A Topographical Dictionary of England. Originally published by S Lewis, London, 1848.
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A TOPOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF ENGLAND.
Laceby (St. Margaret)
LACEBY (St. Margaret), a parish, in the union of Caistor, wapentake of Bradley-Haverstoe, parts of Lindsey, county of Lincoln, 4 miles (W. S. W.) from Grimsby; containing 755 inhabitants. It is intersected by the road between Caistor and Grimsby, and comprises 2037a. 2r. 31p., of which about 1300 acres are arable, 700 pasture, and 30 woodland. The surface of the country is undulated, and very beautiful, and the soil a rich loam, well watered and fenced, and capable of producing every kind of grain. The village is on the banks of the Laceby beck, which intersects the parish, and abounds in fine trout; a new bridge was built over the stream in 1841. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at 12. 0. 10.; patron and incumbent, the Rev. John Birkett: the tithes have been commuted for 535, and the glebe consists of 19 acres, with an excellent parsonage-house, erected near the church, at the expense of the Rev. J. Birkett, in 1834. The church is an ancient structure, with a handsome tower, and a very neat interior, containing about 240 sittings. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans. Sarah Stamford, in 1720, built a school, and endowed it with 70 acres of land, under the will of Philip Stamford, dated 1712; the income is partly applied to apprenticing boys.
LACEY-GREEN, a chapelry, in the parish of Prince'sRisborough, union of Wycombe, hundred of Aylesbury, county of Buckingham, 5 miles (W.) from Great Missenden; containing 926 inhabitants. The chapelry consists of the villages of Lacey-Green, Speen, and Looseley-Row, in the upper part of the parish. The living is a perpetual curacy, endowed with 18 acres of land by John Grubb, Esq., and 8 acres by Lord George Henry Cavendish; total income, 90; patron, the Incumbent of Prince's-Risborough. The chapel, dedicated to St. John, was completed in 1825.
LACHE-DENNIS, a township, in the parish of Great Budworth, union and hundred of Northwich, S. division of the county of Chester, 3 miles (E. S. E.) from Northwich; containing 33 inhabitants. Ancient records mention a manor of Lach-Dennis or Lach-Park, near Rudheath, which, in the reign of Edward II., belonged to the Moreton family, and at a later period to the Mainwarings; but there is no estate now known by this name. The township lies on the road from Northwich to Brereton, and comprises 352 acres, of a clayey soil.
Lackford (St. Lawrence)
LACKFORD (St. Lawrence), a parish, in the union and hundred of Thingoe, W. division of Suffolk, 6 miles (N. W. by N.) from Bury St. Edmund's; containing 193 inhabitants. It is bounded on the north by the river Lark, which is crossed near Lackford-Green by a bridge connecting the parish with that of Icklingham. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at 19. 10. 5., and in the gift of Sir Charles Kent, Bart.: the tithes have been commuted for 320, and the glebe consists of 27 acres.
Lackington, White (St. Mary)
LACKINGTON, WHITE (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Chard, hundred of Abdick and Bulstone, W. division of Somerset, 1 mile (E. N. E.) from Ilminster; containing 283 inhabitants. It comprises 1465a. 3r. 11p.; the soil is generally productive, and there are quarries of stone, which is raised for building and for burning into lime. The Chard canal passes through the parish. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at 7. 10.; patron, the Bishop of Bath and Wells. The impropriate tithes have been commuted for 288, and the vicarial for 220; the impropriate glebe contains 38 acres, and the vicar's glebe one acre. The church is an ancient structure in the decorated English style, with a square embattled tower, but has been much defaced by injudicious alterations and enlargements.
Lacock, county of Wilts.See Laycock.
LACOCK, county of Wilts.See Laycock.
LACON, a township, in the parish and union of Wem, Whitchurch division of the hundred of North Bradford, N. division of Salop; containing 84 inhabitants. It lies to the north-east of the town of Wem, and is intersected by a small tributary of the river Rode.
Ladbroke (All Saints)
LADBROKE (All Saints), a parish, in the union of Southam, Southam division of the hundred of Knightlow, S. division of the county of Warwick, 1 mile (S.) from Southam; containing 252 inhabitants. This parish is situated on the road from Oxford to Coventry, and comprises 1928a. 3r. 27p., of which 401 are arable, 1506 grass-land, and 8 wood. Limestone is plentiful, and is quarried for burning into lime, and for building and road-making. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at 13. 10.; patron and incumbent, the Rev. Arthur Turner: the tithes have been commuted for 438. 5., and the glebe comprises 40 acres. The church is a handsome structure in the later English style, with a square embattled tower surmounted by a lofty and elegant spire, and contains several monuments, chiefly to the Palmer family.
Ladock (St. Ladoca)
LADOCK (St. Ladoca), a parish, in the union of Truro, E. division of the hundred of Powder and of the county of Cornwall, 7 miles (N. E.) from Truro; containing 857 inhabitants. This parish, which derived its name from the saint to whom its ancient church is dedicated, is situated on the road to Falmouth, and comprises 4842 acres, whereof 2121 are common or waste. Iron-ore is found of very superior quality, and the produce of a mine discovered within the last few years is sent to Swansea to be smelted. At Trevilian, about three miles from the village, is an arm of the sea, navigable to Falmouth, by which coal, timber, and other articles are easily obtained. The village is neatly built and pleasantly situated; and the small hamlet of Pessick is remarkable for the beauty of the scenery by which it is surrounded. A fair is held on the 10th of May. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at 18; patron, Dr. Wise: the tithes have been commuted for 700, and the glebe comprises 52 acres. The church is a handsome structure, in the decorated English style. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans.
LAGNESS, a hamlet, in the parish of Pagham, union of West Hampnett, hundred of Aldwick, rape of Chichester, W. division of the county of Sussex; containing 103 inhabitants.
Laindon (St. Nicholas)
LAINDON (St. Nicholas), a parish, in the union of Billericay, hundred of Barstable, S. division of Essex, 4 miles (S. by E.) from Billericay; containing, with the chapelry of Basildon, 568 inhabitants. This parish, which, from the clayey nature of the soil, obtained the appellation of "Laindon-Clay," comprises 2372 acres, whereof 26 are waste; it forms a tract of flat marshy land which has been rendered arable, producing abundant crops. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at 35. 6. 8., and in the gift of the Bishop of London: the tithes of Laindon and Basildon have been commuted for 800; the glebe of Laindon comprises 30 acres, and that of Basildon 23 acres. The church, situated on rising ground, is an ancient edifice, with a tower of wood and a small spire, and consists of a nave, south aisle, and chancel. About two miles distant is the chapel of Basildon. A national school is endowed with 20 per annum.
LAINSTON, an extra-parochial district, formerly a parish, in the hundred of Mansbridge, union of Winchester, Romsey and S. divisions of the county of Southampton, 3 miles (N. W.) from Winchester; containing 96 inhabitants. It comprises by computation 155 acres of freehold land, of which about 110 are arable, 40 pasture, and the remainder wood. Lainston House, built in the reign of Charles II., and corresponding in style to the palace which that monarch partly erected at Winchester, is now occupied as a private asylum for insane persons; it is situated in a demesne of 40 acres, richly wooded, and is approached by three lofty avenues of trees, of which the central is about half a mile, and the lateral about a quarter of a mile each in length. Near the house are the remains of the ancient church, now a ruin, in which the piscina is still preserved; the inhabitants attend divine service in the church at Sparsholt. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at 2. 13. 4.; net income, 34; patron, Sir F. H. Bathurst.
LAITH-KIRK, a district chapelry, in the township of Lune-Dale, parish of Romald-Kirk, union of Teesdale, wapentake of Gilling-West, N. riding of the county of York, 9 miles (N. W.) from Barnard-Castle. The hamlet is situated to the west of the Lune, and near the confluence of that river with the Tees, which passes on the north. The chapel is an ancient edifice: the living is in the gift of the Rector.
LAKE, a tything, in the parish of KingsburyEpiscopi, union of Langport, E. division of the hundred of Kingsbury, W. division of the county of Somerset; containing 30 inhabitants.
LAKE, a tything, in the parish of Wilsford, union of Amesbury, hundred of Underditch, Salisbury and Amesbury, and S. divisions of Wilts, 2 miles (S. W.) from Amesbury; containing 74 inhabitants.
Lakenham, county Norfolk.See Norwich.
LAKENHAM, county Norfolk.See Norwich.
Lakenheath (St. Mary)
LAKENHEATH (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Mildenhall, hundred of Lackford, W. division of Suffolk, 5 miles (N.) from Mildenhall; containing 1579 inhabitants. It is bounded on the north by the Little Ouse, which is navigable; and comprises 10,918a. 37p. The soil is in some parts tolerably fertile, but a very considerable portion is marsh and fen land. The living is a discharged vicarage, with the living of Undley, valued in the king's books at 4. 18. 11.; net income, 136; patrons and appropriators, the Dean and Chapter of Ely. There are places of worship for Huntingtonians and Wesleyans. George Goward, in 1744, founded a school, and endowed it with land now producing 20 per annum. An allotment of 154 acres of fen has been set apart for the poor; and a sum exceeding 50, arising from benefactions, is annually distributed among them.
Laleham (All Saints)
LALEHAM (All Saints), a parish, in the union of Staines, hundred of Spelthorne, county of Middlesex, 2 miles (S. S. E.) from Staines; containing 612 inhabitants. This parish, which is pleasantly situated on the bank of the river Thames, and intersected by a branch of the Coln, comprises by computation 1290 acres, of which by far the greater portion is arable. The soil is fertile; the surface is generally flat, and, in those parts near the river, subject to occasional inundation. The scenery is enlivened by the seat of the Earl of Lucan, in which are two rare and beautiful pillars of verde antique, brought from Italy by the present peer. The living is annexed to the vicarage of Staines; impropriator, G. Hartwell, Esq. The church is a small ancient structure in the Norman style, with a low brick tower. Mrs. Reeves, in 1679, bequeathed some land, the income to be distributed to the poor.
Lamarsh (Holy Innocents)
LAMARSH (Holy Innocents), a parish, in the union of Sudbury, hundred of Hinckford, N. division of Essex, 7 miles (N. E. by E.) from Halstead; containing 404 inhabitants. This parish, which is bounded on the east by the river Stour, is about twenty miles in circumference. The surface is very unequal, rising considerably in some parts, and in others being greatly depressed; the soil is various, but generally fertile, and a large portion is a rich sandy loam. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at 12. 0. 2., and in the gift of John Sperling and William Downes, Esqrs.: the tithes have been commuted for 385, and the glebe comprises 94 acres. The church is a small low edifice of great antiquity, with a circular tower, the walls of which are of unusual thickness.
Lamas, county of Norfolk.See Lammas.
LAMAS, county of Norfolk.See Lammas.
LAMBCROFT, a hamlet, in the parish of Kelstern, poor-law union of Louth, Wold division of the hundred of Louth-Eske, parts of Lindsey, county of Lincoln; containing 40 inhabitants.
Lamberhurst (St. Mary)
LAMBERHURST (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Ticehurst, partly in the hundred of Brenchley and Horsemonden, lathe of Aylesford, W. division of Kent, but chiefly in the hundred of Loxfield-Camden, rape of Pevensey, E. division of Sussex, 15 miles (S. W. by S.) from Maidstone; containing 1572 inhabitants. The parish is situated on the road from London to Hastings, and comprises 5426a. 3r. 3p., of which a considerable portion is wood: the soil is generally a sandy clay; the surface is hilly, and the low lands are watered by a copious brook. Here were formerly extensive ironworks, at which the balustrades for St. Paul's cathedral were manufactured, from ore found in the neighbourhood; but they have been discontinued. A fair for cattle is held on the 6th of April. The living is a vicarage, valued in the king's books at 12. 10. 5.; net income, 401; patrons and appropriators, the Dean and Chapter of Rochester. The church is in the decorated English style, with a square embattled tower surmounted by a low spire, and contains some ancient monuments to the Scotney family, whose sepulchral chapel adjoins the south aisle: on the repair of the church in 1840, a beautiful arch was discovered between this chapel and the chancel, evidently of greater antiquity than the present church. Here is a place of worship for Baptists. At Scotney Castle is a mineral spring of the same quality as the celebrated springs of Tonbridge-Wells.
Lambeth (St. Mary)
LAMBETH (St. Mary), a parish, and newly-enfranchised borough, in the E. division of the hundred of Brixton and of the county of Surrey; separated from Westminster by the river Thames, and containing 115,888 inhabitants, of whom 41,377 are in Lambeth Church district. The name of this place, in the earliest records Lambehith, and in Domesday book Lanchei, is variously written by historians, and, according to Camden, implies a muddy station, or harbour; by other antiquaries it is supposed to have been originally Lambs Hithe, and to have denoted a haven belonging to some ancient proprietor named Lamb. Canute, on his invasion of London, in 1026, is said to have cut a trench through the parish, in order to convey his fleet to the west of London-bridge, and Maitland, in his History of London, affirms that he discovered evident traces of the works; but the origin of these trenches is by others attributed, with greater probability, to a temporary diversion of the course of the river, for the erection of London-bridge. The manor was given by Goda, sister of Edward the Confessor, to the see of Rochester, one of whose bishops, Gilbert de Glanville, finding the buildings of his see greatly dilapidated, erected at Lambeth, in 1197, a mansion for himself and his successors, which, being afterwards exchanged for lands elsewhere with Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury, became the archiepiscopal residence. Archbishop Boniface having obtained from Pope Urban IV. the grant of a fourth part of the offerings at Becket's shrine, and permission to rebuild his house at Lambeth, laid the foundation of the present Palace, which has been at various times enlarged and improved by his successors. Many of the metropolitan councils were held in the chapel of the palace while it belonged to the see of Rochester; in 1100, Archbishop Anselm convened an assembly to take into consideration the propriety of the marriage of Henry I. with Maud, daughter of the King of Scotland, who had taken the veil, though not the vows, as a nun.
After the exchange, a council was held here by Archbishop Peckham, at which a subsidy of one-fifteenth was granted by the clergy for three years; and in 1282, the same prelate convoked a synod, at which all the bishops of the realm assisted, to deliberate upon the state of the Church of England, of which complaints had been made at Rome by the Bishop of Hereford. In 1381, the followers of Wat Tyler, after barbarously putting Archbishop Sudbury to death, attacked the palace, burnt the furniture and books, and destroyed all the registers and public papers. Henry VII., for some days previous to his coronation, was sumptuously entertained in the palace by Archbishop Bourchier; and Catherine of Arragon, on her first arrival in England, remained here with her attendants for some days prior to her marriage. The palace was completely furnished by Queen Mary, for the reception of Cardinal Pole, whom she occasionally visited during his primacy; and Queen Elizabeth, during the time of Archbishops Parker and Whitgift, was a frequent guest at Lambeth, where she sometimes remained for several days. Before the Reformation, the archbishops had a prison in the palace, for the confinement of offenders against the ecclesiastical laws. To this prison Elizabeth committed the Roman Catholic bishops Tunstall and Thirlby; the Earl of Essex, previously to his being sent to the Tower; the Earl of Southampton, Lord Stourton, Henry Howard, brother of the Duke of Norfolk, and various other persons.
In 1641 Archbishop Laud was attacked by a puritanical mob of 500 persons, who assailed the palace at midnight; but having received intimation of their design, he had so fortified it as to preclude their doing further injury than breaking the windows. After the impeachment of Laud, an ordinance was issued by the house of commons, for removing the arms from Lambeth palace, which was carried into effect by Captain Roydon at the head of 200 infantry and a troop of horse; and in the November following, Captain Brown entered to take possession of the palace for the parliament. It was subsequently converted into a prison by the house of commons, and among the prisoners confined here were the Earls of Chesterfield and Derby; Sir Thomas Armstrong, who was eventually executed at Kennington for having taken part in Monmouth's rebellion; and Sir George Bunkley. The palace being afterwards put up for sale, was purchased by Thomas Scott and Matthew Hardy, the former of whom, secretary to Cromwell, sat in judgment at the trial of Charles I., and was hanged as a regicide at Charing Cross. Upon the Restoration, Lambeth Palace reverted to its rightful owners, and again became the residence of the archbishops. It has at various times afforded an asylum to learned foreigners, whom the intolerant spirit of their own countrymen compelled to abandon their native land; among these were the early reformers, Martyr and Bucer, and the learned Antonio de Dominis, Archbishop of Spalatro.
This venerable pile of building, which has lately undergone a very extensive repair, and to which considerable additions have been made by the present archbishop, Dr. Howley, is situated on the bank of the river Thames, and exhibits in its architecture the style of various ages. The principal entrance, through an arched gateway flanked by two square embattled towers of brick, leads into the outer court, on the right of which is the great hall, rebuilt after the civil war by Archbishop Juxon, and converted into a Library by the present archbishop. It is a structure of brick, strengthened with buttresses, and relieved with cornices and quoins of stone. The interior of the hall is lighted by ranges of lofty windows, and by a double lantern turret rising from the roof, which is finely arched, and ornamented with carved oak; in one of the windows are some heraldic devices in stained glass, and over the fire-places, at each end, are the arms, richly emblazoned, of Archbishop Bancroft, the founder of the library, and of Archbishop Secker, by whom it was augmented. Beyond the library is the Chapel, which is by far the most ancient part of the building; it is in the earliest style of English architecture, lighted by triple lancet-shaped windows on the sides, and by an east window of five lights. The ancient painted glass, containing a series of subjects from the Old and New Testament, the repairing of which was, on his trial, imputed as a crime to Archbishop Laud, was afterwards destroyed by the Parliamentary Commissioners; the roof, which is flat and divided into compartments, is embellished with the arms of that prelate. A massive oak screen, richly carved, separates a portion of the western extremity from that part of the chapel which is fitted up for divine service. Underneath the chapel is a spacious crypt, having a roof finely groined; and to the west of it is the Lollards' Tower, a lofty square embattled structure of stone, similar to that of the chapel, and formerly used as a prison. The guard-room has been taken down, and rebuilt for a Banquet-hall; it is of Bath stone, and in the later English style. The original oak roof, of similar character to that of the library, has been carefully preserved; the hall is lighted by a range of four lofty windows, and parallel with it is a picture gallery of equal length, the whole forming a prominent and interesting feature in the new edifice. From the first court a handsome archway on the right leads into the area in which the additional buildings have been erected. These form a fine range, also in the later English style, with an arched entrance placed between two lofty octagonal embattled turrets, and surmounted by an oriel window, to the right of which is another richly canopied; the front towards the garden is also decorated with embattled turrets and several oriel windows, one of which is of very large dimensions and elegant design. This portion of the building contains the state apartments, lodging-rooms, and the various offices requisite for the household establishment. The gardens and park, comprising thirteen acres, are tastefully laid out, and through the latter is a pleasant carriage-road to the palace. Carlisle House, originally the residence of the bishops of Rochester, and at that time called La Place, was given by Henry VIII. to Aldridge, Bishop of Carlisle: after having been for many years occupied as a private academy, it has almost disappeared in the recent improvements of the parish, and only some portions of the outer walls are remaining.
Lambeth, formerly a detached village, is now in fact united with Southwark, and forms a suburb of the metropolis. The great road from London to Portsmouth passes through the parish, by Vauxhall; a new road, leading from Waterloo-bridge to Newington, is connected with the preceding, and with other roads diverging into the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Hampshire. The Southampton railway has its terminus at Nine-Elms, near Vauxhall-bridge, where is a large station on the bank of the Thames, communicating with the steam-boats on the river. An act was passed in 1845 to extend this railway from the Nine-Elms station, through Lambeth, to near the Charing-Cross and Waterloo bridges, on the south bank of the Thames: this extension is two miles long. There are two establishments for supplying Thames water to the district, namely, the Lambeth works, situated in Belvidere-road, and the South London works at Vauxhall-bridge; and a very extensive reservoir has been constructed on Brixton-hill, for supplying that neighbourhood. Lambeth was formerly celebrated for its medicinal well, the memorial of which is preserved in the name of a public-house called the Fountain; and for its numerous places of public resort, the principal of which were Cupar's-gardens, and Spring-gardens, now Vauxhall. The latter gardens continued to be a place of fashionable amusement until Sept. 1841, when the property was sold by auction for 20,200: a portion of the ground will be laid out in building, but the principal part is still reserved for public gardens, having been re-opened on 7th July, 1842. In the parish are also Astley's amphitheatre, near Westminster-bridge; and the Royal Victoria theatre, in the Waterloo-road. As Lambeth extends for a considerable way on the bank of the river, and is connected with the opposite shore by Waterloo, Westminster, and Vauxhall bridges, it is admirably situated for carrying on extensive works of every kind. In addition to what may be considered the general trade of the place, here are, on the largest scale, lime, coal, and timber wharfs; iron and other foundries; saw-mills; manufactories for axle-trees, carriages, patent buoys, floor-cloth, Morocco and Spanish leather, pins, varnish, saltpetre, soap, starch, whitening, and patent-shot (the lofty towers for which form conspicuous objects on the bank of the river); potteries of stone and earthenware; glass-works, distilleries, ale and beer breweries, vitriol and other chemical-works, gas-works, and vinegar-works. There is also a very extensive establishment for making steamengines, and almost every other kind of machinery; besides artificial stone-works, and other establishments of various kinds. The parish is within the limits of the Police act; and one of the county debt-courts established in 1847, is fixed at Lambeth. By the act of the 2nd of William IV., cap. 45, a district of 5708 acres was constituted a borough, with the privilege of sending two representatives to parliament; the right of election is vested in the 10 householders, and the returning officer is annually appointed by the sheriff for the county.
The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at 32. 15. 7.; net income, 2277; patron, the Archbishop of Canterbury. The church, adjoining the palace, is a spacious structure, in the early and decorated English styles, with some later insertions, and having a square embattled tower of freestone, with an octagonal turret at one of the angles. The tower may be referred to the latter part of the 14th century; the other portions to the 15th and early part of the 16th centuries. The interior comprises the chapels of the Howard and Leigh families, subsequently erected, and contains numerous ancient and interesting records. In one of the windows of the nave is the figure of a pedler with his dog, painted in glass, supposed to be the rebus of a person named Chapman, who is thought to have given to the parish a piece of land which is called Pedler's Acre, formerly producing two shillings and sixpence per annum, but now more than 200. Among the interments are those of Archbishops Bancroft, Secker, Tenison, Hutton, and Cornwallis; of Tunstall, Bishop of Durham; Thirlby, Bishop of Ely; and other distinguished prelates: also several of the Howards, and other illustrious families. There is a curious monument of Colonel Robert Scott, and one of Elias Ashmole, who presented to the University of Oxford the museum which is distinguished by his name. Of the numerous tombs in the churchyard are those of William Faden, the original printer of the Public Ledger; and John Tradescant, the primary collector of the Ashmolean Museum. The burial-ground in High-street was consecrated in 1705.
Four district churches were erected in the parish in 1824, by aid of the Parliamentary Commissioners, who granted one moiety of the cost, and lent the other moiety, to be repaid by a rate on the inhabitants. St. John's, in the Waterloo-road, built at an expense of 15,911, is a handsome structure in the Grecian style, with a tower of two stages, of which the upper is surmounted by a neat spire terminating in a ball and cross; it has a fine portico of six columns of the Doric order, supporting an entablature and pediment. St. Mark's at Kennington, St. Matthew's at Brixton-Causeway, and St. Luke's at Norwood, are described in the accounts of those places. The four livings are all district incumbencies, in the patronage of the Archbishop; net income of St. John's, 483. St. Mary's district church, Lambeth-Butts, erected in 1828, also by a grant from the Parliamentary Commissioners, at an expense of 7634, is a neat edifice in the later English style, with a campanile turret surmounted by a spire: the living is a perpetual curacy; net income, 170; patron, the Rector of Lambeth. An additional district church, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was erected in 1839, on a site given by the archbishop, by grants from the Diocesan Society and the Metropolis' Churches' Fund, aided by subscriptions; it is of brick, in the early Norman style, with a tower, and contains 1200 sittings, of which 200 are free. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the Rector. The church in York-street, Waterloo district, was commenced in May, 1844; it is in the Anglo-Norman style, with a tower and spire, and cost 6400. All Saints' district church, in the New-Cut, was consecrated in June, 1847; it is in the Byzantine style, with a tower standing a little east of the body of the edifice, but connected with it by a corridor, and surmounted by a spire rising 135 feet from the ground. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the Incumbent of St. John's. South Lambeth episcopal chapel, Lawn-place, was erected in 1794; it contains a fine-toned organ: the living is a perpetual curacy, in the gift of the Proprietors, and the Rector of Lambeth. Two church districts, named respectively St. Thomas's and St. Andrew's, were formed in 1846, by the Ecclesiastical Commission; each living is in the gift of the Crown and the Bishop of Winchester, alternately. Other incumbencies are noticed under the heads of Brixton, Kennington, and Stockwell. In the Westminster-road is a new Roman Catholic church, St. George's, of which the foundation-stone was laid in April, 1840; it is in the florid English style, from Pugin's designs, and is of yellow brick with stone dressings, and with a tower of Caen stone. This is the largest edifice, devoted to Roman Catholic worship, constructed since the Reformation; its exterior is 250 feet by 84 feet, and it accommodates 5000 persons. The cost of erection of the bare church was 40,000, but 100,000 will be expended altogether in its completion, including embellishments, &c. Adjoining is a convent for the Sisters of Mercy, with other buildings. There are places of worship for Baptists, Wesleyans, Welsh Methodists, Independents, Unitarians, and others.
A parochial school for boys is supported by subscription and a fund of nearly 1200 in the three per cents.; a parochial school for girls, established in 1780, is maintained by subscription and a fund of 400. Archbishop Tenison, in 1715, founded a girls' school, of which the endowment, augmented with subsequent benefactions, produces about 350 per annum. St. John's school, in the Waterloo-road, was rebuilt by subscription, at an expense of 2200, towards which George IV. gave 100, and the National Society a similar sum. The Eldon school, on the road to Wandsworth, was instituted in 1830, for the instruction of children, and the training of young men to act as teachers, on the national system; the building was erected in commemoration of Lord Chancellor Eldon, at the expense of Charles Francis, Esq. The Asylum for Female Orphans, and for the reception of deserted females the settlement of whose parents cannot be found, was instituted in 1758, and incorporated in 1800, and is under the patronage of Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge; the buildings occupy three sides of a quadrangle, in the central range of which is a handsome chapel. The General Lying-in Hospital, for the reception of patients from any part of the kingdom, and for the delivery of out-patients at their own habitations in the metropolis and its environs, was instituted in 1765, and incorporated in 1830. The Royal Universal Infirmary for children, in the Waterloo-road, is supported by subscription, under the patronage of Her Majesty. The Benevolent Society of St. Patrick, which has a fund of 25,000, and is also maintained by donations, was instituted in 1784, for the relief of distressed Irish families in London and its environs, and the education of their children; and a handsome and capacious building was erected in Upper Stamford-street, in 1820, at an expense of 8000, comprising two schoolrooms, with a house for the master and the mistress, committeerooms, and other offices. There is a variety of other schools, and the poor have some considerable bequests. In the arrangements under the Poor-Law Amendment act, the parish is not united to any other.