Border Papers volume 1: March 1585

Pages 173-177

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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289. Scrope to Walsingham. [March 3.]

I was ready this afternoon with the gentlemen of the country to attend me, to meet the Laird of Johnston at Gretnokirke to-morrow, when I received a letter from him, the copy whereof is enclosed, whereby you will see the delay is partly caused by their hope of my further instruction from you,—deferring the meeting till the 18th instant—whereof I have thought fit to advertise you, that I may learn their lordships' good pleasure.

I thank you for your advertisement of the traitorous practise of Parrye against her Majesty, "whom God grant longe we maie enjoie to our great comforthe and to the overthrowe and confusione of his and her enymyes. I thanck you also for the copie of the lettre sent from Cardinal de Coma from Rome, from whence I looke not that any better fruytes shall flowe than soche develishe and dampnable devises against God and his churche." I have also received your letter of 24th ultimo, signifying the report that some of the late conspirators in Scotland were fled for safety into this wardenry, with your friendly advice how I should deal with any such,—but there are none here, nor will I suffer any to be harboured within it. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(Johnston to Scrope.)

"Being present at Cowrte and desired by his Majestie to staie, in respect of the ambassadors presens at London nowe with her Majestie, wha his highnes hes shawen me will make certayne advertishemente of her Majesties further direction annent the daie of meatinge; as likwise upon the insolency and disobedyency of the Lorde Maxwell, his Majestie is [to] take ordre with him theiranent. Nowghttheles I hoipe (God willing) be his Majesties direction to be provided for delyvery with your lordschip agayne Thursdaye come xv dayes, being the xviijt instant, at the kirke of Gretnoe, according to our former appointment. In the meane tyme I desyre your lordschip to advertishe me by your servant Richard Bell, or els by your lordschipis lettre, betwixt this and Thursdaye come viijt dayes, of the certayntie of the sixe bills whilk is fowle, conteyned in your lordschipis menet whilk I receyved, as I shall advertishe your lordschip in the like manner, wherthrowe affore our meating all thingis maie be in redynes agayne the sayd daye and place. . . At Edenbrughe the first of Marche 1584. John Johnston."

1 p. Copy by Scrope's clerk. Addressed. Indorsed.

290. The Justice Clerk's Instructions. [March 4.]

Under four heads—(1) that Lord Scrope be instructed to make redress for all the Scottish bills, but to ask it only since Johnston became warden. (2) Not to demand delivery of the principal offenders, only substitutes. (3) To assist the Scottish warden in apprehending fugitives within his bounds, and not reset them, and (4) to deliver the Bells and Carliells, "theves and disordorit pepill now presentlie ressett" within his wardenry, or expel them from it.

1 p. In a Scottish writing. Indorsed: "4 March 1584. Certeyn heades exhibited by Justice Clerk towching the West Borders."

291. Scrope to Walsingham. [March 10.]

On special complaint by the Laird of Johnston to the King, the latter sent a pursuivant to the Earl of Morton, with strait commandment to deliver the keys of his houses to be disposed at his pleasure, and farther on pain of treason, to enter himself personally before him, or in ward at Blackness, to abide his further direction. Morton gave up the keys, and it was supposed would have appeared personally before the King. "But yt falleth owt clean contrarie—for the Larde Johnston having had a sonne of Will of Kynmontes in warde in the pledge chamber at Drumfreise, and an other freind of his also, who both had broken the warde and before once escaped thence, and taken again, were now by the Kinges commaundement appoynted to be brought and presented to his grace by the said Erle of Morton—who having taken delyverie of them for that purpose, hath sett them both at libertie, and as yt is thought, neither intendeth to entre him selff nor them. By this meanes Kynmont and all his freindes bynde them selves to thErle; and truelye I am perswaded that a great nomber of the borderers of that contrye will joyne them selves unto him against the Larde Johnston. So as great troubles are there lyke to aryse emongest them selves and suche as the Larde Johnston will be hardelie hable to susteyn without speedye relieff from the King." And I doubt his being able to have the borderers obedient to answer justice, whereby evil doers will be encouraged. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

Postscript.—Kynmont with 200 of his friends were on their way to take out these two prisoners by force.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

292. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [March 12.]

Yesterday I received letters from the Mayor of Newcastle with your honour's inclosed, "for the apprehensione of one James Erskine, whom I have stayed here in this towne, and shalbe forth cominge. . . till I receave further directione. . . The Earle Bothwell is come from the Court (as a malcontent) and is now at Kelso, hard to the frontier of the Myddell Marches of England, wher he intendeth to mak his aboode. The cause of his cominge away in this sort, is, for that the King hath denyed him Collingham, the which he hath gevene to old Manderstone for iiij yeres, the father to the prior his sonne, who is now a fugetive, and remaininge in the East Marches. Ther is dayly apprehending of meane gentlemen who are committed to warde, but all thinges stayes for proceeding of any executione, till the retornne of the embassadour." Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

293. Scrope to Walsingham. [March 14.]

I have received your letter of the 6th with the Justice Clerk's memorial, and have set down my answer, here inclosed. Johnston being still at Court with the King, I intend before his return, to send a messenger to acquaint him of this, and also her Majesty's special desire for peace, and doubt not we shall agree well enough in ordinary causes. The restitution to be made under the treaty without respect of value for value, though true in strict law, is unequal, taking effect on us here where we are "somewhat afore hand," and not in Liddesdale, where by the delay of redress "we are greatlye behynd hand."

The bill of Monkebehirst being a matter done under my lords' instructions, in revenge of a late unredressed attempt, and having brought quiet to the country, I trust you will not think it fit to be redressed, but rather referred to the commissioners.

The "emenent troubles" between Morton and Johnston daily increase, and it is certain the prisoners are both at liberty at home. When Johnston returns, he will find 300 or 400 of his wardenry at disobedience. I send you a copy of Morton's letter to the King. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(Scrope's answer to the Justice Clerk.)

Dated 13 March 1584. Under four heads. Signed: "H. Scrope." 1½ pp. Indorsed.

294. Forster to Walsingham. [March 15.]

I send you inclosed certain letters from the Master of Gray to your honour. He writes to me that he has received no answer to his last letters I sent you on 25 February. I beseech you for my credit to write some answer. I hear "there was like to have beine a greate fraye upon Frydaye last at Edenbroghe betwene the Erle of Craweforde and the Master of Graye." At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

295. Scrope to Walsingham. [March 16. 1584–85.]

In my letter to you of the 14th, I signified that at my conference with the Laird of Carmighell as to his withdrawing from these Borders, he said he would shortly dispatch his son to you to inform you of his estate, for her Majestys favourable consideration. His son now presently repairing to you, "I having alwayes founde the gentleman, when he had the chardge of Liddesdale, and elsewhere he had to doe, ever redye to doe and performe all good offices towardes me that might tende to the advauncement of the happie amytie betwene these two crownes, cannot but justlie gyve him his dewe commendacions therefore by these my lettres, recommending also unto you the consideracion of his present state, greatlie to be lamented by reason of his long banishment from his natyve countrie . . . So I hartelie beseche you that he may fynde your favorable helpe and furtherance at hir Majesties handis for some ordinarie relieff for him, whereby either here or elsewhere yt shall please hir Majestie he may be reasonablie supported." Since he hath been with me, chiefly on her Majesty's commendation and his own deserts, he hath been heartily welcome, and hath neither done nor gone about anything offensive. His desire to be on the Border, is to be able to hear from his wife and family, but if her Majesty pleases to supply his present necessity, he is ready to stay or remove according to her pleasure. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

296. Examination of John Empson. [March 21.]

Taken before Sir John Forster lord warden, &c.

Says he was born at Aperder in Kent, and was a clothier in Byddenden, Kent. The occasion of his coming into this country, was his being run in debt by suretyship and otherwise through his own negligence—and being unable to pay, he came forth of that country about Easter last, and was a certain time at Berwick, and Newcastle, and the chief time he hath been in Lesbery since July last—"and that he lent a lyttle monie to" (fn. 1)

½ p. Written by Forster's clerk. Indorsed.

297. Forster to Walsingham. [March 26. 1585.]

"I send youe here inclosed a lettre delyvered unto me by the Lorde Hambleton, being at my howse, which came frome the Lorde Maxewell—wherin he is verie desirous that by your good meanes he may understande the Queynes Majesties pleasure as touchinge the contents therof. Sir, at this presente tyme the said Lord Hambleton is in ane hard case, his wife lyenge with child, and a greate noumber of the banished men daylie cominge unto him because he is the chief man, who is of himself a verie good and liberall nature, wherbye he is over charged more then his habilitie will beare. Yt were a good deed yf your honour would move her Majestie therin, yf yt maye so stande with your honours pleasure, but I ame the bolder to wryte unto you herin becawse I doo understand his estate verie well." At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

"Postscript.—Thoghe the lettre does not importe that yt is the Lorde Maxewelles lettre, yett yt came frome himself."

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

298. Walsingham to Scrope. [March 26.]

Acknowledging his letter of 14th and "pertinent" answers to the Justice Clerk's memorial—recommending a compromise for Monkbehurst to please the King—and to send a note of the late Scottish attempts to show the ambassador.

½ p. Draft. Indorsed: "M. to the Lord Scroope."

2. Fair copy of the same. In another hand. Indorsed.

299. Scrope to Walsingham. [March 31.]

I have to-day received your letter of the 26th, importing her Majesty's allowance of my stay in my office in this doubtful time, and that my instalment in the most honourable Order of the Garter may be supplied by deputy. I am greatly beholden "for the copie and drawght of my commission of deputacion, which otherwise I coulde not have caused to have ben drawen up at all in this countrie, which deputacion in such sorte as I have receyved the same from you, leaving a blanck for the name of my deputie to be sett downe by my Lorde of Leicestre and my Lorde of Hunsdon as you advertised, I intend to send to my said verie good lordes by a servaunte of myne owne, to be delyvered on Wednisdaye next at the furthest." The Borders stand in the same "hard termes," between the Earl of Morton and his adherents the Armstrongs and other surnames, on one part, and the Laird Johnston the warden, on the other—who is yet unreturned home and like to find much disobedience.

I give you most hearty thanks for the news of the Duke of Guyse, praying for further advertisement at your leisure. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

300. Forster to Walsingham. [March 31.]

I send inclosed a letter sent to me from the Lord Hambleton directed to Mr John Colvell on "especiall busines," beseeching you to order some man of yours to deliver the same. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

¼ p. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. The last 8 words scored out—ends abruptly.