Buckingham hundred: Introduction

Pages 135-136

A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1927.

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Containing The Parishes Of Addington; Adstock; Akeley; Barton Hartshorn; Beachampton; Biddlesden; Caversfield (fn. 1) Chetwode; Edgcott; Foscott; Hillesden; Leckhampstead; Lillingstone Dayrell; Lillingstone Lovell; (fn. 2) Luffield Abbey; Maids' Moreton; Marsh Gibbon; Padbury; Preston Bissett; Radclive; Westbury; Shalstone; Steeple Claydon; Stowe; Thornborough; Thornton; Tingewick; Turweston; Twyford with Charndon; And Poundon; Water Stratford;

All the names given above are mentioned in the Domesday Survey, (fn. 3) except Luffield Abbey and Poundon; the latter was probably included under Charndon. Evershaw in Biddlesden, Dadford and Lamport in Stowe, and a hide of land called Hasley were described separately in 1086. (fn. 4)

Buckingham Hundred comprises the three ancient hundreds of Stodfald, Rovelai and Lamva, (fn. 5) which appear grouped as the three hundreds of Buckingham in the later 13th century. (fn. 6) The hundred of Stodfald, assessed in 1086 at 101 hides, (fn. 7) contained the parishes of Akeley, Biddlesden, Foscott, Leckhampstead, Lillingstone Dayrell, Maids' Moreton, Radclive, Shalstone, Stowe, Turweston, Water Stratford and Westbury. The hundred of Rovelai was assessed in 1086 at 105 hides and included the parishes of Barton Hartshorn, Beachampton, Caversfield, Chetwode, Edgcott, Hillesden, Preston Bissett, Thornton and Tingewick. (fn. 8) The hidage of Lamva Hundred, under which the parishes of Addington, Adstock, Marsh Gibbon, Padbury, Steeple Claydon, Thornborough and Twyford were assessed in 1086, covered 122 hides. (fn. 9) Edgcott and Thornton were transferred later from Rovelai to Lamva Hundred. (fn. 10)

In 1625 the royal hundreds of Buckingham (the old names surviving as Stotford, Roulawe and Meanes) (fn. 11) were leased for three lives to Sir Thomas Denton. (fn. 12) In 1651 the rents or certainty money were valued at £23 1s. 1d. yearly; the general perquisites at £10. (fn. 13) These were claimed by Edmund Denton of Hillesden, who did not, however, produce any proof in support of his claim. (fn. 14) In 1661 a petition was made to the Crown for the protection of the rights in this respect of his infant heir, Alexander Denton. (fn. 15) In 1665 the Crown rents from the Buckingham hundreds were granted in dower to Queen Katherine. (fn. 16)

In the middle of the 17th century the court leet was held at the usual times and the ordinary court every three weeks at any convenient place in the hundreds at the will of the lord or his steward. (fn. 17)

Index Map to the Hundred of Buckingham


  • 1. Caversfield was transferred to Oxfordshire by Statutes 2 & 3 Will. IV, cap. 64 (1832), 7 & 8 Vict. cap. 61 (1844).
  • 2. a Lillingstone Lovell is in the hundred of Ploughley, Oxfordshire; it was transferred to Buckinghamshire by Statute 7 & 8 Vict. cap. 61.
  • 3. V.C.H. Bucks. i, 231–77.
  • 4. Ibid.
  • 5. Ibid. Willis connects Rovelai with lands called Rowley Hills in Lenborough, Buckingham (Hist. and Antiq. of Buckingham, 2).
  • 6. Feud. Aids, i, 89.
  • 7. V.C.H. Bucks. i, 231–77. Total of the hidage under this hundred, including 9 hides 2 virgates assessed in error under Mursley in Cottesloe Hundred (ibid. 269).
  • 8. Ibid. i, 231–77. The total hidage includes a hide in Bourton, a hide in Gawcott, and 7 hides in Lenborough, places which have been described under Buckingham Borough (ibid. iii, 481–4).
  • 9. Ibid. i, 231–77. The total includes 9 hides 1 virgate from three places in this hundred which are unnamed in the Survey.
  • 10. Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), ii, 351; Feud. Aids, i, 109; Lay Subs. R. bdles. 78, no. 109; 79, no. 261.
  • 11. Meanes is called Buckingham Hundred in two Lay Subsidy Rolls (bdles. 78, no. 109; 79, no. 261).
  • 12. Pat. 1 Chas. I, pt. xxiv, no. 11.
  • 13. Parl. Surv. Bucks, no. 3.
  • 14. Ibid.
  • 15. Cal. of Treas. Bks. i, 166.
  • 16. Pat. 17 Chas. II, pt. ix, no. 1.
  • 17. Parl. Surv. Bucks, no. 3.