Border Papers volume 2: July 1598

Pages 545-550

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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959. Sir W. Bowes to Secretary Cecil. [July 3.]

These inclosed letters from Mr Nicholson which came to London after my departure, " and slowly returning to my hand," I trust you will pardon their late receipt. I am forced to defer my repair to Berwick till I get full order from my lord your father for the 1000l. of this half year's pay, which I cannot get from the receiver of Yorkshire under the Queen's privy seal. I left my servants in London to solicit it, but have not as yet heard of their dispatch. As this matter greatly imports my credit at my first entry, I am sorry I shall not be able to make the pay so speedily as the soldiers' necessity requires. And I learn by best experience, that to make the pay " with any want," causes great offence to the garrison. I humbly beseech that my attendance may be excused to her Majesty, and that you would further my servants' dispatch at my good lord your father's hand. Walton. Signed: Will'm Bowes.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet (Bowes).

960. Willoughby to the Council. [July 4.]

"At Sir William Reades intreatye, I went over to viewe the Holy He and the fort, which I found to be a very fine pyre." For the ordnance there is so much decayed that the gunners dare not " give fyre but by traynes: there master being very miserably slayne at my being there with discharging one of them." If your lordships please to send down a "founder," the service he might do both there and in this town, "would well quitt the cost": the same metal with a little addition, would serve. Sir William also solicited for means to secure the port, "which is undoubtedly of great consequence for any attempt may be made against this towne by sea": and might be done I think with little cost to her Majesty, when your lordships give commission to some here to advise thereon and estimate the charge. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

½ p. Address (holograph.) Indorsed. Fragment of quartered seal.

961. Willoughby to Cecil. [July 4.]

"You may please understand that your pacquet dated from the Court the 2d of July at 6 a clock in the morninge, I receaved here at Barwick the 5th by none, and with all expeditioun dispatcht it to Edenburgh by a messenger of trust." I assure you, both in duty to her Majesty's service, and respect of you, I will use as great care in these addresses as perhaps any other you may make choice of here: "for so my place inableth me, or els I were unworthy thereof; and inferiours beinge made instruments in sutch cases, mought not only derogate from me, but grow daungerous many ways to her Majestys sarvice and my resente charge, so as I could hardly answer sutch underhand procedings: but I leave it to your wisdome, and hapninge at this instant of som occurrence whereof I doubt not but from the fountayne you are informed, yet because the haltinge messenger confirmeth "the first post for want of better commended, from good will I send you these." Berwick. Signed: "Your pore frend in power tho not affection, P. Wyllughby."

Sir William Bowes is not here, " which we are sory for." As soon as Nicholson dispatches your pacquet, I will with all speed return you the answer.

¾ p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—(Scottish news.)

The King is going towards "Kyntree," with the "Westlen men": the Duke towards "the Leuwe, (fn. 1) with some gentlemen venturers."

The Earl of Angus made lieutenant "agaynst" the Borders, and is to ride on the West border upon Johnston.

"Straight orders agaynst horners and pistoletts, and for taking away all fewdes—his Majesty haveng sworne never to remitt manslaughter.

"The Bishop of Glascow is restored and made the King's ambassador in Fraunce."

The King intends to take all the "thirds" to himself and make other provision for "the Kirke."

Each earl must have 20 stand of harness, each lord, 12; gentlemen of 15 chalder of victual find one, and so proportionably.

Every Monday after next Lammas holiday, for training and practising soldiers, with inhibition of all unlawful games.

½ p. Contemporary hand not unlike Willoughby's.

962. Sir R. Caeey to Secretary Cecil. [July 5.]

On the 4th of this month "an onhapy acsedent fel out" in the Middle March in the following manner:—"Ther was a gentleman of very good worthe, caled William Ogle, most cruely murdrid by sertayn Scotsmen within the hart of the Midle March; the prinsipall slear of him was David Ellet a Scot. At this teym word was brought to sum of Ogles best trends that this Ellet was in Gilsland, resayt within Thomas Carltons charge; thay makinge further inquire, gat sertayn knolidge in what house he remayned; wher upon thay gathrid to the number of tharten men, and cam to the house whear Ellet was, and ther findinge him slewe him for revendge of ther frindes dethe. After thay had dun that thay cam for, with out offendinge aney other thay returnid, thinkinge every man to return to his owne home: but lettid by Thomas Carlton, who with half a dussen and him self cam fast followinge after them, and in no sort would suffer them quietly to pas, but voud to have the lives of sum of them, for that thay had killed wan with in his chardge whome he had given protecton to. Th'Ogles wer very lothe to have aney thinge to do with him, and intretid him very oft to forbeare, but the more thay forbore the more fired was he of revendge, insomuche as he brake his speare of on of them and unhorst him, and with his pistoll shot at a nother, and made a very narrow scape that he had not slayn him. At the last wan of the Ogles coumpaney, seinge by no fayre meanes they could be rid of him, made a shot at him and strook him cleane throwe the hed so that he fell dead at th'iustant and never spake word. The Ogles wer by Thomas Carltons frends so hotly pursud, as thay wer fayn to leave ther horsis and gat to a ould castell whech was of small deffens, and from thens upon promis that ther leyves should not be touched, thay yealdid them selves to be answerable to lawe. Yeat notwithstandinge after thay had yealdid and ther armor and weapons taken from them, wan of the Ogles had a stroke "given him on the hed with a short sowrd, that it is thought he cannot live. They are all, as I heare carrid to Carlisley to prison . . . The Scotsman that was slayn was a nottable notorius theeffe, and had bin at the killinge of maney a trewe Inglishe man, and a hapey turne it is he is so well gon. Carltons frends it may be, will informe to his advantag, that made me thus bould to send your honor the truthe as I am credebly informd." Morpeth. Signed: Ro. Carey.

1 p. Holograph; as also address: "To . . . Sir Ro. Citcill," &c. Indorsed. Wafer signet: a bull's head issuing from a coronet. Woodrington (?)

963. H. Leigh to Secretary Cecil. [July 5.]

Give me leave, in my lord Scrope's absence "(which I suppose by this tyme hathe taken his leave at the Cowrte)," to inform you that yesterday the 4th instant, divers of the Ogles and Shaftoes gentlemen of Northumberland, to the number of 14, came into Gilsland, and killed " one Davyd Ellott alias Carlyne" a Scotsman, in revenge of his cruel murder of William Ogle, Reynold Shafto, and others their friends. On their return homewards, the fray rose, and Mr Carlton the land sergeant and Queen's officer, with his servants, &c., pursued them so sharply, "that in relyefe of one of theyre companye, Thomas Carlton was shott throoghe the head with a bullett and therof presently dyed." I thought it my duty to advertise your honor, to move her Majesty to place "some honest worthye man" in that office, to recomfort the hearts of that poor afflicted country. Mr Carlton's brethren and friends have brought to me 7 of the gentlemen who were in the action, whom I will commit to safe keeping till her Majesty's pleasure be further known. I trust you will not impute fault to me for not presuming to trouble you with the state of this country, which has been from due respect to Lord Scrope, and not for want of duty to your honor. Carlisle. Signed: He. Leighe.

1 p. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Wax signet: a bird (as before).

964. Passport for Captain Crummey, &c. [July 10.]

Licensing the bearers "Captain Crummey, Mr Harris, James Lion, with there two servantes Scottch gentlemen," repairing to London about her Majesty's affairs, to pass quietly with their horses, and hire posthorses at her Majesty's rates. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

½ p. Addressed: "To all justices of peace all and singuler her Majesties postes," &c. Indorsed by Cecil's cleric: "Pasport for 3 Scottish gentlemen to passe for France."

965. Willoughby to Burghley. [July 11.]

I had written to your lordship and sent the book of musters, noting the age, continuance in pay, and country where each man was born, to show "what store" of Northumberland men we have; and how this agrees with the establishment, your lordship knows. I have deferred the quarter muster, as Sir William Bowes is not yet come, at which "the soldioury murmureth not a lytle." In truth we need both the pay and his presence here, for there is none here of the Council but the gentleman porter and myself.

"If I might be so bold, I should thinke Sir William. Bowes or som of sutch qualyfcy, would do no hurt to counterpoyze som humeurs of our neighbours, which may happely be variable and tendinge rather to worse than better innovations, whose beginninges mought be easely diverted to better purposes by wise handlinge." But I know your lordship and Mr Secretary are fully informed by her Majesty's agent there, and it is "beiond my last." I would gladly do "within my compasse" what may deserve your favours. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Wax signet: quartered.

966. Willoughby to Burghley. [July 15.]

It having pleased her Majesty" as none knoweth better than your lordship," to confirm the privileges, &c., granted by her noble ancestors to this town, including discharge to the burgesses of all custom for their own goods, also like immunity to the Scots bringing goods to market for the town and garrison: the customer under pretext of her service, "broking for his private comoditye," not only extorts "an excessive toll for cattell (of vjd. the head, used in no other place of England that I can learne, though I have inquired of some discreet gentlemen)," and other things sold in market, contrary to the town's charter and Act of Parliament, injuring the town, also exacting custom for the burgesses' goods, the Queen getting the least part thereof: but practises underhand with Scots "and by a cunning they use (of Englishmen to owne Scottes goodes)," passes them into town and wardenry without my knowledge, very dangerous in a garrison town; also assuming to command the wards to pass in carts and packs unknown to me, to manifest danger, as "lately the practyse of Amyens so surprised may well warne us: being in itself an insolent usurpation in the customer contrarye to all millitary discipline and goverment." And it is suspected that many uncustomed packs and contraband wares so pass.

I am the bolder to complain, from your lordship's constant care of this town, and its importance hitherto, though now very poor and miserable. Besides I saw a letter of your lordship's, when a like "wrangle" was begun by this customer, for exacting custom on the townsmen's building timber, advising him to surcease the same, showing your regard for the "beutifying" the town with "comely buildings." You may be told I am "stricter herein then I relate," but it is the plain truth, nor do I hinder his taking custom under his old patents or statutes of the realm, "but only resist his disorders: wherein I fynd him very obstinate, trusting as it seemeth, to those new lettres patentes which he hath hungerly bought, and would, like an emptye flye, fill his purse with his neighbors blood." Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax seal: fragment.

967. Willoughby to Secretary Cecil. [July 15.]

This night I received a letter addressed by George Nicolson to you, and hearing from him it is for the Queen's special service, I have added the cover as he requested "for life," and also inclose my letters written to my lord your father, desiring they may be delivered to his lordship. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

I entreat your excuse for my using another's hand, my own at present "not being wel able to serve my turne."

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax quartered signet as before.

968. Sir R. Carey to Burghley. [July 15.]

Having now had some time to see into the disorders of this March, I find they are so many that only severity is the means to reform them, which I mean by God's grace to put in practice, till I see amends. One of the greatest "discommodaties" to her Majesty's service and the good of the country, is the inconvenience of the place where I now lie—" which is at "my owne howse at Woodrington; for it lies farr owt, in a corner of the countrie, no towne neare it within 5 or 6 miles, and verie uncommodious it is for all respects." There is not so fit a place for me in the whole country as the Queen's castle of Morpeth, now in possession of Mr Edward Graye, but by no grant from her Majesty, as I am informed. I would be very sorry to prejudice him in any way, but the castle being the Queen's and so equally dividing the March, as it lies in the heart and very middle thereof, if your lordship be pleased, I doubt not her Majesty will think it fitter for her officer than any other. Mr Graye may have many other houses within the town of Morpeth to serve his turn and enjoy his living as heretofore. I will not seek his hindrance any way, only desiring to be in the castle, and have some few grounds about it for hay and grass for my horses, paying the Queen the rent due for them; which will be no way hurtful to him. I hope when her Majesty is informed, she will consent to my motion. Her wardens of the East and West Marches having houses to lie in, it is very requisite (I think) that her officer of the Middle March should have the like. I beseech your lordship to take her Majesty's pleasure thereon with your best leisure: for till I hear, I will not determine on any other place.

I will likewise acquaint your lordship of another matter wherein I desire your assistance in furtherance of justice. By the late commissioners' order, pledges were delivered on both sides on the West Borders—the Scottish pledges, 6 in all, to Mr Henry Leigh Lord Scrope's deputy to be detained in safe keeping. I know not what warrant "Maister" Leigh had, but on entreaty, he suffered one of them called Will Ellwood alias Will of the Stile, to return to Scotland on bond (as I take it) to enter when he called for him. While this "Ellott" was at liberty, he drew a plan of a foray in Tynedale, and acquainting his friends thereof, "effected his purpose" in plain daylight about the middle of June last past, taking away from these poor wretches of Tyndale, about 200 head of cattle, 30 horse and mares, the whole wealth they had—and cruelly murdered 2 of them—this Ellott above named being the principal "stricker" of them. Now if it please your lordship, this man being her Majesty's prisoner, let home upon favour, "to darre to attempt so odious a fact, I thincke no death bad enoughe for him to indure." Therefore I beseech that such order may be taken for delivery of him to me, that I may do execution on him in the place where he did the fact. He is in Mr Leigh's hands, and I have written to him to keep him in sure guard till he hear from your lordship. I think the King of Scots on notice from her Majesty or your lordship, will consent "he had his deserts." Such an example would terrify the thief and comfort the houest subject.

I have not yet heard from your lordship as to the pay for my 40 men, nor how I shall receive my fee for the wardenry: leaving these to your better leisure. Woodrington. Signed: Ro. Carey.

2 pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: quartered shield (indistinct).

969. H. Leigh to Bueghley. [July 15.]

Pardon my boldness enforced by necessity to signify to your honor "that the visitacion of the plauge which hath longe contynewed here, hath nowe towched my servantes about me—Gods holy name be praysed therfor, and myselfe in his handes uncerteyne howe longe to contynewe in this world—which doth move in dewty and zealous care of my poore wyffe and fyve children, to presume to comend them to your most honorable care and patronadge; most humbly intreatynge your honor even for Godes sake to move her Majestie to comisserate theyre distresse—I nowe lyke to leave them without one groate to lyve upon—so forward and carefull have I bene to advance her Majesties servyce, without respect of my owne estate—for which I geve God most harty thankes, as the only comfort next unto his mercyes I cary "to my grave. I dowt not but her most royall Majestie wyll comfort the comfortles: for seasonable rememberance wherof, I have most especially made bould to chuse your lordship, of whose honorable favor I have alredy tasted. In recompence of my whole estate spent in her Majesties servyce, I only on my knees most humbly begge that it would please her highnes to contynewe to my only sonne my pencion and place, and to my powre wyffe and fowre dawghters towe mylles buylded, and one in byldynge, within the barrony of Burghe, which I have buylded att my excedynge chardges and smale profitt, wher her Majestie never had any. These smale thinges I can but comeud to God to make your noble hart myndfull to move her most royall Majesties, in whose servyce I do thinke my lyffe most happely bestowed: and on the knees of my very sowle do most humbly pray Almyghty God longe to blesse her with most happye reigne and graunt eternall lyffe to her and all her most honorable cownsell, Amen! So in all humblenes cravinge pardon, I take my leave from Carlill a most carefull citty, whom I pray God and her Majestie may tymely comfort . . . Your honors eyther lyvinge or dyinge most humbly bound." Signed: Henry Leighe.

1 p. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Small wax signet: a rose (?)

970. Burghley to Sir Robert Cecil. [July 19.]

I send herewith two letters—one from Sir Robert Carey craving the use of Morpeth castle, whereon you may on opportunity, take her Majesty's pleasure. As he writes, so I know it, that there is no place so fit for him to lie in for service. As to the pledge where he complains of Henry Leigh, you shall do well to acquaint Lord Scrope therewith.

I have received this other from Leigh by post, directed with a pair of gallows for more speed. It seems his house is touched with the plague and himself not free thereof: "so as it is not fitt to shewe hir Majestie his lettre, but you maie as yowe shall see cawse acquaint hir with his suite. From my howse in the Strand." Signed: W. Burghley.

½ p. In his secretary's hand. Addressed: "To my lovinge sonne Sir Robart Cecill," &c. Indorsed.

971. Willoughby to Secretary Cecil. [July 26.]

"I have receaved your honorable assurance. I desire you to know so mutch of my nature, as I am more curious to obsarve my frends, than to expect from a meaner parson and an inferiour place to yours, any never so lytle restraint in any course of his intelligence whether privat or publique. What I wrote I beseach you distinguishe as a regard to my place, which by your worth and juditious autoryty shall have I doubt not, as mutch right as fit is, and so I leave it. For my regard to yours I shall I hope soner fayle my selfe than those respects I ow you. Your one pacquet sent by my lord Martiall came as I had dispatched the post, and I thought it rude to add a naked cover without som other convenient addition." Since that time you have doubtless received your packets. Berwick. "In hast late, as the pacquet came the 26th of July." Signed: P. Wyllughby.

¾ p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . packett from Scotland." Fragment of wax seal.


  • 1. Lewis.