Parishes: Hawton

Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 1, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1790.

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'Parishes: Hawton', in Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 1, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1790) pp. 353-357. British History Online [accessed 24 April 2024]

In this section


Doomsday, Holton.

Here was Soc to Newark as much as was rated to the Tax, for two Bov. ½. of the Bishop of Lincolne's Fee; and here was of Walter de Ayncurt's Fee Soc to Stoches in Holton, which paid the public Geld, for two Bovats. The Land was one Car. (fn. 1) There six Soch. had two Car. and twenty Acres of Meadow. But the most considerable Part of this Township was the Fee of Raph de Limesi, wherein Tored had a Manor, which in the Confessor's Time paid the Dane-geld, for four Bov. and an Half. The Land being then certified to be sufficient for two Ploughs, or two Carucats. There Raph de Limesi had two Car and four Sochm. on two Bovats and an Half of this Land, and five Vill. five Bord. having three Car. There was a Priest and two Churches, one Mill, 5s. 4d. Here was likewise four Manors in the Confessor's Time, which Bugo, Raynald, Torvet, and Bugo had, and then discharged them to the public Payment, or Geld for six Bov. ½. The Land was then returned to be two Car. ½. Soc also there which paid the Geld as five Bovats. The Land two Car. Soc. In these Lands were eighteen Sochm. two Vill. ten Bord. having six Car. These five Manors Alured held of Raph. In the Confessor's Time the Value was 100s. when Doomsday Book was made 4l. 10s.

(fn. 2) Richard de Houton, was the first Successor of Alured that I have found, and he I suppose lived in the Time of King Henry the Second. William, Son of Roger de Houton, gave to Walter des Mores, Son of Rob. des Mores, that Toft and two Bov. &c. in Houton: the Witnesses were Robert de Basingham, Richard his Brother, Will. Son of Richard de Houton, William, Son of Roger de Stokes, Walter del Howe, Henry, Son of Thomas de Roldeston, Walter, Son of Alured de Collingham, Raph, Son of Robert de Collingham, Robert de Stokes, William, Son of Harvey, Adam, Son of Albert, Henry de Carleton, Malger de Thorp, Walter, Son of Henry, and others. (fn. 3) Sir Roger de Howton, Son of William de Houton, Knight, gave with his Body seven Bovats in Houton, to the Priory of Iburgarton, for the Sustentation of a Canon, to celebrate Mass daily in that Church, where he intended to be buried, for the Health of his Soul, and of Agnes his Wife, and all his Ancestors and Successors. (fn. 4) Walter Archbishop of Yorke confirmed the Church of Houton to that Priory, which it had of the Gift of the said Roger, Son of William; and afterwards granted the Prior and Convent two Besants yearly out of it, to be paid by the Parson in the name of a Pension. (fn. 5) There was a Fine levied at Nottingham, 42 H. 3. between Richard, Prior of Thurgarton, and Robert de Houton, by which the said Prior passed the Advowson of the Church of Houton, to the said Robert and his Heirs, who then gave to that Monastery three Bovats of Land in Houton, and confirmed the seven Bovats, and four Tofts, together with Stephen de Houton, William de Bingham, Walter le Dispenser, Maud le Dekne, Villains, who held the said Lands, and all their Sequel, and three Tofts, and one Bov. ½. in Woodburgh, and the Villians who held them, and the Homage and Service of William de Nevil, and his Heirs, for two Bov. of Land in Fullbek, held of Roger de Houton his Brother, whose Heir the said Robert then was.

(fn. 6) Roger de Brettevile, and Amabilia his Wife, who afterwards married, or else was Daughter of — Verly, gave 7s. Rent to Thurgarton, out of Lands in this Town, then in the Occupation of Ernabald Brun. Benedict de Rolleston, 10 E. 1. (fn. 7) Released to Roger de Bretevill, and Amabille his Wife, one Mess. and two Car. of Land and ten Acres of Meadow, and one Mill in Hoghton, the Thursday after the Feast of St. Mark the Evangelist.

(fn. 7) Robert de Compton, Lord of Houton, gave to Theophania, Daughter of Adam le Vavasur, one Mess. two Bovats of Land, &c. in this Town, paying Yearly Half a Pound of Wax at Christmas. The Witnesses were Sir William de Staunton, Sir John de Thorp, Knights, William de Sibthorp, Paulinus de Stokes, &c. — The Seal within the Circumscription of his Name is, on a long straight lined Triangular Shield, three Helmets; which Arms were on all the Seals of this Family, in the Reigns of several kings, though differing sometimes in Shape of the Helmets. (fn. 8) Sir Robert de Comp ton was a Knight, 1302. There was a Fine levied of the Moiety of the Manor of Houton by Newark, 29 E. 1. by Robert de Compton, to Hugh Barry.

(fn. 9) Nicholas Curzun, of Thorleby, and Maud his Wife, Passed by Fine 27 E. 1. to Hugh de Stanford, one Mess. one Toft, six Bovats of Land, nine Acres, of Meadow, with the Appurtenances in Houton by Newark.

(fn. 10) This was returned a whole Villa, 9 E. 2. and Robert de Cumpton Lord of it.

(fn. 11) There was a Fine levied at Nottingham, 3 E. 3. between Robert de Compton, Quer. and Robert de Helpeston, Parson of Houton, Deforc. of two Parts of the Manor of Houton by Newark, with the Appurtenances, and the Advowson of the Church of the said Manor, thereby settled on the said Robert de Cumpton for Life, afterwards to his Sons Robert, John, Raph, James, successively, and their respective Heirs Males; Remainder to the right Heirs of the said Robert de Cumpton. Robert de Compton, 43 E. 3. (fn. 12) Acknowledged to have received of John his Son, five Marks 7s. and 6d. of his Rent, of the Lands and Tenements which the said John held of him in Houton.

(fn. 13) William Cumpton, of Houton, Esquire, 6 H. 6. conveyed the Manors of Houton, and Fenny Compton, in Warwickshire, to Thomas Cursun, Esquire, and John Flaubergh, Clerk.

(fn. 14) Nicholas Wymbish, Clerk, Hugh Wymbish, and Raph Bellers, Esquires, 23 H. 6. released to John Cumpton, Son and Heir of William Cumpton the younger, late of Houton by Newark, all their Claim in the Manor of Houton, and in all the Lands and Tenements which were William Cumpton's Grandfather of the said John, in the Counties of Nott. and Warwick. (fn. 15) John Cumpton, Son and Heir of William Compton, for a Sum of Money, conveyed the Manors of Houton, and Fenny Compton, by Chepingdorset, &c. to Hugh Pakenham, and John Pakenham.

(fn. 16) This Family, it seems, residing in this County, was not discovered by Mr. Dugdale, in Warwickshire; in Fenny Compton Church Window, he observers Sable, a Fesse engrailed between three Helmets Argent, which might probably belong to some of this Stock.

(fn. 17) John Compton, Son and Heir of William Compton, and Cousin and Heir of William Compton, Father of the said William, sometime of Houton by Newark, 37 H. 6. released to Hugh Packenham, and John Pakenham, Clerk, in Possession being, and their Heirs, all his Right in the Manor of Houton, and the Advowson of the Church.

(fn. 18) I have not seen further of these Comptons, saving that, 5 H. 8. William Compton, Esquire, Claimed against Robert Molineux, and Katherine Molineux, Widow, two Parts of the Manor of Houton, which was then the Inheritance of that Family, whereof the first was Thomas Molineux, (fn. 19) Grandchild, Son, and Brother, to Sir Richard Molineux of Sefton, in the County of Lancaster, which said Thomas was made Banneret, by Richard Duke of Gloucester, at Barwick, in the Year 1482. and built the Church, and a fair House, at this Hawton: his first Wife was Elizabeth, Daughter of Robert Markham of Cotham, by whom he had Robert Molyneux, who succeeded him here; his second Wife was Katherine, the Daughter of John Cotton, (and I suppose the Widow of Thomas Poutrell,) by whom he had Sir Edmund Molyneux the Judge, mentioned in Thorpe. He died, 6 H. 7. and his Son Robert, before-named, is said to have Dorothy, the Daughter of Thomas Poutrell, of West Hallam, in Derlyshire, to Wife, and by her a Son called Thomas, who having no Issue, left this Manor to Richard his Brother. Robert Molyneux, (fn. 20) and Edmund Molyneux, in consideration of a Marriage, had between Richard Molyneux, Son and Heir of Robert, and Margaret, Daughter of Edmund Buffey, Esquire, demised to him, Aug. 3. 22 H. 8. all the Lands and Tenements which were Thomas Molyneux's, Father of Robert, in Carleton and Gedling, and Lands in Hawton, &c. By this Margaret, Daughter of Edmund Buffy of Hather, in Lincolnshire, this Richard had Francis Molyneux, who Married Elizabeth, Grand-daughter and Co-heir of Roger Grenehagh, of Teversall, (where I shall place the Descent) whose Son Thomas Molyneux, had to Wife Alice, Daughter and Co-heir, of Thomas Cranmer, of Aslacton, noted in that Place, who bore him John Molineux, who was Knight and Baronet; and to his first Wife had — Daughter of John Markham, of Sedgebroke; and to his second Anne, Daughter of Sir James Harrington, of Kidlington in Rutland, Widow of Thomas Foljambe. By his first he had Sir Francis Molyneux, to whom he left but very little clear Estate, having sold a great Part of his Lands, and mortgaged this Town to Sir Francis Leek, the first Baronet of that Name, and Father of the first Earl of Scarsdale, so that it became the Inheritance of Sir Francis Leek, who hath mortgaged it also to Richard Newdigate, Serjeant at Law, By his second Wife Sir John had Colonel Roger Molyneux.

The Lands in Hawton belonging to the Priory of Thurgarton, were granted, 4 Eliz, to James Hardwick and his Heirs, and so came to the Earl of Devonshire.

The Lordship is depopulated very much since the War, and a great Part of it inclosed since then too, which never fails to produce that Effect.

(fn. 21) The Rectory of Hawton was 20l. Value, and Mr. Molyneux Patron. 'Tis now 17l. 13s. 4d. in the King's Books.

In the Church there was upon a Marble Stone cut in Brass. (fn. 22)

Of your Charitie pray for the Souls of Degory Adys, Knight of the Sepulcre and Marchaunt of the Stapull of Clays, and Dame Anne his Wife, Daughter of Thomas Powtrell, Esquire; the which Degrory Deceased 27 Febr. 1521. Upon it is Arg. a Bull sable; Horned Or, amongst long Reeds Or, the tops sable; and by it, Or a plain Crosse between four Croslets Gules, the first impales with Arg. a Fesse between three Cinque-foils, Gules, Poutrell.

In the Brass of another Stone.

Of your Charitie Pray for the Soules of William Molyneux, and Margaret his Wife, their Childrens Soules, and all Christians Soules; which William departed this present Life the last Day of Octob. 1541. There is Molyneux Arms with a Crescent.

In the Chancel on a Piece of Brass, upon a little plain Stone was, Of your Charity Pray for the Soules of Robert Molineux, Esquire, and Dorothy his Wife; which Robert Deceased 13 Apr. 1539.

Upon a little Stone for a Child, Johannes filius quintus Thomæ Halgh de Wigtoft, generof.

In the Windows Molyneux impales with Markham.

Arg. a Lion Ramp. sab.

Gules, a Bend Cotised betwixt six Martlets Or.

Cheque Arg. and Gules a file of three Labels Az.

Molyneux impales with Az. a Spread Eagle Arg. Cotton.

Arg. 3 Bars sab. Bussy.

Or upon a Fesse Gules, three Waterbougets Arg. Bingham.

Lozengy Arg. and Gules, Fitz-Williams.

Arg. on five Fussells in Fesse Gules, five Scallops Or, Aslacton.

Az. a Bend between six Martlets Agr. Lutterell. Leeke, Gules upon a Bend Arg. three Crosse Croslets Azure.

Sab. six Annulets Or, 3. 2. 1. Arg. three Chevronells, and a bordure engrailed Sable.

Arg. upon Bend Az. three Waterbougets Or, Booth.

Arg. a Chief Varry Or, and Gules a Bend Sable, Fitz-Herbert impaling with Molineux, of Northbury.

By the wall Side in the Chancel an old cross-legg'd Monument, with a Shield not ordinary.

[Throsby] Hawton

IS another small village of about 12 dwellings. The lordship is owned chiefly by a Mr. Holden, a Derbyshire Gentleman, old inclosure. This village, or rather the church and the sprightly trees that embellish it, have a pleasing appearance from the road near Newark. I was told by an old person, that when Alexander Holden, Esq. of Aston-upon-Trent, purchased it, (whose remains were interred in the church in 1769, in the 89th year of his age) that he could not let it for 2s. 6d. per acre, and that he was obliged, on that account, to keep it in his own hands. Now it takes a price equal to others in the neighbourhood. Mr. Alexander Holden purchased the family estate here from — Newdigate. Thoroton tells us above that it was mortgaged, in his time, to Sir Richard Newdigate.

The church which is dedicated to All Saints, has a light tower with 4 bells, a nave and two side aisles. Part of the figures, only, which Thoroton has given, under an arch, in the chancel, remain. The stalls, in the chancel, are exceedingly rich in decoration: flowers, birds, &c. are figured therein in a good stile. The north side of the chancel, also, is pleasingly ornamented, and the holy water-stock. Robert Waldroon, rector, died in 1697.—The monument for Alexander Holden, Esq. whom I have noticed as the purchaser of the estate, is in the north aisle. I have seen many strange figures and forms without churches, originally intended to convey water from the roofs; some with horrid mouths, and many in the position of vomiting; but here is one too indelicate either for representation or description. It serves vulgar boys and men, in the neighbourhood, to shew to women as a great curiosity, I am told, where the former fail not to laugh at the credulity of the latter.

Sir Roger Newdigate, Bart. was patron in 1785. The rector is the Rev. Robert Parker. In the Kings book's 17l. 13s. 4d. yearly tenths, 1l. 15s: 4d. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 6s. Archidiac. pro. prox. 7s. 6d. Val. in mans cum ter. gleb. 2l. 2s. in dec. garb. &c. Supposed value 400l. per annum.


  • 1. Lib. Dooms.
  • 2. Autog. pen. Harvey Staunton, Ar. Autog. pen. Dom. Fr. Molyneux Bar.
  • 3. Reg. de Thrug 41. b.
  • 4. Reg. Thur. 143.
  • 5. lb, 149.
  • 6. lb. 41.
  • 7. Pl. cor. Reg. Hill, 10 E. 1. ro. 14.
  • 8. Ex Autog. per. Dom. Fr. Molyneux, Bar.
  • 9. lb. Fin apud Ebor. à S. Martini in 15. dies 29 E. 1. Apud Ebor. à die Pasc. in 15. dies 27 E. 1.
  • 10. Nom. Vill.
  • 11. Die Lunæ prox. post fest. S. Mart. 3 E. 3.
  • 12. Autog. pen. Fr. Molyneux, Bar.
  • 13. lb.
  • 14. lb.
  • 15. lb.
  • 16. The Antiq. of Warwickshire, illustr. by William Dugdale, Esquire, Norroy.
  • 17. Claus. 37 H. 6. m. 25.
  • 18. Mic. 5 H. 8. rot. 106.
  • 19. Ex gen. Collect. pen. Sam. Roper, Ar. pen. Ric. Dom. Byron.
  • 20. Autog. pen. F. M.
  • 21. Mss. J. M.
  • 22. Ex Coll. St. Lo Kniveton.