Border Papers volume 2: December 1599

Pages 632-636

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1129. Sir W. Bowes to Cecil. [Dec. 7.]

Being detained here on a very important occasion, lest I seem to neglect my last charge from her Majesty, I inclose this paper, beseeching you to intimate it to her highness as opportunity may offer: purposing myself to attend you with all expedition. "From my lodging in Warwick Lane." Signed: Will'm Bowes.

½ p. Holograph; also address. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Reasons for his absence from Berwick.)

I was called by command to her Majesty's presence to report my negotiation in Scotland.

And my longer stay is caused by these occasions—(1) For her Majesty's service.

I am to give up my account in Candlemas term next, for the past 2 years' receipt of the treasure for Berwick; and cannot do it sooner, for the Michaelmas half year's pay cannot be made till Christmas.

Then I think I shall let the Lord Treasurer see how a "full fourth part or more" may be saved on her Majesty's works at Berwick.

And some alterations in disbursement, by order of the now Lord Governor, require my attendance, before they are allowed by her Majesty.

(2) For my private estate—I humbly command these particulars. "During my service in Scotland, Mr Frauncis Foljamb (whose sonne shalbe heyre to Foljambs lands of Walton), hath commenced sutu and sought to evict from me better then 300li. yearely of my wifes joyncture: against the which Frauncis, for withdrawing of my tennants and many other heavy wrongs, I have been enforced now lastly to complayn in the Chauncery, which sute doth require both great charge and my owne attendance."

Secondly.—While in Scotland my chief lands in Derbyshire were extended for some debts of Henry late Earl of Huntington "with the uttermost rigour of law." Wherein I must humbly sue her Majesty, that by her goodness the lords of her council may call the matter before them and do me such justice as I deserve.

Thirdly.—Some differences between my wife's friends and me, how her late husband's debts should be answered in equity, can only be settled by myself, and here.

Fourthly.—Last Midsummer term while in Scotland, one Bee an auditor's clerk, bought "over my head" some lands held by me in lease from her Majesty, which I intended to buy myself, and has also taken another lease in reversion over my head; who refuses to take a reasonable composition to let me have it, and I must be a humble suitor to her Majesty, "that he may be delt with to do me reason."

I humbly recommend the premises, with such relief as her Majesty may see fit, to her gracious consideration.

pp. Holograph.

1130. The Captains of Berwick to Willoughby. [Dec. 10.]

With their humble duty, referring him to their petition to the Queen for increase of pay, and his promise to help therein. Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvill, Antonye Tompson, John Twyforde, William Boyer.

p. Addressed. Indorsed by Guevara.

1131. Sir R. Carey to Cecil. [Dec. 24.]

I pray your honor's pardon that I still importune you for my leave; but my occasions are very great to be at London before next term. "It is very hard for me to mayntayne my self, that have little or nothinge to live of but her Majesty allowans, and that very small in respect of the great chardge I live at, exsept I have liberty sum teyms to look to my owne estate." I have brought the country with great care and charge, to a civil government, and the Scots to good neighbourhood, and having thus done my best, if I cannot be spared at this time, I may well perish under my burden. I most humbly entreat your honor to let her Majesty know my case, and that I will be altogether overthrown unless I have time to look to my own affairs. "Beseyds many other oecations, as to take sum order for my dets and such leyk: ther is a widowe in Suffolk that maks clayme to alle that I have in the world left me by my father, and in the begining of this terme it is to be tryd betwen us; it is sum six score pound a yeare land—exsept I be ther my self, I dooe assuer my self it will goe agaynst me. If I loss it by my absens, I shall live longe in thes parts before I recover such an other thinge: it is all that I have to leave to my poore children to keepe them from beginge: suerly to great a los for me to indur! I mak no dought of good sucses if I be ther to followe my owne caues." I hope her Majesty will not refuse me leave: but if she do in my necessity, I shall be sorry to offend her, but under my patent, "which is to me my deputey or deputis," will leave a sufficient one in my place, "and will ventur to cum up without leave, for I will not lose ray childrens livinge throwe my owne necligens." Alnwick. Signed: Ro. Carey.

1 p. Closely written. Holograph; also address. Indorsed.

1132. Scrope to Cecil. [Dec. 26.]

If this "barren place" had afforded news, I would not have been so long silent. But now the Bishop of Carlisle having occasion to write to you, I advertise you of a foul murder within 2 miles of Carlisle "the Sunday next too Christmas on the person of an honest gentleman esquire, somtymes retayner to Mr Thomas Warcope the pencioner, named Edward Aglionby, often maior of Carlel, and ever ready to serve the Quene." It is suspected to have been done by the 2 sons of Ambrose Carleton, John and Thomas, and a Grame. John is committed to the castle, but the rest are fled to Scotland. He stands on denial, but I wish he may clear himself.

For my cousin Metcalfe, whose good fortune to be towards you greatly rejoices me, I will do what is in my power for him, as he will show you. This only I dare commit to paper, till I have leave to come up, which I hope for by your means when this winter is past.

"I heare that the Scotish Kings intelligences of the Earle of Essex doo him no good." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet with Garter.

1133. James VI. to Scrope. [Dec. 26.]

"Upoun the continewance of the disorderit estate of our West Marche, we have now employed our trusty counsallour Schir Johnne Carmichaell of that Ilk knycht, with the charge and office of wardanerie ower the same, in hoip be his meane and experience to repres the insolence of the broken men and inhabitantis thairof . . . And seing ye ar his opposite, effectuouslie to requeist and desire yow to hald hand to him on your syde sa far as possiblie can be in persute and punischement of these malefactouris . . . From our palice of Halyruidhouse." Signed: James R.

p. Flyleaf and address lost.

1134. Note on Warden meetings, &c. [Dec.]

"The lait Laird of Spott James Dowglas resident at Londoun, sone to the Erle of Mortoun lait regent. The olde ceremonie in meeting amongst the wardens, in memorie of the death of one of Sesfoord his predecessors: whereby ever since the English warden hath bene accustomed to enter the bounds of Scotland and pass the Marches."

¼ p. Contemporary hand. Indorsed by Cecil's clerk as title.

1135. Secretary Cecil to Sir John Carey. [Dec. 1599.]

I have informed the Queen that the whole burthen and care of Berwick falls on you by absence of others: which she minds to reform, and her pleasure was I should write to Sir William Bowes to go down with all speed to assist you: but he lies at Hackney in extremity of sickness, "verie much possessed." I know of no other officer to send you, "but ould Selbye"—in whose place you have his nephew—Musgrave excepted. I will send him, on hearing by your next whether he is there or no.

"Now Sir, for that wherein you would have me moove her Majesty to amend your allowance: I will not hyde it from you that I have in meere discretion forborne it, untill I heare your answeare, and out of this reason, which is shortly this—first, you know that her Majesties allowances merely out of her purse, are obtayned with difficulty—next if she should allow you as much as heretofore hath been to any, it would not be soe much as would amend your entertaynment a hundred 2, or 3, in the yeare, untill she bestow the supreeme government. Now Sir when I consider that is not like to be longe before some greater matter will come in question for you, for your brother doth decay very fast—I thought it not amisse to forbeare dyrectly to presse her Majesty for this which would be but a trifle: although for the present I did lett her see the reason she hath to take care of you that have soe little to mayutayne soe great a charge."

Now you see my meaning, let me know your mind, and I will do what I can to requite your profession of good will.

You have noted my omission to date my letters within. Yet you must observe that all post letters show by their indorsement when they are written: but I have now received answer to that packet which I suspected to have been "layed for betwen" Berwick and Edinburgh, therefore you need not make any inquiry.

3 pp. Draft by Cecil's clerk.

1136. Sir W. Bowes to Cecil. [Dec.]

My desire to perfect the pay of Berwick and to furnish myself with all things necessary to make my account next term for the 30,000l. passed through my hands, caused me to journey northwards. My want of health "impeached" my waiting on you at Court as I desired.

I think it would be very meet that the comptroller of the works should be at Berwick early next term, that some better course may be taken: a full fourth (if not a third) may be saved yearly and the works equally well done: with my opinion whereon I have acquainted my lord treasurer and the lord governor in my duty.

"Havinge attended by her Majesties call untill hir Majesties remove from Eichmonde to Westminster," I humbly crave your furtherance for my allowance, having appointed this bearer (my friend Mr Ewens) to attend your honour's pleasure. Signed: Will'm Bowes.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed by Cecil's clerk: "1599, December . . . from Barwick . . ." Wafer signet (Bowes).

1137. Difficulties Since Last Commission. [Dec. 1599.]

A Remembrance of some difficulties arising since last commission at Berwick.

(1) Complaint that the commissioners merely filed bills without swearing them, leaving redress incomplete. (2) Evil effects of delivery of "inuocentes" as pledges for "nocentes." (3) The wardens cannot remedy the commissioners' omissions, which the latter must implement—though the wardens or deputies could have done everything with as great facility and less charge to the Queen. (4) "Because of theis knottes which he seeth nobody goe aboute to untye," Lord Willoughby as warden of the East March can do no good service in regard of matters before his time, and requires direction from Cecil. (5) He cannot find that Cesford is fyled for the murders, &c., he committed: and as for conferring with Sir William Bowes therein, he has done so, but to no great purpose.

1 p. In a fair clerkly hand. A memorandum for some messenger from Willoughby to Cecil.

1138. Notes as to Berwick Garrison. [Dec. 1599.]

As to need of new fortifications—stores lately supplied—that the garrison is now very near 900 in the Queen's pay. As to the horse garrison, their 4 constables and the Lord Governor's authority over them: to levy a new company would cost her Majesty or the country 2000l. The horsemen have always been Northumberland men, ever since Berwick was English, and are fittest for that service. For others of the 4 northern counties excluded by the 1st article of the Establishment, such as had served in Ireland or France were allowed: the Governor and captains may reform the rest.

(fn. 1) "L. Grey, John Fenwyck, L.Ch., Cutbert Armore, John Cary, Joseph Dalavel, L. Hunsdon, Leonard Morton."

¾ p. Same hand as captains' letter, No. 1130. Indorsed: "The state of the garrison at Barwick."


  • 1. In Cecil's hand.