Hundred of Depwade: Tharston

An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 5. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1806.

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'Hundred of Depwade: Tharston', in An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 5, (London, 1806) pp. 303-308. British History Online [accessed 25 April 2024]

In this section


This village is called by various names in old evidence, as Sterstuna, or Steres-Town, (fn. 1) Therstun, Testun, (fn. 2) Thurston, and Tharston; and was in divers parts at the Conquest, several of them belonging to the manor of Forncet, (fn. 3) of which the capital manor was always held at one fee. Uluric held it of Bishop Stigand at the Confessor's survey, and Robert de Vallibus, Vals, or Vauz, of Roger Bigot at the Conqueror's. (fn. 4) The church had 40 acres of glebe valued at 3s per annum, the manor was worth 5l. 6s, and the town was a league and a half long, and half a league broad, and paid 15d. ob. to the geld. This was after called Nerford's or Tharston-Hall manor.

Another part belonged to Robert Fitz Corbun, (fn. 5) which was worth 10s. per annum in rents at the first, and 20s. at the last survey; this constituted the

Manor of Tharston's, or St. Omer's,

Taking both its names from the lords of it; in 1236, Richard de Tharston was lord, and held it at a quarter of a fee of Robert de Shelton, of whom he purchased it; and Shelton held it of Robert de Tateshale, lord of Bukenham-Castle, from which it had been formerly sold by the Albanys.

In 1317, Richard de Therston and Cecily his wife, settled it on themselves for life, and then on Ralf de St. Omer; and it soon after divided into two parts, for in 1329, Richard and Cecily held one part of Bukenham-Castle at a quarter of a fee, and William Jermy and Ellen his wife, held the other of the said castle, at the other quarter of a fee; (fn. 6) but before 1401, St. Omer's part was joined in Will. Rees, Esq. who was lord of this, and

Nerford's, Loveney's, or Tharston-Hall Manor,

As it is now called, which continued in the Vauxes a long time; (fn. 7) in 1275, John de Vaux had a charter for free-warren here, and in 1285, he had a lete held once a year, but the King's bailiff of the hundred was to be present, or the lord could not hold it, unless he agreed with him yearly; which was afterwards done constantly, till it was bought in perpetuity; and then the lord had view of frankpledge, assise of bread and ale, and weyf. (fn. 8)

In 1288, upon the partition made between the two daughters and coheirs of John de Vaux, Maud married to William de Roos, and Petronel to Will. de Nerford, who had this manor, and that of Shotesham in Norfolk, Wisete in Suffolk, and the moieties of Holl and Cley; the whole advowson of Holt, with divers knights fees in Thorp, Winch, Bichamwell, Thurneton, Moringthorp, &c. and it continued in the Nerfords; for after the death of William and Petronel, John de Nerford and Agnes his wife, in 1328, settled this, Shotesham Nerford's, the advowson of Pentney priory, the church of Holt, &c. in Norfolk, the advowson of Rumburgh priory, Wisete manor, &c. in Suffolk, on themselves and their heirs, in tail. This Agnes was daughter of William de Bereford, sister and heir of Edm. de Bereford, widow to John Argenteyn, and married after Nerford's death, to John Mautravers, senior; she died seized in 1375, of this and Shotisham, (fn. 9) and they went to John de Brewse son of Peter de Brewse, Knt. and Margery his wife, who was a Nerford; and Kat. de Brewse, his sister, a nun at Dertford, released her right in it. In 1383, Sir John settled it on William de Cobham and William de Bergh, his trustees.

Sir Thomas Roos of Hamlake, Knt. and Beatrix his wife, who descended from Maud, the other daughter and coheir of Vaux, had it; and in 1394, Margery de Nerford released and conveyed all right in it, to

William Roos or Rees, Esq. and his heirs, who held it in 1403, of Thomas Mowbray's manor of Forncet, at one fee. In 1410, this William Rees, Esq. by will gave his two manors in Therston, the one called Nerford's, and the other St. Omer's, to be sold by his executors, with his manors of Caxton and Wrotyng in Cambridgeshire, to found a chantry in the college of St. Mary in the Fields in Norwich, and to pay Sir Thomas the anchorite near that college, (fn. 10) 2s. a week for life; (fn. 11) and soon after it was sold to William Loveney, and after purchased by

Sir Robert Clere, Knt. who held it in 1432, and it passed in that family as Keswick, at p. 44. In 1549, Sir John Clere was lord, and the manors were valued at 30l. but he manumised much, and died Aug. 21, 1557, leaving Sir Edward his son and heir, then 25 years old, who was to permit Sir Richard Fulmerstone, and his other executors, to take the profits for 5 years, to pay a legacy to Walter Haddon his son. He made a long lease of the demeans, to John Woolmer, (fn. 12) and settled the manor as at p. 166. He left it to Sir Edward Clere of Ormesby his son and heir, who sold it to John Smith, Esq. (fn. 13) of Ameringhall, and he in 1617, to Sir Thomas Knyvet of Ashwelthorp, Knt. when there were 319 acres 3 roods and an half of copy-hold, which paid 10l. 2s. 3d. quitrents, besides 6 capons, 2 hens, 3 geese, 10 eggs, 2 bushels of oats, 7 days work and an half in harvest, 7 days work in winter, half a day's work in hay-seele, and half a day's work in weeding; which were even now paid in kind. The freehold rents of ancient tenure, were 6l. 2s. 4d. per annum, 12 capons, 5 hens, 1 comb of wheat, half a pound of pepper, and one July-flower. The freehold rents of the new purchases or manumissions, were 2l. 7s. 5d. one capon and one red rose. The rents of 159 acres of demeans granted off free, 6l. 17s. ob. and one capon. The profits of the court one year with another, 8l. 10s. The lord hath had a warren of coneys at Holmehill, and hath letten Holme chapel to farm. It then paid 3d. per annum to Forncet, and 1s. to Stratton manors. In 1626, Thomas Knevet of Ashwellthorp, Esq. sold it to

Robert Wood of Bracon-Ash, Esq. and it hath passed ever since, as at p. 84, and Thomas Wood, Esq. of Bracon-Ash, is now lord.

Welholme's or Welham's Manor

Laid in Stratton St. Michael, and this town, for which see p. 202. Before the Welholmes removed to their new made manor-house at Stratton, they dwelt in the old site of their manor by Holm-hill in this parish, to which belonged an ancient free-chapel dedicated to St. Giles, called Holme or Welholme's chapel; the site of which now belongs to the manor of Tharston: and on account of this it is, that we often meet with the churches of Tharston mentioned, but the manor united to Stratton-Hall.

The advowson of the rectory of the church of St. Mary the Virgin at Tharston was given in King Stephen's time, to the priory of Pentney in Norfolk, by Rob. de Vaux, founder of that house, to which it was appropriated before 1273; (fn. 14) it was first valued at 15, after at 18 marks, and had a house and 40 acres of glebe. The vicarage is valued in the King's Books, by the name of Thurston, at 5l. 1s. 8d. and being sworn of the clear yearly value of 45l. it is discharged of firstfruits and tenths, and is capable of augmentation. It paid 7s. 8d. procurations, 16d. synodals, 16d. Peter-pence, and 7d. carvage; and in 1571, the Queen's receiver general paid to the vicar out of the impropriate tithes, a yearly pension of 3l. 6s. 8d. There was a gild held in honour of the Blessed Virgin, and the following religious persons had temporalities valued as follow; the Prior of Thetford monks at 2s.; the Abbot of Creke 6d.; the Prior of Bukenham 2s.; the Prior of Norwich 4s. 6d.; and it paid clear to every tenth 4l. 12s.

The church hath a square steeple and four bells, the nave is leaded, the chancel and north porch are tiled. (fn. 15)

There are two monuments of black marble thus inscribed,

Here resteth the Body of Robert Wood Esq; Sonn and Heire to Sir Robert Wood of Aylesham in the County of Norfolk Knt. who departed this Life in this Parish the 23 Day of May 1623. Here also resteth the Body of Anne Wood, (fn. 16) Wife to the said Robert, Daughter and one of the Co-heirs of Robert Woolmer Esq; sometimes Clark of the Assizes for this Circuit; the said Anne departed this Life at her House at Brakene-Ash in this County, the 7th Day of Jan. 1646. The said Robert and Anne had Issue 3 Sons and 2 Daughters, Sir Robert their eldest Son, married Elizabeth the 3d Daughter of Sir Thomas Richardson Knt. late Chief Justice of the King's Bench. Edmond their 2d Son, married the Daughter of William Adams of Patterchurch in the County of Pembrookeshire Esq; Phillip 3d Sonn un-married. Frances their eldest Daughter married Thomas Fletcher of St. Edmonds-Bury in the County of Suffolk Esq; Alice the youngest Daughter married Anthony Penning of Little-Baddo in the County of Essex Esq.

Here lieth the Body of John Woolmer Esq; sometimes Clark of the Assizes for this Circuit; a Man of excellent Learning, ingenuous Conversation, and of singular Piety and Integrity of Life; and the Body of Alice his Wife, a modest, discreet, industrious and religious Gentlewoman, both which have left behind them a perpetual good Name, answerable to such everliving Vertues. The said John Woolmer died in this Towne, the 2 Dec. 1598, and Alice his Wife died at Croxton in this County (fn. 17) the 9th of Dec. 1610, after they had enjoyed each other the space of 32 Years; they left Issue 3 Daughters, Anne the eldest, married to Robert Wood of this Town Esq; who had Issue 3 Sonns, Robert, Edmund, and Phillip; and two Daughters, Frances and Alice; Alice the 2d Daughter married to Henry Bastard of Great-Dunham in this County Gent. who had Issue 6 Sonns, Richard, Henry, Robert, Thomas, Leonard, and John; and 5 Daughters, Elizabeth, Anne, Margaret, Alice, and Frances; Frances the youngest, married to Mathew Goad of Croxton aforesaid Gent. and had Issue 4 Sonns, Woolmer, Mathew, Thomas, and Francis; and one Daughter Catherine.

Hoc pietatis Monumentum posuit.

Matheus Goad, 28 Junij 1617.

Vicars presented by the priors of Pentneye.

1273, Roger.

1306, Stephen de Shotesham.

1319, Roger de Beccles.

1349, Stephen de Bowthorp.

1412, John Redgrave, resigned.

1414, Tho. Edwards, resigned.

1416, John Marye, resigned.

1420, Edm. Ovisson, or Quysson, resigned.

1427, Simon Towe, resigned.

1436, Tho. Umfrey, ob.

1439, Rob. Caley.

1455, Henry Stevenson.

1461, Robert Waltham, resigned.

1475, John Glovere, who was succeeded by John Borell, at whose death in

1496, John Skaw had it.

1500, Thomas Dawson, ob. He was the last presented by the Prior, who granted the next turn to Thomas Codde, alderman of Norwich, by virtue of which in 1540, he presented

Sir Walter Dowe, chaplain.

The impropriate rectory and advowson of the vicarage, vested in the Crown at the Dissolution, and the King let the impropriation to farm, at 6l. 6s. 8d. reserved rent, and presented to the vicarage one

Robert Ringer, who in 1554, was deprived by Queen Mary, for not complying with the Romish religion, which she endeavoured to establish, and she gave it to

Robert Vassour; and in 1557, he being outed,

Thomas Underwood alias Babington, took it by lapse, who was succeeded by

George Heynsworth, who resigned.

In 1565, Will. Burton had it of the gift of Robert Gosnold and Anne his wife, by grant from the Crown, and in 1585, the Queen gave it to

Rob. Robinson; and in 1589, when he resigned,

Leonard Greaves had it by gift of John Bacon, by grant of the turn from the Crown. In 1591, the Queen presented

Henry Goodram, and in

1595, James Wadesworth, and after this,

The impropriation and advowson of the vicarage was settled by the Crown, on the Bishoprick of Ely, the Bishops of which see have all along, and now do, enjoy them.

Vicars, presented by the bishops of Ely.

1601, Ric. Muckleston, A. B. he returned 136 communicants in this parish in 1603.

1609, Thomas Cross.

1613, Miles Willan, A. M.

1641, Tho. Trunch intruded into the rectory and vicarage, and held the whole till the Restoration; and in 1661, at Willan's death,

Abel Hodges, A. M. had it, and held it united to Tibenham and in

1678, Abel Hodges, A. M. had it at his father's death, and at his death in

1720, Abel Hodges his son, had it, and held it first united to Wacton-Parva, and after to Brockdish; at whose death,

The Rev. Mr. Thurlow, the present vicar, succeeded.


  • 1. From the steers or young bullocks, it being probably appropriated for a place to breed and bring up young cattle in, in the Saxon times.
  • 2. See vol. ii. p. 110.
  • 3. Therstuna, Doms. fo. 123; see it under Forncet at p. 223, 4.
  • 4. Terra Rogeri Bigoti. Doms. fo. 123, Depwade hund. Sterestuna tenet Robertus de Vals, quam tenuit Uluricus sub Stigando ii. car. in dom. i. ecclesia xl. acr. et val. iii. sol. tunc ii. car. hom. modo i. et i. car. posset restaurari xii. acr. prati, silva x. porc. et i. mol. tunc iiii. runcin. modo iiii. anim. tunc xl. porc. modo xx. tunc xl. oves, modo lxxx. et i. vas apum et xxxiii. soc. i. car. terre tunc viii. car. post et modo iiii. et ii. acr. prati tunc valuit v. lib. et vi. sol. et modo similiter et habet i. leug. et dim. in longo, et dim. in lato, et vi. den. et obol. de Gelto. Huic manerio addidit Robertus de Vals vii. lib. hom. et dim. de omnibus habuit suus antecessor commendationem tantum, preter ex uno qui fuit socmannus Stigandi, et habent lxxxii. acr. tunc et post iii. car. modo ii. et iii. acr. prati, et valent xiii. sol.
  • 5. Terre Roberti filij Corbutionis. Depwade H. Doms. fo. 270. In Sterstuna tenet idem i. car. terre, tenet i. lib. hom. semper i. vill. et v. bord. i. car. in dom. et dim. car. hom. iii. acr. prati, silva iv. porc. et i. mol. et i. lib. homo ii. acr. et i. runcin. et iv. anim. tunc valuit x. sol. modo xx.
  • 6. In 1303, John Jermy and Isabell his wife purchased of Roger de Hares, 3 messuages, 120 acres of land, 4 of meadow, 8 of pasture, 15 of wood, and 20s. rent, in Tharston, Waketon, and Forncet, this was held in Henry the Third's time, by Roger de Wynthsted, by the serjeanty of finding one slinger, with a sling to cast stones with, in the King's army. Jermy's manor continued in that family, and in 1514, Sir Robert Clere, John Shelton, and Sir Philip Boothe, Knt. purchased the wardship and marriage of John Jermy, of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, for 100l. which John, in 1526, was a knight, and lord here; in 1561, Francis Jermy had livery ofit, and in 1609, Robert Cock, junior, had it, and held it of Forncet manor, and soon after it seems to be purchased of George and Francis Cocke, Gents. by Sir Edw. Clere, Knt. and joined to the other manor.
  • 7. See for many of this family at p. 43, 4.
  • 8. Placita Corone apud Norwic. in crast. Sci. Hillarij Ao 15 E. I. Rot. 16 in dorso.
  • 9. Esch. 49 E. III. No 17. Eleanor her daughter and heiress by Mautravers, married John son of Richard Earl of Arundel. Sir John her son and heir, by John Argenteyn, was 50 years old at his mother's death. Sir John Nerford, Knt. her husband, died 3 E. III. 1329, and Sir Thomas Nerford his brother and heir, died 18 E. 3,1344, leaving Sir John Nerford, Knt. his son and heir.
  • 10. Vol. iv. p. 175, 6.
  • 11. It seems as if his wife Margery was a Brews, for he gives legacies to SirRob. Brewes, Knt. Will. Appleyard his brother, and to Thomas Uvedale, and Margaret his wife.
  • 12. Scitum manerij i. mes. 60 acr. terre 31 acr. prati, 120 acr. pasture, 80 acr. bosci nuper parcel. manerij post mortem Johannis Woolmer descendebant Anne uxori Roberti Wood, Elize. uxori Henrici Bastard, et Francisce Woolmer filiabus et co-heredibus ejus. Wood purchased all the parts.
  • 13. In 1616, John Smith covenanted to convey to Francis Jones, alderman of London, and Will. Webb of Ewston, this manor, which the said John Smith, together with Dame Agnes Clere, widow, his mother, purchased of Sir Edward Clere, Knt. but it did not take place.
  • 14. Thomas son of Alexander de Welholm, mentioned in a deed without date. 1280, Robert son of Rob. de Welholme and Lucy his wife, had it; in 1296, Tho de Welholme of Tharston granted land to John son of Henry de Welholme or Welham, at Welholme's Field near Ulsonne's-Street in Tharston.
  • 15. See vol. ii. p. 110, 12.
  • 16. See p. 84.
  • 17. See vol. ii. p. 154.