11/15]

Beckwith, John, 5 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, upholder and cm (180616). Also recorded at 8 Stangate St, Lambeth, in 1808. Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] shows Grecian sofa and elaborate draped window pelmet, and reads from St. Martin's Lane. In 1806 worked at Hatfield House, Herts., and Hatfield town house, The Casino, Aldborough, carrying out repairs to upholstery and supplying, among other things, a large dumbwaiter costing 10. The Hatfield House town accounts record payments in 1811 for items provided and work done at The Casino, totalling 170 7s 9d and including, on May 27, A large scrowl couch for bed; japanned bamboo and stuffed with best hair in fine canvas with squab, brass castors etc. costing 17 8s. Between October and December 1811 Beckwith supplied items totalling 103 16s 11d, including, on 12 November a new white cover filled with your flock, tassled and quilted; and on 12 December 2 deep moulding picture frames gilt on burnished gold with shells in the corners. Named in partnership with Hawksworth, 181416, in the Hatfield town accounts carrying out repairs costing 67 15s 6d. [D; Hatfield House MS bills 604, 636] See Charlotte Beckwith.

Beckwith, Joseph, 4 Union St, Leeds, Yorks., carver (1837). [D]

Beckwith, Richard, Allhallowgate, Ripon, Yorks., joiner and cm (183437). [D]

Beckwith, Samuel, 101 and 105 St Martin's Lane, London, u (17741808). One of Thomas Chippendale's employees who receipted the Audley End account (1774) on behalf of the firm. At some point between 1774 and 1778 he left to take up a partnership with Edward France, and latterly William France jnr. DEF, I, p. 36 is in error in assuming this was with William France snr. Beckwith subscribed in 179194 to Sheraton's Drawing Book, and in 1795 supplied a neat mahogany worktable to the Earl of Verulam at Gorhambury, Herts. [DEF] In 1804 he provided picture frames and did gilding, japanning and repairs charged to Lord Salisbury's town account. [Hatfield House MS, Bills 6/3, 1804, S.F.P. 6] However one Beckwith, u in St Martin's Lane is noted among the deaths in Gents Mag., April 1804. Holden's Directory, 1808 still records Samuel Beckwith as Upholsterer to His Majesty.

Beckwith, Samuel, Duckinfield, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm and joiner (182428). [D]

Beckwith, Thomas, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, Yorks., carver and gilder (183037). Trading at no. 60 in 1830 and no. 61, 183437. [D]

Beckwith, William, 101 St Martin's Lane, London, cm and u (1789). A relative, possibly son of Samuel Beckwith. In 1789 they supplied a very neat Mahogany Horse-Shoe Reading Table made the same form as Her Majesty's at Kew for the Queen's House (Buckingham House), at a cost of 4 14s 6d. [V & A archives] This large commission was however nominally in the hands of Beckwith and France as noted in the Wardrobe accounts. [PRO, LC 11/4]

Beckwith & France, 105 St Martin's Lane, London, cm and u (17741808). The partnership of Samuel Beckwith and various members of the France family firstly Edward, and latterly William jnr came into existence in the mid 1770s. Beckwith left Chippendale's firm after 1774. William France snr had died the year before and Edward France seems to have decided to go into partnership with Beckwith. By 1778 they had set up at 105 St Martin's Lane, London. The date and address is recorded on a print by James Donowell of the Steine, Brighton [Hove Museum of Art, Sussex] indicating it could be obtained from Messrs Beckwith and France.

The earlier connections of William France snr with the Royal Wardrobe enabled the new partnership to take on work at St James's Palace, and at Buckingham House. [Royal Accounts, PRO, LC 11/4; Jourdain & Rose, English Furniture: the Georgian Period, 17501830]

The firm's principal private commission, 178190 was for work at Hatfield, Herts. (Lord Salisbury) and the town house. In 1781 this totalled over 4,778 and was above 1,000 in 1782 at both Hatfield and in Town. [Hatfield House MS, Bills 151/23; Burlington, April 1967, pp. 20109; the 1781 82 account is cited in Apollo, September 1967, p. 225] Confirmation of the firm's St Martin's Lane address is provided by directories. [1789, London Directory; 1793 Supplement to Patent London Directory]

At this time the partnership continued with William France jnr. He however seems to have decided about 1810 to set up with a son (not named) as William France & Son. G. B.

Beckwys, Benjamin, 4 King St, Liverpool, u (1790). [D]

Beddard, James, 98 Holborn Hill, London, cm (177879). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for 500 of which utensils and stock accounted for 330; and in 1779 for 1,200 of which house and workshop accounted for 800. [GL, Sun MS vol. 270, p. 244; vol. 278, p. 508]

Beddine, David, 20 Back Lane, Radcliffe, London, cm and broker of household goods (1802). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 27 April 1802 for 650 of which utensils and stock accounted for 220. [GL, Sun MS vol. 423, ref. 730769]

Beddine, David, London, cm and u (180935). Addresses given at 20 New Rd, St George's East, 180928, and 4 Wellclose Sq., 182935. [D]

Beddon (or Beddow), John, Manchester, chairmaker (182536). Addresses given at 71 Broad St in 1825 and at 68 London Rd, 183436. [D]

Bedell, John, Mint Lane, Bartholomew's Yd, Exeter, Devon, cm (182631). Daughter Elizabeth bapt. on 3 January 1826, and son John on 9 January 1831. [St Olave's PR(bapt.)]

Bedells, John, Trumpington St, Cambridge, cm and builder (180917). Announcements in the Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 8 July 1809 dissolving partnership with James Metcalfe; 21 April 1815 declaring new partnership with William Ansell; 30 June William Ansell declining; 4 April 1817 declaring Bedells bankrupt.

Bedford, Benjamin, Pall Mall, London, upholder (16901709). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 7 August 1700. Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 6 December 1703 for 500 on a house in Pall Mall being his now dwelling house & in his own possession for 7 years. Notice in the London Gazette, 9 September 1709 that The Commissioners in a Commission of Bankrupt awarded against Benjamin Bedford, late of Pall Mall, Upholsterer, intend to meet . [GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, p. 674]

Bedford, Henry, New St, Chelmsford, Essex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bedford, John, 22 Warwick St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (178487). Took out Sun Insurance policies on his house in Butt Lane, Deptford, Kent, in 1784; and on 5 June 1787, for 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 324, p. 452; vol. 346, p. 70]

Bedford, John, London, carver and gilder (182037). Addresses given at 28 Broad St, Golden Sq. and 9 Rosoman St, Clerkenwell, in 1820; and only the latter in 1837. [D]

Bedford, John, London, carver and gilder (180829). Addresses given at 56 Swallow St, Piccadilly in 1808; and at 13 Cross St, Golden Sq. in 1829. [D] See William Bedford.

Bedford, John & Son, 5 Mount St, Berkeley Sq., London, turner (1810). Between March and June 1810 provided for the 6th Duke of Bedford many items of hardware including clothes horses, totalling 34 3s 4d. [Bedford Office, London]

Bedford, John, High St, Bawtry, Yorks., cm (183237). Trading as Wilson & Bedford in 1832 in Notts. [D]

Bedford, P. snr, 23 Plumber St, City Rd, London, carver (1820). [D]

Bedford, Thomas, near The Star & Garter, Pall Mall, London, upholder (170415). Son of William Bedford of Shadbrooke, Suffolk, Doctor of Divinity, app. to Thomas Fe(?)wor on 12 December 1704. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 10 April 1712. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 10 February 1714 on his dwelling house and on 25 March 1715 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house. [GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 4, ref. 4492; vol. 4, p. 206]

Bedford, William, 56 Swallow St, Piccadilly, London, carver and gilder, picture frame maker (180920). [D] See John Bedford.

Bedford, William, Westgate, Ripon, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Bedford, William, Leeds Rd, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Bedhouse, Thomas, 72 Gt Saffron Hill, London, water gilder (1835). [D]

Bedwell, James, London Rd, London, bed, mattress and bedstead manufacturer (182037). Trading at no. 116 from 182028, and at no. 52 in 1837, despite having been declared bankrupt on 18 January 1831, London Gazette. [D]

Bedwell, William, the Butter Mkt, Ipswich, Suffolk, joiner and cm (172342). As only joiner he took out a Sun Insurance policy on 6 January 1723 for 200 on his dwelling house in the parish of St Stephen. Advertised, Ipswich Journal, 8 September 1739, as joiner and cm who Maketh and Selleth all Sorts of Desks and Book-Cases, Chests of Drawers, Dressing-Tables, and Dining Tables, of all Sorts, of Mahogany Wallnutt-tree and Wainscott; all Sorts of Chairs, carved and plain; Tea-Trays and Waiters; Chimney-Glasses, PeerGlasses, in Wallnut-tree Frames, or Gilt: Also buys old Glasses, and hangs Bells after the newest Fashion. A new Velvet or a Cloth Pall, and Cloaks, to be Lett. Took app. named Henidge in 1742. [GL, Sun MS vol. 16, p. 234; S of G, app. index]

Bedwin, , Oxford Rd, London, u (1747). [Heal]

Bee, Henry, High St, Leominster, Herefs., cm (1830). [D]

Bee, John jnr, Northleach, Glos., cm (1834). [D]

Beech, George, Market St, The Potteries, Staffs., cm (1818). [D]

Beech, James, Iron Mkt, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Beech, Samuel, 18 Kingsgate St, Holborn, London, upholstery and mattress warehouse owner, bed and mattress maker (182328). Address given at no. 24, 182627. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 12 February 1823 for 200 on dwelling house and offices (no store therein), 200 on household goods, 400 on stock and utensils, and 300 on house adjoining, no. 17, in tenure of a wax compo. doll maker. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 1001422]

Beech, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1806). Admitted freeman on 5 November 1806. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Beechey, Thomas, 14 Mile End, London, cm (180911). [D]

Beedham, James, George St, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Beedham, John, Fetter Lane, York, cm (1823). [D]

Beedham, William, Beedham's Yd, Skeldergate, York, joiner, cm, carpenter and house builder (1823). [D]

Beeger, Frederick, 7 West St, Seven Dials, London, cm (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 200 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 43]

Beek, Elizabeth, Montpellier Arcade, Cheltenham, Glos., u (1839). [D]

Beeks, Andrew Berkley, Green St, Grosvenor Sq., London, upholder (1802). Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 14 June 1802. See Andrew Berkley Becks of Bath.

Beeley, Edmund, Church St, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (17981814). [D]

Beeley, Joseph, Rotherham, Yorks., cm and u (1784). [D]

Beer, James, Market Pl., Dover, Kent, cm and u (182339). [D; poll bks]

Beer, John, Buckwell St, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1836). [D]

Beer, Samuel, 7 Chapel Row, Bath, Som., cm (1826). [D]

Beesley, John & Thomas, Garstang, Lancs., joiners and cm (1834). [D]

Beesley, Joshua, Northgate, Blackburn, Lancs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Beesley, Nicholas, 1 Marybone, Liverpool, cm (1834). [D]

Beesley, Thomas, 46 Hill St, Birmingham, cm (1823). [D]

Beesley, William, Blackburn, Lancs., chairmaker (181834). Recorded at Lower Cock Croft St in 1818 and 4 North Gate in 182425. [D]

Beeson, Joseph, 3 Redman's Row, Whitechapel, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Beeson, Joseph, St Augustine's Pl., Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (182122). Addresses given at no. 2 in 1821 and no. 15 in 1822. [D]

Beetham, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (177290). Addresses given at 10 Mason St from 177290; 9 Grayston St, 178184; and 3 Knight St, Berry St in 1790. [D]

Beetham, Joseph, 18 Waterhouse St, Halifax, Yorks., cm (183437). [D]

Beetham, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (176168). Took apps named Priest in 1761 and Wright in 1762. Admitted freeman of Lancaster, 176768. [S of G, app. index; Lancaster freemen rolls] A Thomas Beetham, timber merchant, is recorded at 19 Duke St, 177274, and 47 Duke St, 1781.

Beetham (or Beethom), William, Lancaster, cm (176168). As Beethom admitted freeman, 176162. As Beetham polled at Lancaster in 1768. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Beethorn, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (176971). Took app. named Bryant Gorman, who wrote to his godfather in 1771 thanking him for placing him with Beethorn, such a good master. [Berks. RO, D/EBt F29, 12; V & A archives]

Beeves, Josiah, West St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (183239). Trading at no. 55 in 1839, and as Beeves & Co., cm, u, interior decorators and furnishing undertakers, at no. 34. [D] See Thompson & Beeves.

Beevor, James, address unrecorded (c. 1780). Mahogany chest of drawers recorded with name JAMES BEEVOR inscribed on underside of top.

Beezor, William, London, carver and gilder (1786). Polled at Norwich in 1786.

Begbie, James, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (175259). Took apps named George Brownjohn, 10 February 1752 for 21; Joseph Attwaters, 5 August 1755 for 30; John Kiddle, 2 February 1757 for 6 years for 26 5s; and John Acton, 1 June 1759 for 30. John Begbie, cm of Salisbury, perhaps misnamed, is recorded as having taken four apps between 175259. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Begbie, Joseph, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (1755). Took app. named Attwaters in 1755. [S of G, app. index]

Beilby, John Alexander, York, cm (1818). Son of Jonathan Beilby, deceased, of North Grimston, app. to John Bellerby, cm and u, 14 September 1818. [York app. reg.]

Be(i)lby, Thomas, Cottingham, near Hull, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Belam, James, 3 Webber St, New Cut, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Belcher, , address unrecorded, cm and u (1775). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's A Complete Treatise on Perspective, 1775.

Belcher, Benjamin, Bridewell Lane, Bristol, cm, appraiser, auctioneer and undertaker (17921800). Trade card (Banks Coll., BM) shows Sheraton-style chair and table and classical figures. [D]

Belcher, Cathern, address unrecorded (178384). Repaired oval tea tray for Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex, for 3s. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A42/4]

Belcher, Charles, Cowick St, St Thomas, Exeter, Devon, cm (1820). Son Charles bapt. on 25 May 1820. [PR(bapt.)]

Belcher, Elisha, Gt Nelson St, Lime St, Liverpool, cm (1804). [D]

Belcher, John, 74 Earl St East, Lisson Grove, London, u (1839). [D]

Belcher, John, Thames St, Wallingford, Oxon., turner and cm (1840). [D]

Belcher, Joseph, Wallingford St, Wantage, Oxon., cm (17981824). [D]

Belcher, Thomas, 25 Gt Portland St, London, upholder and undertaker (1783). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1783 for 300 of which utensils and stock accounted for 213. [GL, Sun MS vol. 313, p. 403] Possibly the Thomas Belcher who supplied to Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex, for his London house in New Burlington St a Small Mahogany hand stand for 14 nozels to carrey candels in to light up the Drawing Room and an Oval Teatray with brass hoops & wood handels & repairs to furniture, totalling 4 5s 6d, in 1783. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A41/6] Possibly the Belcher of:

Belcher & Gray, London, cm and u (176981). Addresses given at Brownlow St, Holborn, 176983, and Poultney St, Golden Sq., 178384. In 1779 supplied beds and bedding for Sir John Griffin Griffin's London house in New Burlington St. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A37/4] Sale of entire stock in trade on 21 November 1781 by Christie & Ansell, Pall Mall, including Elegant Mahogany Desk and Bookcases, Ditto Commodes, Wardrobes, Sideboards, Library Tables, Bureaus, Chests of Drawers, Dining and Card Tables, Two very Elegant TORTOISHELL Table Clock Cases, an Elegant Inlaid Secretary for a Lady, with a great Variety of Mahogany and Inlaid Articles of the Best Workmanship &c. [D]

Belchier, John, The Sun, South side of St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (1717d. 1753). A craftsman whose surname might suggest a Huguenot origin. The earliest references to a John Belcher are to be found in the accounts of Boughton House, Northants. Between 1687 and 1710 amounts totalling 3,880 are recorded for glass, solder, piping, lead etc., and as late as 1723 a receipt for 150 was given for money paid by the executors of the 1st Duke of Montagu. This tradesman may well have been the father of the John Belchier who traded at the St Paul's Churchyard address as cm. The latter was noted as a supplier of mirrors, and many of the bureau cabinets which bear his trade label are fronted with mirror glass. The St Paul's Churchyard address is first recorded on 26 July 1717 when insurance was effected for goods and merchandise in his said Dwelling House. From 1720 he is recorded supplying furniture to Erddig, Clwyd, N. Wales. One of his trade bills indicates that he made and supplied All sorts of Cabinet Works,/ Chairs, Glasses, Sconces, & CoachGlasses. Another trade bill with different wording stated that he Grinds & Makes-up,/ all sorts of fine Peer & Chim/neyGlasses and Glass Sconces,/ Likewise all Cabbinet Makers Goods. He also indicated that he could offer Great choice of all Ready Made. On 24 November 1741 he took as app. William Albrook, son of William Albrook snr, deceased, formerly an ivory turner. At this date Belchier was a member of the Joiners Co. The death of John Belchier was announced in March 1753. He was nearly 70 years old at the time of his death and was described as for many years past a very eminent cabinetmaker. He was also stated to be kinsman of William Belchier, one of the MPs for the borough of Southwark. His successor at the sign of The Sun, St Paul's Churchyard was Thomas Atkinson.

The most significant commission known to have been undertaken by Belchier was for John Meller at Erddig, Wales, a house which he acquired in 1716. He used Simon Yorke, his nephew, as his agent in London to order and supervise the furnishing of the house, which passed to him in 1723 on the death of his uncle. The most impressive piece of furniture in the house is the State Bed which was purchased in 1720. The bedframe with its carved and gilt gesso work is almost certainly by Belchier, the upholstery work being undertaken by a Mr Hunt, probably John Hutt, a tradesman whose workshops were also in St Paul's Churchyard. The hawks heads on the tester of the bed closely compare with those on gilt pier glasses supplied in 1723 and 1726 at 36 and 50 respectively for the two best bedchambers. A pair of gilt girandoles with glass arms were supplied by Belchier on 25 August 1724 at a cost of 14 each. Apart from the bed and mirrors, a glass-topped table with the arms of John Meller supplied by Belchier on 6 June 1726 also survives in the house. These items are part of the substantial commissions placed with Belchier at this period. His bill covering November 1722 to January 1726 amounted to 262 12s. At the same period as he was working on furnishings for Erddig, he received orders for glass for St Paul's Cathedral. Accounts dated December 1724 to January 1725 record the supplying of 8 glasses 25 inches square at 8, and 27 others 25 by 18 inches at 16s each (21 12s).

Regular customers in the 1730s and 40s were the Purefoy family of Shalston, Bucks. A letter survives from Elizabeth Purefoy dated 11 January 1735 regarding the supply of a glass in a gold frame. The details provided suggest that this was a chimney glass which was still present in the house in 1950. It was charged at 3 16s. By a letter dated 8 February 1743 an order was sent for a round neat light mahogany folding table with four legs, two of them to draw out and hold up ye ffolds. Henry Purefoy, Elizabeth's son, recorded on 18 July 1749 the receipt of an artist's or architect's table for which 3 10s was paid. Of other commissions little is known. Two receipts survive written on trade bills and show that a varied trade was carried on. Items recorded on them include a tea box, a Claw table with two tops, A Round Board and a mahogany chest of drawers.

Belchier labelled some of his furniture. Significantly, all the pieces known with labels are bureau cabinets veneered in walnut or japanned in red with gilt enrichment. All incorporate mirror glass in the door or doors. Some have a small round label specially made for this purpose worded made by/John Bel Chier/ at Ye Sun/in St Pauls Church/Yard (Fig. 4). Some similar cabinets stamped with the impressed initials I. B. may also be of his manufacture. The items marked with labels or stamped appear to be in style of the period to c. 1735, and it is possible that the practice was restricted to particularly prestigious pieces of case furniture and discontinued by the mid 1730s. [GL, Sun MS vol. 6, ref. 8806; Joiners Co. records, bindings, vol. 5; BM, trade card coll.; V & A archives; London Evening Post, 2427 March 1753; G. Eland (ed.), The Purefoy Letters, 173553, I, pp. 98, 107, 111; Conn., vol. 125, pp. 8586; C. Life, 10 June 1954, p. 1896, 11 February 1960, p. 264, 12 June 1969, supplement p. 57; 28 January 1971, supplement p. 162; 13 April 1978, pp. 97173; Apollo, July 1978, pp. 4655; Wren Soc., vol. xv, p. 226; Heal; Christie's, 18 November 1982, lot 125; Sotheby's, 14 November 1980, lot 30] B. A.

Belchier, Thomas, address unrecorded, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Beley, Henry, 7 Clarendon St, Leamington, Warks., carver and gilder (183537). Trading at Regent Grove in 1835 and 7 Clarendon St in 1837. [D]

Belfield, Thomas, 3 Hunt St, Birmingham, cm, u and bedstead maker (1830). [D]

Belfour, Alexander, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Belk, John, Hall Gate, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and u (183037). [D]

Belk, Vincent, Hall Gate, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and u (1818 34). Submitted bill for furniture and upholstery supplied to G. Wentworth of Woolley Hall, Yorks., between April and November 1825, totalling 48 7s 4d. [D; YAS, Wentworth papers, MD 272/2]

Bell, , address unrecorded, cm (c. 175075). Mahogany Master's armchair with full padded back, surmounted by shield with bacchus head, scrolled arms, and cabriole leg with scroll foot recorded from Vintners Hall, London. [V & A archives]

Bell, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Bell, Alexander, 9 Angel Ct, Windmill St, Haymarket, London, cm (177784). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 100 on his house. [Poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 242]

Bell, Allan, High St, Wigton, Cumb., joiner and cm (182829). [D]

Bell, Anthony, Thorngate, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182729). [D]

Bell, Augustus, East St, Fareham, Hants., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Bell, Clement, Askrigg, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Bell, Daniel, London, joiner (172123). Took app. named John Harden on 21 November 1721 for seven years, but turned him over to Daniel Cooke on 20 October 1723. [GL, MS 8051/3] Possibly:

Bell, Daniel, London, cm and u (172531). Supplied furniture and upholstery to the Duke of Montrose between 172529 including a large mahogany oval table and frame, 6 15s, six walnut chairs with scarlet lace seats, 10 4s, a mahogany tea table, a large walnut couch and 15 yards of red shalloon for the Duchess of Montrose; 2 large walnut quadrille tables with folding frames, 8 8s, a mahogany pier table, a walnut necessary square stool with black leather feet; 2 large walnut elbow chairs with stuffed backs and red linen seats, and a walnut couch frame. In 1731 he supplied mahogany drawers and a wainscot table to the Duchess of Montrose's apartment, costing 5 11s 6d. [Scottish RO, GD 220/6/ 1349/46; 1251/18; 1371/32; 1373/30; 31/P610] Possibly:

Bell, Daniel, St Martin's Lane, London, cm (172434). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 11 May 1728 for 1,800 on his dwellings, stock in trade and merchandise, fortunately, since on 13 October that year a violent fire broke out at a Mr. Currier's [or a Currier's] in Rose Street near Long Acre, which consumed his house and 3 others & Mr. Bell, an eminent cabinetmaker's house that lay backward towards St. Martin's Lane, with the workhouses belonging thereunto, and a great quantity of valuable foreign wood lying in his yard for carrying on his business at which he employed several scores of people every day, so that this loss alone is reckoned to amount to some thousands of Pounds. [Daily Post, 14 October 1728] The Daily Journal of 15 October however, reported that the fire started at Mr Negus's, a Leather Dresser's in Rose St, and consumed nine houses, Mr Bell, away in Brompton at the time, proving the greatest sufferer. The Ipswich Journal of 12 October further sensationalised by adding that Mr. Bell had the Misfortune some Time ago to break his Leg into Splinters, and was then in the Country dangerously Ill. After the fire Several Men were employ'd in removing his Looking Glasses and other Furniture sav'd out of the Fire; but the Damage in Walnut-Tree Plank only, amounts to 500. A few days after the fire he announced in the Daily Journal, 17 October, I have taken a convenient House and Work Shops opposite to my late Dwelling-House, where all Business in Trade will go forward without the least Hinderance of Time and where I shall be in Person to give Attention, and receive proper Orders.

In 1726 took app. named John Showbridge, who served for seven years. In 1734 he was appointed cm and chairmaker to the Royal Household. Heal considers it very possible that Bell was the originator of the business in St Paul's Churchyard carried on by Henry, Elizabeth and Philip Bell later in the 18th century.

Recorded in partnership with Thomas Moore as early as 1724 when the firm supplied goods to Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter for Moulsham Hall between 172434. On 13 December 1732 they received payment for a large Glass & dining chairs with Blew Leather, ten in no. costing 33 6s; on 2 May, 10, and on 26 February 1734, 5 15s, To a WalnutTree Desk with 4 Drawers. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, p. 104]

In December 1733 Bell & Moore were paid in full for various items supplied between September 1731December 1733 to a Captain Hall. [PRO, C111 195] Their bill to the Hon. Counsellor Rider of 1734, totalling 39 14s 6d included a large carved and guilt sconce, pediment frame, an eagle frame with top carved and guilded in burnished gold, and ten walnut chairs with rich carved fore feet with Lyons faces on ye knees and Lyons Paws. This set, originally costing 27 10s is preserved at Sandon Hall, Staffs. [GL, Sun MS vol. 26, p. 161; DEF; Wills, Looking-Glasses; GCM; Strange, Old Furniture, vol. 4, pp. 4851; Conn., June 1933, pp. 37980; Westminster Ref. Lib., St Martin's settlement records, ref. F/5037] A.E.

Bell, Edmund Hurst, Peacock St, Norwich, cm (182530). Son of William Bell, weaver, admitted freeman of Norwich on 13 August 1825. [D; poll bk; Norwich freemen reg.] See Edward Bell.

Bell, Edward, Young's Lane, Carlisle, Cumb., carver and gilder (1834). [D]

Bell, Edward, Peacock St, Norwich, Norfolk, cm and u (1839). [D] See Edmund Hurst Bell.

Bell, Elizabeth, The White Swan, against the South Gate, St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (1740c. 1758). Successor to Henry Bell at this address and almost certainly his widow. The trade labels that she used are identical to those of Henry Bell with the exception of the name. Most of the bills name the business as Elizabeth Bell & Son, the son probably being Philip who was in charge of the business by 1758. Following the practice of Henry Bell, Elizabeth appears to have frequently labelled furniture. Such pieces include a walnut bureau and a walnut kneehole chest, a black lacquer dwarf chest-on-chest, a mahogany chest-on-chest with slide and a mahogany card or tea table with rectangular top on cabriole legs. [V & A archives; Antiques, March 1966, p. 346; C. Life, 9 June 1966, p. 1467; Conn., May 1980, p. 6; J. Kirk, American Furniture and the British Tradition to 1830, p. 1377; Christie's, 11 April 1985, lot 25] B. A.

Bell, Elizabeth, 9 Little Peter St, Knot Mill, Manchester, u (1813). [D]

Bell, Elizabeth, 35 Worcester St, Birmingham, u (1830). [D]

Bell, Enniskillen & Cavan, address unrecorded, cm and u. Yew sofa table recorded bearing trade label showing Regency period furniture. [V & A archives]

Bell, Francis, Little Russell Ct, Drury Lane, London, cm and broker (1787). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 April 1787 for 800 on his house and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 529983]

Bell, Francis, Hotwell Rd, Bristol, cm (180506). [D]

Bell, G., 10 Wellington St, City Rd, London, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1829). [D]

Bell, George, London, carver and gilder (181739). Addresses at 55 Little Sutton St, Clerkenwell, 181729, and 4 Clerkenwell Green, 183539. [D]

Bell, George, Humshaugh, Simonburn, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Bell, George, Walkergate, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (1828). [D]

Bell, George, Union Rd, Southport, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Bell, George, 6 East St, Hoxton Old Town, London, lookingglass and picture frame maker (1837). [D]

Bell, George, 36 Chester St, Birkenhead, Cheshire, cm (1839). [D]

Bell, George, Askrigg, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Bell, Henry, The White Swan, against the South Gate, St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (1736d. 1740). Successor to Coxed & Woster at this address. The death of Woster was announced in 1736 and it was probably in this year that Henry Bell commenced trading here. His trade card indicates that he made and sold all Sorts of ye finest Cabinet Goods, all sorts of Looking Glasses, Coach Glasses & Chairs of all sorts. He offered to alter old looking-glasses to the latest fashion. Following the practice of Coxed & Woster he used his trade label to identify products from his workshops. This trade label has been recorded on a walnut chest of drawers, a walnut bureau and a walnut chest of drawers. Died 1740 and his successor at this address, Elizabeth Bell, was almost certainly his widow and Philip Bell his son. [Heal; V & A archives] See Daniel Bell. B. A.

Bell, J., north side of the Square, Stockton-on-Tees, Co. Durham, carver and gilder (1824). Advertised in the Durham County Advertiser, 3 April 1824 that he has just returned from London with a selection of the best materials used in his art which can be procured, he trusts, by the superior method of finishing work which he possesses, combined with a determination to spare no exertion to give satisfaction to those who may favour him with their orders to merit a continuance of public patronage & support Executes in the most fashionable manner, Mirrors, Chimney & Pier Glasses, bordering for Rooms, Bed & Window Cornices. Needle Work, Paintings, Drawings, Prints etc. framed; Old Frames re-gilded, & Prints varnished etc. NB. Ornamental Frames executed, Figures bronzed, & Paintings cleaned with care.

Bell, J. W., Westgate, Rotherham, Yorks., cabinet manufacturer and u. Trade card noted at Grosvenor House Antiques Fair, 1985. Probably James William Bell.

Bell, James, Windsor, Berks., u (175758). Took app. named Massey in 1758. [S of G, app. index; poll bk]

Bell, James, Lancaster, u (180607). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bell, James, Westgate, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1833). [D]

Bell, James, Liverpool, u (1831). App. to John Pemberton in 1831. [Liverpool app. reg.] Possibly:

Bell, James, 50 Hotham St, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Bell, James William, High St, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (183437). [D] See J. W., John, Jonathan & Son, and Thomas Bell.

Bell, John & Pick, Robert, address unrecorded, cm. Mahogany breakfront bookcase, c. 1750, known bearing two of their labels. [V & A archives]

Bell, John, Petergate, York, cm (1771d. 1786). Advertised in the York Courant, 2 March and 7 July 1771. Polled at York, 1774. Sale of stock after death announced in the York Courant, 31 October 1786.

Bell, John, 3 French Row, Old St, London, turner in general (1808). [D]

Bell, John, York, carver and gilder (1813). Son of Christopher Bell; app. to Robert Tomlinson, carver and gilder on 6 September 1813. [York app. reg.]

Bell, John, Westgate, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (181420). [D] See James, Jonathan & Son and Thomas Bell.

Bell, John, Haggersgate, Whitby, Yorks., carver and gilder (1823). [D]

Bell, John, Norwich, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (182239). Recorded in Goat Lane, 182230; and in Middleton's Ct, with house in Gregory St, 183639. [D]

Bell, John, Dundas St, Hungate, York, cm (1823). [D]

Bell, John, Walworth St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, turner and bed post carver (1827). [D]

Bell, John, Thorngate, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D] Possibly the John Bell, carpenter of Barnard Castle who made new pews for the church in 1813. [Durham RO, D/St/V 612]

Bell, John, High St, Stockton-on-Tees, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182732). [D]

Bell, John, Main St, Cockermouth, Cumb., joiner and cm (1829). [D]

Bell, John, New Rd, St Ann's, Newcastle, cm (1834). [D]

Bell, John, Old Market Pl., Barton-upon-Humber, Lincs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Bell, John, Liverpool, cm (183539). Addresses at 3 St John's Village, 1835, and at no. 6, and 31 Duncan St East, 183739. [D]

Bell, John, 3 Berkeley St, London, water gilder (1835). [D]

Bell, John Thomas, 17 Old St, London, picture and lookingglass frame maker (183539). Trading also at 5 Hatfield St in 1839. [D]

Bell, Johnson, Harrington, Workington, Cumb., cm and joiner (182934). [D]

Bell, Jonas, Rastrick, Halifax, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bell, Jonathan & Son, Westgate, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (1822). [D] See James, John and Thomas Bell.

Bell, Joseph A., 32 Horsefair, Birmingham, cabinet carver and chairmaker (1835). [D]

Bell, Lawrence, 31 Old Compton St, London, upholder (1790 93). [D]

Bell, M., Ropemaker's Alley, Moorfields, London, cm (176061). Philip Roscoe, a non-freeman at M. Bell's was employed for 3 months each year by John Arrowsmith. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 2, pp. 231, 253, 310, 353]

Bell, M., 41 Eagle St, Red Lion Sq., London, cm and dealer in mahogany (179093). [D]

Bell, Marchant M., King St, Richmond, Yorks., veneer and cm (181330). Recorded in the Richmond PR(bapt.) in 1813. [D]

Bell, Michael, 6 Marchmont St, near Russell Sq., London, cm (1807). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 13 November 1807 for 300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 441, ref. 809797]

Bell, Philip, St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm and upholder (175874). Successor to Elizabeth Bell and almost certainly her son. His father was probably Henry Bell who also traded at the same address. For a time he traded in partnership with Elizabeth Bell but appears to have been in sole charge by 1758. Initially he used the trade sign of The White Swan as his predecessors had done, but it was in his period of trading that numbering was introduced to this part of London. Initially the premises appear to have been numbered 18 St Paul's Churchyard but this was soon changed to 23. He was a member of the Vintners Co., but there is no evidence to show that he adopted any other trade than that of cm. In 1758, 1761 and 1764 he took out licences to employ limited numbers of non-freemen, never more than three. The trade labels used by Henry and Elizabeth were considered out-dated and he employed Matthias Darly to engrave a new one which reflected the Rococo taste of the age. This featured illustrations of a fine cabinet in the Chinese Chippendale taste, an upholstered chair and a pole screen. The text indicated that he performed funerals (Fig. 16). These labels were used to identify products of his workshops and have been found on a wide range of furniture. One such label is endorsed Removed to No 9 Paternoster Row, Near Cheapside though no other reference to such a move has been noted and he appears to have been still trading from 23 St Paul's Churchyard until 1774 when Henry Kettle took over, proclaiming himself to be Bell's successor. Philip Bell took as app. William King, 1766 74.

By the period that Philip Bell occupied the St Paul's Churchyard address the centre of the fashionable furniture trade had moved west to the St Martin's Lane and Soho areas. The labelled pieces of furniture known are in the main serviceable rather than highly fashionable and there is little evidence of important commisions for the gentry and aristocracy. The notebooks of Nathaniel Ryder, 1st Lord Harrowby of Sandon Hall, Staffs. record payments to Bell between 27 March 1762 and 23 July 1774 but none of the amounts are large. The total for the seven payments made is only 52 8s 6d and the only items specified are a dressing glass and three chests of drawers, two of these being noted as for Shiplake. Labelled pieces are mostly of mahogany and include chests of drawers, a clothes press, tallboys, a secretaire tallboy, a Pembroke table, a medicine chest, a bureau bookcase, a tripod reading stand and a toilet mirror on a base of three drawers. Limited acknowledgements of mid 18th-century fashion were made. One chest of drawers with canted corners had these carved with blind fret, while a tallboy with restrained Gothic decoration is known. [D; DEF; GCM; Heal; Harrowby MS Trust, Notebooks; GL, Upholders Co. records; City Licence bks, vols 2, 4; Conn., vol. 88, p. 169, April 1969, p. 243, July 1977, p. 22; Apollo, May 1966, p. 405; Antique Collector, 1935, p. 275, September 1974, p. 71; Antique Collector's Guide, January 1973, p. 36; J. Kirk, American Furniture and the British Tradition to 1830, Pl. 1451; Christie's, 10 October 1968, lot 56; 9 July 1970, lot 87; 19 January 1978, lot 11; 23 October 1980, lot 29; Parke-Bernet, NY, 19 February 1966, lot 134; Phillips, 31 July 1973, lot 83; Sotheby's, 31 July 1964, lot 410; 10 January 1969, lot 157; 20 November 1970, lot 154; 26 May 1972, lot 28] B. A.

Bell, Richard, New St, St Ann's, Newcastle, joiner and cm (183238). An R. Bell of Newcastle was declared bankrupt, Chester Courant and Advertiser for North Wales, 17 July 1832. [D]

Bell, Richard, George Lane, Botolph Lane, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bell, Robert, Lancaster, joiner and cm (172751). Admitted freeman as a joiner, 172728. Took app. as joiner and cm on 9 May 1738 and on 27 May 1751. [Lancaster freemen rolls and app. reg.]

Bell, Robert, 29 Minories, London, cm and u (17881804). Recorded at 22 Minories in 1789. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Bell, Stephen, Northgate, Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182734). [D]

Bell, Thomas, Stone Cutter's St, parish of St Bride, London, cm (1729). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 July 1729 for 300 of which stock in trade in dwelling house accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 29, ref. 48160]

Bell, Thomas, Kingsland Rd, London, cm (1808). [D]

Bell, Thomas, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1823). [PR(bapt.)]

Bell, Thomas, Tynemouth, North Shields, Northumb., u (1827). [D]

Bell, Thomas, Westgate, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (1830). [D] See James, John and Jonathan Bell & Son.

Bell, Thomas, York, cm (1829). Son of Hannah, wife of Edmund Palphraman; app. to Isaac Pape, cm and u, on 2 February 1829. [York app. reg.]

Bell, Thomas, Cartergate, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Bell, Wallis, Beverley, Yorks., cm and auctioneer (178499). Trading in Graburn Lane, 1791, and Laregate, 1792. [D; poll bks]

Bell, William, near Stockbridge, Northumb., and Newcastle, joiner and cm (17871811). Recorded near Stockbridge, 17871801, and at Old Flesh-market, Newcastle, in 1811. [D]

Bell, William, Market Rasen, Lincs., cm, chairmaker and joiner (1813). App. to Henry Wakelin of Market Rasen in July 1813. [Hull app. reg.]

Bell, William, Newgate St, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182734). [D]

Bell, William, 26 Gt Winchester St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bell, William Worthington, 158 Fleet St, London, water gilder (1776). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for 500 on a house in Northampton. [GL, Sun MS vol. 253, p. 114]

Bell & Moore, see Daniel Bell.

Bellamy, , address unrecorded (1734). Named in the Holkham Hall accounts in 1734 supplying a large gilt frame for Lord Thanet's picture costing 6, and 2 picture frames costing 6 6s. [V & A archives]

Bellamy, Henry, Solihull, Staffs., chairmaker (1755). Took app. named Taylor in 1755. [S of G, app. index]

Bellamy, John, Sanvey Gate, Leicester, carpenter, turner and joiner (176775). Took app. named William Hall in 1767. Announced auction of stock in trade, including Claw tables, set, of chairs etc, Leicester Journal, 1775. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Bellamy, Joseph snr, London, upholder (d. by 1731). His son Joseph admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony on 13 July 1731. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bellard, Henry, Windmill Yd, Manchester, cm (180002). [D]

Bellard, Robert, Liverpool, cm (1760). Petitioned freedom as freeborn son of Edward Bellard, cow keeper, paying 3s 4d. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Bellatti, Charles, High St, Burton-on-Trent, Staffs., carver and gilder (1818). [D]

Bellat(t)i & Son, G., Stodman St, Newark, Notts., carver and gilders (183241). [D]

Bellchambers, Stephen, 8 Union St, Walcot Pl., London, chair and sofa maker (182728). [D]

Bellerby, John snr, Micklegate, York, u, cm and undertaker (b. 1782d. 1827). App. and journeyman to William Hawkin. Freeman by 1811. [York Courant, 1 July 1811; 20 November 1815] Advertised in York Gazette, 3 July 1819. Death reported in York Gazette, 16 June 1827 aged 45 at 14 Micklegate. Successor, Thomas Hands, announced, York Gazette, 30 June 1827. He took John Bellerby jnr as app. Bellerby snr took apps named Joseph Waterhouse, 12 August 1809; John Blakey, 25 July 1811; Richard Carter, 1 June 1814; John Alexander Beilby, 14 September 1818; and Marmaduke Maw, 26 April 1826. [D; York freemen rolls and app. reg.]

Bellerby, John jnr, York, cm (182730). Recorded at 118 Walmgate in 1830. Son of John Bellerby, cm, deceased; app. to Thomas Hands, cm and u, on 6 July 1827. [D; York app. reg.]

Bellerby, John, York, chairmaker (1833). Son of George Bellerby; app. to Richard Baynes & Francis Duffill, chairmakers, on 8 October 1833. [York app. reg.]

Bellerby, Thomas, 2 Bishop Hill, York, joiner and cm (1823 38). [D]

Bellerby, William, Clifton, York, joiner and cm (183038). [D]

Bellet, A., Old Town, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1814). [D] Possibly Anthony Belletti.

Bellett, John, London, upholder's warehouseman (176883). Recorded at 22 Leadenhall St, 177078; at 12 St Mary Axe, 178081, in partnership with William Bellett (a former app.); and alone at 13 St Mary Axe in 1783. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption on 3 August 1768. Recorded in Ireland, 17941802. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Bellett, William, St Mary Axe, London, upholder's warehouseman (1778). Son of Hugh Bellett of Sampford Arundell, Somerset, app. to John Bellett. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 4 February 1778. In partnership with John Bellett at 12 St Mary Axe, 178081. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Belletti, Anthony, Treville St, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1822). [D]

Belletti, Joseph, London, cm and u (182629). Addresses given at 50 Long Alley, Finsbury Circus, 182627; 51 Long Alley, Moorfields, 182728; and 40 Skinner St, Finsbury Mkt, 1829. [D]

Bellhouse, David jnr, Garratt Rd, Manchester, cm (1840). [D]

Bellingham, , address unrecorded, u (19th century). Name inscribed under a set of chairs and sofa also stamped JS at Felbrigg, Norfolk.

Bellingham, Edward, High St, Maidstone, Kent, u (183237). [Poll bks]

Bellingham, John, St Ann, Soho, London, cm (1761). Discharge from Debtors Prison announced in London Gazette, 12 September 1761.

Bellingham, William, address unrecorded, upholder (174956). Son of William Bellingham of Christ Church, Spitalfields, victualler; app. to William Jones jnr on 1 June 1749. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 1 July 1756. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bellino, John & Co., Dale St, Liverpool, carvers, gilders, print sellers and looking-glass manufacturers (180507). [D]

Bellion, James, Bread St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1818). [D]

Bellis, Edward, Chester, cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Bellison, , Newark area, Notts., cm (1774). The Newark Town Hall account books of 1774 record a commission to make 4 mahogany card tables at 30/ a piece according to pattern produced.

Bellwood, John, 11 Rupert St, Haymarket, London, cm (1821 23). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 26 September 1821 for 150 on household goods in private dwelling house, no cabinet work done therein; and on 7 November 1823 for 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 983507; vol. 498, ref. 1010061]

Bellwood, William, Heighington, near Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Bellworthy, John, London, u (182638). Recorded also as cm at 5 and 6 Queen's Buildings in 1826, and also as appraiser at 5 Newland Pl. in 1838. [D]

Bellys, Benjamin, Liverpool, u (1780). Admitted freeman on 13 September 1780. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Belongaro (or Bolongaro), Dominic, Manchester, carver, gilder, print seller, ladies repository for fancy painting, barometer and looking-glass maker (181740). Trading at 2 Old Millgate, 181732; 32 Market St in 1839; and 14 Market St in 1840. A Banjo barometer and thermometer of mahogany with satinwood marquetry of conches and paterae, and inscribed DOMINIC BOLONGARO 2 OLD MILL GATE MANCHESTER is owned by Manchester City Art Gallery. [D]

Belotti & Gugeri, Andrew, London, barometer, thermometer, looking-glass and picture frame manufacturers (182336). Addresses at 15 Upper Union Ct, Holborn Hill, 182329, and 16 Charles St, Hatton Gdn, 183036. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Belshaw, Edmund jnr, Liverpool, cm (180205). Admitted freeman on 8 July 1802. Took app. in 1802 named Samuel Sharrat, who petitioned freedom in 1818. Recorded in partnership with William Belshaw, 180304 in Commerce Ct, Lord St, with shop and manufactory in Whitechapel, Liverpool, in 1805. Firm declared bankrupt and sale of stock announced, Liverpool Chronicle, 30 January and 3 April 1805. Stock comprised mahogany chairs, card & dining Tables, wardrobes, Lady's Do. with Book-case, Desks, Chest of Drawers with Basins, Stands, Clock-cases, Clocks & Cases, painted Chairs, Bedsteads etc. All the STOCK, TIMBER, etc., Consisting of mahogany Planks, Boards, & Veneers, Feather do. Oak, Ash, Maple, Birch, Deal Planks & Boards; Chests of Tools, Turners Lathe & Tools, Benches etc.. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Belshaw, William, Liverpool, cm (17961812). Indenture dated 179697. In 1806 and 1812 he petitioned freedom on servitude to Samuel Chubbard, but each application was rejected, not having served his whole term. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Belshaw, William, 22 Chester St, Birkenhead, Cheshire, cm (183439). [D]

Belson, White, George St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (1830). [D]

Beltshire, Thomas, 4 Harrow St, Lant St, Southwark, London, carver (1835). [D]

Belton, William, Northgate, Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Benbow, Thomas, 20 Holiday Yd, Creed Lane, London(?), frame maker (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for 100 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 270, p. 376]

Bence, George, High St, Wells, Som., cm (1830). [D]

Bence, John, 2 College St, Southampton, Hants., cm (1836). [D]

Bendall, John, Strutton Ground, Westminster, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Bendall, Mathew, Old Bethlem, London, upholder (177280). Son of Mathew Bendall; app. to Edward Shipman on 4 November 1772. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 July 1780. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Benge, Samuel, 19 Devreux Ct, Strand, London, u (177679). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1776 for 200 on his house; and in 1779 for 200 on 38 Essex St, Strand. [GL, Sun MS vol. 249, ref. 369903; vol. 272, p. 525]

Benham, Harvey, Church St, Whitchurch, Hants., chairmaker etc. (1830). [D]

Benifold, , Chatham, Kent, u (1807). [Maritime Imperial Guide]

Benifold, John, Chatham, Kent, cm (1790). [Poll bk] John Bennifold, cm and u, took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1783 for 1,100 of which utensils, stock and workshop accounted for 650. [GL, Sun MS vol. 317, p. 385] See John Bonifold.

Benifold, Thomas, Chatham, Kent, u and cm (1793). [D]

Benifold, W., St Margaret's Bank, Rochester, Kent, cm (1803). [D]

Benifold, W., 25 High St, Chatham, Kent, cm and u (1806). Sale of stock by auction announced, Maidstone Journal, 12 August 1806, of Home Manufactured CABINET & UPHOLSTERY FURNITURE of Mr. W. Benifold leaving that line of business Purchasers may be given 3 months credit at interest on puchases over 50.

Benison, E., 1 Devonshire St, Queen Sq., London, japan furniture manufacturer (1813). [D]

Benjamin, Abraham, 30 Minories, London, u (1820). [D]

Bennel, Henry, King St, St James's, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Bennell, James, Colchester, Essex, carver and gilder (183032). Recorded at East Hill in 1832. [D; poll bks]

Bennet, Henry, London Rd, Spalding, Lincs., cm and u (1835 41). [D]

Bennet, J., Camberwell Green, London, cm and u (182223). [D]

Bennet, John, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Bennet, John, Liverpool, u (1835). App. to Bartholomew Tyrer in 1835. [Liverpool app. reg.]

Bennet(t), Joseph, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (180004). Recorded at 1 Stanley St in 1800 and 2 Batchelor St, 180003. Relinquished his business in favour of Sharples & Rainford, cm and u, of 4 Haymarket, who had extensive knowledge & practice in the finest houses in London. [D; Liverpool Chronicle, 22 February 1804]

Bennet, Richard, Fore St, Topsham, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Bennet, Samuel, London, trade unrecorded (1779). The accounts of Hafod House, N. Wales, July 1779, record payment for a table of 1 16s 4d. [Twiston-Davies & Lloyd Johnes, Welsh Furniture, p. 6]

Bennet, Stephen, Bristol, carver (171539). Trading in Castle Precincts, 172122; parish of St Stephen in 1734; and parish of St James in 1739. [Poll bks]

Bennet, Thomas, London, cabinet app. (1756). App. to Charles Tutop of St Margaret, Westminster in 1756 for 15 15s. [V & A archives]

Bennet(t), Thomas, Belford, Northumb., cm, u and bell hanger (182734). [D]

Bennet(t), Thomas, Totness, Devon, cm and u (183038). Recorded at Lower Main St in 1830 and Fore St, 183738. Headed invoice showing Regency period furniture and trees framing an inscribed oval is preserved at the MMA, NY. [D; voters list]

Bennet(t), William, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (182734). Trading at E. King St in 1827. [D]

Bennett, Charles, 29 Broad St, Ramsgate, Kent, carver and gilder (1838). [D]

Bennett, David, 22 Garden Row, London Rd, London, cm (1808). [D]

Bennett, David, 58 Blackman St, London, furniture broker, u and cm (181925). [D]

Bennett, Edward, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Derbs., cm (179798). [D]

Bennett, Edward, London, carver, gilder, looking-glass and picture frame manufacturer (180939). Recorded at 28 Northampton St, Clerkenwell, 180911; 28 St John's St Rd, 1809; and 6 St John's St, 181639. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 April 1809 for 200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 446, ref. 830227]

Bennett, George, Gloucester, cm (1740). Took app. named Goldsmith in 1740. [S of G, app. index]

Bennett, George, St Philip and Jacob, Bristol(?), cm (1742). Took app. named Harris in 1742. [S of G, app. index]

Bennett, George, Clarence Terr., London Rd, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (183840). [D]

Bennett, Henry, Bow St, Bloomsbury, London, carver (1783). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1783 for 100 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 313, p. 353]

Bennett, J., 9 Wyndham St, New Rd, Marylebone, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Bennett, James, 4 Gt Marlborough St, London, u (1808). [D]

Bennett, James, 10 Broker Row, Moorfields, London, u (1814 15). [D]

Bennett, James, 106 Fore St, Exeter, Devon, u and auctioneer (181624). [D]

Bennett, John, Newgrove, Mile End, London, upholder (17941801). Son of Charles Bennett of Wellclose Sq., London, hair dresser; app. to John Preston on 2 April 1794, and then to Thomas Savile on 7 February 1798. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 May 1801. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bennett, John, 5 Chapel Path, Sommers Town, London, clockcase and cm (1808). [D]

Bennett, John, 77 Broad Quay, Bristol, cm and u (1809). Declared bankrupt, Exeter Flying Post, 9 November 1809. [D]

Bennett, John, 62 Crosshall St, Liverpool, cm (1823). [D]

Bennett, Jonathan, Fore St, St Austell, Cornwall, cm and u (182324). [D]

Bennett, Joseph, Boston, Lincs., chairmaker (1761). Took app. named Melton in 1761. [S of G, app. index]

Bennet(t), Joseph, 164 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, upholder, cm and chairmaker (180417). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 19 July 1804 for 350 of which utensils and stock accounted for 250; and on 6 July 1809 for 500 of which stock and utensils accounted for 250, and open shed, stock and utensils in open yard, 150. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 764331; vol. 448, ref. 832636]

Bennett, Joseph, London, cm, u and mathematical instruments maker (180839). Recorded at East Harding St in 1808; 45 Goldsmith Row, Gough Sq., 182223 and 1829; and 10 East Harding St, 182335. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 17 April 1822 for 400 on his dwelling house only; on 6 June 1822 for 400 of which stock and utensils accounted for 160; on 24 August 1820 for 300 of which stock and utensils accounted for 110; and on 10 February 1823 for 400 on new dwelling house only and 400 on household goods, stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 487, ref. 970735; vol. 489, ref. 993315; vol. 490, ref. 991355; vol. 492, ref. 1001259, 1001260]

Bennett, Joseph, 35 Major St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Bennett, Joseph, Bilston, Staffs., chairmaker (181834). Trading at Crown St in 1818. [D]

Bennett, Joshua, 17 Little Windmill St, London, cm and u (182223). [D] See Thomas Bennett.

Bennett, Peter, Mariner's Ct, Sykes St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1839). [D]

Bennett, Richard, 6 Portland Pl., Brighton, Sussex, chairmaker (182333). Son George Kenwood bapt. on 7 December 1823, and daughter Ellen on 3 March 1833. [D; E. Sussex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Bennett(s), Richard, Devonport, Devon, painter, glazier, carver, gilder, picture frame maker and victualler (1826). Sued as Richard Bennett, and listed under Court for relief of insolvent debtors, 13 June 1826, The Alfred. Case for insolvency adjourned to next circuit, Exeter Flying Post, 13 July 1826.

Bennett, Robert, Lee Crescent, Birmingham, Windsor and fancy chairmaker (1839). [D]

Bennet(t), Samuel, at the Sign of the Cabinet, Lothbury, London, cm (c. 1695d. 1741). The name of this accomplished craftsman and the words LONDON FECIT are found inlaid on two high-quality bureau-bookcases, on the pilasters framing the doors (Fig. 5). One of these, formerly in the Donaldson Coll. is veneered in burr elm, and the lower stage is bomb in the Dutch style. The other, now in the V & A, is veneered in burr walnut and decorated with arabesque marquetry. A label found in the drawer of a third walnut bureau at H M Legation to the Holy See in Rome reads: This cabinet was made by Samuel Bennett at the Sign of the Cabinet in Lothbury. He Maketh and Selleth all kinds of Fine Cabinet-Work and Looking-Glasses, at Reasonable Rates. A china cabinet veneered with oyster walnut and laburnum, c. 1695, inlaid on the inside doors SAMUEL BENNETT and MONMOUTH SQUARE is recorded in the collection of Viscount Rothermere. [Cescinsky & Gribble, English Furniture and Woodwork, p. 276] Took out Sun Insurance policies on 30 September 1723 for 300 on goods and merchandise in The Cabinetmaker's warehouse in Paul's Alley, Red Cross St, and in the yard; and on 10 October 1729 for 1,000 on stock in trade in his dwelling house. [DEF; GCM; V & A archives; Conn., vol. 141, 1958, p. 83 (illus.); Fastnedge, English Furniture 15001830, p. 296; Wills, English Furniture 15501760, p. 191, pl. 24; p. 185; C. Life, 23 January 1942, p. 169; GL, Sun MS vol. 17, ref. 29950; vol. 29, ref. 48902]

Bennett, Samuel, Gloucester, cm (1757). Took app. named Williams in 1757. [S of G, app. index]

Bennett, Samuel, 29 Lamb St, Bristol, cm (1775). [D]

Bennett, Thomas, Chester, u (1721). Son of Joseph Bennett of Chester, surgeon, defunct; admitted freeman on 12 October 1721. [Chester freemen rolls]

Bennett, Thomas, London, upholder (172686). Trading at 2 St Anne's Passage, Noble Ct, 177886. Son of Thomas Bennett, barber; app. to William Kemp on 23 August 1726. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 February 174647. Took app. named James Birt, 175769. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Bennett, Thomas, 133 Long Acre, London, cm (1774). [D]

Bennett, Thomas, 50 Lower East Smithfield, London, cm and u (1814). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 12 May 1814 for 1,000 of which stock, utensils and goods in trust accounted for 700. [GL, Sun MS vol. 462, ref. 893786]

Bennett, Thomas, Norwich, u (181939). Addresses at Livingstone's Ct, Market Pl., 1830; Broad St, St Giles, 1836; and St Giles St, St Peter Mancroft, 1839. App. to John Ling and admitted freeman on 30 May 1819. [D; Norwich freemen reg.]

Bennett, Thomas, Load St, Bewdley, Worcs., cm (1820). [D]

Bennett, Thomas, Little Windmill St, London, bedstead maker (182027). Recorded at no. 17 in 1820, and no. 18, 182627. [D] See Joshua Bennett.

Bennett, W. C., Durdham Down, Bristol, turner and cm (1835 40). [D]

Bennett, William, Wokingham, Berks., cm (177798). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 200 of which 100 accounted for stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 255, p. 490]

Bennett, William, Liverpool, cm (180334). Trading at Temple St, Dale St in 1804 and 166 Upper Frederick St in 1834. [D]

Bennett, William, Gorst Stacks, Chester, cm (181826). Admitted freeman on 13 May 1818. [Chester freemen rolls; poll bks]

Bennett, William, Stamford St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., painter, gilder, joiner, builder, auctioneer and appraiser (1824). [D]

Bennett, William, Merton(?), Devon, cm and window blind manufacturer (1826). [D]

Bennett, William, London, carver and gilder (182939). Addresses given at 2 Fisher St, Red Lion Sq. in 1829, and 8 Princes St, Bedford Row, 183539. [D]

Bennett, William, Deptford, Kent, featherbed maker and furniture broker (1838). [D]

Bennett & Co., 3 Jamaica Terr., Limehouse, London, cm (1820). [D]

Bennetto, Edward, High St, Falmouth, Cornwall, cm and u (1830). [D]

Bennington, George, Hull, Yorks., cm (1799). [Beverley poll bk]

Bennington, George, 5 Sarah Rd, Old St Rd, London, carver in wood, cm (1839). [D]

Bennington, Henry, address unrecorded (176569). Supplied a bedstead for Burton Constable, Yorks. [Humberside RO, DDC/40/4, day bk]

Bennington, Michael, Cambridge, chairmaker (1755). Eldest son of Michael Bennington, chairmaker. Admitted freeman in 1755. [Cambs. RO, Corp. day bk, p. 656]

Bennington & Co., address unrecorded, lampmakers (1832). On 13 August 1832 supplied 24 ornamental double branch socket lights for lustres in Library and Drawing Room for Windsor Castle, costing 29 6s. [PRO, LC 11/77]

Bennion, George, Chester, cm (174784). Trading in Windmill Lane, 1771, and Gorse Stacks, 1784. App. to Thomas Calkin of Chester, cm. Admitted freeman on 14 July 1747. [Chester freemen rolls; poll bks]

Bennion, Joseph, Manchester, cm (182528). Recorded at Old Bridge St with house at 3 Brown's Pl., Salford in 1825; and Paulden's Ct, Salford in 1828. [D]

Bennison, John, 9 Stable St, Manchester, cm (1794). [D]

Bennison, Thomas, 8 Devon(shire) St, Queen Sq., London, japan furniture manufacturer (180620). [D; C. Life, 23 April 1964, p. 1004]

Bennison, William, Baxtergate, Whitby, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Benois, F., address unrecorded. On 10 October 1814 supplied to the Prince Regent 2 cabinets ornamented with Florentine marble, mounted in ormolu, costing 1,000, another costing 500, and a small toilette box, 50. Another bill of the same date includes one small japanned screen, costing 8. [Royal Household accounts, PRO, LC 11/18]

Bensley, John, High St, Maidenhead, Berks., cm (1830). [D]

Bensley, Thomas, Montague Close, Southwark, London, glass grinder (1770). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy in 1770 for 400 on warehouses. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 110, p. 23]

Benson, , London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Benson, Abram, 24 Peter's Lane, Liverpool, cm (181314). [D]

Benson, Jabez, 39 Warwick St, Golden Sq., London, lookingglass and picture frame maker (181939). [D]

Benson, James, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm (182341). App. to William Rollett in February 1823. Recorded at Bridge St in 1841. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Benson, John, High St, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner and cm (183437). [D]

Benson, Joseph, St John St, Clerkenwell, London, japan furniture manufacturer (180325). Trading at no. 202, 180308 and no. 132, 181925. Recorded as Benson & Co., Royal Japan Manufacturers in 1820. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 11 May 1805 for 3,000 of which utensils in painting workshop accounted for 2,000, in cabinet workshop, 500, and in open shed and drying room, 500. Took out another policy on 17 October 1808 for 400 on household goods, including musical instruments, pictures and prints. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 426, ref. 747602; vol. 444, ref. 821767]

Benson, Joseph, Temple St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (181618). [D]

Benson(e), Obadiah, E. side of Corbett's Ct, N. side of Brown's Lane, Spittalfields, London, turner (170716). Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies on 12 April 1707 and on 14 May 1716 each for 100 on the above rented house. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 5, ref. 12958; vol. 16, p. 212]

Benson, Thomas, Gelderd's Yd, Highgate, Kendal, Westmld, chairmaker and turner (180529). [D]

Benson, Thomas, York, chairmaker (1820). Admitted freeman in 1820. [York freemen rolls]

Benson, Thomas, York, cm (1828). Son of Joseph Benson, glass cutter; app. to William Wilson, Sarah Carlton, Job Clarke and William Mowbray, cm, on 17 September 1828. [York app. reg.]

Benson, Thomas, 23 Greenfield St, Whitechapel, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1839). [D]

Benson, W., Christchurch, Hants., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Benson, William, Cross Lane, Long Acre, London, cm (1740 74). App. to Richard Wood of York from 1 May 174047, very possibly meeting Chippendale as co-app., and later becoming his foreman in London. Benson was blamed for neglecting the firm's business in October 1768 owing to the death of his wife and brother, which took him into Yorkshire for six weeks. Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. A Benson commode is recorded in the V & A archives. [Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 25; York app. reg.; poll bks; Heal]

Benson, William, Liverpool, cm (17961800). Trading at 1 Sir Thomas Ct, Dale St in 1796, and 25 Highfield St in 1800. [D]

Benson, William, Fisher St, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner and/ or cm (1837). [D]

Benstead, James, Northampton St, Cambridge, cm (183440). Child bapt. in 1834. [Cambs. RO, St Clement's PR (bapt.); poll bks]

Benstone, Daniel, Dudley St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm and chairmaker (1770). [D]

Bent, Daniel, Kingswinford, Staffs., cm and u (1834). [D]

Bent, Daniel, Brierly Hill, Stourbridge, Worcs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Bent, Joseph, 27 Drury Lane, London, cm and broker (1783). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1783 for 400 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 240. [GL, Sun MS vol. 313, ref. 478475]

Bent, Thomas, opposite Bridewell Bridge, Fleet Ditch, London, bed-joiner (1749c. 1760). Trade card c. 1760, shows ponderous scrolls, tassells and finials surrounding inscription. [Banks Coll., BM; London rate bk]

Bent, William, 2 Court, Bristol St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Bentham, Joshua, Lancaster, chairmaker (178796). App. to J. Tyson in 1787 and admitted freeman, 179596. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Bentle, James, Norwich, Norfolk, chairmaker (1756). App. to Isaac Hoyle of Norwich, chairmaker, for 5s in 1756. [V & A archives]

Bentley, James, Bow St, Hanley, Staffs., cm (1822). [D]

Bentley, James, High St, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs., cm and u (183435). [D]

Bentley, James, Selby, Yorks., cm (1822). App. to George Brook of Selby in October 1822. [Hull app. reg.]

Bentley, James, 41 Mason St, Hull, Yorks., with home at 17 Charlotte St., joiner and cm (1838). [D]

Bentley, John, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm, toyman and turner (1805 39). Addresses given at Buttermarket, 180507, and Falcon St, 1839. [D]

Bentley, John, Dean's Gate, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., u and tailor (1822). [D]

Bentley, John & Joseph, Bury Lane, Bury, Lancs., cm (1834). [D]

Bentley, Michael, Knottingley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Bentley, Richard, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm, u and original French polish maker (182028). Trading at no. 71, 182023, and no. 194, 182628. [D]

Bentley & Booth, Caroline St, Stayley Bridge, Lancs., cm, joiners and timber merchants (1825). [D]

Bentley & Co., 69 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1823). [D]

Benton, Charles, Market Rasen, Lincs., joiner and cm (1822 26). Trading at Oxford St in 1826. [D]

Benton, Edward, 19 Providence Row, Finsbury, London, bedstead maker (183539). [D]

Benton, J., 19 Holywell Row, Shoreditch, London, bedstead maker (182223). [D]

Benwell, , address unrecorded, upholder. In June 1801 the account books of 2nd Lord Braybrooke of Audley End, Essex, mention payment to Benwell of 1 18s. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A376]

Benwell, Charles, Reading, Berks., cm, u and auctioneer (17841826). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1784 for 2,000. Trading in Minster St in 1820 and Friar St in 1826. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 321, ref. 490180]

Benwell, Thomas, Southampton, Hants., cm, u and auctioneer (182339). Recorded at 57 High St, 182324; no. 56 in 1830; and Bernard St, 183439. [D]

Benyon, John, Founders Hall Ct, Lothbury, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Benyon, Joseph, Old Bridge St, Manchester, cm (1822). [D]

Benyon, Richard, Manchester, upholder (178188). Trading in Canon St, 1781, and Back King St, 1788. [D]

Benzie, James, London and Tenterden, Kent, cm (180139). Recorded at 1 Baker St, North Portman Sq., London in 1801; 1 Charlotte St, Rathbone Pl. in 1808; and High St, Tenterden, 183839. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 21 May 1801 for 300. Polled at Maidstone, Kent in 1831. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 718382] A Mr Benzie, cm, subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Berberry, T., 10 King St, Bryanston Sq., London, cm (182223). [D]

Berbouse, Matthew, 32 Chandos St, London, cm (179093). [D]

Beresselaer, John, at The Three Crowns, in the Strand against Southampton St, London, cm (d. 1733). [Heal]

Berkley, William, West End, Kirbymoorside, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Bernard, Abraham, Wood St, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warks., cm (1828). [D]

Bernard, Arthur, Back Parliament St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Bernard, Charles, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1754). Took app. named Roe in 1754. [S of G, app. index]

Bernard, John, London, u (16971701). In 1697 supplied to St Paul's, London, 12 high fine Russia Leather Chaires, 1 Great Chaire, 50 velvet cushions, 2 great Chaires, frames of walnut finely carved, the bill totalling 129 12s 6d. Further bills survive, for 63 18s, 11 9s for curtains etc.; and 32 0s 8d in 169899 for one great chair and 12 caned chairs. [Wren Soc., vol. xv, pp. 3637, 42, 48] Acted as third party in the lease of a messuage in Latchford in 1701. [Oxford RO, Misc. A1 I/1]

Bernard, John, Liverpool, u (1710). Admitted freeman on 19 January 1710. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bernard, John Cowley, Park St, Chester, cm (181218). Admitted freeman on 3 October 1812. [Chester freemen rolls and poll bk]

Bernardeau, Daniel, at Ye Golden Coffee Mill in St Martin's Ct, near Leicester Fields, London, hardwood turner and oval frame maker (c. 175053). His trade card, embellished with a frame of foliate scrolls, flower swags, and trellis centring on a mask, reads, Dan1. Bernardeau, Late Apprentice to Mr. Storer at Snow HillMakes all Sorts of Fine Bowling Green Bowls of which he has great Choice at his Shop at ye GOLDEN COFFEE-MILL NB. Likewise Makes all Sorts of Fine Mahogany Stands for China Dishes & Turns all Sorts of Oval Frames &c. [Heal] Mr Bernardeau, turner, carried out work at Felbrigg, Norfolk, being paid 2 12s 6d on 11 January 1753. [Norfolk RO, Felbrigg papers, WKC 6/37]

Bernardi (or y), Peter, London, picture frame maker, lookingglass silverer and weather-glass maker (17921800). As Bernardy of the Castle or Gt Saffron Hill he took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 July 1792 for 100 of which utensils and stock accounted for 52. As Bernardi of 22 Chick Lane, West Smithfield, he took out insurance for 300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 388, p. 246; vol. 418, ref. 700434]

Bernardin, Joseph, 12 Little Carter Lane, London, u (183539). [D]

Berridge, William, 6 St Thomas's Tents(?), St Thomas's, London, cm (1793). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 18 July 1793 for 150. [GL, Sun MS vol. 395, p. 534]

Berridge, , St George's Row, St George's Fields, London, cm (d. 1803). Suicide and coroner's verdict of lunacy reported, Gents Mag., June 1803.

Berrington, James F., Chester, cm (181826). Addresses at Frodsham St, 181819, and Love St, 1826. [Poll bks]

Berrington, John, Liverpool, cm and victualler (181334). Addresses at 2 Preston St in 1816, no. 3 in 1818, no. 5, 1821 23, and 5 Sydney St, St James's in 1834. [D]

Berringon, William, Chester, cm (181219). Recorded at Cow Lane in 1818; and St. Martin's Pl. and Bowling Green in 1819. [Poll bks]

Berrington, William, Chester, cm (181628). Recorded at Werburgh Lane in 1816 and Werburgh St, 181828. [D]

Berrisford, John, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., upholder (1784) [D]

Berrow, Henry, London, upholder (1699d. by 1723). Recorded in 1714 having removed from The George & Mitre in King St to The Crown in Bow St. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 5 July 1699. Dead by 1723. [GL, Upholders Co. records; Heal]

Berrow, John, London, u (171829). Trading in Bucklersbury, St Stephen Walbrook, 1729. Son of Richard Berrow, Rector of Blanham, Beds. App. to William Ventris on 5 June 1718 and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 23 March 1726/27. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 13 August 1729. [GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 28]

Berrow, Lancelot, parish of St Nicholas, Bristol, u (172122). [Poll bk]

Berry, , Dover St, London, cm (1772). Supplied furniture to Sir J. Stanley, Bart, costing 82 2s 1d in 1772. [V & A Lib., MS 86B96]

Berry, E., address unrecorded (1776). Provided Henry Hoare with velvet chairs costing 24 3s 6d on 1 March 1776. [Hoare's Bank, London, private accounts]

Berry, Edward, Liverpool, carver (1839). App. to Alexander Wells in 1839. [Liverpool app. reg.]

Berry, George, Church St, Hackney, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Berry, Henry, 5 Edgware Rd, Paddington, London, cm and broker (182022). Recorded at 5 Paddington Buildings in 1821. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 2 February 1820 for 100 of which stock, utensils and goods in trust accounted for 80; on 27 June 1820 for 200, stock, utensils and goods in trust accounting for 150; on 12 March 1821 for 300 of which stock, utensils and goods in trust accounted for 150 and workshop, 70; and on 13 March 1822 for 400, stock and utensils accounting for 150 and workshop, 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, ref. 962841; vol. 483, ref. 968277; vol. 487, ref. 978278; vol. 493, ref. 989385]

Berry, James, Bristol, picture frame maker (181937). Addresses given at Mardyke, Hotwells, 181924; 47 Mardyke, 182528; and 11 Rosemary St, 183237. [D]

Berry, John, London, upholder (1761). [Canterbury freemen rolls]

Berry, John, 84 Castle St, Bristol, u (177584). [D; poll bks]

Berry, John, 129 Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1789). [D]

Berry, John, 131 Fleet St, London, sworn upholder and carpet warehouse owner (17991803). Son of Edward Berry of Newland, Oxon., Narrow weaver, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption on the recommendation of Mr. Deputy Herring on 6 March 1799. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Berry, John, 3 Ryley's Gdn, Liverpool, u (183435). [D]

Berry, Joseph, St Michael's Hill, Bristol, furniture japanner (1814). [D]

Berry, Robert, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (181420). Trading at Westgate in 1814, and Bridge St, 181820. [D]

Berry, Thomas Henry, Clarence St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm, u and appraiser (1830). [D]

Berry, Thomas, Market Sq, Aylesbury, Bucks., cm and u (183039). [D]

Berry, Thomas, Church St, Romsey, Hants., cm and auctioneer (1840). [GL, Sun MS vol. 269, ref. 1340368]

Berry, William, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, cm (1821). Daughter Sarah Ann bapt. on 29 April 1821. [Kent RO, PR(bapt.)]

Berry, William, Chester, cm (182640). Trading at Bridge St in 1826 and Oulton Pl. in 1840. [D; poll bk]

Bersselaer, John, at The Three Crowns, over against Southampton St in the Strand, London, cm (1712d. 1733). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 25 December 1712 for his good, and on 4 October 1728 for 600, 400 on his premises and 200 on his glass in trade. Took app. named John Rylance on 4 July 1717. In 1733 he died and his goods were sold. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 150; vol. 27, ref. 45497; PRO, IRI/5; Harris, Old English Furniture]

Bertell, , Gt Russell St, London, cm (1759). Mentioned in Public Advertiser, 11 January 1759 regarding the sale of a house, particulars to be had from Mr Bertell.

Bertie, William, 68 Norfolk St, Sheffield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Bertie & Nichols, 79 Norfolk St, Sheffield, Yorks., carvers and gilders (1833). [D]

Bertin, James Charles, 39 Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, London, chair and sofa maker (182939). [D]

Berles, Rob., Nottingham, cm (1791). Signed the Nottingham Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791, on behalf of the masters.

Bertram, C., 8 Devonshire Buildings, Gt Dover St, London, u (1839). [D]

Bertram, William, 100 Dean St, Soho, London, u (1839). [D] Brass-inlaid mahogany kneehole desk in French style recorded in private collection with stamped name and address on edge of central drawer. Marquetry side cabinet with serpentine front, pair of drawers enclosing shelves, short ormolu-mounted cabriole legs, and inlaid on satinwood ground with urns, flowers and military trophies is also recorded. [Sotheby's, 10 May 1968, lot 165]

Berwick, Anthony, Scarborough, Yorks., raff merchant and cm (1781). [D]

Besfield, R. & J., Pottergate St, St Gregory's, Norwich, Norfolk, cm, u and mahogany merchants (1822). [D]

Besley, Robert, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (181236). Addresses given in Market Pl., 1814, and Exeter St, 182324. [D]

Bessant, , address unrecorded (1755). The Holkham Hall accounts record payment of 4 14s 6d for 4 walnut drawers in 1755. [V & A archives]

Besset, John, Broker's Row, Moorfields, London, cm (178081). Trading at no. 5 in 1780 and no. 24 in 1781. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1780 for 700 on houses, and in 1781 for 200, 150 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 285, p. 16; vol. 294, p. 282]

Best, Mrs, address unrecorded (1718). Mentioned in the private accounts of the Countess of Jersey on 17 June 1718 supplying a Dutch Stoole costing 3s. [PRO, C111/54, pt. 1]

Best, , address unrecorded (1734). Provided a wainscot pair of chests of drawers costing 1 8s for Holkham Hall in 1734. [V & A archives]

Best, , address unrecorded, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Best, Charles Frederick, 60 Berner's St, Oxford St, London, upholder, estate and house agent (181537). [D]

Best, George, Beverley, Yorks., cm, (1740). Supplied two dozen chairs in 1740 for Burton Constable, Yorks. [C. Life, vol. CLIX, pp. 147680]

Best, George, George St, Richmond, Surrey, carpenter, cm, u, paper hanger and undertaker (182234). Trade card shows Regency period furniture and drapes framing inscription. [D; Landauer Coll., MMA, NY]

Best, John, St Columb Major, Cornwall, cm, u, general furnishing warehouse, auctioneer and agent to the Royal Exchange Fire Office (17981839). Advertised in the Royal Cornwall Gazette, 29 August 1801 for a sober, steady footman who must understand breweing etc. In that year he purchased several dwelling houses & premises for 235. [Cornwall RO, DDCF 988/12] Advertised again in the Royal Cornwall Gazette, 31 July 1802. He may be the Mr. Best, upholsterer who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. On 10 March 1806, he advertised in the Sherborne and Devon Mercury To be Let by Private Contract his large front shop, neatly fitted up with circular windows, two parlours, kitchen, and other offices, with six good bedrooms and several closets. And if required the tenant may be accomodated with a large range of workshops and lofts. Best does not seem to have given up trading, since his name occurs in directories in 1824 and 1830, and a pair of late Regency mahogany turned daybeds bear the words John Best 1816 Columb, hand written in pencil on the rails. There may, however, be a John Best jnr, since a cm of that name married Sarah Trevesso Carbis on 29 June 1839. [Cornwall RO, DDCF 992] A mahogany veneered work table with crossbanded borders and stringing is in the Nol Riley Coll. and has John Best's long and informative trade label pasted underneath the lid (Fig. 25). [D; Furn. Hist., 1976, pls 36B and 37]

Best, Joseph, 19 Upper Temple St, Birmingham, cm and u (182830). [D]

Best, Martin, Mason's Ct, Stockton-upon-Tees, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Best, Samuel, St Stephen's, Norwich, cm and u (1822). [D]

Best, William, at The Cabinet, Fleet Ditch near Holborn Bridge, parish of St Andrew, Holborn, London, cm (1722). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 25 July 1722 for 500, house accounting for 150, and goods, 350. [GL, Sun MS vol. 14, ref. 25983]

Best, Read & Co., Lionel St, Birmingham, cabinet, dressing case and portable desk makers (1830). [D]

Bestall & Wildey, Pelham St, Nottingham, u (1834). [D]

Beswick, Anthony, Pickering, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Beswick, Matthew, Manchester, u (181425). Addresses given at 215 Deansgate, 181415; 67 Portland St, 181618; and 19 Garden Ct, Lower Byron St, 1825. [D]

Bethall, Richard, 3 Rotten Row, London, cm (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 100 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 88, p. 313]

Bethel, John & E., 13 Union St, Ancoats, Manchester, cm (1836). [D]

Bethell, James, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm (181722). Recorded as chairmaker at High St in 1820, and as James T. H. Bethell at Sun Yd in 1822. [D; PR]

Bethell, Joseph, 8 East Row, Scott Rd, Hoxton, Newtown, London, cm (1814). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 4 May 1814 for 100, 40 on his house and 40 on stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 462]

Betion, George, Jesus Lane, Cambridge, turner (1819). Child bapt. in the parish of All Saints in 1819. [Cambs. RO, PR(bapt.)]

Betjeman, Gilbert, 18 White St, Long Lane, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Betley, Samuel, Redcross St, Southwark, London, u (180308). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 19 August 1803 for 200, and on 26 October 1803 for 700, stock and utensils accounting for 500. Insurance did not cover the drying of feathers. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 426, ref. 752012; vol. 430, ref. 754090]

Betson, John, Sheridan St, Nottingham, chairmaker (1840). [D]

Betteley, Henry, Liverpool Rd, Burslem, Staffs., cm and u (1828). [D]

Betteley, John, Market St, Hanley, Staffs., cm and u (182835). Recorded at Market Sq. in 1834. [D]

Betteley, Thomas, Market Lane, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Betteley, William, Wem, Salop, chairmaker (1822). [D]

Betterton, Joseph, 21 Aldersgate St, London, house, sign and ornamental carver and gilder (182029). [D]

Bettison, William, Newark, Notts., cm (176790). Advertised in the Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 28 March 1767, for two journeymen cm. Polled at Newark in 1790.

Bettison, William, Castlegate, Grantham, Lincs., cm, u and paper hanger (181928). Trading also as a paper hanger in 1826. [D]

Betton, Charles, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Betton, Richard, Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1796). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Bettoney, John, Oadby, Leicester, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Bettridge, Josh., Worcester Wharf, top of Severn St, Birmingham, English and Foreign Timber Merchant, Mahogany and Rose Wood Veneers, Wood Turner, Carver Bedstead Pillar Manufacturer (1838). Thus reads the heading of a bill dated 19 April 1838 for deal timber supplied to G. Webb of Astwood Court, near Droitwich, Worcs. [Worcs. RO, Vernon papers 7335/705:7/25/622]

Betts, Charles, 10 Gibson St, Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Betts, David jnr, 1 Charles St, Grosvenor Sq., London, u (183537). [D] See George Betts.

Betts, Edward, Butt lands, Wells, Norfolk, chair and cm (1839). [D]

Betts, George, 1 Charles St, Grosvenor Sq., London, u, cm and undertaker (181734). Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 25 February 1834. [D] See David Betts.

Betts, J., Winchester, Hants., cm (183334). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 29 November 1833 and 21 March 1834.

Betts, James, Colebrooke St, Winchester, Hants., u (date unrecorded). [GL, Sun MS vol. 269, ref. 1343945]

Betts, James, St Swithun's St, Winchester, Hants., auctioneer, appraiser and cm (1839). [D]

Betts, James, 5 Porter St, London(?), picture frame maker and hair weaver (1782). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for 100, utensils, stock and goods accounting for 20. [GL Sun MS vol. 304, p. 563]

Betts, James, 53 Stanhope St, Clare Mkt, London, frame maker and gilder (180911). [D]

Bettys, Benjamin, Liverpool, u (17801811). Trading at back 22 Pool Lane in 1790; 24 School Lane, Paradise St, 180003; and 22 School Lane, 180711. Admitted freeman on 13 September 1780. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bevan, Edward, Liverpool, cm (1761d. by 1780). Admitted freeman on 13 March 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bevan, Edward, Air St, Piccadilly, London, carpenter and blind maker (1778). He was granted a patent for his new and peculiarly constructed Venetian Blinds for which he charged at the rate of one shilling per sq. ft. So reads the heading of a bill dated 1778 to Sir Humphrey Morice, Comptroller to the Household of George II. [Heal]

Bevan, George, Oundle, Northants., cm (1840). [D]

Bevan, James, Kidderminster, Worcs., cm (181820). Trading at Barns St in 1818. [D]

Bevan, James, Load (or Lord) St, Bewdley, Worcs., cm, u and trunk maker (182235). [D]

Bevan, James, Hart St, Henley-on-Thames, Oxon., cm and u (1830). [D]

Bevan, John, 5 Little Hermitage St, London, cm (1784). [D]

Bevan, John, Bristol, cm (179495). Recorded at Merchant St, 1794, and Milk St, 1795. [D]

Bevan, Richard, parish of St James, Bristol, carver and gilder (1784). [Poll bk]

Bevan, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1761). Admitted freeman on 23 January 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bevan, William, Shrewsbury, Salop, chairmaker (174161). [Hereford poll bks]

Bevan, William, 130 Piccadilly, London, paper hanging manufacturer, decorator, carver and gilder (182529). Bill of 182728 for wallpapers and painting carried out for Lord Gwydir, London, has the heading: William Bevan, paper hanging manufacturer, manufacturer & dealer in plate glass, ornamental & house painter, carver & gilder, pictures cleaned back lined & restored with the greatest care. [D; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 6/202/67, stock account]

Beven, William, 122 Digbeth, Birmingham, cm (1770). [D]

Beverley, George, Malton, Yorks., cm (182340). Recorded at Yorkersgate in 1840. [D]

Bevil, John, Wandsworth Rd, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Bevill, J., 39 Harleyford Pl., Kennington Common, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Beville, Charles, Old Town, Clapham, London, cm and u (182632). Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 16 September 1831, but listed in a directory of 1832. [D]

Beville, Francis, 48 Wells St, Oxford St, London, u (181339). Four late 17th-century armchairs and three reproductions at Ham House were covered in blue and gold velvet by Beville whose label, inscribed Francis Beville June 8th 1813, was discovered tucked into the webbing of one. He may have made the copies. [D; Furn. Hist., 1974, pl. 3]

Beville, Francis, Town's-end, Kingston, Surrey, u, cm and paper hanger (182239). [D]

Bevin, William, 3 Market St, 3 George's Fields, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Bevington, Fletcher, Cow Lane, Chester, cm (1818). Admitted freeman on 18 May 1818. [Chester freemen rolls]

Bevington, Henry, Liverpool, cm (b. 1753d. 1830). Son of Thomas Bevington, admitted freeman on 14 September 1780. Death reported, aged 77, Liverpool Mercury, 15 October 1830. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bevins, , 122 Digbeth, Birmingham, cm (1777). [D]

Bevins, John, New St, Oundle, Northants., cm/joiner (1823). [D]

Bevis, John, Peterborough, Northants., u (172359). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 19 April 1723 on his dwelling house for 500, and on 13 September 1725 for 500, his house accounting for 300, and kitchens, wool chamber above, stable, wool house and feather chamber, 200. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., August 1748, but trading again by 1752 when he took app. named Wilkinson, and in 1759, Aveling. [GL, Sun MS vol. 15, ref. 28227; vol. 21, ref. 36689; S of G, app. index]

Bew, Josiah, Lambourn, Berks., cooper and turner (1830). [D]

Bewdley, , Fountain Ct, Strand, London, cm (b. c. 1777d. 1802). Suicide, aged c. 25, recorded, Gents Mag., October 1802.

Bewes, John, Lancaster (181540). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Bewick, William, Blackwellgate, Darlington, Co. Durham, u (1827). [D]

Bewsher (or Bewster), William, Manchester, cm (181825). Addresses given at 19 Church St, 181825, and 3 Dale St in 1825. [D]

Bexfield, J., Norwich, cm (1812). [Gt Yarmouth poll bk]

Bexfield, James, Norwich and London, cm (181839). Recorded in London, 1830, and at Golden Ball St, Norwich, 183639. Enrolled as freeman of Norwich on 3 May 1821. [D; poll bks; Norwich freemen rolls]

Bexfield (or Baxfield), John, Norwich and London, cm (1818 31). Stated of Norwich in Gt Yarmouth poll bk of 1818, and of London, 1820 and 183031.

Bexfield, Joseph, Norwich, cm and u (181839). Trading at 103 Pottergate St, 183039. Admitted freeman of Norwich, not by apprenticeship, on 30 May 1821. A Joseph Bexfield is also recorded enrolling as a freeman on 24 February 1831. Former app. George Kew, admitted freeman on 3 May 1834. [D; poll bks; Norwich freemen rolls]

Bexfield, Joseph jnr, Norwich, cm (1830). Admitted freeman of Norwich, not by apprenticeship, on 24 July 1830. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Bexfield, Richard, Norwich, cm (17831830). Addresses given at The Goat, 14 Upper Goat Lane, 180102; Pottergate St, 1810; and Heigham, 1830. App. to Samuel Bream and admitted freeman of Gt Yarmouth in 1783. Polled at Norwich and Gt Yarmouth between 17901831. [D; poll bks; Gt Yarmouth freemen's calendar]

Bexfield (or Baxfield), William, Norwich and London, cm (181831). Stated of Norwich in Gt Yarmouth poll bks. of 1818, 1826, 183031, and of London in 1820.

Beydaels, Philibert, Brompton Pl., London, gilder and leather painter (1669). Advertised in 1669. [Harris, Old English Furniture]

Beyer, James, 13 Broad St, Carnaby Mkt, London, cm and u (177693). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1776 for 1,400, utensils, stock and goods accounting for 800; in 1781 and 1783, each for 2,000, utensils, stock, goods and workshop accounting for 1,500. Probably the James Beyer who provided a Corner Cobert with a Shleid door costing 1 1s, to Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex, in 1772; and a neat Rich Inlaid fire Screen costing 3 3s in 1775. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A30/7, A33/12] Possibly the Mr Beyer, cm, named in the Longford Castle accounts in 1775, being paid 7 17s 6d. [D; V & A archives; GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 446; vol. 290, p. 561; vol. 313, p. 131]

Beyer, James, Gt Portland St, London, cm (1787). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., 1787.

Beyer, James, Shayer St, Manchester Sq., London, u (1796). Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 26 December 1796.

Beynon, Rowland, Manchester, u (178188). Addresses given at Canon St in 1781 and Back King St in 1788. [D]

Bezilley, George, Sandgate, Newcastle, cm and/or carpenter (1788). [D]

Bianchi, John, 16 Tib St, Manchester, carver and gilder (1825). [D]

Bianchi, Nicholas, High St, Braintree, Essex, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Bianchi, Peter, 263 Bradford St, Birmingham, picture frame and looking-glass maker (1839). [D]

Bibby, George, Liverpool, cm (17941805). Recorded at both 11 Powell Sq. and Dale St in 1805. App. to John Eden in 1794 and Edward Myers in 1795. In 1802 he petitioned freedom on servitude to Eden, and by assignment to Myers, paying 6s 8d. Admitted freeman on 7 July 1802. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Bibby, Hannah, Hanover St, Liverpool, upholder (17961827). Recorded variously at nos 2732. [D]

Bibby, Harriet, 28 Hanover St, Liverpool, upholder (1816). [D]

Bibby, John, 7 Hanging Bridge, Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Bibby, Thomas, Prince's St, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (b. 1747d. 1830). Recorded at no. 23, 17901804; no. 21 in 1805; no. 20, 180710; and no. 23, 181121. App. to Joseph Harling and admitted freeman on servitude on 11 September 1780. Death reported, aged 83, Liverpool Mercury, 29 January 1830. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bick, Mrs, Cheltenham, Glos., u (183940). [D]

Bick, John, Upton-upon-Severn, Worcs., cm (1798). Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 11 June 1798.

Bickadike (Bickerdike or Bickersdike), John, Newcastle, cm (173459). Supplied many items to Gibside, Co. Durham, between 18 July 1734 and 31 December 1759, including mahogany chairs, tables, wainscotting, hand boards, walnut tree chairs, wainscotte Tables and Drawers, Beech Plank bought for ye kitchen table, a small glass, and various repairs to furniture. Took app. named Mastermann in 1741. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS, D/St/V986; S of G, app. index]

Bickerdike, John, Gateshead, Co. Durham, cm (175156). Took apps named Thompson in 1751 and Hamilton in 1756. [S of G, app. index]

Bickers, John William, 107 Old St, St Luke's, London, cm and chairmaker (182037). [D]

Bickerstaff(e), Edward, Liverpool, u (1839). App. to William Bickerstaffe. Admitted freeman on 30 July 1839. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bickerstaff, John, 102 Wardour St, London, japanner and gilder (1823). [D]

Bickerstaff(e), William, Liverpool, cm, u and cabinet wood turner (182039). Recorded at 56 Whitechapel and 23 Thomas St in 1823; the former only from 182429; 18 Leece St in 1834; and 10 Whitechapel in 1839. App. to James Gill and admitted freeman on 9 March 1820. As an u he took apps named Edward Bickerstaffe and John Webster in 1823, John Fogg in 1825, Joseph Cuddy, Sidney Heskin and Joshua Ashcroft in 1827, and William Hayes in 1830. As a cabinet wood turner, he took John Jones jnr in 1827. [D; Liverpool freemen reg. and committee bk]

Bickerstaff, William, 2 Little Vere St, Piccadilly, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D] Possibly the Bickerstaff of 2 Little Vine St, Piccadilly, whose trade card reads: CARVER & GILDER, PICTURE CLEANER, FURNITURE JAPANNER and ORNAMENTAL PAINTER, Chairs, Sofas, Commodes, Cornices, India Cabinets re-japanned or repaired. Looking Glass & Picture Frames made to order, old ones re-gilt. Varnishing & polishing. House painting. Graining &c. on lowest terms. [V & A Print Dept, Box GG65, 12875. 3]

Bickley, D., Devonport, Devon, cm (1839). Declared bankrupt, Exeter Flying Post, 24 October 1839.

Bickley, John, Rugeley, Staffs., cm (1741). Took app. named Lea in 1741. [S of G, app. index]

Bickley, John, London, u, cm and gilder (1770). Carried out composition and gilding work at Chatsworth House, Derbs. in the mid 1770s, and in 1777 was paid for furniture and upholstery totalling 1813 10s 6d, including the Bookcase in the Great Apartment, costing 34 17s. [Chatsworth papers, accounts, p. 276; Burlington, June 1980, p. 416]

Bickley, John, Theobald's Row, London, upholder (1784). [D]

Bickley, William, Exeter, Devon, u (1754). Took app. named Grant in 1754. [S of G, app. index]

Bickley, William, Worcester St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., chairmaker and turner (1780). [D]

Bickmore, John, 7 Friar's St, Gt Surrey St, London, carver and gilder (1832). [D]

Biddell, Thomas, Load St, Bewdley, Worcs., cm (1830). [D]

Bid(d)en & Moorey, Ormond Row (or Pl.), Richmond, Surrey, cm and u (182639). [D]

Bidgood, John, Bristol, cm and undertaker (183140). Trading at 23 Limekiln Lane, 183134, and 24 College St, 183540. [D]

Bidman, Joseph, Lancaster, (1797). Named in the Gillow records in 1797 working on a wardrobe. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/97, p. 1340]

Bielby (or Beilby), Matthew, Bridlington, Yorks., cm and u (182340). Recorded in High St, 182334; Queen St, 1828 40; and Quay St in 1840. [D]

Bielby, Richard, 32 Roper St, Hull, Yorks., cm (183839). [D]

Bielby (or Beilby), William, St John's Gate, Bridlington, Yorks., cm and u (182334). [D]

Bielby (or Beilby), William, Willow Gate, Pickering, Yorks., cm and joiner (182830). [D]

Bielefield & Haselden, London, papier mch furniture and looking-glass makers (183340). [Loudon's Encyclopaedia, p. 343; Westminster Ref. Lib., H. 845, pp. 2223; BM, 786m 28, 1 and 2]

Biers & Stringer, 13 Broad St, Soho, London, cm, u and undertakers (1839). [D]

Biffin, James, St Pancras, Chichester, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (182632). In partnership with John and Charles Biffin in East Gate in 1832. [D] Chair of imitation bamboo, c. 1800, recorded inscribed J. BIFFIN. [V & A archives]

Bigbie, James, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (1757). Took app. named Kiddle in 1757. [S of G, app. index]

Bigelston (or Biggleston), William, 19 King St, Soho, London, chair japanner (180511). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 June 1805 for 300 on household goods. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 434, ref. 777142]

Bigg, Thomas, Smith, John & Samuel, James, Peterborough Ct, Fleet St, London, cm and chairmakers (1739). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 March 1739 for 600. [GL, Sun MS vol. 54, p. 342]

Biggam (or Bigham), William, Plumb St, King St, Liverpool, with shop in Brunswick St, cm (180014). [D]

Bigger, William, London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Biggin, William, Liverpool, cm (d. 1814). Death on 22 June 1814 reported, Liverpool Mercury, 5 August.

Biggins, George, Liverpool and Wrexham, Wales, u (174771). Polled at Chester in 1747 of Liverpool, and in 1771 of Wrexham and non-resident of Chester.

Biggins, Griffith, Chester, u (1732). Son of John Biggins of Chester, innholder defunct; admitted freeman on 14 September 1732. [Chester freemen rolls]

Biggins, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (1790). Admitted freeman on 24 June 1790. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Biggs, , Gt Portland St, Oxford Mkt, London, cm and chairmaker (1761). Published statement regarding working conditions, Lloyd's Evening Post and British Chronicle, 30 September to 2 October and 912 October 1761; reply to announcement, British Chronicle, 1416 October 1761.

Biggs, Abraham, Greenwich, London, u (1761). Discharge from Debtors Prison reported in London Gazette, 26 September 1761.

Biggs, Ambrose, 11 Fontenoy St, Dale St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1790). [D]

Biggs, John, 93 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, auctioneer and cm (1811). [D]

Biggs, John, 6768 Milk St, Bristol, carver and gilder (1826 39). [D]

Biggs, John, Holloway Pl., Holloway, London, u etc. (1838). [D]

Biggs, Joseph, 16 and 18 Castle St, Birmingham, cm and joiner (176781). [D]

Biggs, Richard, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 180141). Seven children bapt. between 182436. Aged 40 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR(bapt.)]

Biggs, Thomas, 57 Rathbone Pl., Oxford St, London, cm, portable desk manufacturers (182029). [D]

Biggs, Thomas, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 182141). Aged 20 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Biggs, William, Lyncombe and Widcombe, Som., carver (1784). [Poll bk]

Biggs, William, 31 Conduit St, 30 Ward's Row, London, furniture carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Biggs & Armstrong, 74 Gt Titchfield St, Oxford Mkt, London, cm and u (182037). [D]

Bigmore, Job, 1 White St, London, stained wood, japanned and Windsor chairmaker (1839). [D]

Bignall, Thomas, 1 Robert Terr., Commercial Rd East, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bigrave, John, address unrecorded, upholder (170718). Son of Thomas Bigrave, Cardington Cotton end, Beds., yeoman. App. to John Howard on 6 August 1707. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 February 171718. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bilby, Thomas, Cadogan Mews, Chelsea, London, cm and u (1823). [D]

Biles & Co., Ambrose, Blandford, Dorset, joiners and cm (1732). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 June 1732 for 700, of which 100 accounted for a house in Salisbury St, 100 for workshops and chambers, 50 for household goods, and 450 for stock in workshop. [GL, Sun MS ref. 58077]

Bill, Richard & George, 12, 13 and 14 Summer Lane, Birmingham, with depot at 17 Ave Maria Lane, London, papier mch and japan works (181839). Trade card reads: Japanners & manufacturers of Paper Trays of all shapes, Cabinet Toilette, work & Card Boxes, Tables, Table Tops, Pole & Hand Screens, Tea Chests, Caddees, Quadrille Pools. Card Racks, Snuff Boxes, Pannels of miniature Frames & Veneering & every other Description of Article in Papier Mache. [Bodleian Lib., Oxf., Johnson Coll.; Furn. Hist., 1974] Advertised in Pigot's Nat. and London Directory, 1839, their most splendid specimens of articles .

Billam, Edward, Nesham Sq. and Coronation St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1827). [D]

Billerby, John, Micklegate, York, cm, u and undertaker (1823). [D]

Billes, J., 13 Providence Building, New Kent Rd, London, cm and chairmaker (1837). [D]

Billing, George, opposite Exeter Exchange in the Strand, London, broker and upholder (1753). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 12 October 1753 for 500, 180 accounting for utensils and stock in trade, and 20 for wearing apparel. [GL, Sun MS vol. 102, ref. 137896]

Billing, J. S., 5 St Mary's Hill, cm, u and undertaker. Label recorded on oak low boy, c. 1760.

Billings, John, Drury Lane, Westminster, London, upholder (177476). Probably the Billings London Drury Lane included in a list of fashionable furniture makers compiled by the Duchess of Northumberland, c. 1776. [Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 154; poll bk]

Billingshurst, Edward, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (183739). Trading at King St in 1837 and 125 Western Rd in 1839. [D; poll bk]

Billington, George, Chester, cm (1819). Admitted freeman on 20 October 1819. [Chester freemen rolls]

Billington, John, Southgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm, u, joiner, builder, architect (183037). [D] See William Billington.

Billington, Thomas, Stepney, London, cm (175761). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., June 1757. Discharge from Debtors Prison announced, London Gazette, 7 April 1761.

Billington, Thomas, High St, Manchester, cm (1788). [D]

Billington, William, Southgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm and u (182837). [D] See John Billington.

Billis, Joseph, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Billson, G., 10 Blenheim St, Manchester Sq., London, cm (182627). [D]

Bil(l)son, George, 26 Marshall St, Golden Sq., London, cm and u (182739). [D]

Billson, George, 26 King St, Argyle Pl., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Billson, Thomas, 16 Blenheim St, Oxford St, London, cm (180911). [D]

Billson, Thomas, London, carpenter and cm (183539). Addresses given at 346 Oxford St in 1835, 7 Gt Titchfield St, 1837 and 4 Little Charlotte St, 1839. [D]

Billson, William, 28 Rupert St, Haymarket and 4 Mead St, London, cm and u (182939). [D]

Billups, Thomas, Cambridge, joiner (16701723). Possibly the son of William Billups, he is recorded in the accounts of Christ's College. In partnership with Cornelius Austin in 1711 undertook for St John's College the altering of the bookcase in the Library and the supplying of stools and tables. [Archives of Christ's and St John's Colleges]

Billups, William, Cambridge, joiner (16641688). William Billups is first recorded when, with his father Richard and Cornelius Austin, he signed a contract on 10 January 1664 with Pembroke College to undertake the wainscoting and joinery work for the interior of the new Chapel. Payments are recorded in the accounts of Christ's College to William Billups between 168288. Most are for general joinery work but on 23 January 1682/83 he was paid 5 10s for a dozen and a half Chair frames for ye College Parlour, and for one great Chair frame and for new Tables there. The chairs were upholstered in leather by Thomas Peters. The tables would appear to have been Four Spanish tables listed in the Parlour in an inventory of 1688. [Willis & Clark, Architectural History of the University of Cambridge; archives of Christ's College; Cambridge Royal Commission on Historical Monuments] See Thomas Peters. R. W.

Billyard, William, Beardsall's Row, Retford, Notts., cm (1832). [D]

Bilston, William, Chester, cm (182428). Trading at Trinity St in 1824 and St Werburgh St in 1828. Admitted freeman on 9 October 1824. [D; poll bk; Chester freemen rolls]

Bilton, Peter, Kay's Entry, Blanket Row, Hull, Yorks., cm (1839). [D]

Bilton, Ralph, parish of St Oswald, Durham, spinning-wheel maker (1718). Daughter bapt. on 24 March 1718. [PR (bapt.)]

Binchs, J. D., 40 Willington St, Woolwich, London, cm and u (1838). [D]

Bincks, Andrew, address unrecorded, upholder (1719). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony on 14 October 1719. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Binder, William, Marylebone Rd, London, cm and u (c. 1830). Upholstered easy chair with simulated bamboo frame recorded bearing label.

Bindon, Stephen, Eastbourne, Sussex (c. 1750). Mahogany kneehole desk recorded with the words Stephen Bindon, Eastbourne inlaid in ivory on the centre drawer. Possibly name of owner rather than maker. [Collector's Guide, January 1951]

Binel, Samuel, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Binge, John, 4 Paradise Sq., Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (1797 98). [D]

Bingham, Daniel, Cirencester, Glos., cm (17931833). Trading at Park St, 182223. Children bapt. in 1830 and 1833. [D; PR(bapt.)]

Bingham, David, Cirencester, Glos., cm and u (182230). Trading at Park St in 1822 and Black Jack St in 1830. [D]

Bingham, Davis, Newport St, Covent Gdn, London, carver (1749). [Poll bk]

Bingham, John, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791). Listed in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791.

Bingham, William, Atherstone, Warks., cm, grocer and tea dealer (1793). [D]

Bingham, William, 3 Henrietta St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm, u and paper hanger (182022). [D]

Bingley, , Chester(?), u (1720). Supplied items to Erddig, Clwyd, being paid 1 17s on 13 June 1720 for blew Damask & Double Tick; 1s 6d on 5 December for two or three parcells from Chester; and 11 7s 9d on 21 July for Ruggs etc. May have been Phillip Hunt's man sent to fix upholstery. [V & A archives] Probably either Ralph or Randle Bingley.

Bingley, Gabriel, Salop, u (173247). [Chester poll bks]

Bingley, Ralph, Chester, u (171934). Son of John Bingley of Chester; admitted freeman on 20 October 1719. Took apps named Edward Dodd in 1723, John Bridge, 1730, and John Elrington, 1734. Former app. William Broadbent admitted freeman in 1746. [Poll bk; Chester freemen rolls and app. reg.] Probably brother of:

Bingley, Randle, Chester, u (16971722). Son of John Bingley of Chester, chandler, and app. to Abner Scholes, u of Chester. Admitted freeman on 13 July 1697. Took apps named Hawkins in 1712 and Bennett in 1722. Mayor of Chester, 171920. [Chester freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

Bings, John, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Binigan, George, Chester, cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Bining, William, Bolt Lane, Gloucester, cm and chairmaker, u and hardware dealer (182023). [D]

Binkley, George, 2830 Clumber St, Nottingham, cm, u and furniture broker (183241). Recorded also at no. 2 as cm, u and paper hanger, in 1835. [D]

Binks, Arthur, Sunderland St, Houghton-le-Spring, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Binks, Francis, 13 Crescent Jewin St, and 12 Cripplegate, London, cm and undertaker (181723). [D]

Binks, John, 28 Mason St, Hull, Yorks., cm, u and paper hanger (182629). [D]

Binks, Joseph David, London, cm and u (183239). Addresses given at Green End St, Woolwich in 1834, and Wellington St in 1839. [D]

Binks, Thomas, Catterick, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823). [D]

Binnall, James, 473 Strand, London, frame maker (1786). [D]

Binnington, Christopher, Church St, Hull, Yorks., with home at Raikes St, Dry Pool, joiner and cm (182629). [D]

Binninton, Foster, High St, Bridlington, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Binnington, James, York, carver and gilder (180108). Son of Caroline Binnington; app. to William & John Staveley, carvers and gilders, on 14 August 1801. Admitted freeman by order in 1808. [York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Binnington, James, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorks., app. cm (1822). App. to Richard Binnington in May 1822, not his father. [Hull app. reg.]

Binnington, Richard, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (180331). Recorded at 8 Wellington Mart and 5 Newton St in 1826, and 7 Broadley Sq. in 1831. App. to John & George Chapman of Hull on 14 March 1803 as cm and paper hanger. Trading as Binnington & Shepherd at Newton St, 182123, with home at Leadenhall Sq. Took app. named James Binnington, not his son, in May 1822. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Binns, , address and trade unrecorded (late 18th century). Set of 14 dining chairs stamped BINNS under the seat rails sold Christie's, 29 November 1984, lot 35 (illus.).

Binns, Edward, Middle St, Cloth Fair, Aldersgate, London, cabinet inlayer (1776). Took app. in 1776. [PRO, IRI/37; Burlington, June 1980, p. 416]

Binns, Edward, London, joiner, cm and carver (177284). App. to J. Wakefield in 1772. Admitted freeman of Lancaster, 178283 when stated of London. Polled at Lancaster in 1784, resident of London. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Binns, Edward, Mount St, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm, u and appraiser (17911820). Recorded at 1 Burden St with shop at Mount St in 1791; 99 Mount St, 180311; and no. 102, 181020. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 13 January 1791 for 200, 50 accounting for utensils, stock and goods in trust, 48 for stock in shop in Burden St and 50 for utensils and stock in shop in Mount St; on 17 April 1805 for 1,050, utensils, stock and goods in trust accounting for 450, a house at 10 Mount St in tenure, 100, wareroom behind, 50, and utensils, stock and goods in trust, 50. Took out further policies on 2 April 1807 for 1,050, utensils and stock accounting for 550; and on 14 April 1810 for 2,400, of which house, workshops and goods accounted for 1,800, houses at 10304 Mount St, 500, and warehouse behind, stock, utensils and goods, 100. Submitted a bill in November 1816 for furnishing a house for Lady Viscountess Kirkwale. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and named in his list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D: Sun MS ref. 579092; vol. 434, ref. 775615; vol. 440, ref. 800956; vol. 453, ref. 844451; PRO, C13 710/33]

Binns, Edward & George, 35 Grafton St, London, cm and u (182223). [D] See Samuel & George Binns.

Binns, J., London, cm (182729). Trading at Crown Row, Mile End Rd, 182728, and 4 High St, Stepney, 1829. [D] See Nimrod Binns.

Binns, John, Cowling, near Colne, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Binns, John, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (182736). Son Thomas bapt. on 31 March 1827, and George on 14 December 1836. [PR(bapt.)]

Binns, Joseph, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1745). Took app. named Richardson in 1745. [S of G, app. index]

Binns, Joseph, London, cabinet inlayer, shell and stringing maker, buhl manufacturer (17761829). Addresses given at 24 Duke St, 17921811; 6 Albion Buildings, Bartholemew Close in 1788; and 5 Goswell Rd, Frederick Pl., 181329. Specialised in inlaying, playing a part in the revival of buhl work in London after c. 1822. Trade card, c. 1795, reads Oval Shell & Stringing Maker, Dyed Woods of Different Colours, Oval Inlay'd Tea Trays &c. [Heal Coll., BM] Took apps named Richard Barnes on 2 April 1788, and Thomas Gosling on 12 May 1796, for eight years at 10. [PRO, IRI/ 37] Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and named in his list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; Burlington, June 1980, p. 416] A Joshua Binns, cabinet inlayer, perhaps mis-named, is also recorded at Albion Buildings in 1793.

Binns, Nimrod, Stepney, London, cm and carpenter (182239). Trading at 4 High St, 182224, and Ocean Rd, 183539. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 26 August 1822 for 350, of which 150 accounted for shop, stock and utensils; and on 1 March 1824, for 400. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 995504; vol. 497, ref. 1014522] Probably Nimrod Burns.

Binns, Samuel & George, 35 Grafton St East, 243 High Holborn, and 6 Devonshire St, London, cm, chair and sofa makers and u (182639). Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 24 June 1826. [D]

Binns, Thomas, Sunderland, Co. Durham, u (1765). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., March 1765.

Binns, Thomas, Church Passage, New Compton St, London, cm and chairmaker (178693). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 23 May 1786 for 100, utensils etc. accounting for 40; and on 24 June 1791 for 300, utensils, stock and goods in trust accounting for 190. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [GL, Sun MS vol. 337, p. 346; vol. 373, ref. 584771]

Binns, Thomas, St Giles, London, cm (1790). Took app. named George C. Herbert on 23 February 1790. [PRO, IRI/34]

Binsted, John, High St, Alton, Hants., u and cm (1839). [D]

Binste(a)d, Peter, Winchester, Hants., cm and u (177579). Recorded as Binsted, cm of Winchester in 1775, and as Binstead, u of Winton in 1779. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 for 300 on a house, and in 1779 for 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, p. 267; vol. 274, p. 125]

Binstead, William, North St, Chichester, Sussex, cm and u (182239). [D]

Bintcliff, Charles, Rastrick, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bintliff, George, 173 Stamford St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Birch, , Duke St, London, cm (1741). Death of daughter reported, Daily Post, 7 October 1741.

Birch, Charles, 15 Mercer St, London, carver (177482). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for 300 on a house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 303, p. 647; poll bk]

Birch, Charles, Manchester, cm (180222). Addresses given at 38 John St, Salford in 1802, 11 Bridge St, Manchester, 1814 18, and no. 19, 182122. [D] See Thomas Birch.

Birch, Francis, Uppingham, Rutland, cm (d. 1791). Death reported, Gents Mag., March 1790.

Birch, Geof., Cannock, Staffs., cm, u, paper hanger and manufacturer of the German sprung matresses (c. 182030). Trade card shows sofa, chairs, table, cabinet and domed bed. [Heal Coll., BM]

Birch, George, 1 Lower Pershore St, Birmingham, cm and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Birch, John, Long Acre, London, carver (1774). [Poll bk]

Birch, John, 3 Back Ridgefield, Manchester, cm and billiard table maker (1825). [D]

Birch, John, Shrewsbury, Salop, u and cm (182528). Recorded at Belmont in 1825 and Castle St, 1828. [D; Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Birch, Joseph, Church St, Birmingham, gilder (1818). [D]

Birch, Josiah & Son, address unrecorded, u (1785). Supplied items to Mr Jackson, Nassau St, Soho, London in March 1785. [PRO, C107/67]

Birch, Thomas, Farnham, Surrey, cm (1811). [D] See William Birch.

Birch, Thomas, 20 and 26 Bridge St, Manchester, cm (1824 29). [D] See Charles Birch

Birch, William, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1829). Married Elizabeth Capper on 13 April 1829. [Chester RO, PR]

Birch, William, Castle St, Farnham, Surrey, cm and u (1838 39). [D] See Thomas Birch

Birchall, Daniel, 4 Sweeting St, Liverpool, cm (1830). App. to John O'Neill. Admitted freeman on 18 November 1830. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Birchall, James, 33 Strand, London, carver, gilder, print seller and dealer in glass (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 1,400 of which utensils and stock accounted for 500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 119] Possibly:

Birchall, James, 473 Strand, London, carver, gilder, frame maker and print seller (178389). Trade card shows two classical figures supporting oval frame with text, in which Birchall offers German glasses for large prints and drawings. [D; Banks Coll., BM]

Birchall, Sophia, 2 Hartlam St, Liverpool, u (1834). [D]

Birchall, Thomas, Liverpool, carver and gilder (180714). Addresses given at 47 Gascoigne St in 1807; 29 Leeds St, 1810; 27 Leeds St, 1811; and 6 Scotland Rd, 181314. [D]

Birchall, William, address unrecorded, upholder (174660). Son of John Birchall, Carshalton, Surrey, gardener; app. to William Witton on 5 February 1756, and to Thomas Ridgeway, Skynner, on 11 January 1752. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 8 July 1760 by servitude. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Birchall, William, Queen Sq., Bath, Som., u and cm (177093). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for 1,400, of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 1,010. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 242, p. 613] See Thomas Bird. Advertised in Bath Chronicle, 25 January 1770 that he was from London and had just set up business. In December 1777 he was employed by Bath Corporation to make a pattern settee for others to follow and in 1778 was paid 68 13s 6d for settees he covered in crimson check. [Bath Corp. records] See Thomas Bird.

Birchall, William, Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, u (181821). Recorded at no. 9 in 1818 and no. 55 in 1821. [D]

Birchell (Birchall?), , address unrecorded, u (178081). Carried out work at Corsham Court, being paid 125 on 23 October 1780, and 44 on 29 December 1781. [Wilts. RO, Paul Methuen's Day Bk, 176095]

Birchnall, James, Leicester, cm, carver and gilder (182940). Trading in the parish of St Nicholas, 182935, and at West Bridge, 1840. [D]

Bird, Benjamin, Downham, Norfolk, cm and auctioneer (1793). [D]

Bird, Benjamin, 9 Bateman Row, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bird, George, address unrecorded, upholder (171421). Son of George Bird, clothier of Holdridge, Devon. App. to John Staples on 21 July 1714. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 December 1721. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bird, George, St Paul's Sq., Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Bird, Henry, 56 Burgate St, Canterbury, Kent, cm and broker (182338). [D]

Bird, Isaac, Penrith, Cumb., cm (17981811). Trading at Old Post Office Lane in 1811. [D]

Bird, James, address unrecorded, cm and u (177980). Carried out upholstery work, furniture repairs and supplied items for Mrs Harper in October and November 1779, totalling 4 8s 6d, including a Toilett Table, 6s 6d, and three mahogany window blinds, 12s. [Worcs. RO, Palfrey Coll., 3762/6866:31, vol. 1]

Bird, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (178490). [Beverley poll bks]

Bird, John, 247 Whitechapel Rd, London, chairmaker (180911). [D]

Bird, John, St John's, Worcester, cm (1835). Admitted freeman on 1 December 1835. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Bird, John Soale & Taylor, James, Bath, Som., cm (1832). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 13 January 1832.

Bird, Joseph, London, cm, u and undertaker (182639). Trading at 8 Crombies Row, Comrel Rd, 182627, and 24 New North St, Finsbury, 1839. [D]

Bird, Peter, High St, Stourbridge, Worcs., cm, u and gilder (181822). [D]

Bird, Richard, Risbygate St, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1836). [Poll bk]

Bird, Robert, Huntingdon, chairmaker (1780). App., aged 14, to John Barnes of Huntingdon on 18 April 1780. [Hunts. RO, HB 13/10]

Bird, Robert, Rowcliffe Lane, Nether End, Penrith, Cumb., joiner and cm (182834). [D]

Bird, Samuel, Liverpool, upholder (1737). Son of Joseph Bird, yeoman. App. to Thomas Hale for eight years in 1737. [Liverpool app. reg.]

Bird, Stephen, Redcliff St, Bristol, cm and broker (1795). [D]

Bird, Stephen, Castle St, Bristol, mangle press maker, auctioneer and broker (17991800). [D]

Bird, Stephen, 11 Little Russell St, Drury Lane, London, cm, broker and auctioneer (1802). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 20 May 1802 for 500 of which 400 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 424, ref. 732103]

Bird, Thomas, Bath, Som., upholder, auctioneer and undertaker (178494). Trading in Queen Sq., 1784, and 34 Broad St, 1794. Declared bankrupt, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 14 December 1789, but trading again by 1794, the date on his trade card which reads T.BIRD from Mr. Birchalls, No. 34 Broad Street, Bath, within a Rococo cartouche embellished with items of furniture. [Banks Coll., BM] See William Birchall of Bath.

Bird, Thomas, 67 Bromsgrove St, Birmingham, carver (1823). [D]

Bird, Thomas, Ryland's Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, u (1835). [D]

Bird, Thomas, 106 Wardour St, Soho, London, with workshop at Hollan St, Blackfriars, cm and u (183940). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1840. [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 1335128]

Bird, William, at The Rocking Horse, just without Newgate, London, turner (1724). [Heal]

Bird, William, High St, Dudley, Worcs., cm and u (183040). [D]

Bird, William jnr, New St, Dudley, Worcs., cm and u (1840). [D]

Bird, William Edward, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1786). [Notts. RO, index of burgesses]

Birdsall, Thomas, York, cm (1819). Son of Thomas Birdsall, deceased. App. to Hugh Rusby, cm, on 22 March 1819. [York app. reg.]

Birket(t), Henry, Lancaster, cm (176886). Took apps on 4 August 1769 and 14 April 1772. Son admitted freeman, 178586. [Poll bk; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Birket(t), Thomas, Lancaster and Manchester, cm (17591801). Admitted freeman of Lancaster 175960. Polled at Lancaster in 1768 as Thomas snr, so that it is presumably either snr or jnr who is named in the Gillow records between 1786 and 1801, in 1786 working on a chest, and in 1799 as from Manchester. [Poll bks; Lancaster freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/93, p. 380; 98, p. 1534]

Birkett, Edmundson, Liverpool, u (181839). Addresses given at 60 St Thomas Buildings in 1821; 5 Spring Pl., Springfield St, 1823; Upper Bear St, 1824; 32 Hunter St, 1827; 30 Circus St, 1835; 13 Roscoe Lane, 1837; and 20 Bittern St, 1839. App. to George Philander Lyon, and admitted freeman on 11 June 1818. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Birkett, Henry, 5 Old Hall St, Liverpool, u (177277). [D]

Birkett, John, Keswick, Cumb., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Birkett, Thomas, Boroughgate, Appleby, Westmld, cm (1829). [D]

Birkett & Co., 91 Leather Lane, London, looking-glass makers (1825). [D]

Birkhead, Philipson, Henley-upon-Thames, Oxon., (1781), and Reading, Berks., cm (1803). Married Elizabeth Turpin at Rotherfield Greys on 29 November 1781, when he was aged 23. Took out a one-year lease on a property in Watlington. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds; Oxford RO, Misc. Cha 1/2]

Birkit, , Halles St, Clare Mkt, London, cm (1776). Straightfronted chest of five drawers in two contrasting woods, with top formed as a secretaire recorded, inscribed with name, address and date. [V & A archives]

Birkit, Richard, King St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1803). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803.

Birkit, Richard, 24 Dover St, London, upholsterer's foreman (1811). Foreman to John Blease, successor to Seddon, he had lived in Blease's house for over 10 years. [PRO, B3/274]

Birkmayer, Joseph, Liverpool, carver and gilder (183437). Trading at 51 Brownlow Hill, 183435, and no. 47 in 1837. [D]

Birks, Joseph, Price St, Birmingham, picture frame maker (180003). [D]

Birks, Richard, 7 Downing St, Chorlton Row, Manchester, cm, joiner and builder (1825). [D]

Birmingham, Fernando, Chipping Norton, Oxon., joiner and cm (1775). Took app. named Robert Birmingham for seven years in 1775. [Oxford RO, Woot. PC, IX/iii/10]

Birsch, August, 10 Lambs Conduit Passage, Red Lion Sq., London, cm (1785). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 July 1785 for 50 on his house and 30 on utensils and stock in trade. [GL, Sun MS vol. 331, p. 182]

Birt, James, Silver St, Wood St, London, jeweller (175782). Son of John Birt, peruke maker of Leominster, Herefs. App. to Thomas Bennett on 7 July 1757. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 April 1769. Took app. named Richard Dennis, 177482. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Birt, John, Queen St, Oxford Rd, London, u (1774). [Poll bk]

Birt, John, 19 Oxford St, London, u and cm (178587). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 16 July 1785 on household goods, 200, utensils, stock and goods in trust, 600, and on two houses communicating in Portman St, household goods and utensils, 360. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., September 1787. [GL, Sun MS vol. 331, p. 285]

Birtchnall, James, St Nicholas St, Leicester, cm (1828). [D]

Birtchnall, James, Westbridge, Leicester, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Birtchnall, John, Friar Lane, Leicester, cm (1835). [D]

Birtes, William, Swinton, Yorks., joiner and cm (1789). [D]

Birtill, Joseph, Clare St, Bristol, carver and gilder (d. by 1785). Sale of stock in trade after death announced, Bonner and Middleton's Bristol Journal, 25 June 1785, consisting chiefly of modern Glasses in the neatest stile, Gerondoles, a Quantity of Plate Glass, Mahogany Goods, &c. compleat Implements for Silvering and other necessary Fixtures. The House is exceedingly well calculated for the cabinet or Carving Business or both .

Birtle, , address unrecorded (172829). Named in the Holkham Hall accounts supplying in 1728 a mahogany bureau, 1 8s; 2 mahogany tables and 2 screens, 10 18s; and in 1729, a mahogany writing table, 6 6s, and a wainscot dumbwaiter, 1 8s. [V & A archives]

Birtles, Robert, Bottle Lane, Nottingham, joiner and cm (179399). [D]

Birtwistle, Daniel, Padiham, Whalley, Lancs., joiner and cm (1825). [D]

Birtwistle, James, Padiham, Whalley, Lancs., joiner and cm (1825). [D]

Birtwistle, William, Burnley, Lancs., cm, u and joiner (181424). Recorded at Market St in 1814, New Rd, 1816 22 and 5 Market St, 1824. [D]

Bisbrown(e), Cuthbert, Liverpool, cm and builder (176277). Trading at Paradise St in 1766, with wareroom at Temple St, and timber yard at Park Lane, Tythe Barn St. Took app. named Nernon in 1762. Sale of stock after bankruptcy announced, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 24 October 1766, consisting of bricks, wood, and other Articles suitable for Builders, Joiners, Cabinet Makers etc. A large Quantity of Cabinet Furniture, Braziery Goods etc: Belonging to the Estate of Cuthbert Bisbrowne, Printed Catalogues containing the particular Kind of Goods, Quantities and Qualities will be timely dispersed . Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 22 July 1768 announced that his premises in Park Lane have been exposed to public Sale Three Times but as no purchasers appeared at the appointed times, it will consequently occasion great delay in the settlement of his affairs. By 1773 he was trading again, but now as a land surveyor in Back Jordan St, and in 1777 at 1 Bridgewater St. [D; S of G, app. index]

Bisham (or Bispham), John, 30 Windmill St, St Peter's, Manchester, billiard table maker (1840). [D]

Bishop, , Aldersgate St, London, cm (1767). Report that he had been attacked appeared in Public Advertiser, 26 June 1767.

Bishop, , Long Acre, London, from Edinburgh, gilder and carver (late 18th century). Hepplewhite-style oval mirror recorded bearing label which states that he performs carving & gilding in all its branches, viz. chimney pieces, bed posts, chairs, girandoles, ornaments, looking glass frames, picture frames, gilt mouldings for rooms, prints, needlework, framed with fancy glass & maps neatly mounted. Orders expeditiously answered.

Bishop, , Houndsditch, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bishop, , address unrecorded, cm (1812). Paid 2 6s on 4 January 1812 for making tables for Sir John Geers Cotterell, Bart, of Garnons, near Hereford, and Hertford St, London. [Herefs. RO, Garnons papers, W69/III/183] Possibly William Bishop of Hereford.

Bishop, , Black Horseyard, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver (1835). [D]

Bishop, David, 49 Baldwin's Gdns, Leather Lane, London, cm and broker of household goods (181114). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 24 January 1811 for 1,100 of which household goods and workshop accounted for 450, stock and utensils, 250, and houses at 12 Baldwin's Gdns and 2 Leopard's Ct, 400; and on 10 February 1814 for 700, dwelling house and workshop accounting for 300, stock and utensils, 250. [GL, Sun MS vol. 449, ref. 852738; vol. 463, ref. 891180]

Bishop, George, 12 Corner of Queen Sq., Broker Row, Moorfields, London (furniture warehouse), cm, u, appraiser, auctioneer and undertaker (18th century). Trade card states that he Keeps ready made all kinds of Household Furniture, both new & second hand in great Variety, on the most reasonable Terms. NB. Money immediately advanced for any quantity of Goods intended for public or private Sale. [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY]

Bishop, Eli, South St, Crewkerne, Som., cm and u (183940). [D]

Bishop, James, 6 Phoenix St, London, chairmaker (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 21 November 1791 for 100, of which finished goods in dwelling house accounted for 50, and wearing apparel, 50. [GL, Sun MS vol. 382, ref. 591778]

Bishop, John, Bedminster, Bristol, cm (1795). [D]

Bishop, John, South St, Crewkerne, Som., cm (182230). [D]

Bishop, John, Aston Rd, Birmingham, cm, u and carver (1828 30). Recorded also at 34 Bradford St in 1830. [D]

Bishop, John, High St, Lewes, Sussex, chair bottomer (1830). [Poll bk]

Bishop, John, Paradise Row, Maidstone, Kent, cm (183438). [Voters reg. and poll bk]

Bishop, John, 1 Tudor Pl., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bishop, Samuel, Bristol, cm (173954). Recorded in the parish of St Thomas, 1739, and Clifton, 1754. [Poll bks]

Bishop, Samuel, St Michael's, Oxford, u (1768). [Poll bk]

Bishop, Thomas, Stamford, Lincs., cm (b. 1726d. 1801). Took app. named Pulford in 1759. Death, aged 75, reported, Gents Mag., March 1801. [S of G, app. index]

Bishop, Thomas, 183 Church St, Bethnall Green, and 27 Duke St, St James's, London, cm, broker and carpenter (1808). [D]

Bishop, Thomas, Market Pl., Chippenham, Wilts., cm etc. (1839). [D]

Bishop, William, Hereford, cm (1818). [Poll bk]

Bishop, William, 67 James St and 7 Emanuel's Buildings, James St, Devonport, Devon, carver and gilder (183038). Recorded in Ker St, 1838. [D]

Bishop, William Henry, 16 Ann St, Birmingham, cm, u, carpet dealer and paper hanger (182835). Mahogany table reputedly from Sion House, Clent, Worcs. and designed by A. W. N. Pugin, bears Bishop's label. [D; auction at Lawrence's, Crewkerne, Som., 29 September 1983]

Bishop (& Terry), High St, Maidstone, Kent, u and auctioneer (180511). [D]

Bishoprick, Xerxes, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1805). App. to John Stephenson in April 1805. [Hull app. reg.]

Bispham, Edward, Liverpool, cm (176174). App. to Nicholas Cross and admitted freeman on 7 April 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.] Possibly the Edward Bispham who was paid 14s 9d on 4 August 1773 for repairing tables at Dunham Massey, and 14 14s on 24 March 1774 for one mahogany chest and 3 dail chests [John Rylands Lib., Manchester Univ., George Cooke's accounts]

Bissell, Benjamin, address unrecorded, upholder (172230). Son of William Bissell, mercer of Hereford. App. to John Bissell on 1 January 172223, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 January 1729/30. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bissell, John, Towre St, London, upholder (1721). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by order of the Court of Aldermen on 23 May 1721. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bissell, John, Camomille St, London, freeman sadler, by trade carver and coach carver (176368). Employed nine nonfreemen for several months each between 176368. [GL, City Licence bks, vols 36] See Rachell Bissell.

Bissell, Joseph, Liverpool, cm and household broker (182129). Addresses given at 17 Hatton Gdn in 1821; 91 Dale St in 1823; 75 Duke St in 1824; and 74 Dale St, 182729. [D] See Thomas Bissell.

Bissell, Rachell, Camomile St, London, freeman sadler, by trade a coach carver (1770). Employed one non-freeman for three months in 1770. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 7] See John Bissell

Bissell, Roger, Dolphin Inn Yd, Bishopsgate St Without, London, freeman sadler, by trade a carver (177475). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 4 November 1774 for 300 of which utensils and stock accounted for 35 and wearing apparel 80. In 1775 employed one non-freeman for six weeks. [GL, Sun MS vol. 235; GL, City Licence bks, vol. 9]

Bissell, Thomas, Liverpool, carver (182735). Addresses given at 74 Dale St in 1827 and no. 77, 183035. Admitted freeman on 15 November 1830. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.] See Joseph Bissell.

Bisset(t) (or Birset), John, London, cm, cabinet and upholstery warehouseman, sworn appraiser and undertaker (c. 176093). Trade card, c. 1760 [Banks Coll., BM] gives address at Ye Chair & Coffin, Lower Moorfields, and states stocks in Trade And Household Goods of all Sorts Bought, Sold or Appraised. Card has Rococo embellishments and shows Chippendale-style chair and later secretaire. In 1790 warehouse recorded at Brokers Row, Moorfields. [D]

Bissett, Thomas, Liverpool, carver (181930). App. to John Summer in 1819, petitioned freedom paying 6s 8d in 1827, and admitted freeman in 1830. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Bissix, C. & Co., 171 High Holborn, London, bed and mattress maker (182223). [D]

Bissoll, , Worcester, u (17th century). Wing armchair recorded bearing label. [Apollo, June 1975, p. 110]

Bithell, Joseph, Hospital St, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (183037). Married Sarah Williamson on 9 November 1830. Daughter Anne bapt. on 27 February 1833, Mary on 2 February 1837, and son George on 27 March 1837. [Chester RO, PR(bapt.)]

Bitterton, George, Southampton St, Camberwell, London, u (1839). [D]

Bittleston, George, Gravel Lane, Southwark, London, cm and upholder (1820). [D]

Bitton, William, parish of St James, Norwich, cm (183031). [Gt Yarmouth and Norwich poll bks]

Bivet, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Blaber, , 12 Boyces St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1822). [D] Possibly:

Blaber, Oliver, Brighton, Sussex, cm (181824). Recorded at Middle St in 1818, and 1 Regent Hill, 182224. Daughter Ann bapt. at St Nicholas on 3 May 1818. [D; E. Sussex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Blaby, Richard, Banbury, Oxon., cm (177475). Marriage recorded, Jackson's Oxford Journal, 19 June 1774, to the eldest daughter of William Barker of the Red Lion. Same journal, 5 October 1775, recorded sale of freehold estate of 8 stone houses in John Street, two large ones let to Blaby & Knowles.

Blachford, Robert, High St, Salisbury, Wilts., cm and u (1822 30). [D]

Black, Algernon, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Black, Henry, Teddington, Middlx, turner (1770). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy in 1770 for 100, renewed in 1777 by Elizabeth Black. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 110; p. 27]

Black, James, Leeds, Yorks., journeyman cm (1791). Named in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791.

Black, John, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Black, John, Broad St, Nottingham, cm (182835). [D]

Black, John, 33 Ernest St, Regent's Park, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Black, R., London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Black, R., 8 Steven St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Black, Robert, 15 Bateman's Buildings, Soho, London, cm (180911). [D]

Black, Thomas, 18 Greek St, Soho, London, looking-glass manufactory owner (180911). [D]

Blackall, B., 16 Bath St, City Rd, London, bed-pillar manufacturer (182027). [D]

Blackborne, Edward, Lancaster and Liverpool, cm (180107). App. to I. Greenwood in 1801. Admitted freeman, 180607, when stated of Liverpool. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls] Possibly Edward Blackburn(e)

Blackbourne, William, Lancaster, cm (1794). Marriage reported, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 18 August 1794, to Miss Jolly of Mythop at Kirkham. Possibly William Blackburn, d. 1803.

Blackburn, Christopher, York, u (1767). Nephew of Edward Smith; app. to Jeremiah Smith & Matthew Hearon, u and appraisers, 19 January 1767. [York app. reg.]

Blackburn(e), Edward, Liverpool, cm and shopkeeper (181114). Trading at 1 Bean St in 1811 and 32 Hill St, Harrington, 181314. [D]

Blackburn, James, Albion Sq., Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Blackburn(e), John, Liverpool, u (177283). Trading at Fenwick St, in 1772, with warehouse at 12 High St, 177374; and Pownall Sq., 178183. Admitted freeman on 23 July 1772. Advertised, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 17 June 1774, that from an indisposed State of Health, he finds it indispensibly necessary to retire from Business & reside in the Country and he is determined to disperse of his Stock in Trade on exceeding low Terms; consisting of all Sorts of Bed Furniture, Bed Ticks, Superfine Dantzig Feathers, Blankets, Counterpanes, Wilton & Scotch Carpets, Elegant Pier Glasses & Girandoles in Gilt Frames, Pier Glasses in Mahogany Frames, Dressing Glasses in Japan & Mahogany Frames, great variety of Paper Hangings, Fringes all of which are entirely fresh & new & of the best Qualities. He also offered his house and shop with 15 year lease, 13 of which were unexpired. Trading again by 1781. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Blackburn, John, 41 Coalpit Lane, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (182122). [D]

Blackburn, Joseph, West Melton, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Blackburn, R., 7 Green St, Leicester Sq., London, cabinet and case maker (1817). [D]

Blackburn, Richard, Lancaster, cm (175068). App. to Henry Baines in 1750, and admitted freeman, 176566. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; poll bk]

Blackburn, Richard, Delph, Saddleworth, Yorks., cm and u (1822). [D]

Blackburn, Robert, 73 Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorks., chairmaker (1814). [D]

Blackburn (or Blakeburn), Thomas, St Mary's Gate, Manchester, cm (177173). Recorded at no. 14 in 1773. Announced in Prescott's Manchester Journal, 21 December 1771 that he has enter'd on the shop late of Mr. Watkinson's, in St. Mary's Gate, where he intends carrying on the said Business in all its Branches, in the most fashionable Taste and the newest Patterns [He] has on sale A Choice Quantity of Mahogany, both log and plank, Oak Billets, Deal and a parcel of good black Ebony, now lying in a Yard behind the Old Windmill in Deansgate. [D]

Blackburn, Thomas, Lancaster, (17881804). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Blackburn, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (180222). Named in the Preston Guild record of burgesses as son of Edward Blackburn late of Preston, shopkeeper, and as having a son, Edward.

Blackburn, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1832). App. to Thomas Blackburn in 1832. [Liverpool app. enrolment bk]

Blackburn, William snr, Lancaster, cm (b. 1727d. 1793). Admitted freeman, 176465. By 1788 his son William the younger had entered the business. Tombstone in Lancaster Priory churchyard records that he died on 3 December 1793, aged 66. [Lancaster freemen rolls and app. reg.; poll bk]

Blackburn, William jnr, Lancaster, cm (b. 1767d. 1803). Son of William, cm of Lancaster, admitted freeman in 178283. In business with his father in 1788 when Robert Toulmin was taken as app. on 23 July. Tombstone in Lancaster Priory churchyard records that he died on 3 July 1803, aged 36. [Lancaster freemen rolls and app. reg.]

Blackburn, William, London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Blackburn, William, 14 Dean St, Soho, London, chair and sofa maker (182728). [D]

Blackburn, William, Strong's Yd, Wigton, Cumb., joiner and cm (182829). [D]

Blackburn, William, Bristol, coach and cabinet carver (183640). Trading at 9 Brandon St, 183637, and 5 Old Park Hill, 183840. [D]

Blackburne, Elizabeth, Cable St, Lancaster, cm (1808). [D]

Blackburne, Elizabeth, 32 Clayton St, Liverpool, u (181314). [D]

Blackburne, Margaret, 1 Langhorne Pl., Clayton St, Liverpool, u (182123). [D]

Blacket, John, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Blacketer, Thomas, 2 Wych St, Strand, London, frame maker (1839). [D]

Blackett, Henry, Tubwell Row, Darlington, Co. Durham, turner and chairmaker in wood and metal (1827). [D]

Blackett, S., 9 Aldgate High St, London, turner (1796). [D]

Blackhurst, Robert, Preston, Lancs., cm (181625). Addresses given at Roe St, 1816; Cock Yd, Church St, 1818; and 45 Tythebarn St, 1825. [D]

Blackley, John, Liverpool, cm (1780). Petitioned freedom on servitude to Joseph Parke in 1780 paying 6s 8d. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Blacklock, , 79 Park St, London, cm and undertaker (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Blacklock, J., Upper Borough Walls, Bath, Som., cm and upholder (1833). [D]

Blacklock (or Blaiklock), Musgrave, 1415 North Audley St, London, u and cm (180325). Recorded as Blaiklock in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803; and in directories as H. M. Blacklock after 1817, but as H. & M. Blacklock in 1820.

Blackman, James, Mermaid St, Rye, Sussex, cm, u, paper hanger and patten maker (182326). [D]

Blackman, John, 16 Green St, Leicester Sq., London, case and cabinet manufacturer (1837). [D] See Sarah and Robert Blackman.

Blackman (or Blackmore), Sarah, 7 Green St, Leicester Sq., London, cm, case and cabinet manufacturer (1820). [D]

Blackman, Robert, 7 Green St, Leicester Sq., London, case and cm (180828). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 November 1821 with John Benjamin Osborne, and mentioned in other policies taken out in 1823. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 98515; vol. 499, refs 1010727 and 1010709]

Blackmoor, John, Westgate, Rotherham, Yorks., cm (183337). [D]

Blackmore, James, May-Fair, London, u (1749). [Poll bk]

Blackmore, Thomas, 85 Fleet Mkt, London, upholder and cm (17971803). In 1797 acted as 4th party in a one year lease of property in Berks. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 10 November 1803 for 850, of which utensils and stock in dwelling house accounted for 200, and a house at 14 Royal Row, Lambeth in tenure, 400. [D; Oxford RO, Wi I/iii/25; GL, Sun MS vol. 430, ref. 754730]

Blacknell, John, Snowsfields, St Saviour's, Southwark, London, upholder (1760). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy in June 1760 for 200. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 94, p. 49]

Blackshaw, Mary, Flagen Row, Deptford, Wilts., cm (183234). [D]

Blackstock, Peter, London, cm and u (17801808). Addresses given at Littlelark St, Seven Dials in 1780; at the Gridiron, Castle St, Long Acre, 179296; and 24 Knightsbridge, 1808. In 1780 took out a Sun Insurance policy with Robert Duncan for 600 on houses, and on 26 July 1792 insured stock in two houses communicating in Castle St for 800. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 26 December 1796, but trading again by 1808. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 281, p. 307; vol. 389, ref. 603087]

Blackwell, Charles, Stratton, Cirencester, Glos., cm (1830). [D]

Blackwell, E. & J., 59 Union St, Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, carvers and gilders (1830). [D] See F. S. Blackwell.

Blackwell, Edward, Silver St, Cirencester, Glos., cm (182022). Trading at Silver St in 1820 and Castle St in 1822. [D]

Blackwell, F. S., 59 Union St, East Stonehouse, Devon, carver and gilder (1838). [D] See E. & J. Blackwell.

Blackwell, James, Dyers Yd, Wicker, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821). [D]

Blackwell, John, address unrecorded, upholder (172735). Son of Samuel Blackwell, baker of July St, Southwark, London. App. to Edward Hiller on 20 August 1727, and then to James Maulden on 2 April 1729. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 February 1734/35. [GL, Upholders Co. records] Possibly:

Blackwell, John, King St, Snowsfields, St Saviour's, Southwark, London, upholder (176081). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy in June 1760 for 200, renewed on 1 June 1767, 28 June 1774 and 1781. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 94, p. 49; vol. 106, p. 42; vol. 116, ref. 79676]

Blackwell, W, Belvoir St, Leicester, cm (1815). [D]

Blackwell, William, London, cm (1790). On 5 October 1790 received payment of 65 17s 6d for mahogany tables and chairs supplied to Mount Stewart, N. Ireland. [Mount Stewart papers]

Blackwell, William, Castle St, Cirencester, Glos., cm (1830). [D]

Blackwell, William, 34 Long Row, Nottingham, u (1832). [D]

Blackwell, William & Henry, Long Row, Nottingham, cm, u and brokers (183440). Trading at no. 3 in 1835; and Long Row and Derby in 1840. [D]

Blackwell & Son, Long Row, Nottingham, u (1825). [D]

Blackwell, Norgrove & Smagge, address unrecorded, (c. 172530). Supplied chairs for Sherborne House, Glos. [Glos. RO, D678, A/C 1790]

Blades, Thomas, London, cm and u (17741822). Trading in St James's Mkt, 1774; 114 Jermyn St, 179093; and 177 Piccadilly, 180422. In partnership with his son from 17991802, and with Palmer, 180322. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 800, utensils, stock and goods accounting for 300, and workshop for 200. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and named with Palmer in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 287, p. 73] Trade label of BLADES & SON, PICCADILLY recorded on a George III satinwood drop-leaf bonheur-du-jour veneered in rosewood and mahogany with tulip wood banding. [Phillips, 29 July 1975, lot 100; Antique Collecting, September 1975] Portable water closet in mahogany cabinet by Blades & Palmer, c. 1810, recorded with directions for use. [Antique Collecting, April 1979]

Bladwell, John, Bow St, Covent Gdn, London, u, cm and chairmaker (172468). These dates possibly cover two related tradesmen. On 7 December 1724 took out a Sun Insurance policy for 500 on goods and merchandise in his house four doors above the Buck's Tavern in Bow St., the street where he is recorded in the Westminster poll of 1749, and directories of 176367. Earliest commission known is for furniture supplied for the Senate House, Cambridge University, his account dated 1 July 1730 totalling 17 11s 9d, and including two large walnut chairs upholstered in Genoa velvet and Blew Turkey Leather, and a carpet. [Cambridge Univ. Lib., Vice Chancellor's vouchers, 14 (3)] Bladwell's chief patron appears to have been the 4th Duke of Bedford of Woburn, Beds., whom he supplied with various items of upholstery and furniture from 173254. Bills of 1752 include five neat mahogany chairs carved after Lady Holderness's pattern with elbows at 1 17s each. A later account of 1752 describes 6 neat mahogany carved chairs in the Dutch pattern, 12 6s, six neat Chinese chairs, walnut tree, the seats cane, 6 12s, and six neat strong mahogany Pembroke chairs the seats caned, 7 16s. [D; G. Scott-Thomson, Family Background, 1949, pp. 49, 5254; GCM; DEF; Apollo, January 1956, pp. 1012, pls xi, xiii; December 1965, pp. 449, 452] In March 1752 Bladwell provided for the Duchess of Bedford's bedchamber at Woburn, a wainscot bedstead with yellow linen head and tester, and other furniture including French chairs and sofas. In 175354 he supplied further items of bed and seat furniture for Woburn. An account of 1767 shows that he also worked for Francis, Marquess of Tavistock. [Bedford Office, London] Other commissions known are for Felbrigg, Norfolk, where account books record payment in full to Bladwell on 7 July 1756 of 448. [V & A archives] Received several payments from Sir Matthew Featherstonhaugh of Uppark from March 1758 to January 1767, totalling 810 6s. [Conn., November 1967, pp. 16061] Possibly the Bladwell named in the account bks of Sir John Dutton of Sherborne House, Glos., 172829, as being paid several hundred pounds for making up beds, curtains, putting up hangings, supplying sets of chairs, a couch bed, screens, bedding etc. [Glos. RO, Sherborne Muniments D 678 (acc. 1790)] Possibly the Bladwell or Bleedwell who worked at Holkham Hall in 1748, supplying a couch bed and mattress, and in 1750, eight rush bottom chairs and couch and repairing furniture. [V & A archives] Bladwell, u, is recorded on 6 July 1768 in the accounts of Richard Hoare of Boreham House, Essex, being paid 126 13s. [Essex RO, D/DU 649/2]

Blagburn, William, 42 Collingwood St, Newcastle, auctioneer and u (183334). [D]

Blagden, William, Nether-Green, near Sheffield, Yorks., cm, wheelwright and carpenter (1822). [D]

Blain, Arthur, Liverpool, cm (c. 1835). Five late Regency-style mahogany chairs recorded bearing stamps on rails, deeply impressed, A. BLAIN, LIVERPOOL, the maker, and faintly, C. CHATHAM, possibly the firm for which he worked. A mahogany Canterbury, c. 1835, recorded stamped T. & A. BLAIN, LIVERPOOL, possibly relates to Thomas Blain, who was in partnership with A.T. Blain, 183537. [D]

Blain, Joshua, 8 Denmark St, Soho and 10 Little Earl St, Seven Dials, London, turner and bedstead maker (182039). [D]

Blain, Thomas, Liverpool, u and carpet warehouse owner (181637). Address given at 55 Mt Pleasant, 181634; 18 Paradise St, 182737; in partnership with Arbuthnot at 3 Manesty St with shop at 17 Paradise St, 183435; and in partnership with A. T. Blain at 15 Paradise St, 1835, and no. 18 in 1837. Advertised, Liverpool Mercury, 4 July 1828, his CARPET, FLOOR-CLOTH, BED & BEDDING WAREHOUSE, UPHOLSTERY FURNITURE & CABINET ROOMS, where he has ready an extensive stock of BRUSSELS, KIDDERMINSTER & VENETIAN CARPETS of the newest patterns & best fabric, which he is Determined to sell, for cash, at as low rates as any house in the trade. Ship's Cabins fitted up, & Passengers supplied with every Article in the Bed & Bedding line, on moderate terms. N.B. A YOUTH of responsible connexions wanted as an APPRENTICE to the UPHOLSTERY BUSINESS. Mahogany Canterbury c. 1835, recorded stamped T. & A. BLAIN, LIVERPOOL, possibly refers to Arthur Blain. [D]

Blair, James, London, cm (180839). Addresses given at 8 Little St, St Martin's Lane, 180820, with workshop at 22 Queen St; and 3233 King St, Holborn, 182139. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 December 1808 for 300 on household goods at 8 Little St, no work done therein, and 100 on stock, utensils and store in workshop at Queen St. On 7 November 1821 insured his dwelling house at 32 King St for 800. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 445, ref. 823991; vol. 484, ref. 985313]

Blair, Thomas, 7 Wood St, Exmouth St, Spitalfields, London, chair and sofa maker (1829). [D]

Blair & Sons, Liverpool, cm (c. 1800). Small kneehole desk recorded bearing stamp. Made of solid padoukwood presumably imported into Liverpool about the turn of the century and made to the owner's specification. [Antiques Trade Gazette, 1 January 1983]

Blake, Benjamin, 8 Mint St, Southwark, London, cm, u and broker (182039). [D]

Blake, Benjamin, Bridge St, Southampton, Hants., cm and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Blake, Edward, Well St, Buckingham, cm (1823). [D]

Blake, George, Ordnance Row, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm, u, chairmaker and auctioneer (182339). Recorded at no. 24, 182330. [D]

Blake, Henry, The Square, Winchester, Hants., cm (1839). [D]

Blake, James, 12 Berwick St, London, cm and upholder (1816 23). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 23 January 1823 for 400, and on 12 March 1823 for 300, utensils and stock accounting for 150. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 999634; vol. 498, ref. 1001910]

Blake, James, Newlands, Pershore, Worcs., cm (1840). [D]

Blake, John, London St, Greenwich, London, Cabinet Maker & Upholsterer, to Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales & the Duchess of Brunswick. Paper Hanger, Appraiser, Auctioneer & Undertaker (180224). So reads his trade card embellished with the Prince of Wales feathers. [D; Landauer Coll., MMA, NY; Heal Coll., BM]

Blake, John, 29 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, u (182935). [D]

Blake, John, High St, Croydon, Surrey, cm and u (180939). In partnership with William Blake, 180922. [D]

Blake, Richard, Chester, cm (1831). Admitted freeman on 21 April 1831. [Chester freemen rolls]

Blake, Richard, Chapel St, Marlow, Bucks., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Blake, Robert, 11 King St, Snowsfields, London, picture frame maker and gilder (1784). [D]

Blake, Robert, 8 Stephen St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and buhl manufacturer (182639). [D]

Blake, Samuel, Church St, Pershore, Worcs., cm (1840). [D]

Blake, William, Gt St Andrew's St, Seven Dials, London, cm (1784). [Bristol poll bk]

Blake, William, Ryder's tenement, Lemon St, Truro, Cornwall, cm (1800). Lease on above property from Sir William Lemon dated 25 March 1800 when Blake was about 45 yrs., and was to build a good substantial house faced with Ashlar stone and make a garden of Shoot Close. [Cornwall RO, DD WH 1201]

Blake, William, High St, Croydon, Surrey, broker and u (1793 1826). Address given at London St in 1808. Recorded in partnership with John Blake as cm, u, auctioneers and house agents, 180926. Probably the William Blake, cm, who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D]

Blakeley, George, London, bed and mattress maker (182237). Addresses given at 133 Bishopsgate Without, 182228, and 26 Acorn St, 183537. [D]

Blakeman, Solloman, The Barber's Pole, Harthorn's Lane, Strand, London, tablemaker (1712). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 3 July 1712 for his goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 55]

Blaker, Joseph, address unrecorded, upholder (1705). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 1 August 1705. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Blakesl(e)y (or Blaksley), Robert, York, carver, gilder and composition maker (177087). Recorded in Coney St in 1787. Admitted freeman by order in 1776. Took apps named Robert Tomlinson, admitted freeman in 1789; Mark Barfe, freeman in 1784; John Hunsley, later turned over to Robert Tomlinson, freeman in 1795; and Joseph Baskett, freeman of Sheffield in 1795. Much employed by John Carr for ornamental carving and composition work including 3 window cornices carved & gilt with burnished gold at 5.15s.6d. [York app. reg. and freemen rolls; Chatsworth papers, voucher 77, 5/12/85]

Blakesly, William, Micklegate, York, carver and gilder (1781). [D]

Blakeway, Robert, Cornmarket, Shrewsbury, Salop, upholder (1796). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Blakey, George, Bishop Wearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Blakey, John, Gray's Inn Passage, London, cm (1784). [D]

Blakey, John, York, cm (181130). Trading in Tanner Row, 1823. Son of Elizabeth Blakey, widow, of Moreby. App. to John Bellerby, cm and u, on 25 July 1811. Admitted freeman in 1820. [D; York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Blakey, John, Keighley, Yorks., cm and u (183437). Trading in North St, 1837. [D]

Blakey, Thomas, Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Blakey, Joseph, Hull, Yorks., cm (1822). App. to William Silbon in November 1822. [Hull app. reg.]

Blame, John, 11 Bell Yd, Temple Bar, London, carver and gilder (178493). [D]

Blamer, Thomas, Liverpool, u (1834). App. to George Philander Lyon in 1834. [Liverpool app. enrolment bk]

Blamey, J., New Rover Ct, Strand, London, carver, gilder and painter (1808). [D]

Blanch, Samuel, Compton St, Soho, London, cm and u (1749). [Poll bk; Heal]

Blanch, Thomas, Reading, Berks., u (173540). Took apps named Blanch in 1735 and Peeres in 1740. [S of G, app. index]

Blanchard, Andrew, Cornhill, London, cm (1707). Known to be active from advertisements. [Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 19] See Samuel Blanchard.

Blanchard, Francis, 10 Goodge St, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Blanchard, James, Wimborne, Dorset, chairmaker and turner (1823). [D]

Blanchard, James, Bell St, Shaftesbury, Dorset, chairmaker (1830). [D]

Blanchard, James, 32 Peter St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Blanchard, Richard, address unrecorded. App. of William Jackson, he received payment for chairs supplied to the 5th Earl of Bedford by Jackson in 1677. [Bedford Office, London]

Blanchard (or Blarchard), Samuel, Cornhill, London, cm (170513). [Heal] A Samuel Blarchard of London was declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 13 March 1706. See Andrew Blanchard.

Blanchard, W., 15 Wish St, Southsea, Hants., cm and u (1839). [D]

Blanchard, William, Exeter, Devon, cm (181931). Addresses at Holloway St in 1819, and Magdalen St in 1824. Baptisms recorded of daughter Mary Jane, 12 September 1819, son William, 21 March 1824, and daughter Susanna, 13 November 1831, at Holy Trinity. [PR(bapt.)]

Bland, Charles, London, cm and u (167280). Named in the Royal Household accounts as a cm to Charles II. In 1672 he supplied to the King a bed of needlework richly wrought with silver trimmed with silver and gold fringes, with all other necessaryes thereunto belonging bought by His Majesty's especiall command for the service of her Grace the Duchess of Monmouth. At the same time he also supplied two large elbow-chaires of needleworke richly wrought of blew and gold, the other of silver and pinke. In 1680 the king purchased from him a barber's case, covered with purple velvet, and edged with a gold gallone, with scissors and razors tipt with silver, fine ivory, and tortoiseshell combs, horn with a gilt lock. [DEF; PRO, Great Wardrobe Accounts; Conn., February 1934]

Bland, Edward, London, cm (181220). [Colchester poll bks]

Bland, Henry Nicholas, King St, Hammersmith, London, cm and upholder (183239). [D]

Bland, Isaac, Kirkland, Kendal, Westmld, letter case maker (d. 1800). Death reported, with obituary, in Gents Mag., August 1800.

Bland, James, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and case maker for knives razors etc. (178788). Trading in Queen St, 1787, but declared bankrupt in 1788. [D; Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Bland, James, Liverpool, cm (181029). Addresses given at 12 Crosshall St, 181011; Circus St, 181824; and Christian St, 182729. [D]

Bland, John, Hanover Sq., St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, cm (175465). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Took app. named Joseph Elms in 1761 for 5 5s. Took out a Sun Fire policy in 1765 for 1,000. [S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS ref. 221916]

Bland, John, 31 Suffolk St, Birmingham, cm (1823). [D]

Bland, John, West Mill Rd, Ware, Herts., cm and u (1839). [D]

Bland, Matthew, Halifax, Yorks., cm (17931837). Trading at 2 Broad St in 1837. Probably the Bland, cm of Halifax, who subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Bland, William, Low Bridge, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner, cm and builder (182829). [D]

Blandford, William, 29 Bouverie St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Blaney (or Blayney), Thomas, Liverpool, cm (180212). Admitted freeman on servitude to Thomas Savage Tyrer, paying 6s 8d, on 14 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Blass, Daniel, 430 Oxford St, London, upholder (1835). [D]

Blatch, Benjamin, 2 Denmark St, St Giles, London, cm (1808). [D]

Blatchford, Thomas, 50 Redcliff St, Bristol, u and broker (1826). [D]

Blatchley, William, 5 Abbey Green, Bath, Som., fancy cm (1833). [D]

Blaxell, William, 10 James St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Blaxland, Henry, London, upholder (b. 1738d. 1816). Addresses given at Pigg St, near the Royal Exchange, 1770, 177886; 71 Old Broad St, 17751811, and no. 72 by 1813. Son of John Blaxland, farmer of Goodenstree, Kent; app. to William Elliot on 5 August 1762. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 February 1770, and master in 1798. Took apps named John T. Deeble, 177077; John Priestland, 177381; John Kemp, 17851800; and Edward Crispe, 179199. Took son Thomas as app. on 3 September 1794, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude in 1802. Son George admitted freeman in 1808. Trading as Blaxland & Son, 7172 Old Broad St, 180313. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for 5,000, utensils and stock accounting for 500; and in 1783 for 900, utensils and stock accounting for 450. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Death at Camberwell reported in Gents Mag., May 1816, with obituary stating he was deputy of the ward of Broad Street He was for 36 years an active and highly respected Member of the Common Council, and executed the duties of many important offices in the City of London with the strictest integrity. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 270, p. 189; vol. 306, p. 448]

Blaxland, Thomas, London, cm and upholder (17941827). Trading at 72 Old Broad St, 181727. Son of Henry Blaxland, u of London. App. to his father on 3 September 1794, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 2 February 1802. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Blaxley, John, High St, Towcester, Northants., cm/joiner (1823). [D]

Blaxley, William, High St, Towcester, Northants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Blazeby, James, parish of St Stephen, Norwich, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Blazeby, John, Norgate Ct, Norwich, cm (181839). [D; poll bks] Possibly the John Blazeby snr, chairmaker of Norwich, whose will was proved in 1840. [Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills]

Blea, , Swerford, Oxon., Cabinet Maker, Upholsterer, Carver Gilder, Sign Decoration Painter (c. 183040). So reads heading of bill which continues Projecting Word Letters carved, Brass Door Plates etc. Neatly Engraved. [Private coll.]

Blears, Joseph, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (180512). Son Joseph bapt. on 10 July 1805, and daughter Frances on 16 April 1812. [Chester RO, PR(bapt.)]

Blease, Peter, Liverpool, cm (1812). Admitted freeman on 14 October 1812. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bledwell, , Covent Gdn, London, u (1739). Appointed by Dean of Bedford as Church Warden of St Paul's, Covent Gdn, Read's Weekly Journal or British Gazetteer, 28 April 1739.

Blenkhorne, James, Eldon St, Tuxford, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Blenkinsop, Alexander, Leeds, Yorks., cm (182234). Trading at Mill Hill in 1822 and Basinghall St after 1826. [D]

Blenkinsop(p) (or Blenkinshop), Peter jnr, Durham, u (175462). Recorded in Market Pl. before 1762, and Sadler St from 1762. Worked at Gibside for Mrs Bowes, whose accounts record payments on 13 November 1754 of 8 1s 11d for upholsterer's work; on 8 October 1756 for a mahogany close stool, 1 4s 2d; on 4 June 1757 for bed tick, coverlets, blankets etc., 2 8s; on 15 March 1759 for materials for a new bed, 5 10s 4d; and on 11 December 1759, 6 4s 6d. Probably the Peter Blankinsop who subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Published notice of remorse, Newcastle Courant, 20 February 1762, and declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., December 1762. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS, Gibside, D/St/V 148890]

Blenkinsop, Thomas, Newcastle, cm, carpenter and joiner (17571801). Trading in Ballist Hills, 1778, and Pilgrim St, 17901801. Took app. named Haddock in 1757. [D; S of G, app. index]

Blennerhasset(t), Robert, 9 Windmill St, Finsbury Sq., London, and later 13 Bridport Pl., New North Row, upholder and cabinet warehouse owner (180335). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D]

Blent, Charles, High St, Bromsgrove, Worcs., chairmaker (1835). [D]

Bletsoe, James snr and jnr, Oxford, cm and u (fl. until 1759). Partnership of father and son. [Harris, Old English Furniture]

Bletsor, William, Oxford, cm (1746). Took app. named Smith in 1746. [S of G, app. index] Probably:

Blettsoe, William, Oxford, cm (d. 1763). Probate of will dated 15 March 1763. [Bodleian Lib., index of wills]

Blick, Nicholas, Bolton St, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, freeman joiner and by 1713 upholder (170313). Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies on houses in Bolton St on 14 July 1703 for 250 on two tenanted houses in possession of the Countess of Rolliement(?), for seven years; on 18 October 1703 on two tenanted houses for 250 each for seven years; in 1706, 800 on brick houses, let; on 1 March 1706 on three houses for 300 each, one being let; and on 23 September 1713 on four houses for 300 each. Possibly the Blick paid on 20 November 1697 for supplying the Earl of Rockingham with two picture frames and mending an old one. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, p. 539; vol. 2, p. 631; vol. 4, ref. 11817; vol. 5, ref. 12634; vol. 12, p. 148; Lincoln RO, Monson, 10/1/A/19]

Blin, Joshua, 25 St Thomas St, Weymouth, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Blinkhorn, George, Liverpool, u (181120). Indenture dated 1811. Petitioned freedom on servitude to George Philander Lyon, paying 6s 8d in 1820. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Blinkhorn, James Gleed, Northampton St, Cambridge, cm (1840). [Poll bk]

Bliss, William, Bristol, cm (177581). Trading at 29 Horse St in 1775, and in the parish of St Augustine, 1781. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for 300 on his house. [D; poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 248, p. 343]

Blissart, , address unrecorded, turner (1794). Named in the Royal Household accounts on 5 January 1794 being paid 13s. [Windsor Royal Archives, RA 88837] Possibly Edward Blisset.

Blissatt, James, St Dunstan's in the West, London, upholder (176674). Son of James Blissatt, farmer of Thatcham, Berks. App. to Edward Rowley, 2 October 1766, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 August 1774. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Blisset, Edward, 209 Piccadilly, London, turner and toyman (1789). [D]

Blissett, , Marylebone St, Piccadilly, London, u and cm (17901803). Partnered with Mackenzie at no. 57, 179096, and no. 34, 17901803. Subscribed together to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D]

Bliz(z)ard, A. & R., 42 Everett St, Brunswick Sq., London, upholstery and cabinet manufacturers, undertakers (181320). [D] Possibly Allen Blizzard.

Blizard, Richard, Stow-on-the-Wold, Glos., cm (1839). [D]

Blizard & Co., James, 10 New Cavendish St, London, u, cm and undertaker (181639). [D] Possibly father and son of same name.

Blizzard, Allen, 39 Judd St, Brunswick Sq., London, cm (1820). [D] Possibly of A. & R. Bliz(z)ard.

Blizzard, Robert, 7 Guildford Pl., Spitalfields, London, cm (1820). [D]

Block, R., Aldborough, Suffolk, carpenter and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Block, W., 36 Horse St, Bath, Som., chair and cm (1819). [D]

Bloer, William, 14 Dengell St, Clare Mkt, London, cm (1808). [D]

Blofeld, , Turn-again-Lane, near Littlegate, Oxford, chairmaker (d. 1772). Sale of furniture at late Blofeld's advertised, Jackson's Oxford Journal, 12 November 1772.

Blofeld (or Blofield) & Co. Thomas, Red Lion St, Banbury, Oxon., u, cm and auctioneers (177276). Advertised opening of warehouse in Jackson's Oxford Journal, 25 April 1772. Notice on 14 October 1774 of sale of stock of Blofield & Co. on dissolving of partnership; and on 28 March of sale of stock and goods of Thomas Blofield, bankrupt.

Blomfield, Anne, Cambridge, u(?) (1694). Named in St John's College account bks being paid 1 3s 2d for 11 yds. of Holland for Curtains for the Masters Lodge and for rings, tape and making.

Blomfield, John, Baker's Rd, Norwich, cm (181836). App. to Thomas Smith, and admitted freeman on 14 July 1818. Took app. named Thomas Nelson jnr, admitted freeman on 21 September 1830. [D; poll bk; Norwich freemen reg.]

Blomley, Robert, Manchester, cm (1728). Took app. named Johnson in 1728. [S of G, app. index]

Blood, Robert, Swan St, Loughborough, Leics., joiner/cm (1822). [D]

Bloomfield, J., Walsall, Staffs., u (1839). [D]

Bloomfield, John, St Nicholas St, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm and u (1830). [D]

Bloomfield, William, Bury St, Stowmarket, Suffolk, cm (1830). [D]

Bloomfield, William, Clarence Cottage, 37 Clarence Pl., Brighton, Sussex, u (182640). Polled at Maldon, Essex, in 1826. Daughter Mary married Richard George Ward on 20 October 1840. [D; poll bks; E. Sussex RO, PAR 225/1/3/13]

Bloore, John, 20 Charterhouse St, London, cm (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1791 for 200 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 370]

Bloore, Samuel, Colmore Row, Birmingham, appraiser, auctioneer, u and cm (181635). Recorded at no. 27, 1822 35. [D]

Blossom, George, 92 Portland St, Liverpool, gilder (1835). [D]

Blott, John, London, paperhanger and u (176466). Advertised that he had arrived from London to Charleston, USA, South Carolina Gazette, 7 January 1764, 20 April and 29 June 1765, 18 February and 22 October 1766.

Blow, John, parish of St Clement Danes, London, carver (172728). Appointed assignee of the estate of Thomas England, joiner and chairmaker of the parish of St Ann's, Westminster, bankrupt, London Gazette, 912 March 172728.

Blower, J., 40 George St, London, carver and gilder (183539). [D] See T. Blower.

Blower, John, Pride Hill, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (1840). [D]

Blower, Richard, St John's St, Lewes, Sussex, chairmaker and chair bottomer (183037). [Poll bks]

Blower, T., 40 George St, Portman Sq., London, carver and gilder (1837). [D] See J. Blower

Blowers, Mark, Charlotte St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm and u (183039). [D; poll bks]

Bloxham, Samuel, 1 Brown Pl., Brown St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Bludwell, John, Bow St, London, u (1749). [Poll bk]

Blugrove, Ann, Nonburry (Newbury, Berks.?), cm (1730). Named in the Stowe MS being paid 3 10s for a writing desk in 1730. [Huntington Lib., California, MS ST 82, p. 261]

Blumfield, James, St Martin's at Oak, Norwich, cm and u (1830). [D]

Blumley, , Doncaster, Yorks., cm (1757). Took app. named Lee in 1757. [S of G, app. index]

Blundall, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1709). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 27 January 1709. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Blundell, Ellis, Bridge St, Warrington, Lancs., u (180507). [D]

Blundell, John, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1752). Took app. named Lyon in 1752. [S of G, app. index]

Blundel(l), Richard, The Royal Bed, Paternoster Row, parish of St Faith, London, u (171014). Advertised to be sold or let on any sudden Occasion, fine stitched Quilts and Bed Gowns at reasonable Rates, The Post Man, 3 January 1710. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 3 April 1714 for his Goods; and on 19 October 1714 for his goods and merchandizes in his house in Stanhope court next the Divill Tavern in Spring garden comm. Middx. No papers. [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 43833; vol. 4, p. 103]

Blundell, Thomas, Southampton, Hants., cm (183639). Trading at King St in 1836 and St George's Pl., Houndwell, in 1839. [D] Probably the Thomas Blundel, cm, who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Blundell, William, London, frame maker (182935). Trading at 21 Little St Andrew St, Seven Dials in 1829 and at 9 Mead St, Soho in 1835. [D]

Blunt, Charles, Brook St, near Holborn Bars, London, u (16851705). Advertised sale, London Gazette, 20 March 1690, of A Fine large Tent lined with a bedstead and six large Russia Leather Stools, a good Marquee, and two French Tents, a handsome carriage cover'd with Leather and four Harnesses all New. His accounts mention in 168788 a gilt frame sold to Mr Graves for 15s. In 1705 he wrote to his cousin, possibly Sir John Blunt of the South Sea Co. in the Bay of Bengal, to bring the finest muslins from abroad. Charles Blunt's accounts, 168692, name his patrons including Sir Robert Clarke, Sir Francis Blundell, Dowager Countess of Mountrath, Lady Ellsmore, Lady Ellis, Sir John Champentaire, Sir Henry Ingolsby and Lady E., Lord Abercorn, Sir Ralph Verney, Countess of Portland, Lady Vera Wilkinson, Sir Charles Fielding, Sir John Wilkinson, Lady Porthscourt, Lady Sadler, Earl of Mulgrave, and Squire Robert of Radnorshire. [PRO, C114/164, pt 1] Named in the accounts of Hoare's Bank, Fleet St receiving 48 in 1703 and 48 6s 8d in 1705. [Ledger nos 5/327, 7/243, 16/195]

Blunt, Charles, Worcester St, Bromsgrove, Worcs., chairmaker (1820). [D]

Blunt, J., 10 Coppice Row, Clerkenwell, London, cm, fancy cm and u (182639). [D]

Blunt, Robert, address unrecorded, leather case maker (183334). Supplied For Her Majesty's Own Use two solid leather cases with partitions for paper and folding doors, leather cover for despatch box, and twelve black leather skins for chair covers, totalling 17 1s. [PRO, LC80; LC11/86]

Blunt, Thomas & William, London, u and furniture brokers (182527). Addresses given at Broker's Row, Mint in 1825, and 15 Redcross St, Southwark, 182627. [D]

Blunt, William, 10 Portsmouth St, Clare Mkt, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Blyde, Charles, London, cm, u, appraiser and undertaker (c. 176084). Trading at The Chair and Tea Chest, c. 1760, the address given on his trade card framed by foliated Rococo scrolls, which states he was Late foreman to Messrs. Gally & Baker, and supplied blankets and carpets etc. [Heal] Recorded at Oxford St in 1773, when declared bankrupt; and in Berwick St, 1784. [Bailey's list of bankrupts; poll bk]

Blyth(e), Andrew, St Catherine's St, London, cm (180809). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 6 February 1808 for 1,650; and on 27 April 1809 in association with Alexander Mitchell, cm. [GL, Sun MS vol. 441, ref. 814238; vol. 447, ref. 830380]

Blyth, Samuel, Colchester, Essex, cm (182030). [Poll bks]

Blythe, Clarke, Colchester, Essex, cm (1755). Took app. named King in 1755. [S of G, app. index]

Blythe, Richard, Hull, Yorks., cm (180839). Recorded at Myton, near Hull, in 1808, and Jackson St, Neptune St, 183839. App. to Edward Dickon of Hull in October 1808. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Blythe, Thomas, 123 East St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1826). [D]

Boaler, James Box, Tarleton St, Liverpool, cm (183739). Trading at no. 7 in 1837 and no. 13 in 1839. [D]

Board, Hannah, Blackfriars, St James's, Bristol, u (183234). [D]

Board, James, Bristol, cm and u (183740). Addresses given at 3 Bedminster Causeway in 1837 and 16 Griffin Lane 1838 40. [D]

Board, Nathaniel, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1756). Took app. named Turner in 1756. [S of G, app. index]

Board, W. & H., 11 Barton, Bristol, cm, u and undertakers (183540). [D]

Boardley, William, Lancaster, cm (177680). App. to Henry Baines in 1776 and admitted freeman in 177980. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls] Possibly:

Boardley, William, Slyne, Lancs., cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Boardman, Henry, 1 Bond St, Liverpool, u and cm (1837). [D]

Boardman, Thoephicks, Well Lane, Altrincham, Cheshire, cm (182228). [D]

Boardman, Thomas, 2 Queen St, Blackburn, Lancs. (home), u (182425). [D]

Boardman, William, Liverpool, cm (176084). Former apps named William Wilkinson and Daniel Gibbons petitioned freedom in 1760 and 1784 respectively. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Boarsmith, Samuel, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1707). Probate inventory dated 1707. [Suffolk RO, (Bury), 592/34/28]

Boatwright, W., 41 Bury St, St James's, London, cm etc. (1820 28). [D]

Bobbitt, William, 29 Crown St, Soho, London, with workshop at 10 Sutton St, picture frame maker (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 16 March 1791 for 100, 30 accounting for utensils and stock in workshop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 373, ref. 580679]

Boddy, John, Dunkirk St, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1830). [D]

Boddy, William, York, cm (1784). Son of William Boddy, whitesmith; app. to William Hawkins, cm, on 16 February 1784. [York app. reg.]

Boddy & Wharrie, Canal Rd, Bradford, Yorks., joiners and cm (1830). [D]

Bodell, Christopher, Lancaster, house carpenter and cm (178990). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Boden, , Tiverton, Devon, cm (1824). Marriage to Miss M. Rossiter of Tiverton reported, Exeter Flying Post, 22 July 1824.

Boden, William, Derby, cm (1741). [Poll bk]

Bodenham, George, 317 Cheapside, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Bodham, Philip, The Three Chairs, Bartholomew Close, West Smithfield, London, u (171924). Was partner with the late Mr. John Hibbert, is now remov'd to the next door, as above. [Heal] Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 13 July for his goods and merchandise in his dwelling house only. [GL, Sun MS vol. 9, p. 357] Known to have supplied carpets, 172023. [Scottish RO, GD 220/6/1201/6; GD 220/6/1240/30] In 1724 P. Bodham & Co. provided Robert Walpole with Twelve Wallnut wood chairs with India backs & seates veneer'd at 13/each. [C. Life, 15 January 1921, p. 66]

Bodington & Thorp, Red Lyon St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1794). [D]

Bodle, John, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1747). [Canterbury freemen rolls]

Bodley, John, Canterbury St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1822). [D]

Bodovine, Rene, King St, London, u (Charles II). [Heal] See Paudevin.

Bodwell, James, London Rd, St George's, London, bed and bedstead maker (1831). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 21 January 1831.

Boeger(t) (or Bogaert, or Boeges), Frederick, address unrecorded, cm and carver (1795). Supplied furniture to the Prince of Wales, claiming 6 9s by bill for work ordered. [V & A archives; C. Musgrave, Regency Furniture, p. 48]

Boen, F., 24 Greville St, Hatton Gdn, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1820). [D]

Bogaert(s) (or Bogeart), Peter, London, carver, gilder, u etc. (17921819). Trading at 142 Tottenham Ct Rd in 1792, and as Bogaerts & Co. at 23 Air St, Piccadilly, 180919. [D; Westminster Ref. Lib., poor rate bk, D135] Took out Sun Insurance policies on 10 July 1792 for 100; and on 18 October 1809 for 300 on household goods. An earlier policy of 1809 refers to Paul Storr, the celebrated silversmith for whom he may have produced the models for making silver castings. [GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 602642; vol. 448, refs 836376 and 836378] Bogaerts and Storr submitted a bill to the Prince of Wales on 17 December 1807 for supplying to Carlton House two carved and gilt candelabra for nine lights each, nine ft high, to stand one on each side of the Throne, 410. [RA 25282] On 1 February 1809 Bogart carver was paid 8 11s 6d by Edward, Lord Lascelles, probably for work at Harewood House, Hanover Sq., London. [Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 192] A Peter Bogaerts, carver of St James's, Westminster, took app. named John Newbury on 6 April 1805 for 50. [PRO, IRI/40 and HO/107/1475]

Bogg, William, Boston, Lincs., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Boggle, Thomas, St Dunstan's, London(?), cm (1758). Took app. named Davis in 1758. [S of G, app. index]

Bogle, John, Holborn, London, carver (1722). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy in 1722 for 75 on a brick house, empty. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 26]

Bogue, John, 4 Gerrard St, Soho, London, cm and upholder (179093). [D]

Boire, Joseph, St George's, Queen Sq., London, cm and carver (1755). Recorded going abroad in 1755. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Middlx session bk, 1116, p. 25]

Bois, Lazere Des, The Clock Case, Northside of Farmers Buildings, High St, St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, cm (1730). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 10 August 1730 for 300, 50 accounting for goods and utensils in trade in a timber shed behind his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 37, ref. 58396]

Bolam, James, London, carver and gilder (180827). Addresses given at 23 Lambeth Marsh in 1808, and 27 Lower Marsh, Lambeth, 182627. [D]

Bolam, John, Newcastle, joiner and cm (182734). Trading at 20 Butcher Bank in 1827 and 41 Bigg Mkt in 1833. [D]

Bolam, John, 23 Hillgate, Gateshead, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (183334). [D]

Bolam, Ralph, Castle-garth, Newcastle, cm and chairmaker (1824). [D]

Bolam, Robert, Newcastle, cm and joiner (1784). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1784 for 200, utensils and stock accounting for 140. [GL, Sun MS vol. 324, p. 417]

Bolam, William, Newcastle, cm (182738). Addresses given at 5 Prudhoe St, 182729; 11 Lisle St and 60 Northumberland St in 1834; and 5 Blackett St, also as u and joiner, in 1838. [D]

Bolar (or Boler), Samuel, London, cm (172437). Much employed by Lady Fitzwalter before and after her marriage to Fitzwalter, supplying items for Moulsham Hall or Schomberg House, Pall Mall, London. Between 172437 he was paid a total of 934 15s, 15% of all payments on furniture and fittings during these years. No details of his commissions survive, but his patronage bears witness to his quality, despite the fact he was relatively inexpensive. [Essex RO, Moulsham House archives; A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter]

Boldison, Mark, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Boler, John, 16 St James's St, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1826 30). [D]

Boler (or Bolder, or Bolar), Richard, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1816 37). Recorded at Woodhouse Bar, 181620, and Woodhouse Lane, 182137, no. 51 in 1830. Recorded also at 16 St James's St, as cm and u, in 1830. [D]

Boles, Peter, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1798). [D]

Boley, John, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (177484). [Poll bks]

Boley, Robert, Bristol, carver and gilder (1781). [Poll bk]

Bollam (or Bollom), Robert, Newcastle, cm, joiner and carpenter (17781801). Trading at Bankside, Castle Yd in 1778; Castle, Castle Yd in 1782; and Painter-heugh, 17871801. [D]

Bollam, Thomas, See Thomas Bolland.

Bolland, John William Joseph, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1833 35). Married Anne Birch on 17 February 1833. Daughter Elizabeth bapt. on 3 July 1835. [Chester RO, PR]

Bolland, Ralph, Foregate St, Chester, cm (1814). [D]

Bolland (or Bollard, or Bollam), Thomas, Liverpool, cm (180539). Recorded as Bollam at 10 Norfolk St in 1805, and no. 11 in 1807; as Bolland at no. 10 in 1810; no. 9 in 1811, and 30 Castle St in 181314; as Bollard at 12 Duncan St in 1816; 18 Pitt St, with joiner's shop at no. 16 in 1818; 46 London Rd in 1821; and as Bolland at 3 St Mary's Pl., Duckinfield, 183439. [D]

Bolland, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1840). Admitted freeman on 21 April 1840. [Chester freemen rolls]

Bolland, William, Chester, joiner, carver and turner (1702). Master to William or Thomas Roberts in 1702. [Chester app. bks]

Bollans, Francis, Petergate, York, cm and u (181823). [D]

Bolongaro, Dominic, Manchester, carver, gilder, barometer and looking-glass maker, picture frame maker (181740). Addresses given at 2 Old Millgate, 181730; 14 Market St, 183233; no. 32, 183440. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Bolson, Barker, Leeds, Yorks., carver (1750). Took app. named Spence in 1750. [S of G, app. index]

Bolt, Thomas, 28 Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, cm (183738). Letters and bills dated 8 December 1837 for items supplied to George Lucy at Charlecote Park, Warks., list 22 Antique Oak chairs for Dining Room at 5 18s each, and 2 very handsome large elbow chairs carved, 17 14s; bill totalled 158 13s 6d. [Warwick RO, L6/1118; V & A archives] Presumably Thomas Bott.

Bolte, Adrian, London, cm (166075). Cm to Charles I, he applied for re-appointment to the office under Charles II. Named in the Great Wardrobe Accounts early in his reign, supplying in 1668 a great press. [State Papers of Charles II; DEF] On 16 January 1670 provided a Great Cabinet for the use of the Privy Council of Scotland. [Scottish RO, E28/74/1/1; Conn., February 1977, p. 127] Probably the Adrianne Boltee, cm of St George's, Southwark, who died in 1675. [PCC Wills, Index Lib., IX, p. 23]

Bolter, James, London, cm and u (176092). Addresses given at 45 Bishopsgate Without, 177881, and Dorset St, Spitalfields, 178692. Son of Thomas Bolter, husbandman of Little Chiveron(?), Wilts.; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption on 15 June 1760. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 800, utensils and stock accounting for 400. Declared bankrupt, Leicester Journal, 7 July 1781. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 298]

Bolter & Dawes, 1 Moorfields, London, u (177278). [D]

Bolton, Barker, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1762). Notice in the Leeds Intelligencer, 23 March 1762 stated that Bolton required evidence of identification of Isabella Grimslaw who had eloped.

Bolton (or Boulton), Benjamin, Fetter Lane, London, freeman joiner, by trade cm and chairmaker (175972). Employed two non-freemen for three months in 1759, and one in 1761. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 2] Declared bankrupt in 1772. [Bailey's list of bankrupts] Possibly the B. Boulton of St Dunstan-in-the-West, declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., September 1770.

Bolton, Ed., Thomas & Son, King St, New Bermondsey Rd, London, chair and sofa makers (183239). Trading as Thomas & Son, 182728. [D]

Bolton, George, King St, Shelton, Staffs., cm (1818). [D]

Bolton, George, Haxby, York, cm (?) (1824). Mahogany tea table with tapering turned legs and reeded edges to flaps recorded, signed underneath and dated 30 June 1824.

Bolton, George, High St, Witney, Oxon., cm and u (1830). [D]

Bolton, George J., London, upholder and undertaker (182639). Addresses given at 79 Charlotte St, Rathbrone Pl., 182627; 65 High St, Marylebone in 1835; and no. 85, 183739. [D] Possibly George Boulton, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption in 1798. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bolton, James, Silver St, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Bolton, Jeremiah, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London (171118) and Richmond, Surrey (1725), carver. Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies on rented houses in Princes St, parish of St James, on 14 August 1711 for 100 on one house; renewed on 16 August 1718; and on 31 May 1712 for 150 each on two houses. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 December 1725 for 500 on one house occupied by a silversmith. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 9, p. 211; vol. 10, ref. 250; vol. 19, p. 113; Sun MS vol. 21, ref. 37480]

Bolton, John, Liverpool, cm (1747). Took app. named William Short in 1747. [Liverpool app. enrolment bk] Probably:

Bolton, John, Liverpool, cm (1780). His son, John Bolton, tailor, petitioned freedom by birth in 1780. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Bolton, John, 9 Silver St, Liverpool, cm (182729). [D]

Bolton, John, New Elvet, Durham, cm and joiner (182834). [D]

Bolton, Joseph, Baildon, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Bolton, Ralph, Castlegate, Newcastle, cm (1827). [D]

Bolton, Richard, York, cm (1777). Of Fossgate, allowed four days to take freedom of city, 3 October 1777. [York freemen rolls]

Bolton, Richard, Higher Hillgate, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (181820). [D]

Bolton (or Boulton), Robert, Higher Hillgate, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (181628). [D]

Bolton, Samuel, High St, Chatteris, Cambs., cm, u and paper hanger (1839). [D]

Bolton (or Boulton), Thomas, 6 Windmill St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm, upholder and undertaker (181828). [D]

Bolton, Thomas & Son, King St, New Bermondsey Rd, London, chair and sofa makers (182728). [D] See Ed. & Thos. Bolton & Son.

Bolton, Thomas, Princess St, Wigan, Lancs., u (1834). [D]

Bolton (or Boulton), William, London, cm and upholder (180929). Trading at 7 Chapel St, Grosvenor Sq., 180911; 30 Broad St, Carnaby Mkt in 1811; and 1 Mount Row, Berkeley Sq., by 1829. [D]

Bolton, William, Margaret St, Cavendish Sq., London, u etc. (182027). Trading at no. 8 in 1820, and in partnership with Elizabeth Sparrow at no. 78, 182027. In June 1825 the premises of Bolton & Sparrow were in part destroyed and greatly injured by fire. [D; PRO, B3/504]

Boltz, Thomas, Heigham, Norwich, cm (182830). Son of John Boltz, gardener, admitted freeman on 27 February 1828. [Norwich freemen rolls and admissions reg.; poll bk]

Bolus, Henry, Worcester, u (174546). App. to his father Samuel Bolus, u, and admitted freeman on 18 January 1745 46. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Bolus, Samuel, Worcester, u (174058). Former apps admitted freemen: George Stephens in 1740, Henry Bolus in 174546, Richard Meredith in 1754, and Susanna Bolus in 1758. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Bolus, Susanna, Worcester, u (1758). App. to Samuel Bolus, u, admitted freeman on 13 March 1758. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Bolwell, Sarah, 9 St Michael's Hill, Bristol, carver and gilder (183235). [D]

Bolwell, William, 9 St Michael's Hill, Bristol, carver and gilder (181731). [D]

Bomer, Abraham, Bedfordbury, Covent Gdn, London, lookingglass maker (1709). [London rate bks; Wills, LookingGlasses]

Bomery, James, address unrecorded, cm(?) (1770). Bill of 24 May 1770 for 3 3s for a chest of drawers submitted to the Earl of Winterton. [V & A archives]

Bon, George, 6 Mansfield Pl., Kentish Town, London, cm (1822). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 January 1822 for 400, 50 accounting for stock and utensils in his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 493, ref. 987851]

Bon, Mary, 6 Mansfield Pl., Kentish Town, London, cm (1824). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 29 January 1824 for 300 on her new dwelling house, household goods, etc. [GL, Sun MS vol. 499, ref. 1012635]

Bonce, George, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Boncroft, John, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Bond, Benjamin, 24 Ratcliffe Highway, London, cm, chairmaker and furniture broker (17821827). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1782 for 300, 225 accounting for stock and goods; 18 December 1801 for 600; and 10 October 1811 for 800, 50 on household goods and workshops, 650 on stock and utensils inside, 50 on stock china and glass; and 50 on stock and utensils in the open yard, with no stores for drying feathers. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 307, p. 72; vol. 423, ref. 725550; vol. 457, ref. 862383] See E., and John & James Bond & Son.

Bond, E., 24 Ratcliffe Highway, London, cm and chairmaker (1837). [D]

Bond, Edward, Lancaster, cm (182526). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bond, Edward, 176 Oxford St, London, cm (1840). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1840. [GL, Sun MS ref. 1339076]

Bond, Henry, 176 Drummond Cresc., Euston Sq., London, cm (1824). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 April 1824 for 350 on household goods etc. at his dwelling house only, no work done therein. [GL, Sun MS vol. 499, ref. 1016085]

Bond, J. H. B., Langland St, Poole, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Bond, John, Bartholomew Close, St Bartholomew the Gt, London, chairmaker (1722). Took out a Sun Insurance policy for 500 on goods and merchandise in his house only. [GL, Sun MS vol. 14, p. 139]

Bond, John, James & Son, 24 Ratcliffe Highway, London, cm and u (182939). [D] See Benjamin and E. Bond.

Bond, Joseph or Joshua, Lancaster (182223). Named in the Gillow records working on a table in 1822. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/100, p. 3171]

Bond, Matthew, Hedon, Yorks., cm and joiner (182829). [D]

Bond, Richard, 54 Seymour St, Euston Sq., London, cm, upholder and furniture broker (183539). [D]

Bond, S. G., 50 Dean St, Soho, London, cm etc. (1820). [D] See Stephen Griffith Bond.

Bond, S. E., 11 Knightsbridge, London, upholder and cm (182639). [D] See Stephen Griffith Bond.

Bond, Stephen, 18 Church St, Soho, London, broker and upholder (1812). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 4 November 1812 for 300, 70 accounting for books and wearing apparel, and 200 for stock, utensils and goods in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 459, ref. 875623]

Bond, Stephen Griffith (or Griffyth), London, cm, u and undertaker (182638). Addresses given at 11 Dorcas Buildings, Hammersmith in 1832; 11 Knightsbridge in 1826; and Dorcaster, Hammersmith Rd, Hammersmith in 1838. [D]

Bond, T., 10 James St, Bath, Som., cm (1819). [D]

Bond, William, London, (1753). Son of William Bond of Godalming, Surrey, innholder, app. to William Linnell, cm on 26 June 1753 for 50. [GL, Joiners Co. records]

Bond, William, Vine St, Piccadilly, London, carver and gilder (1774). [Poll bk]

Bond, William, Haymarket, London, carver and gilder (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy for 800 in 1778 with William Crawford, upholder, and Thomas Noble, proprietors of the Casino in Marlborough St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 356]

Bond, William, High St, Marlow, Bucks., cm, joiner and builder (1823). [D]

Bone, Barnabas, Greenwich, London, cm (182239). Addresses given at Royal Hill, 182426; London St in 1834; and High St, Deptford, Kent in 1839. [D] See Samuel Bone.

Bone, Charles, Arundel, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1826 39). Trading at Tarrant St, 182632, and High St in 1839. [D]

Bone, Henry, Truro, Cornwall, then Plymouth, Devon, carver and worker in wood (175572). Carved and inlaid the pulpit in St Mary's Church, Truro, which was incorporated in the present Truro Cathedral and forms St Mary's aisle, where the pulpit, slightly cut-down, still stands. It is polygonal with veneered sides inlaid with representations of the Saviour's life, and has a curiously German or N. Italian appearance. Bone's son of the same name was app. to Richard Champion, china manufacturer, on 20 January 1772, and became the wellknown enamel-painter. [G. C. Boase, Collectanea Cornubiensis, 1890, col. 88; Lake's Complete Parochial History of Cornwall, vol. 4, (1872) p. 253; Pountney, Old Bristol Potteries, p. 312]

Bone, James, Montpelier Vale, Lewisham, London, cm and u (182638). Recorded in partnership with William Bone, cm, in 1838. [D]

Bone, John, Norwich and London, cm (17901818). Recorded in the parish of St Ethelred, Norwich, 1794; parish of St Julian, 179699; and London, 18021818. [Norwich poll bks] Polled at Ipswich, Suffolk in 1790.

Bone, Samuel, 8 Royal Hill, Greenwich, London, cm (183839). [D] See Barnabas Bone.

Bone, Thomas, 127 Fenchurch St, London, cm and upholder (180811). [D]

Bone, William, Montpelier Vale, Blackheath, London, cm (1838). [D] See James Bone.

Bonella, , 2 Worship St, Finsbury, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bonella, Alexander, 5 Worship Sq., London, carver (1829). [D]

Bonella, William, 107 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm, chairmaker, u, bedstead maker and undertaker (c. 1800). Trade card shows Sheraton-style chair and desk framed by swags of drapery. [Heal]

Bones, John, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm (1724/25). Took app. named Row in 1724/25. [S of G, app. index]

Bonham, William, 15 Gerrard St, Soho, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Bonifold, John, address unrecorded, chairmaker (179192). In 1791 the account books of the Governors of the Hospital of Sir John Hawkins, Chatham, record the purchase of eight mahogany elbow chairs of Hepplewhite design with finely carved interlaced shield backs and moulded frames on tapered legs, costing 16. In the same ownership until 1944, when they fetched 640 at Sotheby's. On 6 April 1792 Bonifield was paid 6 0s 6d, the remainder of his bill for chairs and table supplied for the Council Room; and on 27 April 8 18s 6d for chairs and table. [Heal; Conn., June 1931; Sotheby's, 29 July 1929] See John Benifold.

Boning, Thomas, Little St Mary's Lane, Cambridge, cm (1832 40). [Poll bks]

Bonnel(l), Henry, Lancaster, cm (182128). Second son of Jabez Bonnell, wheelwright and joiner of Lancaster; app. to J. Hodgson in 1821 and admitted freeman, 182728. Married on 30 January 1828 Betsy, youngest daughter of George Loxam of Lancaster. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; Liverpool Mercury, 8 February 1828]

Bonnel(l), Thomas, 133 Long Acre, London, upholder and cm (1744d. 1782). In partnership with William Simmon(d)s, cm, St Martin-in-the-Fields, when declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1744. Sale announced in Daily Advertiser, 14 March 1744, of All the entire genuine Stock in Trade of those ingenious and eminent Cabinet Makers, Mess. Bonnell and Simmonds, consisting of several curious pieces of Work in Mahogany, Walnut-Tree, Amboyna and other Woods, viz. Buroes, Cabinets, Bookcases and Tables, with many other pieces of Furniture, finish'd in the most elegant Taste . Death reported in Gents Mag., 9 March 1782, stating he was many years a cabinet-maker in Long Acre, and lately retired from business. [D; poll bk] Probably the Bonnell of London named in the St John's College, Cambridge, account bk in 1748 supplying chairs for the Lodge, totalling 19 13s 6d. Probably also the Bonnel who was paid 18 0s 6d in 1771 for work at Longford Castle. [V & A archives]

Bonnell, jnr, Long Acre, London, cm (1768). Death of his wife at her lodgings near Hampstead reported in Public Advertiser, 1 August 1768.

Bonnet, Adrian, King's Head Ct, Petticoat Lane, Stepney, London, u (1724). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 25 March 1724 for 500 on goods and merchandise in his house only. [GL, Sun MS vol. 16, ref. 31468]

Bonnett, John, 63 Green Lane, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Bonney, John, 71 Pembroke St, Devonport, Devon, cm (1838). [D]

Bonney, Richard P., Liverpool, Lancs., cm (176796). Son of John Bonney; admitted freeman on 2 December 1767. Recorded at Canal Side, Vauxhall Rd in 1796. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bonnin, James, 15 Exeter St, Brampton, Cumb., cm (180911). [D]

Bonnington, , 12 George Ct, Clerkenwell, London, clock-case maker (1810). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 April 1810 in association with Joseph Warren, Gent. and Gibbs, cm of 11 George Ct. [GL, Sun MS vol. 452, ref. 844194] Possibly:

Bonnington, George, Red Lion Sq., Clerkenwell, London, clock-case maker (1812). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 November 1812 for 300 on household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 457, ref. 877090] Trading as:

Bonnington, George & Thorp(e), George, 2122 Red Lion St, later no. 6, Clerkenwell, London, and 42 Tavistock St, BENT GLASS MANUFACTORY, Likewise Clock Case & Cabinet Makers GLASS CASES AND OVAL SHADES Made of the finest White Glass to any given Dimensions to preserve Gilt or any other ornaments of Clocks, Girandoles, Vases, Figures, where may be had Bent, Round, Convex, Convex & Concave Mirrors with or without Frames, from 4 to 4 ever, Finished in the most elegant style, Also Glasses for Windows & Coach Lanterns. (17931814). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 27 April 1809 for 1,700, 950 on dwelling house and shops behind, 200 on George Thorpe's household goods, and 400 on stock and utensils in open yard behind. [D; trade card, MMA, NY; GL, Sun MS vol. 447, ref. 830361]

Bonsall, Richard, Bull's Head Ct, Newington Causeway, Newington Butts, London, carpenter and cm (180102). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 22 December 1801 for 200, 50 accounting for utensils and stock; and on 11 February 1802 for 300, 130 on stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 423, ref. 725579; vol. 424, ref. 727721]

Bonsall, Richard, 4 Broker's Row, Red Cross St, London, cm (183537). [D]

Bonsal(l), Thomas, Blackman St, Southwark, London, cm and upholder (1792). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 12 November 1792 for 800. Declared bankrupt in that year. [GL, Sun MS vol. 389, ref. 606465; Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Bonsor, Henry, Castlegate, Nottingham, u and paper hanger (1835). [D]

Bonynge, , address unrecorded, upholder (1795). Two of a set of six painted beechwood armchairs signed BONYNGE UPHOLDER 1795, exhibited by D. Drey, Antique Fair, Grosvenor House, 722 June 1962. [Conn., June 1962, p. 126] Inscription is similar in date and character to that handwritten in ink found on a satinwood urn table, which reads M. GREGSON, LIVERPOOL, paper-hanger, stationer and u, possibly the dealer who received Bonynge's furniture from elsewhere. [V & A archives]

Boocock, Benjamin, York, cm (179697). On 2 April 1796 was paid 52 4s 9d for bedsteads, tables, chairs etc. supplied to The Retreat Quaker Asylum, York. Other bills are dated August 1796 and February 1797. [Borthwick Institute, York, Retreat MS H/1]

Boocock, S.C., 65 Queen St, Cheapside, London, cm (182627). [D]

Booden, Thomas snr and jnr, London, upholder (171356). Trading at Fenchurch St in 1727 and Seething Lane, 1750. Thomas snr was son of John Booden, clothworker of London; app. to Edward Wood on 4 July 1713. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 July 1720, and recorded as a member of the Livery in 1750. His son, Thomas Booden, was admitted freeman by patrimony on 5 April 1750. Either snr or jnr took app. named Thomas Old, 175456, but then left London for Charleston, USA, where his arrival was reported in South Carolina Gazette, 28 October and 16 December 1756. [Poll bk; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Booker, Thomas, Pownall Sq., Liverpool, gilder (1794). [D]

Booker, William, 8 Porter St, Soho, London, cm (1822). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 21 February 1822 for 300, 250 accounting for stock, utensils and goods in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 493, ref. 989098]

Booker, William, 14 Lower Seymour St, Portman Sq., London, cm and u (182639). [D]

Boon, J., 7 Southampton Ct, Queen's Sq., London, upholder (1835). [D]

Boon(d), John, Greenhead, Burslem, Staffs., joiner, cm, chairmaker and builder (1818). [D]

Boon, John, 9 Duke St, Liverpool, with shop at 1 Waterloo Pl., Church St, cm and u (1827). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 25 May 1827. Sale of stock in trade announced, same paper, 18 May, consisting of two elegant Four-post Bedsteads, tastefully fitted up with French Gray & Blue Morine Furniture, excellent Hair Mattresses, Feather Beds, etc: several pieces of Brussels Carpets & Hearth Rugs, of modern patterns, seven pieces of rich Blue Silk Damask, Striped Cotton, Sundry Fringes, etc: two sets of Mahogany Chairs, handsome Card Tables, Lady's Work Ditto, Cabinet, Chests of Drawers, Dressing Glasses, Portable Desks, imitation Rosewood framed Couch, covered with Morine, thirteen pairs of Mahogany Bedposts, a quantity of two-inch Maple Planks, four Cabinet-makers Benches etc.. [D]

Boone, Samuel Joseph, London, upholder (178796). Recorded with his brother, Thomas, at Drury Lane in 1796. Son of Robert Boone, butcher of Chandos St. App. to John Smith of Union St on 1 August 1787, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 2 March 1796. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Boone, Samuel, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (182939). Trading at 101 Gt Guildford in 1829, 9 West St, Soho in 1835 and 15 Gravel Lane, Southwark in 1839. [D]

Boone, Thomas, London, upholder (178494). Recorded at John Smith's, Union St, Southwark in 1794, and with his brother, Samuel Joseph, at Drury Lane in 1796. Son of Robert Boone, butcher of Chandos St, Covent Gdn. App. to John Smith on 7 January 1784, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 February 1794. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Boone, Thomas, 17 Moore St, Soho, London, chair and sofa maker (1820). [D]

Boone, Thomas, 46 King St, Seven Dials, London, upholder (182627). [D]

Boone, William, Seven Dials, London, u (1820). [D]

Boons, Richard, Cambridge, cm (1730). Took app. named Flack in 1730. [S of G, app. index]

Boor(e), John, Pool Lane, Liverpool, u and auctioneer (1804 05). Addresses given at no. 35 in 1804 and no. 36 in 1805. Marriage reported, Liverpool Chronicle, 9 October 1805, to Mrs Sarah Sherwood of John St. [D]

Boor(e), Charles snr, 34 High St, Lewes, Sussex, cm (17741826). [D; poll bks]

Boore, Charles jnr, Sun St, Lewes, Sussex, possibly home address, with trade address at 34 High St, journeyman cm (181618), cm, u and furniture broker (182339). Recorded in partnership with Edward Boore at 34 High St, 183239. [D; poll bks] Sale of stock in trade, possibly on bankruptcy, of Messrs, C. & E. Boore, Cabinet makers, Chair manufacturers and General Furnishers upwards of 50 years, announced, Sussex Agricultural Express, 20 April 1839. Goods to be sold at a very considerable REDUCTION IN PRICE as the whole must be cleared by Midsummer next . Sale re-advertised, 1 June 1839, and public auction by Verral & Son announced, 8 and 15 June 1839.

Boore, Edward, Lewes, Sussex, cm (181837). Addresses given at New St in 1818, as journeyman cm, and at West St, probably his home, in 1837. In partnership with Charles Boore jnr, 183239. [D; poll bks]

Boore, Frederick, Sun St, Lewes, Sussex, journeyman cm (181637). [Poll bks] See Samuel Boore.

Boore (or Bore), Sam(p)son, Brighton, Sussex, cm (182237). Addresses given at Carlton Hill before 1822; Ship St Ct in 1822; Richmond Hill, 1829; and Cavendish Pl. North, 1837. Another address, possibly for trade, given at 5 Cavendish St, date unspecified. [D; poll bks] Baptisms recorded of Harriet, daughter of Samson and Harriet Bore; Jane, daughter of Samson and Frances Bore, 22 December 1822; Edward, 22 March 1829; and Eliza, 25 June 1837. [E. Sussex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Boore, Samuel, North St, Lewes, Sussex, journeyman cm (182630). [Poll bks] See Charles, Edward and Frederick Boore.

Boosey, Abraham & Son, 53 Bermondsey St, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Boot, Aaron, Nottingham, app. turner and chairmaker (1824). [Nottingham app. list]

Boote, Alexander, Crown St, Soho, London, u (1778). [Gents Mag., February 1778] See James Bayley.

Booth, , address unrecorded (1771). Named in the Earl of Ancaster's account book, 25 August 1771, supplying a commode chest of drawers etc., totalling 13 1s. [Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 6/14]

Booth, Benjamin, at The Rocking Horse, near Serjeant's Inn, Fleet St, London, turner (174975). [Heal; V & A archives; GL, trade cards]

Booth, Cath., Salthouse Ct, Salthouse Lane, Hull, Yorks., upholstress (183839). [D]

Booth, Henry, Blackfriars, London, gilder (1713). Took app. on 31 August 1713. [PRO, app. reg.]

Booth, James, 148 Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1800). [D]

Booth, James, Brightholmlee, Ecclesfield, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Booth, John, Leek, Staffs., chairmaker (179798). [D] See William Booth.

Booth, John, Liverpool, cm (180739). Trading at 19 Pall Mall, 180718; 53 Stanley St, 1827; and 6 Whitemill St, 1839. [D] See Nathan Booth.

Booth, John, Raistrick, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D] See Jonas Booth.

Booth, John, 9 Cross St, Stalybridge (Stalbridge), Dorset, cm and joiner (1834). Presumably of Booth & Sykes, cm and joiners, Stalybridge. [D]

Booth, John, Sparrow Hill, Loughborough, Leics., cm (183540). [D]

Booth, John Henry, 65 Charles St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1833 37). Recorded also at 65 Eyre St in 1837. [D]

Booth, John, Stamford, Lincs., cm (1784). Son of Richard Booth, butcher and freeman burgess; admitted freeman in 1784. [Stamford freemen rolls]

Booth, Jonas, Raistrick, Yorks., cm (1822). [D] See John Booth.

Booth, Nathan, 73 Stanley St, Liverpool, cm etc. (183437). [D] See John Booth.

Booth, Nathan, 8 North Parade, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Booth, Nathaniel, Ct 76, Newgate St, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1827). Recorded also as a grocer in Heron St, with house at 5 Stowell St. [D]

Booth, Ralph, Salford, Lancs., cm (180017). Trading at Nightingale Sq. in 1800 and 4 Caygill St in 1817. [D]

Booth, Samuel, Warrington, Lancs., chairmaker (182834). Trading in Riding St, 1828, and Horse Market St, 1834. [D]

Booth, Stephen & J., 43 Lower Marsh, Lambeth, London, chair and sofa makers (182039). [D]

Booth, Thomas, 1 Back Blakeley St, Manchester, cm (180417). [D]

Booth, William, Scotland St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm and joiner (1828). [D]

Booth, William, Spout St, Leek, Staffs., chairmaker and turner (181635). [D]

Booth, William Aspinall, 29 Young St, Quay St, Manchester, cm and u (1840). [D]

Bootham, Joseph, Glayson St, Liverpool, cm and mortgager (1781). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for 300 on houses. [GL, Sun MS vol. 294, p. 296]

Boothby, Henry, Eastgate, Louth, Lincs., cm/joiner (1822). [D]

Boothby, John, at The Golden Head, Norfolk St, Strand, London, u, sworn appraiser and undertaker. Mid 18thcentury trade card framed by elaborately scrolled and foliated bedstead with drapes and tester, states that he Makes and Sells all Sorts of Upholstery Goods, Cabinets, Chairs, and Looking Glasses, &c. [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gardener Coll., 6331B] Mahogany drop-leaf dining table exhibited by John McMaster, c. 1970, revealed in a secret compartment a letter from the maker, John Boothby, to its original owner, Mrs Norton of Leics., dated Christmas Eve, 1743. It reads, Madam. I hope these 2 tables will please. I do Ashure you thay are very good tables, the longer thay are worn the better thay will look, with a little Rubbing. I Coud have sent tables of the same size for 6s. A table Cheaper, but as to promise I have them Good, the Scarborough Rock is a Name I never Heard. [9th Spring Antiques Fair, Chelsea Old Town Hall]

Boothman, John, 47 Blackley St, Manchester, cm (1797). [D]

Bootland, George, 29 Hampstead Rd North, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Bootle, Henry, 40 Newman St, London, carver (1829). [D]

Bootley, William, York, cm (1831). Son of William Bootley, joiner; app. to William Greenwood, cm, on 21 November 1831. [York app. reg.]

Bore, Robert, Norfolk, cm (17931807). Recorded in the parish of St Saviour, Norwich, 1796; Swaffham, Norfolk, 17991802; and King's Lynn in 1807. Son of John Bore, cobbler; admitted freeman on 28 September 1793. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [Poll bks; Norwich freemen reg.]

Borini, Peter, Birmingham, carver, gilder, picture frame, looking-glass, barometer and thermometer manufacturer (181635). Trading at 89 Bull St in 1816; Snowhill in 1818; Bull St, 182135, no. 46 in 1822, and no.40, 182335. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Bo(o)rman, William, High St, parish of St Lawrence, Winchester, Hants., cm and upholder (176398). Son of Rev. Daniel Borman, clerk of Winchester; app. to Edward Polhill on 31 August 1763, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 July 1771. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 for 300 on utensils and stock; in 1781 for 500 on shop, utensils and stock; in 1782 for 500 on his house; in 1783 for 400, 300 on utensils and stock; and on 19 July 1791 for 1,000, utensils and stock accounting for 300. Mahogany serpentine chest of drawers recorded bearing label. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 470; vol. 295, p. 19; vol. 303, p. 59; vol. 314, p. 153; vol. 379, p. 160; V & A archives]

Borne (or Boorne), Robert, over against George Yd, Lombard St, London, cm (d. by 1727). [Heal; Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 19]

Borough, , London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Borough, John, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (180206). Announced his move from Burley Bar to Kirkgate, Leeds Mercury, 27 February and 13 March 1802. Advertised, Leeds Mercury, 5 April and Leeds Intelligencer, 24, 31 March and 7 April 1806, his proposal to practice as appraiser and auctioneer, claiming that a person in the constant Practice of making every Article in [that] business must be the best judge of its value.

Borron, James, 28 Little Queen St, London, broker and cm (179093). [D]

Borrows, David, Lincoln, cm (1837). [Poll bk]

Borrows, William, 72 Frederick St, Liverpool, carver (1781). [D]

Borsman, John, Tonbridge, Kent, u (1784). [D]

Borwick, William, Lancaster, cm (17991800). Admitted freeman, 17991800, when stated of Liverpool. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bosden, Henry, 206 St John St, Clerkenwell, London, u (1793). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 March 1793 for 200, 100 on household goods in house of Pearce, baker, and 50 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 386, p. 234]

Boseley, John, address unrecorded, freeman turner (174249). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 1 April 1742 for 125, renewed in 1749. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 62, ref. 53643]

Bosens, Samuel, Daniel's Row, Burslem, Staffs., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Bosfield, Thomas, Banbury, Oxon., upholder (1776). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1776.

Boshell, Henry, 61 Byron St, Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (1837). [D]

Bosley, James snr, London, upholder (d. by 1725). His son, James Bosley, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony in 1725. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bosley, James jnr, London, upholder (1725). Son of James Bosley, upholder of London, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony on 21 April 1725. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bosley (or Boseley), John, St Bride's, London, cm and joiner (171239). Addresses given at The Crown, Fleetditch, 171219, and Ditch Side, 171739. Took out insurance policies as a joiner on 16 August 1712 with the Hand in Hand Co. for 150 on his house; with the Sun Co. on 3 October 1713; the Hand in Hand Co. on 22 September 1718 for 150 on his house and two others; and with the Sun Co. on 9 July 1719 on his warehouse and four houses adjoining in tenure. As cm, served at St Bride's as Questman in 1717, Sidesman in 1720, and Churchwarden in 1739. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 10, ref. 23629; vol. 19, p. 165; GL, Sun MS vol. 3, p. 65; vol. 9, p. 353; GL, MS 6561, p. 28]

Boson, John, London, carver (1720d. 1743). When John Boson died in April 1743 he had become one of a select group of craftsmen closely connected with the designs of William Kent. Vertue said of Boson that he was a man of great ingenuity and undertook great works in his way for the prime people of quality and made his fortune well in the world. [Walpole Soc., vol. XXII, p. 116] It is possible that his death at a relatively young age Vertue says an age not considerably above middle age robbed Boson of his place in furniture history, letting contemporaries such as Benjamin Goodison take more of the limelight.

The date of Boson's birth is uncertain, but was probably about 1705. It is also probable that he served his apprenticeship as a ship's carver based near the naval shipyards at Deptford, for by the 1720s he had a yard at Greenwich. His name first appears working as a carver on St George's Bloomsbury between 172030. In 1725 his first domestic work is recorded when he made carvings for 4 St James's Sq., London. At the same time he was also one of the craftsmen employed to build the Fifty New Churches. Other churches that Boson worked on included a screen and organ gallery for Westminster Abbey in 1729, and a reredos for Canterbury Cathedral in 1732.

He did not neglect the secular market, working on East India House, Leadenhall St in 1730 with a partner at this time, John How. Together they were responsible for all the carved woodwork on the facade and the chimney-pieces inside. Chimney-pieces may have been one of Boson's specialities for there are others recorded, for example in 1735 when the Hon. Francis Godolphin paid 61 for the Great room chimneypiece at Baylies, Stoke Poges, Bucks. and another example for Sir Michael Newton's seat, Culverthorpe, Lincs. He also signed an interesting monument, sculptured by Guelfi (and may therefore only have erected it) to Anne, Duchess of Richmond, c. 1730, Deene Church, Northants.

The 1730s were Boson's years of greatest success. From 1732 onwards he regularly carried out work for Frederick, Prince of Wales on his houses at Leicester Fields, Kew Palace and Cliveden, Bucks. In 1738 Boson carved the taffrail, or stern-board, of a barge for the Prince and even after Boson's death the Prince owed a considerable sum, subsequently paid to the executors. Only seven pieces remain complete with their receipts: a pair of pier tables and matching glasses, a pair of candlestands and the stand for the Pope's Cabinet at Stourhead. The pier glasses and tables are decorated with the owl crest and were made for Lady Burlington, wife of the 3rd Earl, and installed in her Garden Room at Chiswick. Designed by William Kent, the carved and gilt glasses cost 15 and the two leather-topped mahogany tables with gilt-wood enrichments, 20. The receipt is signed by Boson and dated 11 September 1735. Included on this receipt was a pair of candle-stands with Boys heads for which Boson charged 5 each but deducted 1 16s for the woodwork of the stands which was to be paid to Mr Davis the Joiner. In 1742 Henry Hoare II commissioned Boson to make a mahogany stand in the form of a Roman Triumphal Arch to carry an important piece of 16th-century Italian pietre-dura work known as The Pope's Cabinet. In October 1738 Boson had charged Sir Richard Hoare 10 5s for making a mahogany bed.

Another facet of John Boson's business included the making of picture frames. For example, in 1746 Boson's executors put in a bill of 328 11s 4d to the Prince of Wales for work on his house at Leicester Fields. This included two large frames for Battle Pieces painted by Mr Wooton, two frames in the French Manner as well as several hundred feet of enriched mouldings.

Apart from working for people in Burlington's circle, such as Lord Charles Somerset (later 4th Duke of Beaufort) and Lord Guilford, Boson also subscribed to a number of important books: Leoni's Alberti, 1726 and Isaac Ware's Palladio, 1738. John Boson often worked on his own, but he did however share the work on East India House with John How, and Benjamin Goodison also worked with Boson at Leicester Fields.
In March 1733/34 Boson took a long lease from Lord Burlington on a plot in Savile Row. The house was probably designed by William Kent and was finished in 1735. Boson lived there with his wife until his death in 1743. He also had a country house at St Anne's Hill, Chertsey, Surrey. In his will, made in April 1740, Boson left amongst various bequests 10 to his foreman Thomas Nicholls the elder, and the Chertsey house and its contents to Mary Norman, daughter of Barak Norman, a musical instrument maker of St Paul's Churchyard. Boson's executors were the painter George Lambert, James Horne the architect, and thirdly John Thornhill of St Martin-in-the-Fields.
ST GEORGE'S CHURCH, Bloomsbury, London. Between 172030 carried out carved work. [Lambeth Palace Lib., papers: Fifty New Church, MS 2728, f55]
4 ST JAMES'S SQ., Westminster, London. In 1725 payments for carving work made to Boson by the Duke of Kent are recorded in his account at Hoare's Bank. [Survey of London, vol. 29, p. 90, addendum]
ST JOHN'S CHURCH, Smith Sq., Westminster, London. In 1727 petitioned for payment for carving work. [Lambeth Palace Lib., papers, Fifty New Churches, MS 2728, f55]
ST LUKE'S CHURCH, Old St, London, Between 172733 carried out carved work. [Gunnis]
ST JOHN HORSELEYDOWN, Southwark, London. Between 172833 carried out carved work. [Gunnis]
WESTMINSTER ABBEY. In 1729 worked on the screen and organ gallery for 33. [Westminster Abbey archives]
EAST INDIA HOUSE, Leadenhall St, London. In 1730 he was paid 189 19s for carvers work in association with John How. [Mildred Archer, The East India Co. and British Art, Apollo, November 1965, p. 405]
CLEY (A house of the Duke of Montrose). In 1732 payments were made to John Boson for the decoration of the dining room and stairs totalling 33 3s. [Scottish RO, GD 220/6/31/p. 640, Montrose papers: cash bk, 1732]
CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL. In 1732 charged 242 for the reredos. [Fabric account bk, Cathedral Lib.]
HOLKHAM HALL, Norfolk (1st Earl of Leicester). In 1732 the accounts for the 4th quarter record payments to Boson of 19. [V & A archives]
KEW PALACE, Surrey (Frederick, Prince of Wales). In 1732 carried out various carved work for the Prince, receiving 100 (vol. 2, pp. 29192) and 20 (vol. 3, p. 261). In 1733 carried out further carving work costing 30 (vol. 3, p. 265). Additional work included a chimney piece and terms at 177 (vol. 4, p. 238). In 1734 Boson received 16 0s 4d (vol. 4, pp. 262, 273d). In 1745 payment of 1 9s was made by the Prince of Wales to Boson's executors. [Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Duchy of Cornwall archives, vol. 15, pp. 312, 347]
BAYLIES, Stoke Poges, Bucks. (Hon. Francis Godolphin). In 1735 Boson was paid 61 for a chimney piece to fit the Great room. [YAS, Duke of Leeds papers]
CHISWICK HOUSE, Middlx (3rd Earl of Burlington). Bill of 1735 for two Rich Glas frames, two Mahogany Tables with Tearmes (now at Chatsworth, cf. Rosoman article cited below, pl. 15) and two Stands with Boys heads (Rosoman, pl. 7) costing 43 4s, was signed by Boson on 11 September, and payment received from Right Honble the Countess of Burlington. [Burlington papers; Chatsworth archives, no. 247:1; T. Rosoman, The Decoration and use of the Principal Apartments of Chiswick House, 172770, Burlington, October 1985]
ST JAMES'S PARK, Westminster (Frederick, Prince of Wales). In 1735 carried out various carved work for the Prince costing 233 19s 5d. [Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Duchy of Cornwall archives, vol. 4, pp. 269, 273]
CULVERTHORPE HALL, Lincs. (Sir Michael Newton). Supplied a chimney-piece in 1736. [C. Life, vol. LIV, pp. 350, 386]
FREDERICK, PRINCE OF WALES. Boson received payment for service to Christmas 1736 10 16 2d and 1 1s 0 (vol. 19, pp. 16566). In 1738 carved frames costing 24 5s (vol. 19, p. 167). Worked on the barge for the Prince of Wales, submitting a bill for carving the taffrail or stern-board, and other ship decoration costing 10 10s on 12 December 1738 (Vouchers Bk, vol. 7). [Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Duchy of Cornwall archives]
SIR RICHARD HOARE. Bill for carving a mahogany bedstead at 10 5s is signed and dated 10 October 1738. [V & A Lib., MS 86, NN 3, no. 12]
ST OLAVE'S CHURCH, Southwark, London. In 1739 Boson attended a meeting concerning the building of the church where he produced designs and costs and also specimens of his work. Accordingly he was asked to perform the said work for 50. [The Builder, 1844, p. 253]
LORD CHARLES SOMERSET. In 1740 Boson submitted a bill for carving chimney mouldings, table frames and oval sconces at 71 5s 7d. This may have been for work at Badminton House, Glos. but this is not certain. [Badminton House, Muniment Room, Correspondence, Drawer 32]
LORD GUILFORD, 1st Earl of. In 1740 payment was made to Mr Booson of 94. This money may have been for work on Guilford's London house, 50 Grosvenor Sq. [Bodleian Lib. MS, North C 58, F99; Survey of London, vol. L, p. 164]
WESTMINSTER ABBEY. In 1741 received 95 for an organ case. [Westminster Abbey archives]
STOURHEAD, Wilts. (Henry Hoare II). In 1742 commission to make a stand for the Pope's Cabinet. [Nat. Trust guide to Stourhead]
LEICESTER HOUSE, London (Frederick, Prince of Wales). Between 174243 various carving work for the Prince included frames for two pictures by John Wooton. Boson also gilded some furniture, and appears to have worked with Benjamin Goodison on some of the State rooms. [Survey of London, vol. 34, 1966]
LEICESTER HOUSE, London (Frederick, Prince of Wales). A detailed account was rendered on 1 August 1746 by John Boson's executors to the Prince. Included are hundreds of feet of enriched mouldings and architraves, columns and capitals, a chimney-piece and a coat of arms. The total was for 328 11s 4d. [Ibid. vol. 15, pp. 37374] T. R.

Bossen, Samuel, Chell St, Hanley, Staffs., chairmaker (1834). [D]

Bostock, Edward, Liverpool, cm (1780). Admitted freeman on 8 September 1780 on servitude to John Jones. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bostock, Edward, Middle-gate, Newark, Notts., cm and u (1822). [D]

Bostock, James, at The Rising Sun, Wich St, parish of St Mary le Savoy, London, upholder (1718). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 22 January 1718 on goods and merchandise. [GL, Sun MS vol. 7]

Bostock, James, at The Two Black and White Balls, Holborn Row, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, u (172735). [Heal; M. A. Steer, Index of London Tradesmen]

Bostock, Mary, 1 Brown St, Salford, Lancs., u (1825). [D]

Boston, J., 10 Potter St, Soho, London, chair and sofa maker, broker (182639). [D]

Bosvera, Henry, St Anne's Ct, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Boswell, William, Norwich, carver and gilder (1831). Admitted freeman on 20 June 1831. [Norwich freemen rolls]

Bosworth, James, Hereford, cm and u (183035). Ten bills dated 183035 from Bosworth to Capt. N. L. Pateshall, RN of Hereford, list upholstery, bedding, carpets, and furniture supplied, including a wardrobe, 2 2s; chimney glass, 6 10s; mahogany table, 4 10s; dressing table, 18s; music stool, 15s; side board, 4; mahogany library table, 4 4s; bedstead and hangings, 6 10s; and 6 mahogany trafalgar chairs, 6 12s the set. Other items supplied by the versatile Mr Bosworth include 19 Gallons Cyder at 1/ a gallon, bottles, saucepans, fire irons, ivory-handled knives, and brooms. [Herefs. RO, F60/202, 208, 218, 226, 257, 271, 290, 302, 513 and 540]

Bosworth, Joseph, Edgbaston St, Birmingham, cm and joiner (177780). [D]

Bosworth, Robert, Market Harborough, Leics., u (1791). [D]

Botamley, William, Gainsborough, Lincs., chairmaker (169091). [Lincoln RO, subject index, Inv 189/196]

Botcherby, Robert, Darlington, Co. Durham, cm (17931803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793, and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D]

Botham (or Bothman), John, Leicester, cm (1826). App. to Joseph Green, cm; admitted freeman in 1826. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Botham, Robert, Friargate, Derby, cm and u (182335). Recorded also at 3 Brookside in 1828 and 17 Friargate in 1835. [D]

Botham, William, Gloucester, cm (181319). Children bapt. in 1813, 1815 and 1819 at St Michael's. [PR(bapt.)]

Bott, Samuel, 59 York St, Westminster, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Bott, Thomas, London, cm and u (181639). Addresses given at 1011 Gt Portland St, Oxford St 181631, and 28 Margaret St, 183239. [D] Supplied furniture to Streatlam Castle, Co. Durham, receipts for which are dated July 1829 and January 1830. An estimate of 10 July 1829, totalling 67 4s, refers to A French Bedstead with Solid Ends & Sweep etc. Sideboards neatly Japaned in colors of chintz hangings Handsome chintz hangings for ditto lined thro blue & white stripe Teaster cloth & full valence finished twine fringes bound silk lace . [Durham RO, Strathmore MS D/St/64] Received substantial commission from John Arkwright of Hampton Court, Leominster, Herefs., being paid a total of 230 10s 6d in May 1830. His bill covers extensive redecoration, including the repair of furniture, supplying of new furniture, curtain and roller-blind making, and paper hanging, prior to rebuilding of Hampton Court, 183442. Bott sent Arkwright another bill on 6 November 1834 for items supplied in 1832, including principally eight mahogany dining room chairs covered in red Morocco leather and costing 23 4s. An accompanying letter asks for payment of outstanding amount as he has experienced several disappointments latterly. [Herefs. RO, Arkwright papers, A63/161] Account dated 9 October 1830 lists furniture made for Thomas Vernon of Hanbury Hall, near Droitwich, Worcs. His bill, totalling 137 18s 6d, describes a handsome suite of furniture in rosewood, including 12 chairs costing 39 12s, a sofa 22 10s, and two elbow chairs, 10 each, all being stuffed and covered purple morocco finish gold colour silk netted Buttons and gimp, an occasional table, and a circular table on Neat Turned and carved Pillars triangular block feet and castors. Vernon also commissioned Bott for a suite of mahogany bedroom furniture, including a carved four-post bedstead with cornices, bedding and chintz hangings, washstand, dressing table and two wardrobes. His bill, totalling 208 6s 4d, was paid on 5 April 1831, and also listed a rosewood tea poy and Davenport desk, and making window curtains. [Worcs. RO, Vernon papers, 7335/705:7/8ii 3940; 77v 30 and 45] Worked for the Lucy family at Charlecote Park, Warks., submitting a bill on 8 December 1837 totalling 158 13s 6d for twenty-two antique oak dining chairs and two matching elbow chairs with turned supports and upholstered in Genoa velvet. [Nat. Trust guide to Charlecote Park, p. 27; Joy, English Furniture, 18001851, p. 121] Presumably Thomas Bolt.

Bott, William, London, cm (1806). Admitted freeman of Lincoln in November 1806. [Lincoln freemen rolls]

Botterell, Thomas & Sons, 37 Northumberland Pl., Commercial Rd, London, upholders (182639). [D]

Botterill, William Houghton, 37 Northumberland Pl., Commercial Rd, London, u (1840). [GL, Sun MS ref. 1335024]

Bottom, Henry, 9 Silver St, Golden Sq., London, u and cm (1785). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 28 March 1785, 50 on utensils and stock and 50 on household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 327, p. 511]

Bottom, Henry, 39 Wardour St, London, upholder (179093). [D]

Bottom, Joseph, London, upholder (1773). Son of Joseph Bottom, app. to Richard Gomm of Clerkenwell, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 7 April 1773. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bottom, Joseph, 39 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, upholder (1776). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for 600, 350 accounting for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 248, p. 373]

Bottomley, John, Honley, near Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (183037). [D]

Bottomley, John, Holme, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1837). [D]

Bottomley, Thomas, Liverpool, u (181127). Trading at 57 Circus St in 1811; 17 Paradise St, 1818; 60 Gloucester St, 1821; 88 London Rd 1823; and 2 Devon St, 1827. [D]

Bottrell, John, 20 Bridge St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Botts, George, parish of St Mary, Chelmsford, Essex, cm (1777). Son Thomas bapt. on 2 February 1777. [Essex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Bouch, Thomas, Wells, Norfolk, cm (17771839). Recorded at Freeman St, 183039. App. to James Lyther, joiner and cm, and admitted freeman of King's Lynn, 177778. [D; King's Lynn poll bks and freemen's calendar]

Bouch, William, Wells St, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Boucher, Daniel, St George's Pl., Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (182030). Trading at nos 911 in 1830. [D] See Thomas Boucher.

Boucher, George, 14 Henrietta St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1830). [D]

Boucher, John, 15 Chesterfield St, Marylebone, London, cm (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 27 September 1791 for 250. [GL, Sun MS vol. 379, p. 631]

Boucher, John, 9 St George's Pl., Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1822). [D]

Boucher, Thomas, Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (182030). Recorded at 8 Henrietta St, in 1820; nos 8 and 9, also as paper hanger and appraiser in 1822; and Bath Rd in 1830. [D]

Bough, Thomas, Swine Market St, Ellesmere, Salop, joiner/cm (1822). [D]

Boughey, George, Nantwich, Cheshire, turner (178992). Burial of daughter Ellin by his wife Hannah recorded, 20 November 1789; of daughter Ann, 26 March 1791; and baptism of Sarah, daughter by his wife Anna, 12 March 1792. [Chester RO, PR(bapt.)]

Boughey, Samuel, Nantwich, Cheshire, turner (1824). Married on 20 January 1824. [Chester RO, PR]

Boughtflower, Benjamin, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Boughton, George, Nantwich, Cheshire, turner (1782). Son Richard bapt. on 3 October 1782. [Chester RO, PR]

Boulderson, William, Falmouth, Cornwall, u, linen and woollen-draper (178384). [D]

Boulnois, , 14 Charlotte St, Rathbone Pl., London, u (c. 1830). Address on label recorded on chair of transitional Sheraton-Victorian type. [V & A archives] Label also found on a music Canterbury at Birthwaite Hall, Yorks. Probably the Boulnois who worked for the 3rd Lord Braybrooke, supplying furniture either for Audley End, Essex, Billingbear, Berks., or his London house, being paid 6 2s in December 1835; 12 16s in June 1837; and 6 9s 7d in June 1839. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A363] Probably:

Boulnois, John, 44 South Moulton St, London, u (c. 183039). Address in directories, 183739, and on labels found on set of fourteen William IV mahogany dining chairs and armchair, with curved top rails, rectangular backs, seats covered in buttoned scarlet leather on reeded tapering legs. [Christie's, 22 March 1979, lot 8] Label also recorded on pieces in various sets of varnished oak chairs, upholstered in green leather, at Penrhyn Castle, Wales. [V & A archives]

Boulter, Henry, Leicester, turner (1839). [Leicester freemen rolls]

Boulter, William, 5 Skinner St, Bishopsgate, London, chair and moulding manufacturer (1820). [D]

Boulton, B., St Dunstan-in-the-West, London, cm (1770). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., September 1770. Possibly Benjamin Bolton.

Boulton, Charles, Chester, cm (17891856). Addresses given in Eastgate St, 181222, and Lower Row, Bridge St, 1828. Probably the Charles Boulton app. to Richard Hawkins, cm, on 30 November3 December 1789. Admitted freeman on 7 November 1811. Took apps named John Cross in 1814, John Todd in 1826, Charles Leatwood in 1830 and Joseph Boulton, his son, in 1856. Declared bankrupt, Chester Guardian and Cambrian Intelligence, 20 May 1819, having assigned over his Estate and Effects for the equal benefit of such of his creditors . [D; poll bks; Chester freemen rolls and app. bks] See Joseph Boulton.

Boulton, Charles, Chester, cm (1831). Admitted freeman on 27 April 1831. [Chester freemen rolls]

Boulton, Charles, Bevington Hill, Liverpool, Lancs., cm (183537). Trading at no. 8 in 1835 and no. 2 in 1837. [D]

Boulton, George, Charing Cross, London, upholder (17981802). Son of George Boulton, agent, of Golden Cross, Charing Cross. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption in 1798. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists] Possibly George Bolton of Charlotte St and High St, London.

Boulton, George, Wood St, Hanley, Staffs., cm (1822). [D]

Boulton, Isaac, Lancaster, chairmaker (17881810). App. to Joseph Tyson, chairmaker, in 1788, and admitted freeman, 179596. Took apps on 19 March 1800, 26 June 1805 and 22 February 1810. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Boulton, John snr, 48 Threadneedle St, London, upholder, auctioneer and undertaker (1761d. 1798). Son of John Boulton, freeman weaver of London; app. to J. Shard armourer, on 16 November 1749, and to William Jones on 6 August 1752. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 15 December 1757, and master in 1793. Took apps named William White, 176168, and Sterry Marks, 177174. His son, John Boulton, admitted freeman in 1794. Died in 1798, but his name occurs in directories at 48 Threadneedle St, 180102, referring presumably to his son. Small bow-fronted mahogany chest-of-drawers with his label sold at Sotheby's, 19 November 1948. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records; Heal]

Boulton (or Bolton), John jnr, 109 St Martin's Lane, London, u (17941803). Son of John Boulton of Threadneedle St, upholder, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 2 July 1794. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 30 August 1802. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery list]

Boulton, Joseph, Eastgate St, Chester, cm (1827). Admitted freeman on 16 October 1824. [Chester freemen rolls] See Charles Boulton.

Boulton, William, Peterborough, Northants., carver (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for 1,500, 230 accounting for warehouses and timbersheds. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 481]

Boulton, William, Queen's Sq., Lancaster, chair and bedstead maker (181634). Addresses given at King St in 181618, and Queen Sq., 182234. [D]

Bounsall (or Bounfall), A., 8 Middle Row, Holborn, London, japanned chair manufacturer (180204). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Bourke, James, address unrecorded, upholder (1711). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 2 May 1711. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bourlet, William, London, carver and gilder (180829). Trading at 26 Chad's Row, Gray's Inn Rd, 1808, and 45 London St, Fitzroy Sq., 1829. [D]

Bourn (or Bourne), George, Liverpool, carver and gilder (b. 1763d. 1823). Recorded as Bourne at 18 Tarleton St in 181011 and as Bourn at Renshaw St in 1823. Death aged 60 on 6 July 1823 reported, Liverpool Mercury, 25 July. [D]

Bourn, James, 6 Case St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1827 37). [D]

Bourne, John, 2 New Cut, Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (182627). [D]

Bourne, Lancelot, Newcastle, u (1792). App. to John Hudson, admitted freeman on 12 July 1792. [Newcastle freemen reg.]

Bourne, Peter, 56 Sparling St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Bourne, William, London, cm and u (181639). Addresses given at 25 Bun St, Low E. Smithfield and 2 New St, St Catherine's, 181619; 13 Hereford Pl., Commercial Rd, 1820; and Devonshire Pl., Commercial Rd East, by 1839. [D]

Bouskell, George, 17 Amwell St, Spitalfields, London, cm (1829). [D]

Boustead, James, Over Darwen, near Blackburn, Lancs., joiner and cm (182425). [D]

Bouvrier, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1759). Petitioned freedom on servitude to William Leech, deceased, paying 6s 8d in 1759. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Boveri (or Bouveri), Francis, 9 Eyre St Hill, London, barometer, thermometer, looking-glass, crown glass and picture frame maker (183041). [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Bow, Charles, 24 Harcourt St, Marylebone, London, cm (182639). [D]

Bow, Robert, 10 Homer St, Marylebone, London, upholder (182627). [D]

Bowcher (or Boucher), John, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1826 38). Addresses given at High St in 1826; Goldsmith St, 1828 30; and 20 Magdalen St, 1838. Son John Spark bapt. at St Martin's on 22 September 1826, and George John at All Hallows on 3 November 1828. [D; PR(bapt.)]

Bowcock, William, 5 Bond St, Manchester, painter and gilder (1797). [D]

Bowd, Charles, 44 Old Compton St, London, ironmonger and cm (1793). [D]

Bowden, , Fore St, Tiverton, Devon, cm (182324). [D]

Bowden, , Chester, cm (1831). Account bks at Erddig, Clwyd, list two rosewood trays costing 7s 6d supplied to Mrs Yorke in 1831.

Bowden, Andrew, Exeter, Devon, cm (1776). [Exeter freemen rolls]

Bowden, E., Cowick St, St Thomas's, Exeter, Devon, u (1838). [D]

Bowden, George, London, cm and upholder (182039). Addresses given at 10 New Inn Sq., Shoreditch, 182021; 51 Featherstone St, City Rd, 182228; and 4 White Lion St, Norton Falgate, 183739. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 November 1820 or 1821 for 600, 50 on shop behind house, and 350 on stock and utensils in shop, open yard, and workshop behind 129 Curtain Rd. Another policy of 14 January 1822 for 850, included 500 on stock and utensils in warehouse, open yard, and manufactory behind warehouse; and 150 on a house and shop at 10 New Inn Sq. in tenure of a cm. Took out a further policy on 1 April 1824 for 800. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 974240; vol. 489, ref. 987580; vol. 497, ref. 1016183]

Bowden, James, Witton St, Northwich, Cheshire, joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Bowden, John, corner of May's Buildings, Bedfordbury, London(?), cm (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for 100, 30 accounting for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 242, p. 621]

Bowden, John, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 17911841). Aged 50 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bowden, Jos., Chesham, Bucks., seedsman and chairmaker (1793). [D]

Bowden, Joseph, 15 Elder St, Norton Falgate, London, chairmaker (1817). [D]

Bowden, Joseph, 17 Lower Maudlin St, Bristol, ornamental and cabinet carver (183233). [D]

Bowden, Joshua, 12 Spicer St, Spitalfields, London, chair manufacturer (1820). [D]

Bowden, William, Fore St, Totnes, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Bowden, William, 62 Bridport St, Hoxton, London, cm (1839). [D]

Bowdige, Samuel, Axminster, Devon, cm and u (1808). Advertised, Exeter Flying Post, 16 June 1808, for two cm.

Bowditch, George, address unrecorded, upholder (175462). Son of John Bowditch, clothier of Swinsham, Somerset, app. to William Jones jnr on 5 December 1754, and then to Richard Hearne on 7 February 1759. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 4 February 1762. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bowen, George, Corve St, Ludlow, Salop, cm and u (1822). [D]

Bowen, Henry, 9 Salter's Ct, Hull, Yorks., cm (183839). [D]

Bowen, Matthew, Bristol, u (171518). Trading at Wine St in 1717. Took apps named Elliot in 1715 and Whitfield in 1718. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 4 June 1717 on his house. [Poll bk; S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS vol. 6, p. 267]

Bowen, Thomas, London and Pembrokeshire, upholder (17781802). Recorded in Ludgate St, London, 177886, and Milford, Pembrokeshire, 17941802. Son of Thomas Bowen of Pembrokeshire, Gent.; app. to William Fassett and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 October 1773. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bower, Benjamin, 3 Bow St, Sheffield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Bower, Charles, Paternoster Row, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821). [D]

Bower, Charles, 50 Chichester Pl., Gray's Inn Rd, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Bower, Charles, Nine Elms, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Bower, J. D., London, upholder (1797). [D]

Bower, Joseph, 5 Stewart's Rents, Drury Lane, London, cm (1775). Insured his house with the Sun Co. for 200 in 1775. [GL, Sun MS vol. 243, p. 27]

Bower (or Borver), Joseph, London, cm, upholder and broker (177896). Trading at 12 Old Round Ct, Strand, 177893, with timber workshop adjoining in Vine St, Covent Gdn in 1792; and 64 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, by 1796. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for 400, of which 200 accounted for utensils and stock; on 13 July 1786 for 1,200, 730 on utensils etc.; and on 30 June 1792 on utensils, stock and goods in the Vine St timber workshop. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 350; vol. 339, p. 146; vol. 389, ref. 602222]

Bower(s), Robert, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Bower, Thomas, 4 Mill Pl., Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, cm (1834). [D]

Bowerbank & Bamber, Fishergate, Preston, Lancs., joiners and cm (181416). [D] See Walmsley & Bowerbank of Preston.

Bowers, John & Thomas, 241 Oxford St, London, carvers and gilders (180223). [D]

Bowers, Robert, Chester, u (1754). Master to John Denson, 1754. [Chester app. bks]

Bowers, Robert, Aylsham, Norfolk, carver and gilder (183039). Trading at Whitehart St in 1830 and Cromer Rd in 1839. [D]

Bowers, William, Russell St, Bedford, cm (1839). [D]

Bowes, George, Moore St, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Bowes, George, Kingston, Surrey, cm and undertaker (1794). [D]

Bowes, John, West Cowes, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm (175761). Took apps named Parkman in 1757, Cox in 1759, Wise in 1760 and Smyth in 1761. [S of G, app. index]

Bowes, Philip, Cowes, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm (177778). Took out Sun Insurance policies in trust for John Lewis in 1777 for 100 and 1778 for 200; and in 1777 insured utensils and stock for 110 out of a total of 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 260, p. 233; vol. 265, p. 499; vol. 261, p. 147]

Bowes, Thomas, a timber house, S. side Hand Alley, E. side Bishopsgate St., London, turner (1717). Took out a Hand in Hand insurance policy on 24 October 1717 on his house for 150. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 17, p. 333]

Bowes, Thomas, St Oswald's parish, Durham, cm (174648). Son's baptism registered on 30 April 1746, and others recorded until 1748. [PR(bapt.)]

Bowhill, John, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumb., cm (182734). Trading at Church St in 1827 and Western Lane 182834. [D]

Bowker, John, London, upholder, carpet, u and bedding warehouse owner (17571811). Addresses given at Leather Lane, Holborn in 1772; 127 Holborn in 1774; 29 Cannon St in 1779; 128 Leadenhall St, 178184; and 3 Postern Row or Rd, Tower Hill by 17931810. An address at 25 Duke St, St James's also given, date unspecified. Son of John Bowker, tanner, Yaxley, Hunts.; app. to Nicholas Parkes, draper, on 6 April 1757, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 6 March 1766. Took out Sun Insurance policies on utensils and stock in 1779 for 750 out of a total of 1,000; in 1781 for 1,630 out of 2,000; and on 21 February 1810 for 1,650 out of 2,000. Probably the John Bowker, upholder of St Andrew's, Holborn, declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., June 1772, and July 1784. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists; GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 379; vol. 289, p. 19; vol. 451, ref. 841330]

Bowker, Thomas, 19 Fairhurst St, Cheapside, Liverpool, gilder (1790). [D]

Bowler, Charles, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 181141). Aged 30 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bowler, George, Nantwich, Cheshire, u (1713). Daughter Mary bapt. on 26 January 1713. [Chester RO, PR(bapt.)]

Bowler, James, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 182141). Aged 20 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bowler, Samuel, London, upholder (172331). Son of Charles Bowler, freeman hatbandmaker of London; app. to James Maulden on 5 March 1723 and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 May 1731. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bowler, William, High St, Lymington, Hants., cm etc. (1839). [D]

Bowles, Bernard, parish of St Peter, Hungate, Norwich, cm (180207). App. to William Elden Earl, and admitted freeman on 13 April 1802. [Poll bks; Norwich freemen reg.]

Bowles, George, 5 Little Chapel St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Bowles, John S., Middle St, Norwich, cm and u (1830). [D]

Bowles, Thomas, 153 Leadenhall St, London, frame maker (1796). [D]

Bowles, William, 52 Old St Rd, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Bowley, John, 26 Bridges St, Covent Gdn, London, upholder and auctioneer (1807). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 12 May 1807 for 400, of which 130 accounted for utensils and stock in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 802699]

Bowling, John, Hatfield, near Doncaster, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bowling, John, Otley, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bowling, John, Thorne, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bowling, Robert, Porter St, Covent Gdn, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Bowling, Thomas, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker, turner and beerhouse owner (183337). Trading at 69 Norfolk St, 183033, and 8 New Church St, 1837. [D]

Bowlt, William, Hillgate, Gateshead, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (178795). [D]

Bowlt, William, 192 High St, Gateshead, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1838). [D]

Bowman, Edmund, Baston, Cumb., cm (1751). Took app. named Bateman in 1751. [S of G, app. index]

Bowman, Frederick, 9 Old Bond St, London, cm (1839). [D]

Bowman, George, Northampton St, Cambridge, cm (1832). [Poll bk]

Bowman, Isaac, Liverpool, cm (181621). Addresses given at 24 Pellew St in 1816, no. 29 in 1818, and 55 Copperas Hill in 1821. [D]

Bowman, James, 27 Whitechapel, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D] See Thomas Bowman.

Bowman, John, 15 Hatfield St, Blackfriars, London, cm (1793 1808). [D] Probably the John Bowman, cm of London, who subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bowman, John, Sandgate, Penrith, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1829). [D]

Bowman, Kemp, 7 Bayn's Row, Clerkenwell, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bowman, R., Blackfriar's St, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and/or cm (1811). [D]

Bowman, Robert, Liverpool, cm (177296). Trading at 13 Argyle St, 177274; 24 Paradise St in 1777; no. 22 in 1781; 41 Atherton St and 2 Murray's Ct, 40 Atherton St in 1790; with shop at 5 Park Lane in 1796. [D]

Bowman, Robert, Wardour St, Soho, London, cm and upholder (182129). Recorded at no. 113, 182123, and no. 110 by 1829. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 7 February 1821 for 300, of which 200 accounted for stock and utensils in house and workshop; on 4 October 1821 for 400, 200 on stock and utensils in house and parlour, and 100 on those in workshop behind 8 Portland St; on 15 November 1821 at 6 Portland St in association with William Keatinge; on 7 October 1822 for 400, 200 on stock, utensils and goods in trust in house, and 100 on those in workshops behind 4 Portland St; and on 7 November 1823 for 600, 500 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 488, refs 976086, 893575 and 985449; vol. 493, ref. 997020; vol. 498, ref. 1010049]

Bowman, Robert, 85 St Mary St, Weymouth, Dorset, carver and gilder (1823). [D]

Bowman, Robert, 50 East St, Brighton, Sussex, carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (183340). [D] See William Bowman at this address.

Bowman, Thomas, 27 Whitechapel, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D] See James Bowman.

Bowman, Thomas, Scruton, near Bedale, Yorks., u (1840). [D]

Bowman, William, Liverpool, cm (1788). Drop-front secretary desk with panels of black lacquer and set with K'ang Hsi famille verte porcelain cut from plates, etc., signed in red paint on the back of the inside of the secretary section, WB 1788, and written in pencil, WILLIAM BOWMAN LIVERPOOL AUG. 19TH 1788. [Sold by Hotspur Ltd, 1968; Conn., June 1969]

Bowman, William, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bowman, William, Lancaster and Manchester, cm (179499). App. to T. Lister in 1794. Lancaster freemen rolls state of Manchester. Named in the Gillow records, 179899. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow] Possibly:

Bowman, William, Manchester, cm and u (180825). Trading at 13 Richmond St, 180813, and 3 Lever St, 181525. [D]

Bowman, William, 50 East St, Brighton, Sussex, carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (182132). Recorded at no. 48 in 1831. Advertised, Brighton Gazette, 20 December 1821, BOWMAN'S GLASS WAREHOUSE AND PICTURE FRAME MANUFACTORY. [D] See Robert Bowman at this address.

Bowmer, Michael, Front St, Gateshead, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1824). [D]

Bownd, John, East St, Southampton, Hants., cm (1811). [D]

Bowran (or Bouran), William, London, and Bank St, Boar Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (180305). Advertised in Leeds Mercury, 8 October 1803, describing himself as from London, and thanking those Ladies and Gentlemen who have liberally honoured him with their commands. He begs leave to inform them and the public in general, that he has now upon Hand an Elegant Assortment of articles in the above business . Advertised in Leeds Intelligencer, 8 April 1805 his extensive assortment of chairs in the most modern style of fashion, and again in Leeds Mercury, 20 and 27 April 1805.

Bowring, Moses, Launceston, Cornwall, shopkeeper and cm (1782). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for 400, of which 370 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 298, p. 662]

Bowtcher, William, parish of Holy Trinity, Exeter, Devon, sedan chairmaker (1832). [Poll bk]

Bowther, Laurence, parish of St Augustine, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Bowyer, C. R., 33 Store St, Bedford Sq., London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Bowyer, Edward, St John St, Clerkenwell, London, chair carver (177576). Trading at no. 211 in 1775, and no. 208 in 1776. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 and 1776 for 300, 50 on stock, utensils and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 460; vol. 247, p. 256]

Bowyer, Thomas, east side of Queen St, near Cheapside, Pancras Lane, London, upholder (170214). Insured his brick house for 300 for seven years on 3 February 1702 with the Hand in Hand Co., renewed on 21 May 1714. Took app. on 16 March 1714. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 2, ref. 2448; PRO, app. reg.]

Box, George, 22 Union St, Maidstone, Kent, cm and u (1826 38). [D; poll bks] See James Box.

Box, Henry, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Box, James, Union St, Maidstone, Kent, cm and u (183839). Trading at no. 18 in 1838 and no. 17 in 1839. [D] See George Box.

Box, John, London, carver and gilder (182639). Addresses given at 25 Downing St, Westminster, 182627; no. 24 in 1837; and 2 Gt Smith St, 183839. Took app. in 1838 under Grinsell's Charity. [D; Westminster Ref. Lib., MS E 3559, app. indentures]

Box, Philip, address unrecorded, upholder (172030). Son of Philip Box, Gent. of South Newington, Oxford; app. to Robert North on 2 November 1720, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 11 November 1730. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Box, Thomas, George St, Grosvenor Sq., London, carpenter, joiner and undertaker (c. 1790). [Trade card, Heal Coll., BM]

Boxall, Benjamin, St Pancras, Chichester, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Boxall, G., address unrecorded (1813 or 15). Pair of Regency parcel gilt cross-framed stools recorded, one bearing signature and date on under-frame. [Sotheby's, 1 March 1983, lot 123; Michael Norman Antiques, Brighton, July 1983]

Boxall, William, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and carpenter (1823 39). Trading at 7 Bond St, 182327; 23 East Cliff in 1832; Greville Pl., 1837; and 10 Western Rd, 1839. Daughter Eliza bapt. on 1 June 1825. [D; poll bk; E. Sussex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Boxall, William, High St, Guildford, Surrey, cm and u (1830 39). Recorded at no. 42 in 1838. [D; poll bks]

Boyce, J., 13 Hampton Row, Bath, Som., cm (1833). [D]

Boyce, John, Garlick Hill, London, cm (1724). [Heal]

Boyce, John, parish of St Stephen, Bristol, carver (172239). [D]

Boyce, John jnr, Cash St, St James's, London, cm (1750). [GL, Joiners Co. Livery list] Possibly son of John Boyce of Garlick Hill.

Boyce, John, 9 Essex St, Strand, adjacent to the Temple, London, carpenter, builder, cm etc. (c. 1800). Pedestal writing table, c. 1800, bears his label which adds, Chambers Offices etc. fitted up with neatness & dispatch. NB. Blinds Made and repaired. [Christie's, January 1966; V & A archives]

Boyce, John, Southampton, Hants., cm (181139). Recorded opposite the Rooms in 1811; West Pl. in 1830; in St Michael Sq., 183639; and also West Quay in 1839 as John Boyce snr, cm and chairmaker. [D]

Boyce, John, Birmingham, cm, joiner etc. (181630). Addresses given in Sand St, 181618, and Bath St, 181830. [D]

Boyce, R., 22 Charlotte St, Fitzroy Sq., London, u etc. (1802 03). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Boyce, William, 7 Moore St, Seven Dials, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Boyd, , 53 Gt Marylebone Ct, London, cm (1835). [D]

Boyd, Archibald, 5 Upper Marylebone St, London, cm and upholder (183739). [D]

Boyd, Robert Barton, Liverpool, cm (1826). App. to William John Roberts in 1826. [Liverpool app. enrolment bk]

Boyd, Robert, Liverpool, cm (1840). Admitted freeman on 20 July 1840. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Boyd, William, Peter St, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Boyden, John, Clair Ct, Drury Lane, London, carver (1775). Insured his house for 100 with the Sun Co. in 1775. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, p. 411]

Boyes, John, Epworth, Lincs., cm and joiner (183541). [D]

Boyle, Esther, near the Turnpike, Tottenham Ct, London, carver and gilder (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 400, of which 100 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 57]

Boyle, James, at The Golden Eagle, Gt Pulteney St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (176378). Trade card framed by asymmetrical Rococo foliated scrolls states that he undertook all manner of CARVEING in the Italian, French, Gothick & Chiniese tastes Either in Wood or Stone. [Heal] Between 20 June and 14 October 1768 supplied Picture and Glass Frames, Gilding Etc., costing 187 7s 6d to Shelburne House, Berkeley Sq., London. [Bowood MS] The Earl of Shelburne's accounts record payments to Boyle, c. 1771, of 100, 150 and 91 for carving at Lansdowne House, London. [A. T. Bolton, The Architecture of Robert and James Adam, vol. 2, p. 314] Sir Richard Hoare's private accounts refer on 3 July 1773 to 2 Gilt Frames (Angelica) 8.8.-, provided by Boyle. [Hoare's Bank, London] Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 200, of which 50 accounted for his shop. [D; poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 268, p. 307]

Boylyn, Caesar, 20 Copper St, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1833). [D]

Boynton, James, 43 Brewer St, London, painter and gilder (1790). Insured his house and goods for 900 on 13 October 1790 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS ref. 575108]

Boys, John jnr, New Park St, Devizes, Wilts., cm and chairmaker (1839). [D]

Boyse, Peter Paul, London(?), carver (1686). Worked for Sir William Bruce at Kinvour, 1686. See Cornelius Vanerba.

Brabant, Rob., Atherstone, Warks., cm (1749). Took app. named Bliss in 1749. [S of G, app. index]

Brabazon, Edward, 1 Pleasant View, Kirkdale, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Braben, J., Shop goods at an house over against Burley-Streetend by Exeter Exchange in the Strand, London, cm (d. 1714). [V & A archives]

Brabner, Samuel, 32 Strand St, Liverpool, cm (1811). [D]

Brabs, William, London and York, u (178396). Son of John Brabs, farmer of Haughton; app. to Matthew Barker, u, on 12 August 1783. In 1796, from Rose St, Covent Gdn, London, admitted freeman of York. [York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Brabs, William, 21 Gt May's Buildings, St Martin's Lane, London, upholder (1812). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 20 February 1812 for 300 on a house in Tabernacle Walk, Moorfields, in private tenure. [GL, Sun MS vol. 457, ref. 867744]

Brace, , Lower College Lane, Gloucester, cm (1802). [D]

Brace, Henry, Church St, Birmingham, gilder in general (1818). [D]

Bracebridge, George, Lincoln, u (1716). On 3 February 1716 insured his house and one in the occupation of John Holland, framer, and Peter Smith, with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 5, ref. 625152]

Braceby, William, Lincoln, u (1715). On 2 May 1715 insured his house, goods and merchandise with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 5, p. 8]

Bracey, Jay, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (179598). Son of William Bracey, deceased, admitted freeman in 1795 by patrimony. [D; poll bk; Gt Yarmouth freemen's calendar]

Brac(e)y, William, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (1754d. by 1795). Took apps named Godbold in 1754, Simons in 1775, and Denew in 1759. His sons, William and Jay, u, admitted freemen by patrimony in 1754 and 1795 respectively. Former app., John Brown, u, admitted freeman by servitude in 1775. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1757. [Poll bk; S of G, app. index; Gt Yarmouth freemen's calendar]

Bracey, William, Norwich, upholder (1781). App. to Paul Colombine, upholder; admitted freeman on 14 April 1781. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Bracey, William, Bristol, furniture painter (181832). Trading at 8 Limekiln Lane, 181822; 3 Pipe Lane, 1823; no. 4, 182430; 24 Trenchard St and Limekiln Lane, 1831; and 24 Trenchard St and Brandon Hill Steep, 1832. [D]

Brachcroft, Samuel, Carnaby Mkt, London, u (1749). [Poll bk]

Bracher, Eleanor, (widow), 1 Primrose St, London, turner, cm and maker of telescope cases (1821). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 7 June 1821 for 500, of which stock and utensils accounted for 300, and musical intruments, 10; and on four houses, 6366 Wentworth St, Spitalfields, in private tenure, for 600. [GL, Sun MS vol. 487, refs 98095051]

Bracher, T., 29 Broad St, Golden Sq., London, cm and upholder (1820). [D]

Bracken, , London(?), u (1778). Immediately put in charge of the hasty refurnishing of Thorndon Hall by Lord Petre for the visit of George III in October 1778, first proposed by the King on 22 September. Lord Petre's summary account of the visit describes the rooms entirely new furnished, including the King's Dressing Room furnished with Green Damask, large glasses, Gild chairs, Lustres; the Bedchamber with furniture of Red and White Damask, the Bed of the same which was made in every respect as to beding the same as their Majestys at Buckenham House. The Tables, commodes and every other piece of furniture made use of in the above apartment were all new. To this may be added great number of beds Tables & commodes for other apartments & fifty damask stools, for the company to sit on who had the honour of dining with the King and Queen. Their Majestys only being seated on chairs . The accounts, including food and new silver, totalled 1,001 7s 2d. [Essex RO, D/DP F322/237A]

Bracken, Henry, York, carver and gilder (1761). Son of Edward Bracken, clerk; app. to George Gibson, carver and gilder, on 6 November 1761. [York app. reg.]

Bracken, John & Saunders, Ann, Charlotte St, Bloomsbury, London, upholders (1775). Insured a house for 600 in 1775 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 71]

Brackett, William Bury, Tombland, Norwich, cm and u (1830). [D]

Brackston, Charles, Lymington, Hants., cm (1784). [D]

Bradbear, Richard, 4 Hoxton Mkt, London, cm (1840). Insured his workshop on property of Elisha Milward in 1840 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS ref. 1339528]

Bradbear, William, 33 Essex St, Hoxton, London, carpenter, cm and undertaker (1808). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 7 September 1808 for 150, of which stock and utensils in workshop and open yard accounted for 70. [GL, Sun MS vol. 443, ref. 821051]

Bradbear, William, 11 Lamb St, Spitalfields, London, carpenter and cm (1820). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in July 1820 for 200, of which stock and utensils in a house other than that in Lamb St accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 485, ref. 968889]

Bradbear, William, 123 Curtain Rd, London, cm and upholder (182637). Recorded concerning sale of lease in 1832. [D; Rose Lipman Lib., Shoreditch archives, MS M3545]

Bradbear, William, Lower Ward, Tottenham, London, cm (1832). [D]

Bradbeer, A., 17 York St, Bath, Som., wheelchair maker (181924). [D]

Bradbridge, John, Canterbury, Kent, u (1734). [Canterbury freemen rolls]

Bradbridge, John, Dover, Kent, u (178493). Trading on the Quay in 1784. [D]

Bradburn(e), John, London, cm, u, appraiser, undertaker (1750d. 1781). Bradburne held the Royal Warrant of Upholsterer to his Majesty and Cabinet-Maker to the Great Wardrobe and was responsible for supplying considerable quantities of furniture and furnishings to the Royal Household between 1764 and 1777. His name first appears in the Royal Household accounts in 1764, when he succeeded William Vile, but he is credited with having produced some of the finely carved furniture provided during the 1750s and early 1760s by the firm of Vile & Cobb, cm and u, of 72 St Martin's Lane. Several payments to him are noted in Cobb's account at Drummond's Bank between 1759 and 1763. On the 24 August 1763 he was also mentioned in William Vile's will. However a codicil was added to the will on 9 November 1764 stating that if Bradburne was no longer a servant to Vile, the 20 legacy was to go instead to Mrs Vile.

Bradburne was established in Hemmings Row, off Long Acre, in 1758 and during the 1760s owned three houses in the street. In 1764 he went into partnership with William France and their joint names first appear on a billhead dated 13 July 1764 sent to Sir Lawrence Dundas for work done at his house in Arlington St, London. The following year France paid the rates on premises at 8 Long Acre, which some years previously had been occupied by William Linnell, and after France's death in 1767 Bradburne continued to pay the rates there until 1776. Bradburne is noted at this address in Lowndes London Directory for 1773 and 1775. William France's branch of the business was continued by Edward France, who later went into partnership with Samuel Beckwith. Bradburne was responsible for supplying much furniture for the Royal residences betwen 1764 and 1777, and in particular for Buckingham House, which had been acquired by George III in 1761. In her Journal for 1768 Lady Mary Coke noted Bradburn, the King's upholsterer has been with me this morning and tells me that he has been at the Queen's Palace. [Letters and Journals, 175674, vol. 11, p. 264] Apart from George III and Queen Charlotte, he also worked for other members of the Royal Household such as Lady Charlotte Finch.

None of Bradburne's designs have been identified, but he charged 1 10s in 1767 for drawing a mahogany glass case to stand on top of the Queen's Secretary which had been supplied by William Vile in 1762. [G. de Bellaigue Buckingham Palace, p. 112] He worked to the architect Robert Adam's designs when providing sofas for the 6th Earl of Coventry in 1765 and pier tables billed to Sir Lawrence Dundas in 1765. His account for supplying a glass case for one of George III's clocks in 1766 included an extra charge of 1 10s for extraordinary trouble and attention in blowing the glass according to His Majesty's direction.

As late as 1773 Bradburne receipted payment for an account headed John Chute Esq For the executors of my late partner William France and all demands on their account and mine. When he retired from business in 1776 Bradburne vacated Long Acre and after his resignation in July 1777 the Royal Warrant of Cabinet-maker to the throne was granted to William Gates. Bradburne's death was recorded in the Gents Mag., 6 October 1781 where it was stated that he was Formerly Upholsterer to his Majesty, but had retired some years. The will of John Bradburne of the Parish of Wandsworth in Surrey Gentleman is dated 19 August 1780. A mourning ring and 50 each were bequeathed to his mother Margaret, his wife Elizabeth and his good friends James Ely of the Lord Chamberlain's Office, Thomas Knight the Elder, glass grinder of Soho, and Samuel Naylor, Attorney at Law of Gt Newport St. My son Thomas Bradburne my daughter Ann Holloway, my daughter Mary Hinchcliffe my son George, my daughter Charlotte and son Samuel Bradburne when they arrive at the full age of twenty one years 500 stock unto my grandson John Bradburne lawful son of my aforesaid son Thomas 200 stock to my nephew Thomas Bradburne he worked at White Fryers glass house some years ago but at present do not know where he is my sister Sarah Bod residing at Boyle in Ireland . [PRO, Prob. 11/Webster 462, p. 15]
CROOME COURT, Worcs. (George William, 6th Earl of Coventry). Bill dated 28 December 1763 to 15 September 1764 totalling 343 13s 2d was made out to Wm France and John Bradburn and receipted on 4 January 1765 For me Wm France. Amongst the entries for supplying or repairing furniture and furnishings is one dated January 1764 For altering the crimson velvet church furniture to Mr. Lamb's directions. A large bed with corinthian capital foot posts and a dome is itemised in July 1764. A second bill dated 4 March 1765 totalling 352 16s 6d is receipted by Jno Bradburn for partner and self. It concerns the fitting up of various bedrooms and the supply of mahogany chairs for the Eating Room. There is also a reference to the moving of a bed to the London House in Piccadilly. A third bill dated 1765 for various items of furniture, includes ten mahogany scrole sofas, which were executed to a design billed by Robert Adam in February 1765 and carved by Sefferin Alken. (A sofa is now at Kenwood House). There is also an entry for the cornice of the Library window, which was prepared for Mr Alkin to carve. [Worcs. RO, 4025/r970.5.73]
106 PICCADILLY, London (George William, 6th Earl of Coventry). Bill dated 25 May 1765 totalling 69 12s 6d made out to Wm. France and John Bradburn was receipted by Bradburn for partner and self. Includes the hire of furniture and supplying a gilt Sideboard table and window cornices for the Eating Room. In addition there is a charge of 1 5s for a pattern hall chair left with Mr Adams for determination. [Worcs. RO, 4025/r970.5:73]
RICHMOND LODGE (George III). In 1764 Bradburne charged 7 7s 0d for a book desk to lye upon a table. [PRO, LC 9/ 293]
BUCKINGHAM HOUSE, London (George III and Queen Charlotte). Between 1764 and 1777 Bradburne is mentioned in most quarterly bills for furnishings for the Royal residences and in particular for Buckingham House, referred to as the Queen's House or Palace. [PRO, LC 9/293, 294, 31624] Amongst the various items are a tent frame supplied in 1764 for the Queen's House, St James's [PRO, LC 9/293] and a breakfast table and A neat inlaid cabinet with drawer and neat wrought brass ornaments and gilt curious locks 31.5.0. in 1765. It has been suggested [G. de Bellaigue Buckingham Palace, pp. 158, 220] that Bradburne supplied the case for an astronomical clock for which Eardley Norton was paid in July 1765 and for which Bradburne charged 38 15s for supplying a gilt bracket in the Antique style, when it was put in George III's Dressing Room in 1766. Bradburne also supplied a glass case for the clock and charged 1 10s for extraordinary trouble and attention in blowing the glass according to His Majesty's Direction.
In 1766 Bradburne supplied a Very grand organ case carved with a variety of ornaments viz. satyr boys, musical instruments, drapery curtains, foliage, palms, festoon of husks etc. [GCM] In the same year a carved chimney glass with 21 plates of glass and 48 brackets for china was supplied for the Queen's closet.
During 1767 Bradburne supplied a mahogany tea board with a rich cutt work border and black and white mosaick work on the edge of it 1.13.0, An extraordinary neat mahogany round table for the Queen's Library in the North Wing [H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace, p. 76] and a Mahogany octagon pillar and claw table neatly carved, on castors and covering the top in needlework in being 6.6.0.. [Clifford Smith, p. 91; GCM, fig. 68] Two gilded candlestand terms with marble tops were supplied for Queen Charlotte for 55 15s together with two girandoles with silvered nossels. [PRO, LC 9/294] A number of items were supplied for Mrs Kroms, the Princess Royal's governess, including a mahogany cloaths press and a Mahogany corner beaufet. Bradburne also paid a visit to Richmond Lodge to show the Queen a Drawing of a Mahogany glass case to stand on top of her Secretary. He charged 1 10s for the drawing and 24 10s for the Neat mahogany glass case, [PRO, LC 9/314, 61, quarter to Midsummer 1767; G. de Bellaigue, pp. 11314, repr.]
In 1768 Bradburne altered cabinets for recesses in the Mathematical Room or Gallery and supplied A neat mahogany piece of work for papers for the King's New Dressing Room. A mahogany chamber horse was delivered for the Nursery at the Queen's House to carry 4 children at once 10.15.0.. [Clifford Smith, p. 90]
In 1770 he supplied A neat mahogany press for Linnen with extra good guarded tumbler locks and 2 Dutch bow'd keys 84.10.0.. [Coleridge, Chippendale Furniture, pl. 388] and a Mahogany case with glass doors for India figures 7.7.0..
In 1774 the Princess Royal was supplied with A neat mahogany secretary with drawers in front and a writing drawer made to draw forward, and a neat bookcase at top with looking glass doors 20.0.0.. [Coleridge, Chippendale Furniture, fig. 387]
19 ARLINGTON ST, London (Sir Lawrence Dundas). An account dated 13 July 1764 to December 1765 totalling 990 12s 11d is detailed in a bound notebook for House furniture furnished to Arlington Street and Moor Park. It is headed To Wm France and Jno Bradburn and is the first occasion that Bradburne's name is included in the work that France was carrying out for Sir Lawrence Dundas. An entry for 12 January 1765 for a Circular Frame for a Marble Table richly carv'd with ramsheads and gilt in burnished gold at 37 10s was executed to a design by Robert Adam. A second table to the same design was invoiced again at 37 10s by France & Bradburne on 30 December 1765. [Apollo, September 1967, p. 204, fig. 1; Christie's, 26 April 1934, lot 77; Christie's NY, 28 March 1981, lot 213; N. Yorks. RO, Zetland archive, ZNK x 1/730]
NORMANTON PARK, Rutland (Sir Gilbert Heathcote). Five large accounts survive for furniture supplied during 176566 by France & Bradburne. [Lincoln RO, Ancaster MS 8/8]
CHARLES ST, London (John Chute). Bill headed To John Bradburne and the Executors of the late Mr Wm France for furnishings supplied between March 1765 and January 1767 totalled 1,052 4s 1d. The items include hall chairs, a gilt chandelier, a shed in the yard for hens, a pair of half circle sideboard tables [Coleridge, Chippendale Furniture, fig. 391] and a set of three mahogany sophas and eight armed chairs [Coleridge, fig. 390] The nineteen-page bill is preserved in a book, which was annotated in 1884: The bill must have been chiefly for the London House in Charles Street but the hangings and mirrors were probably moved to the Vyne. [Hants. RO, 31 M57/634]
THE VYNE, Hants. (John Chute). 176567. See entry for Charles St, London. [C. Life, 1963, pp. 21416]
PRINCESS AUGUSTA. Bill from Bradburne totalling 21 13s for a Mahog. case for a turning machine with drawers etc. was receipted on 8 February 1769. [Windsor accounts for Dowager Princess of Wales, RA 55539] Bill of 177071 totalled 241 5s 3d. [Duchy of Cornwall, Household accounts, Princess Augusta, LVII (1) 177071]
2 GROSVENOR SQ., London (Marquis of Carmarthen). Bill survives from John Bradburne, Cabinet-maker, Upholder, Appraiser, Undertaker etc. totalling 2,576 3s 9d and receipted in November 1775 for fitting out entire house between June 1774 and March 1775. The furnishings included curtains, carpets, pier glass, hollow splat back chairs, painted tables, a marble topped mahogany commode table, two tulip wood corner commodes, French back-stool chairs, cabriolet chairs, a confident and a mahogany stand for bird cages. [YAS, Duke of Leeds papers, DD5/Box 136/22]
KEW (Prince Ernest). In 1777 Bradburne charged 4 for a Mahogany hanging shelf with four shelves for books, the end cut through like Chinese rales, a drawer at the bottom. [V & A archives]
ST JAMES'S PALACE, London (Lady Charlotte Finch). Bradburne charged 4s 6d for 2 brass hooks to hang Lady Charlotte's watch and fixing do. by the side of the chimney with brass plates and long gilt nails. [DEF] J. H.

Bradburn, John, Whitechapel, Liverpool, upholder and blockmaker (180007). Recorded at no. 50 in 1800, and also no. 46 with Mary Bradburn, mattress maker; no. 52 in 1805; and no. 4 in 1807. [D]

Bradburn, John, 5 Rosemary St, Bristol, bedstead, chair and sofa frame maker, wholesale and retail (183132). [D]

Bradburn, William, King St, Burslem, Staffs., joiner, builder and cm (1834). [D]

Bradbury, Bob, Liverpool and Royal Row, Westminster, London, cm and celebrated clown (b. 1774d. 1831). Death, aged 57 on 21 July 1831 reported, Chester Courant and Anglo-Welsh Gazette, 2 August 1831. Originally a cm in Liverpool, had become a celebrated clown, and well known eccentric, author of the Itinerant, and lessee of the Liverpool Theatre.

Bradbury, Jn, 8 Eltham Rd, Kent Rd, London, cm and upholder (182223). [D]

Bradbury (or Bradbery), John, St Gregory's Churchyard, Norwich, cm and u (181930). Admitted freeman on 30 May 1819, not by servitude [D; poll bk; Norwich freemen reg.]

Bradbury, John, 103 Risbygate St, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, u and cm (1839). [D]

Bradbury, Richard, Liverpool, cm and victualler (180710). Trading at 5 Tempest Hey in 1807; Springfield St, 1810; and no. 4, 181314. [D]

Bradbury, Robert, 10 Leaf St, Hulme, Manchester, cm (1834). [D]

Bradbury, Samuel, Strand, London, u (1774). [Poll bk]

Bradbury, Samuel, Butcher Row, Temple Bar, London, carpet and upholder warehouse owner (1778). [D]

Bradbury, Thomas, Livery St, Birmingham, gilder (1780). [D]

Bradbury, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (181423). Trading at 10 Redman Pl. in 1814. [D]

Brade, John, Lancaster, cm (181718). Admitted freeman in 181718 when stated of Preston. [Lancaster freemen rolls] Possibly of Brade & Storey.

Brade, Lawrence, Lancaster, cm (180316). App. to T. Lister in 1803, and admitted freeman, 181516. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Brade & Storey, Preston, Lancs., (1799). Signed the Preston Cabinet Makers and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1799, on behalf of the masters.

Brader, John, 5 Holland St, Soho, London, cm (180811). [D]

Bradfield, Charlotte, Middle-gate, Newark, Notts., cm and u (1822). [D]

Bradfield (or Brafield), Edward, 169 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm, u and bedstead maker (181725). [D]

Bradfield, John, Newark, Notts., cm (181922). Trading at Middlegate in 1819. [D; Notts. RO, probate records]

Bradford, George, Turner's Pl., Ramsgate, Kent, cm (1838). [D]

Bradford, James, The Angel, at the corner of Poppins Alley, Fleet St, London, japanner and cm (1714). [Heal]

Bradford, John, Printing-House-Yard in Black-Friers, London, cm (c. 167475). Walnut parquetry cabinet or chest of drawers with compass stringing recorded, one drawer of which is lined with cancelled MS accounts of 167475. Label inside reads: Cabinets, Escreutors, Desks, Tables, Burows; Likewise Glasses, Peirs, Chimney-Glasses, Sconces. And all manner of Cabinet, or Joyner's Work Made or Mended by me . [Heal; Symonds papers, Winterthur, Delaware]

Bradford, John, Beverley, Yorks., cm (17841829). Recorded at Fryer Lane in 1823 and Charity Lane, 182629. [D] Possibly it was an older John Bradford who polled at Beverley in 1784 and 1790.

Bradford, John, address unrecorded, cm (1813). Made officers furniture costing 1 13s for Sir John Geers Cotterell, Bart, of Garnons, near Hereford, and Hertford St, London, being paid on 7 January 1813. [Herefs. RO, Garnons MS W69/III/183]

Bradford, John snr and jnr, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and u (181837). John snr was trading at Church Yard, 181820, and Frenchgate, 182229; in partnership with John jnr at Frenchgate in 1830, and in Cleveland St, Cornmarket in 1837. [D]

Bradford, Samuel, Sotwell, Berks., u (1795). Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 8 June 1795.

Bradford, Thomas, Doncaster, Yorks., u(?) (177784). Former app. Robert Coupland, advertised in Leeds Intelligencer, 11 and 18 March 1777. Bradford declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., July 1784.

Bradgate, Elisa, address unrecorded, u(?) (172526). Submitted a bill to Madam Monson on 11 November 1725 totalling 14 4s 4d and paid on 24 January 1726, describing a fine scane cradle raised head & carved feet, bedding, rich pillong satten for counterpain, curtings & vallance, and Quilting ye cradle in a fine diamond. [Lincoln RO, Monson 12]

Bradick, William, 10 West St, Seven Dials, London, bedstead maker (183739). [D]

Bradley, , address unrecorded, upholder (1805). Named in the Longford Castle accounts in 1805 receiving 1 7s 6d. [V & A archives]

Bradley, Arthur, Market Pl., Malton, Yorks., u (1840). [D]

Bradley, Benjamin, South St, Ponder's End, Middlx, cm (1791 1803). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 22 November 1791 for 400; and on 11 February 1803 for 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 381, p. 564; vol. 427, ref. 743995]

Bradley, Benjamin, 4 Ely Pl., Dog and Duck Rd, London, cm (1804). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 7 May 1804 for 200, 100 accounting for house and workshop, and 100 for a private house at 2 Ely Pl., with no store for drying feathers. [GL, Sun MS vol. 430, ref. 762332]

Bradley, Charles, Cirencester, Glos., cm (183037). Children bapt. in 1830, 1834 and 1837. [PR(bapt.)]

Bradley, Daniel, Chelsea, London, u (1758). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., February 1758.

Bradley, Francis, 144 Moore St, Birmingham, mahogany case maker (177780). [D]

Bradley, Francis, London, upholder and cm (180328). Addresses given at 2 Newman St, Oxford Rd, 180316; 5 King St in 1817; variously at 11, 16, 18 and 19 Old Cavendish St, 181723; Crawford St in 1825; and 2 Henrietta St, Cavendish Sq., 182628. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, and named in his list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Bradley, George, York, u (1771). Son-in-law of William Benson of Otley; app. to Jeremiah Smith and Matthew Browne, u and appraisers, on 24 June 1771. [York app. reg.]

Bradley, Henry, Billesdon, Leicester, cm (178085). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 June 1785, shop accounting for 10, and utensils and stock in house and shop, 148. Presumably the Henry Bradley, joiner and cm of Rolleston, Leics., who announced in Leicester Journal, 26 February 1780, that he has made up capital pieces of furniture in mahogany book cases cabinets etc. embellished with ivory subscriptions invited. [GL, Sun MS vol. 328, p. 416]

Bradley, Henry, Peascod St, Windsor, Berks., cm, u and undertaker (182438). Recorded in 183738 in connection with a lease. [D; fifth hall book of the borough of New Winsor, pp. 51, 61, 6364]

Bradley, J., New St, Worcester, chairmaker (1820). [D]

Bradley, James jnr, Lancaster, cm (17791800). Admitted freeman in 17791800, when stated of Manchester. [Lancaster freemen rolls] Possibly:

Bradley, James, back of 127 Deansgate, Manchester, cm (17941802). [D]

Bradley, James, 4 Spa Pl., Somerstown, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Bradley, James, New St, Worcester, fancy chairmaker and turner (1820). [D]

Bradley, John, Beverley, Yorks., cm (172054). Son of William Bradley, app. to William Hunter, pin & cabnt 5, in 1720. Took app. named Kirby in 1754. [V & A archives]

Bradley, John, Church Lane, London, carver (1774). [Poll bk]

Bradley, John, Lancaster, cm (17991800). Admitted freeman, 17991800, when stated of Manchester. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bradley, Jn, 6 Old Round Ct, Strand, London, cm and broker (1808). [D]

Bradley, John, 125 Blackman St, Southwark, London, upholder and undertaker (1817). [D]

Bradley, John D., 4 Old St Rd, London, cm (182735). [D]

Bradley, Lawrence, 18 King St, Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1825). [D]

Bradley, Richard, Horsemarket, Warrington, Lancs., cm (17961808). Witnessed a will in 1796. Good quality mahogany bow-fronted secretaire bookcase, c. 1800, with four drawers and two glazed doors, inlaid with ivory, now at Warrington Museum and Art Gallery; stamped twice R. BRADLEY, WARRINGTON, referring to either Richard or Robert. [D; NACF, Exhib., Eighty Years On, Manchester City Art Gallery, 1983] Possibly the father of Robert Bradley.

Bradley, Richard, Grantham, Lincs., cm and u (181922). Recorded at Church pavement in 1819 and High St, 182226, also as a paper hanger in 1826. [D]

Bradley, Robert, Horsemarket, Warrington, Lancs., cm and u (180548). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 27 June 1817, but trading again from 181848; recorded wrongly as Beadley in 1818. Secretaire bookcase, c. 1800 at Warrington Museum and Art Gallery stamped R. BRADLEY, WARRINGTON, referring either to Richard or Robert. Possibly the son of Richard Bradley. [D; NACF Exhib., Eighty Years On, Manchester City Art Gallery, 1983]

Bradley, S., London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bradley, T., address unrecorded (c. 1820). Rosewood chairs with cane seats, c. 1820, recorded stamped T. BRADLEY. [V & A archives]

Bradley, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (17991800). Admitted freeman in 17991800. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bradley, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (181339). Trading at 10 Redman Pl., 181314; 5 Springfield St, 181618; 127 Richmond Row, 1835; no. 130 in 1837; and 34 Roscommon St with shop at 58 Richmond Row in 1839. [D]

Bradley, Thomas, Horsemarket, Warrington, Lancs., cm and u (181618). [D]

Bradley, Thomas, High St, Deptford, London, bed and mattress maker (182627). [D]

Bradley, W., Belgrave, Leicester, cm (1795). Advertised for a journeyman cm, Leicester Journal, 3 April 1795.

Bradley, William, Lancaster, cm (181718). Admitted freeman, 181718, when stated of Liverpool. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Bradley, William, 45 Mill St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Bradley, William, Windmill Lane, Chester, cm (1840). [D]

Bradley, William, Widemarsh St, Hereford, musical instrument warehouse owner, cm and u (1840). [D]

Bradshaw, , London, cm (1735). Supplied the Earl of Ancaster with chair frames and tables costing 129 4s in 1735. [Lincoln RO, ANC 6/32] Probably either George Smith Bradshaw or William Bradshaw

Bradshaw, , Soho Sq., London, u (1739). Mentioned in a letter from Richard Bateman to Mr Fallowes, his agent, at Shobdon Ct, near Leominster, Herefs., of 5 November 1739: My brother Jemmy has desired me to inquire of you whether you have sent up to Mr. Bradshaw in Sohoe Square a yellow Cloth bed of his with the bedding that came from Bath. [Herefs. RO, Bateman letters, G39/III/E/5] Probably either George Smith Bradshaw or William Bradshaw.

Bradshaw, , address unrecorded, cm and u (1775). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's A Compleat Treatise on Perspective, 1775. Probably either George Smith Bradshaw or William Bradshaw.

Bradshaw, , address unrecorded, cm and u (1777). The Blenheim accounts mention 18 pieces of green flock paper supplied on 26 February, and 2 four post bedsteads with purple flowered Cotton furn. each; 2 Window Curtains, 6 Chairs and 2 Elbow Chairs cover'd as before, on 17 April 1777. [V & A archives] Probably:

Bradshaw, George Smith, London, cm, u and tapestry maker (b. 1717d. 1812). Addresses given at Greek St, Soho, 1737 59; no. 59 from 1755 (previously the workshop of William Bradshaw); at 80 Dean St with store room at Sutton St, Soho Sq. in 1755; Dean St, 175993; at Crown Ct, Dean St, 1769 87; as Bradshaw, Smith & Son at 69 Dean St, 178495; and no. 91 in 1795. The last of the Soho tapestry makers, either he or William was probably the Mr. Bradshaw tapestry weaver in Soho Square mentioned in the note book of John, brother of Robert Adam, on his visit to London in 1748. [Fleming, R. Adam] G. S. Bradshaw was in partnership with Paul Saunders as Smith Bradshaw & Saunders, probably from 1751. Together they supplied tapestry panels of Pilgrimage to Mecca, dated 1756 and 1758, to Holkham Hall, Norfolk. In 1755 a fire occurred at the firm's workshop, reported in the Public Advertiser, 8 February 1755; presumably the same Messrs. Bradshaw & Co. whose workshop and house adjoining in Hog Lane, St. Giles, was consumed by fire. [Gents Mag., February 1755] In that year Bradshaw and Saunders took out a Sun Fire policy for 2,500, 2,000 on stock in warehouse and sheds, and 500 on that in store room at Sutton St, Soho Sq. [GL, Sun MS vol. 110, ref. 148000] The partnership between Bradshaw and Saunders was dissolved on 15 October 1758 [London Gazette] with Bradshaw continuing in Greek St, and Saunders trading from Soho Sq. at the corner of Sutton St, with William Ince, whose later partner, John Mayhew, was app. to Bradshaw and in his service in 1756. An enterprising and apparently fairly wealthy tradesman, Bradshaw acquired a number of sites in what is now Carlisle St in 1756, rebuilding houses and workshops there in 1757, and moving in in 1758, having left 59 Greek St and 80 Dean St. Probably to pay for this rebuilding, he mortgaged all his property to William Bradshaw (for whom he was to act as executor and trustee of estates) and Robert Andrews of Hanover Sq. on 25 March 1758. He was able to assign it back on 23 November 1763, and he was again buying up leases and rebuilding houses in Carlisle St between 1764 74. He took out insurance policies in 1765 on his house, warehouses and stock of wood for 3,600, and on 5 July 1786 for 2,800, of which utensils accounted for 2,200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 337, p. 652] In 1766 he was involved in a matter of arbitration between Lawrence Dundas and Samuel Norman, the upholder. In 176869 he was admitted freeman of Lancaster.

In 1795, aged 78, he retired to Pershore, Worcs., but was still purchasing property in 1799 at 1 Crown Ct from the Duke of Portland. In 1812, at the grand age of 95, he died leaving two sons and two daughters, all legitimate; 1,500 to his eldest son, John Bradshaw Smith, and 2,500 to his second son, and perhaps successor, George Smith Bradshaw. The firm of G. S. Bradshaw & G. Smith worked for the Rt Hon. Mrs Leigh, 179192, supplying carpet, hanging curtains and bed curtains, and calico cases for furniture at Grove House, Stoneleigh, Warks. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, DR 18/5, Leigh papers] Otherwise little is known about Bradshaw's furniture or commissions, with the exception of furniture supplied between 176474 to the 1st Lord of the Admiralty [D; Survey of London, vol. 34, 23 8F; Lancaster freemen rolls, Heal; GCM; DEF; Wills, English Furniture 17601900, p. 62; Coleridge, Chippendale Furniture, pp. 13738; Gilbert, Chippendale, pp. 15859] A.E.

Bradshaw, Isaac, Lancaster, cm (182640). App. to John Battersby in 1826 and admitted freeman on 28 October 1837. Named in the Gillow records, 183640. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Bradshaw, James snr, Liverpool, cm (179098). Admitted freeman on servitude to Robert Fairhurst on 20 April 1790. Father of James Bradshaw jnr, cm, born 1 November 1794, who petitioned freedom on his birthright in 1816; and of Thomas Bradshaw, tailor, born 3 February 1798. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Bradshaw, James jnr, Liverpool, cm (b. 17941839). Probably it was James jnr who is recorded at 17 Milton St, 182329, and 6 St Stephen's St, 183439. Son of James Bradshaw snr, cm; admitted freeman on 8 June 1816. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bradshaw, James, 63 Darwen St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm, joiner and house-builder (1824). [D]

Bradshaw, John, Market St (or Pl.), Chorley, Lancs., cm (182834). [D]

Bradshaw, Joseph, address unrecorded, upholder (175461). Son of Hannah Bradshaw, Walthamstow, London, and brother of Thomas Bradshaw, upholder, of Aldgate. App. to Thomas Nickalls on 5 April 1754, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 August 1761. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bradshaw, Matthew, Hull, Yorks., cm (181431). Addresses given at Parade St, 181420, and 11 Junction Dock St, 1831. [D]

Bradshaw, Michael, address unrecorded, upholder (171066). Son of John Bradshaw, ironmonger of London; app. to Richard Bradshaw on 7 September 1710 and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 May 1718. Resigned as Assistant of the Co. in October 1766 after suffering great losses in supporting his son-in-law. Took apps named Hugh Hughes, 172230; Paul Saunders, 173851, William Rogers, 175362; and Isaac Solly, 175664. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bradshaw, Michael, London, cm and u (175063). Trading in Bridge or Budge Row in 1763. Member of the Livery of the Upholders Co. in 1750. On 4 September 1760 was paid 31 for curtains, seven chairs and cases supplied to Charles Rogers of Laurence Pountney Lane, London. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists; Apollo, December 1960, pp. 19698; Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery, Cottonian Coll., Charles Rogers accounts]

Bradshaw, Richard, address unrecorded, upholder (171018). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 6 September 1710. Took apps named Christopher Robinson, 171017, and Michael Bradshaw, 171018. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bradshaw, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (183435). Trading at 17 Brown St in 1834 and 121 Upper Frederick St in 1835. [D]

Bradshaw, Thomas, 10 St Paul's Churchyard, London, upholder and cm (175475). [D] Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Label found on Chippendale-style mahogany bureau bookcase with scrolled fretted pediment, Chinoiserie frieze and bracket feet. [Sold at Worsfold's, Canterbury, 15 November 1979] Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., November 1772. Probably the Thomas Bradshaw of London who provided Sir John Griffin Griffin with a neat gressing [sic] glass wth deal case & packing costing 2 2s, for Audley End, Essex, in 1772. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A30/4]

Bradshaw, Thomas, London, upholder (17591802). Addresses given at Fox's Lane, Shadwell, 1778; Saracen's Head, near Aldgate, 1781; Aldgate, 1783; and Gracechurch St, 17921802. Son of Hannah Bradshaw, Walthamstow, London, and brother of Joseph Bradshaw, upholder. App. to Edward Stanton, grocer, on 6 March 1759, and then to Thomas Nicholls in March 1761. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 4 September 1766. Recorded being in distressing circumstances in 1791. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bradshaw, Thomas, 6 James St, Covent Gdn, London, picture frame maker (177484). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for 600 on his house; and in 1783 for 1,000, 180 accounting for utensils, stock and goods. [Poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 265, p. 187; vol. 313, p. 328]

Bradshaw, Thomas, 4 Coventry St, Haymarket, London, carver and gilder (178993). [D]

Bradshaw, Thomas, 57 Rathbone Pl., London, frame maker (180911). [D]

Bradshaw, Thomas, corner of New Market Pl., Bolton, Lancs., cm (1824). [D]

Bradshaw, William, St Ann's West, London(?), u (1735). Took apps named Rid. Poole, son of Ric., of Newport, Bucks., for 100; and William Roberts, son of Ric., of St James's West, for 35. [V & A archives]

Bradshaw, William, London, cm, u and tapissier (1728d. 1775). Workshops at Frith St, 172832; the Gr. House, 27 Soho Sq. and 5960 Greek St, 173247; 60 Greek St, 174851; no. 59, 175255; and Princes St, Hanover Sq., 175662. Recorded in Frith St, at premises previously occupied by Joshua Morris, in 1730 with the artist Tobias Stranover. They were possibly partners at this time, since a tapestry on a settee from Belton House, Lincs., supplied to Lord Brownlow, is signed by both of them. It is part of a suite of walnut furniture, c. 1720, with six chairs on cabriole legs with club feet, covered with Fulham tapestry. [Christie's, 14 March 1929, lot 78; F. Lenygon, English Furniture, 16601760] Bradshaw and Stranover may have worked together on the Watteau tapestries for the Cabal Room at Ham House, Richmond, London, but as they are signed by W. Bradshaw only, the two craftsmen appear to have separated by 1732. [C. Life, 26 December 1931; Marillier, English Tapestries of the Eighteenth Century, 1930] On the separation, Bradshaw moved to 27 Soho Sq., with back premises at 5960 Greek St, probably workshops. He may have been the Mr. Bradshaw tapestry weaver in Soho Square mentioned in the notebooks of John, brother of Robert, Adam, on his visit to London in 1748; but it possibly refers rather to George Smith Bradshaw, since in 1747 William gave up his house in Soho Sq., although retaining the premises at 60 Greek St, 174851, and no. 59, 175254. [Fleming, R. Adam] In 1755 no. 59 was taken over by George Smith Bradshaw & Co. with his partner, Paul Saunders. Both George Smith and Saunders may have been partners with William before this date. He was probably the William Bradshaw Esq. who subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. He retired to Halton, Lincs., which he purchased in 1743. George Smith Bradshaw was named as one of his executors, and trustee of his several estates, which included Damyns Hall, Upminster, Essex; but he and William were probably not closely related since the estate was left in trust to the son of William's niece. [D; poll bk; Survey of London, vol. 34, pp. 51719; C. Life, 20 and 27 September 1946]
In a lawsuit in the 1740s William Bradshaw was described as being in a large way of Trade as an upholsterer, and several important commissions are documented:
CHEVENING, Kent, for the 2nd Earl of Stanhope. In 173637 Bradshaw's bill for furniture, totalling 1,200, included joiner's, painter's and japanner's work, subcontracted. It possibly includes the gilt chairs, settees and other furniture still at the house. Bradshaw received a further 38 3s on 19 October 1737, and was supplying items in 1751. [Old Furniture, vol. 6, p. 129; Kent RO, MS U1590, A20A; Coleridge, Chippendale Furniture, p. 137; DEF; Washington, The Treasure Houses of Britain, 1985, no. 179]
CLIVEDEN, Bucks., accounts, for the Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall's London house in St James's Sq. In 1737 Bradshaw received 1,312 for carrying out repairs, alterations and furnishings. [V & A archives]
EARL OF BRISTOL's Expense Book records small payments to Bradshaw, 173839; and the Earl's diary, p. 156, mentions a table, bed and lining carpet bought from him. [GCM]
LONGFORD CASTLE, Wilts., for Lord Folkestone. From 173750 Bradshaw co-operated with Benjamin Goodison, providing furniture and carpets, and hanging tapestries. In 1737 he supplied a tapestry carpet for 26, and in 1750 was paid 12 15s for putting up a tapestry made by Monsieur Neprune Bruxelles. [C. Life, 26 December 1931, p. 716]
HOLKHAM HALL, Norfolk, for the 1st Earl of Leicester. In 1740 Bradshaw received 185 for furniture made for the attic and rustic floors; and 85 for mending tables, cabinet work and furnishing Mr. Coke's apartment in the London House (Thanet House). Furniture provided between 174047 included a Dutch tea chest, two large leather chairs, a mahogany dining table, and eighteen chairs with leather seats for the library and dining room at London. In 1742 he received 429 14s for furniture supplied to Holkham. Bradshaw is recorded as late as 1773 by M. Brettingham, completing an unfinished series of tapestries hung in Mr. Coke's bedchamber, executed by Vanderbank, from designs by F. Albini, excepting the 2 door pieces (Venus, Vulcan & Cupids) which additions were manufactured by the late Mr. Bradshaw. This refers to William, d. 1775, and not George Smith, who also worked at Holkham, d. 1812. [Holkam Hall accounts, V & A archives]
DEENE PARK, Northants., and DOVER HOUSE, London, for the 4th Earl of Cardigan (or Cadogan). Bradshaw's bill of 1741, totalling 70 9s 5d includes making up a sett of blue Damask hangings 2 pair of Window Curtains, 14 chairs and a safoy sofa with all materials except Damask as p. estimate 63.2.10. [DEF]
DUKE OF GORDON paid Bradshaw 50 in 174142 for furniture including two bedsteads on castors, and a mahogany couch stuffed in linen with squabb crimson damask and linen. [Scottish RO, GD 44/51/295]
ALSCOT PARK, Warks., for Mr James West. Bradshaw submitted a bill on 28 September 1745 for 6 Manchineel pembroke chairs with Check Cases, costing 7 10s. In July 1748 he was paid 29 for furniture supplied the previous year, including 12 Pembroke Chairs with Check Cases, 14 8s and 6 Wallnuttree Library stools wth carved roses and painted, 3 15s. [Alscot Park file, V & A archives]
BROOK ST, London house of George Bowes. Bradshaw was responsible for hiring out and supplying furniture from January 1746June 1751, including on 10 February 1748, a blue and mixt Damask bed with quilt etc. and a Bed Carpet, costing 64. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS D/St/247; D/St/ V148890; V1497; D/St/327c]
MOULSHAM HALL, Chelmsford, Essex or SCHOMBERG HOUSE, Pall Mall, London, for Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter. Bradshaw is recorded in the accounts receiving a total of 529 11s 8d between 174651. On 15 May 1753 he provided an easie-chair and 6 matted ones, costing 3 18s, and on 16 November a Turkey carpet, 10. [A. C. Edwards, The Account Books of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, pp. 99113; Essex RO]
ROBERT GILLOW, of Lancaster sent 30 to William Bradshaw Esqr. in Soho Square London on 6 February 174647. [V & A archives]
NEWBY PARK, Yorks., for William Robinson. Bradshaw's bills, 174950, total 272, and include bedsteads and bedding, curtains, 2 neat Mahogany Dressing Tables, 2 12s; 2 Mahogany Streight Legged Elbow Chairs on Castors, 4 8s and Mosaick Carpeting, 9 15s for the Dining Room; and 8 Mahogany Fann Back Chairs Covered with black leather and Brass Nail'd, 8 8s, with a matching elbow chair, 2 15s. [Leeds archives dept, Newby MS NH 2277/29/2; NH 2277/20/4]
CHISWICK VILLA and BURLINGTON HOUSE, London, for the 3rd Earl of Burlington. Bradshaw provided three couch beds on 15 December 1750 for 13; on 15 January 1751 for 12; and on 5 August 1751 for 17. [Chatsworth papers, Burlington accounts]
CLEVELAND HOUSE, London. Listed in the accounts 175052, as an u. [V & A archives, Raby Castle MS] A.E.

Bradshaw, W., Langley, Kent, cm (1807). [Rochester poll bk]

Bradshaw, W., Maidstone, Kent, cm (1830). [Rochester poll bk]

Bradshaw, William, London, cm (1790). [Rochester poll bk]

Bradshaw, William, Shambles, Preston, Lancs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Bradwell, David jnr, St Andrew's St, Cambridge, carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Brady, Philip, Hull, Yorks., cm (1812). Son of an East Riding militiaman; app. to Robert Waugh of Hull in February 1812. [Hull app. reg.]

Braess, W. C. J., 4 Crawford, London, cm and upholder (1820 39). [D]

Bragg, John, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (1798). [D] See William Bragg.

Bragg, Nathaniel, Warrior's Gate, St Leonards, Sussex, cm (1839). [D]

Bragge, Nathaniel, 103 High St, Hastings, Sussex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bragg, William, Marlborough St, Whitehaven, Cumb., painter and chair manufacturer (1811). [D] See John Bragg.

Braillwaite, John, Stockton, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1720). Took app. named Warwood in 1720. [S of G, app. index]

Brailsford, J. W., Sheffield, Yorks., u (1783). Supplied window curtains to Hardwick Hall in 1783, costing 4 is 11d. J. and W. (William) Brailsford, u and cm of Sheffield, provided brass frames costing 7 10s for the Great Ballroom at Buxton Assembly Room, Derbs., in 1784. [Chatsworth account bks] See Thomas and William Brailsford.

Brailsford, Joseph Hill, 3 George St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (181733). Address given at Machin Bank in 1822. [D]

Brailsford, Thomas, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (17741814). Recorded with William Brailsford at High St in 1774; alone there in 1787; and at George St, 17971814, no. 3 in 1797. T. & W. Brailsford were employed at Chatsworth in the mid 1770s. [Burlington, June 1980, p. 413] Thomas took out a Sun Insurance policy on 19 July 1792 for 400, of which 300 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 387, p. 342] T. Brailsford, cm of Sheffield, subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Brailsford, William, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (17741837). Trading with Thomas Brailsford at High St in 1774; alone at Norfolk St in 1787; at 3 Market St in 1797; and at 3 George St in 1837. [D] Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Employed at Chatsworth, Derbs., by the 5th Duke of Devonshire, supplying furniture, carpets, and carved mouldings. On 12 April 1774 the accounts list two wainscott fourposter beds with hangings and bedding, Wilton and other carpets, chests of drawers, tables, backstools, mahogany swing-frame looking-glasses; servant's furniture and bedding; wall-paper, verditer blue furniture paper & border for Chintz Bed Chamber, and 32 pieces of Rich pea green furniture paper, 14 8s, with border, 1 14s 8d. In January 1775 Brailsford fitted up the Dining Room with Turkey and Persia carpets, festoon window curtains, 4 open cut & moulded cornices covered wth superfine green morine, 4; 36 Dining Room Chairs with Curved Backs, moulded feet and compass seats stuffed over the rails with curly hair in two liners well quilted down to secure to seats afterwards covered with hair seating tyed down and finished with a double row of best burnished nails, 56 14s; a mahogany Slab Frame ornamented with a festoon of husks elegantly carved; 4 Girandoles in white richly carved with double branches to each and best Silvered Glass Plates, 13; and a Mahogany Oval cistern hooped with brass and made to fit into the marble cistern. Brailsford also provided carved window, door and architrave mouldings, including 73 feet of Rich Carved Waterleaf to go round Doors in the Duke's room. Further sumptuous pieces are described, such as 4 Bergre Arm'd Chairs with Compass seats and oval Richly Carved and moulded Stuffed in the best manner with Curl'd hair and afterwards coverd with Green flowered Silk Mantua and finished with best Burnished nails complete, 5 10s; and a pair of terms on triangular pedestals supported on lion paws and surmounted by volutes and wreaths, the sides with other Ornament richly carved and inlaid the whole completed in a masterly mannr, 91. On 7 February 1782 Brailsford was paid for taking a plan of the Drawing Room to be sent to London; and in 1783 supplied dressing tables, drawer and glass. [Chatsworth papers, Green Vellum Copy Book]
Lord Rockingham of Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorks. ordered a carpet from Brailsford, sent on 6 September 1781. With J. Brailsford, William supplied brass frames for the Great Ballroom at Buxton Assembly Rooms, Derbs., on 11 January 1784. [Chatsworth papers, Buxton Crescent and Stables building account bk; Burlington, June 1980, p. 413]

Brailsford, William, Doncaster, Yorks., upholder (1785). [Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Braim, Thomas, 4 Park Lane, Leeds., Yorks., cm (182634). [D]

Braime, William, Methley, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Brain, John, Bitton, Glos., cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Brain, John, Kingston's Buildings, Bristol, cm (1795). [D]

Braine (or Brown), James, address unrecorded, u (17691772). The private accounts of Richard Hoare of Boreham House, Essex, record payments on 15 April 1769 of 18s 6d, and on 15 January 1772, 2 18s 6d. [Essex RO, D/DU 649/2]

Brainsby, Fraser, Double St, Spalding, Lincs., woodturner and chairmaker (1826). [D]

Braint, Andrew, Piazza, Covent Gdn, London, upholder (174372). Son of Joseph Braint, Gent. of Hendon; app. to Richard Freelove on 3 August 1743, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 2 March 1758. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Braithwaite, Benjamin, Southwark, London, upholder (1723). [Heal]

Braithwaite, Christopher, 34 Blue Anchor Alley, Bunhill Row, London, frame maker and gilder (1808). [D]

Braithwait(e) (or Brathwait(e), Ebenezer, Cornhill, London, u (171755). Trading at the Ship and Anchor, 172732. Son of Samuel Braithwaite, cheesemonger of Westminster, possibly brother of Samuel, cm and u of Holborn. App. to William Jones on 3 April 1717, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 December 1726. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 November 1729 for 300 on household goods and stock in trade in his house. He submitted a bill in May 1730 to William Cotesworth, general treasurer of the Court at Hicks Hill(?), for an elbow chair for the chairman of this court, stuff'd and covered with black Spanish leather, and gilt nails a common velvet squob cushion, trimmed with crimson silk lace, and filled with swan's feathers and downe, and green cloth for the table in the court. [Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds Papers] Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., March 1734, and was described as a Prisoner for Debt, London Gazette, 2731 May 1755. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 24, ref. 43211]

Braithwaite, F., Store St, Bedford Sq., London, upholder (180911). [D]

Braithwaite, Francis, London, cm (1784). [York poll bk]

Braithwaite, John, York, cm (177458). Trading in Davygate in 1774. [Poll bks]

Braithwaite, John, York, carver and gilder (177184). Trading in Micklegate in 1784. Son of Thomas Braithwaite, staymaker; app. to James Officer, carver and gilder, on 9 October 1771. [Poll bk; York app. reg.]

Braithwaite, John, Oxford, carver and gilder (b. c. 180230). Aged c. 21 he married Eliza Giles of Oxford at St John Baptist on 2 January 1823. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds] John Braithwaite, carver, gilder and printseller, is listed in directories at High St in 1830.

Braithwaite, Matthew, Gaunless Chare, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Braithwaite, R. & J., 120 Curtain Rd, London, frame maker and looking-glass manufacturer (180917). [D]

Bra(i)thwaite, Samuel, London, u, cm, auctioneer, appraiser and undertaker (17571811). Addresses given at 315 High Holborn, 177292; 145 Cheapside, 1779 and 13 High Holborn, 178187. Trade card [Heal Coll., BM] gives address between Southampton Buildings and Chancery Lane in Holborn, and states that he Makes and Sells all Sorts of Cabinet and Upholstery Goods in the newest Taste & on the most reasonable Terms. Son of Samuel Braithwaite, cheesemonger of St Andrew's, Holborn, possibly brother of Ebenezer, u of Cornhill. App. to Thomas Cooke, skynner, on 5 July 1757, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 6 July 1768. Took apps named Joseph Robins, 177080; Thomas Tucker, 177588; and William Robins, 178188. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 31 July 1787 for 800 on his dwelling house, counting house and warehouse. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists; GL, Sun MS vol. 345, p. 455; Heal]

Braithwaite, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (17991823). Named in the Gillow records, 17991822. Admitted freeman, 182223. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Braithwait(e) (or Brathwaite), William, London, upholder (171324). Recorded at a house situate on the south side of Cornhill in the parish of St Michael, 171422. Took app. on 3 December 1713. [PRO, app. reg.] Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies in 1714 and 1722 for 250 on his house. Polled in 1724. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 13, p. 337; vol. 26, p. 54; Heal]

Brakes, Mary, 4 Shorts Gdns, London, cm and coach joiner (1807). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 December 1807 for 300 of which 150 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 809944]

Brakes, Simon, 4 Shorts Gdns, London, cm and coach joiner (1805). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 January 1805 for 140 of which 50 accounted for utensils, stock and goods in his workshop at 177 Drury Lane. [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 7699062]

Bramah, J. & Sons, west end of Piccadilly, London, Patent Engine Lock & Water Closet Manufacturer (180723). Between 21 August 181717 February 1823 provided the Royal Household with travelling and dressing cases, Morocco Soufflet writing boxes, and ink stands, totalling 593 2s. [Windsor Royal Archives, RA 35513; 35521; 27; 39; 47; 60] Two trade labels found on a mahogany portable toilet box of rectangular design, brass-bound with sunk handles at the sides; interior of lid lined with red gilttooled leather and opening on a central tumbler to reveal a blue gilt-tooled leather interior and a removable easel mirror framed in ebony and silver. Removable fittings in red leather, with three glass wells all with silver and ebony lids and four glass stoppered bottles. The silver lids are marked LONDON 1807, with the maker's mark, T.H., Thomas Holland. Lock stamped I. BRAMAH PATENT. [Sotheby's, 23 November 1973, lot 41] Two portable mahogany water-closets recorded, one with directions for use, both in the form of a chest of drawers with five dummy drawers, the lid and top three drawers lifting to reveal a porcelain receiver, and brasshandled plunger. [Sotheby's, 27 June 1969, lot 103; 18 July 1975] Possibly of Bramah & Prestage.

Braman, William, London, upholder (170013). App. to Abraham Ashley, blacksmith, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 17 September 1700. Took apps named Samuel Marriot, 170315, John Whittle on 13 November 1711, and Henry Coward on 28 September 1713, both for 35. Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 28 July 1712 on a rented house on the east side of Warwick Lane, parish of St Faith, next to the Bell Inn, for 225. [GL, Upholders Co. records; PRO, IRI/12; GL, Sun MS vol. 10, ref. 8517]

Bramant, William, Strand, London, u (1709). [London rate bks]

Bramble, Humphrey, Basinghall St, London, joiner and cm (175055). Member of the Livery of the Joiners Co. in 1750. Employed two non-freemen for three months in 1754 and 1755. [GL, Joiners Co. records and Livery lists; GL, City Licence bks, vol. 1]

Brame, Benjamin, St Peter's, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1788). Named in the calendar of marriage licence bonds on 27 September 1788. [Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/108]

Bramley, John, New Jerusalem Pl., Manchester, cm (1797). [D]

Bramley, R. H., 99 London Wall, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1829). [D]

Brammich, Thomas, Suffolk St, Birmingham, cm, u and broker (180330). Recorded at no. 30, 182328. [D]

Brampton, Samuel, Horsemarket, Kettering, Northants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Brancroft, J. & D., 141 Chapel St, Salford, Lancs., chairmakers (1815). [D]

Brand, , address unrecorded, carver (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Brand, Benjamin, Sudbury, Suffolk, cm (182430). Trading at Market Hill in 1830. [D] See John Brand.

Brand, George, Petticoat Lane, London, cm (d. by 1761). [Harris, Old English Furniture]

Brand, George snr, late of St. Mary's, Whitechapple, Middx., cm (1771). His son, George Brand, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. in 1771. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brand (or Brants), George jnr, London, cm, upholder and auctioneer (17641829). Recorded at Church Row in 1771; 37 Houndsditch, 179093; and 8 Nassau St some time between 17901829. Son of George Brand, cm, late of St Mary's, Whitechapel; app. to John Kent on 3 April 1764, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 1 May 1771. Employed six non-freemen for six months in 1793, and took app. named Samuel Daniel, 17801801. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists; GL, City Licence bks, vol. 10]

Brand, George, 7 Suffolk Mews, Middlx Hospital, London, cm and chair manufacturer (1820). [D]

Brand, John, Southgate, Sleaford, Lincs., chairmaker and wood turner (1826). [D]

Brand, John, Church St, Sudbury, Suffolk, cm and chairmaker (183039). [D] See Benjamin Brand.

Brand, Thomas, address unrecorded, cm (1757). Subscribed to Sir W. Chambers's Designs of Chinese Buildings, 1757, for four sets.

Brand, Thomas, St James's Ct, Hanway Yd, Hanway, London, cm (1802). Only son and legatee, named in will dated 6 July 1802, of Thomas Brand, d. 1795, which left 600 in 3% consolidated annuities, to be passed to his son on his mother's death. [PRO, C13 23/38]

Brander, Alexander, London, cm and u (181725). Trading at 3 Ave Maria Lane, Ludgate St from 1817; and 1 Bridge or Budge Row and 17 Tower Royal by 1820. [D]

Brander, E., 87 Minories, London, u and cabinet warehouse owner (1820). [D]

Brander, Edward, London, upholder (17861802). Recorded at 22 St Paul's Churchyard in 1802. Son of Normand Brander, cooper of Savage Gdns, Tower Hill; app to Thomas Saville on 5 July 1786, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 2 June 1802. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Branford, J., 10 Adam & Eve Ct, Oxford St, London, cm (180911). [D]

Brandreth, Charles, Liverpool, cm (180918). App. to Thomas Savage Tyrer, who d. 1811, when Brandreth continued to serve Bartholomew Tyrer, his executor, for the remainder of his term. Petitioned freedom in 1818, paying 6s 8d. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Brandreth, Robert, Liverpool, cm (180423). Addresses given at 16 Johnson St, Dale St in 1804; 7 Dickson St in 1810; and 18 Bolton St, 182123. [D]

Brandreth, Thomas, Johnson St, Liverpool, cm (181839). Trading at no. 49 in 1818; no. 55, 182934; no. 49 in 1835; no. 51 in 1837; and no. 22 in 1839. Admitted freeman on 15 October 1818. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Brands, Peter, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Branet, , address unrecorded (1772). Named in the Earl of Ancaster's account bks on 6 June 1772 supplying a picture frame costing 4 10s. [Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 6/15]

Bran(d)t, Charles, London, carver and gilder (181431). Trading at 16 Bow St, Bloomsbury in 1814; Compton House, 53 Old Compton St, Soho, 1816; 33 Theobalds Rd, Bedford Row, 1818; no. 32 in 1819; 145 Regent St, 182324; 14 Shaftesbury Terr., Pimlico, 1825; and 22 Upper Belgrave Pl., Pimlico, 1828. Recorded in the Royal Household accounts, 181431, restoring candelabra, ormolu ornaments and mounts on furniture and chimney pieces at Carlton House, and mending silver-gilt objects and china. In June 1830 he was paid 29 10s for making and gilding the mountings of a large glass shade to cover crystal coffer in the small drawing room. Supplied 12 Black Stained Chairs at 6s 6d in September 1831. [PRO, LC11/15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 4171]

Brannagan, William, Lydia Ann St, Liverpool, cm (181835). Trading at no. 9, 181821, and no. 16 before 1835. Son of William Brannagan, shipwright; admitted freeman on 15 June 1818. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Brannan, , Thos. St, Gros Sq., London, carver and gilder (1835). [D] Possibly:

Brannan, Henry, 13 Duke St, and 30 Thomas H. Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Brannon, James, 153 Rotherhithe, London, cm (1829). [D]

Bransby, Robert, St Bartholomew-the-Great, London, u (166874). One of the agents in Britain for the tapestry firm of Michiel and Philip Wauters, Antwerp. He is mentioned in a letter of 17 March 1668 from the Earl of Lauderdale to the Privy Council of Scotland concerning a set of tapestries, The Story of Cyrus, for Holyrood, Edinburgh, for which he was paid 160 10s. [Scottish RO, GD90/2/93; 128/74/1/1; Conn., April 1977] Bransby also worked for Anabel, Dowager Countess of Kent, of Wrest Park, Beds., his account totalling 84 10d between 9 July 167327 June 1674. His bill of 27 June describes a rich ash colour morella bed made up complete and lined with incarnadine Florence sarsnet, with a rising roof and headposts inside embroidered with fringes, gilt knobs carved and feet agreeable with 4 silk spriggs. He also supplied two armchairs and six back chairs of walnut covered in morella silk to match the bed, and a French bedstead; the whole totalling 76. [Bedford Office, London, L28/14] He is recorded supplying landscape hangings, a French bedstead, and a bed of rich morella mowhayr embroidered on the inside with cyphers and corronetts, on 15 June 1674. [Nat. Lib. of Scotland, Tweedale MS 7106/108]

Bransby, Samuel, Daggels Ct, parish of St Leonard, Shoreditch, London, cm (1761). Named in settlement records on 29 January 1761 having got Elizabeth Holland pregnant. [GL, P91/LEN]

Branston, , address unrecorded, cm (184041). Mentioned in a bill of Edward Bailey as a cm working at Buckingham Palace with five other cm, and being paid a total of 65 7s 4d for 182 days and 5 hours work. [Windsor Royal Archives, Lord Chamberlain's accounts]

Branston, Abram, 36 Peter's Lane, Liverpool, cm (1816). [D]

Branston, Thomas, 11 opposite the Charterhouse Wall in Goswell St, London, carver and broker (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for 400, 230 accounting for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 239, p. 574]

Branston, William, 25 White Cross Alley, Wilson St, Moorfields, London, chair painter (1803). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 July 1803 for 500 of which 250 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 426, ref. 750737]

Branston, William, Crown St, London, cm, chairmaker, u, joiner and japanner (180735). Trading at no. 6 by 1816; no. 18 in 1817; and nos 4 and 18 from 1820. [D] Presumably the William Augustus Branstore, u of 6 Crown St, who took out a Sun Insurance policy on 29 October 1807 for 1,200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 441, ref. 809476]

Brant, William, London, bedstead maker (182339). Trading at 5 Baldwin's Gdns, Gray's Inn Lane in 1823; and 31 Gray's Inn Lane, 183539. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 10 September 1823 for 200, of which 170 accounted for stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 494, ref. 1008274]

Brasgirdule, John, Manchester, cm (1756). Took app. named Fanshaw in 1756. [S of G, app. index]

Brash, John, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Brassington, Stephen, Bird St, Lichfield, Staffs., cm etc. (1818 35). Recorded also as a furniture broker, 182835. [D; poll bk]

Bratherton, Thomas, Warrington, Lancs., cm (1769). Marriage to Miss Langam of Warrington reported, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 12 May 1769.

Bratherton, William, 2 Lawton St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1790). [D]

Braton, Frank & Ernest, High St, Chelmsford, Essex, carvers and gilders (1839). [D]

Bratt, Sm., Rose & Crown Ct, Moorfields, London, cm and u (1808). [D]

Bratt, William, Birmingham, cm (177882). Recorded at Spicull St in 1778, 16 Spicer St in 1780, and Church St in 1782. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for 200 on utensils and stock; and in 1782 for 200, of which 50 accounted for utensils, stock and shop. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 268, p. 243; vol. 299, p. 452]

Brattan (or Bratton), Edward, Northwich, Cheshire, cm, u, dealer and chapman (182234). Addresses given at Witton St in 1822; Castle St in 1828; and High St in 1834. Declared bankrupt and sale of stock announced, Chester Courant and Anglo-Welsh Gazette, 7 and 21 September, 5 and 12 October 1830. [D]

Brattan, James, 32 Gascoyne St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Brattan, James, 23 Market St, Birkenhead, Cheshire, cm (1839). [D]

Bratton, Richard, Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (182235). [D]

Bratton, Thomas, Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1830). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Bravery, Henry, Courthouse St, Hastings, Sussex, cm and u (1832). [D]

Bravington, Joseph, High Wycombe, Bucks., turner (1841). [Census]

Brawder, Edw., 87 Little Tower Hill, London, upholder (1808). [D]

Brawley, Alexander, 8 Torbock St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Bray, , Marlborough St, Devonport, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1822). [D]

Bray, Benjamin, Holbeach, Lincs., joiner, cm, u and furniture broker (181941). [D]

Bray, Caleb, Temple parish, Bristol, cm (1754). [Poll bk]

Bray, Charles, Lissington, Lincs., cm and chairmaker (1810). App. to Henry Wakelin in March 1810. [Hull app. reg.]

Bray, Charles, Norfolk St East, Wisbech, Cambs., turner and chairmaker (1830). [D]

Bray, Frederick, Market Pl., Wisbech, Cambs., u and cm (1839). [D] Mahogany toilet mirror recorded bearing his label.

Bray, George, 4 Cross Parish, Leeds, Yorks., dressing case, workbox maker & fancy stationer (1819). Advertised in Leeds Intelligencer, 20 September 1819.

Bray, H., Norfolk St, Wisbech, Cambs., cm (1839). [D]

Bray, James, Timber Mkt, Wisbech, Cambs., cm and u (1824). [D]

Bray, James, Redruth, Cornwall, cm (1830). [D]

Bray, Jeremiah, address unrecorded, upholder (177383). App. to Edward Richardson on 1 December 1773, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 November 1783. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bray, John, Bourne, Lincs., turner and chairmaker (1826). [D]

Bray, Joseph, address unrecorded, cm (172930). The accounts of Temple Newsam House, Leeds, Yorks., record payments for furniture from 5 March 1729 to 6 October 1730, including a larg wallnuttree Chest upon a frame, 8 8s, a mahogony Tray with Draw under it and a Piller and Claw, 1 10s, wallnutree chears, 4 4s, and a wallnutree stouel with the top to oupen and coufer with sclat Leass with a putter pan in it, 1 6s. [Furn. Hist., 1967]

Bray, Thomas, East St, Horncastle, Lincs., cm and furniture broker (1835). [D]

Bray & Winder, Preston, Lancs. Signed the Preston Cabinet Makers and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1799, on behalf of the masters.

Brayman, , Fleet St, London, u (d. by 1736). Death of his widow announced, Daily Post, 16 March 1736. A former u of Fleet St, he was reputedly worth 20,000.

Brayman, Thomas, address unrecorded, u (170102). Carried out upholstery work in Scotland for Dalkeith Palace for thirty-nine weeks from July 1701 to March 1702, amounting to 28 16s 4d. [Scottish RO, Buccleuch MS GD 224 Box 28]

Brayshew, William, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Brazier, James, Rye, Sussex, carpenter, turner and chairmaker (1761). Advertised for a journeyman chair turner in Sussex Weekly Advertiser, 17 August 1761.

Brazier, William, parish of St George the Martyr, London, cm (174464). App. to William Linnell in 1744 for seven years for 42. Took Vincent Rice as app. on 12 July 1764 for 50. [GL, Joiners Co. records; PRO, IRI/24]

Brazier, William, Red Lion Sq., London, cm (176668). At first in very good business, by 1766 it was declining, and in 1768 Brazier went to the West Indies. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Middlx session bk, p. 49; V & A archives]

Brazier, William, Rye, Sussex, cm (178098). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1780 for 600, 330 accounting for warehouse, utensils, stock and workshop; and in 1783 for 400, 230 on utensils, stock and workshop. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 283, p. 467; vol. 314, p. 116]

Brazier, William Henry, Leeds, Yorks., u, appraiser and auctioneer (17751805). Trading in Briggate, 1775; Call Lane 1783; and Kirkgate, 17931805. Advertised frequently in Leeds Mercury, on 18 and 25 April 1775 as late an Apprentice to Mr. William Armitage, just returned from London, where he has laid in a good and fresh assortment of different articles belonging to the upholstery business An apprentice is immediately wanted. Advertised again on 30 January, 6 February and 23 April 1776 his stock of goods, the newest and most fashionable from the most capital warehouse; on 14 and 21 October, 18 and 25 November and 2 December 1777, sale of entire stock announced; on 3 June 1783, 25 January 1785, and 11 May 1793 claimed that he continues to Appraise and Sell Household Furniture, Plate etc. He still continues the Upholstery business. He frequently advertised auctions and furniture sales until 1803. [D]

Brazier, Blundell & Tutt, Rye, Sussex, u, chairmakers and cm (1826). [D] Possibly William Brazier.

Bready, James, 13 Hatton Wall, London, carver and gilder (1791). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 31 March 1791 for 100 on his house and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 376, p. 79]

Breakhill, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1767). Petitioned freedom by birthright as son of Thomas Breakhill, staymaker, in 1767, paying 3s 4d. [Liverpool freemen's committe bk]

Bream(e) (or Braem), Jasper, London, inlayer and cm (1684d. c. 1696). Trading in St Clement Danes parish before 1696. Worked at Windsor Castle, 168486, inlaying ye step under her highness ye Dutchess of York's Bed done with several coloured woods in Resemblance of flowers, leaves etc. & for Inlaying ye step at ye foot of ye said Bedd, done with walnutt, for which he was paid 33 6s 8d. [W.H. St John Hope, Windsor Castle; V & A archives] Between 168992 he rendered three bills to the 5th Earl of Bedford, totalling 45 17s 6d for repairing and supplying furniture including three tables of Gernobel wood (French walnut), costing 7 15s, three other walnut tables; a black table 4 foot, 9 10s; and a 34 inch glass in a walnut frame, 5 5s. On 3 July 1688 Bream was paid for a Walnutt Tree Table & Stands &c.; and on 8 August 1689, for Wares delivered and Workmanship done, including a Wainscott Table for the Dyneing Roome. [Bedford Office, London; Bedford Inventory, 1585] His will is dated 1696. [PCC, Wills, Index Lib., 12, p. 51, ref. 1696f.4]

Bream, Samuel, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (17741807). Addresses given at the Tea-Chest, Charlotte St in 1776; Blind Middle St, 177980; and near the New Hall on the Quay, 178087. Advertised in Norfolk Chronicle, 10 August 1776, that he has now finish'd several Pieces of elegant Inlaid Furniture, (which is now the Taste in London) and proposes to sell them at a much lower Price, than Goods of the same Quality are usually sold there. [Conn., June 1956; Symonds, Furniture-making in 17th and 18th Century England, p. 131] Announced his removal from Charlotte St to the Quay in Norfolk Chronicle, 18 March 1780. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1779 for 1,100, 640 accounting for utensils, stock and warehouse; in 1780 for 1,300, 470 on utensils and workshops; on 20 April 1787 for 1,000 on household goods, stock, warehouse and utensils; on 10 February 1791 for 200; and on 17 July 1792 for 550 on utensils and stock in workshop and woodyard. [GL, Sun MS vol. 273, p. 590; vol. 283, p. 41; vol. 344, p. 497; vol. 375, p. 426; vol. 388, p. 300] Former apps admitted freemen: Jacob Furrance, 1774; Samuel Crisp, 1777; John Browne, 1780; Richard Baxfield, 1783; and Edmund Stolworthy, cm, London, 1796. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; poll bks; Gt Yarmouth freemen's calendar] There may have been two Samuel Breams snr and jnr.

Breamer, William, address unrecorded, upholder (1700). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 4 September 1700. [GL, Upholders Co. records] Possibly William Breman.

Brearley, William, 2 New Hampton St, Liverpool, cm (1829). [D] Possibly William Breerly.

Brecher, J., 29 Broad St, London, cm and appraiser (1817). [D]

Breckell (or Brekell), William, Liverpool, chairmaker (180735). Addresses given at 37 Stanley St, 1807; 20 Matthew St, 1810; 35 Stanley St, 1811; no. 39, 181314; 21 Matthew St, 1823; 1 Derby St, 1824; no. 2, 182729; and 44 Circus St, 183435. Daughter Ellen's marriage to Peter Lundy at St Phillip's Church recorded, Liverpool Mercury, 17 November 1826. [D]

Breckels (or Breckles), Francis, London, cm and bedstead maker (182526). Trading at Little George St, Grange Walk, 1825; and 19 King St, Southwark, 1826. [D]

Breckels, Sam., London, bedstead maker (182639). Addresses given at 21 Paul St, Finsbury; 49 King St, Southwark; 5 Fleur de Lis St, Norton Falgate; 243 High St, Southwark; 265 High St; and 64 King St. [D]

Breckels, Thomas, Listergate, Nottingham, cm (1832). [D]

Breckels, Thomas, Eastthorpe, Southwell, Notts., cm and u (183241). Recorded at Eastgate, Southwell, as cm and bedstead maker in 1835. [D]

Breckels (or Breckles), William, Long Alley, Moorfields, London, cm, u and bedstead maker (182039). Recorded at no. 124, 182037, and also at no. 134, date unspecified. [D]

Breckin, Ralph, Bedale, Yorks., joiner and cm (182829). [D]

Breckin (or Brecklin), Thomas, Northallerton, Yorks., cm and u (182830). [D]

Brecknock, Benjamin, against James St, Piccadilly, London, upholder (1720). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 February 1720 on goods and merchandise in his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 10, ref. 16623] Probably Benjamin Brocknock.

Breedford, Henry, New St, Chelmsford, Essex, cm and u (1832). [D]

Breer, John, Liverpool, cm (b. 17941822). Aged 28 in 1822 when named in the account of leases granted by Corp. of Liverpool. [Liverpool RO]

Breerly (or Brerely), William, 10 Roscoe Lane, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D] Possibly William Brearley.

Brees, Sam., 7 Warwick Ct, Holborn, London, gilder (1835). [D]

Breet, James, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm (179298). [D]

Bregazzi, C. & S., New Parliament Row, Hanley, Staffs., carvers and gilders. Trade card reads: Carvers, Gilders, Picture frame & Looking Glass Manfrs. Barometer & Thermometers of every description; Old Glasses Repolished & Silvered, Old Paintings cleaned & varnished. [Johnson Coll., Bodleian Lib., Oxf.; Furn. Hist., 1974]

Bregazzi, Charles Sebastino, High St, Hanley, Staffs., carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Bregazzi, Innocent & Peter, High Pavement, Nottingham, carvers, gilders, barometer and thermometer makers, looking-glass and picture frame makers (182535). [D; Goodison, Barometers] Trading at Bridlesmith Gate, 183442 the address on Peter Bregazzi's trade card. [MMA, NY]

Bregazzi, Samuel, Derby, carver, gilder and barometer maker (181835). Addresses given at Jury St in 1818, Saddlergate in 1822, 38 Queen St, 182829; and Cheapside in 1835. [D]

Brekell, John, Liverpool, cm (1767). Admitted freeman on 7 December 1767. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Breman, William, Strand, London, u (171215/16). Recorded next to the Tunn Tavern in 1712; and at the corner of York Buildings in 1715/16. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 13 June 1712 for his goods; and on 17 January 1715/16 for goods and merchandise at his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 39; vol. 5, p. 170] Possibly William Breamer.

Brembridge, Jn, 20 Hatton Wall, London, cm and upholder (180812). [D]

Brenes, James, Church Lane, Bocking, Essex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Brenson, Abram, Liverpool, cm (181418). Recorded at 24 St Peter's Lane in 1814, with shop at 16 College Lane in 1818. [D]

Brent, Ann, 65 Thomas St, Liverpool, upholsteress (1790). [D]

Brent & Lowe, address unrecored. Mentioned in bills for Stourhead, Wilts., in 1754. [V & A archives]

Brenton, Thomas, parish of St Thomas, Winton (Winchester), Hants., upholder (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 1,800, of which stock and utensils accounted for 1,500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 243]

Brereton, James, Old Priory, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (1840). [D]

Brereton, Thomas, High St, Winchester, Hants., cm (1784). [D]

Bresbury, Philip, Chester, cm (1761). Took app. named Harden in 1761. [S of G, app. index]

Breteuil(e), John, 14 Bond St, Soho, London, upholder (1790 94). Named in Henry Holland's accounts for work carried out at Woburn Abbey, Beds., 179092, being paid 197 2s 7d on 24 December 1791, and 398 6s 9d a year later for unspecified upholstery work. [D; Bedford Office, London]

Bretherton, William, Ben Jonson St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1810). [D]

Bretland, Benjamin, Addle St, London, (1711). Received eleven pounds in full for a large looking glass and all accts from My Lady Heathcote on 11 October 1710. [Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 12/D/5]

Bretland, George, Carlton St, Nottingham, cm, u and paper hanger (183435). [D]

Bretland, Samuel, at the Looking Glass in Gracechurch Street near Cornhill, and at the Looking Glass in Threadneedle Street near the South Sea House, London, sells all sorts of Looking Glas's, Cabinettwork & Chairs (c. 174060). Two identically designed trade cards with George I style mirror each bear one of the above addresses. [Banks Coll., BM; Heal]

Brett, J., 4 Spencer St, Shoreditch, London, cm (1826). [Maldon poll bk]

Brett, James & Eastman, John, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and upholders (1781). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for 300 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 296, p. 503]

Brett, Jn, 58 Compton St, Clerkenwell, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Brett, Thomas, 24 Church St, Spitalfields, London, cm and upholder (182629). [D]

Brett, William, Bristol, cm (180737). Trading at Horsefair, 180709; Nelson St, 181012; 1 Tippet's Ct, Horsefair, 181618; 24 Trenchard St, 182930; Upper Maudlin St, 1831; as W. B. & Son in Upper Maudlin St, 183234; St James's Sq., 1835 and 49 Park St, 183637. [D]

Brett, William, High St, Margate, Kent, cm (182439). Trading at no. 119 in 1824, and no. 48, 183139. [D]

Brett, William, Jesus Lane, Cambridge, picture frame maker (1828). Child bapt. parish of All Saints, 1828. [Cambs. RO, PR(bapt.)]

Brett, William, 27 Guildford Pl., Clerkenwell, London, cm (183539). [D]

Brettell, , address unrecorded, u (1757). Named in the Holkham Hall, Norfolk, accounts in 1757 providing a bed, window curtain etc. costing 4 8s 9d; two mattresses, three blankets and a quilt, 9 2s 4d; four chairs for Mr Cauldwell's room, 1 4s; and repairing furniture, 2 1s 6d. [V & A archives]

Brettell, James, Dudley, Worcs., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Brettel(l), Nathan, 122 High Holborn, London, upholder (177395). Recorded alone, 177392; and in partnership with William Brettel(l), 177795. Took out a Sun Insurance policy alone in 1776 for 400 on his house. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 248, p. 422]

Brettel(l), William Guidott, 122 High Holborn, London, u and cm (177795). Recorded alone and in partnership with Nathan Brettel(l). Took out Sun Insurance policies alone in 1777 for 1,000, 700 on utensils and stock; in 1781 for 400 on his house; in 1782 for 400 on his workshop; and on 5 October 1793 for 300. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 260, p. 208; vol. 292, p. 630; vol. 303, p. 358; and vol. 397, p. 103]

Brettingham, Matthew & Lillie, James, London. Between 175659 the architect Brettingham and the carver and joiner Lillie worked together at Holkham Hall, Norfolk. Brettingham (surprisingly) himself charged for carving 35 chairs, 4 Sophas, 4 Settees, 4 Picture Frames in 1759. Lillie worked in various rooms from 1753. [Holkham Estate Office, family deeds 66, quoted Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration, p. 183; C. Life, February 1980, pp. 42731]

Brettingham, Robert, Norfolk, upholder (17951812). Son of John Brettingham; admitted freeman of Norwich on 18 July 1795. Recorded in the parish of St Giles, Norwich, 1806; parish of St Benedict, 1799; and Gt Yarmouth, 180712. [Norwich poll bks and freemen reg.]

Bretton, Stephen, Miller's Lane, Cambridge, cm and auctioneer (1832). Advertised on 14 September 1832 in Cambridge Chronicle and Journal that he was late app. to John Swan of Cambridge and starting business as cm and auctioneer.

Brew, John, Liverpool, cm (182137). Addresses given at 34 Gloucester St, 182124; 16 Roscoe Lane, 1827; 7 Pontack Lane, 1829; and Joplin Ct, 67 Christian St, 1837. [D]

Brew, Thomas, Liverpool, carver and chairmaker (182939). Trading at 6 Rainford Gdns, 1829 as a carver; and at 7 St John's Lane, 1839 as a chairmaker. [D]

Brew, Thomas, Barker St, Shrewsbury, Salop, carver and gilder (1840). [D]

Brew, William, Liverpool, carver and cm (182139). Trading at 45 Lime St in 1821; no. 44 and also Hart Ct, Rathbone St, 182324; Hardman Buildings, Williamson St, 1827; Hartcourt, Rathbone St, 1829; 3 Rathbone St, 1837; and no. 5, 1839. [D]

Brewen, Francis, East Harling, Norfolk, u (d. 1837). Will proved at Norwich in 1837. [Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills]

Brewen, James, Highgate, London, cm (182326). [D]

Brewer, , Broad Capuchin Lane, Hereford, turner (1779). Advertised in Hereford Journal, 18 March 1779, for a journeyman turner and chairmaker: a good hand will meet with constant employment, and every encouragement due to his merit.

Brewer, Francis, 69 Chancery Lane, London, cm (1808). [D] See Francis Brewin.

Brewer, Francis, Brighton, Sussex, turner and chairmaker (182227). Trading at 25 Queen's Rd in 1822; Prospect Pl., 1823; 6 Queen's Rd, 1824; and 21 Devonshire Pl., 1826. [D] See Joseph Brewer.

Brewer, Francis, Worcester and Hereford, chairmaker (182635). Polled at Hereford in 1826 and trading at Union St, Hereford in 1835. Eldest son of Francis Brewer of Tewkesbury; admitted freeman of Hereford on 14 June 1826, when stated of Worcester. [D; poll bk; Hereford freemen rolls]

Brewer, Francis, 53 Cannon St, London, frame maker (1839). [D]

Brewer, James, Tewkesbury, Glos., chairmaker (1750). Took app. named Bevan in 1750. [S of G, app. index]

Brewer, James, London, carver and gilder, looking-glass manufacturer (17791804). Addresses given at 33 Snow Hill, 177984; and 126 Newgate St some time between 17861804. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1779 for 2,600 on houses; and in 1781 for 200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 329; vol. 297, p. 49; Wills, Looking-Glasses, p. 148] See Willoughby Brewer. Possibly:

Brewer, James Jupp Norris, Newport St, London, carver and gilder (1801). Married daughter of a carpenter in 1801. [PRO, C13 2/15]

Brewer, James, Dyer St, Cirencester, Glos., cm, chairmaker and basket maker (181323). Children bapt. in 1813, 1815 and 1823. [D; PR(bapt.)]

Brewer, John, Cirencester, Glos., chairmaker (178093). Brewer and his wife, Elizabeth, acknowledged receipt of 100 legacy given by Richard Norman in 1780. [D; Oxford, RO, Rob II/iii/4]

Brewer, John, High St, Arundel, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (182632). [D]

Brewer, Joseph, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (181526). Recorded in parish reg. as u at Russell Row in 1815; as cm at Russell St, 1818; Granville Pl., 1821; and in directories at 20 Devonshire Pl., 182426. Children bapt. at St Nicholas's Church: Martha Eliza, daughter of Joseph and Sarah, 17 February 1815; Mary, daughter of Joseph and Jane, 25 February 1818; and Josephine, daughter of Joseph and Sarah, 17 August 1821. Possibly two tradesmen of the same name. See Francis Brewer.

Brewer, Nathan & C., 37 Duke St, London, carver and gilder (1825). [D]

Brewer, Richard, Cow Lane, London, joiner and carver (1762 63). Employed five non-freemen for three months in 1762, and three licence renewed quarterly, in 1763. [GL, City Licence bks]

Brewer, Willoughby, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer (177894). Trading at 7 Aldersgate St, 1778 79; 33 Snow Hill some time between 177989; and 67 Red Lion St, Clerkenwell, 179294. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 17 October 1774 for 500, 200 accounting for utensils, stock and goods in trust, and 10 on printed books; and in 1780 for 1,000, 300 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 235; vol. 287, p. 502; Wills, Looking-Glasses] See James Brewer.

Brewin, Francis, 69 Chancery Lane, London, upholder and cm (1804). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 21 September 1804, 300 on household goods in his house where no cabinet work done, 600 on utensils and stock goods in trust, and 50 on workshop behind. [GL, Sun MS vol. 431, ref. 767021] See Francis Brewer.

Brewin, Francis, the corner of Orange St, Kingsgate St, London, upholder (1805). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 15 October 1805 for 800 on his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 434, ref. 781404]

Brewin, J., Southgate St, Leicester, turner (1822). [D]

Brewster, George, Hurworth, Co. Durham, cm (182829). [D]

Brewster, John, Lowestoft, Suffolk, cm (182430). [D]

Brewster, Robert, High St, Lowestoft, Suffolk, cm and paper hanger (1839). [D]

Brexley, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Brian, Peter, 50 Myton Gate, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (1831). [D]

Brian, Samuel, Lancaster, cm (1793). Marriage on 21 June 1793 reported, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 24 June.

Brice, Benjamin, Silver St, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Brice, Edward, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (182333). Trading at Old King St, 182331, with cabinet factory at St James's Sq., 182531; and at 2 St James's Barton with manufactory at 10 St James's Sq., 1833. Probably the E. Brice, cm of Bristol, declared bankrupt, Chester Courant and North Wales Advertiser, 1 May 1832. [D]

Brice, Mary, 5 Gloucester St, St Paul's, Bristol, upholsteress (183540). [D]

Brice, Rob., 22 New St, Covent Gdn, ironmonger and cabinet founder (181719). [D]

Brickley, John, Rugeley, Staffs., cm (1753). Took app. named Perkin in 1753. [S of G, app. index]

Brickwell, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Brickwell, Thomas, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Bridge, John, Chester, u (1730). Son of Thomas Bridge, feltmaker; app. to Ralph Bingley, u, 524 March 1830/31. [Chester app. bks] Possibly:

Bridge, John, Chester, u (173247). Son of Thomas Bridge, feltmaker of Chester; admitted freeman on 1 September 1732. [Chester freemen rolls; poll bk]

Bridge, Stephen, Coggeshall, Essex, cm etc. (182627). [D]

Bridge, Susannah, Market Hill, Coggeshall, Essex, cm, u and furniture broker (1839). [D]

Bridge, Walter snr, Poland St, Manchester, cm (1834). [D]

Bridge, William, 70 Scotland Rd, Liverpool, cm and u (1835). [D]

Bridge, William, New Romney, Kent, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bridgen, , 15 Irongate, Derby, cm and u (1835). [D] Of Gamble & Bridgen.

Bridges, Charles, 49 Wardour St, London, Chairmaker and Turner to His Majesty (182535). Successor to John Gee at above. [D; Heal]

Bridges, Joseph, East side of Mars St, parish of St John, Hackney, London, turner (1718). Took out a Hand in Hand Insurance policy on 19 April 1718 for 100 on a rented building at above, and 50 each on two other rented buildings. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 18, p. 273]

Bridgewater, , address unrecorded, cm (1720). Mentioned in The Diary of Humfrey Wanley, ed. E. C. & R. C. Wright, 1966, under 5 and 19 April 1720.

Bridgewater, James, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 17961841). Aged 45 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bridgewater, Thomas, London, carver (1725). Supplied pulpit, various brackets and columns, reader's desk and communion table for St Martin-in-the-Fields Church in November 1725. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS 419/311]

Bridgewater, Thomas, 17 Swinegate, York, cm (1838). [D]

Bridgewater, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (17981830). [D; Militia Census]

Bridgewater, William jnr, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (182344). [D]

Bridgford, John, New George St, Smithfield, Manchester, cm, u and furniture broker (183436). [D]

Bridgman, Jonathan, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (167475). [King's Lynn freemen's calendar]

Bridgman, Thomas, address unrecorded, u (1768). In March 1768 he was paid 80 by the 4th Duke of Bedford for chintz furniture for a bedchamber at Woburn Abbey, Beds., consisting of a bed, four window curtains, twelve chairs with backs and two armchairs. In the same month he was paid 27 6s for furniture including an Indian commode at 16 guineas. [Bedford Office, London]

Bridgwater, Thomas, address unrecorded (1713). Worked for Samuel Tufnell of Middle Temple, London, and, from 1710, of Langleys, Gt Waltham, Essex, receiving from him in May 1713 three pounds in full for framing ye Battles of Alexander & a case. [Essex RO, D/DTu 276]

Brierley, Abraham, Heckmondwike, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Brierley, John, Manchester, u and cm (180838). Trading at 13 Fountain St, 181418; 72 Market St, 182124; also no. 74, 182122; 23 Market St, 182829; 45 Market St, 183233; and 5 Lever St, 183436. [D]

Brierley, John, Baildon, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Brierley, William, Liverpool, cm (b. 17911812). Petitioned freedom on birthright as son of William Brierley, shipwright, paying 3s 4d in 1812. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk] Possibly:

Brierley, William, 4 Hampton St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, cm (1816). Admitted freeman on 10 June 1816. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Briggs, Abraham, High Wycombe, chairmaker (b. c. 1781 1841). Daughters bapt. in 1818 and 1820, and son in 1822. Aged 60 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR(bapt.)]

Briggs, Amos, 10 Fontenoy St, Dale St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1796). [D]

Briggs, Constantine, London, cm and upholder (180837). Addresses given at 6 Broadway from 1808, and 58 Tooley St some time before 1820; at Newington Causeway in 1820, and 19 Bridgehouse Pl. in 1837. [D]

Briggs, E., 19 Bridge St, London, cm and upholder (1825). [D]

Briggs (or Brigg), George, Dalton-in-Furness, Lancs., joiner and cm (182934). [D]

Briggs, James, 11 Saville Green, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Briggs, James, St Augustine St, Norwich, cm and u (181730). App. to Holden Gray; admitted a freeman on 27 September 1817. [D; poll bk; Norwich freemen reg.]

Briggs, James, Back St, Reedham, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (183039). [D]

Briggs, John, York, cm (1809). Son of John Warrilow; app. to John Middleton, cm, on 1 May 1809. [York app. reg.]

Briggs, John, Holloway, London, u (1826). [D]

Briggs, Joseph, Longwood, near Huddersfield, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Briggs, Joseph, 11 Nelson St, Halifax, Yorks., cm and joiner (181830). [D]

Briggs, Luke, Wisbech, Cambs., cm, chairmaker and u (1822). [D]

Briggs, Ralph, Gisburn, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Briggs, Samuel, Hunslet, Leeds, Yorks., cm (181734). [D]

Briggs, Samuel, Moor St, Birmingham, cm, u and broker (1830). [D]

Briggs, Sarah, Greenwich, London, u (1791). [D]

Briggs, Thomas, address unrecorded (1692). He was paid 3 6s by the 5th Earl of Bedford for a frame for a picture and case in 1692. [Bedford Office, London]

Briggs, Thomas, London, cm, writing desk and dressing case maker (181935). Addresses given at 20 Newington Causeway, 181923, and 27 Piccadilly, 182935. [D]

Briggs & Brown, Bradford St, Birmingham, cm and u (1830). [D]

Brigham, George, Beverley, Yorks., cm and u (181840). Trading at Norwood in 1818; at Tollgavel, 183114; and Butcher Row, 1840. [D]

Brigham, Nicholas, York, u (173946). Son of Roger Brigham, Gent., deceased; app. to George Reynoldson, u, on 7 February 1739. Listed on 11 October 1745 amongst papists recognizances, and granted licence to travel as popish recusant with Henry Smith to Barnborough for twenty-one days, on 22 February 1746; and alone to Weighton for seven days on 29 April 1746. [York City Archives, app. reg.; Quarter sessions bk, E/41B]

Brigham, Thomas, Irish Lane, Leytonstone, Essex, cm (1831). [Leyton Census]

Bright, , London, mattress maker (1768). Received 6 6s on 8 November 1768 for supplying two mattresses to Shelburne House, Berkeley Sq., London. [Bowood MS]

Bright, George, Liverpool, joiner and cm (183539). Trading at 13 Fletcher's Gdn, Birkett St in 1835, with shop at 19 King St, Soho; at 10 Peover St, with shop at 15 King St, Soho, in 1837; and 19 Peover St with shop at 30 Wilson St in 1839. [D]

Bright, Jerome Denny & Co., Saxmundham, Suffolk, cm, watch and clock maker (1839). Circular mahogany table on a central pillar leading to a circular platform above curled feet recorded bearing label, c. 1840. [D]

Bright, John, Colchester, Essex, u (1697). Date of probate. [Wills at Chelmsford]

Bright, Joseph, Bull Ring, Coventry, Warks., cm (1830). [D]

Bright, Thomas, 3 Brick Lane, Old St, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Bright, W., 16 Queen St, Upper Brook St, London, carver and gilder (182627). [D]

Bright, William, The Crown Inn, Thomas St, Bristol, ornamental carver (1835). [D]

Brighton, T. W., Cheltenham, Glos., cm (183940). [D]

Brighton & Co., 7 Providence Villas, Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1839). [D]

Brimelow, Zachary, Bolton, Lancs., cm (182428). Trading in Chapel St, 1824, and at 123 Bradshawgate, 1828. [D]

Brimmacombe, William, Northernhay, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1815). Daughters Frances Grace and Rosina bapt. on 10 September 1815 at St David's Church. [PR(bapt.)] Possibly:

Brimmacombe (or Brimmanscombe), William, London, carver and gilder (182037). Addresses given at 8 Swan Yd, Strand in 1820 and 17 Holywell St, 183537. [D]

Brinkley, Peter, 24 Tooley St, London, cm and upholder (17811808). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for 400, of which 200 accounted for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 438]

Brinkworth, Luke, 1 French Row, Peerless Pool, Old St, London, fancy chair manufacturer (1808). [D]

Brinley, Caroline, Exeter, Devon, upholsteress (182740). Recorded at Paris St, 1827; Sidwell St, 182830; North St, 183134; and King St, 183640. Featured regularly in Exeter Journal, 182740.

Brinsley, John, Hill St, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Brinsley, Richard, Church St, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs., cm and u (183435). Trading at Church St in 1834 and Welch St in 1835. [D]

Brinton, Joseph, 4 Castle St, Leicester Fields, London, upholder (177793). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1777 for 300, of which 200 accounted for utensils and stock; and in 1780 for 500, 400 on utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 262, p. 280; vol. 288, p. 283]

Brion, Charles, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 18241841). Aged 17 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Brion, Richard, High Wycombe, Bucks., cabinet turner (b. c. 182141). Married in 1840, and aged 20 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR]

Brisband, Roger, Birmingham, joiner, cm and mortgager (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 with John Smallwood for 200 on houses. [GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 244]

Brisco(e), Joseph, Wigton, Cumb., joiner and cm (181134). Trading at Allonby Rd, 1811 and 1829; and West St, 1828 34. [D]

Briscoe, Peter, Lancaster (17781821). App. to Gillow in 1778, and admitted freeman, 179596. Named in the Gillow records, 17841821. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Brisco(e), Richard, London, u (170527). Recorded at The Golden Lion, corner of Blackmoor St, Drury Lane, London, 1721; and in St Clement Danes, 1727. Son of John Brisco of Crofton, Northumb., app. to James Gronous on 29 September 1705, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 4 November 1724 by servitude. [Heal; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Briscoe, Thomas, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records, 178498. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Briscoe, W., 8 Fountain Buildings, Bath, Som., u and cm (1826). [D]

Briscoe, William, Lancaster, cm (178198). App. to Gillow in 1781, and named in the Gillow records as making claws, 178498. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Lancaster app. reg.]

Briscoe, William, 111 Fleet St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Brisenden, Thomas, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, cm and u (1832 39). Recorded at Park Pl. in 1839. Daughter Ann Maria bapt. on 13 June 1832; son Thomas Samuel on 18 December 1833; and son Samuel George on 20 July 1836. [D; PR(bapt.)] Possibly of:

Brissenden & Hodges, Russell Pl., Tunbridge Wells, Kent, cm and u (183237). Notice in Sussex Agricultural Express, 29 July 1837 concerned the auction sale of all those several extensive Business Premises, Dwelling House, Warehouses, and Shops, large Cellarage and Domestic Offices situate immediately facing the weekly Corn Market House and Kentish Hotel, Tunbridge Wells, known as Russell Place (late in the occupation of Messrs. BRISSENDEN and HODGES cabinet makers and upholsterers and others). [D]

Brissenden (or Brissender), William, 203 High Holborn, London, u, cm, auctioneer and appraiser (177792). Trade card, c. 1780, shows a furnished interior including carpet and ceiling plasterwork. [Banks Coll., BM] Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 900, of which 750 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 258, p. 510] Declared bankrupt, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 29 October 1792.

Bristow, George, Peterborough, Northants., cm and u (182230). Recorded at Long Causeway, 182230 and near the Church in 1823. [D]

Bristow, J. M., address unrecorded. Undated chair recorded bearing impressed stamp J. M. BRISTOW on leg. [V & A archives]

Bristow, James, 10 Narrow Weir, Bristol, chairmaker (1831). [D]

Bristow, John, London, upholder (1711). Son of Lionel Bristow, late freeman blacksmith of London; app. to William Humphrey on 7 November 1711 for 53 15s. [PRO, IRI/1]

Bristow, J., St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, u (1765). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., October 1765. Possibly:

Bristow, John, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, u and cm (1768). Declared bankrupt, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 2 December 1768.

Bristow, John, St Alban's St, Pall Mall, London, u, cm and undertaker (1791). Trade card, marked 1791 in pencil, shows earlier Rococo-style furniture. [Banks Coll., BM]

Bristow, John, Peterborough, Northants., cm and u (182230). Trading at Broad Bridge St in 1822 and Cumbergate in 1830. [D]

Bristow, William Henry, 81 Pearson St, Kingsland Rd, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Bristow, William, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 181141). Aged 30 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Britain, Richard, Wapping, London, upholder (17901802). Recorded at 5 New Cutt in 1798, and Anchor Rope, 1802. App. to Isaac Vizard on 7 July 1790, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 January 1798. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Britisle, James, Norwich, cm (1784). Former app., George Darking, admitted freeman on 24 February 1784. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Brittain, G., 2 Woburn St, and 2 Streatham St, Bloomsbury, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D] Possibly:

Brittain, George, address unrecorded, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Brittain, H., 39 Grafton St East, Tottenham Ct Rd, carver (1829). [D]

Brittain, Thomas, Duke St, Grosvenor Sq., London, cm and undertaker (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 300 on his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 282, p. 92]

Britten, Daniel, Mare St, Hackney, London, carver, gilder and toy dealer (1823). [D]

Britten, Sam, 5 Baynes Row, Clerkenwell, and 23 Red Lion Sq., London, cabinet and morocco case maker (180929). [D]

Britten, James, 32 Thomas St, Bath, Som., chairmaker (1833). [D]

Britton, Thomas, 8 Five Foot Lane, Bermondsey St, London, cm and upholder (177799). [D]

Brix, Robert, 22 Queen's Buildings, Knightsbridge, London, cm and upholder (180911). [D]

Broad, , address unrecorded, Carvers & Gilders, Picture Frame & Looking Glass Manufacturers, Etc. Pair of gilded George II-style console tables from Linton Park recorded bearing label. [Christie's, 23 October 1961, lot 134]

Broad, Charles William, 6 Bench St, Dover, Kent, carver and gilder (182439). [D; Dover and Canterbury poll bks]

Broad, John Abel, 8 St Martin's St, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Broad, Robert, 14 Walcot Buildings, Bath, Som., cm, u and broker (1826). [D]

Broad, William, Goodramgate, York, joiner, cm and u (1828 30). Recorded at no. 86 in 1828 and no. 66 in 1830. [D]

Broadbent, Joseph jnr, Liverpool, cm (1822). App. to Joseph Roberts in 1822. [Liverpool app. reg.]

Broadbent, Samuel, Liverpool, cm (181011). Trading at 2 St Stephen St in 1810 and 6 Cartwright Pl. in 1811. [D]

Broadbent, William, Chester, upholder (174647). Son of John Broadbent, silk stocking weaver, late of Nantwich; app. to Ralph Bingley, embroiderer and upholder of Chester; Admitted freeman in January 1746. [Chester freemen rolls; poll bk]

Broadbent, William, Hipperholme, Halifax, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Broadbent & Wright, 53 Wigmore St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholders (1817). [D]

Broadbrook, Edward, 18 Dorrington St, Cold Bath Fields, London, cm and upholder (1794). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 16 April 1794 for 300, 50 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 397, ref. 626933]

Broadbrook, Edward, Broad St, London, u (1798). Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 30 April 1798.

Broadbrook, Ed., 88 Gt Saffron Hill, London, cm (180911). [D]

Broadfield, Benjamin, 4 Court, Breat St, Birmingham, cabinet case maker, portable desk and dressing case maker (1830). [D]

Broadhead, Benjamin, Holmfirth, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Broadhurst, George, Nottingham, cm (180220). Trading at Wheelgate in 1820. Listed as app. in 1807 and burgess in 1814. [Notts. RO, indices of app. burgesses; poll bk]

Broadhurst, George, Churchyard, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (181822). [D]

Broadhurst, John, Bridge St, Warrington, Lancs., chairmaker (182234). [D]

Broadhurst, John, Lichfield St, Hanley, Staffs., joiner, builder and cm (1834). [D]

Broadhurst, Joseph, Congleton, Cheshire, cm (1793). [D]

Broadhurst, Joshua (or Josiah), Manchester, cm (17941825). Addresses given at 97 Portland St in 1794; 41 Croft St, 1797; 41 Travis St, 180004; no. 46 in 1808; and 2 London Rd, 181125. [D]

Broadhurst, Samuel, 6 Cartwright's Pl., Liverpool, cm (1818). [D]

Broadhurst, Thomas, Chester, joiner and cm (1794). Declared bankrupt, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 2 June 1794.

Broadstock, William, address unrecorded, u (1668). Recorded in the Royal Household accounts in 1668 providing bullrush mats costing 4 15s. [PRO, LC9/271, p. 75]

Broadwood, Matthew, 20 Oxendon St, Haymarket, London, carver and gilder (182939). [D]

Broadwood, Robert, 20 Oxendon St, Haymarket, London, carver and gilder (182637). [D]

Brobie, William, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Brock, James, Camberwell Green, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Brock, John, Chester, u (1747). [Poll bk]

Brock, John, Oldham (or Old Hall) St, Hanley, Staffs., chairmaker and turner (183435). [D]

Brock, R., 10 Stephen St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, picture framer and blind maker (1820). [D]

Brockband, George, Blackburn, Lancs., cm (179798). [D]

Brockbank, Ellwood, Carlisle, Cumb., cm (1834). [D] Possibly of:

Brockbank & Edmondson, Castle St, Carlisle, Cumb., u and cm (1829). [D]

Brockbank, John, 191 Pilgrim St, Newcastle, cm (1834). [D]

Brockbridge, Henry, 6 Little Suffolk St, Southwark, London, cm and carver (183234). [D]

Brockbridge, Thomas, Green Walk, Holland St, London, bedstead and chair manufacturer (180820). Trading at no. 3 in 1808 and no. 7 in 1820. [D]

Brocklebank, David, 47 Coney St, York, carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (1829d. 1849). Advertised in York Gazette, 4 April 1829. Took C. Arundel (late five years with Mr Terry, Davygate) into partnership in October 1829, and recorded in partnership with him in 1830. Moved to 32 Stonegate on 3 November 1832. Declared bankrupt, York Gazette, 15 November 1834, and died in July 1849. [D]

Brocklebank, John jnr, Soutergate, Ulverston, Lancs., chairmaker (1834). [D]

Brocklebank, Joseph, Stonegate, York, carver and gilder (1818d. 1819). Death, aged 30, reported, York Gazette, 10 July 1819. [D]

Brocklehurst, Joseph, Saville St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821). [D]

Brockwell, John, 50 Rahere St, City Rd, London, clock-case maker (183940). [D]

Brocknock, Benjamin, Portugal St, London, upholder (1712). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 18 April 1712 for his goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 2, p. 21]

Broderick, Henry, 97 Bedford St, North Shields, Northumb., carver and gilder (1834). [D]

Broderip & Wilkinson, 13 Haymarket, London, cm. Label recorded on early 19th-century piece of patent furniture.

Brodie, George, 24 Gloucester St, Queen Sq., London, cm (1835). [D]

Brodie, George, 41 Eagle St, Red Lion Sq., London, cm (1837). [D]

Brodie, J., carver and gilder. Early 19th-century trade card is at MMA, NY.

Brodie, John, 18 Concert St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Brodstock, William, address unrecorded, u and cm to Charles II (1667). First appears in the Royal accounts in February 1667, when he delivered unto his Majies Great Wardrobe a quantity of chairs and tables. His bills are mainly for small amounts. [Royal Household accounts; DEF]

Brogg, James, 1 Princes St, Red Lion Sq., London, picture frame maker (1820). [D] Probably of:

Broggi & Co., 1 Princes St, Red Lion Sq., London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Broham, Daniel, New St, St Bride's, London, cm (176172). Served as Constable at St Bride's in 1761, and Collector for the Poor in 177172. [GL, MS 6561, p. 97]

Broitehall(?), Henry, Norwich, u (1829). App. to John Cox; admitted freeman on 6 June 1829. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Broley, Alexander, Liverpool, cm (182735). Trading at Heaton Ct, Knight St in 1827 and 8 Torbock St, 183435. [D]

Bromage, William, Richmond, Surrey, carver and gilder (182226). Recorded at Upper Hill St in 1822 and Hill St in 1826. [D]

Bromage, William, Twickenham, Middlx, carver and gilder (182338). Recorded at London Rd in 1823 and Twickenham Green in 1838. [D]

Bromely, John, 23 Tuble St, Manchester, cm (1804). [D]

Bromfield, , Lombard St, Liverpool, cm and joiner (1765). Death of his wife reported, Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 29 March 1765.

Bromfield, , d. c. 1804. See James (John) & Playfair.

Bromfield, Francis, 8 Leather Lane, Dale St, Liverpool, chairman (170096). [D]

Bromfield, Mary Ann, Brad St, West Bromwich, Staffs., u (1830). [D]

Bromford, Rob., 51 New Bond St, London, trunk maker to His Majesty (1796). [D]

Bromhead, , address unrecorded (1727). Named in the Holkham Hall accounts supplying 4 Russia chairs and 2 settees etc. costing 11, in 1727. [V & A archives]

Bromhead, Thomas Boyall, Stamford, Lincs., carver, gilder, picture frame maker and paper hanger (1829d. by 1848). Trading in St Michael's parish, 1832 and St Mary's St, 1835. Admitted freeman by right of birth in 1829. Bill heads of 1842, and in his widow's name of 1848, give address and trade details. [Poll bk; Stamford freemen rolls; Stamford Town Hall Lib., ref. T22, file 2]

Bromley, Edward, Chester, cm and silverer of glass (171545). Son of Edward Bromley, baker of Chester; admitted freeman on 17 January 1715. Took app. named John Davies in 1726. Former app., Thomas Astle, admitted freeman in 1745. [Chester freemen rolls and app. reg.]

Bromley (or Brumley), Ed., Wilmott St, Brunswick Sq., London, upholder and cm (180913). Recorded as Brumley, cm, at no. 11, 180911; and as Bromley, u, at no. 20, 181113. [D]

Bromley, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1698). App. to William Tilley, skinner, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 19 August 1698. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bromley, Robert, 24 Hatton Wall, Hatton Gdn, London, cm and chairmaker (178793). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 6 February 1787 for 200 on his dwelling, workshop, goods and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 344, p. 61]

Bromley, Thomas, Colchester, Essex, cm (180644). Probate dated 1844. [Poll bks; Wills at Chelmsford]

Bromley, William, Derby, cm (1820). Named as Hon. Burgess in 1820. [Notts. RO, index of burgesses]

Brompton, John, Ludlow, Salop, saddler and u (1714). Took app. named Howton in 1714. [S of G, app. index]

Bromridge, , George Yd, Hatton Gdn, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bromwell, John, New Palace Yd, Westminster, London, upholder (1725). [Heal]

Bromwich, Henry, Gt Russell St, Bloomsbury, London, frame maker (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for 600, 120 accounting for timber workshop, utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 274, p. 213]

Bromwich, Thomas, at The Golden Lyon, Ludgate Hill, London, paper stainer and u (1748d. 1787). Trade card, dated 1748, states that he Makes and Sells all manner of Screens, Window Blinds, and Covers for Tables, Cabins, Stair-Cases, &c. Hung with Guilt Leather, or India Pictures, Chints's, Callicoes, Cottons, Needlework, & Damasks Matched in Paper; to the utmost exactness, at Reasonable Rates. [Conn., vol. 112, 1943, p. 38] Master of the PainterStainers Co. in 1761, and appointed Paper-hanging Maker in Ordinary to the Great Wardrobe in 1763. In 1754 he supplied the new furniture wallpaper to Horace Walpole, [Strawberry Hill accounts]; and between July 176629 September 1768 provided Paper, Colours, Papie Mache etc. to Shelburne House, Berkeley Sq., London, receiving 195 11s. [Bowood MS] Worked for Lord Darnley of Cobham Hall, Kent, being paid 26 on 23 February 1773 for India paper for my Lady's Dressing Room & paper for the two nurseries. The Chinese paper supplied by Bromwich is still in situ at Cobham Hall. He also made a surviving papier-mch ceiling at Dunster Castle. [C. Life, 10 May 1983, pp. 56871] Thomas Bromwich is named in Paul Methuen's Day Book for items supplied to Corsham Court, Wilts., 177073, including marble tables costing 67 3s 6d on 29 February 1772; and a glass & new gilding the frame, 23 13s on 17 February 1773. The firm of Thomas Bromwich & Co. was paid 40 12s on 17 June 1773 by Edward Morant of Brokenhurst Park, Hants. [Morant accounts, Roydon Manor, Hants.] Thomas Bromwich is recorded in partnership with Leonard Leigh at The Golden Lyon, 175865; as Bromwich and Isherwood in 1766; and Bromwich, Isherwood and Bradley, 176988. [Heal] This last firm supplied wallpaper and borders, a fire screen and 3 Pair Small Tree Gerandoles with Single Branches in Burnd Gold to Charles Long of Saxmundham, Suffolk, receiving a total of 6 on 10 June 1769. [Suffolk RO, HA 18/ EC/S]

Bromwich, Thomas, 24 Suffolk St, Birmingham, cm (1800). [D]

Brook, Benjamin, Bristol, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Brook, Charles, Birstal, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (183037). [D]

Brook, Emanuel, Rastrick, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Brooks, George, Hull and Selby, Yorks., cm, u, paper hanger and broker (181429). Recorded at 27 Blackfriargate, Hull, 1814; Finkle St, Selby, 1822; and Edgar St, Hull, 182829. Took app. named Daniel England of Sutton in July 1814 until December 1817 when assigned to Robert Waugh; assigned Thomas Johnson from George Chapman, deceased, in March 1815; assigned William Gibson from John Levett in January 1819; took James Lowther of Sculcoates in May 1819; and James Bentley of Selby in October 1822. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Brook, I, address unrecorded. Set of four undated mahogany chairs, yoke-back with brass strings stamped I. BROOK, recorded in Wakefield, Yorks.

Brook(e), John snr, Briggate, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1783 d. c. 1804). [D] Address also given at Wormald Yd in 1798. Advertised in Leeds Mercury, 18 February 1783, that he makes and sells all sorts of Cabinet and Upholstery goods in the best and newest Taste, and on the most reasonable Terms. NB. Three journeymen in the cabinet and chair Branch wanted immediately, who may depend on constant Employment and Wages according to Merit. Announced in Leeds Intelligencer, 21 and 28 July 1789 his removal into a house in the late Mrs. Lee's Yard, nearly opposite the hotel in Briggate. Advertised for journeymen, Leeds Mercury, 18 May 1790, and Leeds Intelligencer, 1 June 1790, wages from 12s. to 16s. a week, and allowed to work overtime throughout the year. Brook was one of the few Masters called to sign an agreement with the journeymen in the Leeds Cabinet and Chair Makers Book of Prices, 1791. Advertised for six cm in Leeds Mercury, 4 December 1802, and mentioned in Leeds Intelligencer, 23 March 1807. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Dead by 1804, when his son, John Brook jnr announced continuation of trading on the same premises after his father's death, Leeds Mercury, 15 December 1804. Brook snr worked at Harewood House, Yorks. between 17831801, being paid about 275 for furniture including, in 1796, 2 large Round end Dining Teble (sic). [Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 189, 19091, 211; Furn. Hist., 1965, 1971 and 1974]

Brook, John jnr, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u, dealer and chapman (180417). Trading in Briggate from 180816, and at Wormald's Yd in 1817. Announced in Leeds Mercury, 15 December 1804 continuation of trade at the same premises in Briggate after the death of his father. Advertised in Leeds Intelligencer, 29 September and 6 October 1808 for a Person to act as Foreman in a shop where a number of Hands are employed. Declared bankrupt, Leeds Mercury, 24 December 1814, and 29 April 1815; and Leeds Intelligencer, 2 January 1815, but trading again by 1817. [D]

Brook, John, Node Hill, Newport, Isle of Wight, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Brook, Joseph, 10 Aldersgate St Buildings, Aldersgate St, London, cm (1785). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 13 April 1785 which included 100 on household goods in the dwelling of Jonathan Binns, cm. [GL, Sun MS vol. 328, p. 72]

Brook, Joseph & John, High-Town, near Dewsbury, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Brook, Richard, Ossett, Yorks., cm (182230). [D]

Brook(e)(s), Robert, London, cm and upholder (17641802). Trading at 1 Budge Row, 177493; and Bell Yd, Temple Bar, 17941802. Son of John Brooke, clothworker of London; app. to Dan. Holbrow on 2 August 1764, and William Rogers on 7 March 1765. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 7 August 1771. In 1785 employed two non-freemen for three months. Marriage to Miss Brewer reported, Gents Mag., September 1787. In 1789 the firm of Brook & Shotter, upholders and cm, recorded at Bridge Row (a common misnaming of Budge Row). [D; GL, Upholders Co. records; City Licence bks, vol. 10]

Brook, Thomas, Bowling, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Brook, Thomas, Heckmondwike, near Dewsbury, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Brook, William, Breadeston, Norfolk, u (1780). [Norwich Poll bk]

Brook, William, High-Town, near Dewsbury, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Brook, William, Joseph & John, Liversedge, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Brookbank, Joseph, Ainsworth St, Blackburn, Lancs., cm and joiner (181618). [D]

Brooke, Daniel, Thorpe, Essex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Brooke (or Brooks), Francis, St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, u (174568). App. to Timothy Money and admitted freeman on 24 February 1745. Former app., William Smith, u, admitted freeman on 2 May 1753. Brooke elected Sheriff on 26 July 1766. [Poll bk; Norwich freemen rolls] See William Brooke.

Brooke, John, St Dunstan's, London, chairmaker (1722). Took app. named Stanbridge in 1722. [S of G, app. index]

Brooke, Joseph, St John St, Bromsgrove, Worcs., cm (1820). [D]

Brooke, R. & William, 19 Wellclose Sq., London, looking-glass manufacturer, cm (177588). [D]

Brooke, Robert, 14 King St, Whitehaven, Cumb., carver and gilder (1834). [D]

Brooke, Thomas, Market Pl., Boston, Lincs., carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Brooke(s) (or Brooks), William, White Lion Lane, Norwich, u (1776). Trade card, c. 1770, states that he Executes all Kinds of Upholstery Work, In the newest Taste & on ye lowest Terms. NB. Variety of Paper-Hangings, Carpets & Beds ready standing. [Norwich local history Lib.] Supplied beds, curtains and carpets to the Rev. James Woodforde, Rector of Weston Longwith, Norfolk, in June 1776; and sent him a fine Hind Quarter of London Lamb, prodigious fine on 25 December 1776. [The Diary of James Woodforde, The First Six Norfolk Years, ed. R. L. Winstanley, 1981]

Brooke, William, St Peter's Mancroft, Norwich, u (1777). Insured his house for 300 in 1777 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 259, p. 168] See Francis Brooke.

Brooke, William, Norwich, cm (1799). Son of Daniel Brooke, baker; admitted freeman on 1 June 1799. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Brooke(s), William, 19 Wellclose Sq., London, cm, glassgrinder, looking-glass warehouseman (177588). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 500 of which 430 accounted for utensils and stock. Recorded with R. Brooke, 177588. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 268, p. 396]

Brooke, William, London, cm (1802). [Norwich poll bk]

Brooker, George, Trinity St, Cambridge, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Brooker, James, 1 King St, Commercial Rd, London, carver and gilder (1824). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 5 January 1824 for 300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 497, ref. 1012429]

Brooker, James, Cheltenham, Glos., carver and gilder (183040). Trading at 8 Clarence St in 1830 and 8 Clarence Colonnade in 1839. [D]

Brooker (or Brocker), John, 5 Southampton Row, London, carver and gilder, picture frame and looking-glass maker, picture dealer (182039). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 31 January 1821 for 2,200 of which stock, utensils and workshop accounted for 650; and on 17 April 1822 for 2,450, of which stock, utensils and workshop accounted for 450, and pictures and prints as stock, 250. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 485, ref. 976383; vol. 490, ref. 991380] Letter recorded, dated 1 May 1830, informing that J. Brooker & Son of 5 Southampton Row had established a branch in Market Hill, Cambridge, where they had gilt looking-glasses, frames and plate glass.

Brooker, Thomas, 36 Gloucester St, Queen's Sq., London, carver and gilder (1817). [D]

Brookes, Margaret, 10 Bow St, Bloomsbury, London, cabinet founder (181925). [D]

Brookes, William, Brighton, Sussex, carver and gilder (182426). Trading at 83 Church St in 1824 and 22 North St in 1826. [D]

Brookes, William, 14 Gt Queen St, London, carver and gilder, looking-glass frame maker (183539). [D]

Brooking, John, Stoke Damerell, Devon, cm (1759). Took app. named Holman in 1759. [S of G, app. index]

Brooks, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Brooks, Andrew, Baldertongate, Newark, Notts., u (1835). [D]

Brooks, Charles & Co., High St, Southampton, Hants., cm and u (1823). [D]

Brooks, Elias, 14 Charlotte St, London, cm and upholder (182728). [D]

Brooks, George, Blackheath Hill, Greenwich, London, u (183839). [D]

Brooks, Henry, Queen's Head Ct, London, carver (1774). [Poll bk]

Brooks, Henry, Coventry St, London, carver and gilder (1790). [D]

Brooks, James, Kirby St, Hatton Gdn, London, upholder (177477). [D]

Brooks, James Philip, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (182330). Addresses given at 79 North St in 1823 and 6 Charlotte St, Southport in 1830. [D]

Brooks, John, at the White Balcony, Maiden Lane, parish of St Paul, Covent Gdn, London, chairmaker (1723). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 July 1723 for 200 on goods and merchandise in his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 15, ref. 29044]

Brooks, John, London, cm (1776). [Cambridge poll bk]

Brooks, John Bobbett (or Boffett), New Market, Beccles, Suffolk, u and agent for the County Fire and Provident Life Office (182039). Named in the calendar of marriage licence bonds in 1820. [D; Suffolk RO, FAA: 50/2/119, p. 78]

Brooks, Joseph, Walsall, Staffs., u (177080). Trading at New St in 1770 and Church St in 1780. [D]

Brooks, Jos., 15 King's Head Ct, Holborn, London, gilder (1808). [D]

Brooks, Stephen, Littleworth, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 181441). Aged 27 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Brooks, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm, carver, gilder and lookingglass manufacturer (17781840). Addresses given at 1 North Dockside in 1803; 50 Whitefriargate, 180614; no. 16, 181726; 48 Savile St, Osborne St, 183134; and no. 50, 183540. Also trading as a stationer, 181722; comb warehouse owner, 182123; British Plate glass manufacturer, 182335; and tea dealer in 1823. Worked at Burton Constable House, Yorks., supplying in 1839 carved and japanned tables with shelves; two cabinets; two stools bearing trade labels; carved dragons for the Chinese room; gilt stands for the upper staircase; and a gilt frame for John Brown's sketches. Carried out much work at Burton Constable after 1840. [D; Humberside RO, DDCC; C. Life, June 1976, pp. 162224] See William Brooks.

Brooks, Thomas, 101 Mary St, Hampstead Rd, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1839). [D]

Brooks, William, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Brooks, William, Hull, Yorks., cm (182640). Trading at 27 Lower Union St in 1826; 28 Bridge St, 1831; Anne St, Osborne St, 1834; 50 Osborne St, 1838; Anne St, 1839; and 50 Osborne St, 1840. [D] See Thomas Brooks.

Brooks, William, 7 Lower Elizabeth St, Eaton Sq., London(?), (1835). [D]

Brooksbank, Timothy, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1828). [Nottingham app. reg.]

Brookshaw, Ann, All Saints St, Bristol, cm (1826). [D]

Brookshaw, George, All Saints St, Bristol, cm (1825). [D]

Brookshaw, George, 48 Gt Marlborough St, London, cm, commode maker, Peintre-Ebniste par Extraordinaire (178386). Employed at Carlton House, 178386, when his bill totalling 55 15s 6d was examined by Henry Holland. This sum included 50 for supplying the Prince of Wales in 1783 with an elegant commode highly finished with a basket of flowers painted in the front of the body and sprays of jasmine all over the top, and ditto on the front, the body with carved and gilt mouldings and legs. Gilt wood armchair with original covers of silk damask recorded, stamped with the initials G.B. for George Brookshaw. [Windsor Royal Archives, RA 25051; DEF; GCM; H. Clifford Smith, Buckingham Palace, p. 103; Nat. Trust Exhib., Edinburgh, August 1952]

Broom, Francis, Marlborough, Wilts., upholder (1765). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1765.

Broom, John, Mint St, Southwark, London, cm (177085). Took his son, John Broom, as app. for ten months only, when due to the father's declining health the son transferred for six months, and then went to sea. [GL, P83/MRY/869/98]

Broom, John, Liverpool, cm (17961839). Trading at 35 Roscoe Lane in 1839. Admitted freeman on 27 May 1796. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Broom, John & Herbert, Saville House, Leicester Sq., London, upholders and carpet warehousemen (180610). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 2 January 1806 for 4,500 on utensils, stock and goods in trust; and in partnership with John Harrys on 12 January 1810 for 7,000 on stock and utensils in house and communicating warehouse. [GL, Sun MS vol. 434, ref. 785057; vol. 453, ref. 839799]

Broom, Robert, Davies Ct, Gt Crosshall St, Liverpool, turner (1827). Admitted freeman on 17 October 1827. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Broome, David, 20 Duke St, Liverpool, cm (1818). [D]

Broome, Samuel, Baldwin St, Bristol, chairmaker and cane worker (1832). [D]

Broomes, John & Sons, Small hall table recorded inscribed John Broomes & Sons, token to His Majesty & Princess, Priny Street, Golden Sq., London. [V & A archives]

Broomhall, John, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1837). [Poll bk]

Broomhead, George, Saffron St., Saffron Hill, London, cm (1775). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775, one for 100 on utensils and stock, and one for 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 298; vol. 243, p. 114]

Broomhead (or Bromhead), John, Worksop, Notts., cm (1784). [D]

Broomhead, William, 20 Robert St, Bedford Row, London, cm (1829). [D]

Broster, William, Castle St, Liverpool, cm and toyman (1766 69). Announced in Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 10 April 1767 that he was declining trade as cm, proposing only to follow the Toy & Hardware Business, and to open a large commodious AUCTION ROOM at his own House, where all Manner of Goods will be taken upon Commission, which will be sold to the Highest Bidder. Sale of household goods and stock in trade advertised in the same paper on 11 September 1767, comprising Some exceeding good Household Goods & Hardware Goods & Brass Foundry Goods; with some Jewellry Goods, Toys, & a large Quantity of Scotch Carpets. [D]

Brotherhood, Samuel, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1816). [Nottingham app. reg.]

Brothers, Benjamin, 65 Long Row, Nottingham, u (17821841). Addresses also given at Carrington St (house) in 1834 and High St in 1840. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1782 for 600 on his house. Will dated 26 October 1810 and proved 27 November 1812. Named in the index of Nottingham burgesses in 1829. Clearly there were two Benjamin Brothers. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 66; Notts. RO, probate records] See Mary Brothers.

Brothers, George, Coventry, Warks., cm (1756). Took app named Wooton in 1756. [S of G, app. index]

Brothers, John, Leicester, joiner, turner and cm (1710c. 1733). Admitted freeman as a joiner in 1710 and classed as cm in 1722. Took a number of apps. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Brothers, Mary, Long Row, Nottingham, upholder (181425). Listed as cm and u in 1825. [D] See Benjamin Brothers.

Brotherton, Charles, 13 St John's Lane, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1827). [D]

Brotherton, Thomas, 42 Walkinson St, Liverpool, cm (1835). [D]

Brotherton, William, 6 and 11 Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, chairmaker (1800). [D]

Brougall, James, Church St, Oswestry, Salop, cm (1822). [D]

Brough, Mrs, George St, Nottingham, u (1834). [D]

Brough, John, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records, 1818 25. [Westminster Ref. Lib.]

Brough, William, 6 Fontenoy St, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (1804). [D]

Broughton, Christopher, Norfolk St, Strand, London, upholder (1699d. by 1749). Took app. named William Wimpenny, 16991714. Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies on 1 July 1707 and 9 June 1714 for 550 on 2 houses. Advertised in The Post Man, 1 November 1709, A Large House in Norfolk Buildings with a Coach-house and Stables to be Let, Furnished to Unfurnished. His son, Francis, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony in 1749. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 5, ref. 13670; vol. 13, p. 370; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Broughton, Francis, London, upholder (1749). Son of Christopher Broughton, upholder; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony on 8 June 1749. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Broughton, Henry, address unrecorded, upholder (175463). Son of Thomas Broughton, Gent. of Thetford, Norfolk; app. to William Merrifield, merchant tailor, on 2 October 1754, and John Iliffe on 10 May 1759. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 February 1763. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Broughton, John, St Michael's parish, Stamford, Lincs., cm (1832). [Poll bk]

Broughton, Thomas, Preston, Lancs., u (1755). Took app. named Crookie in 1755. [S of G, app. index]

Broughton, William, St Michael's parish, Stamford, Lincs., cm (1832). [Poll bk]

Broumhead, Rob., St Paul's Churchyard, at the Red Lyon, London, chairmaker(?) (1730). On 17 July 1730 he was paid 1 4s for a Windsor chair with 4 seats supplied to Earl Fitzwalter at Moulsham Hall. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, p. 102]

Brounton, J., London, carver and gilder (183539). Trading at 19 Alfred Pl., Newington Causeway, 183537, and 11 Bridgehouse Pl., 1839. [D]

Browell, John, Coronation St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182829). [D]

Brower, James, 7 Aldersgate St, London, carver and gilder, looking-glass manufacturer (1787). [D]

Browett, Joseph, Butcher Row, Coventry, Warks., cm and u (1835). [D]

Browless, James, Liverpool, cm (17961812) App. to Mathew Newall in 1796 and assigned to John Parry in 1797. Petitioned freedom on servitude in 1812, paying 6s 8d. [Liverpool freemen's committe bk]

Brown, , St Paul's Churchyard, London, chair and cm (1747). An eminent Chair & Cabinet Maker he was declared a common council man of Faringdon Ward within, on a majority of fifteen in the scrutiny , Penny London Post, 1316 March 1747. Possibly either James or John Brown.

Brown, , address unrecorded (175758). Named in the Holkham Hall, Norfolk, accounts supplying six Windsor chairs, costing 1 16s in 1757; and five compass-back chairs, 1 16s, in 1758. [V & A archives]

Brown, , York(?), upholder (1791). He was paid 90 5s 9d in August 1791 by the Rev. John Finch. [Mumby family papers]

Brown, , London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Brown, , Newcastle, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Brown, , Bury, Lancs., cm (1793). [D]

Brown, , Twickenham, Middlx, u (1797). Marriage of daughter recorded, Gents Mag., June 1797. Possibly Henry Brown.

Brown, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Brown, , Littleham, Exmouth, Devon, cm (1827). Marriage to Jane Stacey of Exmouth reported, The Alfred, 22 May 1827. Possibly John Brown.

Brown, Absalom, Newport St, Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Brown(e), Adam, Vine St, London, u (177484). Recorded at no. 16 in 1784. [Poll bks]

Brown, Anthony, King St, Maryport, Cumb., joiner and cm (182934). Trading with George and Thomas Brown in 1834. [D]

Brown, Benjamin, Worksop, Notts., turner (1749). Worked for Henrietta Cavendish Holles, Countess of Oxford, of Welbeck Abbey, Notts., being paid 1 17s on 27 November 1749. [Notts. RO, DD 5P 14/1]

Brown, Benjamin, Boston, Lincs., cm (1806). Admitted freeman in November 1806. [Lincoln freemen rolls]

Brown, Benjamin, London, cm and chairmaker (180811). Trading at Carlisle Lane, Lambeth in 1808 and 8 Gt Pulteney St, 180911. [D]

Brown, Benjamin, 5 Duke St, Adelphi, London, chair manufacturer (1825). [D]

Brown, Charles, Chelmsford, Essex, upholder (1766). Named in the sessions book on 7 October 1766. [Essex RO, Q/5 Mg20]

Brown, Charles, Cambridge St, Birmingham, builder and cm (1818). [D]

Brown, Charles, 28 Chapel St, Holywell Mt, London, sofa and chair manufacturer (182628). [D]

Brown, Charles, Southampton, Hants., cm and chairmaker (183439). Addresses given in West St (or Quay), 1834 and 1839; and also at the Bell Inn, Bell St, and 2 French St in 183639. [D]

Brown, Christian, Farnham, Surrey, u (1838). [D]

Brown, Christopher, Cheke Lane, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (182836). Children bapt. at St Sidwell's, Exeter; daughters Georgina on 16 April 1828, and Sarah Margaret on 28 March 1830; sons Christopher James on 18 January 1832, Edward Turton on 29 November 1833, and John Jolly on 20 April 1836. [PR(bapt.)]

Brown, Christopher, Bideford, Devon, cm (183038). Trading at Mill St in 1830 and High St in 1838. [D]

Brown, David, at Mr. Marshall's, no. 189 Oxford Street, London, upholder (177279). Son of Nathaniel Brown, Gent., of Berwick St, Soho; app. to James Marshall on 3 June 1772, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 2 July 1779. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brown, David & Edward, 25 St Martin's Lane, London, upholders (178993). [D]

Brown(e), Ebenezer, Bristol, cm (177481). Recorded at 30 Lamb St in 1775. [D; poll bks]

Brown, Edward, 403 Oxford St, London, cm (1820). [D] See George Brown at this address.

Brown, Edwin, Castle St, Shrewsbury, Salop, carver and gilder (1840). [D]

Brown, Elizabeth, 22 Hackins Hey, Liverpool, u (1790). [D]

Brown, F. S., Conduit St, Chelmsford, Essex, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Brown, Francis, Castle St, Saffron Walden, Essex, cm (1811). [Census]

Brown, Frederick snr, 179 Wardour St West, late 32 Charlotte St., London, Practical Carver, Gilder & Picture framer (c. 1825). Regency carved giltwood convex mirror with elaborate carved foliage and eagle recorded bearing label.

Brown, George, Newcastle, u (1774). [Poll bk]

Brown, George, Shug Lane, London, carpenter, cm and undertaker (1777). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 400 of which 90 accounted for utensils and stock, and 50 for timbershop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 182]

Brown, George, Manchester, cm (179497). Trading at 23 Hanover St in 1794 and Garden Lane, St Mary's in 1797. [D]

Brown, George, Bishop Wearmouth, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1798). [D]

Brown, George, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Brown, George, London, u and cm (180828). Addresses given at 13 Broad St, Soho, 180811; 403 Oxford St, 182021; and 4 Regent St by 1824. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 28 March 1810 for 4,750, 3,500 accounting for stock, utensils and goods; on 10 May 1810 for 600 on stock and utensils in feather warehouse and timber store behind 2 New St, Broad St; on 13 March 1811 for 4,750, 1,200 on house, warehouse and workshops, and 3,550 on stock, utensils and goods in trust; on 2 February 1820 for 1,250, 950 on stock, utensils and goods in house and workshop at Dean St, part in tenure of a basket maker; and on 12 March 1821 for 1,000, 700 on stock, utensils and goods and a further policy of 400 on stock in workshops in Pittnay Sq., Perry Pl., Oxford St. Probably the G. Brown, u, of Regent St, declared bankrupt, Brighton Gazette, 12 August 1824. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 449, ref. 841703; vol. 451, ref. 844704; vol. 449, ref. 854962; vol. 483, ref. 962837; vol. 488, ref. 97812425] See Edward Brown.

Brown, George, Crosby St, Maryport, Cumb., joiner and cm (181129). [D] See Anthony Brown.

Brown, George, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (181733). Addresses given at Wicker in 1817; Lady's Bridge, 1825; and 1 Stanley St, 1833. [D] Possibly:

Brown, George, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (182837). Addresses given at Bridge St, 182829, and Nursery St with house at Woodside in 1837. [D]

Brown, George, 5 Grosvenor Pl., Duckenfield St, Liverpool, cm (1818). Admitted freeman on 13 June 1818 on servitude to William Harvey. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Brown, George, York, chairmaker (1827). Son of Thomas Brown; app. to Richard Baynes & Francis Duffill, chairmakers, on 17 March 1827. [York app. reg.]

Brown, George, King's Sq., York, joiner and cm (1828). His succession by William Groves reported, York Gazette, 14 June 1828. [D]

Brown, George, 5 Hanover Buildings, Southampton, Hants., cm (1839). [D]

Brown, Gregory, Norwich, u (1726). Took app. named Sayer in 1726. [S of G, app. index]

Brown, Henry, Bristol, upholder (177481). [Poll bks]

Brown, Henry, Twickenham, Middlx, cm and u (17971825). [D] Trading at London Rd in 1823. Probably the H. Brown, cm of Twickenham, declared bankrupt, Brighton Gazette, 19 May 1825.

Brown, Henry Carey, 82 High St, Winchester, Hants., carver and gilder, builder (183039). [D]

Brown, Isaac, Newbottle Rd, Houghton-le-Spring, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182729). [D]

Brown, J., Saffron Walden, Essex, u (1793). Worked for Lord Howard de Walden of Audley End, Essex, supplying bedstead and furniture, bed bolster, pillow and mats for the cook's room, totalling 6 19s. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A51/5]

Brown, J., 38 Little Pulteney St, at the corner of Crown Ct., London, u etc. (1794). [D]

Brown, J., 5 Mount St, Lambeth, London, chair and sofa maker (180934). [D] See William Brown at this address, 180625.

Brown(e), J. H., Frankfort Pl., Plymouth, Devon, u (181422). As Browne, recorded in Drake St, 1814. [D]

Brown, J. J., 22 Castle St, Oxford St, London, chair, sofa and couch maker (1816). [D]

Brown, J., Atherstone, Warks., cm (1822). [D]

Brown, J., 37 Minories, London, u and chairmaker (1837). [D] Possibly Joseph Brown of 7 Church St, Minories.

Brown, J., address unrecorded, plate-glass and looking-glass manufacturer (183840). Worked at Buckingham Palace, providing a chimney glass frame with ornamental carved top and sides, finished in bevelled burnished gilt, for the Duchess of Kent's Dressing Room; 4 new silvered plates for doors of two cabinets for the Queen's Dressing Room; 8 silvered plates , mahogany tray swings, costing 30; and Looking glasses furnished for the accommodation of Prince Albert, totalling 244 18s, prior to the Royal Wedding on 10 February 1840. [PRO, LC11/99; 104; 107] Possibly John James Brown of 6 Gt Queen St, London.

Brown, J., Lower St, Dartmouth, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Brown, J., St John St, Bridlington, Yorks,. cm (1840). [D]

Brown, Jacob, Newcastle, joiner, cm and house carpenter (17951801). [D]

Brown, Jacob jnr, 10 Portland Pl., Newcastle, cm and joiner (1838). [D]

Brown, James, parish of St Paul, Covent Gdn, London, upholder (d. 1742). Known only from his will dated 19 May 1742 which left all his estate to his sister Elizabeth Sergeant. One of his executors was Woolhouse Lambe, an u of St James's, Westminster. [PRO, C108/367]

Brown, James, St Paul's Churchyard, London, u and cm (1747 96). Traded initially at the sign of The King's Arms on the south side of St Paul's Churchyard which had been previously used by Christopher Gibson. When numbering was introduced this became 29 St Paul's Churchyard. He was a member of the Joiners Co., and a trade card [BM] dating from the earlier part of his career indicates the nature of his trade at this date. It states that he made and sold all Sorts of the best & most Fashionable Chairs, either Cover'd, Matted or Can'd, Likewise all sorts of Cabinet Work, with Sconces, PierGlasses, Mahogany & other Tables, Blinds for Windows made & curiously painted on Canvas, Silk or Wire. He took out licences to employ non-freemen at various periods from 175558 but never more than two men at a time and on a short term basis only. The business must have been substantial by 1779 in which year he took out insurance cover for 2,000 of which 1,400 was for utensils and stock. Directories record the business from 176896 and in 1793 he subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. The long length of time during which the business traded suggests that more than one James Brown was involved, possibly a father and son.
The business attracted some patronage from wealthy members of the artistocracy and gentry. As early as 1747 he was supplying the Duke of Gordon, though the sums involved could not be deemed substantial. Supplied were two compas elbow chairs Spanish leather 2.14s and a mahogany bewrow dressing chest 2. 10s. His name also appears in the Croome Court accounts as the supplier under 23 June 1781 of six green and white japanned rout chairs at 4 2s 6d and in 1785 a mahogany tea chest with canisters, 3 6s. He appears to have marked some of his furniture by the use of trade labels though only one instance is so far recorded, a mahogany side table on slender cabriole legs of c. 1780. [D; Heal; PRO, C107/109; GL, City Licence bks, vols 1, 2; Sun MS vol. 276, p. 122; Scottish RO, GD44/33/29; Crome Court MS; V & A archives] B. A

Brown(e), James, Portugal St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm, broker and auctioneer (176972). [D]

Brown, James, Clare Mkt, London, upholder (1772). [Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Brown, James, Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, cm and u (1791). [D]

Brown, James, Bridgnorth, Salop, cm (179798). [D]

Brown, James, 14 West Lane, Walworth, London, paper hanger and upholder (1800). Insured his house, goods and stock for 500 on 7 March 1800 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 418, ref. 700467]

Brown, James, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1813). Son of John Brown, joiner and cm of Newark; app. in 1813. [Nottingham app. reg.]

Brown, James, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm and u (182023). Recorded at 9 Green St in 1820 and 9 Lower Green St, 1822 23. [D]

Brown, James, Charles St, St Margaret, London, upholder (1825). Took app. named Mary Ann Farr in 1825. [Westminster Ref Lib., MS E3559, Grinsell's charity app. indentures]

Brown, James, Liverpool, cm, dealer and chapman (182629). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 3 March and 6 October 1826, and 7 August 1829.

Brown, James, York, u (1828). Son of James Brown, u; app. to James Brown, u, on 10 October 1828. [York app. reg.] Perhaps the son of:

Brown, James, York, u and cm (182840). Trading as James & Co. at 19 Castlegate in 1828; alone there in 1830; at 3 Lendal St in 1838; and 7 St Martin's Ct in 1840. [D]

Brown, James, 39 Bloom St, Manchester, chairmaker (1836). [D]

Brown, James & Son, Whitefriargate, Hull, Yorks., feather merchants, u and carpet warehousemen (182635). Recorded at no. 11, with house at 8 George Yd in 1826; no. 40 in 1831; and no. 25 in 1835. [D] See Samuel Brown.

Brown, James, 46 Cheapside, London, writing and dressing case maker (1829). [D]

Brown, James, Dewsbury, Yorks., cm and joiner (183437). Trading at Westgate in 1837. [D]

Brown, James, Falkner Pl., Falkner St, Liverpool, cm (183739). Recorded at no. 4 in 1837 and no. 1 in 1839. [D]

Brown, John, St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm and u (1718 68). Son of Richard Brown of Chipping Norton, Oxon., tallow chandler. App. to John James on 28 March 1718 and free of the Upholders Co. by servitude, 6 October 1725. About 1728 he took over the premises in St Paul's Churchyard at the sign of The Walnut Tree formerly occupied by William Rodwell. The trade carried on by Rodwell was similar to that adopted by Brown, and in January 1727 the former advertised as one of his specialities his range of window blinds. When Brown took over he changed the trade sign to that of The Three Cover'd Chairs and Walnut Tree probably to emphasise the fact that chairmaking was a major element in his trade. Rodwell's sign of The Walnut Tree might suggest that cabinet making was the major element of his trade. Examples of Brown's trade bills exist [GL and MMA, NY] and show that he made and sold all sorts of the best & most fashionable Chairs, either Cover'd, Matted or Can'd, cabinet goods, glasses and blinds. The text is identical to that on the trade card of James Brown who traded at The King's Arms, also in St Paul's Churchyard, suggesting some connection between the two makers. The trade card of John Brown is illustrated with engravings of mirrors and splat back and upholstered chairs. His range of blinds is fully described in a newspaper advertisement of 1729. These were of all sorts, painted in Wier, Canvas Cloth and Sassenet, after the best and most lasting manner ever yet done so that if ever so dull an dirty they will clean with sope and sand and be like new. He also offered in the same advertisement new fashion Walnut Tree Window seat cases to slip off and on, very much approved of beyond stuff seats. The business premises first occupied were on the east side of St Paul's Churchyard near the School, but in 1730 he advertised a move to another building close at hand formerly occupied by Robert Garridge (Gammage) chairmaker and lately trading as The Crown Tavern. This was two doors above the School nearer Cheapside. In this year he was offering ALL SORTS OF WINDSOR GARDEN CHAIRS, of all Sizes, painted green or in the Wood. This is the earliest known public advertisement for this type of chair though they may not be of his manufacture. He evidently marked some of his furniture for a walnut framed toilet mirror of c. 1730 is known with a circular label indicating him as the supplier.

From 1761 the business is listed in directories at 43 St Paul's Churchyard. From 1763 it is shown as John Brown & Son. The son may possibly have been the John Brown who in 1750 was shown in a Livery list as a member of the Joiners Co. The address of James Brown at this period was 29 St Paul's Churchyard. [D; Heal; GL, Upholders Co. records; Joiners Co. records, list of Liverymen, 1750; Furn. Hist., 1979; M. Harris & Sons, The English Chair, 1937, p. 173; C. Life, 7 July 1966, pp. 4748] B. A.

Brown, John, St Martin's Lane, London, cm (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Brown, John, St Mary's parish, Chelmsford, Essex, u (1763). Son Charles bapt. on 14 August 1763. [Essex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Brown, John snr, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (176090). Recorded in Broad Row, 1784. Took app. named True in 1760. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for 200. [D; poll bks; S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 527] A John Browne of London polled at Gt Yarmouth in 1790.

Brown, John, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (1775). App. to William Bracey; admitted freeman in 1775. [Gt Yarmouth freemen's calendar]

Brown, John jnr, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, u (178496). Trading in Market Pl., 1784, where Ann Brown, milliner and haberdasher, was also in business. App to John Browne; admitted freeman in 1784. [D; poll bk; Gt Yarmouth freemen's calendar]

Brown, John, Lancaster, cm (176768). Admitted freeman in 176768 when stated of Liverpool. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Brown, John, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records in 1807 working on a bidet. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/99, p. 1813]

Brown, John, address unrecorded, gilder (1774). Worked at Harewood House, Yorks., and possibly on an organ case (1766) at Kedleston, Derbs. [Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration, p. 248]

Brown, John, London, picture frame maker (1777). In 1777 he was paid 2 3s by Alexander Wedderburn. [Scottish RD, GD 164/Box 20/177/2 and 3]

Brown, John, York, cm (1774d. 1784). Recorded in Fossgate and Foss Bridge, 1774; and Walmgate Bar, 1784. Dead in 1784 when his son. William, admitted freeman. [Poll bks; York freemen rolls]

Brown, John, York, cm (1807). Son of Thomas Brown; app. to George Beal, cm, on 4 April 1807. [York app. reg.]

Brown, John, York, cm (1826). Son of William Brown; app. to John Cluderoy, cm, on 6 November 1826. [York app. reg.]

Brown, John, York, cm (1833). Son of Henry Brown, innkeeper; app. to William Wilson & Sarah Carlton & William Mowbray, cm and u, on 4 November 1833. [York app. reg.]

Brown, John, Bristol, carver and gilder (17921807). Addresses given at 43 Old Mkt, 179293; Church St, St Stephen's, 179394; and St Stephen's Ave, 17951807. [D]

Brown, John, Margate, Kent, cm (1794). [D]

Brown, John, 8 Dean St, Newcastle, u, auctioneer and appraiser (1796). Advertised, Newcastle Courant, 31 December 1796, that he had commenced the business of auctioneer and appraiser.

Brown, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Brown, John, Liverpool, cm (180437). Addresses given at 5 Trueman St, Dale St, 1804; 1 Duke St Lane, 1821; and 55 Gt George St with shop at 21 College Lane, 1837. [D] See Mary Brown.

Brown, John, Carlisle, Cumb., journeyman chairmaker (d. 1807). Death at the workshop of his master, Edmund James, reported, Gents Mag., March 1807.

Brown, John, 15 Wynatt, Islington, London, carver and gilder (1808). [D]

Brown, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (1780). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., March 1780.

Brown, John, Hull, Yorks., cm, carver and gilder (180340). Addresses given at Bridge St, 180310, and no. 28, 182640. [D]

Brown, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (183740). Addresses given at 53 Osborne St and 24 Humber Dock St, 183738; 34 Osborne St and Ann's Pl., Osborne St, 1839; and Osborne St, 24 Humber Dock St and 23 Machell St, 1840. [D]

Brown, John, London, cm, u and bedstead maker (181739). Trading at 2 Church Lane, 181719; no. 3, 182123; no. 9, 1822; no. 2, 1825; and 6 Cambridge Rd, Mile End, 1839. [D]

Brown, John, London, cm (1818). [Gt Yarmouth poll bk]

Brown, John, 223 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, u (1820). [D]

Brown, John, Stepcote Hill, Exeter, Devon, cm (1820). Son John James bapt. on 25 December 1820 at St Mary Steps, Exeter. [PR(bapt.)]

Brown, John, Blucher St, Exeter Rd, Birmingham, builder, cm etc. (1823). [D]

Brown, John, 150 Friargate, Preston, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Brown, John, 7 Nelson Pl., Old Kent Rd, London, cm and u (182629). [D]

Brown, John, Kenilworth, Warks., chairmaker and turner (1828). [D]

Brown, John, Grantham, Lincs., cm, u and paper-hangers (182635). Trading at Spittlegate, 182628, and High St in 1835. [D]

Brown, John, Haltwhistle, Northumb., joiner and cm (182829). [D]

Brown, John, Boroughbridge, Yorks., joiner and cm (182834). [D]

Brown, John, St John's parish, Stamford, Lincs., cm (183032). [Poll bks]

Brown, John, Exmouth, Devon, cm (183038). Trading in the Strand in 1830 and Sheppard's Walk, 1838, also as u. [D]

Brown, John, Westgate, Otley, Yorks., joiner and cm (182837). [D]

Brown, John, Butcher's Row, Exeter, Devon, cm (183137). Children bapt. at St Olave's: daughters Charlotte, on 17 May 1831 and Matilda, 7 July 1833; son George on 10 May 1835; and daughter Isabella Thomasina on 3 March 1837. [PR(bapt.)]

Brown, John, 111 Rea St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Brown, John, Charing Cross, Norwich, cm (1836). [D]

Brown, John, Spring Gdns, Skipton, Yorks., joiner and cm (1837). [D]

Brown, John, 56 Gt Queen St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D] Possibly John James Brown of 6 Gt Queen St.

Brown, John, Upgate, Louth, Lincs., carver and gilder (1840). [D]

Brown, John Cossons, Market Pl., Blandford, Dorset, cm, u and designer (183640). Took app. named Cornelius Weaver Doe in 1836 for five years at a charge of 95 including food and lodging. Early Victorian rosewood folding card table recorded bearing label, J. C. BROWN FROM BLANDFORD, dated 1840. [D; Dorset RO, MK/713; V & A archives]

Brown, John James, 6 Gt Queen St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, plate-glass and looking-glass manufacturer, carver and gilder (180811). [D] Possibly John Brown of 56 Gt Queen St.

Brown, Jonathan, Howden, Yorks., cm (1774). [York poll bk]

Brown, Joseph, Poland St, Westminster, London, u (1714). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 29 January 1714. [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, p. 105]

Brown, Joseph, address unrecorded, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Brown, Joseph, 9 Lord St, Liverpool, cm (176574). Former apps John Sharp, petitioned freedom in 1765, and John Kenyon in 1768. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Brown, Joseph, parish of St James, Bristol, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Brown, Joseph, 52 Paul St, Finsbury Sq., London, cm and upholder (1808). [D]

Brown, Joseph, 5 Bury St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1813). [D]

Brown, Joseph, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1823). Daughter baptised. [PR(bapt.)]

Brown, Joseph, 22 Gloucester St, Red Lion Sq., London, carver and gilder (182627). [D]

Brown, Joseph, Whitechapel, London, cm and u (182729). Trading at 23 Back Church Lane, 182728, and 7 Church St, 1829. [D]

Brown, Joseph, 163 Tooley St, London, upholder (1829). [D]

Brown, Joseph, 52 Broad St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Brown, Joseph, High St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (182829). [D]

Brown, Joseph, 7 Church St, Minories, London, chairmaker (183539). [D]

Brown, Joseph, 120 Upper Seymour St, Euston Sq., London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Brown, Joshua, Southwell, Notts., joiner and cm (182232). Trading at Easthorpe in 1822. [D]

Brown, Lucy, Gt Marlborough St, parish of St Ann, Westminster, London, u (1723). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 November 1723 for 500 on goods and merchandise in her house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 16, ref. 30342]

Brown, Mary, Liverpool, cm (183437). Addresses given at 15 Upper Stanhope St with shop at 7 Norfolk St in 1834; 54 Gt George St with shop as above in 1835; and 65 Gt George St, with shop as above in 1837. [D] See John Brown at 55 Gt George St in 1837.

Brown(e), Matthew snr, Ousegate, York, cm and u (b. 1741d. 1829). Recorded at High Ousegate in 1808. Son of Matthew Brown, gardener; app. to Richard Farrer, u, on 15 November 1756 and admitted freeman in 1772. Advertised in York Courant, 25 November 1766, that he was succeeding to Farrer's business and setting up shop in High Ousegate with Jeremiah Smith, another former employee of Farrer. With Smith he took apps, George Bradley on 24 June 1771; and alone, William Halfpenny on 3 April 1778; William Smith, 28 February 1787; Reuben Williamson, 1 April 1793; and John Duffill (Duffield), 27 July 1809. Took son, William, into partnership [York Herald, 10 October 1801] but son died aged 25. [York Courant, 1811] Decline of business and sale of stock announced, York Chronicle, 1818. Died aged 88 at his house Without Micklegate Bar, 1829. [D; poll bk; York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Brown, Matthew, Chester, u (1762). Son of Matthew Brown, innholder; admitted freeman on 14 January 1762. [Chester freemen rolls]

Brown, Matthew, Liverpool, carver and gilder (180037). Addresses given at 62 Cheapside in 1811; 43 Cable St, 1818; 19 Redmund Pl., 1829; and Vaughan Buildings, Old Haymarket, 183537. Marriage to Miss Kewley of Liverpool at St Ann's Church reported, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 23 June 1800. [D]

Brown, Matthew, New Elvet, Durham, cm (1817). Declared bankrupt, Durham County Advertiser, 14 June 1817.

Brown, Matthew, 185 Pilgrim St, Newcastle, cm and furniture broker (1834). [D]

Brown, Matthew, Chapel Row, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, cm (1834). [D]

Brown, Matthew, Shildon, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1835). Declared bankrupt, Durham Advertiser, 12 June 1835.

Brown, Mathew, North St, Colchester, Essex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Brown, Michael, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Brown, Pedigrey, Gt Yarmouth and Norwich, upholder (1719 21). On 11 August 171920 insured his goods and merchandise with the Sun Co. Moved from Yarmouth to the parish of St John, Norwich, on 10 January 1720; and to the parish of St Peter on 2 May 1721. [GL, Sun MS vol. 10, ref. 14844]

Brown, Peter, 4 Gt Warner St, Coldbath Sq., Clerkenwell, London, japan chair and sofa maker (180928). [D]

Brown, Peter, Farnham, Surrey, cm and u (182631). Declared bankrupt, Chester Courant and Anglo-Welsh Gazette, 22 February 1831. [D]

Brown, Peter, East Dereham, Norfolk, cm and joiner (182230). Trading at Baxter Row in 1830. [D]

Brown, Peter, St Benedict St, Norwich, cm and u (1839). [D]

Brown, Philip, Hertford, victualler and u (1783). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1783 for 200 of which 130 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 319, p. 95]

Brown(e), Philip, Curtain Rd, London, cm, u, bedstead maker, broker of household goods and undertaker (182037). Addresses given at 3 Susannah Pl., Curtain Rd in 1820; 14 Curtain Rd in 1822; no. 3 only, 182637; and as P. & E. Browne at 34 Curtain Rd, 1835. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 6 November 1822 for 650, 300 on his house, 100 on a house at 33 Howard's Green, City Rd; 100 on two houses at Reeves Pl., Hoxton; and 150 on 2 houses at 45 Collingwood St, Bethnell Green. A second policy included 1,000 on his houses at 14 Curtain Rd; 800 on stock and utensils; 100 on houses at 17 and 133 Old St Rd, where no work was done; 150 on two houses near The Ship, Cock Lane, Bethnell Green; 100 on a house in Nelson St; and 200 on a house at 4 New Inn Yd. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 492, ref. 997522 and 997528] In 1832 Messrs. Brown of 1 2 Curtain Rd, who for 24 years carried on the business of cabinet makers & upholsterers, sold the lease which included their warehouse at 3 and 4 Curtain Rd; but P. Brown was still trading at no. 3 in 1837. [Shoreditch Lib.]

Brown, R., St Margaret's Church, Leicester, cm (1796). Advertised for an app., Leicester Journal, 13 January 1796.

Brown, R., Eastern Lane, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumb., cm (1806). [D]

Brown, Ralph, Newcastle, u (17681808). Trading at The Royal Tent, Foot of the Side, 17681792; and Dean St, no. 8 from Mosley St, 17921808. Trade card of elaborate Rococo design shows tent, sofa and French chair in the Chippendale style. [Banks Coll., BM] Advertised in Newcastle Courant, 19 November 1768, that he was journeyman to William France, and wrought at several of his Majesty's Palaces and is becoming partner of Mrs. Elizabeth Webster. Announced in same paper, 29 February 1772 that partnership was dissolved. Advertised again, 14 February 1778, and 14 April 1781; and gave notice of his removal to Dean St, 14 April 1792. Worked for Lord Strathmore at Gibside, Co. Durham, between 18 June 1791 and 20 November 1801, receiving a total of 166 5s d supplying items including bed sacking, check coverlids, Fashionable Bell Ropes, Chintz Tassels, and Nailing Down Wilton Carpets. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS D/St/ Box 206; D/St.v.9989; 350/7 and 9a] Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 26 March 1798. [D; R. W. Symonds, Furniture Making in 17th and 18th Century England, p. 31]

Brown, Richard, London. In 1766 he was involved in a matter of arbitration between Sir Lawrence Dundas and the upholder, Samuel Norman, over the latter's charges for gilding the gallery at Moor Park. [Gilbert, Chippendale, pp. 15859]

Brown, Richard, Grishe St, St Pancras, London, carver and gilder (1780). Declared bankrupt, Leicester Journal, 18 November 1780. Probably the R. Brown, carver, gilder and picture frame maker whose trade card c. 1780, is embellished by a Neo-classical mirror frame. [Banks Coll., BM]

Brown, Richard, Old Market, Bristol, cm (17931800). Trading at no. 62, 17951800. [D]

Brown, Richard, address unrecorded. In 1805 patented a method of expanding dining tables. [Fastnedge, Sheraton Furniture]

Brown, Richard, 13 Lune St, Preston, Lancs., joiner and cm (181425). [D]

Brown, Richard, St George's Pl., Walworth, London, cm (1817). [D]

Brown, Richard, Dalston, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (182829). [D]

Brown, Richard, 196 Walmgate, York, working u (183040). [D]

Brown, Richard, Chester, u (1838). Son of John Brown, tanner of Chester; app. to John Edwards, cm and u, for 7 years on 30 November 1838. [Chester app. reg.]

Brown, Richard, Mr Clarke's Yd, Cumberland St, Church St, Hull, Yorks., carver (183839). [D]

Brown, Richard, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (182438). Daughters bapt. in 1824, 1826, 1829 and 1831; and son in 1838. [PR(bapt.)]

Brown, Robert, Preston, Lancs., u (173242). In 1732 he was assessed for Poor Tax of 6d monthly, and in 1742 named as a burgess. [Regulation of poor pay, Preston, Harris Museum, Preston]

Brown, Robert, address unrecorded, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Brown, Robert, Beverley, Yorks., cm (177484). [Poll bks]

Brown, Robert, Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, cm and u (17901803). Recorded at 24 Bedford Ct in 1798; and as Brown & Co. in Bedford St, 179093. [D]

Brown, Robert, Hunslet, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1793). See James Mitchell of Hunslet.

Brown, Robert, Frenchgate Head, Richmond, Yorks., joiner and cm (182739). Child bapt. on 4 November 1839. [D; PR(bapt.)]

Brown, Robert, York, cm (1828). Son of Richard Brown, confectioner; app. to Joseph Marsh, cm, on 4 June 1828. [York app. reg.]

Brown, Robert, Atherstone, Warks., cm (1835). [D]

Brown, Samuel, Baldwin St, Bristol, chairmaker and cane worker (1828). [D]

Brown, Samuel, 25 Whitefriargate, Hull, Yorks., with house at Cottingham, cm, u, feather merchant and carpet warehouseman (182640). Worked at Burton Constable, Yorks., providing in 1833 a biddett; in 1834 a french bedstead, mattress and Napkin Horses; in 1839, a mahogany stand and two French bedsteads; and in 1840 an Ottoman chair bedstead, three tray glasses, a chest of drawers, a Pembroke table, and another French bedstead. [D; Humberside RO, DDCC, Burton Constable papers] See James Brown & Son.

Brown, Sarah, 43 Chapel St, Lisson Grove, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Brown, Thomas, Leadenhall St, London, upholder (1756). Catalogues for sale of stock in trade of George Clarke, watchmaker of Leadenshall St to be had at Thomas Brown's. [Public Advertiser, 22 May 1756]

Brown, Thomas, Newcastle, u (175782). Admitted freeman in 1757. Advertised in Newcastle Courant, 18 April 1767. Son Richard admitted freeman by patrimony in 1777. Former app., Thomas Churnside, admitted freeman on 7 October 1782. [D; poll bk; Newcastle freemen reg.]

Brown, Thomas snr, Aldgate High St, London, upholder (176187). Took app. named William Darby in 1761. Brown's Son, Thomas, admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. in 1787. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brown, Thomas, London, merchant tailor, by trade u (1761). Master of William Darby until 1761. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brown, Thomas, 41 Cannon St, London, upholder (176283). Trading as Brown & Read, 176983. [D]

Brown, Thomas, St Mary's parish, Chelmsford, Essex, u (176581). Child bapt. on 26 July 1765. Declared bankrupt, Leicester Journal, 10 March 1781. [PR(bapt.)]

Brown, Thomas, London, upholder (176678). Addresses given at St James's, Westminster and Windmill Stable Yds, 1766 73, and Carnaby St, 176778. Took out Hand in Hand Insurance policies in 1766, renewed in 1773, for 500 on two houses in Windmill St with coach houses under them, and 100 on three stables with lofts in Windmill Stable Yd. A further policy of 1767, renewed in 1778, was for 550 on two houses in Carnaby St. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 105, p. 16; vol. 106, p. 177]

Brown, Thomas, 50 Edmund St, Birmingham, cm and joiner (1770). [D]

Brown, Thomas, Newcastle, u (1774). App. to William Charnley; admitted freeman on 22 August 1774. [Poll bk; Newcastle freemen reg.]

Brown, Thomas, Little Poulteney St, London, upholder (1774 84). [Poll bks]

Brown, Thomas & Pyner, James, 30 Cow Lane, West Smithfield, London, cm and brokers (177779). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1777 for 1,100, 1,000 accounting for utensils, stock and goods; and in 1779 for 1,000, 860 on utensils and stock at Holborn Hill. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 25; vol. 274, p. 392]

Brown, Thomas, 3334 New St Sq., Street Lane, London, water gilder (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 500 of which 140 accounted for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 219]

Brown, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1780). Petitioned freedom on servitude to Robert Copeland in 1780, and admitted on same terms as Robert Fairclough. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Brown, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1784). Admitted freeman on 5 April 1784. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Brown, Thomas, Prince's St, Leicester Sq., London, and 11 Brewer St, u, cabinet and case maker (1784). Trade card of Brown of 11 Brewer St in Banks Coll., BM. [D; poll bk]

Brown, Thomas jnr, London, upholder (177293). Trading at 14 Cullum St, Fenchurch St, 178793. Son of Thomas Brown, upholder, of Aldgate High St; app. to John Constable on 2 September 1772, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 March 1787. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brown, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (17961822). Admitted freeman on 31 May 1796 on birthright as son of Richard Brown, peruke maker. Recorded at Bevington Bush in that year. His son, John Brown, cooper, b. 13 May 1800, petitioned freedom on birthright in 1822. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Brown, Thomas, Maryport, Cumb., joiner and cm (181129). Addresses given at King St in 1811, and Back Row in 1829. [D]

Brown, Thomas, Chester, chairmaker (1812). Admitted freeman on 13 October 1812. [Chester freemen rolls]

Brown, Thomas, 32 Salford, Blackburn, Lancs., cm and joiner (181628). [D]

Brown, Thomas, 167 Fleet St, London, backgammon table maker (1819). [D]

Brown, Thomas, Silver St, Thorne, near Doncaster, Yorks., chairmaker (182631). [D]

Brown, Thomas, Gt Hampton St, Birmingham, cm and u (183035). Trading at no. 67 in 1835. [D]

Brown, Thomas, 13 Friars St, Gt Surrey St, London, carver and gilder (183234). [D]

Brown, Thomas, King St, Derby, cm and u (182935). Trading at no. 27 in 1835. [D]

Brown, Thomas, 67 Buttesland St, City Rd, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Brown, Thomas, 7 Boyces St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (183943). [D]

Brown, Thomas Richardson, Pudding St, Hartlepool, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Brown, W., Carlisle Lane, Lambeth, London, chairmaker (180311). Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Brown, W., 6 Gt George St, Liverpool, cm and u (183234). Advertised in Liverpool Mercury, 18 May 1832, that he has removed from 41 St. James Street to No. 6 Great George Street. Sale of stock announced, same paper, 2 May 1834, of Mr. W. Brown who is removing from the Premises [at Gt George St] comprising excellent Mahogany Articles, in sets of Chairs, Sofas, & modern Couches, Secretaires, Cabinets, & Cheffioneers, Loo, Card, Pembroke, & Snap Tables, Ladies Work Tables, Chests of Drawers, Toilet Tables, & Washstands, Hat Stands, Hall Chairs, etc. Modern Rosewood Card, Loo & Sofa Tables, Cabinet & Ladies Work Tables Set of ten Oak Chairs, Loo Table & Cabinet to correspond, several painted Dressing Tables & Washstands, Chests of Drawers etc: the whole of the best materials & workmanship.

Brown, W., 10 Norway Pl., Hackney Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Brown, W., York, furniture broker, ironmonger, cm etc. (1840). Advertised in York Gazette, 16 May 1840, his removal from 19 Fossgate and High Ousegate to 30 Parliament St.

Brown, William, London, upholder (174858). Son of John Brown, printer of Aldersgate St; app. to Samuel Phene, stationer, on 22 February 1748. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 1 June 1758. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brown, William, Lancaster and London, cm (174984). App. to Thomas Walker in 1749, and admitted freeman, 176768, when stated of London. Polled at Lancaster in 1768 and 1784, living in London. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Brown, William, at The Cross Keys and Star, the corner of Spittle Sq., Spittalfields, London, upholder, sworn appraiser and funeral furnisher. Trade card, c. 175060, has frame of Rococo foliated scrolls. [Banks Coll., BM]

Brown, William, address unrecorded, upholder (176674). Son of William Brown, woolcomber pf Coggeshall, Essex; app. to Thomas Brown, merchant tailor, on 3 September 1766, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 2 February 1774. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brown, William, 41 Cannon St, London, upholder (177083). Recorded in partnership as Brown & Read, 177083; with John Nicholson in 1777; and alone, 177882. Declared bankrupt with John Nicholson, Gents Mag., October 1777; and alone, Leicester Journal, 15 August 1778. [D]

Brown, William, Leeds area(?), Yorks., u (1772). On 21 January 1772 received payment of 14s 6d for work done for Daniel Lascelles of Plompton Hall, near Knaresborough, Yorks. [Leeds Archives Dept, Harewood papers, MS 188]

Brown, William, address unrecorded, cm and upholder (1775 82). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 and 1782 in association with Walter Wilson of the Strand.

Brown, William, 2 Founder's Ct, Lothbury, London, upholder and cm (177582). Recorded, probably wrongly, at 22 Founder's Ct in 1776. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 for 400 of which 260 accounted for utensils, stock and goods; and in 1776 for 600, 400 on utensils, stock and goods. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 236, p. 392; vol. 244, p. 530]

Brown, William, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm (1790). [Lincoln poll bk]

Brown, William, Liverpool, cm (b. 1784d. 1834). Recorded at Kaye Pl., 1802; and 8 Fleet St, 181314. Indenture dated 1792. Petitioned freedom on servitude to John Parry in 1802, paying 6s 8d, and admitted freeman on 5 July 1802. Death, aged 50, reported Liverpool Mercury, 10 May 1834. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Brown(e), William, Liverpool, cm (180837). Addresses given at 11 Oak St, 44 Cable St, and 14 Houghton St in 1816; 15 Houghton St in 1818; Lawton Ct, Lawton St and 51 Ranelegh St in 1821; 11 Pleasant St with shop at 7 Lawton St in 1823; 91 St James St and 7 Lawton St, with veneer sawmill at Norfolk St in 1824; 91 St James St, 1827; no. 94 and 7 Charters St, 1829; and 9 Roscoe St 1837. Indenture dated 1808. Petitioned freedom on servitude to William Harvey in 1816, paying 6s 8d, and admitted freeman on 8 June 1816. [D; Liverpool freemen's committee bk and reg.] Possibly there are two William Browns here.

Brown, William, 10 Little Moorfields, London, upholder (1808). [D]

Brown, William, 28 Widegate St, Bishopsgate Without, London, Leather Backgammon Table, and Dice Box Maker (c. 1810). [Trade card, MMA, NY]

Brown, William, Workington, Cumb., joiner and cm (181134). Trading at Washington St, 1811; Jane St, 1829; and Washington St, 1834. [D]

Brown, William, 5 Mount St, Lambeth, London, chairmaker (180625). Recorded at 5 Mount Row in 1806. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 12 November 1806, including 450 on stock, utensils and workshop; and on 12 January 1810 for 1,000 of which 500 accounted for stock, utensils and workshop. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 437, ref. 795907; vol. 453, ref. 839468]

Brown, William, 30 Gt Titchfield St, London, carver and gilder (1810). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 May 1810 for 300, 100 on stock and utensils, and 50 on pictures and prints. [GL, Sun MS vol. 453, ref. 844656]

Brown, William, 127 Edward St, and 89 St James's St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and builder (182027). Probably home address also given at Mulberry Sq. in 1820. Sale of the remaining part of Mr. Brow's stock advertised, Brighton Herald, 14 July 1827, including Rose-wood, Zebra wood and Spanish Mahogany Veneers. [D; E. Sussex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Brown, William, 31 Gray's Inn Rd, London, bedstead maker (182429). [D]

Brown, William, 14 Brook St, Lambeth, London, cm and upholder (182728). [D]

Brown, William, 1 Tower St, Westminster Rd, London, cm and upholder (182728). [D]

Brown, William, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (183639). Trading at 23 Dorset Gdns, 1836, and 4 Richmond Rd, 1839. Large mahogany cabinet recorded, the upper section with moulded cornice and four panelled doors divided by columns, the lower section similar; bears trade label of W. Brown, maker, 23 Dorset Gdns, 1836. [D; Christie's, 13 June 1974, lot 171]

Brown, William, Swinegate, Grantham, Lincs., cm, u and paper hanger (1826). [D]

Brown, William, Ct 16, High Bridge, Newcastle, wood turner and spinning wheel maker (1827). [D]

Brown, William, New Elvet, Durham, cm (182729). [D]

Brown, William, Market Pl., Pickering, Yorks., cm and joiner (182840). [D]

Brown, William, Chancery Lane, Skipton, Yorks., joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Brown, William, 78 Colebrook St, Winchester, Hants., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Brown, William, 13 Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, cm and u (182830). [D]

Brown, William, 26 Aston St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Brown, William, Millgate, Newark, Notts., cm (182835). [D]

Brown, William, Low Skellgate, Ripon, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Brown, William, George's Pl., Gt Waterloo St (Rd), London, (183537). [D]

Brown, William, Dartmouth St, Westminster, London, chair manufacturer (183537). Recorded at no. 32 in 1835 and no. 2 in 1837. [D]

Brown, William, 62 Prospect St, Hull, Yorks., with house at 2 Beverley Rd, cm (1840). [D]

Brown & Co., York, cm and u (1834). [D] Possibly either James or Samuel.

Brown & Jennings, Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham, cm and joiners (182834). [D]

Brown & Lamont, Chester, cm and u (1820s). Trade label recorded on three-drawer writing table in the Gothic style from Eaton Hall, Cheshire. [V & A archives]

Brown & Pattendon, 190 Oxford St, London, japanned chairmakers (180811). [D]

Brown & Pyner, 63 Holborn Hill, London, upholders (1782 83). [D]

Brown & Ring, 45 St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (1770). [D]

Brown & Son, 17 Old St Rd, London, u and appraiser (1820 23). [D]

Brown & Wilson, Long Acre, London, cm (1763). [D]

Brownbill, James, Stretford, near Manchester, cm (1825). [D]

Brownbill, Jonathan, Liverpool, cm (1761). Admitted freeman on 13 March 1761. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Browne, Benjamin, address unrecorded, upholder (173340). Son of John Browne, clerk, of Highgate, London; app. to Samuel Skelton on 6 June 1733, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 December 1740. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Browne, Benjamin, St John St, Colne, Lancs., cm (b. c. 181641). [1841 Census]

Browne, G., 15 Wood St, Princes St, Chelsea, London, Carver, Gilder, & Mounter, Looking glass & picture frame Manufacturer (c. 1830). Label recorded, Mentmore Sale, Sotheby's, lot 3082.

Browne, George, 22 East Pl., Lambeth, London, upholder and cm (1808). [D]

Browne, J. E., Marlborough St, Devonport, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (1822). [D]

Browne, James, St Paul's Churchyard, London, upholder (1791). Declared bankrupt, 1791, in Bailey's list of bankrupts.

Browne, John, King's Lynn, Norfolk, chairmaker (168081). Son and app., Oliver Browne, chairmaker, admitted freeman by patrimony, 168081. [King's Lynn freemen's calendar]

Browne, John, London, joiner or carver (1694). On 26 June 1694, as one of the warders of The Company of Joyners Carvers of London, he signed a petition presented by that Company to the City of London. [Furn. Hist., 1974]

Browne, John, address unrecorded (1738). Invoice for two large corner cabinets, costing 15 6s dated 13 September 1738. [V & A archives]

Browne, John, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (178090). App. to Samuel Bream; admitted freeman by servitude in 1780. [Gt Yarmouth poll bk and freemen's calendar]

Browne, John & Co., 2 Charles St, Grosvenor Sq., London, upholders and furniture agents (1814). [D]

Browne, John, Blucher St, Birmingham, builder and cm (1818). [D]

Browne, Jonas, Norwich, u (182526). Son of Charles Browne, hairdresser; admitted freeman on 26 April 1825/26. [Norwich freemen rolls] Possibly:

Browne, Jonas, London, upholder (1830). [Norwich poll bk]

Browne, Joshua, Norwich, cm (1832). App. to Joseph Gray; admitted freeman on 27 September 1832. [Norwich freemen rolls]

Browne, Matthias, Norwich, cm (1798). [D]

Browne, Oliver, King's Lynn, Norfolk, chairmaker (167879 or 168081). Son and app. of John Browne, admitted freeman 167879 or 168081, by patrimony. [King's Lynn freemen's calendar]

Browne, Peregrine, Norwich, u (172123). Admitted freeman, not by apprenticeship, on 3 May 1721. Took app. named Harewood in 1723. [Norwich freemen rolls; S of G, app. index]

Browne, T., Middlx, picture frame maker (1826). Declared bankrupt, London Gazette, 18 March 1826.

Browne, Thomas, 30 King St, Snow Hill, London, upholder (1778). Son of Samuel Browne, wine merchant of Ludlow, Salop; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 4 March 1778. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Browne, Thomas, 316 High Holborn, London, cm and upholder (178386). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1783 in association with Joseph Harkness; and in 1784 with the Earl of Radnor for 500. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 322, p. 623]

Browne, William, Fountain Ct, London, cm (1774). [D]

Browne & Co., 53 University St, Fitzroy Sq., London, scagliola works (183539). In June 1839 supplied twenty-two scagliola pedestals with Ravaccione marble bases, costing 264, for the Sculpture Gallery at Buckingham Palace. Lamp candelabra with scagliola columns illustrated in Loudon's Encyclopaedia, p. 1072. [D; RA Box 1, item 2]

Browne & Gregson, London and Liverpool, u and cm (1816 20). Addresses given at Duke St, Liverpool, 181618; also 2 Charles St, Grosvenor Sq., London in 1818; and the latter alone in 1820. [D]

Brownfoot, Samuel, 110 East St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Brownhill, James, Alport St, Manchester, cm (1788). [D]

Brownhill, James, Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (183037). Trading at 6 North Row in 1830 and 21 Mill Hill in 1837. [D]

Brownhill, Johnathon, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1761). Petitioned freedom on servitude to William Leech, paying 6s 8d in 1761. [Liverpool freemen's committee bk]

Browning, , at The Royal Tent, Threadneedle St, London, upholder and appraiser (1747). [M. A. Steer, Index of London Tradesmen; Heal]

Browning, , Peter's Lane, Cowcross, West Smithfield, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Browning, George, In the East Pawn, over the Royal Exchange, up the great Stair-case in Cornhill, London, upholder, appraiser and auctioneer (c. 1760). Trade card inscribed: Houses Compleatly fitted up with all kinds of Furniture Viz. Beds & Beding, Carpets of all Sorts, Chairs, Looking-Glasses Variety of Cabinet-Work, both for home or Abroad Wholesale or Retail. Ready Money given for all Manner of Household Goods, Plate, China, Books. Funerals Perform'd To any part of Great Britain. [Heal]

Browning, George, 30 Cornhill, London, auctioneer and upholder (178083). [D]

Browning, J. H., 4 Ship Alley, Wellclose Sq., London, cm etc. (1820). [D]

Browning, John, Market Pl., Cheadle, Staffs., u (1818). [D]

Browning, John, 60 Sun St, Bishopsgate, London, upholder (182628). [D]

Browning, Samuel, Well Hill, Minchinhampton, Glos., cm (1839). [D]

Browning, William, Long Melford, Suffolk, cm (1757). Took app. named Wood in 1757. [S of G, app. index]

Browning & Hopkins, 26 High Holborn, London, Tunbridge-ware manufacturers (1813). [D]

Brownjohn, George, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (175298). App. to James Begbie, cm of Salisbury, on 10 February 1752 for 21. [D; Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Brownjohn, James, London, cm, u and undertaker (181723). Addresses given at 22 Castle St, Gt Oxford Mkt in 1817; and 37 Gt Titchfield St, 181923. [D]

Brownlem, Thomas, 35 Ogle St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm and upholder (182235). [D]

Brownless, James, Liverpool, cm (181216). Trading at 27 Shaw's Brow in 1812, and 3 Weale St, 1816. Admitted freeman on 12 October 1812. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Brownnut, John, 23 Friars St, Gt Surrey St, London, chair and sofa maker (183234). [D]

Brownrigg, Samuel, Cross St, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiner and cm (1811). [D]

Brownrigg, William, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records in 1787 working on a table. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/94, p. 17]

Brownrigg, William, 176 Oxford St, London, cm (180508). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 14 October 1805 for 700 on a private house at 7 Bedford St, Bedford Row; on 26 October 1805 for 500, 100 on two adjoining houses at East Lane, Greenwich, and 200 on six houses in tenure, three in Mowbray Ct; and on 17 October 1808 for 1,400, 800 on a private house at 7 Bedford St, 800 on no. 9 in tenure, 140 on private houses at 12 East Lane, Greenwich, and 260 on six houses in tenure in Mowbray Ct. [GL, Sun MS vol. 434, ref. 781285; vol. 445, refs 82307778]

Brownsgrave, Arthur, Northampton, upholder (178492). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1784 for 200 on houses; and on 24 October 1792 for 100 on three tenements adjoining the Green, possibly tenanted. [GL, Sun MS vol. 324, p. 13; vol. 391, p. 204]

Brownson, William, Noble St, Foster Lane, London, upholder (1782). Insured houses for 300 in 1782 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 533]

Bruce, Adam, Hunslet, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (181630). Recorded in Hunslet Lane, 1828. [D]

Bruce, Charles, Leicester(?), u and auctioneer (1779). Announced in Leicester Journal, 1779 that he was starting business as an auctioneer but still continuing as an u.

Bruce, D., address unrecorded, u (1809). Named in the account books of Nicholas Pearse of Loughton, Essex, and London, receiving 27 6s on 31 August 1809. [Essex RO, D/DHt A1/4] Possibly:

Bruce, David, Aldersgate St, London, cm and u (17921823). Recorded at no. 110 in 1792 and no. 113, 180023. [D] Took out Sun Insurance policies on 12 July 1792 for 300 of which 40 accounted for utensils and stock; on 21 January 1802 for 100; on 13 August 1810 and 27 June 1811 for 5,000 on his house, warehouses and workshops parts of which extend to Long Lane; and on 22 August 1811 for 5,700 on house, warehouses, sawpits, sheds, utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 388, p. 240; vol. 423, ref. 727217; vol. 452, ref. 848124; vol. 451, ref. 858596; vol. 457, ref. 860763] Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. Bill of 4 May 1813 survives from Bramston to Bruce regarding money due for his Tythes of his house, workshop and warehouse in Aldersgate St. [PRO, C13 525] In 1809 he supplied twenty mahogany trellis chairs, the back legs reeded and fluted, the seats covered with best leather for the Governor's Room at the Bank of England. The chairs were 84s each, and the elbow chairs, 98s. A similar set is in the Dining Room at the Soane Museum and a set of similar chairs was sold at Sotheby's on 13 October 1967, lot 108. [C. Life, 3 October 1947; DEF; V & A archives]

Bruce, Elizabeth, Leicester, chairmaker (181527). Trading at St Nicholas St in 1815 and Coventry St, 181827. [D] Possibly the wife of John Bruce. chairmaker.

Bruce, Henry, 307 Holborn, London, u (179093). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Bruce, Henry, 29 Little Queen St, Lincoln, upholder and cm (179394). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 8 June 1793 for 1,000, of which utensils and stock accounted for 500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 395, ref. 615581] In partnership as Bruce & Robinson in 1794. [D]

Bruce, J. H., Cambridge, cm and u (1826). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 27 January 1826.

Bruce, James, 6 Water St, Bridewell Precinct, London, upholder (179093). [D]

Bruce, John, Leicester, chairmaker (1800). [Leicester freemen rolls] Possibly the husband of Elizabeth Bruce, chairmaker.

Bruce, Robert, 12 Store St, Bedford Sq., and Alfred Pl., London, cm and u (181729). [D]

Bruce, William, Lancaster, cm (1766d. 1792). Admitted freeman, 176667. Took five apps between 177082. Death reported, Liverpool Advertiser, 21 May 1792. [Lancaster freemen rolls and app. reg.; poll bk]

Bruce, William, 8 Russell St, Covent Gdn, London, upholder and cm (179095). [D]

Bruffell, Thomas, Liverpool, chair bottomer (1840). Admitted freeman on 24 July 1840. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Bruf(f)ord, Charles, London, cm (180839). Trading at 26 Gloucester St, Hoxton, from 1808; 47 Wellclose Sq. by 1837; and nos 4648 before 1839. [D]

Bruford, George, 16 Gloucester Terr., Vauxhall Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bruggerman, Henry, 140 Whitechapel Rd, London, cm and u (182739). [D]

Bruin, Samuel, Leicester, turner and gilder (1826). [Leicester freemen rolls]

Brumby, John, High St, Lincoln, cm and u (183541). Recorded at no. 174 in 1841. [D]

Brumby, Joseph, Union St, Boston, Lincs., chairmaker and turner (1835). [D]

Brum(m)ell, George, Newcastle, cm, glass grinder and carpenter (17541801). Trading at The Foot of the Side, 1763; and Pilgrim St, 17781801. [D] Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754, and James Paine's Noblemen's and Gentlemen's Seats, 1767. Took apps named John Bell in 1757 and Hubberthorn in 1761. [V & A archives; S of G, app. index] Advertised in Newcastle Courant, 19 November 1763, his stock of carv'd-gilt, white & plain frames, also Coach, Postchaise and plain Glasses of all Dimensions. Recorded in partnership with Dunn, 179098. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Possibly of:

Brumel & Miller, address unrecorded, cm (1807). Received payment of 129 13s on 28 November 1807 for work done at Gibside, Co. Durham, or Streatlam, for Lord Strathmore. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS D/St/349/17]

Brumfield (or Bro(o)mfield), Philip, London, carver and gilder to the Crown (166167). Recorded in the Royal Household accounts between 166267 supplying furniture for Hampton Court and Whitehall Palace, including sixe Sheilds all Gilt with burnish gold; Stooles Crimson and gould gilt with burnish gold; very Large Stands richly carved & gilt with burnish gold; and numerous carved gilt sconces and X gilt Brannches. [PRO, LC 5/3940; Conn., January 1934, p. 22; April 1934, p. 226; September 1938, p. 125; R. W. Symonds, Furniture-making in 17th and 18th Century England, p. 142]

Brumfitt, Edward, Skipton, Yorks., cm (182737). Addresses given at Chancery Lane in 1822; Market Pl., 182829; and High St, 1837. Named in the Holy Trinity Church PR in 1827. [D] The firm was reputedly founded in 1790, and there is a late Regency couch at Broughton Hall, Yorks., bearing their label.

Brumfitt, John, Manchester, cm (182538). Addresses given at 29 Blackfriars St, Salford, 182533; 51 Hanover St in 1834; and 27 Gartside St, Manchester, 1838. [D]

Brumfitt, William, Chancery Lane, Skipton, Yorks., cm and u (182834). Named in the Holy Trinity Church PR in 1828. [D]

Brumidgham (or Brumingham), James Rule, London, cm (1776). [Cambridge poll bk]

Brumley, Robert, 1 Orange St, off Swallow St, London, chairmaker (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy for 100 on his house in 1780. [GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 133]

Brumwell, Herbert Walwin, address unrecorded, upholder (174556). Son of John Brumwell, upholder; app. to John Brumwell on 3 August 1745, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 11 November 1756. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Brumwell, John, London, upholder (171286). Recorded at Morden College, 177881, and Morden Wall, 1786. Son of John Brumwell, surgeon of Wapping, Middlx; app. to Daniel Woodroffe on 10 April 1712, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 1 May 1723. Took apps named Thomas Eyre, 173138, and Herbert Walwin Brumwell, 174556, the latter admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. in 1756. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]. See John Brunwell.

Brumwell, Jonathan, Newcastle, joiner and cm (17871811). Trading Without Pilgrim Street Gate in 1787; Northumberland St, 1795; and Blackett St, 1811. [D]

Brundrett, William, Manchester, cm (180817). Addresses given at 37 Lomax St in 1808; 13 Bond St, 1811; 8 Abingdon St, 1813; and 4 Williamson's Buildings, Salford. [D]

Brune, George, Petty Cury, Cambridge, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Brun(n)ing, William, Suffolk, cm (174860). As Bruning of Melford took app. named Herrington in 1748; and as Brunning Mitford took app. named Buskell in 1760. [S of G, app. index]

Brunning, John, Grout's Passage (or Ct), St John's, Timberhill, Norwich, cm and u (181742). App. to Elden Earle; admitted freeman on 16 June 1817. Former apps, Daniel Bacon, cm, admitted freeman on 26 April 1825; and Moses Samuel Watts, 19 June 1826. [D; poll bks; Norwich freemen reg.]

Bruntnell, William, Broomsgrove, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Brunton, J. P., London, carver and gilder (1802). [Norwich poll bk]

Brunton, James, Norwich, u (17801802). Recorded in St Laurence's parish in 1780; St Stephen's, 178486; and St Giles's, 17941802. [Poll bks]

Brunton, James, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Brunton, James, 23 Chapel Sq., Pentonville, London, cm (1808). [D]

Brunton, Thomas Page, Norwich, carver (1799). Son of James Brunton, woollen draper; admitted freeman on 17 June 1799. [Norwich freemen rolls]

Brunton, Thomas, London, carver and gilder (1806). [Norwich poll bk]

Brunton, Thomas, 8 Oxford Mkt, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Brunwell, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1750). Named as a member of the Upholders Livery in 1750. [GL, Upholders Co. Livery lists] See John Brumwell.

Brushfield (or Broshfield), William, Car(e)y St, London, upholder (172076). Son of Thomas Brushfield, Gent. of St Martin-in-the-Fields, Middlx; app. to Richard Farmer on 1 March 1720, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 September 1729. Named as a member of the Upholders Livery in 1750. Took app. named William Chaplin, 176876. Polled at Westminster in 1749 and 1774. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists] Two tradesmen must be concerned here, since the death of Mr Brushfield, jun. Upholder in Carey-street, Lincoln's inn was reported in Public Advertiser, 2 June 1768: he was to have been married on Sunday last.

Brussells, Thomas, Liverpool, chair bottomer (1840). Son of Thomas Brussell, bricklayer; admitted freeman on 24 July 1840. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Brutnell, William, Radford, Notts., joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Bryan, I. (or J.) T., 17 Rosoman (or Rosamund) St, Clerkenwell, London, fancy cm (181720). [D]

Bryan, John, Painswick, Glos., carver (1760). Took app. named Millard in 1760. [S of G, app. index]

Bryan, Joshua, address unrecorded, upholder (1707/08). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 3 March 1707/08. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bryan, Mark, Bearward St, Northampton, chair turner (1830). [Poll bk]

Bryan, Peter, 43 Bolton St, Copperas Hill, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Bryan, William, Gravel Lane, Southwark, London, mahogany turner (c. 1760). Trade card states that he makes & sells all sorts of mahogany tea boards, bottle stands, waiters, china dish stands Likewise turns all sorts of iron moulds for casting shott, and patterns for iron & brass founders . [MMA, NY]

Bryant, Adam, Gore Hedge, Frome, Som., cm (1839). [D]

Bryant, Francis, Mitchell St, Old St, London, cm (1787). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 February 1787 for 200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 343, p. 55]

Bryant, Francis, 1 Berkeley St, Red Lion St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1794). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 April 1794 for 450 of which 220 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 397, p. 483]

Bryant, James, London, upholder (177286). Recorded in China Row, Lambeth, 1778; and Westham Abbey, Stratford, 178186. Son of Abraham Bryant; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption on 7 October 1772. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Bryant, John, at The Royal Bed. Mkt Pl., Bath, Som., upholder (175369). Sworn freeman, 1753. Advertised in Bath Chronicle, December 1760 that he had just laid in a fresh stock of upholstery goods to be sold on the lowest terms. His stock and services offered are described in detail. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., August 1769.

Bryant, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 181441). Aged 27 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bryant, Matthew & Sophia, 17 Gardener St, Brighton, Sussex, chairmakers (1826). [D]

Bryant, Mathew, 21 New St, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1832). [D]

Bryant, William, Risbygate St, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1836). [Poll bk]

Bryant, William, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 181641). Aged 25 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bryce, David, Liverpool, cm (b. c. 1777d. 1831). Addresses give at 11 Back Lime St with shop at 2 Tobin St, Copperas Hill, 182324; 106 and 97 Copperas Hill in 1827; and 13 Caxton Buildings, Bolton St, 1829. Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 2 August 1827; and death, aged 54, reported, same paper, 28 January 1831. [D]

Bryce, Peter, 56 New Church St, Portman Mkt, London, cm and upholder (1839). [D]

Bryde, Thomas, Liverpool, cm and timber dealer (180516). Trading at 8 Whitechapel in 1805; 11 White St with timberyard in Cornwallis St, 181014; and as a timber dealer at 11 St James St in 1816. [D]

Bryde, William, Liverpool, cm (b. 1777d. 1823). Addresses given at 9 Hatton Gdns, 36 Harrington St, 1811; 35 Circus St, 181314; and 34 and 51 Circus St, 181623. Death reported, aged 46, after a painful illness of sixteen months, Liverpool Mercury, 31 January 1823. [D]

Bryden, Andrew, London, silverer and polisher, carver and gilder (182529). Trading at 15 Jewry St from 1825 and 12 George St, Minories by 1839. [D]

Bryden (or Brydon), John, 7 Charing Cross, London, carver, gilder, printseller and looking-glass manufacturer (178490). [D; Wills, Looking-Glasses] See John Brydon.

Bryden, Michael, 86 Finch St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Bryden, Nicholas, 22 Finch St, Liverpool, cm (1839). [D]

Brydon, John, 48 Brewer St, London, carver and gilder (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 500 of which utensils and stock accounted for 100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 289, p. 62] Possibly John Bryden.

Brydone, Charles, Leicester, carver and gilder (182230). Trading at Gallowtree Gate, 182228; also as a restorer of paintings in 1828. Declared bankrupt, Chester Courant and Anglo-Welsh Gazette, 1 June 1830. [D]

Brydone & Son, Middle Pavement, Nottingham, carver and gilder (1814). [D]

Bryer, John, 6 Upper Boro Walls, Bath, Som., cm (1819). [D]

Bryer, Robert, 6 John St, Bath, Som., cm (1824). [D]

Bryer, Robert, St James St, Taunton, Som., cm (1830). [D]

Bryer, Thomas, North Lane, Brighton, Sussex, French polisher, japanner and cm (1839). [D]

Bryers, Charles W., Angel Ct, Gt Windmill St, London, upholder and cm (181720). Recorded at no. 7 in 1820. [D]

Bryham, Simon, Lancaster, cm (17911811). App. to J. Wakefield in 1791; freemen rolls state of London. Named in the Gillow records working on a bookcase in 1811. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/99, p. 1893; Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Bryling (or Bryning), Robert, Cheapside, Liverpool, cm (1834 39). Trading at no. 28, 183437; and no. 65 in 1839. [D]

Bryson, G., address unrecorded. Set of mahogany Regency dining chairs recorded, with well-shaped sabre legs, reeded frame and concave top rail; stamped G. BRYSON on the loose seat and inner frame; but one chair is stamped W.B. Similar chairs illus. in M. Jourdain, Regency Furniture, figs 90 and 94. [V & A archives]

Bryson, James, 38 Newhall St, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1823). [D]

Bryson, Robert, Southend, Morpeth, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Brytam, S., London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bubb, John, Southwark, London, toy and cabinet manufacturer (180937). Trading at 39 White St in 1809 and 7 White Cross St, 1837. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 July 1809 for 200 of which stock and utensils accounted for 120. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 447, ref. 832782]

Bubkrook, Thomas, Surrey Pl., Walworth, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Buchan, Henry, Little Walsingham, Norfolk, cm (1756). Took app. named Harrison in 1756. [S of G, app. index]

Buchan, Henry, High St, Southampton, Hants., carver and gilder (182430). Trading at no. 159 in 1830. Advertised in Southampton Herald, 8 March 1824.

Buchan & Slodden, 159 High St, Southampton, Hants., carvers and gilders (183639). Advertised in Fletcher's Southampton Directory, 1836: Decorative House Painters, Paper Hangers, carvers & gilders Rooms Decorated with Ornamental Pannels, Landscapes, &c. &c. Also Plain House Painting, Glazing, & Plumbing, at the usual Trade Prices. Workmen sent to all Parts of the Country.

Buchanan, P., address unrecorded (c. 181020). Stamp of P. BUCHANAN found on mahogany armchair with drop in horsehair seat, sabre back legs, turned front legs, scrolled back upright enclosing both top and centre back rail, both additionally veneered; and serpentine, square-sectioned arms curving down to turned supports. [Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham] Possibly:

Buchanan, Peter, 45 Back Piccadilly, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Buchanan, William, 2 Whitcomb St, London, cm (1808). [D]

Buchanan, William, 53 Berner's St, London(?), cm (1837). Sold a magnificent wardrobe of inlaid wood, costing 50, to Charlecote Park, Warks. in 1837. [Warwick RO, L6/1118 and 1120]

Buchannan, John, Liverpool, cm (182129). Trading at 93 Gloucester St, 182124, and 62 Copperas Hill, 1829. [D]

Bucherfield, John, Oldbury, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm (1823). Child bapt. in 1823. [PR(bapt.)]

Buchop, Johan George, near Red Lion St, Holborn, London, musical instrument and cm (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 100 of which utensils and stock accounted for 40. [GL, Sun MS vol. 269, p. 66]

Buck, Ann, at The Queen's Head, Holborn, near Hatton Gdn, London, dealer in furniture and upholstery (174150). Trade card showing Queen Anne's bust framed by Rococo scrolls states that she Buys and Sells Beds, Bedding, Buroes, BookCases Chairs, Glasses, China, and all Sorts of Household Furniture New & Old. NB. Quilts, Blankets, Tickens, Harrateens & Cheneys Sold, Wholesale and Retale. [Heal; GL, trade card coll.] Joy considers that Ann set up business after the death of her husband, Henry Buck of St Paul's Churchyard in 1750, but she was trading earlier since her signature is on a receipted bill dated 2 June 1741, for two mahogany chests of drawers costing 4. [BM Coll.] In 1748 she advertised the sale of Buck's Views, a well-known series of topographical engravings by S. & N. Buck, from the above address. [Heal]

Buck, Avery, 69 St Thomas St, Weymouth, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Buck, Edward Jonathan, Leamington, Warks., cm and u (183537). Trading at 29 Grove St in 1835 and Wellington St in 1837, also as a house agent. [D]

Buck, Henry, at The Hand, Crown & Star, on the south side of St Paul's Churchyard, removed from The Hand & Crown at the East end of St Paul's, London, cm and chairmaker (1731 d. 1750). Trade card, c. 1741, states that he Makes and Sells all sorts of Chairs, Tables, Cabinet Work, Looking Glasses, and Window Blinds &c. at Reasonable Rates for both Sea and Land. In partnership with Richard Farmer at The Hand & Crown, 173247, when Farmer died. [Heal] Together they supplied chairs, costing 3 15s to Sir Richard Hoare of Stourhead, 173233; and on 20 November 1732 Henry Buck is recorded receiving 7 1s. [Hoare's Bank, London, private accounts] Named as a Liveryman of the Joiners Co. in 1750. [GL, Joiners Co. records] Probably the Mr. Buck, a wealthy Cabinet Maker in St Paul's Churchyard, who died of the Gout in his Stomach, in 1750. [London Evening Post, 1517 November 1750; Notes and Queries, 24 January 1942]

Buck, John, address unrecorded, cm (175155). Admitted freeman of the Joiners Co. by patrimony on 2 July 1751, and named as Liveryman on 31 October 1755. Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. [GL, Joiners Co. records and Livery lists]

Buck, Peter, Knaresborough, Yorks., cm and u (182237). Trading at High St, 1822 and Savage Yd, 182829. [D]

Buck, Stephen, London, cm (1831). [Colchester poll bk]

Buck, William, Beccles, Suffolk, u, auctioneer and appraiser (180639). Recorded in Smallgate St, 1824 and 1839; and at Theatre Plain, 1830. Named in the calendar of marriage licence bonds in 1806. [D; Suffolk RO, FAA, 50/2/113, p. 31]

Buckerfield, John, Birmingham, cm (1826). [Leicester freemen rolls]

Buckerfield, Thomas, 180 Park St, Birmingham, cm (180003). [D]

Bucket, Joseph, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (1754). App. to John Green, cm of Salisbury, on 28 December 1754 by indenture, for 17 10s. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Buckingham, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Buckingham, H., the Mint, London, japanned chair manufactory (180315). Recorded in Old St, 1803, and Old George St, 180220. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Buckingham, Henry, Southwark, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (182739). Addresses given at Bridge Rd, 182735; no. 20 in 1829; and 2 Windsor Pl., 1839. [D]

Buckingham, Michael, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Buckingham, William, Thorofare, Woodbridge, Suffolk, cm (1803). Announced in Ipswich Journal, 8 January 1803, that his shop was being taken over by Edmund Cross.

Buckingham, William, St Clement's, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm, u and slop seller (180409). Trading at Butter Mkt, 180508. Notices in Ipswich Journal, 15 January 1804 and 11 March 1809. [D]

Buckingham, William jnr, Brook St, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm, u and auctioneer (1824). [D]

Buckingham, William, 39 South Audley St, London, cm (1809). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 14 October 1809 for 200, 10 accounting for stock and utensils and 30 on chest of tools in workshop of Gillow, cm in George St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 834977]

Buckingham, William, 26 Adam St, Manchester Sq., London, cm (1823). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 17 November 1823 for 550 of which 34 accounted for chest of tools in manufactory of Ferguson & Co. in Providence Ct, North Audley St, Grosvenor Sq.; and 300 on houses at 13 Hague Pl., and 1011 Sale St, Bethnal Green. [GL, Sun MS vol. 494, ref. 1010493]

Buckland, G., Fore St Hill, Exeter, Devon, cm (1816). [D] See William Buckland.

Buckland, Henry, 8 Circus St, Lisson Grove, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Buckland, R., Shaftesbury, Dorset, joiner and cm (1798). [D]

Buckland, W., Exeter, Devon, cm (181416). Report in Exeter Flying Post, 21 July 1814 that his app., John Glanfield, had run away, describing him as about 5 feet 5 inches high, fair complexion and slight made. Whoever harbours or employs him after this notice will be prosecuted. [Poll bks]

Buckland, William, Exeter, Devon, u (1743). Married Elizabeth Bear of Newton Abbot on 1 September 1743. [Exeter marriage bonds]

Buckland, William, Fore St Hill, Exeter, Devon, cm (1822). [D] See G. Buckland.

Buckland, William, Shaldon, Devon, cm and u (1830). [D]

Buckle, George, address unrecorded, upholder (170916). Son of Stephen Buckle, button maker of York; app. to Remey George on 5 August 1709, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 September 1716. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Buckle, Joseph, address unrecorded, upholder (173442). Son of Joseph Buckle, goldsmith of York; app. to John Underwood on 5 March 1734, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 5 May 1742. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Buckle, Oswald, at The Chair Royal, Bury St, St James's, London, u (1725). Insured his goods and merchandise for 500 on 17 June 1725 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 21, ref. 36101; Notes and Queries, 24 January 1942]

Buckle, William Glazby, parish of St James, Bristol, upholder (178184). [D]

Buckler, Elizabeth (or Eli), Birmingham, cm, tool chest and cabinet case maker (181635). Addresses given at Vale St in 1816 and 1818; 33 Worcester St, 181722; 38 Constitution Hill in 1830; and at no. 35 in 1835. [D]

Buckler, Powell, 10 Queen St, Cheapside, London, upholder (176982). Son of Humphrey Buckler of Warminster, Wilts., woolstapler; app. to Daniel Langton on 7 June 1769 with whom he lived at above address, continuing there until 1782. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 July 1776. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records)

Buckley, Ann, Old St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm (181618). [D]

Buckley, Samuel, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leics., cm (1775). Report in Leicester Chronicle, 8 July 1775, that he had deserted his family.

Buckley, William, 28 King St, Southwark, London, furniture maker (1839). [D]

Buckman, Edward, Church St, Lambeth, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (182239). Recorded at no. 8, 182235, and no. 20 in 1839. Trading as a chairmaker in 1835. [D]

Buckman, James, 24 and 26 Red Cross St, London, dyed and japanned chair manufacturer (180811). [D]

Buckman, James, 30 Mint St, Southwark, London, chairmaker (1813). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 30 September 1813 for 400, of which 150 accounted for stock and utensils in his house, warehouse and open yard. [GL, Sun MS vol. 463, ref. 885790]

Buckmire (or Burkmire), William, London, upholder (176286). Recorded at 37 Lombard St in 1779, and Jermyn St, 1786. Son of William Buckmire (or Burkmire), Denby; app. to Francis Pyner on 6 May 1762, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 4 August 1779. Recorded drowned in the Serpentine River after 1786. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bucknall, William, Leicester, u (182735). Trading at Townhall Lane, 182735, also as a paper hanger in 1835. [D]

Bucknall, William, Bristol, cm and u (183036). Trading at 12 Bridewell Lane, 183031; 33 Broad St, 183233; and St John's Bridge, 183436. [D]

Bucknell, John, Chancery Lane, Thrapston, Northants., cm/joiner (1823). [D]

Bucktrout, Benjamin, London, cm. Emigrated to America and advertised his business in Williamsburg in The Virginia Gazette, 25 July 1765. A Masonic chair bearing his stamp is in the Colonial Williamsburg collection. [W. B. Gusler, Furniture of Williamsburg and Eastern Virginia, 1979, pp. 6366]

Buckwell, George, 10 Crown St, Hoxton, London, cm (1808). Possibly George Buckwell, pianoforte maker of 30 Hackney Rd, 182627. [D]

Budd, Charles, 5 West St Lane, Brighton, Sussex, cricket-bat and cm (180005). [D]

Budd, John, Emsworth, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Budd, Joseph, at The Rising Sun, Chancery Lane, parish of St Dunstan's-in-the-West, London, u (171619). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 16 August 1717 for goods and merchandise in his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 6, p. 353; Heal]

Budd, Joseph, Wine Office Ct, Fleet St, London, u (1726). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 10 October 1726 for 500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 22, p. 381]

Budd, Joseph, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c.181941). Aged 22 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Budd, William, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (181619). Addresses given at Hanmer's Buildings, Park St, 181619, and also College Pl., 181819. [D]

Budden(n), Robert, Portsmouth, Hants., u (177884). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for 200 on tenements; and in 1781 for 800 on his house. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 269, p. 346; vol. 294, p. 279]

Budge, Thomas, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (181424). Recorded as T. Budge in Pembroke St, 1814; Mr Budge in Fore St, Stonehouse, 1822; and Thomas at 15 High St, Stonehouse, 182324. [D]

Bugg, Thomas, Newark, Notts., joiner and cm (17931807). Trading at Carter Gate in 1805. [D]

Buggs, James, address unrecorded, upholder (175060). Son of Peter Buggs, labourer, of Brockham, near Dorking, Surrey; app. to John Huggett on 21 January 1750, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 April 1760. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Buhl, John, London(?). Named in the accounts of Lord Shelburne in 1771 for furnishing Landsdowne House, receiving 373 19s. [A. T. Bolton, The Architecture of Robert and James Adam, vol. 2, p. 314]

Buist, David, London, cm (b. c. 180646). Trading at George St, Hanover Sq., 1829; and 13 Smith Sq., 1846. Second son of William Buist, cm, of 10 Queen St, Grosvenor Sq., and bapt. in 1806 at the Scots Church, Crown Ct, Russell St. His own daughter was bapt. on 22 March 1829. Presumably the D. Buist of 13 Smith Sq. who reported the death of Henry Seaton Buist in 1846.

Buist, Henry Seaton (or Seton), London, cm and pianoforte maker (b. c. 1804d. 1846). Addresses given at 6 Hudson's Terr., Westminster, 1834; 23 Vauxhall Bridge Rd, 183638; and 13 Smith Sq., Westminster, 1846. Eldest son of William Buist, cm, of 10 Queen St, Grosvenor Sq., and bapt. on 5 June 1804 at the Scots Church, Crown Ct, Russell St. His own children were bapt. in 1834, and 183638, at St John the Evangelist, Smith Sq., Westminster. He died, aged 42, on 13 August 1846, of ulceration of the wind pipe. [PR(bapt.); death certificate from General Reg. Office, London]

Buist, William, London, cm (180109). Recorded at Davies St, Mayfair, 180102; and Queen St, Grosvenor Sq., 180409. Children bapt. between 180406 at the Scots Church, Crown Ct, Russell St, including David and Henry Seaton, cm. [D; PR(bapt.)]

Bulbrook, Charles, Southwark, London, chair and sofa maker (183239). Addresses given at 55 Land St, 183234; no. 17 Lant St and 13 Garden Row, 1839; and just the latter in 1835. [D]

Bulbrook, J., Brewhouse Lane, Southampton, Hants., carver (1839). [D]

Bul(l)brook, Thomas, London, cm and u (182035). Trading at Kent Rd in 1820; 10 Northampton Pl., Old Kent Rd, 1826 28; and 13 Garden Row, London Rd, 1835. [D]

Bulbrooke, Thomas, 10 Market St, Borough Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Bulcock, Thomas, Limbrick, Blackburn, Lancs., joiner and cm (182425). [D]

Bulkley, , address unrecorded. Supplied furniture to Denton House, Yorks. in 1770, costing 5 3s. [Furn. Hist., 1968]

Bull, , St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm (d. 1743). Death reported, London Evening Post, 2426 March 1743, when he was described as a wealthy cabinet maker & one of the People call'd QUAKERS.

Bull, Ebenezer, St James's St, Northampton, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Bull, George, Mount East St, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Bull, Henry, 152 Kent St, Southwark, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Bull, Henry, Magdalen St, Norwich, u and paper hanger (1822). [D]

Bull, James, address unrecorded, upholder (171749). Son of Samuel Bull, clerk of Westhall, Suffolk; app. to William Brathwaite on 13 November 1717, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 May 1735. Took app. named George Taylor, 173549. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bull, James, 2 Hackney Rd, London, bedstead maker (182227). [D] See O. Bull.

Bull, Joseph, Ringwood, Hants., cm (174749). Took apps named Eastman in 1747 and Wright in 1749. [S of G, app. index]

Bull, Joseph, Princess St, in the Park, Southwark, London, cm (1768). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., May 1768.

Bull, Joseph, Bristol, chairmaker (181516). Trading at 33 Redcliff St, 1815, and 2 Counterslip, 1816. [D]

Bull, O., 2 Hackney Rd, London, bedstead and bed cornice maker (182029). [D] See James Bull.

Bull, Obadiah, 127 Shoreditch, London, bedstead maker (180708). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 24 January 1807, 220 on a house at 7 Widegate St in tenure; 140 on a house at the corner of Savage Ct in tenure; and 540 on six other houses there, all in tenure. Took out another policy on 11 January 1808 for 1,050, of which 900 accounted for houses, and 50, stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 438; vol. 442, ref. 812463]

Bull, Sarah, 3 Artillery St, Bishopsgate, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bull, William, Mount East St, Nottingham, cm (1828). [D]

Bull, William, Duke St, Chelmsford, Essex, cm and u (182639). Trading as Bull & Son in 1839. [D]

Bull, William, Market St, Lichfield, Staffs., cm and chairmaker (183439). Declared bankrupt, Sussex Agricultural Express, 11 May 1839. [D; poll bk]

Bull, William, 76 Berwick St, Soho, London, cm (1835). [D]

Bulla Grassi & Pontana, 134 Fore St Hill, Exeter, Devon, looking-glass and barometer makers (1830). [D]

Bullard, F., 7 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Bullard, Henry, Windmill Yd, Manchester, cm (1804). [D]

Bullas, Thomas, Barnsley, Yorks., cm (1743). Took app. named Hawkesworth in 1743. [S of G, app. index]

Bullen, , Preeson's Row, Liverpool, cm and u(?) (1800d. c. 1810). Born at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, where he served as app. to his father. Entered into partnership with Mathew Gregson, cm and u, on 1 March 1800, but left on 1 September 1806 due to ill health. Retired to Leicester as a wood factor, and died, 180910. [D; Liverpool RO, 920 GRE 1/3, 44 and 47]

Bullen, Ann, Jonathan & Thomas, Market Pl., Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, u and cm (1795). Ann, widow of Henry, advertised in Bury and Norwich Post, 2 September 1795, their business of UPHOLSTERY and CABINET-MAKING, to be carried on in all its branches by herself and two of her sons, the elder of whom is just returned from London, where he has had an opportunity of gaining a thorough knowledge of his employment. The AUCTIONEERING AND APPRAISING will be punctually attended to, as usual, by J. & T. BULLEN and EDWARD BUSHELL, the latter of whom has been for more than 20 years her husband's assistant.

Bullen, Henry, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, upholder, cm and mortgager (1768d. 1796). [D] Trading in Butter Mkt, 1784. Advertised sales of furniture and estates in Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, June 1760, 24 June 1769, and 26 May 1770. Listed as an upholder, same paper, 9 October 1784, and named as a member of the Common Council, 10 August 1782. Signed lease for property in Cook Row on 1 July 1789. [Suffolk RO, 742/23] Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1777 and 1781 for 300 on houses. [GL, Sun MS vol. 261, p. 253; vol. 297, p. 495] Norwich Chronicle, 27 November 1783, announced that at Mr. Henry Bullen's, Upholder may be seen a specimen of Cast-Iron Covering for Houses invented by Ransomes and Co., Founders, in Norwich. Named in the accounts for Ickworth, Suffolk, from April 1778 to April 1779, receiving a total of 22 10s. Messrs. Lanchester & Bullen appraised the stock at Ickworth, charging 21 6s. Bullen is named in the Essex Estate accounts on 4 March 1780, receiving 10 9s. [PRO, C 103/174] On 11 May 1791, Henry Bullen presented the Headmaster of King Edward VI School at Bury St Edmunds, Rev. Michael Becher, with a mahogany tambour cylinder writing desk, as an act of gratitude for the education of his son. Letter of thanks, dated 12 May 1791, survives. [R. W. Elliott, The Story of King Edward VI School, 1963, p. 90, illus. pp. 12829] died in 1796. [Suffolk RO, Corp. index] See Thomas, and Thomas George Bullen.

Bullen, James, Bridge St, Bristol, cm (179394). [D]

Bullen, Mary, Beast Mkt, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1824). [D]

Bullen, Thomas, St Austell, Cornwall, cm (1798). [D]

Bullen, Thomas, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, upholder (1811d. 1817). Elected a Common Councillor on 3 May 1811, and died in 1817. Father of Thomas George Bullen. [D; Suffolk RO, Corp. index]

Bullen, Thomas George, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, u, cm, auctioneer and estate agent (b. 1803d. 1850). Trading at Market Pl., 1830; Butter Mkt, 1836; and no. 20, 1839. Son of Thomas Bullen, educated at the King Edward VI School, Bury St Edmunds. Elected a Common Councillor on 29 June 1830, and died in 1850. [D; poll bk; Suffolk RO, Corp. index]

Buller, John, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 182141). Aged 20 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Buller, Jonathon, King St, Liverpool, u (1803). [D]

Buller, Philip, Middle Row, Holborn, London, cm (d. by 1752). Sale of stock in trade of Philip Keeler and Philip Buller, cm, both deceased, announced, General Advertiser, 11 May 1752.

Buller, William, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 17911841). Aged 50 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bullidge, William, Norwich, chairmaker (1765). Son of William Bullidge, carpenter; admitted freeman on 23 March 1765. [Norwich freemen rolls]

Bullin, F., St Aubyn St, Plymouth Dock, Devon, cm and u (1814). [D]

Bullin, Thomas, Plymouth Dock, Devon, cm (1810). On 8 February 1810 signed a contract to purchase trees at St Mellion, Cornwall, 133 cherry and 143 oak, for 70 5s. [Cornwall RO, DD Cy, 5888]

Bullivant, John, London, chair and sofa maker (182739). Trading at 10 Gt Waterloo St, 182728 and 28 High St, Southwark, 1839. [D]

Bul(l)man, Robert, Leeds, Yorks., cm, u, undertaker and patent mangle maker (17831848). Addresses given Opposite Old Bank, Briggate in 1783; no. 21, 18051818; as Robert Bullman & Sons at 27 Commercial St in 1808; 21 Briggate in 181617; 5 Commercial St from 1819; no. 27, 182034; and no. 31, 183037, with works in Bond St in 1830. [D] App. in Bath, he then set up business in Leeds in 1783. Robert Bullman & Son announced their move from Briggate to 5 Commercial St in Leeds Intelligencer, 19 April 1819, where they propose carrying on as usual the Upholstery, Cabinet & general furnishing business which they claimed had been going for 40 years. Advertised, same paper, 24 March 1825 for two clever carvers accustomed to carving mahogany and rosewood. Also an experienced Turner and a few experienced journeymen cabinet makers. Bullman & Son of Leeds advertised in Liverpool Mercury, 18 April 1828, with full description, their patent IMPROVED CABINET MANGLE greatly superior to Mangles in the usual construction allowed by the best Mechanics to be one of the most perfect pieces of Machinery yet produced. Marble rosewood sideboard c. 1810, recorded signed BULLMAN & SON, LEEDS. [C. Life, vol. CLXXII, supplement p. 32c] There is a large bookcase in Wakefield Town Hall with secret drawer containing documents stating the bookcase was made by Messrs Bullman of Leeds, c. 182030, for Richard Mellin, dyer, of Wakefield, at a cost of 90. Worked at Broughton Hall, Yorks., for Sir Charles Tempest, Bart, where 3 bills, a letter and a sketch survive for furniture supplied between 184042. Bill of 29 October 1841 totalled 203 0s 4d. [Broughton Hall MS] Provided furniture for local Yorks. families, such as the Gotts and the Tempests which seems to have been for the servant's quarters and less fashionable rooms. [Joy, English Furniture, 18001851, p. 234] Firm taken over by G. W. England c. 1848. [D]

Bullock, Ebenezer, Hamersley Lane, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 17961841). Aged 45 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bullock, George, Liverpool and London, cm (b. 1777/78 d. 1818). Bullock's place of birth is unknown though at some stage he certainly lived in London: August 27 1798 Mr Bullock the young artist who gained such great repute in Birmingham returning to London, the statue business not answering his expectation. He now intends giving his whole attention to the modelling and painting of likenesses his age does not exceed twenty. [J. W Langford, A Century of Birmingham Life, vol. II, 1868, p. 118] There is no further record of his early career other than a superb wax depicting a figure seated in an interior in the collection of Leeds Art Galleries. This depicts Henry Blundell of Ince and is signed G. Bullock 1801. In 1804 Bullock showed at the Royal Academy a marble bust of Blundell. A portrait by Joseph Allen of a very Byronic looking Bullock includes a plaster model of this bust. The portrait and bust are in the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. [Walker Art Gallery, Merseyside Painters, People and Places, 1978, pp. 1920]
Bullock re-emerges in Liverpool in 1804: Bullock, George, Modeller and Sculptor, Lord Street. [Gore's Liverpool Directory, 1804] His brother William who was to become the celebrated Museum promoter, was already established there as Museum, Jeweller and China Dealer, Church Street. [Gore, 1804] Also in Church St was William Stoakes, Looking Glass Manufactory. [Gore, 1803] By 1805 George was in partnership with Stoakes and had moved in with him: Bullock & Stoakes Cabinet Makers, General Furnishers and Marble Workers 48 Church Street. [Gore, 1805] Bullock advertised his Grecian Rooms at Mr Stokes Looking Glass Manufactory this day re-opened where are the most extensive collection of Bronze and Bronzed Figures Marble Tables, Chimney Pieces see the Rich Gothic Furniture, Armour &c which he has designed and executed for Cholmondeley Castle. [Liverpool Chronicle, 4 September 1805] This is the first furniture known to have been designed and made by Bullock. The armour was probably ancient and supplied by William Bullock.
Bullock continued to practice as a sculptor and showed busts at both the Liverpool Academy and the Royal Academy. In 1804 he showed one of William Roscoe the celebrated Liverpool virtuoso and scholar. Roscoe certainly helped Bullock's career, for Thomas Johnes of Hafod wrote to Roscoe on 15 March 1808: a protege of yours Mr Bullock a very clever fellow who is to fit up my home . [Liverpool Public Lib., Roscoe papers 398] In 1810 he showed nine busts in the Liverpool Academy of which he was founding President from 181012.
By June 1807 Bullock's partnership was over, for he advertised that his partnership with Mr Stoakes has been dissolved Bullock has removed his Grecian Room from Church Street to No 23 Bold Street. [Liverpool Chronicle, 3 June 1807] But from 180910 he was again in partnership, this time with Soane's celebrated assistant J. M. Gandy who took with him to Liverpool as a pupil Soane's eldest son. The firm was styled Bullock, George & Joseph Gandy, architects, modellers, sculptors, marble masons, cabinet makers and upholsterers 55 Church Street. [Gore, 1810] The firm did not prosper for Gandy wrote to Soane from Liverpool on 1 September 1810: The affair of the Liverpool Academy took a serious turn a few days after you left us, my partner insisting that the partnership interest was most deeply hurt by my refusal of joining with him as one of the numbers of the Liverpool Academy the result was to separate publicly on the 22 Sept 1810. [A. T. Bolton, The Portrait of Sir John Soane, p. 126]
By 1810 William Bullock had moved to London to create his famous museum in the Egyptian Hall in Piccadilly. In 1812 George sold the contents of his premises: Fashionable Modern Furniture of Mr George Bullock who is going to reside in London. [Liverpool Mercury, 28 August 1812] He was however still included in the Liverpool directories for 1813 and 1814 so it is possible that he maintained premises there. He was first listed in London in 1813: Bullock, George, upholsterers, Grecian Rooms, Egyptian Hall Piccadilly. [Post Office Annual Directory London, 1813] He was not listed in 1814 but by 1815 was established as Sculptor, 4 Tenterden Street, Hanover Square, Mona Marble and Furniture Works, Oxford Street. [POD, 1815] These were his premises until his death on 1 May 1818. At Christmas 1817 were insured George Bullock and Charles Fraser of the Mona Marble Works Oxford Street Cabinet makers and Upholders 3,800. [GL, Sun MS vol. 471, ref. 925754]
After this brief sketch of Bullock's career several other points need to be made. It is obvious from many of the sources that Bullock used a wide range of exotic woods and marbles in his furniture designs and for the chimney pieces. Later in his career however he made a particular virtue of using native British woods and marbles. There were strong commercial and patriotic reasons for this during the Napoleonic wars, but interestingly a similar move towards native woods also took place in France. In a geological lecture in Liverpool a Mr Bakewell described Mona marble as a beautiful Green Stone which is found in a part of the island of Angelsea the property of Mr George Bullock. [Liverpool Mercury, 30 August, 1811] Bullock also used Scottish marbles. In 1985 two oak boxes to Bullock's design were sold by the London dealer J. Harris. They both contained samples of various marbles and one had the words Mona Marble inlaid into its top: were these samples perhaps shown to customers by Bullock? Mona marble chimney pieces are illustrated along with Bullock's furniture in Ackermann's Repository during his lifetime.
Bullock's furniture was far more assertive in its character than was usual in his day, and the ornament both in the form of its finely modelled metal mounts and the Boulle and marquetry of various woods and metals is highly stylized and dramatic. His use of native woods and marbles was often commented upon: British Oak Furniture This novel article first brought to a degree of perfection by Mr Bullock. [Times, 1 July 1819]
Whilst most of his furniture was Neo-classical in style, some was Gothic, Elizabethan and Jacobean and he developed these styles far beyond other designers of his day. How much he designed himself is unknown as no records of his firm survive beyond a book of designs for furniture, interiors and metalwork entitled Tracings by Thomas Wilkinson from the designs of the late Mr. George Bullock 1820. [Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery] This title cannot be wholly accepted, as some of these designs are certainly by Richard Bridgens who was involved with Bullock as a designer in London and Liverpool. At Abbotsford Bridgens was closely involved, and to judge from his work after Bullock's death specialized in the Gothic and Rennaisance styles. [Furn. Hist., 1979] It would also seem likely that Gandy designed furniture during the partnership.
Many questions remain to be answered: what were Bullock's links with Matthew Boulton; who was Bullock's partner Colonel Charles Fraser of whom Bullock sculpted a bust in 1813; what other houses did he work in; and did he commit suicide? He certainly had a magnetic personality which enabled him to achieve a great deal before his early death at about 40. He made many friends including Sir Walter Scott who was shocked by his sudden death. Scott's letters throw light upon his life. Daniel Terry, a London friend of Bullock and Scott, wrote to Scott on 15 May 1818: I do not see how the large concern which owed its existence its conduct & its peculiar excellence entirely to the personal talent and activity of poor Bullock can be continued longer than the impetus which he had given George's fate was something accelerated by the fantastic, damnable conduct of the monied partner Colonel Frazer, an old crackbrained East Indian Jackass. [Nat. Lib. of Scotland, MS 3889, f 94]
The artist Benjamin Robert Haydon wrote in December 1818: George Bullock was one of those extraordinary beings who receive great good fortune & are never benefitted by it, & suffer great evils, and are never ruined, always afloat but never in harbour, always energetic, always scheming. [The Diary of Benjamin Robert Haydon, W. B. Pope (ed.), II, p. 209]
Bullock's stock was sold in 1819 The Superb Furniture and Sculptured Articles of Beautiful Mona Marble The whole of the finished stock of that highly ingenious artist By Mr Christie on the premises No 4 Tenterden Street Hanover Square on Monday the 3d of May 1819 and two following days [A. Coleridge, The work of George Bullock cabinet maker in Scotland, Conn., vol. CLVIII, 1965, pp. 249252 and vol. CLIX, 1965, pp. 1317; R. Edwards, George Bullock as a sculptor and modeller, Conn., July 1969, pp. 172173; V. Glenn, Regency Furnishing Schemes, Furn. Hist., 1979, pp. 5467; E. T. Joy, A Modernist of the Regency, C. Life, vol. CXLIV, 1968, pp. 45657, 50708; E. T. Joy Identifying a Regency Cabinet, C. Life, vol. CLXVIII, 1980, pp. 64648; E. T. Joy, English Furniture 18001851; B. Reade, Regency Antiques; The Late George Bullock, Annals of The Fine Arts, vol. 111, 1819, pp. 32122]
CHOLMONDELEY CASTLE, Cheshire (Lord Cholmondeley). In 1805 supplied Gothic furniture, armour &c. [Liverpool Chronicle, 4 September 1805]
BOLTON HALL, Yorks, (John Bolton). Gandy restored this house 18061810 for the Liverpool merchant John Bolton. So this Bullock/Gandy design possibly unexecuted must date from 18091810. [Wilkinson tracings]
HAFOD, Cardiganshire (Thomas Johnes). In 1808 mentioned as Mr Bullock a very clever fellow who is fitting up my home. [Liverpool Public Lib., Roscoe papers 398]
EDMUND RUNDELL. Designed an Oak cabinet Nov 30 1810, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
THORNHILL, Birmingham (James Watt). Between 18081818 supplied a wide range of furniture and fittings, some of which Watt took to Aston Hall in 1819. [Furn. Hist., 1979]
SCONE PALACE, Perthshire (Earl of Mansfield). Several pieces of furniture c. 180312, attributed to Bullock, although no bills survive. [Coleridge]
SPEKE HALL, Liverpool. Just finished in great taste the furniture executed by and under the direction of George Bullock, state the sale particulars of Speke Hall, 1812. [Liverpool Mercury, 14 August 1812, p. 53]
BLAIR CASTLE, Perthshire (Duke of Atholl). Bills for furniture date between 181419. [Blair archives: Coleridge]
ARMADALE CASTLE, Isle of Skye (Lord Macdonald). Designed furniture and furnishings, possibly not executed, 181418. [Wilkinson tracings]
BIEL, East Lothian (W. Nisbet). Designed furniture and furnishings, possibly not executed, 181517. [Wilkinson tracings]
ABBOTSFORD, Roxburghshire (Sir Walter Scott). Between 181619 supplied furniture and fittings. [C. Wainwright, Walter Scott and the furnishings of Abbotsford, Conn., vol. CXCIV, 1977, pp. 315]
BATTLE ABBEY, Sussex (Sir G. Webster). Between 181618 supplied furniture and fittings. [Wilkinson, Webster archives, E. Sussex RO]
MRS BARRON. Designed Oak book commode Aug 1816 and Mahogany commode Sep 1816, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
MRS FERGUSSON. Design for Table April 1817, possible not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
LORD ABERCORN. Design for Cabinet May 1817 possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
MR SONE. Designed furniture, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
LADY SPENCER. Designed Table April 1818, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
MRS DOWKING. Designed furniture, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
LADY ORMOND. Designed furniture, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
SIR H. BUNBURY. Designed furniture, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
WILLIAM ROSCOE, Liverpool. Two ebony cabinets inlaid with brass designed by Bullock for Roscoe are now is the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. [H. Roscoe, Life of William Roscoe, vol. 11, 1833, p. 378]
SHRUBLAND PARK, Suffolk (W. F. Middleton). Designed furniture, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
WARLEY HALL, Worcs. (H. Galton). Design for living room, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings]
THORNHILL, Birmingham (Miss Boulton). Designed furniture, possibly not executed. [Wilkinson tracings] C. W.

Bullock, George, Bristol, cm (179295). Trading at King St, 179293, and 28 Redcliff St, 179395. [D]

Bullock, James, 15 Holywell Row, Worship St, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (183539). Trading as Bullock & Simpson in 1839. [D]

Bullock, Jeremiah, London, u (1743d. 1784). Trading in New Bond St, 177884, at no. 64 in 1784. Son of John Bullock of Andover, Hants., tailor; app. to Sandys Jones on 4 May 1743, and admitted freemen of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 1 December 1763. Took app. named Alexander Swinley, 176471. [D; poll bk; GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bullock, John, Turnham Green, Surrey, chairmaker (177879). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 for 300 on his house; in 1778 with William Pilton for 300 on workshops, utensils and stock; and in 1779 for 500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 268, pp. 7778; vol. 272, p. 69]

Bullock, Richard, London, cm and u (179093). Married in 1790 at St George's, Hanover Sq. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [PR]

Bullock, Robert, Market Pl., Rugeley, Staffs., cm and u (1818 35). Recorded also as a builder in 1828. [D]

Bullock, William, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Bullock, William, Shifnal, Salop, cm (179798). [D]

Bullock, William, 118 Upper Frederick St, Liverpool, cm (1834). [D]

Bullock & Stoakes, 48 Church St, Liverpool, cm, general furnishers and marble workers (1805). [D]

Bullon, J. G., Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm (1833). Supplied the base of a chess table in the Drawing Room at Ickworth in 1833. [Nat. Trust guide to Ickworth, p. 15; Joy, English Furniture, 18001851, illus. p. 213]

Bullough, John, Barnsley, Yorks., cm (183437). Trading in Sheffield Rd, 1837. [D]

Bullrock, James, 73 French St, Southampton, Hants., carver and gilder (1836). [D]

Bullymore, , address unrecorded, carver (167375). Employed at Ham House, Surrey, where he received, between 167375 102. [O. Hill & J. Cornforth, English Country Houses: Caroline, p. 74]

Bullman, Christopher, St Cuthbert's Lane, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (182934). [D]

Bulman, Hesilrigg, Middle St, Newcastle, cm or carpenter (1778). [D]

Bulmer, , Newcastle, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Probably either George or Joseph Bulmer.

Bulmer, Benjamin, Boston, Lincs., joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Bulmer, Blackett, 293 Strand, London, painter, u, floorcloth manufacturer and undertaker (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for 1,000 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 510. [GL, Sun MS vol. 275, p. 199]

Bulmer, George, Northumberland St, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1801). [D] See Joseph Bulmer.

Bulmer, James, Hungate, York, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Bulmer, John, York, chairmaker (17971812). Son of Stephen Bulmer; app. to George Stones, chairmaker, on 24 June 1797. Admitted freeman in 1712. [York app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Bulmer, Joseph, Northumberland Pl., Newcastle, cm and carpenter (1790). [D] See George Bulmer.

Bulmer, Mary, Hull, Yorks., cm and broker (181018). Trading at 18 Posterngate, 181014. [D]

Bulmer, Robert, Prospect St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1806). [D]

Bulmer, Samuel, 19 Commercial St, Leeds, Yorks., carver and gilder (1828). [D]

Bulmer, William, Wetherby, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1837). [D]

Bulmer, William, 13 Silver St, Halifax, Yorks., carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Bulstrode, Charles or Christopher, 50 Paddington St, Marylebone, London, cm and u (182039). Christopher was trading there in 1829 and 1839. [D]

Bult, Robert, Bridgwater, Som., cm (1793). [D]

Bunage, Thomas, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1790). [Poll bk]

Bunce, John, Shoe Lane, St Bride's, London, cm (1753). Served as Scavenger at St Bride's in 1753. [GL, MS 6561, p. 87]

Bunce, Robert, 7 St Mary's Butts, Reading, Berks., cm and u (183040). [D; poll bk]

Bunce, Thomas, 9 Gt Russell St, Covent Gdn, London, cm (180911). [D]

Bunce, William, 11 Duke's Ct, Bow St, London, upholder (1779). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1779 for 100 of which 10 accounted for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 279, p. 396]

Bunce, William, 8 Russell St, Covent Gdn, London, cm and u (17891812). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 26 January 1786 for 500 of which utensils etc. accounted for 300. Named in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 335, p. 347]

Bunce, William, Chester, cm (1831). Admitted freeman on 25 April 1831. [Chester freemen rolls]

Bunch, James, upholder See Elizabeth Maynard.

Buncher, W., 27 High St, Brighton, Sussex, u (1839). [D]

Bunderson, George, Back 54 Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, cm (179096). [D]

Bundock, Jonathan, 29 Palace St, Canterbury, Kent, cm and furniture broker (182634). [D]

Bundock, William, 53 Gt Russell St, Bloomsbury, London, u, cm and undertaker (180715). Bill to Mr Harris, dated 16 March and 3 October 1810 totalled 23 2s, and included a field Bedstead with sweepd laths costing 2 10s, and bedding totalling 23 2s. Bill shows engravings of sofa and chair beds in a style similar to that of Morgan & Sanders. [D; GL, print dept] See W. E. Caldecott.

Bundy, Charles, 48 Watling St, London, cm (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for 400, utensils and stock accounting for 300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 245, p. 197]

Bun(ler), John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 17961841). Aged 45 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Bunn, Henry, 95 Curtain Rd, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (182237). [D]

Bunn, J. & W., 12 Spicer St, Spitalfields, London, cm (183537). [D]

Bunn, John Henry, Spicer St, Spitalfields, London, cm (1838). Declared bankrupt, Chester Courant and North Wales Advertiser, 30 January 1839.

Bunnell, William, Colchester, Essex, cm etc. (178493). Trading in High St in 1784. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D]

Bunnett, Jacob jnr, 102 High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and u (1839). [D]

Bunnett, R., Sedgford Lane, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Bunnett, S., Holt, Norfolk, cm and joiner (1822). [D]

Bunnett, W. & A., 4 Newington Causeway, London (wholesale) and 82 Lombard St (retail), Manufacturers of all Kinds of Sun Shades, Patent Wire & Transparent Blinds, also of SUPERIOR PAINTED BAISE FOR TABLE AND OTHER COVERS AND INDIA JAPANNED FURNITURE In Screens, Chairs, Cheffoniers, Tables &c. (c. 1820). [Trade card, B. Austen]

Bunney, Thomas, Mint Sq., Southwark, London, bed and mattress manufacturer (1820). [D]

Bunning, James, Doncaster, Yorks., cm and u (183037). Trading at St George's Gate in 1830 and French Gate, 1837. [D]

Bunny, Jacob, Andover, Hants., cm (1758). Took app. named Macmin in 1758. [S of G, app. index]

Bunny, Joseph, 6 Leigh St, Red Lion Sq., London, cm (1775 76). Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 in association with John Marshall; and in 1776 for 200, 100 on utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 253, p. 622]

Bunyan, , Thrift St, Soho, London, cm (1761). Signed statements regarding working conditions of journeyman cm in Lloyd's Evening Post and British Chronicle, 912 October 1761. Related notices in same paper, 30 September2 October, and 1416 October 1761. Conditions include working no longer than from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m., except Saturdays, and the raising of the price of piece-work.

Bunyan, Robert, Royston, Herts., u, cm and brazier (176398). Advertised auction sales of furniture in Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 17 September 1763; 25 October 1766; 18 February, 30 September and 25 November 1769. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1775 for 200 on his house; and on 27 March 1786 for 800. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 243, p. 336; vol. 336, p. 73]

Bunyan (or Bunyard), William, London, cm (17681812). Polled at Colchester, Essex, 17681812, as Bunyard, 1784 1812.

Bunyard, William, 89 George Inn Passage, Snowhill, London, looking-glass frame maker (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for 100, 50 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 617]

Burall, Paul, Camborne, Cornwall, cm (1786). Married by licence to Grace Jennings at Illogan on 31 May 1786. [PR]

Burbage, Grain, St Andrew St, Cambridge, cm, u and paper hanger (183048). Will dated 1848. [D; Cambridge Univ. Lib., AR3:216]

Burbage, Joseph, Leicester, joiner and cm (175468). App. to John Shipley in 1754, and admitted freeman in 1768. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Burberow, Matthew, London, carver, gilder and frame maker (c. 180029). Addresses given at 32 Chandler St, c. 1800; 16 Oakley St, Lambeth, 1826; and no. 58, 182729. [D; trade card, Heal Coll., BM]

Burbery, T., 11 King St West, Edgware Rd, London, cm and u (182023). [D]

Burbery (or Burbury), Thomas, George St, Oxford Rd, London, cm (180320). Trading at no. 6 in 1820. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, and named in his list of master cabinet makers, 1803. [D]

Burbidge, William, address unrecorded, upholder (174957). Son of William Burbidge, Gent., of Raisby, Lincoln; app. to Thomas Dobyns on 5 May 1749, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 3 February 1757. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Burbridge, John, 8 Tysoe St, Spitalfields, London, fancy cm (182937). [D]

Burbun, John, Tufton St, London, frame maker (1749). [Poll bk]

Burbury, , London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Probably Thomas Burbery (or Burbury).

Burby, James, address unrecorded, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. [DEF]

Burch, James, Maidstone, Kent, turner and chairmaker (1826 39). Addresses given at 72 High St 182627, and Bank St 183439. [D; voters list]

Burch, Stephen, Mark St, Dover, Kent, cm and u (1838). [D]

Burch, Thomas, Strood, Kent, chairmaker (1798). [D]

Burch & Tyndal, Bristol, u (1736). Inventory of John Burch and Mr Tyndal taken on 2 May 1736 lists the contents of three separate buildings including a Large house in the Square. [Furn. Hist., 1979]

Burchall, Roger, address unrecorded, upholder (171629). Son of Robert Burchall, Gent., of Wooden Bassett, Wilts.; app. to Thomas Kingsman, merchant tailor, and George Carter, on 5 September 1716. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 August 1729. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Burchall, William, Nicholas Lane, London, upholder (1764). Employed a non-freeman for six weeks in 1764. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 4]

Burcham, Henry, Walsingham, Suffolk, cm (1752). Took app. named Mitchel in 1752. [S of G, app. index]

Burcham, Peter, Norwich, carver (1742). Son of Thomas Burcham, weaver; admitted freeman on 25 September 1742. [Norwich freemen rolls]

Burcham, Peter, London, carver, cm, chairmaker, undertaker and appraiser (175463). Trading at the Cabinet Warehouse, Fleet Mkt, 175563, and also near Holborn Bridge, 1763. Trade card with Rococo frame states that he Makes and Sells all Sorts of Looking Glasses, Chairs, & Cabinet Work &c. in ye neatest Manner Wholesale & Retail. [Heal] Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754, and named as a Liveryman of the Joiners Co. on 22 September 1749. Pair of early 19thcentury mahogany card tables recorded, with rectangular tops crossbanded in satinwood and rosewood, on turned legs, partly ebonised; one stamped BURCHAM. [D; Sotheby's, 22 March 1968, lot 193]

Burchby, Francis, Nottingham, upholder (1741). Married on 1 May 1741. [Notts. RO, marriage licences index]

Burchby, Thomas, Clumber Park, Notts., cm (1832). [D]

Burchen, W., 19 St Augustine's Pl., Bristol, u (1828). [D]

Burden, Anne, Long Row, Nottingham, u (1762). Advertised in Leicester Journal, 1762, that she hangs rooms with newest patterns upholstered goods at lowest rates.

Burden, Richard, Coventry, Warks., chairmaker (1747). Married Mary Thacker of Hook Norton at Bloxham on 22 August 1747, aged c. 22. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Burden, Robert, Nottingham, u (1754). Will dated 24 March 1754. [Notts. RO, probate records]

Burden, Thomas, Christchurch, Hants., chairmaker (174557). Took apps named Seymour in 1745 and Froud in 1757. [S of G, app. index]

Burdett, James, 6 Turville St, Bethnal Green, London, lookingglass and picture frame maker (1829). [D]

Burditt, David, High St, Market Harborough, Leics., cm and u (182835). [D]

Burdon, Matthew & F. & G., Claypath, Durham, cm and furniture brokers (182737). Recorded as Burdon & Son in 1834. Notice in the Durham Advertiser, 16 January 1837 returning thanks to their numerous Friends for the patronage so long & so extensively conferred on the late Firm of MATTHEW BURDON & SON, & to inform them & the Public that the Business will be further carried on under the Style & Firm of F. & G. BURDON, who will continue to keep on hand a large & fashionable assortment of NEW & SECOND-HAND FURNITURE & to furnish Houses for Hire at moderate rates. [D]

Bure, William, Lancaster, cm (1768). [Poll bk]

Burford, John, on the Pavement, St Martin's Lane, London, carver and gilder (1763). [D]

Burford, William, Somerton, Som., cm (1730). Took app. named Pounsett in 1730. [S of G, app. index]

Burgan (or Burgon), Benjamin, Doncaster, Yorks., upholder (1782). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1782, and Bailey's list of bankrupts.

Burge, John, Milk St, Bristol, carver and dealer in spirits (1805 22). Trading in Mills's Pl., Milk St, 180509; 6 Milk St 181214; and no. 7, 181922. Recorded as Bastable & Burge in 1810. [D]

Burge, Richard, 19 Lamb's Conduit Passage, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Burges, B., 84 St George's Rd, Southwark, London, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Burges, Isaac, address unrecorded, upholder (1738). Son of Obadiah Burges, Marlborough, Wilts., Gent.; app. to Thomas Ward, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 4 October 1738. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Burgess, Edw., 8 Percival St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1837 40). [D]

Burgess, Henry, Mersey St, Liverpool, cm (177296). Recorded at no. 37 in 1781; nos 49 and 36 in 1790; and no. 41 in 1796. [D]

Burgess, James, Blunt St, Frome, Som., cm (1830). [D]

Burgess, John, High St, Northwich, Cheshire, cm and chairmaker (1828). [D]

Burgess, Joseph, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1809). Married on 15 May 1809. [Chester RO, PR]

Burgess, Robert, Stokenchurch, Oxon.(?), chairmaker (1825). Third party in a deed for property in Chinnor. [Oxford RO, Li II/iii/b/4]

Burgess, Thomas, Coventry, Warks., joiner and cm (1793). [D]

Burgess, William, Nantwich, Cheshire, chairmaker (1820). Daughter Mary Ann by his wife Mary bapt. on 30 August 1820. [PR(bapt.)]

Burgess, William, 9 Green St, Leicester Sq., London, cm and chairmaker (1823). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 2 January 1823 for 150 on utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 999456]

Burgh, , address unrecorded, u (166062). Worked for the Earl of Salisbury at Hatfield House in 1660, charging a total of 66 2s 2d, including 1 10s for a French bedstead lath bottom. In 1662 he worked at the Earl's London stables supplying 12 Rushee leather chairs for steward's dining room, costing 5. [Hatfield House MS bills 262 and 269]

Burgh, James, 19 Edward St, Hampstead Rd, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Burghers, John, address unrecorded, upholder (1705). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 4 July 1705. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Burgin, Richard, King's Head Inn, near Market Sq., St Neots, Hunts., carpenter and cm (1839). [D]

Burgis, William, 5 Hollen St, Wardour St, Soho, London, cm, u, chair and sofa maker and undertaker (182739). [D]

Burgiss, William, High St, Uxbridge, Middlx, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Burgoine, Aaron, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1826). Marriage to Miss Elizabeth Collins of Plymouth at Charles Church on 14 February 1826 reported in The Alfred.

Burgoine (or Burgoyne), John, Plymouth, Devon, cm (181438). Addresses given at Colmer's Lane, 181422; 2 Colmore Lane, 182324; 15 Park St, 1830; no. 55 in 1836; and no. 32 in 1838. Report in Exeter Flying Post, 18 September 1834, that his workshops in Park St had been destroyed by fire on 13 September but there had been little wind at the time, so the damage was not extensive. [D]

Burgoine, Thomas, Hare Lane, Gloucester, cm and chairmaker (1820). [D]

Burgon, Benjamin, Derby, u (1792). Advertised in Derby Mercury, 22 November 1792, sale of Household furniture, China, Glass, Delph and Linen Night Tables, Mahogany and Stain'd Chairs, Stands, Trays, Tea Board, Tea Chests .

Burgon, Benjamin, 5 New Ormond St, London, upholder (1808). [D]

Burham, John jnr, 69 Walnut St, Liverpool, with shop at 9 Post Office Lane, ivory turner and carver (1839). [D]

Burke, Thomas, High St, Shifnall, Salop, cm and u (1835). [D]

Burkett, Thomas, 16 Rogers Row, Manchester, cm (1808). [D]

Burkitt, William, Kendal, Westmld, cm (1834). [D]

Burland, John, Hargreaves Ct, Hanley St, Liverpool, u (1829). [D]

Burland, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (182137). Addresses given at Rupert St, 182124; 15 Collingwood St with shop at 2 3 Tyrer St, 1827; 29 Collingwood St with shop as above in 1829; and shop at Tyrer St, 183437. [D] See William Burland.

Burland, Thomas, Rock Ferry, Birkenhead, Cheshire, with shop at 5 Tyrer St, Birkenhead, cm (1839). [D]

Burland, William, Liverpool, carver and gilder (182339). Addresses given at 1 Tyrer St with shop at 64 Church St, 1823; 1 Tyrer St and Cash's Buildings, Church St, 1824; 8 Clarence St with shop at 66 Church St, 182729; 4 South Hunter St with shop at 65 Church St, 1834; 8 Harmony St, Gt Richmond, 1835; shop at 67 Church St, 1837; and no. 36 in 1839. [D] See Thomas Burland.

Burleigh, James, late of Hog Lane, St Giles in the Fields, London, cm and chairmaker (1761). Discharge from Debtors Prison on 15 September 1761 announced in London Gazette.

Burleigh, Thomas, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1721). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Burley, James, address unrecorded, upholder (171724). Son of Moses Burley, Gent. of Reading, Berks.; app. to Joseph Pluckrose on 23 May 1717 and turned over to Major William Beton, skinner, on 11 July 1723. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 12 December 1724. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Burley, Thomas, Otley, Yorks., cm (182237). Trading in Boroughgate, 182230 and Bondgate in 1837. [D]

Burlingham, Charles, Bridge St, Evesham, Worcs., u (182840). [D; Sheriffs poll bk]

Burlingham, John, 2 High St, Mile Town, Sheerness, Kent, cm and u (c. 182039). Trade card reads: J. BURLINGHAM, Cabinet, Upholstery, Looking Glasses &c. CARPET WAREHOUSE BELL and PAPER HANGING -COACH and HEARSE KEPT. [D; Kent RO, U36/21]

Burlison, Isaac, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Burlison, William, Jarrow, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Burman, James, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (17951841). Trading at 40 Row in 1836. [Poll bks]

Burman, John, Louth, Lincs., cm and joiner (182835). Trading at Maiden Row in 1828 and Eastgate in 1835. [D]

Burman, William, London, cm (1831). [Gt Yarmouth poll bk]

Burn, George, Newbiggin, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Burn, Isaac, Hull, Yorks., cm (1818). App. to Edward Dickon in January 1818. [Hull app. reg.]

Burn, John, 5 Little Hermitage St, London, cm (1784). [D] See Thomas Burn.

Burn, John, Tweedmouth, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumb., cm (182734). [D]

Burn, Thomas, London, cm and u (177893). Addresses given at 38 Wapping in 1778; 5 Little Hermitage St, 178289; and no. 1 in 1793. Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1778 and 1782 for 400 in trust for minor, Sarah Kilbington; and in 1781 for 800, 550 accounting for utensils, stock and goods. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 163; vol. 299, p. 538; vol. 292, p. 171] See John Burn.

Burn, Thomas, Rothbury, Northumb., cm and joiner (1834). [D]

Burn, William, Whitby, Yorks., cm and u (182340). Trading in Church St, 182334; and Flowergate in 1840, as cm and chairmaker. [D]

Burn, William, Wearmouth Green, Bishop Wearmouth, Co. Durham, u (1827). [D]

Burn, William, Prospect Pl., Exeter, Devon, cm (1839). Son William bapt. at St Mary Major on 13 April 1839. [PR(bapt.)]

Burn & Kerr, Rose St, Soho and 21 Clipstone St, London, chairmakers and glass paper manufacturers (1835). [D]

Burnaford, Thomas, Exeter, Devon, chairmaker (1751). Took app. named Spear in 1751. [S of G, app. index]

Burnaford (or Bunaford), Thomas, Bristol, cm (17921800). Trading at Denmark St, 179294, and Bridewell Lane, 17991800. [D]

Burnand, Richard, Newcastle, u (1686). [Newcastle freemen rolls]

Burnard, Robert, High St, Sheffield, Yorks., u and cm (1805 08). [D]

Burnell, C. & Fox, John, London, cm, upholders, appraisers and undertakers, successors to William Lamb (180925). Trading at 910 Jewin St, Cripplegate, 180919; and 4647 Newgate St, 182025. Supplied John Gibbard of Sharnbrook, near Bedford, in 1817 with a set of cotton 4-post bed furniture with full inside and outside valances lined all through and turned over in drab calico and full bias; together with other cotton furnishings, French fringes etc., costing 14 16s 4d. In 1818 he provided a pair of mahogany pole fire screens, with round corner mounts covered with green silk fluted in front with balance lead weights covered, costing 3 10s; and Twelve new large elbow chair cushion covers lined with white calico bordered with chintz, at 5 2s. [D; Bedford Office, London]

Burnet, Mr, Strand, London, upholder (1748). Catalogues for auction of deceased's furniture to be had from Mr. Burnet. [General Advertiser, 7 June 1748]

Burnet, Alfred, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 181641). Aged 25 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Burnet, Samuel, at The Rose & Crown, Russell St, St Paul's, Covent Gdn, London, gilder (1722). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 March 1722 for 500 on goods and merchandise in his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 15, ref. 27929]

Burnet, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 180641). Aged 35 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Burnet & Painter, Bristol, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Burnett, Andrew, Lisle St, Leicester Sq., London, upholder, cm and undertaker (180839). Addresses given at no. 30, 1808 15; no. 13, 181623; no. 14, 182428; and 10 Gerrard St, Soho and 48 King St, 1829. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 24 February 1808 for 1,000, of which 640 accounted for workshop, stock, utensils and goods in trust. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 445, ref. 814434]

Burnett, Charles, Drury Lane, London, cm (1770). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., July 1770.

Burnett, Christopher, Laceby, Lincs., cm and u (1802). App. to John & George Chapman of Hull in July 1802. [Hull app. reg.] Possibly:

Burnett, Christopher, 6 Chapel St, Hull, Yorks., cm (183740). [D]

Burnett, D., 24 Garden Row, St George's Fields, London, cm (180915). [D]

Burnett, Emanuel, South St, London, carver (1749). [Poll bk]

Burnett, George, York, u (1797). A Blue Coat boy; app. to James Marshall, u, on 14 March 1797. [York app. reg.]

Burnett, George, Liverpool, cm (181337). Addresses given at 3 Rupert St, 181314; 1 Rupert Pl., 1824; 25 Brownlow Hill and 2 Russell St, 1827; 2 Russell St, 182935; and 24 Gt Newton St, with shop at 50 Copperas Hill, 1837. [D]

Burnett, Gilbert, Strand, London, u (175375). Trading at 16 Strand in 1774, and 16 or 167, 177375. App. to Thomas Burnett in 1753, and in partnership with him, 174774. [D; Children Apprenticed by the Sons of the Clergy] See Thomas and Gilbert Burnett.

Burnett, Henry, North St, Gosport, Hants., turner and chairmaker (178193). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1781 for 600 of which utensils, stock, workshop and warehouse accounted for 200. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 291, p. 521]

Burnett, James, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, carver (1754). App. to Rob. Parker, carver, in 1754 for 20. [V & A archives]

Burnett, R., Rochester, Kent, cm (180607). [Poll bks]

Burnett, Thomas, Strand, London, u and cm (174474). Recorded at The King's Arms, against the New Church in the Strand, 174766, and no. 61 Strand, 176074. [D] In partnership with Gilbert Burnett, 174774. Named as a Fellow of the Society for Arts and Manufactures, 176168. Marriage to Miss Jenny Parker, with a fortune of 10,000 reported, Read's Weekly Journal, 11 May 1751. Probably the Mr Burnett, upholder in the Strand, who advertised an auction sale, Daily Advertiser, 21 February 1744, of furniture and stock of a goldsmith at The Golden Acorn, over against the New Church in the Strand. Advertised in General Advertiser, 18 December 1750; and London Evening Post, 2123 February 1749 regarding the let of a house. Two long bills survive for work done for Peter Du Cane of Braxted Park, Essex, for his London house in St James's Sq., 174849. Furniture supplied included Five beech 4 post bedsteads on Castors, 6 17s 6d; a wainscot Toylett table, 17s; 2 large handsome carv'd drapery Window Cornishes, 4 4s; two French Elbow chairs, quilted in Linnen on Casters and check cases, 4 4s; two Mohog. Soffoy frames Carv'd after the Chinese Manners stufft and Quilted in Linnen on Castors, 12; 9 Mahogany Elbow Chairs; 25 17s 6d; a walnuttree closestool stufft and covered with black leather, 1 12s 6d; and an Ovall Glass in a carvd and painted frame, 1 15s. Almost all the seat furniture was provided with red check case covers. Further bills for work done, 175051 and 1756, total 413. [Essex RO, D/Dc A80, A13, folio 59] Named in the Holkham Hall accounts in 1755 receiving 7 16s 6d for a chair quilted & covered with green stuff, backgammon tables and dice, counters, and a Cyprus chest. [V & A archives] Between 176466 he supplied furniture to Lord Leigh for Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks., receiving 3,536. [Hussey, English Country Houses: Early Georgian, p. 40; Conn., 1947, vol. 119, p. 19; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5] His association with Gilbert Burnett, to whom he was app. from 1753, spanned the years 174774. Together they advertised in Daily Advertiser, 5 September 1747, and 3 March 1749, and their names occur in directories from 176074. They are described as upholstery, cabinet and carpet warehousemen, undertakers, appraisers and marquee makers. Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex, bought two mahogany writing tables from them in 1766, costing 7 7s. In 176869 they carried out miscellaneous upholstery work and furniture repairs charging a total of 11 11s 5d. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A24/11; A27/2] They may have been responsible for a commode with drawers, shaped front and straight sides which has been recorded. [V & A archives] See Gilbert Burnett, and Chillingworth & Burnett.

Burnett, William, Hotwell, Rd, Bristol, cm (1795). [D]

Burnett, William, Market Pl., Horncastle, Lincs., joiner/cm (1822). [D]

Burney, Alexander, 8 Gt Pulteney St, Golden Sq., London, (180508). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 20 August 1805 for 700, 300 on his house and shop, 300 on utensils and stock, and 100 on household goods. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 434, ref. 779149]

Burney, Andrew, 8 Gt Pulteney St, Golden Sq., London, cm and u (180911). [D]

Burney, Joseph, 6 (?) St, Red Lion Sq., London, cm (1776). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1776 for 100 on his house and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 63]

Burnie, Charles, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Burningham, William, Downing St, Farnham, Surrey, cm etc. (1839). [D]

Burniston, John, York, cm and u (181623). Trading in Walmgate, 181617 and 1823, and in Fossgate, 181820. [D]

Burnley, Thomas, Canterbury, Kent, u (165579). [Canterbury freemen rolls]

Burnley, William, Bartholomew Close, London, upholder (171113). [Heal]

Burns, James, 70 Cable St, Liverpool, gilder (1749). [D]

Burns, Nimrod, 4 High St, Stepney, London, cm (1821). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in association with David Vines on 12 July 1821 for 350, 200 accounting for his house, 50 on shop behind, and 100 on stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 487, ref. 981417] Probably Nimrod Binns.

Burns, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (b. 1763d. 1837). Addresses given at Tythebarn St, 180507; Marylebone, 181011; Gildart's Gdns, 1821; 5 All Saints Lane, 182324; and Collingwood St, Scotland Rd, 1831. App. to Henry Banks, and admitted freeman on 30 May 1796. Death of his wife, Martha, reported, Liverpool Mercury, 22 July 1831; and his own death on 17 August 1837 aged 74 recorded in the account of lives in lease granted by Corp. of Liverpool. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.]

Burns, Thomas, Belford, Northumb., cm (1834). [D]

Burns & Bayne, 16 Gate St and 1 Whetsone Park, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, cm (181620). [D]

Burnup, Cuthbert, Barrasbridge, Northumb., cm, carpenter, cartwright and wheelwright (1790d. 1803). Death reported, Newcastle Courant, 29 January 1803. [D]

Burnyeat, Jonathan, 28 Chapel St, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiner and cm (182934). [D]

Burr, James, High St, Bedford, cm and u (183039). Described as late Lilley & Co. [D]

Burr, John, 3 Hammond Pl., Chatham, Kent, cm and u (1826 29). [D] See Robert Burr

Burr, John, Horseley, Glos., cm (183940). [D]

Burr, Robert, Rochester, Kent, cm (1780). [Poll bk]

Burr, Robert, Chatham, Kent, u, cm appraiser and auctioneer (17791839). Recorded at 108 opposite Room Lane, c. 1792; 108 High St, 180507; Hammond Pl., 182324; no. 3, 183234; no. 5, 183839; and as Burr-Junior at no. 3 in 1811. [D] Trade card, c. 1792, embellished with Neoclassical drapery swags and oval medallions, Windsor chair, Pembroke table and French bed, states: All sorts of Household Goods in the newest taste. Retail & for Exportation. Gentlemen's Cabbins fitted out in the neatest manner & on the shortest Notice. Sea Chests, Sea-Bedding &c. [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY; Banks Coll., BM] Took out Sun Insurance policies in 1779 for 400, utensils and stock accounting for 300; in 1781 for 500 on utensils, stock and workshop; and on 16 May 1787 for 400 on his house, goods, workshop and utensils. A further undated policy is recorded, with 305 on utensils and stock, 200 on warehouse and gallery, and 100 on workshop, utensils, and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 535; vol. 296, p. 311; vol. 346, p. 22; vol. 386, p. 363] See John Burr.

Burr, Robert, Manchester Sq., London, u, cm and invalid chairmaker (182939). Trading at 25 Thayer St, 1829; Bentinck St, 183539; and no. 18 in 1837. With Charles Burr declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 28 October 1831. [D]

Burr, Thomas, City Repository, High St, Rochester, Kent, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Burrage, John, Norwich, cm (1806). Son of Thomas Burrage, gardener; admitted freeman on 20 September 1806. [Norwich freemen reg.]

Burrage, John, Downham Mkt, Norfolk, u (1812). [Norwich poll bk]

Burrage, John Calvin, London, dyed chairmaker (1810). Recorded at 13 Lant St, Southwark, with manufactory in White Horse Stable Yd, 69 Blackman St. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 2 July 1810 for 100 on stock and utensils in his manufactory; and on 27 August 1810 for 300 of which 150 accounted for stock and utensils in his manufactory. [GL, Sun MS vol. 451, ref. 846362; vol. 449, ref. 848376]

Burrage, Thomas, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1790). [Poll bk]

Burranston, G. W., 4 Chapman's Pl., Gt Dover St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Burrard, John, 109 High Holborn, London, carver and gilder (180911). [D]

Burrell, Benjamin, Leeds, Yorks., cm, joiner and builder (181734). Trading at St George's St, 1817; Turner's Yd, 1822; and Fountain St, Upper Albion St from 1826. [D]

Burrell, Charles, London, u and auctioneer (17751802). Trading at 157 Fenchurch St in 1782; 56 Leadenhall St, 179097; and Throgmorton St, 1802. Son of William Burrell; app. to Richard Wright and Samuel Burton on 1 February 1775. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 2 October 1782. Took app. named Joseph Pullen, 1788 95. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 11 February 1786 for 1,000 of which 500 accounted for utensils and stock; and on 25 September 1792 for 2,100 including 100 on utensils and goods in stock, 300 on those in trust, and 300 on his warehouse. Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 6 June 1796 and 7 August 1797; and certificate declared on 20 March 1797. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists; GL, Sun MS vol. 335, p. 499; vol. 388, p. 615]

Burrell, Jane, Herald Office, Pavement, York, u (1828). [D]

Burrell, Samuel, Cowgate, Newcastle, carver and gilder (1790). [D]

Burrell, W., Westgate, Chichester, Sussex, u (1824). Death of wife reported, Brighton Gazette, 11 March 1824.

Burrey, James, Claremont Hill, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1837). [Shrewsbury burgess roll]

Burrey & White, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (c. 181040). Early 19th-century mahogany wine table at Powis Castle, with base curtain rail, double decanter stand and bottle net, is signed BURREY & WHITE, SHREWSBURY. [D; Nat. Trust guide to Powis Castle, p. 9]

Burrington, Carter, Exeter, Devon, u (1786). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 11 August 1786 for 800 of which utensils, stock and goods in trust accounted for 350. [GL, Sun MS vol. 339, p. 246]

Burrington, Thomas, near Palace Gate, Exeter, Devon, u (176787). Admitted freeman in 1767. Notice in Exeter Flying Post, 26 April 1784 offering reward for the return of his lost son; and on 10 May 1787 reporting that his son had been found drowned in the Exe near Lime Kilns.

Burrough(s) (or Borough(s)), John, at Ye Looking Glass, Cornhill, London, cm and looking-glass maker (1662c. 1690). An account dated 17 June 1662 survives, totalling 60 11s, made out to Mr. Clayton and Mr. Morris for a large cabinett, 56 18s and other items. Clayton was knighted Sir Robert in 1671, and made Lord Mayor in 1679; John Morris (Alderman) was in partnership with Clayton as a moneye scrivener at the Flying Horse in Cornhill. [Heal Coll., BM] Burrough was in partnership with William Farnb(o)rough, as cm to Charles II and William and Mary, 1677c. 1690. Burrough and Farnbrough figure in the Lord Chamberlain's Royal Household accounts, Farnbrough much more frequently than his partner, who is not mentioned until 1677, when they both supplied for his Majesty's service at Windsor two large glass tables and stands, one being flowered, that is, decorated with floral marquetry and the other carved and gilt, at a cost of 50 each. In about 1670 they supplied a glass & table of Wallnutt costing 4 to Charles II's yacht, The Charlotte. [C. Life, 8 April 1956, p. 1029; Wills, Looking-Glasses; Fastnedge, English Furniture Styles, 15001830, p. 296] Burrough and Farnbrough are named in the Hatfield House accounts in April 1688, providing a walnut escritoire costing 7, and a walnut table, 1 5s. [Hatfield House MS bills 325] Either Burrough or Thomas Strawbridge may have been responsible for a set of four William and Mary black japanned side chairs from Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks., with narrow, tall padded backs, arched and scrolled crestings pierced with foliage; scalloped seat rails on square columnar legs joined by arched and pierced front stretchers on fluted scrolled feet, the frames decorated with sprays of foliage and flowers in gilt with scarlet details, upholstered in contemporary polychrome leather. Either craftsman may also have made a second set of six William and Mary black japanned side chairs, also from Stoneleigh, upholstered in crimson damask. The chairs may possibly be some of the 10 chear frames japaned with gold, upholstered in damask, now re-covered, referred to in a bill of Burroughs of 6 December 1709, totalling 209 3s 8d. As this date is rather late for the chairs. they are perhaps instead those referred to in a bill of Thomas Strawbridge, 30 August 1691, as 4 black stooles & 2 elbow chayes black varnished, 7 10s, upholstered in crimson damask. [Christie's, 1516 October 1981, lots 10001]

Burrough, Thomas, Wet Dock, Rotherhithe, London, carver (1780). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1780 for 500 of which 25 accounted for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 287, p. 309]

Burroughes, Thomas, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1779). Married on 20 January 1779. [Chester RO, PR]

Burroughs, R., 7 St George's Pl., Walworth, London, cm (182627). [D]

Burroughs, Samuel Adolphus, Bristol, u (181240). Trading at 38 Wine St, 1812; no. 31, 181315; no. 38, 1816; and 37 Castle Green, 181740. [D]

Burroughs & Watts, 19 Soho Sq., London, billiard table maker (1839). Billiard table at Mersham-le-Hatch, Kent, recorded in the inventory of 1926. [D]

Burrow, John, Grange, Lancs., cm (1784). [Lancaster poll bk]

Burrow, John, Lancaster, cm (182930). Admitted freeman in 182930 when stated of Grange in Cartmel. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Burrow, Richard, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancs., cm (1784). [Lancaster poll bk]

Burrow, William, Otley, Yorks., joiner and/or cm (1834). [D]

Burrowclough, William, Nuneaton, Warks., u (1822). [D]

Burrow(e)s, Joseph, Chester, cm (172058). Son of Joseph Burrowes; app. to Edward Turnbrooke, joiner and cm, 13 January 172023 December 1726. Admitted freeman in 1727. Took app. named Thomas Woodworth, 174955. Former apps, John Edwards, admitted freeman in April 1744, and George Fothergill, July 1758. [Poll bk; Chester app. bks and freemen rolls]

Burrows, Francis, Coalpit Lane, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Burrows, George & James, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturers (182840). James Burrows was a partner of William Burrows in 1827 but in the following year this was dissolved and a fresh partnership with George Burrows established. They had their manufactory at Hanover Lodge, Hanover Rd, but also had retail outlets on the Parade (the Pantiles) and at Gibraltar Cottage on the Common. James Burrows is credited with being the first producer of inlaid turnery wares (stickware) in Tunbridge Wells. He was probably also the originator of the miniature parquetry wares, using in the main triangular units, which are a common feature of Tunbridge-wares from the late 1820s. The claim that he was the inventor of the popular tessellated mosaic wares which form the bulk of the industry's production from the mid 1830s is not however established. He was however one of the earliest makers to exploit the techniques, and a local guide of 1840 credits him with the introduction of designs featuring butterflies and birds. Although undoubtedly one of the largest manufactories of this period, none of the partner's wares have been identified with certainty. [D; Kent RO, tithe award; Clifford, The Tunbridge Wells Guide, 1837; Phippen, Colbran's New Guide, 1840] B. A.

Burrows, Henry, 38 Adlington St, Liverpool, gilder and japanner (1835). [D]

Burrows, Humphrey snr, Jordan House, London Rd, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (c. 180033). A number of members of the Burrows family had been involved in the manufacture and sale of Tunbridge-ware in the 18th century and it is reputed that a James Burrow took over Jordan House c. 1740. Humphrey Burrows snr is first recorded in 1803 when he paid a fine of 10s to avoid militia service. Jordan House during the period that he was working there is featured in prints depicting the young Princess Victoria riding on the Common and these may well have been published by Burrows. The house prominently displayed a board inscribed Original Manufactory of Tunbridge Ware. His son Humphrey jnr was bapt. on 4 January 1812 and in 1833 leased Jordan House from his father though he continued to live there and remained active in the business. A Tunbridge-ware block featuring Eridge Castle, Sussex, now in the Tunbridge Wells Museum, bears on the reverse a contemporary inscription stating This was the last work of Mr. Humphrey Burrows the Elder at Jordan Place, Tunbridge Wells in the year 1844. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Burrows, Humphrey jnr, Jordan House, London Rd, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (b. 1811/1240). Son of and successor to Humphrey Burrows snr. Bapt. on 4 January 1812. Took over the business which he leased from his father from 1833. Carried out extensive alterations at Jordan House. None of his work has been identified. [D; Sussex Agricultural Express, 21 and 28 October 1837]

B. A.

Burrows, John, King St, Westminster, London, upholder (1784). [Poll bk]

Burrows, John, 18 High St, Kensington, London, cm (180809). [D]

Burrows, John, 12 Bradley St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Burrows, John, Liverpool, cm (1816). Son of Ralph Burrows, tailor; admitted freeman on 8 June 1816. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Burrows, Richard, Saffron Walden, Essex, cm and u (177787). Named in the accounts for Audley End, Essex, where he supplied Sir John Griffin Griffin with 12 Stained Chairs @ 4/10 for Steward's Room, in 1777. In 1783 he received 4s 6d for alltring a Mahogy Clockcase for Mrs. Wheeler, and working on curtains and mattresses. He supplied three wainsccott desks, chest of drawers and bedside stand in 1786; totalling 11 8s 6d; and in 1787 12 best dyed Chairs for Stewards Rooms @ 5/6 and 4 hart wood walnuttree Chairs, totalling 6 1s 4d. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A35/8; A41/6; A44/7; A445/8] On 22 May 1787 he insured his house, workshop, goods and farmhouse at Little Sampford, Essex, for 100 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 345, p. 74] Notice in Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 8 February 1806, that he had been appointed agent for the Union Fire Office of London.

Burrows, Samuel, 52 Barleymow Passage, Clothfair, London(?), chair and sofa manufacturer (1829). [D]

Burrows, Thomas, The Parade, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, turner and Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (17821808). Paid rentals for business premises in 1808. [Kent RO, U747/E159]

Burrows, Thomas, Havannah Buildings, Whitchurch, Salop, cm and chairmaker (182235). [D]

Burrows, William & James snr, The Parade, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Tunbridge-ware manufacturers (182028). Took out a 21-year lease for property on the Parade; paid rental for shop in 1828; and recorded concerning the Speldhurst poor rate. [Kent RO, U785/T10; U749/E20; P344/11/1]

Burrup, Richard, Gloucester, u and auctioneer (17841802). Recorded in Upper West St, 1802. [D]

Burrup, Thomas, Westgate St, Gloucester, cm and chairmaker, u, auctioneer and appraiser (182023). [D]

Bursill, W., 12 Duke St, Manchester Sq., London, u (182627). [D]

Burt, , address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Burt, , address unrecorded (1836). Lawrence of Lancaster bought a four-leaved blue and gold leather screen, costing 4 from Burt on 15 December 1836. [Cornwall RO, DD LR 114]

Burt, Charles William, 9 Strand, Torquay, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D] See Burts, .

Burt, David, Hay Hill, Norwich, u and auctioneer (180510). Recorded as Burt & David in 1805, 1808 and 1810, but as David Burt, 180507. [D]

Burt, James, Exeter, Devon, cm (1828). Advertised sale of large amount of stock by auction on declining the cabinet branch of his business; and removal from Fore St Hill to St David's Hill where he will display his matchless clock and collection of rare old china and pictures. [Exeter Flying Post, 24 July 1828]

Burt, John, Andover, Hants., cm and carpenter (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 400 of which shop and stock accounted for 120. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 86]

Burt, John, Bristol, upholder (17991817). Trading at 35 Castle Green, 17991800; Lower Castle St, 180710; and 13 Norfolk St, 181317. [D]

Burt, Richard, 6 Moor St, Birmingham, cm and joiner (1770 77). [D]

Burt, William, Basinghall St, London, freeman plaisterer, by trade a cm (1763). Employed three non-freemen for three months in 1763. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 3]

Burt, William, Norwich, upholder, auctioneer and appraiser (17841824). Addresses given at 1 Rampant Horse St in 1784; St Peter Mancroft, 1786 and 1802; St Stephen's, 179096; and 11 Brigg's Lane, 180102. Admitted freeman as an upholder, not apprenticed, on 24 February 1784. Former app., John Cox, upholder, admitted freeman on 21 March 1812. His own sons, John Toll Burt, Gent., and William Burt jnr, brewer, admitted freemen on 24 April 1821 and 16 June 1824 respectively. [D; poll bks; Norwich freemen reg.]

Burt, William Charles, Park St, Dawlish, Devon, cm, u and undertaker (1830). [D] Possibly the Burt, cm, of Dawlish whose name appears in the list of creditors of John Bulkeley, watchmaker, of Dawlish, Exeter Flying Post, 6 April 1815.

Burtenshaw, Richard, 18 Duke St, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1822 39). Children by his wife Sarah bapt.: Caroline on 15 November 1822; Henry, 18 March 1824; and Sarah on 21 May 1828. Occurs in directories in 1822 and 1839. [D; E. Sussex RO, PR(bapt.)]

Burtenshaw, Thomas, Marine Pl., Worthing, Sussex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Burt(t)on, , address unrecorded, upholder (168586). Named in the accounts of C. Blunt, upholder, receiving 9 14s in 168586. [PRO, C114 1164, pt. 1]

Burton, , Chandos St, London, cm (1761). Signed statement regarding working conditions, Lloyds Evening Post and British Chronicle, 30 September2 October, 912 October and 1516 October 1761. See Bunyan of Thrift St.

Burton, , address unrecorded. Named in the Massingberd account book, February 1768, supplying green chairs, costing 2 2s. [Lincoln archives, MM 9/9]

Burton, , Stamford, Lincs., carver and gilder (c. 182632). Trade card reads: CARVER, GILDER, Looking Glass and Picture Frame Maker, Bookbinder &c. Glasses polished and silvered. Frames made to Pattern. Old Frames Regilt. Pictures Cleaned and Repaired. Composition Ornaments in great variety. Accompt Books to Pattern. Black Japan. Varnishing and Bronzing. Printseller. Copper Plate Printer. [V & A Print Dept] Probably either Edwin or Frederick Thomas Burton.

Burton, Christopher, Wormgate, Boston, Lincs., cm and joiner (1826). [D]

Burton, Charles, Enville St, Stourbridge, Worcs., chairmaker (182830). [D]

Burton, Edwin, St John's parish, Stamford, Lincs., carver and gilder (183032). [Poll bks] Possibly son of Frederick Thomas Burton.

Burton, Frederick Thomas, St Mary's St, Stamford, Lincs., carver and gilder (181935). [D] Possibly father of Edwin Burton.

Burton, George, 13 Edge St, Manchester, chairmaker (1825). [D]

Burton, George, 18 George Leigh St, Manchester, chairmaker (182425). [D]

Burton, George, John St, Meadow Lane, Leeds, Yorks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Burton, George, 28 Burgess St, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Burton, George, Fox's Yd and New Church St, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1833). [D]

Burton, Henry, London, cm (180814). Trading at 11 Blenheim St in 1808 and 67 Welbeck St, 181214. [D]

Burton, James snr, Lancaster, cm (177998). Admitted freeman, 177980; polled at Lancaster, 1784; and named in the Gillow records in 1798 working on a secretaire. [Lancaster freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/97, p. 1456]

Burton, James, Lancaster, cm (179496). Recorded as a Gillow app. in 1794, and admitted freeman, 179596. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Burton, James, 77 Bunhill Row, London, carver, cm etc. (182637). [D]

Burton, James, 18 Charles St, Manchester Sq., London, cm, u and chairmaker (183539). [D]

Burton, James, Middleward, Tottenham, Middlx, cm (1839). [D]

Burton, John, Crooked Lane, London, u (1778). Declared bankrupt, Leicester Journal, 12 September 1778.

Burton, John, Lancaster, cm (179596). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Burton, John, Townhead Cross, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and case maker (181418). Trading at no. 4 in 1818. [D]

Burton, John, London, bedstead maker (181629). Addresses given at 110 Wardour St, Soho, 181620, and 29 Holywell Row, Shoreditch, 182529. [D] See Joseph and Joshua Burton.

Burton, John, Liverpool, cm (183539). Trading at Lambeth Pl., Lambeth in 1835 and 2 Jubilee St, 183739. [D]

Burton, Joseph, Wolverhampton, Staffs., chairmaker (181638). Recorded at Salop St in 1816, no. 112 in 1818. [D]

Burton, Joseph, 29 Holywell Row, Chapel St, Curtain Rd, London, bedstead maker (1821). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 10 May 1821 for 300 of which stock and utensils accounted for 180. [GL, Sun MS vol. 487, ref. 980336] See John and Joshua Burton.

Burton, Joshua, 29 Holywell Row, Shoreditch, London, bedstead maker (1820). [D]

Burton, Langley, Burton End, Melton Mowbray, Leics., cm (1840). [D]

Burton, M. & J., 55 Skinner St, London(?), u (1835). [D] John and Ann Burton, furniture brokers, at this address in 1839.

Burton, Martin Charles, 18 Brownlow St, Holborn, London, cm and u (182039). Took out Sun Insurance policies on 12 June 1820 for 600, 550 on his house and 50 on shed behind; and on 14 May 1821 for the same. Recorded as M. C. & J. Burton, 182627 and 1839. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 968472; vol. 484, ref. 980559]

Burton, Mevil, Leicester, cm and joiner (1764). App. to John Shipley, cm, in 1764. [Leicester freemen rolls]

Burton, Robert, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1826). Son of John Burton, victualler, of Wollerton; app. in 1826. [Nottingham app. reg.]

Burton, Sam., parish of All Saints, Cambridge, joiner (166575). Recorded in the account bks of Trinity College, 166568, mending forms, seats, table and desk; and in 1667 supplying a new table for the Upper Buttry, 15s. Carried out joinery work at St John's College, 166875, and in 1672 received 5s 6d for 2 Boxes for ye use of ye Vestry.

Burton, Samuel snr, London, u, cm, auctioneer and undertaker (1765d. 1801). Addresses given in St Mary Axe, near Leadenhall St, c. 1765; 13 Houndsditch, 176883; no. 15, 177886; no. 11, 178283; and no. 8, 17821801. Recorded as Samuel Burton & Son, 1799; and Burton & Son, 180001. Trade card, c. 1765, has inscription embellished with whimsical columns, Rococo scrolls, Chippendale-style Rococo chair and Chinoiserie table. Card states that he Makes & Sells all Sorts of Cabinet & Upholstery Goods in the genteelest & newest fashion in Silk and Worsted Damask Furniture, Mohair, Morine, and Cotton ditto, with all Sorts of Cheque, Harrateen, &c., Feather Beds, hair & flock Matrasses, Counterpanes, Cotton Quilts, Blankets, &c. Chests of Drawers, Desk & Book Cases, Wardrobes, Dining Tables, Card dittos and Commode Dressing Tables, Chairs, Looking Glasses &c. Turkey, Wilton & other Carpets for Home use or Exportation. Variety of Paper Hangings. [Heal; C. Life, 11 February 1960, p. 275] App. to Thomas Ridgway, skynner; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co., 7 February 1765. Recorded as Senior Warden of the Upholders Co. in 1800. Took apps named James Barber, 176676; William Chaplin, 176876; Charles Burrell, 177582; John Fletcher, 177684; Edward Rickett, 178389; and John Anderson, 17931803. This last may have been app. to Samuel Burton jnr, since Samuel snr died in 1801. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists] See William Burton of Houndsditch.

Burton, Samuel jnr, 133 Leadenhall St, London, upholder (1796). Son of Samuel Burton, upholder, and brother of William. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony on 5 October 1796. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Burton, T., Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records in 1789 working at a commode. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/95, p. 513]

Burton, Thomas, Melton Mowbray, Leics., cm (17811822). Advertised in Leicester Journal, 1781, his stock of mirrors, waiters and trays; and on 30 October 1789 and 7 October 1791 for journeyman cm. Took app named Zachary Wragg. [D]

Burton, Thomas, Burton End, Melton Mowbray, Leics., cm (182835). [D]

Burton, Thomas, Whitehaven, Cumb., u (1791d. 1821). Trading in Lowther St in 1811. Advertised concerning sale of stock and let of premises after death, Liverpool Mercury, 13 April 1821: The Stock consists of an extensive Assortment of the best & most fashionable Paper Hangings, Carpetings, Moreens, Oil Cloths, & every other Article belonging to the Trade of an Upholsterer the above concern has been established & successfully carried on for upwards of 30 years, & is the only one of the kind in Whitehaven or its vicinity . [D]

Burton, Thomas, Westgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (181618). [D]

Burton, Thomas, Church St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1817). [D]

Burton, Thomas, 5 Galway St, City Rd, London, cm and u (182739). [D]

B(l)urton, Venables, Market Pl., Uttoxeter, Staffs., clock case maker, u and cm (182835). [D]

Burton, William, 8 Houndsditch, London, upholder (1799). Son of Samuel Burton, upholder, and brother of Samuel. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony on 7 August 1799. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Burton, William, London, u and chair manufacturer (180339). Addresses given at 62 Cheapside, 1803; 62 Cornhill, 1808 11; 203 Oxford St, St Giles, 180723; and 28 King St, Soho, 1839. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 13 April 1807 for 800 of which utensils and stock accounted for 400. Trading as Burton & Vennor, u, at 62 Cornhill in 1808. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 440, ref. 802413]

Burton, William, Chester, cm (1818). Admitted freeman on 13 June 1818. [Chester freemen rolls]

Burton, William, Manchester, chairmaker (182528). Addresses given at 27 Oldham Rd, 1825 and Edge St, 1828. [D]

Burton, William, Staithes, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Burton, William, Scarborough, Yorks., cm (182840). Trading at Low Conduit St, 182829; Quay St, 1834; and Sand Side, 1840. [D]

Burton, Wilson, 12 Downe St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1839). [D]

Burton & Co., 18 Chiswell St, London, cm (1825). [D]

Burton & Watson, Liverpool, chairmakers (182739). Trading at 7 Parr St in 1827 and London Rd, 183539. [D]

Burts, , Torquay, Devon, cm and u (c. 1820). Regency rosewood marble-top table with anthemion pillars and concave base recorded bearing label of BURTS, Cabinet Maker & Upholstery Manufacturer TORQUAY. Possibly Charles William Burt.

Bury, George, address unrecorded, inlayer (1713). Described his craft as that of inlayer rather than cm when he took app. in 1713. [PRO, IR 1/2; Burlington, June 1980, p. 415]

Busbridger, Richard, 8 Crown St, Finsbury Ct, London, broker and cm (1804). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 9 May 1804 for 600, 300 on his house and workshop, 200 on stock, utensils and household goods; and 50 on stock in open yard and sheds. [GL, Sun MS vol. 430, ref. 762360]

Busby, A., address unrecorded. Set of six Regency mahogany rail back chairs with wide satinwood back panels, reeded frames and drop-in seats on sabre legs recorded, stamped A. BUSBY. [Dreweatt, Watson & Barton auction, 26 January 1983]

Busby, Joseph, address unrecorded, u (1721). Worked at Streatlam, near Darlington, Co. Durham, for Lady Elizabeth Bowes, receiving 20 on 30 November 1821 for items supplied for a funeral; on 22 December 1721, 8 17s for upholstering at Streatlam before death; and on 23 January 172122, 13. [Durham RO, Strathmore MS D/St/Box 352/2, Lady Bowes's cash bk]

Busendon, James, Maidstone, Kent, turner and chairmaker (1794). [D]

Bus(s)field, John, York, cm (175674). Trading in Petergate, 1756 and Swinegate, 1774. Listed as Master cm in the York app. reg. for John Lofthouse, carpenter, joiner and cm, app. for seven years in 1756. Busfield was succeeded by John Sanderson. [Poll bk]

Busfield, Josh. (or Joseph), Union St, Southwark, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (182739). Trading at no. 64, 1827 39; and no. 139, 183739. [D]

Bush, Henry, Roach's Ct, Fisher Lane, Norwich, cm (1836). [D]

Bush, John, Bristol, u (177492). Polled at Bristol of Bath in 1774, and of the parish of St James, Bristol in 1784. Trading in Beauford's Ct, Bristol, 1792. [D; poll bks]

Bush, Richard, Saffron Walden, Essex, turner (1794). Worked for Lord Howard de Walden of Audley End, Essex, receiving 8s 10d in 1794 for turning chair posts, and pillars and tops for tables. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A52/11]

Bush, Robert, Norwich and London, u (182830). Son of John Bush, cordwainer; admitted freeman on 22 October 1828. Polled at Norwich of London in 1830. [Norwich freemen rolls and poll bk]

Bush, Thomas, 245 Whitechapel, London, u and cm (178493). [D]

Bush, Thomas, Sheppard's Pl., City Rd, London, u (180911). [D]

Bush, William, opposite St Mary's, High St, Oxford, upholder (176566). Advertised in Jackson's Oxford Journal, 13 April 1765 opening of his shop; and on 8 May 1766 that his shop was to let.

Bush, William, 31 Theobald's Rd, Red Lion Sq., London, cm and u (181519). [D]

Bush & Cheppett (or Chippett), St James's Churchyard, Bristol, carvers and gilders (181214). Trading at no. 3 in 1812. [D]

Bushell, William, Worcester, cm and u (1799). App. to John Timmings, cm and u; admitted freeman on 9 September 1799. [Worcester freemen rolls]

Bushell, William, 23 Church St, Manchester, cm and hat manufacturer (1808). [D]

Bushnell, John, 1 Bishopsgate St Within, London, cm and upholder (17581802). Recorded in Wallingford, Berks., 17941802. Son of Benjamin Bushnell, farmer of Blewbury, Berks.; app. to Stephen Abbott, wheelwright, on 28 February 1758. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 2 May 1765, and master in 1800. Trading as Bushnell & Savill, 179294. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Buskin (or Bushen), S., W. & W. S., London, looking-glass manufactory (17961811). Trading at 19 Wellclose Sq., 17961801; and 14 Church St, Spitalfields, 180411. [D]

Buskin, William, London, freeman draper, by trade a carver and gilder; looking-glass manufacturer (175690). Addresses given at Aldermanbury, 175662; in partnership with Michael Dunn(s) at 63 Snowhill, 177477; and alone at Wellclose Sq. by 1790. In 1756 Buskin employed two nonfreemen for three months; in 1762, one only; and in 1776, twelve for six months. Advertised end of partnership with Dunn, London Gazette, 28 March 1780. [D; GL, City Licence bks, vols 1, 3 and 9; Wills, Looking-Glasses] Presumably of S., W. & W. S. Buskin.

Buskins, , Moorfields, London, chairmaker (1792). Mentioned in a Sun Insurance policy of 8 August 1792 taken out by John Emmett jnr. [GL, Sun MS vol. 387, p. 442]

Busley, Henry, address unrecorded, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Bussell, Henry, 89 Golden Lane, London, cm, tobacconist, snuffmaker and chandler (1787). Insured his house, books, stock and goods for 500 on 1 January 1787 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 340, p. 481]

Bussel(l), Joseph, Plymouth, Devon, cm and u (178399). Advertised in Exeter Flying Post, 7 August 1783, sale of mahogany in plank, board or log, and requesting eight good cm. Death of wife reported, 6 August 1784. Sale of house, furniture and stock in trade on his retirement announced, 20 November 1788, successor to be John Wills. Stock consisted of Beds with mahogany fluted pillars and elegant cornices. Wardrobe chest of drawers, secretaries, Prince'smetal nailed and other chairs, mahogany childrens chairs, circular-end dining tables, drawing room set of twelve chairs and sofa, wash-hand stands, pier and swing glasses. Despite retirement, either this tradesman or one of the same name is recorded dissolving his partnership with George James of Plymouth, Exeter Flying Post, 21 March 1799; and J. Bussel occurs in directories in 1798.

Bussey, Samuel, Knaresborough, Yorks., joiner and cm (1834). [D]

Bussey, William, 1 Castle St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (1828 29). [D]

Bust, James, Coleman St, London, stuffman and upholder (172137). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption on 8 February 172122. Took son, Thomas Bust, as app., 172337, when admitted freeman. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Bust, Thomas, London, upholder (172337). App. to his father, James Bust, upholder, of London, on 3 March 1723; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 July 1737. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Buswell & Scarott, Digbeth, Birmingham, cm and chairmakers (1818). [D]

Butcher, George, Framlingham, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Butcher, Henry, Stamford, Lincs., u (1724). Admitted freeman by birthright between 16631721. Insured goods and merchandise in his house for 500 on 29 September 1724. [Stamford freemen rolls; GL, Sun MS vol. 19, ref. 33217] Possibly son of John Butcher, u.

Butcher, James, 81 Long Lane, Smithfield, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Butcher, John, Stamford, Lincs., u. Admitted freeman by birthright between 16631721. [Stamford freemen rolls] Possibly father of Henry Butcher, u.

Butcher, John, Nottingham, u and cm (1786). Took William Stephenson as app. in 1786. Took out an undated Sun Insurance policy for 200 on utensils and stock. [Nottingham app. reg.; GL, Sun MS vol. 336, p. 276]

Butcher, Michael, 190 Long Lane, Southwark, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Butcher, Philip, 21 Winchester St, Pentonville, London, gilder (1808). [D]

Butcher, Philip, Silver St, Trowbridge, Wilts., carver and gilder (1822). [D]

Butcher, Thomas, Epsom, Surrey, carpenter, builder, auctioneer and cm (1822). [D]

Buth, W., Theobald's Row, Bedford Row, London, cm, u and paper hanger (1815). [D] Possibly William Bush.

But(t)ler, , Preston, Lancs., see Walker (Salthouse) & Butler.

Butler, Abraham, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancs., cabinet and machine maker (1793). [D]

Butler, Benjamin, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancs., cabinet and machine maker (1793). [D]

Butler, Edmund, north side of Broad St, parish of St James West, London, gilder (1710). Insured his house for 250 on 13 April 1710 with the Hand in Hand Co. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 7, ref. 4123]

Butler, Edwin, Tipton, Dudley, Worcs., cm and u (183839). [D]

Butler, G., 56 George St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cabinet stringing maker (1809). [D] See John Butler at this address.

Butler, Hester, 59 Lewins Mead, Bristol, u (1775). [D]

Butler, J., Deptford Bridge, London. A folio trolly in the Codrington Lib., Oxford, has a brass tablet engraved with this maker's name.

Butler, Jacob, Cambridge(?) (175860). Named in the St John's College lists supplying chairs for the lodge, costing 2 8s.

Butler, James, 45 New St Hill, London, chairmaker (1775). On 9 January 1775 John Dawes of Canonbury House, Islington, insured the above houses in tenure of Butler and Thomas Routledge, glazier, for 900 each. Jonathan Farlam and Francis Richardson were also associated with this policy. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, ref. 348496]

Butler, James, 4 Grafton St, Soho, London, cm (1817). [D]

Butler, James, Back Bow St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (183780s). [D]

Butler, Jeremiah, 24 or 29 Bowling Green Lane, Clerkenwell, London, chair carver (180811). [D]

Butler, John, Preston, Lancs., joiner and cm (174262). Admitted to the Guild of Burgesses in 1742 on payment of 4 4s, and present at the Preston Guild in 1762. [Preston Guild record of burgesses]

Butler, John, Birmingham, manufacturer of miniature frames, shaving cases, ladies work boxes etc. (181218). Trading at Gt Hampton St in 1812, and Regent Pl., Harper's Hill, 1818. [D]

Butler, John, George St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cabinet stringing maker, cabinet inlayer (181328). Recorded at no. 56, 181415, and no. 41, 181328. [D] See G. Butler.

Butler, John, 16 Allerton St, Hoxton, London, cabinet inlayer (1839). [D]

Butler, Jos., Tattenhall, Cheshire, cm (1814). Signed and dated in marquetry the door of an oak housekeeper's cupboard with marquetry inlay, now at the Grosvenor Museum, Chester.

Butler, Martin, 4 Junction Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm and furniture broker (1840). [D]

Butler, Matthias, Micklegate, York, cm (1758d. 1763). Death and sale of stock announced, November 1763. [Poll bk]

Butler, Nicholas, High Holborn, London, u (1759). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., June 1759.

Butler, Robert, St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, carver (1771). Took app. named William Thompson in 1771. [Westminster Ref. Lib., PR, MS F4309, p. 9]

Butler, Robert, Lancaster. Named in the Gillow records between 181425, working on a bookcase in 1814, and a bedstead in 1819. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/99, p. 1967; 100, p. 3015]

Butler, Robert, Derby Rd, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1832 35). [D]

Butler, Robert, Chester, cm, u, dealer and chapman (1840). Declared bankrupt, Chester Chronicle, Cheshire and North Wales Advertiser, 14 August 1840.

Butler, Thomas, formerly of Clothfair, West Smithfield, late of Wardour St, Soho, London, chair carver (1761). Discharge from Debtors Prison announced, London Gazette, 20 June 1761.

Butler, Thomas, Stewerton, Berks., cm, upholder and shopkeeper (1778). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1778 for 300 of which utensils and stock accounted for 240. [GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 108]

Butler, Thomas, Staines, Middlx, cm (1798). [D]

Butler, Thomas, London, cm and u (17871814). Initially took employment as an attorney's clerk and was a part-time nonconformist minister at a chapel in Hitchin, Herts. Prior to 1787 he was in partnership with a person named Johnson trading as upholders and cm at 146 Strand. His partner was probably Edward Johnson, upholder and cm who in 1784 took out insurance cover of 600 on 14 Catherine St, Strand. The partnership had been dissolved by mutual consent by March 1787 and the stock was sold on 28 March 1787 by Christie. The auction catalogue bears a note that THE BUSINESS will be carried on for the future by Mr. BUTLER in Catherine Street. Seven days before the sale Butler had taken out insurance cover of 1,100 on the Catherine St property. Initially he may have traded only from 14 Catherine St but the numbers 13 and 14 are frequently listed as addresses. By January 1800 he was claiming the patronage of the King and Queen, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York but he was not one of the regular suppliers to the Royal Household. He did however supply the Prince of Wales in November 1802 with Two Elegant mahogany Library Writing Tables of curious fine wood richly inlaid with different curious woods for which 39 10s was charged.
Late in 1800 Butler decided to dispose of this business and two of his employees, Thomas Morgan and Joseph Sanders expressed an interest in purchasing it. To their great annoyance Butler sold it to Thomas Oxenham of Oxford St, and Morgan and Sanders promptly set up business close at hand at 16 and 17 Catherine St in bitter opposition. Oxenham soon tired of the Catherine St premises and had moved the manufacture of furniture to his Oxford St address by April 1802. Thomas Butler therefore once more set up production at his old address and in 1803 was included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. In 1804 he had a timber yard at Pegasus Yd, Savoy. By this date the business that Butler was conducting in Catherine St was of substantial size and utilised not only 13 and 14 but the properties behind at 4 to 7 Helmet Ct. Insurance cover was for 3,500 of which 2,000 was for utensils and stock. In 1810 Butler retired for the second time selling the business to Edward Argles who had previously traded as a cm and u in Maidstone, Kent. Argles was however declared bankrupt in 1813 and Butler once more commenced business in Catherine St late in that year. He offered existing stock at trade prices and especially mentioned a very superb and truly elegant Temple Book Case suitable for one of the first Libraries, considered worth 250 will be sold under its value. He may have been merely disposing of Argles's stock for in September 1814 he had ceased business finally and by April 1816 Morgan & Sanders were able to advertise that they had taken a considerable part of Mr. Butler's late Ware-rooms.
Butler's speciality was the production of patent furniture. He took out no patents of his own but exploited that granted to Thomas Waldron of 11 Catherine St on 4 June 1785 (patent 1483). This concerned the construction of bedsteads without the use screws or nuts and bolts, to facilitate easy assembly. Butler marked such patent furniture with brass plates in common with other makers in this line. These have been found on a number of extending dining tables, on bedsteads and chairs that converted into bedsteads. He claimed that his bedsteads were admired for their absolute Prevention of Vermin and stated that his beds and bedding were calculated for the East and West Indies. Ships Cabins furnished. Articles particularly adapted for travelling and for exportation. [D; BM, Banks 2826, 2827; GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 528300; vol. 419, ref. 718867; vol. 431, ref. 769048; vol. 445, ref. 823984; vol. 448, ref. 832048; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 25119, RA 88919; Conn., November 1974, pp. 18091; Sotheby's, 20 October 1972, lot 109, 18 May 1973, lot 105, 4 April 1975, lot 89; Christie's NY, 17 October 1981, lot 107] B. A.

Butler, Thomas, Little Pancras St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver in wood, cm etc. (1839). [D]

Butler, W., Warwick St, Leamington, Warks., carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Butler, William, address unrecorded, upholder (1703). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 3 November 1703. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Butler, William, address unrecorded, cm (175460). Admitted freeman of the Joiners Co. by redemption on 2 April 1754, and named as Liveryman on 19 September 1760. Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. [GL, Joiners Co. records]

Butler, William, 27 Coppin Row, Clerkenwell, London, cm, chairmaker and carver (1775). Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1775 for 600 of which utensils, stock and goods accounted for 320. [GL, Sun MS vol. 237, p. 277]

Butler, William, Cambridge, carver and gilder (1824d. 1837). Trading in Rose Yd, 1824. Died in the parish of St Giles, 1837. [D; Cambridge Univ. Lib., Will WR20:263]

Butler Brothers, Birmingham, coffin furniture, picture frame and looking-glass frame makers (180006). Trading at 1 Mary Ann St, 180003, and Lionel St in 1806. [D]

Butler & Co., address unrecorded, upholders (1802). Named in the accounts of 2nd Lord Braybrooke of Audley End, Essex receiving 21 in July, and 12 16s in October 1802. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A357]

Butler & Heppel, 14 Catherine St, Strand, London, upholders etc. (1790). [D] See Thomas Butler at this address.

Butlin, Thomas, Melton Mowbray, Leics., turner(?) (1840). [D]

Butson, H., 3 Blenheim St, London, cm (180911). [D]

Butt, , address unrecorded (1838). Supplied new furniture for Stafford House, London, costing 322, in 1838. [Staffs. RO, D/593/R/1/26/8]

Butt, Alexander, 97 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, lookingglass manufacturer (1839). [D]

Butt, John, High St, Tewkesbury, Glos., chairmaker (181415). [PR(bapt.)]

Butt, John, 7 New St, Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1820). [D]

Butt, Robert, Bridgwater, Som., cm (1784). Insured his house for 200 in 1784 with the Sun Co. [GL, Sun MS vol. 321, p. 390]

Butt, Samuel, at the Greyhound and Hat, on the East End of St. Paul's Church-Yard, near Cheapside corner, Makes and Sells all sorts of the Best Cabinet and Looking Glass Work at the cheapest Rates (c. 170010). So reads label in drawer of walnut tallboy of two tiers, four drawers in the lower section and six above, on later bun feet (Fig. 3). [Phillips of Hitchen (Antiques) Ltd, 1980, Exhib. of beds and bedroom furniture, 17001830; V & A archives refs N6083, F3004; C. Life, 3 December 1981, supplement, p. 74; Conn., May 1981, p. 74; Burlington, June 1980; Antique Collecting, May 1980, p. 27, fig. 23]

Butten, John, St Margaret's Bank, Rochester, Kent, cm (1803 26). [D] Probably John Batten.

Butter, John, parish of St John Sepulchre, Norwich, chairmaker (1818). [Poll bk]

Butter, William, 204 Whitecross St, London, furnishing ironmonger and brazier (1801). [D]

Butte(r)feild, James, address unrecorded, upholder (171825). Son of John Buttefield, mercer, of Buckingham; app. to Daniel Cooper on 3 December 1718, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 8 December 1725. Took app. named James Short 173846. [GL, Upholders Co. records] Possibly:

Butterfield, James, at The Black Lyon, Compton St, parish of St Ann, Westminster, London, upholder (1727). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 31 May 1727 for 300 on stock in trade in his house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 24] Possibly:

Butterfield, James, Princes St, London, u (1749). [Poll bk]

Butterfield, John, Dawson Weir, Todmorden, Yorks., cm (182230). [D]

Butterfield, Richard, address unrecorded, upholder (175260). Son of Edward Butterfield, Gent. of Hemel Hempstead, Herts.; app. to Robert Phipps on 21 August 1752, and admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 7 August 1760. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Butterfield, Richard, Southampton, Hants., upholder (1774). [Poll bk]

Butterfield, Thomas, address unrecorded, upholder (1759). Son of James Butterfield, u; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by patrimony on 19 January 1759. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Butters, John, Walkergate, Louth, Lincs., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Butterworth, James, Bury, Lancs., cm (1793). [D]

Butterworth, John, Back 48 Thomas St, Liverpool, upholder (1796). [D]

Butterworth, John, 10 Fletcher St, Manchester, chairmaker (1836). [D]

Butterworth, Joseph, 7 Northumberland St, Marylebone, London, upholder (1808). [D]

Butterworth, Samuel, Bury, Lancs., cm (1793). [D]

Buttery, John, address unrecorded. In October 1687 he received 2 9s 2d from the 5th Earl of Bedford, for expenses of a twoday journey, probably from Woburn, to London and back during the summer. This sum included 3s 8d for four blag [sic] bottom chairs for Mrs Rachalls [sic] chamber, and two bells and a line, 2s. [Bedford Office, London]

Buttery, Robert, 1 Union Row, Willmot St, Bethnal Green, London, chairmaker (1810). Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 1 January 1810 on 3 houses in Fleet St, Bethnal Green, in tenure, for 400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 447, ref. 839238]

Buttifant, John, parish of St Paul, Norwich, cm (182030). App. to B. P. Fitter, cm; admitted freeman on 16 March 1820. [Poll bk]

Buttifant, Jonathan, Lakenham, Norwich, chairmaker (1830). [Poll bk]

Buttifant, Thomas, Princes St, Norwich, cm and u (182230). Admitted freeman, not by servitude, on 24 February 1825, although trading in 1822. [D; poll bk; Norwich freemen reg.]

Buttler, , address unrecorded. Named in the Holkham Hall, Norfolk accounts in 1755 silvering and framing glasses for 3 9s, and supplying four mahogany dressing tables with drawers, 2 16s. [V & A archives]

Buttler, C. H., 20 Little Portland St, Marylebone, London, cm (1820). [D]

Button, Jane, Liverpool, u (183539). Addresses given at 78 Gt Howard St in 1835; no. 49 in 1837; and no. 123 in 1839. [D]

Button, John, London, glass grinder and cm (17611802). Addresses given at 33 Crooked Lane, 176981; and Riverhead, Kent, 17861802. Son of John Button, grazier, of Peasmarsh, Sussex; admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by redemption on 6 August 1761. Took son, William Button, as app., 176893; and John Joad, 177179/80. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., September 1778. [D; GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Button, John, Cornhill, London, cm (176566). Named as Fellow of the Society of Arts and Manufactures.

Button, Lago & Co., 15 Brown St, Bryanston Sq., Edgware Rd, London, cm and u (182939). [D]

Button, William, Paternoster Row, London, upholder (17681802). Trading at no. 24 in 1793. App. to his father, John Button, upholder, in 1768. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. by servitude on 6 March 1793. [GL, Upholders Co. records and Livery lists]

Button, William, Norwood, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1791). [D]

Button (or Budden), William, Gundry's Lane, Bridport, Dorset, cm (183040). [D]

Buxton, Charles, Watton, Norfolk, u (1839). [D]

Buxton, German, address unrecorded, upholder (16991700). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 7 February 16991700. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Buxton, Thomas, St Matthew's, Ipswich, Suffolk, chairmaker (175152). Named in the calendar of marriage licence bonds on 27 April 175152. [Suffolk RO, FAA 50/2/8993]

Buy, George, St Mary-le-Strand, London, inlayer (171213). Took app. on 7 January 171213. [PRO, app. reg.]

Buzzacott, A., North Gdns, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1839). [D]

Buzzard, John, 109 High Holborn, London, carver, gilder, paper hanger and looking-glass dealer (180125). Recorded at no. 100 in 1820, and at 109 as Buzzard & Son, 182325. Took out Sun Insurance policies on 7 April 1801 for 1,900, utensils and stock accounting for 900; on 4 September 1823 for 2,000; and on 19 May 1824 for 2,000, 1,000 accounting for stock, utensils and workshop. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 419, ref. 715894; vol. 497, ref. 1008057; vol. 496, ref. 1017175]

Bye, George, 25 Queen's Row, Pimlico, London, u (183539). [D]

Bye, Jacob, 25 Queen's Row, Pimlico, London, cm and u (182228). [D]

Byer, , address unrecorded (1801). Name and date inscribed in ink on set of ten Sheraton-style dining chairs. [V & A archives]

Byer, Thomas, Cheltenham Pl., North Lane, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and French polisher (1832). [D]

Byfeld, H., address unrecorded, carver and gilder (182324). Named in the Royal Household accounts on 4 March 1823 receiving 155 16s. [Windsor, RA 35579] Possibly misreading of T for Thomas Byfield.

Byfield, James, London, carver and gilder (17771829). Recorded at the corner of Holland St in Wardour St, 1777; in partnership with Thomas Byfield at 16 Wardour St, Soho, in 1793; and at 3739 Old Compton St, Soho, 180829, where Thomas was trading, 180925. Took out a Sun Insurance policy in 1777 for 400, utensils and stock accounting for 100. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 249]

Byfield, James, 9 Richmond Buildings, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Byfield, Thomas, Soho, London, carver and gilder (17931827). Recorded in partnership with James Byfield at 16 Wardour St in 1793 and alone at 39 Old Compton St, 180925. As carver and gilder to His Majesty, recorded in the Royal Household accounts between 180827 supplying frames for portraits of Their Majesties to ambassadors to foreign courts, e.g. the Duke of Wellington, Ambassador to the Court of Paris; and carving and gilding several sets of state canopies, chairs, stools and footstools. In 1808 he provided a set for Lord Strangeforth's Embassy, and pier and chimney glasses for the Queen's nursery. [PRO, LC 11/10, 18, 21, 24, 4156] See H. Byfeld.

Byles, Henry, Henley, Oxon., draper, mercer and u (176371). Advertised sales in Jackson's Oxford Journal.

Byles, John, Henley, Oxon., cm, u or furniture dealer (1753 80). Mentioned in Jackson's Oxford Journal.

Byng, Finnis D., Dover, Kent, cm (1826). [Poll bk]

Byng, Henry, Union Terr., Commercial Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Byng, Lawrence, address unrecorded, upholder (1712). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. on 24 October 1712. [GL, Upholders Co. records]

Byrne, C., Buckingham Pl., Fitzroy Sq., London, u and cm (1835). [D]

Byrne, Edmund, 40 Queen St, Southwark, London, lookingglass manufacturer (180911). [D]

Byrne, James, 6 Bowling Green Lane, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1808). [D]

Byrne, John, London, One of Chippendale's employees who receipted a small account on behalf of the firm in 1761. [Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 25]

Byrne, John, Carnaby Mkt, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Byrom, Patrick, 43 Leeds St, Liverpool, u and shopkeeper (1805). [D]

Byron, T., Liverpool, cm (1834). Marriage on 17 April 1834 to Miss E. Stringfellow, eldest daughter of Mr J. Stringfellow of Preston Brook, reported, Liverpool Mercury, 25 April 1834.

Bytham, Henry, Margate, Kent, cm (1831). [Sandwich poll bk]

Byewater, George, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (181430). [D]

Bywater, John, Grosvenor St, Bond St, London, cm and u to His Majesty (180339). Recorded at 70 Lower Grosvenor St, 181239; as Bywater & Goodbarne at no. 10 in 1835, and no. 70, 183637; and as Bywater & Co. at no. 70, 182939. Took out a Sun Insurance policy on 27 January 1812 for 3,900 of which 3,000 accounted for stock, utensils, warerooms and workshops, and 200 for warehouse and sawpit in Grosvenor Mews. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 459, ref. 867039] Signed prefatory recommendation to P. & M. A. Nicholson's Practical Cabinet Maker, 1826. Fire in premises adjoining Bywater's private dwelling reported in The Times, 7 February 1835. Worked for Lord Crewe, probably at his London house rather than Crewe Hall, Cheshire, between 181926, receiving a total of 3,437 17s 7d. [Chester RO, Crewe Hall papers, DCR/47, boxes 45] As u to His Majesty, Bywater carried out general jobbing work for the royal yachts. M. (Mr?) Bywater is recorded working on The Royal Sovereign yacht in 1827, and also repairing chair and sofa cases, and supplying a mahogany chest, 7 7s, japanned candlesticks and snuffer, and campstools covered in carpet. Named in the Royal accounts with Goodbarne, 183245, in June 1836 being paid 3 3s for attending at Windsor Castle to examine furniture, writing out a statement on the quality and workmanship and reporting thereon; and 1 1s for inspecting furniture in Mount Street. [D; PRO, LC 11/56; 3031; 92] Probably the Bywater, u of London, named in the accounts of Lord Stamford of Dunham Massey, 15 May 1817. [Dunham Massey papers] Probably the John Bywater, cm, who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Bywater(s), John, Hull, Yorks., u (182342). Trading at 6 Waltham St, 182326; 19 Anne St, Osborne St, 1831; and Anne St, 183740, no. 7, 183738. [D]