Border Papers volume 2: June 1601

Pages 752-762

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1378. Sir R. Carey to Cecil. [June 1.]

Shortly after my deputy's last road, whereof I informed you, the outlaws attacked a market town within my charge called Hartwisell to burn it, but two of them being slain and two sore hurt, they were forced to retire, only burning half a score outhouses and barns, of very small value. But the loss of these "twoe chefeteyns" has put the rest in great fury and they make bloody vows of deep revenge. So I mean about the 5th or 6th hereof, to go with my officers and 7 or 8 score horse, besides "voluntaryes," and stay in the high lands within England, as near as I can "to thes lawlesse companyons," till I see some end of these troubles: meaning to put the country to no charge.

The bills that the York pledges lie for, are to be sworn on 15th instant, and those that my March answers for, on the 8th. No other March of ours answers Scotland: the pledges delivered to Scotland for the East March are all dead. So if the York pledges are sent, let my March be first satisfied, and they may be transported to the East March: the West has nothing to do with them.

(fn. 1) I send herewith a letter from P[oury] O[gilvy] who lies within 4 miles of my house. He assures me the King has promised not to seek him in England, so he thinks himself secure, and not without hope shortly to get his peace with the King. "The mony he had of me by your honors direction, was but 20 pounds, which if you please to deliver Mr Fordam keper of Somerset House, I shall cause him t'attend your honor for it:" otherwise keep it till I come myself, as I hope to do soon. I hear my lord my brother is not likely to live, and pray your remembrance of my request when last at Court, for his place of "th' Eylle of Wight," if it fall, and my absence here be no hindrance. I hope by your good means, that her Majesty will think me as fit as any other, "and at last calle me with my credit from this compfortles place, whearof in good fay the sir, I am tired, and desire to spend the rest of my teyme in sum service nearer her Majesty, and more agreing my bringing up." Woodrington. Signed: Ro. Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

1379. Willoughby to Cecil. [June 4.]

I humbly thank you for the Scottish news—all the light I have, not trusting to their faith, though I keep on the best terms I can with our frontier neighbours, as I imagine the princes would so have it. I understand though Roxburgh has received dignity and favours, yet as the Scots say, "he hath his welters and changes," and has left Court discontented, as men are when brought "from sweet meates to sower sauces! The late ambassadoures have been received with great honor and acceptance, and Scotland is very constant to yt self, that never changeth changing"! I only await two things, my leave confirmed, and satisfaction of bills from Roxburgh, and then I shall lie ready for the tost. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

(fn. 2) I hear for certain that some of my adversaries here have intercepted and brought to the King of Scots a packet of mine, addressed to you—whereat he has conceived "very bitterly of me." In her Majesty's service I regard no King, but the "King of Heaven only." But greatly desire for my own purgation, to come up to London before these triumphant adversaries come down, while I am condemned "re inaudita."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: 8 quartered shield: 3 crests.

1380. Willoughby to Cecil. [June 9.]

I received yours of 2d June this day; and will use all means directed to discover "so vyle a practise." I think the lady has been "abused" in this, and I simply thought, knowing Nicolson's hand and seal, that it became me not to open it. Next day, I advertised him, and he "seemed" to acknowledge it lost, thanked me for sending it to you, but that there was no great matter in it. Unless I had the spirit of divination, I cannot tell the inside of papers, and what could I do more? I hope to advertise you further "of this pott of roses (as the French proverbe ys). . . . The post brought the cover of the last pacquett (but this) much rent: so as a man mought see the cover of the booke." Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed by Cecil.

1381. Willoughby to Cecil. [June 11.]

I have sent into Scotland to know more about these blank papers you sent me. But even now, I have a packet from Nicolson, which I send herewithal. Though my messenger is not returned with any answer from Nicolson, yet the post that carried those papers and lost them "in his returne into Scotland," says they were only a false packet. So I am glad the jest lighted only on myself, and no prejudice to the Queen's service. My own fortune "I comend to God in Heaven, and to you myne honorable frind in earth, for the little tyme I have heere." Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Small wax octagonal signet: 8 quartered shield, 3 crests.

1382. Indent of Scottish Bills. [June 8–11.]

At Jedburgh 8th June 1601, Sir Andrew Kerre of Heaton, knight, deputy warden for the Middle Marches of Scotland, and Mr Thomas Ogle of Eslington, "deputed" for the Middle Marches of England, met for swearing the bills of said March of Scotland, fyled in Berwick before the last commissioners there in February 1596, as follows:—


Bill of Walter Adamson, burgess of Edinburgh, upon George Carre in Harbottle: sworn by Oswald Purtuse of Beale to six score and 8 old sheep. Foule by Richard Fenwick of Stanton, 38l. 8s. (fn. 3)

Bill of Dand Davyson's and George Yong of Hoislawe upon Androe Storye called "the bunche," in Trewhett, George and Tho. Story there, and the Laird of Trewhett, sworn by plaintiff to 58 old sheep. Foule and agreed by John Bilton, 17l. 8s.

Bill of Lance Kerr's, the goodman of Gateshawe, upon Jerry Cockson alias "the hint." Sworn by James Currer, plaintiffs servant, to 9 "hogges and vj sowes, yeares olde." Foule for lack of answer, 39s.

A bill of Thomas Carre of Cavers upon William Storye of Crawley, &c., sworn by plaintiff's servant William Middlemest of Softley to 3 score and 18 old shepe. Plaintiff "deposed" for charges of "the spearing" 4 marks sterling. Foule and agreed, 26l. 1s. 4d.

A bill of the Laird of Mowe's upon Jock Pott of Yardopp alias "the bastard," sworn by his servants to 20 ewes. Foule for lack of answer, 6l.

A bill of the Laird of Hundeley's and his tenants of Kirkyatum, upon Edye Hall of Yeardup, &c., sworn by plaintiff's servants [15 horses, mares, &c., including a "gray stagg" (fn. 4) 40s. sterling, a "fylly foale" 13s. 4d. sterling]. Foule of the principal, &c., 24l. 7s. 8d.

A bill of William Hall of Middleknowes upon Tho. Forster of Throckrington and John Armstrong of Chollerton, sworn by the Laird of Fernyherst's servant to 3 oxen, a dagger, "blewe bonnett" and plough bridle to 3s. (sic) sterling. Fowle for lack of answer, 6l. 3s.

At Jedburgh the 9th June.


A bill of the Laird of Lawther's upon Michell Hedley alias "hoggskyns," sworn by plaintiff's servant to 6 oxen, 2 kye, and 2 young neat 1½ year old. Fowle for lack of answer, 16l.

A bill of Michell Watson's of Murrycrookes upon Thomas Read of Burradon, Laird Manners of Trewhett, and Thomas Errington of Bavington, sworn by himself, to a "soard" mare, 3l. sterling, a gray cloak, 6s. sterling, a sword 6s. John Hallyday, sworn, that there was taken a gray mare 40s. stg., a new gray cloak, 6s., his purse with 5l. sterling in it, a new sack, 2s. 8d.; iron, "tenne quarters," 6s. Foule for no answer, 11l. 10s. 8d.

A bill of the Laird of Egerton's upon Edward Charlton, laird of Haslesyde, sworn by Andrew Rutherford of Black Chester where the goods were taken, to 40 old kye and 10 oxen. Foule of the principal, 80l.

A bill of the Laird of Crainston's upon Robert Selby of Bittleston, sworn by Hector Craynston, the laird's servant, to 18 oxen and 8 kye. Foule of the principal by his father's confession before the commissioners, 48l.

A bill of the Laird of Mecarston's upon Michell Hedley "hoggskynnes," &c., sworn by John Story his servant, to 2 pistols worth 40s. sterling., I sword, 10s., "a payer worsett stockins," 10s., a cloak, 13s. 4d., a "handkerchefe," 5s., a "stele capp," 10s., "a rose noble," &c., in his purse, 24s., silk garters, 3s., and a "scarf," 2s.

At Jedburgh 10th June.


A bill of the Laird of Greenhead's upon John Jameson alias "hundye pundye," sworn by his servants Mark Browne of Softley and George Lawther, to 2 horses and a mare. Foule for lack of answer, 7l. 6s. 8d.

A bill of the Laird of Craynston's and James Hyndmers upon Lyonell Hearon and William Drydon his man in Eshott, sworn by Adam Pace of Sprowston to 34 old sheep. Foule for lack of answer, 10l. 4s.

A bill of Mr James Douglas, sheriff of Tyvidale, upon Michell Hedley in Hatherwick, sworn by himself to a gray mare 4l. sterling, and a black "beld" horse 4l. Foule for lack of answer, 8l.

At Jedburgh 11th June.


A bill of the goodman's of Bullerwell upon John Robson of Beggerlawe, &c., sworn by plaintiffs servant to 16 oxen and kyne, 5 score old sheep, 4 horses and mares, and insight worth 13l. 6s. 8d. stg. Foul for lack of answer, 78l. 10s.

"Subscribed: Schir Andro Ker of Heitoune, Thomas Ogle, Robert Aunderson, Raphe Kyllynghall.

"The whole sume of the Scottes bills amounte to 1598l. 18s. 10d."

[Several bills of the Sheriff of Teviotdale's against Henry Woodrington esq., &c. (315l. 8s. 8d. in all), and of Sir John Kerr, &c. (69l. 13s. 8d.) are put down by themselves, as neither in the Indents or English clerk's rolls, and await further proof]. Signed: Thomas Ogle, Raphe Kyllynghall.

17 pp. Indorsed by Kyllynghall: "Copie of the Indent of the Scotishe bylles sworne at Jedbroughe the 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th of June 1601."

1383. Indent of English bills. [June 15–17.]

At Morpeth the 15th day of June 1601, Mr Thomas Ogle of Eslington "deputed for the present," for the lord warden of the English Middle Marches, and John Mowe of that Ilk, deputy for the Scottish, met for swearing the English bills of said March, fyled in Berwick before the last commissioners there in Feb. 1596, as follows:—


A bill of George Fennicke's of Brenkburn upon Jock Burne elder and younger of the Coate, &c., sworn by plaintiff's servant to I "white gray" horse, and 1 gray stonde horse each worth 20l. Fowle by Robert Hume, brother to the Laird of Aton, 40l. (fn. 5)

A bill of widow Spurman of Rothbury forest upon Tho. Burne of Awton burne, &c., sworn by Robert Spurman her son to 12 oxen, 14 kye, a gray mare 5l., insight 10l. Foule of the principale by the lords commissioners, 70l.

A bill of James Raymes of South Middleton upon Sir Robert Kerr, laird of Cesford, Andrew Kerr of the New hall, &c., sworn by the plaintiff to I black gelding worth 100 marks. Foule by Sir Robert's confession, 66l. 13s. 4d.

A bill of Mr William Fenwicke's of Wallington upon Jock Robson of Creling hill, Jock Robson "the flesher," and Andrew Robson "shortneck," sworn by Jerry Pott his servant to 10 kye, 1 bull, and "a whie stirck of a yeare old." Fowle, 22l. 10s.

A bill of Thomas Hall of Gressumsfeild upon the old Laird of Vaughopp, sworn by the plaintiff's servants [one a part owner] to 8 oxen, 22 kye, 5 "whies" 1 year old, 3 "stotts" 1½ years old, &c. Fowle for lack of answer, 95l. 6s. 8d.

At Morpeth 16th June.


A bill of Thomas Collingwood of Eslington upon Tom and Will Hall of Heavyside, sworn by Mr Tho. Ogle of Eslington to 6 oxen. Fowle for lack of answer, 12l.

A bill of William Hall and Anthony Hedley of the Stobbes and John Aunderson of the Cragg, upon Mr James Douglas, sheriff of Cavers, and Tho. Trumble, and Tho. Trumble the younger layrd of Myntaw, sworn by Gawen Hedley part owner, to 50 old kyne, 30 old oxen, 4 "stotts" and 6 "whyes," 2 year old. Foule of the principals by their written confession, 145l.

A bill of John Barro, laird of Barro, and George Greene of Allenton, upon Percy Trumble of the Stonyletche, &c., sworn by his son Percy Barro to 20 old oxen, 50 kyne, 10 stots 2 year old, 20 "whies" 2 year old, a white horse, 20 nobles, a "lyart" nag, 30s. &c. Foule for lack of answer, 254l. 6s. 6d.

A bill of Richard Fenwick of Stanton upon Gilbert Lorreyn of Hawdon, sworn by himself to 16 old oxen and 7 stottes 3 year old. Foul for lack of answer, 39l.

At Morpeth 17th June.


A bill of Mr Charles Slyngsby, parson of Rothburye, and Thomas Dickson, upon William Mowe of Hownam. &c., sworn by himself to 8 oxen, 7 kyne, and a bull. Fowle for lack of answer, 28l. 10s.

A bill of William Storyes of Cranley upon Andrew Gardner, burgess of Jedburgh, sworn by James Story of Beanley to a "Portugall duckett" of 3l. 10s. "Fowle by Alexr. Mackdouells hand wrytt" 3l. 10s.

A bill of Mr Henry Woodrington esqre, upon James Douglas of Cavers, William Douglas of Whittrick, and Robert Trumble of Barnehill, sworn by his servant Richard Wilson of Haughton, to 30 oxen, 30 kine, 20 three year old stots, and 20 two year old "whyes," 145l.

"Subscribed: Thomas Ogle, John Mowe of that Ilke, Raphe Kyllinghall, Robert Aunderson."

Bills fyled in the upper house at Berwick for which the English deputy and clerk have no warrant under the Scottish clerk's hand, viz.:—

Three bills by Mr Gray of Morpeth esq., upon Gib, Hector, and John Lorreyns of Apputtsyde, Mark Trumble, John and William Trumble of Brodehaugh, and John Trumble of Maxsyde: by Alexander Hall of Muncridge, &c., and by Mr Thomas Caverley of Litleburne, on the Laird of Ferny hirst, &c., in all 148l. 16s. 8d., which cannot be sworn without the rolls. "Subscribed: Thomas Ogle, Raphe Kyllinghall."

The whole sum of the English bills, 3042l. 6s. 8d.

17½ pp. Indorsed by Kyllinghall: "Copie of the Indent of the Englishe bylles sworne at Morpethe the 15th, 16th, and 17th of June 1601."

1384. Willoughby to Cecil. [June 18.]

That a captain Skyner has come recommended by Sir John Stanhope and Sir John Carey, who has sold to him his company of foot, and office of chamberlain: as is said "allowed of from above." Finding he has no power to place councillors, which is reserved to the Queen, he approves of the gentleman as far as he can; the rather as he hears he depends on Cecil, is well reported of, and has paid dearly for the offices. An oath should be drawn up for him, as there should be for other councillors there—as the porter, master of ordnance "&cet.," that they might learn their powers, whether to assist or command the governor: pretending the latter, as the council of York brought their Lord President "to the boordes end, to controle him." For his own part he learned to obey before he desired to command, and merely speaks for present quiet, and the future service of her Majesty. Begs a reply to his request for Sir Robert Carey as his deputy, for if long deferred, the season of the year will prevent his journey. Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: broken.

1385. Willoughby to Cecil. [June 21.]

It was never in my mind to "expostulat" by myself or friends, any answer to my letters. I merely wished "to assure you of my fayth and constancy, which mought be interessed in so worthy an opinion as yours by my malitious accusers,"—and to know if Sir Robert Carey was approved for my deputy? For Sir John Carey, it is not 100l. I care for: "he undertooke this last wynter another thing to prove yt ligitimatly, which yf he had don, he had saved his oath, and I would have commended him." Selling places of authority is neither honorable nor safe: "yf yt be her Majesties pleasure to geive yt, she may dispose of that, as of my patent also. For Sir John Careys pretence: his estate was knowne, his marshalles enterteinment with other advantages, with his brothers parting and his of Norham, hath cutt of vij c li. by yeer of the Governors enterteinment of this place, though thinges were never so deare as now, trebling the wonted rates! For Sir John Carey, yf my lord his brother dye not speedely, he wilbe ready to make a new marshall, which wilbe round somes for him to borron yt with one on the neck of another! first xv c li. of Hardinges mony, then xj c li. of Mr Skiner, and a marshall cannot come better cheap then a poor chamberlain!" For myself, with all the profits, royalties, forfeitures, fees of courts, I have of her Majesty here, "besides that little naked pay by her Majestie left mee," I will quit him all for his love: and what these "wyndfalls" come to, the two last winters will witness! Which were other sums than the 100l. a year he demands. Were it to that "kind gentleman" Sir Robert Carey, I would willingly give it: with this reservation, that whilst governor here, "I may not have any man command the manright of placing and displacing"—wherein I am hindered by faction, as this last winter showed—men who have for 9 or 10 years gone about to fortify themselves!

I will not touch his freehold profit, so he keeps himself in his place here: old soldiers look not for such treatment in their latter days.

"I will say no more, but like an old rustical fellow, conclude: pride and ignorance of our profession wilbe the quicksilver to eate out ourselves, and "lett other drones suck the hony, as some modern enemies of our devynes doe accuse them to have don, and they step to be parish preestes, afore they be clarkes!

"Noble sir, thinke I speake not this out of spleene, for I protest I doe not: I love Mr Marshall well, but I would have him keepe his ranke, and geive me leave to go to my grave in quyet, and then lett him treade on mee and spare not." Berwick. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

Some cunning fellow had opened the intercepted letter, copied it and counterfeited my hand: these things I care not for, and beseech you think so.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: fragment.

1386. Scrope to Cecil. [June.]

As the lords determined at the Council table, I wish (1) they would earnestly command the governor of Berwick to send the 50 soldiers under Sir Robert Yaxley to Carlisle by the 10th July, or else Lord Wylloughby will not let them leave the town: (2) that they command Mr Richard Lowther by letter in the Queen's name, to cause the Grames who were before the Council, for whom he undertook, that without excuse they appear at next assises and put in good caution before the judges for future good behaviour: (3) as her Majesty found fault for my not going down: pray let her know that Mr Lowther and the Scots since I came up, have kept 3 March days without justice yet: they have promised it at their next meeting "on the last of th'instant," but if I come to Carlisle in the meantime, I know he will never perform it—but break off as he has done before: (4) that Mr Clopton pay the men monthly at Carlisle as before, and if (as my lord your father did), you would move her Majesty for 4d. more, they would pray for you. Till you "have resolved" her Majesty of my stay "I will forbeare to com in her seight." Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed by Cecil: "June 1601. My L. Scroop." Wafer signet: garter, &c.

1387. The Privy Council to Willoughby. [June.]

That as the master of ordnance had been duly punished for his presumption in petitioning, and had acknowledged his grief for his offence, they have looked into the establishment for her Majesty's 18th year, and find no direction as to nominating the gunners, but the practice (since Berwick, Carlisle, &c., were united) has been that the master controls and pays them under his patent. Not doubting his dutiful behaviour to Willoughby hereafter, they think fit for the present, to move the governor to allow matters to go on as they are, notwithstanding his right to see to their skill, and to discharge them on offence—till her Majesty shall take further order in the matter.

pp. Draft corrected by Cecil. Indorsed: "A draught of a lettre to the Lord Willoughby," &c.

1388. William Selby [junior] to Cecil. [June 25.]

Signifying that the Lord Governor on Saturday the 14th instant took a great cold in his ship lying at the haven mouth awaiting a wind, has been in a "feaver" ever since, and his body so weak through want of sleep and food, that his physicians think his life in great peril. Being the only councillor now in Berwick, begs her Majesty's instructions may be taken. Berwick. Signed: Will'm Selby.

p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet (Selby): impaling quartered shield as before.

1389. William Selby [junior] to Cecil. [June 25. 1601.]

At the hour of writing my last of this date, the Lord Governor, "albeit verie sicke, yett in the judgement of us that were about him, not likly to depart this lif so shortly as it haith pleased Clod he now at this instant haith done . . . His death, which in regarde of his christian ende, was comfortable to all the beholders, and eternally happie for him selfe." Till her Majesty send some chief person, there shall be no lack of care in me: having written to Sir William Bowes who is at his house in the Bishopric, to repair hither. Berwick. "At 3 of the clocke in the afternoone." Signed: Will'm Selby.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1390. John Guevara to Cecil. [June 27.]

"Since the departure of my noble lord," John Bourne (one of the pledges for bills filed in last commission) who for some infirmities he had, was imprisoned at the "provosts," has this morning escaped. Though instantly pursued, "he passed the ward (unaware)" and being well mounted got away. I advertise your honor, as the gentleman porter now "interim" governor, thought it my duty, though I said my office "dyed with my lord." I have written to Lord Roxburgh intreating him to keep order, to prove the love he professed to my lord, "whilst the corps is heare." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Guevara.

½ p. Holograph; also address. Indorsed. Wafer signet: quartered as before.

1391. William Selby [junior] to Cecil. [June 28.]

Upon the escape of John Burne, which happened early the 2d day after the Governor's death, Mr Guevara desired me to send the inclosed letter with speed to your honor: if you think fit, the King may be dealt with for his delivery, whose honor is engaged for the pledges till satisfaction. This man being "verie deare" to Lord Roxburgh, was kept here when the rest were sent to York. Cuthbert Armorer, a constable of horse here, and Thomas Armorer, post of Belford, eldest brother to Clement Armorer now in Scotland, and others, were bound to my lord governor, that Burne should be true prisoner: whereof at their request my lord freed them 3 months since, when divers feared his escape. A poor fellow Grave a Scot, who bought the horse whereon he fled, was taken, and I have put him in strait prison. Though under Mr Guevara's direction, yet fearing Burne might be slackly guarded, "the verie daye of my lord's death" I sent for, and told the provost marshal to take good heed to him. Mr Guevara seems unwilling to write to the Queen's agent in Scotland, thinking his authority is at an end. I advised him to see better to the other prisoners yet in the provost's hands, whose declaration of the escape is herewith sent.

One Anthony Holtbie, servant (he says) to Sir Henry Constable, came to my lord in his ship the day he took his sickness, and pretended (though falsely) to have been with him before and got a promise "for a busines he then declared concerning the Ladie Graye, daughter to the late Earle of Westmorland." My lord suspected him as a spy, examined and found him a recusant and "somewhat more," and his examination before us is inclosed. His lordship committed him to a burgess's house, whence he escaped, and was retaken at Ancroft village, 5 miles from this, belonging to Mr Graye, and is now in the provost marshal's. For want of a prison, greatly needed, many escapes are made. Berwick. Signed: Will'm Selby.

Burne has been here 2¾ years without a keeper, and 3 months with one: whereby he knows the town and fortifications. It is dangerous that any Scot should be prisoner here, out of prison.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(1) (The provost marshal's declaration.)

William Bredeman, provost marshal of Berwick, affirms that on 3d April Raph Wallice, servant to captain John "Guwarae," deputy warden, brought one John Borne, a pledge, telling me I was to keep him, for "his bandes men" had called in their bands. I went to his lordship, asking him to ease me and put him in some stronger place as into "Haddisholle," but he could not: so I kept him 20 days, and went back to my lord, who said they would be discharged ere long. So I kept him 7 weeks and then heard of a plot with one 3 or 4 miles from Berwick, to bring a horse for him by stealth. But my lord would not believe any such thing: and so injoined me to keep him, till on 26th June one came with a "boule" of wheat on a nag to pay part of his charges: and next day, 27th, he rising about 4 o'clock, got out the nag, leapt on his back, and rode out at the gate before my servant, who I desire to be better examined thereon. When the prisoner was first with me for 11 months, my lord said to me he had the warden's word and hand he should be true prisoner: yet I have been at great charges watching and warding him night and day. Signed: Will'm Bredeman.

1 p. Indorsed by Selby's clerk.

(2) (Holtbie's examination.)

Examination of Anthony Holtbie before Lord Willoughby governor, and William Selby gentleman porter, of Berwick.

1. Being asked when and with whom he was at church? Answers he is a recusant, bound in 50l. to answer before the council at York on 10 days' warning.

2. Asked where and with whom he communicated? Answers, he hath not, neither doth communicate.

3. In answer, absolutely refuses to go to church.

4. Whether his brother is a priest or Jesuite? Answers, he has been often asked, and has a brother beyond sea, suspected to be such, but whether so or not, or if living or dead, he knows not.

5. If he acknowleges the authority, &c., of the Pope in England? Answers—This capital point he leaves to divines, but cannot answer directly. Will yield to her Majesty all a subject's duty to bestowing of his life and goods, and yielding all such power and authority as any of her ancestors have had. Signed: Ant. Holtbie.


Whether reconciled to the Pope and Church of Rome? Is loath to answer this, lest he offend the law or his conscience: besides he does not understand what reconcilement means.

Whether or no he has spoken with any Jesuit? Answers, he stands to be accused and not to confess. Signed: Ant. Holtbie.

1 p. Indorsed by Selby's clerk.

1392. Declaration by Sir William Bowes. [June end of.]

[Made for the satisfaction of the Lord Treasurer as to his dealings for the next pay at Berwick]. Signed: Will'm Bowes.

3 pp. Closely written. Indorsed: "A declaration of the pay to be made at Berwick this midsomer 1601."

1393. The Queen to the Treasurer of Berwick. [June 30. 1601.]

Signifying, that upon the humble suit of Richard Musgrave, master of her ordnance there, she is pleased to allow him all extraordinaries in his office as his predecessors have had, though there be no comptroller at present: commanding payment till her further pleasure. "At our mannor of Greenewich."

"This copie agreith with the originall lettre signid by her Majestie, and recordid in the signet booke." Signed: J. Windebanke.

1 p. Certificate holograph. Indorsed: "Copie of her Majesties lettre in behalf of Sir Richard Musgrave."

1394. Outrages by Ectors Thome Armstrong, &c. [June. 1601.]

Brief of outrages, &c., done by the prisoners from the Hairelawe in Scotland.


Thomas Armstrong called "Ectors Thome the elder," is manifestly a chief councillor of his "names men," &c., of Hairelawe, in all the robberies, murders, &c., for the last 14 years, specially in last Lent in Gilsland.

He resetted at his house "with great joye," young Ector, Willes Thome, &c., his "steale fellowes," with 4 Hendersons prisoners from Brampton, kept them close, and fixed their ransoms, only part whereof is paid, and "shooes" the poor men since his own taking.

Third.—To get the rest of the Hendersons to pay, he killed or caused to be killed, one Patton Henderson the eldest of them, while prisoner in his house, whereby the other three to save their lives, paid what they could, but must beg to get the greatest part yet unpaid, and are reduced from a good estate to utter beggary.

Fourth.—He stole at Midsummer last "was a twelve monthe," a white gray mare of Mr Thomas Sandforths of Howgill and kept her, till "a fellowe" belonging to Sandforth, John Forster of the Oxclosse in Gillesland, in July last, took her out of Ector's "lone" back to her owner: wherefor Forster is banished from his own house, Ector with the Armstrongs of the Gingles, trying to kill him, and threatening Sandforth for taking his own again!

Fifth.—All the beasts in his "byer," or most of them, were challenged as stolen from Englishmen in Lent last, and it is apparent he was one of the riders then.

"John Grame alias Jocke Tutye (?) Scottesman."

First.—He was also at Brampton herschip.

Second.—Also at burning, &c., the Newton of Irdington in Gilsland.

Third.—Also at the slaughter and hership of Little Corby, Great Corby, Warwick brigend, Warwick town, when the Larde Warwicke, &c., were taken prisoners and have paid great ransoms, to their overthrow for ever.

Fourth.—Also at the hership of Crosby the bishop of Carlisle's barony, where all the goods and most of the men were taken, and ransomed at 1000l.

"Thome Armestrang otherwise called Ectors Willes Thome Scottesman.

1–3. He was at the spoil of the towns of Teming and Westhall in Gilsland, and of Thomas Crawe of the Holme there.

"Item."—Also at the spoil of Adam Robinson at Almerie holme near Carlisle, also took away his wife "and in unmanerly maner did abuse her."

"Item."—Was also at the spoil of Brampton, Irthington, and elsewhere in Gilsland—and at the hership of Crosby barony.

Lastly.—By the oaths of many true Englishmen it is plain that the goods taken from these "illdoers' lones" were robbed from Englishmen, and it is "most probable" that they are all notorious thieves, insolent malefactors, stealers, and resetters, contrary to their own King's commandment.

2 pp. Written by the warden's clerk. Indorsed.


  • 1. What follows is holograph.
  • 2. Remainder closely written on margin.
  • 3. The findings and values on the margin throughout.
  • 4. i.e., entire horse.
  • 5. Findings and values on the margin throughout.