Hundred of Humble-Yard: Intwood

An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 5. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1806.

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'Hundred of Humble-Yard: Intwood', in An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 5, (London, 1806) pp. 39-43. British History Online [accessed 20 April 2024]

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Belonged to Earl Ralf at the Conquest, and to Coleman, a freeman of Bishop Stigand's, in the Confessor's time, and after the Earl's forfeiture, the Conqueror gave it to Eudo the sewer, who held it at the survey; it was worth 3l. per annum at the first survey, and 4l. at the Conqueror's; being a league long and half a one broad, and paid 9d. q. to the geld. (fn. 1) Thorp, called afterwards Gloresthorp and Gowthorp, which now is included in Swerdeston, belonged about half of it to this manor, which was so called, as being then situate in the Wood. The ancient family of the Tiviles were settled here very early. In the time of King John and Henry III. Ralf de Tyvile of Intwode held his manor here at two fees; one, of the ancient family sirnamed de Riparijs, and the other of Will. Marshal the younger. In 1285, John de Tyvile was lord and patron, and had view of frankpledge, assise of bread and ale, and all power of the lete, paying 10d. to the King, as to his hundred of Humbleyard; so that this town was by that rent, exempt from the jurisdiction of the hundred court, and now the manor was held of the honour of Albemarle; and the Prior of St. Faith held the 8th part of a fee of the said John, and Tho. de Tyvile of Weston, and others, held a fifth part of a fee of him. In 1305, the said John granted to Simon de Hethersete, liberty of commonage for 100 sheep, and all other cattle, in Intwood; this John sold the advowson and lands here, to Nic. de Castello.

In Edward the Second's time, Hugh de Tivile was lord, and in 1313, Tho. Spriggi of Monesle was lord and patron, and he and Julian his wife had it in 1325, and in 1349, Will. son of Ralf de Bokenham, was lord and patron, and had free-warren here. In 1356, Barth. Appleyard and John de Erpingham, citizens of Norwich, owned it; Appleyard having obtained a release from William de Bukenham (fn. 2) and Joan his wife, settling it on him and his heirs; and in 1367, it was held of Rob. son and heir of John de Insula, or L'isle, Knt. Will. Appleyard his son held it till 1401, and then Bartholomew Ellys was found to hold it at two fees, of the dutchy of Lancaster, of which Sir John Lisle held it, but it was in trust only, for Nicholas son of William, and grandson to Bartholomew Appleyerd, sold it to Tho. Wetherby, the rich alderman of Norwich, who died in 1445, and left it to Margaret his wife for life, and then to John Jenney, Esq. and Eliz. his wife, daughter and heiress of the said Thomas: this John Jenney was third son of Sir John Jenney, Knt.; he died in 1497, when Will. Jenney, son of his son John Jenney, inherited; he died at Intwood in 1512, and was buried under a large stone in the chancel, now robbed of its brasses; Catherine his wife survived him. In 1537, Sir John Heydon, Knt. and others, conveyed the advowson and manor to Ric. Blyant, with Swerdeston manor and advowson; but Sir John and the others, were only trustees of John Blyant and Anne his wife, who presented in 1517, and Ric. Blyant, Esq. their son and heir, sold it to Sir Ric. Gresham, Knt. of London, who died in 1548, seized of the manors of Intwood, Keswick, Swainsthorp, Hardwick, Swerdeston, and Mulberton, leaving John his son and heir, then 30 years old. In 1549, Sir Thomas Gresham, Knt. entertained John Dudley the great Earl of Warwick, in his journey against the rebel Ket the tanner, at his seat here, (fn. 3) which he soon after endowed and finished, in the manner we now see it; it stands about half a furlong west of the church, and is now called Intwood-hall. Sir Thomas Gresham, Knt. appears lord and patron in 1568, and in 1571, William Gresham of London, Esq. who sold it about 1596, to Henry Hobart, Esq. with the manor of Swerdeston, in which family it hath continued ever since, John Lord Hobart of Blickling, being now lord, and owner of the village, (which contains the hall, and two or three cottages only,) as also patron of

The church, which is dedicated to all the Sain's, and hath a nave 11 yards long and 6 yards wide, with a chancel and south porch, all tiled; a steeple, round at bottom and octangular at top, in which are two bells. On a brass plate in the chancel,

Here resteth the Body of Cecily Hirst, wife of William Hirst Gent. Dr. and Heir of Edward Shelton of Brome in the County of Norfolk Esq; who died 28 Jan. 1619.

There is a large stone robbed of an effigies and inscription, but I find that William Jenney Esq. was buried under it in 1512. By the font there are two stones for, Robert Hammond Gent. 15 Aug. 1678, 84. Hammond, or, on chief sub. three martlets of the field.

His pious Memory here shall lay,

'Till Letters cut in Stone decay.

Rob. his son Aug. 14, 1687, 44.

Nil nisi pulvis inest, perfectum Gloria Corpus,

Reddet, disce citò vivere, citò mori.

Tho. son of Tho and Mary Rackham 17 Aug. 1728. Eliz. their daughter June 7, 1731, 8. James Charles of Intwood, Aug. 19, 1718, 52. Hannah his wife Sept. 5, 1737, 52.

This rectory, when single, was first valued with the portions at 5, after at 9 marks. When Norwich Domesday was made, John de Tivile was patron, and there was a house and 30 acres of land; the portion of tithes then belonging to the monks of Colchester, was valued at 4s. that of the cellerer of Norwich at 6s. 8d. being for two parts of the great tithes of the demeans, which were given by Ralf de Tivile, lord here, and were confirmed by John de Grey, and Tho de Blumvyle, Bishops of Norwich. (fn. 4) The portion of the Prior of St. Faith was then valued at 1s. but in 1428, increased to 2l. 4s. 2d. in land and commonage. The hospital of St. Giles in Norwich had lands here. (fn. 5) (fn. 6) The synodals were 13d. Peter-pence 12d. carvage 2d. and it paid 2l. to each tenth. Being consolidated to Keswick, it is above value, and pays first fruits and yearly tenths, viz. for Intwood 10s. and 10s. for Kesewic. The Virgin formerly had her image in this church, with a light constantly burning before it.

Anthony Drury, Esq. second son of Sir Anthony Drury of Besthorp, Knt. by Bridget, daughter of John Spelman of Narburgh, and brother to Sir William Drury, who died in 1639, lived here; he married a sister of Sir Owen Smith, Knt. of Winston, and (as the book intituled The Grandeur of the Law, tells us, p. 229,) was descended from Rob. Drury of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. a person of great learning, and Speaker of the House of Commons in Henry the Seventh's time.

Rectors of Intwood.

1275, Robert de Tivile, rector.

1313, Nic. Spriggi. Tho. Spriggi of Monesle.

1325, John de Bukenham. Tho. Spriggi and Julian his wife.

1334, Rob. de Shadwell. Sir Simon de Hethersete, Knt. guardian to Will. son of Ralf de Bukenham.

1336, John (or Rob.) de Bingham.

1349, John Boule of Old-Bukenham; he died rector. Will, de Bukenham.

1364, Will. Wisete, he died and was buried in the minor-friars church at Norwich. Bartholomew Appleyard and John Erpingham, citizens of Norwich.

1339, John Wysete, buried in the chancel in 1392, and was succeeded by

Walter Bulleman, and he in 1399, by

Tho. Cantele, these three being presented by William Appleyard, citizen of Norwich, as was

Barth Belagh in 1401, when

The chapel of St. James the Apostle of Gawesthorp, or Gawthorp, was an nexed and consolidated to this church of Intwood.

1424, Will. Bultell. Thomas Wetherby, Esq. citizen and alderman of Norwich.

1425, Walter Martin, who in 1431, changed for Titshall with Rob. Clement, (fn. 7) who in 1444, changed with

Tho. Brook for Pevensey in Chichester diocese; he was deprived in 1452, and

Tho. Morrice was presented by John Jenney, Esq. and Eliz. his wife, heiress of Wetherby, who presented the four following rectors,
William Freeman.

1471, Ric. Roper; at his death in

1482, Ric. Dawntre, who is buried in Hethersete church and was succeeded in

1493, by John Ponsty. In

1501, James Styward had it by lapse, and in

1502, Tho. Howson, at whose death in

1517, Edmund Loge had it, of the gift of John Blyant and Anne his wife; he died in 1529, and

Chris. Lant had it, by gift from Ric. Bliant, Esq.; he was succeeded by

Tho. Coyton, on whose deprivation in

1554, Henry Smith was presented by Tho. Gresham, Esq. at whose death in

1574, John Shinquen had it, and held it united to Keswick, Sir Tho. Gresham, Knt. being patron.

1597, July 21, Edw. Munday was presented by Tho. Tirrel, Esq. patron of this turn, and on Oct. 23d following by consent of Will. Gresham, Esq. patron, it was consolidated to the church of Keswick adjoining to Intwood.

Rectors of Intwood and Keswick, and Gowthorp chapel annexed.

1602, Will. Welles, B. D.; in 1603, he returned 46 communicants here. Sir John Hobart, Knt. patron.

1617, Will. Warren. The King by lapse.

1639, John Ridley. Lady Dorothy Hobart. Henry King; he resigned, and in

1662, John Sheffield, A. M. was presented by Sir John Hobart of Blickling, Bart. In 1663, he resigned, and Sir John gave it to Miles Smith, and in

1680, to Ric. Clerk, at whose death in

1708, Sam. Harris was presented by Sir John Hobart, Bart. and at his cession in 1720, he gave it to

Will. Herring, LL. B. on whose cession in

1743, The Rev. Will. Leech, the present rector, was instituted at the presentation of John Lord Hobart, now patron.


  • 1. Domesday, fo. 237. H. de Humiliart. Terre Eudonis Dapiferi. Intweda tenuit Radulfus, quam tenuit Colemanus liber homo Stigandi i car. semper iii. villani et iii. bord. tunc. ii. serv. modo iii. semper ii. car. in dominio et i. car. et dim. hom. iii. acr. prati silv. viii. porc. et quarta pars mol. tunc iii. runc. m° iii. semper iiii. anc. tunc xl. porc. xxx. tunc lx. ov. modol. i. ecclesia de xiii.acr. terre et i. acr. et dim. prati. et xv. soc. xl. acr. terre semper ii. car. et iv. acr. prati et v. liberi homines xx. acr. et i. car. ex his habuit suus et antecessor commend. T. R. E. et ii. liberi homines et dim. lxxv. acr. commend. tantum T. R. E. et i. bord. et dim. semper ii. car. et dim. et ii. serv. et i. lib. hom. de dim. acr. tunc valuit xs. modo xvii. et et Intewida habet i. leug. in long. et dim in lato, et ix. d. et i. ferding de gelto. Et hoc manerium valuit. T. R. E. lx. sol. modo lxxx.
  • 2. See vol. i. p. 298, 381.
  • 3. See vol iii. p. 246. He built the Royal Exchange in 1567. Stow, 667.
  • 4. Regr. Pr. Norw. i. fo. 37, 262.
  • 5. See vol iv. p. 384.
  • 6. See vol. i. p. 277, 8, 493.
  • 7. Vol. i. p. 209.