Public buildings: The Assembly Rooms

Historical Account of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Including the Borough of Gateshead. Originally published by Mackenzie and Dent, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1827.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


Eneas Mackenzie, 'Public buildings: The Assembly Rooms', Historical Account of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Including the Borough of Gateshead, (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1827), pp. 231-232. British History Online [accessed 24 June 2024].

Eneas Mackenzie. "Public buildings: The Assembly Rooms", in Historical Account of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Including the Borough of Gateshead, (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1827) 231-232. British History Online, accessed June 24, 2024,

Mackenzie, Eneas. "Public buildings: The Assembly Rooms", Historical Account of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Including the Borough of Gateshead, (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1827). 231-232. British History Online. Web. 24 June 2024,


This elegant structure was built by subscription, which commenced August 19, 1773. It stands at the west side of the Vicarage-house; and the ground was leased under the authority of an act of parliament, 14 George III. which enabled Dr. Fawcett, vicar of Newcastle, to grant a lease of part of his garden for nine hundred and ninety-nine years; at an annual ground-rent of £20. The foundation stone was laid by the late William Lowes, Esq. in the presence of a great company of ladies and gentlemen. A plate with the following inscription was put under the stone:—

In an age
When the polite arts
By general encouragement and emulation,
Have advanced to a state of perfection
Unknown in any former period;
The first stone of this edifice,
Dedicated to the most elegant recreation,
Was laid by William Lowes, Esq.
On the 16th of May, 1774.

It was built under the direction of Mr. Newton, architect, and cost, including furniture and other expenses, about £6701, to which the corporation subscribed £200. These rooms were first opened by a very numerous and brilliant company, in the race-week, June 24, 1776.

This monument of the taste and liberality of the gentry of this town and its vicinity, is remarkable for elegance of design and execution of workmanship. It presents a front adorned with a colonnade of six beautiful pillars, and two handsome wings corresponding. In the front is a grass plot, with a semicircular gravel road for carriages, inclosed with iron palisadoes. The interior is said to be more commodious than any other building of the kind in the kingdom, except the House of Assembly at Bath. The great ball-room is 94 feet long, 36 feet broad, and 32 feet high. The high end is circular; and above the entrance is a very light and elegant musicgallery. There are seven very large and brilliant glass chandeliers. The centre one, it is said, cost 600 guineas. When lighted up, and filled with the beauty and fashion of this district, the coup d'æil is most enchanting. Adjoining are card-rooms. In the saloon are two superb mirrors, and the much admired picture of Sir John Falstaff, Mrs. Ford, &c. by Downman. The room for private assemblies is used as the tea-room at the guild and assize balls. This room is very spacious, and often used at public dinners. In the lower story is the supper-room, which is equal in length and breadth to the great room above; but it is only 14 feet in height. Upwards of 460 persons have supped in this room. (fn. 1) Adjoining are two halls, subscription newsroom, kitchens, &c. To the news-room is attached a small, but well chosen collection of books, chiefly on the popular topics of the day. The principal defects in this building are, the want of an entrance-hall of corresponding elegance with the other apartments, and a portico in front, under which carriages might drive.


  • 1. On March 20, 1823, a most splendid fancy dress ball and supper were given, by forty-seven Gentlemen Bachelors of Newcastle, to the ladies and gentlemen in that town and neighbourhood, when 467 ladies and gentlemen, attired in all the splendour, brilliancy, and variety that taste could devise or money purchase, crowded the suite of apartments. The assemblage presented a view of all the dresses of Europe, ancient and modern, and of many of those of the other quarters of the globe. So splendid an entertainment was never before seen in Newcastle.