Border Papers volume 2: April 1596

Pages 118-128

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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245. Eure to Burghley. [April 1.]

This day I received a letter from Mr Bowes the Queen's ambassador, acquainting me with information given to the King against some of my March, for a breach of the peace. The charge is this—that the keepers of Tyndale and Reedsdale lay in ambush, purposely to intrap the Scotsmen, when they followed the sheep, 1000 or more, driven out of Buccleuch's office by some of the Mylbornes, Charletons, Robsons, and Doddes on Friday last the 26th March.

I assure you "uppon myne honoure," there were neither flocks nor flock of sheep thus taken, nor were my officers abroad with force—"a stirr" as we call it, but in private with their friends. I wrote to you before of three roades in one week upon Tyndale, and in following, some Tyndale men on their way home took 60 beasts from Jedworth forest, for which Sir Andrew Karr laird of Ferniherst made suit for redress, respited to the next truce day. But having notice meantime of intended revenge on my March, I ordered some about me to watch my "frontes" in arms. They were under 100, and, "with sorrow I speake yt," not 30 able horse—and the Scots not appearing, these men returned without service, or entering foot in Scotland, which I forbade. The keepers of Tyndale or Redesdale were neither present nor privy—but it chanced that night unknown to that company, that some of Tyndale near to the Bells, took in English ground "15 score" of sheep, for which I since hear, Liddesdale threatens revenge with fire and sword. If your lordship looks at the treaty in the Queen's time, of pasturage, parkage and poundage, the Scots are absolutely forbidden to do so, and the owner of the land, the warden or deputy, &c., may seize goods depasturing in England, above 6 hours in one day. Yet this little stealth, unknown to any English officer, is made as heinous as if all their flocks were "touched," and by the intolerable custom allowed the Scots in my predecessor's time, the poor hungry thieves of our country may not retaliate, but we are straightway threatened with breach of peace, "and darred with loss of lyfe."

I am taking all means I can with the principal gentlemen of the country to join in putting down this practice, and seize all the flocks unlawfully depasturing on our ground,—praying your pleasure therein. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Quartered wafer signet.

246. John Carey to Burghley. [April 6.]

Nothing has happened since the King's late "hunting viege into these quarters," except on his going home, he made a new Earl of Atholl and sundry knights. There is little news, the Spaniards being "all deade," or at least forgotten among them.

I send the defaults of last musters. The works to be taken in hand, "stayes," through Mr Treasurer and Mr Vernon not taking order to pay the poor labourers, though promised presently: when the "Cowe gate" and taking down the old wall shall go in hand. I dare not complain, having had much displeasure already, but would remind your lordship to see this town victualled before next winter. Many corn ships come to the port, but few to the palace. These few are freighted, some with 10 qrs. for the palace, and 100 qrs. for the market, others with 20 or 30 qrs. for the palace, and 8 or 10 score qrs. for the market. What does come is ill used for lack of a chief officer. There are only servants, and all do the best for themselves, not being sure of their master's stay. "They doe like the good steward nomynated in the Scripture." I write truly, and have displeasure, but I am here to please no man but do the Queen true service. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

247. Sir Robert Carey to Burghley. [April 6.]

There is a piece of common lying between Tweedmouth and "Skyrmirston," which parcel of ground Mr Lawson of Broughe holds as his inheritance belonging to Skyrmirston: and I challenge it for the Queen, as belonging to her town of Tweedmouth. There has been much controversy heretofore between Mr Lawson and my lord's officers of Norham. He is wilful, and I not willing the Queen lose her right. So I pray your lordship to send an injunction to put me in quiet possession for the Queen till the law decides it. Berwick. Signed: Rob. Carey.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

248. Eure, &c., to Burghley. [April 10.]

The gaol delivery for this country was held here before us, Mr Cuthbert Pepper and others, and continued three days, from the multitude of prisoners, factions, favour to gentlemen offenders, &c., hindering all good service. We think such deliveries should be held oftener. Under her Majesty's commandment to us and other justices of "oier and terminer," we have appointed the 13th instant for musters of light horse, and taken order as to the footmen. We have charged an inquest of gentlemen of this country with fit articles for the service, and a like one for the bishopric at Auckland on the 15th, whereat we Humfray Purefey and John Ferne, purpose to be present with the other commissioners. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure, Humfrey Purefey, Jo. Ferne.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Eure's quartered wafer signet.

249. Eure to Burghley. [April 10.]

I send some more particulars than in our common letter. Mr Purefey and Mr Ferne with Mr Pepper, came here on the 3d with the general commission, under which they and 2 justices of this March, Mr Dallavaile and Claveringe, held the sessions on Monday the 5th, with great appearance of the most worthy gentlemen of the county, of whom two juries of the best were chosen for trial of life and death. But contrary to expectation, we found great slowness of service; for when a prisoner was to be arraigned, if allied, or a servant or tenant, to any of great name, we found it most hard to arraign them, or get a verdict; so the session by this only, lasted three days.

The prisoners committed, and appearing on bail, were 59, whereof 9 found guilty and executed; 6 "clarkes saved by there bookes," and two principal men of Mr Wooddrington, after being indicted by the "graund jurie," escaped from prison and are not recaptured. One called William Shaftoe, was deputy bailiff to Sir John Forster in Bywell lordship, and so used it, that there are not 6 able horse there. I removed him just before the sessions, "for his well doeinge." The other, William Lawsone, was Shaftoe's deputy officer. Both were chief malefactors for theft, burglary, taking Englishmen prisoners to Scotland and ransoming them. They are accused of being among those that spoiled the town of Ivestone in the bishopric,—how they escaped I cannot yet inform you—but beg you to listen to no suit for them, without better desert. These are of "the gentlemen theves that the pooer durst not name, or call in questione for there stoutnes and greate alliances.' I trust their former friends will respect her Majesty's service, and forget their friendship. But I must tell your lordship that "packinge with theaves" is too common. I must "with feare and trimblinge" say that direct evidence is not regarded as it ought to be amongst Christians, and "othes" but little. Another hindrance to justice is—"the theife accused as theie tearme yt, by a tayles man uppon whose worde the wittnes dothe absolutelie swere to his accusatione, but bringeth not forth the tayles man, which accusatione occasioneth devisione with the jurie and sometymes the sheddinge of innocent blood."

The warden court was held on Thursday the 8th instant, and though as many prisoners were at the bar as at the other court, 3 only were found guilty, and one Hearon a gentleman, by report a notable March breaker, and his father likewise. The father "sicke" and not at bar; "but the sonne was so much befrinded by the jurie, that that daie and night, and the next daye att night, noe verdicte would be geven—that for saifitie of the gentlemens health I was inforced to drawe the prisonner from them, and receave there half verdicte of those theie had agreed on. The jurie rested withoute meate and drinke accordinge the custome in like case, almost to there undoeinge." It grieved me much, and I did in my discretion by advice of the Queen's learned "councell," though not agreeable to the common law. The ruin of this country by the "inveterated irreligion and barbarisme" is grievous. You will find by the certificate of horse that it is declining not rising. I humbly beseech your advice in the matter unjustly invented against me to the King of Scots. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

250. Scrope to the Privy Council. [April 12.]

Your lordships have been from time to time made acquainted with the undutiful carriage of the "surnames of the Grames," never in my opinion so able or inclined to evil against the Queen's good subjects, than at this day. And hoping that it will please your wisdoms to have tender consideration of this border, suffering under the "tiranny" of them and theirs, if you would write to me "a straight" letter, commanding me to send up to you those of the surname named in the note herewith, without letting them know before hand the cause, and on their appearance commit them to "the Fleete" or other prison, till it pleased her Majesty I came up: I doubt not at my coming I should show proof of such matter against them as deserved due punishment, to the common benefit and quiet of all these parts. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

¾ p. No address. Indorsed.

251. Scrope to the Privy Council. [April 14.]

I thought it my duty to acquaint you with "the proude attempte" which the Scots have made on this her Majesty's castle and chief strength here, praying you to move her Majesty for such redress as may stand with her liking. The ground of it proceedeth from the cause which I formerly advertised, and will now be imparted to you by my Lord Treasurer, to whom to avoid tediousness, I refer you. "Yesternighte in the deade time therof, Water Scott of Hardinge, the cheife man aboute Buclughe, accompanied with "500 horsemen of Buclughes and Kinmontes frendes, did come armed and appointed with gavlockes and crowes of iron, handpeckes, axes and skailinge lathers, unto an owtewarde corner of the base courte of this castell, and to the posterne dore of the same— which they undermyned speedily and quietlye and made them selves possessores of the base courte, brake into the chamber where Will of Kinmont was, carried him awaye, and in their discoverie by the watch, lefte for deade two of the watchmen, hurt a servante of myne one of Kynmontes keperes, and were issued againe oute of the posterne before they were discried by the watche of the innerwarde, and ere resistance coulde be made. The watch, as yt shoulde seeme, by reason of the stormye night, were either on sleepe or gotten under some covert to defende them selves from the violence of the wether; by meanes wherof the Scottes atcheived theire entreprise with lesse difficultie. The wardinge place of Kinmonte, in respect of the manner of his takinge, and the assurance he had given that he woulde not breake awaye, I supposed to have bin of sufficient suretie, and litle looked that any durst have attempted to enforce in the tyme of peace any of her Majestys castells, and a peece of so good strength. Yf Buclugh him selfe have bin therat in person, the capten of this proud attempt, as some of my servantes tell me they hard his name called uppon (the trueth wherof I shall shortly advertise), then I humblie beseech, that her Majesty wilbe pleased to send unto the Kinge, to call for and effectually to press his deliverie, that he may receive punishment as her Majesty shall fynde that the quallity of his offence shall demirite, for yt wilbe a dangerous example to leave this highe attempt unpunished. Assuring your lordships, that if her Majesty will give me leave, yt shall cost me both life and lyvinge, rather then such an indignitie to her highnes, and contempt to my selfe, shalbe tollerated. In revenge whereof, I intend that somethinge shalbe shortly entreprised against the principalles in this accion for repaire therof, if I be not countermaunded by her Majesty, whose gratious favour hearin I awaite." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

"I have written to Mr Bowes herin."

1 p. Addressed: To the Privy Council. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

252. Scrope to Burghley. [April 14.]

"To th' ende your lordship maye the better understande the originnall cause of this which followeth, I have chosen to inclose the copies of those thinges which I had formerly sent upp, to have bin enformed to her Majesty: contayninge some fewe heades of the proceedinges betwixt Buclugh and mee, and the manner and cause of Kinmontes takinge and detayninge, not doubtinge but your lordship hath bin er nowe made acquainted therewith. The which copies when your lordship hath perused, I praye yow to imparte them unto the lordes of her Majestys most honorable privie counsell, to whom I have thought meete to write this inclosed lettre to advertise the proude attempt by the Scottes againste this her Majestys castell, her cheifest fortresse in these partes, the manner wherof is as followeth.—Yesternighte, in the dead tyme therof, Water Scott of Hardinge (the cheife man with Buclughe) accompanied with 500 horsmen of Buclughes and Kinmontes frendes, did come armed and appointed with gavlockes and crowes of iron, hand peckes, axes and skailinge lathers, unto an outewarde corner of the base courte of this castell, and to the posterne dore of the same, which they undermyned speedily and quietly, and made them selves possessores of the base courte, brake into the chamber wher Will of Kinmont was, caried him awaye, and in their discoverie lefte for deade two of the watchmen and hurte a servante of myne, one of Kinmontes kepers, and were issued againe oute of the posterne before they were discried by the watch of th'inerwarde, and er resistance coulde be made. The watch as yt shoulde seeme, by reason "of the stormie night, were either on sleepe, or gotten under some covert to defende them selves from the violence of the wether, by which meanes the Scot atcheived th'interprise with less difficultie. The wardinge place of Kinmont (in respect of the manner of his takinge, and the assurance he had geven that he woulde not breake awaye), I supposed to have bin of sufficient salftie, and litle looked that any durst have attempted to enforce any of her Majestys castelles, and a peece of so good strengthe. If Buclugh him selfe have bin heare in person, the capten of this proude attempte, as some of my servantes tell me they harde his name called uppon (the truth whereof I shall with certenty advertise by my nexte), then I humblie beseech that her Majesty wilbe pleased to sende unto the Kinge to call for and press his deliverie, that he maye receive punishment as her Majesty shall fynde that the quallitie of his offence shall demerite; for it wilbe a dangerous example to leave this attempt unpunished. Assuringe your lordship, that if her Majesty will give me leave, yt shall cost me both life and livinge rather than such an indignitie to her highnes and contempt to my selfe, shalbe tollerated. In revenge wherof, I intende that some thinge shall shortly be enterprised against the cheife actores for repaire of this faulte, if I be not countermaunded by her Majesty. And regardinge the myndes of the Lowthers to do villeny unto me, havinge bin assured by some of their owne, that they would do what they coulde to disquiet my governement, I am induced vehementlye to suspect that their heades have bin in the devise of this attempt, and am also perswaded that Thomas Carlton hath lent his hand heareunto; for yt is whispered in myne eare, that some of his servauntes, well acquainted with all the corners of this castell, were guydes in the execution hearof. I shall do my uttermost to bringe the trueth to lighte in publique, that due punishment maye be inflicted." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

"Postscript:—Before the insealinge heareof, the contentes of this other note of the names of the principall persones was broughte me, and confirmed by others of creditie: so that it appeareth that Buclughs beinge at the fact is not to be doubted. Besydes the executioners, I am informed that the Lairde of Johnston laye with an ambushment in one place and the Goodman of Bonshawe with an other, on the paile of Scotland, to have given defence to there owne and resisted the pursuers, if any had followed so farre.

"This other sedule towchinge the Grames, if your honour uppon perusall, fynde it worthie to be proceeded in, then I beseche your lordship to putt yt into the lettre of myne to the lordes of the counsell, which I have so sealed that your lordship maye open and put yt in and so cloase yt upp againe." Signed: Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Names of the principal assailants.)

"These names were taken by the informer at the mouthe of one that was in person at the enforcinge of this castell."

The Laird of Buccleuch; Walter Scot of Goldelandes; Walter Scot of Hardinge; Walter Scot of Brainxholme; [ ] Scot named Todrigges; Will Ellott goodman of Gorrombye; John Ellott called of the Copshawe; the Laird of Mangerton; the young Laird of Whithaugh and his son; three of the Calfhills, Jocke, Bighames, and one Ally, a bastard; Sandy Armestronge son to Hebbye; Kinmontes Jocke, Francie, Geordy, and Sandye, all bretheren, the sons of Kinmont; Willie Bell "redcloake, and two of his brethren; Walter Bell of Godesby; three bretheren of Tweda, Armstrongs; young John of the Hollace and one of his brethren; Christie of Barneglish and Roby of the Langholm; the Chingles; Willie Kange and his brethren with their "complices."

"The informer sayeth that Buclugh was the fift man which entred the "castell, and encouraged his companie with these wordes—'Stand to yt, for I have vowed to God and my prince, that I would fetch oute of England Kynmont dead or quicke, and will maintaine that accion when it is donn, with fyre and sworde against all the resisters.'"

¾ p. Written by Scrope's clerk. Indorsed partly by Burghley.

253. Scrope to Henry Leigh. [April 14.]

Instructions to Mr Henry Leigh for his "travells" with the Lords Treasurer and Hunsdon or with the Queen in matters concerning her Borders.

On delivery of their letters to the Lord Treasurer and the Lord Chamberlain, let each of them understand the manifest danger at present of a breach of peace on this frontier, giving these reasons:—

That Buccleuch has ever been the chief enemy (and still is) to the quiet of the border.

Before he was officer, he was principal at taking Captain Belles (fn. 1) and "hewinge in peeces" divers of his soldiers. Afterwards at the killing some of Captain Bestones' soldiers at Hexham, and some of Captain Ellice on this March.

Since he was officer, he was in person at the murder of some of the Queen's subjects on the Middle March—has caused many "herishipes" in this West wardenry, once in person at that of Richies Will, another time in the house of Geordies Sandy Graime, to have carried him off, and lastly at the assault and enforcing the Queen's castle and officer. He has now got all or most of our Grames to join him, and is working to bind more of them. He brags "that he hopeth to be the man that shall make the first roade into England in revenge of the death of the Kinges moother."

You shall earnestly press that her Majesty be moved "to deale roundly" with the Scottish King for immediate delivery of Buccleuch's body without condition, to receive due punishment and exemplary justice.

Touching the Grames:—

They have been and are "pernitious members," and very injurious instruments in breaking peace in the March. Since they grew strong, they never did nor do show sound allegiance to the Queen, or obedience to her officers, unless compelled by fear of their livings, or think the time serves not.

In Lord Dacre's time, when he meant "justice" on some of them, they pricked at him returning from a day of truce, "hooved after" him over Eden bridge, and took 8 of his company prisoners between it and Carlisle.

In the late Lord Scrope's time, they attacked him in the field, chased the steward of Burgh, unhorsed the bailiff and took his horse, hurting many of his company.

In contempt of myself on taking office, they held the house of Rob of the Faulde, against Sir Robert Carey and Sir William Bowes, gathered their English and Scottish friends, and were only defeated by the valour and discretion of these two gentlemen. No officer here can purpose anything ever so secretly against an evildoer of England or Scotland, but the Grames hear of and prevent it. They also ride with Scotsmen against the lieges here. They or the most of their principals, were privy and acted with Buccleuch in the surprise of this castle and loosing Kinmont out of it. And it is public that at Buccleuch's horse race long before, many of them were asked for their consents thereto, and being "premonished," let him ride forward and back through them, without shout or hindrance. "Also the sonne of one of them brought Buclughes ringe to Kinmonte before his losinge, for a token for his deliverance by him, and one of them knowne to be in the castle courte with Buclugh."

They are so strong by intermarriages in Scotland and England, and united by the amity concluded among them of late by Richard Lowther, and new marriages promoted by him, that they are able to trouble the peace of both countries far beyond their former power.

Few gentlemen can keep their goods safe unless matched with them, or have them as tenants, or pay "blak mayle."

Remedies suggested:—

If banished to Scotland, they would do more harm here than ever, unless the King's officer "coulde and woulde" deliver them up.

I think therefore that either they and their friends opposite should be "removed" and their lands given by both princes to others more honest from the "inlandes" of both realms. Or else that the Lords of the Council would call for the principal Grames whose names I sent up in my last letter, and for Hutchons Andrew, and young Hutchon called Richies Hutchon, to appear before them, and not "returned" till they found good security for past and future spoils and offences. Also one of them to be made chief officer over the rest under the warden, who should deliver a pledge under condition, if their offences were not redressed or offenders delivered in a "prescribed" time, the pledge should suffer death, and the chief officer be dismissed for another Grame. Also the principal man of every branch to send like pledges to Carlisle or York castles, &c., under a like penalty.

"Be yow earnest" with their lordships to take these proceedings speedily, that I may more privately and safely take revenge on the chief actors in the opposite realm. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Indorsed by Burghley: "14 April 1596. Henrie Leigh his instruccions from the Lord Scroop."

254. John Carey to Burghley. [April 14.]

"Having no newes of any worth to send you out of Scotland, save that the King is at Starling with his younge prince, the Queene is att Edenbroughe, with her great belley," and all here quiet. What the news of the Spaniards having won "Callis" will alter, I know not, but thought good to remind your lordship, that seeing they have taken it so quickly, and being so near neighbours, will likely trouble us before summer is over, elsewhere, I have viewed and inclose a note of our store here, that some better supply be sent down for next winter's provision.

I must also remind your lordship that care must be taken for the Holy Island and other places here about. "For Sir William Read is now almost throughe age growne ympotente, so as he can hardlie either heare or see, and is even clean donn, and his sonne a man verie unfitte by reason of many ymperfections in him, to have the truste of so great a chardge as the Holly I land and the reste of those ilandes be, so that if they should by any meanes be of a sudden surprised, it would be a great hinderaunce and daunger to Barwicke." I pray your pardon for speaking of things I have nothing to do in, more than I am as an Englishman bound to signify what I see in danger. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

Inclosed in the same:—

Notes of stores in the Palace at Berwick, 14th April 1596.

Wheat, 63 qrs.; meal, 10 qrs.; malt in the "loftes," 234 qrs.; in the brewhouse, 18 qrs.; beans and pease, 6 qrs.

Oxen, 10; sheep, 135.

"Mudde" lings, 360; "islande" cod, 660. Signed: John Crane, Rob. Yaxlee, Willm. Acrigge. These viewed the store.

¾ p. In Crane and another's writing.

255. Eure to the Queen. [April 17. 1596.]

Under your Majesty's commission bearing date 28th March last, I as your warden of the Middle March with two of your highness's learned council of the north and other honourable persons knights and gentlemen, did take a view of the horsemen there on the 14th instant, and finding the decay so great "(with humble pardon on my knees I crave it) I adventure to geve your Majestie knowledge" of our labours, before the certificate under all our hands be delivered to the lords of your privy council.

The light horse fit for service on this March was 71, including "the whole stable" of the best gentlemen, viz. the Lord Ogell, Mr Dallavaile, Mr Woodrington, and Mr Fenwick, and some of these would not be allowed in other countries. But we had to do it in hope of better amends. Of horses of "lower stature fit for petronels," 31 were allowed, in all 102.

The men are able (as men) but impoverished by the long spoil of the Scots without redress; the spoil procured by thieves who make the Scots colourable principals. If I claim redress from the opposite warden, he treats it as it were a "noveltie," imparting this to his secret friend. So the Scottish borderer is enriched with English sheep and cattle, and the poor Englishman can not steal from them again, for want of horse, and the gentlemen "consionablie" forbear.

The dearth this year prevents many keeping horses; and besides this, some bailiffs and officers have consented to the spoil of their charges "and perticipated thereof, a most horrible and unnaturall acte;" whereof there was a case at this last gaol delivery, when William Shaftoe, deputy bailiff of Bywell lordship, and William Lawson his deputy, broke prison before judgment and fled, showing their guiltiness.

Another most grievous decay is "want of knowledge of God," whereby the better sort forget oath and duty, let malefactors go against evidence, and favour "a partie" belonging to them or their friends. The churches mostly ruined to the ground, ministers and preachers "comforthles to com and remaine where such heathenish people are," so there are neither teachers nor taught.

I fear this weakness is over all the Marches—"for proofe, on Mundaie last xijth of Aprill, the Lard of Mangerton and other suche like, and as it is thought the Lard of Baclughe keeper of Lyddesdale, with a few horsemen, not fouertie as I here, came to Carlell and forceablie breake the place where Will of Kinmonthe, Scott, a notable offender against England, honorablie taken by the Lord Scroop, was taken away and carried into Scotland." This makes me fear they well know the weakness of the March or durst not have attempted such an action.

The footmen of this March shall be presently mustered, and your Majesty may be assured to find numbers of "able serviceable men naked and on foote, yet valiant and obedient."

The numbers of Scots crept in and tolerated on the March, some married, some received as "hirdes" and tenants, by those who greedy of gain and safety of their goods, prefer a Scottish to an English tenant, is a great mischief.

The private taking of bonds of Scottish prisoners, by the English, not to the warden, is a dangerous hurt, for the private gentleman is secure from that Scottish clan, while the rest of the March is spoiled. This I labour to break.

The wrongful depasturing on our March is also a hurt, for the Scots "stafehird" on our ground, and complain of me to the King for taking their sheep trespassing. But with your Majesty's aid, my March shall "sheild with" their goods and defend the "auncyent bounders" as by treaty is commanded.

If your Majesty were pleased to allow pay for 200 horse of Northumberland, it would be a means in time to recover the losses and restore our strength.

The foot might be charged to find muskets and callivers according to their ability, and this March in time be as strong as the others. The Earl of Northumberland might be commanded "to inhable" his tenants, Tinemouth especially, for horse. And if all three Marches joined in assisting one another, the subject should shortly be bettered.

Craving pardon for presumption, "not darringe to behold the bright glistringe beames of your royall wisdome." Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

2 pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Fastened with pink floss silk, and two wax seals (as before).

256. Eure to Burghley. [April 17.]

Though I have acquainted the ambassador with my answer to the unjust complaint, and he has certified the King, yet I hear Buccleuch and Fernihirst prepare for revenge on me, and though I do what I can, we have not strength to resist them coming with 300 horse, more than we can gather on a sudden. The muster was taken on the 13th and the certificate will show you our weak state, grieving me more than I ever was before, after so long peace to see the alarm at our door, "in a manner by noe ryders only, but myghty invadors."

The number of light horse was 71, with the Lord Ogell and other's whole stable; of petronells 31; "and noe nycenes of choyse, but what myght serve for a man anyeway armed, was allowed;" so you may judge where the "gallant companie" of 300 horse that met me, was! But there is no truth in this March, "but rather mallice, pride, and deepe disdayne."

Lord Scroope on Monday last 12 April, "had forceably tayken from out of his pryson att Carlelle, Wille of Kinmonthe, Scott, from before his doore, and not rescued."

I will not intermeddle with more than my own, but I fear East, West, and Middle, are greatly decayed. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

257. Anonymous to Scrope. [April 24.]

" Right honorable lord, pleaseth your lordship to ken this the truth of the takinge out of Kynmont, whilk mony thinkes your lordship hes receaved ane great displeasure in the doinge of it, and thur that was the devisors of it hes made your lordship a great falt, whilk I thinke should be evell to forgett; and speciallie Englishmen dwelland within the ground of England quha was counsell and causers of it, and never thinkes to grant it. Albeyt the Layrd of Buckclughe tooke the deede on hand, there is others that sarvis mare blame. The dischardginge of Thomas Carlton of his office hes helpit your lordschip to receave this schame, with helpe of Richey of the Brakonhill; and others of the Grames quha was led by their counsell, hes done what they could to breake the countrey ever san Thomas was dischardged his office, whilke your lordship may ken nowe by thur thinges that is done. The countrith kens howe Buckclughe lyked of Geordeis Sandey Grame his parte of this last journey; there is sondrie that kens it, he did nothing but that whilk Thomas Carlton his good brother caused him to doe. And for Willy Redcloke, he did nothinge but that Richey of Brakonhill caused him to doe. He was with him on the Fryday at nighte before, and caused him and his freindes to lye to slea Hob Foster on the Saterday after, and left three of the Fosters for dead; and Riche of Brakonhill cam to Carlell to gif his test, and on the Monday at nighte he appointed with him whare he should meete Buckclughe, whilk he and Ebes Sandey was the first that ever brake the hole and come in about Kinmont, whilk Redcloke avowis in playne; and for Willy Cange, he is Buckclughes owne man, yet he is Huchens Andrewes brothers sonne. He come that Monday in the morninge and spake with Andrewe and Huchen and Willy of the Rose trees, and toke their counsell howe they sould do at nyght, and made them foresein of Buckclughes comminge. There was never a turne done fornenttes the lowsing of Kinmont, but thur men was all counsell to it and causit Kinmontes wyfe, quha is Androwes sister, make it all with Kinmont within the howse. Huchens Androwe raid the same Monday to Cokpoule to the Layrd of Carmychell, to make his test and hald his hand cleane, and Carmychell and he lay that night speakand of the purpose howe Kinmont might be lowsed. I can assure your lordship, thur and monie mea of Esk, was all counsell to that night warke, or els it had never ben provit; yet thur is the is the Scotsmen that was there—Buckclughe with xxiiij Scottes and Ellottes quha lay that night in the Lange holom that it was done or the sonne yeede to. There came frea the Langholm with him younge John and Kirste his brother, Kirste of Barngleis and Rob his brother, with foure of the Kanges, and Willy Kang met them on the night, foure sonnes of Kinmontes and iiij of his men—Mangerton and Whithaughe was viij men, Abes Sandey and ij with him—Willy Redcloke and John his brother, and Robbe Bell, thur come out of Annerdell. John Bells horse tireit, and he come to Fargus the Plumpes on the night, and bade there, while on the morne Willy Redcloke spake with Willy of the Rose trees that same night, he is his sisters sonne, and tooke his counsell. Your lordship may easilie ken that he wald schout his sisters sonne in the morninge when his horse was tireit. This is the truth of our of whilk I sall make you ken mare at length. (fn. 2) I desire your lordship to read this and ryve (fn. 3) it, or els I thinke your lordship falce to me." No signature. [From "Richies Will." No. 285.]

1 p. Addressed to Scrope in same writing. Indorsed partly by Burghley: "24 April 1596. Advertisement of the losinge of Kinmont and manner thereof, with the counsellors or rather conspirors thereof."

258. Scrope to Burghley. [April 30.]

As I find on any occasion, that the townsmen of Carlisle are most forward and willing for their own defence and border service, yet insufficient for their want of furniture, "as upon an occacione of late offered yt did most plainly and pitiously appeare": might it please you to grant warrant to the master of the ordnance here to deliver to them such munition out of the store at Newcastle, as in the inclosed schedule. They will most willingly answer her Majesty's prices for some part, and with the master I shall take good bond for the balance in reasonable time, or to redeliver the munition. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley.

Inclosed in the above:—

Schedule of munition wanting and needful for the better defence of the castle and town of Carlisle.

Corne powder, 1 last; muskets furnished, 30; pikes, 50; black bills, 200; bows, 100; sheafs of arrows, 200; Flanders corslets complete, 50; horsemen's staves, 50. Signed: Th. Scroope, Rychard Musgrave. ½p.

259. The Parson of Middleton to Burghley.

"Your orator Leo[nard] Pylkyngton person off her Majestes kyrke of Mydleton in Teisdale in the countye of Durham," prays your letters to "Mr William Bowes esquier in mye behalffe, that ayther he wold quietlye with favor suffer me to resave the tend ure (fn. 4) within that perysshe which ij of mye late predecessors hadd in their possession, or elles to compounde with me for the same so resonablye to mye contentacion, that his worshyppe may have the same xli. under the valor thereoff at mye handes"—both which requests have been denied to me by Mr Bowes himself before and since last Michaelmas. For redress whereof, "affore I shall attempt anye sute in lawe, esspetyally agaynest anye towardes your honour in servyce," I thought it my part to pray your honour's letter to move him either to conclude with me, or that I may have the "ure" due me, without further suit.

I also beg your honour's warrant for "20 tymber trees such as the workman maye lyke off, in her Majestes woddes off Wharwoodd," to build and repair the decayed barn and parsonage house, which I found much decayed, and have partly well repaired them and the "chancell off that kyrke, which cost me at the poynte off 40l.," and the rest to be done I am not able to deal with without help, timber being "so ferr off, yll to gett, and so chargeabyll booth to worke and carye." The benefice is of the Queen's patronage, and therefore my trust is in your honour. No signature.

1 p. Holograph. Indorsed: "D. Pilkington, for . . . the tith of the lead ewre within his parish," &c.


  • 1. Bellasis.
  • 2. On margin.
  • 3. i.e., tear.
  • 4. i.e. tithe ore.