Border Papers volume 2: March 1597

Pages 270-288

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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537. Scrope to Burghley. [March 1. 1596–97.]

As the commissioners are to meet here on the 10th, and the "opposites" will earnestly press and call for answer of the bills laid against me for Liddesdale, for which I have her Majesty's warrant, and to which I was forced by reason of the many former attempts by Buccleuch and his adherents committed, as appears by the inclosed abstract and divers others: I heartily desire your lordship to signify your direction and advice in what order I shall proceed at the meeting, touching the "indignitie for Carlel castle" and also the said bills. Thinking it meet that with reason and good conscience the first attempts committed by Scotland, "being the principall originall of these combers, "shoulde formest be redressed, satisfied, and delivered unto England, and then the others consequentlye as they were done in thire severall, order, to be answered, this being the last done." As for Thomas Musgrave's, having, as he says, your lordships' orders, he is to answer for them himself.

I hope I satisfied you about Lord Eure by my letter, and also the Carletons. Your letter and many before, were either lightly sealed or else opened—"the post of Thurleway making bolde with this as he doth with other matters, as I thinke, and have chardged him withall." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax quartered seal.

538. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [March 1.]

By the inclosed copy letter from Lord Scrope, you will see how stiffly he stands on satisfaction to be received for Buccleuch's insolent act at Carlisle, before agreeing to any redress for other bills, unless her Majesty's and the Council's pleasure to the contrary is declared to him. As it seems he has often desired to know this, and lately moved me to do the like, which we as commissioners formerly did jointly, I beseech your lordship with all expedition, to let him and ourselves know her Majesty's resolution therein, lest the service be delayed. It may please you on considering that article of our instructions, to advise him no longer to insist on that demand, especially since her Majesty has reserved its redress, as also of Sir Robert Carr's invasion, to be otherwise determined between herself and the King. I press your lordship the more, in absence of my colleagues, foreseeing how ridiculous we shall be, and the reformation how desperate, unless this obstacle is first removed. So when we come to Carlisle, I hope to hear that his lordship has been commanded accordingly. Bishop Awkland. Signed: T. Duresm.

1p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax seal: Mathew's arms as before.

Inclosed in the same:—

Scrope's letter to the Bishop excusing himself for not having joined the commissioners at Berwick, as he felt that he must remain at home till the Queen and Council instructed him as to Buccleuch's attempt, for which he has often written, but got no answer. Intreating the Bishop to write to the Council thereon, as he remains of the same mind, and will not proceed to any other business till that affair is settled. Offers him a hearty welcome. Carlisle, 27 February 1596. Th. Scroope. "Copia vera: T. Duresm." (fn. 1)

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

539. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [March 1.]

This morning I wrote to your lordship as to Lord Scrope. Since then I have received yours of the 25th ultimo, summoning Sir William Bowes in the Queen's name to court. I have despatched by post a copy of your letter to him at his own house in "Darby-shyre," and doubt not he will be with you so soon as may be. We, the rest of her Majesty's commissioners, shall "(Christ willing)" keep our appointed day at Carlisle, to give no colour of quarrel to our opposite associates; unless between this and the 7th instant, we shall be either countermanded from above, or directed otherwise from the ambassador: according to the "limitacion" of our service first received from your lordship. Bishop Awkland. Signed: T. Duresm.

¾ p. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed.

540. Scrope to Burghley. [March 2. 1596–97.]

I send you such news from Scotland as I have,—the best I could get.

"What braveries the Carletons were yesterday in Brampton in Gilsland, I will not be troublesom to your lordship at this tyme, but will put up all wronge for a tyme," till I hear from the Council. But I assure your lordship, "that sooner they shall comite mee to prison, then make mee to be an idle beholder" of the open wrongs done to this country, and my power to redress them taken away. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Wax seal: 1st and 4th, a bend, and label of 3 points; 2d, a saltire raguly (?); 3d, a fesse cotised: damaged.

541. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [March 2.]

In case by any chance Sir William Bowes is hindered from rejoining us, I thought necessary to send the inclosed to you, which, though containing no great certainty as to forbearing our journey to Dunfreize, yet as it argues a purpose in the King and council to give assurance of amends by pledges, it may persuade her Majesty to concur in the design already set down among both parts of the commissioners for speedy redress. But we submit the same to your wisdoms, and seeing how fruitful this negotiation may be not only now, but for posterity, we wish her Majesty would be pleased to supply our defects in "the penning and capitulating thereof, by sending downe (towardes the end of the busines) some such learned wise and expert civyle laweer, as I doe heare the now Deane of Carlisle is, and as I thinke Mr Doctor Fletcher to be. For wordes make matter, and our opposites are very cunninge artificers in the Border occupacion, and over skilfull in myne opinion, for us that are matched with them, in the cawteles and quiddities of that kinde of sophistrie. Neverthelesse in case this motion shalbe reputed needlesse, wee shall walke the more warily, bycause suspicion increaseth commonly mens circumspeccion."

Having lately received a long letter from my Lord of Carlisle and my Lord Scroope, with the names and qualities of a multitude of obstinate recusants in Cumberland and Westmerland, "some of which doe same very daungerous persons to the state," I have appointed divers times to sit in the ecclesiastical commission in that diocese, and proceed more roundly if occasion require (as I fear it will) than has been accustomed there. Which will require some time, if diligently done, and I shall feel the want of Sir William Bowes, unless he be speedily commanded hither for the Border business, so that the works, one of religion, the other of justice, may proceed together. It was meet to "premonish" your lordship hereof, for it is a special article in the Queen's instructions, "that I should doe all my diligence both to loke into the causes, and to labour the reformacion of those that have made so notorious and lamentable defection from Godes truth established," besides making due report thereof, "which Christ willing, I shall not faile to doe without respect of persons." Bishop Awkland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax seal: Mathew's arms as before.

542. Provisions at Berwick. [March 2.]

In the palace or office of victuals.

Wheat, rye, meal, in all, 81 qrs.; malt, 280 qrs.

Oxen, 6; kyne, 7; wethers, 114.

Butter, 4 firkins; Island cod, 160.

¼ p. Contemporary hand.

543. Eure to Cecil. [March 3. 1596–97.]

According to the joint proclamation by the commissioners on leaving Berwick, I sent my deputies Robert Clavering esquire, and Raphe Mansfeilde, gentleman, and my clerk with his rolls and indents, on the 1st instant to Kirknewton, "where attendinge a good space according the custome of the Scottes," at last came the Lairds of Greenheade and Mowe, deputed by Sir Robert Kerr; when my deputies demanding to proceed, the others answered that their clerk was gone to Edinburgh to Sir Robert Kerr, with the answer they had before from Sir Robert Carey's deputies, and the rolls and indents; in absence of which the service could not proceed. Whereon all the deputies consented to proclamation "continuing a seconde day of meting," though not meant to be kept without further directions, and meanwhile to keep the peace. The Scots thus departed, which I signify for farther directions. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

544. Survey of Berwick. [March 3.]

View of sundry ruins and decays most needful to be repaired for strengthening the town of Berwick upon Tweed.


The round tower in the castle next Scotland [as before] fallen down, will cost 150l.; a "head" of stone to hold in the water in the trenches or town ditches at the West mount commonly called "Roaring Meges mounte," in view of the Scots coming into the town, and cleaning same, &c., 70l.; another "head" of stone, with a "cawsey" thereto, "withoute the Newe gate, with the conveyance of the conducte in it, which serveth the towne with water," and unless mended, men cannot pass out in winter into the old town and castle, 13l. 6s. 8d.; the garden walls about the governor's lodging, all fallen down, 16l.; the walls in the "backsyde" of the Queen's stables, 40s.; carriage and freight of 20 tons timber lying in Chopwell wood, cut for mending the "longe bridge over Twied," 20l. In toto, 323l. 6s. 8d.

Memorandum.—Showing that the old wall betwixt Bedford mount and the new gate called "Caryegate" was repaired, &c., this last year—but the remainder between said gate and Mount Hunsdon is not yet done, and the reporters pray for an assignment of so much of the 1500l. yearly allowed for works as will suffice for it, at the discretion of the governor and council. Signed: Jhon Carey, John Crane, Will'm Acrigge.

pp. Indorsed.

545. John Carey to Burghley. [March 4.]

I am sorry "I must still use one kind of theame or formost matter, continewallie complayninge either for victualles, or sekinge for reparacions."

For victualls, the horse garrison this month have had neither oats, peas nor beans—and what is worse, they know not when they shall have any. And the inclosed note will show your honor what store of other victuals we have. We have long eaten nothing but rye bread, and it grieves poor men to see the Queen "cossoned" by the officers of the palace, for she pays for the best of all things out of her own purse, while the little that comes is the worst "refuge," which neither horse nor man can eat "but for pewer neede"! The palace officers get plenty for themselves, but nothing for the town—which I pray your lordship to consider: for all is very "yll" and we want a lord governor with authority. As ordered by your letter of 23rd February, I and the other officers will certify the defects of the town, but we stay till we hear from Mr Sheperson who is newly gone to your honor.

Touching my "shute" for the lease of Harlesey, of which your lordship has not heard from my wife or any other but myself: I am very sorry "she hath so litell witt" not to know the friends who might best "steed" her, so I pray your lordship to take it as "want of discrecion in her."

The letter inclosed in your honor's to Justice Beamond and Mr Sergeant Drewe justices of assise, to be delivered to Sir William Bowes, I sent to the Bishop of Durham, as Sir William had "gone home into" Derbyshire, by which means he will get it sooner, when they meet on the 10th at Carlisle. I am sorry to hear your honor is in no better state of body. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

546. Eure to Cecil. [March 5.]

Since I wrote to you of our proceedings with the Scottish deputies, I have secret intelligence of "sodayne" broils like to happen in Scotland.

The old quarrell between the Maxwells, Drumlanrig and the Johnstons is like to be revived: Drumlanrig has escaped from prison in Edinburgh, and has come down to incite the people against Johnston, who is not idle, but preparing to resist. He is greatly favoured by the King, who has not only promised him 600 marks, but also to come on the 18th instant to Dumfries to put down his enemies, and will not suffer him to resign his wardenry as he offered to do. Drumlanrig is proclaimed rebel and his houses with some of the Maxwells, "raced." The King is gone to the convention at St Johnstons, whither the ministers mind to send commissioners to him, themselves not meaning to come, though nothing of any great importance is like to be concluded against them, the King being partly "mollefied, and the fower Octavians, viz., the prior of Pluscardin, president of the session, Mr Jo. Lindsey secretarie, Mr James Elphisntone, and Mr Thomas Hamilton favoureres of the popish lords, Angus, Huntley, and Arrell, who principallie incited the King againste the ministerie, be nowe somewhat discouraged and doe dispaire to effect what they before hoped at the councell there handes: which Lindsey the wiseste of them, foreseing and afrayed of greater disgrace, is redy to departe to seke remedy for a grevous disease which doth annoye him, and hath lefte his office to bee supplied by the rest of his confideracy."

Lord Sanchar expected to have been made Lord Crichton but failed therein, because the Duke of Lennox would not renounce his right in his favour, yet he hoped to overcome and make the Duke consent. "This matter is of greate consequence against the Lord Bothewell his children and friendes." It is thought the Lord Crichtoun who was attainted in the days of King James III. shall be restored: "and for the right clamed by Backclughe, the Ducke disposed therof during his minoritie."

The prior of Blantyre is fallen in Edinburgh and broken his leg.

"The Lord Hume is verie sicke, some doe suspecte of the Franche disease."

The town of Edinburgh has recovered courage again, "being protected by Blantyre his creditt." Such is the present state of Scotland as reported to me. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

547. Memorial for Sir W. Bowes. [March 6.]

Things to be considered in conference with him.


Whether it is known that Sir Robert Carre is authorised by the King as warden in his father's life ?

In what parts of Scotland do their commissioners dwell and what offices have they to live upon ?

What livelihood has Sir Robert Carre during his father's life ?

What retinue had the Scots commissioners at Berwick, and what manner of diet held they, whether they fed together or separately ?

What he thinks of the fray between Selby and Edward Gray—its ground, how begun, who was in fault, and if the trial should be removed out of the town ?

What he thinks of the misliking between Lord Eure and the gentlemen of his March—its ground and remedy, who they are that mislike or are misliked by Lord Eure ?

What livelihood Buccleuch has of himself: if he has the keeping of Liddesdale by the King's grant, or any interest therein by grant of the Earl Bothwell ?

Whether there be not a misliking between Buccleuch and Cesford: whether the East part of Liddesdale should not be under the warden of the Scottish Middle March and the West part under the warden of the West, March ?

How the differences stand between Johnston, Herries and Maxwell, who maintain their feuds, and each of them ?

How many "soles" live on both frontiers, which are thought to be more than the natural soil of the country can maintain: wherefore it may be necessary to have some multitude of the idle people sent to other countries, or serve elsewhere: or otherwise consider whether the multitude now living idle should be forced to work and till the ground ?

pp. Written by Burghley's secretary. Indorsed.

The inquiries are generally on the conduct of the commissioners, business done, claims, &c.

548. The Commissioners to Burghley. [March 9.]

On Monday last we received a letter from the Queen's ambassador in Scotland of the 4th instant "insignuating" the uncertainties of the Scottish commissioners holding the meeting agreed upon for to-morrow. But as it contained only suspicions of delay, we thought it best to proceed on our journey. However this day we are advertised that our repair to the frontier at this time shall be unprofitable, and they have adjourned the conference to the 10th day of next month, at the place agreed on: whereof we think they might have given us earlier notice, than wait till we were so far on the way. We trust hereafter your lordship will be a mean that we take not another such fruitless journey, so inconvenient to some of us. Lord Scroope took the pains to come hither to do us much honor for the Queen's service sake, and offering his best furtherance to justice, now that Buccleuch's "fowle act" is reserved out of the treaty. So we have acquainted his lordship with so much as may benefit this March, and delivered articles thereon to a jury of the gentlemen of Cumberland and Westmerland. Penrith Signed: Tobie Duresm., F. Slyngisbe, Clement Colmore.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(R. Bowes to the Bishop.)

Soon after the receipt of your last of the 2d instant received this day, I was given to understand by the Lord clerk register (addressed to me by the Lord Treasurer and the rest of the council) that as the West Marches were much disquieted by the forces gathered by the Maxwells and Johnstons in great number, for revenge of their feuds, and though the King by his officers at arms had demanded delivery of the houses of Carlaverok, Muswall and Tarthorall, yet they are held against him and he must ride personally there on the 20th to besiege them and pacify the country. Till then, the King and council, now at the convention at St Johnstons, think the meeting of the commissioners shall be unprofitable, and have adjourned this meeting at Greatney church and Carlisle for the 10th hereof, till the 10th April next, at these places. How this and other "bretches" of the orders accorded shall be liked by her Majesty I know not, and can work no change without her direction, which I attend, being sorry I cannot warn you in time to prevent your needless journey, but have hastened this with all "digilence." "At Edenburgh in haist, this Satterdaie the vth of Marche 1596." Robert Bowes. "Copia vera: T. Duresm." (fn. 2)

½ p. Written by the bishop's clerk. Addressed. Indorsed.

549. Doctors Cæsar, &c., to Cecil. [March 9.]

According to your letter, we have met and perused the Scottish commissioners' bill against Lord Scroope, the answers thereto by the English commissioners, and also the questions thereon made by your honour. "The circumstances of the Lord Scroops fact therein mentioned, being admitted to be true, as likewise the complaynt made of the missedemeanours of the keeper of Lidesdale and his people, first complayned of to the King, than signified to her Majestie, and furder her Majestie demaunding redresse against the King, and no redresse being made, and hereuppon insuing that fact sayed to have bene don by the said Lord Scroope in Lydesdale: wee are of opinion that the said fact is justifiable by lawe, as a reprisall: whereunto wee are induced by these growndes of the Civill lawe insuing.

"Ut represaliæ licitè concedantur, duo requiruntur: superioris authoritas, et justa concedendi causa. Superior concedens talis esse debet. Qui non agnoscit superiorem, nisi liberam habeat facultatem concedendi represalias a superiori suo sibi concessam, vel nisi facultas sui superioris, sine magna difficultate haberi non possit.

"Et generaliter dici potest, justam causam esse represalias concedendi, quando Princeps et dominus injuriam facientis requisitus, justitiam ministrare recusaverit, neglexerit vel plus justo distulerit." Signed: Jul. Cæsar, Daniel Dun, D. Fletcher, Jo. Lloyd.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: Durham impaling Mathew.

550. Jurors for the West March. [March 9.]

"The names of the jurors for the West March of England impannelled to inquire upon articles delyvered to them at Pearethe the ixth of March 1596.

"Christopher Dalston esq., Richard Lowder esq., Jerrard Lowder esq., George Salkeld esq., Edmund Dudley esq., William Hutton esq., Henry Lee esq., Henry Blenko gentleman, John Richmond gentleman, Edward Musgrave gentleman, Thomas Dalston gentleman, Christopher Lowder gentleman, jurors.

"John Dalston, Nicholas Curwen, James Bellingham, Wilfrid Lawson, Francis Lampleugh, John Lampleugh, Lancelot Skelton, esquires, to be called by my Lord Scrop and an othe mynisterd to them to joyne in this service." Signed: Tobie Duresm., F. Slyngisbe, Cl. Colmore.

1 p.

551. Articles for the West March. [March 9.]

Articles "ministred" by her Majesties commissioners for redress, &c., on the frontiers of England, within the wardenry of the West March. Given at "Peareth" 9 March 1596.

Under 15 heads—contained in the inquisition by the jurors of 30 April following, No. 613. Signed: Tobie Duresm., F. Slyngisbe, Cl. Colmore.

2 pp. Broad sheet. Written by a clerk.

(1) Another copy, certified by "T. Duresm."

552. John Harding, &c., to Burghley. [March 10.]

We signified to your lordship, "the usuall traffique of the Scotch marchauntes with their goodes by Carlill": whereon you took very good order for the same—"but meanes was made by the said farmour (under couleur for the good of that towne)," that your pleasure should not be published, which has been a great prejudice to her Majesty and like to continue, unless you revoke "the said farme." For the "Scotch" merchants pass there to avoid the dues charged at all other places.

And it appears that no "due" is paid on the Yorkshire cloth which they "vent" in Scotland, and transport to "other forreigne" countries: as also the Edinburgh merchants do. The said farmer alleges that Carlisle has the same liberties as Berwick: and it is true they may "interchange" with Scotland, and very requisite they should enjoy all liberties granted them by charter or statute, always provided the Queen gets her customs, which concern no part of their liberties. Berwick. Signed: Jo. Harding, Jo. Watson.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed: "The officers of the port of Barwick to my Lord, for revokinge the farme of the customes at Carlile." Wax seal: a hart's head, damaged.

553. Eure to Burghley. [March 10.]

The Scots according to their usual custom, "have shott of this tryste and meeting" with our commissioners of the 10th instant at Carlisle, till 10th April.

The quarrel revived between the Maxwells and Johnstons, and the King's repair to Dunfres on this day to put down "Dunlameig," is thought to be the cause of delay.

Cessford's putting off the meeting at Kirknewton on 4th instant, to finish the bills left by the commissioners—my people's heavy charges and little hope of benefit from the Scots—the weakness of horse here and disobedience and flying forth of some of my March—with Buccleuch's refusal of justice till Lord Scrope's bills are called or satisfied, "amaseth me of the future evill, fearing that we ar in worse case then att the beginninge."

I humbly thank you for continuing the soldiers for 3 months longer. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

554. Answer to Sir W. Bowes' Articles. [March 10.]


Under 9 heads:—

1–3. Refer to Scrope's reprisal on Liddesdale.

4. The commissioners may answer that the fugitives demanded are not in the wardenries, and they have no power to deliver—if they persist, then to require evidence by what treaty they are fugitive.

5. Bothwell's act was "disavowed" by her Majesty.

6. The commissioners must labour by Scrope's answer to diminish the Scots "unreasonable" demand, if persisted in; yet if any goods are "extant" in Englishmen's hands, to make them answer in diminution of said demand.

7. The Queen is to give answer hereto.

8. This "devise" if agreed to by the Scots, to be "accorded" by England, the choice of persons on both sides being "indifferently" made.

9. These two cases of Buccleuch and Cesford it were good to be reserved to the Queen's demand by "expresse messuage and ambassade to the King," their acts being "extraordinarie" against her honour, and that of Cesford also to the King's dishonour: wherefore she shall have cause to send Sir William Bowes expressly to the King, for amends, and also to treat with him for better wardens in their place; giving him letters of credit and instructions for that purpose.

pp. Draft by his secretary: additions by Burghley. Indorsed.

555. William Selby to Cecil. [March 10.]

I understand by "one about Mr Governour," that your honour of late wrote to him with her Majesty's pleasure "that he should in this my late trouble, shew me all reasonable favour and countenance: for which her highnes most gracious remembrance of me her poore servant, I do render all humble and dutifull thanks, and doe acknowledg myself excedingly bound to your honor." But I am "litle beholding" to Mr Carey, who has concealed your honour's letter, and I could not have shown "this small thankfullnes by letter, yf I had not knowen it by another meane: but this is not the first unkindnes since I fell in my trouble."

I hear that Mr Gray and his brother are, or will be very shortly, at court, and it is like may endeavour to prejudice my account of the case, though what I have written is true, as I shall prove, but omit particulars, being loath to write what may "derogate" from their reputation more than I shall be compelled for the defence of my own; "as well bycause a man was infortunately killed, as that the eldest of the brethren hath belonged to my very good lord your father, and I have as much wished to live in kinde sort with such as you seme to favour, as with any other gentlemen of my countrey whosoever." Berwick. Signed: William Selby.

Some of Mr Raphe Gray's friends and servants ride armed "with pieces and pistolls," and search for my nephew Raph Selby to kill him, as plainly to be presumed. So our case is hard—"yf we defend our selves, we fall in danger of law, yf we neglect our owne defence by living peaceably, we ar in daunger of our enemyes."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

556. John Carey to Burghley. [March 10.]

Since my last of the 4th instant, of our want of victuals, having "not receaved any whitt at all," I have obeyed the direction of your letter of 23d February, wishing me to certify the privy council thereof, and of the most necessary works here, and have caused the officers to set down an estimate of the last, from which myself cut off 200l. "of superfluetie" they had put in. Assuring your honor there is nothing there but must be now done, for if it stay till next winter, five times the amount will not suffice, "for that it lyes upon the furye of the water."

And I inclose your honor a copy of the letter addressed to the lords, and the note under our hands, wherein I pray your honor's instructing of them to supply our wants. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

557. John Carey to Cecil. [March 10.]

Having received your honor's letter of the last of February, "wherein I find the Queenes Majesties gratious favor and good likinge of the Gentillman porter, comaundinge me to use all lawfull favour towardes him, which shall God willinge be in all partes accomplished, to my uttermost power, the rather in respecte of her Majesties so gratious regard of him, who is bownd all the daies of his lief, to serve her the more respectively."

Having now as required by my honorable good lord your father, certified the privy council of our want of victual, and necessary works here, wherein he has promised his furtherance—this has caused me to trouble your honor and them with our hard case, praying your furtherance therein. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

558. John Carey to the Privy Council. [March 11.]

This town by the absence of the victuallers at court, is altogether carelessly neglected. I most zealously crave your favour for some speedy provision, and to show our "plentye" for Easter, and the poor pittance left us for store, I inclose the note thereof. Also by request of the officers of works here, the inclosed note carefully surveyed by them, and perused by myself, of the defects and necessary repairs here, that you may consider and give warrant for doing such part of them as your honours allow, in due time of year. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(1) Note of provision in store 9 March 1596.

Wheat, rye, meal (in all), 53 qrs.; malt, 262 qrs.

Oxen, 6; kyne, 7; wethers, 111.

Butter, 2 firkins; wardhouse cod, 100.

Ex. per Will'm Vernon, signed: per Thomas Clarke.

½ p. Indorsed.

(2) Survey and estimate of the necessary works, taken 3d March 1596–7. Same as No. 544. Not signed.

pp. Indorsed.

559. Francis Slingsby to Burghley. [March 13.]

After the Bishop of Durham's return to Awkland from Penrith, on the Scottish postponement of the commissioners' meeting at Carlisle, &c., on the 10th instant, till 10th April, Doctor Colmor having left him—considering with my self the unfitness of the latter day, so appointed without the consent of the Queen or her commissioners—the great numbers both of poor and rich "sysers," complainants, defendants, witnesses, &c., both of the East and Middle Marches, dwelling from 20 to 60 miles away—that there will be no hay, grass or carriage to be had then—the dilatory courses to be expected of the Scots—so that many will rather lose their causes than "abyd" the hearing of them—and many English prosecuted by the opposites will be condemned for lack of answer, for the Scots will lose no time—I communicated hereon at leaving Awkland, with the Bishop, who liked my view, and I think will be glad if the day is put off to the 10th June or thereabouts if it seem good to your lordship; praying your early notice to the Bishop. Seryven. Signed: F. Slyngisbe.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Cecil. Wafer signet: a lion rampant. Note on back by Burghley: "I had no lesur to wryt of Sir Wm Hattons case."

560. Scrope to Burghley. [March 13. 1596–97.]

On receipt of your letter, I had all the complaints of the March both for Liddesdale and the opposite west border, ready for the commission, and would have been content that they had dealt with the same: albeit (as your lordship knows), I have her Majesty's warrant for my safeguard touching that bill so earnestly pressed against me. But I believe the effect would have been no better for preservation of amity on this Border than on the others, which I perceive "is nothinge at all." And in my opinion, there is small purpose in proceeding with "filing" offenders only, except delivery and redress ensue. If one equal course of redress is followed, that bill which they think of so great value, " will not proove so hainous as it is informed:" and far more English bills in number than Buccleuch has to crave, "will very nigh countervaile the same."

Regarding Buccleuch's complaint against me for receipt of the Earl Bothwell, you will please understand that "[to] my unknowledge, and contrary my will, my brother Sir Robert Carey, at th'instance of Tho. Carleton (as he tolde mee) broughte him one night hither to supper, where hee had noe preevat conferrence with mee, or intertaynement at my hands," whereat he departed ill pleased. Till he was restored to favour by the King's proclamation, I had no dealing with him—then he came to ask favour for Tho. Musgrave then complained of by the Lord Lieutenant. But my said "brother" now at court, can better satisfy your lordship. Yet the Laird of Spott, a denounced Scottish rebel, was received by Lord Eure "both in his diett and laying in his house," without any complaint by Buccleuch, who seems thus to seek for punishment only of those "he hath perticular griefe against."

The news of Scotland that I have are "privie" to yourself—desiring your direction therein, the man who wrote them being of good credit. The more private you keep "my intent therein," the better service I shall be able to do, before making it further known to the Council, if thought convenient.

How the Carletons use me in Scotland, you may see by the inclosed: "how at home, I am ashamed to write." Having written to you divers times concerning them, I am waiting to hear from you and the Council. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

"Postscript:—How the postmaster of Thurlay, Tho. Carletons sonne in law, sends his lettres, your lordship may see by the inclosed." Thomas Carleton himself, "for all his braggs," means not to go to London, so far as I can see—so I beg you to send a pursuivant to Mr R. Lowther, to send Thomas Carleton up, and then you will see how I have been wronged, and order me as you see meet in your discretion, for I cannot recover my honour but by clearing myself of the false informations with which they have charged me before you.

pp. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Fragments of two red wax signets.

Inclosed in the same:—

On Friday night the 11th March 1596, between 8 and 9 "of the clocke," three unknown footmen came "and knocked at the gate of my howse in the cittie of Carlill, whome I appointed to be letten in." When they came to me, "they enquered of me 'yf I were he that kepte the post ther?' to whome I aunswered 'I was not'—and therupon they shoed to me a post letter (which as they sayed) they had brought from the post of Thyrlewaye, the direction wherof was in the topp of the same 'For the Quenes Majesties affaires,' and underneathe directed 'To the right honorable the Lord Scrope lord warden of the West Marches,' and was signed by Roberte Bowes." Whereon I sent a man of my own to guide them to the castle of Carlisle to deliver the letter—which in going thither, one of them "did leese" in the street, but missing it before coming to the castle, returned and found it in the street, "and so came to the saide castle to delyver the same." Signed: John Middelton.

¾ p. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary.

561. Declaration by Sir R. Carey. [March 14.]

Giving his reasons for not keeping the meeting appointed by the commissioners on closing their sittings at Berwick. That 3 days before their departure, the Scots had no more bills to call, while he had 280 for his March—but the Scots delayed progress, till their commissioners "were boated" and ready to depart. That he never heard of the intended proclamation for the remaining bills to be redressed at days of truce, till made "two howers" before they left, when he went to the Bishop of Durham and told him he would not meet them thus, and would answer his refusal by these reasons. First: he expected no justice at a place where malefactors only came, the Scottish deputy himself being found guilty at the late sittings of 6 bills, "and calde from the seate of justice to houlde upp his hande at the barre, and in truthe a common ryder!" (2) Then the English who had their vowers ready at Berwick to file bills, durst not bring them to a Border meeting to tell the truth. (3) The country people who had lain at Berwick a month or more, and spent their little money already, without redress, would have despaired of any "at the Border side," where the Scots would have laughed at them. Lastly but not least, the great danger—for there was not one of his officers or men but was in deadly feud with the Tevidale surnames—and if the Scots at any time were the stronger, they would kill his men, knowing the worst that would come of it, could be but the delivery of the deputy warden aforesaid—and Sir Robert Kerr would not care "if twentye such as he were hanged," to be revenged. So he chose rather to break the order than obey it, and if he has done amiss, is sorry, and refers himself to his lordship's censure.

pp. Fair copy in a clerkly hand. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary: "14 Martij 1596. Sir Robert Careies declaration of the cawses that moved him not to kepe the time appointed for his meeting with the commissioners."

562. Munition at Newcastle. [March 14.]

Note of munition in the store at Newcastle not in charge of the master of ordnance—being part of what was delivered to the Lord of Huntingdon in 1588.

Armours, 105; pikes, 540; bills, 990; muskets, 94; powder, 2 last 5 demi.

¼ p. Written by Musgrave's clerk. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary.

563. R. Swifte to Burghley. [March 15.]

I delivered to Mr Meynard a note of corn, &c., already shipped for Berwick, showing how contrary winds have delayed it many weeks on "shipbord, and taking wett maketh the woorser bread," which cannot be avoided, till the officers are otherwise "enabled" by her Majesty.

As I have now been nearly a year and a half solely in this service, to my great charges and trouble taking up money, I humbly beg your lordship to signify your pleasure to "Mr Auditor Coniers" for allowance to myself, men and horses, and some small losses in service, a note whereof I have set down, which he cannot settle otherwise. I also humbly beg when the Berwick garrison is sufficiently provided till Michaelmas next, as I hope "shalbe within a while," you will assist Mr Vernon with some other, and disburden me of these affairs, which I cannot go through in good sort, having laid out more than 1200l., over any money I had out of Exchequer.

Meanwhile I crave your help to come by the provisions not yet shipped, part whereof long since paid for in Lincolnshire, "my Lord Sheffeeld" stays, and I understand has given out warrants to apprehend any one coming in my name for it. The rest in Yorkshire and Hull, is there stayed by the justices and officers, though I have not since last Michaelmas bought above 500 qrs. grain, scarce the 5th part of what is usually bought for Berwick thereabouts, and must be, these "sheeres" except Cambridge and Norfolk, being the most convenient for us. Signed: Rich. Swifte.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Swift's petition.)


Under 9 heads:—

(1) Prays allowance for himself, 3 men and 4 horses in the service of victualling Berwick for a year ended Michaelmas 1596 at [ ] per diem.

(2–4) Allowance of loss on wheat, malt, pease and beans, between providing and issuing at Berwick—in all 43l. 9s. 8d.

(5) Of 16l. 16s. 10½d. for 35 sheep at 9s. 7½d. each, which died before being issued.

(6) Of 8l. 9s. 10½d. for 300 wardhouse cod wasted and spoiled in drying, &c., at 56s. 7½d. the 100.

(7) Of 26l. 13s. 4d. for post charges.

(8) Of 6l. 18s. 2d. price of 2 cart horses bought and died in service.

(9) A clerk writing out the monthly quarterly and yearly accounts, &c., at [ ] per diem.

¾ p. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary.

564. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [March 15.]

Though by your lordship's letter of 20th February last, you like not one man's private advertisement, preferring our joint letter, yet as at present we cannot conveniently meet, and you have sometimes addressed myself alone, to prepare matters of business before we all meet, I venture being alone, to offer some important points to your consideration.

I would first ask, if our joint letters of the 17th and 21st February from Berwick, and from three of us at Newcastle on 24th, have come to your hands—which as yet we know not—and if any one miscarried it would hinder business.

Though the King and his council on "a sodaine" have postponed our meeting till 10th April, I would understand whether this is her Majesty's pleasure, or whether it would be more convenient to meet about the end of May? The 10th of April "being the Sabaoth," is also unmeet.

As the opposite party and Sir Robert Ker, will found on Sir Robert Carey's breach of the appointed meeting—the latter now at London, should be asked to justify his action (as I doubt not he can), so that it may not be used against Lord Eure complaining of the Scots' breach in meeting his deputy.

What course should be taken by us to revive meetings for the East and Middle Marches—whether to call the bills before ourselves at Carlisle, or refer them to the order of the wardens—and what course with what they call "the great bill of Liddesdale," which if they insist on as peremptorily as we did on Sir Robert Ker's invasion, it will unduly protraet business, "untill that knott be unloosed."

In case the delivery of pledges on either side cannot be attained—for I think the King neither can nor will perform it against the opposition of Cesford and Buccleuch, whose best followers are among the worst headsmen of these broken clans, what other course can be taken should be considered.

As the King has often earnestly required the "inlawinge" of the five fugitives whose names we sent your lordship in writing, we require some special direction thereon, as they know well enough where they dwell and are entertained here.

Your lordship will be pleased to peruse the articles given by us to the gentlemen of the three Marches, and to add what you think meet for the better accomplishment of our commission. As Sir William Bowes, if with you, may be enlightened on these matters, and I trust will shortly bring down full resolution—yet in case my letter to him (with copy of yours to myself for his coming up) should not have reached him, I was the more bold to hazard this to your lordship; trusting you will accept it in good part as it is well meant. Bishop Awkland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

(fn. 3) "This included lettre directed to Sir William Bowes, conteyneth a copie of this, with a request to solicite your lordship herein, &c."

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: Mathew's private arms.

565. Scrope to the Privy Council. [March 15.]

Showing the futile nature of the charges against him by the Scots for the reprisal of Liddesdale, for which he had her Majesty's warrant, and sending them a breviate of the bills which his March has against Scotland, for their directions how he should proceed. Carlisle Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Holograph. Addressed. Wafer signet.

566. Scrope to Cecil. [March 15.]

Referring him to his letter to the Council, and breviate of complaints, for his advice regarding the latter, before the meeting of the commissioners, and to make his father privy thereto. To return the bills after the Council peruse them. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

¾ p. Flyleaf with address gone.

567. The Commissioners to the Privy Council [March 15.]

Certain principal points wherein they require direction by the Lords of the Privy Council.


Under 9 heads:—

(1–3) As to Scrope's reprisal: (4) What answer to the demand for the 5 fugitives: (5) Bothwell's spoil at Falkland: (6) If Lord Scroope has failed in any due circumstance to make reprisal lawful? How they shall avoid the "huge" demand of 20,000l.? (7) The assistance of one learned not only in civil but ordinary practice and in the jus gentium: (8) As to pledges, about 40, to be given on either side. (9) Whether Sir R. Ker shall be demanded at the end of the treaty, or whether our powers being doubtful, Her Majesty will have him and Buccleuch severally demanded afterwards from the King?

2 pp. In a clerk's hand. Indorsed.

568. Answers to the Commissioners' Questions. [March 15.]


Under 9 heads:—

(1) Scrope's direction to be examined, and if he had the Queen's, he may confess it, but must himself excuse the manner and circumstances of executing it as well as he may.

(2) By treaty of 1st Mary, both wardens must join in valuation and an assise of both nations be appointed: (3) Answered in No. 2: (4) They shall (1) say they are not in the wardenry and (2) if not content with that, they shall ask to see the warrant: (5) Bothwell's act disavowed by the Queen and the Englishmen at it must excuse themselves as well as they can; (6–7) Answered under No. 2. (8) Pledges to be taken indifferently of the greatest surname of riders. (9) These two persons shall be demanded by the Queen.

They may send for Doctor Bennet vicechancellor of York on any urgent occasion, as assistant: and letters shall be written to the Archbishop of York thereon.

1 p. In same hand as last. Indorsed.

569. Eure to Burghley. [March 17.]

Your last letter received on 14th, refers me to the commissioners for a conference on establishing the Border laws, which I presented to your lordship. They had separated before it arrived, so that no conference can be held till they again meet on the 10th April. What moved me to entreat your approbation of these, was the ignorance I find among expert borderers touching them, and the desire of the wisest in my March to know the law of the Border,—and lastly my own desire to have my actions squared by the law, and under reformation, I think the same must be confirmed by the Lords of her Majesty's Privy Council themselves, or by commission, after due consultation with the wardens and a selected number of the gravest, experienced and best affected borderers.

Your lordship further writes there that you had dealt with Sir William Bowes to compound the "unkindenesses" between Lord Scrope and me. "His wise and upright behaviour to all men, togeither with his accustomed and kinsemanlike freindlines to my selfe," give me just occasion to be contented therewith. But as his absence is very uncertain, depending on his Scottish meeting, I very humbly and earnestly beseech you for leave to repair to you, and to require Lord Scrope and Sir William to do the like; and thus in your presence "lett this unkindenes bee ripped and sifted to the bottome." And if I be the first offender, I willing submit myself to rebuke—if otherwise, the matter shall not hinder my service to her Majesty along with his lordship thereafter—and your lordship may at the time direct and prescribe such orderly course to be observed by us, as shall avoid future cause of offence. And if you think good, the Woodringtons who are the "only opposites" to me, with their friends, might be present, to accuse me of any crime whatsoever I may have committed in my government: that I may be excused, if it was in ignorance, and "tempered with severitie of the lawe," if done through malice.

"As I rest in medio merchiarum, so rest I only of all the wardens envied," and since love furthereth both justice and service, so I humbly pray your lordship to look into these matters, that I may either be strengthened with the love of my neighbours, or with her Majesty's gracious favour "seasonablie removed."

"It pleased God upon Satturday last the xijth of this monthe, not onelie to open the badd practises . . . by the Scottes, but also hathe graciouslie to our comfort, thrust into my hands xvten persons of Liddesdaile onelie," made prisoners spoiling a poor man's house in Tindaile. I inclose their names as also the Englishmen who took them. I meantime spare their lives, in hope of procuring peace, and that their ransoms may help our people to furnish horse. But if no suit is made for them, I wish, if you think good, "they all may suffer the severitie of lawe," but stay holding a warden court for the purpose, till I hear from you.

I humbly give notice that the house of Harbotle is greately fallen down, and my keeper of Redesdale is forced to lie at Otterburne—praying some allowance presently for its repair. I had hoped the jury of March gentlemen would have made it known ere this "(but according our auncient custome wee foreslawe all thinges)"—and the commissioners, for some reason of their own, did not acquaint me of the "impannel or artickles of inquirie till it was done," so I trust to be excused for now certifying it. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

(fn. 4) "Amongst many misfortunes befallen me since my entrie into this countrie, yt pleased God the xvth of this monthe a great parte of Sir John Forsters house at Hexham where I lay, was blowne up with gunpowlder to my greate loss and heavy charge of repaire, throughe the necligence of a careles servant of myne owne; which I bouldly impart to your lordship."

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax quartered seal.

570. John Carey to Burghley. [March 17.]

"I have reseved youer honers letter of the ixth of Marche withe grefe to my hart as well for the lose and hinderans that my counterey shall sustayen therbey as for my nowen particuler, in that youer lordshipe wryghtes that for youer infermiteys sake you have seperated youerselfe from the cort, not intermedelinge withe aney affayers otherwayes then her Majesty dothe specyaley derecte you: requeyeringe of me from hensforthe not to expecte aney forther resoleusiones from you, wherin I ame nowe newe to seke, not knoinge whear to have relefe, for we have never a governer to solissett, and youer honor whoe was allwayes ouer father and patrowen, havinge nowe geven us over, whear is ouer hopes? Ouer miserabell misereyes and mischeves remayen styll as desperet as ever, and in fare worse case, withe out hope of relefe, ouer honorabell hope faylinge us thus in you! Wherfor my honorabell good lord, for the love that youer conterey hathe ever knowen you bear to it, lett this pooer towen beinge a good member therof, feynd youer honorabell care therto in providinge a good and carfull governer for it, wherbey it maye the better continewe, wiche otherwayes cane not longe stand as it dothe, and in youer provision, if you prefer aney of youer owen frendes, my good lord, lett him not take it witheout the wardendrey, for assewer youer selfe if he doe, he will never thanke him that preferes him—for in havinge the on withe owet the other, it is to have a diner witheout meat or drink—for treweley the on cane not be witheout the other, nether cane ther be agrement betwen them that shall have them devided. Therfor in respect this being sen or com to knolege bey summ of my frendes maye torne me to displeser and unkeyndnes, I humbeley praye youer honer havinge ons red it, to borne it that it maye nott afterward be sen."

I have not written so often to your honour of the want of victuals here without great cause—for there is none at all yet come since my last. The scarcity and "illnes" of what comes, has "bred a verey great deathe amongest us, in so muche as we dey vij or viij a weke, ye and summe tymes ij and iij a daye, wiche is thoughte to be onley bey ouer scarstey and the illnes of that wiche is ouer bred, beinge as ill as horse bred and moer unholsome."

Your honour writes that Sheperston has showed you a book of the full payment of the garrison without default—contrary to which I lately wrote. I will stand to what I wrote, for I have had more trouble with this pay than all the pays since I came hither; and by his means only, however he makes up his books. There were 9 men came daily crying out to me that he had stopped their wages for no cause. Farther, one Purefey a man of his master's, victualler to the horse garrison and pensioners, who before the pay "brake his credytt and rane awaye," whereby many poor men here were undone, and rich were hindered, his tickets and credit amounting to near 1000l., "Master" Sheperston indeed gathered all he could and paid nothing, and refused to say how much he had received. In short I desire never to see such another pay.

I cannot help the greatness of the works—for the master of the ordnance, Master Vernon and his officers, those of the Holy island, and the gentleman porter, all appoint what they like unknown to me, and do many things of themselves, raising the cost far beyond what I know of. If your honour appoint nothing to be done without my orders, the Queen's money would be saved. There is even now work set in hand by the master of ordnance, that will be far more chargeable than if I had the doing of it. I "leave youer honer to the protectyon of the Allmyghtey God whoe preserve you longe in helthe and send you the jhoyes of Heaven at the laste." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

I send you such news out of Scotland as I have lately received hereinclosed.

2 pp. Holograph. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

571. Provision for Berwick. [March 18.]

"The coppie of a note of provisions for the pallice sent to me by my Lord Thesaurer the xviijth of Marche 1596 under Mr Vernon and Mr Swiftes handes."


Shipped in the Lawrance of Hull, William Robinson master, at sea ever since 10th February, the Jonas of Lyn, William Kilborne master, the Gyfte of Lyn, John Wallys, owner, the Thomas of Lyn, Robert Atkins, master. Total, "staied by contrary winds," wheat, 301 qrs. 6 bz. 3 pecks; rye, 150 qrs.; malt, 276 qrs. 5 bz.; beans and peas, 131 qrs.; Ward house cod, 1700; Island cod, 500; butter, 13 firkins. Memorandum.—There is also shipping at Hull, 100 qrs. wheat, and 60 qrs. beans and peas.

There is also bought in Cambridgeshire and Norfolk, good store of grain, to be very shortly received, which with the above mentioned, "beinge once safelie gotten" to Berwick, the garrison will be sufficiently provided of corn till Michaelmas.

We have taken such order for beef and mutton to be supplied from time to time, for we cannot send more at one time than we have convenient keeping and feeding for there. Robert Vernon, Richard Swifte.

1 p. Copy by Carey's clerk. Indorsed.

572. Scrope to Cecil. [March 19.]

Having sent my lords a report of the offences by the Liddesdales under Buccleuch on Gilsland, since the last complaints, I entreat you to acquaint my lord your father therewith, desiring also to hear from you of the good recovery of his health. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

I have also written to their lordships on a matter touching myself, wherewith I beg you to make your father acquainted.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

573. Declaration by the Grays. [March 19.]

"A very true declaracion of the manner of proceedinge in the quarrell by the Selbyes against Raphe Graye and Edward Graye."

The two Grays declare "unto your honour" and avouch their statements for truth, offering to suffer utter disgrace and condign punishment if found otherwise. The Selbys have long borne hatred against them, and in February last Ralph Selby fyled a bill on one George Nevill, who (without the Grays' privity) fyled a counter bill on Selby, which produced an unseemly wrangle before her Majesty's commissioners at Berwick, and evil speeches by Selby whether Nevill was a thief or a true man. That night William Selby the gentleman porter, and Ralph Selby his nephew, sent one William Carnabye with a challenge to the two Grays to meet them next morning within the bounds of Berwick, without company, to be satisfied on some injuries—Ralph Gray said he would go, but Edward Gray required to have them in writing, which was not done. Next morning (8 Feb.) Ralph Selby sent Carnaby with a 2d challenge to Ralph Gray only, who replied by one William Tourney that he would answer it. William Selby and Edward Gray being out of this 2d challenge, Edward, supposing William (in respect of his years and place) of a temperate disposition, sent one John Bell to ask him to confer in the churchyard of Berwick—to which William replied, it was no fit place, and asked if he would meet on horseback or foot? The messenger saying Gray had no horse in town, William said he would lend him one. And Edward still sending word he would meet on foot in the churchyard, William Selby "in chollericke speeches," asked Bell where Ralph Gray was? saying he was as good a man, and on Bell going a third time, and learning Selby had gone, Edward Gray and Bell followed to the churchyard, Bryan Horsley and 2 others accompanying them to the "uttermost" church style. Edward having only a short walking rapier and no dagger, went to William Selby in the churchyard, who was weaponed with a long rapier and dagger, with[out] his white staff and attended by his nephew. Edward saluted William in civil manner, bidding him "good morrowe," whereto William very disdainfully answered—then he and Edward went to the "backeside" of the church, Raphe Selby and John Bell staying at the west end. Presently came to Ralph Selby one John Selby a quarter master, and one Pindlebury, and John Bell joined by Bryan Horsley and Robert Reveley, walked quietly to the east end of the church, leaving Ralph Selby and the other two at the west. Meantime Edward Gray walking as is said, repeated the message, requiring to know from William how he would be satisfied, whether as a gentleman or otherwise? to which William answered, only in all extremities. To which Edward replied, he would not so satisfy him. After some hard intemperate speeches, the said Selby "sodenly and violently stroke" Edward in the face with his hand, then stepping back, drew his prepared long rapier and began the affray. Whereon Horsley, Bell, and Reveley, came to part them asunder, offering no stroke to offend. William Selby falling down flat on his back, Edward ordered none to touch him, and so he arose unhurt, till there came in a company of 6 or 7 of the most notorious common fighters and evil disposed in Berwick from the east end of the church, and Ralph Selby with 10 or 12 others from the west end, some of them with gauntlets and other extraordinary weapons, all prepared and plotted by the Selbys of purpose (as may be supposed), and so set uppon Edward Gray and the three, sore wounding him and them and unmanfully and cruelly murdering Horseley who was run through his body at the back by Ralph Selby with a long rapier. During the affray, William Selby's horse was brought and ready at the churchyard. They humbly pray this cruel murder may be examined and due punishment inflicted. Not signed.

2 pp. A broad sheet. Indorsed by Cecil's secretary:". . . The estate of the cause between Mr Gray and Mr Selbye."

574. Scrope to Burghley. [March 26. 1597.]

Understanding by letter from Mr Bowes her Majesty's ambassador, that the King is now pleased that the last committed attempts shall be first provided for, I am content to do the like justice to Scotland for this wardenry. But with your favour, I think after these attempts done during the commissioners' meeting are taken order with, then the former bills should be taken in hand orderly as they were done, beginning since the dissolving of the last commission of Berwick, "which is from the tyme that theis nowe commissioners have to intreat upon"—which course of equal concurrence of redress, both stands with reason, and will greatly comfort the poor people on this border, who otherwise will be so utterly beggared and unable to stay in their country, that they will travel to her highness for help, which I would be very sorry they should do, to her offending. Yet their "heirships" are so much, and their "penuries" so great, that it will be impossible for me to stay many of them, except speedy reformation be had to their "sustentacions." My man lately returned from Scotland without any news worth sending. I heartily wish to hear of the good recovery of your health. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

(fn. 5) Postscript:—I would be glad by your means to have leave to come up, "to conclude with your lordship for leetle Emanuell, for I would be glad to have an end therof, for I have noe confort but he and my brother, who by this course that he takes, I feare mee wilbee a man of noe longe life."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

575. Attempts by Buccleuch and others. [March.]

"Breviate of some parte of the attemptates" done by Sir Walter Scotte knight larde of Bucleughe keper of Liddesdale and others his adherents in the West Marches of England by his procurement, &c.

[A selection of burnings, murders, reifs, &c., between June and September 1596, extracted from Nos. 399, 524 preceding.]

7 pp. Written by Scrope's clerk. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary.


  • 1. Four words holograph.
  • 2. Holograph.
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