Townships: Barton

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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'Townships: Barton', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4, (London, 1911) pp. 363-376. British History Online [accessed 11 April 2024]

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Barton, 1195; there is no variation to record.

Barton, usually called Barton-upon-Irwell to distinguish it from other places of the name, has a length of 7 miles from the north-eastern end, at which the parish church of Eccles is situated, to the Glazebrook, which forms the south-western boundary. The greater part of it lies on the northern side of the Irwell, but there is on the south bank a considerable area, forming the modern township of Davyhulme. The Manchester Ship Canal, opened in 1894, has replaced the Irwell for the existing boundaries. The central and southern parts of the township lie upon the pebble beds of the New Red Sandstone; Trafford Park, Barton, Patricroft, and Monton on the Upper Mottled Beds and Winton on the Permian rocks and Coal Measures. Round the parish church the town of Eccles has grown up, and is now a borough; the limits include the village of Barton, a mile to the south-west, with the hamlets of Peel Green and Patricroft to the west, and Winton, (fn. 1) Monton, and Chorlton Fold on the northern boundary. Ellesmere Park is in the north-east corner.

The greater part of the area to the south-west of Barton village was formerly part of Chat Moss, but on the bank of the Irwell, about a mile north of its junction with the Mersey, the village of Irwellham, now Irlam, managed to exist; and in the south-west corner, between the Mersey and Glazebrook, was Cadishead, with Great and Little Woolden to the north-west on the banks of the Glazebrook. Barton Moss and Irlam are the names of the modern townships which have resulted from the subdivision of the ancient Barton. The village of Irlam includes Higher and Lower Irlam and Jenny's Green.

The Davyhulme portion was crossed from east to west by a small brook, a tributary of the Irwell, the confluence marking the boundary between Barton and Flixton. Hulme or Davyhulme proper, and Moorside are on the south side of this brook, with Calderbank to the west, and Lostock in the eastern corner. On the north bank of the brook Bent Lanes occupied an area formed by a bend of the Irwell, now almost obliterated by the canal; Crofts Bank, Wilderspool, Dumplington, and Bromyhurst, going northwards, occupy the centre, and Trafford Park, formerly Wickleswick or Whittleswick, lies in the north-eastern portion, between Stretford and Eccles Church.

The area of the whole is 10,622 acres, (fn. 2) or nearly half the parish. Numerous changes of boundaries have been made within the last twenty years. (fn. 3) The surface is generally level, varying in the main between 50 ft. and 90 ft. above the sea, but there is lower ground in the south, along the Irwell, Mersey, and Glazebrook. The population in 1901 numbered 40,169, including 34,369 in Eccles, 234 in Barton Moss, 4,335 in Irlam, and 1,231 in Davyhulme.

The principal road is the highway from Manchester to Warrington, passing through Eccles, Irlam, and Cadishead. A road from Pendleton joins at Eccles, and others branch off in various directions, the chief being that through Worsley to Astley and Tyldesley. The London and North Western Company's line from Manchester to Liverpool (1830) crosses the northern part of the township, with stations at Eccles, Patricroft, and Barton Moss. From Eccles a branch to Bolton and Wigan goes north-west, with a station at Monton Green, and a single line branch goes northeast to Clifton. The Cheshire Lines Committee's Railway from Manchester to Liverpool passes through the southern corner, with a station at Irlam; near this it is joined by the line from Stockport, on which is the station of Cadishead. The pioneer Bridgewater Canal between Worsley and Manchester, formed in 1758, passes south through the village of Barton; the old-time wonder of the aqueduct carrying it over the Irwell (fn. 4) has been succeeded by the swing bridge by which it crosses the Manchester Ship Canal. The latter great waterway, as above stated, has in this parish practically replaced the Irwell; it has two sets of locks within the township, known as Barton and Irlam Locks. At Barton the road is carried over it by a swing bridge. At Irlam there is a ferry, and another crosses from Davyhulme to Boysnope, where formerly was a small bridge. There was formerly a ford and later a ferry to Whittleswick from the Warth, south of Eccles Church.

While agriculture is the chief industry of the Davyhulme and reclaimed Chat Moss district, Eccles and Barton have long been centres of the cotton manufacture. Fustian cutting is carried on at Cadishead. At Patricroft an extensive ironworks was founded in 1836 by the celebrated engineer, James Nasmyth, whose hammer is represented on the arms of the borough of Eccles.

The Eccles Wakes, abolished in 1877, were very popular; bear-baiting, cock-fighting, and other sports were held. (fn. 5) 'Eccles cakes' have long been famous. The close of the marling time was formerly marked by a 'guising.' (fn. 6)

A company of volunteers was raised at Eccles in 1797. (fn. 7)

For local government Barton, Eccles, Winton, and Monton obtained a local board in 1854. (fn. 8) In 1892 this area was constituted a municipal borough. The remainder of the ancient township of Barton was at the same time divided into three: Barton Moss, including Foxhill and Boysnope; Irlam, including Cadishead; and Davyhulme, including all to the south-east of the Manchester Ship Canal. Minor changes of boundaries were made in 1896. Irlam since 1894 has had an urban district council of twelve members; the other new townships have parish councils.

The Eccles Town Hall, built in 1881, is on the site of the old cock-pit.

At Patricroft are a hospital and a home for children. There also is the workhouse; the new building was opened in 1894. Newlands cemetery was formed in 1879. The Salford Corporation has a sanatorium in Eccles New Road.

The inclosure award for Cadishead Moss, with plan, is at Preston.

The shaft of a Saxon cross was found near Eccles Church in making the Ship Canal. (fn. 9) A later cross was at Barton Old Hall. (fn. 10) During the cutting of the Ship Canal a canoe and a hollowed log were discovered. (fn. 11) A causeway has been traced, probably mediaeval.

The hearth tax return of 1666 shows that Barton proper had 101 hearths liable; the principal houses were those of George Legh, with fourteen; Thomas Sorocold, thirteen, and John Barlow, six. Davyhulme had seventy-eight, no house having more than four hearths; Irlam thirty-seven, Mr. Lathom's, with six, being the largest dwelling; Cadishead, twentyeight, Thomas Holcroft having eleven; Eccles and Monton eighty-two, John Valentine's house having eleven, and Thomas Minshull's eight. (fn. 12)

There are a large number of interesting field names, among them the following: Lower Irlam— Eaves, Morley Croft, Bosses, Poos, Sparth, Summer ley (in strips); Jenny Green—Balshaw Fields; Boysnope—Stocky Dole, Parr Round Field, Pipers Field; Foxhill—Wall Congre, Hare Horn Meadow; New Hall—Stick Ings, Patch Ings, Broad Eyes, Street, Bagoletine, How Lane Head; Barton Village—Neckars, Scythy Field, Hoasefield, Acker Meadow; Barton Lane—Crossfields; Barton Bridge—Laster, Warth, Boatfield; Dumplington—Wall Congre, Stopes, Warcock Hill; Bromyhurst—Shoe Broad, Orkot, Cockleney (Great, Old, Greens); Bent Lanes—Shoe Broad; Davyhulme—Alder Forest; Croft's Bank—Cercicile, White Laches, Knows Corn Hill.

Dr. John Hewitt, born at Eccles in 1614, became chaplain to Charles I, and was executed in 1658 for taking part in a plot for the restoration of Charles II. (fn. 13) Richard Martinscroft, mathematician, 1586–1667, is said to have been a native of Eccles. (fn. 14) Barton Booth, a tragedian, is said to have been born at Barton in 1681. (fn. 15) William Tong, Presbyterian divine, was born at Eccles or Worsley in 1662; he ministered in London till his death in 1727. (fn. 16) John Johnson, Baptist minister, was born at Lostock in 1706; he died in 1791. (fn. 17) William Hill, a writer on mnemonics, who died in 1881, was another notability. (fn. 18) Joseph Wolstenholme, a mathematician of distinction, fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, and professor at the Indian Engineering College, Cooper's Hill, was born at Eccles in 1829. He died in 1891. (fn. 19)


Under the lords of Manchester the great manor or fee of BARTON was held by a family using the local surname. In its full extent the fee extended over the greater part of the parishes of Eccles and Deane, and as the family held also the manor of Worsley with Hulton of the king in thegnage, the only townships exempt from their lordship were Pendlebury, Pendleton, and Clifton in the east, and Rumworth and Horwich in the north. (fn. 20) Originally the Barton fee appears to have been accounted as that of two knights, but, probably by division among co-heirs, a knight's fee and a half only was held in 1212 by Gilbert de Notton in right of his wife, Edith daughter of Matthew son of Leysing de Barton. (fn. 21) Of Edith's father and grandfather nothing is certainly known. (fn. 22) She was one of four daughters and co-heirs, and by her first husband, known as Augustine de Barton, (fn. 23) she had a son John, who died young, and a daughter Cecily, who married William, a son of Gilbert de Notton by a former wife, (fn. 24) and carried to him the manor of Barton, and also in right of her father that of Breightmet.

Gilbert, the eldest son of William and Cecily, was a minor in 1220 at the death of his grandmother Edith, but had livery of his lands two years later; (fn. 25) he adopted Barton as a surname, and was made a knight. He fell into the hands of Aaron, the Jew of York, (fn. 26) and parted with large portions of his lands, (fn. 27) and finally sold his great lordship to Robert Grelley his feudal superior. (fn. 28) This sale was confirmed by his son John. (fn. 29) Gilbert retained or regained the manor of Barton, but this was given to his daughter Agnes, (fn. 30) perhaps in view of her marriage with a Grelley, (fn. 31) and her daughter and heir Loretta by marriage with John del Booth, about 1292, carried it into a family which, as Booth of Barton, retained it for 300 years.

John de Barton, the son of Gilbert, retained lands in the township which his descendants enjoyed for some generations; occasionally they laid a claim to the manor. (fn. 32)

By 1282 the manor was in the hands of the lord of Manchester, and it was surveyed with the estates of Robert Grelley, who died in that year. (fn. 33) In 1320–2 Barton proper seems to have reckoned as half a knight's fee, or eight oxgangs of land. (fn. 34)

Of the Booth family only a brief sketch can be given. Loretta, the heiress of Barton, was perhaps still unmarried in June 1292; (fn. 35) but about this time, if not earlier, John del Booth or Booths married her. (fn. 36) He was succeeded by his son Robert; (fn. 37) in or before 1343 Robert was followed by his son Thomas del Booth, (fn. 38) who died, apparently by violence, (fn. 39) in 1368, having directed his body to be buried before the altar of St. Katherine in Eccles Church. (fn. 40) His eldest son John succeeded, and lived until September 1422; he had a numerous offspring, of whom Sir Thomas, the eldest son, succeeded him; Sir Robert married Douce daughter and co-heir of Sir William Venables of Bollin in Cheshire, and became ancestor of the Booths of Dunham Massey, Earls of Warrington; Roger, a third son, was ancestor of the Booths of Mollington; William and Lawrence, other sons, became respectively Archbishop of York and Bishop of Durham. (fn. 41) John del Booth died seised of the manor of Barton, with various messuages and lands in Barton and Manchester, all held of Thomas La Warre in socage by the service of 1d. yearly, and worth £60 a year. Thomas his son and heir was over forty years of age. (fn. 42)

Booth of Barton. Argent three boars' heads erect and erased sable langued gules.

The new lord of Barton, who became a knight, was succeeded by his son Thomas (fn. 43) and his grandson Robert. The last-named left a son and heir, Sir John Booth, (fn. 44) slain at Flodden in 1513; (fn. 45) his son and heir John, then about twenty-three years of age, died in December 1526, leaving as heir an infant son John, (fn. 46) who died in 1552, (fn. 47) and whose son John, then ten years of age, died in 1576, leaving four daughters as co-heirs—Margaret, who in 1564 was contracted to marry Edmund Trafford; Anne, who married George Legh of East Hall in High Legh, she being his second wife; Katherine, who died in 1582 unmarried; and Dorothy, who married John Molyneux, a younger son of Sir Richard Molyneux of Sefton. (fn. 48)

Edmund Trafford at first claimed the whole estate, in right of his wife as eldest sister; but in 1586 a division was agreed upon, by which the manor of Barton and a moiety of the lands went to him, the other moiety being divided between Anne and Dorothy. The portion of the former of these included Barton Hall, and descended to two George Leghs, son and grandson of Anne; the younger George died in 1674, and his sister Elizabeth being unmarried, the estate went by his will to his cousin, Richard Legh of High Legh, descended from the first-named George Legh by his first wife. (fn. 49)

Barton Old Hall was described in 1836 as a 'brick edifice with two gables in front, a projecting wing, and mullioned windows.' (fn. 50) It was demolished in 1879, but for many years previously had been used as a farm-house.

The issue of Margaret and Edmund Trafford were for some reason passed over by the husband, the manor of Barton and the estate there being bestowed upon Cecil, his son by a second marriage; it has descended like Stretford. (fn. 51) Courts leet and baron continued to be held until about 1872. (fn. 52)

The vill of Eccles (fn. 53) is named in 13th-century charters; it appears to have been largely in the hands of the monks of Whalley, being a rectory manor. (fn. 54) Possibly MONKS' HALL, standing on higher ground a quarter of a mile to the north-west of the church, took its name from them. (fn. 55) In 1632 Christopher Anderton of Lostock, as impropriator of the rectory, sold Monks' Hall to Ellis Hey. (fn. 56) The Hey family were of some continuance in the neighbourhood, and a pedigree was recorded in 1664. (fn. 57) In the Civil War they experienced the displeasure of the Parliamentary authorities for aiding the king's forces. (fn. 58) After the Restoration the hall became the place of worship for a Nonconformist congregation. (fn. 59) By the end of the 17th century it had been acquired by the Willises of Halsnead near Prescot. (fn. 60)

Monk's Hall

Monks' Hall was described in 1836 as a 'venerable wood and plaster fabric now a farm-house.' Of this timber building, however, only a portion remains at the back of the present house, and a picturesque black and white half-timber end facing the garden on the east side has been spoiled by the insertion of a large bay window on the ground floor. A stone wing, now entirely modernized, has been added, probably in the 17th century, in front of the old timber building; it is covered with rough-cast, and has little or nothing to distinguish it from an ordinary modern villa, except that the roofs are covered with stone slates. The building has long ceased to be used as a farm-house, and is now a private residence. (fn. 61) A stone with the inscription, 'Mrs. Helen Willis, relict of Martin Willis, gent. deceased, me aedificavit,' (fn. 62) is said to have been in the older part of the house or in a barn adjoining, but no trace of it can now be found.

Opposite the hall was formerly an orchard, the remains of which existed until recently, where, in August 1864, while laying a new street, an earthen vessel was discovered containing about 6,000 silver pennies, chiefly of the reigns of Henry I, II, and III, several of John, and a few of William I of Scotland. The coins were claimed as treasure trove by the Duchy of Lancaster, but selections were presented to the British Museum and to several museums in Lancashire. (fn. 63)


BENTCLIFFE was another mansion-house in Eccles, lying to the south-east of the church, on the border of Pendleton; it was for a long period the residence of the Valentine family, who died out in the 18th century. They were originally of Flixton. (fn. 64) Richard Valentine died in July 1556, leaving a son Thomas, only three years of age. The capital messuage of Bentcliffe was held of the heir of William the Clerk in socage by rendering a pound of incense to the church of Eccles, this rent identifying it with the estate granted by William the Clerk to his brother John about 1250. (fn. 65) Land in Barton was held of the heir of Agnes daughter of Gilbert de Barton by the rent of a gillyflower, and messuages, &c., in Little Houghton and Haslehurst in Worsley of the lord of Worsley, by a pair of white gloves or 1d. yearly. (fn. 66)

Valentine of Bentcliffe. Argent a bend sable between six cinqfoils gules.

Thomas Valentine was succeeded by his son John and grandson John. (fn. 67) The younger John's estate was sequestered by the Parliamentary authorities, because when he was high constable of the hundred of Salford in 1644, Prince Rupert, advancing into Lancashire, lodged at Bentcliffe, and ordered its owner to send out warrants for provisions for the prince's army; this he did, 'being in great fear and terror,' but nothing was actually secured for the troops. As soon as Prince Rupert had departed, the garrison at Manchester sent for John Valentine, and under threat of imprisonment and loss of his estates, he was ordered to bring in £20 in money and £10 worth of provisions; and this was performed. In spite of this ready compliance a Parliamentary Committee ordered sequestration, and he redeemed his estate in 1651 by the payment of £255 4s. 9d. (fn. 68)


A charter of incorporation was granted to ECCLES in 1892, (fn. 69) and a grant of the commission of the peace was made two years later, (fn. 70) armorial bearings following soon afterwards. A new council chamber and police courts were opened in 1899. The town is provided with parks, library, (fn. 71) baths, sewage works, cemetery, electricity station, fire station, tramways, (fn. 72) and other conveniences under public control. The area within the borough, in addition to Eccles proper, includes Patricroft, Monton, Winton, and Barton village; it is divided into six wards, each with an alderman and three councillors, viz. Northeast or Monton and Park, East Central or Eccles, South-east or Irwell, West Central or Patricroft, West or Winton, and South-west or Barton. (fn. 73) Gas and water are supplied by the corporations of Salford and Manchester respectively.

Borough of Eccles. Or on a mount vert a church proper; on a chief azure between two branches of the cotton plant proper a pale argent with a steamhammer sable thereon.


MONTON (fn. 74) was the manor of the monks of Whalley, being held of the king in socage as 2 oxgangs of land, by a rent of 6s. (fn. 75) The tenure of the abbots appears to have been quite uneventful. (fn. 76) After the suppression (fn. 77) it was in 1540 granted to Sir Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall. (fn. 78) In 1612 it was sold to Roger Downes of Wardley. (fn. 79) The Slack is an ancient name in the locality. (fn. 80)


WINTON (fn. 81) gave a name to the chief residents. (fn. 82) This family seems to have been succeeded by the Wydales or Wedalls, who continued here till the 16th century. (fn. 83) NEWHAM, apparently represented by the more recent Newhall, was in the neighbourhood. (fn. 84) BOYSNOPE, anciently Boylesnape, is several times mentioned in the charters. (fn. 85) The name has practically become obsolete, but there is a Boysnope Wharf on the Ship Canal.


IRLAM (fn. 86) was early divided among several tenants. (fn. 87) From one family, which adopted the local surname, (fn. 88) the Hultons of Hulton acquired a holding (fn. 89) which descended to the Farnworth stock, and apparently to an Irlam branch. (fn. 90) The surname Irlam is found in the district down to the 18th century. (fn. 91) About the 16th century the Lathoms of Irlam appear; they were the principal local family for about two centuries, holding, according to one inquisition, a third part of the manor, and they had another estate at Hawthorn, near Wilmslow, on the Cheshire side of the Mersey. (fn. 92) At the end of the 18th century Irlam Hall was owned by John Greaves, a wealthy merchant, partner with Sir Robert Peel as a banker, and it descended in his family till 1866. (fn. 93) Baines noted in 1836 that the hall was used as a farm-house, and was of Elizabeth's time, containing a principal beam of massive size, the largest, probably, in the county.


CADISHEAD (fn. 94) was in the 12th century held of the king by serjeanty of carpentry, one Edwin being the tenant. Afterwards Sweyn had it, and in 1212 it was held in thegnage by Gilbert de Notton, in right of his wife Edith de Barton, by a rent of 4s. (fn. 95) In 1222 there were two under-tenants, Geoffrey de Dutton and Alexander de Cadishead, each apparently paying 2s. yearly. (fn. 96) Before this date Edith de Barton had granted to the monks of Stanlaw the land which Alexander held of her, they paying the king the customary rent of 2s. (fn. 97) Afterwards 'the land of Cadishead' was granted to the monks by William de Ferrers, with the assent of Agnes his wife, at a rent of 6s. 8d. a year; (fn. 98) this rent he released about 1240, after the death of his son's wife Sibyl, and the monks held in frankalmoign. (fn. 99) In the sheriff's compotus of 1348 the 4s. thegnage rent was still found charged against the Abbot of Whalley, but on the abbot's producing the second charter of William de Ferrers, showing that he held in alms, the 4s. was deleted. WOOLDEN appears as Vulueden in 1299. In 1331 John son of John de Woolden made an agreement with Adam son of Thomas de Holcroft respecting land by the Glazebrook. (fn. 100) On the suppression of the abbey, Cadishead, with Great and Little Woolden, was granted to Sir Thomas Holcroft, (fn. 101) but appears to have been transferred by him to the Holcrofts of Holcroft. Like Holcroft Hall it was in 1619 in the possession of Ralph Calveley of Saighton, near Chester, being held of the king in chief by the fortieth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 102) In the 18th century it was held by the Poole family, (fn. 103) and was afterwards sold to the Bridgewater Trustees.


DAVYHULME (fn. 104) was a portion of the original Barton fee. It gave the surname of Hulme to a family, or probably two distinct families, who held lands of the Bartons and their successors in title, the lords of Manchester. (fn. 105) But little is known of them, though they continued to hold lands here till the 18th century. (fn. 106) Inquisitions were taken in 1600 and 1641. (fn. 107) They acquired the adjacent manor of Urmston. (fn. 108) The hall was purchased by William Allen, banker, of Manchester, who became bankrupt in 1788, when Davyhulme was sold to Henry Norris, a Manchester merchant, who died in 1819. His daughter Mary conveyed it in marriage in 1809 to Robert Josias Jackson Harris, of Uley, Gloucestershire, who adopted the surname of Norreys, and died in 1844; their son Robert Henry Norreys resided in the hall till his death in 1887. The hall was afterwards demolished and the grounds are used as golf links. (fn. 109) The house was entirely of brick, the only signs of antiquity being some old beams, perhaps belonging to a former house. In front of the house was a sundial made at Manchester in 1809. Other families formerly connected with Davyhulme were the Byroms of Salford (fn. 110) and the Bents. (fn. 111)


BROMYHURST became the seat of a branch of the Barton family, (fn. 112) and of another surnamed Mey, who also were known as 'de Bromyhurst.' (fn. 113) In 1322 the lord of Manchester had 120 acres of wood or moor there. (fn. 114)


DUMPLINGTON, which formerly included the modern hamlet of Crofts Bank, was with Cockney in Bromyhurst in 1225 demised by Sir Robert Grelley to Cecily daughter of Iorwerth de Hulton (fn. 115) for six years. Four years afterwards Siegrith de Dumplington released to Robert Grelley her right in 40 acres in Dumplington. (fn. 116) John son of Thomas de Booth held the place in 1401. (fn. 117) The lords of Manchester had a wood in Lostock. (fn. 118)


WHITTLESWICK (fn. 119) was from an early date regarded as a manor, (fn. 120) being held by the Pendlebury family. (fn. 121) From Roger de Pendlebury it passed to his son Ellis, (fn. 122) and then to a younger son William, who enfeoffed Adam de Prestwich. (fn. 123) Henry, the son of Adam, had a daughter Katherine, who married John son of Robert de Bold. Their son Geoffrey forfeited his lands for treason, having taken part in the Hotspur rebellion of 1403; (fn. 124) but Whittleswick was afterwards restored, and Agnes daughter of Nicholas son of Geoffrey de Bold had livery in 1442–3. She married Hugh, a son of Sir Geoffrey Massey, (fn. 125) and the manor continued in their family for nearly two centuries, (fn. 126) descending to Dorothy daughter of Thomas Massey and wife of Thomas Liversage of Wheelock, who in 1632 sold it to Sir Cecil Trafford. (fn. 127) It has since descended like Stretford, and was till recently the chief residence of the Trafford family, taking the name of Trafford Park from them. They appear to have resided here from the beginning of the 18th century. (fn. 128)

Trafford Hall was originally erected in the middle of the 16th century, but the modern classic building was built in 1762 by John Trafford, who is said to have removed the front of the older building for this purpose. The brick gabled wing on the north-west is supposed to belong to the original house, but is probably a later refacing and rebuilding. In James's view (1825) the four lower gables next to the house only are shown, the building farther north apparently having been erected since that date. The 18th-century mansion is a plain stuccoed two-story classic building with four engaged columns and pediment in the front or south elevation. A modern stuccoed wing runs northward on the east side of the house, parallel with the brick wing already mentioned. The house is now used as the head quarters of the Manchester Golf Club.

The Barton landowners contributing to the subsidy of 1622 were—Thomas Charnock, George Legh, Katherine Brereton, Dorothy Liversage, Ralph Ainsworth, — Hope, Richard Worsley, John Valentine, Edmund Lathom, James Crompton, and John Bent. (fn. 129)

The Sorocolds of Barton recorded a pedigree in 1665. (fn. 130)

The land tax returns of 1797 preserved at Preston provide a long list of landowners, arranged under these divisions:—Barton with Winton, Eccles, Monton, and Swinton; farther side of water, including Urmston and Davyhulme; Irlam and Cadishead. The principal estates were those of the Duke of Bridgewater, John Trafford, — Willis, — Lee, William Turner, John Page, Henry Norris, and Robert Barker. (fn. 131)

The parish church has been described above. In recent times a number of new churches have been consecrated to the service of the established religion. At Eccles, St. Andrew's was built in 1879, (fn. 132) and at Barton, St. Catherine's, built in 1843, (fn. 133) was enlarged in 1893; the patronage of these churches is vested in five trustees. At Patricroft is Christ Church, built in 1868; (fn. 134) the Bishop of Manchester is patron; under it is St. Michael's Mission-room, Monton. At Winton is St. Mary Magdalen's. St. John the Baptist's, Irlam, (fn. 135) was built in 1866, and has a mission-room at Cadishead; the patronage is in the hands of five trustees. To St. Mary the Virgin's, Davyhulme, (fn. 136) built in 1890, the Bishop of Manchester and Mr. J. B. Norreys Entwisle present alternately.

The Presbyterian Church of England has a congregation at Eccles, founded in 1902.

The Wesleyans originated with the preaching of Wesley himself, who appeared at Davyhulme in 1747. They now have churches at Barton, Barton Moss, Monton, Cadishead and Davyhulme, Eccles, Patricroft and Irlam; (fn. 137) the Primitive Methodists at Eccles, Barton, and Davyhulme; the United Free Methodists at Eccles, Winton, and Patricroft; and the New Connexion at Eccles.

The Baptists have a church at Eccles.

The Congregationalists at Patricroft and Eccles trace their rise to the preaching begun in 1796 in a barn at the former place; a chapel was erected in 1800, and a church formed four years later. A new and larger chapel was built in 1870. Efforts were made in 1810 and later to establish services in Eccles, but failed; a fresh start was made in 1857, and the present church, an offshoot of Hope Chapel, Salford, was opened in 1860. (fn. 138) At Cadishead services were begun in a small shed in 1875; the present school chapel was opened in 1883. (fn. 139)

The Society of Friends have a meeting-place at Eccles. (fn. 140)

There is an interesting Unitarian Church at Monton. Edmund Jones, the vicar of Eccles, ejected in 1662, continued to preach in the neighbourhood. A Nonconformist congregation also met at Monks' Hall for some time; but in 1697 a chapel was built at Monton. The building was in 1715 wrecked by a 'Church and King' mob, led by Thomas Siddall, the Manchester Jacobite, but it was repaired by the Government. (fn. 141) The congregation numbered 612, of whom 29 were county voters. (fn. 142) It was rebuilt in 1802, and replaced by the present church in 1875. The usual change of doctrine took place during the 18th century, and before 1800 Unitarianism was 'boldly preached.' (fn. 143)

Roman Catholics (fn. 144) have All Saints' Church, Barton; the mission was founded in 1798, having before been served from Trafford Park, and the present church was erected in 1868; (fn. 145) also St. Mary's school chapel at Eccles, opened in 1879, and St. Theresa's, Irlam, which became a separate mission in 1900. An iron church, St. Anthony's, was opened at Trafford Park in 1904. In 1827 the old chapel at the Park was pulled down and rebuilt in Dumplington; but it does not appear to have remained long in use.


  • 1. In Winton are Kitepool (formerly Kidpool) and Cleaveley.
  • 2. Made up as follows:—Barton, 1,108 acres; Eccles, 400½; Monton, 434½; Winton, 319½; Newhall, 85½; Foxhill, 729½; Boysnope, 416½; Higher Irlam, 1,288; Lower Irlam, 1,129½; Cadishead, 2,111; Davyhulme, 706½; Croft, 285½; Lostock, 423½; Bromyhurst, 115½; Dumplington, 359½; Whittleswick, 708½;. The census report of 1901 gives the details of the new townships thus: Eccles, 2,057; Barton Moss, including 21 acres of an unnamed area, 1,489; Irlam, 4,620; and Davyhulme, 2,658, the total being 10,824. These areas include 40,40, 81, and 81 acres of inland water respectively.
  • 3. The Manchester Ship Canal has been adopted as the boundary in Irlam, as more convenient than the old course of the Irwell; Local Govt. Bd. Order, 34989 (30 Sept. 1896). By the Salford Corporation Act, 1892, modifications were made of the Barton and Pendleton areas.
  • 4. It was used for passenger boats down to 1860. The Manch. Dir. of 1800 thus describes the route: 'The aqueduct which passes the navigable river Irwell at Barton Bridge is astonishingly grand. It begins upwards of 200 yds. from the river, which runs in a valley; over the river itself it is conveyed by a stone bridge of great strength and thickness, consisting of three arches, the centre one of which is 63 ft. wide and 38 ft. above the surface of the water, admitting the largest barges navigating the Irwell with masts standing. The spectator is here gratified with the extraordinary sight, never before beheld in this country, of one vessel of burden sailing over another.' The fares from Manchester to Worsley were 1s. and 6d. and 1s. 6d. and 9d. return. There is a view of the bridge in Aikin's Country round Manch. 113.
  • 5. Manch. Guardian N. and Q. no. 361, 1292, where it is stated that bull-baiting ceased in 1834, and bear-baiting soon afterwards; no. 974, 1101, refer to a picture of the Wakes. See also E. Axon, Bygone Lancs. 175. The Wakes continued to be held, but on private ground.
  • 6. The Hist. of Eccles and Barton's Guising War, printed about 1778, is noticed in Fishwick's Lancs. Lib. 13.
  • 7. Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. i, 251.
  • 8. Lond. Gaz. 7 July 1854. The local board was constituted the Burial Board in 1877.
  • 9. Now in the Museum, Manchester University.
  • 10. Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xi, 120. For these and other crosses see also ibid. xxii, 105–8.
  • 11. V.C.H. Lancs. i, 248–51.
  • 12. Subs. R. bdle. 250, no. 9.
  • 13. An elaborate account of Dr. Hewitt, with portrait and list of works, was given by Mr. J. P. Earwaker in Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. i, 267, &c.
  • 14. Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. iv, 494; Pal. Note Bk. i, 124. Martinscroft is not a local name.
  • 15. He died in 1733. See Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 16. Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 17. Ibid.
  • 18. Gillow, op. cit. iii, 310.
  • 19. Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 20. The lords of Manchester retained some portions in their own hands, e.g. Snydale in Westhoughton.
  • 21. In 1195 Hugh Putrell owed 5 marks for a writ of right concerning the fourth part of the fee of two knights in Barton and Worsley, the tenants being Edith, Lescelina, and Maud; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 94. This shows that the Barton fee was originally one of two knights. The explanation suggested for Hugh Putrell's claim is that he had married one of four sisters, whose name is unknown, and that Edith, Lescelina and Maud were the others. A difficulty is that while three parts of the knights' fees were reunited and came to Edith and Gilbert de Notton, the other part did not descend in the same manner. Though Hugh Putrell had possession of the thegnage manors of Worsley and Hulton, and granted them to the ancestor of the Worsley family, they were found in 1212 to be held by Edith and her husband; so that Worsley was retained or regained, while the fourth part of two knights' fees was lost; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.) i, 53, 65. In later inquests, however, Worsley and Hulton were stated to be held of Hugh Merrill or Hugh Newell; ibid. 301; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 37b. The half of a knight's fee thus alienated from Barton does not reappear, and must have been purchased by the lords of Manchester, unless it escheated to them. The knights' fees of Robert Grelley seem to be given completely in 1212, so that the lost Barton half fee must have been granted out again—perhaps to Richard de Lathom —or compensated by the new gift to Robert de Byron; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 52–6.
  • 22. Two sons of Leysing, named Sweyn and Leysing, owed money in 1129 for an agreement between themselves and Stephen, Count of Mortain, as lord of the land between Ribble and Mersey; Lancs. Pipe R. 1. It is suggested that the younger Leysing may have been the grandfather of Edith de Barton, and it may be a confirmation of this that the Barton family were the successors in Cadishead of a certain Sweyn; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 66. Lescelina daughter of Matthew son of Leysing, lord of Barton, made a grant in Swinton; ibid. (quoting Ellesmere D.); and Eda (Edith) daughter of Matthew, already married to Gilbert de Notton, was plaintiff in 1203; Cur. Reg. R. 26. The other sister, Maud, is probably the Maud de Barton who made a grant in Monton; Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.) iii, 894.
  • 23. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 137, 301. He was also known as Augustine de Breightmet, which place in 1212 was held by William de Notton; ibid. 71. See Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 422, citing the Mobberley charters.
  • 24. Whalley Couch. ii, 521; Edith, lady of Barton, with the assent of her husband Gilbert de Notton, for their salvation and that of her son John and her daughter, wife of William de Notton, granted half of Cadishead to Stanlaw Abbey. Edith and her husband were in other ways benefactors of this abbey; ibid. i, 46, &c. The son John had seisin of a moiety of Mobberley as heir to his father; Ormerod, Ches. i, 411. William de Notton and Cecily his wife about 1200 confirmed a grant to Mobberley which had been made by Cecily's uncle Patrick with the assent of her father; ibid. i, 422.
  • 25. In October 1220 the sheriff was directed to put Robert Grelley in seisin of the fee of one knight and a half in Barton, because the heir of Edith, formerly wife of Gilbert de Notton, viz. the son of Edith's daughter, was under age, and his wardship belonged to Robert; Rot. Lit. Claus. (Rec. Com.), 438. In 1222 Gilbert, described as nepos et heres of Edith de Barton, had livery of 32 oxgangs of land in Barton and Worsley and the members; Fine R. 6 Hen. III, m. 7.
  • 26. He sold the advowson of Eccles before 1234 to John de Lacy, because of an acquittance to Aaron the Jew of York which Lacy had made; Whalley Couch. i, 41. Aaron son of Joseus the Jew of York refeoffed Sir Gilbert de Barton of the manor of Barton, with remainder to John son of Sir Gilbert, and to Agnes the daughter; Dods. MSS. clxix, fol. 154b. Geoffrey de Chetham assigned to Sir Thomas Grelley the land and rent demised to him by Aaron, to hold until 205 marks should be paid to Sir Thomas, either by the grantor or by Gilbert de Barton; ibid. fol. 153b.
  • 27. To Thomas Grelley he sold at different times all his right in Westwood, 3 oxgangs of land held by Agnes widow of Geoffrey de Worsley and by Adam de Bowdon, 3 oxgangs of land held by Adam and Thomas de Hulme, 20 oxgangs of land held by Adam son of Wronow de Wardley, an orchard called the Imp Yard, and other lands; De Trafford D. no. 188– 97. To one of these deeds (194) is appended the seal of Gilbert de Notton, showing a pile; to another (195) Gilbert de Barton's own seal, paly of four. Gilbert de Barton in 1235 granted to Richard de Bracebridge 3 oxgangs of land in Brinsop in return for a release of all claims on the Barton fee; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.) i, 62. In 1241 for a similar release he sold 4 oxgangs of land in Heaton to Richard son of Christiana de Allerton—probably Richard de Hulton; ibid. i, 88.
  • 28. In 1242 Gilbert de Barton held a knight's fee and a half of Thomas Grelley, and Thomas held of the Earl of Ferrers, and he in chief of the king; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 153. In 1246 Thomas Grelley claimed from Gilbert de Barton the customs and services due in respect of the fee of a knight and also in respect of 13 oxgangs of land where 17 oxgangs made half a knight's fee; that he should do suit at the court of Manchester from three weeks to three weeks, and render 14s. 8d. a year as sake fee and castle ward. Gilbert undertook to do this, and promised not to grant, sell, mortgage or alienate the said tenement in Barton in the future without the licence of Thomas Grelley or his heirs; Final Conc. i, 93. It is evident from several facts—e.g. that the Abbot of Cockersand held Westhoughton as one oxgang by the service of the fortieth part of a knight's fee—that the original fee of Barton was of eighty oxgangs or ten plough-lands. Of this a fourth part had been alienated before 1212; possibly, as above suggested, one ploughland in Aspull, one in Turton and half in Brockholes. Of the remainder three oxgangs may have been given in alms, so that seventeen oxgangs were responsible for the service of half a knight's fee, instead of the original twenty. Of these seventeen, four must have been sold, so that Gilbert de Barton was liable only for the service from thirteen. At Easter 1250 the complaint was renewed, but with respect to the thirteen oxgangs only—the rest may have been sold—and 4s. 1d. for sake fee; but Thomas Grelley further alleged that Gilbert had granted to his daughter, then only eight years of age, a moiety of the tenement. Gilbert was adjudged in the wrong; Cur. Reg. R. 139, m. 9; 140, m. 7; Final Conc. i, 117. There seems to be no record of Gilbert's sale of the lordship, which is inferred from the later history. Gilbert de Barton was a benefactor of Stanlaw; Whalley Couch. i, 50. He died in or before 1275, when inquiry was made if he had held four messuages and certain lands, 6s. 8d. rent, and two parts of a mill in Barton, then in the possession of Robert Grelley; a fine was made by which Robert's right was acknowledged and he granted certain lands to Gilbert's son John de Barton and his heirs; Assize R. 1235, m. 11. This grant included Salteye, half of Boysnope and land between the Irwell and Chat Moss; Copped Greave, Deep Lache, Derboch, and the Hay are mentioned among the bounds.
  • 29. Whalley Couch. iii, 881. John de Barton in this as in other deeds is described as 'son and heir' of Sir Gilbert, though Agnes is called 'daughter and heir.' The Barton fee released to Robert Grelley (who died in 1282) comprised, in addition to Barton proper, the whole or parts of Aspull, Brinsop, Westhoughton, Hulton, Halliwell, Breightmet, Farnworth, Northdene, Eccles, Monton, Worsley, Westwood, Winton, Newham, Irlam, Bromyhurst, Davyhulme, Dumplington, Whittleswick, and Crompton with Belemoor. These were held by various tenures; the knight's fee and a half held of the barony of Manchester is supposed to have been originally constituted as follows: Barton, Eccles, Dumplington, Farnworth, Westhoughton, Brinsop, Aspull, and Heaton under Horwich—one fee; and Irlam, Davyhulme, Bromyhurst, Newham, Winton, Monton, and Whittleswick— half a fee; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 54; Mamecestre, ii, 379, where eight oxgangs of land in the last-named hamlets and in Barton are said to have rendered the service for the half-fee in 1322. By another charter John son and heir of Sir Gilbert de Barton granted to Robert Grelley the services of David de Hulton, Roger de Pendlebury, Richard de Urmston, Robert de Hulton, Germain de Newham, Richard de Winton, Roger de Eccles (chaplain), William de Eccles (clerk), Iarfrid de Barton, Ellis de Barton, William son of Stephen de Barton, Thomas son of Adam de Hulme, Adam son of Thomas de Hulme, Alexander the Mey, Robert de Birches, John son of Ralph the Ferryman, Adam son of Henry de Irlam and John de Bromyhurst; De Trafford D. no. 201. In the same collection (202–205) are the charter cited above from the Whalley Couch. and others connected with the transfer. In 1302 John de Barton released to Thomas Grelley all his claim arising from the withdrawal, after the death of Sir Robert Grelley, of a robe of the suit of his esquires and of maintenance for a groom and horse; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 151. Sir Gilbert had a brother William, who died without issue; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 2d. (Sept. 1357); yet two years earlier (1355) John de Barton had claimed a messuage and lands against Richard son of William de Barton; ibid. R. 4, m. 5.
  • 30. Sir Gilbert de Barton granted to Agnes, his 'daughter and heir,' for her marriage a moiety of the vill of Barton in homages and services, of Dumplington and Hulme in demesnes and services, of Irlam, &c., in services; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 150. He granted her wardship to Sir John de Blackburn, and she was to be married to his eldest son and heir; ibid. 150b. Sir John, however, released to Sir Thomas Grelley the said wardship and marriage; ibid. There was another daughter Alice, who made grants of land near Boysnope; De Trafford D. no. 206–09; also a daughter Amery; Assize R. 408, m. 16.
  • 31. It appears that Agnes was married to John Grelley, whose place in the Grelley pedigree is unknown; for Loretta, daughter of John Grelley, was in 1292 a plaintiff in a Barton case; Assize R. 408, m. 4 d. Agnes, as daughter of Gilbert de Barton, was plaintiff from 1275 onwards in various suits respecting the manor. Against Peter Grelley, uncle of Robert, she sought half the manor in 1275, and next year demanded two-thirds, or twothirds of a moiety, against Robert Grelley; De Banco R. 7, m. 21; 13, m. 3; 17, m. 25d. Cecily, the widow of Gilbert de Barton, had the other third; ibid. R. 33, m. 48; see De Trafford D. no. 199, 200. Agnes may have married, secondly, Alexander le Mey of Bromyhurst; Alexander and his wife Agnes in 1277 granted to the former's son Alexander a messuage and two parts of an oxgang of land in Barton, to be held of the heirs of Agnes; Final Conc. i, 152. If so, she was living, a widow, in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 32, 3 d. The Mey family long continued to hold lands in Barton.
  • 32. John de Barton was engaged in various suits regarding the manor in 1278 and 1279; De Banco R. 27, m. 39 d, 43 d.; 30, m. 48. Thomas del Booth and Gilbert de Barton, with his sons Hugh, Edmund, and John, were implicated in a seizure of cattle and assault at Barton in 1345; De Banco R. 344, m. 21. Gilbert de Barton was a defendant in 1353; Assize R. 435, m. 4. In the following year John son of Gilbert son of John de Barton claimed certain lands in Barton which his father Gilbert had demised to Robert de Hulme and his heirs; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 3. In 1361 he claimed two-thirds of the manor of Barton against Roger La Warre, Eleanor his wife, Thomas del Booth, and Ellen his wife; Assize R. 440, m. 1. In 1360 John de Barton and Robert his son granted Thomas del Booth an acre by the Pool Brook near the Pool Bridge, to strengthen Thomas's mill race and enlarge the mill pool; De Trafford D. no. 224. In 1363 John de Barton, in conjunction with Denise his wife and Robert his son, enfeoffed Thomas del Booth and Ellen his wife of all their lands in Barton, between Eccles and Irlam and between Newham and Davyhulme, for an annuity of 20s.; ibid. no. 225. Releases were afterwards given by Alice and Margaret sisters of Robert de Barton, and by Edmund, a son of Gilbert de Barton; ibid. no. 227, 228. In 1388 Maud, widow of Robert son of John de Barton, released to John del Booth her rights, including her dower in Boysnope, for a rent of 30s.; ibid. no. 232, 233. In 1404 Thomas de Barton allowed John del Booth and his heirs to bear his arms—three boars' heads sable; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 160b.; Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby) i, 524; while in 1423 Thomas son of Gilbert de Barton, perhaps the same person, gave a release to Thomas del Booth of all his right in the manor of Barton, and in all messuages, lands and tenements, rents and services in the vill; De Trafford D. no. 239. With regard to the permission to use the Barton arms, it may be noted that variations of the coat had already been assumed by the Booths; Visit. 1533 (Chet. Soc.) 79; also De Trafford D. no. 256.
  • 33. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 246. There were 40 acres in the demesne, bringing in 26s. 8d. a year; a garden and plat of meadow were in the lord's hands; the fishery yielded 18d. and the herbage and pannage 9s.; perquisites of the halmote were valued at 5s.; lands let brought in 38s. 8d.; and the rents of the free tenants 17s. 11½d.; the mill was worth 45s. a year, but one-third was held as dower by the widow of Sir Gilbert de Barton.
  • 34. Mamecestre, ii, 362, 379. The mill of Barton, situated by the Irwell, was worth 40s. in 1322; the tenants of the lord ground thereat to the sixteenth measure. A several fishery between Barton ford and Frith ford was worth 8d.; four fens had been partially inclosed for building upon, and with some arable land let at 12s.; ibid. 371, 372, 364. The lord's tenants of Irlam and seven other hamlets held eight oxgangs of land, and paid 16d. sake fee, 5s. for castle ward, and provided puture for the serjeants; ibid. 289.
  • 35. Loretta, as daughter of Agnes daughter of Sir Gilbert de Barton, released her lands in Barton to her trustee, Ralph de Monton, chaplain; De Trafford D. no. 210. No direct proof of the marriage with John del Booth has been met with, but it may be assumed from the descent of the lands; Loretta is not heard of again.
  • 36. Averia, wife of Adam son of Simon de Barton, in 1284 demanded against John de Barton a messuage in Barton, and against John del Booths an oxgang of land in the same vill; De Banco R. 52, m. 24. In 1292 Amery, daughter of Gilbert de Barton claimed land in Barton against John del Booths, but was non-suited on failing to appear; Assize R. 408, m. 16. Ten years later John de Booths did not prosecute a claim against Cecily widow of Gilbert de Barton; Assize R. 418, m. 8. The plural form, Booths, which occasionally appears, leads to the supposition that the place from which this family derived its name was Booths in Worsley. If so, the founder of it may be identified with a John de Booths, who as late as 1303 was claimed by Henry de Worsley as his native and fugitive, but who produced Henry's charter, releasing to him all action of nativity, so that he with his sequel and chattels should remain free and of free condition for ever; De Banco R. 145, m. 1 d.
  • 37. By fine in 1307 a settlement of lands in Barton was made, Robert son of John del Booths being plaintiff, and John del Booth of Barton deforciant; Mr. Earwaker's note. Robert de Booth attested charters in 1317 and 1325; De Trafford D. no. 265, 264. Agnes widow of Robert del Booth is named at Easter, 1354; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 2.
  • 38. John son of Gilbert de Barton in 1343 granted to Thomas del Booth and his tenants at Bickford common of pasture on Pool Moss in Barton, viz., between Pool Brook and Sandyford under Harley Cliff in Boysnope, and between the fences of Poolfields and the bounds of Worsley upon Chat Moss; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 158b. Thomas del Booth had claimed common of pasture as the right of his father Robert, dispossessed by Gilbert de Barton, John his son and Denise his wife, and Robert son of John; De Banco R. 334, m. 179 d. In 1345 John La Warre, lord of Manchester, and Joan his wife granted to Thomas son of Robert del Booth 30 acres of the waste in Barton at a rent of 10s., with remainder to John son of Emma de Bury, brother of the said Thomas; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 157b. Roger La Warre, lord of Manchester, confirmed to Thomas del Booth all the lands, &c., in Barton which had descended to him from his father, and his other lands more recently acquired; ibid. fol. 160b. Roger La Warre in 1355, after reciting that John La Warre had granted Thomas del Booth 30 acres in Barton at a rent of 29s. 4d., and 30 acres of the waste at a rent of 10s.; and that Joan La Warre and Roger had granted to Thomas and Ellen his wife and their heirs 10 acres for the rent of 1d. during the life of Thomas and 5s. afterwards, reduced the total rent to 2d. a year for the life of Thomas and his sons Thurstan and Robert, 44s. 4d. to be paid afterwards, and granted other lands; De Trafford D. no. 219. The rent was in 1357 reduced to 1d. after the death of Thomas; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 15. Roger, a son of Thomas, is named in 1362; De Banco R. 418, m. 1 d.
  • 39. In 1369 Ellen his widow appeared against John son of Thomas de Hulme, Robert son of Richard de Worsley, and many others, concerning her husband's death; Coram Rege R. 434, m. 11 d. John de Hulme was pardoned in 1384 for his share in the matter; Cal. Pat. 1381–5, p. 393.
  • 40. Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 131. His will is printed in Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 283; from Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 133/169. Licences for his oratories were granted to Thomas del Booth of Barton in 1361, 1365, and 1366; Lich. Epis. Reg. v, fol. 6, 11, 15b.
  • 41. For Sir Robert Booth and his descendants see Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 523, &c. For Roger, ibid. ii, 382. William Booth, after study at Cambridge, became prebendary of Southwell in 1416, and steadily rose till he was made Bishop of Lichfield in 1447 and Archbishop of York in 1452. He founded the Jesus Chantry at Eccles. He died at Southwell in 1464, and his will is printed in Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.), ii, 264. There is a notice of him in Dict. Nat. Biog. Lawrence Booth, master of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, from 1450 till his death, and chancellor of that university, adhered to the Lancastrian side in the wars of the Roses, being chancellor of Queen Margaret and tutor to her son the Prince of Wales. He became Bishop of Durham in 1457, and though suspected by Edward IV, was afterwards reconciled to him, and was Lord Chancellor in 1473–4. He was promoted to the archbishopric of York in 1476, and died four years later. See Dict. Nat. Biog. He founded a chantry in Eccles Church. The Booth family provided other notable ecclesiastics in the 15th century.
  • 42. Towneley MS. DD. no. 1486; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 24–5. John del Booth was knight of the shire in 1411 and 1420; Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs. 47, 51. There are grants of land to John son of Thomas de Booth in De Trafford D. no. 232, &c. John de Booth of Barton had licence for his oratories in 1421; Lich. Epis. Reg. ix, fol. 3b.
  • 43. In 1421 Thomas son of John Booth leased to his brother Robert the land called Westslack, as recently inclosed; De Trafford D. no. 238. In 1429 Thomas Booth the elder and Thomas his son were defendants in a Barton case; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 2, m. 14. Sir Thomas Booth was living in 1445; ibid. R. 8, m. 20, 37b. In 1454 William Booth, Archbishop of York, and Sir Robert Booth, sons of John Booth, as surviving feoffees, granted to Thomas, son and heir of Sir Thomas Booth, various lands in Salford, Flixton, Hulme, and Croft, with ultimate remainders to the heirs male of John Booth; De Trafford D. no. 102. Nicholas Booth of Barton, and Henry, sons of Sir Thomas Booth, were with others in 1445 called to answer Alice widow of Nicholas Johnson, who accused them of the death of her husband; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 8, m. 29; 9, m. 27.
  • 44. He was made a knight by Lord Stanley in the Scottish Expedition of 1482; Metcalfe, Book of Knights, 7. Sir John was made a justice of the peace in 1487; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 162.
  • 45. The statement is an inference from the date of his death, 9 Sept. 1513; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, 15. The inquisition gives an outline of his descent from Thomas del Booth 1357, which has been followed in the text.
  • 46. Ibid. vi, no. 46; the manor of Barton, Barton Hall, and lands in Barton, Irlam, Hulme, Newham, &c., Poolmill, Barton Mill, Croft Mill and fishery, &c., were held of the lord of Manchester in socage by 1d. rent. Dorothy [Boteler] his wife survived him. John, the heir, was only a year old. At the Visit. of 1533 he was said to be six years of age; Chet. Soc. 78.
  • 47. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, 39. The estate included 200 messuages, three water mills, a fulling mill, &c., in Barton, Manchester, Bradford, Openshaw, Higher and Lower Ardwick, Pyecroft, Florelache, Marshallfield, and Salford; the lands in Salford were held of the queen in socage by a rent of 4s., but all the rest were held of Lord La Warre. Anne, the widow, afterwards married Sir William Davenport, and was in possession of her dower in 1564, when the inquisition was taken; she was the daughter of Sir Richard Brereton of Worsley, and was still living at Bramhall in 1576. For a suit between her and her son John Booth in 1559, see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 209.
  • 48. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, 8; the ages of the daughters are thus given:— Margaret Trafford, 15; Anne, 13; Dorothy, 12; and Katherine, 12. Katherine died early in 1582 while still under age and in the queen's guardianship, holding, as it was wrongly stated, a fourth part of the manor of Barton by the fourth part of a knight's fee; ibid. xiv, 13. The marriage agreement between Edmund Trafford and John Booth for the marriage of the former's son Edmund with Margaret, 'daughter and heir' of the latter, is printed in the Visit. of 1533, vii-ix. In 1574 John Booth had a dispute with his fatherin-law, Sir Piers Legh, as to his wife's marriage portion; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 14.
  • 49. From an abstract of title prepared about 1700 in the possession of W. Farrer. The pedigree is given in Ormerod, Ches. i, 462; also Visit. of 1664, p. 179. Anne Booth married George Legh in 1587; she was dead in 1612, when her son George married Frances Brooke. George Legh paid £10 in 1631 on declining knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 215. In 1651 he complained that his estate had been sequestered, though he had always assisted the Parliament, lent money, and taken the Engagement. It appeared that before the war had actually broken out he had sent two men armed to the force raised by Lord Strange, but had afterwards taken refuge in Manchester; Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv, 2898; Royalist Comp. P. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 78. George, the grandson, who died in 1674, bequeathed his lands in Barton to his wife for life, and his lands in Manchester to his sister Elizabeth for her life, with remainder to his cousin Richard Legh and male issue, and then to Thomas Legh. Elizabeth agreed to this settlement. It appears from the fines that a settlement of the manor was made in 1586, Sir Peter Legh and Sir Edmund Trafford being plaintiffs, and Edmund Trafford and Margaret his wife, Anne Booth, and John Molyneux and Dorothy his wife, deforciants; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 48, m. 4. In 1588 a settlement was made on George Legh and Anne his wife, the estate being forty houses, 400 acres of land, &c., in Barton, Openshaw, &c.; ibid. bdle. 50, m. 115. For John Molyneux, see Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, 24. Dorothy Booth's share descended to a daughter, who married Robert Charnock of Astley in Chorley, and their daughter and heir married Richard son of Sir Peter Brooke of Mere in Cheshire; Visit. of 1613, p. 9; Ormerod, op. cit. i, 465.
  • 50. a Baines, Lancs.
  • 51. The manor of Barton has been regularly included in the records of Trafford estates; see Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 329; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 80, no. 4; 100, no. 22; 282, no. 99.
  • 52. Information of Messrs. Taylor, Kirkman & Co.
  • 53. There is no variation in the spelling of the name calling for notice, except Heckeles, 1278.
  • 54. Whalley Couch. i, 42. William de Eccles released 8 acres belonging to the church of Eccles in exchange for half an oxgang of the church land, formerly held for life. To John his brother the same William granted 16 acres in the vill of Eccles; ibid. i, 43. Monithorns was adjacent to Eccles and to Monton, and was granted by Gilbert de Barton to the monks in pure alms; a pit at Sevenlows was one of the boundaries; ibid. i, 50, 49. Iorwerth son of Morgan de Barton and Agnes his wife released all their claim to Monithorns in consideration of a payment of 6s.; ibid. iii, 921. Iorwerth de Barton and Richard his son were also benefactors regarding Westwood; ibid. iii, 912–13.
  • 55. In 1394 Richard de Burghton [Broughton] granted to Henry del Monks and Margaret his wife all his messuages and lands in the vill of Barton; Earwaker MSS. There was thus a family surnamed Monks living in the township, who may have given a name to Monks' Hall, or taken one from it.
  • 56. a Anderton of Lostock D. (Mr. Stonor), no. 112. A pleading of 1632 shows that Ellis Hey of Monkton Hall in Eccles, Chorlton Hall, Bolton le Moors, &c., had a son and heir Ellis, then married to Mary, daughter of Stephen Radley; Pleas of Crown, Lanc. bdle. 331. The younger Ellis and his wife were both under age.
  • 57. b Dugdale, Visit. 133; they are described as of Chorlton Hall in 1664. Dorothy Hey occurs at Irlam in 1529; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 136. John Hey about 1540 held a house, garden, and land at Frearforth Green in Monton, paying 13s. 4d. a year to the Abbot of Whalley; Couch. iv, 1238. Roger Hey in 1541 contributed to the subsidy 'for goods'; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 140. In 1552 Thomas Hey and Isabel his wife had a suit with Robert Edge, Margaret his wife, Thurstan Woodward and Ellen his wife, respecting a house, &c., at Eccles; Ducatus Lanc. i, 255.
  • 58. Ellis Hey of Monks' Hall was, about 1647, stated to be 'very old and infirm, and too much in debt to compound'; but later he or the trustees of his infant grandson and heir paid a fine of £309 for his 'delinquency in assisting the forces raised against the Parliament'; Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iii, 1923; Royalist Comp. Papers, iii, 221.
  • 59. Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. v, 3.
  • 60. a Raines, in Gastrell's Notitia, ii, 53.
  • 61. Canon Raines (loc. cit.) says that when it was a farm-house the public had the privilege of a passage way through the building.
  • 62. She married Willis in 1681.
  • 63. Mr. John Harland prevented the coins from being dispersed in the first instance.
  • 64. From the Vawdrey deeds it appears that Thomas Valentine, living in 1476 and 1487, had sons John, George, and Geoffrey. John, who was dead in 1508, had sons John and Thomas, of whom the latter survived. Thomas Valentine of Bentcliffe, son of John Valentine, and his mother Joan Langtree, widow, in 1516 made a feoffment of messuages, lands, &c., in Eccles, Barton, Little Houghton, Worsley, and Bedford. In 1536 he granted all his lands in Eccles, Barton, and Worsley, to his bastard sons John and Richard for life, with remainder to his right heirs. It is probable that this was the Thomas Valentine of Bentcliffe—the place is also called Bencliffe and Beancliffe—whose will (dated 1550) is printed by Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc.), ii, 134, his son Richard being the chief beneficiary.
  • 65. Whalley Couch. i, 43.
  • 66. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, 31.
  • 67. Thomas Valentine was buried at Eccles 21 Apr. 1614, and his son John 30 Mar. 1625. For the latter, see Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, 18. John his son and heir was born in 1611.
  • 68. Vawdrey D. Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv, 2725. He recorded a pedigree in 1664, giving his age as fifty-five; Dugdale, Visit. 320. He died early in 1681, and his son Thomas was buried a week after his father. Richard Valentine, the son and heir, was born in 1675, and appointed sheriff of the county in 1713. He died two years later, and by his will (1714) left Bentcliffe to 'Thomas Valentine, clerk, formerly of Dublin College, his kinsman.' This Thomas is believed to have been the son of Francis Valentine of Manchester, younger brother of Richard's father. Thomas Valentine lived at Frankford in Kilglass, co. Sligo, and 'in 1766 (1763) devised the estate to Samuel, eldest son of John Valentine of Boston in New England, by a member of which family the hall and 50 acres of land were sold about the year 1792 to a Mr. Partington'; Piccope, Wills, loc. cit. Samuel Valentine of Bentcliffe paid a duchy rent of 32s. 7d. in 1779; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, 14/25. This account of the Valentines is taken partly from the late Mr. Earwaker's notes on the family, compiled from the Eccles registers, wills at Chester, and other sources.
  • 69. 26 May 1892.
  • 70. 4 Aug. 1894.
  • 71. The library was established in 1904, and the present building erected in 1908. Information of Mr. C. J. Mellor, librarian.
  • 72. The tramways are worked by Salford Corporation.
  • 73. A full description of the boundaries is given in the council's Year-book, communicated to the editors by the town clerk, Mr. E. Parkes.
  • 74. Maunton, Mawinton, xiii cent.
  • 75. Rentals and Surv. 379, m. 13. Monton was rated as 3 oxgangs of land, as appears by a charter of Maud de Barton granting half an oxgang there, 'to wit, the sixth part of the town'; Whalley Couch. i, 56. The abbot's holding is described as 2 oxgangs in 1324; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 37b. The survey of 1346 records that the Abbot of Whalley held half the land in Monton in socage by a rent of 6s.; Lord La Warre and the Abbot of Cockersand held the rest, the Abbot of Whalley holding of them; Add. MSS. 32103, fol. 146. The rent of 6s. appears in the sheriff's compotus of 1348; while in an extent made in 1445–6 it is recorded that 'the abbot of Whalley holds the moiety of all the lands and tenements in Monton in socage, and renders 6s. yearly; he says that he holds in frank almoign'; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, 2/20. Hugh the clerk of Eccles, who held 1 oxgang, gave 10 acres in Monton and Old Monton to Cockersand Abbey; Chart. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 702, 703. The Whalley lands were derived largely from grants by the Byron and Worsley families. Early in the 13th century Maud daughter of Matthew de Barton granted half an oxgang of land in Monton to William the Clerk of Eccles, at a rent of 10d., with free common on her lands in Swinton, Little Houghton, and Monton; Whalley Couch. iii, 894. William the Clerk sold all his right to Geoffrey de Byron for 13 marks; ibid. 891. Gilbert de Barton granted land as an appurtenance of Monton to Geoffrey, the bounds beginning at Gildenhaleford, following the hedge of Eccles as far as the monks' gate, across Westslack to the brook by Torthalen, and along the brook to Caldebrook and up this to Denebrook; ibid. 880. Richard de Monton son of Hugh the Clerk, and Ellen the daughter of Geoffrey de Byron, granted to Geoffrey son of Geoffrey de Byron lands of his mother in Monton, the rents being, to Cockersand 12d. and to Richard de Worsley 16d.; ibid. 898. Geoffrey de Worsley granted an oxgang of land in Monton, previously held by Adam de Kenyon, to Richard son of Geoffrey de Byron, and this seems to have come to the younger Geoffrey as heir of his brother Richard; Whalley Couch. iii, 897; Assize R. 404, m. 7. The two Geoffreys de Byron had various lawsuits respecting their properties in Barton and Worsley from 1250 onwards; Cur. Reg. R. 162, m. 3 d.; 171, m. 8 d.; 178, m. 13 d.; Assize R. 1235, m. 11 d. Geoffrey the son finally granted his manor of Monton, with lands in Swinton, to the monks of Stanlaw; Whalley Couch. iii, 877. It was alleged that he was of unsound mind at the time, having been paralysed; and the monks had to refute this charge, and thought it prudent to procure releases and quitclaims from all those who could in any way allege a title to the lands included in the grant: Edmund Earl of Lancaster, Richard son of Geoffrey de Worsley, Henry de Worsley, Isabel daughter of Geoffrey de Byron and sister of the grantor, and Ellen another daughter of the elder Geoffrey; ibid. 882–900. At the grange of Monton in 1291 the monks were found to hold 2 plough-lands worth 30s. a year, assized rents of 33s., and profit of store cattle, 26s. 8d.; ibid. i, 335.
  • 76. In 1292 Agnes widow of Richara de Monton made a claim for dower in an oxgang of land in Monton, but on the abbot showing that she had lived in adultery with Elias de Whittleswick and then with William le Norreys, and had never been reconciled to her husband, her claim was refused; Assize R. 408, m. 1 d. Henry son and heir of Richard de Worsley in 1296 granted to Geoffrey son of Thomas son of Litcock de Salford the rents due to him from the monks of Whalley, viz. 2s. 8d. in Monton, 2s. 3d. in Swinton, and 3s. in Little Houghton; Ellesmere D. no. 218. In 1465 Ottiwell Worsley, Rose his wife, and Rowland the son, granted to Robert Lawe, vicar of Eccles, and John Reddish of the Monks' Hall, the elder, the lands called Monton, Monton Hey, the mill, the Westwood, Huntington Clough, &c., held of the Abbot and Convent of Whalley for a term of years, at the rent of £9 10s. 8d.; 6s. was due to the king and 11d. to the lord of Barton; Ellesmere D. no. 35.
  • 77. The survey made for the king at that time states that the court had always been held at Eccles for the hamlets within the parish. The mill was a corn-mill, out of repair. The tenants of Monton and Swinton had common on Swinton Moor, and the abbot used to pay 7s. 11d. to the lord of Worsley; the tenants of Monton also had common in the pasture of Alveshaw. They were not to fell timber without the licence of the lord or his officers; Whalley Couch. iv, 1236–40.
  • 78. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII, pt. iv; see also Duchy of Lanc. Pleadings, cxv, B, 4.
  • 79. In a fine of 1607 regarding the manor of Monton and various messuages and lands in Barton and Worsley, Roger Downes was plaintiff and Sir John Radcliffe with Oswald Mosley, jun., and Anne his wife, deforciants; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 71, m. 41. In the fine of 1612 Sir John Radcliffe and Alice his wife were the deforciants; ibid. bdle. 82, m. 31. In the inquisition taken in 1639 after the death of Roger Downes of Wardley, Monton is not described as a manor, but the lands, &c., there were said to be held of the king by knight's service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, 54.
  • 80. Simon del Slack in 1329 granted to a feoffee all his land in Barton, with the rent of 7d. and the homage and other services due from John son of John de Prestwich; De Trafford D. no. 213. Richard son of Simon sold all his rights in the Slack to Thomas del Booth in 1348; ibid. no. 217; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 157, 158. Thurstan son of Thomas del Booth claimed a messuage and lands in Barton in 1359 against William son of Simon del Slack; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 7, m. 1.
  • 81. Anciently Withinton.
  • 82. Thomas Grelley, who died in 1262, granted to Richard de Winton 7 acres, within bounds beginning where Tordal Syke ran down to Caldebrook, at a rent of 14d.; Whalley Couch. iii, 910. Richard son of Richard the Rymour of Winton in 1277 released his right in Westwood to the monks of Stanlaw, and about the same time made a grant of land near Blakelow in the field of Eccles; Agnes his widow in 1284 released her claim for dower in return for a cow, &c., given by the monks; ibid. 909–11. John de Winton also released his claim to Westwood; ibid. 912. Richard the Rymour and John his brother attested a Barton charter; De Trafford D. no. 206. Margaret widow of Henry de Worsley and John de Winton were in 1326 charged with trespass by digging in the Abbot of Whalley's turbary in Swinton; De Banco R. 264, m. 57 d. In 1531 the Abbot of Whalley leased to John Booth of Barton Westslack, Kitepool (Kepill), and Westwood, at a rent of £2 5s.; Whalley Couch. iv, 1241.
  • 83. In 1353, at Pentecost, Richard de Wydale and Cecily his wife obtained a messuage and lands in Barton from Margery widow of John de Winton, and John, Alice, Cecily, and Ellen his children; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 1 d. This appears to be connected with an earlier suit, in which John son of Roger de Barlow claimed from Cecily daughter of David de Hulton, Thomas del Booth, and John son of Robert de Worsley, two messuages and 24 acres in Barton; Ellen, the mother of Cecily, had settled these lands on her, but had afterwards married the plaintiff and given them to him, and Cecily, under age, had been induced to release her claim. It was held that she was justified in repudiating the release; ibid. R. 1, m. 3. The former suit was still proceeding in 1359; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 340. Alice, Emma, and Cecily, daughters of Margaret de Winton, were charged with depasturing at Barton in 1362; De Banco R. 411, m. 233 d. Richard Wedall, one of the charterers of Barton, died in 1523, and his son and heir, being a minor, became the ward of John Booth; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 165. Giles Wedall contributed to the subsidy in 1541, 'for goods'; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 140.
  • 84. William son of Odo de Newham occurs as defendant in 1261; Cur. Reg. R. 171, m. 8 d. In 1275 Germain de Newham complained that Geoffrey de Byron of Monton and Robert Abbot of Stanlaw had deprived him of his common of pasture in 100 acres of wood in Barton. Geoffrey replied that he had by a hey inclosed 30 acres of the said 100 acres, and that the abbot held that inclosed portion, but the plaintiff had never had any right in it, though he might have in the residue; Assize R. 1235, m. 11 d.; 1238, m. 34. Margery the daughter of Germain de Newham about 1295 married Thomas son of Thomas de Hulme; De Trafford D. no. 251. In 1351 Hawise widow of Richard de Newham claimed dower in two messuages and various lands in Barton, Hugh son of Gilbert de Barton being the defendant; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1, m. 1 d. By fine in 1385 an assignment of dower was made to Margery de Newham out of the estate of John son of Richard de Newham, by the intervention of John son of William de Newham. The tenement was two messuages, 40 acres of land, &c.; Final Conc. iii, 24. 'Robert Cliveley of Newham within Barton' occurs in a deed of 1664.
  • 85. A mediety of the wood of Boylsnape was among the lands granted to John de Barton by Robert Grelley; De Trafford D. no. 203. Alice daughter of Gilbert de Barton, in a grant of lands and easements, excepted Boylissnape in reciting 'pannage in all the woods of the vill of Barton'; ibid. no. 206. In 1322 the lord of Manchester had in Boysnope 12 acres of pasture worth 6s.; and the third part of the wood, being covered with oaks, was attached to Cuerdley Wood; Mamecestre, ii, 367, 370. Maud widow of Robert de Barton leased to John son of Thomas del Booth all her dower lands, &c., in the Boylsnape egh in 1388; De Trafford D. no. 233.
  • 86. Irwulham (1292); 'Irlam alias Irwellham' (1680).
  • 87. In 1322 Irlam, like Newham, Winton, and Monton, was a hamlet of Barton, in the possession of the lord of Manchester; Mamecestre, ii, 379.
  • 88. Dolfin de Irlam about 1190 granted his part of the land between the crooked oak and the stub at the head of Wulpitcroft, and his part of the wood between Elmtree Pool and Elbrook, to the canons of Cockersand; Simon, the brother of Dolfin, and John de Hulme concurred, Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 719– 21. About 1245 Henry, Abbot of Cockersand, granted this land to Geoffrey de Irlam and his heirs at a rent of 16d.; a mark of silver was to be paid at death in lieu of relief, and half a mark at the death of a wife; ibid. 722. In 1461 Richard del Booth held land in Irlam at a rent of 16d.; ibid. iv, 1238. William son of Avice de Irlam granted to Adam son of William de Irlam certain lands upon the 'Ruedis' between the high road and the marsh, at the rent of a pair of white gloves or 1d.; De Trafford D. no. 259. In 1292 inquiry was made if William son of Avice de Irlam, uncle of William son of Cecily de Irlam, had been seised of a messuage and land then tenanted by Adam de Didsbury and Margery his wife; Adam stating that he held by grant of Cecily sister and heir of the former William. The charter was alleged to be a forgery, but a verdict was given for Adam; Assize R. 408, m. 5 d.
  • 89. Adam de Irlam (see last note) was defendant in suits respecting lands in 1278 and 1279, the plaintiffs being Richard and Ralph de Irlam; De Banco R. 23, m. 53; 24, m. 4; 28, m. 33. Agnes widow of Adam in 1301 released to Richard de Hulton the elder all her right in her husband's lands; De Trafford D. no. 262; while Thomas, the son of Adam, had in 1298 leased all his lands in Irlam for six years to William de Hulton, excepting the dower lands of his mother Agnes; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 162b. Richard son of John de Irlam granted to Richard de Hulton part of his land on 'Ruyedishe' in Irlam; ibid. fol. 162. To William son of John de Irlam, Richard son of Richard the Harper released all his claim upon Plumtree Butt, Thomas son of Richard de Irlam being a witness; De Trafford D. no. 263, 266. In 1317 William son of William son of John de Irlam granted all his lands in Irlam to Richard de Hulton; ibid. no. 265.
  • 90. Richard de Hulton in 1306 gave his son Adam lands in Irlam and Sharples and the mill pool of Flixton, with the service of John son of William de Hulton from all lands in Irlam; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 162. In 1324 Margaret widow of Adam de Pendlebury claimed as dower the third part of a plough-land in Irlam; Richard de Hulton was defendant, and charged Margaret with adultery, but she alleged that she had been reconciled to her husband; De Banco R. 248, m. 154 d. Richard de Hulton in 1325 gave to Robert son of Adam de Hulton, for life, all his lands in the hamlet of Irlam in the vill of Barton, excepting those which he had acquired from Adam del Birches of Didsbury; Robert and his tenants were to grind their corn at Richard's mill at Flixton to the twentieth measure; De Trafford D. no. 264. The grandson, Richard de Hulton, made a similar grant in 1331 (ibid. no. 267), and in 1334 gave to John son of Henry de Hulton [of Farnworth] his purparty of the waste of Irlam, then held for life by Robert son of John de Hulton; John de Hulton and his tenants were to grind at the Flixton mill, without giving multure, being 'hopper free' for ever. William son of Ellen de Irlam, one of the tenants, paid an arrow as rent; ibid. no. 270–2. Adam de Hulton granted his lands in Irlam to his son Robert in 1340, with remainder to another son, Adam; ibid. no. 269. The Booths of Barton acquired lands from Cecily daughter of David de Hulton in 1350 from John de Barton in 1362, and from Henry son of John de Hulton of Irlam in 1425; ibid. no. 273–5. In the last grant the 'Ferry houses' are mentioned; in 1360 there lived William del Ferry of Irlam; Assize R. 451, m. 3. Adam son of Adam de Hulton in 1368 sold his lands in Irlam to Thomas del Booth; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 163. The Hultons of Farnworth continued to hold land in Irlam in socage of the lords of Manchester; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 6. The Booths of Barton and Asshaws of Shaw were also landowners in the 16th century, as appears by the Cal. of Inquisitions p.m. In 1563 John Booth acquired from Richard Dutton messuages and lands in Irlam, and a free fishery in the Irwell; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 269.
  • 91. Richard de Irlam and Alice his wife and Thomas (son of Richard) and Maud his wife were plaintiffs in 1360; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 8, m. 13. William Irlam occurs in 1472; Agecroft D. no. 345. In 1580 John Johnson alias Irlam and Edmund Hey were deforciants in a fine respecting property in Irlam, Humphrey Barlow and Ellis Hey being the plaintiffs; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 42, m. 181. Thomas Irlam and Isabel his wife in 1584 sold land to Humphrey Barlow; ibid. bdle. 46, m. 98. Thomas Irlam of Barton in 1631 paid £10 on declining knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 215. Frances Irlam of Pendleton in 1717 registered an estate as a 'papist'; Engl. Catb. Nonjurors, 153.
  • 92. Pedigrees are given in Dugdale's Visit. 175; Earwaker, East Ches. i, 133; and Baines, Lancs. (ed. Croston), iii, 272. The origin of this branch of the Lathom family and of its interest in Irlam has not been ascertained, but they may have succeeded to the Westleigh family; see Final Conc. ii, 121, and the account of Rivington. In 1448 Oliver Barton and George Massey were deforciants of messuages and lands in Barton, Irlam, Rivington and Westleigh; apparently the same as those held in later times by the Lathoms; ibid. iii, 114. In 1582 George Lathom made a settlement of his estate of ten messuages, 100 acres of land, &c., in Irlam, Rivington, Bedford, Westleigh and Liverpool; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 44, m. 42. George Lathom died in Dec. 1602; he desired to be buried in Eccles Church, where his wife was buried. To his son Thomas he left all his implements of husbandry, and he names his other sons John and Henry; Manch. C. Leet Rec. ii, 187. Edmund Lathom, grandson of George, died 2 Apr. 1639, leaving as heir his son Edmund, then twenty-four years of age. The inquisition recites a settlement made by the grandfather, and states that the third part of the manor of Irlam was held of Sir Cecil Trafford; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 755. Robert Tipping of Irlam died in 1622, holding a messuage and lands of Edmund Lathom (the son of Thomas) by the rent of a pair of white gloves—possibly the land of Adam de Irlam already mentioned; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 371. In 1680 Thomas Lathom of Irlam agreed with his mother, Jane Lathom of Hawthorn near Wilmslow, respecting her annuity of £10, granting her his capital messuages, Irlam Hall and Bedford Hall, and lands there and in Rivington, Anglezarke, Manchester and Audenshaw, for twenty-one years, to discharge the annuity and various other debts; deed in Manchester Free Library. John Halsall, claiming by demise of John Leigh, complained in 1695 of having been ejected by Thomas Lathom from an estate in Irlam, Bedford, &c.; Exch. of Pleas, Trin. 7 Will. III, m. 41. Thomas Lathom actively assisted in the revolution of 1688. His ultimate heir was a daughter Jane, who married John Finney of Fulshaw Hall; Earwaker, East Ches. i, 130, where it is stated that Thomas Lathom had so far involved his estate by his efforts in favour of William III that he left his heir 'nothing more than the coat of arms.' An account of the Finneys is given, ibid. i, 153–6.
  • 93. Burke, Commoners, iv, 106. John Greaves of Irlam died in Dec. 1815, and his son John succeeded him; being succeeded in Apr. 1849, by his sister Mary, who died in 1866; Raines, in Gastrell's Notitia, ii, 50; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 595; monument in Eccles Church. In 1886 the hall was owned by Mr. J. Browne; Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. iv, 307, 308.
  • 94. Cadwalesate, 1212; Kadewaldesire, 1222; Cadewallessiete, 1226; Cadewalleset, c. 1300; Cadewallesheved, 1350.
  • 95. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 66. The jury did not know how the land had been alienated from the king's service. The land is called 'one oxgang.' Edwin the carpenter had held it 'by the service of making carpentry in the king's castle of West Derby'; ibid. 133. If Sweyn was the son of Leysing (see above) the King Henry who granted Cadishead to Edwin was probably Henry I.
  • 96. Ibid. i, 133. That each paid 2s. is inferred from the rent of 4s. due from the whole of Cadishead (ibid. 137), and from Edith de Barton's charter to Stanlaw, in which it is stated that Alexander held a moiety.
  • 97. Whalley Couch. ii, 521.
  • 98. Ibid. 519. The 6s. 8d. would include the 2s. due from the moiety the monks already held; how they acquired the other moiety is not apparent, unless it had in some way escheated to William de Ferrers, who thereupon granted it to them at an increased rent.
  • 99. Ibid. 520. William de Ferrers died in 1247; his son William had by Margaret, his second wife, a son Robert, born in 1241, so that Sibyl, the first wife, must have died earlier than that year. At Cadishead in 1291 the monks were said to hold two plough-lands worth 40s. a year; they had 40s. also from the profits of the store cattle; ibid. i, 335. About 1540 the tenants at will, nine in number, paid £7 0s. 7d. a year; ibid. iv, 1240.
  • 100. Kuerden MSS. iv, G. 5.
  • 101. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII, pt. 5; Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 382. For subsequent disputes see Ducatus Lanc. iii, 95, 129, &c.
  • 102. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 260. He seems to have held it as trustee of Dame Alice Fitton, the daughter and heir of Sir John Holcroft of Holcroft. His son John succeeded him, and was tenant at his death in 1634, when Charles I granted Great and Little Woolden and Cadishead to Sir Kenelm Digby; Pat. 9 Chas. I, pt. 5; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1631–3, p. 41. The jury in 1634 found that John Calveley was a bastard; Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 346. Edward Calveley died in 1636 possessed of the Cadishead lands; his son and heir John was then seventeen years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, 75. John Calveley's lands were sequestered by the Parliamentary authorities, but the Holcrofts appear about 1652 to have tried to regain possession; Exch. Deps. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 28, 129, 35; Cal. Exch. Pleas, C. 4. In the reference last given Cadishead is called a manor. The Holcrofts retained or recovered part of their estate, as Woolden is named in 1652 and 1680 as part of their property; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 152, m. 77; bdle. 204, m. 11, 35. In 1700 it was owned by Richard Calveley, who sold Great Woolden to — Poole of Warrington; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 595.
  • 103. The manor of Cadishead and messuages, water-mill, lands, &c. in Cadishead and Glazebrook were in 1723 settled upon Edward Poole and Mary his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 289, m. 73. Cudworth Poole, the son, vicar of Eccles, died at Great Woolden Hall in 1768. For the family see Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 583; iii, 461. Little Woolden was sold by Richard Calveley to—Leach of Warrington, and was owned in 1868 by John Arthur Borron of Warrington; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 596.
  • 104. Hulme was the usual name; Dewhulm, 1313; Defehulme, 1434; Deafhulme, 1559: Devyhulme, 1737.
  • 105. Gilbert de Barton granted to Thomas Grelley, who died in 1262, two oxgangs of land held by Adam de Hulme; and about 1270 the homages of Thomas son of Adam de Hulme and of Adam son of Thomas de Hulme were named in the grant by John de Barton to Robert Grelley; De Trafford D. no. 190, 201. Adam de Hulme was a plaintiff in 1276–8, in respect of common of pasture in Barton; Assize R. 1235, m. 11; 405, m. 4 d.
  • 106. John de Hulme made a grant of part of Whittleswick, apparently before 1217; De Trafford D. no. 280. By a deed dated 1222 ('anno regni regis Henrici septimo') Thomas de Hulme granted to his brother Richard a moiety of his mother's dower, viz. a sixth part of his land in Hulme with half of his share in Saltey, viz. one acre, which his father John had divided with Eda, lady of Barton; a rent of 20d. was payable; De Trafford D. no. 250. Robert son of Richard de Hulme in 1295–6 granted a half of his land in Hulme and Saltey to Margaret, daughter of Germain de Newham, and her heirs by Thomas son of Thomas de Hulme; ibid. no. 251. Richard de Hulme was a witness, and Robert was a clerk. Thomas de Hulme and John his brother attested a Barton grant made earlier than 1262; ibid. no. 196. There were several Adams. In 1278 Adam de Hulme complained of disseisin by Robert Grelley in Hulme and Barton; Assize R. 1238, m. 31. Alice daughter of Gilbert de Barton, widow, granted to Adam son of Simon de Hulme land in Saltey near Boysnope; Adam 'the Earl' (comes) of Hulme was a witness; De Trafford D. no. 206. Stephen de Barton granted to Robert son of Simon de Hulme 3 acres in Hulme, lying between the Limme and the street; W. Farrer D. The estates of Adam the Earl ('le Horl'; De Trafford D, no. 298) seem to have gone to a Birches family, for Ellen widow of Robert del Birches in 1309 released to Robert son of Sir Henry de Trafford all her right in the lands in Hulme formerly belonging to Adam 'le Erle' by charter of Gilbert de Barton; and Alexander de Birches did the same; ibid. no. 252, 253. Joan widow of Alexander and Robert his son, a minor, occur in 1311; De Banco R. 184, m. 113. Robert de Birches made an exchange with Adam de Hulme, including an oxgang of land in 'Ruchfinee'; C. of Wards, Deeds, and Evidences, box 153, no. 6. There was also in 1324 an Adam son of Adam son of Roger de Hulme; Assize R. 426, m. 9. Thomas de Hulme was in 1292 acquitted of a share in the death of Alexander de Barlow; ibid. 408, m. 20. He was probably the Thomas son of Adam to whom Agnes de Barton released all claim on lands in Hulme and Barton; De Trafford D. no. 208. In 1313 he was a plaintiff, John La Warre and Joan his wife being defendants; while eleven years later there were other disputes between the latter pair and Thomas de Hulme and his wife Ellen; Assize R. 424, m. 11; 426, m. 9 d, 6, 27. Thomas was living in 1338, when he attempted to recover land in Barton against the La Warres; but the writ was quashed for a grammatical error—'Questus est nobis Thomas de Hulme et Elena uxor ejus'; ibid. 1425, m. 6. His son John in 1339 had 'the sixth part of the manor of Barton' settled upon him by his parents, Thomas being here called 'the elder'; Final Conc. ii, 111. In the same year Thomas granted to a trustee all his lands in Barton, together with the reversion of the dower of Margery widow of Robert de Hulme. De Trafford D. no. 216. In 1317–18 Robert son of Thomas de Hulme had released to Sir John La Warre his claim on the soil and common of pasture of all the waste in Barton; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 156b. As late as July and Michaelmas 1354 Margery widow of Robert son of Thomas de Hulme, then wife of Henry de Bolton, was defendant in a plea concerning land which Gilbert de Barton had granted to Robert de Hulme and his heirs, and which John de Barton sought to recover; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 2, 3. The Thomas son of Thomas de Hulme already mentioned made an exchange of land in Davyhulme, and on the Holt, and on the Hill, in 1313; De Trafford D. no. 254. 'Magote' widow of Thomas son of Thomas de Hulme occurs in 1324; C. of Wards, Deeds, and Evidences, box 153, no. 5. Margaret widow of Thomas de Hulme the younger in 1347 received from the trustee lands in Flixton, the remainders being to John son of Thomas, and then to Thomas's brother; De Trafford D. no. 113. Margaret widow of Thomas de Hulme, and John and Adam his sons, were defendants in a Barton case in 1354; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 1. John son of Thomas de Hulme was a defendant in 1356 and later; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 10 d.; 7, m. 3 d.; 8 m. 5, 12. In 1361 he claimed land in Barton as kinsman of Robert de Hulme; Assize R. 441, m. 3. Two years later he made a feoffment of all his lands in Barton, with common of turbary in Urmston, and the reversion of the dower of his mother Margaret; De Trafford D. no. 226. In 1356, while still a minor, William son of another John de Hulme complained that Thomas del Booth, to whom his custody had been granted by Sir Roger La Warre, had made waste in his estate, consisting of fifteen messuages, 100 acres of land, &c., in Barton; messuages and granges had been pulled down, and twelve apple trees, worth 6s. 8d. each, had been cut down and sold; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 28. William de Hulme in 1383 granted an annuity of 40s. to John de Cholmondeley and Agnes his wife, charged upon his lands in Hulme within the vill of Barton; De Trafford D. no. 255. William de Hulme—probably there were two persons—attested deeds in 1389 and 1430; ibid. no. 285, 257. In Jan. 1477–8, John, son and heir of Alice widow of William Hulme, made a feoffment of his lands in Hulme, Manchester, and elsewhere in the county, Alice releasing her right in the same. Hugh Hulme, chaplain, son of John Hulme, was one of the trustees; C. of Wards, Deeds, and Evidences, box 153, no. 9. A writ for an inquisition after the death of James Hulme of Davyhulme was issued on 5 Apr. 1434; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 34. A deed of 1435 mentions James Hulme (deceased), and his son William, whose wife was named Alice; Mascy of Tatton D. in Warrington Museum. The marriage indentures of James Hulme of Davyhulme and Clemence daughter of William Radcliffe of Ordsall are dated 1477; Mr. Earwaker's notes. In 1490 James Hulme, one of the charterers of Sir John Booth, did homage at Warrington; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 165. James Hulme, perhaps the same, made a feoffment of seventeen messuages, twelve burgages, 500 acres of land, &c. in Davyhulme, Manchester, &c., in 1528; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 145. In 1559 a James Hulme had recently died, and James was his son and heir, and of full age; Manch. C. Leet Rec. i, 47. In or before 1566 he sold lands in Manchester to John Hunt; ibid. i, 97. James Hulme was a partner in the waste called Lostock Moor in 1574; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 14.
  • 107. Robert son of James Hulme died at Newhall in West Derby 18 Apr. 1600, leaving a daughter and heir Anne, one year old. His father being seised of the manor of Hulme and all its members, hall, windmill, &c., held of the queen by the hundredth part of a knight's fee, had in 1598 settled certain lands on Robert on his marriage with Bridget daughter of John Molyneux; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xviii, 9. The will of James Hulme of Davyhulme, dated 10 Oct. 1611 and proved in 1613, mentions Ellen his wife, William and John his sons, Elizabeth his daughter, Thomas Green of Croft and Ralph Boardman of Swinton, his brothers-in-law. William Hulme of Hulme in Barton died 20 Jan. 1640–1, holding the hall of Hulme and various lands in Hulme and Barton of Sir Cecil Trafford as of his manor of Barton, by the sixtieth part of a knight's fee and the yearly rent of 13¼d. Richard, his son and heir, was seventeen years old; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, 90. In 1683 H. Hulme of Davyhulme sent a request to be placed on the commission of the peace; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 170. Thomas Sorocold of Barton, William Hulme of Davyhulme, and Peter Egerton of Shaw were among the gentlemen invited by Lord Derby in 1685 to meet him 'to consider of fit persons for knights of the shire and burgesses for the ensuing parliament'; ibid. 178. 'A stone on some cottages in Station Road, Urmston . . . records the fact of a William Hulme of Davyhulme being there in 1738'; R. Lawson, Flixton, 139. George Taylor of Davyhulme Hall was admitted a burgess of Manchester in Oct. 1737; Manch. C. Leet Rec. vii, 66.
  • 108. See further under Urmston. In 1735 Anne daughter and heir of John Hulme of Davyhulme and Urmston married at Flixton Thomas Willis of Bletchley. They had several children; Flixton Reg. There are pedigrees of the Hulme family in the Piccope MSS. i, 327, and the Barritt fol. MS. 142.
  • 109. Lawson, op. cit. 139–41. There is a pedigree in Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 200, 201. William Allen was the father of Joseph, successively Bishop of Bristol and of Ely; see Manchester.
  • 110. In 1496 Richard son of Richard Moss sold to Adam Holland of Manchester lands in Hulme purchased by his father from Charles Wase and Ellen his wife; and Adam Holland of Crumpsall in 1554 sold to George Byrom of Salford, merchant, his messuage and land in Hulme in Barton; W. Farrer D. See also Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 16, m. 161; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii. 39; Manch. C. Leet Rec. ii, 141.
  • 111. Edward Bent of Hulme died at the end of 1578, his eldest son being John Bent; ibid. ii, 29. Another Edward Bent died in Nov. 1639, holding a messuage and lands in Davyhulme and Barton, including the Hakeshutts and Saltey Mill, held of Edward Mosley by the twohundredth part of a knight's fee. He had married Ellen Arderne in 1624, and his son and heir, John, was fifteen years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, 57. John Bent, late of Hulme, gent., is named in the will (1652) of John Parr, who had bought land from him; note of Mr. E. Axon.
  • 112. John de Bromyhurst, a son of Gilbert de Barton, in 1280 released to the monks of Stanlaw all his claim to their heys and closes within Barton and to Westwood; Whalley Couch. iii, 906, 907. In 1321 Gilbert de Bromyhurst granted to a younger son John, on his marriage with Cecily daughter of Robert del Bridge of Bury, all his lands in Bromyhurst in Barton, with remainders to his other children, Thomas, Robert, Thomas, Adam, and Agnes; Dods. MSS. cx ix, fol. 163b. Eight years later, John the son released to Thomas del Booth all his right in his father's lands; and in 1382–3 Robert son of Thomas de Bromyhurst gave a similar release to John son of Thomas del Booth; ibid. fol. 164, 164b. Gilbert de Bromyhurst and John his brother were defendants in 1351 in a suit respecting Barton lands brought by William de Stockton and Agnes his wife; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1, m. 2.
  • 113. There were cross suits in 1276 between John de Bromyhurst on one side and Alexander de Bromyhurst (or 'the Mey') and Agnes his wife on the other; it was stated that Bromyhurst was neither vill nor borough but a hamlet of Barton held as one oxgang of land; Assize R. 405, m. 1, 2. In 1278 Alexander son of Alexander the Mey was acquitted of the charge of disseisin brought by John de Bromyhurst respecting common of pasture in 15 acres in Barton; ibid. 1238, m. 31; 405, m. 4d. Avina, widow of John the son of Wasce, claimed 6 acres in Barton against Alexander son of Alexander the Mey in 1292, but it was shown that Agnes, widow of Alexander the father, was in possession of a portion; Assize R. 408, m. 3d.; see also m. 32, 54. Nine years later, Alexander the Mey proceeded against Gilbert de Bromyhurst and others concerning a tenement in Barton; ibid. 1321, m. 9; 418, m. 12d. Some of the Mey charters have been preserved. Alexander the son gave a quitclaim respecting Westwood in 1281; Whalley Couch. iii, 914. Alexander the Mey of Bromyhurst granted to Robert son of Matthew de Birches lands in Saltey meadows and White-ridding; the seal had a fleur-de-lis with the legend S' ALEXANDR: D': BROMIHVRST; De Trafford D. no. 212. Alexander the Mey (Meych) gave his son Hugh a moiety of the whole sixth part of the vills of Bromyhurst and Dumplington, a rent of 6d. being due to the chief lords; De Trafford D. no. 224.
  • 114. Mamecestre, ii, 370.
  • 115. De Trafford D. no. 109; the grant was made 'in the year in which Richard the king's brother was made Earl of Cornwall.' Cecily paid 6 marks and was to pay an annual rent of 4s. 6d. Twenty-four acres in Dumplington and 4 acres in Kokenay were among the lands held in 1253 by Jordan de Hulton, in which Amery widow of Robert de Hulton claimed dower; Final Conc. i, 151. Gilbert de Barton son of William de Notton granted the land of Cockney, between Waspool and Cockney Pool, to Peter de Dumplington his servant; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 154.
  • 116. Final Conc. i, 56.
  • 117. De Trafford D. no. 247; by this Ralph de Walkden released his right in Dumplington and in Heaton Norris to John de Booth, having already enfeoffed John of his lands there. An account of Dumplington, with plan and many details, is given in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxiv, 21.
  • 118. Gilbert de Barton granted Sir Thomas Grelley all his wood in Lostock; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 163b. In 1322 the wood of Lostock was valued with that in Cuerdley; the lord of Manchester had also 20 acres of pasture in Lostock, in which all the tenants of the lord of Barton had common of pasture except during six weeks in the time of pannage, and the lord and tenants of Urmston had a similar right, 2s. a year rent being paid; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 57.
  • 119. Quicleswic, Quyclisweke, xiii cent.; Whikleswyk, 1287; Quycleswyk, 1389; Whiclesweeke, 1632.
  • 120. There is an article on the descent of the manor in the Ancestor, no. 4, pp. 205– 24. It was a dependency of Barton, and its tenants contributed to the sake fee and other charges on that manor; Mamecestre, ii, 289. It was included in the transfer of the manor of Barton to the Grelleys; De Trafford D. no. 204. There is little further trace of the Barton connexion.
  • 121. Adam de Pendlebury received from John de Hulme the sixth part (?) of an oxgang in Whittleswick, the rent being a pair of spurs. To this charter Ellis de Pendlebury (perhaps his father) and Adam and Robert de Yealand were witnesses; De Trafford D. no. 280. A release by Alice daughter of William the Clerk of Eccles to Roger de Pendlebury of all her right in Whittleswick is the only indication of the origin of the Pendlebury tenure; De Trafford D. no. 277. Alice is no doubt the Alice de Whittleswick who had a brother William, of the Whalley Couch. i, 66; a Thomas de Whittleswick is also named; ibid. i, 67. Gilbert de Barton released to Matthew son of William Laling, and to Margery niece of Gilbert, all his claim upon the manor of Whittleswick, with liberties and common rights in all places in Barton, except Boysnope; the ancient rent was to be paid in lieu of all services. The bounds are thus given:—From Merley following the pool to Irwell, along the Irwell to Harelache, then across to the Moss and so to Dedmere and the starting point; from an old copy in the De Trafford D. (no. 108). Another copy states that the 'ancient rent' was 10d. (no. 290).
  • 122. Roger de Pendlebury granted the manor of Whittleswick to his son Ellis, who afterwards restored it to his father; De Trafford D. no. 276, 278.
  • 123. For the Pendlebury family see the account of that township. William son of Roger de Pendlebury gave the manor of Whittleswick, which he had by the death of Maud daughter of his elder brother Ellis, to Adam de Prestwich in 1292; De Trafford D. no. 290. Adam son of Alexander de Pilkington had in 1291 released to Adam de Prestwich and to William de Pendlebury his right in the 'manor,' derived from his former wife Maud; ibid. no. 282, 283. Beatrice, the other daughter of Ellis, in 1300 released her rights also; Final Conc. i, 188. The 'one oxgang in Barton' of the fine is identified with 'the hamlet' of Whittleswick by De Trafford D. no. 281, 284. Adam de Hulme released to Adam de Prestwich the rent of 2d. due for the sixth part of the manor; ibid. no. 279. The new owner, having thus assured his title, settled the manor in 1301 upon Henry, his son by Alice de Trafford, with remainders to his daughters by her, Margaret, Ellen, Margery, and Joan; Final Conc. i, 196. The estate is described as 'a messuage, eighty acres of land, six acres of meadow, ten acres of wood and 100 acres of pasture in Barton.' In 1308 Avice, elsewhere called Alice, widow of William de Pendlebury claimed dower in four messuages, &c., in Barton against Henry son of Agnes de Trafford; De Banco R. 173, m. 345.
  • 124. The inquisition, taken in 1423–4, is in Towneley MS. DD, no. 1485.
  • 125. For this part of the descent see Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 535–6; for pedigrees, Piccope MS. Ped. (Chet. Lib.), ii, 65; Cole MSS. xi, fol. 54. It appears that Geoffrey de Bold had in 1389 enfeoffed Henry son of Sir Henry de Trafford of this manor, and that in 1426 Sir Edmund de Trafford was in possession; De Trafford D. no. 285–7. Testimony as to the fact of enfeoffment was forthcoming; ibid. no. 288. It further appears, however, that a pardon was obtained in 1403 for Geoffrey's share in the rebellion, and that he made a feoffment of Whittleswick in 1422; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 164b; cxlii, fol. 209b. (114). The restoration of his manors was for Geoffrey's life, and they afterwards came into the king's hands, who gave the custody of Whittleswick to William Booth; Add. MS. 32108, no. 1677. A lease to Roger Booth was made in 1433; Fine R. 240, m. 6. In 1440 Hugh Massey and Agnes his wife set out their title by descent, and petitioned the king for restoration, and this was after trial granted; livery being ordered on 8 Feb. 1442–3; De Trafford D. no. 290 (as above); also Pal. Lanc. Chan. Misc. 1/7. In some pedigrees Hugh Massey is described as 'of Coddington, Cheshire, sixth son of Sir John Massey of Tatton'; but this is discountenanced by Ormerod (Ches. ii, 729–31). He seems in fact to have been an illegitimate son of Sir Geoffrey Massey of Worsley; he was defendant in an assault case in 1444; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 1b. He was living in 1466; Ellesmere D. no. 100.
  • 126. Thomas Massey died 13 Aug. 1590, holding the manor of Whittleswick of the heirs of Adam de Prestwich in socage. The pedigree is given thus:—Thomas was son and heir of Thomas, brother and heir of John, son and heir of Thomas, son and heir of Nicholas, son and heir of Agnes, wife of Hugh Massey; and Agnes was daughter and heir of Nicholas Bold, son and heir of Geoffrey Bold, son and heir of Katherine, wife of John Bold and daughter and heir of Henry de Prestwich. Thomas Massey, father of the Thomas who died in 1590, had granted a third of the manor as dower to Dorothy, widow of his elder brother John, and she was still living at Elton in Cheshire; Thomas the son assigned to Katherine widow of Thomas a third part of his two-thirds of the manor, and she was living at Whittleswick; Thomas himself married Jane daughter of Thomas Lancaster, and she too was living at Whittleswick when the inquisition was taken, 28 Sept. 1591. Dorothy, the daughter and heir, was nine months old; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv, 31. A later inquisition is extant (xvii, 85), the jurors altering the finding by stating that Adam de Prestwich died at Barton, Henry being his son and heir, and that Whittleswick was held of the queen by the tenth part of a knight's fee. In 1500 William Massey of Whittleswick, being seventy years of age, was excused from serving on assizes; Towneley MS. CC (Chet. Lib.), no. 689. Thomas, father of the last Thomas Massey, died at the end of 1576, his son being then a minor; Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. i, 184. For his will see Wills (Chet. Soc., new ser.), i, 222. Jane, the widow of the son, afterwards married William Moreton of Moreton in Cheshire.
  • 127. The deeds are printed (from Raines MS. xxv.) in H. T. Crofton's Stretford (Chet. Soc.), iii, 272, &c. See also Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 121, no. 15. The manor is mentioned in later Trafford settlements; e.g. 1654 and 1718; ibid. bdles. 156, m. 194; 282, m. 99. For the Liversages see Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii, 121. Dorothy afterwards married Thomas Balgay of Hope in Derbyshire; Journ. of Derbys. Arch. Soc. vi, 23.
  • 128. Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 228.
  • 129. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 153.
  • 130. Dugdale, Visit. 276.
  • 131. Land tax returns.
  • 132. For district assigned see Lond. Gaz. 25 May 1880.
  • 133. Ibid. 1 Mar. 1867; see also End. Char. Rep. for Eccles, 1904, p. 23.
  • 134. For district, Lond. Gaz. 19 Mar. 1869.
  • 135. Ibid. 1 Jan. 1867. A site for a church and cemetery was set apart in 1841 by John and Mary Greaves of Irlam, but being found unsuitable another site of the same area was given in 1864, and the church built on it. For Endowment see End. Char. Rep. 1904, 28–31.
  • 136. The services were held in a school given in 1880; the church was consecrated 23 June 1890. For endowments, &c., see End. Char. Rep. Eccles, 1904, p. 23.
  • 137. For Trinity Wesleyan Church, Patricroft, see ibid. 22. For Cadishead, ibid. 31. The Wesleyan chapel at Davyhulme dates from 1779; a new church was opened in 1905.
  • 138. B. Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. v, 11–16. Joseph Rawson, a muslin manufacturer of Manchester, who died in 1824, had workmen at Patricroft and so began the preaching there.
  • 139. Ibid. 79.
  • 140. It was built in 1877.
  • 141. Pal. Note Bk. ii, 240, 242.
  • 142. O. Heywood, Diaries, iv, 310.
  • 143. Nightingale, op. cit. v, 1–10; reference is made to a history of the chapel by the Rev. Thomas Elford Poynting, minister for thirty-one years until his death in 1878. For endowment, &c., see End. Char. Rep. Eccles, 1904, pp. 18–21.
  • 144. A list of recusants in the parish of Eccles in 1588 is given in Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 582.
  • 145. It was built by Sir Humphrey de Trafford.