Chronological Table

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 2, the Defences. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1972.

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, 'Chronological Table', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 2, the Defences, (London, 1972) pp. 56. British History Online [accessed 26 May 2024].

. "Chronological Table", in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 2, the Defences, (London, 1972) 56. British History Online, accessed May 26, 2024,

. "Chronological Table", An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 2, the Defences, (London, 1972). 56. British History Online. Web. 26 May 2024,


71–2 Roman fortress built.
107–8 Fortress rebuilt in stone.
c. 650 Tower 19 built.
867 York captured by the Danes. Earth ramparts added.
c. 930 Athelstan razes a Danish fort.
1068 William I builds two castles.
1069 William I restores castles after damage.
c. 1100–1200 Stone gates erected, replacing timber gates.
1190 Castle burnt in anti-Jewish riot.
1215 Geoffrey de Neville strengthens city defences on E. and S.W.
1245–70 Henry III rebuilds castle in stone, including Clifford's Tower.
1250–70 Stone walls built in central and Micklegate areas.
1266 St. Mary's Abbey walls begun.
1315–40 Archbishop Melton fortifies Old Baile.
1318–c. 1325 St. Mary's Abbey walls heightened and strengthened with towers.
1345 Citizens contract with Thomas de Staunton to build walls from Fishergate Bar to Foss.
c. 1350 Monk Bar built.
1380 Tower 32 described as new.
1463 City's guns first mentioned.
1466 Old Baile in hands of citizens.
1483–5 Richard III dismantles castle preparatory to rebuilding.
1487 Sir William Todd restores wall near Fishergate Bar.
1489 Rebels burn Walmgate and Fishergate Bars. Latter blocked until 1827.
1490 Red Tower being built.
1502 Wall between Walmgate Bar and Foss rebuilt.
c. 1505 Fishergate Postern Tower built.
1511 Twelve guns delivered for city defences.
1569 Walls prepared for siege.
1581–6 Rear façades of Bootham, Micklegate, and Walmgate Bars rebuilt.
1596–7 Robert Redhead partially demolished Clifford's Tower and castle outer wall.
1616 Lendal Tower first used as waterworks.
1642 Walls prepared for siege. Clifford's Tower restored by Earl of Cumberland.
1644 Siege by three Parliamentary armies. Walmgate Bar damaged.
1645–69 Walls restored.
1667–8 Grand Jury House in castle rebuilt.
1674–5 Moothall or Sessions House in castle built.
1677 Lendal Tower leased for 500 years as waterworks.
1684 Clifford's Tower gutted by fire.
1701–5 Debtors' Prison in castle built.
1719 Rear façade of Bootham Bar rebuilt.
1731 New postern made at Davy Tower.
1745 Walls prepared for siege.
1753 New passage made at Micklegate Bar.
1771 New passage made at Bootham Bar.
1773–7 Assize Courts in castle built, replacing Grand Jury House.
1780 Female Prison in castle built, replacing Moothall.
1800 City council resolves to demolish walls.
1807–8 Skeldergate Postern demolished.
1808 Archbishop awarded damages against city for demolition of Skeldergate Postern.
1811 Archbishop and Dean and Chapter seek injunction to prevent demolition of walls.
1825 Monk Bar barbican demolished and new passage made there.
1826 Castlegate Postern and Micklegate Bar barbican demolished.
1826–35 New outer wall and prison built at castle.
1829 Layerthorpe Postern demolished.
1831 St. Leonard's Place pierced through walls. Bootham Bar barbican partly demolished.
1831–2 Walls in Micklegate area restored.
1834 Walls, Fishergate Postern to Fishergate Bar, restored.
1835 Bootham Bar restored.
1838 Victoria Bar pierced through walls and Lounlith gate discovered.
1839 Railway arch pierced through walls.
1840 Walmgate Bar and barbican restored. North Street Postern rebuilt.
1845 Monk Bar restored and another passage made there.
1864 Walls, Walmgate Bar to Red Tower, restored.
1871–2 Walls, Layerthorpe Postern to Monk Bar, restored.
1874 Road arches to new station pierced through walls.
1878 Walls, Baile Hill to Ouse, demolished.
1878 Walls, Layerthorpe Postern to Monk Bar, restored.
1886–9 Walls, Bootham Bar to Monk Bar, restored.
1914 Monk Bar restored.
1950–5 Bootham, Monk, and Micklegate Bars restored.
1969–70 Bootham Bar restored.
1970–1 Tower 19 restored.