Border Papers volume 2: November 1595

Pages 67-81

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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155. John Carey to Burghley. [Nov. 1.]

In answer to your letter of the 25th October, with the note of provision remaining here on 29th September last—desiring me to certify what was then in the palace, or has come since, and what now remains: I inclose the report. Your honour will see our hard estate, for this country is "(by reason of the yll and unseasonable weather) cleane undon"—all or most of the corn abroad for lack of weather to "in" it. It will be in worse state for scarcity than last year. And Mr Vernon's officers have entreated me to write to your honour that wheat must be sent, for there is only 10 qrs. in the palace, and more they cannot get in the country for money or their lives.

The comptroller and officers of the works beg your lordship will send your warrant for 30 or 40 tons of timber to Chopwell for the Cowgate bridge, in due time, for the last came so late, they could hardly do anything. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

Inclosed in the same:—

Note of the victuals in the palace on 29th September 1595—what has been sent since—and what remains on 30th October.

pp. In Crane's writing. Indorsed.

156. Captain Selby to Burghley. [Nov. 4.]

As instructed I have paid all that is due to this garrison for the 2 years ended at Michaelmas 1589—except a balance of 50l. 17s. 10½d. due to Captain William Carey and his company, which Mr John Carey now their captain, will not receive, till the controversy between him and Mr Bowes is decided. So (that excepted) no one in the town can claim of right a penny from her Majesty, your goodness being the means. Berwick. Signed: Will'm Selby.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed, Wafer signet.

157. John Carey to Burghley. [Nov. 9. 1595.]

"To be tedyus or trubellsume to your lordship it wear freveylus; wherfor referinge all to youer honorabell wisdome, I will commit my selfe and case to youer lordshipes beste likinge hearin. It is so that Ser Jhon Selbey hathe byn longe sike, and is so styll—beinge so dangerusley sike as he cane hardley scape aney tyme—all his frendes her lokinge everey daye and hower for the same. Wherof I thoughte godd to sertefey youer honer, and witheall to put youer lordshipe in rememberans that I have byn hear nowe allmost iij yeares, wherbey I have lost my fortewenes that myghte have happend me ther. I have gotten nothinge hear but her Majesties bare fee, wiche dothe hardley feynd my howes withe all that I reseve out of the southe; beseydes I have noe plase of sertentey hear but under my lord, from wiche I maye be as well taken to morowe next as I have byn from the captyenshipe of Norhame—wiche I understand Ser Robert Carey hathe gotten bothe from the Queen and my lord my father—so as when so ever I shall retorne from hens, I maye goe in fare worse estat then I came hether, for that I have soweld sume thinges wiche I had ther to mayentyen myselfe in her Majesties servis hear." So if it please you to move her Majesty for the office of "gentyllman portershipe when he shall dey," I shall find the continuance of your favour, for I find my father is determined to place my brother Sir Robert as strongly as he can in the country, and I shall ask you to place me in the town. I leave it to your honour's pleasure; others may allege I cannot have so many offices, but your lordship knows I am not marshal, as perhaps will be alleged, being only my lord's deputy and "maye quickeley be caled," yet Sir Valentyne Browne had all the offices in the town in his hands "att ons." But if through your honour I get this office, I will promise whenever it pleases her Majesty to make me "absoleuteley marshall," your honour shall nominate whom you please to the other office. It has always been served by a deputy, for Sir John never comes here. I beg your lordship either to burn this letter or conceal it from my father, who I know will be a suitor for Sir Robert Carey, as will my lord of Essex and many more.

I must also ask your honour to send some victuals hither "out of hand," or we shall keep but a sorry Christmas if our wants are not relieved.

"Scotland bredes no occasion of advertissment," and is quiet, save that Maxwell's company and Johnston's have met, and the Johnstons have slain many of Maxwell's men. The King has made the Queen and the Earl of Mar friends since the Chancellor's death. The Convention is continued till the 24th instant. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

2 pp. Holograph. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed.

158. Sir John Selby, &c., to Sir Robert Cecil. [Nov. 10.]

Understanding by Captain Selby of your earnest soliciting her Majesty for the balance of our two years' pay, which bath done "wonderfull muche good" to all in this town and country, we acknowledge ourselves most bound to your honour. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Selbye, Wyllyam Reed, Will'm Selby, Robart Carvill, Antonye Tompson, John Twyford.

1 p. Addressed: "To . . . Sir Robart Cissill knight and one of her Majesteis most honorable pryvye counsell." Indorsed. Wafer signet: a shield barry.

159. Sir John Forster to Sir Robert Cecil. [Nov. 10.]

I have received your letter on behalf of Lord Eure, wherein it appears that some "senister" informations have been shown to your honour against me; the contrary of which I will "justifie" whoever the informers be. I have done as much to keep order since I have not been warden as ever I did before, for "the mutinie of the chaunge of wardenns" has encouraged disorder,—not open forays, but stealing "as was and ever will be." Tindale and Redesdale I shall deliver in as good obedience as ever they were to any warden,—and I have kept two days of truce since the bruit of Lord Eure's wardenry, and done full justice.

For your writing that Lord Eure cannot enter on office for want of a house, I was minded to have gone to my house at Hexham myself, but on her Majesty's letters I have let his lordship have it with "beddinge" and all other necessaries for his use, so he need not stay on that account. My Lord President also wrote to me to have extraordinary care in Lord Eure's absence, the copy whereof I inclose herein, and shall do my best endeavour therein.

For Harbottle castle, it is allowance to me of 50 marks of my fee and is in charge of my son,—who has nothing to keep his house and family but that only, having a great houshold "and chardge of childrenn," and spends that, and as much more, in keeping his house. And the keeper of Redesdale has always had the demayne for his own provision. Yet as you wish my lord may have corn and hay by the Queen's price, and the demayne is near Harbottle castle, if my son may have one "bowle" at Alnwick for another at Harbottle, he is willing to pleasure his lordship therein. From my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

pp. Addressed: "To . . . Sir Robert Cyscell knighte principall secretarie to her Majestie," &c. Indorsed. Forster's armorial wafer signet.

160. John Carey to Burghley. [Nov. 11.]

The bearer Captain Selby, having finished so much of the "remayne" of the two years' pay as was given him in a book made by Mr Comptroller and Master Shepperson, by your honour's instructions, has desired my leave to repair to London to take out his "bandes" and make up his accounts in Exchequer; which I have given him, and also refer him to your favour for his long service, in case he desire the same. Berwick.

(fn. 1) I beseech you to conceal my late letter, or it may breed me great displeasure. If I get the office, I would gladly have it come as a special favour of her Majesty's and your honour. It would cause my friends to think better of me if she graced me so much. "If it ples youer honer not to thinke that plase fitt for me, then doe I humbeley beseche youer honer that it will pleas youer honer in consitherasion that at my ferste comminge hether I soweld a ward wiche my lord my father had geven me for on of my dafters, to bestowe uppon me Master Rafe Grayes sune, himselfe beinge as I hear verey sike and not likely to live longe: and I have a dafter that is nowe mareygeabell and I have no money to bestowe her withe all, and her husband that shold a byn, I sold at my ferste comminge hether." Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed: " . . . by Mr Wm Selby." Swan wafer signet.

161. Sir William Reade to Burghley. [Nov. 12.]

I am appointed by my lord governor to go to the West Borders with my company, which I am ready to do. All that I have to live upon being from her Majesty by your honour's means, so I am bound to serve her where ever appointed. "I have had great commandement in the feild, and bene governor of townes, and have had men of good callinge and leiveinge under my chardge and commandement, and ame nowe to goe into the feilde with one hundreth men. I take it me lorde meneathe it for my good, yett I may dowte thereof, for if ther were ether credite or commoditie, it is like he wold rather have prefered his sonne, who haithe never bene in the feild as captaine, yett he is here a captaine of cth men that was Captaine Brickwells, who haithe not bene xij miles oute of this towne these twenty and fower yeares."

Sir John Selby, long a faithful servant to her Majesty, is very sick and not like to live long. Knowing the sufficiency of this gentleman Captain William Selby his brother, for the place of gentleman porter, which his said brother, father, and uncle have supplied these many years, though he has deserved much better, yet that place would better content him than any other of double commodity: I cannot choose but commend him therefor, having been often an eye witness of his services in all places where I have myself been these 40 years in England, Scotland, France, Ireland, and the Low Countries, where he has exercised places of good credit, as Sir William Drewrie would if he were living, testify. And no man in these Marches, his brother excepted, has such judgement in the laws of the Borders. Knowing your honour has always preferred such men, emboldens me to trouble you. Berwick. Signed: Wyllyam Reed.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet, with a star between two water bottles (?), and letters "I. R."

162. Sir William Bowes to Burghley. [Nov. 17.]

"Finding a good preparative made by my kind frends, I have addressed my suite for mariage unto Mrs Foljamb: to the entry whereof, having bestowed such few daies, as the Lord President and Lord Ewrie, by their greater occasions, deferred my servise in Northumberland, I find the hope of good success worthy commendinge to the blessing of God, seasonable prosecuting, and good meanes." Yet as in duty bound, preferring her Majesty's service "before mine owne particular," I am now on my way to Alnwick as directed, to attend on their lordships at Newcastle on the 25th, whence you shall hear farther. "My humble suite unto your lordship is . . . to beseech your lordships honourable commendation of mee and myne aforesayd suite, unto Mr William Wray sometime your lordships servant, and brother to the gentlewoman: whose good perswasion, by your lordships goodnes to be induced, might further my success."

As I conceived by your lordship's speech, her Majesty purposed to employ another in Bewcastle—if she by your means please "to grace mee with this note of hir favour" by placing me there, I persuade myself that this bettering my estate, with the good opinion of the lord wardens in the West and Middle Marches, the place so suitable to procure concurrency in their services, and my experience profiting them both, might produce effects to her Majesty's liking, and the benefit of both countries. Which I wholly refer to your lordship's judgment. York. Signed: Will'm Bowes.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "Sir William Bowes" . . . Wafer signet: a bundle of darts or arrows, in saltire.

163. Instructions by Huntingdon. [Nov. 17.]

Instructions to Sir William Bowes and Sir Thomas Fairfax younger, knights, &c., for the service commanded them by the Queen's letters dated at Nonesuche 7 October 1595—given them 17th November 38 Elizabeth, by the Earl of Huntingdon her lieutenant and president of the Council in the North.

1-2. You shall repair to Sir John Forster's house at Alnwick on Saturday 22d instant or near that day—acquainting him with the occasion of your coming: requiring first to know the true estate of the Middle Marches, viz.:—

3. What is their strength in horse and foot furnished, to be set down in writing under the several divisions, lordships, &c.?

4. What decays of tenantcies have been caused since he became warden (1) by the Scots and (2) by the landlords?

5. You shall inquire of him the bounds of his March towards the East and West and Scotland, and if the Scots "use sheldinge and other depasturinge" upon the English ground or waste?

6-7. What spoils by them since the 10th year of the Queen's reign are still unredressed, and the causes why not?

8. What Scottish bills remain unsatisfied (to his knowledge)?

9. What Scots or English men he has under band for March affairs?

10. What assurances or combinations there are between the English and Scots—especially men of name—with the names "on both pactes"?

11. To prepare all records, treaties, books of precedents incident to his office, and deliver them with all bills, by indent to Lord Eure.

12. What murders by Scots and what redress therefor?

13. What March treasons within the last 3 years, and the names of English fugitives and outlaws?

14. What are the greatest evils he has noted in his long experience as causes of disorders, and his judgment on their reform?

Lastly—He shall set down in writing his answer to each several article and that as soon as may be. H. Huntingdon. "Concordat cum originali." Signed: Jo. Ferne.

2 pp. Indorsed (as title).

164. Eure to Burghley. [Nov. 18.]

"I am bould to troble your lordship at this tyme, signefyinge . . . my fynall determinacion to proceed in my journay towardes the north some day this next weeke." My stay will not be fitted for service as my state requires, for as yet Sir John Foster has denied me the gracious demand her Majesty was pleased to make by her Council's letter. How he will be better affected hereafter you shall hear from the Commissioners, who intend to be at Alnwick to receive the rolls, &c., on the 22d instant.

The combination of the Scots thieves and the Northumberland gentlemen increases. The two principal gentlemen of worth in the country being with me, to whom I imparted how hateful it was to her Majesty that her subjects should make such unlawful compacts for their private safety, and refuse the open course of justice for redress: yet notwithstanding Mr Henry Wodrington and Mr William Fenwick have of late entered assurance with "the Bornes lord Sesforth men, and Armestronges 'Bangtailes' freindes." Since then the Bornes have twice come into Harbottel and broken the houses of two of the Queen's tenants there, and driven 30 of their kye and oxen.

The opposite warden and other lairds have mustered a far greater and better appointed force than any I can find here: you shall have ere long further report by the muster masters. By the advice of the "conningest bortherers," the only means for resistance is a reasonable force of horsemen. I would beseech your lordship to vouchsafe the hearing of some skilful in the borders, and ancient servitors there, for their opinion. Ingleby. Signed: Ra. Eure.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

165. John Carey to Burghley. [Nov. 20.]

"This nighte verey lat I did hear that Ser Jhon Selbey ether was allredey ded, or that he could not longe continewe—for I understand that he hathe dun nothinge elles but slepe continewealey thes ij dayes, and that speake ether he cane not or will not, but onley holdethe upe his hand insted of speche. His frendes ar all gone to him and kepe it verey close, but shewer he cane not scape paste ij or iij dayes, for his vesitsianes thinke be will goe awaye slepinge." I have written to my father of his sickness, for in case he died, the Scots would take advantage of "the present vacansey," but I shall have a care to keep order, "as God shall geve me grase."

If it please your honour to think it fit for me by her Majesty's favour, I shall be highly bound for your favour, but refer it to your consideration. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

166. T[homas] Jackson to Burghley. [Nov. 21.]

Presuming "to challendge that favour which yt pleased your honour to commaund me, at the counsell table when I was discharged of my companye . . . being retyred hyther to Barwycke, with promyse frome my lord chamberleine to be preferred to some place as yt should happen, I have therfore . . . humblye to request your honoures favorable furtherance, and some charitable remembrance of me, that among such places as now are to be disposed of in Barwyck, I may not be forgotten: being at this present theare resydent without any interteinment." I hear that my lord is determined to place Sir Robert Carey porter, or as more fitly termed sergeant major of Berwick now vacant by Sir John Selby's death: it is needless and bootless for me to attempt, or as much as think of it. Yet if by your motion to my lord, who wishes and desires my preferment, though I must have nothing that his sons "looke after," and seeing the miserable state of the town, and that it is contrary to the establishment for one man to hold many offices, and your honour knows how many offices these two brothers shall have "if they so share them": I have presumed to entreat your honour to move my lord for one of these places—or for the foot company of 100 men which Mr John Carey has to maintain his table till such time as the office of marshalship shall be disposed of. "Yt is the meanest, and therfore moste fyttest for me, yf they wyll departe with anye": and the lord chamberlain promised it me when the marshal's place is disposed of. I would not be "combersome" to your honour, and refer it to your consideration. Berwick. Signed: T. Jackson.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "Capt. Jackson to my lord." Wafer signet indistinct.

167. John Carey to Burghley. [Nov. 21.]

"This Fridaye morninge abowt two a clock Sir John Selby departed owt of this world, who (I hope) God hath called to his mercye." I sent letters to all the towns and gentlemen in the wardenry, to appoint good watches and stand on guard till farther direction from your honors—and sent for the gentlemen to meet on Monday next to consider if they need help from the garrison, which I will send if they require.

We are still in very great distress for victuals, having not received "any whitt at all" since my last certificate. So we are likely to be in such want as Berwick never was before: for we hear of nothing coming, and when it comes, "I feare the weather wilbe very dangerous for the same." And we look for no help in the country, for the "yll weather" has destroyed all the corn this year. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

168. Musters of the Middle Marches. [Nov. 24.]

Abstract of the three musters taken for the Middle Marches in Northumberland 24th November 1595.

At Clifton,Field.—Commissioners.—Henry Woddrington for Northumberland, Thomas Westropp for Yorkshire, Anthony Hutton for the Bishopric.

The Wards. Light horse furnished. Horses for petronels with coats of plate, steel cap, spear, sword and dagger, wanting petronels. Defects of horse and armour.
Castle ward, 5 12 81
Morpeth ward, 14 18 283
Total, 19 30 364

At Staggshaw bank.—Commissioners.—Richard Goodricke for Yorkshire, William Fenwicke for Northumberland, John Fetherstonhaugh for the Bishopric.

Seignories and Wards. Light horse furnished and allowed. Horses disallowed. Absent. Armour.
Barony of Langley, 5 50 4 Mr Goodrick saith that all those viewed were generally well armed with furniture [as] light horse, and very few defects in armour. And where the horses [were] defective, they took no note of them by [reason] they had no such instruction, but only for light horse.
Bywell and Bulbeck, 2 74 83
East Allandale and forest of Allandale, 0 27 20
Hexhamshire, 2 12 81
North Tynedale, 21 61 0
South Tynedale, 7 46 2
Total, 37 270 190

At Abberwick edge.—Commissioners.—Francis Slingesbie for Yorkshire, Henry Anderson for the Bishopric, Nicholas Forster for Northumberland.

The Wards. Light horses furnished with spear, &c. Horses furnished with petronels. Horses disallowed. Armour allowed.
Cookdale ward and Ridsdale, 80 8 169 Spears, 200
Petronels, 20
Bows, 6
Lancestaves, and furniture for footmen, 4

Sum total of the three musters.

Light horses allowed, 136; horses with petronells, 8; horses disallowed and "defecte" by absence, 993.

"Besides the non-appearance of divers gentlemen and ther tenantes and the lordshipps of Pruddoe and Newburne belonging to thEarle of Northumberland, as appearith in thend of the muster booke of Stageshaw bancke." Signed: Jo. Ferne. Marginal notes by Burghley that in 1593 the light horse in the three musters were 920, "now but 136." Also pedigree showing the intermarriages between the Carnabys, Ogles. Woodringtons, Musgraves, and Lawsons, and connerion of Sir John Forster with the Greys of Chillingham, Herous, &c.

pp. Indorsed (as title).

169. Muster of Cookedale and Ryddesdaile. [Nov. 24.]

General view and muster of the light horsemen in Cookedaile ward and Ryddesdaile in the Middle Marches of England in the county of Northumberland, taken at Abberwick edge by Francis Slingsby, Henry Anderson and Nicholas Forster esquires, commissioners, on 24 November 38 Eliz., and certificate of the stature colour and pace of horses allowed, and the defects of armour and horses.

"Note.—That sp. in the 2 columbe signifieth speare; p. or pet. noteth petronells; b. for bowes; lane. for lance staves; and d. for defectes." (fn. 2)

Warkworth Lordship:—

Aklington.—Jo. Robinson, William Robinson, Jo. Anderson, Robert James, Jo. Clay, Jo. Lawson, and Tho. Robinson, sp. f. d.; (fn. 3) Jo. Righ, pet. f. d.; Tho. Anderson, Rob. Robinson, and Tho. Wrighte, sp. f. d.

Birlinge.—George Wharier, Tho. Davy, Edw. Robinson, Jo. Barde, Jo. Wharier, and Christofer Elder, sp. f. d.; Cuth. Arnold, bo. f. d.

Guisonns.—George Mylner, pet. f. d.; Henry Gray, bo. f. d.; Regnald Thompson, sp. f. d.; Jo. Reede and Cuth. Dickenson, d.

Dogsdon.—Jo. Turner, George Barde, George Horsley, Jo. Burnwell, Jo. Wharryer, Edw. Broughill and Roger Taler, sp. f. d.

Thirston.—George Reede, William Day, Robte Richeson, Rich. Richeson, Tho. Tyndell, Robt. Shilverton, and Robt. Smyth, sp. f. d.; Tho. Pott, pet. f. "glead hewde" tr. gelding of 16 hands.

Overbuston.—Robte Wilson senior, sp. f. d.; Rob. Wilson junior and Rich. Mylborne, bo. f. d.; Jo. Wilson, pet. f. d.; Jo. Browell and Jo. Byard, bo. f. d.

Shilbottle.—Jo. Wardell and Edm. Horne, sp. f. d.; Jo. Gibson, pet. f. d.; Jo. Embleton, d.; Christofer Leachinan, sp. f. d.; Tho. Lysle, pet. f. d.; William Moydy, d.; Jo. Cirspe and Charles Stampe, sp. f. d.; Jo. Johnson, pet. f. d.; Tho. Stampe, sp. f. d.

Summary.—Spears furnished 37; petronels 8; defects of armour 4; bows furnished 6, in all, 55. Horses 1; defects of horse 54.

Alnam.—Edm. Hunteley, Peter Rochester, and Tho. Howye, d. d.; Tho. Clennell, pet. f. bay tr. gelding, 14 hands; Jo. Awder, sp. f. white tr. horse, 16 hands; Rich. Hearon, d. d.; Tho Davison, sp. f. d.

Bewick.—The Queen's tenants:—Gawen Collingwood, pet. sp. f. dark grey gelding 16 hands; Alexander Simpson, sp. f. d.; Roger Collingwood, d.; Robto. Hebburne, sp. f. dark gray tr. horse, 15 hands; Ra. Reveley, sp. f. d.; Jasper Fawdon, sp. f. bay tr. gelding, 15 hands; Anthony Shotton, John Gibson and Henry Tyndaile, sp. f. d.; Steven Simpson, sp. f. black tr. "meare," 14 hands; Alexander Simpson, Ra. Tyndaill and Robte. Temple, sp. f. d.

New Bewick.—Jo. Rosdon junior, d. d.; Jo. Rosdon senior, Ra. Rosdon, Mychaell Rosdon, and Christofer Story, sp. f. d.

Wapperdon.—Cuth. Allenson, sp. f. bay tr. "meare" 15 hands; Edw. Story, sp. f. d.; Henry Temple, sp. f. gray tr. "meare," 14 hands; Ra. Gray, sp. f. d.

East Lilborne.—Ra. Burrell, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; Jo. Tughill, d. d.; Robt. Newton, Symon Bowland, Jo. Edmonson and Henry Allatson, sp. f. d.

Eglingham.—William Hunte, d. d.; Rich. Softeley, sp. f. d.; John Allanson, d. d.; Oliver Mowe, sp. f. d.; Andrew Huntridg, la. f. d.; Marke Softeley, d. d.; Christofer Ogle, sp. f. bay tr. gelding, 15 hands; Oliver Nicholson, la. f. d.; Tho. Elderton, and Jo. Clarkson, d. d.; Tho. Snawdon, pet. f. d.

Rothbury.—William, Leonerd, and Umphrey Hunters, sp. f. d.

South Middleton.—Mr Ra. Graye tenants:—John Hudson senior, Henry Humble and George Browne, sp. f. d.; Thomas Hudson, sp. f. bay tr. mare with a star, 15 hands; Henry Atkinson and Hob. Hudson, sp. f. d.; Edw. Hudson, sp. f. dun "sanded" tr. gelding, 14 hands; Robt. Hudson, sp. f., white tr. gelding, 15 hands; Edm. Hudson and John Hudson junior, sp. f. d.

Summary—Spears furnished 43, petronells 3, lance staves 2, defects of armour 13—60 persons, armours 61; horses 13, defects of horse 47.

North Middleton.—Oswold Humble, sp. f. d.; Tho. Tughill, d. d.; William Wallace, Edw. Turner, William Hewett, James Dun, Jo. Watson, and Tho. Hewett, sp. f. d.

Elderton.—Tenants to Mr Jo. Elderton:—Tho. Elderton, sp. f. bay tr. gelding, 15 hands; Jo. Smyth and Jo. Moryson, d. d.

Bosdon.—Hector Story, d. d.; Jo. Story, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 15 hands; William, Tho., Jo., Robt. and Mych. Storys, sp. f. d.

Felton.—Mr Lysles tenants:—Lanc. Lysley, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 15 hands; Jo. Robson, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 14 hands; Ra. Carr, sp. f. dark gray tr. gelding, 15 hands; Jo. Mylnes, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 14 hands; Lanc. Turner, sp. f. d.; Jo. Graye, sp. f. "grisled" tr. gelding, 15 hands; Raph Dode, pet. f. d.: John Lisle, sp. f. gray gelding, 14 hands.

Lamadon.—Mr Roger Conier's tenants:—George Bydnell, sp. f. a black tr. horse, 16 hands; Hen. Bootyman, Rich. Mylne, Jo. Mylne senior, Ra. Renison, Rich. Dichborne, William Lighton, and Jo. Mylne junior, sp. f. d.; William Potter, sp. f. "dunn" tr. gelding, 16 hands; James Younge, pet. f. dark gray tr. horse, 15 hands.

Rydesdell.—Lyell Robson, sp. f. "sorell" tr. mare, 16 hands; William Hall, sp. f., gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; Jasper Hall, sp. f. black tr. horse with white face, 16 hands; Ra. Hall, sp. f., gray tr. horse, 15 hands; Tho. Hall, sp. f. black tr. gelding, 16 hands; Sander Hall, sp. f. black tr. gelding, 14 hands; Edw. Hall, sp. f. brown tr. bay, 15 hands; Roger Hall, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; William, John, and Thomas Halls, sp. f. 3 black tr. geldings, 15 hands; Mych. Hall, sp. f., "grisled" tr. gelding, 15 hands; Ra. Reede, sp. f. white tr. gelding, 15 hands; Arche Reede, sp. f. brown tr. horse with white face, 15 hands; Tho. Reede, sp. f. gray tr. horse, 15 hands; Tho. Hedlie, sp. f. dark gray tr. horse, 16 hands; Arche Browne, sp. f. white tr. gelding, 15 hands; Jo. Forster, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 14 hands; Arche Forster, sp. f. d.; Alexander Rotherforde, sp. f. bay tr. gelding with a "starr," 16 hands; Percyvell Pott, sp. f. dark gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; Robte. Wann, d. d.; John Hall, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 15 hands; William Hall, sp. f. "sorell" tr. horse, 15 hands.

Summary—Spears 53, petronells 2, defects 5,—60. Able horses 33, defects of horse 27.

Robte. Elsdon, sp. f. "daple" gray tr. horse, 16 hands; Bartram Hall, sp. f. dark gray tr. horse, 16 hands; Jasper Pott, pet. f. black tr. gelding, 14 hands; Mych. Pott, sp. f. bay tr. gelding, 16 hands; George Pott, sp. f. black horse, 16 hands.

"Of the Tenn Townes."

Clennell.—Robt. Clennell, pet. f. bay tr. mare, 16 hands; Mychaell Clennell, pet. f. gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; Jo. Robson, sp. f. gray tr. geld ing, 14 hands.

Bittlesdon.—Robt. Turner, and George Shankes, sp. f. 2 gray tr. geldings, 15 and 14 hands.

Netherton.—Cuth. Collingwood, sp. f., black tr. horse, 14 hands; Rich. Turner, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 14 hands; Wm. Buddle, sp. f. gray tr. mare, 14 hands; Jo. Bolam, sp. f. d.; James Bolam, sp. f. gray gelding, 14 hands.

Boroden.—"Defect of appearance."

Allerdon.—Cuth. Browne, sp. f. d.

Sharperdon.—"Defect of appearance."

Alnwyck Lordship.—My lord of Northumberland's tenants:—

Bilton.—Rich. Weddowes, sp. f. gray "stond" horse, 16 hands; Jo. Slegge, and Edw. Anderson, sp. f. d.; Jo. Hepple, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 14 hands; Edw. Hepple, sp. f. d.; Tho. Hepple, pet. f. d.; Jo. Forster, sp. f. d.; Edw. Wilson and Christofer Branxton, d. d.; Jo. Stampe, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 14 hands; Tho. Dande senior, d. d.; Tho. Alnwicke, Tho. Dande junior, and Jo. Rotherford, sp. f. d.

Alnwick.—George Fenwick, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; George Saughill, pet. f. bay tr. gelding, 15 hands; Jo. Harbottle, sp. f. "white graye" horse, 14 hands; Jo. Metcalf, pet. f., gray tr. mare, 14 hands.

Rugley.—Jo. Saughill, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 15 hands; Edm. Stanton and Jo. Kyllingwood, sp. f. d.; He. Dobson, lanc. f. d.

Beneley.—William Storye, sp. f. bay tr. gelding, 15 hands; Henry Rotherforth, pet. f. "black baye" horse, 16 hands; George Shelle, d. d.; Tho. Trotter, sp. f. d.; Robte. Story and Cuth. Johnson, d. d.

Eslington.—Sir Cuthbert Collingwood's tenants:—Edw. Collengwood, sp. f. dark gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; Geffrey Hallyday, sp. f. "white graye" tr. horse, 17 hands; Jo. Earsdon and James Moody, sp. f. d.; William Smythe, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 15 hands; Jo. Hudson, sp. f. "bey" tr. gelding, 14 hands; Jo. Shotton, sp. f. black tr. gelding, 14 hands; Cuth. Moffitt, sp. f. gray tr. "nagge," 14 hands.

Summary—Spears, 38; petronels, 7; lance staff, 1; defects, 6; in all 52. Horse, 30; defects of horse 22.

Edlingham.—William Errington, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 15 hands; Alexr. Myers, sp. f. gray tr. gelding, 16 hands; Robte. Davison, sp. f. black tr. bay, 15 hands.

Boulton.—James Jackson, Tho. Gibson senior, Tho. Gibson junior, Jo. Huntrodes, and William Lucky, sp. f. d.; Christofer Crissope, lanc. f. d.

Whittingham.—Thomas Pigdon, Quintyne Peareth, Jo. Nycholson, Jo. Pigdon, Robte. Rochester, Jo. Browne, Bartram Armstrong, Ja. Hudson, and Edw. Earsdon, sp. f. d.; Jo. Ditchborne, sp. f. black tr. horse, "with a starr," 16 hands; Jo. Jackson, sp. f. d.

Throuton.—Henry Smythe, sp. f. bay tr. mare with white "rache," 14 hands; Jo. Hudson, sp. f. sorell tr. gelding, 14 hands.

Branton.—Cuth. Collingwood, sp. f., sorell tr. horse with a "rache," 16 hands; Tho. Anderson, sp. f. black gelding, 15 hands; Robte. Harrygate (2), sp. f. d.; John Crispe, sp. f., "mouse cullour" gelding, 14 hands; Jo. Harrygate, sp. f., "bright bay" gelding, 14 hands; Jo. Crispe, sp. f., bay mare with a white "rache," 15 hands; Peter Whittingham, sp. f. d.

Summary—Spears 29, lance staff 1, in all 30. Horse 11; defects of horse 19.

General Summary—Spears 200; petronels, 20; bows, 6, defects of armour, 28, lance staves, 4; "toto," 258: "one weapon more than men."

Total of the men viewed, 257; whereof allowed for light horses 88; horses disallowed 169,—257 "ut supra." Of which 88 light horses, there are nags of 14 hands high, 27; nags of 15 hands, 33; mares 10,—70; geldings of 16 hands, 17, and of 17 hands, 1,—18. Total 88. F. Slyngisbe, H. Anderson, Nichs. Forster. (fn. 4)

"Vera copia." Signed: Humfrey Purefey, J. Stanhope, Charles Hales, Jo. Ferne.

10 pp. In several hands. Indorsed (as title): also by Burghley.

On a flyleaf is the following memorandum:

"30 Dec. 1595.—Mr Slingesbye uppon conference with him the day aforesaid doth explain the muster bookes of Cookedall ward and Riddesdall as a parcell thereof in manner and form followinge.

Imprimis—that whereas 'pett' or 'p' is sett for petronells, the soldior had his petronell pece, his coate of plaite, his skull, sworde, and dagger, and noe more armour.

Item—thos wich are noated lance staves, are onelye footemens staves, . . . whoe had allsoe coates of plate, sculls, swordes and dagger.

Item—whereas theare is noated: x: townes, and but fyve appeared, thother v made defalte. They are all espetially attendant to the castle of Harbotle, for any service belonginge to the said castle.

Item—the first 'd' in the columbe for armour, doth signifie noe armour.

Item—the second 'd' sett after the horses, signifieth theare was noe horses worthie to be allowed for service." Signed: Fra. Slingesby.

170. Muster of Castle and Morpeth Wards. [Nov. 24.]

View and muster of the horsemen within the Castle ward and Morpeth ward of the Middle Marches taken at Clifton field 24 Nov. 38 Eliz. by Henry Woodrington, Thomas Westropp and Anthony Hutton esquires, with note of able and furnished men and defects.

Castle Ward:—

Seaton Dalavell.—Thomas Dalavell; bay horse white "snipp," light horse furnished; George Hearon servant to Ro. Dalavell, p. f. (fn. 5), a bay mare, d.; Edward Dalavell servant to Ro. Dalavell, p. f., gray nag, d.; Thomas Patterson, p. f., bay nag, d.; John Warde, p. f., gray nag, d.

Horton.—Rowland Shaftoo, p. f., gray nag, d.; James Lawson, p. f., "grissalt nagg," d.; Randall Fenwicke, p. f., gray horse, fit.

Seaton Dalavell.—Anthony Dalavell, p. f., a gray mare, d.

Cramlington.—John Stranguishe, p. f., a gray nag, d.; Robte. Lawson, f., a black horse, fit.

Prestwicke.—Edward Charleton, p. f., "sorred" nag, d.

Sighell.—James Clarke, f., a gray horse, fit; Parsavell Matland, p. f., a bay nag, d.

Penton.—Anthony Errington, f., black horse white star, fit; Arthur and Roger Erringtons, p. f., bay nags, d.

Morpeth Ward:—

Haxley.—Robte. Woodrington, f., bay horse 2 white feet, fit.

Ogle.—Laurence Rushforthe, f., black horse white star, fit; Henry Patterson, p. f., a black nag, d.

Saltwicke.—Henry Mylborne, f., a gray horse, fit; Cudberte Ogle, f., a gray horse, fit.

Witton upon the water.—Nicholas Thornton, p. f., a dark gray nag, d.; James Thornton, p. f., a gray nag, d.; Henry Thornton, p. f., a gray mare, d.

Wodrington.—John Hamlin, p. f., a gray nag, d.

Dreridge.—Robte. Womppray, p. f., a gray nag, d.

Ellington.—James Smyth, p. f., a gray mare, d.

Newbigin.—Christofer Patterson, p. f., a gray mare, d.

Angerton.—Anthony Fenwicke, p. f., a bay nag, d.

Ponteland.—Marke Errington, f., a gray horse, fit.

Chevington.—Roger Brothericke, p. f., a gray mare, d.; Marke Headley, p. f., a gray nag, d.

Heggesworth.—William Clarke, f., a bay horse, fit.

Darrishall.—Gawin Ogle, p. f., a gray nag, d.; Lanclot Ogle, f., a bay horse, fit.

Langhirst.—Robte. Straker, p. f., a gray mare, d.

Fricklington.—Matthew Cockson, p. f., a gray nag, d.; Martin Ogle, f., a gray horse, fit.

Conygarth.—Thomas Genniges, p. f., a black mare, d.

Olde Moore.—Christofer Wilson, p. f., a brown mare, d.

Byrkley.—Marke Ogle, f., a gray horse, fit; Michaell Ogle, f., a "frayned" horse, fit; Robte. Ogle, p. f., a black nag, d.

Meldon.—Roger Hearon, f., a "sored" horse, fit.

Riplington.—Alexander Hearon, f., a white horse, fit.

Blaikdon.—William Fenwicke, f., a gray horse, fit.

Rotheley.—Michaell Fenwicke, f., a bay horse, fit; Lamwell Fenwicke, p. f., a gray nag, d.

Summary.—"Light horsemen ably furnished" in the two wards 19; "able horse and men for petronells" in same wards, "furnished with jackes and wanting all petronells is 30." Signed: Anthony Hutton.

A particular note of all the defects at the above view by the three commissioners before named:—

Morpeth Ward.—Defective men:—

Peggesworth.—William Clarke, and 8 others.

Langhirste.—Garrard Thornton, and 10 others.

Olde Moore.—John Geven, and 10 others.

Hebborne.—James Ogle, Roger Pye, and 5 others.

Fenrother.—Richard Dawson, and 14 others.

Earsdon.—William Albone, Window Banton, and 12 others.

Ellington.—Robte. Myllen, Wm. Trumble, Wm Skipsey, and 15 others.

Ogle.—Henry Milburne, John Satan, William Spraggon, and 16 others.

Kirkley.—Anthony Willy, Tho. Ellyson, and 11 others.

Throple.—Tho. Atkinson, Raphe Pott, and 10 others.

Newton Underwood.—Tho. Albone, and 9 others.

Sturton Grainge.—William Watson, and 7 others, horsemen

Old Failton.—Robert Carr.

Ougham.—Anthony Rumney, and seventeen others.

Angerton.—Wm. Stamper, Wm. Hindmars, and forty-four others.

West Chevington.—Robte. Walls, Wm. Bairde, Marke Sotherne, and six others.

Woodhorne.—George Birletson, and fourteen others.

Demeane of Woodhorne.—Ephrame Woodrington, and 5 others.

Witton upon the water.—George Thornton, John Josey, and 5 others.

Woodrington and Dredridge.—Robte. Trumble, John Craster, John Chater, and seventeen others.

Haxley.—Roger Carr, Roger Bairde, and 19 others.

Mitforthe.—Robte. Mitforthe, and 2 others.

"Some of the horses disabled in Morpeth warde, 283."

Castle Ward:—

Whalton.—Tho. Readhead, Launce Toone, Launce Megetson, and 16 others.

Barricke of the hill.—Thomas Anderson, Tho. Peareth, Anthony Rye, and 10 others.

Little Cullerton.—John Pye, and four others.

Edington.—Edw. Graye.

"Whitley in Tynmothshier."—Richard Hodgson, Robte. Dowe, and 3 others.

[ ].—Robte. Mylls, Thomas Pryor, and 7 others.

Preston.—Thomas Bell, Tho. Otewaye, Margrit Cowherd, and 2 others.

Chirton.—Gerrard Bailiffe, Margrit Cowherd, and 2 others.

Earsdon.—John Gofton, Widow Arkle, Widow Cutter, and 5 others.

Morton.—Geo. Dinon, Widow Hall, and 2 others.

Meldon.—Alexander Hearon, and another.

Presticke.—Steven Gibson, John Wanhopp, and 3 others.

"Summ of disallowed horses at the view taken for Castle warde at Clifton feilde" as above, 81.

Sum total of all the disallowed horses for both wards, 364. Henry Wooddrington, Tho. Westropp, Antho. Hutton. In one handwriting.

"Vera copia." Signed: Humfrey Purefey, E. Stanhope, Charles Hales, Jo. Ferne.

On flyleaf is the following:

Notes taken 29th December 1595 on conference with "Mr. Captaine Westropp" on the musters of these wards where he had charge.

First—His lordship's direction to him and his fellow commissioners, was to view all the horses there, and certify those fit and furnished for light horse—and if they would only serve for a petronell, to set them down with the defect.

"Which defectes, whersoever they found the lacke of a petronell, they lacked also a paire of curates, and a caske for his head, the usuall furnyture for the same. Note also wher yt was sett 'ja.' (for a jacke), the same should have bene 'co.,' for a cote of plate. . .

Item.—'f.' sheweth a full furnyture of a coote of plate, a steele capp, his sworde and dagger, and his speare or staff, but his horse not fytt for that purpose, where he ys noted 'petronell.'

Item.—a 'p.' is for a petronell."

The number of 201 other horses viewed in the defects, were such as brought horses, but unfit either as light horse or for petronells; the men had no spears and few of them either coats of plate or light horsemen's caps.

The countrymen at the musters told them they had no good horses, for the Scots spoil them continually of these "and other goodes." Signed: Thomas Westroppe.

8 pp. Indorsed (as title), and by Burghley: "29 Decemb. 1595, Castell ward, Morpeth ward,"

171. Sir William Bowes to Burghley. [Nov. 29. 1595.]

Mr Slingesby, Doctor Colmore, Mr Anderson and myself conferred at Alnwick with Sir John Foster, and have reported to the Lord Lieutenant here, his several answers to the instructions in writing,—we have also seen delivered by indenture between Sir John and Lord Eure, all the rolls still in force since the last treaty concluded by the Earl of Rutland—"the former bills as Sir John affirmeth, being cut of by the saide treaty." I have since been at Newcastle with the Lord Lieutenant, who has diligently examined the state of these Middle Marches, mustered the able horsemen, and conferred with the gentlemen to establish Lord Eure in his office. The report of these I leave to his lordship's letters, but pray your lordship's allowance, "yf in inward zeale of conscience, of faithfulnes to the Quenes service and in especiall dutie to youe, I deliver my conceipt in generall of the estate of this country.

True religion hath taken verie little place, not by the unwillingnes of the people to heare, but by want of meanes, scant three able preachers being to be found in the whole country. False and disloyall religion hath taken deipe roote, and that in the best howses, increasing daily by the nomber and diligence of the semynaries, with more libertie resorting hither, being driven from other places of both the realmes."

The usual course of justice has very small progress here, either sessions of peace, punishment of felons, &c., sheriffs' accounting, and the like—partly by the power of the warden "crossing" it, and partly by private men taking liberties and protecting "falters" to strengthen themselves. March justice is "clean out of joint"—the English spoil less and deliver more than the Scots, to our gradual weakening and their strengthening, under title of justice. They offer us law, but we cannot use it through their iniquity. They require us by the treaty, to prove bills by "avowrie" of a Scotsman, which being amongst them "a matter of deadly feede," we can only get but a few bills filed for lack of avowers. This gives rise to unlawful "complottes and combynacions" of the English with the Scots, to recover somewhat by private favour, when it cannot be got by public justice or reprisals, though the latter is warranted by our statute law on delay or denial of justice. This "inveterate evill," not remedied by sundry commissions, still proceeds—for the Scots refused (as Sir John Foster affirms) in the last treaty at Berwick, "to fyle or cleane uppon the wardens honour, being in dede the cheife meane hitherto agreed uppon, for us to avoide the afore recyted mischeife in avowrie." Their next plan is to answer us by "estoppell," making their bills of as great value as ours—which value is not from their actual loss, but under "the strict wordes of the treaty," which bind us to answer for the whole, though but a part be kept. "So as in the great emotions" in that realm, some of our people taking a trifling part of the spoil, "wee are burdened and billed for the whole, as in the great bill of Fawkland and suche like." But as the treaty of amity between the princes is rather contractus bonæ fidei than stricti juris, I think it should be so interpreted, that neither realm gain by the other's loss, and transgressors on either side be punished not protected—to the loss of true men. The opposite wardens and officers being always borderers bred and dwelling there, also cherish favourites and strengthen themselves by the worst disposed, to support their factions. And as they are often changed by the King for their misdemeanors, the new man always refuses to answer for attempts before his time. Cesford the warden cannot answer for the whole Middle March, "but must seeke" to Fernihirst for one part, and to Buccleuch for Liddesdale.

Execrable murders are constantly committed, whereof 4 new complaints were made to the lords in the few days they were here, and 3 others this month in "Athelstonmoore. The gentlemen of the Middle March here presently, "recount out of their memories near 200 Englishmen myserably murthered by the Scottes, since the tenth yeare of her Majesties reigne, for the which no redresse at all hath been made." As for the people, Scottish spoils, hard landlords, "the hand of God in death of cattell and dearth of corne," has so reduced this March, that of 1000 furnished horsemen certified in 1593, there are not in this last "more exact view," 100,—and so dispersed that it cannot be seen how to draw them together. And men of judgment say, that Liddesdale, East and West Teviotale are four fold stronger in horses. The gentlemen say "vehemently" they have lost near 20,000l. since her Majesty's 26th year. The people generally are discontented and dejected to see their enemy triumphing in their blood and enriched by their losses. The gentlemen are distracted, partly by their "displeasures, which these lordes have labored to compound," but mostly by their endeavours for private defence.

The contagion has touched that part of the bishopric adjoining Northumberland, "alonge the hyer partes of the rivers of Tease, Weare, and Darwent," and now instantly an honest neighbour one Simpson, is a prisoner in Liddesdale taken by the Ellottes out of his house near Durham, and held to ransom for 100l. Others in like case under bonds for ransom, extorted by torture. Sundry attempts also in Richmondshire made, and two wealthy men's houses near Richmond assaulted, 70 miles from the Border, and one of them spoiled. Though the lord lieutenant with great travail discovered this, and intends having redress, yet it is a disquiet and terror to the people.

The new lord warden is pressed with these difficulties—a strong enemy—a weak and distracted country—suspicion of privy practice to cross him—a year of scarcity—and a very unsafe place of abode, being on the high way of the worst disorders.

I have presumed to certify thus much to your lordship more tediously than I should: yet will be ready to do more particularly, if you direct me. Praying you to receive information from some other, equally heedful of truth—and in the meantime trusting you will cover my name from undeserved offence. I pray God to make you an instrument under our gracious sovereign, "to cure the aforesaide gangræne thus noysomly molesting the foote of this kingdome." Newcastle. Signed: Will'm Bowes.

3 pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Fragment of signet.

(2) A copy of same.

3 pp.

172. Scrope to Burghley. [Nov.]

In my lord chamberlain's pacquet I received a letter from you to myself, and another to Mr Ashton, which I have sent him. I remind you of the order in my father's later time here, for payment of the soldiers sent from Berwick—the treasurer there or the nearest receiver, either gave them a month's pay, or an imprest for conduct money to meet their charges and carriage of armour; and when here, Mr Clopton or Mr Ashton paid them monthly beforehand on your lordships' "joint warrant." As "the depe of wynter and most unquiet season is now come on us," and incursions nightly increasing, I know your lordship takes consideration, though by the inclosed copy letter, some think differently,—I therefore send it for you to digest and use according to your wisdom, so that I be not here after questioned for it by "his lordship." Signed: Th. Scroope.

I pray you for her Majesty's pleasure as to reprisals by us, failing redress.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "No. 1595, lord Scroope to my lord."


  • 1. Holograph from this point.
  • 2. This applies to the tabulated form of the original in six columns.
  • 3. "f." signifies furnished, "d." no horses, also unfurnished, "tr." trotting.
  • 4. In one hand.
  • 5. "p. f." signifies a petronel, coat of plate, steel cap, sword and dagger; "d." that the horse is unfit as a light horse.