Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.
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120. Forster to Walsingham. [May 3]
There was a day of truce—the first of long time—for the Middle March, held on the 1st instant, "and reasonable good justice ministred and abowt xx billes fyled and delyvered on other syde … I was credible enformed by some of myne acquaintance of the best that was there, is like to be greate alteracion in Scotlande and that spedelye in relligione and Gods worde, throwe the dealinge and behaviour of the ministers, who have therbye procured manie that were before verie zeolous towards Gods worde, to be in their contrarye. For they take so muche upon them that they denie that the Kinge shall have anye thinge to doo with the spiritualties, or is supreame head of the churche, nor will not permitt him to make anye bisshopp—and that the masse is like to be sett up againe by the Duke of Leonoxe meanes."
As to conference with Pharnihyrst on the state of Scotland, "ye shall understande that since his coming home he is almost altogether ane Edenbroghe man, and as I heare, like to growe in greate credit with the Duke of Leonoxe. I never spake with him but at one meitinge, and nowe he is at Eddenbroghe and his ladye newe come home from Fraunce into Scotlande; but he hath appointed a trost to be holden verie shortlye for redressinge of attempts of West Tyvidale and those within his office and bowndes; and at his cominge, yf he will doo anye thinge for me for the old frendshipp I shewed him, I will by all the wayes and meanes I canne, understande at his handes howe the estate of Scotlande dothe stande, and what is most like to ensewe therof, and … advertise your honour." I have had nothing worthy to write,—"the estate of the Borders standinge so tyckelye and daungerous as yt nowe dothe, and of late there is greate feedes and slawghters risen amonge the surnames of the Borders of Scotlande, which cawseth greate disobedience there." At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.
1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.
121. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [May 4.]
"I receaved your lettre the first of this instant, about vij a clocke at night, and accordinge to your honours direction, the next day by eight in the forenoone I wrytt to Mr Alexander Hume of Huton Hall, deputy warden to the Lord Hume, and sent the Quene of Scottes herl ettre unto him, that he wolde safely see the same conveighed unto the King her sonne—from whome (untill the next day followinge) I receaved no answere—who then send me worde, he had bene with the Lorde Hume his master, and made him acqueynted with the same, and sent me the lettre againe with answere that thei could not receave yt, nor send yt to the King, untill thei had advertised his grace and the Duke therof, and knowen there pleasures therin. So that I have receaved the lettre againe, which remaineth in my handes untyll I heare further from theim. …
The ministerie, after there returne from Sterling, called a convencion amongst theim selves, which thei kept at St Androes. And there assembled unto theim certen barrons and lardes, to the nombre of iijxx, who satt in convencion with theim. And also thei sommoned Mongomery the newe bushopp of Glasco, to comme unto theim; who accordingly came and satt in convencion with theim. Who hathe returned againe unto the religion, as in professing and vowing he will revoke his bushopbridge, and all other his proceadinges in that respect, and requireth at there handes respytt for the same untill he hath bene with the King and Duke to make his humiliacion. The ministery doe deferre excommunicating of him, upon thes promesses aforesaid—neverthelesse thei are in great doubt that after his commyng to the King he will observe none of these promesses. The Duke is at this present at Daukeath and the King at Kenneale, thErle of Arraines howse, where he abideth untill the Dukes returne back againe unto him. It is manifestly said the Duke will not suffre the King to come to Edenbroughe, by reason of the ministery, but carieth him backe againe into the northe of Scotland. The speciall cause of the Dukes commynge to Daukeathe (as I am credibly enfourmed) is, to receave certen messages at Sir Thomas Carre, which his wyffe hath brought furth of France to be delyvered unto the said Duke, being such secrett matter, as thei were not to be wrytt owt of France, for feare of intercepting or such like mischance. Certenly the Duke carieth the whole sway, and his credyt dayly encreaseth more and more, and no man in his contrary in any thing he taketh in hand (saving the ministery for religion). The Kinge altogither is perswaded and ledd by him, for he can hardly suffre him owt of his presence, and is in such love with him, as in the oppen sight of the people, oftentymes he will claspe him about the neck with his armes and kisse him. ThErle of Arrain altogither is enclyned unto him, and no man observes and followes his proceadinges more then he doth at this present. Also it is gyven furth by the magistrates of the corporacion of Edenbroughe, that the Duke shall have the castle of Edenbroughe delyvered unto him, who meaneth to make the Lord Seaton his deputie of the said castle, and also to make him provost of the towne of Edenbroughe—which maketh bothe the ministery and the said corporacion to be in great feare if yt come so to passe—for that soone after, it is lookt for, some of his practises will appeare for alteracion of religion and bringing in of Frenchmen. For, having yt (as yt is said amongst theim selfes), he hathe all the forces and strengthes of Scotlande in his owne handes." Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.
2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.
122. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [May 15.]
"I receaved from Mr Alexander Hume deputy warden of the Merse, the xvth of this his lettre hereinclosed, which I returne unto your honour for the better manifesting of the matter for my dischardge in this behalf. And according to theffect therof, I have delyvered the Quene of Scottes her lettre unto his servant James Hume the bringer thereof.
The King and the Duke returned from Lythco to Sterling about the xth of this instant, and is thought to come backe to Daukeathe about the xvijth of the same. Thoccasion of the Kings commynge is to see six horses sent furth of France from the Duke of Guyse, which horses arryved at Lleath the ixth of this instant, with the nombre of xvjen Frenchmen, but none of any great credyt or name. For the which matter Mr John Dury one of the principall preachers and in greatest favoure with the King, did make his present repaire unto the King (hearing the horses to be sent from the Duke of Guyse unto his grace) to perswade the King he wold not receave neither those horses or any other gyfte sent unto him from the said Duke of Guyse, with many other informacions what maner of man the said Duke of Guyse was in disposition—as beinge a Papist, a blouddy man, and altogether against the Ghospell and Godes religion. To whome the King made answere so longe as the breath was in him, he wold be firme and sounde both in conscience and mynde, and willed him to be assured he wold stand in the defence and mantenance of Godes ghospell and the religion now preatcht and ministred—which is great rejoysing to the whole ministery that the Kinge so answered the said Mr John Dury, and that he is so constant. Also the ministery is infourmed and doe understand, that both the Duke and Arrain goe about to drawe the Kinge to carnall lust, wherfore thei are in great feare if he should be infected therwith, that the Duke should the rather bring his divelyshe practises the better to passe, for that thei think the King wold not so well lyke of sermons, whenne he should heare his fault and sinne reproved; which thei judge to be one of there practises to bring the King to check with the religion. In the which Mr John Dury at this present did use some discourse unto the King in this manner—that thei were chardged by Mr John Knockes at his death, at such tyme as the King came to yeares of discretion and judgement, to put him in remembrance so long as he manteyned Godes ghospell and the troth therof and kept his body unpolluted, he should prosper both in his estate and reigne. Wherin he humbly prayd his grace to have the feare of God before his eyes, and to beare in remembrance the same—and if he should have any such wicked counsell or example, that he wold not gyve eare unto the same, but call for Godes grace and assistance to avoyd the temptacion therof. And also for that yt hath pleased his grace to command him, at any tyme when he shoulde heare of any thing that he mislykte of his proceadinges, that he should come and playnly enforme him of yt,—therfore he thought him selfe not onely bownd in conscience before God, but also by naturall dewty and love especially bownd by trewe alledgiance which he oweth unto his grace, to give his grace forewarninge for the better remembrance of him self both towardes God and the worlde. Who did well accept upon his admonishment, and lykewise answered, his body was cleane and unpolluted. Moreover yt is reported and gyven furthe, that the Duke shall receave the castle of Edenbroughe the xixth of this instant, which (if yt comme to passe) will be very much mislykte of, both with the ministery and many others." Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.
1½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.
Inclosed in the foregoing:—
(Hume to Woddryngton.)
Whereas I received your letter of 3d May instant enclosing one from his mother to the King, which at that time I had no power to receive. "Bot if it will pleis your honour to deliver the foirsaid letter to this berar, I will confes the ressait of the same be this my hand writ. … Frome Hutounhall this 14 day of Maij 1582." Signed: Alexr. Hwme of Hutounhall.
¼ p. Addressed. Indorsed.
123. Scrope to Walsingham. [May 19.]
I observe by your letter of the 14th instant presently received, that no certain determination will be taken for answer to mine of the 23d April, till the King of Scots replies to her Majesty's letters to him; when I pray you I may be advertised. For meanwhile through Cesford's shooting the meeting, and refusal of delivery for murders, the borderers are encouraged to revenge old feuds, and several murders have been done—"speciallye on Thursdaye laste the Grames our owne borderers, for revendge of one their kinsman latelie killed in this feaid, have entred into Scotlande, and slayne two of the Belles, and one also of their owne name and kinsman, being a partaker with the Belles against them." So being thus divided in several parties, it is like to be the gretest feud ever on these Borders.
Whatever is pretended in France as you advertise me, it is reported from Scotland, that the Duke seeks the custody of all the chief holds there, which causes great suspicion. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.
"Postscript.—This fead is the same that I signifyed unto you wolde growe upon the death of Adam Carlill Scotisman."
1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.
124. James VI. to Woddryngton. [May 24.]
"Our servaunt Schir Johnne Seytoun knycht greit maister of our horss, having spent a large part of his youthe in foreyn cuntreis, is yit moved to continew sum langar space in that exercise. … Herfoir we desyre yow effectuislie to grant unto him withe his servandis, horss, and baggaige, favorable and reddy passage to the Court of our dearest sister the Quene your soverane, and withe commissioun to be asservit of post horss for his better expeditioun gif he sall sa require. As also withe testimoniall of sic horss as he salhappin to bring with him frome this our realme, that he be not impedit in transporting of thame to the partes beyond sey, as ye will do ws thankfull and gude pleasur." Dalkeith. Signed: "Youre lovinge freind James R."
½ p. Addressed: "To our trusty and weilbelovit Schir Hary Wethringtoun knycht lord marshall of Berwick and present governour therof, or in his absence to any nther governour present." Indorsed.