Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.

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Robert Thoroton, 'Crumwell', Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1796), pp. 169-172. British History Online [accessed 19 June 2024].

Robert Thoroton. "Crumwell", in Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1796) 169-172. British History Online, accessed June 19, 2024,

Thoroton, Robert. "Crumwell", Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby, (Nottingham, 1796). 169-172. British History Online. Web. 19 June 2024,

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Besides that part of Crumuuelle which was soc to Aygrum of the fee of Gislebert Tysun, which was two bov: ad geldam, the land four bov. where two sochm. had one car. there was a manor of the Tayn land, which Alden (whose posterity took their name from this place) held of the king, paying to the geld (or tax) for it as two carucats, and six bovats. The land of it was four carucats. Alden had then there one (plow or) car. and five sochm. on one carucat of this land, and eight villains, two bord. having four car: ½. There was a church and a mill 12d. and one piscary (or fishing) meadow six qu. long, and three broad. In king Edward the Confessours time this was valued at 60s. when the Conquerours survey was made at 40s.

(fn. 1) The bishop of Lincolne it seems became supreme lord of it, because Raph de Crumbewell is certified to hold half a knights see of him here of the old feoffment, that is, whereof his ancestor was enfeoffed before the death of king Henry the first, in whose time Alden or Haldoen (who is most likely to be the Thayn in king Williams time, or his son of that name) was living, as in Lambley, and Widmerpole may be gathered.

This noble family continued lords of this place in the male line till the death of the last Raph lord Crumwell, who it seems was lord treasurer of England, 11 H. 6. and lord chamberlain of the houshold, 30 H. 6. (fn. 2)


(fn. 3) By an inquisition taken, 20 Jun. 13 H. 7. after the death of the lady Willoughby, who died the last day save one of Aug. then last past (being neice and heir of the last and great lord Crumwell.) William Knivet, knight, then aged fifty-six years, and William Fitz-Williams, esq; aged seven years, were found her cousins and heirs of the manor of Crumwell, with the appurtenances in Carleton, and the advowson of the church of Crumwell, and lands in Baseford, as in Lamley is partly shown. By another inquisition taken at Newarke 6 Decemb. 8 H. 8. (fn. 4) it appears that sir William Knyvett (of Norfolk) died 25 Novemb. 7 H. 8. seized of the moyety of this ma nor and advowson, with the appurtenances in Carleton by Crumwell, and the moyety of the third part of the manor of Baseford, and that Edmund Knyvet, aged seven years years and more at the taking the said inquisition, was found his cousin and heir, viz. son of Thomas, son of Edmund, son of the said sir William Knyvet.

The moyety of this manor, together with the moyeties of Plumtre and Basforth, 17 H. 8. were in feoffment to Robert Strey, chaplain.

William Shurbourne, and Henry Rockeden, 28 and 29 H. 8. (fn. 5) claimed against William Hollys the younger, gent. the moyety of the manor of Crumwell, with the appurtenances, and the moyety of fourty mess. three mills, four hundred acres of land, two hundred of meadow, three hundred of pasture, one hundred of wood, two hundred of furze and heath, and 10l. rent in Crumwellys; also the moyety of the advowson of the church, who called to warrant Edmund Knyvet, esquire.

(fn. 6) This moyety is descended to the earl of Clare, who hath now also the greatest part of the other moyety which was sir Thomas Williamsons, baronet, excepting that which Mr. Robert Hoyes, tanner of Newark, bought of the said sir Thomas, and still keepeth.

The rectory of Crumwell was twenty marks when Mr. Fitz-William was patron.— 'Tis now 13l. 2s. 3d. in the kings books, and the earl of Clare patron.

[Throsby] Crumwell.

Principal proprietors of land here are the duke of Newcastle, who is lord of the manor; and Joseph Pocklington, esq; the rector's property is, in all cases understood.

From the White Book, Mr. Rastall has given the following:

In the White Book is an agreement between the Prebendary of Norwell and the Rector of Crombwell, a contigious parish, respecting some disputed tithes. The agreement is dated 1371, and determines, "that the Rector of Crombwell, for the time being, and his successors, shall receive all titheable thraves, which amount, in number, to fifty-two, and arise from persons inhabiting fifteen tenements in the said town of Crombwell, and also all other real and and personal tithes arising from those tenements, &c. And in recompence for the said thraves, &c. the two Prebendaries of Norwell shall receive an annual pension of one pound six shillings and eightpence." This agreement received the confirmation of John, Archbishop of York, in 1371, as I suppose, though in the White Book written 1351, which is twenty years before the agreement, and when William Zouch was Archbishop.

This village is small, but it has one of the best parsonage houses in the midland parts of the kingdom, much improved by the last incumbent the Rev. Dr. Rastall, whose truly christian and friendly hospitality therein, will long be remembeard.

The little church is dedicated to St. Giles.—Patron, the duke of Newcastle— Incumbent, Dr. Charles Fynes, R. Value 300l. per ann. K. B. 13l. 2s. 3d.½— Yearly tenths, 1l. 6s. 2½. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 2s. Archidiac pro prox. 6s. 8d. Val. per ann. in ter. gleb. & prat. 2l. in decim. garb. &c. Duke of Newcastle in 1717, 1765.


  • 1. Test. de Nev.
  • 2. Ch. 30 H: 6: n: 19 m: 20.
  • 3. Inquis:
  • 4. Ex Inq:
  • 5. Pasch. 28 & 29 H. 8. ro. 109.
  • 6. Mss. J. M.