Appendix: Some distinguished residents and lodgers not mentioned in the Text

Survey of London: Volumes 29 and 30, St James Westminster, Part 1. Originally published by London County Council, London, 1960.

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, 'Appendix: Some distinguished residents and lodgers not mentioned in the Text', in Survey of London: Volumes 29 and 30, St James Westminster, Part 1, (London, 1960) pp. 546-549. British History Online [accessed 30 May 2024].

. "Appendix: Some distinguished residents and lodgers not mentioned in the Text", in Survey of London: Volumes 29 and 30, St James Westminster, Part 1, (London, 1960) 546-549. British History Online, accessed May 30, 2024,

. "Appendix: Some distinguished residents and lodgers not mentioned in the Text", Survey of London: Volumes 29 and 30, St James Westminster, Part 1, (London, 1960). 546-549. British History Online. Web. 30 May 2024,

In this section


Some Distinguished Residents and Lodgers not mentioned in the Text

During the preparation of this volume many distinguished residents within the area were noted from the ratebooks. Wherever possible they have been mentioned in the body of the text of these volumes in connexion with the houses which they occupied. A list of some of those distinguished residents who did not occupy houses mentioned in the text is appended below. It should be noted, however, that it was impossible to examine the ratebooks for every year, and the dates of residence given below therefore do not necessarily indicate the full period of each occupancy.

Also appended below is a list—inevitably a very incomplete one—of distinguished lodgers, i.e., of persons who lived within the area, often for only a short period, but who were not ratepayers.

1700 Elizabeth Barry, ? actress.
1716 Horatio Walpole, later first Baron Walpole of Wolterton.
1716–23 Charles Dartiquenave, epicure and humorist.
1672 Thomas Clifford, first Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, politician.
1674–6 John Belasyse, first Baron Belasyse.
1696–1700 John Moore, successively bishop of Norwich and Ely.
1696–1700 John Banks, dramatist.
1739, 1749–55 Dr. Benjamin Hoadly, physician.
1760–70 John Fane, Lord Burghersh, later ninth Earl of Westmorland.
1770 (Sir) John Irwin, general.
1780–5 Edmund Burke, statesman.
1785–1800 John Hunter, physician.
1785–1810 John Hoppner, portrait painter.
1790–5 (Sir) George Cranfield Berkeley, admiral.
1815–20 William Joseph Denison, millionaire.
1825 John Joseph Stockdale, publisher.
Edward Gibbon, 1758. (fn. 1)
1686 Christopher Hatton, first Viscount Hatton, governor of Jersey.
1686–9 Alexander Stewart, Earl of Moray, Scottish statesman.
1699–1700 Charles Montagu, fourth Earl (later first Duke) of Manchester.
1707 Edward Villiers, first Earl of Jersey.
1716 William Bromley, ? secretary of state.
1760 Thomas Villiers, Baron Hyde, later first Earl of Clarendon.
1790 Lord Charles Spencer, politician.
1800 Guy Head, painter.
1800–10 John Chamberlain, ? Chamberlaine, antiquary.
1810 Samuel (Weller) Singer, author.
1815 Thomas Cribb, prize-fighter.
1815–30 Charles Lewis, bookbinder.
Edmund Burke, who dated letters from here between December 1790 and March 1791, and in January 1794. (fn. 2)
Tom Moore, in 1824, 1825, 1833. (fn. 3)
Thomas Campbell, in 1832 (fn. 4) at No. 10 Duke Street, where a marble tablet in one of the attic rooms formerly commemorated his residence.
Captain Frederick Marryat, in 1839, at No. 8 Duke Street. (fn. 5)
1675–84 John Churchill, later first Duke of Marlborough.
1675–84 John Wright, ? portrait painter.
1679 Sir Henry Capel, later Baron Capel of Tewkesbury.
1679–84 John Belasyse, first Baron Belasyse.
1682–9 Henry Sidney or Sydney, later first Earl of Romney, politician.
1686–9 Charles Mordaunt, first Earl of Monmouth, later third Earl of Peterborough.
1686–99 Sir Joseph Williamson, statesman.
1686–99 (Sir) Philip Ryley, surveyor of royal woods and forests.
1686–1707 Sir Cyril Wyche, statesman and man of science.
1689 Sir Charles O'Hara, later first Baron Tyrawley, general.
1689 Henry Hyde, second Earl of Clarendon.
1689–99 Charles Montagu, later first Earl of Halifax.
1694 Sir Thomas Pope Blount, politician and author.
1694 Charles Lennox, first Duke of Richmond.
1694–1705 Sir George Rooke, admiral.
1699 Charles Beauclerk, first Duke of St. Albans.
1705–16 William Cadogan, later first Earl Cadogan, general.
1716–20 Charles Paulet or Powlett, Marquis of Winchester, later third Duke of Bolton.
1716–20 James Craggs, ? the elder, postmaster-general, or ? the younger, secretary of state.
1716–34 Richard Temple, first Viscount Cobham, general.
1720 John Cope, ? Sir John Cope, general.
1729 Charles Cadogan, second Baron Cadogan, general.
1729–34 Sir John Jennings, admiral.
1734 John Carteret, Earl Granville, politician.
1739–55 Sir Richard Manningham, accoucheur.
1755–60 Sir Edward Wilmot, baronet, physician.
1755–66 William Hunter, anatomist.
1766 William Burk, ? Burke, supposed author of the Letters of Junius.
1766–1809 Sir George Baker, baronet, physician.
1770 Charles Cornwallis, second Earl (later first Marquis) Cornwallis.
1770 John Crookshanks, naval captain.
1770–5 Jonathan Shipley, bishop of St. Asaph.
1770–85 John Hunter, surgeon and anatomist.
1775–80 John Larpent, inspector of plays.
1780 Sir John Irwin, general.
1790–5 (Sir) Richard Glyn, baronet, Lord Mayor of London.
1825 James Copland, physician.
(Sir) Thomas Lawrence, painter, at No. 41 (now No. 36) from 1787 to 1790; (fn. 6) he was succeeded there by (Sir) Martin Archer Shee, later president of the Royal Academy, who remained until 1796. (fn. 7)
The Rev. Sydney Smith at No. 81 (now No. 74), 1811. (fn. 8)
W. E. Gladstone, rooms over the shop of J. C. Crampern, corn-chandler, at No. 92, 1832. (fn. 9)
Thomas Creevey, diarist and member of Parliament, 1836–8. (fn. 10)
1684–6 Andrew Newport, ? royalist.
1765–75 Bamber Gascoyne, politician.
1785–95 James Hervey, physician.
1790–5 William Grimaldi, miniature painter.
1815 Grant David Yeats, medical writer.
Residents, north side
1666–7 Sir Thomas Clifford, later first Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, politician.
1670–99 Charles Beale, portrait painter.
1671–3 George Legge, ? first Baron Dartmouth, admiral.
1679–91 John Pollexfen, merchant and writer.
1684–7 Joseph Clark, posture master.
1689–91 William Derrick, ? De Ryck, history painter.
1698–1716 Sir John Werden or Worden, baronet, politician.
1710–32 Sir Thomas Hardy, vice-admiral.
1727 Henry Saint-John, first Viscount Bolingbroke, statesman.
1738–46 Benjamin Victor, theatrical manager.
1743–6 Dr. Shaw, ? Peter Shaw, physician.
1743–8 Jan Griffier the younger, painter.
1746–78 (Sir) Caesar Hawkins, baronet, surgeon.
1767–70 Captain Harland, ? Sir Robert Harland, admiral.
1769–81 Sir John Pringle, baronet, physician.
1786–1805 Sir Cecil Wray, baronet, politician.
1788 Lord John Russell, later sixth Duke of Bedford.
1791–6 Dr. Benjamin Moseley, physician.
1802–12 Michael Kelly, vocalist and actor.
1802–18 Robert Harding Evans, auctioneer and bookseller.
1807–20 John Joseph Stockdale, publisher.
1815–26 Edward Wakefield, philanthropist and statistician.
1820–8 William (Armfield) Hobday, portrait painter.
1831–4 Henry Hobhouse, archivist.
1834–49 Robert Vernon, patron of art.
1842–4 George Tattersall, the artist 'Wildrake'.
Residents, south side
1660–3 John Adams, ? topographer.
1660–5 Sir William Clarke, secretary at war.
1665–77 Henry Oldenburg, philosopher.
1668, 1676–7 Sir Samuel Morland, diplomatist, mathe matician and inventor.
1672–3, 1676–93, 1695–1702 Margaret Hughes, actress.
1678–87 Sir William Temple, diplomatist.
1679–84 Theophilus Hastings, seventh Earl of Huntingdon.
1693–6 Hugh Cholmondeley, Viscount (later first Earl of) Cholmondeley.
1695–1716 Francis Robartes, politician and musician.
1696–1700 Charles Fitzroy, first Duke of Southampton and Cleveland.
1698–9 Thomas Neale, master of the mint.
1698–1701 Forde Grey, Earl of Tankerville, politician.
1702–14 Sir Thomas Hanmer, baronet, Speaker of the House of Commons.
1705–32 John Ellis, undersecretary of state.
1710 (General) George Mac(c)artney.
1727–62 George Bubb Dodington, first Baron Melcombe, wit.
1730–7 Hugh Howard, portrait painter and art collector.
1730–9 John Hollings, physician.
1738–43 (Sir) Caesar Hawkins, baronet, surgeon.
1743–56 (Sir) Andrew Mitchell, diplomatist.
1751–6 Dr. Pringle, ? (Sir) John Pringle, baronet, physician.
1751–62 General James Sinclair.
1754 Charles Cathcart, ninth Baron Cathcart, soldier.
1754–9 Dr. Shaw, ? Peter Shaw, physician.
1756–83 George Sackville Germain, first Viscount Sackville, politician.
1786–7 Sir William Draper, lieutenant-general.
1786–91 Thomas Keate, surgeon.
1788–99 Paul Colnaghi, print dealer.
1796 George Villiers, fourth Earl of Jersey.
1798–9 Sir Richard Worsley, baronet, antiquary and traveller.
1802–10 William Windham, statesman.
1804–29 Sir Mark Wood, baronet.
1815–20 Robert Jocelyn, third Earl of Roden, politician.
1818 John Charles Spencer, Viscount Althorp, later third Earl Spencer, statesman.
1823–8 Vesey Fitzgerald, ? William Vesey Fitzgerald, Baron Fitzgerald and Vesey, statesman.
Jonathan Swift, 1710. (fn. 11)
Lawrence Sterne, 1760, 'at ye 2d House from St. Alban's Street'. (fn. 12)
Edward Gibbon, 1769, 1770, 'at Mr. Taylor's Grocers opposite to the Duke of Cumberland's' (site now occupied by Junior Carlton Club). (fn. 13)
Edward Gibbon, 1772–3, at 'a stinking Apothecary's'. (fn. 14)
Edward Gibbon, 1787, unspecified house. (fn. 15)
Captain Frederick Marryat, 1841, 1844, at No. 120 Pall Mall. (fn. 16)
Dean Swift, 1712: 'I lodge over against the house in Little Rider Street where DD [Mrs. Dingley] lodged.' (fn. 17)
James and William Adam, architects, April 1758. (fn. 18)
John Cam Hobhouse, Lord Broughton, 1814, at No. 7. (fn. 19)
Residents, side unknown
1650–6 Sir John Corbet, baronet, patriot.
1660–3 Sir Robert Honywood, translator.
Residents, east side
1682–7 Edward Sheldon, translator.
1682–9 Thomas Colepeper, colonel.
1686–7 John Baptist, ? John Caspars Baptist, portrait and tapestry painter.
1687–96 Henry Lumley, general.
1692 John Taaffe, informer.
1772–91 James Neild, philanthropist.
1783–6 John Keyse Sherwin, engraver and draughtsman.
1839–50 William Banting, writer on corpulence.
Residents, west side
1667–75 Sir Alien Apsley, politician.
1682–4 Laurence Hyde, first Earl of Rochester, statesman.
1682–92 Sir John Fenwick, conspirator.
1707 Sir Thomas Thynne, first Viscount Wey-mouth.
1716–17 Sir Samuel Garth, physician and poet.
1738–43 Phineas Bowles, lieutenant-general.
1767 John Maurice, Count von Brühl, diplomatist and astronomer.
Sir Christopher Wren; in 1718 Wren 'betook himself to a Country Retirement at Hampton Court', (fn. 20) but he also 'dwelt occasionally' in St. James's Street. (fn. 21) The only entry in the ratebooks which may refer to him or to his son occurs in 1719 as 'Chris Renn', but Sir Christopher may very well have lodged in St. James's Street in other years. He appears to have died there (on 2 5 February 1723), for a contemporary newspaper states that his body 'was carried from his house in St. James Street Westminster' to St. Paul's Cathedral. (fn. 22) The house for which the ratebook for 1719 records 'Chris Renn' as the occupant was one of three built on the site of Edmund Waller's house; it stood either on the site of No. 63 or No. 64 St. James's Street, or on the site of a house behind them on the south side of Blue Ball Yard. There is no evidence as to whether this was the same house as the one in which Sir Christopher died.
Alexander Pope, 1724, 'at Mr. Digby's next door to the Golden ball on the second Terras in St. James Street'. (fn. 23)
Edward Gibbon, 1793–4; 'My present lodging, a house of Elmsley's, is cheerful, convenient, somewhat dear, but not so much as a Hotel, a species of habitation for which I have not conceived any great affection.' Gibbon died here on 16 January 1794. (fn. 24) The site of the house was subsequently occupied by the Conservative Club.
Lord Byron, 1811–12, at No. 8 St. James's Street. (fn. 25)
James Gillray, probably from 1808 until his death in 1815 at Mrs. Humphrey's print shop, No. 24 St. James's Street (previously No. 27). (fn. 26)
Thomas Creevey, 1836, No. 17 St. James's Street. (fn. 27)


  • 1. The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 1956, vol. i, p. 109.
  • 2. Correspondence of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, ed. Charles William, Earl Fitzwilliam, and Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Bourke, 1844, vol. iii, pp. 180, 201; vol. iv, p. 221.
  • 3. Memoirs, Journal and Correspondence of Thomas Moore, ed. Lord John Russell, 1853–4, vol. iv, pp. 161, 326; vol. vi, pp. 313–27.
  • 4. Life and Letters of Thomas Campbell, ed. William Beattie, 1849, vol. ii, p. 122.
  • 5. Florence Marryat, Life and Letters of Captain Frederick Marryat, 1872, vol. ii, p. 74.
  • 6. D. E. Williams, The Life and Correspondence of Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1831, vol. i, pp. 96–137.
  • 7. Martin Archer Shee, The Life of Sir Martin Archer Shee, 1860, vol. i, pp. 148,194.
  • 8. A Memoir of the Reverend Sydney Smith, by his daughter, Lady Holland, ed. Mrs. Austin, 1855, vol. ii, p. 88.
  • 9. A. I. Dasent, The History of St. James's Square, 1895, p. 178 n.
  • 10. The Creevey Papers, ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 1903, vol. ii, pp. 311, 334–6.
  • 11. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, p. 12.
  • 12. Lewis Melville, The Life and Letters of Laurence Sterne, 1911, vol. i, pp. 248–9.
  • 13. The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 1956, vol. i, pp. 232–3, 248, 263.
  • 14. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 350, 360, 362.
  • 15. Ibid., vol. iii, pp. 81–2.
  • 16. Marryat, of. cit., vol. ii, pp. 112, 156, 158.
  • 17. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, p. 399.
  • 18. Guildhall Library, MS. 3070.
  • 19. Lord Broughton, Recollections of a Long Life, ed. Lady Dorchester, 1909, vol. i, p. 85.
  • 20. Christopher and Stephen Wren, Parentalia, 1750, p. 344.
  • 21. John Ward, Lives of the Professors of Gresham College, 1740, quoted in Wren Society, vol. xviii, 1941, p. 182.
  • 22. Weekly Journal or British Gazetteer, 9 March 1723, quoted in Wren Society, vol. xviii, 1941, p. 181.
  • 23. The Correspondence of Alexander Pope, ed. George Sherburn, 1956, vol. ii, p. 232.
  • 24. The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 1956, vol. iii, pp. 357, 364, 369.
  • 25. Thomas Moore, Letters and Journals of Lord Byron, 1833, vol. i, pp. 232–3, 254, 267.
  • 26. R.B.; D.N.B.
  • 27. The Creevey Papers, ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 1903, vol. ii, pp. 308–9.