Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.
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In Walchringham of the kings ancient demesne of Maunsfeld in Oswardbec Soc was as much as paid the geld for twelve bov. ½. The land four car. Three sochm. two vill: three bord: had four car: meadow six qu: long, four qu: broad, wood eight qu: long, four broad, the value 20s. (fn. 1) Of Roger de Buslies fee there was a manor which Adestan had, and paid for it to the geld or tax of those times as ten bovats ½. There Roger the man of Roger de Busli, had four sochm: one vill: five bord: having two car: meadow two qu: long, one broad, wood four qu: long, one broad. In king Edward the Confessours time this was 20s. value, in the Conquerours 15s.
William de Lovetot, who in the time of Henry the first, founded the monastery of Radford near Wirksop, gave it to the church of Walcringham, amongst the rest which he held of the honour of Blyth, the seat of the said Roger de Busli, whose man or tenant Roger, the said William succeeded in his tenency in this county, and Richard de Luvetot his son, and William his grandchild, and Matilda de Lovetot, daughter and heir of the latter William, and wife of Gerard de Furnivall confirmed, as she did the gift of a mess: in Walcringham of one acre (fn. 2) without the grasse or ditch of Gringley, and three bovats of land, with the appurtenances which Nicolas Ingeniator gave to the said monastery, and her father the said William de Lovetot confirmed, and the mill of Walfrey, with a certain mess: or dwelling house, likewise two tofts in Walcringham which William, son of Ketelber, and Robert, son of Wlstan, sometime held, &c.
(fn. 3) Most of the kings ancient demesne was given to the priory of Newstede in Shirewode, at the foundation, by king H: 2, before which time, viz. in the reigns of William Rufus, H: 1, and king Stephen, the names of certain of the old tenants were Toke, Armwy, Wilac, Arkep, Gamel, Grim, Wace, by whom many others were enfeoffed, and were tenants at the time of the enfeoffment of the priory, of which number were Henry Briton, and Henry de Shepewik, from whom the ancestors of Henry de Trent in Walcringham were enfeoff'd, who were to pay for every bovat of land one mark, and for every half bovat of land ½ a mark. This Henry was the son and heir of Thomas de Trent, and dyed in the pestilence, 1349 and 1350, leaving a daughter and heir called Joane two years old concerning whom sir Richard de Trent canon of Wirkesop, and brother of the said Henry, applied himself to fryer Hugh de Colyngham then prior of Newstede, and showed him the chartels of his ancestors, and paid him two marks of silver in the name of the marriage, and wardship, or custody of the said Joane, who was committed to Henry de Winchelse of Misterton, and Walter, son of Lambert de Stoketh, as deputed tutors. Afterwards came one Ivo of the isle of Haxyholme, and claimed the custody of the said Joane, in the name of his wife as next in blood, being kinswoman and aunt of the said Joane, but he was shown before the priors counsel learned in the law, that Henry de Shepewyk was the kings tenant in Walcringham, from whom and others then tenants, the ancestors of the said Joane were enfeoff'd, and that the said Henry de Shepewyk granted for himself and his heirs, and surrendred to the prior and covent and their successours, all his lands and tenements, with all the services of all his tenents in Walcryingham, and Waler, and Shepewyk, &c. which excluded the said Ivo from his petition and further prosecution.
(fn. 4) King John when he was earl of Morton gave to the priory of Newstede, 7l. land, and 6d. land in Walcringham, and in Misterton, and Sepewik, and in Wlacre, besides the 100s. which his father king H: 2, gave in Sepewik, and in Walcringham.
(fn. 5) At the assizes at Nottingham, before William Skypwith, and his fellow justices, the Tuesday after the feast of St. Margaret the virgin, 27 E: 3, the prior of Newstcde had a verdict that Richard de Halum late prior, and all his predecessours, beyond the time of memory were seised of 15s. 2d. yearly rent, with the appurtenances in Walcringham, and likewise the then present prior, and therefore Roger Darcy, chr. John de Okeburne of Walcringham, and Godwin Greyveson, or [fil. præpositi] were cast in 10 marks damage, &c. and the prior to have his seisin.
(fn. 6) The prior and covent of Newstede, 4 H: 6, demised the dwelling house of the manor of Walkringham, with all houses built beneath it, and one hundred and eighteen acres and one rode of arable land, and sixty acres of meadow, and a certain great crost inclosed, called the Southewod of the demesne belonging to it, to Nicolas, son of William Tomkynson, for thirty years, paying nine marks yearly, if the said Nicolas should so long live, whose father the said William held it likewise when he died, with then stock upon it, whereof an inventory was taken after his death, viz. an ox teme, and a horse teme, with all things belonging to each plow: a bull, and a bore, and swine, &c. In the hall a bason and ewer, and a table mensal with two tristals, &c. In the chapel, one missall, one chalice, one white chesulbe [Casula] with the whole ornament for the priestly vestment, one phial of lead, one sakrebelle. three coverings for the altar, one corporas, one lead to put holy water in in the chapel; then follows the number of acres sown with wheat, barley, beans, and pease, &c.
(fn. 7) Roger de Gringeley it seems was a bastard, and purchased a mess. and six acres of land, and three rodes, and one acre and one rode of meadow in Walkringham, whom William de Aune constable of Tikhill, and bailiff of the manor of Gringeley, affirmed to be the kings villain, although a bastard cannot be called a villain, and took the tenements into the kings hand, as the kings precept to Richard Wynferthing, and Richard de Iken, auditors of the accounts of the issues of the kings manor of Gringley expresseth; yet the said Rogers land in Walcringham eschaeted to the prior of Newstede, he dying without heirs, except some little which his brother Richard had with him jointly.
(fn. 8) Matilda Daynet (or Daynel) 4 E: 1, claimed against the prior of Wirksop the advowson of the church of Walcringham, whereof her ancestor was seised in the time of king Henry, that kings great grandfather; but 8 E: 1, (fn. 9) it appears that the prior of Wirkesop had more right to hold the advowson of this church than Matilda Danyell.— The said prior of Wirksop 14 E: 1, (fn. 10) had free-warren in Walkringham, and Herthewik.
(fn. 11) In an assise 12 E: 1, William de Hamilton parson of the moiety of the church of Waltringham was plaintiff, and Richard de Wildhaver of Misterden, and twenty others, defendents for their common in Waltringham, where it was complained that the defendents had digged turfes in a certain marsh and made ditches which hindred the common, but the jury found that the defendents might lawfully do it, and judgment was accordingly for them.
(fn. 12) Thomas Midleton, esquire, William Thwayt, junior, Raph Hopton, esquire, James Strangways, esquire, and Robert Curtoys, chaplain, 16 H: 8, claimed against William Malyverter, knight, the manor of Waleringham, with the appurtenances, and one hundred acres of land, twenty of meadow, one hundred of pasture, and 20s. rent, with the appurtenaces in Walkringham and Bekyngham. Thomas Peck, and William Woodmerpole, 6 Eliz. (fn. 13) at Hertford, claimed against Robert Williamson two mess. ten tofts, two dovecotes, six gardens, six orchards, four hundred acres of land, two hundred of meadow, eighty of pasture, one hundred of furz and heath, and 6s. rent, with the appurtenances in Walkeringham and Beckingham, and called to warrant Edm. Malyverer, knight.
(fn. 14) King Henry 8, by his letters patents dated 18 Novemb. 36 H: 8, granted to sir Richard Lee, knight, and his heirs, the grange and firm of Walkeringham, and all lands, meadows, and pastures there, late belonging to the monastery de Rupe alias Roch in Yorkshire, then extended at 114s.
(fn. 15) King Henry 8, granted amongst other things 25 Novemb. 38 H: 8, to Lawrence Harward, and Stephen Termpte, the capital mess. grange, and all hereditaments, with their rights and appurtenances in Walkeringham, late belonging to the priory of Workesop, and many acres of land in the several fields where the north field is called Shepick field, from the hamlet decayed, as I suppose, called Scepewick, all which parcels were then in the tenure of Giles Smith.
(fn. 16) Richard Jervis 20 Novemb. 4 and 5 Ph. & Mar. had pardon granted for acquiring by the last will of Richard Jervis his father, to himself and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, the manors of Walkeringham alias Walker, Mysterton, Stokewith and Gunthorp, &c. late belonging to the monastery of Newstede.
One Gervas sold these lands to the earl of Kingston.
(fn. 17) By an inquisition taken at Nottingham 18 June, 3 and 4 Ph. & Mar. after the death of Roger North, gent. who died seised of five mess. and the moyety of another mess. ten cotages, nine tosts, and the moyety of another tost, one windmill, one dovecote, two gardens, with the twelfth part of the passage of the river Trent at Littlebrough ferry, and of three hundred acres of land, 84 of meadow, one hundred and ten of pasture,—of wood, & 2s. rent, with the appurtenances in Walkringham, Beckingham, Storton, Burton, and Littlebrough, it appears that he died the ninth of April then last (fn. 18) past, at Walkeringham, and that Edward lord North was his son and heir, and above three yeaas old at the time of the inquisition. I suppose Lord should have been left out, for I find Edward son and heir of Roger North did fealty for lands in Walkringham, 22 May, 18 Eliz. &c.
(fn. 19) King E. 6, granted to sir Michael Stanhope, knight, and John Bellowe, 18 August, 2 E: 6, amongst other things, certain mess. in East Retford, and also messuages, lands, and tenements, late in the tenure of Giles Horbury, Robert Keighley, Thomas Stocom, &c. in Walkeringham, late belonging to a chantry in the chapel of Padham, in the county of Lancaster.
(fn. 20) The owners of Walkeringham, town about the year 1612, are thus set down; sir Thomas Jervas, knight, Edward North, esquire, Francis Williamson, gent. William Clark, junior, Robert Williamson, Thomas Stokham, William Theaker, Robert Hawksworth, Robert Woodhouse, one mess. one garden, one orchard, thirty-three acres of land, Richard Wright, Roger Drayton, Giles and Edward Tomkinson, &c.
(fn. 21) The vicarage of Walcringham was 8l. when the prior of Wirksop was patron: 'Tis now 7l. 11s. 5d. 0b. value in the kings books, and the patronage belongs to Trinity colledge in Cambridge.
Lordship is in several hands. We find in Thoroton's account above, that Newstede priory had considerable interest in the land at this place. His collections, under this head, contain some things curious.
This is a large village, and stands near the edge of the county, within about a mile of Walkrith ferry, over the trent, on the road thither from Bawtry. If I met with nothing in this place, suitable to the cravings of an hungry antiquary, I was happy in a ride, one of the most agreeable I had met with during my excursions in this county; with respect to weather, it was a summer's day particularly marked with serenity. The little feathered tribe, some on the spray and others on the wing, sang sweetly their MAKER'S praise:—
"The lift'ning herd around me stray'd, In wanton frisk the lambkins play'd, And every Naiad ceas'd to lave Her azure limbs amid the wave; The Graces danc'd; the rosy band Of smiles and loves went hand in hand, And purple pleasures strew'd the way With sweetest flowers,"
The church also is a considerable pile of building; but the vicarage is small and like many others, unequal to the duties. This place of worship, is dedicated to St. Mary Magdalen.
Patron, Trinity colledge Cambridge, Pri. of Wirksop Propr. Incumbent, rev. John Shepherd, v. K. B. 7l 11s. 4d. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 2s. Archidiac. pro Prox. 6s. 8d. Val. per ann. in mans. com gleb. 1l. in decim sœn, lan. agn. lin. &c.