Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 2, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1790.
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Eastwood, Eastwayt, & Estewic.
In Estwic before the conquest Vlsechetel had a Mannor which answered for four bov. to the Dane-geld or Tax. This was afterwards William Feverells, but was then waste. In the Confessours time it was 5s. value.
(fn. 1) Henry de Grey Lord of Codnour, and of Estweit, for the souls of Sir Henry de Grey, and the Lady Ysolda his wife, and of his own father and mother, and other his and their ancestors, and all the faithful departed, released to the Priory of Lenton all claim and right of Common of Pasture in a place called Fulwood, either belonging to his Castle of Codnour, or his Town of Estwait, or his Villains there: To his Deed were witnesses, Sir Richard de Grey, Sir Henry de Perpount, Sir Gervas de Clifton, Sir Galfr. de Stapleford, Knights, and other.
(fn. 2) In the year 1286, Ranulf Paskayl, of Estwait, for himself, his heirs, Freeholders, and Villains, released to the said Priory all the like claim and right of common in the said Wood called Fulwood: (fn. 3) to his Deed were witnesses Robert de Kymmerley, Wm. de Belew, Robert de Watenhowe, John Passeys, Robert Francis, and others. William Pascayl of Estwait did the like, and also did William, son of Godefrey de Estwait, and Thomas, son of William de le Rode of the same, and divers others, by which means the Priory had that Fulwood intire to themselves, and inclosed; it whereupon, 18 E. 1, (fn. 4) Adam, Parson of the Church of Esthwayt impleaded the Prior of Lenton, and others, because they disseised him of common of pasture in about one hundred and fifty acres of pasture in Fulwode; the said Prior pleaded that Fulwode was neither Burgh, Town, (Village) nor Hamlet, which the Parson could not gainsay, and so was cast. Adam de Markham the same time had another (fn. 5) Assise or Tryal, being the same Parson of the Church of Esthwait, for the same, and then the Prior pleaded it was in Newthorp, which the Jury found to be so, and that the said Parson ought not to common there.
(fn. 6) A Fine was levied at York, 10 E. 3, between Ranulf Pascail of Estweyt, Quer. and John Arnald, Deforc. of the third part of the Mannor of Estweyt, which was thereby settled on the said Ranulph for life; remainder on Ranulf his son, and Joane the daughter of Roger de Vston, and the heirs of their bodies; remainder on William, brother of the said Ranulph, the son of Ranulph, and the heirs of his body; remainder to Joane, the sister of William, and the heirs of hers; then to Isabell, and then to Agnes her sisters, in like manner; remainder to the right heirs of the said Ranulph Pascail. Pascails part became the Tevereys of Stapleford.
(fn. 7) Hugh Teverey, son and heir of Robert Teverey, Esquire, and husband of Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh Willoughby of Riseley, 7 Mar. 8 H. 8, died seised of 10s. yearly Rent here, which, 24 H. 7, was passed to Thomas Bapthorp, Chr. son and heir apparent of Raph Bapthorp, and others, for the use of the said Hugh, and his said wife Elizabeth, by the name of the Mannor of Estwayt; but the Jury at that Inquisition taken at Stapulford, 25 Oct. 9 H. 8, after the death of the said Hugh, who left his son Robert Teverey, his heir, and then above twenty-one years old, found that the said 10s. Rent was held of Sir Henry Willoughby, as of the Mannor of Estwayt. Howevee some Lands here came by inheritance from the Tevereys to William Palmes, Esquire, with Stapleford, and Eyton in Darbyshire, and other Lands, which he got an Act of Parliament to enable him to fell, and hath sold this accordingly to Henry Harrison, 1668.
The Lord Greyes part descended it seems to the family of Zouch, as in Toueton may be seen. (fn. 8) Sir John Zouch, 19 Jun. 28 Eliz. died seised of it, leaving John Zonch, Esquire, his son and heir five months above twenty-one years of age and more, as the Inquisition taken at Darby that year, 19 Sept. after his death shows. Howbeit I find that this Mannor, after the death of the last Lord Grey, was bought of the King by Sir Henry Willoughby, (fn. 9) who sold it to Sir John Port, and so it afterwards came to the Family of Stanhope, by the marriage of Margaret, one of his daughters and co-heirs to Sir Thomas Stanhope, and, as I think, was sold by Arthur Stanhope, Esquire, one of the sons of Philip, first Earl of Chesterfeild, not long since [viz. 1657,] to Huntington Plumptre, Esq. Doctor of Physick, whose son and heir Henry is now Lord of it.
(fn. 10) Thomas Aleyn, and Emme his wife, 21 E. 4, levied a Fine of twenty acres of pasture in Estwayt called Gressebreeches to Gervas Clifton, Esquire, and 22 E. 4, (fn. 11) of thirty acres of land there.
(fn. 12) The Rectory of Estwait was 6l. when H. Lord Grey of Codnor was Patron.— 'Tis now in the Kings Books, 4l. 13s. 1d. 0b. and Arthur Stanhope, Esquire, Patron. But now, viz. 1674, Henry Plumptre, Esquire, is Patron.
[Throsby] Eswaicte, or Eastwood,
Lordship belongs to — Plumptre, Esq. of Nottingham. In it are extensive coalmines; coals are found here at the depth of five yards, and at fifty. The village has many scattered dwellings seated on swells and declivities of the earth. (fn. 13)
The Church is dedicated to St. Mary, was built about fifty years ago, it is mostly of brick and stands on an eminence. It has a tower and is neat within; but in consequence of its being a modern building there is little to attract the attention of an antiquary.
Patron, — Plumptre, Esq. Incumbent, Rev. Owen Dimsdale, R. K. B. 4l. 13s. 1d. halfpenny. Clear yearly value in Bacon, 39l. 15s. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 2s. Archidiac pro Prox. 5s. Val. in decim. &c. Henry Plumptree, presented in 1689. John Plumptree, Esq. 1730, 1767.
The coal-mines, here, afford treasure to the naturalist. Mr. Gervas Bourne, who resides in this place, has a most valuable collection of fossils, partly from the bowels of the earth here. By exchanging duplicates, that have been found in this place, he is possessed of many rare and valuable ones. Others he has procured by purchase. I was never in my life pleased with a sight of this nature, equal to it; this joined to the affability and readiness with which I was shewn these rare curiosities, afforded me much entertainment and satisfaction. Some, by their locality, may be thought an acquisition to the additions to the Nottinghamshire History; I have in consequence given representations of some of them, facing this page. (fn. 14)