Rights and privileges

Pages 426-448

Analytical Index to the Series of Records Known as the Remembrancia 1579-1664. Originally published by EJ Francis, London, 1878.

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Rights and Privileges.

I. 81. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lord Treasurer. In obedience to his letter he had stayed the Coroner of the City from proceeding in his office upon view of a body slain in East Smithfield, and had directed the Recorder, with some of the Counsel of the City, to attend his Lordship and to satisfy him of the jurisdiction of the City in that place. He begged that this stay of proceeding might not be used as a precedent to their injury.
21st January, 1579.

I. 89. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lords of the Council, complaining of the conduct of Sir William George, Porter of the Tower of London, and directing attention to the dispute, which had been for a long time under the consideration of the Council, (fn. 1) between the City and Sir William, for two matters specially, the one being for the interest in the soil of Tower Hill; the other, his usurpation against the Liberties and Franchises of the City, compelling poor victuallers strangers, coming by water to London by ship or boat with fish, fruit, or such like victuals, to give him such a quantity as pleased him to take, as two or three cod-fish from each boat, &c., without payment. Such as refused he caused to be imprisoned in the Tower, whereby the victuallers were discouraged to come to the City, and their number much decreased, to the great hurt of the markets and the victualling of the City, especially at this present time of Lent. The Lord Mayor prayed that some expedition might be taken in the suit, and that in the mean time Sir William George should be commanded to forbear.
8th March, 1579.

I. 94. Letter from the Lords of the Council to Sir William Cordell, Knight, Master of the Rolls, and Mr. (Thomas) Seckford, (fn. 2) one of the Masters of the Court of Requests, directing them to inquire into the controversy between the Lord Mayor and Sir William George, Knight, Gentleman Porter of Her Majesty's Tower of London, and as soon as possible to acquaint the Council with the facts and their opinion thereon.
17th March, 1579.

I. 189. Letter from Thomas (Earl of) Sussex, (fn. 3) to the Lord Mayor. Her Majesty's musicians had been lately molested with divers new payments and other charges. Being her servants in ordinary they had to attend daily upon her, for which reason they ought not to be chosen to any office, as Churchwarden, Constable, Scavenger, Watchman, nor charged with subsidies nor fifteenths. He requested the Lord Mayor to consider the matter, and so prevent them applying to Her Majesty.
Bermondsey, 17th November, 1573.

I. 229. Same as No. 89.
8th March, 1579.

I. 288. Letter from (the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen) to (the Barons of the Cinque Ports), acknowledging the receipt of two letters of pluries, (fn. 4) dated the 18th of October, on behalf of their combarron, Thomas Young, the one against Zachary May and the other against Edward Jenyns. Having called them before the Court of Aldermen to answer the several causes, it appeared that they were so poor that they were unable to give satisfaction for their debts, and had absented themselves. At the Gestling Court (fn. 5) for the whole Ports it was mutually agreed that the manner of proceeding by withernam should be forborne by both parties until certain orders, by assent, had been agreed to. The Commissioners sent by them had examined the City's charters and precedents at the Guildhall, which gave the City as large powers of withernam (fn. 6) as they had.
12th November, 1581.

I. 375. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lord Treasurer, complaining of the imprisonment of five or six Citizens of good account, one being the Alderman's deputy, by the Lieutenant of the Tower, and begging him to command the Lieutenant to deliver them up and to imprison no more until the cause should have been heard. Either the Queen's process and common justice should be executed by the Sheriffs and officers of the City, or they should be discharged of amercements and actions for not obeying the same.
21st July, 1582.

I. 379. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lords of the Council. The variance between the City and the Gentleman Porter of the Tower touching the interest of the postern of this City, and of the soil of East Smithfield and the Tower Hill, had been by their Lordships referred to the hearing of the Master of the Rolls, then Her Majesty's Attorney, and the Lord Chancellor, then Her Solicitor, to be by them reported to the Council, with charge given in the mean season to make no new innovations, which order the City had obediently observed. One Heming, by appointment of the Gentleman Porter, had lately set up upon the soil, in variance, on the one side of the City's wall, sundry new tenements, and, on the other side, laid foundations for more, not only against, their Lordships' said order, but also against Her Majesty's Proclamation touching new buildings, and to the City's apparent prejudice, the title for the soil being fully proved to be the City's. The Lord Mayor therefore requested their Lordships to give orders against such innovations while the cause was depending, and that report might be speedily made touching the title, or that the right might be tried according to law. To the great disturbance of this City, the hindrance of justice, and the peril of the Sheriffs when Her Majesty's writs, both for execution and other, were awarded out of the High Court of Queen's Bench and other Courts, divers persons, not meaning to pay their debts, had obtained the pretended privilege of the Tower, and if the Sheriffs attached them good citizens were taken prisoners into the Tower and there violently detained against all colour of law. Of late one John Walton, a Blacksmith of London, and Clerk or Beadle of that Company, being indebted, procured himself to be privileged in the Tower, not being a Warder or other whose attendance might be requisite for Her Majesty's service. The Queen's process came out of her Bench to arrest him, whereby he had been taken and remained in ward. If the Sheriffs did not execute the processes they would be subject not only to amercements but also to the complainants' actions, so every way they would be in peril. For this cause an honest citizen, William Shacrost, remained a prisoner in the Tower, and it had been determined to take more. The Lord Mayor therefore begged that either the Lieutenant might be commanded to deliver up the said Shacrost, and to forbear such unjust violence, or that the Sheriffs might not be amerced or subject to actions for refusing to execute the Queen's processes against such privileged persons; or that, with Her Majesty's good favour, such pretended privilege might be decided by law.
20th July, 1582.

I. 380. Letter from the Lords of the Council to Sir William George, Knight, Gentleman Porter of the Tower. They had committed the hearing of the controversy between him and the City to certain of Her Majesty's learned counsel, requiring them, after hearing both parties, to report their opinion thereon, which hitherto had not been done. The Council were astonished that he, or any under him, should make any innovation or intermeddle in a matter not yet resolved, but standing in question and doubt of law, and commanded him and the said Heming forthwith to surcease to erect or build any tenements upon the soil in question, or to do any other action which might tend to prejudice the right, until it should be decided to whom the same appertained.
22nd July, 1582.

I. 385. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lieutenant of the Tower. Great complaint had been made to the Council that he had, under colour of his office, protected divers bankrupts, &c., with the pretended privileges of the Tower, and thus prevented their being served with writs and processes by the Sheriffs or their officers; and also that he had taken other citizens who had not committed any offence and imprisoned them in that place. The Sheriffs should be allowed to execute their office, and he should forthwith set at liberty all such citizens as he had committed without cause. The Council intended shortly to hear the matters in dispute.
22nd July, 1582.

I. 408. Letter from the Mayors, Bailiffs and Jurats of the Cinque Ports and two ancient towns to the Lord Mayor, stating that at a meeting held at Hithe, in Kent, within the Liberties of the Five Ports, a complaint had been made by James Oxley, a Freeman of the Town of Rye, one of the ancient towns of the Cinque Ports, against Sir John Branch, late Lord Mayor, for an outrage and injustice done to him by committing him to Newgate for delivering certain letters of process of withernam to the said Sir John Branch. While in Newgate they had bolts or irons clapped upon his legs, as though he had been some notorious offender, and he had been detained in prison for a season, to his utter discredit, for which extreme injury and wrong imprisonment he prayed the aid of the members of the Cinque Ports. They desired the Lord Mayor with convenient speed to confer with the late Lord Mayor about the case, and to award some recompense to Oxley for the injury suffered by him.
14th September, 1582.

I. 423. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lord Treasurer. Upon the controversy raised by suggestion of Antony White and his deputy, in the Court of Exchequer, the City's ancient right to the office of Garbler within the City and liberties, confirmed by charters and statute, had been decreed by the Court on the City's part well proved, and their title good and substantial; nevertheless, upon mediation of sundry honourable persons, and in respect of the poverty of White's widow, who had Her Majesty's Letters Patent for that office, both within the City and elsewhere throughout England, the Court of Aldermen had been willing to relieve her with a yearly pension, which she had refused. Afterwards it had been agreed to bargain with her for her whole interest, which had been done, and the sum agreed upon and in part paid. She had since informed the City that his lordship desired her not to complete the same. He therefore prayed his lordship's favourable consideration of the City's interest, and that they might be left to their original bargain.
4th May, 1582.

I. 426. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lord Treasurer, requesting that the City's interest in the office of Garbling, depending before his lordship and the Barons of the Exchequer, and which had been partly heard last term, might be postponed until another term.
6th November, 1582.

I. 432. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lord Chancellor, informing him of the death of Mr. Heydon, (fn. 7) one of the Sheriffs of the City and the County of Middlesex, and of the election of a new Sheriff by the Commons according to their charter, by which authority the Sheriff so elected should be presented to the Barons of the Exchequer, or, in their absence, to the Constable of the Tower, as the Mayor had in like case been admitted and sworn, and praying for direction either by signification of Her Majesty's pleasure, or his good advice. At the place without the Tower Gate where such oaths used to be taken had been erected cobblers' sheds, for the profit of the Gentleman Porter, in which sheds there had been lately three dead of the plague. When he (the Lord Mayor) attended to take his oath without the Tower Gate he had Her Majesty's sword carried before him in the streets, as had been the custom to carry it in Westminster Hall until they came to the bar of Her Majesty's Court, when the sword was reversed by the sword-bearer as in the presence of Her Majesty; and so it had been intended to be done when arriving at the place where the Lieutenant sat, as had been the custom. They were met at the corner of Tower Street by two of the Warders, who commanded Her Majesty's sword to be holden down, and pressed violently to take it down, but through the good discretion of the Recorder they were peaceably holden off. The ancient boundary stone, where the Sheriffs of London used to receive of the Lieutenant prisoners for execution, and seal the indentures of receipts, had been removed by order of the Lieutenant, a thing very offensive to the citizens. If it should be his Lordship's pleasure that the Sheriff's admission should be at this place, he requested him to direct the Lieutenant to restore the stone to its ancient position, and to take care that no offence should be committed by his officers.
(Circa 1582.)

I. 433. Letter from the Lord Mayor to Mr. Serjeant Fleetwood, Recorder, informing him of the death of Mr. Sheriff Heydon and the election of Mr. Cuthbert Buckle to the office. According to precedent he should be presented with all speed to the Barons, or at the Tower. He had written to that effect to the Lord Chancellor and Lord Treasurer, and forwarded the copy of the letter and a copy of the writ in such case, according to the precedent of Mr. Priest, (fn. 8) in the time of King Henry the Eighth. He further requested him to present the letter to the Lord Chancellor and Lord Treasurer.
27th November, 1582.

I. 434. Letter from Mr. Recorder Fleetwood to the Lord Mayor, acknowledging the receipt of his letter, and stating that, in company with Mr. Moseley (fn. 9) and Mr. Humfrey, he had waited upon the Lord Chancellor and delivered his communication. The Lord Chancellor advised that the new Sheriff should not be presented at the Tower Gates before Mr. Lieutenant, but at the next term in the Exchequer. They had also waited upon the Lord Treasurer, who had conferred with the Lord Chancellor thereon. They agreed that Mr. Sheriff was a perfect Sheriff, and might do all things appertaining to his office, having once been sworn in the City according to custom, and directed that he should be presented at the Exchequer next term. At this resolution were Sir Walter Mildmay, Master of the Rolls, and the Attorney-General, with Mr. Fanshaw, and others. By direction of the Lord Treasurer he was to remain at Court until after the meeting of the Star Chamber, to answer a complaint of Mr. Comptroller for speaking in defence of the office of Garbler.
Hertford, 28th November, 1582.

I. 436. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lord Treasurer. The Court of Aldermen had been informed that Mr. Attorney had moved for the appointment of a Commission between Her Majesty and the City, to inquire into the non-using or abusing of the office of Garbling, since the first year of the reign of King Henry the Eighth. Inasmuch as the title of the City, both by Charter and Parliament, had been shown and fully proved, he considered it very unusual to examine into every particular offence of their officers and servants for so long a period, to the prejudice or discredit of the City, who had been the only diligent executors thereof throughout the realm.
28th November, 1582.

I. 464. Letter from the Lord Mayor to Sir Francis Walsingham. The variances depending between the City and some of the officers of Her Majesty's Tower had been principally raised and continued by one Heming, servant to the Gentleman Porter, some of whose doings Sir William George himself had disavowed. The matters complained of having been deferred by reason of the late sickness, and by the absence of the Council from London, and now being daily multiplied, he desired to renew the complaint, and to pray that a final order might be passed to stay the present wrongs, and to prevent the evils which might ensue, especially as the Lieutenant was otherwise a gentleman of great worth and a very good friend to the City. He had thought it good to signify the case according to the articles enclosed, to the end that instructions might be given to the Lieutenant to reform the several injuries, and specially for the replacing of the boundary stone.
29th January, 1582.

I. 475, 476. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lords of the Council. The examination of the variance between the City of London and the officers of the Tower had been by them committed to the Lord Chancellor and the Master of the Rolls, then Solicitor and AttorneyGeneral, before whom the right of the City to the soil and jurisdiction of these grounds was fully proved, but no report of the examinations had been made to the Council. Mr. Heming (the original stirrer of the dispute), servant and tenant to the Gentleman Porter, had since begun to build tenements upon the ground adjoining the Postern Gate. Before they were finished the Lord Mayor complained to the Council, who directed the work to be stopped. Heming had since finished that building and begun some new ones, some being alehouses and houses of suspicious resort. The refuse of the houses, &c., was daily cast into the Tower ditch. Heming had also enclosed the pond-head of the City's great ditch, and so prevented the citizens using it, reserving it for the use of his own tenants. Upon the day of the Lord Mayor taking his oath without the Tower Gate, an attempt had been made by the Warders to take down the sword borne before the Lord Mayor, and the ancient boundary stone without the Tower Gate had been removed. On the 15th of November last Mr. Lieutenant made a procession, which they called a perambulation, with a great number following him with bills and other weapons, and some with pickaxes, &c., who cut the rails and pales of the citizens' gardens and broke them down with great violence by command of the Lieutenant. The Lieutenant further commanded those of the hamlet to bring certain children, about the age of twelve or fourteen, which children he caused at that perambulation to enter into and through those gardens by the pales which had been thrown down, to the intent, as he said, that they might in time to come keep memory of that entry; and thereof remembrances were made in books, which, if no order were made to the contrary, might remain to the prejudice of the City. A sheaf arrow had been given to each boy for a remembrance that, upon such a day, they had made entrance in right of the Crown. In the December following the Steward of the Tower Court had called by precept an assembly, in the name of a Leet, without lawful warrant, who had made a new perambulation of such bounds as pleased themselves, and caused those hamleters and others so assembled to record, as they called it, those bounds to remain for time to come, whereunto none of the citizens had been called. Further, the officers of the Tower had prohibited the horses of the citizens from passing by the postern or coming to the ditch-head, and many other like things had been daily done in contempt of the commands of the Council and to the danger of disturbance
(Circa 1582.)

I. 478. Letter from the Lord Mayor to Sir James Croft, Comptroller of the Household, with reference to a conference to be holden in the matter of the office of Garbling. The Court of Aldermen had appointed Sir Rowland Hayward, Sir Nicholas Woodrof, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Dixy, (fn. 10) and Mr. Hart, Aldermen, to treat with such persons of quality as were to be named by the Council. He requested to be furnished with their names in order that those appointed by the City might attend upon them
19th February, 1582.

I. 481. Letter from Sir James Croft to Sir Thomas Blanke, Knight, Lord Mayor, acknowledging the foregoing letter. He would be ready to meet the Aldermen appointed, and bring with him a convenient number of persons of quality. He forbore to name them at present, and desired a time and place to be assigned for the meeting.
20th February, 1582.

I. 490. Letter from Thomas Wilford to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, requesting them to certify the truth of speeches made by him in the Common Council which had been misreported to his prejudice.
25th February, 1582.

I. 500. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lords of the Council, complaining of the proceedings taken by the Cinque Ports, against law and equity, under a pretended privilege of Witherman, which the City had, both by charter and precedent, as great authority to use as they had. Under this process they had arrested citizens and cast them into prison, and treated them as if they were the Queen's enemies or heinous malefactors, until they had consented to pay the debts of persons whom they had never known. For the prevention of such proceeding, friendly conference had been had and the City's books shown, expecting the same on their part, which had not been done. The Recorder and an Alderman who had passed the chair had been sent to Dover to confer with them at a Gestling Court, but they showed no good title or precedent in justification of their proceedings. It had been agreed that reasonable answers should be accepted on both sides, and a further conference had to determine what should be held reasonable answers, pending which no process of Withernam should be issued. To this agreement the Cinque Ports had not adhered, but of late had more unreasonably used the process, to the ruin of the citizens of London, and the trade of their own ports. He, therefore, on the part of the whole City, besought that the Council would give directions to the Lord Warden to cause such proceeding in the ports to cease; and that, for the speedy settlement of all disputes as to their pretended privileges, an action might be tried by law before Her Majesty's judges in one of her Courts at Westminster or before the Council.
April 1583.

I. 502. Letter from the Lord Mayor to Sir Francis Walsingham, thanking him for the trouble he had taken in the question of the office of Garbling. The whole question had been referred to the Lord Treasurer, in whose judgment they had every confidence.
4th May, 1583.

I. 601. Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of London to the Queen. By divers ancient charters and grants of privileges from her progenitors, the City had enjoyed and had, within the City and Liberties, both by land and water, the survey, search, assay, examination, weighing, and trying of all kinds of goods, merchandize, victuals, etc., brought to the City, and had used and exercised the said privileges to the common good. A suit had been brought against them, calling them to account by what warrant they held the said right, by which suit the Government of Her Majesty's Chamber had been disturbed. They besought her to order the stay of these vexations proceedings.
(Circa 1592.)

I. 609. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Aldermen to Sir Michael Blunt, Lieutenant of the Tower, complaining of the outrageous conduct of Phillips, one of the Warders, to the Constable and Beadle of the Ward, whom he had struck and otherwise insulted. They had remitted Phillips to him to be punished at his discretion.
29th November, 1592.

II. 157. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Master of the Green Cloth of Her Majesty's household, complaining that, contrary to the rights and privileges of this City, Wm. Beal, one of the Serjeants-atMace of the Sheriffs of London, had been attached by one of the officers of the Knight Marshal to appear before the Board of Green Cloth for arresting Lawrence Wright within the liberties of the City, by a warrant for contempt of the Court of Common Pleas, and requesting them to excuse his attendance, and to restrain the Marshal's officer from executing his office within the Liberties of the City in future.
6th May, 1596.

II. 191. Letter from Sir John Herbert to the Lord Mayor, with respect to the petition of Robert Aske to Her Majesty against the Lord Mayor and Aldermen for detaining from him 250l., part of the profits of the farm of Leadenhall, which complaint had been referred to Dr. Cæsar and the writer for examination, and requesting that, as one John Leake (fn. 11) claimed the same, payment might be withheld until the cause had been heard again
12th July, 1602.

II. 193. Letter from Thomas Lord Buckhurst, Lord Treasurer, desiring the Court of Aldermen to release Mr. John Williams from prison, to which they had committed him for holding an opinion that the Mayor and Aldermen had not absolute power of themselves to dismiss Sir Richard Marten [Martin] from his place of Aldermanship without the consent of the Ward.
22nd December, 1603.

II. 194. Letter from John Williams to the Lord Mayor, praying to be released from Newgate.
12th December, 1602.

II. 232. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Under Treasurer of the Exchequer. By divers precedents the Mayor and Aldermen of the City, with certain other officers, to the number of 104, usually received black at the solemnity of the funeral of the kings of this realm, which custom was omitted at the funeral of... (fn. 12) He begged that this might not be made a precedent to their prejudice in the future, or hinder their endeavours in the service of these intended funerals for their late most gracious Sovereign, according as it had been accepted upon like occasions for King Henry VIII., and others his predecessors. (fn. 13)
4th April, 1603.

II. 233. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lords of the Council to the like effect.
8th April, 1603.

II. 236. Petition of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of London to the King, complaining of certain persons endeavouring to get a grant from His Majesty of privileges always enjoyed by this City both by Charter and usage.

Note—No mention is made of the particular privileges referred to.

II. 240. Letter from the Lord Mayor to Sir John Fortescue, (fn. 14) Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, touching the City's right to a room of two square yards of ground, or therebouts, at Paul's Cross, which the City had enjoyed time out of mind, and requesting him to refer the matter in dispute to some one nominated by the Duchy and the City.
8th March, 1603.

II. 298. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Board of Green Cloth, reporting the proceedings taken against Raymand's man for creating a tumult in the market and assaulting Richard Weaver, a sworn officer, for which he had been committed to prison. He had understood that a summons had been served upon Weaver to attend their Lordships, but, being contrary to the charters of the City, he had sent back the Marshal's man without him.
28th November, 1607.

II. 312. Petition of the Mayor, Knights, and Aldermen, to the King, complaining that some Knights Commoners, who still carried on trade in the City, claimed priority before some of the supplicants later knighted, and praying that the matter of precedence might be referred to the Earl Marshal of England.

Order of the King thereon, referring the same to the Commissioners for the office of Earl Marshal.
Newmarket, 12th March, 1607.

III. 32. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to the Earl of Northampton, Lord Privy Seal. There years since they exhibited their petition to the King concerning the differences between them and the Knights Commoners for precedency of place within the City, the consideration of which had been referred by the King to his Lordship and the rest of the Lords Commissioners for the Office of Earl Marshal of England. The Commissioners had appointed three several peremptory days for both parties to attend them, with their counsel thereon, on each of which occasions the City had been ready to maintain their claims, and the Knights Commoners not only failed and made default, but on the last of the peremptory days appointed alleged they would no further stand in opposition in the difference. They requested him to make an order and decree for settlement of the matter.
2nd December, 1611.

III. 39. The Order of the Lords Commissioners for the office of Earl Marshal of England, thereupon directing that the Aldermen shall have precedency within the City of the said Knights Commoners, and such other citizens or commoners as shall hereafter be made Bachelor Knights, till the Court, on full hearing of the cause, shall order and adjudge the contrary.
19th February, 1611.

III. 45. Letter from the Earl of Southampton, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, to the Lord Mayor. He was informed that a suit had lately been revived by certain Freemen of London against certain officers of His Majesty's Court, holden before the Mayor and Jurats of Sandwich, to try the validity of one of the ancient customs of the Ports by process of withernam, and expressing his surprise thereat, seeing that the custom had been questioned about sixteen years previously and decided against the Ports as touching the taking of the body, but in their favour as to the taking of goods in execution on process of withernam. He requested the Lord Mayor to advise with the Aldermen, Recorder, and Counsel of the City as to the grounds that moved them to impugn this ancient privilege and custom never before contradicted, as to goods, and acquaint him with their determination in the matter, so that, if on receipt thereof and conference with the Counsel of the Ports he could not satisfy the City, his defendants might plead next Term.
28th April, 1612.

III. 59. Letter from Sir Oliver Cromwell (fn. 15) to the Lord Mayor. He had been given to understand that the tenants of Coleharbour had been called before the Court of Aldermen, and a certain company of the inhabitants of the house required weekly to watch or else incur a hard censure. He requested that they might be excused till the midst of the term, when he was to deliver up the house to his son-in-law, and then either give sufficient satisfaction for their discharge or yield to any reasonable course.
19th September, 1612.

III. 60. Reply of the Lord Mayor to Sir Oliver Cromwell. It was conceived by the Court of Aldermen that he was misinformed, and they wronged, by the pretence of the inhabitants that the Court. intended to offer any trouble, when they sought but to govern, which they thought they might lawfully do, the place being within their jurisdiction. The demeanour of the persons was so contemptuous, both to the laws of the realm and the customs of the City, that it could by no means be given way to.
24th September, 1612.

III. 105. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to the Lord Chancellor, complaining that, upon an arrest made in London by one of the Sheriffs' officers (by virtue of the King's writ of execution) on the body of Mr. Palmer, Doctor of Divinity, the Lieutenant of the Tower had taken in withernam the body of Mr. Cambell, merchant, and had detained him three days in the Tower, in lieu of the said Doctor Palmer, which course the judges had certified to be unlawful, but, since the matter had been revived, they prayed his Lordship to grant the Plaintiff a writ of special certiorari to remove his body before him, or take such order for his release as he should think meet.
9th July, 1613.

III. 106. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to the Lords of the Council to the same effect, and praying that orders might be given for the release of the citizens and the prevention of such courses in future.
13th July, 1613.

III. 124. Letter from G(eorge) Lord Carew, to the Lord Mayor. He had received a complaint from Nicholas Gittins, one of His Majesty's labourers in the Ordnance, that he had been chosen to be a Scavenger in the parish of Aldgate, where he resided. Although he could, by his authority, free the man from the office, he felt sure that when the Lord Mayor rightly understood the matter he would himself give order for his release.
The Savoy, 17th January, 1613.

III. 177. Letter from Mr. Secretary Ralph Winwood to the Lord Mayor, enclosing a request from the poor parish of Little Saint Bartholomew, of which he was a parishioner, complaining of a novelty in matter of government, which one James Hudson, Alderman's Deputy of Farringdon Without, sought to intrude upon it, and expressing his opinion that the parish was well ordered by the present government thereof, which, being approved, both by the records and ancient custom, he begged the Court of Aldermen to re-establish and continue.
Whitehall, 16th October, 1614.

IV. 54. Letter from R(obert) Lord Lisle, to the Lord Mayor, informing him that Sir Edmund Dowse, Knight, His Majesty's Cupbearer, had been wrongfully arrested by certain Serjeants of London, one of whom had been committed by Sir Stephen Soame, (fn. 16) but the rest had escaped, and requesting him to make search for them and inflict such punishment as the law would permit.
Whitehall, 14th February, 1616.

IV. 58. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough. They had been informed that their bailiff had taken and seized a sheep and a lamb from Francis Zachary, a butcher of Peterborough, and a Freeman of London, for refusing to pay toll there. By the Charter of the City of London, all the Freemen thereof were absolutely freed from paying toll in all places and markets throughout the kingdom, both by water and by land. They requested them to take notice thereof and restore the cattle. For avoiding further difficulty, counsel on both sides should confer together in order to end the controversy without trouble and expense in law.
21st February, 1616.

V. 4. Letter from Sir Allen Apsley, (fn. 17) Lieutenant of the Tower, to the Lord Mayor. A Mr. Hubbock, (fn. 18) who had a stipend from the Exchequer to read service in the King's Chapel in the Tower, and who had never ceased for twenty years to vex and molest the King's servants and the inhabitants of the Liberty of the Tower, had lately preferred an imaginary bill against some of them, depending before his Lordship. An Order of Council had been passed that all suits and controversies between the Liberties of London and the Liberties of the Tower should cease till Commissioners from the King should decide between them. He therefore requested him to throw out the bill and free the Liberty from expense and unjust vexation.
Tower, 10th January, 1618.

V. 16. Letter from Sir Allen Apsley, Lieutenant of the Tower, to the Lord Mayor, stating that upon notice that the brickwork or foundation of a prison or cage was laid upon Tower Hill the workmen would not desist, whereupon he had sent the deputy porter of the Tower to the Lord Mayor, to inform him that the place was within the Liberty of the Tower, and had sent with him the Constable of the Liberty, and some others, to put him in mind of the Order in Council requiring that neither the Lord Mayor nor the Lieutenant of the Tower should make any perambulation within the precincts in controversy until the matter was decided. Notwithstanding which, the Lord Mayor had, in his own person, neglected and broken (if not contemned) the Order, and had seconded it with a building of more disburbance than the perambulation, and had used the messengers harshly, and turned the Constable out of doors, returning answer, with no other reason than his will, that the prison should be built there. Constables and forces had been sent to countenance the work, and on that night and the next day it was finished. A warder was sent to bring one of the workmen before the Lieutenant, but the man had been forcibly rescued by others sent by the Lord Mayor. He had complained of the matter to the Council, and had by them been required to put his complaint in writing, but he was most unwilling that any differences between his lordship and himself should exist. He therefore begged him to neglect those who had misinformed him, and cause the building to be removed into his own Liberty, which could be done within a quarter of a stone's cast, and thus, the cause being taken away, all disquiets would die, and he would join with his lordship to prosecute the performance of the Order of the Council, which would remove all differences between the Lieutenant of the Tower and the Lord Mayor of London for ever thereafter.
Tower, 10th March, 1618.

V. 19. Letter from the Mayor and Jurats of Tenterden to the Lord Mayor concerning the seizure by his officers of certain cloth purchased in Blackwell Hall, by Samuel Wilcock, an inhabitant of the town of Tenterden, being a member of the Cinque Ports, and certifying that Wilcock was a Freeman of that town, and a Combarron of the Cinque Ports, and entitled to the liberties and immunities thereof, one of which was that he might freely buy any goods or merchandize in Blackwell Hall, or elsewhere within the realm of England. Although similar seizures had often before been made, the privilege had always been allowed and the goods restored. They therefore requested his lordship to give order for restitution of the goods without expense by suit in law.
Tenterden, 16th March, 1618.

V. 64. Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lieutenant of the Tower, acknowledging the receipt of his letter concerning Mr. Hubbock, Chaplain of the Tower. The Lord Mayor found by the City Records that it was true the officers and attendants of the Tower ought to have the privilege of freedom from arrest on any plaint entered in the Compters or other Courts of London, but that if writs were issued from the Higher Courts, directed to the Sheriffs of London, though they might not come within the Tower or its Liberties to make arrests, yet such as they found in London they might and usually did arrest, the Sheriffs in such cases being merely the ministers of justice to superior courts, whose commands they must obey. He therefore begged that Mr. Hubbock would retain an attorney to appear for him, which would remove any further question, or if the Lieutenant could anywise show that their Liberties were otherwise than as stated, he would willingly yield to him so far as he could do it with safety to himself and the duty of his office.
13th March, 1619.

V. 123. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to the town of Yarmouth. They had been informed that certain citizens of London had been interrupted in the sale of a ship's cargo of salt in the Port of Yarmouth, contrary to the custom and privileges of the City, the Yarmouth officers pretending that they ought, by virtue of the Charter of that town, to have half the cargo at the rate the merchant paid for it. They begged that the parties might be allowed to dispose of their cargo, and that a friendly trial of the right in question might be had and the bonds of the parties taken to answer the town of Yarmouth for whatever should thereupon be found due to them.
January, 1621.

V. 128. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to the town of Hull. Complaints had been made to them by divers merchants, Freemen of London trading in lead, that the officers of that town had levied upon that commodity a greater imposition by way of toll than had been, or of right ought to be, taken from Freemen of London. They requested that a conference and consent might be had between them and some of the City's councel, and a friendly and legal trial of the right made.
12th March, 1621.

V. 133. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to the Lords of the Council. It was true that a constable being sent for by their Lordship's warrant, and apprehended by their messengers, they all came suddenly to the Court of Aldermen, when it appeared that the constable on his apprehension had questioned their authority to take him, and refused to go, whereby a great concourse of people had been gathered together in the street. The Court of Aldermen thereupon thought it the best course to send the Sheriffs instantly to attend the Council with the constable, because the messengers, publicly in the streets, and openly in the Court of Aldermen, had slighted the Lord Mayor, for which he had publicly reprehended them. Although some members of the Court had remembered that the Council's messengers had sometimes in such cases had recourse to the Lord Mayor to assist them with the City officers, yet neither the Lord Mayor nor the Court of Aldermen had expressed an opinion that no warrant from the Council could be executed in the City without first acquainting the Lord Mayor.
9th May, 1622.

VI. 79. Order in Council reciting that the Lieutenant of the Tower (Sir Allen Apsley) on behalf of the King, and the Recorder and divers Aldermen on behalf of the City, had been heard before the Council as to informations delivered by them concerning the removal and carrying away, by divers persons of the Tower Liberty, of a markstone, placed about two years before on Tower Hill by the City's order, for distinguishing and bounding their Liberties from those of the Tower. As the differences appeared to be upon matter of right concerning the extent of each of their Liberties, and upon matter of fact as to the setting up and removal of the stone, and as no proofs had been produced on either side upon which the Council could determine, it had been ordered that a commission should be granted under the Great Seal to certain persons named, with authority to examine on oath, view records and writings, or take other effectual means to ascertain the extent of each of the Liberties and the truth of the matter of fact as to the removal of the markstone. The Council had been further made acquainted that there was question between the parties as to the extent of their Liberties in other parts adjacent to the Tower, for the settlement of which they desired some course to be taken. The Council therefore direct that the matter should likewise be inquired into by the Commissioners, upon all which questions the Commissioners should certify in writing to the Council, and that the Attorney General should prepare a Commission accordingly for His Majesty's signature. They further direct the Lieutenant of the Tower to cause the stone to be delivered to Deputy Winton, to be laid down in the place from which it was taken, there to remain, but not to be set up on either side as a markstone until the Commission had been returned, and the Board had given further directions in the matter.
Date in Margin, 8th November, 1626.

VI. 114. Order of the Privy Council, reciting that the Recorder (Mr. Serjeant Finch) had informed them that Sir Allen Apsley, Knight, Lieutenant of the Tower, had at several times, by way of withernam, taken and imprisoned there divers Citizens of London, and that such proceedings on the part of the Lieutenant were directly contrary to two Orders of the Council, dated respectively the 3rd October, 1695, and the 13th July, 1613, both which Orders were grounded on a Certificate made to them by the Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench, the Master of the Rolls, and the Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, on a former similar complaint. (The Certificate is set out at length.) The Council, after hearing the Recorder and Sir Allen Apsley, had ordered the immediate release of the Citizens, but deferred the full determining of the controversy till the present sitting, and, having now again heard the Recorder and the opinion of the Attorney General, they approved the former decrees of the Board, and, for prevention of future contentions, directed them to be observed by the Mayor and Commonalty and their successors on the one side, and the Lieutenant and officers of the Tower and their successors on the other side, as a final determination of the question. The Council, after giving instructions in detail as to the carrying out of this order, further direct the Lieutenant of the Tower so to exercise the rights and privileges of his place, and to hold such friendly correspondence with the magistrates and citizens of London, for the good of the King's service on all occasions, that the Council should not be further troubled with such complaints.
Whitehall, 10th December, 1624.

VI. 138. Order of the Court of (Aldermen), reciting that they had been informed that certain Citizens of London were molested by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Gloucester for non-payment of toll, notwithstanding that it had been certified to them, under the City Seal, that Citizens of London and their goods were, by charter, exempt from all toll throughout the King's dominions, as well on this side as beyond seas, and directing that, before other steps were taken, a letter should be sent to the said Mayor and Aldermen, suggesting that the matter should be lovingly heard and determined by counsel on either side, and that Mr. Bacon, the Remembrancer, should prepare and submit to the Court a letter accordingly.
22nd January, 1627.

VI. 139. Letter to the Mayor and Aldermen of Gloucester prepared in accordance with the foregoing Order.

VI. 193. A Copy of No. 114.
10th December, 1624.

VII. 202. Order in Council reciting that the Yeomen Warders of the Tower had petitioned the Board that, having hitherto been freed from all offices and services abroad on account of their service in the Tower, they had lately been pressed to bear office and do service in the City of London and elsewhere, and for refusing had not only been bound over to appear at the Sessions, but committed to Newgate, and directing that the Petition should be sent to the Lord Mayor, and that he should send his answer in writing thereto next Sunday.
At the Court at Hampton Court, 29th September, 1637.

VII. 203. Answer of the Lord Mayor. Some of the Yeomen Warders who were the Chief complainants dwelt and kept shops in the City, and were required, as other Freemen and inhabitants, to find watch and ward, or contribute to that charge, from which it did not appear they were ever formerly exempted. Upon their refusal he proceeded against such of them as resided and traded in London, according to law, and the rather, seeing that the Council, by letter of the 30th November, 1630, had directed the keeping of strong watches for the safety of the City without exempting any persons whatever.
6th October, 1637.

VII. 204. Order in Council, reciting the preceding Order and Letter, and directing that all warders who dwelt or kept shops and traded for their benefit within the City, should find watch and ward, or contribute to the charge thereof, from which they ought not to be exempted.
Hampton Court, 8th October, 1637.

VIII. 193. A copy of No. 204, Vol. VII.
8th October, 1637.

IX. 54. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Aldermen to the Marquess de Lande, Lord Ambassador from the King of Poland, acknowledging the complaint made by him of the detention of his coach. It had been attached, according to the laws and customs of the City, as the coach and for the debts of Sir Augustine Coronell, and the suits had since been removed into the superior courts. They regretted they were unable to comply with his wishes for its return until the cause had been determined.
(Circa 1661–2.)

IX. 58. Letter from Sir William Compton, (fn. 19) Master of Ordnance at the Tower, to the Lord Mayor, Sir John Robinson, Knight, com plaining that William Prichard, one of the King's Officers in the Tower, had been chosen to serve as Constable, which would interfere with his duty, and requesting that he might be relieved.
30th February, 1662–3.

IX. 60. Letter from James (Duke of York) (fn. 20) to the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen, informing them that the principal officers and commissioners of His Majesty's Navy found daily great difficulties and inconveniences through their inability to act as Justices of the Peace within their office by reason of its being situated within the Liberties of the City, and recommending that they might be enabled, with the concurrence of the Mayor and Aldermen, to act within their office, but not in any way to intermeddle in the government of the City
20th March, 1662.

IX. 62. Letter from the Earl of Manchester to the Lord Mayor, enclosing an Order of Council for the relief of the King's servants from bearing offices, according to the ancient privileges of His Majesty's servants.
23rd May, 1663.
The Order follows at length, dated the 8th of May, 1663.

IX. 91. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord Mayor, complaining that several officers, artificers, and attendants of the Ordnance had been chosen to serve certain offices in some of the wards and elsewhere, contrary to the privileges of those employed in His Majesty's service, and some had been threatened with imprisonment for refusing to serve, and directing that they should be excused without further molestation.
15th June, 1664.

IX. 94. Letter from Lord Berkeley (fn. 21) and (Sir) Henry Bennett to the Lord Mayor, informing him that they were interested in certain houses and lands, called Blanchappleton and Stewards' Inn, and offering to submit their title to two counsel, to be chosen by the Court of Aldermen and themselves.
7th August, 1664.


  • 1. This dispute as to the Liberties and Privileges of the Tower began as early as 1465–66, the fifth of Edward IV. Early in Queen Elizabeth's reign it was renewed; the points in controversy are referred to in the above letter. The Council referred the question to the consideration of the Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench (Sir Christopher Wray), the Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (Sir Edward Anderson), and the Master of the Rolls (Sir Gilbert Gerard), who gave their opinion upon some of the privileges claimed by the Lieutenant, but not upon the question of boundaries. They reported with respect to the claims of freedom from arrest by action in the City, and protections granted by the Lieutenant to officers and attendants in the Tower, and not obeying writs of habeas corpus; that, in their opinion, persons daily attendant in the Tower, and serving the Queen there, should be privileged and not arrested on any plaint in London, but that this should not apply to writs of execution or capias utlagalum; that the Lieutenant ought to return every habeas corpus out of any court at Westminster, so that the justices before whom it should be returned might either remand it with the body, or retain the matter before them and deliver the body. They further gave their opinion that the claim of the Lieutenant, that if a person privileged in the Tower were arrested in London, he might detain any citizen found within the Tower until the other was delivered, was altogether against the laws of the realm. The Lords of the Council made an order for settling these controversies, which was dated from Nonsuch, October 3rd, 1585. The question of boundaries still remained in dispute. Stow quotes documents, which he says he had seen among the Records in the Tower, from which it would appear that the bounds in controversy were at Little Tower Hill, the Postern, and East Smithfield on one side, and on the other the extent of Tower Hill, and towards Barking Church. The City claimed the Postern Gate in the end of the London Wall by the Tower, and the houses built near to the Wall and Postern; all the void ground within the Postern Gate, viz., the whole hill and ground where the scaffold for the execution of traitors stood, and where the Sheriffs of London received prisoners from the Tower to be executed (from which place the boundary stone had been removed), with the Watergate and the gardens under the London Wall. The City also claimed that the whole ground and soil called Tower Hill without the Postern Gate, being parcel of East Smithfield, was theirs. They likewise objected to the Lieutenant holding pleas in the court of the Tower, that being only a Court Baron, and not a Court of Record; also to the exactions taken in the name of prizage of victuallers bringing victuals, fuel, and other things by water. The Lieutenant disputed the original position of the Postern in question, and asserted that the City's proofs brought from their own manuscripts, &c., were insufficient to disposses any subject, much less the King. He also submitted the presentment made by an inquest held anno 27 Henry VIII., before Sir Anthony (William) Kingston, High Constable of the Tower, which stated that the bounds began "at the Watergate, next the Ramshead, in Petty Wales; and so stretched North unto a Mudwall called Pykes Garden, on this side of Crutched Friars; and so strait East unto the Wall of London, with nine gardens above the Postern, and above the Broken Tower, right unto the midst of Hog Lane End, and so strait unto the Thames, and so six Foot without the Stairs at the Eastgate of the Tower towards St. Katharines." In the reign of King James the Second the subject was again before the Privy Council, who, on the 12th May, 1686, directed the boundaries to be ascertained, which was done, and the broad arrow in iron, with the date, set on the houses. On the 13th October in the same year a warrant was issued by King James the Second, for a charter to be prepared for confirming the same. This Charter, dated 10th June, 1687, exempted the limits defined in the schedule (and which were practically those claimed by the Lieutenant) from the jurisdiction of the City, and of the Justices, &c., of Middlesex; directed that the Governor of the Tower, or his deputies, should execute and return all writs, processes, &c., within the limits; that a Session of the Peace should be held four times a year within the Liberty of the Tower, and that the Justices of the Peace should have power to commit traitors, felons, &c., to Newgate. It also established a Court of Record within the Liberties, the Steward of the Court being the Coroner, the Governor of the Tower having the appointment of the officers. Whilst the duties of the Justices of the Peace, as defined by the charter, have been from time to time added to by the Acts 13 George II. cap. 19, sec. 7, 37 George III. cap. 25, sec. 13–16, and by sundry Licensing Acts, their powers have been limited by the Police Act (10 George IV. cap. 44) and supplementary Police Acts. The Central Criminal Court, Act, 4 & 5 William IV. cap. 36, included the Liberty of the Tower within the jurisdiction of that Court, and took away the power of its Justices to try at their Sessions offences under the Act. This, however, has since been somewhat modified by subsequent Acts. See Strype's 'Stow,' 'Rights and Privileges of the Tower,' &c.
  • 2. Of Gray's Inn; called to the Bar, 1555–6; one of the Masters of the Court of Requests, December 9th, 1558; was also Surveyor of the Courts of Wards and Liveries, and Steward of the Court of Marshalsea; Commissioner for establishment of Orders and Regulations for Fleet Prison, 1561; M.P. for Ipswich, 1572. Had a house in Clerkenwell, whence Seckford Street takes its name. Died, January, 1587–8. He married the widow of Sir Martin Bowes, Knight and Alderman.
  • 3. Third Earl.
  • 4. A writ, which goes after two former writs have no effect; the first of which is called capias, the second sicut alias, and the third pluries. Bailey's Dictionary, 1755.
  • 5. From the Saxon Gest, "a friend." Five or six men from each town of the Ports met by summons to consult about such matters as tended to the common good of the Ports.
  • 6. So called from two Anglo-Saxon words, signifying "seizure per contra," reprisal by writ upon other cattle or goods than those which by the defendant have been unlawfully taken. 'Liber Albus,' English translation, pp. 168–535.
  • 7. See note I, p. 206.
  • 8. John Priest, Grocer, elected Sheriff 18th September, 25 Henry VIII. (1533), loco John Martin, Butcher, deceased. He was presented to the Constable of the Tower, without the gate, in accordance with the Charter, &c. The writ addressed to Sir William Kingston, Constable of the Tower, directing his admission, is entered in Jor. 13, fol. 384b, and Letter Book P., fol. 23. Priest only served ten days, the new Sheriffs being sworn on the 28th of the same month of September.
  • 9. Secondary.
  • 10. Sir Wolstane Dixie, Skinner; elected Alderman of Broad Street, February 4th, 1573; chosen Sheriff, August 1st, 1575; Lord Mayor, 1585; removed to Bassishaw, February 8th, 1592. He died January 8th, 1594, and was buried at St. Michael's Bassishaw. He was twice married, but died without issue, leaving the great bulk of his property to charitable uses, amongst others to the foundation of the Grammar School of Market Bosworth, in Leicestershire. He was also a liberal benefactor to Christ's Hospital, of which he was President from 1590 till his death, and materially assisted in building Peterhouse College, Cambridge. The Pageant performed at the expense of his Company upon his accession to the Mayoralty was written by George Peele, M.A., of Oxford. A memoir of him, written by Mr. Thomas Brewer, late Secretary of the City of London School, will be found in the 'Proceedings of the London and Middlesex Archæological Society,' vol. ii., page 25. For his pedigree see Camden's 'Visitation of the County of Leicester in 1619,' published by the Harleian Society in 1870, p. 116. He was the ancestor of Sir Alexander Dixie, Bart.
  • 11. The reversion of the Keepership of Leadenhall granted to him, 26th July, 1575.
  • 12. The Letter is imperfectly entered.
  • 13. A note of the quantity of cloth supplied to the City at Queen Elizabeth's funeral, and of its disposal, will be found entered in Letter Book GG., fol. 184 B.
  • 14. Grandson of Sir John Fortescue, of Pembury, Herts, who married Alice, youngest daughter of Sir Geoffery Bolreyn, Lord Mayor. As Master of the Great Wardrobe, in 1603, he paid 3,0001. for the funeral expenses of Queen Elizabeth. His second wife, Eleanor, daughter of Edward Hubbard, Esq., was buried in the chancel of St. Sepulchre's Church. See also note 2, p. 157.
  • 15. Of Hinchinbrook, uncle and godfather to the Lord Protector. Entertained King James, in his progress from Scotland, 27th April, 1603; created K.B. at the Coronation; married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Bromley, Lord Chancellor; secondly, Ann, widow of the celebrated Sir Horatio Palavicino. He died August 1655, aged 93.
  • 16. Grocer, elected Alderman of Cheap, July 8th, 1589; Sheriff, July 11th, 1589; Lord Mayor, 1598; President of Bridewell and Bethlem Hospitals, 1598–9; M.P. for London, 1601; Senior Alderman in 1618; Knighted by James I. at Theobalds, December 21st, 1618. Sir Sebastian Harvey removed to Cheap, loco, Soame, deceased, July 8th, 1619. He was Master if his Company, and the first to show an example of liberality towards the embellishment of their hall by presenting the roof at a cost of 500l. He lived in Soper Lane, over against Sir Roger Martin. He was one of the Committee of sixteen appointed by the Corporation to prepare for the reception of King James I. in the City, and to attend at his coronation, March 15th, 1603–4. A copy of the Royal Pagent performed on the occasion, written by Ben Jonson, is preserved in the Corporation Library. He was the second son of Thomas Soame, of Botely, Norfolk, and Anne, his wife, daughter and heir of Francis Knighton, of Little Bradley, Suffolk. Sir Stephen married Anne, daughter of William Stone, of Segenhoe, in Bedfordshire, and had a numerous family. He was a liberal benefactor to the reedifying of St. Paul's Cathedral. At his native place, Little Thurlow, Suffolk, he erected and endowed a free school and almshouses. He died in the mansion erected by him there, May 23rd, 1619, and was buried in Thurlow Church, where a monument still remains recalling his good deeds. Sir William Soame, Knight, his eldest son and heir, was Sheriff of Suffolk, 1632–3; he married Bridget, the daughter of Alderman Benedict Barnham. William, the second son of this Sir William, was advanced to a Baronetcy by Charles II., 1684–5. Thomas Soame, another of Sir Stephen's sons, served the office of Sheriff of London in 1635. (See Heath's 'Grocers Company,' p. 254–6; Le Neve's 'Knights,' p. 290; Page's 'Suffolk Traveller,' p. 901–2; Burke's 'Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies,' edition 1844, p. 495–7.)
  • 17. Youngest son of John Apsley, of Pulborough, Sussex. He purchased the office of Lieutenant of the Tower from his predecessor, Sir George Moore, for 2,500l., and was sworn into office March 3rd, 1617, which he held until his death, May 24th, 1630; he was also Surveyor of Victuals for the Navy. Whilst Lieutenant of the Tower, Sir Walter Raleigh was in his custody. In Mr. Hepworth Dixon's work on Her Majesty's Tower interesting particulars are cited as to his manly conduct towards his prisoner. He was buried in the chapel of St. Peter and Vincula in the Tower, where a tablet to his memory is to be found. (See Bayley's 'Tower of London,' Vol. I. page 124.) He was thrice married. His second wife was Anne, daughter and heivess of Sir Peter Carew, by whom he had issue two sons and a daughter, Jocosa or Joyce, who married Lyster, second son of Sir Richard Blount, of Mapledurham, whose ancestors were also Lieutenants of the Tower. His third wife was Lucy, the youngest daughter of Sir John Knight, of Lydiard Tregoz, Wilts, to whom he was married at St. Ann's, Blackfriars, on the 23rd December, 1615, at which time he was of the age of forty-eight, whilst the lady was but sixteen. By this marriage he became brother-in-law of Sir Edward Villiers, Viscount Grandison (ancestor of the present Earl of Jersey), half-brother of George Villiers, first Duke of Buckingham. His eldest son by this marriage, who also became Sir Allen Apsley, was a zealous Royalist, and was successively Governor of Exeter and Barnstaple Castles, and, after the Restoration, Falconer to King Charles II., and Treasurer of the Household to James, Duke of York, afterwards King James II. His daughter Frances married Sir Benjamin Bathurst, Knt., Governor of the Royal African and the East Indian Companies and Cofferer to Queen Anne, grandson of Alderman Lancelot Bathurst (elected Alderman of Dowgate Ward, November 27, 1593), and ancestor of Lord Chancellor Bathurst. Sir Allen Apsley, the Lieutenant of the Tower, had also four other sons and two daughters; of the latter, Barbara married Lieutenant-Colonel George Hutchinson, and Lucy became the celebrated wife of his brother Colonel John Hutchinson, Governor of Norttingham Castle, an earnest Parliamentarian. The life of the latter was written by his wife, who also left behind her her own Autobiography, printed in 1808. For pedigree of the Apsley family, see Berry's Sussex Genealogies,' page 150.
  • 18. A native of the county of Durham. In 1581, at the age of twenty-one, he was elected from Magdalen Hall, Oxford, to be a Scholar of Corpus Christi College; M.A. 1582. (See his Latin Oration to the King on his entry into the Tower of London, February 12th, 1603–4. Nichols's 'Progresses of James I.,' Vol. I. page 325.) He was excommunicated in 1620 by the Archbishop of Canterbury for solemnizing marriages and christenings in the chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula in the Tower. The right of solemnizing these offices was shortly afterwards established, and has since been enjoyed without interuption.
  • 19. Grandson of William Spencer, second Earl of Northampton, who married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir John Spencer, Knight, Lord Mayor of London in 1593. He was an eminent Cavalier leader; Governor of Banbury Castle, 1644. His brother Henry was Lord Bishop of London from 1675 to 1712.
  • 20. Afterwards James II.
  • 21. George, fourteenth Baron Berkeley; created September 11th, 1679, Earl of Berkeley; died October 14th, 1698.