Index: A-J

Survey of London: Volume 39, the Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 1 (General History). Originally published by London County Council, London, 1977.

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'Index: A-J', in Survey of London: Volume 39, the Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 1 (General History), (London, 1977) pp. 213-226. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-london/vol39/pt1/pp213-226 [accessed 1 March 2024]

Index A-J

NOTE. The symbols in the left-hand margin distinguish those persons who have worked, or are thought to have worked, on the fabric of the area, and the authors of unexecuted designs:
a - Architects, designers, engineers, and surveyors;
b - Builders and allied tradesmen;
c - Artists, craftsmen, and decorators.

Abbeville 73 Aberconway, 2nd Baron 162 Abercorn, 2nd Duke of 68 Abercorn, 8th Earl of 120 Abercorn, 9th Earl of (later 1st Marquess) 89 Abercorn, 2nd Marquess of (later 1st Duke) 92 Aberdeen, 7th Earl (later 1st Marquess) and Countess of 55, 58, 150, 151, 153 Abergavenny, 16th Baron 175 Acklom, Lady 177 a Adam, James 22, 120, 122, 124 a Adam, Robert 22, 120, 121, 122, 124, 143 Adam style 71, 119, 124, 156, 161 a Adams, Holden and Pearson 163 Adams Row (formerly Mews) 31, 53, 96, 100, 101, 166 Agricultural rents 4, 29, 33 Aislabie, John 21, 105, 177 Albemarle, 2nd Earl of 177 Albemarle Arms public house, South Audley Street 85 Albemarle Ground 19 Albemarle Street 11, 19 Aldford House, Park Lane 18947 building (sometime No. 26) 59, 147, 148, 149, 160, 162; Pl. 38a 19302 building 77, 79, 165; Pl. 49d Aldford (formerly Chapel) Street 52, 53, 54, 55n., 59, 63n., 74, 81, 85, 104, 118, 1312, 148; Pl. 35a No. 2 100, 166 No. 3 166 No. 15 76, 162 Aldred, Captain John 26, 187 Alexandra Ladies' Club, Grosvenor Street 62 c Alken, Sefferin 124 Allen, Lady 183 b Allen, Edward 183 Allen, Elizabeth 173 Alleyne, Elizabeth 186, 187 b Allison, William 187, 193 c Allom (White Allom and Co.) 153, 156, 167, 168 Almack's 90 c Alston, John 8n., 104 Alvensleben, Baron 87 America, architectural influences of 163, 164 American Embassy see United States Embassy Amyand, Claudius 120 a Anderson, J. Macvicar 57, 147 Andrews (later Partington), Elizabeth 10 b Andrews, Jonathan 56, 145 Andrews, Richard 67, 9, 10, 11, 178, 192, 193, 194; plan A (58) Andrews, Robert 910, 16, 23, 26, 29 as building developer and lessee 10, 11, 14, 18, 24, 176, 177, 184, 1867, 1889, 1901, 1923; plan A (37, 47, 52, 55, 58, 6771, 82, 84) as Grosvenors' agent 67, 9, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 20, 22, 29 Andrews, Rev. Robert 10 Andrews v. Partington 10 Annacis Island, British Columbia 79 Apsley House 151 Arber, Mr. 132 a Arber, W. H. 145 Archer, Thomas 20, 27, 104, 177 Architects choice of 49, 50, 57, 8, 59, 60, 61, 70, 74, 1201, 147, 148 resident on the estate 21, 22, 87, 94, 105, 115, 118, 120, 130, 132, 138 role of 202, 1201, 12930, 138, 1478, 151, 153, 164 working for builders 58, 70, 1323, 138, 160, 161 Architectural styles see Adam; Baroque; French; Gothic; Greek Revival; Italianate; Modern Movement; Neo-Georgian; Palladian; Queen Anne Arlington, 1st Earl of 4 Armbrecht, E. L. 56, 57n., 65 Arnold, Christopher 26 b Arnott, William 188, 189 Arran, Earl of 83, 183 Artaxerxes, Palace of, Susa 157 c Arthur, Frederick 143 Artisans' dwellings see Working-class housing Artizans Labourers and General Dwellings Company 142 Arts and Crafts Movement, influence of 146, 148, 149, 155 Association in Aid of the Deaf and Dumb 55, 141 Astor, William Waldorf 48 Atheton, Mrs. 193 Atholl, Duchess of (?w. of 2nd Duke) 189 a Atkinson, William 130 b Atlee, William 187 Audley, Elizabeth 3 Audley (Awdley, Awdeley), Hugh 23 Audley, John 3 Audley Hotel, South Audley Street 58, 61, 146 Audley House, Nos. 810 North Audley Street 77, 165 Audley Mansions, Nos. 44 Mount Street and 56 South Audley Street 56, 58n., 99, 1445; Pl. 33d b Audsley, David 1745, 183, 184, 185; plan A (20) b Austin, Edward 1723 b Austin, William 173 b Avery, Henry 110, 172, 174, 5; plan A (9) Avery Row 30, 108, 130, 133; fig. 4 (p. 111) Ay(e) Brook see Tyburn Brook Ayliffe, Judith 181 a Ayling, R. Stephen 161 Ayre, Rev. J. W. 141 c Bagutti, Giovanni 27, 115 a Bailey, Gervase 164 b Bailley, Francis 18, 29, 1745, 1767, 1867; plan A (7, 8, 50) Baillie, Lady Cecilia 163 Baily, Francis 389 Baily, John 97 Baker, John 26 Balderton Flats Pls. 30d, 31a Balderton (formerly George) Street 55, 65, 72, 85, 88, 103 Clarendon Flats (formerly Buildings) 61, 65, 98, 142; Pl. 30c Garage 162 St. Mark's Mansions 142; Pl. 30c Balfour, A. J. 148 a Balfour, Eustace 54, 54n., 147, 148 as architect 54, 58, 59, 70, 1489, 157 as estate surveyor 36, 54, 601, 63, 64, 68, 69, 71, 147, 148, 1578, 159, 161 a Balfour and Turner 54, 589, 70, 1489, 157 Balfour Mews 53, 57, 58, 59, 63, 64, 100, 101, 148, 166 Balfour Place (formerly Portugal Street) 23, 53, 55n., 58, 59, 63n., 64, 87, 88, 119, 132, 148, 165; Pl. 35a Baltimore, 5th Baron 179 Banfield, Frank 65 c Bankart, George P. 155 Barbon, Nicholas 104 Barbor, Robert 10 Barker, Lady 175 Barley Mow public house, Duke Street 58, 59, 62 Barley Mow tavern, Upper Brook Street 84, 187 Barlow, George (of Stafford) 23 b Barlow, George 8, 22, 1745, 179, 187 Barlow, Sir George Hilaro 23 Barlow, Hugh 22 b Barlow, John 22, 23, 24, 186, 187, 189 Barlow, Martha (d. of Benjamin Timbrell) 23, 289 Barlow, Richard 12, 26, 28, 31 a Barlow, Thomas 7, 1112, 14, 15, 18, 19, 22, 23, 26, 28, 31n., 104, 1723, 176, 1826 passim; plan A (1, 15, 23, 55) as estate surveyor 1113, 16, 18, 19, 103, 104, 110 b Barlow, William 22, 23 b Barlow, William (senior) 22, 23, 118, 178, 179; plan A (3, 67 71, 82, 84) b Barlow, William (junior) 23, 27, 174, 175, 176, 177, 186, 187; plan A (25) b Barlow, William (senior or junior) 173, 1789, 1889 b Barlow family 223 Barlow Place (formerly Mews) 11 Barnard, 2nd Baron 183 Barnard, John 88 b Barnes, John 8, 1745, 187, 189; plan A (12) Barnston, Trafford 187 Baroque style 11, 104, 115 b Barratt, Thomas 187 a Barrett, Stanley, and Driver 166 c Barrias, F. J. 141 a Barry, Sir Charles 130, 134, 162 a Barry, E. M. 140, 143 Bartholomew, 126 Barton, 16 Baswick, John or Thomas 193 Bateman, 2nd Viscount 27, 113, 120 Bath, Countess of (d. 1808) 35 Bath, 2nd Marquess of 130 c Bath Artcraft Company 168 Batsford, B. T., Ltd. 169 Baxendale, Joseph 97 c Bayes, Gilbert 168 Bayswater Road 1 Beadon, Richard (Bishop of Gloucester) 39 Bear Wood, Berkshire 142 a Beard, J. Stanley 165 Beasley, Job 26 Beatty, Captain (later Admiral of the Fleet Earl) and Mrs. 72 Beauclerk, Lady Sidney 187 Beaumont, Sir George 120 Beaux-Arts influences 78, 155, 165 a Beazley, Samuel 50 Bedford, 5th Duke of 40 Bedford, 11th Duke of 72 Bedford, Dukes of 36, 64 estates of 15n., 36, 37, 135 Beit, Alfred 59, 149 Belgrave, Viscount see Grosvenor, Richard Belgrave House, Grosvenor Square 129, 133, 151; Pls. 20a, 54a Belgrave Square 129 Belgravia 33, 52, 72, 80, 81, 82, 93, 102, 133, 141, 147, 161 building in 44, 48, 49, 52, 127, 129, 130, 139, 140, 160 a Bell, E. Ingress 57, 147 a Bennett, T. P. 163, 167 b Bennett, William 1867 Benson, Benjamin 21, 1801; plan A (18) Benson, John Aislabie 21 a Benson, William 20, 21, 104, 118, 1801; plan A (18) Berkeley, 1st Baron 4 Berkeley, 4th Baron 16 Berkeley, Hon. Charles (later 2nd Baron) 4 Berkeley estate 2 Berkeley House, Piccadilly 4 Berkeley Lodge, Wimbledon 36 Berkeley Square 63, 87, 89, 97, 98, 138 Claudius Amyand's house 120; Pl. 15c Linnell's premises 88, 125 North side (Nos. 2531) 19, 42, 46, 130 No. 25 88, 162 No. 34 56, 59, 144 Berkeley Street 97 c Bernasconi, Francis 124 Berners Street, St. Marylebone 38, 44 a Best, J. R. see Wimperis and Best c Bethell, Mrs. Guy 168 Bevan, F. W. 62 Bickford, George 185 a Biddulph-Pinchard, C. H. 163 a Billerey, Fernand 73, 77, 78, 155, 156, 165 as consultant to Estate 77, 78, 163, 164, 1656 see also Blow and Billerey Binney (formerly Thomas, previously Bird) Street 31, 81, 85, 98, 130, 142, 146, 163; Pl. 31a b Bird, Colonel Stanley G. 55n., 57, 64 Bird Street see Binney Street Birmingham 147, 161 Bischoffsheim, H. L. 69, 153, 157 Biscoe, Elisha 10 Bishopp, Lady (w. of 5th Bt) 179 Bishopp, Sir Cecil, 6th Bt 177 Blackburne, William 173 Blackburne's Mews 74, 76, 96, 167 Bladen, Thomas 177 b Blagrave, John 1845 b Blagrave, Roger 29, 30, 1845; plan A (72, 81, 86) Bland, Lady Frances 187 Blandford, Marquess of (gs. of 1st Duke of Marlborough) 179 Bland-Sutton, (Sir) John 157 a Blomfield, Arthur 1412 Bloomfield Flats, Bourdon Street 61, 138, 139 Bloomfield Terrace, Pimlico 138 a Blow, Detmar 70, 734, 75, 78, 166 as architect 70, 734, 155, 163, see also Blow and Billerey as 2nd Duke's adviser 738 passim, 163, 164, 1656 a Blow and Billerey 73, 74, 1556, 157, 160 Blundell, Viscount 191 Bodley, George Frederick 140 a Boehmer and Gibbs 157 Bogg, Robert 189 Bolding, John, and Sons 144, 145 Bolton, Duchess of (w. of 3rd Duke) 189 Bolton, 5th Duke of 120 a Bolton, Albert J. 57, 5960, 145, 147 a Bond, John Linnell 125 Bond Street (Old and New) 6, 11, 65, 89, 125, 126 Bond Street Tube Station 812, 163 Boodle, Edward 10, 32, 34, 35, 38, 41, 44, 45, 46, 87 Boodle, Henry Mitford 34, 36n. Boodle, Henry Trelawny 34, 35, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 64, 65, 69, 148 evidence to Select Committee on Town Holdings (1887) 36, 55, 56, 57, 62, 63, 64, 65, 100 Boodle, John 34, 47, 49 Boodle, Trelawny Frederick 34 Boodle, Walter Trelawny 34 Boodle, William Chilver 34 Boodle and Partington (later Boodle and Co., subsequently Boodle Hatfield and Co.) 1011, 345, 38, 44, 45, 46, 75, see also individual members of Boodle family Boodle's Club, St. James's Street 119 Booth, Captain Robert 28 Borrett, John 9 Boscawen, Mrs. Fanny 118, 124 c Boulanger, Marcel 155 Bourdon House, Davies Street 31, 71, 72, 118, 120, 122, 155, 157; Pls. 10b, 12a Bourdon Place (formerly part of Grosvenor Mews, q.v.) 19, 31, 98 Bourdon Street (formerly part of Grosvenor Mews, q.v.) 19, 31, 39, 42, 46, 49, 53, 81, 96, 98, 100, 131, 138 Bloomfield Flats 61, 138, 139 Coach and Horses public house 61 Grosvenor Buildings 61, 139, 142; Pl. 30b Grosvenor Hill Court 170 St. George's Buildings 61, 138, 139; Pl. 30a St. George's Institute 142 St. Mary's Church 54, 141; Pl. 29a a Bouwens van der Boijen, W. O. W. 153, 155 Boyd, John 122 Boydell, John (uncle and nephew) 35 Boydell, Josiah and Thomas 35 a Boyes, H. C. 57, 60, 147 c Bradburn, John 125 Bragg, Robert 189 c Bramah, Joseph 124 Breadalbane, 3rd Earl of 179 Breadalbane House (Lord Petre's house), Park Lane 120, 124; Pls. 13b, 16a Brick Close 2, 4 Brick Street, Mayfair 2, 3 Bricklayers' Arms public house, South Audley Street 61 Brickmaking and brickfields 1314, 16 Bricks and brickwork 53, 56, 57, 105, 106, 107, 135, 139, 140, 143, 157, 1589, 163 Britannia Hotel, Grosvenor Square 166 Britannic House, Finsbury Circus 164 British Council 149, 169 Broadbent (formerly Little Grosvenor) Street 19, 88, 89, 98, 167; Pl. 51b Broadcasting House, Portland Place 165 Bromley, Henry (later 1st Baron Montfort) 179 c Bromwich, Thomas (Bromwich, Isherwood and Bradley, later Isherwood and Co.) 1245 Brook House, Park Lane 18669 building 100, 139, 143, 149, 151, 156; Pl. 27a 19335 building 77, 165, 168 Brook Street fig. 4 (pp. 11011); Pls. 6c, 22a, 33c, 39a first building 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, 25, 26, 28, 31, 108, 11012 first building leases (tables) 1725 hotels, establishment of 41, 978 rebuildings and refrontings 49, 50, 53, 133 social character 40, 41, 62, 76, 83, 85, 87, 96, 97, 99, 101 trade and business 40, 41, 42, 54, 62, 76, 84, 85, 87, 96, 97, 99, 1012 other references 33, 39, 40, 76, 88, 103 North side (even numbers) Brookfield House 162 Grosvenor Office see Nos. 66 and 68 Nos. 3638 1723 Nos. 4046 55, 59, 148, 1723; fig. 26a (p. 158) Nos. 4850 50, 1723 Nos. 5254 28, 148, 1723 Nos. 5658 50, 1723 No. 60 1723 Nos. 6264 162, 1723 No. 66 (now part of Grosvenor Office) 21, 24, 28, 72, 75, 113, 115, 121, 1723; Frontispiece; Pls. 6c, 9a No. 68 (now part of Grosvenor Office) 24, 90, 1723; Pls. 6c, 33c No. 70106, 1723; Pl. 33c No. 7221, 113, 115, 1723; Pl. 33c No. 74 1723; Pl. 33c No. 7620, 21, 53, 68, 105, 106, 1723; fig. 2e (p. 107); Pl. 33c No. 78 20, 97, 142, 1723; Pl. 33c No. 80 69, 130, 161, 1745 Nos. 8284 69, 161, 1745 No. 86 102, 163, 1745 No. 88 14, 23, 104, 130, 155, 1745 South side (odd numbers) Claridge's Hotel 41, 53, 62, 68, 78, 978, 100, 125, 149, 155, 160, 162, 168; Pls. 39, 52 Coulson's Hotel 90 Kirkham's Hotel 41, 89, 97 Lillyman's Hotel 97 Mivart's Hotel 41, 90, 125, 198 Savile Club 153; Pl. 42b Wake's Hotel 41, 90 No. 25 112 No. 39 23, 85, 130, 168, 1745; Pl. 22a No. 41 130, 133, 134, 1745 No. 43 41, 97, 108, 133, 1745; fig. 3h (p. 109) No. 45 108, 1745; fig. 3g (p. 109) No. 47 21, 110, 157, 1745; fig. 3i (p. 109) No. 49 41, 978, 1745 No. 51 41, 978, 1745, 198 No. 53 978, 1745 No. 55 (sometime Partington's and Boodle's office) 10, 34, 35, 36, 38, 44, 978, 1745 No. 57 1745 Nos. 5961 58, 147, 1745 No. 63 1745 No. 65 89, 126, 1745 No. 67 108, 1745 Nos. 6971 153, 1745; Pl. 42b Brookfield House, Brook Street 162 Brooks, George 87 Brook's Mews 51, 51n., 130; fig. 4 (p. III) Broome Park, Kent 73 Brotherton, Evan 191 b Brown, John 32, 1767, 188, 189 a Brown, Lancelot (Capability) 120, 122 Brown Hart Gardens (formerly Brown and Hart Streets) 61, 85, 142, 146; Pl. 31a, b, see also Duke Street, Electricity Substation Brown Street (now part of Brown Hart Gardens) 85 Brown's Court 32, 86, 107; fig. 1 (p. 32) Bruce, Hon. Frances 193 Buccleuch, 2nd Duke of 183 Buccleuch, 3rd Duke of 120 Buckhurst Park, Sussex 92 b Buckingham, Edward 1723 Buckingham Palace 2, 3, 4 Buckingham Palace Road (Westminster Central Library) 60 Buckworth, Sir John, Bt 175, 185 Builders bankruptcies 24, 27, 29, 30, 126 premises 11, 21, 22, 23, 24, 84, 84n., 85, 88, 130, 131, 138, 161 profit and loss 11, 12, 19, 289, 64 relations with architects 58, 60, 70, 1323, 138, 160, 161 role of 224, 55, 56, 57, 69, 125, 126, 1301, 132, 138, 1601 Building agreements and contracts 7, 8, 11, 1316, 24, 31, 54; plan A capital sources 6, 89, 10, 22, 24, 257, 54 costs 24, 25, 27, 28, 45, 64 disputes, settlement of 1516 fluctuations 6, 13, 30, 46, 139, 161 leases 1617, 54, see also leasing policy under Grosvenor Estate, Mayfair methods 249, 113 regulations 15, 15n., 106, 143 see also Builders; Houses Bumpsted, William 179 Burden, E. McM. 60 a Burden, R. H. 60, 139, 142 Burford, Earl of see St. Albans, 2nd Duke of Burge, Frank 356 Burke, Thomas 185 c Burke and Co. 141 Burket, Richard 193 c Burkle, R., and Son 168 Burlington estate 7, 19, 22, 98, 108 a Burn, William 133, 134, 138, 139 a Burnet, Sir John, Tait and Partners 169 Burns, Walter H. 153 Burroughs, Mrs. 193 a Burton, Decimus 130 c Buscaylet, L. 155 a Bushill, F. W. 138 Bussey, Edward, junior 16 Butchers and poulterers 14, 30, 41, 51n., 52, 65, 84n., 88, 97 Bute, 3rd Earl of 120 Bute House see South Audley Street, No. 75 Butler, Mary 181 Buxton, Sir Thomas 97 Byng, Colonel Francis 185 b Bywaters 55n., 56, 57, 61 Cadogan estate 161 a Camelford, 1st Baron (Thomas Pitt) 89, 120 Camelford House, Oxford Street 23, 712, 89, 120, 130; Pl. 14 a Campbell, Colen 16, 20, 21, 104, 105, 172, 173 Campbell, George 125 Campbell, John 177 Campbell, William 84, 125 Canadian High Commission 101 Canaveral, Cape (Florida) 79 Carlos Place (formerly Charles Street) 54, 63, 76, 77, 99, 146, 147, 160 Connaught (formerly Coburg) Hotel 59, 78, 79, 146 Mayfair House 75, 78, 163 racquets court 163 Nos. 18 55, 58, 160; Pl. 34d No. 3 75 Carlton House 129, 151 Carlton House Terrace, No. 10 73 Carmarthen, Marquis of (later 5th Duke of Leeds) 125 Carnarvon, Marquess of see Chandos, 2nd Duke of a Care, W. D. 57, 58, 59, 70, 146, 147, 148, 149, 157, 160 Carpenter, 1st Baron 25, 179 Carpenter Street 12, 63 Carter, Charles 193 c Carter, Thomas, the younger 124 b Cartwright, John 1789 Cassel, Sir Ernest 100, 149, 156 Caswall, Timothy 87 Cato Street Conspirators 71 Cavendish, Lady Anne 189 Cavendish, Barbara 185 Cavendish, Lord Charles 181 Cavendish Buildings, Gilbert Street Pl. 31a Cavendish Square 6, 13, 98, 103, 104 Cavendish-Harley estate 15n., 103, 104 Censuses of 1841 and 1871 938 passim Central London Railway Line 81, 163 b Chamberlen, George 180, 181; plan A (21, 30) a Chambers, Sir William 118, 120, 122 a Champneys, Basil 147, 148 Chancery, Court of 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11 Chancery Lane 87 Chandler, Edward (Bishop of Durham) 177 b Chandler, Philip plan A (64) Chandler Street see Weighhouse Street Chandos, 2nd Duke of (Marquess of Carnarvon) 23, 187, 193 Chandos House, Cavendish Square 116 Chapel Place North 145 Chapel Place South 143 Chapel Street see Aldford Street Chapels see Churches and chapels Chapman Taylor Partners 80, 170 Charles II 2n. Charles Street see Carlos Place Chelsea 4, 150 Chelsea Waterworks Company 18, 30 a Chermayeff, Serge 167 Chesham, 1st Baron 52 Chesham Flats, Brown Hart Gardens 146; Pl. 31a Cheshire, Grosvenor estates in 4, 43, 79, see also Eaton estates and Eaton Hall Chester 4, 6, 10, 34, 35, 47 Chester Square 127 Chesterfield, 4th Earl of (Philip Dormer Stanhope) 28, 196 Chesterfield House, South Audley Street 115, 151 Chetwynd, 1st Viscount 118, 1923 Chetwynd, 2nd Viscount 193 c Chippendale, Thomas 125 Cholmondeley, Francis 4 Cholmondeley, Lettice 3 Church Building Commissioners 43 Church of England Temperance Society 61 Churches and chapels 12, 29, 53, 104, 133, 141, 142, see also Grosvenor Chapel; King's Weigh House Church; Portuguese Embassy Chapel; Robert Street Chapel; St. Anselm's; St. Mark's; St. Mary's, Bourdon Street; St. Mary's Chapel, Park Street; St. Saviour's Churchill, Colonel (later General) Charles 180, 181 Chute, Anthony 189 Cinema, Oxford Street 162 Civic Amenities Act, 1967 80 Clarendon Flats (formerly Buildings), Balderton Street 61, 65, 98, 142; Pl. 30c Claridge, William 100 Claridge's Hotel 41, 53, 62, 68, 78, 978, 100, 125, 149, 155, 160, 162, 168; Pls. 39, 52 Claridge's Hotel Co. Ltd. 100 Clarke, Godfrey 183 a Clarke, Howard Chatfeild 59, 148 a Clarke, T. Chatfeild 57, 59, 144, 147, 148 Clark(e), Rev. Thomas 193 Clarke, William 88 b Clarkson, John 193 Cleveland Row, St. James's 68n. Clifford Street, St. James's 19, 22 Clinton, 14th Baron (later Earl) 177 Clive, 2nd Baron 89 Cliveden, Buckinghamshire 48, 141, 147 Clubs 102 a Clutton, Henry 140, 141, 142, 149 Coach and Horses public house, Grosvenor Mews 61 Coachbuilders 88, 967, 132, see also Thrupp and Maberly Coach-houses see Mews, stables and coach-houses Coachmen and grooms 85, 88, 89, 95, 95n., 96 Coburg Hotel see Connaught Hotel Coburg Hotel Co. Ltd. 100 b Cock, Edward 1845, 1867, 189, 1945 Cock and Bottle tavern, Upper Brook Street 84, 189 a Cockerell, C. R. 130 a Cockerell, Samuel Pepys 121, 127 Cocoa house 61 a Codd, George 78 Coffee houses see Public houses a Cole, Ernest 167 c Colefax, Lady Sibyl 168 c Colefax and Fowler 168 Collard's 62 a Collcutt, T. E. 147 a Collcutt and Hamp 163 Colley, Lady Mary 175 a Collins, E. Stone 157 b Colls and Co. (Trollope and Colls) 57, 155, 160, 161 Colnit, Thomas 181 Combe, Delafield and Co. 42 b Commins, Francis 25, 27, 1801; plan A (10, 33) a Comper, J. Ninian 157 Compton, Lord (later 5th Earl of Northampton) 175, 183 Concrete, use of 141, 162, 166 Conduit Mead 6, 7, 11, 12, 16, 18, 19 Conduits 30, see also Water supply Congregational Chapel, Robert Street 142 Connaught (formerly Coburg) Hotel, Carlos Place 59, 78, 79, 100, 146 Connaught Square 34 Conservation and conservation areas 71, 801, 170 Conservatories 52, 155; Pl. 42d a Constanduros (Gilbert and Constanduros) 166, 167 Conway, 2nd Baron see Hertford, 1st Marquess of b Cook, Thomas 1789, 183; plan A (48) Coope, Octavius 97 Copley, Sir Joseph 198 a Corblet, Cyrille J. 157 Cork Street, St. James's 19, 98 Cornwallis, 5th Baron (later Earl) 177 b Couch, Thomas 1723 Coulson's Hotel, Brook Street 90 County of London Development Plan (1951) 80 Courtauld, Samuel 168 Courtauld, Major Stephen 163 Courts and passages 31, 32; fig. 1 (p. 32) a Couse, Kenton 120, 124 Couturiers 101, 102 Covent Garden 11, 15n., 36, 37, 65, 72, 98, 135 Coventry, 5th Earl of 175 Cow-keeping 52, 88 Cowper, Countess (w. of 2nd Earl) 189 Cowper, William 173 c Crace, J. G. 141 Cranfield, Sir Lionel (1st Earl of Middlesex) 2 Crawford, 25th Earl of (as Lord Lindsay) 138 a Crawley, George 162, 164 Cressett, Edward 179 a Cresswell, H. O. 58, 61 Cressy, Slingsby 173 Crop, Abraham 27 b Cross, Anthony 189 Crouchley, Joseph 173 Crown Estate 37, 46, 69n. a Crunden, John 20, 31, 87, 119, 120 b Cubitt, Thomas 48, 127, 130, 131, 138, 160 b Cubitt, William, and Co. 55n., 57 Culross Street 74, 101, 167 North side (even numbers) Nos. 24 167, 168 No. 6 167 Nos. 1012 Pl. 50a, b No. 14 78, 167; Pl. 50a, b South side (odd numbers) Nos. 1, 1A, 3 9 167 Nos. 2123 Pl. 51a No. 25 167; Pl. 51a Cumberland, Duke of (b. of George III) 7 b Cundy, James and Joseph 127, 129 Cundy, Nicholas Wilcox 127 a Cundy, Thomas, I 36, 44, 46, 127, 129 a Cundy, Thomas, II 36, 445, 46, 127, 129, 139 designs by 49, 50, 51, 53, 68, 129, 131, 1335, 138 refronting policy of 47, 49, 50, 53, 1335, 138, 141 a Cundy, Thomas, III 36, 36n., 52, 534, 127, 131, 135, 138, 13940, 147, 148 designs by 49, 50, 534, 55, 59, 68, 135, 138, 13940 refronting policy, and 49, 138 other references 39, 60, 142, 151 Cunliffe, Lady 42 Curzon, Assheton (later 1st Viscount) 121 Curzon, Sir Nathaniel, 4th Bt 21, 28, 115, 173 Dalkeith, Earl of (later 2nd Duke of Buccleuch) 183 Damer, Mrs. Anne 87 Danish Ambassador 198 Darlington, 1st Earl of (Henry Vane) 173, 193 Dashwood, Dorothea 177 a Daukes, Samuel 151 Davies, Mr. 181 Davies, Alexander 2, 3, 1415 Davies, John 3 Davies, Mary (Dame Mary Grosvenor) 1, 34, 5, 78, 9, 11 Davies, Richard (victualler) 179 b Davies, Richard 176, 177, 1801, 191, 193 Davies, General Thomas 198 Davies, Sir Thomas 3 Davies Mews 30, 62; fig. 4 (p. 110) Davies Street 7, 11, 14, 16, 17, 19, 30, 34, 37, 39, 81, 84, 87, 96, 98, 130, 131, 158; fig. 4 (pp. 11011); Pls. 12a, 20b, 24b, 39a north end improvement 63, 131; Pl. 24a East side (even numbers) Running Horse public house 131; Pl. 24b No. 2 (Bourdon House) 31, 71, 72, 118, 120, 122, 155, 157; Pls. 10b, 12a Nos. 4 26 69, 70, 158 9, 161, 162; Pl. 47a No. 50 see Running Horse above Nos. 52 54 131; Pl. 24b No. 56 (Drill Hall) 169 No. 58 (Boldings) 144, 145 see also Brookfield House; Claridge's Hotel; Grosvenor Market West side (odd numbers) St. Anselm's Church 59, 79, 142, 149; Pl. 38b Nos. 1527 169 No. 53 (Grosvenor Office) 34, 35, 38, 62, 72, 75, 129; Pl. 20b Nos. 5557 75 No. 65 (British Council) 149, 169 see also Brook Street, Nos. 5961 a Davis, Arthur J. 155 c Davis, John 129 Davis, William (cheesemonger) 189 b Davis, William 1867 b Daw and Son 55, 57, 64 a Deacon, S. 142 Deaf and Dumb, Association in Aid of 55, 141 church of (St. Saviour's) 55, 141; Pl. 29c b Deane, John 1801; plan A (2) Deanery Street, Mayfair 2 Delany, Mrs. Mary 83 4, 118 Delaval, Francis Blake 195 Delm, Peter 121 Delorain, Lady (w. of 3rd Earl) 189 Demages, Bennet 173 De Mandeville, Geoffrey I Denbighshire (lead mines) 4, 35, 40 Denby, Humphrey 173 b Denne, Benjamin 193 Dentists, as estate residents 623, 75, 76, 97, 1012 Derby, 12th Earl of 120 Derby House, No. 26 Grosvenor Square 120, 122, 124, 133, 135; fig. 9a; Pl. 15a Dering Street, Hanover Square 10 d'Erlanger, Mr. and Mrs. Leo 168 De Salis, Jerome 185 c Deval, John (father and son) 124, 177 a Devey, George 58, 140, 150, 151 Devonshire, Duchess of (w. of 8th Duke) 160 Devonshire, 3rd Duke of 175 Devonshire House, Piccadilly (site of) 164 c Dick, Sir William Reid 169 Dickins, John 84, 187 Disraeli, Benjamin 72 Dixon Brooks and Co. 87 Dobson, John 183 Doctors and medical men, as estate residents 51, 76, 97, 101 2, 157, 163 b Doley, John plan A (77) Domville, Lady Compton 90 Doneraile, 3rd Viscount 187 Dorchester Hotel (site of) 2 c Dorn, Marion 168 Douglas, John 140 Dover Street 19 Dowbiggin, Thomas 125, 138, 151 Drake, William 121 Draycott, William 1923, 1945 b Drewitt, Francis 24, 24n., 1767, 187 Drill Hall, Davies Street 169 Drogheda, Lady (?w. of 4th Earl) 173 Drummond, Henry and Robert 33, 37, 38 Drummond's Bank 37 c Dryden, Mrs. 168 Dubois, Nicholas 16, 22 Duckett, Major (later Colonel) William 181 Duddingston House, Edinburgh 120 Dudley, 1st Earl of (and Countess) 96, 151 b Dudley, Francis plan A (56) Dudley and Ward, 1st Viscount 189 Dudley and Ward, 3rd Viscount 120 Dudley House, Park Lane 96, 120, 130, 149, 151, 153, 162, 169; fig. 6e (p. 117); Pls. 13a, 21, 40a Duke Street 14, 17, 26, 30, 31, 57n., 81, 87, 89, 99, 107; Pls. 31a, 35b, 48b rebuildings (1890's) 53, 56, 63, 63n., 140, 145, 146 East side (odd numbers) King's Weigh House Church (Chapel) 142, 146; fig. 21 (p. 147); Pls. 31b, 35b Nos. 5573 56, 57n., 59, 146 Nos. 7583 57, 58, 59, 146, 160; Pl. 35b West side (even numbers) Barley Mow public house see No. 82 Duke Street Mansions see Nos. 54 76 Electricity Sub-station 61, 70, 142, 158; Pl. 31b Europa Hotel 166 Italian Garden 61, 142, 146; Pl. 31a Nos. 54 76 (Duke Street Mansions) 56, 58, 58n., 59, 144, 146 Nos. 7880 60, 146 No. 82 (Barley Mow) 58, 59, 62, 146 No. 84 168 Duke's Yard 148; Pl. 35c Dukeson, Mary see Tregonwell Dukeson, Dr. Richard 4 Duncombe, Thomas 177 Dunraven (formerly (New) Norfolk) Street 13, 23, 24, 40, 42, 50, 54, 58, 69, 70, 88, 119, 127, 130, 159, 161, 162; Pl. 36b social character 83, 87, 97 Nos. 23 69 No. 4 (Norwich House) 161 Nos. 1619 55n., 58, 149; Pl. 36b No. 20 Pl. 19c No. 21 119; Pl. 19c No. 22 68, 119; 122; Pl. 19c Nos. 2631 Pl. 19b Dupuis, Thomas 87 Durham, Bishop of (Edward Chandler) 177 Durham, 3rd Earl of 101 b Durham, Charles plan A (79) Duveen, Henry and Sir Joseph Joel 100, 153 Dysart, 4th Earl of 179 c Earp, Thomas 141 a East, Hubert see Wimperis and East East, William 179 Eaton estates, Cheshire 35, 72, 140, 148 Eaton Hall, Cheshire 4, 20, 36, 37, 43, 44, 47, 48, 74, 125, 126, 133, 141, 147 Ebury, 1st Baron (previously Lord Robert Grosvenor) 34, 134, 141 Ebury, manor of 12 Ebury Street 138 Ecclesiastical Commissioners 79 Eccleston Square, No. 2 35 Echlin, Charles 177 Eckstein, Sir Bernard 168 Edgar, Sir Edward Mackay 100 Edgcumbe, Richard (later 1st Baron) 193 a Edis, Robert W. 55n., 57, 58, 140, 147 Edmonson, John 85 b Eds, John 184, 185, 192, 193; plan A (74, 85) Edward VII 100, 156 Edwards, A. O. 164 Edwards, William (esquire) 181 Edwards, William (Treasurer of New River Co.) 191 Edwin, Lady 181 Edwin, Charles 28, 181 Egerton, Eleanor (w. of 2nd Earl Grosvenor) 43 Egerton, Thomas (1st Earl of Wilton) 43 Egerton Gardens, Kensington 160 Egerton Lodge, Melton Mowbray 92, 93 Egyptian Embassy (No. 75 South Audley Street, q.v.) 73, 156, 157; Pls. 43a, 44c Eia, manor of see Ebury c Elden, E. 168 Electric lighting and supply 62, 68 Electricity Sub-station, Duke Street 61, 70, 142, 158; Pl. 31b b Elger, John 131 b Elkins, Henry plan A (56) b Elkins, John plan A (42) b Elkins, Thomas plan A (22) c Elliott, Charles 89, 126 b Ellis, John 1723; plan A (60) Elphinstone, 16th Baron 71 Elward and Marsh 88, 125 Embassies and diplomatic presence 28, 73, 76, 76n., 79, 87, 101, 103, 115, 132, 156, 169, 181, 185, 198; Pl. 55b Emmett, John 193 Emmett, Robert 153 Empy, Edmund 35, 38, 44, 45 a Erlam, Samuel 131 Ernle, 1st Baron (Rowland Prothero) 36 Ernle, Sir Edward 183 Erskine, Lady Frances (w. of 22nd Earl of Mar) 191 Essex, Lady (w. of 7th Earl) 155 Estate agents see House agents a Etchells, Frederick 78, 164, 166, 167 Europa Hotel, Grosvenor Square 166 b Evans, John 1845 Evelyn, Charles 181 Evelyn, John (later 2nd Bt) 177 Evelyn Gardens, Kensington 36 Eybury, Eye, manor of see Ebury c Eye Brook see Tyburn Brook Eyles-Stiles, Sir Francis, Bt 187 Falkland, 7th Viscount 193 Farm Street Roman Catholic Church 99, 146 Farmer, Eleanor 175 b Fayram, Thomas 24, 173, 176 7 b Feetham, John 132 Fellows, William 30, 183 Fenwick, Edward 4 'Fifty Churches' Commissioners 11, 12, 23, 28, 29 Filmer-Sankey, Lady Ursula 72 Fire, risk of and precautions against 15, 40, 54, 112, 122, 141 b Fish, Charles 55n., 147 FitzGerald, Hon. Evelyn 167 Fitzherbert, Mrs. 120 Fitzpatrick, Daniel 189 a Fitzroy Robinson and Partners 170 Fitzwilliam, 7th Earl 101 Five Fields, Pimlico 127 Flats and chambers pre-1914 53, 56, 69, 70, 99, 144, 145, 146, 147, 162 post-1914 75, 76, 77, 78, 101, 162, 1636, 167, 1689 Fleet Line 81 b Fletcher, Joshua 24, 183, 187, 191 Flintshire (lead mines) 4, 35, 40 a Flitcroft, Henry 22, 120, 124, 191 Flockhart, William 163 a Florence, H. L. see Isaacs and Florence Fonthill House, Wiltshire 133 Forester, Lady Mary 25 Forres, 1st Baron 168 a Forsyth and Maule 167 Fortescue, 3rd Earl 134 Fortnam, Mr. 187 b Fortnam, Richard 187 a Foster, F. W. 156, 161 Fountain House, Park Lane 78, 162, 165 Fountains, drinking 61 c Fowler, John 168 Fox, Mary (d. 1732) 183 Fox, Mary (fl. 17324) 185 b Foxley, F., and Co. 160, 161 Frampton, Mr. (Alfred) 59 c France, William 125 Frankland, Frederick 179 a Fraser, H. H. 161 b Freake, C. J. 49, 52, 138 French, Charles Robert 36 French architects and craftsmen 73, 151, 153, 155, 156, 168 French styles 73, 122, 135, 139, 140, 141, 151, 153, 155 6, 157, 167 b Fry, Thomas 191 Furness, 1st Viscount 101 Furness, Sir Christopher (later 1st Baron) 67, 100 Furnished houses 89, 90, 125, 198 a Gallier, James 132 Gamages (West End) Ltd. 77, 165 a Gandy-Deering, J. P. 129, 130 Gardens communal and public 61, 63, 6970, 74, 142, 146, 159, 160, 167; Pls. 31, 45c, 47b private 11618, 155, 197 see also Grosvenor Square, garden Garland, C. T. 153 b Garlick, John (and Sons) 68, 160, 161 b Garlick, William J. 161 Garling, H. B. 140 Gas Light and Coke Company 78 George I (statue of) 6, 8, 104 George IV (as Prince of Wales) 88, 126 a George, Ernest 57, 59, 601, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 153, 157 a George, Ernest, and Peto 57, 143, 145, 146, 147 a George, Ernest, and Yeates 149 George Street see Balderton Street Gibbs, James 16, 22, 23, 104 a Gilbert and Constanduros 166, 167 Gilbert (formerly James) Street 16, 17, 26, 28, 31, 52, 81, 85, 142; Pl. 45d rebuilding (1820's) 312, 130; Pl. 23a Hanover Schools 146 Nos. 2226 69, 161; Pl. 45d No. 27 130; fig. 12a (p. 131) a Giles, Gough and Trollope 58, 160 Gill, John 189 Gillard, John 191 Gillett, William 191 c Gillow (later Waring and Gillow) 125, 126, 168 Gladstone, W. E. 47 Glennie, W. R. 36 Glenorchy, Lord (later 3rd Earl of Breadalbane) 179 Globe Insurance Office 40 Gloucester, Bishop of (Richard Beadon) 39 Gloucester, Duke of (b. of George III) 43, 87, 89 Gloucester House, Upper Grosvenor Street see Grosvenor House Gloucester Place, Hyde Park 34 b Goff, Thomas 192; plan A (61) Golden Square 98, 166 a Goldicutt, John 127, 129 Goode, W. J. 556, 59, 100, 140, 143, 144 Goode's (Nos. 1721 South Audley Street) 56, 59, 100, 140, 1434, 157; figs. 19, 23a, b (pp. 143, 152); Pls. 32, 33a, b Gorhambury Park, Hertfordshire 90, 92 Goring House (site of Buckingham Palace) 3 Goschen, George (1st Viscount) 52 Gothic styles 126, 139, 140, 141, 145 b Gough, Samuel and Thomas 186, 187 Governesses 94 Gower, 2nd Baron (later 1st Earl) 22 Gowran, Dowager Lady (w. of 1st Baron) 25, 177 Grafton Street 19 Graham, Marquess of (later 2nd Duke of Montrose) 181 Graham, Margaret 175 Grandison, Earl 183 Gray, Lady (?w. of Sir James Gray, Bt) 181 b Gray, William 1767 Great Landlords of London, The 65 Great Russell Street 9 Greater London Council 81 Greathead, Samuel 185 Greek Revival style 129, 130, 131 Green, Edgar 65 b Green, John 23, 29, 1767, 182, 183, 1901, 1923 Green, William J. 59 Green and Abbott 153 Green Park 3, 4 Green Street 12, 22, 23, 32, 423, 81, 119, 147; fig. 1 (p. 32); Pls. 36b, 45b garden 22, 6970, 74, 159, 160; Pl. 47b rebuildings in 1820's30's 46, 131; Pl. 23c under 1st and 2nd Dukes 53, 54, 63n., 70, 140, 145, 147, 159, 161, 162 social character 54, 64, 85, 87, 88, 89, 97, 99 Hampden House see No. 61 No. 1 see North Audley Street, Nos. 2529 Nos. 28 55, 58, 1601 No. 9 55, 1601 No. 10 55, 59, 148, 160, 161 No. 11 55, 1601 No. 19 55, 58n., 60 Nos. 2530 55n., 58, 147 No. 31 55n., 56, 58, 147 No. 32 58, 78, 79, 149; Pl. 36b Nos. 3846 160; Pls. 45b, 47b No. 48 160 Nos. 5154 55n., 144, 147 Nos. 5559 55n. No. 60 (former number) 22, 24 No. 61 (Hampden House) 22, 24, 31, 68, 101, 118, 133 see also St. Mary's Chapel Grice, Nicholas 175 b Griffith, Charles 1767, 1801, 1823, 193, 195 Grimston, Viscount (later 2nd Earl of Verulam) 90, 92 Grosse, Francis 40 GROSVENOR: List of heads of main family since 1622, subsequently indexed alphabetically 162245: Sir Richard, 1st baronet 164564: Sir Richard, 2nd baronet 16641700: Sir Thomas, 3rd baronet 170032: Sir Richard, 4th baronet 17323: Sir Thomas, 5th baronet 173355: Sir Robert, 6th baronet 17551802: Sir Richard, 7th baronet, 1st Baron Grosvenor from 1761, 1st Viscount Belgrave and Earl Grosvenor 17841802 180245: Robert, 2nd Earl Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster 183145 184569: Richard, 2nd Marquess of Westminster 186999: Hugh Lupus, 3rd Marquess of Westminster, 1st Duke of Westminster 187499 18991953: Hugh Richard Arthur, 2nd Duke of Westminster 195363: William, 3rd Duke of Westminster 19637: Gerald Hugh, 4th Duke of Westminster 1967 onwards: Robert George, 5th Duke of Westminster Grosvenor family 1, 3, 4, 69, 33, 34, 43, 47, 7980 finances 33, 34, 434 London residences 3, 43, 87, 102, see also Grosvenor House (Millbank and Upper Grosvenor Street) pedigree 3, 4 pictures owned by 43, 73, 79 role in development of Mayfair 69, 29, 30, 31, 33, 38 titles, acquisitions of 4, 7, 34, 47 Grosvenor, Anne (sister of 4th Bt) 9 Grosvenor, Diana (ne Warburton, 2nd w. of 4th Bt) 4, 5 Grosvenor, Eleanor (ne Egerton, w. of 2nd Earl Grosvenor and 1st Marquess of Westminster) 43 Grosvenor, Colonel Gerald Hugh (4th Duke of Westminster) 79 Grosvenor, Henrietta (w. of 1st Earl Grosvenor) 40 Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus (1st Duke and 3rd Marquess of Westminster, previously styled Earl Grosvenor) 32, 34, 39, 4670 passim, 72, 79, 96100, 135, 1408 passim, 1501, 162 architecture, and 53, 54, 5765 passim, 70, 72, 135, 140 8 passim churches, and 79, 1412 control of use of premises by 51, 62, 65 criticisms of 64 5 income of 47, 48 leasing policy of 39, 46, 53, 54, 55, 56, 61, 65, 68 London improvements, and 63 4 personal 34, 46, 47, 67, 141, 148 philanthropic activity of 47, 60, 61, 63, 79, 99, 141 public houses, and 612 rebuilding on Mayfair estate by 523, 54, 55, 65, 989, 135 social character of Mayfair estate, and 54, 62, 63, 989, 100 Thomas Cundy III, and 53, 54, 59, 140 tradesmen, and 55, 56, 59, 65, 97, 989 working-class housing, and 61, 100, 142 Grosvenor, Hugh Richard Arthur (2nd Duke of Westminster) 34, 53, 54, 6780 passim, 99, 100, 101, 150, 157, 163, 165 architecture, and 54, 70, 71, 77, 157 Blow, Detmar, and 70, 73, 74, 75, 77, 78, 165 control of use of premises by 76 estate management, and 702 passim, 75, 77 Grosvenor House, and 72, 75, 77 Grosvenor Square, and 77 historic buildings, and 70, 71, 72, 756 leasing policy 68, 69 personal 67, 70, 72, 75, 78, 79 property, purchase and sale of, by 723, 78, 79 rebuilding policy 53, 68, 69, 70, 72, 76, 77, 99, 157 settlement of estate (1901) by 67, 79 social character of Mayfair estate, and 76, 99 taxation of 79 will of 79 working-class housing, and 76 Grosvenor (ne Wyndham), Jane (1st w. of 4th Bt) 4 Grosvenor, Loelia (3rd w. of 2nd Duke of Westminster) 70, 75 Grosvenor, Dame Mary (ne Mary Davies, w. of 3rd Bt) 1, 34, 5, 78, 9, 11 Grosvenor, Sir Richard (1st Bt) 3, 4 Grosvenor, Sir Richard (2nd Bt) 3 Grosvenor, Sir Richard (4th Bt) 416 passim, 18, 19, 20, 21, 29, 33 Barlow, Thomas, and 11, 19 expenditure on Mayfair estate 8, 9, 12, 13, 16 Grosvenor Square, and 8, 16, 18 personal 4, 6, 20 Grosvenor, Sir Richard (7th Bt, later Baron and subsequently Earl Grosvenor) 7, 8, 9, 10, 33, 3540 passim, 42, 43, 45, 87, 88, 126 debts and finances of 33, 35, 37, 38, 40, 43, 45 entail or trusteeship of estate of 8, 33, 37 estate management, and 9, 38 leasing policy of 367, 38, 39, 40, 43, 45 personal 7, 33, 37, 40, 43, 87, 126 Porden, William, and 36, 38, 42, 126 staff of 10, 35, 367, 126 trade on Mayfair estate, and 42, 88 Grosvenor, Richard (2nd Marquess of Westminster, sometime styled Viscount Belgrave) 35, 36, 4655 passim, 61, 129, 133, 134, 135, 13842 passim architecture, and 48, 49, 51, 53, 133, 135, 139, 140 estate management under 48, 49, 501, 52 Grosvenor Gardens, Place, and 49, 52, 140 Grosvenor Square, and 49, 129, 133 leasing policy of 46, 48, 49, 54 Oxford Street, and 49, 55, 139 personal 47, 48 rebuilding and refronting under 48 53 passim, 54, 55, 1335 social character of Mayfair estate, and 51, 52 working-class housing, and 61, 139, 142 Grosvenor, Richard de Aquila (1st Baron Stalbridge) 34, 144 Grosvenor, Robert (6th Bt, b. of Sir Richard, 4th Bt) 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 17, 18, 19n., 21, 27, 33, 178, 179, 191, 192; plan A (57, 61) Grosvenor Square, and 7, 9, 14, 18, 21, 27, 178, 179; plan A (57) Mayfair estate, development of 6, 7, 9, 10, 27 personal 4, 6, 8 Trust estate of 7, 9, 14, 17, 19n., 33 Upper Grosvenor Street, and 7, 191, 192; plan A (61) Grosvenor, Robert (1st Marquess of Westminster and 2nd Earl Grosvenor) 32, 34, 35, 408 passim, 92, 126, 127, 129, 130, 133 Belgravia, and 127 estate management of 44, 45, 48 finances of 34, 40, 434, 47 Grosvenor House, and 43, 1267, 129 Grosvenor Square, alterations to, and 47, 133 leasing policy under 43, 456 personal 40, 43, 44, 45, 47, 92 public houses and hotels, and 41, 42 rebuildings under 46, 127, 130, 133 social character of Mayfair estate, and 41 staff of 35, 44, 127 will of 47, 48 Grosvenor, Lord Robert (1st Baron Ebury) 134, 141 Grosvenor, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert George (5th Duke of Westminster) 79, 80, 102 Grosvenor, Roger 3 Grosvenor, Sir Thomas (3rd Bt) 1, 3, 4 Grosvenor, Sir Thomas (5th Bt, b. of Sir Richard, 4th Bt) 4, 67, 8, 9, 10 Grosvenor, Thomas (b. of 1st Earl) 33, 37 Grosvenor, General (later Field-Marshal) Thomas 46, 93, 134 Grosvenor later Egerton, Thomas (2nd Earl of Wilton) 34, 923 Grosvenor, Victor Alexander, styled Earl Grosvenor 48 Grosvenor, William (3rd Duke of Westminster) 79 Grosvenor Board, establishment and records of 38, 75 Grosvenor Buildings, Bourdon Street 61, 139, 142; Pl. 30b Grosvenor Chapel, South Audley Street 10, 12, 19, 23, 29, 72, 104, 118 19, 132, 147, 157; fig. 7 (p. 119); Pl. 12b Grosvenor Estate (general) London 1, 4, 5, 33, 34, 64, 723, 78, 7982, see also Belgravia; Grosvenor Estate, Mayfair; Millbank; Pimlico purchases 3 sales 4, 67, 72, 73, 76n., 78, 79 outside London 4, 35, 37, 38, 40, 43, 47, 48, 7980 purchases 43, 47 sales 38, 48, 72, 79 overseas 67, 72, 79 settlements and trusts 4, 5, 8, 33, 37, 40, 43, 47, 48, 54, 67, 79 value 34, 40, 478, 79 GROSVENOR ESTATE, MAYFAIR architects, choice of 5761, 70, 1478 architectural policy 31, 49, 50, 51, 53, 4, 57, 689, 701, 76, 778, 1335, 138, 139, 140, 1478, 157, 158, 161 2, 163, 164, 165, 169 artisans' dwellings see working-class housing boundaries and extent 1; plans A, B (end pocket) builders assistance to 89 attitude to 55, 56, 57, 58, 69, 70, 1601 choice of 57, 160, 161 churches, promotion of 19, 29, 43, 53, 79, 104, 1412 commerce see shops, trade and commerce communication with other estates and areas 12, 16, 63 comparison with other estates 7, 15n., 19, 36, 37, 39, 40, 45, 523, 64, 656, 69n., 72, 76, 98, 135 criticisms of 645 estate duties, effect of 67, 78, 79 fines or premiums 3740 passim, 456 method of calculation 389, 39n. receipts from 38, 39, 40, 44, 47, 48 fire insurance and precautions 40, 54 flats, policy towards 69, 76, 99, 163 gardens, public and communal, provision of 8, 16, 63, 6970, 74, 15960, 167 ground rents 1719, 36, 37, 38, 39n., 44, 456, 63, 63n. historic buildings and conservation, attitude to 68, 70, 712, 75, 80, 81, 135, 170 hotels, attitude to 41, 59, 100, 149 improvements see rebuildings, refrontings and house improvements; sanitary improvements; street improvements; and under mews, stables and coach-houses income see revenue layout 11, 1213, 1034 leasehold enfranchisement, policy on 54, 64, 82 leasing policy, see also fines or premiums; ground rents building and rebuilding leases 7, 15, 1617, 19, 547, 64, 78, 79 covenants 15, 17, 40, 41, 42, 49, 501, 52, 62, 87, see also noxious trades and nuisances length of leases 7, 14, 36, 37, 38, 40, 43, 43n., 46, 489, 53, 54, 68, 78, 79 renewals 36 50 passim, 53, 54, 55, 61, 62, 63, 68, 69, 79, 100, 127, 130, 133 management methods 1516, 356, 38, 44, 45, 48, 51, 52, 57, 70, 73, 74, 75, 77, 79, 80, 108, 147, 148 mews, stables and coach-houses conversions 74, 76, 100, 1667 improvements 63, 100 siting 13, 14, 16, 17, 32 noxious trades and nuisances 1415, 37, 402, 51, 51n., 52, 62, 88 offices, growth of 80, 81, 1012, 162, 169 personnel agents 910, 356, 79 consultant architects 77, 78, 1646 lawyers 911, 345 surveyors 1112, 36, 38, 445, 534, 69, 745, 77, 78, 126, 127, 13940, 148, 1578 other 35, 36, 52 professions, attitude to 51, 62, 76, 99, 1012 public houses and taverns, policy towards 30, 40, 41, 42, 52, 59, 612, 146 purchases and repurchases 30, 79 rebuildings, refrontings and house improvements under 2nd Earl and 1st Marquess (180245) 312, 42, 467, 127, 12933 passim under 2nd Marquess (184569) 48 50, 52, 53, 1335, 138, 139 under 3rd Marquess and 1st Duke (186999) 5265 passim, 989, 100, 14050 passim under 2nd Duke (18991953) 67, 6871, 749 passim, 15767 passim since 1953 812, 16970 revenue 19, 19n., 33, 38, 39, 40, 434, 46, 47, 48, 63 sales of freeholds 29, 43, 60, 73, 78, 79, 163 sanitary improvements 52, 63 sewers, provision of 8, 11 shops, trade and commerce, attitude to 30, 40, 41, 512, 54, 557, 62, 65, 69, 75, 76, 87, 88, 99, 100, 1012, 149, 169, see also noxious trades and nuisances street improvements 423, 53, 54, 63, 131 taverns see public houses and taverns town planning, and 75, 80 2 trade see shops, trade and commerce working-class housing, provision of 32, 61, 81, 100, 1389, 142 Grosvenor Estate Strategy for Mayfair and Belgravia, The 801, 82, 101, 170 Grosvenor Gallery, New Bond Street 62 Grosvenor Gardens, Victoria 49, 52, 139, 140, 151, 160 Terminal House 77 Grosvenor Gate 13; Pl. 13a, b Grosvenor Hill (formerly part of Grosvenor Mews, q.v.) 19, 31, 70, 96, 98, 131, 138; Pl. 30b Grosvenor Hill Court 170 Grosvenor Hotel, Victoria Station 139 Grosvenor (formerly Peterborough) House (Alexander Davies's), Millbank 3, 4, 7, 21, 36n., 43 Grosvenor House (Hotel), Park Lane 77, 78, 79, 162, 1645; Pl. 48c Grosvenor (formerly Gloucester) House, Upper Grosvenor Street 36, 43, 44, 71, 72, 77, 118, 124, 125, 1267, 129, 130, 133, 141, 162, 164, 193; Pls. 18, 20c, 28 picture gallery 127, 129, 141, 151; Pls. 18a, 28b screen 129, 131; Pl. 20c stables 96, 142 Grosvenor Market 30, 36n., 88, 126, 138 Grosvenor Mews (now Bourdon Place and Street and Grosvenor Hill, q.v.) 11, 31, 39, 61, 85, 138 Grosvenor Office (No. 53 Davies Street) 34, 35, 38, 62, 72, 75, 129; Pl. 20b see also Nos. 66 and 68 Brook Street Grosvenor Place, Belgravia 33, 49, 52, 139, 140, 151 No. 5 140 Grosvenor Square comparison with other squares 13, 98, 103, 104, 166 dimensions 13, 103 first building leases (tables) 1749 garden 8, 8n., 16, 17, 29, 104, 166, 168, 169 general views Pls. 5, 546 George I statue 6, 8, 104 house prices 27, 28, 64, 138 layout and first development 7, 8, 9, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 1035, 1067, 108, 110, 1749 rebuildings before 1930 49, 52, 53, 55, 64, 69, 130, 134, 135, 138, 143, 146, 150, 157, 158, 160, 161 since 1930 778, 79, 162, 1656, 169 refrontings 47, 49, 50, 129, 133, 157 Roosevelt memorial 169 social character 30, 40, 51, 64, 68, 76, 83, 85, 87, 88, 90, 956, 97101 passim unexecuted designs 201, 103 4, 1045; Pl. 4 other references 33, 46, 54, 63, 68, 96, 120, 167 East side original development and architecture 9, 16, 18, 20, 27, 31, 105, 174 7; Pl. 5 No. 51 158, 160, 1745 No. 1 20, 106, 174 5; Pl. 8a No. 2 49, 120, 124, 125, 138, 1745 No. 3 52, 53, 55, 58, 143, 1745 No. 4 (centre house) 9, 19, 20, 22, 27, 28, 49, 78, 120, 124, 125, 135, 138, 1745; Pls. 25d, 26 No. 5 19, 90, 120, 176 7 No. 6 112, 115, 130, 1767 No. 7 28, 923, 127, 163, 1767 North side original development and architecture 16, 18, 21, 22, 24, 105, 1067, 176 7; Pl. 5 Europa Hotel 166 No. 8 now No. 88 Brook Street, q.v. No. 9 14, 23, 27, 104, 112, 1767 No. 10 (east) 27, 1767 No. 10 (west) 121, 1767 No. 10 (18646 house) 49, 133, 138; fig. 15 (p. 135); Pl. 54a No. 11 64, 127, 176 7; Pl. 54a No. 12 21, 25, 28, 105, 106, 120, 165, 169, 176 7; fig. 2a (p. 106); Pl. 54a No. 13 64, 1767; Pl. 54a No. 14 53, 106, 153, 176 7; Pl. 54a No. 15 105, 1767 No. 16 105, 121, 124, 125, 1767 Nos. 15 and 16 (as Belgrave House) 129, 133, 151; Pls. 20a, 54a No. 17 28, 106, 176 7; Pl. 54a No. 18 21, 24, 28, 49, 105, 113, 124, 134, 138, 1767; Pl. 54a No. 19 21, 24, 25, 28, 77, 105, 110, 113, 120, 143, 1767; Pls. 15b, 17a, b, 54a No. 20 21, 24, 49, 52, 77, 101, 105, 113, 120, 133, 135, 138, 1767; Pls. 25b, 54a No. 21 21, 24, 49, 50, 68, 77, 133, 135, 138, 1767; Pls. 25b, 55a No. 22 146, 157, 1767; Pl. 55a No. 23 145, 176 7 West side original development and architecture 16, 18, 22, 1767; Pl. 5a United States Embassy 79, 101, 162, 166, 169; Pl. 55b No. 24 50, 1767; Pl. 55a No. 25 25, 76, 106, 118, 120, 163, 1767, 191; Pl. 55a No. 26 (sometime Derby House) 49, 52, 120, 122, 124, 133, 135, 138, 143, 1767; fig. 9a (p. 123); Pls. 15a, 25c, 40b No. 27 53, 55, 58, 145, 1501, 153, 155, 1767; figs. 22b, 24a No. 28 26, 120, 176 7 No. 29 112, 116, 120, 124, 125, 127, 176 7 No. 30 49, 52, 127, 138, 176 7 No. 31 176 7 No. 32 157, 161, 1767 South side original development and architecture 7, 9, 11, 16, 21, 107, 1789; Pl. 5b Britannia Hotel 166 No. 33 53, 145, 150, 178 9; Pl. 55a No. 34 28, 53, 120, 145, 150, 1789; Pl. 55a No. 35 16, 78, 161, 1789 No. 36 50, 78, 178 9 No. 37 78, 87, 106, 120, 1789 No. 38 25, 78, 122, 133, 1789; fig. 9c (p. 123); Pls. 16c, 17c, 25a No. 39 53, 64, 1789 No. 40 49, 138, 1789 No. 41 53, 55, 58, 96, 121, 1501, 1789; fig. 22a (p. 150); Pl. 41 No. 42 9, 49, 64, 132, 133, 138, 1789 No. 43 1789; Pl. 7 No. 44 28, 71, 106, 107, 116, 160, 169, 1789; Pl. 7 No. 45 28, 36n., 43, 68, 78, 113, 116, 121, 122, 124, 125, 153, 157, 1789, 1967; fig. 9b (p. 123); Pls. 7, 42d, 44a No. 46 28, 78, 106, 1789 No. 47 26, 45, 78, 90, 92, 93, 130, 161, 163, 1789 No. 48 77, 1789 No. 49 1201, 1789 No. 50 (sometime General Grosvenor's house) 46, 89, 93, 112, 134, 1789; fig. 13b (p. 132) Nos. 4950 (present building) 75, 77, 163, 164 For No. 51 see East side Grosvenor Street fig. 4 (p. 111); Pls. 8c, d, 47a first building 7, 11, 12, 13, 17, 19, 23, 26, 28, 31, 31n., 105, 108, 110, 112 first building leases (tables) 17885 rebuildings and refrontings 49, 53, 131, 133, 138 social character 40, 41, 52, 75, 76, 83, 87, 89, 95, 96, 97, 99, 101, 169 trade and business 14, 40, 41, 42, 62, 75, 76, 84, 96, 97, 99, 101, 125, 169 other references 20, 30, 33, 37, 39, 103, 117, 126 Lion and Goat public house 41 Mount Coffee House 11, 12, 30, 84, 1845 Red Lion tavern 84, 179 St. George's rectory (No. 15) 28, 29, 1801 Three Tuns tavern 30, 84, 183 No. 4 1789 No. 5 41, 1789 Nos. 69 158, 161, 1789 No. 10 9, 1789 No. 11 1789 No. 12 62, 1801 No. 13 138, 1801 No. 14 50, 138, 1801 No. 15 28, 29, 1801 No. 16 22, 28, 62, 83, 100, 105, 112, 117, 118, 120, 124, 125, 126, 156, 1801; Pl. 16b No. 17 39n., 138, 1801; fig. 14c (p. 134) No. 18 68, 130, 133, 161, 169, 1801 No. 19 1801 No. 20 132, 133, 1801 Nos. 2122 545, 58, 59, 148, 1801 Nos. 2324 50, 138, 1801 No. 25 138, 1801 No. 26 159, 161, 1801; fig. 26c (p. 158) No. 27 1801 No. 28 120, 1801 Nos. 29 31 1801 No. 32 28, 1801 No. 33 23, 108, 115, 153, 1567, 1801; fig. 6c (p. 116) No. 34 23, 25, 27, 28, 68, 108, 115, 120, 125, 169, 1801; figs. 5d, 6f (pp. 114, 117); Pl. 9b No. 35 23, 28, 1801 No. 36 1801; fig. 3e (p. 109) Nos. 3740 1801 No. 43 108, 1801; fig. 3f (p. 109) No. 44 1801 Nos. 45 46 (former houses) 21, 1801 No. 46 (present building) 73, 74, 1556; fig. 25 (p. 156); Pl. 42a No. 47 1801 No. 48 116, 1801 No. 49 125, 143, 1823 No. 50 83, 1823; Pl. 8d No. 51 28, 106, 113, 130, 1823; fig. 2b (p. 106) No. 52 23, 27, 28, 83, 112, 113, 115, 11718, 135, 167, 1823; figs. 1617 (pp. 1367); Pl. 8c No. 53 169, 1823; Pl. 8c No. 54 1823 Nos. 5557 69, 70, 1589, 162, 1823; Pl. 47a No. 58 153, 169, 1823; Pl. 47a No. 59 68, 108, 115, 153, 1823; Pl. 9d No. 60 1823 No. 61 158, 161, 1823 No. 62 62, 158, 161, 1823 No. 63 158, 161, 1823 No. 64 1823 No. 65 28, 125, 138, 1823 No. 66 126, 143, 153, 1823 No. 67 1823 No. 68 50, 1823 No. 69 23, 1823 No. 70 88, 168, 1823 Nos. 7172 25, 112, 1823 No. 73 1823 No. 74 125, 1823 No. 75 11, 69, 75, 159, 160, 1823 No. 76 (former house) 41, 120, 1823 Nos. 7778 (former houses) 1845 Nos. 7678 (present building) 169 No. 79 (former house) 1845 No. 80 (former house) see Mount Coffee House above Nos. 7980 (present building) 138 No. 81 1845 Ground rents see under Grosvenor Estate, Mayfair Guards, 2nd Troop of Horse, stables for 22, 32, 88 Guilford, 2nd Earl of (as Lord North) 89 Gunter, Captain James 43 a Guthrie, L. Rome 75, 158, 163, 164, see also Wimperis and partners; Wimperis, Simpson and Guthrie c Haber (of Paris) 151 Hailstone, John 35, 44 Haldane, Major James 179 Hale, Captain Robert 191 b Hale, William 192, 193 Halifax, 2nd Earl of 185 Halkin Street, No. 9 73 Halkyn Hall and Castle, Flintshire 37, 48, 72 Hall, E. T. 59 Hamilton, Duchess of (w. of 5th Duke) 181 a Hammond, R. G. 68, 161 a Hamp, Stanley (Collcutt and Hamp) 163 Hampden House (No. 61 Green Street) 22, 24, 31, 68, 101, 118, 133 Hanbury's (brewers) 61 b Hancock, Jacob 24 Handasyde, Colonel (later General) Roger 179 Handel, G. F. 112 Hanmer, Sir Thomas, Bt 27, 83, 112, 113, 11718, 183 Hanmer, Colonel William 27, 1945 Hanover Buildings (now Flats), Binney Street Pl. 31a Hanover Schools, Gilbert Street 146 Hanover Square 6, 11, 12, 13, 103, 104, 105, 166 Hanoverian Minister 87 Hardenberg, B. F. 46 Hare, Maudlin 3 Harley, Rt. Hon. Thomas 37 a Harris, E. Vincent 163 Harris, F. Leverton 64 a Harris, Thomas 139 Harrison, Major 43 a Harrison, Henry 132, 133, 138 Harrison, John 181 Harrison, Ralph 1723 Harrod, William plan A (80) Harrods 168 Harrowby, 1st Earl of 96 Harrowby, 3rd Earl of 64 Hart Street (now part of Brown Hart Gardens) 85 Hartington, Marquess of (later 3rd Duke of Devonshire) 175 Haskerton Manor, Suffolk 138 Hastings, Warren 72, 72n. Hatfield, G. F. (2nd Duke's solicitor) 34, 68, 69, 70, 72, 75 Hatzfeldt, Princess 153, 157 Hauduroy, Mark Antony 116 a Hayward, C. F. 142 Head, Sir Francis, Bt 187 b Head, William 1723, 1745, 179 b Hearne, Robert 182, 183; plan A (4, 34) Heath, Cuthbert 162 Heath Farm, Watford 34 b Heathfield, James 1745 c Heaton, Butler and Bayne 141 Heaton House, Manchester 92, 93n. Henry VIII 1, 2 Herbert, Hon. Nicholas (s. of 8th Earl of Pembroke) 189 Hereford Gardens 53, 100, 139, 140, 151, 160, 165; Pl. 14b Hereford House, Oxford Street 77, 119, 164, 165 Hereford Street (later Hereford Gardens, q.v.) 20, 49, 83, 88, 11920 No. 13 119 Herne, Mrs. 183 Herring, John 181 Hertford, Countess of (w. of below) 112 Hertford, Earl of (later 7th Duke of Somerset) 183 Hertford, 1st Marquess of (2nd Baron Conway) 28, 83, 86, 124 Hertford, 2nd Marquess of 39 Hertford Arms public house, Park Street 61 Hewsham, Catherine 187 Hewson, Thomas 185 Higgins's cement 121 b Higgs, Joshua, and Co. 131 b Higgs, Joshua, junior 131 b Higgs and Hill 55, 57, 58, 69, 70, 131, 160 a Hill, Oliver 168 Hill, W. E., and Son 75 Hill Street 70, 159, 163 No. 40A 160, 168 No. 40B 160 Nos. 42 and 44 153 a Hillier, Parker, May and Rowden 77, 169 b Hipsley, Thomas 8, 191 Hoadly, Benjamin (Bishop of Salisbury, later of Winchester) 1801 Hoare, Richard 26 Hoare's Bank 26, 28 Hodson, John 26 b Hogg, Thomas 25, 1723 a Holden, Charles 163 Holford, Mrs. Gwynne 50 a Holland, Henry 120, 121, 122, 129 Holland, John 412 b Holland and Hannen 64 Holland and Sons 125 Hollis, Edwin 60 b Holloways 55, 57, 60, 146, 160 a Horder, Percy Morley 148 Horne, James 16 Horseferry Road, Millbank 2 Hotels and lodging houses 41, 69, 85, 89, 90, 97, 100, 103, 125, 198, see also individual hotels, viz. Audley; Britannia; Claridge's; Connaught; Coulson's; Europa; Grosvenor House; Kirkham's; Lillyman's; Mivart's; Wake's House (estate) agents 90, 121, 125, 126, 160, 198 Households, size and structure of 83, 956, 97, 98, 112 Houses see also Furnished houses; Mews houses areas and area railings 51, 62, 106, 197; figs. 10, 23 (pp. 128, 152) attics and garrets 31, 53, 106, 113, 196 balconies 42, 50, 53, 135; figs. 10, 23 (pp. 128, 152) basements 106, 112, 113, 122, 197 bathrooms 68, 168; Pl. 53d bays and projections 105, 119, 127 bedrooms 113, 196 ceilings 11315, 121, 122, 124; fig. 5 (p. 114); Pls. 9a, 10a, 11, 15a, b, 16, 21b chimneypieces see fireplaces chimneypots 51 conversions and sub-divisions 76, 80, 163, 169 cornices 49, 106, 113, 115, 135, 196, 197 demand for 301, 64, 67, 68, 68n., 198 dining-rooms 112, 122, 151, 156, 157 drawing-rooms 122, 156, 157; Pls. 15a, 26a, 40b, 53a, c fireplaces 24, 31, 51, 113, 122, 196, 197; Pls. 17, 26b frontages, width of 15, 16, 19, 28, 31, 31n., 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110, 112, 119, 122 fronts Georgian 31, 1047, 11922, 124; figs. 2, 8, 16 (pp. 1067, 121, 136) of the 1820's 127, 129 30; fig. 12 (p. 131) early and mid Victorian 13340 passim; figs. 1315, 17 (pp. 132, 134, 135, 137) later Victorian 142, 143, 149; figs. 22, 26 (pp. 150, 158) Edwardian and later 155, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161; figs. 257 (pp. 156, 158 9) stone 689, 71, 122, 142, 143, 149, 153, 155, 157, 158, 159, 161, 162, 165; figs. 25, 27 (pp. 156, 159) inventories 112, 113, 116, 196 7 kitchens 112, 122, 197 lifts 63, 68 multi-occupation 31, 89, 98, 163 nomenclature of rooms 112, 113, 1967 numbers of (total on estate) 31, 83, 85, 89, 94 office use of 80, 81, 101, 102 parlours 112, 113, 196 party walls 51, 105 planning and accommodation 31, 89, 10712, 119, 120, 122, 123, 143, 149, 151, 155, 161, 167, 1967; figs. 1, 3, 4, 9, 24 (pp. 32, 109, 11011, 123, 154) porches and porticoes 47, 49, 50, 51, 53, 71, 133, 135 prices 27, 28, 31, 64, 68, 83, 126, 138 rack rental (annual) value 28, 31, 39n., 46 rear wings 108, 122, 196 refrontings of 49, 689, 1335, 138, 157, 158; figs. 1617 (pp. 1356) staircases 27, 107, 108, 110, 115, 116, 122, 151, 155, 167, 196, 197; fig. 6 (pp. 11617); Pls. 9, 42a, b, 43 painted 11516, 197 storeys and storey-heights 31, 53, 76, 89, 106, 143, 164 windows, treatment of 31, 49, 50, 62, 71, 87, 106, 113, 157, 159, 196, 197 see also Gardens, private; Interior decoration; Water closets Housing of the Working Classes, Royal Commission on 63, 64 b How, John 193 Howard, Abraham 35 a Howard, Souster and Partners 169 b Howorth, John 1723 Hubbard, Lady 193 b Huddle, Henry 25, 267, 1801; plan A (16) Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester 4 Hughes, John 191 a Hulbert, Maurice Charles 58, 157, 161 Hume, Sir Gustavus, Bt 175 Huntly-Gordon, H. 148 Hutchenson, Mary 193 Hutchenson, Archibald 185 Hyde, manor of I Hyde Park 12, 13, 30, 656 Hyde Park Corner 4, 63, 67 a I'Anson, Edward, III 161 Illingworth, Baron 101 Immaculate Conception, Church of the, Farm Street 99, 146 Imperial Hotel, Holborn Viaduct 59 Improved ground rents 9, 10, 11, 19, 19n., 26 7 definition of 10n. Improved Industrial Dwellings Company 61, 139, 142, 146 plans of flats fig. 18 (p. 142) Ince, Howard 148 Inchiquin, 4th Earl of 179 b Ingle, Wright 49, 64, 132, 133 Ingram, Hon. Colonel Charles 185 Interior decoration 11216, 122, 1245, 126, 141, 143, 151, 153, 1557, 167 8, 1967 furnishings 113, 115, 124 painting 71, 113, 11516, 122, 124, 168, 197 panelling (wainscotting) 27, 31, 112 13, 115, 124, 153, 167 8, 1967 paperhanging 1245 styles 118, 124, 151, 153, 155 7, 1678, see also French styles Interior decorators 151, 153, 155, 156, 1678, see also Upholsterers and cabinet-makers Inwood, William 39 a Ionides, Basil 168 Ironwork external 15, 50, 106, 127, 129, 133; figs. 10, 23 (pp. 128, 152) internal 115, 124; fig. 6 (pp. 11617) structural 141, see also Steel framing Irwin, 6th Viscount 191 a Isaacs, Lewis H. 59, see also Isaacs and Florence a Isaacs and Florence 57, 59, 146, 147 Isaacson, F. W. 153 c Isherwood and Co. 125 Italian Embassy (former) 101 Italian Garden, Brown Hart Gardens 61, 142, 146; Pl. 31a Italianate style 130, 135, 140 b Jackling, William 1745 b Jackman, Francis 187 James I 2, 4 James, John 16, 22 b James, John 183, 185 James Street see Gilbert Street c Jansen (of Paris) 168 Japanese Embassy (proposed) 76, 76n. b Jayne, William 187 Jekyll, Lady Anne 189 a Jell, G. Thrale 163 Jenkins, Elizabeth 187 a Jenkins, John 36n., 126 b Jenner, James 193 b Jenner, John 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 1789, 180, 181; plan A (28, 29, 45, 46) Jennings, Anne 177 Jennings, Susannah 185 Jersey, 3rd Earl of 193 a Johnson, John 58, 143 c Johnstone, John 126 Johnstone, Sir John 52 Joiners and joinery 113, 115, 160, 161 Jolliffe, 193 Jones, Abigail 175 Jones, Elizabeth 85 Jones Street 19, 98 a Joseph, C. S. and E. M. 77, 165 a Joseph, Delissa 162