Border Papers volume 2: December 1598

Pages 578-583

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1024. Scrope to Cecil. [Dec. [2.]]

I can never sufficiently acknowledge your late favor in procuring her Majesty's gracious establishing John Musgrave in his office. That you may know how "the Kings lieutenant" my opposite proceeds with me, I inclose copies of his letters and my answer; praying you at opportunity, to give me your opinion and answer about the pledges, that I may know how to answer Baclugh. Signed: Th. Scroope.

"Good sir remember the soldiers."

1 p. Holograph; also address.

Inclosed in the same:—

(1) (Scroope to Angus.)

I understand by your letter "your just greife," and order to repress your men from their late robberies and murders in my office. I have sent my deputy with the particulars, requesting credit for him as one who will declare the truth.

I have forbidden any of my march to ride on yours, hoping you will do the like: for my sovereign will not suffer it. I expect redress without delay. Rose castle, 24th November 98. Scroope.

¾ p. Copy in Scrope's hand. Indorsed by him: "The coppie of the lord Scroopes lettre to the Earle of Angus, the Kinges lieutenant for the West Scotish frontiers."

(2) (Angus to Scrope.)

I have spoken with your deputy Mr Leigh, and will satisfy you in all respects with as much haste as possible.

The special men of this border are before me "this daye and the morne," when I shall send a gentleman to impart my proceedings and what I can do. From Annan, 26 of November 98. Anguis.

½ p. Contemporary copy. Indorsed.

(3) (Angus to Scrope.)

I leave to the report of this bearer what care and pains I have taken to hasten our meeting for justice, but from the shortness of time, I must continue my good intention till I return from the King's affairs at Edinburgh, when I will not fail to set down an assured day for meeting with you. Desiring you not to think this done for delay, for I am as ready to further justice as any before me in this office. I have ordered by proclamation and particular command, that none in this office make new trouble, and look you will do the like. Remitting all further to the sufficiency of the bearer. From [ ] the first of December 98. Anguis.

½ p. Copy in same hand. Indorsed.

1025. The Bishop of Durham to Cecil. [Dec. 2.]

About the "middest" of last month I received a letter from your honor—that Mr Fowles ambassador of the King of Scots to her Majesty, "informed" that his brother had lent money to Mr Robert Bowes late ambassador in Scotland, which his son though often demanded refused to pay: and as it was a discredit to the state that a servant of her Majesty should leave his debt unpaid, especially a loan from a stranger, she was pleased I should deal with young Mr Bowes, so as she be freed from complaints hereafter. On conferring with Mr Raiph Bowes the son of Mr Robert deceased, I cannot find that his father left any undischarged debts on leaving Scotland, or that this debt was ever required from his son, so that it would seem both the living and dead are wronged. I caused Mr Bowes to write this inclosed letter, after I heard his answer "by speach," that when Mr Fowles learns the contents, he may confess his "fowle" oversight. "But belike, it is an "usuall trade with those agentes of that quarellous and querulous nation, ever byting, and ever whyning, to traduce they care not whom to princes or their counsell, somtymes for want I thinck of better matter." As you may remember, this same Mr Fowles not many years since, accused me to the Queen for some supposed words of mine in a sermon, wherein I shall never forget her gracious answer for me by your honorable means only, "the longest daie of all my life."

It is also thought he has "blowen the coale and whett the knife" against Mr Woodrington and Mr Fenwick, and exaggerated their attack on the Scots on their pretended hunting in England, "but in deede and truth, or rather in falshoode, partly to spoile her Majesties game and woodds after their yerely barbarous manner, and partely to tryste and conspire with the common theaves and outlawes of our nation, for drawing of purposes and plottes with the stronger hand to execute their robberies and outragies till that time twelvemoneth, and so from yere to yere perpetuis futuris temporibus yf they might be suffered." This "lewd custome" these gentlemen my prisoners, knowing how perilous it was to her Majesty's good subjects, with the lord warden's privity whose officers they are, after giving due notice on both the borders that it would no longer be tolerated, what could they do less than make head against those malefactors to drive them from their prey? and being resisted, were forced to make good their coming upon them, and in the chase a couple of mean fellows, by accident or design, God knoweth, were hurt, and percase for lack of a skilful "surgeant," died in doing an unlawful act, refusing to surrender, and flying to raise their country to cut off the English if they could. And Mr Woodrington and Mr Fenwick's part with great travail, was to command no bloodshed, but for which merciful disposition, many a Scot would have been slain in revenge of the many bloody outrages done to us, some even while the commission sat at Carlisle, scarce a year and a half since! "But these guestes of myne did right well knowe and consider (as in good sooth Sir, they are men of greater worth then any neighbours they have, as well for their valour and forwardnes to execute, as for their discretion and temper to forbeare), how loath her Majestie is to have the King of Scottes to be hable but to pretend any cause of complaint, either by his letters or by his messengers": how necessary it is for them to keep quietness on the border, how apt the Scots are to cry out for little: how necessary for us to tolerate in hope of some effect from the late commission, as yet held in suspence, rather than exasperate the Scottish humour, and give them colour to frustrate the gracious intention of the Queen, "and the Christian indeavors of that most grave and honorable senate the Privy Counsell." I know all this by conference with themselves, and report of credible persons, though by some of their followers an error might be committed in the case. I would submit the matter to the gracious clemency of her Majesty, remembering farther that the lord warden allowed the journey, and still as I hear intercedes for their enlargement, as for both his arms "(and verily he rightly so tearmeth them—for the keper of Riddesdale is as the right hand, and of Tyndale as the left hand of the Middle Marches)." Finally seeing, which I think more than the rest, how the enemy rejoice in their durance, and our borderers both "gentle and simple," are appalled at their disgrace, though the gentlemen themselves humbly underlie their punishment, with great grief of the Queen's displeasure, heavier to them than the loss of limb or life—unless I were a stone, I cannot but be moved, for the necessity of my poor flock here, to become a mediator with your honor, not daring to make so bold with the lords, much less with her Majesty, for their speedy enlargement, which high and low, rich and poor both in that and this country, sigh and groan for. Bishop Awkland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

3 pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: fragment.

Inclosed in the same:—

(R. Bowes to the Bishop.)

Understanding by your letter that Mr Secretary has been certified that a debt owing one Mr Fowlles a Scotishman has been many times demanded of me: till this your letter I never heard of any such matter, neither do I know or think there is any debt left unpaid for my father in all Scotland. So I humbly beseech your lordship to inform his honor of my part therein, that he be not possessed with a prejudicial opinion of me or my father's evil dealing "with any in this sort of that nation." Barnes, 26th November 1598. Signed: Raphe Bowes.

¾ p. Holograph; also address. Indorsed.

1026. Sir John Carey to Secretary Cecil. [Dec. 6.]

I would long since have acknowledged my duty by writing, but the quietness of this place gives me no occasion to trouble your honor. But "my good frend" the gentleman porter is desirous I should satisfy you of my knowledge touching the lord of Buccleuch's being with him. The truth is, when Buccleuch was delivered a pledge and brought here, I thought it best to commit the charge of him to Master Porter, being a councillor of the town and well trusted by her Majesty: who willingly received and carefully attended to him to his great charge. Surely while he was prisoner here, Master Porter was many times charged with sundry of his countrymen coming to visit him: "wiche was I thinke uppon a xx wekes." The consideration whereof I refer to your honorable wisdom. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

¾ p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan.

1027. Passport for Lord Oliphant. [Dec. 8.]

Authorizing "the bearer hereof thee Lord Olyfant Scochman," presently travelling to the Court, with 3 servants, to be provided with 4 "sufficient able posthorses and a guide." Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

¼ p. Addressed at foot: "To all justices of peace," &c.

1028. Sir R. Carey to Cecil. [Dec. 11.]

The daily incursions of the Scots force me to make bold to trouble your honor and the rest of the Council, to entreat humbly for the enlargement of Mr Woodrington and Mr Fenwick. They have now been a month in Durham, in which time on my credit, the Scots have made not fewer than 20 great spoils in this March, and are like to continue them, this being their harvest time, these long winter nights: and for want of these my principal officers, I cannot suppress their insolences. I desire their release "at this very instant," for the good of the March: and when the nights grow shorter, if her Majesty think them worthy of greater punishment, her will shall be done, and they shall be ready to suffer. Alnwick. Signed: Ro. Carey.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

1029. Sir R. Carey to the Privy Council. [Dec. 11.]

To same effect as the preceding—adding his hope that their punishment "may suffyce." Alnwick. Signed: Ro. Carey.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1030. Scrope to Cecil. [Dec. 16. 1598.]

All things being quiet in the West Marches, I took occasion to ride to Auckland to see Mr Woodrington and Mr Fenwick in their captivity. Who having been much beholden to my good lord your father, and to yourself, as I am, I am bold to entreat your furtherance towards their liberty, and if it can not yet be obtained, to give me your "minde" how they shall be disposed, which will greatly quiet their minds. Resting in hope of this, among many favours. Bishop Auckland. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Holograph; also address. Indorsed.

1031. The Archbishop of York, &c., to the Privy Council. [Dec. 17.]

The Scottish pledges prisoners in the castle here, having run far into debt to Mr Readeheade the keeper, "for there dyatt and lodgeinge, beinge nowe restrained in some sorte by him from the allowance of diatt which heretofore they had, because they neather doe pay him for that which is oweinge, nor can put in securetie here for the time to come," they have exhibited to us the inclosed petition, that some of them may be allowed to return to Scotland, to procure money or reasonable security to the said Readheade for their charges. Which we most humbly refer to your consideration. York. Signed: Matth. Ebor., E. Stanhope, Ch. Hales, Jo. Ferne.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . L. Arch. and counsell at Yorke to the lordes," &c. Wafer signet: crest: an object (?) between spread wings.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Petition to the Archbishop of York and the Council in the North.)

The Scottish pledges humbly represent their long detention in the castle, that they are like to famish for want of food, as they cannot pay the great debt they already owe their keeper, on whom they entirely depend, "who is very ill abill to indewer that unpaid, beinge a greate some, and much les abill styll to suffyse them in this greate extremytie": and as they are strangers without friends or acquaintance, they pray "beinge Cristians," they may not be suffered to perish, but allowed to return to their own native country "by bale," as the English pledges in Scotland were, or that 4 of them be allowed to go home to Scotland to make provision among their friends to defray all charges past and to come. Though it may seem strange to his grace and the council that they desire so many to go, they can be no fewer, for some are Liddesdale men, others West Teviotdale, and some East Teviotdale, "all which countres be very great and spatious"—and many of them here knew none of the others till their entry to England, and are unknown or acquainted in these countries, but only in that where they dwell. His grace and the council may plainly see the fewer that go, the less their charges in travelling will be. Referring themselves to the clemency of the Archbishop and council. Not signed.

1 p. Addressed at head. Indorsed: "15° Decembris 1598. The peticion of the Scottish pledges."

1032. Willoughby to Cecil. [Dec. 28.]

On the 22d instant I received your letter recommending Sir Walter Lindsay, and have accomplished your request with all the kindness I could, and somewhat beyond your "express woords," presuming your intention to do him pleasure. He brought no geldings hither, but entreated leave to transport some to Scotland after his departure, to which I yielded for the above reasons. For news: you are so well advertised by others, I should but "play the halting post." Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax seal: fragment.

1033. R. Vernon to Lord Willoughby. [Dec. 1598.]

Answer to the particular points of Lord Wylloughby's letter.


Mingling wheat with rye was used in Sir Valentyne Browne's time. I never do so but in extreme dearth, and then only one-third part rye; and will do so no longer than Michaelmas. In the Queen's agreement it is called "good cheat bread," neither naming wheat or rye, but that shall be shortly amended. Yet I think some rye in it, keeps it from drying, but that as his lordship pleases.

Malt, beans and pease: no want of first; beans and pease only issued from Michaelmas to May day.

The freights are duly set down; also the time of year, place, and market prices of grain shipped, to my best power.

[Explains how the "remaine" is taken: rates for issuing victuals, and how the same may be reformed, &c.] Robert Vernon.

2 pp. Contemporary hand. Indorsed: "Copy of Mr Vernons aunswer," &c.