Border Papers volume 2: November 1597

Pages 440-473

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

Please subscribe to access the page scans

This volume has gold page scans.
Access these scans with a gold subscription.Key icon

In this section

813. John Browne to Sir William Knowles. [Nov. 1.]

After many open threats against me, both in town and country, for my late informing as to the abuses, &c., on the Borders, on Sunday morning last two of the Lord Euries household servants, viz. "William Browneles a notorious barrettor and Frauncis Wadlie, havinge pursued me in the night time to Richemond, did there lye in wate prevelie for me againste my cominge forth of my lodginge, and as I put my foote into the sturrop, they came prevelie behinde me and gave me divers greate woundes on the sodaine, one 5 ynches longe at leaste in my hinde head, ane other on my left shoulder, and a third on my left arme, all behinde my back, and yet withall prosecuted so blood thirstelie for my life as is incredible. My right thomb was cleare broken in peces at the first tourninge of my bodie towardes them, so that I was not able to drawe my weapon for my owne defence, therfore most hardlie escaped present death." They confess they have no quarrel of their own against me, but that "they did it for theire lorde and masters causes," known to the best in England. Browneles also saying he was only sorry it was no worse with me; and being asked why they did it so barbarously, they said they did not care how they did it, and thought it best to surprise me.

They are in the custody of the Alderman of Richmond "till it appeare what will become of me at my next dresinge, but most like it is they wilbe inlarged, for hereaboutes there lorde is a greate man, and my self a mere straunger." I humbly beseech your honor for love of justice, to acquaint her Majesty that this befell me as I was on my journey to London, and likewise to move for direction to the Bishop of Durham and chief men here, that these offenders may be kept in prison and duly punished; and myself "yf I overlive these woundes, secured againste the lord Eurye and his followers. Their savage dedes make mencion of there bloudie myndes againste me. Otherwise the terror of this murder and marteringe pretended and prosecuted againste me onelie for my good services to her Majestie, and faithfull demeanour to my countrie, will quenche the spirites of all men from ever daringe to attempt reformacion or discover offendors, be they never so manifest illdoers." It is lamentable to see the ruin of the Middle March daily increase, no officer "of worth" being resident, and lord Eurye himself lying at his house in the bishopric "this month togeather, also at the time of the last meatinge at Norham forde, where he was absent,—and for a great parte of this half yere last." So all is "open to the theef and illdoer." And this being true, "though my blood paie for speakinge," it is fit her Majesty and your honors should know it. "From Cuthbert Cowlinges in Richmond." Signed: John Browne. (fn. 1)

2 pp. Addressed: "To the right honrable Sir William Knowles knight comptroler of her Majesties househould and one of her highnes moste honorable previe counsell at the Courte, with speed." Indorsed by Cecil's clerk. Wax signet: a boar's head.

814. Lord Hume to Sir W. Bowes. [Nov. 1.]

Answer of Lord Home warden of the East March, and Sir George Home of Wedderburne knight, commissioners on the border, to the requisition by Sir William Bowes, knight, commissioner for England.

Your requisition for delivery of the person of Sir Robert Kerr, grounded on "falzie" of the entry of his pledges on the 8th instant, "presentes us good occasion to remember you, that the due entry of the pledges answerable to our entrie of Buckclugh, restes as yett uneffectuate," notwithstanding the treaty, and your "honorable promise to me the saide Lord Home for their re-entry; which both in honour and reason mon preceid the interchange of pledges at the East and Middle handis; for whose delivery accordingely wee crave that a convenient day and place may be appointed by your answer betwixt and the eight of this next month, where we may be assured to receive them, or failinge of them, their warden in their steade accordinge to the order begun by us." Which done, we are content within 8 days after to appoint with you a "new convenient day and place" for interchange of the East and Middle March pledges, "and failinge of any of our number, to enter to you for the absent the person of Sir Robert, accordinge to the direction reiterate unto us by warrant from our soveraigne. Whereanent wee likewise doe expect your answer with all convenient speede, and therein that ye will cleare to us your meaninge anent the not delivery at that day of the pledges craved in the defalt of Sir Robert onely, that tryall may be taken thereof accordingly." "Kalend' Novemb'. 1, 1597." Alex. l. Home.

1 p. Copy by Bowes' clerk. Indorsed.

815. William Selby, &c., to Sir R. Carey. [Nov. 3.]

Whereas since your departure, many incursions and robberies have been done here by the Scots (a note whereof we inclose) and they threaten us with more this winter, we intreat you in behalf of the distressed people "now under your chardge here," to be a mean for timely remedy.

Of late there have been "many perticuler quarrells" amongst gentlemen in the country, as the Riveleys, the Rotherfords, the Wallyses and Scotts, with others, wherein the warden heretofore took order and kept the peace. "You know they regard noe justice of peace here, but the warden; and for your deputie, they regard him least of all." Berwick. Signed: Will'm Selby, George Muschamp, Will'm Strother, Launclet Strowther, John Shaftow, Roger Selby, Christofer Ourd, Robart Wallis, Rowland Selby.

1 p. Addressed: "To the right worshipfull Sir Robart Carey knight, captaine of Norham, and warden of the East March of England forenest Scotland, at Cowrt or els where." Indorsed by Cecil's clerk: "The gent, porter and others of Barwycke to Sir Ro. Carey," &c.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Note of spoils.)

On 24 September 1597.—George Ourd elder of Newbigging had 8 "stottes and whyes" stolen thence, and same night from his son John Ourd mayor of Berwick, at the Grote heugh, four score sheep, by the Pringles, &c., fyled on the Merse.

On 28th September.—George Ourd of Tweedmouth had taken from Ourd, 6 oxen, by the Robsons in Chatto and Beareupp.

On 1st October.—The said George Ourd of Newbigging had 4 horses and mares taken there, by Thomas Henderson of Loughton, and John Young of the Spittle landes.

On 24th Oct.—3 Davisons, &c., in all 15 persons, came to Kilham fields and cruelly slew Renian Routleidge going at his "wayne" bringing home his hay, giving him 20 wounds, and not leaving him till dead. Besides very lately 2 deadly hurt, the one at Heaton, the other at Twyssell hill," whence they took 16 oxen and kyne and 4 horses from the Lady Selby.

"Moreover xxxtle horse of the Scottes came to Bambroughe and ther had surprised Sir John Forster in his owne chamber, but that by good happ being espyed coming up the staires, his lady gott the chamber doore put to and bolted; who are supposed to have come of sett purpose to have slaine and robd him."

On Thursday 27 October.—3 of the Youngs stole 9 oxen at Monylawes from Mr William Selby.

Also taken from William Selby out of Gryndon rigg, five score sheep.

The Scots came to Dunston a lordship of the Queen's, within half a mile of the sea, broke up the doors, and took away 40 kyne and oxen.

1 p. Indorsed by Cecil's clerk.

816. James VI. to Lord Eure. [Nov. 5.]

Signifying his arrival "heir in persoun," to put down the broken men on the West March, and desiring if any of them take refuge in the Middle March, that Eure will be ready on notice, to concur in their apprehension and punishment, which being a benefit to both kingdoms, will be taken in good part by the Queen. Drumfreis. Signed: James R.

½ p. Addressed: "To our richt trusty and weilbelovit cousing the Lord Everis warden owir the Middle of England." Indorsed. Wafer signet: Scotland as before. Post docquets on back: "Receyved at Witton of John Bruse Scott the ixth of November 97 att vje hours att night. R. at Morpeth 11 November at 11 in the forenoone. Receaved at London the xix November 6 clok at night by post."

817. James vi. to H. Leigh. [Nov. 5.]

To like effect; but that in addition, he has come to perform his promise to the Queen for delivery of the pledges, which could not well be done till his own arrival. Before departing, he will give Leigh as representing Lord Scrope, notice of the time and place of their delivery, that the Queen and her commissioners may be ready with theirs. Drumfreis. Signed: "Your loving freind, James R."

¾ p. Addressed: "To our trusty and weilbelovit Harye Ley warden depute of the West Marche of England." Indorsed.

818. Henry Leigh to James vi. [Nov. 6.]

Acknowledging his letter, and that in the absence of Lord Scrope he will do as the King requests in regard to fugitives, hoping for the like towards any English fugitives. Carlisle. Signed: Henry Leighe.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed by Cecil's clerk: "Coppie of Mr Leigh his lettres to the King of Scottes."

819. Henry Leighe to Scrope. [Nov. 6.]

The doubt I had in my last of the King of Scots coming to Drumfreys "is nowe dissolved," for this evening I received by "Robert of Newbie," his Majesty's letter hereinclosed to you. As the messenger desired speedy despatch, "I have presumed rudelie to make answere, leaste by tractinge of tyme in sendinge for Mr Lowther and others to take advise," his Majesty might conceive some discontentment, as the inclosed copy will show. I shall be ready to attend your directions to my uttermost power, or give place to any whom her Majesty thinks more worthy in your absence: "beinge free, I give God thankes, from all ambicione which maye impeache my dewtie, or any waye hinder the honor of her Majesties service."

I will presently send for the gentlemen assistants named by your lordship and others of the better sort, with whom to advise, and will also do my best to have all the pledges in readiness to accomplish her Majesty's pleasure. Carlisle. Signed: He. Leighe.

"I give God thankes all thinges are in good quietnes, savinge the visitacion of God, which increasethe notwithstanding Mr Maiore his dewtifull care to prevent the same, which I do assure your honor is therein as in all your lordship affayres most vigilant."

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed by Cecil's clerk. Wafer signet: A duck or gull.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Copy of the King's letter No. 817.)

820. Eure to Cecil. [Nov. 7.]

It may seem strange to you to be pestered with continual complaints of disorders in this my charge, but such is my fortune, that besides "forrayne daungers," I am slandered by the country, as your honor knows. These have been prosecuted by John Browne, "whose condicions shalbe maid known to your honor att large to be moste vyle and in this country apparauntlie knowne. This man, supported by some my nighe neighboures of hye rancke, hath not only malitiouslie spred his untrue and slaunderous reportes against my selfe, and quarrellous wordes against my servauntes, provoking quarrell both to my selfe in the presence of the commissioners and other gentlemen of the Midle Marche then attending me att Newburne: but also since hath avowed his threates of malice and murtherous intentions to theese belonging me, as by the circumstaunces of his behaviour appearethe—by riding in the Midle Marche with a ledd horsse of Mr William Fenwickes, him selfe armed on the body, and carrying peternell pistoll, his man with staff, and his companie on the day light armed and weopned as him selfe, he nor his companie receiveing from me or anie belonging me injurious worde or occasion of quarrell, giveth juste cause to judge that his conscience accusinge him of moste vyle and badd dealing with me and those belonging me, laboureth to doe some notable mischeefe and so avoyde his countrey, which in his consience he knoweth he cannot long brouke and continewe with if he receive the due measure of hir Majesties lawe.

"Likewise in the county palatyne of Durhame, his wordes being moste intemperate within a myle or twoe of my house att Wittoun where I lay, he riding with five came armed as I formerlie tould your honor, some with staffe, some with peternell, and some with pistoll, to thende to offende some belonging me as I suppose, and not finding fitt oportunity to quarrell, raunged to the towne of Richmonde, whome by chaunce twoe my servauntes whome I directed to attende me in my necessarie journeyes, were there aboute theire necessarie occasions of theire owne: the said Browne and his companie being in the streate where my twoe servauntes walked, a quarrell arose, the said Browne having a peternell in his hand offred to shote the same att one of theese my servauntes, the which peternell as I am crediblie informed, was charged with fower or five bullettes att the leaste. It pleased God my said servaunt without further daunger to him selfe, wounded the said Browne, my servant having noe other weapon but a single Scottes sworde; it pleased God my other servaunte toke the staff from the other man, and with the same housed him and the rest of his companie, my said servaunt having noe other weapon but a Scottes sworde. This affray is by the Lord Bushop of Durham my neighboure aggrevated with hye and greate extremity against my said servauntes; first, by lettres to the Alderman of Richmond, advising, and in her Majesties name requiring, the alderman to restraine theese my twoe servauntes as common barratores knowne, with the "imprisonment of a month at the least without bayle, pronouncing not onely thankes from him selfe in so doing, but good acceptacion from some the lordes of hir Majesties most honorable privie counsell for the same; and withall extolling the said Browne with honor of his supposed place of recorder in Barwicke, averring his errande to be of necessarie service for hir Majestie, and him selfe a messinger of some of his lordship private lettres to my lord Thresaurer—by which meanes and his greatenes in theese partes, my menn were restrained three dayes or thereaboutes, and in the ende could not gett them discharged without entering recognisaunce of 400li.; which was done for the enjoying of theire necessarie service of my men, though I think extreame in lawe.

"My humble suite is that as theese circumstaunces of the lord bushop his dealinges dothe absolutlie denounce his secrete malice to me, and loving supporte of the said Browne, your honor wilbe pleased to stand my honorable freinde, as with your countenaunce to supporte me in my personall repaire to your honor, and let me be tryed of the truthe of theese slaundrous informacions which this bravo Browne thundreth against me, and then according to your honor wisdome, either comforte me in the continuaunce of my goverment in this place, or dispose of me as it shall please you. I moste humbly pray that the likeliehode of this sinister dealing of the lord bushop of Durham offred in the country may take noe place in your honors eares by his suggested informacions, to the disparidgment of my credit, till by due examinacion of both parties it may plainelie appeare my fault to bee more grevous than ever I hope it shalbe." Wittoun. Signed: Ra. Eure.

pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax seal; damaged.

821. Sir W. Bowes to Cecil. [Nov. 8.]

I send herewith copy of Lord Home's letter in answer to my requisition already certified to your honor.

To the seven principal points I answer briefly:—

(1) I have his own hand to show he demitted our English pledges, and I shall prove by some of them he took caution for their re-entry at his call. This point being "the ground of the rest, is merely insufficient."

(2) The treaty is satisfied on the Queen's behalf in this point, which cannot be questioned "without greate prejudice to her honor." He misconceives my promise as I formerly showed your honor.

(3) New delivery by her Majesty "is but a mistakinge." The overture by me, mentioned in my last letter to your honor, to meet Wedderburne if authorised, and offer new pledges for such as we cannot get "of the old," is yet unacknowledged by them.

(4) Their letter only reached me on the 8th, by whose fault I cannot say.

(5) The demand of the English warden "falteth in proportion." For the promise of entry of Buccleuch and Cesford was not under the treaty, but partly from the King's wish to satisfy her Majesty, and partly in punishment of their former notorious contempts. The two demands are not correspondent.

(6) This delay implies denial, breaking the treaty and the King's promise. At the meeting they partly satisfied for Liddesdale, by Buccleuch's delivery—for the other part, viz., Cesford's pledges or himself, they did neither.

(7) "Their desire of clearinge my wordes mentioned, is gropinge at noone day," as I have already shown to Lord Home—and any new clearing is mere trifling.

I learn from the ambassador that my letter to Lord Home and the requision, "were seriously scanned by the King and his counsell, and as "yt seemeth, this answere at the length sprung from thence by the Kinges privitie—as Wedderburne privately writeth to me."

Seeing they are resolved to stand upon redelivery of our old pledges, whom by Lord Eure's letter it seems not possible to recover, I see no good mean to bring this work to good conclusion, and humbly crave further direction therein.

I hear the King is on his way to Dumfries, where it may be he will expect concurrence in reciprocal delivery of the Western pledges, according to the former overtures—wherein it may please her highness to give direction. Bradley. Signed: Will'm Bowes.

3 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: "I. M."

822. James vi. to Henry Leigh. [Nov. 10.]

"It being informit to ws, be our belovit Robert Dalzell younger of that Ilk, that Florie Storie duelland upoun Eske within the boundis of your office and charge, is debtfull to him in the sowme of thre hundreth pundis, money of our realme, restand for the price of certane nolt and sheip coft (fn. 2) be him from our said subject about Lambes last, quhairof he can have na satisfactioun bot delay continuellie used thairanent: quhilk hee moved ws effectuuslie to requeist you to tak ordour that ayther the said sowme may be payit with convenient diligence, or that the persoun debtour may be committit in ward, and keipit thairin quhill he be compellit to do the same, as ye will do ws gude plesour." Drumfreis. "Your loving freind." Signed: James R.

½ p. Addressed: to "Harie Ley esquier warden depute," &c. Indorsed by Leighe.

823. The Mayor, &c., of Berwick to Cecil. [Nov. 10.]

Whereas it formerly pleased the Lords of the Council to make certain orders under their hands for restitution of certain rights and profits belonging to "our poore corporacion," which should have been executed by Sir Henry Woodrington then deputy governor here, and were entered in the "Councell booke" of Berwick accordingly: yet Sir Henry in his time from some private displeasure against us, and Mr John Carey ever since, as these orders were established before his government began, and not particularly directed to be finished by him—have delayed the execution of them, contrary to their lordships' intent, and to our undoing. Wherefore we pray your honor to revive the said orders and our rights therein. Berwick. "The maior and comynalty of the towne of Barwicke." Signed: John Ourde maior, William Morton.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer seal (Berwick): indistinct.

824. Gilsland barony, bounds, manors, &c. [Nov. 10.]

"Gillesland.—The first lord of Gillesland baron of the parliament after the Conquest, was the Lord Vawx called Hubertus de Vallibus, and continued in that lyne untill the 5 descent, called lykewise Hubertus, who left behinde him one onelie daughter and heire called Matildis Vawx.

"Thomas Multon a baron then of the parliament and lord of Burghe super Zabulum, jure uxoris, married the said Matilde Vawx, and soe conjoyned Gillesland and Burghe, and contynued in that lyne but to the 3, and all three "Thomas. The last Thomas Multon of 3, left one onelie daughter Margarett Multon heire of Gillesland and Burghe.

"Ranulphus Dacre of Dacre in Cumberland a gent not of a hundred markes yeerelie, and att that tyme a freehold to the lord Graystock (whose heire Dacre afterwardes maried) dyd marie the aforesaid Margaret Multon, and soe became lord of Burghe and Gillesland, in whose lyne yt did contynewe untill George last lord Dacre her Majesties warde died. George last lord Dacre died her Majesties warde, and left three sisters, Anne, Marie and Elizabeth. (fn. 3)

"The barronie of Gillesland upon the south part beginneth att the head of Croglyn water, and soe discendeth downe Croglyn untill it fall into Eaden a principall ryver, and soe downe Eaden, untill the foote of Irdinge water, from whence the bounder dothe crosse by land over untill yt come to the Bishopp dykes of Crosby barronie, and soe from thence by the bounder over to the water of Leaven, and upp Leaven under the Harper hill to the foote of Kirkbeck, and soe upp Kirkbeck by Bewcastle castle to the head of Kirkbeck, and soe to the Wastes downe by Haslegill, and soe to the head of the water of Irdinge and downe the water of Irdinge to the foote of Powlecrosse where Cumberland and Northumberland joyneth as the bounder carrieth to the head of Croglyn, where yt did begynne.

"In which barrony of Gillesland their bee fifteene severall mannors and fifteene severall bayliffes, all under the commaunde of the land sergeant of Gillesland as principall officer and marshall steward.

"Mannors.—Betwixt Croglyn water and Gelt water, 6 bayliffes.

1. Croglyn, Robert Grayme; 2. Cumrew, John Dixson; 3. Castelcarrock, Stephen Hodson; 4. Aynstaplyth, [ ]; 5. Cumerhotton, Frauncis Skaffe; 6. Heyton, Anthonie Knight; 7. Brampton, Lancellott Carleton; in which the markett towne of Brampton and the castle of Nawarde standeth; 8. Talkyn, William Milborne; 9. Farleham, George Bell; 10. Neder Denton, Anthonie Carleton; 11. Over Denton, Edward Tweddall, betwixt Irdinge, Leaven, and Kirkbeck; 12. Irdington, Christopher Blenerhasset; 13. Walton woode, William Bell; 14. Treddermayne, Clementt Hethrington; 15. Askerton, Richard Grayme of Brakenhill. Besides manie others which have beene at the commaund of the land sergeant of Gillesland, and nowe taken from the obedience by the landlordes, as Lanercost, Corkbye, and divers others." There should be 500 men in these to serve her Majesty, but there are not 15 able horsemen at this day.

"Within theis fower yeeres bypast, the barronie of Gillesland was equall to the best part of the Borders in wealth and quietnes, and sence, I darre bee bould to speak yt, that tenne thousand poundes will not well and sufficientlie repayre the decaies and losses of the said countrey, her Majesties tenantes and subjectes, by fier sword spoyle and oppression of the Scot and enimie, besides the great dearth and famyn wherwith the countrey hath bene punished extreamelie theis three hard yeares bypast, and nowe last of all the plague of sicknes latelie fallen amongst them.

"In the said barronie their bee divers parkes for fallowe deare, and a great forrest of read deare called Geltesdale and Breariethwaite, wheare I have seene above a thousand reade deare att a viewe and course.

"In the same barronie their bee 15 severall parrishes and parrishe churches. The circuite of the whole barronie is above fower score myles." Signed: Thomas Carleton of Carleton, land sergeant of the sayd baronye of Gillesland.

2 pp. On a broad sheet. Indorsed partly by Burghley: "10 November 1597. Gilleslande with the xv mannors and the perambulation therof."

825. Information by Thomas Carleton. [Nov. [10.].]

That the Lord Dacre was the maintainer of Gilsland in former times, not the land sergeant: but the land sergeant maintained by Lord Dacre.

"The Lord Dacre for the most part warden, kept house and remained either in Nawart castle which is in the middle part of Gilsland, or els in Kirkoswald castle, which is within les then two miles of the southe part of the same. The land sergeaunt, then but a particuler servaunt to the lord Dacre, having in his absence the commaund and government of that whole barony of Gilsland, having for his maintenaunce the better to discharge that goverment, his chamber, stable, horse meat, allowaunce for his men, all the lords houshould servaunts, allwayes at the fewest 24 or 30, able and well horsed men, at his call and commaundement. The land sergeaunt his dew fee for that office only five pounds, and his lord and masters countenaunce, which was more then all the rest. And yet for all these, even when the Lord Dacre was in his greatest might and autoritye, the land sergeauut did often find hard measures, and that country often suffred great and many spoiles and overthrowes, such as any and every border countrie in these parts hathe ben, is, and wilbe subject unto. And for one profe amongst many others, it happened the Lord William Dacre then being at his house in Nawart, a tenaunt of his was spoiled within a mile: the tenaunt which was spoiled, as the manner was and is, brought the fray to Nawart. The Lord Dacre rose out of his bed, and caused his laud sergeaunt, at that tyme George Skelton, there in his houshould with hym, to ride foorth to the fray, and sent with hym Sir Thomas Dacre his base brother and 35 gentlemen and yeamen all of his houshould servaunts able men and well horsed; but before they returned, the land sergeaunt George Skelton a gentleman greatly in his masters favour at that tyme, with 9 of the best and principall men in his companie, was slaine and murdered within England by the Ellots of Liddesdall, Sir Thomas Dacre with diverse mo, were taken prisoners by one Rynion Armstrang and his company, the rest bothe of the houshold and countrie, wer chased and put to flight. Also in the quietest tyme of the ould Lord Scroops most honorable government, Thomas Carleton then land sergeaunt, a man of great and long experience in those parts, was by a like train drawen foorth to a following and taken prisoner by the Armstrangs of Liddesdall, his companie overthrowen, maimed with greavous wounds, and the countrie spoiled, untill the lord Scroop caused hym to certify the late Duke of Norfolk, who then had the tuition of George lord Dacre her Majesties ward, and therupon was allowed pay for 24 men: which continewed untill the countries wer better quieted. These accidents and such like, that countrie is subject unto at all tymes. Now the barony of Gilsland and the office is altogether her Majesties whom God long preserve and continew. If her Majestie do not maintain her officer, her servaunt can not defend the office, for since it came into her Majesties possession, the decay hathe ben for lack of maintenaunce with allowaunce and good countenaunce, which was allwayes, as is before set down, in the lord Dacres tyme, and somtyme since. For proofe the better to discharge myne own dewty being her Majesties officer, and to let her Majestie and her Majesties most honorable councell see that her Majestie may be better served in that place, and that countrie better preserved then ever it was in any Dacres tyme, I will undertake in her Majestie trew and faithfull service, either to bestow my life, or els to perfourm as is herunder set down, to serve her Majestie and defend my countrie, or failing the perfourmance of any article undertaken, in part or all, let the allowance and fee be staied at the audit, untill every article herunder written be in every respect fully and dewtifully perfourmed.

"Upon sufficient allowed maintenaunce, the land sergeaunt to do and perfourme."—

1. To answer at every audit, and procure a quietus est thereat for all things due her Majesty for the barony of Gilsland.

On margin.—For there was formerly a receiver, but none of late.

2. To be ready with the whole barony at the lord warden's command to attend him, his deputy or constable in the Queen's service.

On margin.—For formerly the warden never had to do with office or officers.

3. To answer to the warden for every tenant in the said office, at every day March, &c., at command, under penalty.

On margin.—For the lord Dacre formerly answered for his tenants.

4. To satisfy "of myne own goods" every tenant spoiled by "Scotsmen or English to the value of vjd.," or deliver the offender to the Queen's gaol "in tyme convenient."

5. To bring before the justices of assises any tenant in the office to answer to the law, or myself to satisfy the complainer.

On margin.—For they sometimes spoil in the Middle March and some parts of the West.

And to perform these, let me have her Majesty's gracious countenance, as well as the lord warden's. For maintenance, let Gilsland be equal "in commodity" to its neighbour Bewcastle. "In my simple opinion (with pardon to speak it) the causes why Gilsland ought to be mainteined as well as Bewcastle ar three."—(1) They are now both her Majesty's; (2) and alike subject to every "periolouse" danger; and (3) while she has little or nothing out of Bewcastle, there is above 200l. yearly answered to her out of Gilsland.

pp. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary: "No. 1597. Carletons information towchinge Gillesland."

826. John Carey to Burghley. [Nov. 12.]

Since my last letter, Master Bowes the ambassador "came to this towen on Saterdaye the Vth of this monthe wher he hathe remayened ever sines in verey weke estat, styll kepinge his bed and ever worse and worse, so as his wekenes makes all men thinke he can not escape: wherfor my honorabell good lord, as I have begune, so will I eand in presuminge of youer honorabell faver, onley releyinge myselfe therof, as a man resolut never to attempt aney thinge ether displesinge or dislikinge to youer honer, and yet if it shold so pies your lordshipe as to take good likinge of me or to thinke me worthey of that offes of tresserershipe, I wold then be lothe to be prevented bey aney other therin, wiche I fear I shall if ther be not sume stope mad therof befor my lord of Essexes comminge to Cort; whoe I fear will crose me in what he maye, having taken sume displeser agayenst me sines my comminge hether, what I knoe not . . . Prayinge youer honer at the least to bestowe the borninge of this letter, for that it maye other wayes torne me to displeser."

These borders are in most lamentable condition, looking for and expecting justice, yet all is overthrown, "as for exsampell in the wryghtinge of this littyll letter, I have byn caled dowen iij severall tymes to se the freshe bledinge bluddey woundes and hortes that have byn geven this last night bey the Scottes, whoe never ley styll on nighte, to ouer pooer contereymen in reskeweinge ther owen goodes that wear taken from them: theye pooer men, sekinge for helpe or relefe at aney manes hand, and like masterles men, feynding relefe no whear nor aney whome to mon themselves to, ar fayen to come to me, whoe have not to doe withe them, and yet ame fayen to releve them." Your honors must take better order, or the country will be laid waste and it then will be too late. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

827. John Carey to Cecil. [Nov. 12. 1597.]

I have expected Lord Hume in these parts ever since your last, but he has been "on Fyfe syde" till the 10th, when he returned to Hewtonhall 6 miles from this. I hearing, sent to him and we met yesterday upon the "Bownd roade," when I told him of the contents of the Queen's letter sent to me on the 17th, whereof he was glad to hear, and said he would be ever ready to do all good offices between the King his master and her Majesty. Yet I thought him "too much affected" to Cesford, though he said the only cause of his coming to these parts, was to go through with the indents for delivery of the pledges, which he and Cesford were ready to do; but though he had written to Sir William Bowes for a meeting on the 8th, he had yet no answer, "marvelinge thereat"; and is now returning "to beyonde the Fyfe againe," about his own affairs he says.

Though it is not my business, yet I must entreat and humbly desire some speedy order taken for reformation of things, or the country will be "cleane overthrowen" for want of a leader. They are nightly overrun by the Scots, "and even this night the Scottes toke away from a place called Longrigh, not farr frome Barwick, a great pray both of sheepe and cattell: which beinge reskewed by our poore countrey men, the Scottes beinge an over partie, have hurte and wownded vj or vij of our men verie sore, whereof three or fower of them are hurt to the perill of deathe." The country men are "as sheepe withowt a sheepeherd."

I have further to remind your honor of Buccleuch, for in your last you wrote that her Majesty did not intend him to remain here, being "so unconvenient" for his safety.

Mr Bowes the ambassador has been here ever since Saturday last the 5th, very sick and weak, and hardly "like to escape it." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

828. R. Bowes to Burghley. [Nov. 12.]

Finding myself so weak since brought hither, that I doubt being able to make the pay to the garrison for Christmas next, and my son Raphe Bowes having made the same for the first half year—as I trust to your satisfaction,—I humbly beg your lordship to vouchsafe to allow him to receive and make the pay for the half year ended at Michaelmas last, and thus complete the year's pay, directing also your letters to the several receivers to pay him the portions allotted for that service on his acquittance.

It may also please your lordship to give perfect order for payment to Mr Vernon and Mr Swyfte for the victuals delivered by them to the garrison, wherein I have directed my servant Sheperson to attend on your lordship for your pleasure, desiring favourable access and credit for him therein. Berwick. Signed: Robert Bowes. (In a tremulous hand.)

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet (Bowes); indistinct.

829. John Carey to Burghley. [Nov. 15.]

"I thought it my dutie to lett you understand that Mr Bowes is even verie nowe departed owt of this world, when wee all had most hope of his recoverie. I feare he have left a verie poore companie behynd him, of his wief and his sonne, whose poore estate (I thincke) will require your honorable favour towardes them." His son M Raphe's humble request to your lordship is, that it will please you, he may as his father desired, have the indents for this half year's pay at Christmas, in respect that the receipt at the former half year is not so great as this, wherefore he had to advance part of it out of his own money, which must be allowed in this half year, besides his father's allowance. He is so honest and well conditioned a gentleman, that if his estate were as himself, I should think him very fit to succeed his father; but for many respects, as the town, the Queen's profit, &c., I hope as your lordship has ever been careful in her Majesty's affairs, you will now place some honest wise and careful man as treasurer, praying whosoever it shall be, that the pay may be made before Christmas, for the sake of the town.

"Mr Bowes departed this vaele of miserie this night aboute three of the clock, who died in a verie good and godlie order, whose end showed his honest lief; and thus with my humble dutie, referringe my selfe to your honorable consideracion, withe assurance that I will willinglie performe what I have heretofore written, I end this tragicall discours." Berwick. "This morninge at vj of the clock." Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

830. Richard Fenwick to Burghley. [Nov. 17.]

I have made many great offers to the Earl of Huntingdon late deceased, Lord Ewrye, the Bishop of Durham and Sir William Bowes, on behalf of this distressed country of Northumberland, which is at present undone, and nothing more common than murders, robberies, March treasons, &c.,—not more of late however than for the last 20 years. Some particulars whereof, as to the authors, and by whom they have been "bolstred uppe," I have heretofore preferred to their said lordships, but the wrong remedy hath been taken to repress these. However, the means whereby I hope to do so, I here offer by your lordship to her highness and your lordship's consideration, thinking myself in duty and upon my allegiance bound so to do, rather than see the wreck of the country drawing near and her Majesty's treasure wasted.

Your lordship and the rest of the Council will marvel that none in my country joins with me in setting their hands to these particulars—the truth is, there is no man in the country dares for his life to be known to do or think so much, but if her highness grant my requests, your lordships shall see a thousand gentlemen and yeomen both with oaths and hands, justify the truth of all I have said within 3 months, with many more particulars, or let a public example be made of me to deter others hereafter. "I protest before God, that I have no tenant or servant but he must lye in armer and wach till my return home: cravinge your honores spedye aunswere." Signed: Rychard Fynwyck.

¾ p. Headed: "To the right honorable the Lord highe Treasurer of Englaund." Indorsed: "The humble peticion of Rychard Fenwick of Stanton in Northumberland esquier," &c. Also by Burghley's clerk.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Richard Fenwick's offers.)

Offers to her Majesty to reform the present daily spoils, &c., in the Middle Marches by Richard Fenwick of Stanton esquire.

If it would please your highness to command Lord Ewrye or other to remain warden there, and appoint the said Richard as deputy under him, but for 3 months, with power to choose the captains of the 100 garrison men allowed by your highness for defence, the said Richard will take such a sure course that no true man shall have cause to complain of loss of goods, or if there be, Richard's lands shall be sold to make it good and your highness's laws so defended "as yf your highnes gracious eyes looked on him daye and night." The lack of this last has undone the country, and the magistrates, great men and mean officers, for this 20 years have sought their own security, and maintained thieves and traitors to the oppression of the "comminaltye" and just men.

"And lett his head be taken from him at the three monthes end, yf he perfourme not all that he haythe offred," and prove the truth of what he says by the oaths of 400 gentlemen and yeomen. There are 1000 of these who dare not for their lives speak against a great thief either openly or in secret, to further justice, not so much for fear of the thief's displeasure, but that of the officers and great gentlemen who protect and defend those thieves.

He would also humbly entreat your highness, if you appointed him deputy warden as above, to allow him to bring to trial and judgment, "but 40 great gentlemen and yeomen thefes," and that their forfeitures might go to maintain 100 horsemen in garrison, besides the 100 already allowed, which would restore 500l. worth of goods to your poor subjects, stolen "within this seaven yeers, by others the said great theifes steal fellowes."

And to show your highness that he "shall sett feare of death, affection, and covetousnes aside (which three faltes in the magistrates of Northumberlaund, are the onely overthrowe therof) he havinge three or foure gentlemen comed of the best frendshipp in the countrye, who have maried the said Richardes doughters and sisters, all of them great theefes, yet loving the said gentlemen verye well, but hating ther wicked lief, they should be of the first he would bring to tryall and execution according to lawe, which would feare and terrifye a hundred others to offend, and make a hundred also confesse ther offences and submitt them selfes to Godes mercye and your highnes." For nothing but this "overlookinge" of magistrates has caused so many murders and thefts.

The chief spoilers in your highness's three Marches are Englishmen who join the Scots, and if they were "taken awaye, which ys easie to be done," the Scots thieves durst not come "past 5 or six myles within your highnes plenished ground of Northumberlaund"; whereas now they come 20 and 30 miles, robbing and murdering with English aid, and overlooking by the keepers of Tynedale and Redesdale.

This would save your highness the present great charges for defence, only the 100 horse for 3 months, for all your true subjects are willing to give double rents for their farms, and none will refuse but the thieves or their maintainers, which double rents will maintain 300 or 400 able horsemen on your highness's frontiers, whose captains shall be landed gentlemen of the country, and give bonds before the Council at York— so that in 2 years your highness shall have as many able men furnished with horse and armour, as " your worthye father of famous memorye King Henrye the Eight, had ther in his lief time"; for hundreds of your subjects would fain buy horse, but dare not, for the English thieves would steal them in a day or two.

These 3 or 400 men and captains "being of all surnames and kynredes of the countrye," would so terrify the Scots that they durst not enter.

And within 2 years your highness should not need to pay the Lord Warden, for the Middle March would pay it for their own ease.

"Yt would make teares fall from your Graces eyes," to see the wretched state of the country, and if any one shall inform your highness and Council that the above is not the only remedy, he respects not your highness's crown and dignity.

Besides his duty to your Majesty, and other causes, he is moved to open these matters, remembring the favour bestowed by your most noble father on his ancestors—"for his Majestie knighted Sir Roger Fenwicke and Sir Rauffe Fenwicke, great grandfather and grandfather to the said Richard, and Rauffe Fenwick also, father of the said Richard, and imployed them successivelye in his Majesties service all ther lief tymes to be kepers of Tyndale, and the said Sir Rauffe Fenwicke the elder, was warden of the Middle Marches during his lief time."

Another cause is, that his losses and hurts have far exceeded any other man's, for within 12 years they have robbed him of 400l. in value, besides the lives of his near kinsmen and servants, and this because he has always opposed these robbers and thieves, refusing their favour, like others for their own safety—whereby he is "so poore that he ys not nowe able to make above xvj men horse and fote." Between the 1st and last days of this October, he rose to follow 7 or 8 robberies done by English and Scottish thieves, the furthest off within three miles of his dwelling house. Therefore to revenge themselves on him, on 30 October last, "20 of thes great gentlemen theves, half of theme Englishmen and half Scottes," and some his near kinsmen, came and robbed a poor widow within a mile of his house, intending thus to draw him out and murder him. Though he partly knew their purpose, yet he pursued them with 11 of his men, and his eldest son only 16 years of age. On discovering them, he left his son and 8 footmen, while himself rode about to get more help, and in the meantime his son "being too forward," with only 3 of his men came on 16 of the thieves in ambush to murder his father. They set upon the son and his 3 men, "shott five guns and dages at them, and tooke the soons horse; and yf he and the other three had not verye manfullye defended them selves, they had bene all slaine." When Richard came up with the rest, the thieves fled, and he pursued them above 16 miles of "plenished" ground, with his own men only, for though he raised the fray in many towns, none durst or would rise, and on coming to your highness's castle of Harbottle, found no man there, so for want of aid he let the thieves go, and the poor woman lost her goods. Signed: Rychard Fynwyck.

3 pp. Closely written. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary: "17 November 1597." Annotated by Burghley.

831. Edward Gray to Eure. [Nov. 17.]

As your lordship may think it long since you heard how we proceed in service in your absence, I thought it good to certify—but as far as I see, the unwillingness of both the gentlemen and commonalty is such, as it is hard and difficult for me to stir them to action.

On Tuesday after I parted from you at Witton, the gentlemen of this ward met me at Morpeth, "where noe stand watche would be consented to, by reasone of my lord Ogell his stricte directions geven to his deputy Merting Ogell of Trittlington, utterlie to refuse the same for him and his tenantes": saying it was impossible for them to do it, though both his deputy and the assembled gentlemen thought it most easy, and no watch more necessary.

Thereon I thought it fit to agree on some watch, in respect of the outrages by "our home theaves on the forraine borderers," and moved "the plump watche," which was agreed to and set down in writing under their hands, to be kept in 7 places by as many gentlemen of the ward, "viz., by Nicholas Thornton of Witton uppon Wyndgayttes edge with his divisyon; by Thomas Ogell of Hepscott att Hedley wood head; by the Lord Ogells deputy and the balif of Ughame at Hairlaw picke; by John Cresswell at Ughame Cockell; by Robert Witherington of Plessey at Fen end; by the balif of Chiveington att the Flower of Cheveley; and by my self or my deputy at [ ] foorde; and att every place everie leader to chouse oute xlte men oute of his divisyon."

Since then we met on Monday 15th instant, both to take bound such suspected persons as I told you of, and to confer on "slew dogges." I bound most of them named for this ward, and will get the rest as I can. "For slew dogges, I want a kallender whiche your lordship hathe," by which I should call the dogs in their several divisions, and would gladly have it, if you could devise means to send it.

But at this meeting the gentlemen complained greatly of the country who should watch with them—saying they met with their "private companies," but few or none of the country in each division would rise; wherefore they gave that watch up till Friday 19th instant, when we meet at Harelaw picke to view and muster the horsemen of this ward, and there think to conclude for a nightly watch at Rotheburie parke head with 40 men—being a place that the thieves who spoil this country cannot pass, but they shall come to them within a mile on any shout or fray. And we think by drawing this ward into 14 companies, the turn of each will come every 14 night. But this not to be concluded till you get notice, and I will make the gentlemen sign it.

I am about to direct Castell ward, Tyndayle ward, Alnwick and Cookdayle wards, to meet at certain days and places for erecting like watches, if it be only till such time as you return, to keep the country from spoil.

On the 11th I received from "my lady" a letter directed to you from the King of Scots, and have written to the keepers of Tindale and Redesdale in accordance, and also made open proclamation in Morpeth, Hexham, Alnwick, and Hawtwissell. Yet I thought it not fitting for me to answer the King, as my lady willed me by her letter.

Also I had another letter from her directed to your lordship from "Baclughe" at Berwick, to which I have made no answer—as he craves redress according to the "now" treaty and charges you with promise of concurrence, as you may see on perusing it: and as I had no direction for answering such letters, I forbear till I hear from you, desiring it may be with speed, and sending you the principal letters, reserving copies.

The King having come to Dunfrees, it is thought by some he lies there as much to take advantage of his own opportunity, as to suppress thieves, and I have therefore ordered all this March to be ready on an hour's warning.

Lord Hume is thought to be infected with the "plauge," and it is reported many of his houshold are dead of it.

It is certain that Cesford labours all he can to keep his people from riding, but I cannot learn his intent therein, or get answer to the many letters I have written to him, for restitution of attemptates. Morpeth. Signed: Edward Gray.

" Newes wee have none here but that Mr William Eurie, William Cunstable and Henrie Woodring[ton] are knighted, and that Mr Robert Bowes ambassador for Scottland is dead at Barwick yesternight beinge the xvth of this instant."

pp. Addressed: To Lord Eure as warden. Indorsed by Cecil's clerk, and in another hand: "Receaved at London the xix November by post, being his first lettre, 6 a cloke at night." Wax signet: A lion rampant within a bordure invecked: good.

832. James vi. to Henry Leigh. [Nov. 17.]

As some of the broken men and malefactors within this our West March, have refused to enter and submit as directed by our Council, "we have resolved to passe forward in proper person uppon them with fyre and sword upon Tysday next the xxijth day of this instant, to their exterminacion and wreike, as we wrote to you before and received theiranent your dewtie full and loyall answeare, for whilk we give yow thankes. Soe have we thought good right effectuallie to request and intreat yow . . . that yow wilbe in a redynes with some sufficient force, to remaine at the Mote of Lyddell upon Tysday next, at twelve howres, for hawlding them in at that syde, and concurrencie with us to their borning persuite and repressinge, in seike perticuler forme, as ye shalbe advertised at our first passing downe in Annerdell. Hearing also that ye have in handes some of the most vyle and notable theives of Annerdell, specyallie one Sym of Puddingbourne, whilk was taken read hand in their thiftice deedes, and ar sike as may weil be "spaired for their mischeivous mischeifes, comyted to the hurte of the good subjectes of beith the realmes, we have thought mete to desyre yow that gif your powre may so be extended in the absence of the Lord Scroope warden, ye woll ether cause they notorious lymmers be delivered to ws to be hanged, or ye woll cause hange them your selfe: and gif any wald intersed for their liefes, that yow woll account them as aucthers of their villanie and thift, and reject whersomever their suites thereanent, that seik wicked theives may receive condigne punishement, as ye woll kythe effected ther to justis and woll doe us right thankfull pleasure." Drunfriece. James R.

1 p. A copy by Leigh's clerk. Addressed. Indorsed by Leigh.

833. Scrope to R. Lowther. [Nov. 18.]

"Mr Lowther, I thought my often writing unto Mr Ligh to signifie unto you my will to accept the charge of the wardenrie in my absence, had bene suficient to induce you to yeelde ther too." But I see you not only neglected looking to the charge, but complained "above" that I did not write to you. I was not compelled to choose you, but I thought it would please Mr Leigh better, as you were once officer. "And now these shalbee to comaund you to use noe further delaye, but to looke to that charge during the whole tyme of my absence, which I hope shall not be much longer: and at my returne (if you do well) Ile give your worship thancks, and shall then appoint such an one as shalbee fitt for the place." Somerset House. Signed: Th. Scroope.

"I pray cosen Lowther, be a meane to stay your owne men from spoyling the countrey: for thoug I have forgiven them often, yet there is noe amendement yet."

1 p. Holograph; as also address at foot: "To his loving frind Mr Richard Lowther esqr." Indorsed.

(1) Copy of same letter in another hand.

834. Thomas and James Bell to the Privy Council. [Nov. 18.]

"Your poore and dailye suppliantes Thomas Bell and James Bell of Gilleslande," in the county of Cumberland, humbly show to your honors, in their own name and in name and behalf of their kinsmen the Bells of Gilsland, that whereas they have divers times complained to her Majesty and your honors, of their great spoils by the Scots, most especially "at the late daye furrowe in Gilleslande: at which rode there was 80 of your saide suppliantes the Bells utterlye beggered and spoiled and 60 of them taken prisoners, and carryed into Scotlande, and not above 2 other tenauntes spoiled, excepte frendes to the saide Bells": all which spoils and others before and since, were done only in revenge of their true service to her Majesty at Lord Scrope's command, "especiallie for the apprehendinge of 2 offenders, the one called Guy Carleton, and thother Thomas Armestronge," one a kinsman the other a servant to Thomas Carleton officer there—which act has not only occasioned the dissension between the Carletons and the said suppliants, but is also the chief cause of the many incursions on them by the Armstrongs of Scotland, "accomptinge the same, after their brutishe manner, a deadly feed "and attributing the act to the whole surname of Bells, which are "above 500 men," all tenants and subjects to her Majesty in Gilsland and the countries adjoining; whereby unless some help is shortly provided, they will be "cleane rooted out from those partes"; and the rather for Thomas Carleton's hatred and malice towards them. Wherefore they pray "for Godes cause" to have some help. They demand nothing for their spoils in the said day foray—for by Lord Scrope's means they have been in some sort relieved,—but only for their losses before and since and "maintenaunce for the time to come."

1 p. On a broad sheet. Addressed at head. Indorsed: "18 Nov. 1597. The humble petiticion," &c.

835. Thomas Carleton to Burghley. [Nov.]

Whereas your lordship has delivered to me a petition by one Thomas Bell and James Bell, against myself, brethren, and our name, I have in all truth and sincerity obeyed your command to answer the same.

First.—I know no such man as James Bell: and the other is not sent up (as he untruly says) in behalf of his surname, but to procure a pardon for one Thomas Armstrong who was condemned at the Carlisle assises "was a twelvemoneth." As for the great spoil in Gilsland: "true it is the like hath not happened in my time and memorie: and I have heard that one Christofer Bell brother to the said Thomas Bell the complainant," brought in the Scots, and procured the said spoil (as others of the Bells offered to prove on oath who lost their goods then), where none escaped free but George Bell of Bowbanck and George Bell of Mylton, who were the sole takers of Guy Carleton and Thomas Armstrong, &c., and this complainant's brother. It is untrue that there were 80 Bells beggared, &c., for there were never so many of the name in the country: but my brother Anthony Carleton (who was then here her Majesty's prisoner), and my servants at Farleham hall and other our friends thereabout, were utterly beggared and spoiled, and have never yet got remedy.

Whereas he says there are 500 Bells tenants to the Queen, "I aunswere there are not 50; and of those not 5 (besides the said complainant and the said two George Bells and their brethren)," that will join in his complaint against us, or think we bear malice to them. But their own conscience only accuses them of false witness against us "(which God forgeve them)" for we mean no malice against them or any other.

He has stayed here about this pardon, more than a quarter of a year, and never once spake in it till now, intending our further trouble, as he thought we had all been gone home: as indeed the rest are, and I only wait here for your lordship's pleasure and resolution on the offers I gave you for Gilsland.

1 p. A broad sheet. Addressed at head. Indorsed.

836. Information of Cuthbert Cowling. [Nov. 19.]

At Bishop Awkland 19th November 1597, 40 Eliz., the information of Cuthbert Cowling of Richmond vintner, taken upon oath before me Tobie bishop of Durham one of her Majesty's justices of the peace and quorum in the County Palatine and one of her Council in the North, upon letters directed to him, &c., from the Privy Council.

Inprimis—he saith that on 29 October last between 6 and 7 o'clock P.M. came to his house in Richmond John Browne recorder of Berwick, Valentyne West a soldier of Sir William Reade's there, servant to the Bishop, and one Morton servant to George Brigges of Newcastle upon Tyne vintner, and after all supping together, they went into Mr Browne's chamber where the said West delivered a box with writings and evidences of Sir William Reade's, in this informer's presence. After that about 9 o'clock they the said Browne, West, Morton and a servant of Browne's "went to bedd all in one chamber untill after seaven of the clocke in the next morning being the Saboath daie. And after they had broken ther fast, Mr Browne going to his horse at the doore, and having his foote in the stirrop, one of his "handes on the saddle pummell, and his other putting towardes his pocquett for money to give to a multitude of poore folkes that stode about him, sodainly William Browneles houshold servaunt to the Lord Eure, with his sworde ready drawen came behinde him, and gave him a great wounde on the hinder part of his heade, and another wounde upon his left arme, and a thirde upon his shouldior, with so exceading great force and furie, that had it not been for that the saide poore folkes did somme of them stande so as he could not reach him so easely as he would, but over one or two of their heades, he had slaine the saide Browne outright: and a fourth stroke he gave him in the neck, but it hurt him not: And after that this informer with others had gotten weapons, he the saide Browneles fledd, but was so fast pursued as he could not escape."

Item.—That Browneles and one Frauncis Wadely also Lord Eure's servant, walked together an hour or more before the affray, up and down near Cowling's door, to watch as it should seem for Browne coming out: and further "they pretended to seke a fleckt graie hounde with a reade collor, which they saide they had lost," and as is said, sought also in an alehouse kept by one George Key.

Further—he saw the said Wadlie take away the weapon, of Browne's servant, "while th'affraie was in doing," and broke the point in striking at him. And then fled with Browneles, till they were seized and taken before the Alderman of Richmond: who demanding their reason for this assault, Browneles answered "the cause was knowne to a hundred and a hundred, and to the best in Englande."

Item—he heard his servant George Crafton affirm that Browneles said "he was sorie it was no worse,—meaning that Browne was not worse hurt."

Item—he confesses that Christopher Askough alderman of Richmond told him the bishop of Durham had written to him to take care that Browneles and Wadely should not be bailed till it was seen what became of Mr Browne's dangerous wounds: at least for a month till he heard from above; and then the bail should be for their forthcoming as well as the peace and good behaviour also: and that he heard part of Lord Eure's letter to the alderman read, requiring him to bail them at his peril, on bond for the peace only, as he had present occasion for them in her Majesty's affairs.

Item—he has known Mr Browne many years, and never saw him, before, or at the affray, or since, behave otherwise than "as becometh an honest sober and peaceable man."

Item—that Mr John Pepper of Richmond a gentleman of good credit, told him of late, that some "towardes" the Lord Eure said they would get some to swear that Mr Browne had his horseman's piece charged, and was ready to shoot at Browneles before the latter offered to strike him: which Mr Pepper dissuaded them from, saying they would never get it proved, the contrary being well known. Tobie Duresme. By me Cuthbte Cowling. "Copia vera: Tobie Duresme." (fn. 4)

2 pp. Written by the Bishop's clerk. Indorsed: "Copie," &c.

837. John Carey to Cecil. [Nov. 20.]

Though when Buccleuch came here, I wrote to my lord my brother how inconvenient it was, and it pleased you to signify to me by letter, that the Queen's pleasure was he should be presently removed: I have yet heard nothing, "whereby he contiuewes here still, growinge werie of the towne, and so more daungerous to be kepte"; and humbly pray for early direction from her Majesty for his removal. He greatly desires it himself, that he may answer and receive his deserts at her pleasure; and begs her "to "consider of him, in respect that whiles he is here, those in Lyddesdale, who are under himselff, do nightlie ryde upon his frendes and folowers; even the same men who he should have delivered for pledges, are the men who are bowldest with him. It may please your honor to understand he doth demeane and behave him self verie well and orderlie in this place, as ever I sawe any man of his countrey." And if it please you to further him to hearing his answer, he shall be more bound to you, and all we think ourselves most happy.

The Scots are now broke loose, for there is no ambassador to complain to, and no governor nor warden on the borders to bid them lie still. Yet the garrison here are "still doinge as they may: as this night they have taken three and kild one, and by verie yll lucke, mist sixe more." I have sent to ascertain about the expected "greate sturrs" likely to rise in Scotland, and shall report what I hear. So praying you to remove from us Sir Walter Scott, to send a governor, and see the town provided better with victuals, or we shall be in straits. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

838. The Examination of Christopher Aiscough. [Nov. 21.]

Bishop Awkland 21st November 1597 (40 Eliz.) the examination of Mr Christopher Aiscough alderman of Richmond on his oath, taken before me Tobie bishop of Durham, &c., under certain letters from the Privy Council.

Inprimis—he saith that on Sunday morning 30 October last, William Browneles and Francis Wadely servants to Lord Eure, having made an affray upon Mr John Browne recorder of Berwick and wounded him, they were apprehended and brought to him the alderman, "after they had been pursued to their host house (called Mark Sober inholder) with clubs by the saide inhabitantes": whereon they were committed by him to ward, and not dealt with till divine service was done; and examined in the afternoon on such points as appear in their examinations herewith.

Also—on Monday night the last of October, Robert Tailboyes of Thorneton in the county of Durham esquire, came to him offering him sufficient bond for the peace, and the "baylement" of the said William and Francis, as they were "towardes" Lord Eure, and one of them a neighbour of his own, and required it as he said without Lord Eure's privity. He the alderman answered he could not bail them till he saw what became of Mr Browne's life, and they should be bound "to the good abearing,"which Tailboys refusing, the alderman said he would confer with his colleagues next day Tuesday. Having so done, he told Tailboies he might have Wadely on bond for peace, and Browneles "for good abearing," which he refused and said to the examinate's remembrance he would enter no such bond and would have both or none, and so departed at 4 P.M.

Also—that on Wednesday after in the evening, Mr Tailboies came back to him with 2 of Lord Eure's men, who gave him 2 letters, one to him and his brethren, the other to himself particularly; copies whereof are hereinclosed. On their receipt, he conferred with his brethren, and next day they resolved that they would deliver them on recognisaunce: the copy whereof is also inclosed, and this was done, Browneles and Wadley being dismissed the town on Thursday afternoon. Thereon, next day being Friday, Lord Eure wrote to him two several letters, one requiring a copy of the Bishop of Durham's letter on Browne's behalf, and against his servants; the other willing him to take Browne bound likewise, or else return his lordship the recognizance for Browneles and Wadely, which he the alderman refused to do. Copies are herewith sent of these letters and the effect of his the alderman's answers so far as he can call to remembrance. Subscribed, Chr. Aiscough aid". Tobie Duresme. Copia vera: T. Duresm." (fn. 5)

pp. Written by the bishop's clerk. Indorsed: "Copie," &c.

839. James vi. to Henry Leigh. [Nov. 23.]

"The specialis of the disordourit and brokin men quhome we intendit to have prosequute with fyre and swerd, haveing now cum in and submittit thame selffis to ws, and a few nowmer continewing rebellione, we have gevin directioun this day to persew and borne thame, and as we have hard of your gude officeis alreddy kyithit, in withstanding thair ressett in thay boundis . . . Sa we desire you this day to await with your forceis and hald hand that na ressett nor refuge be grantit to thame in thay boundis." Annaud. Signed: James R.

¼ p. Addressed: "To our loving freind the lord deputie wardane of the West Marche of England." Wafer signet (Scotland): indistinct.

840. James vi. to Henry Leigh. [Nov. 23.]

"Haveing sum materis to communicat unto yow, tuicheing the wele and quietnes of the Bordouris, quhilk requiris your awne presence, we have thocht meit heirby to require and desire you to repair to ws towardis Annand this Thurisday the xxiiij of this instant, that particularlie we may acquent yow with these materis importing the quyet of thir boundis." Newbie. Signed: James R.

¼ p. Addressed: "To our trustie and weilbelovit Schir Hary Ley wardane deputie," &c. Indorsed by Leigh. Wax signet (Scotland): damaged.

(1) Copy in another hand.

841. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [Nov. 24.]

By letters from the Privy Council of the 6th instant, to the Archbishop of York, myself, and others of the council of the North, and the latter's letter to me of the 12th, received the 18th, it appears that your lordships desire to have a true report of the late fray at Richmond upon Mr Browne of Berwick and the parties under safe custody, as it "maie seeme they were procured to committ that outrage. Gods name be blessed, that hath geven your lordshipps suche grace as to be so carefull and circumspect to looke unto and into suche enormous practises and bloudlie factes"! I therefore sent to Richmond for the most likely witnesses, to wit the alderman and one other of good account there, and send their examinations hereincluded, together with the letters directed to the alderman both for and against the malefactors, with copies of his answers, and of the recognizance that he took for their personal appearance, all subscribed and sealed up by himself as he desired. When the others come to me, I shall also send their examinations, if material. I have a servant now in London about some business "(his name is Valentine West, brother to John West that serveth Mr Fanshawe) who can speake as directly to all the circumstances of that assalte as anie; it maie please your lordship to cause him to be examined, and as you have most honorably entred into notice of the cause, so to followe it to the end: least if this extraordinarie course of revenge be not presently interrupted by your highe authoritie above, the borders shortly be extended to Richmond, with the barbarous feedes therin accustomed. One suche example unpunnished in the executioners, or uncontrolled in the procurers, will breede intollerable inconveniences." Mr Browne's life should be secured against both, and I fear will be in danger unless authority interpose effectually and instantly. If he has spoken or written against the Lord Warden, his officers or servants, what he cannot justify, or detected anything further than "that xxij esquires and gentlemen have twyse upon their corporall oathe presented and averred for her Majesties service, and the good of their distracted and distressed countrey, they maie take their action against him: but in suche inhumane sorte to pursew the lyfe of a trew loyall subject, and to oversee so manie notorious theves murderers and outlawes within their charge both Scottis and Englissh, is odious and horrible in any Christian commonweale. But this is more then nedes to your lordship, a speciall patrone of all innocent bloud."Now that you have Lord Eure and his officer Mr Mansfeild there, and also Mr Percy constable of Alnwick and Morpeth castles, I trust your lordship will not forget, "amonge the nombre almost innumerable of your weightie affayres," to call on Mr Percy for the late reset of Cesford, knowing him to be fyled both of murder and invasion: on Mr Mansfeild for convoying him to Topcliff, which he would fain refer to Lord Eure's privity and consent; and on my lord himself for a plain answer about the 80 horses out of Yorkshire and this bishopric, which stood the counties in 1600l., and which it is just that he should satisfy in other sort than hitherto, and without such verbal shifts as Mansfeild superficially alledges in his reply to our requisition, &c. For it is credibly said and proof offered, that 800l. of the money was delivered out of Yorkshire in money, and it is verily supposed never was "converted" either to horses or furniture, so that there were never it seems above 40 of the 80 horses. But that will best appear on the muster roll "which we as yet could never see or heare of." When we speak of a horseman's furniture, this means, "everie horse to be of 15 or 16 handfulls highe, good and sufficient sadle brydle and gyrthes: for the man, a steele cap, a coate of plate, stockings and sleeves of plate, bootes and spurres, a Skottissh short sworde and a dagger, an horsemans staffe and a case of pistolls." All this should be forthcoming, according to the Queen's pleasure in the Council's letters extant, to be seen at York, and we expect it accordingly. Mansfeild and Percy should also be asked how it comes that for these 2 months or thereabouts, the Scottish and English thieves are quietly allowed to ride from the head of Liddisdale through Redesdale "to the very sea syde at and about Warkwork, as it were traverse by a diameter throughout Northumberland over and over, againe and againe, without impeachement"? I wish myself once quit of these troublesome border affairs "(wonderfully betraied by pusillanimitie of some, and malice of other, and avarice of both sortes)." I beseech your lordship to take order with my Lord Warden, that Mr Ambrose Dudley your servant, an honest gentleman, and forward enough, may enjoy the benefit and credit of his patent of Bywell lordship and Bulbeck, in which the commandment of the men was never until now divided from the receipt of her Majesty's revenues. Bishop Awkland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

pp. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Two wax signets (Mathew's).

Inclosed in the same:—

(1) The bishop to Alderman Aiscough.

Understanding that John Browne recorder of Berwick was yesterday wounded in peril of his life by two "notorious badd fellowes and common barrettours," both then apprehended; requiring the alderman to keep in gaol and make forthcoming the bodies of "those desperate offenders and manquillers," not suffering them to be bailed for at least a month, and then only on very good bonds for their appearance at next York assises, that Mr Browne travelling with the bishop's letters in the Queen's affairs to Lord Burghley, may have his life if he dies, or his limbs if he be maimed, duly answered according to law. Bishop Awkland, last of October 1597. Tobie Duresme. These two "lewde persons"should be very strictly examined apart, and their examinations taken in writing on the articles exhibited by Mr Browne. Signed: Chr. Aiscough aidn.

1 p.

(2) The alderman's reply.

The effect of my answer was that I required bond for their appearance, as his letter imported, but I doubted if I could keep them a month in prison, having sureties offered. And I had required none farther, than to appear at the next assises at our town, which I hoped he would think sufficient. That the weakness of our prison moved me not to refuse sureties, or to wish their speedy removing. "Laste October." Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldn.

½ p.

(3) Lord Eure to the Alderman of Richmond, &c.

Giving his account of Browne's previous demeanour and threats against himself and servants, complaining that the latter are imprisoned while Browne is at large.

Requesting the release of Browneles and Wadley on sufficient bond, and has empowered his friend and kinsman Mr Robert Tailbois a sufficient freeholder in Yorkshire and Durham, to enter recognizance in 80l. that his two servants shall appear personally at the next assize in Yorkshire or quarter sessions in the North Riding or town of Richmond. Demanding that Browne and his "coapartners" in the fray shall also be taken bound to appear and answer as above to such matters as he shall prefer against them; and should they refuse such bond, then to convey Browne, &c., to the next gaol to lie there till security be found. Witton, 2 November 1597. Ra. Ewre. Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldn.


(4) The alderman's answer to Lord Eures "first twoo lettres."

The effect of my answer was, that the trespasses therein mentioned being remote and uncertain, and Browne's present peril considered, if he refused to find sureties, I could not with discretion put him in prison without endangering his life, and would deal no further therein without warrant from the Council in these parts. 4 November. Returning his lordship's men upon the recognisance following. Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldern.

(5) Copy of Lord Ewries letter to the Alderman of Richmond, "which came with his lordships first letter."

Though unacquainted, yet no stranger, being a known countryman, I advise you as a friend to be no party to the faction against me, but "to be equall towardis my twoo poore servantes, and that factious varlett John Browne: the secrecie whereof not knowne to your selfe, I praie you once agayne beware to enter to yt."Browne's hurt by fortune of my man, "is as David saieth, fallen upon hym that diggeth a pytt for another." He rides "armed with murtherous weapons as petronells, pistolls, lancestaves, showing his thirste after bloode, pronouncinge quarrells to none but my people, having no cawse offred by my selfe or any belonging me: but sett to worke and followed my people intending no harme nor expectinge his presence, but repairinge to Richmond, as freestefrom sycknes, for their necessary affayres, weaponed lyke serving men, not armed for offence of so well armed a company as Browne and his companye, neyther armed for defence of suche treacherous armed villayus as the said Browne, who seeketh the innocent blood of my poore servantes, &c."

I pray you therefore to release my men according to law, that they may repair to me for the service which my place requires. And show your equality in taking Browne and his company bound with sufficient sureties to answer his trespass to the Queen which I intend to prefer. Witton, 2 November 1597. Ra. Ewre.

"This letter and the former had both one and the former answere." Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldn.


(6) Lord Eure's third letter to the alderman.

I have your letter of the 4th this Friday, wherein it seems you are not resolved to take John Browne and his 2 companions bound to answer at the Richmond sessions of peace, as their trespasses are "remote" and fit to be heard elsewhere.

I pray you remember, my men are to serve me in "remote places," and though the fray (or assault as Browne terms it) happened in Richmond and you bound them to answer the sessions there, I doubt not the law will let you take like bond of Browne and his "removeable company" to answer there as well as my men, the former being "more dangerous and more rarelie to be fownde answerable to the lawe, then my houshold servantes that make their contynewall abode with me." So pray consider this, or else return me the bond of 400l. and leave my men loose as the others, of whom I will take what benefit law gives me else where. Witton, 4 November 1597. Ra. Ewre. Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldn.

½ p.

(7) Lord Eure's fourth letter to the Alderman of Richmond.

Thanking him heartily for releasing his two servants on bond, marvelling only at the extraordinary sum 400l., in a mere matter of peace and personal appearance. Hinting that malicious informations, uncontradicted, have induced him to take "this hudgesome" and extraordinary bond, as if they were "runagates" and known offenders to the laws: and that he may be better satisfied of their demeanour, and the Bishop of Durham also may know that the informations against them are "suggested" and not on "juste grounde," requesting to hear what informations have been delivered to him, and also the favour of a view of the bishop's letter, or a copy, that the men's innocence may be made apparent to his lordship, as a "great ruler" under her Majesty in the County palatine. Witton, 4 November 97. Ra. Ewre.

½ p.

(8) The alderman's answer to Eure's last two letters.

The effect of my answer is that it was not for want of equal dealing, that I took no bond of Mr Browne, &c., but chiefly the danger, if committed, of his dying in prison of his hurts.

As for the bond, I hoped, with his lordship's favour, I might retain it for my own discharge, when called on. Desiring his pardon. 5 November 1597. Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldn.

¼ p.

(9) Copy of Browneles and Wadley's examination, 30th October 39 Eliz.

The said persons brought before the Alderman of Richmond and asked why they came to Richmond? Of their knowledge of Mr Browne recorder of Berwick and their purpose in assaulting him? Say

That they came this Sunday morning to Richmond from Archdeacon Newton in the Bishopric to buy woollen cloth, and Brownles seeing a Berwick man in the town, whose name he knows not, inquired of him if Mr Ryveley of Berwick was in town? Who answered that "one Mr Browne" was: whereon Brownles going up into " Fynkel streete" saw the said Browne going to take horse, "and there dyd assaulte and wounde hym"; and both say they have known him long. "But for the quarrell, they say yf M Br owne be inquisitive therof to understand yt, he may heareafter be satisfied; and further do not speake, saving that the quarrell (as they saye) ys for abuse offred to their lord and maister his followers." Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldn.

½ p.

(10) Copy of their recognisance.

That on 3rd November 39 Eliz.—William Brownles of Witton in Durham "yoman," and Francis Wadley of Archdeacon Newton in same county "yoman," appeared in propriis personis before me Christopher Aiscough alderman of Richmond and justice of peace there, and bound themselves each in 100l., with Robert Tailbois of Thornton in the county of Durham esquire, and Mark Sober of Richmond aforesaid tailor, also present in propriis personis, as manucaptors each for 100l., that Browneles and Wadley shall personally appear before the next assise at York, and also before the Council there on 12 days' warning, to answer for their assaulting and wounding John Browne gentleman, recorder of Berwick, &c., as also before the quarter sessions of the peace at Richmond next after Christmas before Mr Alderman and Mr Recorder. And meanwhile to keep the peace against all her Majesty's subjects, and specially the said John Browne.

Signed: Chr. Aiscough aldn.

pp. Latin. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary: "November 1597.

Copies of lettres towchinge the affraie uppon Mr Browne."

842. Letters Between Buccleuch and Cesford. [Nov. [11]–24.]

(1) Buccleuch to Cesford.

"Sir, upon some bruites before my entry here, they being that yow should have bin of purpose to have pursued my life at the convention at Lithquo, seing I have not the oportunity, the same being but spred shortly before, and through my other earnest busines: I am now by these presentes to require that from yourself and under your own hand, I may be certefyed whether it was so, or not, and upon your faith, conscience, and honor, for my better warrant to beleeve that which yow shall set downe hereanenst. Seeing it is so materyall a point to mee, in regard of my life, and to yow in regard of your creditte, which I think every gentleman doth or should regard much; for that yow know ther is an indent of agreement betwixt our houses undischarged. And further if yow would pretend there hath bin some jarres amongst our selves since that indent, call to mind that since the Lord Sanquaire my honorable frend and your cosen, and Frauncis Mowbreay brought us to a comming together upon the feildes, that wee did ever continue tender when wee mett, which is holden to import an assuraunce untyll the same bee cleerly discharged.

"So as if yow should have had such an intencion, either then or at any time since or before, standing in termes as wee did, as I am doubtfull the same could never have been approved by honor, nor the custome of the country, wherein wee live. In the which respect I am the more desirous to understand the certainty, and the rather for that I may the better know how to accompt of yow for the time past, and how to behave my self with yow in the time to come, and further yow satisfying your owne honour in the exoneracion for that which is past, I desire to know in the like forme, and with the like assuraunce under your hand, what your meaning shalbe towardes mee for the time hereafter? to the effect, that thereupon I may take occasion to resolve anenst you accordingly. Sa I leave yow. From Barwick. Your brother in lawe Buclugh."

1 p. Contemporary copy in an English hand. Addressed at foot: "To the honorable Sir Robert Ker of Sesford the younger."

(2) Cesford to Buccleuch.

"Sir, I have receaved your lettre, which considered with the owne circumstaunces, I see not the reasons to move mee so deeply to satisfy yow, as yow were desirous of in your owne particular demaund; since matters stand in such questionable estate (as presently they doe) betwixt [us] in youre owne default by the wordes yow uttered publickly that day of your entry to your "people, wherein was given out at that instaunt, that I should have practised for your life, or at least in your part of that service the touch of your creditte, which since in the thoughtes of all indifferent hearers is esteemed an unloosing of any former indent of agreement, yet the cause in itself an untruth, but notwithstanding blazed to the country, and in the mouths of so many, that honor will not admitte mee thus privately to resolve yow of any doubt preceeding that time, and the rather that yow pretend no further warrant, but uncertaine bruites, and if yow had, I were not obliged, the band dissolved, or at the least brangled by yourself, before your desire, that should tye mee, so my creditte in all respectes I regard, as yow doe your intereast in the materiall point of your life; testifying, as being charged I will maintaine, I have had as due regard to the continuaunce of the indent of agreement betwixt our houses or the keeping of any other commoning that may bee interpreted assuraunce, as either pertayned to mee, or had reason given mee. Therfor my doinges is honorable and to the good customes of the country I was borne in correspondent (as easely the most famous may bee persuaded); for I have no mixture to the naturall and ordinary educacion, and so esteeme mee in time past, in honesty equall with any subject, and for time to come (God willing) my fame will give any man feare to accuse mee. Use your behaviour as ye list; and to resolve yow what hereafter my meaning is towardes yow, as yow have or shall minister the occasion, expect to be too matched. Thus I leave yow. From Halliden the 13 November 97. Your brother in your owne termes Robert Kerre."

1 p. Copy in same writing. Addressed at foot: "To the honorable Sir Walter Scott, laird of Bucklugh."

(3) Buccleuch to Cesford.

"Sir Robert Kerre, I give yow a lye upon the defectes of that sett downe in the begginning of your letter, in respect of the matter offered mee thereby, and the cause given mee throughout the whole, if you should constantly bide by it as it standes written, for that I did report but a part of that which yow saie should have bin spoken to my people (as you terme them) upon report and by informacion, the which yow have affirmed to have bin absolutely spoken, and in whole; and if that the speeches yow alledg should have bin also absolutely uttered and in whole, as yow sett them downe, there will no wise hearers, neither indifferent, nor partyall, hold them a cause to dissolve or brangle as yow meane the indent, and so to that which yow inferre upon your reason, I give yow the lye, if yow shall still affirme it. So as yow having no such reasonable cause to conclude the denyall of my reasonable requisicion as I think and confidently persuade my self: I am with greater patience then yow, yet once againe to demaund resolucion as I did by my former, either publick or private; that I may also well know, what your intencion hath bin, as yow have certefyed me, what it shalbee, and to my no greater care then yours, to the effect yow satisfying mee in that precise sort I have required, by your denyall I may the better know and bee persuaded of your honorable intencion concerning mee, and consequently of your honesty in time past equall with that of any subject as you bragge of, and otherwise confessing such intencion against my life, I may make yow a lyer in your absolute profession of honor, and in prosecuting the same in convenient time, if you shall insist, honorably yeld proof of my darreing against such causelesse ostentacion whereby may be gathered, what feare I shall have upon just occasion so accuse your future fame; or thirdly, if yow shall doe neither of both, which may bee taken to proceed from guiltinesse, or blinded pride, lett the world judg as it shall please. For my self, in respect of my particular interest and the suspicious apparaunce, I cannot judg charitably of it. From Barwick the 24 November 1597. Your brother in na termes, Bucklugh."

1 p. Copy in same writing. Addressed at foot: "To Sir Robert Kerre of Sesford the younger." Indorsed: "Copy of Bucklughs lettre," &c.

843. Letters Between Cesford and Buccleuch. [Nov. 13–24. 1597.]

(1) Cesford to Buccleuch, Haliden, 13 November.

1 p. Copy of No. (2) of preceding.

(2) Buccleuch to Cesford, Berwick, 24 November.

1 p. Copy of No. (3) of preceding. Both in the Scottish spelling of the originals. Indorsed: "Copie of a lettre of Sir Walter Scott of the 13 November to Sir Roberte Kerre. Another of Sir Roberte Kerre of the 24 of the same to Sir Walter Scott" (sic).

844. Henry Leigh to Scrope. [Nov. 25.]

According to her Majesty's pleasure by your lordships direction, on Tuesday last I attended with convenient forces at the Mote of Lyddall, as the King required by letter, to stop recett of the Scots fugitives—but none came. On Wednesday I likewise set forward to the borders beneath Roclyffe, where I received this inclosed letter from the King, and according to its contents, I hope I satisfied the Lord Ocheltree, Lord Harrise, the Lard of Loughenvar, Sir James Sandelands, &c., appointed by the King to burn and subdue the fugitives about Gretnay. They burned all that belonged to the Urwines of Gretneyhill, being sister's sons to Rob of the Fauld, for the slaughter of Lord Herries' brother late provost of Dumfries. They also burned Rob of Langriges, who was not well content therewith—the rather because he was under trust and assurance with Lord Herries. "And therupon ensewed a prettie sport: for Langriges being Rosetrees sister sonne, did openlie baffell and reprove the said lord Harrise of treason, by bearing his glove upon a speare point; whiche by Jok of the Peartree, and the women of the countrie was so well manteyned with shoutes, as partlie by the thiknes of the smoke and partlie by their feare of our forces, which indeed did much exced theirs, the Scotes begann to quicken their march to almost running: and in verie truthe (by the reporte of Walter Graime who was at that instant emongest them) they had runne indeed, had it not been, that I sent twoe of your lordship's servantes, Mr Hutton and George Cruckbaine, and Rosetrees," to assure them of my assistance in whatever they did; wherewith they were pleased, and the service concluded, are all returned home. Next day Thursday, the King sent for me to speak with him, as the copy of his letter inclosed may show your lordship. I make bold to keep the letter as my warrant, beseeching you to cause the rest I have sent you "be well keept untill you retourne." So accompanied by Mr Maior and some young gentlemen of the country, I went to Newbie, where I found the King accompanied with the Duke of Lynnox, the Earl of Glencarne, the Prior of Blantire, the Lord Ocheltre, the Lord Semple, the Lord Harrise, the Lairds of Lowghwhenver, Johnston, Closbourne, Cokpoule, and others of good account: the lords Hambleton and Maxwell, and Dumlanrig, being gone from Court by the King's command. His Majesty sent first Mr Roger Aston one of his chamber, and then Sir John Carmichael, to entertain me till he rose from council. "Which done, he came forth to a greane, and there did use me verio graciouslie, and walked up and downe and confered with me a great while towching the state of the Borders." He seemed resolved to reduce his own to obedience, and satisfy her Majesty with justice, purposing to leave a lieutenant behind him—some say the Duke, others Lord Ohelltre, but it is not yet resolved. He seems not content that after Buccleuch's delivery, the English pledges who escaped that day, were not again sent as Sir William Bowes promised. It is not unlike he will soon be ready to deliver his, for most of his "dissobedientes" have entered to him. As he says himself, he expects to hear from her Majesty or her commissioners to like effect: yet I think there will be some motion made to alter and change some of ours and theirs; as in their better consideration not well chosen at first. Therefore that we may be ready, I would be glad to have your direction, what course to take against any of our pledges, who shall break their faith and bond. I cannot yet accuse any, "for they all say well," but would be loth to trust too much and "drive all to the last day." But I have forborne to meddle in it, "because of the uncertaintie of the place: for if Mr Lowther had entered, I did not dowbt but he would have effected all thinges, noe man better—but if God did not better assist me in your lordships services, then he and some others, I could scarse so well dischardge my dewty, as I hope I shall, to your lordships honnor; for I may write and entreat, but either for feare or sloath, they cannot come. Yet at this tyme my lord Bushop sent his sonne John, his howshould servantes, and his tenantes in good maner, but for all the gentlemen of the countrie, God be praysed, there was just none! Saving Mr Aglionbie, Mr Orfewre, Joseph Twhaites and twoo or three lytle ones not worth namyng." The common people obeyed well and made a fair show. The King is very desirous to have the Graimes strictly looked to and kept in, for the quiet of both Borders. He complains much of Sim of Calf hill, "and in good earnest would gladley have him to hang" or that your lordship would hang him: for he says it is "a great sinne to save him who haith cut the throtes of so many poore people": which as in my last, I refer to your consideration. I received your letter, signifying the receipt of my money and letters patent, with another to Harry Baynes to repay me here: for which, and your other favours, I rest most thankful. With prayers for your success "and honorable retourne" I must take my leave. The sickness continues "in the suburbes and disperced places of the cetie as before." I make bold to remind you of some poor men in prison on slight suspicion only, that they might be bailed on sufficient sureties, to answer at your lordship's return: the rather as they are miserably poor and the prisons "pestered and I feare infected with sicknes," for two died yesternight out of the sheriff's prison. Your servant Peter Bowman is dead "upon a consumption . . . Mr Maior and Mr Aglionbie have their dewties most humblie commended, and my self must crave pardon that I write not with myne owne hand, for I have gotten suche an exceading streane in my backe, that I cannot endure to stoupe, otherwise I wold have writen to your lordship of some other contentes." Carlisle. Signed: He. Leighe.

(fn. 6) "I besech your lordship remember my humble dewtye to my good lord Harry Howard, to whom I wyll shortly excuse my self by wrytynge. And so I most humbly take my leave in payne. I wyll wryte to your lordship by the next, of a bargayne which is in speach betwen the bishop and me for Bowlnes personage, &c."

3 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

845. Sir W. Bowes to Cecil. [Nov. 25.]

I have received your letters of the 20th, "takinge knowledge of the deathe of my deare unkell, and therebye the offyce of thresurorshippe in Berwick becomynge voyde; your honor requirethe to knowe howe I stande affected to thatt place, beinge willinge to engage yourself unto her Majestie for me upon signification unto your honor of my desyre to enjoye it." Your honourable favour herein so well expressed, besides comforting me with such approbation of my poor services to her Majesty, increases my debt to your most honorable father and yourself, and binds me to further duty. "Towchinge the thinge mentioned, the merite of thatt worthie gentleman in her Majesties servyce, besydes his kynde desert of me in the beste dutyes of kindred and frendshipp, doe bynde me to forbeare myne owne advauncinge to the "prejudyce of him, or suche of his as maye justlie crave of her Majestie to have gracious consideration of theim in succeedinge to anie of his benefites, in which thinge if it maye please her highnes to thinke my said unkell his sonne (whoe peradventure is sutor for his fathers offyce of thresurorshippe) to bo fitte for thatt place, I oughte nott for the due respectes mentioned, to further my self by his hindrance; onelye, if her Majestie resolve to favour and grace him otherwise, and shall fynde it fitter for her servyce to bestowe thatt offyce another waye, her highnes by your honors good mediation, beinge pleased to bestowe thatt offyce on me, as I shall fynde thatt weake servyce which either I have done or maye doe, graciouslie acceptede by thatt token of her favour, so shall I endevoure my selfe bothe to acknowledge the bowntye of my moste excellente soveraigne in prosecutinge her services to the uttermoste of my power, and fynde my self deepelye bownde unto your honor for suche a benefite."

My last letter inclosing Lord Hume's answer to my requisition for the pledges, will show your honor that no further fruit is like to follow, without new solicitation to the King; and the means thereof being now removed by the ambassador's death, I await her Majesty's pleasure. I have meanwhile ventured to repair hither to Walton in Derbyshire to see my wife, "in some discomforte by my late and contynuall absence," and crave, on report thereof by your honor, it may receive her Majesty's gracious allowance. Walton. Signed: Will'm Bowes.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet (Bowes).

846. James vi. to Henry Leigh. [Nov. 26.]

Being informed that Gyb Ellot brother to Robert Ellot of Reidheuch delivered to you by Sir John Carmichaell of that Ilk knight, for the bill of "Killisland," and still in your hands, has satisfied for his part of the bill, and that his "consort" ought to satisfy for the other part by March law, we desire you to set the said Gyb at liberty. Drumfreis. Signed: James R.

¼ p. Addressed. Indorsed by Leigh.

847. James vi. to Henry Leigh. [Nov. 28.]

Understanding that a bill was filed before the commissioners of both realms at Carlisle upon "the Larde of Patiesoun, the baillie of Burgh, Lantie Hoddie, Cristie of Glenessen," &c., Englishmen, for stealing the "haill horss and guidis pertening to Rowie Armstrang of Brumholme at Lambes wes a yeir, quhome we understand to be a trew honnest man, unbloittit with any thift," we request you to give order for redress of same with all convenient speed, "that this honnest man may find sum favour for our caus." Drumfreis. Signed: James R.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed by Leigh.

848. Henry Leigh to Scrope. [Nov. 28.]

On the 26th instant about 1 P.M. I received your letter dated the 18th, and a letter to Mr Richard Lowther: which next morning I carried to him to Lowther, taking with me George Crookbayne your servant to witness our proceedings. "I delyvered him the letter in his garden, and as it seemed, he was not much displeased therwith, albeyt he oftentymes perused severall poyntes therof. In the end, after some conference had with the Layrd of Spott, he accepted of the goverment, and debayted with me about the maner of his entertaynement and makinge of his provysion and safe kepinge of prisoners and other necessaries. Which conference ended, we went all to bed; but it seemeth by the report of his man, he slept not much, and in the "morning he sent for me into his chamber, wher camelion lyke, he tould me that he dowted he had gotten the new siknes in his head and necke, and therby unhable to go to Carlyll: but I towld him it was but his owld disease, and Thomas Carelton would bringe some cordiall drugges from London. In the end his sperytt and speach began to leave dissembling, and resolved to be att Carlyll upon Wedensday next at night, beinge Sct Andrews day, and so to begin his government." I wished him not to fail, for I would meddle no more therein, but as a private officer under him. Neither in truth is it convenient otherwise, for though the office is at this instant in good order, thank God, and the pledges "not so unredy as was complened," this bruit of alteration which has been current and expected these 14 days, will abate the wonted obedience of the country, "as your lordship knowes the aptnes of theyre natures to gaze upon solem orientem"!

For his better encouragement, I have promised and will give him all assistance. He will write to your lordship about Wednesday, but of the contents he and his council are not yet resolved. I am heartily glad I am honestly quit of it, the doubtful time past considered. And without brag be it spoken, all things are now so quiet, as if he govern no better than he did before, he may be ashamed of his ambitious desires and remiss performance. But I trust the sickness will cease, so that your lordship may the sooner come home to abate their pride. Now on my discharge you will see the common people whom I have wronged in your service, exhibit their complaints and bring my doings to the "tutchston." You know they are "no creples of ther tonges," on cause given, but God is the best judge, and to him I appeal. Carlisle. Signed: He. Leighe.

I have received a letter from the King now at Dumfries, for the "lowsinge" of Gib Ellott, delivered for the bill of Gilsland: but have answered him with reason to the contrary. There is like to fall out some great matter between the Duke and Lord Hamilton, and the King on Thursday will go towards Edinburgh to the parliament.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Wafer signet: a duck or gull.

849. James vi. to H. Leigh. [Nov. 29.]

"Seing the Irvingis of Graitnay and Johnstonis of Reidhall ar fugitives and laitlie brint (as ye have hard) for the cruell slauchter of umquhile Johnne Maxwell broder to our cousing and counsallour the Lord Hereys, committit be thame the tyme of his employment and executioun of our service, and for thair uther thiftius and wicket offences, we have taiken occasioun late we spak to yow at raeating . . . and desyre you, that ye gif strait ordour and commandment, that these fugitives for that foule slauchter, tuicheing ws sa heichlie, ressave na maner of ressait nor confort to thame selffis nor thair guidis within the boundis of your charge and office, bot in cais thai can onywayes be trappit, ye will hald hand to thair apprehensioun and condigne punishement, to the terrour of sic malefactoris, troublares of the peace and quiet estate of the cuntreis . . . From Drumfreis the penult of November 1597." Signed: James R.

½ p. Addressed: "To . . . Harie Ley esquier warden depute," &c. Indorsed by Leigh: "From the Kinge the last (sic) of November 97, tuchinge my lord Herrise brother. This is the cause mentioned betwen my lord Herrise and me in my appologye, which I pray your honor peruse." Royal signet: damaged.

850. Henry Leigh to Scrope. [Nov. 30.]

As promised in my last, Mr Lowther has taken counsel to write, as is inclosed: whereby your lordship may perceive "the Devell never wantes "devyses to teache his disciples to dissemble"; for he was perfectly well yesterday, as Mr Thomas Cleeborne swore to me, for his man was with him to receive money: "and then were all his counsellors convocated, and nowe tandem perturiunt montes." God forgive him for the evil which by his ambition he is like to draw on this poor country: "for the expected letters cominge upon Satterday beinge markett day, the contentes (were in conceyt) conceved of the wycked before they came to my handes, so as ther was, and hath bene sence, such poastinge to Lowther, as yf Hell had bene broken loose! as the poore markett folkes which were cominge from Pereth, beinge pulled from ther horses found, as also Mr Cleborne, and those of Highett, who had almost lost ther cattell (suche a swarme of waspes were scattered in those partes)." This I fear will be the fruit of alteration, in hope of favour as before, unless he be speedily unmasked, and roused with a whip from his dissembling to do his duty in the Queen's service. But it is credibly reported that he will take no order from your lordship, but must have it from her Majesty or the Council, and will not meddle with the government till Thomas Carleton's return, "whom the wemen in the Fyshe markett say shall be his constable. I beseech your lordship geve me have to be a lytle trewly mery at the strange and contrarye effect wrought by your lordships letter, makynge him which had bene hawkinge, sick as ye may see, and me whole, who in trewth was scarse able to go with a staffe! But I feare he wryteth to trewe in havinge an evell day and a worse, for nimia næquitia deterior est et erit. Yett yf he had in tyme bene lett bloode on the neck vayne, his malicious ambition had bene cooled, and her Majesties servyce less hindred in these partes. But God, I trust in tyme, will banishe corruption from the Court, and lett her Majestie see with her owne eyes, poore fayth and trewth, withowt Mathew (cum mediantibus illis). The complaynt of the supposed unredines of the pledges, may peradventure nowe prove trewe: yet by the worke we shall knowe the workman: for ther is no doubt of any, but such as depend of him and his. Well I remember, I wrote to your lordship a good whyle agon that some would be apt nodum in cirpo querere, and nowe peradventur they may fynd anguem in herba latentem." I write with no envy to him or others, or that "vayngloriously" I desire to hold a place whereof I am thought unworthy by those I would not for my life offend in the least. Yet lest the devices of Hydra may disappoint your honorable "desynmentes" here, I will continue to help the poor to my last endeavour till farther direction from your lordship, which I earnestly pray for with all speed. I need not tell you what encouragement the King's departure from the Border, the hope of pardon after parliament, and the bruit of this charge, will breed in the evil disposed of both realms—"and the more his (fn. 7) fault, for yf he had accordynge to his dewty speedely undertaken the place, which he so greedely desyered, the alteration could have done no great hurt: for upon my fayth (and as I shalbe saved) I would have made the best help I could, and all lytle enowghe (his hungrey whelpes are so greedy bould)—but yf I shall tell your lordship what I thinke (even in my consciens) I do verely belyve he aymed by havinge the place, to have had conference with rememberance of olim: wherof beinge nowe disapoynted, he is nowe forsothe sicke, and this I partly gather by the Layrd of Spottes, not the least of his counsell, who asked me howe longe the Kinge would stay, and whether for border cawses, ther might not be occation of newe meetynge? But de hiis in posterum." Carlisle. Signed: He. Leighe.

"I hope your lordship hath remembered to acquaynt my lord Thresurer by Mr Maynard or Mr Hickes of the contentes of my pryvat letter towchinge the lytle escheat in the forest of Inglewood dewe to your lordship."

pp. Holograph; as also address. Wafer signet as before.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Lowther to Leigh.)

"Sir, as ye lefft me sick, so I contynew. I have gotten a burning ague with an yll day and a worse: wherof I pray yow to certiffye my lord with spead. Yf my healthe serve me, I will come downe to Carlell: if not, I will wryte to my lord warden. I have sent for Mr Adamson who ys my phisytyon: I intend to be let blode presently, and that will either mende me or ende me. So praing yow to send this my lettre to my lord warden with spede, I taik my leave. Lowther xxxth Novembre 97." Signed: "Your assyryd frend, Ri. Lowther."

¾ p. Holograph. Addressed: "To the right wor. Mr Henrye Leghe deputie warden att Carlill castell, these with speede."

851. Lord Ochiltree to Scrope. [Nov. 30.]

Signifying that it had pleased the King to give him the charge of "lieutenendrie" within the bounds of the West March, "now at his hienes depairting," to keep down the broken men and fugitives, hold days of truce and meetings, as accustomed, and also to make delivery of pledges as appointed by the commissioners, and as the King shall direct him. Requesting Scrope's conformity therein. Dumfries. Signed: A. l. Wchiltrie.

½ p. Addressed to Scrope as lord warden.

852. James vi. to H. Leigh. [Nov. 30.]

Signifying that he had left behind him his cousin and councillor "the lord Uchiltrie" as lieutenant and warden of the West March, and the sooner days of truce, &c., were agreed on, the better. Also, as he shall be directed, to deliver the Scottish pledges on receipt of the English from Lord Scrope, to whom Leigh is desired to signify this on his return. Drumfreis. Signed: James R.

½ p. Addressed: "To . . . Harie Ley esquier warden depute . . ."

(1) Copy of the same by Leigh's clerk. Indorsed by Leigh.

853. Bounds, &c., of the Middle March next Scotland. [Nov.]

"A breafe of the bounders wayes and passages of the Midle Marche all along the border of Scotland, begining att Chiveat hill being the lemyet of the Easte Marche and ending att Kirsop the bounder of the West Marche of Englande.

"Imprimis.—A place called the Gribbheade, a passage and hye way for the theefe; joyning on the west ende of Chiveat and one myle distant from Hexpethe.

"One other passage att Hexpeth gate heade called the Coklaw, which Coklawe is an usuall place where the dayes of Marche be houlden, a myle distant from the Gribbheade.

"Another passage att Maydens cross, a myle distant from the Coklawe.

"Another passage att Hymerswell distant from the Maydens cross 2 myles.

"Another passage att Kemlespethe distant from Hymerswell one myle.

"Another passage att Phillips cross thre myles distant from Kemlespeth.

"Another passage att Readeswire a myle distant from Phillips cross.

"A passage att a place called the Carlintothe on the weste side of the Carter, 2 myles distant from the Readswire.

"A passage att the head of Parle rigg on the topp of the Parle fell twoe myle distant from the Carlintothe.

"A passage att the foote of the Parle rigg throughe the mere dicke att the side of the Reademoss, a myle distant from the topp of the fell.

"A passage att the Blacklawe a myle distant from the mere dicke.

"A passage att Whithaugh swire, 2 myles from the Blacklawe.

"A passage att the heade of Kirsopp, 3 myles distant from Whitthaugh swire.

"The passages of the Scottes all along Rydsdayle.

"Bells, the heade of Tyndayle within a myle of Lyddesdayle.

"Hell caudron borne foote, from Bell kirk one myle and more.

"Whele causey in Tyndayle, joyning on West Tyvidayle.

"Carlintoth, one myle from Whele causeye in Tyndayle, joyning on West Tyvidale.

"Robbs cross, half a myle from Carlintoth in Tyndayle, joyning on West Tyvidayle.

"Battinhop rawk, one myle from Robbs cross in Tyndale, West Tyvidayle, from the Wharle causey in Tyndayle to Readeswire cross.

"The Cartell fell joynes on West Tyvidayle.

"The Read swire in the heade of Riddin Ridsdayle, West Tyvidayle.

"The Townes pick half a myle from Readeswire, West Tyvidayle.

"Ramshopp gavill from Towns pik half a myle. West Tyvidayle myll West Tyvidayle.

"Halkwillis from Phillips cross half a myle Weste Tyvidayle.

"Spitupunk from Halkwillis one myle, West Tyvidayle.

"Ammound lawe, from Spitupunk half a myle, West Tyvidayle.

"Kirkford from Kemlespethe half a myle, joynes on West Tyvidayle.

"Hyndmars well from Kirkford one myle, Easte Tyvidayle.

"Barrestell from Hindmarswell one myle, Easte Tyvidayle.

"Maydens cross from Blaikbray one myle, in Rydsdayle on Coketheade, joynes on Easte Tyvidayle.

"Cocklaw hill from Maydens cross, 2 myles Cokdayle, joynes on Easte Tyvidayle.

"Butrod heade one myle in Cokdayle, joynes on Easte Tyvidayle.

"Hanginston from Buttrod head one myle in Cokdayle, joynes on Chiveat on Easte Tyvidayle.

"Aucopswire from Hangingstone half a myle from East Tyvidayle.

"Gribbhead from Aucoppswire half a myle in Cokedayle.

"East Tyndale and Cribb is in the East Marche of Englande.

"Tyndayle passages westward.

"Bellay of Blackupp from the Bells half a myle, joynes on Liddesdayle.

"Blackup saughes, from the Bellay of Blackup saughs half a myle, in Lyddesdale.

"Murders rack from Blackup saughs one myle, in Lyddesdayle.

"Langrigg fote from Murdons rack one myle, joyning on Lyddesdayle.

"Gelee cragg from Langrigg fote one myle, in Rydsdayle.

"Kirsopp heade from Gelee cragg one myle.

"Kirsopp brigg from Kirsopp heade twoe myles joynes on Lyddesdayle, and so frontes on the West Marche of England.

"Watches to be kept in Tyndaile in tyme of necessitye.

"Spie; Thrust pick; Hallin; Midle borne; Blackhall borne; Bootslaw; Jerdin; Smale; Shortlaw; heade of Lysborne; Leapielish; south syde of Tyne; Kealder edge; Plashetts; Bllackarme; North Tyne.

"The bounders of the frontyres of the Mydle Marche is knowne all a long by thes places before named, begining at Chiveot being the end of the East March of England and endethe at Kirsopp head being the bounder of the West March of England.

"Betwixt the Cribbhead in Chiveot and Kirsop heade is xxtie myles.

"The oppisite warden called Sir Robert Kerr laird of Sesford who hath twoe houses, Sesford fronting on England and Hallidon in East Tyvidayle; for which East and West Tyvidayles the sayd opposite warden aunsweareth excepte Baclngh, Farnihirst and Hunthyll his landes exempted by the King. Lyddesdayle only governed by Baclugh and exempted from the Marche."

4 pp. Large broad sheets. In a large clear hand. Indorsed: "The bownders of the Middle March along the borders of Scotland." And by Burghley's secretary (in error): "30 November 1597. The Lord Eures aunswere to the articles exhibited against him to the lordes of the Counsell."

854. Eure's Answer to the Council. [Nov. 30.]

The answer of Ralph Lord Eure to such articles as are objected against him before the Lords of her Majesty's most honourable Privy Council.

"To the first."—He acknowledges to answer for 50 horsemen, 10 more than in the article—the remaining 30 being under Raphe Mansfeilde—20 of the 50 being always at Hexham, except when on special service—27 dispersed on the waters of South and North Tyne and in the "Waistes," as most needed, and 3 continually used as "purpose makers and guides."

"To the second."—He admits giving the Queen's pay to 6 of his own servants, and taking into his service 6 more of the soldiers without lessening their pay—all men of special trust—and did so for better enabling them in the Queen's service and no private benefit to himself, for he did not decrease the number of his servants.

"To the third."—If by "landhoulders," is meant "frehoulders" to himself as Lord Eure, "there was neither viij° nor one" —but if men dwelling within his March, he acknowledges "that number and moe,"being moved by these reasons—the Yorkshire men sent in March when oats were at 2s. the peck, and their owne diet equally dear, and the service very hot, had their horses spoiled and themselves so impoverished, that at their earnest suit, he allowed divers to go, and in compassion allowed them their poor decayed horses, and some recompense out of his own purse, putting countrymen in their places; who having something of their own, might serve for the Queen's pay, and keep horses, which though bound to do by tenure, they could not from poverty without this help, and in his opinion are far more fit than strangers, knowing all the fords, passages and clans of Scotland, also fighting in defence of their wives and children, not merely for pay, besides incurring risk of deadly feud in service, thus forcing them to be well armed and horsed—most of them dwell within 4 or 5 miles of Hexham, and the few farther off, keep "slewe dogges" for service.

"To the IIIth."—Their hearsay is no proof. He converted none to his private use: he charged himself with the keep of 4 or 5 horses lamed, &c., in service or whose riders had run away, and these are ready at the Queen's order—the rest of the 50 horses were returned with the soldiers to the country whence they came.

"To the Vth and vith."—He denies ever receiving money brought by the said Archibald Bell and Edward Young—as for money by other hands, he cannot precisely set down any account thereof, and it is not in the presentment—but it was nothing "neare the summe" specified, and he will show it to the last penny to have been spent on the service. He remembers 120l. sent from Mr Scudamore, being a month's pay of 80 horse, and so paid.

"To the viith.—. . . Alltogeither untrue."

"To the viiith."—If the state of the country as he found it, and, but for the factious humours of the opponents of all government, as he would now have had it, were compared, her Majesty would have been satisfied with his service.

At his entry the country was so wild and waste, the people about Hexham could not leave out their cattle at night, and hardly safe in their houses, their pastures uneaten, country unpeopled, scarce 100 horsemen in the country, all scattered and unfit for defence, constant incursions, murders, &c., unrevenged, the officers notorious thieves and daily bringers in of the Scots, as William Shaftooe principal bailiff under Sir John Forster for By well, William Lawson his deputy, and William Carnaby constable of Langley, all kinsmen to Henry Woodrington, and by whom such constant robberies, &c., were done or suffered, that hardly a man could pass in safety from Hexham to Darwen: but since his entry by help of the soldiers, the country is peaceable, "theyr goodes quietlie depasture and coutch abrode in the most places," passengers come and go, the sessions of peace are held orderly as never before, justice done on Scots and English, "even upon men of speciall place, nor hath the brother of Henrie Wooddrington bene spared, hinc illae lachrimae"! And Raphe Mansfield keeper of Redesdale hath protested in his lordship's hearing and published to the country, that he will recompense all the damages done since his government began, "with a verie small matter," as he believes is true, and dare say that never before for two years altogether, has it been so quiet; and but for these factions would have been enriched.

"To the xith."—He knows not that aid was ever denied him, and can prove contrariwise that when he feared danger for killing one Jocke Burne, his lordship took great care for his safety, offering him men from Harbottle on occasion.

"To the xiith."—If all landlords were thus "sifted" as to the fines of their tenants, he should not grieve at such complaints by "those whome it nothing concernethe," but his answer is the whole article is merely false and untrue.

"To the xiiith."—He does not deny Nicholas Weldon to be a notorious offender, for he has tried to do himself mischief, and his lordship has therefore never favoured him.

"To the xiiiith."—He has ever prosecuted Ridley and tried to apprehend him before and since the presentment; but in the latter end of last summer, Ridley did him a great service in conducting his lordship and forces against the chiefest of the Ellottes, and thereon he took bond for his good behaviour—admitted him on secret service to his house, and proposed to sue the Queen to pardon him.

"To the xvth."—For these offences he [Charleton] was charged and acquitted by a jury including William Fenwick of Wallington and Henry Woodrington, after which his lordship kept him in pay hoping to win him to good service. Suspecting him of felony, he imprisoned him, but could get no proof, nor did any man prosecute. If these jurors knew, they ought to have informed his lordship, but their charge is mere malice.

He has been again received into the country on bond to answer the law, but not into pay, for if kept out, he might have been a dangerous enemy.

"To the xvith."—If Lionel Charlton broke prison, the fault is not with his lordship, but the gaoler of the Bishopric. But after his escape, having done good service in spying and defeating the Scottish designs on Redesdale, the keeper was authorized to employ him thus, and since then his lordship has admitted him to his presence, and heard no more complaints. If such as he are not to be so dealt with at the warden's discretion, but the latter on any complaint is "to be thus sifted," no warden can do good service hereafter. "None can better discover thift then theeves, nor falshode and tricheries then those that have bene sutch"!

"To the xviith."—In confessing Shaftoe was committed, they witness that his lordship did his duty. "They might have done wiselie not to have mencioned his escape, for that it is stronglie intended that Henry Wooddring"ton and Roger Wooddrington both or one were privie thereto," as appears by examinations before his lordship and some of the Council of the North. He was again taken by his lordship, first kept in his own house, then sent to Durham assises—bound over there to Newcastle assise, but not then called on, and there has since been no assise there. He hopes he has not offended by admitting him to the country and his presence.

"To the xixth."—It is false and untrue. For Mr Bradford, who has been sheriff for the most part since he came here, declared before the Bishop of Durham, Sir William Bowes and the jury and country, that he was constantly moved by his lordship, and assistance offered to seize felons' goods, nor ever hindered therein. His lordship has seized goods of March traitors lawfully, and bestowed them on his soldiers.

"To the xxth."—To his remembrance he has been guilty of no such fault.

The humble suit of Lord Eure to the Lords of the Privy Council.

Having truly answered all the articles against him, he hopes your lordships will report his wrongs to her Majesty.

Aud as he never sued for the office, but in duty to her Majesty undertook it on her royal command, and has spent in her service there above 2000l. beyond his allowance, and has done such service as he could being a stranger, "succeading a man greved to be displaced, of greate possessions, alyed to the Wooddringtons and other gentlemen in the country," in revenge whereof the gentlemen and the country have been kept back from serving at his command, factions raised among them, and his authority called in question: so his humble suit is, that his good services and charges spent may gain pardon to his oversights if any be, the rather that if he has offended it has been for zeal of the Queen's service and the country's good, and that by your lordships' furtherance he may be strengthened and maintained in his place, and his accusers worthily rebuked according to their apparent malice, otherwise neither he nor any other whom her Majesty shall hereafter appoint, shall be able to do good service and her authority will be held in contempt. Not signed.

4. pp. Double broad sheets. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary: "30 November 1597. The Lord Eures aunswere to the articles objected against him by the lordes of the Counsell."

855. Minute for Ralph Bowes. [Nov.]

Authorizing him to pay the garrison of Berwick for the half year lately past at Michaelmas, as he made the former on behalf of his late father while treasurer, and commanding the receivers to pay him the sums required for the purpose.

pp. Draft corrected by Burghley. Indorsed.


  • 1. A good signature for a man with his right thumb broken in pieces.
  • 2. i.e., bought.
  • 3. The descent is shown thus on the margin:—"Of Vawx, 5—1 Hubertus, 2 Robertus, 3 Ranulphus, 4 Robertus, 5 Hubertus. Of Multon, 3—1 Thomas, 2 Thomas, 3 Thomas. Of Dacre, 11—Ranulphus 3, Thomas 3, William 2, Hughe, Humfray, George."
  • 4. These 4 words holograph.
  • 5. These 4 words holograph.
  • 6. Written on margin lengthways.
  • 7. i.e., Lowther's