Border Papers volume 2: Undated documents temp. Elizabeth

Pages 819-823

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1539. Punishment of Nothumberland Wreckers. [1560–74.]

The doings of Sir John Forster and Sir Thonm Dacres, knights, and Valentine Browne, esq., in aid of Archibald Graham and other Scottish merchants for their ship and goods lost at Sotterborne mouth, Northumberland.

(1) Under a special commission from the High Court of Admiralty, directed to them, at the complaint of Graham, &c., for loss of their goods, spoiled to the value of 2400l.—they called before them Thomas Clavering of Norham and his accomplices, and the best inhabitants of Norham, Island, and Bambrough shires, impannelled divers juries, inquired and found that the ship was, by force of weather, broken on the rocks—divers of her crew drowned—the goods driven partly to sea and partly on shore, where the people of the country took some. That Clavering, the day after, seized all the goods that could be found either there or in other's hands as wreck under the jurisdiction of Norham Castle—but said the whole did not amount to more than 44l. This being no answer, the commissioners put Clavering and 20 others of the best of the country in prison; where they remained without paying anything. On a further complaint by the merchants, a new commission was directed to said Sir John, Sir Thomas, and Valentine, with letters from the Queen and Council to levy on Clavering, &c., 1200l., which the Queen had asked the merchants to take "in lewe" of their demands: and, on lack of ability of Thomas and his associates, to cess the whole county. The commissioners, on sending for these parties, and the chief inhabitants, finding they would admit receiving no more than the 44l., put 60 of them in prison same day, and seised and prysed their goods. Finding, however, that many of the people of the towns adjoining had not taken goods, they chose out those only who had, and assessed them as follows:—First, the said Clavering at 106l. 16s. 4d.: and these townships:—Norham, 13l. 6s. 8d.; Skrymerston, 66l. 13s. 4d.; Goswycke, 40l.; Horkley, 50l.; Thornetou, 4l. 10s.; Cheswycke, 40l.; George Ourde of Longridge, 10l.; Beale, 20l.; Midleton, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Ancrofte, 20l.; Barmoor, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Pawston, 12l.; Dichunte, 8l.; George Shaftoe, 10l. "Summa," 414l. 13s., which it is thought is fully paid to the said Archibald Graham.

The commissioners, finding this "seasement" was more than could be approved, and the levying it would have hurt the country, and that the like, if charged on the rest of the country, which had no dealing therein, would have weakened the borderers in horse and armour for its defence, after due advertisement, proceeded no farther than as above specified.

pp. Clear official hand. Indorsed in later one.

(1) Another copy of same.

pp. In a later hand. Indorsed.

1540. A Device as to Victualling Berwick. [1574–80.]

Robert Ardern of Berwick, who has been trained in this business in these parts for 17 years, describes how he would undertake to provide for a garrison not exceeding 1500 men, at the rates, &c. "compounded" by her Majesty with Sir Valentine Browne, knight.

3 pp. In a good official hand. Indorsed.

1541. Ed[Ward] Baeshe on Ardern's Offer. [1574–80.]

"The newe bargaine desired by Eobert Ardren."—

[Pointing out that Ardern offers to deliver victuals according to the articles of Sir Valentine Browne: but by these Sir Valentine was to bear all charges and losses, both cheap and dear, as by sea and by land: while, by Ardern's offer, the Queen is to take any gain and bear any loss.] Therefore this and other things require to be considered.

1 p. Official hand. Indorsed: " The oppynnion of Ed. Baeshe. Barwicke."

1542. Towns Between the East and Middle Marches. [1574–96.]

"The townes that partes the Este [and M]ydle Marches of Englande."

Yerdell, about a mile from Woller, more than 12 miles by south Wark: one-half is in the Middle March, the other in the East.

From Yerdell, between Caldmartyn and West Lylborne; West Lylborne in the Middle March, Caldmartyn in the East.

From those two betwixt Fowberry and East Lilborne, whereof Fowberry is in the East, and East Lylborne in the Middle Marches.

From thence to Chillingham and Lyam, whereof Chillingham is in the Middle and Lyam in the East March.

"From thence a great waste till yow come to Hull Parke, and so to Alnwick bridge, and so to Aylmouth.

From Yerdell to Scotland is by North Chyviatt all in the Est, by South Chyviatt in the Mydle Marches."

½ p. A good clear hand. Indorsed by the 1st Lord. Hunsdon.

1543. Border Treaties, Laws, Warden Courts, &c. [1559–96.]

A collection containing (1) treaties of peace with Scotland (Henry 6 to Elizabeth), laws of Marches, agreements, &c. concerning Border causes, collected by Thomas, lord Wharton, Lord Warden, with some subsequent entries; (2) manner of keeping a warden court, duties of officers, &c., partition of the Debateable land, offices, fees, &c. of the Lord Warden.


"Anno Domini 1552. The partitione of the laite Debatale lande—Beginninge at the foote of Dounsdall sike, where yt fallethe into Eske, and so nothwarde as the commissioners maide groves and holes, unto the water of Sarke at a croke of the saide water, against a place called Kirkrigges, a litle above Categill, and so as the water of Eske and Sarke takethe their courses: the west parte of the saide grounde so devided to be of the realme of Englande, and the East parte to be of the realme of Scotlande.

Anno regni Regis Edwardi Sexti sexto.—The laite debatable grounde nowe belonginge to the Kinges Majestie metted and mesured by John Toppen, and Percevell Simson, gentlemen, with eight others of the Kinges Majesties tenantes in Sowerby, amountethe to fower thousand six hundrethe acres, and more: done by the comandment of the right worshipfull Sir Thomas Dacre knight, deputie warden of the West Marches of Englande.

West Marches 1590. August 1590. A breviate of the bounder and marches of the West wardenrie betwixt England and Scotland.

At the heade of the water of Cressoppe begins the West Marche, whereas the West Marche and Midle Marches of Englande doe parte and devide, and discendethe downe that water called Cressopp as the same dothe runne to the foote of the same where Cressopp dothe goe and discend downe Liddle, unto Liddle dothe falle and runne into the water called Eske, and so downe Eske as yt dothe runne unto a place called Dinsdale, where the Marche dyke dothe begin, that devideth the Debaitable grounde: and so that Marche dike doth goe overthwarte to the moore as the same is marched and marked unto the water of Sarke, about a quarter of a mile beneathe the towre of Morton; and soe dothe discend downe the water of Sarke untill the foote thereof which runnethe into the sea at Sulway sandes."

Offices yearly fees and fermes which Lord Wharton had, with the wardenry and captainship of the City and Castle of Carlisle.

The wardenry, 600 marks; 2 deputies, 10l. each; 2 warden sergeants, 40s. each; the captainship, 100 marks; 20 horsemen at 6l. 13s. 4d. each, 200 marks; 3 porters, 26s. 8d. each; 1 trumpeter 16d. per diem, 24l. 5s. 4d.; 1 surgeon, 18l. 5s.

The receipt of the Queen's lands called Queen's Hames, and forest of Inglewood, the stewardship thereof, and "namminge" of the Queen's tenants, out of which he pays certain ordinary fees.

The domains of Carlisle, office of custom, paying a rent of 20 marks in Exchequer.

His stewardships, viz., (1) of Holme, fee 18l. "and ode moneye"; (2) of the Bishop's lands, fee 40s.; (3) of the Colledge lands, 26s. 8d.; (4) of the cell of Wetherall, annexed to the Colledge, fee 26s. 8d.

The tithe corn of Pearethe, Lang Walbie, Scotbie, Ricardbye, Stainton, Mickle Crosbie, Lytle Crosbie; paying their "odde rent" to the bishop and Colledge. The half-fishing of Cocker, of the Colledge, without rent. The casualties of these offices "uncertaine."

31 pp. In one hand, probably Scrape's clerk.

1544. Note as to a warden court. [1559–96.]

Matters inquirable in a Warden Court. Treason, &c.

pp. A later hand. Indorsed: "... Sent by Sir John Foster."

1545. Orders to The Wardens. [1590–1602.]

Prohibiting, under statute, any wares or merchandise to pass the Marches either to or from Scotland without paying custom either at Berwick or Carlisle.

1 p. Contemporary official hand. Headed: Letters for the three wardens.

(Statute referred to.)

22 Edw. 4., Cap. 8, A.D. 1482. For the safety of Berwick and the Marches there: prohibits all merchandise to pass either from Scotland and the Isles into England, Ireland, or Wales, or vice versa, without being duly customed at Berwick, or at the City of Carlisle.

¾ p. In same writing.

1546. Notes on Powers of Wardens and Justices. [1590–1602.]

In two divisions:—1. The authority of a justice of peace, and its effects.

2. That of the warden, its limits, &c.

1 p. Official hand. Indorsed by Cecil: "Borders, warden courts." Imperfect at end.

1547. Secretary Cecil to Mr Attkison. [1598–1602.]

Peremptorily ordering him a second time in the Queen's name, to deliver certain "peeces" with their furniture that belonged to Scotsmen, to the Mayor of Hull, to whom he has written to consign them to her Majesty's agent for restoration to the true owners: and, failing his obedience, to take his bond to appear and answer in 20 days.

1 p. Draft. Not indorsed.

1548. James VI. to an Englishman. [1601–2.]

"Right trusty friend. Having heard by this bearers report of your honest affection towards me, although I never had the occasion to be acquainted with you, and how you have for the better inabling of your to my "service placed your self uppon your great charge in the nearest adjacent part to my countrey, I thought it the duty of a thankfull King to make it known, as by these few lines of mine own hand I do, my thankfull acceptance of your loving affection. And, as I am surely perswacled the only respect to conscience and vertue (fn. 1) hath moved you to undertake this course, so may you assure yourself that neither you nor any other of your countreymen shall ever be imployed by me without the bounds of the same, as on the other part, you shall, with Gods grace, find with me a thankfull requitall in the own time, (fn. 1) as the bearer of these few lines, witnesses of my goodwill, more at large will informe you. And thus bids you heartely farewell. Your loving friend, J. R.

½ p. In a good, somewhat later hand. Indorsed: "A copy of K. J. letter to an Englishman of his interests." (fn. 2)


  • 1. Underlined in original.
  • 2. The person addressed was clearly a high officer—a warden probably. Mr Lemon of the State Paper Office, conjectured he was Sir Robert Carey, but with deference to such an authority, this is unlikely, for he was already personally known to the King in May 1588 (vol. I., No. 607), while the person addressed was not. His elder brother Sir John Carey, however, does not appear from these papers to have been acquainted with the King, and as he succeeded Lord Willoughby as warden of the East March in July 1601, the letter may be to him. It is not known that he made any overtures to James, but such were made by many Englishmen at this period, and of course Sir John would keep his dealings secret.