Cecil Papers: 1542

Pages 16-21

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 1, 1306-1571. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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72. Draft of a Letter from the Privy Council to Sir Ralph Sadleir.
1542, April 14. The King has seen the letters from him and the Lord Admiral of the 17th of this month, with those from the Earl of Angus, and Sir George Douglas, and whilst marvelling greatly at the proceedings in Scotland, thinks that he has wisely considered the matter and approves his resolution not to stir a great trouble there. Nevertheless the King's pleasure is that he shall take an early opportunity of ascertaining the feeling of the Earls of Angus, Cassilis, and Glencairn, the Lords Flemyng, Maxwell, Somerville, and Sir G. Douglas on the matter, whom he is to address as follows : That there is one thing which greatly troubles him to arrange for the satisfaction of his Majesty and their own honour and advantage, which is the establishment of the Governors by Parliament with a determination amongst them to remain the King's friends. That he is much afraid that it will not stand with their promise to the King, and fearing lest they have forgotten themselves therein, and considering that they have to do with a most grave and prudent prince, who will surely kick at this matter, and perchance think that it will not be meet for him to suffer as the King has done, but to take his advantage otherwise, he thought he could do no less than demand of them in a friendly manner how they can make this establishment and their said promise stand together.
He is to communicate their answer to the King with all diligence, and further he is to declare to the Earl of Angus and Sir G. D. that the Sheriff of Ayr is here with the King, and hath declared to him for the truth at his departure that the Earl of Lennox was ready to pass by the West Seas into Scotland. He may chance to be met with on the way by some of the King's ships, but at all events it will be necessary for the Governors and them to provide for them in the west parts, for what face soever he shall bear he is wholly for France, and desireth only to get his footing for that purpose.
Finally, he shall of himself say unto them that he trusts they will show themselves true gentlemen, and that the whole realm will be ready at all times to serve the King's Majesty against all men and all nations, wherein they shall undoubtedly reap their own honour and advantage.
Endorsed :—“24 April 34 Hen. viij. Raf Sadler—Scotland.”
4 pp.
73. The Articles and Conditions subscribed by [Con] O'Neill at the time of his Submission.
[1542], Sept. That he will renounce the name of O'Neill, and adopt such name as it shall please the King to give him. That he, his heirs and assigns, and the inhabitants of such lands as it shall please the King to give him, will adopt the English habits and language. That he, his heirs and assigns, will put such of their lands as are suitable under tillage; will impose no tax or charge on their tenants except with the approval of the Deputy, and will keep only so many and such galloglass and kerne as the said Deputy and Council shall approve; will submit themselves to the King's laws and answer his writs in the Castle of Dublin and elsewhere; will answer and go with the King's lieutenant or deputy to all such “hostings rodes and journeys” as shall be assigned to them; and will not succour any of the King's enemies or any rebels; and finally that the said O'Neill shall hold his lands by one whole knight's fee.
74. Lord Russell to the Earl of Hertford.
1542, Oct. 17. “My Lord, since your departure here arrived letters whereby it appeareth that my Lord of Norfolk thinketh that the ships prepared in Dieppe be come into the Frith. It may like you to advertise his Grace for truth, that no one of those ships be gone thither. The King's Majesty had Fletcher of Rye hovering in the sea before Dieppe, till they were all despatched, which was after this sort : 5 to waft the herring fleet; 6 to meet with certain ships of the Emperor's coming from Gynney; 4 to Burdeulx [Bordeaux]; and the rest a-fishing. This is so confirmed besides, and upon the sight of Fletcher and other two boats also sent out for the names so testify that we take it for truth that they shall take no damage by that company. Thus we pray God to send you health.—From Westminster, this 17th of October.”
1 p.
Modern copy of the preceding with marginal note : “1542. 17 Oct., in the hand of Sec. Wriothesley.”
75. French Ships.
1542, Oct. 19. “Le decret, escriptures, contractz, et breves concernans l'Andrien et La Guillemette.” Decision of the Court of Rouen, Oct. 19, 1542, in a case of disputed succession to property in Dieppe.
53½ pp.
76. Sir Thos. Wriothesley to the Duke of Suffolk.
[1542 ?], Oct. 31. His Majesty is informed that there is about the Borders or in Scotland one Tuckfield, formerly servant to the Lord Chancellor, who is accused of counterfeiting his Grace's “Signe” and Great Seal. His Majesty therefore requires the Dukes of Suffolk and Norfolk to make diligent search for him and to do all they can for his apprehension.—“From Hampton Courte, this Alhalow Even.”
1 p.
77. The Duke of Norfolk to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 2. Whereas he sent word for one of the “Stratford Cartes,” will not fail to stay two for him, unless he hears from him to the contrary. As it is most necessary for his Lordship to have good knowledge by espial, desires him to entreat gently “John Carre, and Gilbert Swynowe,” and also his own espial, (“whom the Captain of Norham brought to him,”) and by these three men he shall know as much as can be Begs him also to handle well “Lawry Bele, and Clement Mustyan of Berwick,” who are very sure men to get knowledge. Finally, as soon as Somerset the Herald and Ray the Pursuivant are returned, desires him to forward their answer to him by post.—Morpeth, 2 Nov.
1 p.
78. The Council of the North to the Earl of Hertford, Lord Warden of the Marches.
[1542], Nov. 5. Enclose letters, by one of which, to be returned to them after perusal, he will perceive that the E. of Rutland is appointed Warden. Trust he will remain at his post until the latter arrives to supply his place.—Durham, 5 Nov., “in the mornyng at 6 of the clock.”
1 p. [Haynes, p. 1. In extenso.]
79. The Council of the North to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 8. With reference to his Lordship's wish that they should have returned to Newcastle, point out that it would not have been possible for them to have tarried there and yet to have accomplished his Majesty's pleasure, which was that they should put 4,000 men in garrison, a number that could only be furnished from the chief parts and not from that country. Even now they have not a little difficulty to find such a number, but have to use all possible diligence. As to his Lordship's opinion that there is no more occasion for him to remain there than for themselves, they think the contrary, for although his Majesty has written to inform them that he has appointed the E. of Rutland to be Warden before long, they think he has (scarcely yet got his commission. Besides, having but lately returned to his house, and his men and horses being distressed by long turmoil and travail, and he himself in infirm bodily health, it must be some little time before he can return to take up his appointment, until which time they are of opinion that his Lordship's commission does not expire. Nevertheless they have not, neither do they appoint him to remain there, but strongly advise him so to do, assuring him that if any of them were in his place they would not do otherwise “for all that they are worth.” They will, however, endeavour to relieve him from his charge as soon as they possibly may, and have written to his Majesty stating their opinion that in consequence of the debility of the E. of Rutland, and the overworked condition of his men and horses, the E. of Cumberland is from his proximity to the Borders, and the readiness of his forces, much more fitted to serve his Majesty in the capacity of Warden. They expect an answer from his Majesty in a few days, and in the mean time have instructed both the Earls of Rutland and Cumberland to hold themselves in readiness to take up that office with all speed as soon as they shall learn his Majesty's decision.—York, 8 Nov.
[Haynes, p. 1. In extenso.]
80. Sir Thos. Wriothesley to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 8. He will perceive from the letters of the D. of Norfolk and others the cause of his stay for a short time on the Borders, and how Lord Lisle is appointed to be his successor. Will so “lay his hands about him” that Lord Lisle shall be with him by the end of the month, having already despatched letters for the levying of his men. Asks for the clerkship of the Admiralty in Norfolk or Suffolk for a special friend of his own.—Hampton Court, 8 Nov.
1 p.
81. The Duke of Norfolk to the King of Scots.
[1542], Nov. 10. By command of the King his sovereign, wrote to his Highness from Berwick by Somerset the Herald and Ray, the Pursuivant of Berwick, asking that such of his Majesty's subjects as are now prisoners in Scotland might be delivered up on reasonable ransom, or pledges, according to the custom of the borders always observed in such cases. Received an answer thereto from the E. of Murray, stating that he would speak with his Grace on the subject. Prays that he may now be advertised of his Grace's pleasure therein.—York, 10 Nov.
Copy. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 3. In extenso.]
82. Sir Thomas Wriothesley to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 10. Sends letters from her Ladyship to which he beseeches him to make a speedy answer, for he perceives she will not be merry till she hears from him. Desires him also to write often to the King of the occurrences in those parts.—Hampton Court, 10 Nov.
1 p.
83. The Council of the North to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 11. Have received letters from his Majesty, dated the 8th inst., by which it appears that he has appointed Lord Lisle to be Warden of the Marches, and the E. of Cumberland to be one of the Council there with him, my Lord of Durham to remain for a time with Lord Lisle to assist him with his aid and council. He (the E. of Hertford) is to remain on the Borders till the arrival of the said Lord Lisle, which shall be with all diligence. His Majesty's pleasure is to have on the Borders only 2,000 men, whereof 1,500 are to be of the North parts, and the remainder Lord Lisle will bring with him from the South.—York, 11 Nov.
2 pp. [Haynes, p. 3. In extenso.]
84. The King to the Earl of Hertford.
1542, Nov. 12. Sign manual notifying the appointment of Lord Lisle as Lord Warden of the Marches, and his own recall.—“Given at Hampton Court the 12th day of Novr in the 12th year of our reign.”
1 p. [Haynes, p. 4. In extenso.]
85. Sir Thos. Wriothesley to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 18. Thanks him for granting his late suit. His Lordship will receive herewith letters from her Ladyship who, from a clause in his last letters to the effect that she was “slak in wrytyng,” fears that all her letters have not reached him. Beseeches his Lordship to exonerate him in that behalf with her Ladyship, and for that purpose to bring back with him all the letters he has received. The King takes his Lordship's letters of the 14th inst. in most thankful part. Lord Lisle, being despatched two days since, has promised to be with his Lordship before the end of this month, so that within three or four days of his arrival his Lordship may depart homewards. Lord Lisle brings 500 horse with him, and his Lordship will therefore do his Majesty good service by taking order in all places near the Borders for their refreshment on their arrival.—Hampton Court, 18 Nov.
1 p.
86. The Privy Council to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 20. His Majesty has seen and perused his Lordship's letters of the 13th and 16th instant, and has commanded them to signify unto him his Majesty's astonishment that the D. of Norfolk, and the rest of his Grace's Council there with him should leave him “so naked, so incertayn in all things, and so yvel furnished,” as his letters do purport and specify, and also that his Lordship, being himself a Commissioner with them, should so receive the charge from them, knowing how his Majesty even from the beginning gave them commandment to see his Borders well furnished, and all things set in order. Nevertheless his Highness takes his proceedings since the time of his entry into that charge in very good and thankful part, and requires him, on his Majesty's behalf, to give special thanks to Sir William Eure, Sir Thomas Wharton, Sir George Douglas, Sir Ralph Eure, Sir William Bulmer, Ralph Bulmer, John Carr of Warke, John Musgrave, and all other gentlemen of the three Marches, “who have travailed and taken payn in those enterprices.”—Hampton Court, 20 Nov.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 4. In extenso.]
87. Sir Thos. Wriothesley to the Earl of Hertford.
1542, Nov. 25. The King has well accepted the doings of his army and commends his execution of the affairs committed to him by the D. of Norfolk and others. And yet his Lordship's letter of the 13th seemed to complain of a lack of instruction and to impute a sudden departure to the others, the things there not being first set in order. This he knows happened rather “for lacke of large writing,” as his Lordship should have said that they did what they might, although the furniture was no better than he wrote of, rather than have seemed to accuse them who could not be altogether faulty alone without his Lordship having some part in it. Trusts, however, that now all is on all parts well pacified and contented. The King requires his Lordship before he departs to enquire and make a note in writing of all the laws, constitutions, and orders of the Borders, especially of those the inhabitants of the same are bound unto, to be done substantially and yet as secretly as may be, which note he is to bring with him on his return.—Westminster, 25 Nov.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 5. In extenso.]
88. Sir Thos. Wriothesley to the Earl of Hertford.
[1542], Nov. 28. Encloses letters to him from “her Ladyship.” It hath been thought here that it should not be best for him to cause much corn to be burnt, lest “uppon a face only, the Scotts shuld cause him to doo therin that which might after be repented.” This he writes as he has heard it for his Lordship's consideration.—Hampton Court, 28 Nov.
1 p.
89. The Privy Council to the Earl of Hertford, &c.
[1542], Dec. 4. Whereas they lately wrote to Sir Thos. Wharton signifying the King's pleasure touching the sending up to London of the Lord Maxwell, with twenty or twenty-four other of the Scottish prisoners lately taken, to be conveyed first to the Lord Scrope, and by him to be brought to the Lord President of the Council in the North; learning since that time that by his Lordship's appointment the said Sir Thos. Wharton has sent twelve of the number to their Lordships, his Majesty's pleasure is that in case the prisoners have arrived according to the said order, their Lordships should with all convenient diligence see the same safely in an honest sort conveyed to York to the said Lord President accordingly.—Hampton Court, 4 Dec.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 6. In extenso.]