Prehistoric, Roman and Undated Earthworks

Page 419

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 2, South east. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1970.

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This part of the Inventory of S.E. Dorset is divided into three sections, arranged as follows:-

Earthworks (pp. 420–519) include those of both the prehistoric and Romano-British periods since it is often impossible, as with settlements, to make a distinction between them; undated earthworks, and stones, are also considered here, but mediaeval or later earthworks are treated above in Parts 1 and 2 in the parish inventories. The monuments are listed by parishes under the following category headings:

Long and Round Barrows, p. 420

Mounds, p. 480

Hill-forts, p. 483

Enclosures, p. 502

Settlements, p. 508

Stones, p. 512

Dykes, p. 515

Roman Remains (pp. 520–621), other than the earthworks mentioned above, are listed under the following heads:

Roman Roads, p. 528

Roman Dorchester (Durnovaria), p. 531

Other Roman Monuments, arranged by parishes, p. 592

Ancient Fields (pp. 622–633) are listed by groups irrespective of the parish arrangement.

An introduction to each section or category discusses distribution, dating and structure, with reference where appropriate to cultural affinities and social implications; explanations of the cultural and chronological terms used, which would have burdened the inventory text unduly, will be found in the Glossary (p. 635). These matters will be more fully considered in a general survey of the whole county to be included in the last Inventory of the Dorset series.

With the exception of the Roman Roads and Ancient Fields, the monuments are identified by numbers continuing from the parish inventories in Parts 1 and 2; within each parish they are described as far as possible from S.W. to N.E. In each entry the first reference in brackets gives the sheet number of the relevant O.S. 6 in. map and is normally followed by the National Grid reference.