Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640 Database. Originally published by Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2004.

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Gender Male
Primary occupation medical physician (MD) (Candidate for Physician of Bart's 1603.)
Period of medical practice 1592-1613
Place of birth London (b London (bapt St Antholins, son of Thomas Rawlins))
Date of birth c. 1569
Date of death Apr 1613
Address Bapt St Antholins 6 Nov 1569. Lived Cow Lane St Sepulchre's (*Barts) c1604-13. St Sepulcre, Newgate (will). Bur St Antholins 1613.
Other notes Ca MD 1599. Trouble 1596-7, 1601-5, 1607. LRCP 1600. FRCP 1605. Suspected RC. ?Married a midwife?

Known London address

St Antholin's Budge Row
Parish St Antholin
Ward Cordwainer Street
Date 1569
St Antholin's Budge Row
Parish St Antholin
Ward Cordwainer Street
Date 1613
Cow Lane, St Sepulchre's
Parish St Sepulchre without Newgate
Ward Faringdon Without
Date c1604-13

College membership

Medical education (university) Cambridge
Date of MD 1599
Date became Licentiate 17/03/1600
Date became Fellow 22/12/1605
Date of Fellowship 1605-1613
In trouble before membership Yes
In trouble after membership Yes
Other notes MD Cantab 1599. In trouble w ACant. Rejected as CRCP 25/06/1604.
Date of birth c.1569
Date of death Apr 1613

Censorial hearings

1 Oct 1596
Entry R was summoned.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken Summoned.
18 April 1603
Entry Moundeford charged R with treating M's patient. R claimed that he did not know the rule.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Attitude of the accused made an excuse
Action taken Fined 40s.
Number of crimes 1
2 April 1604
Entry R was examined and approved for the first time.
Action taken Approved on first examination.
11 May 1604
Entry R was examined and approved for the last time.
Action taken Approved on the last examination. (But see next.)
25 June 1604
Entry R was temporarily refused as CRCP because of his insolence and impudence to the Bishop of London.
Action taken CRCP deferred.
15 Oct 1605
Entry Popham wrote to the College requesting that R be made FRCP.
Pressure applied by College yes
Action taken No vacancy, but R to be elected when one arose.
6 Dec 1605
Entry The College postponed its reply to Popham.
Pressure applied by College yes
Action taken See next.
22 Dec 1605
Entry R (with ELWIN & GWINNE) was elected FRCP on the grounds that the King's physicians are not included in the restriction on the number of Fellows. The Archbishop of Canterbury had sent a letter withdrawing his earlier suspicions that R was a recusant, and asking for his letter of 15 Sep 1605 back.
Pressure applied by College yes
Action taken FRCP.
3 July 1607
Entry Popham had died in July under R. Friends of P had complained of R's conduct of P's case, particularly of his refusal to call in other doctors despite P's request, and alleged that he had over-dosed P, a frail old man, etc.
Initiator of the complaint friend/neighbour/acquaintance of the patient
Second initiator of the complaint friend/neighbour/acquaintance of the patient
Action taken R was censured. He was not to do this again on pain of a £20 fine.
Number of crimes 1
14 Oct 1596
Entry R, MA Oxon, confessed to practising. He had cured a woman of excessive menstruation, 'which discharge he said when questioned, came from an imbecility of the muscles and infirmity of the stomach, and had been cured by attenuating remedies.'
Attitude of the accused confessed
Action taken R was bound over on a bond of £40 to cease practising.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Bound for £40 to abstain
Number of crimes 1
23 Dec 1596
Entry R was examined and his answers were found completely unsatisfactory. He was advised to apply himself to the study of Galen.
Action taken Not approved at examination.
12 Aug 1597
Entry R denied the charges against him, but agreed that he had administered medicinal clouts to stop dysentery, and had taken the patient's pulse. This last was regarded by the College as sufficient reason for him to lose his bond; but because of his 'recontrite' behaviour he was treated mercifully.
Action taken ?Forgiven.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Not made to forfeit his bond, because of his contrition
Number of crimes 1
17 March 1600
Entry Thomas Rawlins Doctor in Medicine of Cambridge appeared and confessed that he had practised medicine in this city for several weeks but had done so only after a sort as he himself said. He asked to be admitted to practise and willingly submitted to the questions of the College. He was examined ...
Initiator of the complaint college member
Action taken Fined for previous practice. Licensed for £6 p.a. + officers' fees
31 July 1601
Entry R appeared and refused to make any more payments to the College. This was found 'remarkably insolent behaviour'.
Action taken Absolutely forbidden to practise.
5 Feb 1602
Entry It was agreed that R should appear on February 22nd to reply [to something].
Action taken To appear on Feb 22.
5 May 1602
Entry R was to be imprisoned unless he paid his arrears, of which part had been paid and the rest was to be paid out of his profit.
Action taken To be imprisoned unless he paid his arrears.
6 Aug 1602
Entry It was decided that R should pay £4 p.a. from Michaelmas onwards. But he was enjoined to pay his existing debt.
Action taken To pay his debt.