Border Papers volume 1: July 1594

Pages 538-543

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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959. Carey to Burghley. [July 1.]

Your lordships' letter of the 23d May charging me for not of long time writing of the affairs of Scotland or the actions of Bothwell, "and in spesialey of his attachinge of the to men that robed the Queen of Scotes of her juelles—came verey happeley to my handes as yesterdaye beinge the xxxth of Jun delivered to me by the master of the ordenanes her, Master Musgrave as I understod by your lordshipes letter, the contentes wherof shall be accomplished in all poyntes tuchinge him."

Your lordship has doubtless had the particulars of the robbery from many hands, so I will say but thus much to satisfy your lordship in part. "The men wear, the on the Queenes owen jueler a Dane, the other was the Kinges fottmane a Frenshe mane—bothe beinge verey werey of ther serves, for that thaye could not get ther wages nor aney money at aney tym to releve ther wantes, styll calinge and creyinge oute bothe to kinge and quen for money, beinge everey daye redey to be arested and caste in prissen for dett, and could never be releved. In the eand, the Frenshe mane brekinge withe the Dansker, he sayd he wold fayen goe into his conterey, whoe awensered him if he wold goe he shold take no care for money. This Dane was the quenes jueler and mad moste of her jeuelles himselfe and had the kepinge of moste of them. So as on nighte he toke sume of them to a verey small valewe, and he and the Frenshe mane went awaye to gether and came over the water at Kelsey and so dowen hether to Twedmowethe where theye laye all nighte as I hard the nex daye; and if ther had byn aney followeinge of them presenteley I had taken them and all ther juelles ether her or the nexte daye goinge to Newecastell, for they wer allso mett the next daye bey captayen Carvell bettwen Belford and Awenwike. So as if theye had byn folowed or aney thinge had byn hard of it, theye might eseyley a byn taken. But iij dayes after ward, we hard from Eddenborrowe of it by the embassetur ther, but beinge so longe after I thoughte theye wold a byn gone from Newecastell. Nothwithestanding I sent word to George Selbey my lordes mane ther that if suche men wear ther theye shold be stayed. But my lord Bodwell havinge byn ther about Newecastell and Walingetun, he had bey sum of his men gotten knoledge that the men wer at the Sheldes, wheruppon he sent dowen sum of his men to drinke with them and to kepe them ther, tyll in the eand himselfe and ij of his men came into the howes wher theye wear and toke all theye had from them. Then afterward George Selbey and my cussen Thomas Power of Tinmouthe came to them; then my lord delivered the men to them but kepte moste parte of the juelles. This was at the leaste xiiij dayes after theye went bey hear, so as no mane wold a thoughte theye wold a tareyed so longe. Shortley after I reseved a letter from youer honers sun Ser Robert Sissell, wiche mad me thinke you had hard of it befor, that shortley after I shold reseave the men from my cussen Power withe the juelles, and that I shold like wise deliver them and all to the Kinge uppon his sendinge for them. All wiche hathe byn performed, for my cussen Power broughte them to me to Berwike the same daye I reseved a letter from the Kinge for them, and the nexte daye I delivered them to the kinges warden at the daye of trewes, and withein iij dayes after the wear bothe hanged at Edenborrowe, pore men. I doe not sett this dowen orderley in partichewleres for that I did presentley wryghte to Ser Robert Sissell of the reseyet of them, of the deliverey of them, and the coppey of the indenters mad betwen my cussen Power and me, and betwen the Scottishe warden and me for the reseyet of them. The por men had verey quicke justes."

Today I have received news that Lord Hume who was to have kept a day of truce with us tomorrow, has gone suddenly today to Edinburgh, and ordered all his force to follow at once, resting the horses two hours there, and then on to Stirling—where it is reported either that Bothwell, Atholl and Argyll are, and have put the King into the castle, or will be tonight—which if true, Hume will be too late, for they will soon have 10,000 "Hilandes men" in to support them. And it is reported that "Harkelus Stewerd" the earl's brother is gone to raise all the loose men in Liddesdale. Bothwell was in Leith 6 days before with 24 men, and on Saturday last he passed by Edinburgh and crossed the Queen's ferry to meet his friends on the other side, who have as reported taken Stirling. Something there is, for Lord Hume is suddenly gone. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

3 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

960. Scroope to Sir Robert Cecill. [July 5.]

I have sundry times written to my lord your father, and my lord Chamberlain, on the Lord Herries' earnest desire to know her Majesty's pleasure as to his accepting the opposite wardenry from the King, and have forborne meeting him till I knew it, but now finding that farther delay may interfere with justice, I have agreed to meet him on the 20th instant, which I have appointed so far off, that I may meanwhile learn her Majesty's pleasure, which I entreat you to send with expedition. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

961. Bowes to Forster. [July 6.]

On receipt of your letter of the attemptate done by William Ellott of Hartscarthe against Gilbert Parke of Warton, I moved the King for redress,—who referred me to the lord chancellor and other commissioners appointed for Border causes, on his departure for Stirling. I shall do the best I can with them, though I doubt getting it. Edinburgh, 6th July. Signed: Robert Bowes.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Despatched on the 7 th at 4 a.m.

962. Carey to Burghley. [July 8.]

My last report did somewhat err, and yet had a good show of truth had God's will not been otherwise. Bothwell was indeed in Leith, and crossed the water to his friends in Atholl, "trysted" with them, and returned back with "Ogletre" and other friends to the number of 80, intending to lie at Lithcoe till the King came from Sterling, and then take him. The king came accompanied with but 50 of his guard. But Bothwell's purpose was thus broken—his horses lay in a town within a mile of Edinburgh, where he and most of his company were, "harrkeninge" for news of the king's coming by their spy. By chance and the folly of the poor woman where his horses stood, who came to market to buy oats and other provender, in great quantity for so poor a woman, she was questioned, and used words "as there grewe a mistrust." Search was made and his horses found and taken—when he and the others fearing betrayal, all shifted for themselves. And next day the 2d of the month, he ventured out at a little "wickyate" guarded by 60 men, with one of his men, and meeting his good friend the provost of the town he passed by him unknown. But Ogletre and the rest had to leap the walls, three in one place, four in another, as they best could. And they went on foot to a town three miles off, where they met without loss of a man. And getting "nagges such as they could," went into Tyvydale, their plan defeated, the earl going on to Liddisdale where he is now. This is the occasion why he failed of his purpose. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

963. Carey to Burghley. [July 15.]

I have "allmost ended a laborinth of trobles," as by your letter of 13th May directing me to hear Mr Pindlebury's causes of debts. I pray your lordship if he asks any more such, it will please you to send down her Majesty's attorney and solicitor, for the causes are too intricate for me. Yet by his honesty there is such order taken, as I hope he is satisfied, but without the two years' pay be settled, he cannot get the money from his debtors. One Collman late a victualler appointed by Mr Treasurer, is owing Pindlebury 130l., but I can take no order, for the man is not here, or has any pay. Mr Vernon (to whom you referred Pindlebury on his petition) thinks that whoever puts in a victualler should see the victualler's credit discharged.

In Captain Case's private debt of 130l., his son is to pay 10l. for such things of his father's as he had. But I see not how the rest is to be settled. Yet the widow and executor took 26l., the value of wares delivered by Pindlebury to the soldiers, and defalked from them—yet Pindlebury not "answered." But the widow is so poor, she cannot satisfy it.

I have ended taking the "remayne" in the ordnance office, and there will be more found than in the last—as I will advertise in my next. And also the defaults of musters which I intend to take tomorrow. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

964. Carey to Burghley. [July 18.]

I am very sorry to hear by your letter of the 8th, that you have been "crased of your health," but hope God will restore it for the good of your country.

Young Mr Clopton has been here and paid so much of the half year's pay as he had. But there had like to be some "sturre" when it was heard that he had come short of his receipt by 1500l., and that he "wanted" above 700l. of the half year's pay. When the captains and soldiers fearing that it might become like the two years' pay, murmured that no one knew whether his wages would be stayed or not, or on whom this 700l. would fall next—that the receivers keep up her Majesty's money and purchase lands, instead of paying her garrison. I humbly ask your consideration of it, for Mr Clopton had to borrow money here to pay some who otherwise would have gone without.

I inclose the defaults of the muster taken on the 15th instant, but before sending the "remayne" of ordnance, "they" must go to Newcastle, and then make up their books.

There is "as yt were in manner of a truce" taken with Bothwell by the means of the Queen of Scots, that he shall do nothing till after the "baptisme." And I further hear by one who says "himself was the mouthe," that speeches of reconciliation have passed between the King and Bothwell. I have only a Scot's word for this, who says he was a witness. Mr Bowes reports the coming of Denmark and Brunswick's ambassadors and the preparations for the baptism of the young prince. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

The master of the ordnance "is very free by his pattent without comp trollement;" and thinks he may put in and out whom he "list." As he is but a young man, I think if you allow, such a letter should be directed to Captain William Selby, as "this here inclosed" was to Captain Errington with like authority, and would benefit her Majesty's service. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Defaults of the musters.)

Berwick, 15 July 1594.—Men absent with or without passports from the companies of Captain John Carey, and 5 other captains—also of the gunners, artificers in the ordnance office, garrison, and pensioners—in all 41. Signed: Jhon Carey, John Crane.

pp. Written by Crane. Indorsed.

965. Carey to Sir Robert Cecill. [July 18.]

I received your letter of the 4th, and "performed the contentes therof in ase secret maner as was possebell for me—for bey me no creatur in the world but he and my selfe knewe aney thinge. Notwithestandinge, the bringer therof knewe befor his comminge from London it was not for me; so secretley it was ther kept, as when I requierd it as for my selfe, he laffed uppon me! but it was so delivered, as hear is not so muche as a mistruste of suche a thinge. He was the same daye that I deliverd it, sent for into Liddesdall bey the Earle Bodwell; the cause whi I thinke youer honer shall understand bey him selfe. I thanke your honer for youer frendley warning me not to suffer Master Colven or aney other to come into Berwike; not withestandinge I never ment he shold, beinge in the case he is. For I was ons warned befor at my ferste comminge, for my lorde Bodwelles comminge her, whoe had then the Kinges faver, wiche shall serve for a warninge to me if I shold live for this xx yeares."

There is little Scottish news save what you know viz., of the Denmark and Brunswick ambassadors being come, "whoe are everey daye allmoste drunke." Lord Hume is said to have gone over the water to the three earls, with a secret commission from the King to borrow 2000l. or 3000l. sterling of Huntly. [The truce with Bothwell, and the king's speeches with him are repeated as in last letter]. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

966. John Hardinge to Burghley. [July 18.]

Reminding him that when he "the customer of Berwick, and the fermor," were with his lordship about half a year before, an order was made that no corn should leave Berwick without special license. Yet notwithstanding the dearth and scarcity, it daily goes without entry in the customhouse. Praying his letter to "Mr Governor" for the assistance of her Majesty's officers therein. Berwick upon Tweed. Signed: Jo. Hardinge.

½ p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Armorial wafer signet.

967. Scroope to Sir Robert Cecill. [July 19.]

Acknowledging his letter of 13th, intimating the Queen's "indisposition" to Lord Heris beinge opposite warden, yet authorising his meeting him, to learn if the King means to appoint him for the present only, or longer. That Heris within these three days, has written postponing any meeting, as he had no direction from the King. And Mr Bowes has written that the King "pretendeth" to appoint Lord Hamilton lieutenant and warden opposite. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

968. Scroope to Burghley. [July 24.]

By the "oversighte" hitherto given by her Majesty to the Earl Bothwell, he has till now kept Liddesdale in order. But last night 100 horsemen broke into Bewcastle, carried off 80 kye and oxen, nags, insight &c., and left many of the Queen's subjects for dead. As they threaten further inroads, I had given direction that one of the foot companies should lie there for defence, but the captains being ordered by my lord Chamberlain to return to Berwick, excuse themselves. I beg your lordship to give orders therein, by letter which I may show them, before ten days hence, when they expect their recal.

Thomas Musgrave deputy captain of Bewcastle asks me to get her Majestys leave to take his own revenge, as there is no officer opposite to give redress, in which desire of his I concur. Praying answer and direction from your lordship to him; withall to admonish him to be more careful in defence of his office than hitherto.

I send inclosed such news as I have from Scotland. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

969. William Clopton to Burghley. [July 27.]

Signifying that while at Morpeth on his way to make the half year's pay at Berwick, he received a message from "Mr Governor" and other officers, that if he came there without money to make a full half year's pay, he should be "stayed." But having his lordship's directions, thought it best to go on and speak with the governor. Having shown him these, as to staying the sums unpaid at Lady day, it appeared some pensioners then absent, but now resident, petitioned for their pay—whom he had to satisfy to the full amount—staying such as made no demand, as the Lord Hunsdon, the treasurer &c.

He has written to Lord Hunsdon that he will pay his balance of 131l. 3s. 4d. if then paymaster, soon after Michaelmas next—if not the Lord Treasurer may take order with Mr Rante to satisfy it. Sledwich. Signed: Will'm Clopton.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

970. Scroope to Burghley. [July 28.]

Sending him intelligence just brought by his man from Edinburgh from his secret friend there. Is daily awaiting his reply respecting the soldiers, and Thomas Musgrave's "desier." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

½ p. Flyleaf with address lost.

971. Carey to Burghley. [July 29.]

Having been "abroad," I returned today, when arrived Sir Richard Cockburne the King's secretary, on his way to London by post, with nine "in traine." It is thought he comes for more money.

All coming from Edinburgh report that the ship at Aberdeen brought much gold as well as "seminaries," and that Sir William Stanley came in her, which I hardly believe. Bothwell being often solicited by the three Papist earls, has put them off till now, that they sent James Chisolme and William Drummond for his full resolution. He replied he "wanted moyen" to bring his friends together, and waited till after the baptism before deciding. His Liddesdale men are warned for the 6th of August. The Bishop of Ross is gone to Aberdeen and they fortify there. The Spanish army is also coming. But I think these "scarebogles" are but to deceive her Majesty and get more money. However the confirmation of all these things is very current. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.