Memorials: 1288

Pages 23-24

Memorials of London and London Life in the 13th, 14th and 15th Centuries. Originally published by Longmans, Green, London, 1868.

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The Water-course of Walebrook.

16 Edward I. A.D. 1288. Letter-Book A. fol. cxxx. (Latin.)

It was determined by Ralph de Sandwich, Warden of the City of London, Thomas Cros and Walter Hauteyn, Sheriffs, Gregory de Rokesle, John Fitz-Peter, and other Aldermen, that the watercourse of Walebrook should be made free from dung and other nuisances, and that the rakes should be put back again, upon every tenement extending from the Moor to the Thames. (fn. 1)

On Wednesday next after the Feast of St. Peter's Chair [18 January], in the 16th year of the reign of King Edward, John de Banquelle, Ralph le Blund, Joce le Akatur, Robert de Basinge, [others of the Aldermen], assented to the said enactment.

Claim of Born Bondmen (fn. 2) belonging to Edmund, Earl of Cornwall.

16 Edward I. A.D. 1288. Letter-Book A. fol. lxxx. (Latin.)

On Monday, the morrow of St. Mark the Evangelist [25 April], in the 16th year of the reign of King Edward, there came into the full Husting of Pleas of Land Michael de Meledone and John Godsalm, attorneys of the Earl of Cornwall, and preferred a claim for the same Earl, and Ralph, Rector of the House of Asserugge, (fn. 3) and the Convent of the same house, upon Ralph de North of Hemelhamelstede, (fn. 4) John Laurence his brother, Adam del North, son of the aforesaid Ralph del North, Gilbert his brother, and Jurdan his brother, Robert Podifat, Robert de la Forde, John de la Burne, and [..], (fn. 5) as being their bondmen born, (fn. 6) and their runaways; of whom they were seised until one month before the Day of St. Michael [29 September], in the 15th year of the reign of King Edward; and alleged that on the day aforesaid they ran away from their lands. And they ask that they be not admitted to the freedom of the City, because they are prepared to proceed against them as being their bondmen born, and their runaways. (fn. 7)


  • 1. Vynesbury (now Finsbury) Moor, along the course of the Wall Brook.
  • 2. Or "Natives;" the "Native" being born in bondage; the "Bondman" being so by contract; and the "Villein" being bound to service, as belonging to the land. The female appellation of the "nativus" was "neif;" that of the male has not survived: "serf" is perhaps the nearest term.
  • 3. Now Ashridge, in Bucks. Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, founded here, in 1283, a College of Bons Hommes, a French Order of Monks; and was buried in their church, A.D. 1300.
  • 4. Hemel Hempstead.
  • 5. A blank in the MS.
  • 6. nativi.
  • 7. No decision on this application is stated.