Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840. Originally published by W.S. Maney and Son Limited, Leeds, 1986.

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'G', in Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, (Leeds, 1986) pp. 326-381. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dict-english-furniture-makers/g [accessed 19 April 2024]


Gabbitass Elizabeth, Eastgate, Worksop, Notts., Windsor chairmaker (1839–44). Wife of John Gabbitass who died 1839. A number of chairs stamped ‘E. GABBITASS WORKSOP’ have been recorded. [D; Furn. Hist., 1978; Christie's, 1 November 1979, lot 125]

Gabbitas(s), John, Worksop, Notts., Windsor chairmaker (1832–d. 1839). Trading at Radford, Worksop in 1832. One of a group of Windsor chairmakers operating in north Notts. from the second quarter of the 19th century. Two chairs have been recorded branded under the seat ‘I GABBITASS’. His will was proved 9 January 1840. The business was carried on by his wife Elizabeth. [D; Temple Newsam Exhib., Cat., Common Furniture, 1982, no. 26; Notts. RO, probate records]

Gablin, Thomas, London, upholder (1710). In 1710 moved from the ‘Blackamoor's Head’ in Chandos St to the ‘Blackamoors Head’ in Bedford St, Covent Gdn. He stated that he continued ‘to serve the Army & Navy with Tents, Field Beds and Sea Beds as formerly’. [Heal; Evening Post, 29 June 1710]

Gabriel, James, Willow St, Oswestry, Salop, cm (1835–36). [D]

Gabriel, T. & C. & Sons, 31–32 Banner St, Bunhill Row, London, (1801–11). In 1801 advertised themselves as piano and looking-glass manufacturers. In 1804 chairmaking was added to the description and by 1807 they described their business solely as chairmaking. One directory of 1809 lists the firm as mattress makers. [D]

Gabriel, William, Islington Row, Birmingham, manufacturers of bath chairs, rocking horses and childrens’ carriages (1818). [D]

Gace, Nathaniel, 12 Blue Bell Entry, Wells St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1823). [D]

Gad, Thomas, Shropshire St, Market Drayton, Salop, chairmaker (1840). [D]

Gadbury, George, London, carver and gilder (1804–12). At 115 Whitechapel, 1804–08, and 7 King St, Tower Hill, 1809–12. [D]

Gadd, Richard, Bell Lane, Market Drayton, Salop, chairmaker (1822). [D]

Gadd, Thomas, Castle Precincts, Bristol, carver and gilder (1784). [Poll bk]

Gaddick, Thomas, Stourbridge, Worcs., cm (1758). In 1758 took app. named Brown. [S of G, app. index]

Gadesby, William, Northgate St, Canterbury, Kent, u and cm (1805–09). [D]

Gadsby, E., Waterloo St, London, bent timber manufactory (1829). [D]

Gadsby, William, 1 York St, Ducie Bridge, Manchester, cm and u (1838–39). [D]

Gadsly, E., 103 East St, Manchester Sq., London, carpenter and cm (1820). [D]

Gaffield, —, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Probably in partnership with John Taitt, 1770–99, this business being later carried on as Gordon & Taitt at Little Argyle St, Golden Sq., London. [D]

Gagnon, Alexander John, 51 John St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver (1778). In 1778 insured his house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 262, p. 606]

Gaillard, James Benjamin, London, u (1811–23). At 28 Gerrard St, Soho, 1811–19, but from 1819 the number changed to 29. A Thomas Gaillard is shown in one directory at 28 Gerrard St in 1820 only. [D]

Gaimes, E., London, cm and portable desk maker (1808–14). At 12 Edward St in 1808 when his trade was described as cm. In 1814 at 53 St Paul's Churchyard when described as a jeweller and portable letter copying machine and writing desk manufacturer. A portable desk with two different labels affixed has been recorded. The addresses listed on these labels are 54 St Paul's Churchyard, 56 Cornhill and 23 Surrey St, Blackfriars Rd. [D; C. Life, 9 December 1965, p. 1633]

Gainer, Benjamin, 7 Church St, Minories, London, bedstead maker (1839). [D]

Gainforth, Richard, Kirkgate, Thirsk, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Gainge, —, address unknown, joiner (1732–40). Recorded supplying furniture to Earl Fitzwalter for Moulsham Hall, Essex. In November 1734 he was paid £2 12s 6d for a mahogany dining table 4ft 3in. by 5ft, and in August 1738 18s for a settee for the Earl's dressing room. A garden seat and ‘a framed stand for the gardener to clip the garden hedges with’ were paid for in July 1740. These appear rather minor items for which a local craftsman might be employed. In 1732 however an account was submitted by Gainge, of which no details survive, for £513 17s 4d of which amount £498 5s was settled, suggesting a much larger scale of operation and the possibility that he was a London craftsman. [A. C. Edwards, The Accounts of Benjamin Mildmay, Earl Fitzwalter, pp. 62, 106, 108]

Gair, William, Union St, Morpeth, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Gairdner, George snr and jnr, London, cm (1806–39). In 1806 trading as George Gairdner & Thomas Whitby from 10 Hemming Row. In September of that year they insured for £150 stock, utensils and goods in trust at Hemmings Row; and in November of the same year for a similar sum stock and utensils ‘in workshops and lofts over stables in West St, Seven Dials.’ No further mention of Whitby has been traced and in January 1809 the business was trading as a partnership of George Gairdner snr and his son George. Although insurance cover of £300 was taken out only £100 of this was in respect of stock, utensils and goods in trust. A year later however the figures had risen to £650 and £250 respectively. In January 1809 the business was trading from 3 Peters Ct, St Martin's Lane and a year later from 15 Green St, Leicester Sq. The first mention of the business in directories is in 1819 and from this date until 1827 is simply recorded as George Gairdner, though upholstery is added to the trade previously offered. From 1819–25 the address was 132 Long Acre, but from 1823 80 Tottenham Ct Rd is also listed and this was to continue after 1825 as the sole address. The insurance cover in 1823 on the Tottenham Ct Rd premises was £600 of which £390 was for utensils and stock. In 1839 the business was trading as George Gairdner & Sons, u. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 437, refs 792972, 795687; vol. 445, ref.825518; vol. 448, ref. 839188; vol. 498, ref. 1008772]

Gaite, David, Shepton Mallet, Som., cm (1830). [D]

Galabert, Philip, 169 Fenchurch St, London, cm (1809). [D]

Gale, Edward, opposite the Circus, St George's Fields, London, cm and broker (1791). Took out insurance cover on 24 August 1791 for £800 which included £240 for utensils and stock, £30 for an open shed and workshops and £50 for stock kept in the workshops and yard. [GL, Sun MS ref. 587684]

Gale, George, Bampton, Devon, fancy chairmaker (1830). [D]

Gale, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (1780). [Poll bk]

Gale, John, 8 Stable St, Piccadilly, Manchester, carver (1825). [D]

Gale, Joseph, Manchester, carver and gilder, barometer, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1828–40). In 1829 at 98 Market St but from 1832–33 at no. 32. In 1839 at 16 King St and from 1836–40 the number is recorded as 46. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Gale, R., 19 Philip St, Bath, Som., cm (1819–26). [D]

Gale, Thomas, Catherine St, Strand, London, u (1772–78). In 1772 described as the patentee for ‘a newly invented bedstead which when shut up, presents the appearance of a bookcase or wardrobe’. In 1776 insured his house and goods for £900 and in the following year his utensils and stock for £800. Bankruptcy announced March 1778. May have been in partnership with William Gale from 1777 though he is not mentioned in connection with the bankruptcy proceedings. Although the existence of the business appears to have been relatively short it did attract influential customers. In the period 1775–77 the 2nd Earl of Shelburne was supplied with goods to the value of £556 3s for either his London house or Bowood, Wilts. Lord Mahon paid Gale £617 6s 6d in the years 1776–77 and the Rev. Mr Drake of Shardeloes, Amersham, Bucks. provided patronage in 1777. Of this latter commission we have details of the items supplied. They included ‘10 upright splatt back chairs japann'd white & green ornament’ charged at £19, eight ‘Southampton’ chairs at £4, an inlaid card table at £4 4s and a mahogany Pembroke table at £2 14s 6d. [D; V & A archives; GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 113; vol. 258, p. 459; Gents Mag., March 1778; Heal; Bowood MS; Kent RO, U590 A61/7–8; Bucks. RO, D/DR/5/105]

Gale, William, St Pancras, Chichester, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1826–39). [D]

Gale & Seabrook, ‘The Walnut Tree’, Houndsditch, London, cm and u (1758). Mr Gale died in 1758. [Heal; Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 21]

Galer, Thomas, Back St, Hitchin, Herts., cm, u and turner (1839). [D]

Gales, Joseph William, Christchurch, Hants., cm (1839). [D]

Gallando, Peter, London, upholder (1736–47). Son of Peter Gallando of the parish of St Clement Danes, London, Gent. App. to Henry Winton on 25 March 1736 and then to John Planner, freeman of the Merchant Tailors’ Co., on 4 May 1743. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 May 1743. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Gallaway, Edward, Hog Lane, London, u (1749). [Heal]

Gallaway, Robert, London, upholder (1778–80). At 15 Clements Inn in 1778 when he insured utensils, stock and goods for £300. In 1780 at 45 Duke St, Lincoln's Inn Fields where he took out insurance cover of £700 which included £390 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 273; vol. 284, p. 142]

Galletti, William & Anthony, Liverpool, carvers, gilders, print sellers and opticians (1821–39). Established their business at 10 Castle St in November 1821 after having previously lived in Glasgow. They offered to frame and glaze prints and drawings, clean and varnish paintings and re-gild picture frames. They also undertook ‘Window Cornices, Gold Mouldings for Rooms, with every kind of Carving & Gilding Work done on the shortest notice’. They also made and repaired thermometers, barometers and telescopes. They continued to occupy the shop in Castle St until the termination of the business but in 1839 the number is given as 19. In 1827 their house is given as 6 Shaw's Brow and in 1835 Anthony was living at 6 Beau St, the number changing to 11 in 1839. By 1833 the partnership appears to have ended and Anthony continued the business himself. His stock also diversified and in that year he offered additionally ‘a valuable & choice Collection of Ancient & Modern PAINTINGS’, picture frames, artists’ colours and materials, optical and mathematical instruments, spectacles, jewellery, fishing equipment and ‘Ornamental Shells, Curiosities etc. Napoleon Medals in Silver & Bronze Coins etc.’ [D; Liverpool Mercury, 23 November 1821, 13 September 1833]

Galley, Andrew, 166 Ratcliffe Highway, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1839). [D]

Galley, George, 13 Long Acre, London, u (1763–85). In 1775 insured his house for £300. This was raised to £400 in 1781 but fell to £200 in 1782. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 242, p. 542; vol. 291, p. 62; vol. 303, p. 354; vol. 304, p. 134]

Galley, Gregory, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1826–34). In 1826 at Garden St, Meadow Lane; in 1830 at Mulberry St, Little Holbeck; and in 1834 at Garden St, Sweet St. [D]

Galley, John, 3 Spring Gdns, Manchester, print seller, weather glass and picture frame maker (1797). [D]

Galley, Thomas, Denzell St, Clare Mkt, London, cm, u and portable desk maker (1827). [D]

Galliene, R., Ratcliffe Terr., Goswell Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Gallienne, Abraham, 115 Goswell Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Gallier, Peter, Christchurch, Hants., chairmaker (1839). [D]

Galliers, Henry, 58 Cable St, London, cm and broker (1823– 24). In February 1823 took out insurance cover of £500 which included £280 for stock, utensils and goods in trust and £70 for goods in a workshop with a loft over and in the yard behind. In the following year the cover of the stock was reduced to £175 with £50 for that in the workshop. In this year he insured additionally four houses in Welclose Pl., Cable St for £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 490, ref. 1001524; vol. 495, ref. 1014335]

Gallimore, Robert, Ashley's Sq., Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1822–37). [D; poll bks]

Gallop, George, Caroline Row, Poole, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Gallosmith, Charles, 12 Worship St, Finsbury Sq., London, painted and japanned chairmaker (1807). On 6 December 1807 took out insurance cover for £350 which included £250 in respect of stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 446, ref. 823611]

Galloway, Edward, Hog Lane, Westminster, London, u (1749). [Poll bk]

Galloway, John, 64 New Bond St, London, u (1809–18). In 1818 his workshop was damaged by fire when it spread from Messrs Johnston's cabinet making premises in Brook St. [D; Gents Mag., supplement to 1818, pt II, p. 625]

Gally, Paul & Peter, London, looking-glass and picture frame makers (1804–40). In 1804 at 7 Beauchamp St, Leather Lane but by 1809 at 8 Turnmill St, Clerkenwell though after 1815 the number was changed to 9. In 1826 moved to 50 Exmouth St. After c. 1810 directories record their trade solely as looking-glass makers. One directory of 1839 records Peter Galley at 70 Parsons St, East Smithfield though the Exmouth St, Spitalfields address continued to be occupied until 1848. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Gamage, Thomas, Horse Fair, Bristol, cm (1799–1813). In 1815 the business was operated by Sophia Gamage, probably his widow. [D]

Gambee, William Robert, Hawley Pl., Kentish Town, London, cm and u, carpenter (1838–39). [D]

Gambier, William, St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, picture frame carver (1733). Took as app. Thomas Thompson but in 1733 he was released because of ill treatment. Gambier was described as ‘being of passionate temper’ and it was stated that he had struck Thompson with a large iron poker. It was also stated that he had ‘been forced to go without victuals for a considerable time.’ [Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds papers]

Gamble, —, address unknown, gilder (1765). In 1765 received £6 16s for gilding an organ case (still in the Music Room) at Kedleston, Derbs., [Kedleston archives, 3.R; V & A archives]

Gamble, Edward, Melton Mowbray, Leics., cm (1796–99). In July 1796 announced that he now had drying sheds for timber. In April 1799 advertised for a journeyman and stated that new timbers had arrived from which he could produce household furniture. [Leicester Journal, 22 July 1796, 5 April 1799]

Gamble, John, Stamford, Lincs., u. Admitted freeman of Stamford by purchase in the late 17th century. [Stamford freemen reg.]

Gamble, John, Belgrave St (or Gate), Leicester, cm (1835). [D]

Gamble, Richard, St James’ Green, Millgate, Thirsk, Yorks., cm and u, chairmaker (1828–40). [D]

Gamble, S., address unknown, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Gamble, William, St James’ Sq., Thirsk, Yorks., cm/chairmaker (1840). Probably the successor of Richard Gamble at the same address. [D]

Gamble & Bridgen, 15 Irongate, Derby, cm and u (1809–35). In 1835 Gamble appears to have been the sole proprietor. [D]

Gambling, James, late of Whitefriars. London, cm (1761). Discharged from Debtors’ Prison, September 1761. [London Gazette]

Game, John, 52 Bunhill Row, London, cm (1792). On 26 September 1792 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £70 was in respect of utensils and stock including that in his workshop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 388, p. 632]

Gamerson, John, Birmingham, cm, u and chairmaker (1816–39). At High St, Deritend, 1816–22, when his trade was listed solely as chairmaker. In 1828–30 at Camphill, in 1835 at 36 Digbeth, and in 1839 at New Inkleys. [D]

Gamlyn, Thomas snr, London, u (1707–14). Freeman of London. At Castle St, Leicester Fields in 1707 when he took out insurance cover of £150 on his rented house. By 1714 the cover had been reduced to £100. Took two apps in 1712. Dead by June 1714 when his widow was in possession of the house in Castle St. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 13, p. 63; Sun MS vol. 2, p. 26; S of G, app. index]

Gamlyn, Thomas jnr, Bedford Ct, Covent Gdn, London, u (1725–31). In 1731 supplied furniture for the Royal Hospital, Chelsea. His son William was made free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony in 1730. [Heal; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Gamlyn, William, London, upholder (1720–30). Son of Thomas Gamlyn jnr, freeman upholder. App. to Richard Wood, 6 April 1720 and Thomas Gamlyn jnr, 2 October 1722. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 7 October 1730. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Gammage (or Gamidge), Robert, ‘The Crown’, two doors above the School, St Paul's Churchyard, London, chairmaker (1710–d. by 1725). First mentioned by name on 20 December 1712 when James Logan of Philadelphia, USA, wrote to James Askew, his factor in London ordering ‘2 finest Virginia Walnut Chairs … the same wth those I had of Gamage at the Crown in Pauls Ch Yard with Paws at the feet’. The business was clearly in existence well before this date and London Gazette, 28–31 January 1709/10 advertised that Richard Lewis an app. cane chairmaker, born in Shropshire, had absconded from his master at ‘The Crown’ in St Paul's Churchyard. It is highly likely that Gammage was the master involved. Gammage was dead by March 1725 in which month his widow advertised that she had for disposal ‘All Sorts of Chairs and Couches, Mahogenny Wood, Virginia Walnut, English Walnut, and Walnut-Tree Wood for Gun Stocks’. She indicated that she was ‘designing to leave off trade’. From 1725–30 the premises were used as a tavern retaining the previous trade sign, but in the latter year they reverted once more to a chairmaking and furniture business when John Brown took them over. [Hist. Soc. of Pennsylvania, Logan papers; Conn., vol. 93, p. 181; Daily Courant, 13 March 1725] B.A.

Gamman, R., 11 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, picture frame maker (1835). [D]

Gamwell, A., 21 Sandhills Lane, Whitehaven, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811–34). [D]

Gandy, William, 31 Steep Hill, Lincoln, carver and gilder (1822–40). Recorded at no. 31, 1826–40. [D]

Gann, John, Oundle, Northants., cm (1840). [D]

Ganning, Timothy snr and jnr, Norwich, u (1692–1768). Timothy Ganning snr was app. to Joseph Robins and free 21 September 1692. Soon he was himself taking apps commencing with John Osborne, admitted freeman on 8 November 1700. Gasgoine Rutter followed, free on 9 October 1704. Others declared free after app. to Timothy Ganning snr were Timothy Money on 3 May 1724 and Andrew Felgate on 21 September 1735. He also took apps named Smythe in 1711 and Cushing in 1732. His son Timothy was app. to him and declared free on 3 May 1724, and was probably a partner by the early 1730s when the business was referred to as Timothy Ganning & Co. Later apps such as Cooke in 1741 and Chapman in 1742 were probably trained by Ganning jnr.

The business was located in the parish of St Peter Mancroft, but by 1768 had moved to the parish of St Gregory. [Poll bks; S of G, app. index; Norwich freemen reg.]

Ganns, Richard, North St, Oundle, Northants., cm/joiner (1823). [D]

Gantry, —, address unknown, u (1835). Paid sums of £1 2s and £3 3s in 1835 by the 3rd Lord Braybroke in connection with either Audley End, Essex, or his London house. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A363]

Garbanati, Frederick, 12 West St, Covent Gdn, London, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Garbanati, Joseph, London, carver and gilder (1807–39). Shown in 1808 at both 22 and 89 High Holborn. The latter address is listed for a Joshua Garbanati but his different Christian name is almost certainly a directory error. From 1811–26 at 404 Strand and thereafter at 37 Southampton St, Strand. The nature of the business is indicated on Garbanati's trade card in the Landauer Coll., MMA, NY. He claimed to have in stock ‘A Choice Collection of French Carved Picture, Chimney & Pier Frames, also French Carved Console & Pier Tables, Cabriole Chairs, Sofas &’ and offered a service of restoring frames and mirrors. He also relined and restored paintings. Garbanati attracted influential clients. In June 1807 Sir John Geers Cottrell of Garnons, near Hereford paid him £5 13s 6d for looking-glass frames though it is not known if these were for Garnons or his London house in Hertford St. In June 1826 the Duke of Norfolk was supplied with ‘a Handsome French Frame’ for £6 12s. [D; Heal; Herefs. RO, Garnons W69/III/182; Arundel Castle records, A2094]

Garbanati & Sargood, 19 St Martin's Ct, London, carvers, gilder and looking-glass manufacturers (1839). [D]

Garbet, James, Wem, Salop, cm (1797–98). [D]

Garbett, Joseph, 5 Spitalfields, Liverpool, cm (1805). [D]

Garbett, Robert, Derby St, Liverpool, cm (1810). [D]

Garbett, Thomas, Adam's Mews, Hanover Sq., Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Garbit, Robert, Liverpool, cm (1827–29). In 1827 at 16 Comus St but by 1829 the number had changed to 24. [D]

Garbitt, Joseph, 7 Bradshaw St, Manchester, cm (1797). [D]

Garbut, Francis, Back Cross St, Bolton, Lancs., cm and joiner (1824). [D]

Garbut, Joseph, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1821–32). From 1821–23 in North St but in 1823 at Prince's Pl., moving again to Regent Hill by 1829. Only recorded in directories for 1832 when he was trading from 31 Bond St. Three sons and three daughters bapt., 1821–32. [D; PR(bapt.)]

Garbut, Robert, Finkle St, Selby, Yorks., joiner and cm (1828– 30). [D]

Garbutt, George, Ampleforth, Helmsley, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Garbutt, John, Tubwell Row, Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Garbutt, John, Wallsend, Northumb., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Garden, William & Co., 29 West St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1832). [D]

Gard(e)ner, James, 1 Bradshaw Ct, Shudehill, Manchester, cm and bedstead maker (1838). [D]

Gardener, Matthew, 17 Whitechapel, Liverpool, cm (1794). [D]

Gardener, Thomas, Bilston St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm (1805–08). [D]

Gardiner, —, address unknown, cm (1744). In 1744 supplied a mahogany claw table to Holkham Hall, Norfolk at a cost of 16s. [V & A archives]

Gardiner, John, Norwich and London, carver (1786–1818). App. to Benjamin Jagger and admitted freeman of Norwich on 24 February 1786. At this date living in the parish of St Andrew, but by 1790 in the parish of St Peter Mancroft. By July 1802 had moved to London and was to remain there. [Norwich freemen reg. and poll bks]

Gardiner, John, Castle St, Hereford, cm (1832). [Poll bk]

Gardiner, T., Witney, Oxon., carpenter, joiner and cm (1779). Announced in October 1779 that he had taken a house in Witney ‘where he intends carrying on the Carpenters, Joiners, Mangle and Cabinet Work’. Dealt also in secondhand furniture and brushes and brooms. [Jackson's Oxford Journal, 23 October 1779]

Gardiner, Thomas, 27 New James St, London, cm (1779). In 1779 insured his house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 274, p. 188]

Garding, J., address unknown, cm (c. 1815–20). Supplied a set of quartetto tables to Erddig, Clwyd. [V & A archives]

Gardner, Andrew, Woburn, Beds., u (1799–1830). Trading at Market Pl. in 1830, Regularly features in the Woburn Abbey accounts as an u and general handyman. Most of the furniture supplied was for the servants’ quarters or for estate use. Amongst the items produced were a 4ft 6in. wide stained 4 post bed on castors ‘for Judge, the keeper’ at £10 9s 5½d in July 1809; six cherry tree chairs for the stables at 4s 9d each in January 1811; and twelve cherrytree wheel back stool chairs for the laundry and London Lodge in June 1816 at £5 2s. [Bedford Office, London]

Gardner, Charles, 72 Paradise St, Rotherhithe, London, u and cm (1808–20). [D]

Gardner, Christopher, Flemish Churchyard, St Catherine's, London, cm (1777). In 1777 insured some houses for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 12]

Gardner, Daniel, Lancaster, u (1768). Admitted freeman, 1768–69, when stated ‘of Kendal’, Westmld. [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Gardner, Denny, 14 Wood St, Cheapside, London, cm and u (1829–39). [D]

Gardner, Draper, London, upholder and horse hair manufacturer (1781–1804). At 57 Gt Wild St, 1781–84. In 1781 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £90 was in respect of utensils, stock and goods. In 1784 the total was £400, £240 of this accounting for utensils, stock, goods and workshop. By 1785 had moved to 12 Vere St, Clare Mkt, where utensils etc. were insured for £230 with a further £50 for the workshop and its contents. By 1804 the number had changed to 14. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 298, p. 108; vol. 324, p. 312; vol. 333, p. 459]

Gardner, Edward, Dorcas Buildings (or Pl.), Hammersmith, London, cm (1826–32). [D]

Gardner, Henry, London, cm etc. (1820–39). Successor to Charles Gardner. At 72 Paradise St, Rotherhithe 1820–27 but by 1839 at 30 Paradise St. In 1827 the businesss was described as that of auctioneer and appraiser and in 1839 as u. [D]

Gardner, J., West Smithfield, end of Long Lane, and 75–76 Long Acre, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass manufacturer. Late 18th-century trade card is in the Heal Coll., BM.

Gardner, James, Lancaster, cm (1760–68). App. to H. Baines in 1760, and admitted freeman, 1767–68. [Lancaster app. reg., freemen rolls and poll bk]

Gardner, James, Charles St and 19 Whitechapel, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D]

Gardner, James, Chester, cm and auctioneer (1790–d. 1808). App. to John Cooke and admitted freeman on 7 July 1790. Took over John Cooke's app. named Griffith in 1791, and had another app. named Evans assigned to him in 1793. In 1792 at Higher Bridge St, and at Eastgate St, 1793–95. In 1797 the address is Talbot Row. Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Died on 22 September 1808 at Nantwich, Cheshire. [D; Chester freemen rolls and app. bks; Liverpool Courier, 5 October 1808]

Gardner, James, London, cm and furniture broker (1826–35). At 7 Cumberland Pl., Newington in 1826, and 5–7 Cumberland Pl. in 1835. In 1827 however shown at King's Row, Newington. [D]

Gardner, John, 14 Dartmouth Row, Westminster, London, upholder (1778). In 1778 insured his utensils and stock for £50 out of a total cover of £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 267, p. 449]

Gardner, John, Chester, cm (1808–29). Free 15 October 1808. His business premises were in Eastgate St but from 1818 an alternative address in Paradise Row is sometimes shown. In 1829 the business was referred to as Gardner & Sons. A three-drawer writing table from Eaton Hall, Cheshire, is signed underneath in ink ‘Gardner 1824’. [Chester freemen rolls and poll bks; Chester Chronicle, 1 May 1829]

Gardner, John Rayner, Northgate, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1818). [Poll bk]

Gardner, John, Aston St, Birmingham, cm (1818). [D]

Gardner, John, 20 George St, Blackfriars, London, looking-glass frame manufacturers (1820). [D]

Gardner, John, 2 Brunswick Row, Brunswick St, St George's Rd, London, carver and gilder (1822). On 3 January 1822 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £20 was in respect of stock and utensils. [GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 987531]

Gardner, John, Avenham Rd, Preston, Lancs., builder, cm and joiner (1834–42). [D]

Gardner, John, 4 Canterbury St, Liverpool, u and feather dealer (1834–39). Associated with J. O'Neill & Co. [D]

Gardner, John & Henry, 2 Green Harbour Yd, London, looking-glass manufacturers (1839). [D]

Gar(d)ner, Mary & Sons, Hotel Row, Chester, cm and u (1816–28). [D] See Samuel Gardner

Gardner, Matthew, Liverpool, cm (1796–d. 1815). Son of John Gardner, pot painter. Free 25 May 1796. In 1800 at 22 Whitechapel, the number changing to 85 in 1805 and 90, 1807–11. By 1813 at 79 Mount Pleasant. Took as apps William Williams (free 1812), and John Mecomb (free 1818). Died on 6 September 1815 aged 44, after a lingering illness, and in the following month the sale of his stock was announced. This comprised ‘Mahogany Clock-cases, Chairframes, Gardervins, Tea Chests, Cheese Waggons, Children's Chairs, Ladies Work Tables, Chests of Drawers etc. etc. with a valuable Assortment of Veneers, Mahogany Planks & Boards, Tool Chests & Tools, Three Benches, Grinding Stone, Sofa Frame etc.’ [D; Liverpool freemen reg. and committee bk; Liverpool Mercury, 13 October 1815]

Gardner, Matthew, Lancaster, cm (1803–22). Free 1806–07. Named in the Gillow records, 1803–14, 1816 and 1822. [Lancaster freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Gardner, Samuel, Liverpool, u (1818). App. to Mathew Gregson and admitted freeman on 23 June 1818. [Liverpool freemen reg.]

Gar(d)ner, Samuel, Hotel Row, Eastgate St, Chester, cm and u (1817–40). Admitted freeman on 1 November 1817. Several local commissions by this maker are recorded and imply a good reputation with local patrons. In 1836 furniture was supplied and work undertaken for Charles Morrall of Stanley Pl., Chester, amounting to £66 3s 11d. This commission included a pair of simulated rosewood cabinets charged at £8. Worked for the Chapter of Chester Cathedral and in 1836 supplied a writing table in the Gothic style for the Song School. An oak library bookcase at Burton Court, Herefs., originally made for the Rev. Mr Evans of Burton Court, c. 1830, has a note attached to indicate that it came from Samuel Gardner's workshops. An advertisement in an 1840 directory indicates that he also dealt in plate glass, carpets and blankets, and arranged funerals. [D; Lloyds Bank archives; Architectural History, vol. 14, p. 74] See Mary Gardner & Sons.

Gardner, Thomas, Rood Lane, Fenchurch St, London, upholder (1709–d. by 1762). Son of Richard Gardner of Liverpool, Gent. App to J. Vignell on 25 July 1709 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 26 December 1720. Also freeman of Preston by patrimony. Master of the Upholders’ Co., 1743. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Preston freemen reg.; Heal]

Gard(e)ner, Thomas, Alton, Hants., cm (1823). [D]

Gardner, Thomas, London, cm and u (1835–39). At 119 London Rd, 1835–37, and 19 Rockingham Row, 1839. [D]

Gardner, William, ‘The One Cane Chair’, south side of St Paul's Churchyard, London, cane chairmaker (1703–12). The date 1703 appears on his trade card and is probably the date of the establishment of the business. This card is illustrated with an engraving of a cane chair of the type fashionable in the early years of the reign of William and Mary and becoming somewhat dated by 1703. It indicates that he made and sold ‘Cane Chairs, Couches and Cane-Sashes’. The card was still being used in July 1712 and on the 10th of that month Gardener used one to provide a receipt for Lady Heathcote for £3 17s. [Heal; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC 12/D/6] B.A.

Gardner, William, Worcester, carver and gilder (1820–28). Trading at Broad St in 1820 and 98 High St in 1828. [D]

Gardner, William, 1 Robert St, Blackfriars Rd, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Gardner, William, 6 City Rd, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1839). [D]

Gardner, William, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1816–41). Aged 25 at the time of the 1841 Census.

Gardner & Gouch, 20 Featherstone St, London, chairmakers and japanners (1798). [D]

Gardom, Barnabas, Epsom, Surrey, upholder etc. (1794). [D]

Gardom, James & George, Epsom, Surrey, u (1838–39). [D]

Gardom, M. & Son, Epsom, Surrey, carpenter, builder, auctioneer, cm and agent for the Albion Fire Office (1822). [D]

Garencieres, John, Malton, Yorks., u (1790). Son of William Garencieres of Malton, u. Made freeman of York as an u, 1790. [York freemen reg.]

Garencieres, William, York and Malton, Yorks., u (1744–84). Son of Theophilus Garencieres of Scarborough, Yorks., clerk. App. to Richard Farrer of York, u, 17 July 1744. Free as an u, 1758. Recorded working in Malton from 1758. Father of John Garencieres. [York poll bks; York app. and freemen regs]

Garey, James, 8 Richmond St, St Luke's, London, cm (1809). [D]

Garfoot, Robert, 28 Cannon St, Manchester, cm (1772–73). [D]

Garland, Francis Burrall, Devonport, Devon, cm (1829–30). In November 1829 declared to be ‘entitled to the benefit of the Act, and ordered to be discharged accordingly’. In 1830 established at 39 Marlborough St. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 12 November 1829]

Garland, Ganul, 13 Old Compton St, London, cm (1786). On 1 July 1786 took out insurance cover of £100 of which £80 was in respect of utensils etc. [GL, Sun MS vol. 337, p. 641]

Garland, John, Bridge St, Gainsborough, Lincs., cm and u (1822–35). [D]

Garlick, Thomas, 3 Lawrence Lane, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Garndult, Samuel, 106 Leadenhall St, London, u (1775). In 1775 took out insurance cover of £400 of which a half was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 611]

Garner, Charles, 51 Ironmonger Row, St Luke's, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Garner, James, Brandon, Suffolk, cm and chairmaker (1830–39). [D]

Garner, John, Hotel Row, Chester, cm (1814). Business continued after 1818 by Mary Garner & Sons. [D]

Garner, John, Liverpool, cm (1817). Married in December 1817 at St Ann's Church Miss Anne Hammerton. [Liverpool Mercury, 5 December 1817]

Garner, Richard, High St, Huntingdon, u, cm and paper hanger (1830–39). [D; poll bk]

Garner, Thomas, 7 Cotter's Ct, Chapel St, Liverpool, cm (1796). [D]

Garnett, G., 8 Gt Newport St, Long Acre, London, carver and gilder. Early 19th-century trade card is in the Landauer Coll., MMA, NY. Garnett produced looking-glass and picture frames and offered ‘cutting up in the white to the trade’.

Garnett, John, Lancaster, cm and broker (1801–04). App. to Isaac Greenwood, cm, on 22 February 1791, and free, 1801– 02. Declared bankrupt, Lancaster Gazette, 7 January 1804. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Garnett, Thomas, Werburgh's St (or Lane), Chester, cm (1814– 28). [D]

Garnett, Robert & Sons, Warrington, Lancs., cm (1824–40). Several items of furniture by this maker of late 19th-and early 20th-century date bearing labels, plates and stamps are known. These claim that the firm was established 1824 though they are not noted in contemporary trade directories.

Garnett, Thomas, Prospect Cottage, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmld, joiner/cm (1829–34). [D]

Garnett, Thomas, North St, Middlesborough, Yorks., joiner and cm (1840). [D]

Garnett, William, 77 Queen St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm, u and auctioneer (1823–30). [D]

Garrard, Joseph, 25 Porter St, Long Acre, London, cm (1791). In 1791 took out insurance cover of £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 379, p. 257]

Garrard, Thomas, East St, Chichester, Sussex, cm and u (1775). In 1775 took out insurance cover of £900. This included £400 for utensils and stock and £250 for stock in ‘stockhouses’ in St Martin's Lane. [GL, Sun MS vol. 253, p. 72]

Garrard, William, Brow Top, Workington, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Garrard, William, 101 Mary St, Hampstead Rd, London, cm (1835–37). [D]

Garratt, Dingley, Gt Southsea St, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and u (1830). [D]

Garratt, G., Boughton, Chester, cm (1819). [Poll bk]

Garratt, Henry, London, cm (1808–29). At 32 Stanhope Lane in 1808. In 1820 he was at 1 Little Chapel St, Soho and in 1825 at no. 6. For 1829 two addresses are shown: 22 Francis St, Tottenham Ct Rd and 17 Bath Pl., New Rd, Marylebone. After 1820 his trade is recorded as dressing case and writing desk maker. [D]

Garratt, Samuel, Chester, cm (1812–40). Free 6 October 1812 and at that date at Prince's St. In 1818 at Mount Pleasant St and the following year Mount St. By 1816 he had moved to Brook St; in 1837 was at Northgate St; and in 1840 at Hotel Row, Eastgate St with a house in Handlaridge. [D; poll bks; freemen rolls]

Garrett, John, 5 Beak St, London, cm (1787). On 14 May 1787 took out insurance cover on goods for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 530394]

Garret, John, Newcastle, joiner, cm and pawnbroker (1811–24). At Bigg Mkt, 1811–24, but in 1833 at Nun's-gate. The pawnbroking part of the business is first mentioned in 1824 and in 1833 was stated to be the sole occupation. [D]

Garrett, John, 47 Circus St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1816). [D]

Garrett, John Alexander, London, carver and gilder (1826–39). In 1826 at 6 Wardour St, Soho and from 1835 occupied both 6 and 7. A directory of 1829 however lists 2 Carburton St as his address. [D]

Garret(t), Thomas, Chester, u (1754–95). App. to Harwar Harvey, u, 1754–55 for eight years and free, 13 January 1762. At Bridge St, 1771–92, but in 1795 shown at Eastgate St. In 1775 took out insurance cover of £500 though his ‘shops’ were insured for £30 only. [D; freemen rolls; poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 240, p. 21]

Garside, W., Lawton St, Congleton, Cheshire, cm (1789). [D]

Garstone, John, St Martin's St, Hereford, cm and undertaker (1822–30). [D]

Garstone, William, Hereford, cm, u, builder, turner and chairmaker (1822–35). In 1822 at St John's Pl. By 1835 at St Martin's St where he probably took over the business of John Garstone to whom he may have been related. At this period his trade was that of chairmaker and turner. [D]

Garth, James, Serle St, Lincoln's Inn, London, u (1768–87). His earliest recorded commission was for Richard Hoare of Boreham House, Essex who in 1768 paid him 12s 6d for two looking-glasses. By the 1780s however he was obtaining substantial patronage from many important clients. Between 1781–85 he was working on furnishings for Paul Methuen at Corsham Court, Wilts., and was paid £165 on 8 March 1781, £67 on 27 February 1782 and £7 on 10 June 1785. At the same time he was working at Longford Castle, Wilts. and in this connection was paid £73 7s in 1781 and £10 7s 6d in 1787. [D; Heal; Essex RO, D/Du 649/2; V & A archives]

Garth, James, Far Fold, Mabgate, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1816–22). [D]

Garton, Samuel, London, upholder (1756–69). Son of Richard Garton of the parish of St Gregory, London. App. to William Cope on 6 May 1756 and free by servitude, 6 December 1769, as a member of the Upholders’ Co. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Garton, William, 10 George's Ct, St John's Lane, London, cm (1809). [D]

Garway, William, Taunton, Som., cm (1721). In 1721 took app. named House. [S of G, app. index]

Garwood, John, Exeter Ct, Westminster, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Gascoigne, Edward, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm (1757). In 1757 took app. named Brown. [S of G, app. index]

Gaskell, —, Ulverston, Lancs., cm (1821). [Liverpool Mercury, 24 August 1821]

Gaskell, John, 2 Ravald St, Salford, Lancs., cm (1808–17). [D]

Gaskell, John, Liverpool, cm and u (1832–39). In 1832–35 at 30 Islington where in addition to the trades of cm and u he described himself as a paper hanger and spring stuffer. At this period he had only recently established his business. In 1837 he was at 38 Byrom St and in 1839 at 107 St James St. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 15 June 1832]

Gaskill, Thomas, Castle Donnington, Leics., chairmaker (1835). [D]

Gasley, George Alexander, London, u and furniture broker (1825–27). At 11 Gt Newport St, Soho, 1825–26; but in 1827 in another part of London for the address is simply given as Middlx. Bankruptcy announced, 10 April 1827. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 13 April 1827]

Gasley, Richard, London(?), u (1676). On 11 December 1676 paid by order by William 5th Earl of Bedford, 5s for two days work and £11 18s 4d for 2 cwt of goose feathers. [Bedford Office, London]

Gasson, James, Middle Ward, Tottenham, London, u (1839). [D]

Gasson, William, parish of SS Peter and Paul, Tonbridge, Kent, cm and Tunbridge-ware maker (1825–26). Sons Charles and Henry bapt. 2 March 1825 and 8 November 1826 respectively. [PR(bapt.)]

Gastard, J., 28 Gerrard St, Soho, London, u (1819–25). [D]

Gastrell, Miles, Ulverston, Lancs., chairmaker (1798). [D]

Gatcliffe, Thomas snr, Liverpool, cm (1719). In 1719 took app. named Leech. [S of G, app. index]

Gatcliffe, Thomas jnr, Liverpool, cm (1726–67). Free 6 May 1726. Trading in Pool Lane, 1766–67. [D; freemen rolls]

Gatehouse, John, ‘The Golden Ball’ by the Ditch-side, near Holborn Bridge, London, cm (1695). A walnut bureau cabinet, formerly at Herriard Park, Hants. (now at Temple Newsam, Leeds) bears the trade label of this maker. On this he indicated that he made and sold ‘all Sorts of Cabinet Work, Chests of Drawers, Book-Cases, Cabinets, Scrutores; All Sorts of Glasses, Pier-Glasses, Chimney-Glasses and Sconces; And all Sorts of Joiners-Work; as Oval-Tables &c.’ He is listed in a document of 1695 concerned with assessments of persons living in the parish of St Andrew, Holborn but appears to have continued his trade into the early years of the 18th century. [Gilbert, Leeds Furn. Cat., vol. I, pp. 40–41; V & A archives]

Gatenby, William, Boroughbridge, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Gates, George, 26 Union St, Old Kent Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Gates, John, Ferry Boat Landing, Blyth, Northumb., cm, cartwright and undertaker (1827–34). [D]

Gates, Richard, 34 Garden Row, London Rd, London, chairmaker (1835). [D]

Gates, Stephen, London, chair, sofa and cabinet manufacturer (1829–39). At 77 Prospect Pl., Southwark in 1829, 79 St George's Rd, Southwark in 1835 and 6 Providence Buildings, Kent Rd, 1837–39. [D]

Gates, Thomas, Lewes, Sussex, cm (1816–40). At St John's St, 1816–18, but from 1826 in Spring Gdns. Up to 1837 listed as a journeyman cm thereafter merely as cm. [Poll bks]

Gates, William, St Martin's Lane, London, cm (1774–after 1800). William Gates was a cm who specialized in fine inlay and engraved woodwork. He succeeded John Bradburn as a tradesman to the Great Wardrobe, his warrant from George III being dated July 1777. Gates's first recorded commission from the Royal Household came in 1778 when he supplied ‘a very neat mahogany cistern’ for the dining room of the Queen's House, St James's Park, at a cost of £8 10s.

Like many English 18th-century cm Gates's life has glaring gaps through lack of information. In 1779 Gates was insured for a total of £1,000 which covered stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 275, p. 289] In March 1780 he was listed as bankrupt. [Gents Mag.] Gates obviously weathered this crisis for he kept his Royal Warrant and the Lord Chamberlain's Office returns for the quarter ending January 1781 list him as having supplied a ‘Sattinwood writing table with a Tambour top’; this table was inlaid and engraved with the feathers of the Prince of Wales, and cost £24 19s.

Two seminal pieces in Gates's oeuvre are ‘2 very fine Sattinwood inlaid commode tables to stand under piers with semi-circular fronts’. These were supplied in 1781 to the Prince of Wales, later George IV, for his apartments in the Queen's House, St James's Park (Buckingham Palace). The cabinets cost £80 plus an extra £3 1s 6d for two leather covers. Each commode has three drawers in the frieze, two doors in the centre, which open to reveal drawers, and two doors either side enclosing cupboards. The doors are inlaid with ovals enclosing tall urns; the semi-circular tops have urns in the centre with Neo-classical floral scrolls emerging from the base. They are still in Buckingham Palace. [Burlington, July 1931, pp. 22–27] Gates also made other, less elaborate furniture, an example of which is the ‘Clothes Press with fluted Cornice and carved Paterae’ supplied for £20 to a Mr Hawkins of Kew, Surrey.

In 1738 William Gates formed a short-lived partnership with Benjamin Parran, the nephew of Benjamin Goodison. During 1784 Gates lost his Royal Warrant. This may have had a connection with the fact that George, Prince of Wales, was allowed his own household and his accounts were no longer controlled by the Lord Chamberlain's Office. It is not known why the Prince should have withdrawn his patronage but it must have had a detrimental effect on Gates's career. In 1784 he moved from the fashionable cabinet makers’ street of St Martin's Lane to 30 St Albans Hill. [D] He continued in business and at least by the turn of the century was associated with Charles Elliott. The date of his death, like that of his birth, is not known.

To judge from the surviving examples of his work Gates was one of the foremost inlay workers of his day. He probably designed his own pieces but in at least one case he worked to a drawing supplied by the Prince of Wales. This was in 1780 for a pair of ‘superb tripods or thermes’. Apart from cabinet making, Gates may have been involved in building speculation for in 1774 he took out a policy with the Sun Insurance Co. on a house in Owens Row, Islington. The house, no. 5, still stands and Gates insured it for £200, it being described as ‘A Brick house … not finished’. [GL, Sun MS, vol. 235 and vol. 240, p. 360]
QUEEN'S HOUSE, St James's Park. In 1778 Gates supplied for the dining room of the Queen's house ‘a very neat mahogany cistern on a pedestal, the inside lined with lead, a brass cock & cover to d°. and very neat brass mould by way of hoops neatly wrought & wrought handles to d°. (size of the whole 3 feet 2 inches high & 15½ inches wide & deep, with reel carved mouldings) £8 10s. [V & A archives]
GEORGE, PRINCE OF WALES. In 1780 Gates supplied ‘an exceedingly fine Sattinwood writing table with a Tambour top neatly inlaid & engraved with various services, on the top a plume of Feathers very neatly inlaid, & the motto’, £24 10s. [Lord Chamberlain's Office, Bills for the quarter ending 5 January 1781; V & A archives]
QUEEN'S HOUSE, St James's Park, London (George, Prince of Wales). In 1781 Gates supplied for the Prince of Wales's apartments in the Queen's House ‘2 very fine Sattinwood inlaid Commode tables to stand under piers with semicircular fronts, 4 drawers each & 3 drawers over ditto, one drawer of each with a sliding board over d°, cover'd with green cloth to write on, the doors, drawers, and tops richly engraved with Urns, Vases, flowers and ornaments in woods of different colours, with locks and bolts to d°. Size of each, 3 feet 9inches long, and 3 feet high. £80. (2 leather covers £3 1s 6d)’. [PRO, Lord Chamberlain's papers, no. 328]
GEORGE, PRINCE OF WALES. In 1781 Gates supplied the Prince of Wales with a ‘chimney-glass in a carved frame, a very fine top to d° with clusters of flowers hanging in festoons from vases, & other ornaments, & husks down the sides of the frame all very neatly gilt in burnish'd gold, a large Plate in the middle and border to d°. (size of the frame 5 feet 7 wide & 3 feet 9 high) £63’. [V & A archives]
MR HAWKINS’ HOUSE, Kew, Surrey. In 1781 Gates supplied ‘a very good mahogany Clothes Press with fluted Cornice and Carved Paterae, 6 shelves with inside made in two parts with 2 long and 2 short drawers … £20’. [V & A archives]
GEORGE, PRINCE OF WALES. In 1781 Wm Gates charged the Prince £9 15s ‘for three very fine trays curiously inlaid and engraved with different devises rims to d° & a silvered string round d° & handles’. [V & A archives]
QUEEN'S HOUSE, St James's Park (George, Prince of Wales). In 1781 Gates supplied ‘two very fine card tables in a semi circular form and inlaid with different woods of different colours and neatly … and the top lined within with green cloth £21’. [V & A archives] T.R.

Gathereole, B. & C., 31 Trinity St, Rotherhithe, London, auctioneer and cabinet manufacturer (1820). [D]

Gatliffe, Thomas, Pool Lane, Liverpool, cm (1728–68). Took apps named Bencoft in 1728 and Nagle in 1752. Later apps were Thomas Dobb (free 1760), Isaac Wardley (free 1765) and John Molyneux (app. 1754, free 1765). In June 1768 he announced his retirement from the trade, ‘being advanced in years’. His ‘Stock of ready made Cabinet Goods & Looking Glasses’ were sold off from his Pool Lane premises from 8 June ‘the lowest Price Ticketted on each Piece of Furniture’. [S of G, app. index; Liverpool freemen's committee bk; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 3 June 1768]

Gattie, Charles, 89 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, lookingglass manufacturer, carver and gilder (1816–22). [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Gattrell, John, High St, Lymington, Hants., u and cm (1839). [D]

Gattrell, Joseph, Lymington, Hants., cm and u (1823–30). Recorded at High St in 1830. [D]

Gaty, William, address unknown, cm (1765). Payment of £10 10s in 1765 listed in the abstract of tradesmen's accounts, Chatsworth, Burlington Papers.

Gaubert, Guillaume, Panton St, London, maker of ornamental furniture (1785–95). When Horace Walpole visited Carlton House in 1785 he attributed the decoration to ‘Gobert’. In 1795 this maker claimed £1,133 19s 8d for work on ornaments for Carlton. [DEF]

Gaul, John, George St, Ope, Devonport, Devon, turner, carver and screw cutter (1830). [D]

Gaulton, Henry, Bere Regis, Dorset, cm (1830). [D]

Gauntlett, George, Exeter, Devon, carver (1823–39). In Coombe St in November 1823 when his son George Thomas and daughter Mary Anne were bapt. In 1825 at Paul St and in 1839 in Friar's Terr. [D; PR(bapt.), St Mary Major]

Gautby & Bell, High St, Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Gavins, John, Newsome's Yd, Briggate, Leeds, Yorks., cm and joiner (1837). [D]

Gawan, Curtis, Marlborough Pl., Brighton, Sussex, cm (1823–40). Three sons, Henry, Joseph and Charles bapt., 1823–30. [PR(bapt.); poll bks]

Gawan, John, 11 Union St, Somers Town, London, cm and undertaker (c. 1806–17). Son of John Gawan of London, painter. App. to John Stephenson of Hull on 13 November 1799. By 1817 trading in London at the Union St address. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Gawler, Peter, Christchurch, Hants., turner and chairmaker (1823). [D]

Gawthorp, James, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1822–37). At Lower Templar St in 1822 but from 1828 at 5 Upperhead Row. [D]

Gawthorp, Robert, Caldicoates, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Gawthorp & Flesher, Turner St, Albion St, Leeds, Yorks., u and cm (1822). [D]

Gay, John Daniel, 91 Hoxton Old Town, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Gay, Thomas, Rochford, Essex, cm etc. (1826). [D]

Gay, William, Rochford, Essex, cm etc. (1826). [D]

Gaylor, James, 68 Castle St, Oxford St, London, carver (1806). On 19 November 1806 took out insurance cover of £400, of which half was in respect of a house at Harmondsworth, Middlx. [GL, Sun MS vol. 437, ref. 795933]

Gaylor (or Gayler), Peter, Purewell, Christchurch, Hants., turner and chairmaker (1823–30). [D]

Gaywood, William, Lower Hillgate, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (1798–1808). [D]

Gazely, Joseph, 9 Church St, Spitalfields, London, carver and gilder (1790). [D]

Gazy, Thomas, Coleshill St, Birmingham, cm (1767). [D]

Geagan, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Geake, Robert & Thomas, Hendford, Yeovil, Som., cm and u (1830). [D]

Geake, Thomas, West St, Tavistock, Devon, cm (1823). [D] Possibly:

Geake, Thomas, Westgate St, Launceston, Cornwall, cm and u (1824–30). Between February 1829 and September 1830 supplied substantial quantities of furniture and furnishings to a N. Lawrence Esq. These included ‘8 Black Chairs with Caned Seats & Cushions’ at £10, ‘a Couch in Canvas’ at £8 and ‘4 Mahogany Chairs’ at £7. [D; Cornwall RO, DD. LR. 14]

Geake, Thomas, Middle St, Hendford, Yeovil, Som., cm and u (1839). [D]

Geake, Thomas, Cheap St, Sherborne, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Gear, Samuel, Nottingham, cm (1807–18). In April 1807 took app. named William Root (or Rook) of Hull, and in February 1818 app. named James Wilford, also of Hull. [Hull app. reg.]

Geare, —, Yeovil, Som., cm (1829). In May 1829 it was reported that a floor had collapsed in a factory in which this maker was involved. [Exeter Flying Post, 28 May 1829]

Geare, James, Weymouth, Dorset, cm (1779). Mentioned in connection with a deed. [Dorset Nat. Hist. and Arch. Proceedings, 1931, p. 70]

Gearing, H., address unknown. Submitted an account dated 11 April 1772 for an ‘Old Japan Box & stand’ charged at £22 in connection with Croome Court, Worcs. [V & A archives]

Geatenby, George, South Moulton St, Westminster, London, carver (1774–75). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., August 1775. [Poll bk]

Geaves, George, 4 New Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1816). [D]

Gebhard, John, London, cm, u and undertaker (1820–29). At 4 Pell St, Ratcliffe Highway, 1820–22, and 5 Princes’ Pl., Commercial Rd from 1826. [D]

Geddes, Charles Alexander, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscriber to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Geddes, James, 11 Crown Ct, Pulteney St, London, cm (1779). In 1779 insured a house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 276, p. 79]

Gedge, Ambrose, Wensum St, Norwich, cm and u (1818–22). App. to Thomas Cutler and free 7 December 1818. Trading by 1822. [D; freemen reg.]

Gedling, Robert, Commerce St, South Shields, Co. Durham, cm (1827). [D]

Gee, Edward, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

Gee, Edward, Mount East St, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Gee, George, Mount Sorrel, Leicester, chairmaker (1840). [D]

Gee, Henry, Warwick Row, Blackfriars Rd, London, upholder (1803). Son of William Gee of Acton, Middlx, fellmonger. App. to Henry Terry on 1 December 1790 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 July 1803. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Gee, John, 32 Redcliffe St, Bristol, cm (1775). [D]

Gee, John, 70 Stamford St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm, u and joiner (1824–34). [D]

Gee, Martha, London, bed and mattress maker (1820–27). At Warwick Row, Blackfriars, 1820–23, and 22 Bridge House, Newington Causeway in 1827. Possibly the widow of Henry Gee. [D] Succeeded by William Charles Gee.

Gee, John, London, chairmaker and turner (1779–c. 1824) also listed as Gee & Sons (1809) and Gee, Thomas Ayliffe (1804– 09?). In about 1779 John Gee replaced Thomas Ayliffe as partner to Benjamin Crompton, who had been Turner in Ordinary to George III since 1762. On 14 October 1787 Gee was sworn in as turner ‘jointly with Thos. Ayliffe his partner’, but his name, unlike Ayliffe's, does not appear in the Court and City Register until 1799. Ayliffe was the fourth member of his family to be a turner to the King, so Gee was probably the junior partner. In 1790 Lord Wilton bought chairs for the Music Room at Heaton Hall, Lancs. ‘2 June 1790 Aycliffe & Gees Bill for chairs etc. £49 8s.’. [Preston RO, DD/Eg 153/1–8] From 1799, when he is described as ‘Chair-maker, 49 Wardour Street, Soho’, Gee is listed in London directories. In 1803 [D] he is called ‘Chairmaker & Turner to His Majesty’ and this title occurs regularly in entries up to 1823; in most directories, however, this appointment is omitted. Gee is also included in the list of master cabinet makers attached to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. The last directory listing for Gee is 1823–24. On 8 November 1804 Thomas Ayliffe Gee was appointed Turner in Ordinary to the King jointly with his father and briefly, in one directory of 1809 the firm is listed as ‘Gee & Sons, Turners & chair makers’. John Gee's name is shown in the Court and City Register until 1831, well after his apparent retirement. Charles Holme Bridges, who succeeded Gee at 49 Wardour St in 1824 received a royal warrant in 1822 but is first entered as a turner in the 1832 Register. Gee's productions have been identified through stamped marks: ‘J GEE’, ‘GEE’, l GEE’, ‘Jn. G’ and a crown, J within G, and ‘GEE WARDOUR ST’ have been noted. Certain chairs are stamped with initials: ‘RR’, ‘GL’, ‘GH’, ‘IT’ and ‘WG’ have been noted. These are probably the marks of individual chairmakers in Gee's employ. His seems to have been a substantial undertaking. The following summary list records chairs by Gee in the order of their emergence: Pride's of London, 1962, 6 chairs, painted trophies on green and brown background, stamped ‘J GEE’. [C. Life, 1 March 1962, supplement p. 34 and Conn., May–August 1962]; Bearne's Sale Rooms, 1964, settee, 2 armchairs, 7 chairs, stamped ‘J GEE’; 8 chairs, brass inlay, stamped ‘J GEE’. [C. Life, 12 March 1964, supplement p. 35]; Sotheby's, London, 19 June 1970, lot 80, 4 chairs, simulated rosewood, gilt, stamped ‘GEE’ and ‘RR’; Sotheby's, London, 23 October 1970, lot 170, 6 chairs, simulated rosewood and brass inlay, stamped ‘GEE’ and ‘GL’ (some only); Sotheby's, London, 11 June 1971, lot 192, 2 armchairs, ebonised and gilt, stamped ‘GEE’; Christie's, London, 20 January 1972, lot 64, 8 chairs, ebonised, stamped ‘I GEE’ and ‘GH’; Bearnes & Waycotts, 1974(?), armchair, painted. [G. Wills, Craftsmen and Cabinet-makers of Classic English Furniture, 1974, p. 127]; Christie's, London, 31 October 1974, lot 98, 3 chairs, gilt, one branded ‘Jn. G’ twice with crown, the other two branded with crown, and with trade label of Copworth Bros. & Harrison, 22 Old Bond Street, Carpet & Cabinet Manufacturer to Her Majesty; Pride's of London, 1975, 6 chairs, simulated rosewood and brass inlay. [Conn., May 1975]; Temple Newsam House, Leeds, 1976, 2 armchairs, ebonised and painted, stamped J within G and ‘IT’. [C. Gilbert, Leeds Furn. Cat., 1, p. 100]; Mrs G. M. Douglas, Bath, 1978, 3 chairs, painted green, stamped ‘GEE WARDOUR ST’ and ‘WG’. [Simon Jervis, ‘John Gee of Wardour Street’, Furn. Hist., 1979, p. 69]; Sotheby's, London, 14 November 1979, lot 277, 2 chairs, painted with flowers, one stamped ‘GEE’. [ibid.] Private House, Monmouthshire, 1985, 8 chairs, ebonised, all stamped ‘GEE’ and ‘IT’, and 2 settees, en suite, both stamped ‘GEE’ and (?) ‘WP’. S.J.

Gee, Osgood, 60 Gee St, London, cm (1811). In association with William Furze insured on 22 January 1811 his dwelling house and one adjoining for £330 and two houses, 2 and 3 Willace Rd for a further £120. [GL, Sun MS vol. 449, ref. 852717]

Gee, Richard, St Martin's, Oxford, u and cm (1802–24). In partnership with Wharton, 1810–30, at Corn Mkt, 1823–30. Supplied goods and undertook work for the Leigh family at Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks., from October 1810 to January 1811. ‘A neat mahogany chest of drawers with oak inside’ was charged at £7 7s on 16 October 1810 and further work and materials were charged at £8 6s 6d in January of the following year. On 13 March 1824 the Radcliffe Asylum, Oxford, was charged £1 1s for a mahogany writing table, £3 3s for six yew chairs and 6s for a large rope mat. [Poll bk; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5; Radcliffe Asylum archives]

Gee, Thomas, 8 Stanley St, Liverpool, cm and broker (1827– 29). [D]

Gee, Thomas Ayliffe, see John Gee.

Gee, William jnr, Lombard St, Lichfield, Staffs., cm (1835). [Poll bk]

Gee, William Charles, 22 Bridge House Pl., Newington Causeway, London, u, bed and mattress maker (1837–39). Successor to Martha Gee. [D]

Geerme, T., 4 Sidney Pl., King's Rd, London, cm (1826). [D]

Geeves, Ann, Church Lane, Hampstead, London, u (1839). [D]

Gegan, James, High St, Maidstone, Kent, carver and gilder (1826–39). In 1834 had a house in Bank St. [D]

Geldard, William, Lee's Yd, Meadow Lane, Leeds, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822). [D]

Gelder, Henry, Lancaster, carver (1783–84). [Lancaster freemen rolls; poll bk]

Gelder, Robert, Beverley, Yorks., cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Gell, Richard, Hull, Yorks., carver, gilder and furniture painter (1821–40). At 12 Manor Alley in 1821, 8 New Dock St, 1822–23, and 9 Wellington Mart in 1826. After 1831 the business remained in Saville St, the number being given as 30, 1831–40 and 38 and 31 in 1835 and 1839–40. [D]

Gell, Thomas, 14 Church St, York, cm and u (1834–40). [D]

Gell, William, Wragby, Lincs., chair and wheel maker (1826– 40). [D]

Gellard, John, Schoolhouse Yd, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1777). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., January 1777.

Gellion, Samuel, Chester, cm (c. 1796–1826). App. to Charles Ridgeway of Chester, cm, 20 April 1789. Nothing further is recorded until 1818 when he was living in White Alley and elegible to vote as a freeman. He is also recorded at this address in the following year but by 1826 had moved to Bridge St. [Chester app. and poll bks]

Gendall, John, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1825–38). At 270 High St, 1825–32, but in August 1832 his bankruptcy was announced. By 1834 however he was once more in business with premises in Cathedral Yd. [D; Exeter Flying Post, 16 August 1832]

Gennills, John, New St, Woodbridge, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Gennings, William, Abingdon, Berks., cm (1790–93). [D; poll bk]

Gent, George, Cheap St, Sherborne, Dorset, cm (1830–40). [D]

Gent, John, London, clock case maker (1778–84). At 18 Fore St, Cripplegate in 1778 and 70 Wood St, Cheapside in 1784. In both years he insured his house for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 645; vol. 324, p. 50]

Gent, Samuel, Warrington, Lancs., cm (1828–34). At Bridge St in 1828 and Union Ct in 1834. [D]

Geoff, John, 54 Church St, Brighton, Sussex, furniture japanner (1832). [D]

George, —, Henrietta St, Covent Gdn, London, cm (1775). On 6 January 1775 a Daniel Beaumont took out insurance cover of £100 on items ‘at Mr Georges Cabinet maker in Henrietta Street’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, ref. 348679]

George, George, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (b. c. 1792–1841). Three sons and two daughters bapt., 1820–31. Aged 49 at the time of the 1841 Census. [PR(bapt.)]

George, John, Berwick St, Westminster, London, cm (1784). [Poll bk]

George, Remy, Bartholomew Close, London, upholder (1704–27). App. to Thomas Dixon and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude on 28 August 1704. Took as apps George Buckle, 1709–16; Charles Evers, 1711–18; Michael Gravelay, son of Edmund Gravelay of Halton Yorks., 1712– 19; and Arthur Skelton, 1717–24. Two accounts referring to the supply of furniture to Arthur Ingram, 3rd Viscount Irwin, in February and May 1718 exist. The first account amounting to £843 3s 2½d was for furniture supplied to Barrowby Hall, near Leeds, and included a fine crimson damask bed and eight chairs en suite accounting for £170 alone. A set of ‘42 fine matted chairs mouldings about ye seat’ amounting to a further £15 15s. The second was for furniture for Temple Newsam, Leeds and Hills Place, near Horsham, Sussex, amounting to £475 8s 1d. A set of ‘18 fine walnuttree Veneared Indian Backe chaires with Indian feet the seats covered wth Blacke Spanish Leather’ was charged at £27 while a set of ‘24 fine walnuttree chaires wth turned Indian Backs & Indian feet’ accounted for a further £22. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal; Furn. Hist., 1967]

George, Richard, Fleet Mkt, London, u and cm (1771–93). Son of Joseph George of Ramsbury, Wilts., yeoman. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. on 22 January 1771 under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act. At 30 Fleet Mkt in 1777 where he took out insurance cover of £200 of which £150 was in respect of utensils, stock and goods. Later in the same year a further policy for £500 including £300 for utensils, stock and goods was taken out on 59 Fleet Mkt, an address to which he had moved his business. He was to continue here until 1793 though from 1788 the address was referred to as 59 Fleet St. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 256, p. 348; vol. 258, p. 49]

George, Richard, Newcastle House, Clerkenwell Green, London, cm and u (1779). Card in Banks Coll., BM.

George, Robert, 34 Chandos St, London, cm (1778–80). In 1778 took out insurance cover of £1,000 of which £550 was for utensils, stock and goods and £80 for a workshop. In the following year the total insurance was reduced to £800 of which £470 was for utensils, stock and goods. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1780. [GL, Sun MS vol. 262, p. 502; vol. 274, p. 168]

George, Samuel, Flushing, Cornwall, cm (1743). In 1743 took app. named Pinch. [S of G, app. index]

George, Thomas, Totnes, Devon, cm and u (1791–1823). In 1791 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £350 was in respect of stock and goods in trust. By 1794 the business was in financial difficulties and in February of that year he assigned his estate and effects to Samuel Curtis and Richard Cole in trust for the benefit of his creditors. A Thomas George shown trading as a cm in Totnes in 1823 may be the same man or possibly his son. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 374, ref. 580799; Exeter Flying Post, 27 January 1794]

George, Thomas, 25 Greek St, Soho, London, bed and mattress maker (1822). [D]

George, Thomas, St Columb, Cornwall, cm (1823–24). [D]

George, William, Charles St, Worcester, u (1835). [Worcester freemen rolls]

Geover, John, Warrington, Lancs., cm (1759). In 1759 took app. named Lawson. [S of G, app. index]

Gepp, Thomas, 20 Clown Row, Mile End Rd, London, cm (1837). [D]

Gerard, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1840). Son of N. Gerard, joiner. Free 28 July 1840. [Freemen reg.]

Gerardus, Henry, 9 Oxford Chapel Pl., London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Geronimo, Peter, 8 Old Market St, Bristol, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1826). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 11 August 1826. [D]

Gerrard, Charles, 27 Church St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1807–08). Supplied picture frames to the Earl of Egremont for Petworth House, Sussex, 1807–08. [D; C. Life, 25 September 1980, p. 1032]

Gerrard, G. W., 33 Temple St, Bristol, blind maker and cm (1835). [D]

Gerrard, James, Queen St, Lymington, Hants., chairmaker etc. (1830). [D]

Gerrard, John, Beaminster, Dorset, chairmaker (1729). In 1729 took William Gerrard as app. for 7 years. The £1 10s premium was paid by the overseers of the poor. [Dorset RO, P57/DV21]

Gerrard, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1756–61). Thomas Potter, who had been app. to Thomas Gerrard for five years, petitioned freedom in 1761. [Freemen's committee bk]

Gervas, Wells, Piccadilly, London, carver (1775). [Bailey's list of bankrupts]

Gesleth, William, 32 South Molton St, London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Getskell, John, Lancaster, (1785–1801). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Getskell, Joseph, Lancaster, cm (1797). Named in the Gillow records working on chests in 1797. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/97, pp. 1345, 1374]

Getskell, William, Lancaster, (1787–1801). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Gettings, Oxford St, Bilston, Staffs., cm and u (1830–38). [D]

Ghrame, —, address unknown, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Gianinetty, Joseph, address unknown, cm (1770). In 1770 supplied a ‘very fine inlaid writing desk’ to Blair Castle, Tayside, Scotland. [V & A archives]

Gibb, William, Noch St, Berwick St, London, victualler and upholder (1775). In 1775 insured his stock and utensils for £100 out of a total cover of £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 238, p. 386]

Gibb & Thomas, 23 Swan St, Manchester, chairmaker (1815). [D]

Gibbard, John, London, cm, upholder and chairmaker (1817–27). At Pell St, Ratcliffe Highway in 1817 and 9 Chapel St, Holywell Mt in 1827. [D]

Gibbins, John, 99 Edgware Rd, Tyburn Turnpike, London, undertaker and u (1817). [D]

Gibbins, William, 103 Edgware Rd, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Gibbon, William, Kirkby Stephen, Westmld, joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Gibbons, Daniel, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1784). Free 2 April 1784. [Freemen reg.]

Gibbons, Edward, London, u, undertaker and auctioneer (1789–1825). At 3 Goldsmith St, Wood St, 1789–93, but from 1794 at 3 Bucklersbury. Subscriber to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and named in his list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D]

Gibbons, George, 26 Tower St, Seven Dials, London, cm and undertaker (1820–35). [D] See William Gibbons.

Gibbons, Grinling, London, carver (b. 1648–d. 1721). Son of James Gibbons who was free of the Drapers’ Co., 12 September 1638. The father moved to Holland and Grinling was born in Rotterdam in 1648. James Gibbons returned to England in 1659 and his son probably travelled with him. He is said to have been employed initially as a ship carver and lived at Deptford. It was here that Evelyn claimed to have discovered him working on a copy of ‘The Crucifixion’ of Tintoretto in wood, which so impressed the diarist that he brought him to the attention of Charles II. Evelyn's first contact with Gibbons is recorded as 18 January 1671. An alternative version of the introduction of Gibbons to royal attention named Sir Peter Lely as the agent, the royal portrait painter having seen some carved work executed at the new playhouse in Dorset Gdns known as the Duke's House. It was certainly from the 1670s that his work was increasingly recognised by London society. He was admitted a member of the Drapers’ Co. by patrimony in 1672 and later took office as Renter-Warden, 1704–05; Second Warden, 1712–13; and First Warden, 1714–15. He worked for the Crown at Windsor Castle and was subsequently appointed Master Carver in Wood to the Crown. This post he held from the reign of Charles II through to that of George I. His fame rests mainly on his work as a woodcarver and many commissions for fixed woodwork are known or attributed to him. His workshops also produced a considerable range of work in stone, particularly for Blenheim Palace, some of which is noted in Gunnis. His involvement in furniture making is less well recorded. A walnut and limewood sidetable said to have been made by Gibbons for John Evelyn and included in an inventory of Wotton House, Surrey in 1702 was sold by Christie's in their sale of 17 March 1977. Gibbons's addresses in London are recorded as Belle Sauvage Ct, Ludgate Hill until 1677 and ‘King's Arms’, Bow St, Covent Gdn thereafter. [Gunnis; Heal; D. Green, Grinling Gibbons, 1967]

Gibbons, Israel, 19 Charles St, Hatton Gdn, London, carver and bed joiner (1778–93). Took out insurance cover of £200 in 1778 and 1786, £400 in 1791 and £300 in 1793. Of these sums utensils and stock amounted to £40 in 1778 and £60 in 1786. His address in 1778 was opposite the ‘White Hart’ in Lukemers Lane but after 1786 he was at 19 Charles St, Hatton Gdn. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 381; vol. 338, p. 465; vol. 375, p. 626; vol. 395, p. 620]

Gibbons, John, Hythe, Kent, carpenter, cm and ironmonger (1794). [D]

Gibbons, Joseph, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Gibbons, Richard, Dover, Kent, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Gibbons, William, 26 Tower St, Seven Dials, London, cm and u (1827). Note also George Gibbons working at this address at this period. [D]

Gibbs, —, London(?), cm (1744–51). Supplied Charles Rogers of Laurence Pountney Lane, London with furniture between February 1744 and June 1751. This included wainscot bookcases of which three were supplied charged at £10 2s and fifteen wainscot frames for drawings charged at £2 9s. [Apollo, December 1960, pp. 196–98]

Gibbs, Anthony, Cornhill, London, upholder (1712–18). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 1712. Included in the registers of unclaimed dividends of Bank of England stock, 1718. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Gibbs, David, Whitecross Alley, Moorfields, London, chairmaker (1789). In 1789 took app. named John Walker. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS E 2566, p. 154a]

Gibbs, John, 92 High St, Poplar, London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Gibbs, Robert, 86 Long Alley, Moorfields, London, cm and chairmaker (1817–20). [D]

Gibbs, Samuel, Market Sq., Aylesbury, Bucks., cm and u (1823–39). [D]

Gibbs, Thomas, Bristol, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Gibbs, William, Poland St, London, cm (1772–74). Bankrupt June 1772. [Bailey's list of bankrupts; Westminster poll bk]

Gibbs, William, 11 George's Ct, St John's Lane, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1808–11). May also have used a workshop at 12 George's Ct next to his dwelling house, both of which were the property of Joseph Warren. In 1810 the workshop was insured for £100. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 452, ref. 844194]

Gibbs, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., ‘fallow chairmaker’ (b. c. 1791–1841). Aged 50 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Gibbson, —, address unknown, upholder (1685). Entry for £1 in the accounts of Charles Blunt, upholder. [PRO, C114/164, pt 1]

Giblett & Atkins, 6 Argyle Pl., Regent St, London, u (1829). [D]

Gibson, Mr, address unknown, artist and frame maker (1702). The account book of Sir John Newton of Barr's Court, Gloucester lists under 10 February 1702 a charge of £12 ‘for copying my fathers & mothers pictures’ and a further £3 for two frames due to Mr Gibson. [Lincoln RO, Cragg 2/17/2]

Gibson, —, Newport St, St Ann's, Soho, London, u (c. 1780). His trade card in Heal indicates that he sold ‘all Sorts of Emboss'd, Chintz, Painted & Common, PAPER for ROOMS, with Variety of Papier Mâché & Ornaments for Ceilings, Halls, Stair Cases &c. NB. Paper made to imitate any Furniture, and compleatly fixed up.’

Gibson, Abraham, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1814–22). At Castlegate in 1814 but in High St, 1818–22. [D]

Gibson, Charles, 10 Halle Buildings, Windmill St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Gibson, Christopher, ‘The King's Arms’, St Paul's Churchyard, London, u (1730–45). In April 1730 he received payment of £4 15s for chairs supplied to the East India Co. for East India House in Leadenhall St. A further £4 was paid by the same Co. in September 1732 for ‘eight chairs’. In 1742 the business was named as Gibson & Grimstead. It is possible that Christopher Gibson may have taken over the business of Joseph Grimstead who is recorded trading at ‘The King's Arms’ in St Paul's Churchyard, 1707–12. The Grimstead who was his partner in 1742 was no doubt related to Joseph Grimstead. An engraver's proof for Gibson's trade card exists giving some idea of an upholsterer's premises of this period. Stock shown includes cane chairs, chairs and a stool with upholstered seats, an angel bed, a mirror, funeral hatchments and numerous bales of cloth. The engraving shows two ware-rooms overlooking a courtyard and a wide flight of steps leading up to the first floor. Gibson's business is last recorded in 1745, and by 1747 the premises at the sign of ‘The King's Arms’ was in the occupation of James Brown, u and cm. [D]; Apollo, November 1965, p. 405; Cornforth & Fowler, English Decoration in the 18th Century, p. 83] B.A.

Gibson, Clement, Lancaster, carver (1792–93). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Gibson, Edward, 33 Low St, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Gibson, George, York, carver and gilder (1758–75). Took as apps John Cockran, 1759; Henry Brother, 1761; and James Griffiths, 1764. In July 1774 announced that he had taken a shop in The Shambles ‘joining to Crux Church’. He offered to execute ‘Chimney Pieces, Picture and Glass Frames, and Mouldings for Rooms, and other Ornaments.’ He stated that he had ‘engaged proper Assistants, well qualified to execute all the above Branches in the most elegant Manner’. It was also indicated that he intended ‘to give up the Pawn-broking Business entirely.’ In 1775 he insured his house for £400. One commission for Harewood House, Yorks. is recorded. On 13 April 1776 he charged £3 4s for gilding a girandole. [App reg.; York Courant, 19 July 1774; GL, Sun MS vol. 244, p. 115; Leeds archives dept, Harewood MS 248]

Gibson, George, address unknown, u and chairmaker (1765–75). Supplied Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex with upholstery materials etc. in 1765 and six ash chairs at 2s 3d each in 1775. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A23/10]

Gibson, George, 53 Ratcliffe Highway, London, cm, undertaker and u (1774–1839). The long period of trading of this business suggests that there must have been two George Gibsons involved. George Gibson snr was the son of James Gibson of the parish of St Andrews, Holborn, Gent. He was app. to Thomas Palmer and Joseph Reed, merchant tailors, 5 January 1770. He was admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 February 1774, and is first recorded in trade directories in 1789. His trade card [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] describes the business as an ‘Upholstery, Cabinet, Looking Glass and Carpet Warehouse’ and stated that he also undertook the trades of appraiser, auctioneer and undertaker. Insurance records list the address as 54 Ratcliffe Highway but this may be his dwelling house. In 1775 he also used an address near ‘The Dolphin’, Long Alley, Moorfields insured for £200 of which £100 was for utensils, stock and goods. Cover was raised to £300 with £140 for utensils and stock in the following year and for 1779–80 were £500 and £250 respectively. Took as app. George Norris White, 1790–1802. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 237, p. 210; vol. 246, p. 591; vol. 272, p. 426; vol. 187, p. 620]

Gibson, Henry, Lancaster, joiner and cm (1756–68). App. to Christopher Walker, joiner and cm, 10 June 1753 and free as a joiner, 1756–57. On 5 July 1768 took an app. and at this time described his trade as cm. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Gibson, Henry, Lancaster, carver and gilder (1784–97). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records; poll bk]

Gibson, Henry, Huddersfield, Yorks., cm (1814–28). At Castlegate in 1814 and High St, 1818–28. These addresses were also used by Abraham Gibson over a similar period of time and the two makers must be related or associated. [D]

Gibson, James, London, upholder (1791–1805). At 3 Little Portland St in 1791, 7 Westmorland St, Marylebone, 1792– 1801 and 42 Goodge St in 1805. In 1791 he insured his house only for £400 and in the following year arranged cover for £900 which included his house, utensils and six tenements. In 1801 the sum insured was £600 of which £360 was for utensils and stock. By 1805 cover had been reduced to £540 of which stock and goods in trust accounted for a mere £50. [GL, Sun MS, 5 August 1791, ref. 587259; vol. 389, ref. 602214; vol. 419, ref. 721169; vol. 434, ref. 777194]

Gibson, James & John, James St, Covent Gdn, u (1746–74). [Heal; Westminster poll bks]

Gibson, John, parish of St Paul, Covent Gdn, upholder (1748). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., June 1748.

Gibson, John snr, ‘Queen's Head’, Groat Mkt, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1761). In April 1761 announced that he was terminating his business and selling off the stock by auction. This included ‘chests of drawers, chairs, tables, lookingglasses and various other articles in the cabinet way’. [Newcastle Journal, 11–8 April 1761]

Gibson, John jnr, Newcastle, u, joiner and cm (c. 1762–1801). Took app. named Henry Reed, admitted freeman, 3 May 1769. In 1801 at Low Friar-gate. [D; freemen reg.; poll bks]

Gibson, John, Wardour St, Soho, London, cm and u (1817–37). At 39 Wardour St, 1817–21, but from 1822 the address is given as Ship Yd, Wardour St. In 1821 took out insurance cover of £1,000 on stock, utensils and goods in trust in workshops, warehouses and stables and in open yard. Cover was increased in the following year to £2,000 with a further £800 for the dwelling house. These sums suggest a substantial business. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 981828; vol. 493, ref. 993875]

Gibson, John, London, cm, u and Tunbridge-ware manufacturer (1826–40). Listed in 1816–18 as a Tunbridge-ware dealer. At Ray St Pl., Clerkenwell from 1826–40, but one directory gives address at 7 Richmond Buildings, Soho in 1835. [D]

Gibson, John, Tyne St, North Shields, Northumb., carver and gilder (1827–34). Recorded at no. 32, also as a bird preserver, in 1834. [D]

Gibson, John, Penrith, Cumb., joiner and cm (1828–34). At Frier St in 1828 but by the next year had moved to Nether End. [D]

Gibson, John, Liverpool, cm (1837–39). At 25 Comus St in 1837 and 20 Clare St in 1839. [D]

Gibson, Malby, Micklegate, York, carver and gilder (1787). [D]

Gibson, Mary, 20 Gascoyne St, Liverpool, chair bottomer (1813). [D]

Gibson, Ralph, 32 Brownlow St, Long Acre, London, cm (1787). On 10 April 1787 insured his new dwelling house and goods for £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 529917]

Gibson, Richard, Lancaster, cm (1764–99). App. to Gillow, 1764. Free 1779–80. Named in Gillow records, 1787–91, 1793–96 and 1799. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow; Lancaster app. reg.]

Gibson, Richard, 21 Albion St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1811). [D]

Gibson, Robert, Bristol, cm, u and undertaker (1815–40). At 11 Mercant St, 1815–21, and 3 Old King St, 1821–33. In 1826 however an address in Ellbroad St is recorded in one directory. From 1834 at 16 Horse Fair. [D]

Gibson, Thomas, Darlington, Co. Durham, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Gibson, Thomas, Birmingham, cabinet and dressing case maker (1800–18). Recorded at 49 Coleshill St as cm and knife case maker in 1800, and at Prospect Row, 1816–18. [D]

Gibson, W., Lancaster, carver (1785–86). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Gibson, William, Warner St, Coldbath Fields, London, carver (1763). [D]

Gibson, William, Salisbury Ct, London, cm (1779–92). In 1779, 1785 and 1792 fined for non-service at St Bride's Guildhall. [GL, MS 6561, p. 10]

Gibson, William, South Parade, Burnley, Lancs., cm and joiner (1818). [D]

Gibson, William, Liverpool, cm and beer shop (1823–39). In 1823 at 23 Ranelagh St but from 1835 at 35 Clayton St. [D]

Gidley, John, parish of St Mary Major, Exeter, Devon, cm (1803). [Militia Census]

Gidney, Christopher, 40 Castle Ditches, Norwich, cm (1802). [D]

Gidney, Samuel, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1777). [Poll bk]

Gibson & Grimstead, see Christopher Gibson.

Gifford, Joseph, 15 Merchant St, Bristol, Windsor and fancychair maker (1818–19). [D]

Gifford, Joseph, Bristol, chairmaker and French polisher (1831–40). At 17 Barton St, 1831–35 and 5 Charles St, 1836–40. [D]

Gifford & Wilding, 63 Castle St East, London, chairmakers (1835). [D]

Gilbank, Thomas, Cable St, Manchester, chairmaker (1819). [D]

Gilbanks, M., Lancaster (1837–40). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Gilbert, —, address unknown, cm and u (1775). Subscribed to Thomas Malton's Compleat Treatise on Perspective, 1775. Possibly the John Gilbert (1742–84) below.

Gilbert, Francis, 4 William St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm, u and undertaker (1808–09). [D]

Gilbert, Henry snr, St George's St, Stamford, Lincs., cm and u (1809–40). [D; poll bks]

Gilbert, John, St Giles, parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, upholder (1727–d. 1729). Undertook work for the Royal Household and at the time of his death in 1729 was referred to as ‘upholsterer to his Majesty’. Supplied and undertook work on canopies, bedding, curtains and quilts for the Crown and in 1728 repaired a bed at Hampton Court, originally supplied for the use of the Prince of Wales in 1715. May be the father of the John Gilbert trading in Gt Queen St from 1732. [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 26, p. 475; PRO, LC9/287; St James's Evening Post, 6 September 1729; Conn., June 1933, p. 379]

Gilbert, John, Gt Queen St, London, upholder (1732–33). Said to have made the bed for the marriage of the Princess Royal and the Prince of Orange. [Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 21; Heal]

Gilbert, John, Southwell, Middlx and Mount St, Golden Sq., London, carver (1742–84). Took out insurance cover on a house at Southwell for £150 between 1742–49. In 1749 he moved to Mount St, Golden Sq. which was to be his address from this date until the termination of the business. His earliest commission was in connection with the interior design and furnishing of the new Mansion House. In 1752 he supplied ‘eight rich carved frames with glass & branches gilt with Burnish gold’ for the Great Parlour for which £84 was charged and ‘six Brackets richly carved’ for the Vestibule which cost an additional £15. Apart from fixtures ‘one large table’ was supplied for the Great Parlour at £20 8s. The mirrors and brackets are still in place but other furniture no longer survives. For work at the East India House, Leadenhall St he received £86 3s in August 1756 and £86 1s in October of the same year. At this period he was also working for Sir John Hinde Cotton of Madingley Hall, Cambs. and received payments of £60 both on 3 December 1756 and 23 September 1757.
During the 1760s and 70s he worked on a number of commissions in houses whose interiors were the design responsibility of Robert Adam. From March 1767 to December 1768 he was engaged on carved work at Berkeley Sq. (Lansdowne House) for Lord Shelburne ‘by order of Messrs. Adams Esq.’ The total account came to £313 4s 3½d and included ‘carving a table frame enriched for hall £3 13s’, ‘making, carving and gilding in burnished gold a large glass frame with ornaments at top and bottom £33’ and ‘making, carving and gilding in burnished gold a circular table frame under ditto, fully enriched £30’. At the same period he was working at Croome Court, Worcs. and Mersham-le-Hatch, Kent. At Osterley, Middlx, he was engaged on carving work for Robert Child as early as 1773 and in that year received £32 15s in payment. In May of the following year he submitted an account for two pedestals for the Entrance Hall ‘Inriched with Oak Leaves and Rafled Leaves &c.’ charged at £17 11s. These are still in the possession of the Earl of Jersey's family. The last Osterley commission known was the carving in 1784 of four elm pineapples for the top of the corner turrets which cost £24. The only commission unconnected with Adam houses in this phase yet noted was the carving of a looking-glass frame for Charles Rogers of Laurence Poultney Lane, London at a cost of £4 8s. This was paid for on 8 June 1768. [D; poll bks; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 63, ref. 8674; Conn., December 1952 p. 181; DEF; Bolton, The Architecture of Robert and James Adam, 2, p. 314, appendix D; Cambs. RO, S88/A33; Apollo, December 1960, pp. 196–98, November 1965, p. 405, June 1970, p. 445; Met. Museum Bulletin, November 1959; V & A archives; Tomlin, Catalogue of Adam Period Furniture, p. 18]

Gilbert, John, Camden Alley, Portsmouth, Hants., cm and ironmonger (1781–98). Took out insurance cover in 1781 for £1,400 of which £750 was for utensils, stock and workshops. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 296, p. 502]

Gilbert, Robert, 19 Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, cm (1804). [D]

Gilbert, Sarah, London, u (1729–41). Probably the widow of John Gilbert of St Giles, London who died in 1729. Recorded in the Royal Household accounts, 1729–36, and in this period supplied bedding, re-upholstered chairs and carried out repairs at Hampton Court, Kensington Palace, St James's Palace and the Houses of Parliament. In 1731–32 made up a green damask four post standing bed, the frame supplied by Henry Williams, at a cost of £30 for Hampton Court. Supplied 108 turkey work chairs, 2 Russia leather folding stools for the clerks and 7 turkey carpets for the House of Peers and 48 turkey work chairs and 3 large arm chairs en suite for the House of Commons Committee Room during the period 1729–33. In 1733 was responsible for the decoration of the ‘French Chapel’ for the marriage of the Princess Royal to the Prince of Orange. From 1736–41 in partnership with William Reason, u. [PRO, LC9/288–90; Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds, 75×64.14 p. 190; Old Furniture, 11, 1927, p. 183; Conn., April 1934, p. 224]

Gilbert, Thomas, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leics., chairmaker (1790–93). In partnership with William Gilbert in 1790 but both partners were trading independently by 1793. [D]

Gilbert, William, 3 doors below Fetter Lane, Fleet St, London, u (c. 1780). Trade card shown in Heal. The business was described as a ‘Blanket, Carpet and Upholstery Warehouse’ and the articles mentioned in the list of stock suggest retail and wholesale sale rather than manufacture. At the bottom of the card, however, is the sentence ‘Upholstery Work done in ye Compleatest manner’.

Gilbert, William, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leics., chairmaker (1790–93). In partnership with Thomas Gilbert in 1790 but both partners were trading independently by 1793. [D]

Gilbert, William, Manchester, chairmaker and broker (1813–40). At 23 New St in 1813 but from 1816 in Shudehill. From 1816–29 the number is 27; in one directory of 1832 it is 35, but directories from 1832–40 show no. 53. [D]

Gilbert, William, High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, carver and gilder (1830–36). In 1830 the number is shown as 38 High St but in 1836 it is 39. [D]

Gilboa, John, Long Acre, London, cm (1709). [Heal]

Gilbody, Henry, Staining Lane, Wood St, London, cm (1784). [D]

Gilchrist, Andrew, 92 Wardour St, Soho, London, cm and u (1789–96). In 1789 took app. named William Stephenson. Gilchrist was imprisoned for debt in 1793 and in April of that year Stephenson petitioned for release from his apprenticeship. He complained that he had been ‘taught nothing of the cabinet or upholstery business … only put to making deal tables.’ He further stated that Gilchrist had before his arrest secretly removed the greater part of his stock. His customers were said to be mainly ‘women of the town, many of whom bought his furniture in weekly instalments of a guinea or half a guinea.’ When in prison Gilchrist tried to persuade his app. to smuggle tools into this building in the hope that he could, with Stephenson's assistance, continue production. This was frustrated by the app.'s successive appeals for his discharge. Directories show this business operating as late as 1796 at the Wardour St address but this may be failure on the part of the directory publisher to delete the entry. [D; GL, Middlx session bk]

Gilchrist, John, 21 Ducie St, Strangeways, Manchester, cm and u (1836–40). Shown at 21 Ducie St, 1836–40, and 2 Gt Ducie St in 1840. [D]

Gildard, William, Thomas St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1790). [D]

Gilder, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (1835–40). At 8 Upper Union St in 1835 but in 1838 the address is shown as 4 William's Sq., Upper Union St. [D]

Gilding, Benjamin, Minories, London, upholder (1719). [GL, Sun MS vol. 9, p. 164]

Gilding, Edmund, Red Cross St, London, cm and chairmaker (1739–d. 1757). Supplied furniture to Sir Richard Hoare, a partner in Hoare's Bank and Lord Mayor of London in 1745. This was for Barn Elms House. The earliest account of July 1739 was for eight chairs which with some labour charges came to £8 8s 6d. More chairs and a table amounted to £3 5s and were charged in the following year. From November 1742 to May 1744 items were supplied including dressing glasses, tables, a desk and a couch totalling £23 6s 10d. Further chairs, a tea box and repairs and alterations between August 1752 and June of the following year amounted to £32 6s 7d and in 1754 a large mahogany dining table and stools etc. were charged at £9 19s 6d. Another member of the same family to patronise this maker was Henry Hoare of Stourhead, Wilts. Between April 1753 and June 1756 he paid a number of sums for furniture. These included settlement for five Chinese chairs at £1 10s each on 11 April 1753, and the large sum of £176 1s on 16 March 1754 for chairs and furniture. Edmund Gilding died on 12 August 1757 at his house in Red Cross St. [V & A Lib., 86. NN. 3; Wilts. RO, MS 383.6; London Chronicle, 16 August 1757]

Gilding, Francis, 113 Aldersgate St, London, cm and u (1759– 96). Son of Edmund Gilding of Red Cross St to whose business he succeeded. The manufactory he operated was substantial. In 1759 he took out a licence to employ thirty non-freemen for six weeks, and in 1778 and 79 took out further licences to employ fifty non-freemen for periods of up to three months. Apart from the Aldersgate premises he had other workshops. On 29 May 1790 he took out insurance cover for £6,000 on premises at Newcastle House, Clerkenwell Close, £5,000 of which was in respect of stock. On 18 June 1791 warehouses and workshops in Long Lane, Smithfield, were insured for £2,000. A number of Gilding's apps are known. In 1767 he took as app. Alexander Boote, son of John Boote of Ardington Berks., Gent. and received the substantial premium of £84. James Bagley, son of William Bagley of Arton, Cheshire, was app. in the same year, paying £63. On 5 May 1772 he took as app. Francis Banner, son of John Banner, freeman plumber of London. Francis Banner lived with Gilding in his house and subsequently became his partner. The only other app. known is Thomas Handiside who was accepted on 4 December 1792 on payment of a premium of £102. Francis Gilding subscribed to Thomas Malton's Treatise on Perspective, 1778, and is recorded in 1790–91 as a Fellow of the Society for Arts and Manufactures. His partnership with Francis Banner is first recorded in 1786 but the last years of the business were marked by crisis. In December 1790 was reported a terrible fire at his warehouse and in 1795 he was declared bankrupt. It is significant that Francis Banner was not named in the bankrupty proceedings which may suggest that the partnership had been dissolved before these commenced.
Two of Francis Gilding's customers are known. On 5 October 1768 he charged Charles Turner, Esq. of Stretton Hall, Staffs., £2 6s for a mahogany dining table. A more significant commission was that of Lord Howard of Audley End, Essex, who received an account in August 1786 for goods supplied from 22 October of the previous year amounting to £21 10s 6d. The main items were a ‘Square back Bergere Elbow Chair’ charged at £3 13s 6d, ‘a Solid Mahogany Eliptic Side board’ at £4 4s and ‘a Neat Elbow Chair’ and four stools en suite which together cost £12 1s 6d. [D; GL, City Licence bks, vols 2 and 9; Sun MS ref. 570053; vol. 379, p. 134; Joiners’ Co. app. bindings, vol. 7; Gents Mag., December 1790; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 1 June 1795; 27 July 1795; 14 December 1795; 7 November 1796; 26 December 1796; V & A Lib., Box II 86 KK; Essex RO, D/ DBy/A44/11]

Giles, F., John St, Bath, Som., carver and gilder (1793). [D]

Giles, Henry, Newton Bushel, Newton Abbot, Devon, cm (1830–38). [D]

Giles, Isaac jnr, Atherton St, Liverpool, u (1774–81). Son of Isaac Giles snr, shoemaker of 47 Atherton St. Petitioned freedom by patrimony in 1774 and admitted freeman, 2 November 1775. He set up business at 46 Atherton St in 1774 but in 1781 was at no. 41. [D; freemen's committee bk and reg.]

Giles, James, Oxford, u and cm (1802–30). Recorded in the parish of All Saints, 1802–05, and High St, 1808–30. [D; poll bk]

Giles, James, opposite Belgrave Pl., Vauxhall, London, cm and upholder (1827). [D]

Giles, John, Quiet St, Bath, Som., carver and gilder (1787–91). [D]

Giles, N., 12 Poland St, Oxford St, London, u (1823). [D]

Giles, Samuel, Clarence St, Plymouth, Devon, cm (1836). [D]

Giles, Thomas, Cumberland St, Woodbridge, Suffolk, cm and u (1805–30). [D; Ipswich Journal, 30 March 1805]

Giles, William, 6 Morgan's St, Commercial Rd, London, cm and upholder (1802–17). Freeman of Maidstone. [D; Maidstone poll bks]

Giles, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm, undertaker and u (1823–39). Listed at Frogmore ward in 1823 and High St in 1830. In 1839 the business is listed as W. Giles & Son. [D]

Gilham, Frederick A., 9 Beer Cart Lane, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1830–39). [D; poll bk]

Gilkes, Thomas, Butcher Row, Buckingham, u (1839). [D]

Gilkes, William, Buckingham, cm and u (1823–30). Trading at Horn St in 1823 and West St in 1830. [D]

Gill, —, 24 Mint St, Southwark, London, bedstead maker (1826). [D]

Gill, Benjamin, 7 Paradise St, Liverpool, u (1813–18). In 1818 made two elaborate painted chairs used to chair the elected MPs for the borough, George Canning and General Gascoyne, after the announcement of the poll. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 1 January 1813, 3 July 1818]

Gill, Cornelius, Royal Hill, Greenwich, London, cm (1808). [D]

Gill, Daniel, High St, Dudley, Staffs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Gill, David, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1821–30). At Chapel St, Bridgehouses in 1821 and 51 Nursery St in 1830. [D]

Gill, F., Lillington Lane, Leamington, Warks., u (1822). [D]

Gill, George, London, upholder (1780–1802). Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption by order of the Court of Aldermen, 5 July 1780. At that time living at 12 Tower Royal, but in 1794 moved to Aldersgate St, and in 1802 recorded at 89 Watling St. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Gill, George, 121 Upper Thames St, London, wholesale u (1782–83). Heal lists George & Maxey Gill at this address in 1783. [D] See Gill & Maxey.

Gill, George, ‘The King's Head’, Virginia St, Ratcliffe, London, victualler and cm (1783–85). In 1783 took out insurance cover of £300, utensils, stock and goods accounting for £100. In 1785 the cover was £100, half of this being for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 333, p. 329]

Gill, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1806). App. to Isaac Marsh and admitted freeman on 31 October 1806. [Freemen reg.]

Gill, Henry, Liverpool, cm (1812). App. to John Meers and admitted freeman on 12 October 1812. [Freemen reg.]

Gill, Henry, High St, Lowestoft, Suffolk, cm (1824–39). [D]

Gill, James, Whitby and Hull, Yorks., cm (1758–74). Freeman of York. Shown working at Whitby in 1758 and Hull in 1774. [York poll bks]

Gill, James, Liverpool, cm and u (b. 1790–1823). Born 14 March 1790, son of Joseph Gill, butcher. Admitted freeman by patrimony on 5 October 1812, and by 1814 trading at 8 Paradise St. In 1818 moved to 66 Whitechapel and in March of that year described the stock held at his new premises. This consisted of ‘Brussels & Kidderminster Carpets, Paper Hangings, Lobby Cloths, Feather Beds, Mattresses & all kinds of Cabinet Goods’. Also in 1818 an address at 8 Virgil St is shown, but this may be his dwelling house. In 1821 the number in Whitechapel was 56 and by 1823 he had moved to Gt Howard St. In 1812 took app. named William Beckerstaffe, admitted freeman in 1820. [D; freemen's committee bk; Liverpool Mercury, 13 March 1818]

Gill, James, Colne, Lancs., chairmaker and turner (b. c. 1793–1841). Recorded at Market Pl., 1828–34. Took his son Henry as app., aged 16 at the time of the 1841 Census. [D]

Gill, James, 239 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, picture framer etc. (1820). [D]

Gill, James Carver, 97 Pottergate, Norwich, cm and u (1822– 40). [D]

Gill, James, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1833–37). In 1833 at 17 Castle Green and in 1837 at 29 Osborne St. [D]

Gill, John, Maddox St, Hanover Sq., London, u (1747–52). Between 1747–52 was paid £500 for fabrics and fringes supplied for Kirtlington Park, Oxon. [Apollo, January 1980; Westminster poll bk]

Gill, John, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1754). Took app. named Duffield in 1754. [S of G, app. index]

Gill, John, Somerton, Som., cm (1774–84). [Bristol poll bks]

Gill, John, London, cm (1784–1808). At 24 St John's Lane, Clerkenwell, 1784–89, but from 1790 the number is given as 20. [D]

Gill, John, Tiverton, Devon, cm (1798). [D]

Gill, John, 6 Gt Suffolk St, Southwark, London, carver and gilder (1812–15). [D]

Gill, John, Faulkner St, Manchester, cm (1822–34). The number in Faulkner St in shown as 21, 1822–25; 22, 1828–29; and 47, 1832–33. In 1825 his dwelling house was also listed as Back York St, Clifford St, Chorlton Row and by 1834 he appears to have given up the Faulkner St premises and was working from his house. [D]

Gill, Jonas, Birstall, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Gill, Joseph, Manchester Rd, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm and joiner (1828–34). [D]

Gill, Joshua, Newcastle, cm and joiner (c. 1830–38). Initially at Nun's Field but by 1833 had moved to Fenkle St where he took over premises formerly occupied by the late Mr Cummings. [D; Landauer Coll. of trade cards, MMA, NY]

Gill, Richard, Finkle St, Thorne, Yorks., joiner, cm and u (1822–21). [D]

Gill, Richard, 20 Fontenoy St, Liverpool, u and household broker (1827). [D]

Gill, Richard, 51 Nursery St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Gill, Robert, Liverpool, cm (1812). At Threlfalls Ct or Catherine Ct, Charter St. Free 12 October 1812. [Freemen reg.]

Gill, Thomas, Chester, joiner, turner and carver (1711–20). In 1711 took apps named Williams and in 1720, Chubb. [S of G, app. index]

Gill, Thomas, late of St George's, Hanover Sq., London, u (1761). Discharged from Debtors’ Prison 16 April 1761. [London Gazette]

Gill, William, Market Pl., Bedale, Yorks., cm, joiner and carpenter (1823–40). [D]

Gill, William, Norwich, cm (1829). Free 23 May 1829. [Freemen rolls]

Gill, William, Brierley Hill, Staffs., u/cm (1839). [D]

Gill & Crossley, Harrington St, Liverpool, cm and japanners (1805). [D]

Gill & Maxey, London, wholesale u and cotton dealers (1783– 88). At 121 Upper Thames St, 1783–84; 38 Friday St, 1786– 87; and 135 Aldersgate in 1788. [D] See George Gill.

Gillach (or Gilloch), John, 38 Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (1808–27). [D]

Gillam, Joseph, Bristol, upholder (1754–81). At Bedminster in 1754 but from 1774–81 in the parish of St James. [Poll bks]

Gillard, Ann, Thomas St, Bristol, u (1819–23). [D]

Gillard, Ferdinand, James St, Covent Gdn, London, u (1774–78). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., April 1778. [Poll bk]

Gillard, Henry, Thomas St, Bristol, cm (1815–21). In 1821 shown also in Trenchard St. [D]

Gillard, John Oswald, 15 Pile St, Redcliffe, Bristol, cm (1822). [D]

Gillard, John, Lower South St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1829). Daughter Frances Louisa Mills bapt. at St David's Church, 5 April 1829. [PR(bapt.)]

Gillard, John, 2 Church Lane, Temple St, Bristol, camp desk maker (1835–37). [D]

Gillard & Cornish, 48 Strand, London, looking-glass and picture frame makers, carvers and gilders (1829). [D]

Gillatt, George, Coulston St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (1828). [D]

Gillbank, William, Cable St, Manchester, chairmaker (1813–21). Recorded at no. 22 in 1813. [D]

Gillbanks, Thomas, Manchester, chairmaker (1816–25). At Angel St in 1816 but from 1818 at 16 Cable St, Oldham Rd. [D]

Gilles, —, Oxford St, London, see Ferguson, Whiteside & Co.

Gillespie, Andrew, Manchester, cm and u (1816–25). In 1816 in partnership with D. Gillespie at 63 Oldham St but in 1818 was trading by himself at the same address. He was still there the following year but from 1824–25 was at 34 Church St, as Andrew & Co. [D]

Gillespie, Andrew, 106 Meadow Lane, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1828–30). One directory of 1828 records him at no. 100. [D]

Gillespie, Richard, Wormald's Yd, 15 Briggate, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1834). [D]

Gillespie, Robert, Wormald's Yd, 15 Briggate, Leeds, Yorks., cm and u (1834). [D]

Gillespie, William, 9 Manchester St, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Gillespy, Daniel, 43 University St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Gillett, John, Bristol, chairmaker (1810–40). In 1810–12 and 1827–40 the address is given at Temple Backs, but from 1819–20 at Temple St, when the trade is stated as ‘Windsor & Fancy Chair maker’. [D]

Gillett, John jnr, Avon St, Great Gdns, Bristol, Windsor, fancy and cane chairmaker (1833). [D]

Gillett, John, 37 Argyle St, London, u (1820). On 31 May 1820 took out insurance cover of £400 on household goods in his dwelling house. At the same time a separate policy was issued in the names of John Gillett and Robert Atkins, cm and u at the same address. This covered stock, utensils and goods to the value of £800 and china and glass for an additional £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 483, refs 968231–32]

Gilley, Matthew, 95 Old Gravel Lane, London, cm and u (1822). [D]

Gilliam, John, London, joiner (1712–30). Provided the altarpiece, pulpit, reader's and clerk's desks at St Paul's, Deptford, for which he received £200. [Architectural Review, March 1950, p. 196]

Gillingtons, —, address unknown (c. 1815). Regency brass inlaid rosewood sofa table, rectangalar top, and two drawers in frieze on four turned supports and sabre legs, sold at Sotheby's, 12 January 1979, lot 218, bears the stamp ‘GILLINGTONS 3009’.

Gillion, Samuel, Nantwich, Cheshire, cm (1815). On 12 December 1815 his son Thomas was bapt. [PR(bapt.)]

Gillis & Taylor, Oxford St, London, (c. 1776). Included in the list of furniture makers drawn up by the Duchess of Northumberland, c. 1766. [Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 154]

Gillman, David, Deal and Canterbury, Kent, cm (1795–1818). Freeman of Canterbury. Recorded living at Deal, 1795–96, but in 1796 moved to Canterbury and in 1818 was living at Palace St. [Canterbury poll bks]

Gillman, James, Faversham, Kent, cm (1780–90). [Canterbury poll bks]

Gillman, John, Back of the Inns, Norwich, u, cm and chairmaker (1835–40). Son of John Gillman, linen draper and free 24 February 1835. [D; freeman reg.]

Gillman, William, Norwich, cm (1742). In 1742 took app. named Thirkettle. [S of G, app. index]

Gilloch, Mary, 38 Holywell Lane, London, cm (1835–37). [D]

Gillock, Thomas, 10 Worship St, Moorfields, London, cm and chairmaker (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Gillock, Thomas, 28 Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, London, cabinet carver (1835). [D]

Gillott, George, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and broker (1821–37). At 8 Coulston St, 1821–33, and 52 Bridge St in 1837. [D]

Gillow, Lancaster and London cm (c. 1730–after 1840). The name ‘Gillow’ has been firmly associated with furniture making from at least the 1730s until the present day, though the active participation of the Gillow family ceased in the early 19th century. The firm was based in Lancaster though a full London branch had been established in Oxford St in 1769. The Gillow archives have been purchased by Westminster City Council.
Robert Gillow (b. 1704–d. 1772) came to Lancaster about 1718, obtained his freedom in 1727/28, married Agnes Fell in 1730 and retired from the firm in 1769. His two sons were Richard I (b. 1734–d. 1811), elected freeman 1754/55, became a partner from 1757 to 1800 while Robert II (c. 1745–95) obtained his freedom 1766/67 and became a partner in 1769 with responsibility for managing the London branch. Richard I's three sons Robert III (b. 1765–d. 1838); George (b. 1766–d. 1822) and Richard II (b. 1772–d. 1849) all became partners in 1785, 1787 and 1796 respectively, while Robert II's son, Robert IV became a partner in 1795 until his death sometime before 1800. The vital commercial decision was to open a London branch in 1769 under Robert II's control while Richard I, who had been trained as an architect, stayed in Lancaster.
Entries for the firm appear (not necessarily accurately) in successive London Trade Directories as Gillows & Taylor, 1771–77 (there is a ‘Trou Madame’ games table at Abbot Hall, Kendal, Cumbria bearing their label); Robert, Thomas & Richard Gillow, 1777–83 (but also as Robert, Richard and James Gillow 1781–85). Then either as Robert Gillow & Co. or as Robert & Richard Gillow 1785–94; then George and Richard Gillow from 1802–12, thereafter simply as Gillow & Co. However a bill at Arundel Castle is headed Gillow & Ferguson. In Lancaster, Richard II succeeded his father in business in 1796 and lived at Leighton Hall, Lancs.; his son, Richard Thomas (b. 1806) was the last member of the family to be directly associated with the business. He retired in 1830 and d. 1866.
In Bentham's Directory, 1805 the firm was trading as ‘Redmayne, Whiteside & Ferguson (late Gillow & Co.)’. Leonard Redmayne was app. to the firm in 1795 and in 1809 was described as ‘book keeper’ to Gillows; William James Ferguson cm, had premises adjacent to Gillows in Oxford St and Henry or Edward Whiteside had both served as cm apps with Gillows. Under Redmayne's direction the firm was generally known as ‘Gillow & Co.’.
Clarke, in his Historical and Descriptive Account of Lancaster, 1807 stated: ‘the town has long been famous for the great quantities of mahogany furniture which have been made in it for home-use and exportation … Mr Gillow's extensive ware-rooms, stored with every article of useful and ornamental mahogany furniture are well worth the attention of strangers, as they are said to be the best stocked of any in this line out of the metropolis’. In 1800 Richard Gillow took over a patent for the Imperial Extending Dining Table which earned the firm a great reputation. The practice of punching the stamp ‘GILLOWS LANCASTER’ began about 1780 (although it was used selectively) and tradesmen sometimes signed their name in ink or pencil unobtrusively on articles during the early 19th century (Figs 11–12). Relatively few pieces of furniture made by the firm prior to 1780 have been securely identified.
The Gillow's archive is the most complete to survive of any leading English furniture manufacturer, but it is the sequence of Estimate Sketch Books from the 1760s onward that indicate the range and detail of the firm's huge output. The watercolour drawings of the Travellers’ pattern book of c. 1770–1810 further reveal the firm's ready response to fashionable demand, indicating that much now dubbed ‘Sheraton’ or ‘Hepplewhite’ is in fact the production of the Gillows. The firm also undertook architectural joinery, such as chimneypieces, doors and doorcases and — as a Catholic family — they attracted commissions for altarpieces and tabernacles from their co-religionists. The Gillow enterprise included importing West Indian sugar and spirits, as well as exotic hardwoods, and they enjoyed a worthwhile export trade in furniture to both the West Indies and the ports of northern Europe. Lancaster being close to the Cumbrian slate mines the firm quickly developed a specialist trade in newly fashionable billiard tables. From the start the firm recognized that the potential offered by the expanding middle class market, whether in South Lancashire or in London, would also serve all but the most opulent seeking to furnish country houses. In the last quarter of the 18th century, when greater simplicity became fashionable under the influence of architects such as James Wyatt, they expanded into every range of furnishing. Wyatt by 1774 was designing furniture to be made by Gillows for Heaton Hall, Lancs. By the end of the 18th century the firm was furnishing the largest mansions and town houses completely. As well as impressing their stamp on items they sometimes, as a further advertisement, named them after fashionable patrons, e.g. ‘Uxbridge’, ‘Cavendish’, ‘Manvers’, ‘Ashburnham’, etc.
According to the earliest surviving account book of 1731, the firm maintained the joinery side from which the business had sprung and did repair-work alongside furniture-making in oak, pine, walnut, mahogany and ebony. Brass mouldings were an occasional added refinement. Pattern books were studied and sketches of London pieces sought in order to keep abreast of fashion, and trade increased sufficiently for them to set up in the West End of London on their own account in 1769. A new set of furniture designs was evolved for this purpose. To obtain further business, existing clients were asked to recommend the firm, and the travelling salesman was equipped with a handsomely drawn and coloured patternbook. Sketches were readily sent out by post. To reduce transport costs, the Gillows dispatched furniture ready for final assembly at the destination, or would offer a discount to patrons who agreed to a group dispatch of their orders.
Both the designs, and the colour schemes of japanned furniture, were typically devised to harmonise with a client's wallpaper and/or upholstery. Turned or painted decoration was frequent, but inlay, except for contrasting crossbanding or stringing, was kept to a minimum, as was carved work. Sometimes the latter was done by specialists in London. The Gillows usually bought in all their metal work, ormolu or gilt brass being generally confined to handles, escutcheons or pierced galleries. In 1785 the Lancaster branch was extended to include upholstery services. The colourful japanned seat furniture was complemented by that of satinwood — for example, desks, smaller bookcases, bureaux and cabinets, the ground veneer inset with kingwood, purplewood or greenstained harewood. After 1800, japanning became less fashionable save for the simulation of bamboo, and new woods such as rosewood and later maple, became more popular.
There was also an increasing demand for copies of older pieces, at first simply to match existing items, but by the 1820s for ‘reproduction’ pieces sold as such. Hitherto the description ‘Antique’ had denoted the Greek or Roman Revivals; henceforth the word described virtual copies of ‘Old English’ furniture, the details of which were typically derived from either an amalgam of late 16th and mid to later 17th-century motifs, that is, in ‘Elizabethan’ style; or a closer adaptation of the Baroque designs of c. 1710–30. They also made furniture in the ‘Louis’ style as one alternative, and from the mid 1820s they produced small numbers of pieces in a wholly convincing Chippendale ‘Director’ style, such as a ‘Salisbury’ Antique table with Gothick cluster legs and fret in 1828 or a plain tray-top commode, and a large and handsome Library Desk of 1835 similar to that they had made for Denton Park in 1778. The Gillows Gothic Revival work was less antiquarian in spirit, rather a grafting of Gothic motifs onto standard contemporary shapes. Nevertheless during the 1830s many other Gillow designs were of extreme simplicity, echoing the so-called Square Style of Sir Robert Smirke, their rectilinear character in marked contrast to the strong patterns and rich colours of the wallpapers and carpets shown in contemporary Gillows contract books.
Each generation of the Gillow family, as we have seen, took up their freedom at Lancaster, and were described as joiners or cm. In turn they took apps, some of whom long served their masters’ firm. Their number was substantially supplemented by skilled craftsmen, employed as individuals in their own right. These men were thus free to accept or reject the work offered them, but as the Gillows occasionally pointed out to them the firm tried to employ them all the year round even when trade was slack. As a consequence their piecework rate might occasionally be below that offered elsewhere, a disadvantage offset by the regularity of their employment. In practice once a craftsman had proved a specific skill, the firm generally gave him that class of work, to mutual advantage. In the more difficult times of the wars, first in North America and then with Revolutionary France, the Gillows devised a ‘Book of Prices’ to which their craftsmen had to subscribe.
The nobility did not flock to Gillows until after 1800 when they bought lavishly from a stock of items, typically of mahogany, less often of rosewood. By then japanning, except for ‘bamboo’ and black and gold, was no longer in vogue. The firm, unlike its many rivals in Oxford St, did not encourage the use of gilded ‘composition’ when a rich effect was needed, and here they ignored fashion. From 1816, in steadily increasing quantity, Gillows manufactured more and more furniture for the firm of Ferguson, their neighbour at 177 Oxford St, until by 1840 furniture for Fergusons almost dominates the Gillows Estimate Sketch Books. The firm astutely realized the huge market possibilities offered by the middle and upper-middle class households of the later Georgian and early Victorian eras. They foresaw this demand as that for items well made out of good materials, and in a style that would remain acceptable when the immediate fashion had waned; that is, in their designs they achieved a satisfactory mean between the merely conservative and the ultra fashionable. This is one reason for their survival. No firm gained a wider geographical spread of patronage, though with a greater concentration in north western England, and in those parts better served by the steadily improving land or water carriage. The Gillows always remained aware that the lower wages payable in Lancaster had to be counterbalanced against the high transport costs of sending goods to London, and that too great a rise in either cost could be fatal to their enterprise.
Though many hundreds of patrons employed the firm, little of the outcome is either now in situ or traceable. This is specially true of the furniture supplied to middle-class townhouses in, for example, Liverpool or Manchester. Before the opening of the London branch in 1769, the firm was strongly local in character and supplied items piecemeal or in small groups even to new-built houses such as Lytham Hall where in 1765–66 Thomas Clifton bought tables and chairs, or Alexander Butler of Kirkland Hall had chimney pieces carved, a sideboard, glass frame, tea kettle stand, and other items made for the interior plus a hotbed frame for the garden. Mr Parker of Browsholme, also ordered items to which his successors continued to add until the early 19th century.
This pattern changed after 1769 when the fashionable and ambitious also gave their patronage. For example, the 1st and 2nd Earls of Wilton bought for Heaton Hall, Lancs. in 1771 a billiard table, in 1774–75 dining-room chairs, in 1776 bedroom furniture, in 1777–78 fire screens and clothes maids, etc., in 1780 saloon sofas, and more items in 1787, 1791, 1794, and in the 1820s the doors, book cases, library table, etc., for the new library. Workington Hall, Cumbria, was remodelled for John Christian Curwen c. 1788 with John Carr as architect and the Gillows as furnishers. The items supplied included several types of pier tables, commodes, curtain cornices, dining room, hall, and dressing-room chairs, sideboards, pedestals and urns, fire screens, stools, work tables and night tables, many of them shown in the Travellers’ Pattern Book, and in the most elaborate Gillows style. The Workington Hall commission was probably the most important they had attracted to date and seems to have exerted a dramatically stimulating effect on the business. Some of this Curwen furniture is still at Belle Isle, Windermere. The Streatham Park furniture which Gillows supplied to Mrs Piozzi was the cause of a major dispute due to the firm's overcharging, and here they were forced to make a reduction.
At Farnley Hall, Yorks., and Trafford Hall, Lancs., their owners added handsomely to the older buildings. At Farnley, Walter Hawkesworth (later Hawkesworth-Fawkes) had long patronised the Gillows, but the main new account is for 1790–91 when the new wing was ready for furnishing. [C. Life, 24 June 1954] Much of the furniture remains in situ. The items for Trafford Hall resembled those at Workington.
A quite different group of clients were Roman Catholics; they included such families as the Cliftons of Lytham, Lancs., who were patrons of the Gillows for over sixty years, the Trappes family of Clayton Hall, the Scarisbricks of Scarisbrick, the Duke of Norfolk and the Earl of Surrey, the Constable-Maxwells of Everingham, Yorks., the Tempests of Broughton Hall, Yorks., the Stapletons of Carlton Towers, Yorks., the Blundells of Ince-Blundell, Lancs., the Towneleys of Towneley Hall, Lancs. and the Gascoignes of Parlington Hall, Yorks. (Fig. 10).
Among notable industrialists were the elder Sir Robert Peel and Peter Drinkwater, both of whom made fortunes from the Lancashire cotton trade. Among churchmen there were the Bishop of St Asaph, and in the 1830s the Archbishop of York. Perhaps the most lavish single commission before 1840 was the new furnishing, in the Gothic taste, of the rebuilt Eaton Hall, Cheshire for the Marquess (later Duke) of Westminster, while in a simpler Regency classical style and Rococo revival idiom the Gillows new-furnished Tatton Park, Cheshire for the Egerton family.
No attempt has been made here to give more than a general overview of the firm of Gillows because their business records and surviving furniture are to be the subject of Dr L. Boynton's forthcoming major monograph.
THE GILLOW ARCHIVE. The Gillow family kept meticulous records and their business archive, although incomplete, is by far the most comprehensive to have survived from any 18thcentury firm of furniture makers. It would be difficult to exaggerate its importance. The papers were acquired by Westminster City Lib. Archives Dept in two accessions numbered 344 and 735; there is also a large collection of MS designs at Lancaster Museum and of course documents in various country house archives. Sarah Nichols provides a very good description of the earlier records in an appendix to her MA dissertation (see bibliography), while the Westminster archives department has compiled indexes of personal, corporate and place names and furniture from 1784–1825, The following classes of material give an idea of the scope of the collection. Journals/waste books (1729 onwards), day books, cash books, bill books, sales ledgers, salaries books, order books, estimate sketch books, drawing books, pattern book, memorandum books, stock books, accounts and letters, cost books, packing books and jobbing books (some containing samples of fabrics and wallpapers).
Bourne, S., ‘Gillow at Parlington’, LAC, no. 72 (1973), pp. 14–20
Burkett, M. and others, A History of Gillows of Lancaster, Lancashire County Museum Service, 1984
Coleridge, A., ‘The firm of Gillow & Co. at Blair Castle’, Conn., 157 (1964), 88–93
Cottle, S., ‘A sport of Georgian ladies — Gillows’ TrouMadam Tables’, C. Life, 24 January 1980, pp. 220–21
Gilbert, C., Furniture at Broughton Hall (exhib. cat.) Temple Newsam House, Leeds, 1971
Goodison, N., ‘Gillows Clock Cases’, Antiquarian Horology, v, pt 10 (1969), 348–61
Goodison, N. and Hardy, J., ‘Gillows at Tatton Park’, Furn. Hist., 1970, pp. 1–40
Hall, I., ‘Patterns of elegance: the Gillows’ furniture designs’, C. Life, 8 June 1978, pp. 1612–15
Hall, I., ‘Models with a choice of leg: the Gillows’ furniture designs’, C. Life, 15 June 1978, pp. 1740–42
Ingram, K. E., ‘The West Indian trade of an English furniture firm in the 18th century’, Jamaican Historical Review, March 1962
Nichols, S., ‘Furniture made by Gillow & Company for Workington Hall’, Antiques, June 1985, pp. 1353–59
Nichols, S., ‘Gillows of Lancaster: the role of the upholsterer’, Abbot Hall Quarterly Bulletin, January 1984, pp. 7–11
Nichols, S., ‘A Journey through the Gillow Records’, Antique Collecting, February 1986, pp. 36–39
Oswald, A., ‘Leighton Hall, North Lancashire’, pts 1 and 2, C. Life, 11 and 18 May 1951
Whitehead, M., ‘The Gillows and their work in Georgian Lancaster’ in Catholic Englishmen, ed. J. A. Hilton, 1984, pp. 21–27
Harrison, P., Richard Gillow of Lancaster 1734–1811, Architect and Cabinet-Maker, Cambs. BA dissertation [copy at Judge's Lodging Museum, Lancaster]
Nichols, S., Gillow and Company of Lancaster, England: an eighteenth century business history, University of Delaware MA thesis, 1982. [Copies at Winterthur Museum and Temple Newsam House, Leeds] I.H.

Gillpatrick, Joseph, address unknown (1740). On 23 April 1740 paid £1 4s by Lord Monson for two sacking bottom bedsteads. [Lincoln RO, Monson 11/50]

Gilmore, Francis, London, carver and gilder (1821–22). On 21 June 1821 took out insurance cover of £300 on household goods in his dwelling house at 21 Duke St, Bloomsbury. On 17 July 1822 however he appears to have been living in the house of Gosland, a painter at 7 Bloomsbury Mkt at which address he took out similar insurance cover. [GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 980756; vol. 493, ref. 993592]

Gilmore, William, Newgate St, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1827–34). [D]

Gilney, Christopher, Castle Ditches, Norwich, cm (1793–1806). First recorded in 1793 as a subscriber to Sheraton's Drawing Book. By May 1795 however his property was in the hands of assignees and his stock was sold off in a series of auction sales commencing on 1 June. The stock of furniture consisted of ‘a great variety of mahogany, bamboo, and other very neat fancy chairs, 2 mahogany wardrobes, a pair of very beautiful inlaid card tables, several other mahogany card tables in pairs; a very handsome inlaid vase spoon case; chests of drawers; a great variety of pier and dressing glasses, caddies, firescreen stands, wash-hand stands, moveable water closets, cellarets &c. &c.’ Materials held in stock consisted of ‘upwards of 20,000 feet of very fine dry Spanish and other mahogany, in boards, planks and logs, satin, rose and tulip wood, a very large quantity of fine Spanish and other veneers, some fine wainscot boards, deals &c. &c. also a large quantity of fashionable brass work for furniture, locks, hair seating &c. &c.’. In November 1797 the Norwich freemen reg. lists the admission of a Christopher Gilney, admitted other than by apprenticeship, and by 1801 the business appears to have re-commenced at 40 Castle Ditches. It is possible however that this new enterprise was operated by a son of the same name. [D; poll bks; Bury and Norwich Post, 27 May 1795]

Gilpin, John, Bedford St, Covent Gdn, London, upholstery warehouse (1768–83). On 3 August 1770 Sir Thomas Egerton of Heaton Hall, Manchester paid Gilpin £995. [D: Preston RO, DD Eg. bank deposit and account bks]

Gilpin, John, Fairfield, near Manchester, cm etc. (1825). [D]

Gilroy, John, Westminster, London, upholder (1774–82). Worked for the Royal Household and in 1776 provided furnishings for the ‘New Court in Westminster Hall, for the Tryal of Elizabeth, who stiles herself the Dutchess of Kingston, on the 15th of April’. Supplied bedding, curtains, carpeting etc. for the Crown. Heal lists the address of Gilroy as Newton Ct, 1774–83, but in 1780 insurance cover of £2,600 was taken out for an address in Lower Grosvenor St. Of this sum £1,800 was for stock, goods and utensils, suggesting a considerable scale of operation. The business was described as that of upholder and cm. The insurance cover was jointly in the names of John Gilroy and Hannah Farmborough. It is possible that John Gilroy died, 1781–82, for accounts of this period made out in his name were receipted by Lucy Gilroy and from 1782 accounts are made out in her name only. [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 284, p. 129; PRO, LC9/323–28]

Gilroy, Lucy, London, u (1781–83). Successor and possibly the widow of John Gilroy. Supplied bedding, cushions etc. to royal residences 1781–83. By 1783 however appears to have married a Charles Smith and receipts of this year are given in the name of Lucy Smith. [PRO, LC9/328–30] See Charles Smith of Lower Grosvenor St.

Gilson, Henry, Chelmsford, Essex, cm (1784). [D]

Gilson, Robert, Straight Bargate, Boston, Lincs., cm and u (1803–35). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Recorded at Wide Bargate in 1819, and as Gilson & Reynolds at Straight Bargate in 1835. [D]

Gilson, Thomas, Chelmsford, Essex, u (1793–d. 1811). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Died 7 November 1811. [D; Gents Mag., December 1811]

Gilsthorpe, George, Warsergate, Nottingham, cm (1828). [D]

Gimber, Charles, London, carver and gilder (1808–37). At 17 Flower de Luce Ct, Fetter Lane, 1808–20; 8 Spreadeagle Ct, Finch Lane, Cornhill 1826; and 124 Fetter Lane, 1835– 37. [D]

Gimber, Sophia, 124 Fetter Lane, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Gimber, Thomas, 17 Fetter Lane, Fleet St, London, carver and gilder (1809). [D]

Gimson, John, Hungate St, Aylsham, Norfolk, cm (1830). [D]

Giradus, Henry, 9 Chapel Pl., Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1809). On 27 March 1809 took out insurance cover of £1,430 which included £250 for a workshop behind his dwelling house in Chapel Pl. and £30 for stock and utensils. He also insured a house in Mansfield Pl., Kentish Town. [GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 828854]

Girard (or Le Girardy or Girardi), —, address unknown, u (c. 1784). Responsible for the painted state bed at Inveraray Castle, Strathclyde. [C. Life, 8 June 1978, p. 1622]

Girling, —, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Girling, James, Lakenham, Norwich, chairmaker (1796–1818). [Norwich poll bks]

Gironimi, L., Leather Lane, London, looking-glass manufacturer and picture frame maker (1829–39). At 4 Leather Lane in 1829 but the number is 93, 1835–39. [D]

Gironimo, B., London, looking-glass manufacturer (1817–37). At 4 Leather Lane, 1817–21; 27 Maiden Lane, Covent Gdn in 1825; and 93 Leather Lane 1837. [D]

Gironimo, S., 4 Leather Lane, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1825). [D]

Giscard, John, 131 High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, cm and furniture broker (1836–40). [D]

Gites, John jnr, 70 Jubilee St, Brighton, Sussex, chairmaker (1839). [D]

Gittens, Thomas William, 112 High St, Camden Town, London, cm and u (1838–39). [D]

Gitter, John, 43 Chapel St, Liverpool, cm (1790). [D]

Gittons, William, Folkestone, Kent, cm (1826–35). [Dover poll bks]

Giusani (or Guissani), Peter, Cock St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., carver and gilder (1816–38). Listed at 42 Cock St, 1822–34, also Darlington St in 1833. Trading also as artists’ repository and fancy stationer in 1834. Goodison records the business as P. Giusani & Sons in 1835 with a branch at Bilston, Staffs. Undertook work for Josiah Hinckes of Tettenhall Wood, near Woverhampton, between February 1826 and November 1827, making and gilding picture frames [D; Goodison, Barometers; Herefs. RO, Foxley papers B47/S40]

Gilvin, Joshua, 4 Canon St, Bristol, cm (1834). [D]

Gladwell, Thomas & Henry, 21 Gracechurch St, London, picture and looking-glass frame makers (1839). [D]

Glaister, William, Whitehaven, Cumb., cm (1834). [D]

Glanfield, John, Exeter, Devon, cm (1817–22). In the parish of St Paul in December 1817 when his son John was baptised. By September 1820 had moved to the parish of St Sidwell and in July 1822 was living at Lion's Holt. A John Glanville of the parish of St Sidwell, cm, who was reported has having absconded in August 1822 may be the same person. [PR (bapt.); Exeter Flying Post, 1 August 1822]

Glanvill, James, Queen St, the Mint, Southwark, upholder (1775). Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by redemption, 2 August 1775. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Glanville, Julian, St Austell, Cornwall, cm (1839). Insolvent by January 1839. [Cornwall RO, DDSHM 937, 859]

Glanville, Thomas, address unknown, u (1729). On 20 March 1729 submitted to the Earl of Rockingham an account for £3 15s 8d, the main item being ‘a couch bed ye box wainscot’ at £1 12s. The remaining items were repairs and alterations of a general nature. The account was settled on 26 April 1729. A further account dated 20 March 1729 also exists for £1 13s which includes ‘a turnup bed’ at 18s. This also was settled on 26 April. [Lincoln RO, Monson 11/61, 11/62F]

Glasgow, Abraham, Hill St, Birmingham, cm (1800). [D]

Glasgow, Robert, Hill St, Birmingham, cm (1818–22). [D]

Glass, John, 7 Old Bond St, London, carver and gilder (1812). Took app. John Stoker in 1812. [Westminster Ref. Lib., MS B1268]

Glassbrook, Edward, Hallgate, Wigan, Lancs., chairmaker (1816–18). [D] See Edward Glazebrook.

Glassbrook, John, 9 Markland Row, Bolton, Lancs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Glave, R., 21 Draggets Ct, Finsbury Circus, Eldon St, London, cm (1835–37). [D]

Glazebrook, Edward, Wigan, Lancs., chairmaker (1798). [D] See Edward Glassbrook.

Glazebrook, (or Glasbrook), Paul, 21 St Peter's St, Derby, cm and u (1822–29). [D]

Gleadow, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (before 1808). James Gleadow, son of the late John Gleadow, cm, was app. to Edward Dickson of Hull, July 1808. [Hull app. reg.]

Gleave, John jnr, 38 Bridport St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Gledhill, Ely, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancs., cabinet and wheel maker (1793). [D]

Gledhill, John, 15 King's Cross St, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Gledhill, Jonathan, Liverpool, u (1831). On 30 June 1831 married Anne Kempster at St James’ Church. [Liverpool Mercury, 22 July 1831]

Gledhill, William, Chapman St, Cannon St Rd, St George's East, London, cm (1809). [D]

Glen, A., 73 Paul St, Finsbury, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Glen, Henry, 5 Junction Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm and turner (1840). [D]

Glenister, Daniel, Tylers Green, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1811–41). Aged 30 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Glenister, Joseph, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1825–40). Two daughters and a son bapt., 1825–28. Listed in directories subsequent to 1840. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Glenny, Hugh, 6 Bridges St, Covent Gdn, London, cm and broker (1783–85). In 1783 took out insurance cover for £300 of which £200 was in respect of utensils and stock. On 18 April 1785 took out cover for £500 on utensils etc., with a further £50 in respect of a workshop and sawpit. [GL, Sun MS vol. 313, p. 166; vol. 329, p. 119]

Glenston, James, Richmond, Yorks., upholder (1784). [D]

Glenwright, John, Haltwhistle, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827–28). [D]

Glossop, Daniel, Beetwell St, Chesterfield, Derbs., cm (1818–22). [D]

Glossop, John, 8 Downing St, Corn Market (Ardwick or Chorlton-upon-Medlock), Manchester, cm (1836–40). [D]

Glossop, Nathan, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1825–37). At 68 Scotland St in 1825 and 56 Pool Pl. 1833–37. [D]

Glover, Charles, 63 Piccadilly, London, u, carpet and cabinet warehouse (1803–08). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Successor to John Glover at this address. [D]

Glover, Charles, New Inkeys, Birmingham, cm (1839). [D]

Glover, James, Warrington(?), Lancs., cm (1755). In 1755 took app. named Perpoint. [S of G, app. index]

Glover, Jane, Dog-bank, Newcastle, cm and furniture broker (1833). [D]

Glover, John & Co., Warrington, Lancs., cm (1757). In 1757 took app. named Lee. [S of G, app. index]

Glover, John, Liverpool, cm (1761). Free 5 March 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Glover, John (or Jonathan), Piccadilly, London, upholder (1774–1803). Initially operated from 12 Piccadilly, on the corner of Albemarle St but by 1792 had moved to 63. From 1792 traded as Glover & Sons and the Charles Glover who took over the business in 1803 was one of these. In 1779 utensils, stock and goods were insured for £300. A house at 10 Queen St appears to have been tenanted by John Glover in 1785, and in 1804 the number of the house is given as 15. Two of John Glover's patrons are known. On 25 April 1785 Lord Monson settled an account for £32 19s 7d and on 26 April 1790 £1 10s 6d was paid to a G. Glover. On 28 August 1787 Baron Grey de Wilson of Heaton Hall, Manchester paid £4 19s 6d to Glover for some fire screens. Charles Glover subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [D; poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 279, p. 560; vol. 329, p. 502; vol. 342, ref. 526211; vol. 431, ref. 767606; Lincoln RO, Monson 10/ 1/14/6; Preston RO, DD Eg. bank account and deposit bks]

Glover, Joseph, Newcastle, cm and chairmaker (1798–1838). Trading at Queen St, 1798–1834; 28 Stowell St in 1834 and St Nicholas Churchyard in 1838. [D]

Glover, Joseph, High St, Tewkesbury, Glos., cm (1814). [PR]

Glover, Joseph, Keswick, Cumb., joiner/cm (1828–34). [D]

Glover, Richard, Painter-heugh, Newcastle, cm (1824–27). [D]

Glover, Samuel, Bramley's Yd, Lowerhead Row, Leeds, Yorks., carver and gilder (1822). [D]

Glover, Samuel, London, u and cm (1826–39). The business commenced as a partnership with Parke at 10 Davies St, Grosvenor Sq. in 1826. By the next year however the partnership had broken up but Glover continued to trade at the same address until at least 1829. At 7 Woods Mews, Grosvenor Sq., 1835–39. [D]

Glover, Samuel, Pontefract, Yorks., carver and gilder (1830). [D]

Glover, Samuel, 7 Bull Green, Halifax, Yorks., carver and gilder (1837). [D]

Glover, T., 201 Piccadilly, London, u (1803). Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Glover, T., 19 Northampton Pl., Old Kent Rd, London, cm (1835). [D]

Glover, Thomas, Circus St, Liverpool, carver (1830). Son of T. Glover, shoemaker. Free 29 November 1830. [Freemen reg.]

Glover, W. J., 1 Orange Row, Kennington Rd, Newington and 1 York Pl., Kennington Rd, Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Glover, William, opposite the ‘New Inn’, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1770). In March 1770 claimed that he was ‘from London’ and stated that he made and sold ‘all Sorts of Carved and Gilt Looking Glass & Picture Frames, Jerondoles, Tables, Brackets, Dressing Glasses, Swingers, and all Sorts of Ornamental Work for Chimney Pieces’. He stated that he would re-frame and re-silver mirror plates and take old plates in part exchange. [Exeter Evening Post, 23–30 March 1770]

Glover, William, Leicester, cm (1772–89). App. to Thomas Johnson in 1772 and free 1789. [Freemen rolls]

Glover, William, Groat Mkt, Newcastle, cm/carpenter (1778). [D]

Glover, William, 14 Painter's-heugh, Newcastle, cm (1834). [D]

Glover, William, West St, Bridgwater, Som., carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Goad, George, 24 James St, Devonport, Devon, cm and u (1830). [D]

Goadby, John, Nottingham, u (1699). [Freemen rolls]

Goate, John, 6 Rose St, Soho, London, carver and gilder, cm and u (1820–29). [D]

Gobart, John, Norwich, u (1681). Son of Thomas Gobart, free 20 July 1681. [Freemen reg.]

Gobart, Thomas, Norwich, u (1681). Son of Thomas Gobart, free 20 July 1681. [Freemen reg.]

Gobbett, Daniel, Halesworth, Suffolk, furniture broker and u (1830). [D]

Goble, James, London, upholder (1700). Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co., 6 March 1699/1700. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Godard, Joseph Goodwin, 1 Hatchetts Ct, Little Trinity Lane, London, cm (1821). On 28 February 1821 took out insurance cover for £100 but no tools or trade materials were included. [GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 978082]

Godart, Peter, 7 Wilmot St, Brunswick Sq., London, carver and gilder (1808–13). Listed in 1808 also as a tallow chandler and in 1813 as a dealer in tobacco. In 1810 both Peter Godart snr and jnr are referred to. In 1808 insurance cover on household goods was £150, stock and utensils £350 and ‘stock and utensils as a carver & gilder in workshop behind’ £100. In 1810 Peter Godart snr insured the stock and utensils of his trade as a carver and gilder for £150 while his son's insurance for such items amounted to £400. In 1813 stock and utensils in the dwelling house amounted to £50 with an additional £100 in the shop nearby. Total insurance in that year, including household goods in the dwelling house was £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 442, ref. 812643; vol. 451, refs 839671–72; vol. 463, ref. 885135]

Godarth, Herbert, 51 Penton Pl., Pentonville, London, carver and gilder (1829–35). [D]

Godbold, Charles, Kingsland Rd, London, cm (1822–35). At 164 Kingsland Rd, 1822–29, and in 1835 at no. 57. In 1822 took out insurance cover of £300 of which £100 was in respect of stock and utensils kept in his dwelling house. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 491, ref. 997485]

Godbold, Francis, Uxbridge, Middlx, cm and u (1786–93). On 23 September 1786 took out insurance cover of £700 of which £600 was in respect of utensils and stock. This would represent a fairly substantial business. By December 1793 however he was insolvent. [GL, Sun MS vol. 338, p. 474; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 2 December 1793; Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 5 October 1795, 7 March 1796]

Godbold, Francis, 147 Tottenham Ct Rd and 38 Grafton Sq, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Godbold, George, Market Pl., Halesworth, Suffolk, u and cm (1839). [D]

Godbold (or Godboult), John, London, cm and u (1809–13). At 8 Hatton Wall in 1809 and 59 Hatton Gdn, 1811–13. [D]

Godby, James, Berwick St, London, carver (1774). [Westminster poll bk]

Godby, James, 25 Norfolk St, Fitzroy Sq., London, carver (1808). [D]

Goddard, —, 3 Bradleys Buildings, Bath, Som., cm (1819). [D]

Goddard, Henry, ‘The White Lion’, corner of George Alley, Fleet Ditch, London, u (1724–33). On 16 July 1724 took out insurance cover on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house for £500. In 1733 fined for non-service at St Brides [Heal; GL, Sun MS vol. 17, ref. 32461; MS 6561, p. 57]

Goddard, Isaac, Brighton, Sussex, chairmaker and turner (1823–40). At 50 Middle St, 1823–26, but from 1832–35 the number was 52. In 1839 moved to 8 Ship St Lane. In one 1832 directory the trade of block maker is listed. [D]

Goddard, John, 45 Middle St, Brighton, Sussex, turner and chairmaker (1793–1800). A directory of 1793 describes him as a turner and patten maker. [D]

Goddard, Ralph, 113, Wardour St, Soho, London, cm (1820). [D]

Goddard, Thomas, Cornhill, London, upholder (1718– d. 1773). Son of Edmund Goddard of Marlborough, Wilts., draper. App. to William Braithwaite, 25 November 1709, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 12 November 1718. Master of the Upholders’ Co., 1753. Took as app. Nathaniel Spurling, 1738–54. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Goddard, Thomas, 16 Milk St, St Lawrence Jewry, London, u (1734–92). On 6 November 1778 insured his household goods and stock in trade for £500 [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 26, p. 524; Heal]

Goddard, William, London, carver (1722–48). In 1722 his address was listed as Wapping and in 1741 as St Anne's, Limehouse. His insurance cover in the period 1741–48 was £450. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 26, p. 341; V & A archives]

Goddard, William, London, cm and u, auctioneer and appraiser (1826–35). At 17 Cross St, Newington in 1826; Portland House, Walworth Rd, 1827–29; and 4 Walworth Rd in 1835. [D]

Goddard, William, Louth, Lincs., joiner and cm (1831–35). Recorded at Monks Dyke in 1835. [D]

Goddart, Peter, 103 Wardour St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1790). On 20 December 1790 took out insurance cover of £100 on his house and goods. [GL, Sun MS ref. 577511]

Godden, —, Church St, Folkestone, Kent, u (1807–39). [D; Canterbury poll bk]

Godden, Edward, Whitecross St, London, cm (1762–70). Freeman of the Joiners’ Co. In 1762 obtained a licence to employ three non-freemen for three months. Bankruptcy reported, Gents Mag., March 1770. [GL, City Licence bks, vol. 3]

Godden, Mary, Redcross St, London, cm (1770–71). Freeman of the Joiners’ Co. and described as a widow. She may well have been the wife of Edward Godden. In the period 1770–71 took out licences to employ non-freemen. [GL, City Licence bk, vol. 7]

Godden, Thomas, 21 Tottenham Ct Rd, London, cm (1808–09). [D]

Godden, William, 9 Carburton St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm (1822). On 6 March 1822 took out insurance cover of £100, none of it for tools or trade stock. At the time he was living in the house of a tinman named Broster. [GL, Sun MS vol. 493, ref. 989353]

Goddin, Daniel, King's Lynn, Norfolk, upholder (1666–67). Free by gratuity, 1666–67. [Freemen rolls]

Goddiar, —, ‘The two Green Flower-Pots’, Charles St, near St James's Sq., London, u (1709). [Daily Courant, 1 September 1709] See Goodiar, —.

Goddin, Richard, 53 Hawley Sq., Margate, Kent, cm (1839). [D]

Godding, John, Maidstone, Kent, upholder (1761–90). In 1778 took out insurance of £900 of which £500 was for utensils, stock and goods in a warehouse. [D; poll bks; GL, Sun MS vol. 268, p. 177]

Godfrey, —, Flamsted's End, Cheshunt, Herts., japanner (1806). Fire on 14 November 1806 caused by ‘overheating the stoves for drying new-invented tea-tables composed of various layers of rags & paper pounded in a method superior to Clay's of Birmingham’. [Gents Mag., November 1806]

Godfrey, Edward, Westgate, Tickhill, Yorks., chairmaker (1837). [D]

Godfrey, Isaac, Bristol, carver and gilder (1823–40). At 2 Power St, Hotwells, 1823–24, and 12 Carloline Pl., Hotwells, 1825–30. In 1829–30 an additional address in Hotwells Rd was also recorded and from 1831 no. 33 was the sole address. From 1834–35 the address changed to Hope Chapel Hill and in 1836–40 he was working at Power St, Dowry Sq. [D]

Godfrey, John, Bristol, cm, chair and bedstead maker (1830–40). In 1830 at 6 Narrow Weir. The business is recorded as John & S. Godfrey in 1832 at Castle Mill St. From 1833–40 however John Godfrey is once more in sole control and working from 10 Castle Mill St. From 1832 the business is described solely as that of bedstead maker. [D]

Godfrey, Nicholas, London, cm and u (1809–37). In 1809 at 13 Compton Sq, Clerkenwell and in 1820 at 21 King St, Goswell St. By 1827 the address is recorded as 23 King St, Compton St, Clerkenwell. [D]

Godfrey, Richard, St Margaret's St, London, upholder (1784). [D]

Godfrey, Richard, London, u and cm (1762–1811). Son of Richard Godfrey of Brockall, Northants., grazier. App. to William Adams, 13 June 1755, and free by servitude, 13 June 1762. Not recorded in trade directories until 1781 when he was at New Palace Yd, Westminster. He seems to have used these premises until 1804 when on 3 October they were destroyed by fire. From 1790 however he had been using an additional address in Union St, Westminster. The fire may well have been the cause of another move and in January 1805 he was at 66 Millbank St, Westminster. Here he took out insurance cover for £1,300 of which utensils and stock amounted to £200, the main item covered being household goods valued at £1,000. He was included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. He is probably the maker who supplied Lady Cotton of Madingley Hall, Cambs., with a camp stool costing 8s 6d in November 1802. A brass inlaid rosewood centre table is recorded signed ‘RD. Godfroy’. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 319, p. 227; vol. 431, ref. 772287; Gents Mag., October 1804; Cambs. RO, 588/A45; C. Life, 18 January 1962, p. 107; Sotheby's, 3 June 1977, lot 151]

Godfrey, Richard, 16 Robert St, Grosvenor Sq., London, u (1835). [D]

Godfrey, Robert, 73 Chiswell St, Finsbury, London, cm (1820). [D]

Godfrey, Thomas, 32 Hackney Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Godfrey, William, 1 Knowle Ct, Carter Lane, London, cm (1785). On 4 May 1785 took out insurance cover of £70 on household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 328, p. 208]

Godfrey, William, London, cm and chairmaker (1790–1813). At 14 Gt Distaff Lane, 1790–1809, but in 1811 at 7 Basing Lane. [D]

Godfrey, William, Bristol, cm (1809–17). In 1809 at 106 Redcliffe St but thereafter in Pile St. [D]

Godier, Jonathan, address unrecorded, carver (early 18th century—1732). Did most of the joiner's work at Wentworth Castle, Yorks., ‘being then servant’ to William Thornton of York. [BL, Add. MS 22141, ff.102.114.129]

Godling, Robert, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Godling, Samuel, Maidstone, Kent, u (1790). [Poll bk]

Godman, John, parish of St John Timberhill, Norwich, cm (1781). In 1781 insured workshop with utensils and stock for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 296, p. 182]

Godman, Michael, Swaffham, Norfolk, cm (1798). [D]

Godon, Samuel, Maidstone, Kent, u (1794). [D]

Godson, Charles, Essex, chairmaker and turner (1744). In 1744 took app. named Couzens. [S of G, app. index]

Godson, George, Hull, Yorks., cm (1758–84). Freeman of York but working in Hull. [York poll bks]

Godson, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm (1758–84). Freeman of York but working in Hull. [York poll bks]

Godwin, George, 290 High Holborn, London, portable desk maker (1820). [D] A brass bound mahogany portable desk box of military type inscribed ‘LOUISA FLEET’ recorded bearing printed label: ‘G. GODWIN/PORTABLE DESK, DRESSING CASE + LADIES WORK BOX/MANUFACTURER/290 HOLBORN’.

Godwin, Ian, Northernhay, Exeter, Devon, cm (1819). Son bapt. at St David's Church, 25 February 1819. [PR (bapt.)]

Godwin, James, Winchester, Hants., chair and basket maker (1770). On 2 April 1770 advertised for two journeymen basket-makers and a chairmaker in Reading Mercury and Oxford Gazette.

Godwin, Richard, London, upholder (1700). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 1 May 1700. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Godwin (or Goodwin), Thomas, Winchester, Hants., cm, u, auctioneer and appraiser (1823–39). Address given as Piazza in 1823 but from 1830–39 at 121 High St. By 1839 the business was styled T. Godwin & Sons. A mahogany Pembroke table, banded with rosewood and with inlaid ebony lines bearing the trade label of Thomas Godwin, was sold by Phillips’ in 1962 and again in 1963. [D; Phillips’, 16 October 1962, lot 51; 26 February 1963, lot 62]

Goertz, H. L. (Heinrich Ludwig or Henry Louis), Windsor, Berks., u and cm (1814–40). Goertz apparently immigrated to England from his native Hanover between 1799 and 1802 when that city was under Napoleonic threat. Seemingly, in Royal employ at Windsor for at least a quarter of a century, he was constantly involved with routine upholstery work, repairs and jobbing, but also supplied certain major pieces to the Court and much ordinary furniture for the use of household and staff.
Sophia Davenport, daughter of Thomas Davenport, Assistant to the Queen's Page, and of Anne Davenport, Housekeeper at Lower Lodge (1812–17), was Goertz's first wife and during this period they lived in the Devil's Tower, Windsor Castle and he is known to have made several return journeys to Hanover. On 2 November 1820, he was married for a second time to Lucretia Morris at Windsor Castle — their son born 5 May 1825, was probably involved with the family firm.
Court and City Registers in Windsor for the period 1814– 19 list Goertz as Upholsterer to Queen Charlotte at Frogmore House. Later he was Upholsterer in Ordinary to King George IV and Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterer in Ordinary to William IV. Bills of the year 1837 are headed H. L. Goertz & Son, and a directory of 1838 lists ‘Goertz & Son, 36 High Street, Windsor’, as ‘Cabinet-Makers, Upholsterers & House Agents’. By 1844, Henry Goertz, 26 High St, is entered as ‘Cabinet-Maker, Upholsterer & Paper-Hanger’ — apparently Goertz's son who supplied goods to Queen Victoria and her mother, the Duchess of Kent, but did not hold a Royal Warrant. The firm of H. L. Goertz continued to appear in the Royal accounts until the end of the century.
The Goertz name does not figure in the Windsor Royal Archive accounts until 1826, but the 1835–40 Lord Chamberlain's accounts [Book G—H] presents a total of £573 11s 5d still due to him for the period October 1820–23 for work undertaken at the Castle, Cumberland Lodge and the Cottage. This sum seems to be in addition to bills already paid. Considerable furniture is listed in these bills but the 1823–31 accounts [PRO, LC 11/47–74] mention no furniture, only extensive jobbing, repairing and cleaning work at the King's Lodge, Cumberland Lodge, Lower Lodge, the Castle, Hampton Court and Brighton Pavilion. However, in 1824–26, certain major orders included: ‘two Rosewood Cylinder Book-Stands — each on table of 4 drawers & 4 tiers of revolving book-shelves supported by 114 sham books, Morocco-Calf backs …’ for Carlton House, £65, and for the Pavilion: ‘to a Hyacinth Stand lined with a cistern of tin … Japanned in imitation of Bamboo, and blue & white china with Pagoda for centre — plate glass in bamboo frames — Lacquer Basin with Shellwork — £110 3s 1d’. [Windsor RA 25403]
After the accession of William IV, Goertz's increased responsibility is shown by sizeable quarterly bills for the period from July 1830 to the end of 1832, detailing his involvement in the general upkeep of the Castle, the refurbishment of the Royal Lodges, and the furnishing of household and staff apartments. October 1830 entries mention: ‘Redoing Cumberland Lodge for HRH the Duke of Sussex — marking furniture throughout, and taking Inventory of the same’, and in April 1831: ‘Preparing Castle for their Majesties. Fitting up the Queen's Wardrobe. Remaking a card table into a Rosewood Loo Table’. A quarterly bill 30 September 1832 lists ‘Repairing & cleaning mahogany Chairs, Cheval Glasses, Writing Tables, Screens, making Rollers for Blinds, Window Laths, taking down, repairing & putting up Bedsteads, unripping and restuffing Couches, Bed Ends — and charges for 111 days of Cabinet Makers’ work and 71½ days of Upholsterers’ time’. [Windsor RA, accounts 1827–32] Records indicate similar work at Windsor Castle, Kew Palace St James's, Virginia Water, Hind Lodge and Harrington House during the years 1832–37. [PRO, LC 11/77–98] In June 1834, lengthy estimates were submitted for furnishing the North Star Front Chambers at Windsor. [Windsor RA, Item 17, Box 31, Estimates]
In 1837 Goertz was assisting in ‘making 6 ebony chairs and 6 ebony bookcases for Buckingham Palace’. [PRO, LC 11/98] His firm may have collaborated with that of Anne McBean of Windsor as they frequently sent in similar bills beginning ‘Assisting…’.
In March 1838 Heinrich Ludwig apparently retired from regular work for the Lord Chamberlain's Office. The account books for 1835–40 mention that he was still owed £1,622 6s 11d for the period 1829 to March 1838 — seemingly in addition to amounts already paid and not including the sum outstanding for 1820–23.
The fifth hall bk of the borough of Windsor, 1828–52 lists Goertz's appointment as Upholsterer to the Windsor Corporation in January 1837. On 3 July 1838, he was given the position of Overseer to collect the New Borough Rate, while on 7 January 1841, he is listed as Corporation Upholder. He had probably died before 1844 when his son Henry Goertz, 26 High St, Windsor, is listed in a local directory. [Joy, English Furmiture 1800–1851, 1977] N.N.T.

Goff, —, 41 East St, Brighton, Sussex, cm (1832). [D]

Goff, Henry, Brighton, Sussex, u (1828–37). At 31 East St in May 1828 when he described his business as an ‘Upholstery, Featherbed, Matress, Carpet and Hearth Rug Warehouse’. He aimed his advertisement at ‘Hotel, Tavern, Lodging house keepers and Families’ and stated that his stock featured bedding, drawing, dining and sitting room chairs and sofas, carpeting and paper hangings. In the period 1832–35 he was living in Ship St and in July 1837 in Middle St. Three sons and two daughters were bapt., 1832–37. [Poll bk; Brighton Herald, 17 May 1828; PR (bapt.)]

Goff, James Copeland, Eccleston St, Pimlico, London, u, cm and undertaker (1835–39). [D]

Goff, William, Queen St, Westminster, London, upholder (1744–49). Son of Hugh Goff. App. to James Rowe, 4 March 1718, and admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co., 6 September 1744. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; poll bk]

Goff & Gulley, Exeter, Devon, cm (c. 1790). Name recorded on brass plate on a Sheraton-style satin and rosewood card table. [C. Life, 3 December 1981, supplement, p. 77]

Goffe, Thomas, 9 Smallbrook St, Birmingham, cm (1835). [D]

Goffin, Robert, North Quay, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1830–40). [D; poll bks]

Goffrey, John, address unknown, u (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Golborn (or Goiborn), John, 73 Thomas St, Manchester, cm (1825–33). [D]

Gold, James, Southampton, Hants., cm (d. 1821). Died in 1821 aged 38. [Gents Mag., February 1821]

Goldby, Henry, Boar St, Abingdon, Berks., cm (1830–40). [D]

Goldby, John, nearly opposite the sign of ‘The Gate’, Hackney Rd, London, upholder (1787). On 3 February 1787 insured goods for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 343, p. 80]

Goldie, James, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1805–24). At 26 Ranelagh St in 1805 but from 1807–14 the number is shown as 27. By 1821 had moved to 10 Back Lime St and 1823–24 at 16 Grosvenor St. [D]

Golding, Abraham, Cambridge, turner, chairmaker and broker (1839–40). In 1839 at George St, Barnwell but by 1841 had moved to Newmarket Rd. [D]

Golding, George, 9 St Agnes Circus (or City Terr.), Old St Rd, London, cm and u (1820–29). [D]

Golding, James, Liverpool, cm (1761). App. to Thomas Pender and free, 9 February 1761. [Freemen reg.]

Golding, James, Wimborne, Dorset, chairmaker and turner (1823). [D]

Golding, Joseph, Bartholomew St, Newbury, Berks., upholder (1780–98). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £500 with £180 of this sum specified for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 283, p. 276]

Golding, Joseph, 8 Houndsditch, London, u and auctioneer (1808–11). [D]

Goldsborough, Richard, Hurworth, Co. Durham, cm (1828). [D]

Goldsmith, Charles, 12 Worship St, Finsbury Sq., London, painter and japanned chairmaker (1808–11). In both 1808 and 1811 took out insurance cover of £350 which included £200 for stock and utensils, and an additional £50 for similar items in a yard and open shed. [GL, Sun MS vol. 446, ref. 823611; vol. 451, ref. 856890]

Goldsmith, Charles, Curtain Rd, Shoreditch, London, mahogany and japanned desk manufacturer and sofa maker (1816–23). Shown at 75 Curtain Rd, 1816 and 19; at no. 70 in 1817 and 82 in 1820–23. [D]

Goldsmith, Francis, 19 Whitecross Pl., Wilson St, Finsbury Sq., London, chair manufactory (1808–09). [D]

Goldsmith, Joseph, West St, Horsham, Sussex, cm etc. (1832– 39). [D]

Goldsmith, Thomas, at the sign of ‘Cupid on a Shell Rock’, Greece Ct, Old Jury, Cheapside, London, cm (1693–94). In 1693 supplied a looking-glass table and stands japanned white for Queen Mary II at Hampton Court, Middlx. [PRO, LC9/280, p. 140a]

Goldsping, John, 132 Blackfriars Rd, London, u (1835–39). Trade card in the GL, Dept of Prints, illustrates two sabre legged chairs, a sofa, a chiffonier and a chest of drawers. [D]

Goldstone, William, 19 Caroline St, Princess Rd, London, cabinet carver (1839). [D]

Goldsworthy, Robert, Thomas St, Bristol, cm (1792–94). [D]

Goldthorp, Benjamin, 63 Stamford St, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs., cm, joiner and furniture broker (1824–34). [D]

Gole, Cornelius, London, cm (c. 1689–91). Employed by Queen Mary II in the early years of her reign. She had possibly used him, or his uncle Adrian before 1689, for the latter was recorded in Amsterdam from 1683, having moved from Paris. Princess Mary's account book for this period records transactions with ‘Goal, the Cabinetmaker’ on several occasions. When she came to London after the Revolution he followed and commissions are listed in 1691. In August of that year is recorded ‘a large table of markatree, the sides, drawer & supports carved with ornaments & flowers & finely lackred, also a pair of stands carved & Lackred suiteable’. For these £20 was charged. In the same year Queen Mary was supplied by Gole with ‘a large frame for a looking glass carved richly with ornament & flowers & inlaid with wood of all sorts of colours £14’. Also made was another frame ‘richly carved with cyphers & their Majestie's arms with an Imperial crowne & other ornaments’. [PRO, LC9/280, p. 27a]

Golland, Joseph, East Retford, Notts., cm (1815–d. 1824). Will dated 15 December 1815, proved 1824. [Notts. RO, probate records]

Gollion, Samuel, Gorst Stacks, Chester cm (1818). Free 18 May 1818. [Freemen rolls]

Gollop, George, Bell Lane, Poole, Dorset, joiner and cm (1789– 98). In 1789 took out insurance cover on his new dwelling house and ‘joiners shop adjoining’ which was ‘in the tenure of himself & Wm Waterhouse, joiner’. The building was of brick and tiled and insured for £150, utensils and stock kept in it for an additional £30. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 362, p. 372]

Gollop, George, Gt Titchfield St, Fitzroy Sq., London, cm, u and undertaker (1827). [D]

Gollop, Henry, 70 Gt Titchfield St, Haymarket, London, chair and sofa maker, cm and u (1820–27). [D]

Gollop, Thomas, 19 Gower Pl., Euston Sq., London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Golsby, James, Calthorpe Lane, Banbury, Oxon., cm and u (1830–41). [D]

Gomersall, Thomas, Dewsbury, Yorks., cm (1830–37). At Long Causeway in 1830 but in 1837 the business was styled Thomas Gomersall & Son and at Crackenedge Lane. [D]

Gomm, Tom, London, cm (1731). Supplied Richard Hoare for Barn Elms House bottle stands, a backgammon table, a chest of drawers etc. costing £23 13s 3d in 1731–32. [V & A Lib., 86 NN. 3]

Gomm, William & Richard, London, cm and u (c. 1698–1794). William Gomm was born c. 1698 the son of Richard Gomm, a yeoman farmer of Chinnor, Oxon. In 1713 he was app. to Hugh Maskall of London, a member of the Leathersellers’ Co. which Gomm also joined on the completion of his apprenticeship. In 1770 he was made free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act. By January 1725 he had established himself as a cm at Peterborough Ct, Little Britain in the parish of St Bartholomew, Smithfield. He took out insurance cover on 14 January of that year for £500 and by July 1731 this had risen to £800. Although some of this was in respect of household goods the great majority was for stock which was kept in his dwelling house, a shed (£300) and a yard (£200). Whilst at Peterborough Ct he married in 1728 Dinah Cookman. The marriage took place at Harefield parish church in Middlx. In 1736 Gomm moved to Newcastle House, Clerkenwell Close. This building, just off Clerkenwell Sq., had been the property of the Dukes of Newcastle but as London expanded the out-of-date house, part of which was formerly a pre-Reformation nunnery, became less attractive as a residence. The last member of the family to occupy it was the Dowager Duchess of Montagu, and on her death in 1734 a decision was made to dispose of it. Gomm, seeking accommodation for his expanding business, took it over and built a double range of workshops over the surviving basement of the medieval nun's hall. For purposes of rating the property was valued at £80. Gomm's first wife died soon after the move aged 39 and in 1737 he married Marianne de Moivre, a widow possibly of Huguenot descent. He had three sons from his first marriage of whom Richard, the eldest, was to be associated with the business. Two daughters and two further sons resulted from the second marriage.
Gomm is remembered particularly because of his association with Abraham Roentgen. In the 1730s Roentgen travelled to Paris, Rotterdam and then London to gain experience in the cabinet-making trades in those cities. Family memoirs mention working with a number of skilled furniture makers in London including one named as ‘Gern’, at Newcastle House, St John's Sq. This was without doubt William Gomm and the use of the Newcastle House address suggests that he was with him in the period post 1736. By 1756 William had taken his eldest son Richard into partnership and in that year Richard was paying rates on the larger western side of the premises and his father on the eastern side only. In 1763 the business was styled William Gomm & Son & Co. William Gomm was still active in the business at this period. A series of manuscript designs bearing his signature and dated July, August and November 1761 exist at the Henry Francis Du Pont Museum, Winterthur. These are Rococo in character and of varied originality. To some degree a number of them depend on the published work of Chippendale, Lock & Copland and Thomas Johnson. They show a knowledge of and an appreciation of the Chinese and Gothick tastes popular at this period. The items illustrated include looking-glasses, a girandole, a table frame, an elbow chair, a clothes press, bookcases, a bed, a sideboard table, a library table, a commode and a cabinet on stand. Four related drawings illustrate a scheme for the furnishing of a fashionable drawing room and feature seating furniture, pier glasses and tables in the Chinese taste, girandoles, an oval mirror, Rococo picture frames and festoon window curtains with elaborate pelmets. Another drawing shows the furnishing of an ante-room in similar taste. [Antiques, April 1971, pp. 556–59]
As early as 1747 Gomm started to purchase property in his native village of Chinnor. In that year he purchased Nethercote House for £700 and in 1758 bought the rest of the estate for £3,873. He no doubt hoped to retire there leaving the obviously prosperous business ever more under the direction of his son Richard. The failure of the business and bankruptcy proceedings in 1776 must have been a profound shock to William in his old age. It was probably as a result of this that in 1777 he sold the estate, subject to his own life interest, to Richard Paul Jodrell for £8,400. He died in 1780 aged 82.
His eldest son Richard was born c. 1729 and was never formally app. to his father's trade. He does however appear to have been associated with the business from an early date. He married at the age of seventeen. In 1754 he subscribed to Chippendale's Director, and two years later was paying rates on part of the Clerkenwell property. In 1763 he took as app. Joshua Bottom. It thus seems likely that by the late 1750s and early 1760s he was taking on an ever increasing degree of responsibility for the running of the business although his father's name continued to be linked with his in the trading styles adopted. Additional premises at 3 Freeman's Ct, Cornhill, were used in 1767–72. These were taken over from John Gomm, possibly Richard's brother by the first marriage. A Francis Peter Mallet is mentioned as a partner in 1765 and in 1771 the business was trading as Gomm, Son & Mallet, though other sources of the same year name it as Richard Gomm & Co. By this period the properties in the Clerkenwell area hd been numbered and Gomm's business traded from 48 (later 47), The Close. In 1776 bankruptcy occurred though it was stated that Richard Gomm ‘failed by faults not his own’. In the following year he was living at 8 Red Lion St, Clerkenwell where he insured a house for £200. He still declared his trade as cm but probably was not trading from this address. He had certainly given up the furniture making trades by October 1784 in which month he was offered and accepted the Stewardship of St Bartholomew's Hospital. He died in 1794. Richard Gomm's son William was made free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 5 December 1770 but there is no evidence that he played any role in the business and he subsequently became a minister of the Church of England and at the time of his father's death was Rector of West Dean, near Salisbury.
[D; Burlington, June 1980, pp. 395–402; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 22, p. 24; vol. 26, p. 30; vol. 32, ref. 54780; vol. 256, p. 93; Gents Mag., April, July and September 1776, November 1784]

The business used its trade label to identify its products though this practice appears to have been on a very limited scale. To date only one item so marked is known. This is a mahogany Pembroke table on square section legs which are joined near the base by X form stretchers. The label used bears both the Newcastle House and Freeman's Ct address and is in the name of Richard & William Gomm. It therefore probably dates from the late 1760s or early 1770s. A manuscript endorsement on the label reads ‘John Mordant Cope’ probably the patron concerned who can be identified with a person of that name resident at Bramshill, Hants. [Burlington, June 1980, p. 402; Sotheby's, 24 February 1967, lot 145; 19 July 1968, lot 152] The table is a plain serviceable piece of furniture probably typical of much of the Gomm's output. Although patronized from time to time by members of the aristocracy and gentry the location of the business away from the most fashionable London makers was probably a disadvantage in obtaining such customers.

The earliest known commission by William Gomm was in the period 1731–33 when furniture was supplied to Richard Hoare of Barn Elms. Items supplied included a walnut framed dressing glass, two mahogany arm chairs, a ‘lolling’ chair, a backgammon table, a mahogany chest, two dressing tables, two other tables and a ‘fine mahogany tea chest’. [Burlington, June 1980, pp. 395, 397] On 23 January 1756 furniture was invoiced to J. Buller of Morval, Cornwall. This consisted of a mahogany sofa 6½ ft long in canvas with two cushions and bolsters at £8 10s and a mahogany folding screen at £1 10s. On 17 January 1757 a teaboard at 3s was purchased and the account for all these items settled on the same day. Also in 1757 a mahogany desk was supplied to the new banking premises of Glyn, Halifax & Co. in Birchin Lane, London. The desk was 8 ft long and was designed to provide space for five clerks. It cost £18. [Cornwall RO, DDBU 337; R. Fulford, Glyn's 1753–1953, p. 8] In 1762 payment was made to the Gomm's in respect of furniture supplied to Richard Weddell for his house in Pall Mall, London. He was the father of William Weddell of Newby Hall, Yorks., a well-known collector of Classical antiquities. The items supplied included ‘a fine Mahogany Compass Cutwork Tea Table on Castors’ at £5 10s and a ‘Mahogany Bed Chair Stuff'd & finish'd at £1 3s. A set of armchairs was supplied to Kenure Park, Co. Dublin in 1763, and in the following year Gomm was negotiating with Alexander Voronstov, the elder brother of Count Voronstov, later the Russian ambassador in London. Gomm had four mahogany armoires which had cost him £200 and a table frame and marble top which he was anxious to dispose of. Voronstov offered him £100 or £120 for the armoires. [Leeds archives dept, Newby NH 2787; Burlington, June 1980, p. 399; C. Life, 15 March 1973]

The most extensive commission known to have been carried out by this firm was for the 5th Lord Leigh at Stoneleigh Park, Warks. from 1763, the year in which Lord Leigh came of age. Much modernization took place paricularly to the bedrooms and the Gomm's were the main furniture suppliers employed, working in association with the decorators Bromwich & Leigh. The first items were supplied on 12 May 1763 and continued to be delivered until October of the following year. The account totalled to £818 9s. A total of 183 assorted chairs were included together with tables, dressing tables, clothes presses, close stools, a chest on chest, shaving table, commode dressing table and a Pembroke table and a sideboard. A number of these items survived in the house until 1981 when they were sold by auction. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5; Christie's, 15–16 October 1981]

After the collapse of the Gomm business in 1776 the enterprise was carried on by Francis Peter Mallett. B.A.

Gomme, Dinah, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm and u (1830). [D]

Gomme, James, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (1790–1823). Previous to 1790 had been a partner with Lawrence Gomme in a similar type of business. Recorded at High St, 1823. Used a trade label which he attached to his furniture stating that the article was ‘SOLD at the original Upholstery Warehouse, of James Gomme in High-Wycombe, where Cabinet Work is done, and Orders for Household-Furniture of every Description executed in the best, and most fashionable Manner’. An example on a three-drawer bow-fronted chest is dated 1790 and another label is known dated 1789. His trade card is in the Heal Coll., BM. In 1811 he issued a trade token with a view of the Market Hall on one side and a swan on the other. [D; Weaver, High Wycombe Furniture, 1929, p. 12; V & A archives]

Gomme, James Chettle, King St, Hammersmith, London, cm (1832). [D]

Gomme, Lawrence & James, High Wycombe, Bucks., carpenters and timber merchants (1784), appraisers, cm, undertakers and joiners (1790). From 1790 James Gomme traded as the sole proprietor. [D]

Gondy, John Mill, Liverpool, cm (1826). Declared bankrupt, Liverpool Mercury, 10 March 1826.

Gonner, Thomas, Colchester, Essex, chairmaker (1784). [Poll bk]

Gooch, James, Norwich, cm (1781). In July 1781 apprehended at Ditchingham near Bungay in Suffolk and committed to the city gaol in Norwich accused of stealing ‘a large quantity of mahogany planks and boards, together with 130 wainscot boards, the property of several reputable persons in the city’. Difficulty was experienced in returning the stolen property to its owners as Gooch had planed off identification markings. [Norwich Chronicle, 5 May, 7 July, 4 August, 11 August 1781]

Gooch, John, London, turner and u (1808–11). At 43 Curzon St, Mayfair in 1808 and 19 Lower Brook St, Grosvenor Sq. in 1811. [D]

Gooch, Richard, 19 Lower Brook St, Grosvenor Sq., London, u (1811–13). Successor to John Gooch at this address. In 1813 in partnership with H. Gooch. [D]

Good, Edward, London, upholder (1723–31). Son of Arthur Good of Winchester. App. to John Tatnall, 2 May 1723; James Clarke, freeman draper, 2 May 1723; and Thomas Clarke, freeman draper, 1 October 1729. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 16 December 1731. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Good, George, 121 Fleet St, London, u (1762–79). Son of Peter Good a Glasgow excise officer. App. to Edward Webster on 15 February 1743 and Francis Say on 10 October 1745. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 November 1762. Fellow of the Society of Arts, 1763–65. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., August 1779. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Good, James, London, upholder (1754). Member of the Joiners’ Co. Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. [H. L. Phillips, Annals of the Joiners’ Co.]

Good, John, High St, Royston, Herts., cooper and u (1826). [D]

Good, Thomas, London, cm and u (1822–39). At 3 Old St, St Luke's in 1822 and 1826–29 at no. 1. By 1835 had moved to 10 Upper King St, Bloomsbury and in 1839 was at 4 Gray's Inn Lane Terr. [D]

Goodall, David, Ouseburn, Newcastle, cm (1833). [D]

Goodall, Elizabeth, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1826–34). At Wood St, Park Lane, 1826–30, and 100 Park Lane in 1834. [D]

Goodall, Henry, Back Walls, Stafford, chairmaker (1828–35). [D]

Goodall, James, Hanley and Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm and u (1818–39). At Totine Ct, Hanley in 1818; Penkill St, Newcastle-under-Lyme in 1828; High St, 1834–39, no. 18 in 1836 also as victualler, and no. 13 and/or 14 in 1839. [D]

Goodall, Joseph, Iron Mkt, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm and u (1812–30). In 1822 listed as J. & J. Goodall and it is possible that his partner was the James Goodall shown at Hanley in 1818 and Newcastle in 1828. In the 1830 election his vote was objected to on the grounds of non-residence. [D; poll bks]

Goodall, Richard, High St, Uttoxeter, Staffs., cm/clock case maker (1834–35). [D]

Goodall, Samuel, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1790–98). [D; poll bks]

Goodall, Thomas snr, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1774–98). [D; poll bks]

Goodall, Thomas jnr, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1790–1812). [D; poll bks]

Goodall, William, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs., cm (1790–1812). [D; poll bks]

Goodbody, William, 17 New Inn Yd, Shoreditch, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Goodcheap, William, Goswell St, London, cm and undertaker (1790–1808). At 144 Goswell St in 1790 but from 1791 at no. 142. On 14 August 1790 took out insurance cover of £800 which included £250 for stock in a warehouse. On 27 September 1791 took out cover for £300 on utensils in trust in Bullyard, Aldersgate St. Included in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Heal cites a trade card of this maker with the address 115 Aldersgate St which dates it c. 1810. [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 572741; vol. 379, p. 635]

Goodchild, John, Broad St, parish of St Benedict, London, u (1727–28). Son of John Goodchild of Combes, Suffolk, Gent. App. to Samuel Conder on 13 October 1719 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 4 January 1726/27. On 3 June 1728 took out insurance cover of £500 on his household goods and dwelling. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 26, p. 214]

Goode, Basil, Atherstone, Warks., cm (1828). [D]

Goode, John, London, cm, u and furniture broker (1820–39). At 8 Clerkenwell Green in 1820 but by 1826 the number had changed to 12. In the period 1835–39 moved to 83 Goswell Rd. [D]

Goode, John, Rugby, Warks., chairmaker, turner and furniture broker (1828–35). [D]

Goode, William, Chesterton Rd, Cambridge, turner and chairmaker (1835–40). Two children bapt., 1835–41, parish of St Clement. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Goodenough, J., 35 Regent St, Leamington, Warks., cm and u (1837). [D]

Goodeyre, John, address unknown, cm (1754). Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754.

Goodfellow, Lall, Salisbury, Wilts., u (1770–74). Payments of £3 5s 6d in January 1770 and £4 10s 4d in 1774 are listed in the Longford Castle, Wilts. accounts. Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., September 1772. [V & A archives]

Goodhall, Henry, 8 Rathbone Pl., London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Goodhall, John, 29 Greek St, Soho, London, gilder and frame maker (1803). [D]

Goodhall, Samuel, London, upholder (1708). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 7 July 1708. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Goodhart, George, Turner's Hill, Cheshunt, Herts., cm and u (1832). [D]

Goodheart, James, 63 Snowhill, London, portable desk, dressing case, work box and cabinet case maker (1839). [D]

Goodheart, William, 2 Charterhouse St and 12 Coppice Row, Clerkenwell, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Goodhill, John, Yorkersgate, Malton, Yorks., cm and u (1823). [D]

Goodhind, John, Shouldhart St, Bryanston St., London, cm (1820). [D]

Goodiar, —, at the ‘Two Green Flower Pots’, Charles St, St James's Sq., London, u (1709). [Heal] See Goddiar, —.

Goodiham, John, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, cm and u (1832). [D]

Goodill, —, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Gooding, John, 28 Baldwyn St, City Rd, London, bedstead maker (1826). [D]

Gooding, Thomas Robert, 16 Mortimer St, London, cm and u, fancy cm (1822–29). [D]

Gooding, W., 20 Wyndham St, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Goodison, Benjamin, ‘Golden Spread Eagle’, Long Acre, London, cm (c. 1700–67). Benjamin Goodison first comes to notice on 7 September 1719 when he signed for money for ‘my master’ James Moore from the Duchess of Marlborough. [BL, Add. MS 61354, f.76; Ian Caldwell in The Antique Collector, May 1986, p. 96] Further on 1 April 1720 he signed a receipt for £6 6s for work done by ‘My Master, James Moore’ for the 3rd Earl of Burlington. We may assume he was born about 1700 and he may still have been app. to Moore in 1720, but there is no record of this. The name is common in South Yorks., but again there is no record of the name in the York freeman rolls. [Surtees Soc., 1896, 1899] However by 1725 Goodison had set up on his own, a fact attested by his taking an app. Thomas Barber on 16 January [PRO, IR/1/10], and details of the Saunderson commission (below). In an advertisement he inserted in Daily Courant, 22 August 1727, repeated 23–24 August, he asked for information about ‘a large old fashioned Glass Sconce, in a Glass Frame, with Gold Flowers painted on the Glass Frame, and a Green Ground’ which had been stolen from his shop at the ‘Golden Spread Eagle in Long Acre’. It might have been one he had acquired from Mrs Moore, or was repairing for her. After her husband's death she advertised in Daily Courant, 26 July 1727, the disposal of ‘all her stock’.
In the way that James Moore succeeded his (presumed) master John Gumley in royal service, so Goodison succeeded Moore in 1726–27. He first comes to notice in the 1729 accounts when he supplied a lantern to Hampton Court for the Queen's Great Staircase costing £138 [PRO, LC 9/26] His name then appears with regularity, and notably with a massive bill in 1737 [PRO, LC 5/48, pp. 16, 31, 44, 61, 76, 93, 109, 1029] When payments to Mrs Moore, as her husband's executor, cease.
It has been a temptation to attribute much that is ‘Kentian’ to Goodison. The argument is worth rehearsing against the possible discovery of some documentation. From the late 1730s the Great Wardrobe was under the control of Sir Thomas Robinson, as its Master, who authorized all payments to Kent and his circle, which included Goodison. The accounts submitted by Goodison are long and involved, but provide the best clues to the range of work he was able to do. Part of an account rendered in 1737 reads: ‘Item: to Benjamin Goodison, Cabinetmaker, for two Chimney Glasses in Wallnuttree Frames, Two Pair of wrought brass Arm & One hanging Glass in a Walnuttree Frame, Eight Dressing Glasses in Walnuttree Frames, two smaller ditto, fifteen Side Glass Lanterns in Walnuttree Frames with fifteen brass Candlesticks and Shades to twelve of them. One Fire Screen in a Walnuttree Frame cover'd with India paper, Two Screens with four leaves Each in Ditto Frames and Cover'd Ditto. Two Mohogony Tea Kettle Stands, A New Glass to a Wallnut tree side Lantern, One very large Mohogony Chest of Drawers, One ditto and One other ditto, one round Mohogony Table on a pillar and Claw Foot, Two Mohogony Oval Dining Tables, Ten Mohogony Shelves for Book Cases, New Lacquering a pair of Double Wrought Arms, A Mohogony Stand on a pillar, and Claw Foot for Our Service at St James's …’. [PRO, LC 5/48, f. 16]
In 1739 he was asked to provide ‘a square Mohogony flat Table six feet long and three feet and an half wide to lay the Prince of Wales's Robes on at the Parliament House’ as well as ‘a looking Glass in a black Frame for the Dublin Yacht’. He was needed (in 1740) to newly gild ‘a large Peer Glass Frame and repairing the Carved Work of ditto, new Gilding the Frame of another Glass, repairing the carved work, silvering and fitting the Glass and Gilding the Pillasers to Dito the whole heighth of the Room’ — work he was presumably well versed in from the days of his apprenticeship. Royal preoccupations involved him in as varied provisions as a ‘Mohogony Stand & Perches for a Parrot’ (1741) and a ‘Mohogony Library Table with Drawers on one side and Cupboards on ye other ye top covered with black leather & Castors to ye Bottom — £16. 10s.’ (1750). [PRO, LC 5/48, f.45 (1739); f.61 (1740); f.76 (1741); LC9/291, f. 27 (1750)]
Goodison also worked for Frederick, Prince of Wales, and his name appears in the relevant account books [e.g. Duchy of Cornwall Office, Vouchers VI (1), 1735–37, £450 7s]; for work at Hampton Court and St James's Palace [PRO, A.O. 3/ 1166] and as noted in commissions below.
We have noted Sir Thomas Robinson's official ‘supervision’ of Goodison's work. Two mahogany commodes made for Sir Thomas, c. 1740, are now in the Royal Collection. [Burlington, July 1977, pl. 14] It seems sensible to assume that he commissioned Goodison to make for him privately what he knew he was well capable of making, and that some of the superb mahogany furniture with Greek frets and gilt enrichments — such as items at Longford Castle, Wilts. (where Goodison's name is in the accounts) — should be credited to him. In 1932 it was noted that items (such as the commodes at Goodwood, C. Life, 26 November 1932) then held to be ‘early Vile’ might be by Goodison. The fact that Vile was still calling William Hallett I ‘my Master’ in 1749 [Furn. Hist., 1975] tilts certain items of furniture prior to this date in Goodison's favour. Note should be taken of similar pieces at Chatsworth which are however by John Boson. The stuff of attribution is always heady, but is strong in a circumstantial way in the Longford Castle and Sir Thomas Robinson commissions.
From about 1743 Goodison had as an assistant Edward Grifiths. He did some work for Lord Cardigan (see commissions, below), particularly at the Dover St, London, house. He also was employed on gilding in the Drawing Room at Longford Castle in 1747 (£88 15s). He later left to set up on his own at Dean St, Soho. [Heal]
Two other significant private patrons were Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, who employed Goodison at several houses, including her London residence in Dover St, and her heirs, the Spencers, sometimes Earls of Sunderland, at Althorp. The various fire insurance policies Goodison took out in the 1740s [GL, Hand in Hand MS vols 60, pp. 50, 252, 340 (1741); 64, ref. 140 (1743); 65, ref. 222, ref. 328 (1744) and the three apps recorded to him [PRO, IR/1/124. 13 January 1736 app. Thomas Dawson; 2 May 1741, Benjamin Parran (Goodison's nephew, cf. GCM, p. 106); 4 June 1746, John White] are but a partial indication of success. Goodison seems to have had a wide-ranging mind, and one also inclined to religion; at least his will [PRO, Prob. 11/476 f. 446] shows him to have been unusually pious. He subscribed in 1736 to Stephen Duck's Poems on Several Occasions, and in 1748 to Thomas Warton's Poems on Several Occasions. He was noted in the lists as ‘Cabinet Maker to their Majesties’ but appeared in the Westminster poll bk only as ‘cabinet maker’ in NovemberDecember 1749.
Goodison's Royal service often involved preparation for various occasions. At the start of a Royal life he was ordered in March 1740 to ‘send a man to mend the Crown of Prince George's cradle and fit it on [Duchy of Cornwall, vouchers bk IX], and morbidly, in March 1751, he was required to help with the funeral arrangements after the death of Frederick, Prince of Wales, his long-time patron. The death chamber and the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey were set out with black hangings provided by the u William Reason and with eighty black sconces by Goodison. He also helped to embalm the body and lay the Prince in the lavish coffin provided by the joiner Henry Williams. [PRO, LC 9/291, ff. 46–47]
We do not know who, or when, Goodison married, but at some time in the late 1740s one of his two daughters, Sarah, married William Hinchliff, of the family of talented sculptors and carvers who became well versed in the provision of scagliola tops for table frames. [Gunnis, p. 202] He was also serving the same royal masters as his father-in-law in the 1760s. [PRO, LC 5/56, ff. 11, 115] Goodison's son, also named Benjamin, was treated well by his father. He entered Westminster School in January 1750 at the (late) age of 14, was admitted a pensioner at Trinity Hall, Cambridge in 1755, Scholar, 1756, and matriculated, 1758. He was admitted to Lincoln's Inn, and was a Bachelor of Law by 1764. [G. F. R. Baker & A. H. Stenning, The Record of Old Westminsters, 1, 1928 confirmed by J. & J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigiensis, Pts 11, 111, p. 84, 1947] At his father's death in 1767 he was left household effects and a sum of £8,000, approximately half the estate. The business was continued by Goodison snr's nephew, and erstwhile partner, Benjamin Parran, who had been app. to his uncle in 1741. [PRO, Boyd's index to IR app. reg.] For a time about 1769 he was in partnership with Goodison jnr, who in view of his legal training dealt presumably with the business side of affairs. [GCM, p. 106] Indeed they seem to have serviced the funeral of the Duke of Newcastle in November 1768. [R. A. Kelch, Newcastle, 1974, pp. 187–88]
It is not known whether he was the Benjamin Goodison who was a Fellow of the Society for Arts and Manufactures, 1760–77, and Chairman of the Committee of Correspondence and Papers, 1770–72. He may have died in 1783 when Parran went into partnership with William Gates.
The final tidy act after Goodison snr's death was to present the probate of his will to the Great Wardrobe. They noted that administration of the estate had been granted on 9 December 1767 to Benjamin Goodison (son) and William Hinchliff (son-in-law), the surviving executors. [PRO, LC 5/105, f. 72] Service to the Crown had already passed swiftly to William Vile and John Cobb, and at Vile's death in the same year as Goodison, to William France. We may for completeness conclude with a note of Benjamin Goodison snr's recorded fire insurance cover. He had a house at Mitcham, insured with the Hand in Hand Co. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 94, 1760, p. 62 and vol. 105, 1766, p. 124] It had 2 storeys, garrets, 14 rooms, 8 marble chimneypieces, stables, a coach house. Insured £1600 brick, £200 timber. His London properties, 1740–43, are noted in vol. 60, pp. 50, 252, 340; 64, p. 146; 65, pp. 222, 238.
NORTH CRAY, Lincs.? (Hon Wrey and Lady Mary Saunderson; Lord Monson). 1725–51: ‘May 2. Pd Mr Goodison a bill for chairs etc.’ (£19 12s) includes ‘For a Great Japan'd Chair with elbows’ (£2 10s). [Lincoln RO, Monson 10/1/A/16] Goodison also worked for Lord Monson in 1738–39, 1741, 1747 (bill not settled until 1754). On 1 March 1738 he provided ‘A Mahogany Dining Table to holde from eight to twelve people (£8 10s) and in July 1739 ‘Six walnut chairs with stufft seats covered with black Spanish leather and brass nails at 28s (£8 8s). In 1747 he repaired a large library table and provided ‘2 Wallnutt Chairs with French Elbow & Stuffed backs & Seats at 39s. ea’. The check linen cases for them cost 9s each, and sacking 7s 6d. [ibid. Monson 12] Goodison was still active for the family in 1751. [Monson 11/ 50]
ROYAL PALACES. 1729–68: The PRO, LC books record in great detail Goodison's activities. His first account in 1729 included tables, glasses, sconces, etc., for St James's, Kensington, Kew and Windsor Castle. The following is a brief selection. Three pages of items in 1733 alone amounted for expenditure of £2,604 15s 6d, with an equal division between use of walnut and mahogany. His accounts run almost without interruption to 1760 with huge bills in various years — for example when Prince William and Prince Henry's house in Leicester Sq. was being embellished, 1757–58. In 1735 Goodison provided a mahogany case for an organ and mechanical harpsichord to Kensington Palace [Coleridge, Thomas Chippendale, pl. 15] which was altered in 1763 to a cabinet by William Vile. Further to the LC Books there are extensive references to his work for the Prince of Wales at Carlton House, Leicester House, Kew, Pall Mall, Cliveden, Park Pl., etc., 1747–50, in the Windsor Royal Archives, namely:
1747: RA 54545–54553: £355 16s; incl.: carved pillar and claw screen (£3 3s), 4 carved frames for Indian glasses (20 gns each), picture frames, 1 mahog. 3-part map press (£24). Also repairs.
1748: RA 54556–54561: £730 3s 6d, incl.: carved and silvered table frame (£24), 2 carved and gilt picture frames with flowers and mosaic work (£126).
1749: RA 54863–54869: £459 13s, incl.: large mahog. library press (£46), picture frames and repairs.
March 1750: RA 55287–55293: £388 8s. 6d, incl.: cheap mahog. furn., cleaning and alterations. Also ‘three long handles for garden Tools’, 7s.
Windsor, Abstract of Augusta, Princess of Wales Annual Expenses 1/7/1740–1/7/1741 (55426) April 1741, £10 13s.
Items in the Royal Collection attributed to Goodison are illustrated in GCM, pls 37–43, and include a fine Japanese lacquer cabinet on stand, two tables, three looking-glasses (one for Frederick, Prince of Wales) and various pedestals or stands. These are characterized by carved fish-scale decoration (a technique also praticed by James Richards and John Boson). A carved and gilt mirror bearing the Prince of Wales's feathers is now in the V & A. [GCM, pl. 46] A pair of George I giltwood torchères attributed to Goodison was sold Sotheby's, 8 November 1963, lot 166, and resemble those in the Royal Collection. The Robinson commodes are noted in the biographical text above. With related items they are also well illustrated by Coleridge, Thomas Chippendale, but understandably, in the light of earlier research, attributed to William Vile (pls 2–7).
LONGFORD CASTLE, Wilts. (1st and 2nd Viscounts Folkestone). 1737–50 The Longford accounts (at Castle) note names and payments only.

1737, 23 Dec. Mr Goodison — Cabinet-maker — a bill with some old goods exchanged £148
1740, 21 Oct. Goodison furniture £413
1741, 1 Dec. Goodison £71. 11s.
1742, 21 May. Goodison £100.–.
1743, 28 May. Goodison cabt maker £90.—.
1743, 15 Dec. Goodison £342. 5s.
1745, 22 Feb. 21. 3s. 6d.
Gallery at Longford
Goodison 400.

These payments amount to £1,585 19s 6d and allow attribution of the mahogany and gilt day-beds, stools, armchairs and chairs upholstered in green damask in the Long Gallery and elsewhere, (and those in Genoa cut-velvet) to Goodison. [GCM, pls 44–45, 48] A pair of pedestals, similar to those at Hampton Court, are after a drawing by John Vardy. [P. Ward-Jackson, English Furniture Designs of 18th Century, pl. 41]
SARAH, DUCHESS OF MARLBOROUGH. 1739: After her daughter Isabella had been left a widow in 1739 Sarah purchased a property for her in Dover St, London. Goodison bid for it in July 1740 (£1,915). He did repairs there and provided 4 walnut elbow chairs at 18s 6d each and 9 chairs at 8s 9d each. He also provided chimney-pieces, pier-glasses and several marble tables with walnut frames. 275 yards of green damask and enough white damask for a bed were not included in Goodison's bill or that of the u Sherard Paxton. The architect in charge was Henry Flitcroft. [Earl Spencer in C. Life, 13 March 1942, p. 517]
HOLKHAM HALL, Norfolk (1st Earl of Leicester). Scrutiny of the Holkham ‘Weekly Departmental Accounts’ produces several payments to Goodison. The first is in 1739 (1st quarter)

for ye temple at Holkham pd Goodison for making 8 mahogany stools 8.16.0.
do for cases & packing —16.0.
do for two wrought brass moulding frames fitting & fixing 2 Porphyry tables for the drawing room at London [Thanet House] 15.10.—.
for repairing & fixing the seat in ye water closet at London —12.—.
(1739) May 5. to Mr Goodison for 8 mahogany stools with composts & seats at 22s. 8.16.—.
for cases & packing the same 16.—.
(1740) Feb. Goodison for the hire of chandeliers at Holkham 6.16.—
(1757–59) Jan. 1757, Mr Goodison for a Mahog. table press carved & gilt with wire doors for ye Gallery [Apollo, February 1964, p. 127, pl. 8] 14.16.0.
Do 2 card tables to do 12.10.0.
Do 4 high stands for do 11.12.0.
Do for 4 carvd & gilt branches for candles 12.16.0.
Do for a gilt frame to ye Picture of Corialanus [This painting is by Pietro da Cortona] 74.0.0.
Do for covers, lining, packing &c (Goodison receipted the account £131 19s on 11 June 1757) 6.5.0.

Apart from the abstract in the ‘Weekly Departmental Accounts’ there is a 4-page bill from Goodison together with a letter of 29 January 1757 to Lord Leicester apologizing for some damage in carriage, and continuing ‘the table for the drawing room is in forwardness …’.
DITTON, Bucks. 1739: Paid three sums of £22, £245 17s and £42. [Marchant's accounts, Boughton]
MANSION HOUSE, London. 1739: In the accounts by contractors, 1728–44 [Box 1, folder 20] is a draft agreement, 20 February–5 March 1739 between the Mayor and various tradesmen including ‘Benjamin Goodison of Long Acre, Cabinet maker’.
DEENE PARK, Northants. (4th Earl and Countess of Cardigan). 1739–45: The Earl engaged Goodison at Deene and at Dover House, London. His accounts (now at Deene) record him supplying (1743–44) picture frames, and doing repairs. In 1741 he supplied a ‘carved and gilt dolphin table frame to match another’, new glass (allowing for old glass) to a chimney frame and ‘painting the frame white’. The transaction cost Goodison ‘above 2 pounds a looser’. [GCM, p. 45, quoting 4th Earl's account bk; V & A archives]
BLENHEIM PALACE, Oxon. (1st Duchess of Marlborough). A note in the 1740 inventory states ‘looking glasses paid for in Mr Goodison's bill by the Duchess of Marlborough’.
ALTHORP, Northants. (Earl Spencer). 1746: Goodison and the London u, Richard Freelove drew up an inventory. It would seem Goodison would not have been invited to do this unless furniture had been obtained from him. This is itemized in Apollo, March 1968, pp. 182–83, and includes, possibly, two white-painted tables (Ent. Hall), and the stand for the terra-cotta bust of Van Dyck by J. M. Rysbrack, 1743.
3rd EARL OF BURLINGTON. c. 1747: The Earl's quarto green vellum account bk (Chatsworth) includes minor payments, 1747–51 to Goodison, e.g. ‘Goodison for a box £1. 10. 0d.’.
BEDFORD HOUSE, London (4th Duke of Bedford). 1750–51 December—January: Taking down a picture & taking to ‘the painter’
A two-leaf fire screen — mahogany frame — Indian pictures to the back and colouring a map of London & putting it on the inside.
Returning picture from painter & re-hanging. [Bedford Office, London] Total £26.
Goodison probably did work for the 4th Duke at Woburn Abbey as a suite at the house (4 day-beds, pair of settees, 12 stools) resembles closely the suite at Longford Castle, attributed to Goodison because of the large payments to him (see entry above). The Woburn suite illus. Apollo, December 1955, pp. 203–05.

1755–57: ‘Goodison Cabinett maker £19.6.4.

[Suffolk RO, Grafton MS AA105. The sums, being ‘debts of his late Grace Duke of Grafton for his expence in London’ are repeated in MS 10WS/23, 2 July 1761, and coupled with a payment to ‘Hinchcliffe & Co. Silk Mercers’]
NO DATE. Finally we may note a pair of mahogany chairs at Hardwick Hall, Derbs., covered in Genoa velvet. A velvet of identical pattern, supplied through Goodison, covers chairs at Holkham Hall. [V & A archives] G.B.

Goodlad, John, Paradise St (or Sq.), Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1805–08). [D]

Goodman, Benjamin, Northampton, upholder (1823–30). Recorded at Market St in 1823 and Abington St, 1826–30. [D; poll bk]

Goodman, Humphrey, Fish St, Kidderminster, Worcs., cm and u (1830). [D]

Goodman, John, Lacock, Wilts., chairmaker (1777). [Wilts. RO, Archdeaconry wills, 12 August 1777]

Goodman, John, 28 King St, Golden Sq., London, cm (1791–93). On 17 August took out insurance cover of £100 for household goods and wearing apparel. He is possibly the Goodman, cm of London, who in 1793 subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book. [D; GL, Sun MS ref. 587641]

Goodman, Richard, 62 Sun St, Bishopsgate, London, cm, upholder and appraiser (1807–22). Trade card [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] indicates that he produced ‘Solid Cabinet Work for Exportation. Bedsteads and Chairs of all kinds. Funerals Performed’. [D]

Goodman, Stephen, Norwich, cm (1820). Free 16 March 1820 by servitude as app. to William Norris. [Freemen reg.]

Goodman, Fraser & Speare, 113–14 Aldersgate St, London, cm, u, appraisers and undertakers (1823–27). One of the firms of makers who endorsed P. & M.A. Nicholson's Practical Cabinet Maker, 1826. [D]

Goodman, J. & L. & Co., 42 Mansell St, London, looking-glass manufacturers and cm (1806–09). [D]

Goodram, John jnr, Gt Yarmouth, Norwich and London (1790–96). At Gt Yarmouth, June 1790, and Norwich, May 1795. In October 1796 however in London. [Gt Yarmouth poll bks]

Goodred, Jonas, Rochester, Kent, carver (1780). [Poll bk]

Goodrham, John, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, cm and u (1838–39). In 1838 at Bedford Terr. but in 1839 at Chapel Pl. [D]

Goodrich, William, King St, Leicester, cm (1827–28). Trading at King St in 1827 and Oxford St in 1828. [D]

Goodrich, William, 28 Old Change, Cheapside, London, cm (1826). [D]

Goodrich, William, Milton St, Nottingham, cm (1832). [D]

Goodrick, John, Newcastle, cm, carpenter and joiner (1778–1801). At Pudding-chair, 1778–90, but in 1801 at Bigg Mkt. [D]

Goodrick, John, Market Pl., Malton, Yorks., cm and u (1823– 30). [D]

Goodricke, William, Crossgate, Durham, cm (1827–28). [D]

Goodsall (or Goodfail), John, 15 Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, cm (1777–80). [D]

Goodson, William, 1 Ogle St, Upper Foley St, London, picture and looking-glass frame maker (1839). [D]

Goodwin, —, address unknown, u (1684–88). Issued an invoice on 23 June 1684 for a bedstead amounting to 19s 6d and another on 23 April 1688 for £1 13s in connection with Gorhambury House, St Albans, Herts. [Herts. RO, account bk XI 21]

Goodwin, Christopher, 2–3 Thomas St, Weymouth, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Goodwin, Edward, 28 Barons Ct, Back Turner St, Manchester, cm (1813). [D]

Goodwin, George, London, Woodbridge and Ipswich, Suffolk, clock case maker and cm (1812–39). By September 1812 at Thoro'fare, Woodbridge where he claimed to be ‘from London’. This claim is also recorded on his trade labels. In 1839 at Carr St, Ipswich where he was practising as a cm. [D; Ipswich Journal, 26 September 1812; Robinson, The Long Case Clock, p. 343] See William Bezant Goodwin.

Goodwin, George, 4 Union St, Stretford New Rd, Manchester, cm (1836–40). [D]

Goodwin, Henry, 44 Church St, Little Minories, London, broker and cm (1802). On 17 April 1802 took out insurance cover of £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 423, ref. 730478]

Goodwin, Henry, 48 Goodge St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Goodwin, James, Stamford, Lincs., chairmaker (1776). Son of George Goodwin and free of Stamford by patrimony, 1776. [Freemen reg.]

Goodwin, John F., Wokingham, Berks., chairmaker and turner (1798). [D]

Goodwin, John, Fargate, Sheffield, Yorks., joiners and cm (1817). [D]

Goodwin, John, Wellow, Notts., chairmaker (1832–40). [D]

Goodwin, John, Car St, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm and u (1839). [Poll bk]

Goodwin, Jonathan, Westgate, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1743–62). In 1743 stated that he made and sold ‘all Sorts of Cabinet Works, Tables, Chairs &c &c after the newest Fashion’. He took as apps Burditt in 1745; John Brailsford, 1757; William Brailsford, 1758; Clarkson, 1759; Elemes, 1759 and Jenkinson, 1762. [York Courant, 11 October 1743; S of G, app. index]

Goodwin, Matthias, 53 Ray St, London, carver (1835). [D]

Goodwin, Noah, Stanley St, Macclesfield, Cheshire, chairmaker (1828). [D]

Goodwin, P., address unknown, carver (1721–23). Worked at Chicheley Hall, Bucks. In November 1721 he was paid 10s 6d for carving ‘ye Cornishes’ and in 1722 £24 12s for ‘marble table and other things’. In January 1723 received a further £3 0s 6d. [Bucks. RO, D/C/2/36(iii), D/C/2/3(ii); V & A archives]

Goodwin, Robert, Manningtree, Essex, cm (1823–39). In 1839 described as a carpenter, builder and u. [D]

Goodwin, Stephen, Halesworth, Suffolk, chairmaker (1806). [Ipswich Journal, 22 March 1806]

Goodwin, William, 15 Clerkenwell Green, London, chairmaker (1824–29). In April and May 1824 took out two insurance policies providing £1,200 cover about half of which was for his workshop and its contents. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 496, ref. 1016564; vol. 497, ref. 1017278]

Goodwin, William, 28 Old Change, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Goodwin, William Bezant, Thoro'fare, Woodbridge, Suffolk, cm and u (1824–39). Probably took over from George Goodwin when he moved to Ipswich. [D]

Goodwyn, Daniel, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (1681–82). Former app. John Harvey, free 1681–82. [Freemen rolls]

Goodyer, William, Bank St, St Ives, Hunts., cm (1839). [D]

Goolding, Henry, Oxford, cm (1817). Married Frances Davenport at All Saints Church, 19 October 1817. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds]

Goolding, Mareham, Brewer St, London, upholder (1774–76). In 1776 insured his household goods for £300. [Poll bk; GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 550]

Goolding, Walter, Salisbury, Wilts., chairmaker (1715–24). His son James was app. to Jonathan House, broadweaver, 26 October 1715. Walter Goolding took app. named Joseph Simms, son of John Simms, 3 August 1724. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Goore, Charles, Moor St, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1834). [D]

Goore, James, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1822). [D]

Goore, Thomas, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1819). Married Miss Cockee, second daughter of Richard Cockee of Ormskirk, printer, December 1816. [Liverpool Mercury, 10 December 1819]

Goose, William, Churchgate St, North Walsham, Norfolk, cm (1830). [D]

Goose, William, Southend, Lowestoft, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Gooseman, J., 14 Duke St, Portland Pl., London, cm and turtle shell manufacturer (1804–08). [D]

Gorden, Richard, Exeter, Devon, cm and chairmaker (1763–74). In September 1763 at the sign of the ‘Mahogany-Tree’, Northgate St where he made and sold ‘all Sorts of Cabinet and Chair Work’. He also sold lookingglasses. He was however to move to Fore St where he established himself opposite the Corn Mkt. By early 1770 however he had decided to give up the business and take over the ‘Seven Stars Inn’, Exeter, which had been run for many years by his mother. As a result he announced a sale on 5 March 1770 of his entire stock consisting of a ‘great Variety of Chairs, Tables, all kinds of Drawer Work, LookingGlasses’. A further sale was held on 11 April when not only his stock in trade but also household goods and furniture, work benches and utensils were offered. Despite this change of occupation in 1770, he was still declaring his trade as cm in 1774. [Exeter Flying Post, 22 September 1763, 16 February 1770, 30 March 1770; freemen rolls]

Gordon, —, Brewer St, Golden Sq., London, u (1747). [Heal]

Gordon, George, Liverpool, cm (1787–90). In 1787 at Paradise St but by 1790 had moved to Pitt St where in that year his number is given in one directory as 73 and in another as 105. [D]

Gordon, Henry, 29 Eaton St, Pimlico, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Gordon, James, 40 Brewer St, London, cm (1778–84). In 1778 insured his house for £1,000. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 493]

Gordon, John and Taitt, John and Richard, London, cm and upholders (1748–96). Although the firm of John Gordon and John Taitt received a number of important commissions in the 1770s, relatively little is known about the two partners’ early careers. The origins of John Gordon have yet to be discovered, but from his will in which he leaves a bequest to his spinster sister in Stranrawor, Galloway, it might be surmised that he had come from that place. A John Gordon was working in 1725 at Hopetoun House, W. Lothian. He is mentioned on an order of wainscots amounting to £133 from William Adam [Hopetoun accounts, No. 4] but from the early date and signature it is unlikely to be the same John Gordon who in 1756 was providing furniture for the 2nd Duke of Atholl at Blair Castle, Perthshire.

John Gordon's address is first cited on two bills in the Blair Castle accounts for 30 March and 29 April 1748 as the corner of Swallow St, Argyll Buildings. Heal lists a John Gordon at this address quoting a trade card of 1748. In 1749 a John Gordon, cm of King St, Golden Sq., London is featured in the polling list for a Westminster by-election. Little Argyle St is a turning off Swallow St and probably the same address; and King St is immediately behind Swallow St. We are therefore probably dealing with a single complex of buildings throughout Gordon's career, but variously described. The type and range of furnishings supplied to the Duke of Atholl indicates that John Gordon ran a sizeable establishment, providing a variety of cabinetmaking, upholstery and joinery services. Two fully documented suites of seat furniture still survive at Blair Castle. The quality of these pieces, together with the descriptions of other items in the accounts indicate the work of a fashionable craftsman.

John Gordon's next recorded commission, for the Duke of Gordon, illustrates the variety of services he offered. Gordon supplied furniture and upholstery for the Duke's London houses between the years 1747 and 1753. As well as undertaking repairs, he provided a wide range of goods from a cradle to a house for two goats, a child's painted cart, and a mahogany hardboard for cutting cucumbers. For Sanston House, Gordon received a grander order which included 12 beds with bedding, numerous carpets and 2 dozen wainscot hall chairs. In 1750, however, a dispute arose between the Duke and Gordon, who had been asked to supply furniture and furnishings to the Duke's house in Upper Grosvenor St, leased from the Earl of Holderness. He had been instructed by the Duke to take possession of the house while His Grace was in Scotland and to supply some furniture together with Alexander Dingwall, cm. Gordon is alleged to have dismissed Dingwall, and to have exceeded his instructions, supplying furnishings totalling over £863 in the Duke's absence. Gordon was faced with ruin and in June 1750, the Duke paid on account £100 and a note for £600. He called in two arbitrators, tradesmen of character, who made a detailed appraisal [Scottish RO, GD44/49/20/16] and concluded he had overcharged £170 11s on a grand total of £1,226 19s 9d. [Scottish RO, GD44/49/20/3]

In 1753 John Gordon, upholder and cm in the parish of St James, Westminster, renounced all claims ‘on the estate of Cosmo George, late Duke of Gordon’. [Scottish RO, GD44/ 51/309/4/77] The official document was dated 24 April 1753, and on that same day the Dowager Duchess, widow of the Duke, paid him £431 16s.

It may be that this dispute caused a severe financial setback and/or forced Gordon into the greater security of a partnership, but for whatever reason, there is no further record of John Gordon for the years 1756–67. He may, however, be the ‘Mr. Gordon, upholder … to Sir William Chambers’ who is listed as a subscriber to Chambers's Treatise on Civil Architecture, 1759. There is a possibility that at this time John Gordon was associated with the William Gordon, cm who is named as a subscriber to Chippendale's Director, 1754. Other than a reference in the app. reg. to a ‘Jn Bencroft app. to Wm Gordom of St James Westminster, carv. £20’ in 1762, there is no further clue to the identity of William Gordon.

It could also be that during these years John Gordon was in partnership with Thomas Landall, cm of Little Argyle St. A tradecard of c. 1750 advertises ‘Landall & Gordon Joyners, Cabinet and chairmakers at ye Griffin & Chair in Little Argyle Street by Swallow St Makes all sorts of Tables, Chairs, setteebeds, looking glasses, picture frames, window blinds and all sorts of cabinet work’. [Heal] The next certain information we have about John Gordon, however, is found in the accounts for a commission for the Earl of Coventry at Croome Court, Worcs., in 1767. Gordon was now in partnership with John Taitt whose earlier career is undocumented. The Croome Court bills were submitted in 1767 and 1769 and are signed for ‘Mr. Gordon & self John Taitt’. They reveal that the firm had supplied among other items a very grand suite of carved and gilded Neo-classical furniture.

From 1767–70 Gordon and Taitt are located at King St, Golden Sq, according to London directories. By 1771 they appear to have expanded their business to premises on Swallow St. [Essex RO, A.31/3 1773] Directories list the firm at Little Argyle St from 1771–79. The size of their next two commissions, which were undertaken almost simultaneously, would seem to indicate that their trade was flourishing. For Sir Griffin Griffin at Audley End between 1771–73 they worked, under Robert Adams's direction, supplying the entire furnishings for the Great Drawing Room, the Little Drawing Room, the Great Parlour and the Library. The large suite of green and gilt furniture for the Great Drawing Room is still in place, as is the exceptional double-headed couch, one of the two original small couches and the four matching stools made for the Little Drawing Room.

The extent of Gordon and Taitt's commission in the early 1770s for the Earl Spencer is harder to determine. Stylistically a number of items of furniture now at Althorp show similarities with the furniture Gordon supplied to Blair Castle in the 1750s, and the quality of the furniture at Audley End would seem to support the argument that Gordon and Taitt might have supplied in the 1760s some of the grand Neoclassical furniture for Spencer House, including the lion suite for which it is known they made the loose covers in 1772.

The close relationship John Gordon may have had with the Spencer household is revealed by his appointment of the Earl's steward as an executor in his will, of 1778. What is known is that the firm provided a great deal of upholstery in the 1770s for the Spencer houses, including the furnishings for an elaborate bed costing £16 5s. Of the furniture only a few minor pieces are itemized in the bills including a lunar table, a quilting frame, some low stools with cane seats, an expensive dressing table, a ‘Trou-madame’ table and a neat mahogany French writing table.

In addition, they carried out in 1772 a considerable amount of repair work, mending and regilding the John Vardy hall lantern at Spencer house, and making loose covers and cases for the furniture designed by James Stuart.

In 1776, the year the 1st Duchess of Northumberland included ‘Gordon, London’ in her list of furniture makers [C. Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 154] the firm of Gordon and Taitt of Swallow St insured its utensils, stock and goods for £2,200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 248, p. 590] Two years later in July 1778, John Gordon's will was proved at London. The exact date of his death, however, is not known. This will, which was drawn up in 1777, describes the bequests of ‘John Gordon, cabinetmaker and upholsterer of the Parish of St. James within the Liberty of Westminster’. His executors were his two brothers (whom he does not name), John Taitt of Swallow St, cm, to whom he left £20, and Thomas Townsend, steward to the Earl Spencer. [PRO, Prob., 11/1044] After Gordon's death, John Taitt continued in business under his own name, trading at 75 Swallow St from 1779–85.

On a trade card c. 1780 Taitt of 75 Swallow St advertises his services as u, cm, appraiser and undertaker, carver and gilder. [BM] Taitt's documented commissions included two for earlier clients. He provided in 1781 a neat mahogany pillar and claw table to the Earl of Coventry for which he received payment in the following year. The note acknowledging receipt of payment on behalf of John Taitt was signed by William Taitt. Also in 1781 John Taitt received another valuable commission from Sir John Griffin Griffin to supply 12 cabriole carved and gilt chairs and two sofas to match for his house on Burlington St. The bill in this case was submitted by John Taitt and Richard Taitt. Despite these commissions business seems to have gone badly, and in the Gents Mag., June 1786, it was announced that John Taitt had been declared bankrupt.

The sale of his household furniture, stock in trade and other effects was held by Christie's, 13–17 March 1786, at Taitt's house and warehouses in Swallow and King Streets, Hanover Sq. The extensive premises included upholstery shop, wareroom, upholder's shop, Blanket room and counting house at Swallow St with the saw pit, warehouses, cabinetmaking and carvers shops on King St. The stock in trade included a complete dining suite as well as numerous small decorative items. Among the books in the sale was a copy of Chippendale's Director. One of the Taitts bought in several of the lots of timber in the sale, and by 1787 John Taitt is listed in the London Directories at 254 Oxford St, with his occupation given as cm and u. He is listed at that address until 1799.

Both John and Richard Taitt appear in the Lord Chamberlain's accounts for 1793–96. Richard Taitt is described as an u and joiner and his address is given as Jermyn St between 1793 and 1795. [Fastnedge, Sheraton Furniture] John Taitt's death at Exeter is recorded in the Gents Mag., October 1800.
BLAIR CASTLE (2nd Duke of Atholl). 1748 bill to John Gordon, Swallow St, Argyle Buildings for bedstead, 12 cherrytree Marlbro chairs, large wainscot library table, etc., £33 8s 6d. 1753 bill for panama card table & watch case, £4 4s. 1753 bills for bedsteads, 6 mahogany chairs with lion paws, 2 settees do. etc., £36 10s. 1756–57 bills for ‘8 mahogany chairs carved frames in fish scales with a french foot and carved leaf on the toe, 6 mahogany 3 footed stools with a French scroll toe, 2 pillar & claw tables and 6 library stools … £49 12s 6d. [Blair Castle archives] The ‘lion's paw’ and ‘fish scale’ suites still survive at Blair.
CONDUIT ST, London (Duke of Gordon). 1749 detailed bill of goods supplied and services rendered by John Gordon, parish of St James Westminster, including a cradle, mahogany tea chest, childs cart and sundry repairs to furniture and the house. Total £29 4s 7d. [Scottish RO, GD44/49/20/2]
SANSTON HOUSE (Duke of Gordon). 1749 bill from John Gordon for house furnishings including 12 beds, 4 Wilton carpets (one ‘Roman Pavement’) wainscott hall chairs, etc. Total £285 15s. [Scottish RO, GD44/51/302/84]
UPPER GROSVENOR ST (Duke of Gordon). Undated account of stuff given by Duke of Gordon to John Gordon to be made into furniture for Gothic tester bed, etc. [Scottish RO, GD44/ 49/20/5] 1750 note of furniture to be returned from Duke of Gordon's house to John Gordon. Total £75 17s. 6d. [Scottish RO, GD44/49/20/4] 1750 account for joiner work, e.g. mahogany desk & bookcase, walnut chair & firescreen. Total £33 5s 6d. [Scottish RO, GD44/49/20/1] 1750 Memorandum of dispute between the Duke of Gordon and John Gordon over the dismissal of Alexander Dingwall, cabinetmaker and for exceeding instructions. [Scottish RO, GD/44/49/20/3] 1750 Appraisers called in and conclude that Duke had been overcharged £170 11s on a grand total of £1, 226 16s 9d. [Scottish RO, GD44/49/20/16] 1753 sealed document renouncing all claims by John Gordon, upholder & cabinetmaker on the estate of the Duke of Gordon [Scottish RO, GD44/51/309/4/77] 1753 receipt for £431 16s paid by the Dowager Duchess. [Scottish RO, GD44/51/309/4/78]
CROOME COURT (Earl of Coventry). 1767 bill from Gordon & Taitt for fitting a marble slab upon a frame. 1768 payment received for ‘Mr Gordon & self, John Taitt’ for ‘8 large elbow chairs richly carved in the antique manner & gilt 3 large sophas to match’. Total £217 1s 11d. 1769 bill for dressing glass in japanned frame and firescreen £8 8s. 1781 bill from John Taitt, cabinetmaker & upholderer of 75 Swallow Street, for ‘a neat mahogany pillar & claw table’ £1 13s. 1782 ‘account Recd 23 May 1782 The content in full for John Taitt’ signed William (?) Taitt. [Worcs. RO, Croome Court, papers]
AUDLEY END (Sir John Griffin Griffin). 1771 account sent by Gordon & Taitt for ‘2 sofas carved and gilt covered in damask’ supplied to Sir John Griffin Griffin £52 10s; ‘8 cabriole elbow chairs to match’ £58 16s; ‘4 scrold stools, carved and gilt’ £25 4s; ‘2 large plates of glass’ £200; ‘2 table frames under the glasses carved and gilt’ £16 16s; ‘2 very rich inlaid tops for do’ £30; ‘a very large double headed couch, richly carved after the antique and gilt, covered in flowered satin’ £30; ‘2 scrold stolls to match’ £35; ‘4 small stools to match’ £22. Total £695 11s. 3d. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A31/3] 1772 bill for large plate glass for the Little Drawing Room £73 10s. 1772 receipt for £500 signed John Gordon & Taitt. 1773 receipt for the balance. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A31/3] 1782 John Taitt of 75 Swallow St account for supplying ‘12 cabriole elbow chairs richly carved & gilt in burnished gold’ £50. 8d. and ‘2 sofas do.’. Total bill £132 19s 5d. Pencil note indicates that furniture was intended for Burlington St, London. 1783 Receipt for payment in full signed by John Taitt. [Essex RO, D/DBy/A41/3]
1772 notebook entry ‘To your bill to John Taitt £92 10/-.’ [MS notebook ‘Edward Morant Esq. accounts & notes 1764–1777’ in possession Edward Morant Roydon Manor, Hants.]
1772 bills for repairing & gilding hall lantern by Vardy; repairing leather case for Stuart tripod stands; repainting 12 hall chairs and making cases (loose covers) for 2 sofas and 6 elbow chairs in Bow Room.
1773 account of locks sent from Althorp to London to be gilded by ‘Ordr. Mr Gordon’.
1774 bill for furnishing a bed at Wimbledon £16 5s 0d.
1775 letter from John Taitt asking for payment of a bill and in which he mentions his brother.
QUEEN ANN ST (Lord Cork).
1775 bill from Gordon & Taitt £49 9s 6d.
1776 bill from John Tait (sic) for £327 12s. [Stanhope papers K.R.O. U590 A61/7]
1785 Upholsterer Taitt account for 31.16.6
1787 „ „ „ for 10.3.0 and 10.0.0.
[Chiswick Account Book Vol. Chatsworth C 166, Vol. A. pp. 180 & 250]

[A. Coleridge, ‘Chippendale, The Director and some Cabinetmakers at Blair Castle’, Conn., December 1960; J. D. Williams, Audley End, The Restoration 1762–97 (1966), p. 61; P. J. Drury & lan Gow, Audley End Guidebook, 1984; P. Thornton, ‘A very special year’, Conn., June 1978; P. Thornton and J. Hardy, ‘The Spencer Furniture at Althorp’, Apollo, vols LXXX, VII and LXXXVIII, 1968] See Richard Tait(t) G.C.

Gordon, Joseph, 40 Vernon St, Liverpool, cm (1827). [D]

Gordon, Norman, Brighton, Sussex, u (1833–39). In December 1833 living in Suffolk St and in April 1835 at Russell Pl. In 1837 set up in business at 16 Cranbourn St, West St. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Gordon, Thomas, Coventry, Warks., journeyman cm (1764). Worked at Stoneleigh, Warks., for twenty-six days making two large linen presses. This item is included in Robert Keene's bill to Lord Leigh. [Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR 18/5]

Gordon, Thomas, 38 Vernon St, Liverpool, cm (1807). [D]

Gordon, Thomas, St Clement's, Fore St, Ipswich, Suffolk, broker and cm (d. 1819). Died 9 February 1819. [Gents Mag., March 1819]

Gordon, Thomas, Exeter, Devon, cm (1822–40). In December 1822 when his son Edwin James was bapt. at St Paul's Church, he was living in Paul St. At 2 Back Lane, 1825–27, but in Rock St, 1834–40. [D; PR (bapt.)]

Gordon, Thomas, Rossbottom St, Stalybridge, Lancs., cm and joiner (1825). [D]

Gordon, William, 25 Lamb St, Bristol, chairmaker (1775). [D]

Gordon, William, London, cm, u and joiner (1803–37). Probably the Gordon, cm, who subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. By February 1810 living at 16 Artillery St, Bishopsgate but by July had moved to 17 Kenton St, Brunswick Sq. After 1826 the number changed to 16. In February 1810 took out insurance of £500, stock and utensils accounting for £150. At the new address in Kenton St cover was reduced to £400 with only £30 for utensils and stock in the workshop behind the dwelling house. By November of the same year the total cover was raised to £500 again with £130 for stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 451, ref. 841315; vol. 453, ref. 846287; vol. 453, ref. 850637]

Gordon, William, Exeter St, Tavistock, Devon, cm (1823). [D]

Gordon, William, Micklegate St, Hartlepool, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828–34). [D]

Gore, James, Moor St, Ormskirk, Lancs., cm (1825–28). [D]

Gore, John, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835–39). At Gateacre, 1835–37, but in 1839 at Little Woolton. [D]

Gore, Joseph, Gateacre, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1827). Succeeded at this address by John Gore. [D]

Gore, Thomas, Clements Lane, Westminster, London, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Goreham, Edward, Norwich, cm and u (1818–40). At Middle St, St George's, until 1839 but by 1842 had moved to Gildengate St. [D]

Gorman, Henry, 2 Owen's Ct, Harrison Ct, Liverpool, joiner and cm (1821). [D]

Gornal, John, 6 Bowran St, Preston, Lancs., cm (1825). [D]

Gornall, John, Liverpool, cm (1822). Freeman of Preston, Lancs. [Preston freemen rolls]

Gorringe, Charles, parish of SS Peter and Paul, Tunbridge, Kent, cm (1813–16). This parish not only included the town of Tonbridge but a large part of Tunbridge Wells. In June 1813 declared his trade as Tunbridge-ware maker but in October 1816 as cm. [PR (bapt.)]

Gorse, Joseph, Ashbourne Rd, Derby, chairmaker and turner (1835). [D]

Gorst, Richard, Chester, cm (1795–1827). App. to Thomas Astle of Chester, cm, and free by servitude, October 1795. At Foregate St, 1814–16 but from 1818 at 6 Watergate Row. Poll bks of 1819 however list an address in North St which was probably his dwelling house. Took as apps John Sellers, 1801; Joseph Lister, 1817; and Samuel Dale, 1827, who had to be assigned to a new master when Richard Gorst's business ceased trading [D, poll bks; freemen rolls; app. bks]

Gorstage, Henry, 22 Robert St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1811). [D]

Gorton, James, 11 Trafford Lane, Liverpool, cm and victualler (1810). [D]

Gorton, John, Liverpool, cm (1796–1815). Son of Thomas Gorton, cm and free by patrimony, 25 May 1796. At this date at 22 Cavendish St. Directories show him at Dale St in 1800 but in the same year he moved to 36 Whitechapel. He remained in this road for several years being at 33 in 1804 and 38 in 1805, in which year he moved to 131 Dale St, the number being 134 in 1807. In 1810 at 14 Derby St and in 1818 at 20 Cavendish St. He took as apps William Cummings, 1800–12 and Isaac Hadfield, 1796–1815. John Gorton was the father of William Gorton, cm, born 21 May 1797 and who petitioned freedom in 1818. [D; freemen reg. and committee bk]

Gorton, John Muir, 115 Mill St, Stanley St North, Liverpool, cm (1827). Son of John Gorton and free, 17 October 1827. [Freemen reg.]

Gorton, Joseph, Liverpool, cm (1830). Son of Thomas Gorton, cm, and free, 15 November 1830. [Freemen reg.]

Gorton, Thomas, 26 Vernon St, Liverpool, cm (b. 1740–d. 1792). Son of William Gorton and free 1761. Took as app. Joseph Evans 1791, free 1814. Thomas Gorton's son John petitioned freedom by patrimony in 1795. He died in June 1792 aged 52 ‘after a long and tedious illness’. [D; freemen's committee bk and reg.; Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 25 June 1792]

Gorton, Thomas jnr, Vernon St, Liverpool, cm and victualler (b. 1775–d. 1815). Free 27 May 1796 and in business at 13 Vernon St by 1811. From 1813–14 at 38 Vernon St. Took as apps John Dutton 1805 and free 1816, and Henry Yates 1807 and free 1818. Died 12 May 1815 aged 40 at his house in Vernon St. [D; freemen's committee bk; Liverpool Mercury, 19 May 1815]

Gorton, William, 11 Horatio St, Liverpool, cm (1818). Son of John Gorton and free 11 June 1818. [Freemen reg.]

Gorton, William, Bristol, turner and chairmaker (1793–1821). At Old King St, 1793–95; Penn St, 1799–1812; Trenchard St, 1813; and St James's Back, 1814–21. In 1793 supplied John Pinney the Bristol merchant who lived in Gt George St, with six Windsor chairs, and also painted two others. For this commission he charged £1 10s. [D; Bristol Univ. Lib., John Pinney's cash bk]

Gorton & Parker, 1 Old St, Bristol, chairmakers (1799–1806). Appear to have occupied the Old St premises vacated by William Gorton when he moved to Penn St in 1799. This suggests that the John Gorton who was one of the partners was probably the son of William Gorton. At first the partners declared their trade as turners and chairmakers but from 1805 as cabinet and chairmakers. [D]

Gosby, Edward, London, carver and gilder (1826–39). In 1826 at 2 Thornton St, Horsleydown, and in 1839 at 60 Holland St, Blackfriars. [D]

Gosby, William, 2 Thornton St, Horsleydown, London, carver and gilder (1829). Possibly the successor of Edward Gosby at this address. [D]

Gosden, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscriber to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Gosler, John, London, bedstead maker (1794–1826). In April 1794 it was reported that Sarah Hammett had an illegitimate child by John Gosler. At this date he had been lodging with Mrs Alderson at Goss's Garden, opposite Goodge St, Tottenham Ct Rd. In 1826 Gosler was operating his own business at 2 Pitt St, Kent Rd. [D; GL, P33/MRY, 1/869/169]

Goslet, W., 32 South Molton St, Grosvenor Sq., London, carver, gilder, picture frame and glass maker (1809–35). [D]

Goslin, Byatt, Colchester, Essex cm (1812–31). [Poll bk]

Gosling, George, 90 Far-gate, Sheffield, Yorks., cm and u (1787–97). [D]

Gosling, George, High St, Colchester, Essex, cm (1808). [D]

Gosling, John, Bartholomew St, Newbury, Berks., cm (1823). [D]

Goss, Benjamin, parish of St David, Exeter, Devon, cm (1804– 16). Freeman of Exeter. [Freemen reg.; poll bk]

Goss, Joseph, St Margaret's Plain, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1839). [D]

Goss, Miss Martha, Bristol, u (1828–35). At 3 Gloucester St, St Paul's, 1828–33, but from the next year at 87 Stoke's Croft. [D]

Gosse, —, Queen St, Westminster, London, u (1747). [Heal]

Gosset, —, nearly opposite ‘The Black Bull’, Kingsland Rd, London, cm (1813). On 15 April 1813 took out insurance cover of £2,100. None of this was in respect of trade goods or utensils but covered six houses and a workshop, with £250 for his household goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 463, ref. 881338]

Gosset, Gideon, Berwick St, London, frame maker and carver (1744–d. 1785). A member of the famous family of carvers of French extraction, who had fled from Normandy to Jersey at the time of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and later settled in London. Elder brother of the better known Isaac Gosset. In 1744 supplied picture frames for Petworth, Sussex and in 1747 was paid £19 for picture frames and glasses supplied to the Grimston family. Probably the Mr Gosset referred to in a letter by William Hogarth dated 28 June 1748 when he obtained a quotation for framing the picture Paul Before Felix which he had painted for the hall in Lincoln's Inn. [Heal; Gunnis; poll bk; V & A archives; C. Life, 9 May 1985]

Gosset, Isaac, London, frame maker and modeller in wax (b. 1713–d. 1799). Sixth son of Jean Gosset and probably born in St Helier, Jersey. One of the best and most noted of the 18th-century wax modellers who worked for the Royal Family and a distinguished list of clients. For this aspect see Gunnis. Also active as a frame maker. Initially he may well have been associated in this aspect of his work with his elder brother Gideon, and for some of the earlier commissions it is not easy to distinguish responsibility. Until 1774 worked from the same address as his brother in Berwick St, but from this year moved to 14 Edward St, Portman Sq. In January of that year he was appointed ‘Joyner to His Majesty’ and from the next year the business is sometimes referred to as Gossett & Co. A number of commissions for carved woodwork are known. He may well have been the ‘Gousette’ who in 1758 was paid £56 by James Calthorpe for sconces in connection with alterations being carried out on his house in Pall Mall, London. In the period 1762–63 he supplied picture frames for Petworth, Sussex. The 4th Duke of Bedford paid £75 in September 1765 ‘for gilding ten picture frames and mending four chandeliers & gilding them and scaffolding to put them up’. The first commission known was for the 7th Lord Digby at Sherborne, Dorset where an account book of 1764 records ‘Gosset for Picture Frames £51 18s’. [Sherborne papers] On 29 March 1765 he was paid £37 16s for ‘a picture & frame for the use of Mr. Hoare’. The patron about whose commissions we know most was however Sir Gilbert Heathcote who regularly employed Isaac Gossett from March 1765 to April 1775. Work on gilding frames, cleaning and repairing pictures and frames in September and October 1765 totalled £77 1s 6d of which the predominant item was ‘Ten rich frames for the chimneys’ at £52. Gossett appears to have used papier mâché where the material seemed appropriate. The largest item in 1766 was a ‘rich frame sent in the country’ which was charged at £35. Only minor work was undertaken in 1768 but from 1770 important commissions were undertaken which resulted in an account for £429 8s. The major items were mirrors, ‘large pier glass frame to the end of the Great Room’ costing £66, and ‘two large glasses’, £125. Work through 1774 and to 1 January 1775 amounted to £26 3s and was in the main for maintenance and repair to frames, though ‘a brackett for a cabinet’ costing £4 14s 6d was included. Work in the remainder of 1775 and the two years that followed was of a similar nature amounting in total to £21 7s. This was settled on 24 January 1778. Named in the Duke of Beaufort's accounts for Badminton House, Glos., on 2 May 1768 receiving £16 5s 6d. [Heal; Gunnis; Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 129; C. Life, 25 September 1980, p. 1030; Conn., June 1981, p. 144; PRO, LC3/58; Bedford Office, London; Lincoln RO, 2 ANC, 12/d/23–4, 27, 30–2, 5 ANC 6/E/1, Badminton papers, accounts bks; C. Life, 9 May 1985]
Gosset, Jacob, Warwick St, Golden Sq., London, carver (b. 1701–d. 1788]. A further member of the well-known Huguenot family of carvers active in the 18th century. The Jersey connection of the family is illustrated in the taking of John Le Fousey of that island as app. in 1726. Subscribed to Leoni's edition of Alberti in this year. In 1733 worked for Frederick, Prince of Wales, and at this period actively engaged on work for members of the artistocracy and gentry. The ‘Gosset’ who was paid £42 12s in 1732 by the Duke of Montrose for ‘some picture frames & a gilded frame for the Dining Room screen’ for Cley House was probably Jacob. It is also likely that he was the ‘Gousset’ engaged by Earl Fitzwalter to work at Moulsham Hall, Essex in the same year. On 19 April he was paid for ‘a large frame of a Table and for Two frames for my wife's and my Pictures at full length’ at a total cost of £19 4s 6d. In 1736 he was paid £25 for ‘a carv'd & gilded frame’ supplied to Frederick, Prince of Wales for a full length portrait of the Duke of Dorset (now at Easton Neston) and £35 10s for a frame for another version of the same portrait now at Raby Castle, Co. Durham. A further £21 was paid for a frame for a portrait of Frederick with cupids, now at Buckingham Palace. [Westminster poll bk; Boyd's index to IR app. reg., 18, p. 3531; Duchy of Cornwall vouchers VI(1); Scottish RO, GD 220/6/31; p. 640; V & A archives; W. Sussex RO, Petworth II, 6613; C. Life, 9 May 1985]

Gosset, James, Berwick St, Soho, London, wood carver and wax modeller (1749–67). Of the famous Huguenot family of carvers. His address would suggest that he was living with and probably co-operating with Gideon Gossett. His only known commission is that for Peter Du Cane of Braxted Park, Essex, though the work was for his London house in St James's Sq. On 1 May 1749 James Gosset was paid £41 16s for new picture frames and repairs and renovation to old ones. [D; Heal; Essex RO, D/DDc A17, fl. 73]

Gosset, Joseph & Co., London, carvers and gilders (1769–70). Between May 1769 and July 1770 supplied frames and plate glass to John, 4th Duke of Bedford, at a cost of £14 14s. In September 1765 the Duke had used Isaac Gossett for similar work and there may be a close trade connection between Joseph and Isaac. [Bedford Office, London]

Gosset, Matthew, Berwick St, Soho, London, carver (b. 1683–d. 1744). Uncle of Isaac Gossett. Living in London by 1709 when his daughter Angelique was bapt. at the French Church of Le Carré in Berwick St. Gunnis cites a number of commissions in stone and wax but no evidence of his work in wood has yet come to light. In 1716 took out insurance cover of £300 on his dwelling in Berwick St. [Gunnis; GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 16, p. 37; C. Life, 9 May 1985]

Gostling, John S., Market Pl., Thetford, Norfolk, cm (c. 1820). The text describes him as a ‘Cabinet Maker, Upholsterer, Paper Hanger &c’ and mentions that he stocked ‘Floor Cloths & Carpeting — Chimney, Pier and Dressing Glasses &c’. [D]

Gotobed, Luke, Market Hill, Ely, Cambs., chairmaker (1824). [D]

Gouch, Henzell. Signed the top of a Regency peunwork sofa table in the V & A. [W31–1937]

Goucher, James, St Alkmund's Sq., Shrewsbury, Salop, cm (1830). [Freemen rolls]

Goud, William, 7 Old Montague St, Whitechapel, London, cm (1808). [D]

Goudy, Comus St, Liverpool, cm (1837–39). At 23 Comus St in 1837 but by 1839 the number had changed to 26. [D]

Gough, —, Bird Cage Alley, the Mint, Southwark, London, chairmaker (1787). Living in a house rented from James Bates, cm. [GL, Sun MS vol. 340, p. 496]

Gough, —, 13 Wharton's Ct, Holborn, London, toy and cm (c. 1790). Trade card states that he ‘Makes Spring Guns and Pistols of various Sizes and Prices likewise all sorts of Mahogany and Kitchen furniture as Chairs, Buroes, Commodes, Bason Stands, Glasses, Chests of Drawers Etc’. [Heal]

Gough, —, 101 High St, Worcester, cm and u (1822). [D]

Gough, Abraham, Horse fair, Bristol, cm (1792–93). [D]

Gough, Benjamin, Walsall St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., chairmaker (1818). [D]

Gough, James, Piccadilly, London, carver and gilder and manufacturer of composition ornaments (1785–93). At 19 Piccadilly until 1789 but from 1790 at 219. Bankrupt 1793. Patronised by Lord Howard of Audley End, Essex, 1786–87. For the period 2 June to 5 August 1786 his purchases totalled £70 14s 10d from which a discount of £8 3s 6d was allowed. Two large picture frames cost £13 15s 7½d each, while a glass frame ‘in Burnish gold & silver with inrichments containing 21 feet 2 inces at 8s’ cost £8 9s 4d. The largest item was however ‘398 feet 6 in of Broad Hollow Mouldg in best Burnish gold’ costing in total £16 12s 1d. Accounts in the following year included ‘a large sq. frame in Burnish gold & silver’ at £11 17s 6d and sundry other items totally £17 13s. The business operated by James Gouch was of respectable size from the onset of trading and in 1785 he insured his stock for £500. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 328, p. 145; Bailey's list of bankrupts; Essex RO, D/DBy/A44/10, A45/3, A45/8, A46/4]

Gough, John, Ogle St, St Marylebone, London, cm (1774–84). Freeman of Bristol. [Bristol poll bks]

Gough, Richard, Bromyard, Herefs., cm and furniture broker (1830). [D]

Gough, Thomas, Hillgate, Stockport, Cheshire, cm and joiner (1816). [D]

Gough, Thomas, Stafford St, Wolverhampton, Staffs., chairmaker (1816). [D]

Gough, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1732). [Poll bk]

Gough, William, London, upholder (1721). Son of Thomas Gough of Salop, Gent. App. to Nathanial Derret on 6 September 1708 but ‘by consent served his time with Wm. Wood Citizen & Girdler of London by Trade an Upholder’. Free of the Upholders’ Co., 15 November 1721. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Gough, William, London, cm, u, stationer and paper hanging manufacturer (1778–90). Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 4 October 1780. He was however trading at least two years earlier from 6 Gt Bell Alley. In association with Leonard Hatton he insured a warehouse, utensils and stock for £700 in 1778. His trade at this date was stated to be cm and u. From 1787 a new address at 6 Aldgate was used but he also operated part of his business from 22 New St, Bishopsgate St which was described as warehouse and offices and together with the stock there was insured for £700. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 268, p. 37; vol. 343, p. 405; Upholders’ Co. records]

Gough, William, 69 Houndsditch, London, cabinet, upholstery and patent engine bedstead warehouse (1784–90). [D]

Gough, William, Henry St, Chester, cm (1838). Free 25 July 1838. [Freemen rolls]

Gouiett, J., 52 Foley St, Cavendish Sq., London, picture frame maker (1823–25). [D]

Goulburn, John, 6 Edge St, Mancester, cm (1817). [D]

Gould, Henry, 78 Gracechurch St, London, u (1782–95). At the same period William Gould was trading from the same address as an upholder, cm and looking-glass manufacturer. [D]

Gould, John, ‘The Three Nunns’, parish of St Olave, Southwark, London, u (1724). Took out insurance cover on the goods and merchandise in his dwelling house in 1724 for £500. [GL, Sun MS vol. 19, ref. 35042]

Gould, Samuel, parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, chairmaker (1722–23). In 1722 took as app. John Kemp from Sherborne, Dorset for seven years at a premium of £10. In this and the following year he was employed by a committee appointed to superintend the repair and enlargement of Hicks Hall, and for them provided twelve walnut chairs costing £1 8s 8d. [Dorset RO, D204/SC62; Winterthur, Delaware, Symonds Papers, 75×69.29]

Gould, Thomas, London, upholder (1699). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 5 July 1699. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Gould, William, 78 Gracechurch St, London, upholder, cm, glass grinder and looking-glass manufacturer (1758–1812). Son of John Gould of the parish of St Botolph, Aldgate, lighterman. App. to George Kemp on 24 June 1758 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 July 1765. The business was conducted after 1795 in partnership with his son William. The father was still active in the business as late as 1812. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records, Sun MS vol. 457, ref. 875460]

Gould, William & Son, 78 Gracechurch St, London, carvers and gilders, looking-glass manufactory (1781–1840). William Gould jnr was app. to his father on 4 July 1781 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 August 1788. The partnership is first mentioned in directories in 1796. A pier glass in the Adam style decorated with a Wedgwood plaque and a blue and gold decorative panel and bearing the label of ‘Gould & Son’ is recorded. Chinoiserie chimney glass [sold Sotheby's, 26 June 1959, lot 181] bears label on back which reads: ‘Gould & Son's, Looking & Coach Glass Manufactory, No. 78, 6 Church Street, London. Wholesale and for Exportation.’ (illus.). The business was a substantial one and insurance cover on stock and utensils in 1812 amounted to £1,500. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 457, ref. 875460; C. Life, 31 May 1962, supplement, p. 32]

Gould, William, Bristol, cm and u (1809–12). At Nelson St 1809–10, but in 1812 at 20 College Green. [D]

Gould, William, 12 Gilbert St, Clare Mkt, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Gould, William, 31 Gloucester St, Hoxton, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Goulden, —, 10 Queen St, Edgware Rd, London, cm (1809). [D]

Goulden, Henry, parish of St Margaret, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1818). [Poll bk]

Goulden, James, parish of St Mildred, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Goulden, John, York St, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1817). [D]

Goulden, John, Howden, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823–34). At Bridgegate in 1823 but in 1834 at St John's St. [D]

Goulden, John, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1826–38). In the parish of St Mildred, June 1826, but in 1838 at Kingsbridge. [D; poll bk]

Goulden (or Gounden), Michael, Altrincham, Cheshire, cm (1781–93). [D]

Goulden, Thomas, Canterbury, Kent, u (1794–1830). At Westgate in 1796 but in July 1830 in the parish of St George. [Poll bks]

Goulden, William, Canterbury, Kent, chairmaker (1805–39). Shown at Borough, 1805–09, and the parish of St George in 1818. From 1823 at 4 St Peter's St but from 1832 took additional premises at 18 Church St. [D; poll bks]

Gouldie, James, 27 Ranelagh St, Liverpool, cm and u (1805–c. 1820). Trade card [Landauer Coll., MMA, NY] describes his trade as ‘Cabinet, Grecian Couch & Chair Manufacturer’ with residence at 27 Ranelagh St and manufactory at Mitchell Pl., Ranelagh St. In 1805 he signed the supplement to the Liverpool Cabinet and Chair Prices on behalf of the journeymen. An 1823 directory lists the firm of Gouldie & Logan at 32 Naylor St, a veneer sawmill. [D]

Goulding, J., 11 Leonard St, Shoreditch, London, upholder and chair stuffer (1817). [D]

Goulding, John, Finsbury, London, u and cm (1826–39). At 39 Paul St, 1826–29, but by 1835 had moved to 9 Wilson St. [D]

Goulding, John, 9 Holywell Row, London, cm (1829). [D]

Goulding, Richard, near Broker Row, Moorfields, London, u (1781). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £100 of which £57 was in respect of utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 293, p. 578]

Goulding, Timothy, Brompton, London, upholder (1738–98). Son of John Goulding of Swindon, Wilts., farmer. App. to William Greer on 5 April 1738 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 February 1755. Should have been Master of the Co. in 1787 but S. Swaine was elected as a special honour and Goulding refused a second term as Senior Warden. Took Edward Chase as app., 1755–62. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Goulding, William, 8 Houndsditch, London, (1809). [D]

Goulds, William Ellis, 19 Moorgate St, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1839). [D]

Gouldthorpe, John, 5 Gt Underbank, Stockport, Cheshire, cm (1837). [D]

Gourley, John, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1776). In 1776 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £50 was in respect of a workshop. [GL, Sun MS vol. 246, p. 476]

Gouthier, Charles Francis, 14 Berwick St, London, carver and gilder (1777). In 1777 insured his house for £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 197]

Govan, James, Portsmouth, Hants., cm (d. 1767). In 1767 died intestate. [Hants. RO]

Gove, John, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (d. 1822–40). At Mary Arches St, 1822–25, and South St, 1827–30. An address at Holloway St recorded in 1828 may be his dwelling house. From 1830 the business operated at Bartholomew Yd, Bartholomew St. Three sons bapt., 1825–34. [D; PR (bapt.); freemen rolls]

Gove, John Lowton, parish of St Mary Major, Exeter, Devon, cm (1780). App. to his father Joseph Gove snr. [Freemen rolls]

Gove, Joseph snr, parish of St Mary Major, Exeter, Devon, cm (1780–1802). Had two sons who followed him in the trade, Joseph jnr and John Lowton. The former was free by patrimony 1802 and the latter app. to his father 1780. [Freemen rolls]

Gove, Joseph jnr, Exeter, Devon, cm (1802–16). In 1802–03 in the parish of Holy Trinity. Free in 1802 by patrimony. By 1816 in Magdalen St. [D; freemen rolls; Militia Census]

Gove, Robert, Exeter, Devon, cm (d. 1822). Died 1822 aged 71 ‘formerly a respectable cabinet maker of this city’. [The Alfred, 12 March 1822]

Gove, William, Magdalen St, Exeter, Devon, cm (1791–96). [D]

Gover, John, London, stringing maker (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Gover, John, Crediton, Devon, turner and chairmaker (1823). [D]

Govis, William, Lyme Regis, Dorset, cm (1840). Robson's Directory of 1840 shows both William Govis at Middle Row, and Govis & Son at Pound St.

Gow, Alexander, London, cm (1808–11). At 4 Holies St, Clerkenwell in 1808 and 3 Mercer St, Long Acre in 1811. [D]

Gow, John, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (d. 1834). Will proved at Norwich 1834. [Norfolk Record Soc., index of wills]

Gower, Daniel, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1831–40). At 2 Saville St in 1831 and 3 New Garden St, 1837–39. One directory in 1838 and another in the following year use the Christian name David. Listed as Daniel Gower at 3 New Garden St in 1840. [D]

Gower, Edward, Bridgnorth, Salop, cm (1822–40). In 1822 and 1828 at Listerly St, and in 1840 in High St. In 1840 the business is described as Gower & Powell. [D]

Gower, Thomas, 32 King St, Snowhill, London, carver and gilder (1802). [D]

Gower & Powell, High St, Bridgnorth, Salop, cm (1835). [D]

Gowing, James, 2 Cannon Row, Westminster, London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Gowing, Ralph, Ripon, Yorks., cm and joiner (1828–37). At King St, 1828–30, but at High Skellgate, 1834–37. [D]

Gowland, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Goy, George, London, cm (1796–1802). Married Elizabeth Pyle, former maidservant to Thomas Haig, partner in Chippendale & Co. Haig left her £100 in his will which was proved in 1803. [PRO, Prob. 11/1394, fo. 536]

Goyer, Benjamin, Newman St, Oxford St, London, carver and gilder (1808–09). In 1808 at 42 Newman St but in 1809 at no. 41. [D]

Goyer, John, 42 Duke St, St James's, London, cm and u (1809). [D]

Goyer, Philip, 21 Cumberland St, London, carver and gilder (1778). In 1778 took out insurance cover for £200 of which £80 covered utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 266, p. 613]

Gozna, John, 16 Long Acre, London, cm (1778–93). In 1778 insured his house for £100. Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. [GL, Sun MS vol. 269, p. 491]

Graburn, William, Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., joiner, carpenter, wheelwright and cm (1825). In partnership with John Hall. Also made bricks and tiles and dealt in timber. [Lincs. Archivist's Report, no. 7, p. 29]

Grace, Henry, address unknown, gilder (1820). Worked for Charles William Vane, Marquess of Londonderry in the furnishing of Wynyard Park, Co. Durham. [Durham RO, D/ LO/E 492]

Grace, James, 51 Pitt St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1781). [D]

Grace, William, Kirkgate, Wakefield, Yorks., carver and gilder (1830–37). [D]

Gracey, —, 3 Crown St, Finsbury Sq., London, looking-glass manufacturer, carver and gilder. A girandole mirror, probably late 18th-century has been noted with the trade label of this maker. He also repolished and silvered old glasses. [V & A archives]

Gracey, William, 3 St John's Ct, Cow Lane, West Smithfield, London, cm (1784). Took out insurance cover of £300 which included £100 for utensils, stock and goods. [GL, Sun MS vol. 322, p. 479]

Gradon, Thomas, address unknown, carpenter (1812). Made a bedstead for the servants’ hall, Streatlam, Co. Durham. [Durham RO, D/Dt/V 352]

Gradwell, John, 75 Shaw's Brow, Liverpool, u and cm (1839). [D]

Grafer, E., 57 Kingsland Rd, London, bedstead maker (1837). [D]

Graham, Mr, St Paul's Churchyard, London, upholder and cm (1768). Report that his shop window had been ‘broke open and robbed of several Pieces of Morines and check’ appeared in Public Advertiser, 26 July 1768. Probably Joseph Graham & partners.

Graham, Christopher, address unknown, (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. A stool has been noted stamped ‘C. GRAHAM’. [V & A archives]

Graham, F., address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Graham, Frederick Henry, London, cm, u and broker (1820–32). At Red Cross St, Southwark, 1820–28. On 13 March 1822 he took out insurance cover for £1,100 which included £450 for stock, utensils and goods, £50 for a workshop adjoining the house and £20 for a shed in the yard. In the early 1830s in partnership with Samuel Harrison at Newington Causeway. It was this address that was used in connection with the notification of bankruptcy in March 1832. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 490, ref. 989825; Liverpool Mercury, 9 March 1832]

Graham, J., Abbey St, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (1810). [D]

Graham, James, 3 King's Ct, Lombard St, London, u (1821–23). [D]

Graham, James, 12 Milk St, London, u (1823). [D]

Graham, James, 35 Gerrard St, Soho, London, u (1835). [D]

Graham, Jane, Liverpool, u (1835–37). At 10 Blair St, 1835–37, but in 1837 moved to 19 Blake St. [D]

Graham, John, Newcastle and London, u (1774–80). App. to George West and free as an u, 15 October 1774. Recorded living in London, 1774–80, and may the John Graham who entered into the partnership with William Litchfield in 1781. [Newcastle freemen reg. and poll bks]

Graham, John, 72 St Martin's Lane, London, u (1809–16). Partner with William Litchfield in the firm of Graham & Litchfield which traded from this address, 1781–1809. Successor to this business, which was of a very substantial nature, with insurance in 1809 amounting to £6,000. This covered the dwelling house, warehouse, shop and sheds ‘being four houses laid into one’. Stock, utensils and goods held in trust were insured for £4,000 of this total. No feather stores were maintained on the premises but a pipe stove for drying feathers was permitted in the warehouse. The business premises were situated on the corner of Long Acre. Part of the property appears to have been in Long Acre for in 1812, when the insurance was renewed, no. 1 Long Acre was specified as the dwelling house, rented from the Bedford estate, and no. 2 Long Acre was also being used. Cover on stock and utensils in 1812 had fallen to £3,000. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 448, ref. 836351; vol. 459, refs 867098, 867099, 867254]

Graham, John snr, Abbey St, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (1810–29). [D]

Graham, John, Liverpool, cm (1827–39). At 21 Lionel St with a house at 29 Trowbridge St in 1824. For most of the remainder of the life of the business it traded from Cumberland St, the numbers being 37 in 1827, 33 in 1837 and 36 in 1839. For 1835 however, an address at 6 St James St North is shown. [D]

Graham, John, Eaglesfield St, Maryport, Cumb., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Graham, John, Corn Market, Wigton, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Graham, John jnr, Bacchus Walk, Carlisle, Cumb., cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Graham, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., cm (1839). [PR (marriage)]

Graham, Joseph, Lancaster, chairmaker (1764–68). Free 1764–65. [Freemen rolls; poll bk]

Graham, Joseph & partners, London, cm and u (1767–1829). This business started by Joseph Graham involved various other members of the family in partnership. It operated from 7 St Paul's Churchyard, 1767–1814, and then the number changed to 3 for the period 1816–19. On 17 January 1820 the business opened at a new location in the West End at 5 and 6 Waterloo Pl., Pall Mall. Joseph Graham, the founder of the business, was the son of John Graham of Abingdon, Berks., an apothecary. He was app. to Charles Grange, 10 October 1755 and was free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 2 June 1763. In 1797 he became Master of the Upholders’ Co. He was in sole control of his furniture manufacturing business until 1798 when he took his son John into partnership and from this year the business is referred to as Graham & Son. John was app. to his father, 2 April 1788 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 December 1797.
By 1814 a Nathaniel Graham was involved in the business signing receipts for payments. By 1819 he was recognised as a partner and the business is listed as Joseph & Nathaniel Graham with no further mention of John. This poses the question whether there was a Joseph Graham jnr? Nathaniel stayed with the business until at least 1825, but for the years 1827–28 directories show a carpet manufacturer of this name operating from Regent St. Significantly the last directory entry for the Waterloo Place business is in the name of Joseph Graham only. The number of recorded patrons suggests that the business was of significance, though perhaps only of modest size. Only three apps of Joseph Graham are known: William Bayley, 1771–80; Richard White, 1778–86; and his son John Graham. He did however take out licences to employ eight non-freemen for six weeks in 1776 and ten nonfreemen for twelve weeks in the following year. The only insurance material located is a modest £500 cover for the house and workshop at 7 St Paul's Churchyard in 1780. In common with other members of the trade, he would buy in materials and finished articles to satisfy customer demand. In 1795 he is recorded purchasing from Kennet & Kidd, cm and u of New Bond St a 3ft field bed and bedding amounting to £7 8s. Graham subscribed to both Sheraton's Drawing Book 1793, and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. The death of Joseph's wife is recorded in 1792. [D; Times, 11 January 1820; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; GL, Sun MS vol. 287, p. 446; City Licence bks, vol. 9; PRO C114/181; journal 3, p. 207; Gents Mag., March 1792] See Graham, —. Known patrons and commissions of this business are:
MERSHAM-LE-HATCH, Ashford, Kent, In June 1771 Sir Edward Knatchbull paid Graham £51 14s. [Kent RO, U951 A19/2]
CUSWORTH HALL, Yorks. John Battie paid £22 2s on 2 August 1771 for six library chairs, two carpets and two screens. [Leeds archives dept, Battie-Wright MS A/165]
GLOUCESTER PL., PORTMAN SQ., London or ELMLEY CASTLE, Worcs. In March 1813 supplied to Robert Clavering Savage a folding library ladder painted white at £2 2s. Payment was received a year later. [Worcs. RO, 4600/705:550/763/3]
GORHAMBURY, St Albans, Herts. Payments were made to Graham from July 1775 to February 1776. In 1775 £41 16s 6d was paid in March and £14 6s in July. [Herts. RO, accounts XI 63]
HEATON HALL, Manchester. Invoices cover the period August 1775 to June 1777. On 5 August 1775 four oval back chairs, ‘japan'd in variegated collors grain'd seats’ with other items were charged at £11 12s. These were supplied to the order of James Wyatt, the architect of Heaton, and despatched by the Manchester waggon. On 15 June 1776 the invoice totalled £24 9s, the major item being six mahogany chairs charged at £6 15s. No further invoices are known until June 1777 when £25 2s 6d was charged. The bulk of this was for a large mahogany clothes press japanned white and green which cost £13 13s. Also included was a night table and a folding top dressing stand. [Greater Manchester RO, DDEG 41(1)]
CROOME COURT, Worcs. Furniture supplied 1778–82. This included a mahogany breakfast table in March 1778 charged at £2 2s. A more significant commission followed in 1780 which included a satinwood commode dressing table charged at £18 18s, six japanned chairs at £7 6s and a bergère chair. These items were despatched from ‘The Bull Inn’ by Harn's Worcester waggon direct to Croome. In the following year a large mahogany bookcase was invoiced in July costing £13 13s and a 4ft chest of drawers charged at £6 16s 6d. A large gilt pier glass was the major item supplied in August 1782 on an invoice totalling £13 13s. [V & A archives]
MOCCAS COURT, Herefs. or STANHOPE ST, LONDON. On 30 May 1783 payment of £4 14s 6d was made by Sir George Cornewall for a dressing glass for Lady Cornewall. [Herefs. RO, Moccas J56/IV/3]
VINTNER'S HALL, London. In February 1799 repairs were executed to the frame of a pier glass in the State Room for which £2 2s was charged. [V & A archives]
CHARLECOTE PARK, Warks. In 1827 supplied an ‘ebony Queen Elizabeth sofa covered in crimson damask’ costing £105 out of a total for the invoice of £109 7s 6d. [V & A archives]
OTHER COMMISSIONS. On 5 May 1781 Lord Monson paid £100 on account to Graham & Co. [Lincoln RO, Monson 10/1/A/6] In April and July 1823 furniture was supplied to Lord Gwydir. In April three bamboo maple wood French bedsteads with poles were charged at £5 5s each and a French polished one at £12 12s, the invoice totalling with other items £31 5s. In July a further maple wood French bedstead was charged at £5 5s with a packing charge of 15s. [Lincoln RO, 2/ANC 6/202/18] B.A.

Graham, Joseph, Main St, Cockermouth, Cumb., cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Graham, Joseph, 35 Gerrard St, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Graham, T. D. & T., 9–11 Grove St North, Liverpool, cm (1834). [D]

Graham, Thomas, Newgate St, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1796). In October 1796 indicated his intention ‘to decline keeping a front shop’ and as a consequence offered the ‘large quantity of Furniture on Hand’ at reduced prices. [Newcastle Courant, 29 October 1796]

Graham, Thomas, Liverpool, u and victualler (1804–39). In 1804 at 20 Union St, Oldhall Rd; in 1824 at 20 Shaw's Brow; in 1827 at Ironmonger Lane and 7 Pellaw St; in 1829 at 8 Garden Lane; in 1837 at 27 Tenderden St; and in 1839 at 80 Bostock St. [D]

Graham, Thomas, 37 Pavement, York, cm etc. (1840). [D]

Graham, William, 5 Chorley St, Water St, Liverpool, cm (1796). [D]

Graham, William, 48 Threadneedle St, London, cm and u (1808–22). [D]

Graham, William, Crakehall, Yorks., joiner and cm (1823). [D]

Graham, William, 1 Angel Ct, Throgmorton St, London, u (1823–27). [D]

Graham, William, Liverpool, cm (1823–39). At 47 Gt Crosshall St in 1823 where he had a shop and yard. In the period 1824– 29 the number is 44; in 1835, 41–42; and in 1837, 17. Other addresses shown are 90 Byrom St in 1834 and 110 Brownlow Hill in 1839. [D]

Graham, William, 46 Foley St, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Graham, William, Dalston, Carlisle, Cumb., joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Graham, William, Spring Garden Lane, Sunderland, Co. Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Graham, William, 22 Clipstone St, Gt Portland St, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Graham & Boardman, 30 Fleming's Sq., Blackburn, Lancs., carvers and gilders (1824–28). [D]

Graham & Co., 294 High Holborn, London, u and cm (1835– 37). [D]

Graham & Farrer, Northgate, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1828). [D]

Graham & Litchfield, See Litchfield & Graham, and John Graham.

Graham & Son, Greek St, Soho, London, carvers and gilders (1800–08). At 16 Greek St in 1800 but from 1801 at 18. [D]

Grainge, John, Butcher Row, Abingdon, Berks., cm (1823–40). Between 1830–40 moved to Boar St. [D]

Grainger, —, Snow Hill, London, u (1734). [Heal]

Grainger, George, parish of St Swithin, Worcester, cm (1747). [Poll bk]

Grainger, John, 26 Smallbrook St, Birmingham, cm and u (1830). [D]

Grainger, Thomas, Clare St, Bristol, cm and u (1793–98). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793. Bankrupt March 1798 and his stock sold off in April. On offer was cabinet furniture, paper hangings and carpeting. [Exeter Flying Post, 22 March 1798; Farley's Bristol Journal, 21 April 1798]

Gramlick, William, London, upholder (1774–86). Son of John Gramlick of St Margaret Moses, London, sugar refiner. App. to Robert Phipps, 4 June 1767, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 July 1774. In the period 1774–78 at Snow Hill but by 1780 bankrupt. In 1786 living at Castle Lane Park, Southwark. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Gents Mag., November 1780]

Gramshaw, John, London, carver (1774–84). In 1774 at Woodstock Ct and in 1784 at Blenheim St, Hanover Sq. [Westminster poll bks]

Grange, Charles, ‘The Royal Bed’, Snow Hill, London, u and cm (1710–63). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 13 September 1710, and master in 1748. Took as apps William Horsley, 1717–29; Barry Johnson, 1732–40; James Grange, his son, 1740–49; William Hunter, 1741–49; Richard Wallin, 1747–54; John Stephens, 1750–58; James Wootton, 1754–62; William Pinckney, 1755–66; and Joseph Graham, 1755–63. This would seem to suggest that the business was at its most active in the 1740s and 50s. The only insurance record located is for 1723 and on 16 January of that year cover for goods and merchandise in his dwelling house was £500. Associated with Thomas Cooke, who in 1746 advertised his intention of going into partnership with ‘Mr Nash at the Royal Bed, Holbourn-Bridge’. Thus Grange is associated with Cooke in the furnishing of the new Mansion House. Trade card [Heal Coll., BM] with a fine Rococo frame, shows that in the latter years of the business he took his son James into partnership. At this period Charles Grange & Son offered ‘all Sorts of Four Post & Standing Beds … Feather Beds, Chairs, Tables, Glasses, Bureaus, Chests of Drawers, Carpets, Quilts, Blankets, Damasks. Harrateens &c’ also a ‘Variety of Paper Hangings & Furniture Checks’. They also acted as undertakers. By 1767 James Grange was trading on his own account from 96 High Holborn. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 16, ref. 30965; Conn., December 1952, p. 181; Heal]

Grange, James, 96 High Holborn, London, u and cm (1740–83). Son of Charles Grange who operated an extensive business as an u, 1710–63, from an address in Snow Hill, James was app. to his father on 13 September 1740 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 3 August 1749; master of the Co. in 1783. He was in partnership with his father by the early 1760s and responsible for some of the apps. The following were trained by James Grange: John Mills, 1760–68; Noah Chivers, 1765–70; William Shore, 1767–69; Samuel Ford, 1768–80; and John Walsh, 1770–84. From 1773 in partnership with John Mills, the business being referred to as Grange & Mills. At this period the trade was probably on an extensive scale and in 1777 utensils, stock and goods held in trust were insured for £1,800. The partnership probably ended in 1779 and in the following year James Grange's name was the only one appearing on the insurance policy. Utensils, stock and goods in trust were now insured for only £880. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 261, p. 314; vol. 286, p. 422]

Grange, M. & R., Turners Hill, Cheshunt, Herts., u (1838). [D]

Grange, Samuel, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [D]

Grange, Susanna, Boar St, Abingdon, Berks., cm and u (1840). [D]

Granger, Hugh, ‘The Carved Angel’, Aldermanbury, London, cm (1692–1706). In 1692 was churchwarden of St Mary's Church, Aldermanbury. Ceased trading in 1706 when he advertised that his stock ‘may be bought of Cabinet Work & Glasses; the House being let to another trade & must be cleared of all the goods in as little time as possible can be. Monday 27th August the sale will begin’. Trade label depicting his shop sign and announcing that ‘Fashionable Household Goods at Reasonable rates’ were made by him has been found pasted to a number of items of late 17th-and early 18th-century furniture. Two chests of drawers lavishly decorated with panels of floral marquetry, a walnut secretaire cabinet with fall front, a bureau cabinet, the doors fronted with looking-glass and the interior decorated with raised gilt scenes on a red japanned ground, a walnut writing table and a walnut bureau are amongst items so marked. [Heal; Daily Courant, 24 August 1706; V & A archives; Sotheby's, 15 June 1951, 6 May 1955, 5 October 1973; Wills, English Furniture 1550–1760, p. 190]

Granger, Thomas, Boston, Lincs., cm and chairmaker (1788). On 7 March 1788 advertised for a ‘Journeyman PIN CHAIR-MAKER’ and a chair bottomer. [Lincoln, Rutland and Stamford Mercury, 7 March 1788]

Grant, Alexander, St James's, London, cm (1770). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., January 1770.

Grant, Ellen, 22 Bevington Bush, Liverpool, u (1837). [D]

Grant, James, Lancaster (1838–40). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Grant, John, London, cm and u (1822–39). At 1 Ryders Ct, Leicester Sq., 1822–29, according to London directories. An insurance record of June 1823 however gives the number as 19 Ryders Ct in Cranbourn St. Cover for £900 was taken out of which £200 was for utensils and stock. From 1835–39 the address is given as 20 Cranbourn St. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 498, ref. 1005758]

Grant, John & Anderson, Christopher, Hallgate (or Hall Garth), Hexham, Northumb., joiners and cm (1827–34). [D]

Grant, John W., 2–5 Castle St, Long Acre, London, cm and u (1835–39). [D]

Grant, Joseph, Bristol, cm (1774–1801). In 1775 at 23 Church St but 1799–1801 in Old Park. [D; poll bks]

Grant, Joseph, Bristol, cm undertaker, appraiser and auctioneer (1818–40). From 1818–23 at Frogmore St, though from 1822–23 also at 1 Upper Culver St. From 1834–40 at Host St. [D]

Grant, Peter, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1832–39). At 125 St James's St in 1832 and Old Steyne St in 1839. [D]

Grant, Robert, 30 John St, Blackfriars, London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Grant, Thomas, Market Drayton, Salop, upholder and auctioneer (1784). [D]

Grant, W., London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Grant, W., 61 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholder and undertaker (1817–21). [D]

Grant, W., 20 Jermyn St, London, cm and auctioneer (1835). [D]

Grant, W., George Yd, Princes St, Soho, London, u (1835). [D]

Grant, Walter, Bristol, cm (1774). [Poll bk]

Grant, William, London, u (1761). Freeman of Canterbury. [Canterbury poll bk]

Grant, William, Norwich and Hardingham, Norfolk, cm (1784–1807). At Colney in 1784, parish of St Andrew, 1786–1802, and Hardingham, Norfolk, 1806–07. [Norwich poll bks]

Grant, William, 386 Oxford St, London, u (1806–16). [D]

Grant, William, 3 Castle St, Long Acre, London, cm (1826). [D]

Grant, William, St James's, London, cm (1832). Bankrupt 25 May 1832. [Liverpool Mercury, 1 June 1832]

Grant, William, 34 Brewer St, Golden Sq., London, cm, u and undertaker (1839). [D]

Grant, Zachariah, Westham, Essex, u (d. by 1712). His son was app. in 1712. Father then noted as ‘deceased’. [S of G, app. index]

Grant & Hurley, 226 Piccadilly, London, u (1806–15). [D]

Grantham, George, 34 New St, Brighton, Sussex, turner, basket, chair and seive maker (1799–1800). [D]

Grantham, John, parish of St Thomas, Winchester, Hants., upholder (1701–27). On 10 June 1701 married Frances Little of Oxford. Had premises described as a dwelling house in High St, Winchester and on 30 August 1727 took out insurance cover on household goods and stock in trade for £400. [Bodleian index of Oxf. marriage bonds; GL, Sun MS vol. 25, ref. 42422]

Grantham, John, 57 Upper Moorfields, London, cm (1790–93). [D]

Grantham, John, 22 Kirby St, Hatton Gdn, London, cm (1808). [D]

Grantham, John, 1 William Walk, Old St Rd, Shoreditch, London, cm (1808–11). In 1811 took out insurance cover for £300 of which £200 was in respect of stock and utensils. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 452, ref. 858385]

Grantham, John, Southampton St, Camberwell, London, cm and u (1826). [D]

Granville, Robert, 99 Fore St, Devonport, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Grassam, John, (Gt) Driffield, Yorks., cm and broker (1818–40). In Middle St 1823–28, but from 1831–40 in Market Pl., though a directory of 1834 still records the Middle St address and it is possible that both premises were used in the early 1830s. In July 1818 took as app. Joseph Fendeman of Beverley, Yorks. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Grassey, Stephen, Wolverhampton, Staffs., carver, gilder and silversmith (1834–38). At Piper's Row in 1834 but from 1834–38 at Queen St, no. 42 in 1838. Sold looking-glasses, barometers and thermometers, traded as a jeweller and dealt in paintings. [D]

Grateford, —, the sign of ‘The Castle’, south side of St Paul's Churchyard, London, cane chairmaker (1714). [GL, Sun MS vol. 3, ref. 3905]

Gratrix, Robert, 18 Gregson St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Graupner, Peter, London, cm (1777–93). At 12 Little Chapel St, Soho in 1777 where he took out insurance cover of £200, half of which was in respect of utensils and stock. By 1779 at 33 Greek St with the insurance cover raised to £500 of which £300 was for utensils and stock. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 618; vol. 276, p. 79]

Gravel, Robert, 28 Warwick St, Golden Sq., London, carver and gilder (1809–25). Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] indicates that he manufactured looking-glass and picture frames. In November 1810 paid £21 6s 6d by the 2nd Lord Braybrooke of Audley End, Essex. [D; Essex RO, D/DBy/A376]

Graveley, J. Name branded on bottom of brass-inlaid cabinet, c. 1735, illus. V & A Bulletin, January 1965, p. 15.

Graveley, Michael, Davies St, Westminster, London, u (1712–49). Son of Edmond Graveley of Halton, Yorks., grazier. App. to Remey George, 15 April 1712, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 9 September 1719. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; poll bk]

Gravell, S., 8 Jewin St, Cripplegate, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Gravell, Thomas, 61 Jewin St, Cripplegate, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass warehouse (1823–39). [D]

Gravenor, James, Derby, carver (1763–68). Known in connection with his work at Kedleston Hall, Derbs., for Sir Nathaniel Curzon. Here he carved columns, door cases and mirror frames for the Drawing Room and pier glasses with oak leafed frames and ornamental detail for an organ case for the Music Room. His greatest achievement is however the fine palm tree bed for the State Bedroom on the west front which he completed in 1768. The posts are carved to resemble the trunks of palms with gilt leaves. The same theme is repeated in a pair of palm tree candlestands for a dressing table, some chairs and two pier glasses in the same room and a large palm tree mirror in the Dressing Room. [Conn., July 1978, pp. 203–04 and 207; C. Life, 2 February 1978, p. 264, 9 February 1978]

Gravenor, John, London, u (1690–1730). In 1690 at ‘The Bear & Ragged Staff’, Cornhill, next to Stocks Mkt. Later he moved to ‘The Royal Bed & Chair’ in Gt Rider St, St James's where in 1730 a sale of furniture stock was advertised. [Heal]

Graves, Isaac Smith, Bishopsgate St, London, cm and u (1781– 93). Son of Mark Graves of the parish of St Mary, Lambeth, London, Gent. App. to James Surridge, turner. Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 7 February 1781. Initially went into partnership with Shipman and until 1784 traded as Graves & Shipman. After this traded on his sole account. The number in Bishopsgate is initially 54 but c. 1790 changed to 56. Trade card [Heal Coll., BM] indicates that he also acted as an undertaker, auctioneer and appraiser. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Graves, James, 42 Red Lion St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1804). On 11 January 1804 took out insurance cover of £100 which included £60 for his household goods in the dwelling house of Brown, carpenter, and £20 for his chest of tools kept in the house of Bonnington, cm, at 22 Red Lion Sq. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 430, ref. 757303]

Graves, John, 53 Rathbone Pl., London, u and cm (1809–11). [D]

Graves, Joseph, Fleet Mkt, London, upholder (1775–93). Free of the Upholders’ Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 2 August 1775. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Graves, Lumley, Hull, Yorks., cm etc. (1835–40). At 16 Waterhouse Lane, 1835–37, but from 1838–40 at 23 Junction Dock St. [D]

Graves, Richard, Warwick St, Golden Sq., chairmaker (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Graves, Robert, High St, March, Cambs., carpenter, joiner and cm (1830). [D]

Graves & Hull, 399 Oxford St, London, u and chairmaker (1821). [D]

Grawe, William, 386 Oxford St, London, cm and u (1808). [D]

Gray, —, address unknown, cm (1755). Received payment of £2 10s for a walnut bureau, and £3 19s for four dressing tables and a pillar table supplied to Holkham Hall, Norfolk. [Holkham Hall accounts]

Gray, Alexander, see Richard Cope & Alexander Gray.

Gray, Charles, 191 Shoreditch, London, cm (1789). [D]

Gray, Charles, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1807–41). Aged 34 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Gray, Drummond, Chichester, Sussex, carver, gilder and print seller (1823–40). At West St, 1823–26, but by 1832 had moved to East St. [D]

Gray, George, Wardour St, Soho, London, u (1725). Took out on 30 September 1725 insurance cover of £500 on goods and merchandise in his dwelling house. [GL, Sun MS vol. 21, ref. 36830]

Gray, Henry, York, cm and u (1834–40). Recorded at 102 Micklegate, 1834–37 and 8 Davygate in 1840. [D]

Gray, Henry, Booker, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1811–41). Aged 30 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Gray, J., London, u (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Gray, James & Allsop, Thomas, address unknown, cm and brokers (1785). On 10 March 1785 took out insurance cover for £180 of which £60 was in respect of utensils, stock and goods in trust. [GL, Sun MS vol. 327, p. 438]

Gray, James, 7 South Row, Somers Town, London, cm (1808). [D]

Gray, James, London, cm (1818). Free of Chester, 1 July 1818. Address given as London. [Freemen rolls]

Gray, James, Foregate St, Chester, cm (1826). [Poll bk]

Gray, James, 95 Bunhill Row, London, furniture japanner (1829). [D]

Gray, James, Skinnersgate, Darlington, Co. Durham, joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Gray, John, opposite Sidney College, Cambridge, joiner, cm and u (1762). Stocked both new and secondhand furniture. [Cambridge Chronicle, 20 November 1762]

Gray, John, Piccadilly, Manchester, u (1797–1805). At 24 Piccadilly in 1797 but from 1802–05 at no. 97. [D]

Gray, John, Parade, Rochdale, Lancs., u and cm (1805–08). [D]

Gray, John, 12 Brook St, New Rd, London, cm (1809). [D]

Gray, John Godfrey, Cambridge, cm and furniture broker (1820–40). In 1820 living in the parish of St Andrew the Great. At Emmanuel St in 1830 but from 1832 living in Eden Walk. [D; poll bks; PR (bapt.)]

Gray, John, Barnes and Mortlake, Surrey, cm (1826–39). At Barnes, 1826–32, but by 1838 at Mortlake. [D]

Gray, John, Hull, Yorks., cm (1826–40). In George Yd, 1826– 39, the number being 9 in 1826, 12 in 1831 and 20, 1838–40. At 11 Ocean Pl. in 1840. [D]

Gray, John, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1811–41). Aged 30 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Gray, Joseph(?), Brewer St, Westminster, London, u (1784). [Poll bk]

Gray, Joseph, Norwich, cm and u (1815–39). Free of Norwich, 21 June 1815, and by 1822 trading at Dove Lane. From 1830 recorded at Dove St and in 1836 listed as having a house at Heigham Grove. Took as app. Joshua Browne who was free 27 September 1832. [D; freemen rolls and reg.]

Gray, Joseph, 12 Brook St, New Rd, London, bedstead manufacturer (1820). [D]

Gray (or Grey), Joseph, Littlehampton, Sussex, cm (c. 1832). [H. J. F. Thompson, Littlehampton Story 5 — The Early 19th Century, 1983, pp. 57–59]

Gray, Joshua, 10 Holywell Row, Shoreditch, London, cm (1837). [D]

Gray, Palmer, London, upholder (1776–82). In 1776 at 7 Butcher Hall Lane, where he insured utensils, stock and goods for £100 out of an entire insurance cover of £700. By 1782 at 4 Bencross Almshouses, Mile End where he insured a house for £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 247, p. 209; vol. 300, p. 375]

Gray, Richard, Bixteth St, Liverpool, cm (1835–37). At 29 Bixteth St in 1835 but in 1837 the number was 33. [D]

Gray, Richard, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1784–1841). Aged 57 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Gray, Robert, Plymouth, Devon, house carpenter and picture frame maker (1798). [D]

Gray, Robert, Norwich, cm (1801–18). At 22 Wymer St, 1801–03, but from 1805–08 at Charing Cross. [D; poll bk]

Gray, Samuel, 13 Duke St, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, auctioneer, appraiser and u (1822–23). [D]

Gray, Samuel, Lancaster, cm (1838). App. to Leonard Redmayne in 1830 and free, 14 April 1838. Named in the Gillow records, 1832. [Freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Gray, Stephen, 46 Brewer St, London, upholder (1780–87). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £2,000 of which £500 was for utensils, stock and goods. In the same year supplied Sir John Griffin Griffin of Audley End, Essex, with a large mahogany dessert tray at £1 2s with a further 2s for packing. Bankrupt 1787. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 282, p. 84; Bailey's list of bankrupts; Essex RO, D/DBy/A38/10]

Gray, Stephen, Mortlake and Barnes, Surrey, cm and u (1808–22). At Mortlake in 1808 and Barnes in 1822. Business carried on by John Gray, 1826–39. [D]

Gray, Thomas, Union St, Liverpool, upholder and victualler (1796–1807). At 3 Union St, 1796–1800. In 1800 moved to no. 20, and from 1805–07 traded at 2 Union St. [D]

Gray, Thomas, Manchester, chairmaker (1808–25). At 4 Thomas St in 1808, 17 High St in 1813, 44 Thomas St, 1816–17, and 33 Edge St and 4 Crown St in 1825. [D]

Gray, Thomas, 102 Micklegate, York, cm and u (1838). Successor to Henry Gray at this address. [D]

Gray, William, ‘The Golden Cup’, Addle St, Aldermanbury, London, turner and cm (1747). Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] states that he made ‘Mohogony Tables, Chairs, Glasses and all sorts of Turner & Cabinet work’. Declared bankrupt, General Advertiser, 4 May 1747.

Gray, William, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Gray, William, 2 Lloyd's Ct, St Giles, London, cm (1808). [D]

Gray, William Holden, Norwich, cm and u (1817–30). App. to Holden Gray and admitted freeman on 27 September 1817. At Lower Westwick St in 1822 and Charing Cross in 1830. [D; freemen reg.]

Gray, William, Earl St, Coventry, Warks., chairmaker and turner (1818–28). Recorded also at Spon St in 1822. [D]

Gray, William, Newgate St, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham, cm and u (1827–28). [D]

Gray, William, Downley, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1781–1841). Aged 60 at the date of the 1841 Census.

Gray & Co., Market St, Plymouth, Devon, u (1818). In July 1818 announced the opening of ware-rooms in Plymouth after moving from London. They offered furniture and designs for every branch of interior design and indicated that they wanted good workmen for the business. [Exeter Flying Post (?)]

Gray & Hall, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1839). In 1839 shown at both North St and 25 (or 24½) Duke St. [D]

Gray & Hull, Oxford St, London, japanned chairmakers, cm and sofa makers (1808–26). At 399 Oxford St, 1808–23, but from 1825 at 4 Newman St, Oxford St. [D]

Grayburn, John, 10 Edgar St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–39). [D]

Grayfoot, J., Rotherhithe, London, carver (1808–25). In 1808 at Horseferry, Rotherthithe but in the following year in partnership with Overton at Pageants, Rotherhithe. The partnership which continued until 1825 described itself as carvers and ship carvers. [D]

Graygoose (or Greygoose), —, 57 Gt Queen St, London, cm (c.1820). A Regency mahogany architect's table and a desk, are recorded bearing the stamp of ‘Graygoose, 57 Gt. Queen St’. The table was sold at Christie's, 26 May 1983, lot 68.

Grayson, Henry, Lees Ct, Red Bank Manchester, chairmaker (1813). [D]

Grayson, John, Holmfirth, Yorks., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Grayson, Joseph, Brow Top, Workington, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811–28). [D]

Grayson, Thomas, Brow Top, Workington, Cumb., joiner/cm (1811). [D]

Grayson, William, Brow Top, Cumb., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Grayson & Moore, Priestgate, Workington, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Greasley, John, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1834–40). In 1834 took app. named Edward James. Trading at High Pavement in 1840 as an u only. [D; app. bk]

Greasley, Thomas, ‘The Providence Inn’, Francis St, Hull, Yorks., victualler and cm (1837–40). [D]

Greatbatch, Daniel, Stoke-on-Trent and Newcastle-underLyme, Staffs., cm and u (1835–39). Recorded at Church St, Stoke in 1835 and 19 High St, Newcastle in 1839. [D]

Greatbatch, Henry, Church St, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs., cm and chairmaker (1834). [D]

Greathead, Joseph, Bucklersbury, London, cm (c. 1715). [Heal]

Greathead, Matthew, Newbiggin, Richmond, Yorks., joiner and cm (1827). [D]

Greathead & Haslehurst, 25 St John's Sq., London, dealers in tortoiseshell and case makers (1790). [D]

Greatole, Thomas Charles, London, carver and gilder (1837). Shown at both 1 Knightsbridge and 6 Charles St, Grosvenor Sq. [D]

Greatrix, William, Wirksworth, Derbs., cm (1798). [D]

Greaves, —, address unknown, (1785). Supplied to Chatsworth, Derbs., ‘4 setts of black wood Tables’ at 11s each and other items costing a total of £5 16s 8d. [Chatsworth papers, no. 75/13/10/1785]

Greaves, Elizabeth, 179 Borough, London, upholstery and carpet warehouse (1801–08). Successor to John Greaves at the same address. In 1808 the business is listed as Elizabeth Greaves & Son. [D]

Greaves, George, Lancaster, cm and mariner (1772–86). App. to R. Thorney 1772 and free 1785–86. [Lancaster app. reg. and freemen rolls]

Greaves, John, 179 Borough, London, carpet warehouse and u (1781–96). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £600 of which £450 was in respect of utensils and stock. The insurance records show the number as 199 Borough but this may be an error. The business was continued after 1801 at the same address by Elizabeth Greaves. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 296, p. 510]

Greaves & Dore, 179 Borough, London, upholders and cm (1806–09). Successor to Elizabeth Greaves at this address. [D]

Greaves, Thomas, Cambridge, joiner (1724–d. 1750). The Cambridge Corp. common day bk records that on 2 June 1724, ‘Thomas Graves Joyner’ paid £5 5s for his freedom. Following the death of Cornelius Austin jnr in 1729, Greaves received regular payments from St John's College, up to his own death in 1750. At this period the accounts only give the odd detail of the work undertaken. A payment in the year 1731/32 indicates that he also worked as an u: ‘T. Graves bill for Damask and work about covering chairs in ye Lodge £3. 6s. 3d.’ and in 1749/50, ‘Greves for two mahogany tables for the Parlour’, £7. 7s. The Corp. records show that Greaves was a common councillor from 1724 and later an alderman, but on 16 August 1750 ‘Mr. Alderman Graves … having been Chosen Mayor Elect … Signifyed to his Corporation that by Reason of Sickness and the Great Indisposition of Body he at present Labours under, he desires to pass the Said Office’. The Cambridge Journal and Weekly Flying Post reported on 8 September 1750 that ‘On Saturday last died … Mr. Greaves an eminent Carpenter and Joiner of this town’. He is known to have taken at least six apps: Isaac Morton, James Harrimore, Nicholas Mason, all made free on 11 January 1737, Golding Merrill made free January 1742, Marmaduke Whitred made free 8 January 1751 and Edward Yorke made free 17 January 1755. Thomas Greaves, u of Cambridge, took app. named Corey in 1745. Possibly father of Timothy Greaves. [Cambs. RO, Cambridge Corp. archives; archives of St John's College; S of G, app. index] R.W.

Greaves, Timothy, Cambridge, joiner and cm (1737–55). Possibly related to Thomas Greaves. Recorded in 1737 taking the lease of a house in the parish of St Andrew. Worked for Trinity College, 1744–51, but few details are given of the work involved though he did repair a table. Worked at St John's College, 1748–49, and is probably the Greaves recorded in 1751. The two apps Marmaduke Whitred (free 8 January 1751) and Edward York (free 7 January 1755) recorded in the name of Thomas Greaves, probably received some of their training under Timothy. [Cambs. RO, Corp. common day bk, p. 343]

Greaves, William, Guisborough, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Greaves, William, Cross Hills, Halifax, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Grecian, Thomas, Sunderland, Co. Durham, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Greedy, William, South St, Wellington, Som., cm (1822). [D]

Green, —, Bury St, St James's, London, u (1725–27). [Heal]

Green, —, Red Cross St, London, chair caner (d. 1740). At the time of his death in August 1740 he was master of Cripplegate workhouse but was stated to have formerly been ‘a chaircaner of large dealings in Red Cross Street of that parish’. [London Evening Post, 19 August 1740]

Green, —, address unknown, cm (1778–92). Recorded in the accounts of Longford Castle, Wilts. In 1788 he was paid £2 10s for a bed and further small payments were made in 1779, 1781, 1783, 1784, 1786, 1787 and 1792. The largest amount was £6 12s 6d in 1786. [V & A archives]

Green, —, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Green, Ann, 20 Mortimer St, London, cm, u and undertaker (1803–08). The Green at this address in the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803, may be Ann or her predecessor (possibly her husband). [D]

Green, Charles, Cross Keys Passage, Cheltenham, Glos., chairmaker and turner (1822). [D]

Green, Charles, Carlton, Royston, near Barnsley, Yorks., cm (1837). [D]

Green, Charles, Circus Yd, Shrewsbury, Salop, cm and u (1840). [D]

Green, Denton, Newcastle, joiner and cm (1811). In May 1811 announced that he had commenced a business above the Nun-gate. By November of the same year however he had moved to Pilgrim St. [Newcastle Courant, 18 May and 16 November 1811]

Green, Edward, 8 Bird St, West Sq., London, cm (1808). [D]

Green, Elias, Market Pl., Wincanton, Som., cm and u (1839). [D]

Green, Ellen, 16 Gt Richmond St, Liverpool, u (1811). [D]

Green, G., 4 Cambridge Rd, Mile End, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Green, George, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1822–37). In 1822 at Kilham Island with a house at Shales Moor. By 1828 at 3 Queen St; in 1833 at 81 Spring St; and in 1837 at 10 Workhouse Croft. [D]

Green, Henry, West Bromwich, Staffs., joiner/cm (1834). [D]

Green, Henry, 3 Court, Bell Bars Rd, Birmingham, cm (1839). [D]

Green, Henry, 14 St Mary St, Weymouth, Dorset, carver and gilder (1840). [D]

Green, J., Brandon, Suffolk, cm (1824). [D]

Green, James, Bradford, Yorks., cm and joiner (1814–18). In 1814 at Market St but in 1818 in Kirkgate. [D]

Green, James, Highcross St, Leicester, cm (1828). [D]

Green, James, 34 Gt Chart St, Hoxton New Town, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Green, John, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (1754). Took as app. Joseph Bucket on 28 December 1754 at a premium of £17 10s. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Green, John, Leeds(?), chairmaker (1773). Twelve Windsor chairs at 5s each and a garden seat at £1 16s were purchased by Edwin Lascelles of Harewood House, Yorks., in October 1773. [Furn. Hist., 1965, 1979]

Green, John, Oxford, cm (1775). On 9 January took out insurance cover for £300 of which £20 was for utensils and stock and a further £20 for workshops in the yard. [GL, Sun MS vol. 236, ref. 348463]

Green, John, 11 Temple Lane, London, upholder (1777). Son of John Green of Temple Lane, Whitefriars, victualler. App. to Francis Hamilton, 4 April 1777 and listed as free of the Upholders’ Co., 7 May 1777. [D; GL., Upholders’ Co. records]

Green, John, Prince's St, Bristol, cm (1793). [D]

Green, John, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Green, John, High St, Leicester, cm (1815). [D]

Green, John, Barnsley, Yorks., cm (1822–37). At Cheapside in 1822, Church St in 1828 and Shambles St, 1834–37. [D]

Green, John, Sheep Mkt, St Ives, Hunts., cm and u (1824–39). [D; Cambs. RO (Hunts.), deed 1677/6]

Green, John, Leicester, cm (1826). [Leicester freemen reg.]

Green, John, 52 Market St, Bradford, Yorks., cm (1830). Also had house at 64 Bridge St. [D]

Green, John, Wakefield, Yorks., cm (1834). [D]

Green, John, Liverpool, u (1840). Son of Thomas Green, jailer. Free 25 July 1840. [Freemen reg.]

Green, Joseph, Charles St, Middlx Hospital London, carver and gilder (1802–39). The number in Charles St is given as 15 until 1825 and 14 from 1826. [D]

Green, Joseph, Angel Row, Nottingham, cm and u (1814–32). [D]

Green, Joseph, High Cross St, Leicester, cm, chairmaker and u (1818–40). Took as app John Bothman, c. 1820. [D; app. reg.]

Green, Joseph, Middlegate, Penrith, Cumb., cm/joiner (1834). [D]

Green, Joseph & Joshua, 33 Carver St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1834–37). [D]

Green, Joshua, High Cross St, Leicester, cm and chairmaker (1822). [D]

Green, Philip, ‘The Three Golden Chairs’, near the Church Wall, Houndsditch, London, upholder (1717–20). Son of William Green, freeman blacksmith of London. App. to Edward Warren, 5 July 1710, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 August 1717. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Green, Philip, Devizes, Wilts., cm etc. (1793). [D]

Green, Richard, Crown Ct, Westminster, London, cm (1749). [Poll bk]

Green, Richard, Pipers Row, Wolverhampton, Staffs., u and paper hanger (1833–34). Recorded at no. 7 in 1834. [D]

Green, Richard, 5 Castle St East, London, chair and sofa maker (1839). [D]

Green, Richard, Church St, Bishops Castle, Salop, chairmaker (1840). [D]

Green, Robert, Market Sq, Chorley, Lancs., joiner and cm (1822–24). [D]

Green, Robert, Cambridge, cm, u and paper hanger (1824–40). In Trumpington St, 1824–25, but from 1839–40 at St. Sepulchre's Passage. [D; poll bk; PR (bapt.)]

Green, Robert, Eastgate, Louth, Lincs., chairmaker and turner (1819–35). [D]

Green, Samuel, Salisbury, Wilts., cm (1762). In 1762 took app. named Marshall. [S of G, app. index]

Green, Samuel, Wetherby, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Green, Sarah, Bristol, u (1813–30). At 11 Philadelphia St, 1813–22, and 25 College Green, 1823–30. By the following year a Mrs Clifford (late Mrs Green) was trading from this address. [D] See William Green, 11 Philadelphia St.

Green, T., Burton-on-Trent, Staffs., cm (1795). [D]

Green, Thomas, Norwich, cm (1711–17). In 1711 took app. named Barnes and in 1717, Lawes. [S of G, app. index]

Green, Thomas, address unknown, chairmaker/u (1723). In 1723 supplied a walnut dressing chair to Temple Newsam House, Leeds. [Furn. Hist., 1967]

Green, Thomas, London, cm (1793–1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Green, Thomas, Masshouse Lane, Birmingham, cm and u (1816). [D]

Green, Thomas, 3 Hollen St, Soho, London, japanner and gilder (1835–39). [D]

Green, Thomas, Todley, Keighley, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Green, Thomas, 37 Long Alley, Finsbury, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Green, Truelove, Hanover Sq., London, u (1734). Declared bankrupt, Gents Mag., March 1734.

Green, William, Rupert St, London, u (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Green, William, Swine Mkt, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1774). [D]

Green, William, Bromsgrove, Worcs., cm (1780). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £500 which included £200 for utensils, stock and workshops. [GL, Sun MS vol. 281, p. 45]

Green, William, 20 Mortimer St, Cavendish Sq., London, upholder and cm (1775–1806). Recorded in 1775 as a sworn appraiser in connection with the executorship accounts concerning the furniture at Ickworth Lodge (Hervey v Bristol). He is named in association with a Henry Bullen. First recorded in trade directories, 1790. [D; PRO, C103/174]

Green, William, Maidstone, Kent, (1790). [Poll bk]

Green, William jnr, Maidstone, Kent, u (1802). [Poll bk]

Green, William, Milk St, Bristol, cm (1793–94). [D]

Green, William, 16 Gt Portland St, London, u (1800–01). [D]

Green, William, Exeter, Devon, cm (1803–20). Included in Militia Census, 1803. Three sons bapt. at St Sidwell's Church, 1813–20. [PR (bapt.)]

Green, William, Church St, Bilston, Staffs., u (1818). [D]

Green, William, 11 Philadelphia St, Bristol, bedstead maker (1818–20). Sarah Green is shown working as an u from this address, 1813–22. [D]

Green, William, West End, Wellingborough, Northants., cm (1823). [D]

Green, William, Exeter, Devon, cm (1826–37). Eight children bapt. at St Sidwell's Church, 1826–38. In 1837 living at Red Lion Ct. [PR (bapt.)]

Green, William, Bolton, Lancs., u and cm (1814–34). At 153 Deansgate in 1818 and New Market Pl., 1824–28. [D]

Green, William, Oxford St, London, portable desk and dressing case maker (1814–37). At 170 Oxford St, 1814–20, but by 1829 the number had changed to 168. A brass inlaid rosewood box has been noted with the label of this maker from 170 Oxford St. This claims that he was ‘Portable desks & Dressing Case Manufacturer to their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Kent & Gloucester’. [D]

Green, William, Corbridge, Northumb., cm and joiner (1828–34). [D]

Green, William, Barnsley, Yorks., cm (1828–37). In Castlereagh St, 1828, but by 1837 in Pitt St. [D]

Green, William, Birmingham, cabinet case maker (1835–39). Trading at 3 Howard St in 1835 and Constitution Hill in 1839. [D]

Green, Bainer & Co., 19 Blackman St, Southwark, London, carvers and gilders (1817). [D]

Green & Co., 29 Wine St, Bristol, u (1792). [D]

Green & Elliott, Angel Row, Nottingham, u (1798–99). [D]

Green & Morton, 21 Lambert St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1816). [D]

Green & Parkinson, 45 Rose Pl., Liverpool, u (1821–39). [D]

Green & Walker, George Yd, Dean St, Soho, London, chair and sofa manufacturer (1829). [D]

Greenacre, James, London, cm (1837). Tried for murder 1837. [Gents Mag., May 1837]

Greenacre, Thomas, Charlotte St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm and chairmaker (1830–39). [D]

Greenacre, William, Howard St, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm (1839). [D]

Greenalgh, William, Henry St, Bury, Lancs., joiner and cm (1816–18). [D]

Greene, Isaac, London(?), joiner (1689). In 1689 made the pulpit for the Chapel, Petworth House, Sussex. [Nat. Trust guide to Petworth]

Greene, John, parish of St Mary, Chelmsford, Essex, chairmaker (1661–71). Baptisms of daughters, 24 February 1661 and 21 November 1671. [PR (bapt.)]

Greene, John, ‘King's Arms’, Poultry, London, glass seller (1670). Imported glass from Venice and a letter survives from Greene to Antonio Morelli in Venice dated 10 February 1670 concerning the quality and size of glasses that he required. [Wills, Looking-Glasses]

Greene, John, address unknown, u (1705). On 1 December 1705 invoiced ‘walnut-tree elbow chairs w. corner elbows’ at £4 for Drayton House, Northants. [V & A archives]

Greene, Mark, London, upholder (1704). Free on the London Upholders’ Co., 6 December 1704. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Greene, William, 16 Portland St, London, cm (1778). In 1778 took out insurance cover for £400 of which £250 was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 264, p. 451]

Greener & Chiesa, Whitechapel, Liverpool, carvers and gilders (1830–39). Probably founded earlier than the first recording in 1830, for in an advertisement in Gore's Directory, 1837, they claimed to have been trading for sixteen years. At 34 Whitechapel, 1830–36 but then moved to premises at 39. They also owned premises in Williamson St. In 1835 their manufactory was at 17 Williamson St and in 1837 their ware-rooms were in premises adjacent to their Whitechapel address but entered from Williamson St. An 1839 directory gives the Whitechapel number as 44. They claimed to keep ‘an assortment of PIER, CHIMNEY & DRESSING GLASSES in great variety’ and solicitated trade orders from builders, glaziers, merchants and shipowners. Imported German clocks. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 26 March 1830]

Greenfinch, Benjamin, Norwich, upholder (1820). Son of Benjamin Greenfinch, weaver. Free 23 February 1820. An 1830 poll bk shows a Benjamin Greenfield, upholder, in the parish of St Peter Mancroft and it is likely that this is an error of surname and is the maker here listed. [Freemen reg.]

Greenhalgh, Samuel, Manchester, u (1813–40). In 1813 at Presshouse Steps Parsonage but from 1825 at Southgate with a residence at 10 Wood St, Salford. [D]

Greening, Edward, 7 Peter St, Bishopsgate, London, lookingglass manufacturer, carver and gilder (1835–37). [D]

Greening, James, 83 Shoe Lane, Fleet St, London, cm (1781). In 1781 took out insurance cover of £100 of which half was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 290, p. 457]

Greening, William, London, carver and gilder, looking and coach glass maufacturer (1820–39). At 14 Wormwood St, Bishopsgate, 1820–29, but by 1835 at 79 Coleman St. [D]

Greenland, Augustus, Canterbury, Kent, cm (1782–1830). In the parish of St Alphege, 1794; Turnagain Lane, 1818; and Knott's Lane 1826. [Poll bks]

Greenleaf, Richard, St Clements, Fore St, Ipswich, Suffolk, cm and u (1830–39). [D; poll bks]

Greenough, James, 59 Bridge St, Manchester, cm and u (1836– 39). [D]

Greenshield, David, York St, Nottingham, cm (1825). [D]

Greenwell, Walter, North Shields, Northumb., u (1827–34). Trade card in Landauer Coll., MMA, NY. Trading at Tyne St in 1827 and 4 Linskill St in 1834. [D]

Greenwell, William & John, corner of Linskill St, Tyne St, North Shields, Northumb., cm and u (1827–34). [D]

Greenwood, Charles, 5 Rood Lane, Fenchurch St, London, upholder and cm (1753–d. 1783). Son of Charles Greenwood of Newgate St, London, cheesemonger, and brother to Thomas Greenwood also an upholder. App. to John Perkins of the Sadlers’ Co., upholder, 2 March 1741. Admitted freeman of the Upholders Co. under the terms of the 1750 Upholders’ Act, 6 September 1753. Master of the Upholders’ Co., 1781. Recorded in London directories from 1765 but clearly trading before this date. Took as apps James Senols, 1757–64; Captain Hawkins, 1761–68; John Cooper, 1768–75; and James Duthoit, 1777–85. From the late 1770s probably had a business relationship with a James Senols who was living in his house in 1777 and in 1781 took out a joint insurance cover with Charles Greenwood on stock and utensils. These were insured for £900. Charles Greenwood was probably a person of some substance by this date as he took out insurance cover of £3,000 on some houses including 7 Rood Lane. His card [Banks Coll., BM] states that he made ‘all sorts of Four Post and Standing Beds’. In 1780 entered a partnership with James Senols his former app. See James and Thomas Greenwood at this address. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 259, p. 495; vol. 290, p. 610; vol. 291, p. 570]

Greenwood, E., 16 Westgate St, Bath, Som., cm and broker (1826). [D]

Greenwood, Erasmus, Norwich, cm (1796–1830). Freeman of Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk. [Gt Yarmouth poll bks]

Greenwood, Isaac, Lancaster, cm (1773–1818). App. to Robert Thorney, cm, 23 February 1767 and free, 1773–74. In 1805 at Cable St but in 1809 at Green St. Named in Gillow records, 1784–86, and it is possible that he was either an employee or operating on a limited basis on his own at this phase. It was not until 1791 that he appears to have taken any apps though from February of that year until May 1807 he took no fewer than twelve. Father of John Greenwood, another Lancaster cm. [D; freemen rolls; app. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Greenwood, James, 23 Fenchurch St, London, upholstery warehouse (1784). [D] See Thomas Greenwood at this address.

Greenwood, James, Sheffield, Yorks., cm, razor strap and case maker (1814–22). At Wicker in 1814 and Nursery in 1822. [D]

Greenwood, John, Green-area, Lancaster, cm (1797–1818). Son of Isaac Greenwood of Lancaster, cm. Free 1797–98. Named in the Gillow records, 1789–98. On 2 April 1807 took an app. jointly with his father which might suggest that he was working in his business at this date. On 4 January 1815 took an app. on his sole responsibility. [D; poll bks; freemen rolls; app. reg.; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Greenwood, John, Haworth, Yorks., cm (1822). [D]

Greenwood, John, Lower Allithwaite, Cartmel, Westmld, cm (1829). [D]

Greenwood, Jonathan, 6 Charles St, Sheffield, Yorks., cabinet case maker (1818). [D]

Greenwood, Peter, Skerton, Lancaster, cm (1768). [Poll bk]

Greenwood, Robert, Lancaster and London, joiner and cm (1766–89). Named in Gillow records from 1766–89 as a joiner, though amongst the items he was employed on was a desk. For part of this time he was an app. having been indentured to G. Blackburn, Bateman & Forren in 1766. Free 1783–84. The freemen rolls give his address as Little Russell St, London. [App. reg.; freemen rolls; Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow]

Greenwood, S., 3 Mill St, Lambeth, London, bent timber manufacturer (1829). [D]

Greenwood, Samuel, Lancaster, cm (1806–07). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Greenwood, Thomas, London, upholder (1768–1811). Son of Thomas Greenwood of Wych St, St Clement Danes, staymaker. App. to Ralph Fryer, innholder, 18 May 1768 and Barnard Baker, 8 May 1772. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 16 November 1791 and then living at the house of a Mr Savil at 1 Bishopsgate St. In 1811 at Paul St, Finsbury Sq. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Greenwood, Thomas, London, upholder (1778–84). In 1778 at Duke St, Lincoln's Inn Fields where he took out insurance cover for £200 which included £50 for utensils and stock. In 1784 at 14 Bath St, Cold Bath Fields where the insurance cover only totalled £100 of which £20 was in repect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 483; vol. 319, p. 350]

Greenwood, Thomas, 23 Fenchurch St, London, u and cm (1787–1808). Son of Charles Greenwood, upholder of Fenchurch St whose business he continued. Freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 5 September 1787. It is not clear when he commenced working in the family business. His father died in 1783 but since 1780 the business had been carried on by the partnership of Greenwood and Senols and this continued after Charles Greenwood's death. In 1784 a James Greenwood is shown in one directory at 23 Fenchurch St and 1788–89 the partnership of Greenwood & Sebire. From 1790 however Thomas Greenwood is shown in sole control. In 1803 subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary. The premises first occupied by his father at 7 Rood Lane were retained and in July 1792 utensils and stock here was insured for £250. Thomas Greenwood was clearly a person of some wealth and in 1790 took out insurance cover on five houses of £3,200. In January 1803 insurance cover totalled £5,350. [D; GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 388, p. 240; ref. 670738; vol. 427, ref. 743700]

Greenwood, Thomas, Lancaster and Preston, Lancs., u (1817– 18). Free of Lancaster, 1817–18, when stated ‘of Preston’, and in 1818 living at Avenham Rd, Preston. [D; Lancaster freemen rolls]

Greenwood, Thomas, Derby Rd, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1832). [D]

Greenwood, Thomas, 19 Old Market, Halifax, Yorks., u (1828–37). Recorded in one directory at no. 20 as a cm and u in 1830. [D]

Greenwood, William, Brighouse, Yorks., cm (1822–34). [D]

Greenwood, William, Dollar St, Cirencester, Glos., cm and u (1827–40). [D; PR (bapt.)]

Greenwood, William, High Ousegate, York, cm and u (1830– 40). Recorded at no. 1 in 1830 and no. 32 in 1840. In April 1839 advertised that he had taken over the premises formerly occupied by John Clemesha, a hatter in High Ousegate. [D; York Gazette, 20 April 1839]

Greer, William, Rupert St, Westminster, London, u (1720–66). Son of Alexander Greer of Critchel More, Dorset, Gent. App. to Phineas Sale, 14 September 1720, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 6 June 1733. In 1738 took app. named Gedding. Attracted patrons of note. In April 1743 submitted a long account for work done at Gibside, Co. Durham for the Bowes family and for furniture hired for a house in Pall Mall and work undertaken at another London house in Conduit St. In total the account came to £521 7s 10½d and was settled in May 1747. A further £40 was paid in August 1746 in part settlement for goods supplied earlier in the month. In May 1755 Greer was paid for ‘a picture of a landscape’. On 11 December 1766 the 1st Duke of Northumberland paid for bedsteads, lace, buckram etc. supplied by Greer. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; S of G, app. index; poll bk; Durham RO, D/St/247, D/St/V.990, D/St/V. 1488–90; V & A archives]

Greetham, James, East End Old Dock, Liverpool, carver (1766). [D]

Greeves, John, High St, King's Lynn, Norfolk, u (1805–08). [D]

Greey, Frederick B., Ramsgate, Kent, cm (1832–37). Freeman of Sandwich, Kent. [Sandwich poll bks]

Gregg, Christopher, Micklegate, York, cm (1823). [D]

Grego, Antonio, 27 Leather Lane, Holborn, London, lookingglass manufacturer and picture frame maker, carver and gilder (1817–37). [D] See S. Grego & Son.

Grego, Anton, Eyre St Hill, London, carver and gilder, lookingglass manufacturer and frame maker (1835–39). In 1835 shown at 236 Eyre St Hill but this may be an error for 36, the number shown in 1837. In 1839 at 35 Eyre St Hill. [D]

Grego, Anthony Lewis, 22 Fetter Lane, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Grego, S. & Son, 27 Leather Lane, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1839). Successor of Antonio Grego at this address. [D]

Grego, T. jnr, 13 Backhill, Hatton Gdn, London, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1835). [D]

Gregory, Benjamin, Wolverhampton, Staffs., cm and u (1816–22). Listed at Dudley St in 1816; and High St and/or High-green in 1822. [D]

Gregory, Benjamin, Silver St, Stockton, Co. Durham, cm (1832). [D]

Gregory, Catherine, York, u (1796). In March 1796 supplied furniture including chairs to the Retreat Quaker Asylum near York. The bills totalled £19 14s 4d. [Borthwick Inst. York, Retreat MS, H/1]

Gregory, Charles, Gt Surrey St, Blackfriars Rd, London, cm (1828). Declared bankrupt, Chester Chronicle, 25 July 1828.

Gregory, Edward, 1 Nassau St, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Gregory, Emanuel, Exeter, Devon, carver and gilder (1836–40). Three daughters bapt., 1836–40. In 1836 at Wells Lane and in 1838 Clarence Pl. [PR (bapt.), St Sidwell's]

Gregory, J., 3 Runts Ct, Castle St, Leicester Sq., London, guncase and plate chest manufacturer (1835). [D]

Gregory, J. H., Exeter, Devon, carver (1839–40). Married Miss Vanstone in June 1839. [Exeter Flying Post, 20 June 1839, 4 March 1840]

Gregory, John, Piccadilly, Manchester, cm and u (1822–34). At 21 Piccadilly, 1822–29, and 47, 1832–34. House at 2 Rose Cottage, Moss Lane, Hulme, 1824–25. On 31 December 1822 supplied carpets etc. to Dunham Massey, Cheshire, amounting to £98 8s 4d. [D; Dunham Massey papers]

Gregory, John, Nelson St, Stroud, Glos., cm (1835). [PR (bapt.)]

Gregory, John, 95 Old St, London, u, undertaker and broker (1840). [GL, Sun MS vol. 574, refs 1333211]

Gregory, Joseph, 17 Castle-grubb St, Sheffield, Yorks., cm (1797). [D]

Gregory, Richard, Hill St, Richmond, Surrey, cm (1838). [D]

Gregory, Robert, Smithy Row, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1778–84). In 1778 insured some houses for £200 and in 1781 took out cover for £700 which included £90 for utensils and stock. In 1779 took app. named William Hedderley, and in 1784 advertised for craftsmen. [GL, Sun MS vol. 269, p. 431; vol. 295, p. 102; app. reg.; Nottingham Journal, 31 July 1784]

Gregory, William, 125 High Holborn, London, u (1824). Took out insurance cover of £500 on a house and offices at 6 Upper King St, Bloomsbury in the tenure of a mould figure-maker, and £150 on household goods in a dwelling house and carpenter's shop, with stock and utensils accounting for a further £350. [GL, Sun MS vol. 496, refs 1019203–04]

Gregory, William, Manchester, cm and u (1825–40). At 74 King St in 1825 and bankrupt the following year. In business again in 1834 at Old Church Yd and from 1832–40 at 27 Half St. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 29 September 1826]

Gregson, Benjamin, Lancaster, cm (1829–30). [Lancaster freemen rolls]

Gregson, Charles, 114 Mill St, Harrington, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Gregson, Joseph, Lancaster, u (1806–07). Admitted freeman, 1806–07, when stated ‘of London’. [Lancaster freemen rolls] Possibly:

Gregson, Joseph, London and Liverpool, u and interior surveyor (1812–d. 1827). Son of William Gregson, block maker and nephew of Mathew Gregson of Liverpool, cm and u. Freeman of Liverpool 5 October 1812. Already by this date however he appears to have been practising as an u in London. He was at 25 Chapel St, Grosvenor Sq. in December 1808 where he took out insurance cover of £150, which included £15 for his tools. He declared his trade as upholder. By February 1812 he was trading on a more extensive scale from 2 Charles St, Grosvenor Sq. with insurance cover of £800 which included £500 in respect of stock and utensils. At this stage he appears to have changed the nature of his trade and declared himself to be an interior surveyor. He offered his services not only in London but also in his home town of Liverpool, using an address at 131 Duke St (changed in 1813 to 129). This address was also used by Ellen & J. Gregson, perfumers, gloves and tea dealers. The Miss Gregson was possibly his sister.

The nature of the services offered at this period are laid out in an advertisement of July 1812. These were the ‘Arranging, Planning & Estimating the Interior DECORATIONS of HOUSES, Warming & Ventilating Rooms of all descriptions on the most safe & scientific principle & Preventing DAMP WALLS, SMOKEY CHIMNEYS & DRY ROT’. In December 1813 he was endorsing a patent smoke conductor designed to remedy smoky chimneys which had been devised by John Fisher of Oundle, Northants. These trading activities continued in both London and Liverpool for a number of years and by 1816 he had a partner, John Browne. They also acted as estate agents and in April 1819 advertised for furnished houses that their clients required. They also offered for sale household furniture which had been made to order and no longer needed by the owners. This included a ‘Town made’ Merlin's Chair, a mahogany secretaire bookcase, a large painted bookcase and a set of mahogany dining tables on tripod claw supports. By August of that year however the partners were bankrupt. Both the London and Liverpool addresses are cited in the bankruptcy proceedings and the partners were declared to be upholders and cm. The furniture making part of the business had certainly continued in Liverpool since the formation of the partnership. In 1821 Joseph Gregson once more appears in the Liverpool directories at 119 Duke St trading on his own account as a ‘working upholsterer etc’. He died on 11 January 1827, aged 40, after a lingering illness. He was declared to have been ‘many years a member of the Royal Institution & Surveyor & upholsterer in London & Liverpool’. [D; Liverpool freemen reg.; GL, Sun MS vol. 445, ref. 823769; vol. 459, ref. 867614; Liverpool Mercury, 31 July 1812, 24 December 1813; April 1819, 13 August 1819, 19 January 1827; Liverpool RO, GRE 920 2/25 42, 920 GRE 3/24] B.A.

Gregson, Mary, 29 Marylebone St, London, u (1839). [D]

Gregson, Mathew, Liverpool, u and cm (1749–1824). The son of a Thomas Gregson, block maker; app. to William Litherland, u, April 1765, in partnership with Elizabeth Urmson 1778–88 and Bullen 1800–06. Two trade cards featuring an oval mirror leaning against a tree in a landscape inscribed ‘GREGSON/upholsterer/Preeson's Row /Liverpool’ are in the Banks Coll., BM, and one of the same design headed GREGSON & BULLEN is in the Landauer Coll., MMA, NY. A painted satinwood urn table [V & A W.45–1935] is inscribed in ink ‘M. Gregson, Liverpool, 1790’ although he may not have made it. A Pembroke table, a satinwood side table and a satinwood cabinet recorded labelled ‘GREGSON / Upholsterer / Preeson's Row / LIVERPOOL / Makes & Sells every Article in the / Present Taste/ From the Plain and Neat to the / Most Superb /Looking Glasses / in Carved & Gilt Frames / Cabinet Goods in the / Best Construction / Designs Made for Interior / DECORATIONS / Goods for Exportation’.

Gregson was one of the most successful Liverpool cm of his generation and by the age of 60 had acquired three country estates, the principal one being at Overton Hall, Cheshire; he was elected an FSA following publication in 1817 of his Fragments Relative to the History and Antiquities of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster and played a leading part in developing the public institutions of Liverpool. He was twice married and fathered eight children. At an exhibition of the Society of Artists in Liverpool in 1774 he showed designs for beds in the Chinese, Palmyrean & Gothic tastes. [Walpole Soc., vol. VI, p. 74] He was sworn a Freeman of Lancaster in 1779–80, of Liverpool in 1786; and subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793 and Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. Richard Watt paid Gregson £788 in 1809–10 for furnishing Speke Hall, the contents of which were sold by auction in 1812. George Bullock had equipped the Great Hall in the same years.

Gregson's main premises were in Preeson's Row, Richmond Row and Paradise St. In 1801 his warehouse, workshop and saw pit in Richmond Row were insured for £800. [GL, Sun MS, vol. 43, ref. 726206] He traded as a paper, lookingglass and feather merchant, u and cm, serving clients in Liverpool, Cheshire and Wales. Sale catalogues of his stock in trade (1814) and of Speke Hall (1812) reveal he was a complete house furnisher and decorator. [Liverpool RO, 920 HOL 6 & GRE 5/22] His library included the pattern books of Chippendale, Ince & Mayhew, Hepplewhite, Sheraton and George Smith as well as volumes of French designs. He designed iron hospital beds and produced a special line of whalebone furniture; in 1804 he patented a new method of stoving feathers and in 1812 submitted a scheme for preventing damp and dry rot.

The Gregson papers [Liverpool RO, 920 GRE] contain copious records of the firm's commissions including an order book J–Z from 1807 onwards, several Journals, a catalogue of his closing down sale in 1814 and a fabric pattern book (there is evidence he designed textiles). Gregson's biography, details of his changes of address, work force, apps and business activities are fully detailed in a dossier compiled by the author and deposited in the Furniture Dept at the V & A. J.D.

Gregson, Robert, Knutsford, Cheshire, cm/joiner (1822). [D]

Greig, Ebenezer, Farringdon St, London, cm and u (1835–39). Shown at Wheatsheaf Yd, Farringdon St, 1835–37, and 27 Farringdon St in 1839. [D]

Greig, William, City Rd, London, u, cm and carpet manufacturer (1819–27). At 11 Union Pl., City Rd in 1819 and from the next year at 32 City Rd. [D]

Grendey, Giles, London, cm (b. 1693–d. 1780). Giles Grendey was born in Wotton-under-Edge, Glos., the son of William Grendey, and his wife Anne (neé Hall). In 1709 he was app. to William Sherborne, a second-generation London joiner. [GL, Indenture] His seven years expired in 1716 when he became a freeman, and by 1726 he was taking apps, one of whom, Christopher Petfield, then petitioned at the Middlx general sessions for his discharge from his apprenticeship to Grendey, and also for the repayment of the ‘consideracon money’ of £5. The order for discharge recorded that Grendey ‘beat the pet.er in a very barbarous manner, sometimes with a great stick and at other times knocking him downe and then kicking him in the face and other parts and in stead of learning him his trade of Joyner sett him to sawing large timber which noe ways relates to the trade and hath likewise often theatened to be the death of the s.d peter’. In 1720 Grendey, of St Paul's, Covent Gdn, married Elizabeth Van Knyven of St Gregory, London, at St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish St. Grendey was elected to the Livery of the Joiner's Co. in 1729. [H. L. Phillips, Annals of the Worshipful Company of Joiners, London, 1915] and became a freeman of the City of London. Indication of Grendey's status in 1731 is provided by newspaper accounts of a fire which attacked his workshop in Aylesbury House, St John's Sq., Clerkenwell, in the early morning of August 3rd. [Daily Courant, Daily Journal, Daily Post, Daily Advertiser, all 4 August 1731; Read's Weekly Journal or British Gazeteer, 7 August 1731] The fire started on the premises of Mr Briggs, an organ maker, but Grendey, described as ‘Cabinet-Maker and ChairMaker’, was the greatest loser, among the stock destroyed being ‘an easy Chair of such rich and curious Workmanship, that he had refus'd 500 Guineas for it, it being intended, ’tis said, to be purchas'd by a Person of Quality who design'd it as a Present to a German Prince’ and furniture to the value of £1,000, which he ‘had pack'd for Exportation against the next Morning’. However the house and Grendey's stock were insured. In 1731 Grendey began again to take apps. The full list, with date, name, and sum of consideration is as follows [PRO, IR 1/12/–18, and GL, Joiners’ Co. bindings]:

July 24 1731 William Dickenson £10
Dec. 20 1731 James Ludford £15
Apr. 15 1735 Edw. Airey £15
Oct. 3 1737 John Tudgey £20
Nov. 18 1737 John Holloway £21
June 18 1741 James Tomlyn £40
Sept. 30 1741 James Turney £10
April 14 1747 Wm. House £15
June 1 1747 James Simpson £10
Dec. 5 1752 John Ashton £43
June 11 1754 Joseph Lawed £30

Tudgey came, like Grendey, from Wotton-under-Edge. Simpson had already served three years with Philip Box. From 1732–39 Grendey supplied furniture to Richard Hoare of Barn Elms, and in 1739 he worked for Sir Jacob de Bouverie of Longford Castle. In 1740 his wife, Elizabeth died at her house in St John's Sq., Clerkenwell; she had borne Grendey several children, Mary (bapt. 18 January 1721, buried 1 December 1722), Elizabeth (bapt. 23 October 1722); a second Mary, another daughter, Sukey, and a son, Samuel (bapt. 7 January 1723). Grendey was on the occasion of his wife's death described as ‘a great Dealer in the Cabinet Way’. [London Evening Post, 9 August 1740] In 1743 Grendey bought a house in Middlx. [Daily Advertiser, 22 April 1743] From 1746–56 he supplied furniture to Henry Hoare of Stourhead. In 1747 Grendey became Upper Warden of the Joiners’ Co. and advertised himself in the Daily Advertiser as ‘cabinet maker in St John's Square Clerkenwell’. He is listed in the London Directory of 1755 as ‘Grindey, Giles, St. John's Square’ and in the same year, on 31 March, his daughter Sukey married John Cobb, the great cm (Grendey was described as ‘an eminent Timber Merchant’, General Evening Post, 1 April 1755): Cobb's bank account at Drummonds records substantial payments to ‘Mr Grendey’ in 1759 and 1763. On 16 January 1758, Grendey ‘of St John's Square Clerkenwell’ insured ‘his fine house only No 2 Lyon St in Clerkenwell in tenure of £1000’ and on 13 April of the same year ‘his household goods utensils stock in trade (glass excluded) in dwelling house & warehouse £800. Stock in yard £200. Total £1000’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 121, p. 542; vol. 122] In 1762 Grendey supplied mahogany to Kedleston Hall, Derbs. In 1757 Grendey again became Upper Warden of the Joiners’ Co. and in 1766 Master, thus emulating his master, Sherborne, who had filled the same post in 1726. However Grendey, by then aged 72, seems to have neglected his duties; in June 1767, the Clerk was directed to write to him to request better attendance and that he was to be present at the next Court, or ‘such methods will be taken as shall be adjudged proper, which ‘tis hoped he will prevent as the same will be equally disagreeable to the Court as to himself’. In 1755 Grendey, still at Clerkenwell, made his will leaving £1,000 to each of his daughters and leaving the rest of his property to be shared equally between his two sons-in-law both described as merchants, Goodson Vines, of Bedford Row, who had married Elizabeth, and Frederick Rasch, of London, who had married Mary. The former was a son of Samuel Vines and Christiana Goodson, who had married in 1730 at Wottonunder-Edge, and thus a fellow-townsman to Grendey, whose own son, Samuel, presumably died before his father. In 1770 the premises of George Seddon, insured for £4,300, were mortgaged to Grendey. [GL, Sun MS, 1770, ref. 281763] By 1779, when he added a codicil to his will, Grendey, then described as ‘gentleman’, had moved to Palmer's Green, where he had ‘a dwelling house, Coach House, Stable building, and ground … lately purchased … and which I have since converted into five cottages’. He died there on Friday, 3 March 1780 aged 87. [London Evening Post, 7–9 March 1780, Gents Mag., 1780, p. 154] Grendey labelled at least some of his products, and surviving labels have allowed their identification. Two labels are known; one reads ‘Giles Grendey In St. John's-square, Clerkenwell, London, Makes and Sells all Sorts of Cabinet-Goods, Chairs and Glasses’; the other adds ‘Tables’, has different typography and lay-out, and a small variation in wording (Fig. 31). The labels have been noted on a wide variety of pieces all apparently dating from about 1735 to 1755; there is no obvious conclusion to be drawn from the type of label used. Seat furniture by Grendey is sometimes stamped with initials: ‘HW’, ‘EA’, ‘GIL’, ‘TM’, ‘IT’. ‘TT’, ‘MW’, and ‘ID’ have been noted (Fig. 30). Such initials are likely to be those of individual chairmakers employed by Grendey. Grendey's known works are listed below in chronological order of discovery or publication: most fall into three stylistic groups: neat well-made pieces in walnut and mahogany, similar pieces lacquered in scarlet for the Spanish market, and a minority of more elaborate works with idiosyncratic carved decoration and shaped panels. Grendey seems not to have worked to any great extent for the nobility and gentry, and the portrait which emerges from the existing evidence is of a provincial immigrant to London who made good through middle-class goods for the home market, specialized goods for the export trade, and was also active as a timber merchant.

[R. W. Symonds, ‘Giles Grendey (1693–1780), and the Export Trade of English Furniture to Spain’, Apollo, 1935, pp. 337–42; R. Edwards and M. Jourdain, ‘Georgian Cabinet-Makers VIII — Giles Grendey, and William Hallett’, C. Life, 1942, pp. 176–77; R. W. Symonds, ‘In Search of Giles Grendey’, C. Life, 1951, pp. 1792–94; GCM; C. Gilbert, ‘Furniture by Giles Grendey for the Spanish trade’, Antiques, XCIX, 1971, 544–50 (see also c, 1971, 919); C. Gilbert, ‘A Chest of Drawers by Giles Grendey’, LAC, 1973; S. Jervis, ‘A Great Dealer in the Cabinet Way’, Giles Grendey (1693–1780), C. Life, 1974, pp. 1418–19]
BARN ELMS, Surrey (Richard Hoare). 1732 bill for chest of drawers, ‘Burow Table’. dressing glasses, chimney glasses, ‘Wrighting Disk’, etc. Total £38 14s 6d; 1732 bill for wall sconces, gold frames for glasses, tables, chest, etc. Total £14 16s 6d; 1737 bill for dressing chair, cabinet with glass doors, etc. Total £21 17s; 1739 bill for alterations to furniture, glass frames, etc. Total £17 6s 6d. [V & A Lib., English manuscripts, tradesmen's bills, Sir R. Hoare, 1731– 54, 86 NN3]
LONGFORD CASTLE, Wilts. (Sir Jacob de Bouverie). 1739 ledger payment: ‘May 14 Greenday the chair maker a bill with an allowance of £8 8s for a sidebord table he had from Red Lyon Street’ £68.
STOURHEAD, Wilts. (Henry Hoare). 1746–56 account book payments, including 29 April 1746 £64 for chairs; March 27 1751, £133 2s 9d; June 24 1752, £10 17s. [Wilts. RO, MS 383/6]
KEDLESTON HALL, Derbs. (Lord Scarsdale). 1762 bill of 13 January for ‘1 Fine Jamaia. Mahog. Plank …, £21.0.0. To Sawing I Cut in Do 1s. 4d, to Carrying to the Swan Inn 1s 6d, Total £1210 Receiv'd Josh. Lawes’. [Kedleston Hall archives]
LABELLED FURNITURE. Armchair and chair, mahogany, boldly carved. [P. Macquoid, Age of Mahogany, 1906]
Armchair, (Fig. 29) chairs, day-beds, mirrors, tables, and tripod candle-sticks, deal, oak and beech with scarlet japanning, at least 77 pieces, Duke of Infantado, Lazcano Castle, Spain, now widely scattered. [R. W. Symonds, 1935, C. Gilbert, 1971]

Wardrobe, mahogany, broken pediment, shaped panels. [R. Edwards & M. Jourdain, 1942]

Cabinet, mahogany, scrolled pediment, mirrored doors, carved apron, Colonial Williamsburg. [R. Symonds, 1951]
Mirror, in farmhouse in Southern Norway. [Joy, Conn., CLXIX, 1968, 18]

Chest of drawers, mahogany. [Sotheby's, London, 15 October 1971, lot 73]

Double chest of drawers, walnut. [C. Gilbert, 1973]

Mirror, walnut, gilt eagle in roundel, private collection, Norway. [S. Jervis, 1971]

Six chairs, walnut, ladderback, Newport Church, Essex. [S. Jervis, 1974]

Table, mahogany, drop-leaf. [Sotheby's, London, 9 November 1977, lot 47]

Chest of drawers, mahogany. [Christie's, London, 30 November 1978, lot 97]

Twelve chairs, walnut, cabriole legs. [C. Gibbs Ltd, London, 1979]

Four chairs and small sofa en suite, mahogany, boldly carved, same pattern as Macquoid chairs. [Gunton Park, Norfolk, Sale, 25 November 1980, lot 2014]

Three chairs, and armchair, walnut, shells on legs and top rail. [Sotheby's, NY, 21 November 1981, lots 233–35] S.J.

Grenons, James, ‘The Black Lyon’, Witch St, St Clement Danes, London, upholder (1720). On 9 February 1720 insured goods and merchandise in the house of John Probart, coachmaker at the sign of ‘The Angel’ in Little Queen St. [GL, Sun MS vol. 10, ref. 16592]

Gresley, Thomas, Hull, Yorks., cm and victualler (1834–40). In 1834 at North St, Prospect Pl. but by 1838 had taken the ‘Providence Inn’, Francis St and added the trade victualler to that of cm [D]

Gretton, Thomas & Lake, Richard, Dorchester, Dorset, joiners and cm (1778). In 1778 insured their utensils and stock for £100. [GL, Sun MS vol. 263, p. 599]

Grevett, John, London, upholder (1707–15). Son of Richard Grevett, freeman upholder of London. App. to Constable Wheeler, 6 August 1707, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 9 February 1714/15. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Grevett, Richard, London, upholder (1715). Father of John Grevett. Freeman of the Upholders’ Co. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Greville, George, 43 Wheeler St, Spitalfields, London, chair and sofa maker (1827–35). [D]

Greville, Henry & Co., 28 Brokers Row, Moorfields, London, cm (1820). [D]

Greville, Henry, 39 Buttesland St, City Rd, London, carver and cm (1839). [D]

Grew, John, address unrecorded, carver (late 17th century). Assistant to Edward Pearce of London at Sudbury Hall, Derbs. [C. Life, 22 June 1935]

Grewer, William, 67 John St, Fitzroy Sq., London, upholder (1808). [D]

Grews & Wright, London, carpenters (1790–92). Carried out furniture repairs including a new claw for a dumb waiter and fitting drawers to a bookcase for Gertrude, Dowager Duchess of Bedford at 49 and 112 Pall Mall, London. [Bedford Office, London]

Grewny, Hugh, 181 Drury Lane, London, upholders, undertaker and auctioneer (1786). On 8 April 1786 took out insurance cover of £900 of which utensils and stock at the address above accounted for £300 and similar items in another building £400. [GL, Sun MS vol. 337, p. 178]

Grey, —, Brownlow St, Holborn, London, see Belcher & Grey.

Grey, John, Leeds, Yorks., cm (1817–30). In 1817 at Market Pl. and in 1822 recorded at Bay Horse Yd, Market Pl. where he traded until at least 1826. At 26 Albion St in 1830. From 1826 also joiner. [D]

Grey, Peter, 13 East St, Manchester Sq., London, cm (1808). [D]

Grey, T. B., Meeting St, Ramsgate, Kent, cm (1838). [D]

Grey, W., 2 Jermyn St, London, cabinet, gun case and window blind maker (1837). [D]

Grey, W. P., London, cm and u (1827–37). At 48 Wardour St, Soho from 1827–29, but in 1837 at Caromile St, Bishopsgate St where his trade was stated to be cabinet and gun case maker. [D]

Grey, William jnr, Liverpool, u (1818). Free 20 June 1818. Trade stated to be u, ‘now Tailor and Breeches Maker’. [Freemen reg.]

Grice, Edward, London, upholder (1730). Son of Thomas Grice of Charlton, Middlx, Esq. App. to William Redknap, 7 August 1723, and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 7 October 1730. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Grice, Joseph, Dedham, Essex, cm (1815). Aged 41 in this year. [Essex RO, Q/RJ1/12]

Gridley, Charles, High St, Taunton, Som., carver and gilder (1822–39). [D]

Gridley, Timothy, Norwich, cm (1783). Free 24 February 1783, not by servitude. [Freemen reg.]

Grief, J., Brandon, Suffolk, cm (1824). [D]

Grieve, Thomas, 43 Cow Cross St, London, cm (1803). On 15 July 1803 took out insurance cover of £400 of which £300 was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 427, ref. 750394]

Grieve, William, Morpeth, Northumb., joiner and cm (1827–28). In 1827 at Buller's Green but in 1828 at Newgate St. [D]

Grieves, Thomas, South Shields, Co. Durham, (1834). [D]

Grieveson, Valentine, Milburn Gate, Durham, cm and joiner (1828). [D]

Griffey, John, Palace St, Canterbury, Kent, carver, gilder, herald and sign painter (1823). [D]

Griffin, —, Wardour St, Soho, London, cm (d. 1731). Noted as a wealthy maker. Died at his lodgings in Lambeth Marsh, 1731. [Harris, Old English Furniture, p. 22]

Griffin, Edward, South Lane, Exeter, Devon, cm (1836). Son Edward bapt. at Holy Trinity, 16 October 1836. [PR (bapt.)]

Griffin, H., Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1826–29). In 1826 at 27 Lower Lambeth Marsh and in 1829 at Binwall Rd. [D]

Griffin, James, Clements Lane, London, cm and carpenter (1777). In 1777 insured his utensils, stock and goods for £90 out of a total cover of £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 257, p. 253]

Griffin, James, High St, Dudley, Worcs., cm and u (1820–40). [D]

Griffin, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1832–35). Two daughters bapt., 1832–35. [PR (bapt.)]

Griffin, Richard, High St, Bewdley, Worcs., cm (1793–1831). [D; Worcs. poll bk]

Griffin, Thomas, 23 Pill St, Tottenham Ct Rd, London, carver (1777). In 1777 insured his house for £200. [GL, Sun MS vol. 254, p. 493]

Griffin, Thomas, London, sedan and invalid chairmaker, chair and sofa maker (1820–39). References earlier than 1820 exist for this maker but at this period he was probably in the employ of William Griffin & Co. of Whitcomb St, sedan chairmakers to George III. In the period 1820–29 at 28 Princes St, Leicester Sq. at which address in 1821 he took out insurance cover on utensils and stock for £1,000. By 1838 at 6 Leicester Sq. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 488, ref. 976715]

Griffin, William, London, sedan, porters’ hall and invalid chair makers (1787–1825). In Coventry St, 1787–1806, but from 1791 had additional premises in Whitcomb St which soon became the centre of the business operations. The number is shown as 1 from 1800–04, 31 in 1807 and 74 from 1808. Insurance cover in 1807 on stock and utensils was £500. From 1808 the business is listed as William Griffin & Co. Patrons included the Royal Family, the Duchess of Bedford and the Marquis of Salisbury. Much of the business appears to have been in the manufacture and maintenance of sedan chairs but Sheraton included this maker in the list of master cabinet makers in his Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 440, refs 804745–46; Windsor Royal Archives, RA 25076, 25196, 88962; Hatfield House MS, bills 612/52, 630; Bedford Office, London]

Griffin, William, 18 Gt Sutton St, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1806–08). Bankruptcy announced in February 1806 but a directory entry exists for 1808 which may suggest a recommencement of the business. [D; Liverpool Chronicle, 5 February 1806]

Griffin, William, High St, Bewdley, Worcs., cm and u (1835). [D]

Griffin, William, Market St, Tring, Herts., cm and u (1839). [D]

Griffin & Row, 4 Little Bridge St, Blackfriars, London, japanned chair manufacturers (1816–25). [D]

Griffith, —, Chester, cm (1786–92). App. on 16 December 1786 to John Coake, cm, but on 7 December 1791 assigned to James Gardner, cm. Free 22 November 1792. [App. bk]

Griffith(s), Charles, Watergate St Row, Chester, cm and u (1831–40). Freeman of Chester, 27 April 1831. Bankrupt March 1838 and on 3 April his stock was offered for sale at his premises at 89 Watergate St Row. This consisted of ‘four post and tent bedsteads with chintz curtains lined and fringed, hair and flock mattresses, goose feather beds, mahogany and painted chests of drawers, washing and dressing tables, looking glasses, chairs and bedroom carpets’. Despite his financial difficulties he soon recommenced business and in April 1840 advertised from his new premises at 44 Watergate St Row that he was maintaining a ‘GENERAL UPHOLSTERY, Cabinet, Carpet, Rug and Paper Hanging Establishment’. He stated that ‘Cabinet and Upholstery Furniture of every description manufactured on the premises from a wellseasoned stock of mahoganies, and other Fancy Woods’ was available. He was agent for the British Plate Glass Co., acted as a general appraiser and offered to supply mahogany and rosewood in plank and veneer. By July 1840 however he was once more insolvent and his stock was sold off by auction. [D; freemen rolls; Chester Courant, 20 and 27 March 1838; 24 April, 24 July and 14 August 1840]

Griffith, Edward, Chester, cm (1818–26). Free 14 May 1818. At St Martin's Pl., 1818–19, but in 1826 at Bedward Row. [Freemen rolls; poll bks]

Griffith, H, 45 Comrel Rd, Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Griffith, Isaac, Stafford St, Market Drayton, Salop, cm (1822). [D]

Griffith, J., Red Cross St, Southwark, London, cm (1794–1803). Included in Sheraton's list of master cabinet makers in his Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Griffith, John, Chester, cm (1771–77). Son of Thomas Griffith, innholder. App. to John Johnson, cm, 13 January 1771 and free 30 January 1777. [App. bk]

Griffith, John, Chester, cm (1783). Free 24 March 1783. [App. bk]

Griffith, John, Chester, cm and carpenter (c. 1791). Took as app. Richard Kidd c. 1791. Probably either of the two cm above. [App. bk]

Griffith(s), John, 7 Lant St, Southwark, London, cm, u and undertaker (1809–39). From 1816 listed as John & William Griffith. The business was probably of a substantial size for in August 1809 out of a total insurance cover of £1,400 no less than £1,200 was for utensils and stock. By 1820 the cover for utensils and stock had risen to £1,400. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 446, ref. 834278; vol. 485, ref. 972520]

Griffith, John, Charlotte Row, Walworth, London, carver and gilder (1826–29). [D]

Griffith, John, Lower Bridge St, Chester, spirit dealer and u (1840). [D]

Griffith, Samuel, 90 Dale End, Birmingham, upholder (1805–08). [D] Possibly Samuel Griffiths.

Griffith(s), Thomas, Market Drayton, Salop, cm (1822–35). Recorded at Shropshire St, 1822–28, and High St, 1835. [D]

Griffith, Thomas, Wishing Steps, City Walls, Chester, u (1831– 40). Free 28 April 1831. [D; freemen rolls]

Griffith, William, Suffolk St, Haymarket, London, u (1698–1709). App. to Robert Roads, merchant tailor and free of the Upholders’ Co., 24 October 1698. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Griffith, William, 5 Blossom St, Norton Falgate, London, chairmaker (1808). [D]

Griffith, William & Co., 8 Giltspur St, Smithfield, London, cabinet brass founder, cabinet furniture manufacturer and factor (1815). [D]

Griffith & Payne, 16 Long Lane, West Smithfield, London, oval turners, carvers, gilders and picture frame makers (1806–11). Trade card in Banks Coll., BM. [D]

Griffiths, Charles, 5 Fairhurst St, Cheapside, Liverpool, u (1790). [D]

Griffiths, Charles, Raven St, Shrewsbury, Salop, u (1796). [Freemen rolls]

Griffiths, Charles, Birmingham, u and paper hanger (1822–35). Listed at Worcester St in 1822 and Ladywell Walk in 1835. [D]

Griffiths, Charles Overton, Church St, Hackney, London, carver and gilder (1826). [D]

Griffith(s), Edward, Dean St, Soho, London, u and cm (1743– 59). Assistant to Benjamin Goodison and possibly his nephew. Set up his own business in Dean St which attracted influential patrons. He was employed by the 4th Earl of Cardigan at Longford Castle, Wilts. in 1747 and charged £88 15s for gilding the cornice, chair rail and other mouldings. Also worked at the Earl's London house in Dover St. Between 1746–49 he supplied for Dover House a number of tables, picture frames, screens and boxes, repaired ‘a small India cabinet’ and made a six-fold screen with a mahogany frame on which eighteen pictures could be mounted. In December 1750 a bill from Griffiths for £75 9s is recorded and a further one in April 1759 for £40. Also worked at Deene Park, Northants. Subscribed to Chippendale's Director, 1754. [Heal; GCM; DEF; C. Life, 26 December 1931, p. 715; Westminster poll bk]

Griffiths, G., 15 Pearl St, Spitalfields, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Griffiths, George, 9 Waterloo Rd, London, carver and gilder, looking-glass maker (1835–39). In 1839 shown as George & John Griffiths. [D]

Griffiths, Griffith, London, cm and u (1820–39). At 125 Old St, St Luke's in 1820 and 28 King St, Regent St in 1839. [D]

Griffiths, Henry, Upper Priory, Birmingham, u (1816). [D]

Griffiths, Henry, 44 Charlotte St, Somers Town, London, cm and u (1827–35). [D]

Griffiths, Henry, 17 Commercial Rd, Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1829–32). [D]

Griffiths, Henry, 22 Mount St, Lambeth, London, carver and gilder (1832). [D]

Griffiths, Henry, 27 Drury Lane, London, furniture dealer, carver and gilder (1835–39). [D]

Griffiths, Henry, 94 Broad Wall, London, looking-glass manufacturer (1837). [D]

Griffiths, Isaac, Market Drayton, Salop, cm and builder (1822– 35). Recorded at Stafford St in 1822 and Staffordshire St, 1828–35. [D]

Griffiths, James, Liverpool, u (1827–34). In 1827 the address is given in one directory as 48 Adlington St and in another as 24 Hunter St. In 1834 at 26 Trowbridge St. [D]

Griffiths, Joel, London, carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (1802–27). At 3 Prince's St, Blackfriars Rd in 1802 when he took out insurance cover of £300 which included £100 for utensils and stock. He remained at this address until at least 1808 but in 1826 had moved to 19 Prince's St, Gt Surrey Rd. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 424, ref. 738461]

Griffiths, John, Llanyblodwel, Salop, cm (1759). In 1759 took app. named Jones. [S of G, app. index]

Griffiths, John, Southwark, London, bedstead maker and u (1774–93). Addresses given at the Mint, Southwark, 1774– 84, and Falcon Ct, 1782–93, though these may represent the same location. Took out insurance on a house or houses ranging from £150 in 1774 to £1,000 in 1793. In 1784 the policy was taken out in the names of John & Thomas Griffiths. [GL, Sun MS vol. 302, p. 130; vol. 319, p. 337; vol. 395, p. 386; Hand in Hand MS vol. 116, ref. 55418]

Griffiths, John, Bentinck St, Westminster, London, u (1784). [Poll bk]

Griffiths, John, Bristol, cm (1792–1823). Shown at Horse Fair for the full span of operations except in 1815 when an address at 29 Frogmore St was listed. [D]

Griffiths, John, 27 Little Alie St, Goodman's Fields, London, u and cm (1794–1812). From 1809 the business is listed as Griffiths & Barrett. In the list of master cabinet makers in Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803. [D; Heal]

Griffiths, John, 5 Queen Sq., Moorfields, London, chair stuffer (1808). [D]

Griffiths, John, Bolingbroke Row, Camberwell, London, looking-glass manufactory (1822). [D]

Griffiths, John, 21 Berry St, Liverpool, chairmaker (1827). [D]

Griffiths, Joseph, London, carver and gilder (1809–26). At 8 Prince's St 1809–20, and in 1826 at 19 Graval Lane, Southwark. [D]

Griffiths, Richard, Bridge St, Kington, Herefs., chairmaker and turner (1822–40). [D]

Griffiths, Richard, 17 Lower West St, Bristol, cm and cabinet carver (1829–c. 1840). [D]

Griffiths, Robert, 13 St Martin's Liverpool, joiner and cm (1835). [D]

Griffiths, Robert, Dedham, Essex, cm (1839). [D]

Griffiths, Samuel, Brewer St, Golden Sq., London, upholder (1790). [D]

Griffiths, Samuel, Bristol St, Birmingham, u (1822). [D] Possibly Samuel Griffith.

Griffiths, Samuel, Bristol, cm, chairmaker and bedstead maker (1836–40). At 46 Redcliffe St in 1836 but by the following year the number had changed to 49. By 1839 had moved to 43 Merchant St. In 1838 one directory lists the business as Stephen Griffiths. From 1837 the business declared that they sold both retail and wholesale. [D]

Griffiths, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1761). Former app. Mathew Page, admitted freeman in 1761. [Freemen's committee bk]

Griffiths, Thomas, Pimlico, London, upholder (1784). [Westminster poll bk]

Griffiths, Thomas, Bristol, cm and u (1817–34). At 65 Broadmead, 1817–20, and 6 Lower Montague St, 1821–34. [D]

Griffiths, Thomas, Bridge St, Kington, Herefs., turner and chairmaker (1830). [D]

Griffiths, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1835–39). In 1835 maintained a shop at 6 Brook's Alley but in 1837 the address is given as Paradise Ct, Paradise St and in 1839 as 91 Islington. [D]

Griffiths, Thomas, 107 London Rd, London, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Griffiths, William, Chester and Wrexham, Clwyd, N. Wales, u (1732). Freeman of Chester but in 1732 living at Wrexham. [Chester poll bk]

Griffiths, William, St John St Rd, Clerkenwell, London, cm (1827). Father of an illegitimate child born to Emma Saunders of Islington. [GL, P83/MRYI/877, p. 118]

Griffiths, William, 9 Church St, Kensington, London, cm (1835). [D]

Griffiths, William, 23 Northampton St, Liverpool, cm (1837). [D]

Griffiths, William, 2 Crown St, Walworth Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Grigg, James, Bristol, cm (1781). [Poll bk]

Grigg, William, Broad-ware, Bristol, cm (1793). [D]

Grigg, William, Rayleigh, Essex, ironmonger and u (d.1821). Probate on his will granted 1821. [Wills at Chelmsford]

Griggi, Joseph, 22 Parker St, Liverpool, looking-glass and picture frame maker (1829). [D]

Griggs, Isaac, Holborn, London, carver and gilder (1790–1820). At 216 Holborn, 1790–93, but from 1800 at 125. [D]

Grigson, James, London, upholder (1698). Free of the Upholders’ Co., 7 December 1698. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Grime, George, Deansgate, Bolton, Lancs., cm (1814–18). [D]

Grime, Joseph, 115 Deansgate, Bolton, Lancs., cm and u (1814–18). [D]

Grime, Thomas, Wray, near Lancaster, joiner and cm (1828– 33). On 7 November 1833 his youngest daughter Sophia married T. Walker, cm of Lancaster, at Melling. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 15 November 1833]

Grime & Greasdale, Bolton, Lancs., cm and wheel wrights (1793). [D]

Grimes, —, address unrecorded, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Grimes, Christopher, Bethnal Green, London, cm (1808). [D]

Grimes, John, Coventry, Warks., cm (1755–56). In 1755 took app. named Taylor. Recorded working for the Hon. Mrs Leigh at Stoneleigh Abbey, Warks. in 1756. He supplied a ‘neat mahogany table with a drawer’ at £1 4s and a ‘wallnot stool’ at 5s. [S of G, app. index; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Leigh receipts, DR/18/5]

Grimes, John & Thomas, 69–70 Red Lion St, Camberwell, London, cm and u (1795–1823). From 1795–1800 the business is listed as Grimes, Dawes & Co. but from 1801 as John & Thomas Grimes. From 1813 the business appears to have been in the sole control of John Grimes. One of their specialist lines was the manufacture of medicine chests. [D]

Grimmer, Thomas, St Martin's, Norwich, carver (1805). [D]

Grimsdell, James, West Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Grimsey, Rowning, 23 Butcher Row, Ratcliffe, London, broker and cm (1821). On 1 August 1821 took out insurance cover of £200 which included £45 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 486, ref. 981977]

Grimson, John, Aylsham, Norfolk, cm and joiner (1822). [D]

Grimstead, —, Aylesbury House, St John's Sq., London, cm and chairmaker (1731). [Daily Advertiser, 4 August 1731]

Grimstead, Joseph, ‘The King's Arms’, St Paul's Churchyard, London, chairmaker (1707–12). Employed at Boughton, Northants., 1707–08, and at the time of the death of the 1st Duke in 1709 was owed £27 6s. This was settled in 1712. In September 1708 supplied eighteen walnut chairs at a cost of £9 6s to the 2nd Duke of Bedford. [V & A archives; Bedford Office, London]

Grindall, Thomas Witty, 43 and 35 Waterworks St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1840). [D]

Grindley, Jeremiah, London, chairmaker (1818). Freeman of Norwich. [Norwich poll bk]

Grinling, Robert, Halesworth, Suffolk, cm (1759). In 1759 took app. named Pake. [S of G, app. index]

Grinold, William, Broad St Park, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1822). [D]

Grisbrook, William, St John Lane, London, cm (d. 1799). Death recorded, May 1799. Stated to have been ‘near 40 yrs a cabinet-maker’. [Gents Mag., May 1799]

Grisbrook, William, East Cross, Tenterden, Kent, looking-glass and picture frame maker, painter, plumber and paper hanger (1839). [D]

Grist, Edward, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hants., turner and chairmaker (1778–81). In 1781 insured a number of houses for £800. [GL, Sun MS vol. 269, p. 347; vol. 296, p. 560]

Grist, Samuel, Upton Scudamore, Wilts., u (1723). On 5 August 1723 his son Edward was app. to William Carpenter of Upton Scudamore, broad-weaver. [Wilts. Apps and their Masters]

Gritten, Henry, London, carver and gilder (1820–37). At 22 Mount St, Westminster Rd, but from 1835 trading also at Duncannon St, Charing Cross. [D]

Gritten, J., 8 Mount St, Lambeth, looking-glass manufacturer (1817). [D]

Gritton, Thomas, Dorchester, Dorset, cm (1793). [D]

Groaters, John, London, cm (1793). Subscribed to Sheraton's Drawing Book, 1793.

Groce, Joshua, Grape Lane, York, carver, gilder and barometer maker (1830–38). At 15 Grape Lane in 1830 but from 1837– 38 the number is shown as 14. [D]

Grocock, James, Hull, Yorks., cm and u (1834). [D]

Grocock, John, Hull, Yorks., cm, u, auctioneer and broker (1831–40). At 15 Blackfriargate in 1834, 3 Junction Dock St, 1834–40 and 30 Silver St in 1838. [D]

Grocott, William, 13 Simpson St, Manchester, cm (1817). [D]

Groffman, D., 2 Cannon St Rd, London, cm and chairmaker (1837). [D] Succeeded by:

Groffman, Ebenezer, 2 Cannon St Rd, London, cm and u (1839). [D]

Grogan, Charles, address unknown, gilder (1772). On 22 December 1772 received £53 2s for gilding work at Corsham Court, Wilts. [V & A archives]

Grogan, F. M., address unknown, gilder (1768–72). Received £12 18s for gilding picture frames at Corsham Court, Wilts. Subsequent payments were made to a Grogan, gilder from June 1768 to 21 September 1772 for gilding work but these may have been made to either F. M. or Charles Grogan. The amounts total £242 6s 6d. Some of the work may have been on mirrors designed by Robert Adam. [V & A archives; C. Life, 5 November 1938]

Gronoufe, James, London, upholder (1707). In 1707 insured a brick house in the parish of St Clement Danes for £500. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 6, ref. 15419] Probably:

Gronous, James, ‘The Black Lyon’, Wych St, Strand, London, upholder (1700–39). App. to Henry Heasman and free of the Upholders’ Co., 7 August 1700. Master of the Upholders’ Co., 1739. Took as apps Richard Brisco, 1705–24; Richard Kerrington, 1708–20; William Schouten, 1720–28; Roger Tomlin, 1720–21; and George Dale, 1720–29. In February 1707 he took out insurance cover for £100 on a house on the east side of Butcher Hall Lane in Christchurch parish and may have been living here at this date. By February 1714 however he was at ‘The Black Lyon’ in Wych St which he insured for £500. In 1725 a similar sum was designated as cover for goods and merchandise at this address. He had possibly ceased to trade as an upholder by the mid 1730s as a newspaper report in December 1735 referred to him as ‘late an eminent upholsterer’. His only known commission is that for the 1st Duke of Portland who, for equipage, furniture and workmanship to August 1721, had provided patronage to the extent of £652 12s 3d. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Hand in Hand MS vol. 6, ref. 15419; vol. 14, ref. 15419; vol. 21, ref. 36672; London Daily Post, 17 December 1735]

Groom, John, New St, Wellington, Salop, chairmaker and turner (1840). [D]

Groom, William, Trinity St, Chester, cm (1826). Free 17 June 1826. [Freemen rolls]

Groome, Edward, North End, Gt Yarmouth, Norfolk, cm, u and chairmaker (c. 1810–22). Trade card [Norwich Local Hist. Lib.] describes the business as that of a ‘Cabinet & Chair Maker, Upholstery & Paper Hanging Warehouse’. The card is illustrated with engravings of patent beds, a chair, cabinet and sofa. [D]

Grose, J., 44 Newman St, Oxford St, London, cm (1829). [D]

Grossmith, William, Minster St, Reading, Berks., carver and gilder (1820–26). [Poll bks]

Grosvenor, Elizabeth, 54 Burlington Arcade, London, writing and dressing case maker (1835). [D]

Grosvenor, John, Broad St, Ludlow, Salop, cm and u (1840). [D]

Grosvenor, Richard, London, upholder (1700). App. to Thomas Ward and free of the Upholders’ Co., 27 August 1700. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Grove, Edmund, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (b. c. 1776–1841). Son Thomas bapt., 1820 and a daughter two years later. Aged 65 at the date of the 1841 Census. [PR (bapt.)]

Grove, J., 33 Brick Lane, Old St, London, u and cm (1820). [D]

Grove, John, 46 Houndsditch, London, cm (1781–87). In 1781 insured his house for £200 and in 1787 household goods for £300. [GL, Sun MS vol. 293, p. 34; vol. 345, p. 318]

Grove, John, 18 Brownlow St, Holborn, London, upholder and auctioneer (1817). [D]

Grove, John Howton, parish of St Paul, Exeter, Devon, cm (1832). [Poll bk]

Grove, William, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1835). Daughter bapt., 1835. [PR (bapt.)]

Grover, J., Oxford Pl., Westminster Rd, London, bent timber manufacturer (1829). [D]

Grover, James Yeall(?), Hull, Yorks., cm (1831–40). App. to John Dickon of Hull in 1812. Trading at 21 West St in 1831 but from 1834–40 at 27 Middle St. [D; Hull app reg.]

Grover, Robert, Brighton, Sussex, cm, u and undertaker (1822–40). Baptisms of five daughters and a son recorded, 1822–40. At 35 Ship St in 1822 but by the next year the number had changed to 37. By 1827 at Crown Gdns, and from 1832–35 at North Gdns. Later addresses are Norfolk Sq. in 1837 and 10 Western Rd, 1839–40. [PR (bapt.)]

Groves, Charles, London, japanner and gilder (c. 1750). Trade card [Banks Coll., BM] dates from the mid 18th century and states that he has ‘Removed from Long Acre to ye Golden Head, the further End of Brownlow St. from Drury Lane’.

Groves, George, Walmgate, York, joiner/cm (1816–18). [D]

Groves, George, 22 Jamaica Row, Rotherhithe, London, cm (1821). On 4 April 1821 took out insurance cover of £100 which included £50 on his ‘Chest of tools in the workshop of Hanebuth 27 Lant St. Borough’. [GL, Sun MS vol. 489, ref. 991234]

Groves, George, Cerne Abbas, Dorset, cm (1840). [D]

Groves, John, 53 Rathbone Pl., London, u (1809). [D]

Groves, John, Richmond, Yorks., cm (1816). [PR (bapt.)]

Groves, John, 8 Gun St, Bishopsgate St, London, carver and gilder (1829). [D]

Groves, John, Bury Hill End, Chesham, Bucks., chairmaker (1830). [D]

Groves, John, 6 Steward St, Spitalfields, London, carver and cm (1839). [D]

Groves, John, Prewett St, Cathay, Bristol, chairmaker (1838–40). [D]

Groves, Michael, 26 Holywell Row, Shoreditch, London, cm (1820–27). [D]

Groves, Thomas & Robert, Boroughgate, Appleby, Westmld, cm/chairmaker (1829–34). [D]

Groves, William, Worthing, Sussex, cm and u (1823–40). At Montague St, 1823–32, and from 1839 at Chapel St. [D]

Groves, William, King Sq., York, cm and u (1815–40). App. to Thomas Walls, cm of York, 14 February 1815. Took his first app. William Snow, on 15 April 1829. Subsequently he took William Crowther, 4 August 1830; Benjamin Masterman, 26 October 1831; John Hill, 11 April 1833; William Shepherd, 20 January 1834; Benjamin Linto Suggett, 1 January 1835; George Bean, 4 January 1837; William Bland, 30 January 1838; Thomas Snow, 6 March 1839; and Henry Owen, 1 June 1840. At 2 King Sq., 1830–40 but in 1838 the number was 3. [D; York app. reg.]

Grubb, Edward, 4 Edmund St, Birmingham, mason and carver (1770). [D]

Grubb, Samuel, 4 Edmund St, Birmingham, mason and carver (1770). [D]

Grubb, William, Cambridge, joiner (1673–d.1725). William Grubb received two payments from Trinity College in 1673 and 1679 for general joinery work. Two payments were also made to him by Christ's College, both for supplying furniture, 28 March 1690 ‘To W Grub for 18 chair frames, and one Elbow chair frame p bill £2. 13. 0.’. John Lunton upholstered them in leather. The other payment in 1691 ‘June 3 paid Willm Grub for the exchange of ye old table and old cupboard for An oval table and two sideboard tables in ye Lodging’, £1. 15s. He died in the parish of St Michael, Cambridge in 1725. [Archives of Trinity and Christ's Colleges; Will AR 2:35 University Lib.] R.W.

Grube, Gotlieb, 17 Old Burlington St, London, cm and inlayer (1780). In 1780 took out insurance cover of £300 which included £200 for utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 282, p. 572]

Grumbridge, J., 42 Poland St, London, cabinet turner (1835). [D]

Grundy, Isaac, Bolton Ct, Preston, Lancs., u and paper hanger (1834). [D]

Grundy, John, Wirlaton, Wickham, Durham, joiner and cm (1828). [D]

Grundy, John Clowes, 4 Exchange St, Manchester, carver, gilder, barometer and looking-glass maker (1832–40). In 1836 listed as Grundy & Goadsby. [D] See Fox & Grundy.

Grundy, Joseph, Nottingham, joiner and cm (1818). In 1818 took app. named Elijah Middup. [App. reg.]

Grundy, William, Woolwich, London, cm (1823–39). At William St from 1823–32 but in 1838 at 101–02 Powis St though in 1839 the number had changed to 103. [D]

Grundy, William, Parliament St, Nottingham, cm (1835). [D]

Grundy & Fox, 25 St Anne's Sq., Manchester, carvers, gilders, picture frame and looking-glass repairers (1829). [D]

Grundy & Goadsby, 4 Exchange St, Manchester, carvers and gilders (1836). [D]

Guanziroli, Guiseppe, 106 Hatton Gdn, London, looking-glass and artificial flower maker (1834–40). [Goodison, Barometers]

Gudd, Robert, Powis St, Woolwich, London, cm and u (1832). [D]

Gudgeon, Robert & Son, Winchester, Hants., cm, u, appraiser and auctioneer (1812–39). Recorded at Piazza in 1823 and 114 High St, 1830–39. In November 1812 announced that he had taken over the premises formerly occupied by a Mr Mercer. He claimed to have worked ‘at one of the first houses in the metropolis’ and stated that he was able to fit up ‘Drawing-rooms, Saloons, and Boudoirs … in the first style of elegance and fashion’. He also indicated his need for an app. ‘of respectable connections’ from whom a premium would be expected. [D; Hampshire Courier, 30 November 1812]

Guest, —, Chancery Lane, London (1794). Advertised for journeymen cm ‘accustomed to either town or country work in the Cabinet Branch’. These he promised immediate employment at good wages if they applied to his house at the sign of ‘The White Hart’ in Chancery Lane. [Williamson's Liverpool Advertiser, 15 December 1794]

Guest, John & James, London, wholesale japan warehouse (1794–1825). At 16 Staining Lane, Wood St, 1794–1808. There is then a long gap in directory entries until 1825 when the business was at 10 Gough Sq., Fleet St in addition to the Staining Lane address. [D]

Guest, John, 47 Speldhurst St, Burton Cresc., London, u and cm (1820–28). [D]

Guest, John, 73 St James's St, London, u (1823–25). [D]

Guest, Joseph, 54 Stanley St, Liverpool, carver and gilder (1839). [D]

Guest, Ralph, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, cm and u (1777–1804). Insured his stock for £160 in 1777 and £150 the following year. In Ipswich Journal, 27 October 1804 announced that he was transferring his business to W. Hunter. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 256, p. 644; vol. 267, p. 528]

Guest, Thomas, Trish Cross, Sheffield, Yorks., chairmaker (1787). [D]

Guest, Thomas, 21 St John's Lane, Clerkenwell, London, bedstead maker (1791). On 28 January 1791 took out insurance cover of £200 of which £70 was for utensils and stock and £10 for tools at 3 Onslow St, Saffron Hill. [GL, Sun MS vol. 375, p. 315]

Guest, William, 4 Newbridge St, Exeter, Devon, cm and u (1838). [D]

Guest, Zephaniah, Dudley, Worcs., cm/u (1838–40). Trading at Stafford St in 1840. [D]

Gugeri, Andrew, London, looking-glass, thermometer and barometer maker (1829–40). At 15 Upper Union Ct, Holborn in 1829 and 16 Charles St, Hatton Gdn, 1830–40. [Goodison, Barometers]

Guggiari, Charles, 32 Church St, Sheffield, Yorks., carver and gilder etc. (1828–30). The case of a wheel barometer by A. Alberti, Sheffield, bears the trade label of Charles Guggiari. This indicates that he was a ‘Wheel Barometer, Thermometer, Hygrometer, Looking Glass & Picture Frame Manufacturer’. [D; Temple Newsam Exhib., Furniture made in Yorkshire, 1974, (9)]

Guggiari, Domenico, Pelham St, Nottingham, carver, gilder, themometer, barometer and looking-glass maker (1832–40). The business also traded under the style D. & Anziani Guggiari. [D; Goodison, Barometers]

Guibert, —, 179 Borough, Southwark, London, (1803). [Heal]

Guibert, Philip, German St, St James's, London, upholder (1692–1739). In both 1708 and 1715 took out insurance cover of £450 on a house in German St. Late in the reign of William III he was heavily involved in royal commissions at Windsor Castle and Kensington Palace. In 1697 he supplied a walnut couch, the headboard of which was carved with the royal cypher for which £8 was charged and ‘a fine black soffa in a new fashion’ for £14. Apart from seating furniture he was active in the making of fine beds. In 1697 he also supplied a bed for the royal yacht The Lady Portland at £7 15s with an additional £8 10s for carving it and £2 15s for carved walnut work for its foot. Metalwork in connection with this bed cost £7 18s and upholstery work £22 15s. A ‘great bed of Genoa damask’ was supplied to Kensington Palace costing £37 17s 6d also in 1697. On 1 February 1698/99 Guibert's petition for the payment of £1,695 5s 3d due to him for work furnishing the King's bedchamber and dining room at Windsor, and his house at Hounslow and other lodgings, was forwarded to the Earl of Montagu, Master of the Great Wardrobe, for verification. On 26 May 1699 payment of £1,000 on account was made. A further payment of £350 to Guibert is recorded in 1702 after the King's death. Members of the nobility followed the King's lead and patronised this maker. In 1702 the 2nd Duchess of Bedford paid £171 14s 7d for furniture which was probably supplied to Bedford House, London. This consisted of an oak bedstead for her bedchamber complete with sky blue damask bed furniture, 2 large window and 3 matching door curtains, 2 easy chairs, 4 back chairs and 4 stools upholstered en suite. Ten chairs and window curtains were included for the drawing room. Another patron was the 1st Duke of Leeds, and furniture supplied to him may have been for his house at Wimbledon. It is thought that the day bed and sofa with his carved monogram, now at Temple Newsam, Leeds, may have been by this maker. Payments to Guibert by the Duke have been recorded including the sum of £73 10s on 30 June 1702 to a ‘Mr Hibbert’ which may have been a misunderstanding of his surname.

A notice in the St James’ Evening Post of 6 September 1729 stating that ‘Mr Gilbert, Upholsterer to His Majesty’ had died that morning has been assumed to refer to this maker. This however seems unlikely. There is no evidence that Guibert worked for George II and a much more likely candidate is John Gilbert of St Giles, London. Guibert appears to have been alive in 1739 and is referred to in a letter dated 3 July concerned with the building works at Rousham House, Oxon. William White, who was Clerk of the Works at Rousham states in this letter which he wrote to General Dormer in London, that he would give it into the hands of ‘Mr Guibert, the Upholsterer’ by whom it would be conveyed in ‘the flying coach’ for London. This strongly suggests that Guibert worked at Rousham, possibly under the direction of William Kent. [GL, Hand in Hand MS vol. 6, ref. 1505; vol. 14, p. 583; DEF; V&A archives; Worcs. RO, 2252/705:366/6(iii); Bedford Office, London, PRO, LC5/43/245; Gilbert, Leeds Furn. Cat., vol. 2, pp. 264–68; William & Glyn's Bank (Child's) — Duke of Leeds account; Heal] B.A.

Guichard, John Bruno, London, carver, gilder, u, cm and painter (1776–1802). In February 1787 at 4 Stephens St, Rathbone Pl., London where he insured household goods, stock etc. for £300. By February 1802 however he had moved to 14 Marlborough St, near Oxford St and took out insurance cover for £3,000 of which £300 was in respect of utensils and stock. Named in the list of furniture makers compiled by the 1st Duchess of Northumberland c. 1776. [GL, Sun MS vol. 342, ref. 527533; vol. 423, ref. 727847; Gilbert, Chippendale, p. 154] Also named in the Broadlands papers. [C. Life, 5 February 1981]

Guichard, P., 22 Lisle St, Leicester Sq., London, u, carver and gilder (1810–19). A debt of £25 13s 4d is referred to in a letter dated 23 May 1810 from Sir Francis Baring to Richard, 2nd Baron Ashburton. This had been settled on the behalf of the late Dowager Lady Ashburton by the Bank. [D]

Guidot, Anthony, London, upholder (1708–27). Son of Richard Guidot of Ropley, Hants., Gent. Brother of William Guidot snr, who was his app. 1716–24, and father of William Guidot jnr, both London upholders. Anthony Guidot was app. to Thomas Ferrers on 14 July 1708 and free of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 September 1716. In 1718 he was trading from an address at the sign of ‘The Sun’, Fleet St but by 1722 had moved to the sign of ‘The Royal Bed’ in Shug Lane, Marylebone St. On 20 July of that year he took out insurance cover of £500 which included £100 for goods and merchandise, £100 for a warehouse and £300 for goods in it. In 1718 he was working for the 1st Duke of Montrose at his house in Bond St, London. He charged £18 14s for making up the Crimson Mohair Room, and in addition 31 yards of blue mohair was supplied at 5s 6d per yd. A further commission of the same year for this house included the foot and head part of a bedstead, cushions, curtains, the making of a settee, chair bottoms and 14 yards of blue serge for lining a chapel pew. This bill amounted to £22 14s 5½d. Work for the Duke continued until 1725 and Guidot's bills for furnishings at Bond St and Hanover Sq. totalled £216 18s 6d. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Sun MS vol. 14, ref. 25943; Heal; Scottish RO, GD 220/6/1192/10, 1192/36, GD 220/6/3/ P147] See Andrew Guidott.

Guidot Brettrell, William, 122 High Holborn, London, upholder and cm (1786). In October 1786 took out insurance cover of £1,500 which included £700 for utensils, stock and goods in trust and £500 more for utensils etc. in a yard. [GL, Sun MS vol. 339, p. 517]

Guidot, William snr, the sign of ‘The Three Tents’, near New Broad St Buildings, Moorfields, London, u (1716–24). Son of Richard Guidot of Ropley, Hants., Gent. Brother of Anthony Guidot, upholder to whom he was app. on 14 February 1716. Admitted freeman of the Upholders’ Co. by servitude, 5 August 1724. Trade card [Leverhulme Coll., MMA, NY] states that he bought and sold ‘all manner of Household Goods, both New & Old’ and furnished funerals. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records; Heal]

Guidot, William jnr, London, u (1742–62). Son of Anthony Guidot, freeman upholder of London. Free of the Upholders’ Co. by patrimony, 5 May 1742. Took as apps James Cox, 1748–55; Samuel Jenkins, 1749–56; Thomas Draper 1752–59; John Proudman, 1758–61; and John Forfar, 1759–62. [GL, Upholders’ Co. records]

Guidot, William, Dog Row, Bethnal Green, London, upholder (1792). [Heal]

Guidott, Andrew, London, u (1720–21). Carried out work for the 1st Duke of Montrose, 1720–21, including the supply of two ‘lath coach bedsteads’. It is possible that the incorrect Christian name was stated and this is an additional commission of the maker Anthony Guidot who was working for the Duke during this period. [Scottish RO, GD 220/6/1208/10]

Guilbaud, John, ‘The Crown & Looking-Glass’, Long Acre, London, cm (c. 1700). Trade label recorded on a walnut, drop front writing cabinet states that he sold ‘all manner of Cabbinet work and Japan Cabbinets, Large Tables, Small suets of all manner of Looking Glasses, Pannells of Glasse, Chimney peaces and all sorts of Glasse Sconces’. In 1703 he was paid for two overmantel mirrors supplied to Hopetoun House, South Queensferry, Scotland. [Wills, English Furniture, I, pp. 108–09; V & A archives] See John Guilliband.

Guildford, James, 6 Castle St and Stone St, Brighton, Sussex, cm and u (1839–40). [D]

Guilett, J. C., Silver St, Kensington Gravel Pits, London, carver and gilder (1838). [D]

Guillet, James Charles, Hollen St, Soho, London, carver and gilder (1820–39). At 5 Hollen St in 1820 but by 1829 the number had changed to 4. [D]

Guilliband, John, London, cm (1690–91). On 31 July 1690 charged £30 for two scriptors ‘inlaid with flowers’ supplied for Queen Mary II. In the following year ‘a plain scriptoire’ was made for Whitehall Palace. Possibly John Guilbaud working from ‘The Crown & Looking-Glass’ in Long Acre at this period. [Conn., vol. 57, p. 90; Symonds, Furniture Making in 17th and 18th Century England, p. 108]

Guillot, James Lewis, parish of St Anne, Westminster, London, carver (1754). In 1754 took app. John Lemaitre. [Boyd's index to IR app. reg., vol. 18, p. 3540]

Guillotin, —, next ‘The Black Lion’, Pall Mall, near St James's, London, u (1691). [Heal]

Guischard, Peter, 21 Lisle St, Leicester Sq., London, upholder (1820). [D]

Gulielmus, Newill, Townhead, Rochdale, Lancs., cm and u (1825). [D]

Gulley, John, London Lane, Norwich, u (1805–08). [D]

Gulley, John, Limekiln Dock, Bristol, carpenter and cm (1823– 25). [D]

Gullifer, James, Bristol, cm and broker (1824–27). At 32 Philadelphia St in 1824, 13 Merchant St in 1825, 18 Merchant St in 1826 and 12 Denmark St in 1827. [D]

Gulliver, John, Woodstock, Oxon., cm (1771–d. 1799). In September 1771 mentioned in an advertisement for the sale of cottages at Horley near Banbury, Oxon. In October 1780 the furniture of John Gulliver, cm, was offered for sale by John Churchill though the reason for this sale is not known. Despite this he continued to trade in Woodstock. Probate on his will was granted on 8 May 1799. [D; Jackson's Oxford Journal, 7 September 1771, 17 October 1780; Bodleian Lib., Oxford, index of wills]

Gumbrell, John & Chiles, Edward, Richmond, Surrey, carpenters and u (1797). Declared bankrupt, Billinge's Liverpool Advertiser, 17 April 1797.

Gumbrell, William, George St, Richmond, Surrey, carpenter, upholder and ironmonger (1777). In 1777 took out insurance cover of £2,400 of which £740 was in respect of utensils and stock. [GL, Sun MS vol. 260, p. 255]

Gumley, Elizabeth, London, cm (1674–d. 1751); Gumley, John, cm and manufacturer of plate- and looking-glass (1691–1727). There is no lack of references in the press to the Gumley family from 1694 onwards, but many are contradictory and make it difficult to distinguish fact from fiction. In the former category are advertisements in John Houghton's A Collection for the Improvement of Husbandry and Trade, 6 April 1694 and in the London Gazette, 21 June 1694, of which the first-named announced that ‘At Salisbury-Exchange in the Strand, where the Manufactory was kept, by John Gumley, Cabinet-maker, at the corner of Norfolk-street …is a Sale of all sorts of Cabinetwork, as Japan Cabinets, Indian and English, with Looking-glasses, Tables, Stands, Chests of Drawers, Screutores, Writing-Tables, and Dressing Suits of all sorts…’. Less credible is a series of wedding announcements in the Gents Mag., 1735, pp. 559, 681 and 737, relating to a Miss Gumley and a Mr Lake. The former's surname is given correctly in the columns of the publication, as GUMBLEY in the index, and as GUMBLY in the General Index…1731–86.

John Gumley's mother, Elizabeth, would seem to have traded in partnership with her son until c. 1727, when it may be assumed he had died, and thenceforward she traded in company with William Turing. In that year they presented jointly a bill for three tables supplied to Hampton Court Palace (see below). According to John Gumley's will [Extracts given by R. W. Symonds in a letter to C. Life, 27 February 1942, pp. 406–07] Gumley and his wife, Susan, had three sons and four daughters, one of the latter, Anna Maria, marrying in 1714 William Pulteney; the political rival of Sir Robert Walpole, Pulteney was ennobled in 1742 as Earl of Bath. The mother of the Countess died at the age of 77 according to the Gents Mag., 24 January 1751, p. 42, leaving ‘her estate real and personal, which is considerable…to her only son Col. Gumley’. Her late husband's will mentions his third son, Samuel, as holding a commission in the army, confirming that detail in the magazine report.

In his will Gumley stated firmly that his eldest son, George, was ‘very profligate and disobedient’, and was left £150 per annum so long as he did not ‘obtrude himself upon or molest my wife’. His second son, John, succeeded his father as a partner in the glass manufactory of Richard Hughes & Co. of Vauxhall, and Gumley House, Isleworth was settled on him in ‘strict entail’. In 1727 John stood for Parliament for Bramber, Sussex, but was defeated through Walpole influencing the handful of voters in favour of his cousin, James Hoste. [J. H. Plumb, Sir Robert Walpole, 1960, 11, 182]

A glass manufactory was established at Lambeth by Gumley and others by 1705, Gumley himself being admitted a freeman of the Glass Sellers’ Co. as a ‘Looking Glass Grinder’ on 22 June 1704. [GL, MS 1645] The Lambeth concern was immediately attacked by a firm in Southwark, the Bear Garden glasshouse, whose proprietors conducted a pamphlet war and then went to Parliament where their claim for a monopoly was disallowed. [Conn., December 1935, pp. 315–21; Wills, Looking-Glasses, p. 46]

In 1714 Gumley entered into partnership with James Moore, an association that endured until Moore's death in 1726. In 1714 also, Gumley announced in Richard Steele's The Lover, 24 April: ‘These are to give Notice. That John Gumley hath taken for a Ware-house, and furnished all the upper Part of the New Exchange in the Strand…with the largest and finest Looking Glasses in Frames, and out of Frames…Likewise all sorts of Coach-Glasses, ChimneyGlasses, Sconces, Dressing-Glasses, Union-Suits, DressingBoxes, Swinging-Glasses, Glass Schandeleres, Lanthorns, Gilt Brockets, Desks and Book-Cases, India Chests and Cabinets, Screens, Tea Tables, Card-Tables of all kinds, Strong Boxes, and the like … Also John Gumley's House and Shop the Corner of Norfolk-street, is to be Lett…’.

The Norfolk St property had belonged to Gumley for some years. On 13 August 1703 he had insured with the Hand in Hand Insurance Co. ‘… a brick house on the South side of the Strand and the East side of Norfolk street … being his dwelling House…for seven years, £600’.

Steele himself contributed to The Lover, 13 May 1715 a fulsome essay on the New Exchange showroom, which he recommended strongly to his readers. There, he wrote, ‘they will certainly be well pleased, for they will have unavoidable Opportunities of seeing what they most like, in the most various and agreeable Shapes and Positions, I mean their dear selves’. The advice was taken by a young man of 24, Dudley Ryder, who was training for the Bar and who duly became Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench and a Privy Councillor. He noted in his diary on 3 November 1715: ‘Went into the glass warehouse over the New Exchange. There is indeed a noble collection of looking-glass, the finest I believe in Europe. I could not as I passed by there help observing myself, particularly my manner of walking, and that pleased me very well, for I thought I did it with a very genteel and becoming air’. [W. Matthews (ed.), The Diary of Dudley Ryder, 1939, p. 130]
ROYAL PALACES. 1691 ‘Octob 2d 1702. Received from Mr Henning [Caspar Frederick Henning, Treasurer to the Groom of the Stole and 1st Gentleman of the Bedchamber to William III] the Summe of Sixty pounds being in full for a lookeing-glass of 96 Inches by 46½ delivered for his late Majties use in the Year 1691 And in full of All Claims and demands whatsoever on acct of his sd Late Majtis privy-purse, I say, recd by me John Gumley’. [Worcs. RO, 2252/705: 366/ 6(iii)]
1714–15 ‘A large glass in a gilt frame and top’. [GCM]
1727 Elizabeth Gumley and William Turing for Hampton Court: ‘For 3 very large wallnut quadrille tables covered with green velvet £15’. [Old Furniture, 11, 182]
1729 Elizabeth Gumley and Co. were censured by the Comptroller of the Great Wardrobe. According to the Daily Journal, 20 December 1729, ‘upon the Comptroller inspecting the work said to be done by Mrs Elizabeth Gumley and Company, Cabinet Makers for his Majesty at St James's and Kensington, in the quarter ended at Michaelmas, 1729, he found at the last Place the much greater part of their charge not done at all, and both there and at St James's he found very little work done in the manner they charged: so that in the whole, after allowing such a price as, according to the said Comptroller's best Judgment the Nature of the Performance deserv'd, he thought there might reasonably be abated out of their bill, which amounted to £512. 12s. the sum of £361. 10s. 6d.’. A letter to the Comptroller (Ralph, Duke of Montagu) stated that ‘Mrs Gumley and Mr Turing were no longer to be employed as tradesmen for the Wardrobe on account of their notorious impositions’. [GCM]

In the Public Dining-room at Hampton Court Palace is a large looking-glass, one of a pair having the central plate flanked by vertical pilasters of looking-glass. [DEF, 11, 323, fig. 31] The pilasters are divided by narrow strips of giltwood, one of which is lettered ‘GUMLEY’. [Ibid., 11, 251]
THOMAS, 1st DUKE OF LEEDS. The Duke paid J. Gumley the undermentioned sums: 3 May 1700, £54; 17 May 1705, £77; 3 May 1706, £108. [1st Duke of Leeds's account with Williams and Glyn's Bank]
DUKE OF BEDFORD. In December 1702 John Gumley supplied Wriothesley, 2nd Duke of Bedford with a ‘neat panel of glass with a top’ for £60; ‘a plain black table’ for £1 10s; and ‘a gilt table made to an Indian table’ for £4 10s. [Bedford Office, London]
WILLIAM, 1st DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE. 1702: ‘Pd the Smith for 18 stayes for the Looking glasses at 4d a pair 6/–; 21 hooks for Looking glasses 3/6. [Chatsworth account bk, p. 77] 1703: ‘Paid Mr Gumley for 2 large Looking Glasses £200. Paid Mr Chadwick for going to Chatsworth with ye glasses £16’. [DEF, 11, 252] One of the pair bears the scratched inscription ‘John Gumley 1703’. [GCM] 1703: ‘Pd Gilbert Ball Carriage for 2 large Looking glasses & frames 2 other large Cases with furniture chair frames £6. 10s’. [Chatsworth account bk, p. 82] 1705: July ‘for 280 squares of [plate] glass for West front £280’. [Chatsworth account bk, vol. VII]
JAMES 1st DUKE OF MONTROSE (The Duke of Montrose's Lodging in the Drygate, Glasgow). 1714: Receipted account for a walnut Desk and Bookcase £11. [Scottish RO, GD220/6/1162/84] 1717: 18 June ‘Bought of John Gumley a neat walnut tree chimney glass £5. 10. 0’ plus 5/s for a packing case. [GD220/6/1170/35] 1718: For the Duke's London house in Bond St: ‘Hanging glass’ £5 10s; ‘Glass lanthern’ £3; ‘Walnut tree Desk’ £8; ‘3 Dressing glasses’ £5. Total £21 10s. [GD/220/6/1192/35] For the same residence also in 1718 payment of £56 8s to ‘John Gumley, Cabinet Maker, London’ for goods supplied. [GD220/6/28/p. 84] 1722: 28 February ‘Rec. from His Grace the Duke of Montrose by the hands of Mr Andrew Gardner [Montrose's secretary] £2 10s. sterling for a dessert table received by me for my Mrs [mistress] Elizabeth Gumley, John Draper’. [GD220/6/1213/27] 1723: Receipted account for ‘a neat Virginia Walnut tree clothes chest £5. A small square mahogany table bordered with manchineel, £1,10. 0.’. [GD220/6/1238/13]
PAUL FOLEY (The Temple and Little Ormond St, London; Newport House, Almeley, Herefs.). 1720: ‘Bought of John Gumley/March 26th A dutch Table 12s./A packing Matt and Cord for Ditto 1/6d./Aprill 9th A neet Swinging Glass in a blue Japand frame £1. 4s./One Ditto in a black Japand frame £1./A packing for the glasses 2/6d./A neet hand tea Table done in Jerran 15s./July ye 1st A large Wallnuttree Burow Table £6./A packing Case for Ditto 9s.’ Total £10. 4s. Receipt dated 5 July 1720 and signed by ‘Eliz Gumley’. [Herefs. RO, F/AIII/55] 1730: ‘Bought of Elzath. Gumley/June 1st Two New Glasses and a New Door to a Lantern Agreed at 12s.’ Receipt dated 2 June 1730, signed on behalf of Mrs Gumley by Wm Flack, witnessed by Cha: Parkes. [F/AIII/55]
JOHN MELLER (Erddig Park, Wales). 1724: ‘Bought of Elizabeth Gumley December 3 A Sconce in a Carv'd and Gilt Frame £4. 5s. Rec'd at the same time the full contents of the above and all Accompts — pd: me Eliz Gumley’. [Clwyd RO, D/E/484]
JOHN MORGAN (Tredegar Park, Monmouthshire). 1726: ‘June 1 Mrs Gumley for a walnut tree Quadrille table £3. 10s.’ [Nat. Lib. Wales, Tredegar papers, MS 315–45] G.W.

Gumley, Peter, ‘The Cabinet’, Strand, London, cm and china dealer (1674–1702). Peter Gumley is recorded as a cm in 1674, with premises named The Cabinet, near St Clement's Church in the Strand. Two purchases, one certain and the other ‘possible’ from him are noted by John Hervey, later 1st Earl of Bristol. Both transactions took place in 1702: ‘April 30. Paid Gumley for my bureau & some china ware, £11. 10s.’ and ‘Dec. 16. Paid Peter Gumley for China & Japan ware, £29’. [Diary of John Hervey, Wells, 1894, pp. 146–47] As John Gumley is not known to have dealt in chinaware, it might be assumed that the first of the payments was made to the same man as the second.

It may also be thought that he is the Peter Gumley, son of John and Mary Gumley, christened at St Martin's, Ludgate, on 26 February 1642. Finally, a brief obituary in the Gents Mag., 1735, p. 387 may be pertinent: ‘5 July. Mrs Gumley, aged 92, who kept the great China-Warehouse in Exeter Change, about 15 years ago’. G.W.

Gummery, Thomas, Church St, Warwick, cm (1831). [Poll bk]

Gunby, Day, see George and Thomas Seddon.

Gundall, James, The Paved Ct, St James's, London, cm (1749). [Westminster poll bk]

Gundy, William, Steep Hill, Lincoln, carver and gilder (1835). [D]

Gunnel, Ralph, Barking, Essex, upholder (1808). [D]

Gunnell, William, 55 Rosoman St, Clerkenwell, London, carver and gilder (1820). [D]

Gunnis, —, address unknown (1791–92). Received £6 4s 6d on 5 September 1791 for ‘bed furniture repairs’ and £6 17s 10d for bed hangings. [Lincoln RO, MM 9110]

Gunns, Edward, address unknown, cm (1803). Subscribed to Sheraton's Cabinet Dictionary, 1803.

Gunson, Anthony, Baggraw, Wigton, Cumb., joiner/cm (1829). [D]

Gunson, Joshua, Lancaster (1827–31). [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow records]

Gunter, —, Holborn, London, u (d. 1746). Stated at the time of his death in 1746 to be ‘an eminent upholsterer’. [Heal]

Gunter, Barbary, Holborn, London, upholder (1754–60). [D]

Gunter, Joseph, Manchester House, 1 Regent Pl., Cheltenham, Glos., cm and u (1820). [D]

Gunton, James, 4 Timberhill St, Norwich, cm and chairmaker (1796–1823). One directory of 1805–08 gives the address as Hoghill. His son Edward, grocer, was admitted freeman, 27 September 1823. [D; poll bks; freemen reg.]

Gurbett, John, Broseley, Salop, cm (1822–28). [D]

Gurden, John, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1814). Daughter bapt., 1814. [PR (bapt.)]

Gurnell, Thomas, Lancaster, cm (1787–1795). App. to Gillow and named in the Gillow records, 1787, 1790 and 1792–95. [Westminster Ref. Lib., Gillow vol. 344/96, p. 955; Lancaster app. reg.]

Gurney, Samuel, parish of St Stephen, Norwich, cm (1830). [Poll bk]

Gurney, Thomas, 110 Aldersgate St, St Martin's-le-Grand, London, cm and wholesale cabinet warehouse (1806–23). [D]

Gurney, William, West Stockwell St, Colchester, Essex, cm and u (1832). [D]

Gurry, Ebenezer, St Neots, Hunts., chairmaker (1823–24). [D]

Gurry, Samuel, Market Sq., St Neots, Hunts., chairmaker and turner (1830). [D]

Gustar, John, High St, Poole, Dorset, cm and u (1840). [D]

Guthrie, Claud, 4 Walles Pl., Lambeth Rd, London, cm and u (1827). [D]

Guthrie, J., Forth St, Newcastle, joiner, cm, sofa and clock case maker (1824–28). [D]

Gutteridge, John, Kingsmead St, Walcot, Bath, Som., cm (1746–52). In 1746 took app. named Bowen. The house he occupied was rented from Elizabeth, Dowager Countess of Hyndford of Bath and in 1752 was insured for £300. [S of G, app. index; GL, Sun MS vol. 98, ref. 132831]

Gutteridge, Benjamin, High Wycombe, Bucks., chairmaker (1798). [Militia Census]

Guy, —, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, upholder and cm (1818). In May 1818 married Miss Williams, eldest daughter of a glover trading in Lord St, at St Anne's Church. [Liverpool Mercury, 15 May 1818]

Guy, Henry, Little Albion St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–39). [D]

Guy, Henry Remington, 13 Junction Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1837–40). In 1840 stated to be also a furniture broker and to have been keeping the ‘Tally-ho Inn’, Bond St. [D]

Guy, James, Hull, Yorks., cm (1837–40). In 1837 at Leadenhall Sq., and from 1839 at Manor St. In 1840 his trade was listed as shop-keeper and in 1842 as a furniture broker. [D]

Guy, John, 41 St John St, Rd, London, jewellery case maker (1839). [D]

Guy, Richard, St Thomas's Buildings, Dale St, Liverpool, cm (1796–1803). Son of Richard Guy, bricklayer. Free 25 May 1796. In 1800 at 11 St Thomas's Buildings, Dale St but in 1803 at no. 35, in 1805 at no. 18. [D]

Guy, Thomas, Liverpool, cm (1805–19). Signed a supplement to the Liverpool Cabinet and Chair Prices, 1805, on behalf of the journeymen. Trading at Langhorne Ct, Clayton St, 1813–14, and at 17 Fleet St in 1818. Partnership with Hodgson as Hodgson & Guy was dissolved in December 1819. [D; Liverpool Mercury, 3 December 1819]

Guy, Thomas, 10 Junction Dock St, Hull, Yorks., cm (1838–40). In 1839–40 shown as furniture broker. [D]

Guy, William, 2 Humber St, Hull, Yorks., joiner and cm (1822–39). In December 1822 took app. Marmaduke Sturdy. First recorded in directories 1838. One directory of this date lists him as a furniture broker. [D; Hull app. reg.]

Guy, William jnr, Liverpool, u (1818–35). Free 20 June 1818 when his trade was listed as u, now breeches maker. At this date at 27 Williamson St and Aigburth St. In 1818 at 6 Brownlow Hill, 1829 at 1 Rice St and in 1835 at 3 Pilgrim St. [D; freemen reg.]

Guyer, Thomas, parish of St Michael, Bristol, upholder (1774– 84). [Poll bks]

Guyon, John, London, chairmaker (1780–1812). Freeman of Colchester, Essex. [Colchester poll bks]

Guzziari, Dominico, Pelham St, Nottingham, carver, gilder and looking-glass maker (1834–35). [D]

Gwennap, John, Falmouth, Cornwall, u etc. (1783–d. 1794). Died 2 October 1794. [D; Exeter Flying Post]

Gwilliam & Barnard, Fleet Mkt, London (c. 1800). Label recorded on a Sheraton mahogany wardrobe with satinwood inlay. [Phillips, 1 July 1968 (Sandways Pl., Kent), lot 26]

Gwillym, Thomas, St Owen St, Hereford, cm, u and joiner (1822). Former app. Samuel Davies, admitted freeman in 1822. [D; freemen reg.]

Gwinnell, William, ‘The Looking-Glass’, south side of St Paul's Churchyard, London, cm and glass grinder (1729–41). In 1729 insured his household goods and stock in trade for £1,000. Trade card in the Heal Coll., BM, states that he sold ‘all sorts of Looking Glasses, Sconces, Coach Glasses and all sorts of Cabinet and Japan'd work; likewise all sorts of the Best & most Fashionable Chairs either matted or Can'd, Blinds for Windows made and Curiously Painted on Canvas Silk or Wire’. On 4 January 1736 invoiced to St John's College, Cambridge, for the Common Room ‘20 walnut chairs covered with leather at 14s 6d’. These were made to a pattern supplied by the College and 2s 6d was charged on the bill for carrying the pattern chair. [GL, Sun MS vol. 29, ref. 48261; St John's College, Common Rm file]

Gwyn, Peter, London, u (1718–49). In 1718 his address was ‘against the Crown Tavern in Catherine St in the Strand in the parish of St Mary le Savoy’. By 1747 in St James's, Haymarket. [GL, Sun MS vol. 8, refs 12217–18; Heal; Westminster poll bk]

Gwynn, —, Somerset Ct, Bath, Som., chairmaker (1819). [D]

Gyer, John, Hird's Buildings, Skipton, Yorks., joiner/cm (1837). [D]

Gynne, George snr and jnr, 17 Red Lion Lane, Norwich, upholders (1775–84). George Gynne jnr was admitted a freeman of Norwich by patrimony 19 June 1775. In the following year both father and son are recorded trading in partnership. Insurance cover of £1,500 was taken out in this year of which £500 was in respect of utensils and stock. The father was not recorded in the 1781 city poll and was probably dead by this date. [D; GL, Sun MS vol. 249, p. 344; poll bk]