Border Papers volume 2: August 1602

Pages 793-796

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1476. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. early in. 1602.]

This French ambassador hath yet bred no great matter worth advertising, save only he hath lately had private audience with the King at Faucke land, where he delivered 3 letters—one in his own favour—a private letter from the French King to the King of Scotland, and the third his commission. He was honorably received, and is come back to Leith till his provisions are laid in, and his house, which he has taken at Edinburgh, be made ready. He is to have open audience there shortly, before the King and his whole Council. We have no news yet but that all is very quiet. "Marey! it is muche feared bey most of the Scotesmen that this embassetur will shortley sett maney handes and hedes a worke; his ill is muche feared in Scotland, in so muche as they muche deseyer an Inglish embassetur to be sent hether that myghte sumwhat crose his practeyses. I ame nowe this weke to hold iij dayes of trewes—ij for Tevedale withe my lord of Roxboroughe, and on for the Mershe with my lord Hewmes offeser—wherin we expecte great justes to be dun." Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "Without date. Sir John Carey to my master from Barwick."

1477. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 5. 1602.]

The reason why I have not written to you "of long tyme" is I received Mr Nicolson's last packet at Newcastle, where I was attending the judges' pleasure, with three garrison horsemen, viz., the 2 Armorers, and young Henry Collingwood, who were there the three assise days, and Mr Muschamp could at last charge them with nothing! So the justices of assise, seeing it was "playne mallice," discharged them. Since returning I have taken muster of the East Marches, and find it worse than I could wish, but they promise it shall be better: I am even now taking horse to view the last part of it. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

Your last packet received at Newcastle. I sent to Mr Nicolson at once. The posts are somewhat amended but not much.

1 p. Postscript holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan, &c.

1478. Cecil to Sir John Carey. [Aug. early in.]

The removal and dispersing at this time of most of the Council is the reason why you have no answer as to Muschamp or the "new coyne." The first, touching your authority, shall be considered and answered. For the money: the more we consider, "the further we are to seeke," for her Majesty cannot "barr" her neighbour prince making his own coin: and for "utteringe" it, I wonder more at the simplicity of our people than any thing—that they take it at more than "inward vallue"! for if the Queen abased her coin, and proclaimed it "at the heyght," there would soon be searchings by the "merchants" and prices made accordingly. We know no other remedy but to make this known to the "common sort," and caution them: for if they take it as "bullion," it is no harm to the Queen; but if they take it for English wares, and Scottish wares "fetch away" English money, that is against law, and the penalty forfeiture.

We hear the Deputy prospers against the rebels in Ireland: "but such are the allarums" of Spanish forces expected there that her Majesty is sending 3000 or 4000 men to enforce her army.

From France we hear "the Marshall Byron is beheded." (fn. 1) Let this packet go to Mr Nicolson, and say in your next if my letters come any faster.

pp. Corrected draft. Indorsed: "Mynute to Sir Jhon Cary."

1479. Scrope to Cecil. [Aug. 29. 1602.]

The Laird of Johnston being now at Langholm to revenge Carmichael's cruel murder by Saudie Rinion and his sons, I have as he requested, burned their resetters' houses in Bewcastle: but will surcease till he has burned those on his side who have spoiled our March. I see by Mr ViceChamberlain that the warrant for Captain Boyer is now sent to Sir John Carey, and am much beholden: for Sir Robert Yaxley's absence was a great hindrance. I entreat you for a warrant to the master of the ordnance for 6 barrels of powder to be here with expedition—as has been usually granted, to encourage them at first coming. The country is quiet, and I hope by your means, when the frost and snow hinder service here, I may come up: "but of that I will not speake yet." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

1480. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 29.]

That Lord Roxburgh, after being long absent at Court with the King, had returned to his charge, and had met Carey and Sir Robert his brother on one day on the March, declaring publicly the King's great desire to keep the peace: in proof of which, he had taken 4 of the best of every surname bound to answer for the harms done by their names. He has also entreated that the rest of the pledges be brought from York to this March that order may be taken as to their bills, &c.

George Nicolson has both written, and when at Berwick (as he is sometimes) begged Carey to move Mr Secretary for Clement Armorer, who attended Sir William Eure to Scotland by Lord Willoughby's command, that he may be recalled from exile and banishment, as he might do her Majesty better service in bis own country. As Nicolson is very desirous of this, he hopes it may be granted. There is little yet known about the French ambassador, or why he is come: those of the religion fear for little good, except causing faction between the nobility and the King, or confirming the papist lords in obstinacy. Lord Roxburgh intends to journey to England on Tuesday next, staying that night at Woodrington. He desires to offer service to her Majesty, and "to kise her fayer handes." This cannot be hurtful, so as he is not believed or accepted farther than he may be useful, for he says much more than he will perform, but, if used in his own kind, may be a good instrument. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

Prays the favor of his causing the inclosed letter to be delivered to Carey's sister.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan, &c.

1481. Sir Robert Carey to Cecil. [c. Aug. 29.]

Since my return I had a day of truce with Johnston, the Scots west warden, with good justice: and have liberty to deal with fugitives in his office as I can get them here or there.

My brother Sir John and myself also met with my lord of Roxburgh, who means to be in London shortly to go to France. He desires to see your honor, and kiss her Majesty's hands. He has kept his charge for long in very good order, and done us much justice, and has left great charge with the gentleman in his place to like effect: so, if her Majesty or yourself take knowledge that you hear of this by me, it will let him think I have done him right, and encourage him in well-doing. Berwick. Signed: Ro. Carey.

"Sir, you shall find Roxborow wise and a well spoken man, and one that knowes his owne worthe: his stodys has bin ever to mayntayn his owne greatnes and ambision. It is greatly wondrid at heare his undertaking to "travill at this time, and thought sum great matters lyes hid and not discouvrid of his intentions. I reffer him to your self, who knowes best how to use him."

pp. Postscript holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. 31st July 1602.