Border Papers volume 2: April 1601

Pages 739-748

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1347. Scrope to R. Lowther. [April 2.]

"Cosen Lowther":—The Queen's pleasure is you shall be deputy warden of the March, and she has directed the Council warrant to be sent you, that I allow you 20 marks monthly and such use of the castle as you had in former time. I have written to Sir Thomas Shawe to pay you from time to time. The Queen is persuaded of your diligence and care and so am I. You are not unlike I think to keep that place "for all": for unless the Queen grants me it as I should have it, " I intende to comme downe noe more, but to staie in these partes." London. Tho. Scroope.

½ p. Contemporary hand. Addressed: "To my loving cossin and frind Richard Lowther, esquier. The copie of my lord wardons lettre: Indorsed.

1348. Sir R. Carey to Cecil. [April 4.]

Hearing from my brother, Sir John Carey, that the Scottish King has complained of Border wrongs: (1) the hunting, settled long since, and (2) Lord Scrope's hanging 2 Scotsmen taken in Scotland: these were proclaimed fugitives in Scotland as actors in Carmichael the warden's murder, and so by Border law rightly treated. The King, as Mr Nicolson tells me, approves Lord Scrope's action, though some about him urge him otherwise.

As they complain without cause, I send you these inclosed: as the King's officers cannot do justice, he warrants us her Majesty's offices to take revenge on either side of the Border, which should stop the ambassador's mouth. But it is a maxim with the Scots both to "bite and whine," and the only way to "trymme" them, is to hold them under: as I will do while I am here. Now I have the King's warrant, I will complain no more, but serve my own turn at fitting time. Desiring your honor to return it by your next. Woodrington. Signed: Ro. Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

Inclosed in the same:—

(The King of Scots' letter.)

Authorizing Sir Robert Carey to pursue with fire and sword such thieves and broken men as have committed outrages on the English borders, or any of the outlaws who murdered his late officer, and punish them at his own discretion. Has ordered his own officers to send Carey the names of such as they will not answer for, that he may proceed against them with surety and discretion. "Halyruidbous the last of Marche 1601."

1 p. In a Scottish hand. Indorsed: "Copie of the Kinges lettres to Sir Robert Cary and to the deputies on the West Marches." (Apparently rubbed out).—"To the Lard of Johnston and Goodman of Hayninge."

1349. Willoughby to Cecil. [April 6.]

By means of one Brearly, a merchant of this town, I hear divers English Jesuits are lately arrived in Scotland. " Amongst which ther is one Mr Robert Heskeith (second sonn to Sir Robert Heskeith of Lanchesier, who by the conference he hath with certein Scotish ministers, is reformed of his erronius opinion, and is desirous to be received to her Majesties mercy: promising further to put forth the rest of his assosiates." Having written to this effect to his father by said merchant, I inclose a copy of his letter, and desire to be instructed by you, what comfort I may give "this poor penitent," or otherwise. I have already written to Mr Nicolson to deal with the King for delivery of these Jesuits, Hesketh's companions, "under the treaty duodecimo, offensive and defensive" between the princes. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Small wax signet: gem.

Inclosed in the same:—

(1) (Hesketh to his father.)

"After long travellinge good loving father, this desiringe your blessinge . . . The cause of this my writinge unto yow is this: indeed I have bidden much trouble and sorowe, which is nothing to respect to have eternall comfort, but indeed I have bidden many troubles of mynd since I departed from yow, but now I am tourned and come to the Church: therfore good father, lett your penitent sonne crave so much favor of you to seeke all the meanes that may bo to seeke my peace: although I have bene willfull, and now I ame sory for the same. For I have tryed many people, but in truth there is none soe deceiptfull as we be, for I have talked with many of our contrye men, they professed great good will and when it came to the poynt of doinge, it was nothing but wordes of course: therfore I think best to trust noe body, for I see there is no truth but lytle now a dayes. You know the cause good lovinge father, that I went away: it was for my conscience that was the cause that I went over to Rome, then I was proclamed by many people that I went to be made a semynarie: it is not truth that they speake, for I am none, for I goe now unto the church I never did before, and doth obey the Queenes lawes in all causes that may be done. This is to lett you understand that I am dryven to great want at this instant, and is now in a strange place: God hath styrred frendes for me in this country of Scotland, for I stay with the Lord of Fernehist, a honorable man. The "cause is that I came to this country, I was led away by Mr Hunt and Richard Loye which is preestes made, and dyverse more gentlemen that you knowe very well, which I leave unnamed now untill you and I doe meete togither. Mr Thomas Musgrave came to this country and professed great frendshipp for me at his retourne from his journey: and when it came to pass it was but wordes of course which he used. In our country my grandfather and you did use him more kynder then he did me, but I will cease of this rude doinges that he did to me. This desiringe you good loving father, to pardon my rudnes that I did to you when I was at home, I will never comytt the lyke to anger you any more, therfore I will obay all your commandementes and will yeld to any thing that you demande me to doe. This desiringe you to send for me home assoone as you can, for I have bene very sick in this country, the Lord he knowes, and lyke to dye, but indeed I had good looking to when I was sick: therfore good loving father pardon all that is past, that I have done in youth, for it shalbe mended all those faultes, and God willinge, this is to lett you understand that a gentleman of our country that dwells in Barwick, a merchant man, did see me very courteouslie, I have sent this letter with him. Noe more at this tyme, but God have you in his keepinge. From the Fernehist in Scotland, being the ijd day of Aprill. Your lovinge and obedient sonne to commande at will. Robt. Heskith, squire.

"Postscript:—I thought to wryte more of my mynd: I pray you pardon me because I know not the bearer. My mynd is troubled very sore untill I see you, written in hast. This desiring you to have my commendacions to my sisters and bretheren in law, and to all our frendes. Vale in Domino."

1 p. Closely written, contemporary hand. Titled: "The coppie of Mr Robert Heskiths lettre to his father, Sir Robert Heskith, knight in Lancyshire."

(2) (R. Heskith to Richard Houghe.)

"Good frend Richard Honghe, lett me entreat you to doe so much for me, as to send me some of your knowledg and mynd, for I have bene this x weekes very sick in this country and my cousin Asshun, and Mr Hunter a preist, Mr Loye a preist, Richard Grene a gentleman, his father is dwelling hard by Berrie, Robert Michaell a priest, Richard Bradell a priest, is father is dwelling at the [ ]. Mr William Tarbott is here and Raph Orrell, with diverse more which I will not name now untill further tyme will serve." Make all means to do some pleasure and comfort till I hear from home: and you shall find me and my father ready to do you the same. "Give thankes to this kynd gentleman for his kyndnes shewed to me. . . From the Fernehist in Scotland. . . . Your friend Robt. Heskith."

½ p. Copy in same hand. Titled: "The coppie," &c. Indorsed.

1350. Lord Eure to Cecil. [April 10.]

Your letter of last month much comforted me, with her Majesty's gracious opinion: "she maie counte this as the begininge of her reaigne, increaseinge with all happines and bless, to numbers and numbers of yeares far above the tymes past or the like of other princes." God be thanked for discovery of this late rebellion, and since the principal are executed, that she may find faithfulness in those pardoned of their late "complottes."

I pray your honor "to remember her Majestie of my loyaltye and faythefullnes: and that my sonne my seconde self, is borne and framed to her soale and absolute service, whome yt hath pleased your honor to grace farr excedinge his deserte, and I hope is grafted in that trewe stocke as that he will not degenerate in loyaltie.

"It greveth me not a little that my third brother Sir William Eure, haveinge spent parte of his youthe in millitarie acctiones, to the better "inhablinge of himself to doe her Majestie services, should at anie tyme deserve her Majesties indignacione and displeasure." If your honor think it fit to advise her Majesty "to his libertie and release," it will bind me and his house to honour you while we live. "Submittinge my sute to your honorable wisedome, as ignorant of his offence, onely moved by naturall and brotherlie affectione to pittye his evell, and sorrowe his mispended youthe, not to be able to serve her royall Majestie with that lykeinge and desert, as boathe his aged father if he had lived, did desyer, and myself as his elder brother, did indeavore to perswaide, and tooke comforth in his effectinge the same." Ingelbie. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: destroyed.

1351. Willoughby to Cecil. [c. April [10.]]

No tidings are more comfortable to me, "then that of her Majesties health; who hath been ever the springe, the somer, and is now the harvest of that smale content I have of my life in this wordle, being so much dearer to me, as it prospereth with her highnes gratious opinion: and as the vertue of the sun beanies is redoubled in cold countries, to ripen fruits by reflection, so must I acknowledg these rayouns cast upon me, by the reverberation of the great favour and kindnes I have ever found at your hands. I humbly thank you likwise for your Scotish advises. The Earle of Mar hath an honorable presence, that promiseth well; I thinke such a one will not mar a good cause with bad handlinge. I thinke the King twice happy in this: that he treateth with a lady of so rare bounty and sweetnes as her Majestie that can better discern to grante then they manerly to aske. I thinke it not likwise the leaste parte of his fortune, to have neere hand her Majestie such a minister: as though his Scotish keale (fn. 1) be but homly cookd (as they tearme it), can in the service therof so garnishe it, as yt may pleass both sight and sence, and procure an appetite to a queasy stomacke. The Lord be thanked for the good newes of Irland: my lord Mountjoye hath beene a very honorable accomplisher of that provident plott layd before his goinge, when Sir Henry Dockery was sent for Ulster, and Sir George Carew for Munster, and the collonies ther erected: which doubtless was not the least primary cause of the subsequent happy effects ther; neither is it to be doubted but that the conclusions wilbe like the beginings, which I shall pray for." I am infinitely bound to her Majesty and the Council for Mr Musgrave's commitment, thus discouraging calumny: but with pardon, I would have been glad of a public trial, better to clear myself—"as I wrote unto you in my laste packet of the xxixth of March, which by this of yours of the second of Aprill, I suppose had not come to your hands." Yet am I humbly thankful. For yourself, let me say "Nescio quid retribuam Domino." Signed: P. Wyllughby.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed: "1601 . . . receaved the 14 of Aprill." Small wax signet: gem as before.

1352. Richard Lowther to Cecil. [April 16.]

Certifying that the bearer his "cosen" Thomas Pickering, according to the tenor of his bond, is now making his personal repair to Cecil: commending his conduct, demeanour, and towardness in her Majesty's service, and guaranteeing his loyalty under the hazard of his own bond and living. Entreating that his appearance may be acknowledged, and himself licensed to return home without long stay: and as the Bishop, notwithstanding Pickering's bond, is following the ordinary course of common law against him, that a "supersedias" may be granted him. Carlisle. Signed: Richard Lowther.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: shield of 8 quarters, dragon crest.

1353. Scottish outlaws of Liddesdale, &c. [April 18.]

The names of the outlaws under the Laird of Buccleuch's charge, which his Majesty has commanded to be given up to Lord Scrope and Sir Robert Carey and their deputies: as neither Buccleuch nor his deputies will be answerable for them—viz.

Liddesdale:—Andrew Armstrong of Whithaugh, Francis and John Armstrongs his brothers: all three, sons to the "auld laird of Whithaughe." Sym Armstrong of the Rone, Archie and Sandy Armstrongs his brothers, all three "are sons to Sym of Whithaughe." Archie Armstrong called "whitehead," John and Sym Armstrongs his brothers, Alexander's Archie and his brother, "all these are of the house of Whithaughe." Sym Armstrang of Caffeild, Thom Rannik his man, Androw Tayler, John of the Whisgills, John Hill, "the Lordis Geordie," John of the Syde, Symis Archie. Robert Scott of Hayning. (fn. 2)

West March:—"The names of them that ys fugetyves for the slaughter of Sir John Carmichell late warden." Ninian Armstrang in Auchinbedrigg, with Thome, Hew, Lantie, Waltir, Archie, and Dand, his sons. Syme and Lantie Armstrangs of the Syde, "Robs Sandy" Armstrong, [ ] Nickson, man to Sandy Inglish: "lang" Sandy Armstrang in Rowanburne, Rob Scott, Thome Tayler called "the Laird," Will Grame of the Yaidfauld, and Will Foster, son to Rowie of the Bakstangill—all Englishmen. Jock and Umfray Bells, sons to Christell of the Ridge. James Johnston, warden clerk.

1 p. Copy by Lowther's clerk. Indorsed.

1354. R. Lowther to Cecil. [April 18.]

According to her Majesty's directions and Lord Scrope's appointment, I presently came hither, took office as deputy, and have already met the Laird Johnston at Annande dyke in Scotland, where we conferred and interchanged rolls, proclaimed and denounced the outlaws whose names are inclosed, and lastly appointed a march day at Gretnoe kirk to deliver offenders. Carlisle. Signed: Richard Lowther.

I am not able to bear this cost, "for I ame at ten pounde in the weak"—unless your honor consider me in time.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1355. Willoughby to Cecil. [April 19.]

That within these two days, the Dunkirkers have taken a ship of Lynn with wheat and beans for the garrison, and carried her into the Firth in Scotland. Whereon he "mand" his ship at his own cost with 100 men, and followed to surprise her if possible. But the cost is so great, his "whole estate will not mayntaine her one sommer." So he must be excused further, unless some help in expenses is given. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1356. Proposals for Defence of the West March. [April 21. 1601.]


Under 5 heads:—

First.—That the frontier officers, viz., of Burgh barony, Holme, Gilsland, Inglewood Forest, Queen's Haymes, Graistock barony, Wigdon, Lynstock, Crosby, Esk, Leaven, and Bewcastle, be resident on their charges.

Item.—That the rest of the wardenry either raise 100 horse among themselves, or assess themselves for the pay of 50 horse (chosen by the deputy warden) at 2s. per diem.

Item.—"That all highlandes men above Peareth in Westmerland, and Darwen in Cumberland, be provyded with whyte peesses with read crosses, and furnished with horsse or nagges suffycient; and for armour, jackes, stele cotes, bowes, guns, or pykes." Rychard Lowther.

pp. Written by Lowther's clerk. Indorsed: "21 Aprill 1601. Articles to be proposed to the gentlemen by the deputie warden."

1357. George Nicolson to R. Lowther. [April 24.]

I have your letters of 13th and 18th hereof, and am glad to hear of your good beginnings with the Laird of Johnston, who has a good mind to justice, and is glad of your correspondency as I see by his letters. For Liddisdale, I doubt not of Hayning's good mind so far as he may: and I will deal with the King and him to that end, as you shall direct me. News we have none, but expect what the King's ambassadors shall return with. "The King is looked to be this day at Dalkeith with the Queene; and my lord of Roxebrughe hopes for them bothe to be with him in Tyvidale this weke at the banquett of the mariage of Roxbroughes sister to Sir James Ballendyne who were maryed on Tuesday last: the banquett continewinge still in hope of their presenses to honor it with." Edinburgh. Signed: George Nicolson.

1 p. Holograph; also address: "To the right worshipful Mr Richard Lowther, esquire, deputy warden," &c. Indorsed. Wafer signet: a gem with two figures.

1358. Willoughby to Cecil. [April 26.]

Though you are well advertised from all parts, yet I think it right to signify, "their is of late a Scottish marchant (one Henderson) come from the Canarie Ilandes, that in his way touch'd with Spayne; wheir he mett with Captaine Hearne, a follower of Collonell Semples, of whom (amongst other discours) he had this for certaine: that the Spanish fleet, nowe in a readynesse, is to be thus disposed—the shipps of greatest burden are to meet our merchauntes on their waies for the Indias: the lesser shippes are to have 4000 Spanyardes imbarqued, about the later end of this month or beginning of May, under the commaund of Bothwell. He, with the support of others Scottes-Irish, are to be ayding to Tyroane, who from land hath resolved to attempt Lough Foile: as that Earle with his adhearentes purpose to invade by sea.

"The reporter is a man of good credence, and one of the religeon." Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: 8 quartered shield and 3 crests—broken.

1359. Richard Lowther to Sir John Stanhope. [April 26.]

"Nede and necessytye forcythe me to make my mone unto yow: I am not able to indure thia chardge, I have spent my state in her Majesti "service and upon my children: I am indebtyd 300li., and I have assuryd all my land to discend to my sonne and his heires males, att the tyme of the mariage of my sonne Cristopher which was 20 yeares sence—so that I can sell no land. I trust your worshyp will consyder off my great yeares, beinge now 70; so that the best service I can do her Majesti must be with my purse, to gyve men meate, drinke, and money: which yff I had suche allowance as belongythe to this wardenry and castle, I would not doubt to governe yt in a good state, so longe as the prynces saithe yt shall be peace: beinge now very well stayed for the present as I thinke."

Speedy meeting with the Laird Johnston opposite warden, was the best course: for the borderers always "expect" the wardens' agreement or disagreement, whereof we have many experiences both here and the Middle Marches.

I pray you speak to my lord warden for the small allowance of 20 marks a month: he was ever wont to pay me a month beforehand, and directed me to Sir Thomas Shaw his steward here, who says he has no such direction, nor any money: and here I cannot stay without money, unless I discredit my self and suffer thieves to overrun the country.

"I will send my grandchild John Lowther, a yong gentleman off the Inner Temple, to wayte upon your worshyp for a small sute for me, yft itt please yow to be a meane to her Majesti for me."

I further beg you to impart these articles to Mr Secretary: I send you a copy of them "which I commendyd to the gentlemen upon Teusday last, but they say they will give no allowance off 50 men at my choice, neither a 100 men off ther choice." I trust if his honor like them, he will commend them to the justices of peace and "worshipfull" of the wardenry: "or ells my sute to hir Majesti, alwayes by your meanes, shall be nunc dimittis servum tuum: so . . . I take my leave this Munday xxvjth Aprill." Signed: Richard Lowther.

1 p. In a stiff upright hand. Addressed: "To the right worshipfull Sir Johu Stanhoppe, knight, one off her Majestis most honorable prevy chamber," &c. Indorsed: "3 May 1601, from Mr Richard Lowther." Wax signet: shield of 8 quarters, dragon crest—slightly broken.

Inclosed in the same:—

Copy of the Articles of 21st April, No. 1356.

pp. Written by his clerk. Indorsed.

1360. R. Lowther to Sir J. Stanhope. [April 26.]

"I have sene a letter from Richarde Musgrave to his brother Thomas Musgrave, captain off Bewcastell; the contentes was, that upon complaint ore information off Lancelot Carleton, he was to be sent for to London." Whereon I hear that the gentlemen of our country who combined before, are all joined against Lancelot Carleton. He is coming to London "for hys countrys good," and will repair to you, making good his advertisements that their dealings are dangerous to the state, and the Queen's subjects and poor tenants here. I am heartily glad he is known already to you, for he is a discreet, wise, and experienced gentleman, and can lay open the present state of this country and the causes whence it is sprung: "and will speake perillously to the matter to lett yow se the means to helpe itt." I have willed him to deal sincerely, truly and faithfully with you, as if to my own heart, and given him my word of your secrecy. And when you have tried him, I believe Mr Secretary and yourself will think him worthy of countenance. Carlisle. Signed: Richard Lowther.

¾ p. Same hand. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet as last—broken.

1361. Information by Lancelot Carleton. [c. April 26. 1601]

"The daungerous proceedinge of Thomas Musgrave, captayne of Beaucastell.

"1. Doctor Barnes one of her Majesties chaplaynes, was tolde by Henrye Parkinson, at his returne forthe of Scottland, that the King of Scottes told Parkinson, that Thomas Musgrave had offred unto him the delyverye of the Queenes castell of Beawcastell, at any tyme when he shoulde demaunde: a letter is extant from Doctor Barnes under his owne hand, to prove the same.

"2. Thomas Musgrave hath bene often in Scottland, at Edingborough of late in the tyme of theise apparant troubles, as about the 24th of Februarye last; and he rode agayne to Edingborough the 9th of Marche, and did not returne tyll about the 20."

3. For his speaking with the King, if he denies it, apprehending and examining those with him, will prove it: "for myselfe did heare him confesse to Mr Lowther, that he was so neare the Kinge, as their was but one dore betwixte the Kinge and him."

4. When he returned from Scotland, "he rode to Penrithe, where himselfe with some other of his lewde freindes, in expressing their love to the Kinge of Scotts, did their all sit downe upon their knees, and every man druncke a healthe to the King of Scotts. This was publiquely committed at the signe of 'The Crowne' in Penrithe."

5. His monstrous abuses in his office cannot be denied. The Queen's castle is made a den of thieves, a harbour of murderers and felons, Scots and English. His own household servants take the Queen's subjects prisoners, and ransom them there: all to be proved particularly to his face if thought fit. Signed: Lancillote Carleton.

1 p. Indorsed by Cecil: "Concerning Tho. Musgrave."

1362. R. Lowther to Cecil. [April 26.]

As in my last I signified my meeting with the opposite warden, and our appointment to hold a March day at Greatney kirk on 14th May next: so finding such meetings of officers stay and daunt the evil-doers, I propose, God willing, to keep a like meeting with the Laird of Haynings, deputy of the Laird of Baclughe for Liddesdale. I send your honor not only the principal letter from Mr George Nicolson, a gentleman who has taken much care and diligence in these border causes; but also certain articles proposed by me to the special gentlemen of the wardenry, who after consideration answered they would be ready to serve when charged, but refused to find 100 men of their tenants, or money to maintain 50, as I demanded. Carlisle. Signed: Richard Lowther.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1363. William Selby [senior] to Cecil. [April 27.]

The cause between Mr Graie, his friends, and us is not ended, though Mr Graie and I at his being here were made friends: but at his request we left "somwhat undon," till my Lord Willoughbie returned to the country. The assurance taken expired at Easter last, and now I humbly pray your honor to write letters to the effect of the inclosed paper, which I hope will end matters. Signed: Will'm Selby.

¼ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Form of letter.)

Whereas her Majesty appointed the Lord Admiral, Lord Willoughby, and myself, to order the controversies between you and Mr Selby—after wards referred to Lord Willoughby alone as fittest from residence there: and since then it is considered that his lordship from his long and painful sickness, &c., may not be troubled therewith—her Majesty has willed me to signify her pleasure to you, viz., that yourself, friends, and followers govern yourselves peaceably till some fit persons be found to hear and compound your causes. I have written the like to Mr Selby to make promise of friendship to you and yours, and require you to do the same to him and his, till your causes can be heard.

½ p. Fair copy by a clerk. Intended for Gray.

1364. Willoughby to Cecil. [April 28.]

I beseech you to peruse George Nicolson's letter to me with his directions from the King, and also the King's letter to myself: wherein though he pretends justice, he opens no ready passage thereto. "His invention, that our shipps should lye waitinge in the mouth of his watters, till he dryve them forth . . . showes . . . that the Kinge speaketh more lyke a Kinge of his will, then lyke an admyrall that knowes the seas, for it is unpossible for shipps to ryde all weathers in the mouth of such open roades as the Firth, much less to attend, till those people, which hitherto have neglected his commandementes, should dryve out the said offendours to us, from whom they protect them!" But this being a secret for "her Majestie his dearest sister," I have presumed to add my own conceit of it. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(1) (James VI. to Willoughby.)

That though he has made many acts and proclamations against the Dunkirkers' resort to his "watteris and coistis," or his subjects' resetting them or their prizes, yet there are constant complaints. In his opinion the cause of their resort is for lack of the English keeping the mouth of the Firth and their own straits, which he thinks might be helped by Willoughby setting out one or two ships to watch his own straits and the mouth of the Frith, to trap them. This is his honest and sincere meaning, which he is to conceal from every one except the Queen whom he may acquaint with it. Dalkeith 24th April 1601. Signed: James R.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: Scotland.

(2) (George Nicolson to Willoughby.)

Sending him the King's letter not to the effect Willoughby desired, "but as the King directed it"—referring to Nicolson's declaration (1) none of his subjects to be molested; (2) or the English ships to chase Dunkirkers in his waters: but to advertise the King, and watch outside for them, when he forced them out; (3) if any of his subjects resetted them he would do justice; and (4) to be kept secret except to her Majesty. Nicolson condoles with his lordship on the cost of his ship, "your bar so unpassable," &c., but hopes it will be considered. "For the bote and thother materialls," his lordship shall have a note of their prices, &c., "sighted by Mr Berty, or Mr Johnston when he comes." Is "expecting every howre newes from my lord ambassador." Edinburgh. Signed: George Nicolson.

1 p. Holograph; also address. Indorsed. Wax signet; gem—classical subject—broken.

1365. Willoughby to the Privy Council. [April 30. 1601.]

I received your letters dated 21st April, about the 29th, concerning a matter between Captain Jackson and Cuthbert Armorer, a constable of our horse garrison—wherein it seems by certain words of your lordships' letter that you have written to me before as to bankrupts taking refuge here, &c.

Now my lords, since I came here, directed by her Majesty and you, I have received no such letters, and if any such bankrupts have been received, it has been either by a party I could not "wrastle with," also in my absence, or by some "pore creatures" with miserable pay who have "stolne" these remedies.

For Armorer: it is as well known that he did some signal service to her Majesty some 30 years ago at least "when I was but a child," and has been here ever since, as that the town stands here! So your lordships may judge, how true it is that I brought him or helped him to defraud his creditors. I hear he served the late lord chamberlain and was preferred by him: and that the money Jackson demands was taken up to the lord chamberlain's use, Armorer being surety for it. I know he has offered to pay the principal, but the debt being another man's, well able also, he stands against the charges and "usance." Sir William Bowes and I have laboured to bring it to an issue: and Armorer having lands and goods able for a far greater debt, we thought it fitter to let Jackson seize these, than touch the privileges of the garrison. I beseech your lordships to counterpoise the light tales of light fellows, by the true insight of my deserts and endeavours, and report of honest men. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1366. R. Lowther to Scrope. [April. 1601.]

On receipt of the Council's letter, and your direction, I went to Carlisle, but found only one of the 4 last appointed, viz., Mr Dykes.

You wrote to me you had ordered Sir Thomas Shaw to pay me 20 marks a month, and find me lodgings in the castle: he says he has no such order, or any money for me.

Give me leave to remind you that my lord your father when he went to Court, left "an honorable standing howse," with a deputy warden, and a constable and secretary and 20 horsemen to attend him. Besides this, a band of soldiers when the wardenry was in any great distress—as captain Case at Bewcastle, a whole year, captain Carvell in Gilsland, captains Wodde and Pickman at "Martyns tower"—and after that Captain Beles at his death, with 100—I wish you to make suit for at least 100. I cannot govern it without a greater allowance: "for truly my good lord, I wold not taik yt in hand for your hole fee of 100 mark," but that I am commanded by the Council: "for I am now tenne pond in the weak." I pray you show this to Mr Secretary for I will send him the copy.

"I met yesterday with the lord warden opposyt besydes Annan, wher we well agreed. I sent for all the Grames and they dyned with me."

3 pp. Holograph. Indorsed by Lowther's clerk: "Copie of my lettre to the Lord Scroope."


  • 1. i.e. Kail.
  • 2. The warden deputy.