Border Papers volume 1: February 1587

Pages 243-247

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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480. Davison to Scrope. [Feb. 1.]

Having received from Mr Secretary Walsingham your last letter, insisting on her Majesty's direction in answer to your former, as to the levying of 50 horse to defend your frontier from any sudden incursion—I made her Majesty acquainted therewith, as I had done with your former letter—and though she was somewhat indisposed to allow it without some greater cause, yet now understanding the suspicious proceedings of Maxwell, she is pleased to permit the said levy "onelie for the present necessitie," and her Majesty's warrants are therefore enclosed. At the Court at Greenswich. Signed: W. Davison.

"I doubt not but your lordship hath heard of the shamefull revolt of Sir William Stanley and Rowland Yorke and deliverie of the towne of Deventer and fort of Zutphen into the hand of the enemie—which hath fallen out very unhappily at this tyme, both in respect of these poor countries, and her Majesties service, having caried with them the whole regiment of Irish serving under the said Stanley. You may also happe to here a bruite raised here at home by some seditious instrumentes, of the Scottes Ladies escape, which hath ben so handled, as the countries neare adjoining have bene raised, with all keping very strayt watch and ward—though by lettres I receaved both on Sonday last and againe this day from Sir Amys theare appear no such cause."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed: "Minute of a lettre to the Lord Scrope." The postscript is much scored and interlined.

481. Scrope to Walsingham. [Feb. 6.]

When the Lieutenant left Drunfreis, he pressed Lord Maxwell to accept the office of warden and discharge the duty as in the King's commission to himself. Maxwell made some scruple, unless the King provided and paid some force to assist him, which it is thought Hamiltou will move him to do.

I understand before the lieutant's return to Drunfreis (as expected shortly) that he intends to put to the horn some of the Johnstons and Irwinns, and to ask my assistance in barring their reset in England, so that they may be taken as fugitives under the treaties. These persons so intended to be outlawed, have been always friendly to England, so I beg your especial direction how I shall act herein. Moreover I remind you that the weakening of the Johnstons will be the strengthening of Maxwell.

I have appointed John Dacre to appear before you on the 14th instant to answer his doings in the disturbance of "Pearcevalles Jurdies wyfe," in her rightful possession, and as the matter is tedious to report, I refer you to my letter "written at more largde" to my Lord of Huntingdon who will impart the same. Praying you, if Dacre come before you, not to let him depart, till you are made acquainted with the cause, and have taken some good order therein. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

482. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [Feb. 10.]

On the 8th instant I received your letter of the 4th with the packet for the Master of Gray, which I sent to him, and this day I have received the enclosed from him to be sent to your honour. Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

483. Scrope to Davison. [Feb. 12.]

I wrote to Mr Braddell her Majestys general receiver in these parts, for an imprest of money under her Majestys warrant to pay the 50 horsemen—but it seems the warrant is for money for "coates and conduct money," which being a needless charge for men serving on these frontiers, I have converted it towards their wages, and have written to Mr Braddell for 300l. to be sent with speed. And therefore pray your instructions what wages her highness will allow the men, whom I intend to have in readiness upon Monday next "come a sevenight," when I am promised the 300l. The delay of this answer is that the receiver dwells above 80 miles from hence. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

"My meaninge is to paye the said l horsemen xiiijen dayes wages aforehand for so longe as it shall please her Majestie to contynue them."

1 p. Addressed: to Davison, as one of the secretaries of State and a privy councillor. Indorsed.

484. Scrope to Davison. [Feb. 14.]

Although I had purposed to stay the muster of the 50 horsemen till Monday next, as I wrote in my last, yet now in respect of the execution of the Queen of Scots, and seditious rumours running abroad in these parts, and of the great brags given out by our opposite neighbours for revenge, I will delay no longer, but enter them in wages tomorrow, and place them in the fittest places to stop any incursion. The King, I am informed, has sent for Maxwell and many of the chief borderers of this frontier. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

485. Forster to Walsingham. [Feb. 16.]

On the receipt of your last, I directed a servant of mine to the opposite warden, then at Edinburgh with the King and Council, to let me understand how the King was minded as to peace on the death of his mother—whereon the warden hath written to me, which I enclose. By the same you will see I should have met the warden this day, which I thought better not to keep, "by reason of the deathe of the Scotts Quene," and have been so often deceived at such meetings, that I shall attend no more except on great necessity. This march is very weak and unfit to resist any sudden invasion, and I beseech that the same may be considered if your honour knows of any present necessity. At my house nigh Alnewick. Signed: John Forster.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(Cesfurde to Forster.)

"I mervell nocht a litill of youre schutting of this meting. The adverteisment thairof I ressavitt nocht till yesterday at xij hoth being agaitward to our meting. I thocht assuredlie to have conferritt with youre lordschipis self at leutht concerning our haill adois. Yitt I come this day to Kirkyettame quhair I have spoken the haill cuntrey and geven thame expres command to keip gude reule, quhilk I trust thai sall do, praying your lordschip ernistlie to tak the lyke ordour with thame under your charge, and speciallie tak straitt ordour with Tindaill and Reddisdaill that thai rin nocht on my gudis nor the cuntreyis, for gif thai begin ony brek, I dow nocht stop the cuntrey to revenge. I will nocht flie with ony gudis of myne, for fraying the cuntrey, and thairfor I traist your lordschip will caus hald of thame, as I sall do the lyke to yowr lordschip. I will ryde the morne to Jedburcht quhair I have appoinctitt the haill west cuntrey to meitt me, quhair I sall lykewys tak ordour with thame. . . As your lordschip writtis to me, that your maistres meanis na thing bot observing of the peax, swa I assure your lordschip that I knaw nane uthir meaning of my soverane the kingis majestie. Gif your lordschip knawis ony uthir appearance I pray yow lett me knaw, as I shall do the lyke to yow. . . Kirkyettame the xvj of Februar 1586." Signed: Cesfurde.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

486. Forces for the Border. [Feb. 17. 1586–87.]

For the West Borders.—100 horse at 12d, for 1 month, 158l. 8s. 8d.; or at 16d., for 1 month, 206l. 5s. 4d. 100 foot, for 1 month, 107l. 6s. 8d.

The Middle Marches.—150 horse at 12d., for 1 month, 237l. 13s.; or at 16d., 259l. 18s. 8d. 100 foot, 107l. 6s. 8d. Totals.—250 horse, 200 foot for 1 or 2 months at above rates.

½ p. Written by Walsingham's clerk. Indorsed: "The monethly charge of certain nombers of hors and foot for strengthning the Borders with their officers, 17th Feb. 1586."

487. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [Feb. 20.]

I received your last pacquets to the Master of Gray and M. de Courcelles, on the 16th, and sent them safely to their hands. The "carier" of them returned to this town yesterday, with no answer from the Master, but that he would send one shortly. "He had a lettre from the Master unto me, and being within xen myles of this towne, there came three very well horsed unto him, and asked if he were not a Barwick man? Who said was. Thei then said he had bene at there Court, and with that the one tooke his horse by the bridle, and the other twoe took him by the armes, and said unto him he should be a prisoner. Who answered again yt was no tyme to take prisoners as yet, for that ther was no warres knowne to be betwixt the twoe realmes. And then commanded him to delyver his lettres, for they knewe he had lettres. He said he had none but one that was directed unto Mr Governour from the Master of Grey, which he delyvered them. Notwithstanding they not only searcht every part of his body, but his saddle also. And when they fownd no more, 'This is strainge' said they, 'he had not moe lettres then this!' And he demanding his lettre againe, for that the keaping of yt wolde doe them more hurt then good, they flatly denyed yt, and said they wold kepe yt and yt should goe with them, and were sory he had no moe: and so departed from him and roade there waye." There is no other news, but "they gyve owt very lardge speaches that they will revenge the Quenes deathe with fyer and sworde." Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

488. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [Feb. 24.]

As by my continual residence here these six years past, I am so overpressed and charged, that it hath almost quite consumed me, both through the absence of my lord governor and others the councillors and head officers, whereby the whole burden lies on me, and also all things belonging to housekeeping are grown to such excessive rates, great dearth and scarcity besides, and no money to be imprested here, either for my own provision or her Majesty's service—that I am driven to send the bearer my servant to your honour, with an abstract showing my state, that you may consider how the same may be remedied. I have written to my lord governor for his furtherance of the same. Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

489. Cesfurde to Forster.[Feb. 25.]

"This secund and thrid dayis of Merche to meit at Kirknewtoun and Kirkyettem, I mon na wayis keip my self, neither am I of the opinioun that your lordschip may keip the same, becaus of the vehemencie of the wether. And thairfor hes thocht gude to advertis your lordschip that the dayis may be keipit be our deputeis, becaus I have sik urgent adois. . . as the bearar will schew you. . . Halydeane. Signed: Cesfurde.

¼ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

490. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [Feb. 25. 1586–87.]

"Upon Sonday being the xixth of this instant, Mr Robert Carye sent a messenger to the lord secretarye of Scotland, to obteine the Kinges licence for his going in. On Wednesday being the xxijth about xen a clocke, ther came from the King Mr George Yong clerck of the counsell, unto Mr Carye, who delyvered message from the king to Mr Carye that he wold upon his honour put him owt of doubt whether his mother was lyving or dead. Who answered him that she was dead. And then Mr George Yonge declared that upon his returne unto the king he should have answer whither the kinge wold grant him leave to come in or not. And so that day passed back againe.

Upon the xxvth the said Mr George Yonge returned to this towne again, with message unto Mr Carye from the King, that he was not to receav any straingers at this tyme, but if he had any lettre from her Majestie, he was contented he should returne the same lettre unto him with any of his companye. And also if he wold delyver his message he wold send twoe of his counsell to Fowlden, to have conference with him. And otherwise he was not to graunt him any other proceadinges with him.

Mr Cary answered he was to obey the Quenes Majestie his sovereign her directions, and was not either to delyver lettre or message to anye, save only to the King him self. And so Mr Yonge is returned home againe with this answer."

I was forced to confer with Mr Robert Carvell how to send your last pacquets to the Master of Gray—for there are three scouts kept betwixt this and Edinburgh to intercept letters—"one at Linton brigges, one at Coldingham moore, and the third beyond Haddington, day and night." So we sent the last pacquet to the Laird of Restalrigge who dwelleth at Fauscastle, who received and said he would cause it to be delivered safely to the Master—but as yet I have not heard from him.

"The Kinge and all the nobylitie doe take the death of the Quene in vey evill part, and are in great heat for the same—and showe by ther outragiouse speaches ther full intencion is to revenge yt." Meantime we stand on our guard in this town and look to its safety. Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

491. Forster to Walsingham. [Feb. 26.]

According to your letter of the 18th of February "last," I have warned all the gentlemen in my wardenry to provide armour and weapons, and be ready with their tenants and servants on an hour's warning to withstand my sudden invasion from Scotland. The stoppage of "Mr Cairrey" her Majesty's ambassador at Berwick, encourages the noblemen and gentlemen and also the evil disposed people on the Border, to make great brags. If 200 or 300 men were laid at Harbottell and other places in this march, it would be "a greate defacement" against the evil disposed. I think this a very unfit time in Scotland to make war—for their "ote seade and barlye seade" are not sown, so "let them brag there pleasour," I think they cannot make war till Michaelmas. I bear that Lord Bothwell refuses answer or redress for Liddesdale, and will take the charge of it no longer. At my house nigh Alnwick.

"Postscriptum.—At the writinge heirof I was creadiblie enformed that one of the principall men of Liddisdale was with the Kinge, who commanded hym and his companye to taike all that cowlde be gotten oute of Englande."

1 p. Copy by Forster's clerk. Indorsed.