Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.
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1085. Willoughby to Cecil. [July 3.]
"Most honorable knight, I am right glad that Ashfield's matters are, as you writt, suspended to his comminge up, which I hoop is before this, and soe for my part that service determined without more adoe, and I pray God I may hear noe worse of it." For the other point imputed to me, viz., that I daily represent the imperfections of this garrison, without reforming them, "and to this added, an instruction of what lacks I should hold my selfe sufficiently dischardged of, after demaunds made: as in these poynts whether her Majestie will fortifie or noe, increase her stores, or the garrison?" I answer, that if you examine my whole course, I hope it will be found that I have not written generally, "but att lardg particularized the same." First: The gentleman porter will clear mo in my instructions, presented I doubt not to your "honorable table"; next, the generall muster books sent, "specially for the nounst devided," show the number of Northumberland and border men here, and the small remain to keep the place, if these were discharged by her Majesty's pleasure. I complained of my want of power to levy new, not contradicted by your last—and how ill served both town and country were: especially in my sundry letters that the form of the horse garrison is neither martial nor orderly. "Who hath hard in the discipline of one tyme of foure constables for four score horse, men of mean place and intertainement, who carye noe countenance, and soe noe obedience"? If I should "casshier" that troop, where is my power to levy others? I have often solicited you and others my friends, adding some horse of my own, to form a governor's company, as in all places where I have been. Here all the officers have companies: the marshal and treasurer both horse and foot, but the Governor is "naked," who being also warden should be best furnished especially in horsemen under his proper command. Now I have spoken, I protest that I neither affect "the companye" nor the government, but to do the Queen service, and I know my own heart. I projected these things without increase of charge to her Majesty, but how to myself I forbear to say; and hope it is evident I have made matters clear, praying you to be a mean "that my best labours may not be worse interpreted." I have had less courage to deal in reformation since this time twelvemonth, though not I hope neglecting my duty, for when ex officio I called a marshal court in the marshal's absence, for sundry reforms, "I was therin taxed and reproved." This has made me fear a like result in greater matters, wherein you write I should proceed ex officio.
I have other reasons, which pray excuse my writing till I may give them myself, if her Majesty allow me to come up, wherein I pray you be a suitor, as winter is drawing on. The Borders are quiet, our deputies have met and had justice, neither of us far off, myself purposely, as I feared some affronts on the persons of them I employed—the same gentlemen who took Ashfield—but all things passed off well. I have been here about the borders "this sennitt," and yesterday hunted Cheviot by East Tividale, not so much for pastime as to prove things, which fell out well, only a few horsemen showing themselves to no purpose. "I doe not thinke that further into England great and rich heards of cattell depasture more peacably then they doe here with us: this is the best newes from Cheviott mountayns that I can advertise you of." Twisell. Signed: P. Wyllughby.
I wonder that my servant I sent up with "Weaynman did not satisfy you in this point, for I specially directed him, having written shortly, fearing to be tedious.
2¼ pp. Closely written. Addressed at foot. Indorsed by Cecil and his clerk. Wax signet: fragment.
1086. Thomas Windebanck to Willoughby. [July 11.]
I would not let slip the opportunity of this gentleman Mr Marshall's return to your lordship, after discharge of his commission hither, without some confirmation of my true affectionate devotion to you, which I presume to do by these few lines: indeed to no other end, than to offer service according to my small means in any matter wherein it may please you to use me. I was very glad that it was my good hap to be in the way when the licence for your lordship's son was to be made for him "a Peregrin beyond seas," but rejoiced much more when at my procuring it to be signed, "it pleased her Majestie to utter unto me her greate good lyking of your proceedinges there in her service, and of the jewell which her Majestie self "told me she had given him, and of the greate hope she had of him to proove a meete man for her service in tyme to com; in which kynde of speech, her Majestie contynued so long, that I wisshed your lordship had bene but in a corner to have hard it, for I think it wold have made you a wholle man though you had been sick."
I write not of any other matters, trusting your lordship will bear with me therein; "as for a thing that I was warnid forty and one yeeres past, by my old lord and master the late Lord Treasurer, I should not doo: hoping nevertheless that your lordship wantes not from greater parsonnages, advertisements meete and requisite for your lordshippes knowledge. Only I will say this to your lordship: that her Majestie was never better of helth, nor more gallant of body and mynde, than I doo finde her at this present, which I knowe will be the best newes to your lordship that I could write." Greenwich.
1 p. Holograph, corrected by the writer. Indorsed: ". . . Copie of my lettre to my lord Willoughby by Mr Marshall a gentleman whom he sent hither with one Ashfeld a prisoner."
1087. Willoughby to Cecil. [July 13.]
Having concluded my meetings on border affairs with both my opposite wardens, I have sent my man to attend you with, some difficulties in these proceedings before my time, who will inform you more largely than I could in a letter. I have no doubt to settle those in my own time and leave them no worse than I found them. In this quiet time I beseech you not to forget my coming up, which imports me exceedingly, and pray you to finish that work, which it has pleased her Majesty "after a sort" to grant. Berwick. Signed: P. "Wyllughby.
½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.
1088. Willoughby to Cecil. [July 17.]
This gentleman says he came hither on Sir William Bowes' assurance. But as Waynman charged him with making some "emotion" in Scotland on Ashfield's taking, and Ashfield (if I mistake not) in his voluntary confession under his hand, said that he made some overtures to the King; and lastly he passed secretly by Twisell ford to Scotland, and not by Berwick—I thought fit in duty to send him to you. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.
⅓ p. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . Lord Willoughby to my master. Mr Chute sent up by water."
1089. Sir Robert Carey to Cecil. [July 21.]
Since my return from Court, the principal Rotherforths of Scotland have sent to me desiring that Thomas Rotherforth their pledge at York under the indent with the commissioners, shall be delivered, on their satisfying all bills then charged on him or his surname, or on them since his entrance. I pray you take order for his delivery to me when I send for him. I know this is for the country's good, and if I cannot be trusted with. handling so small a matter, I am not fit for the place I hold. By the indent, if any of them are freed, they may ever afterwards continue to do as they listed before: but if I have this man, I shall see the indent thoroughly performed: I will have good bonds for him and his many friends, never to assist or consent to other Scotsmen annoying England; or else I will not part with him, but he shall be as safe with me as in York.
I pray you let me have the Council's answer, whether or no he will be delivered on my sending for him. Alnwick. Signed: Ro. Carey.
¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.
1090. Willoughby to Cecil. [July 27.]
On the 24th instant I met the opposite Scottish warden Sir Alexander Hume at Fouldon-rig, not far from Berwick, where we so solemnly took our oaths of office to administer justice, in such ample manner as there has been no precedent for many years. And under an ancient treaty, we required the same oath of all the gentlemen of special name present: so that now the Humes being reputed religious, there is less cause to fear any breach than heretofore: howbeit I assure nothing. The King, my good friends tell me, is still highly discontented with the late accident, and resolved to take deep revenge on my own person, and those I employed: yet his subjects, in my opinion, though well affronted, will not unadvisedly execute his menaces. The Scottish warden on a private conference, told me the King disliked our place of meeting, where no truce was ever held, and had forbidden him to proceed in justice, and that he doubted some breach that day. I said I was well provided to keep the peace, and he should look to himself. Yet we gained so much, that three English complaints were "ordered," and the day being spent, could do no more, and at parting made proclamation by sound of trumpet to confirm a precedent of truce there. This done, I agreed to his entreaty, to meet at Westford on 1st August for redress, each with 40 men only.
It seems he (without cause) thought us too strong, but it was reported he had on the field 1500 horse, and 2 "ancientes" of foot—to my view I judged them some 800 horse—while we had not above 600 horse and foot.
For the bills dealt in by the commissioners, I find our own so imperfect, and the opposites so unwilling to "tilt" in these causes, that I doubt being able to do much.
I heartily thank you for your kind usage of my servants sent with the prisoner, and at my coming up must entreat some small favours for some of them. Praying your friendly mediation still for my leave so shortly as may be, that I may begin my journey before September, as my private estate greatly requires it. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.
Postcript:—Since writing this I received Cesford's letter to meet me on 10th August "undelayedly" for justice, with but 60 horse on either side, besides plaintiffs, to which I have agreed.
1¾ pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax seal: fragment.
Inclosed in same:—
(Form of the wardens' oath.)
⅓ p. In his clerk's hand. Indorsed.
1091. Scrope to Sir John Stanhope. [July 30.]
I am arrived at Carlisle and find the country reasonable quiet, though the broken people are ready to attempt after their old customs. Wherefore as the countrymen are partly unhorsed and partly slothful, I pray you entreat Mr Secretary to remember the soldiers with convenient speed, to strengthen us. I mean to write to him when I have gotten the certificate of the country gentlemen, and the pledges. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.
1 p. Holograph. Addressed: "To . . . Sir Jhon Stanhope knight." Indorsed by Cecil's clerk.
1092. Edmond Ashfield to Cecil. [July. 1599.]
"Right honorable, I have byn examined this forenone and I am to answar certayne intargatories lefte with me, which leade me to deliver many thinges which I thought to impart unto your honour, because they conserne a generall truthe in matters of moste importance. Yf it be your honors pleasure to refer them ovar without particular notice, because I have not it expreste them, then geve me to undarstand thereof by this bearar, and I stand in all dutties at your honors derections. Most humbly to be at your honors derection." Signed: Edmond Ashefeyld.
⅓ p. Holograph; also address. Indorsed: "1599 Julij. Mr Ashefield to my master."