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Close Rolls, Richard II: June 1377

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Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II: Volume 1, 1377-1381. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1914.

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CALENDAR OF CLOSE ROLLS. 1 RICHARD II.

June 1377

Membrane 46.
June 27.
Westminster.
To all sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs and other the king's lieges to whom etc. Order not to distrain the men and burgesses of Lowystok co. Norffolk, which is of the ancient demesne of the crown, to pay toll of their goods, releasing any distress so made; as according to the custom of the realm men of the ancient demesne are quit of toll throughout England.
Et erat patens.
July 1.
Westminster.
To Richard atte Leese knight. Order with all speed to repair to the Isle of Shepeye and there abide with all his power upon the safe guard of his lands and of the isle; as the king's enemies of France and their adherents have landed on the coast of England and inflicted intolerable hurt, and are striving day by day to land on divers other coasts.
The like to John de Northwode.
[Fœdera.]
June 23.
Westminster.
To Nicholas de Somerton escheator in the county of Suthampton. Order to assign dower to Elizabeth who was wife of Edward de Kendale knight, of whom the late king by William Croiser knight took an oath that she would not marry without the said king's licence.
Membrane 45.
Proceedings at the king's coronation.
King Edward III dying on 21 June 1377, in the 51st year of his reign, was succeeded by Richard II, being son of Edward prince of Wales his eldest son; and provision being made for the coronation of King Richard on Thursday the morrow of the Translation of St. Swithun following, John king of Castille and Leon and duke of Lancaster, appearing before the king and council, as earl of Leycestre claimed the office of steward of England, as duke of Lancastre claimed to bear the king's first sword called 'Curtana' on the coronation day, and as earl of Lincoln claimed to cut and carve that day before the king sitting at table. Judgment in his favour, as tenant by the courtesy after the death of Blanche his wife, to exercise those offices by himself or by deputies, taking the fees due. He performed the office of steward in person, bore the said sword until high mass after the coronation and then committed the same to Henry earl of Derby his son and heir, and by his appointment Hugh earl of Stafford carved bread and meat before the king at table in the great hall of Westminster.
Memorandum that by order of the king on Thursday before the coronation the said duke as steward of England sat in the white hall of Westminster palace near the king's chapel, and made inquisition what offices were to be performed or fees taken by any persons on the coronation day, causing proclamation to be that day made that lords and others claiming offices or fees should bring their bills and petitions before him or his representatives; whereupon the following claims were made by petition or by word of mouth:
Thomas de Wodestoke the king's uncle, having taken to wife one of the daughters and heirs of Humphrey de Bohun earl of Hereford and constable of England. Claim to the office of constable of England as pertaining of right to the said earl and his heirs who were minors in the king's wardship, shewing that the late king committed the office to him during their nonage. Claim admitted at the king's will, and office performed.
Margaret Marshall countess of Norffolk, daughter and heir of Thomas de Brotherton earl of Norffolk and marshal of England. Petition (French text) to perform the office of marshal of England by deputy, as did Gilbert Mareschall earl of Strogoile at the coronation of Henry II, to wit appeasing debates in the king's house on the coronation day, assigning lodgings, guarding the door of the king's chamber, and taking of every baron and earl that day made a knight one palfrey and saddle. For the king it was said that the said office in fee was in his person. Debate postponed until after the coronation; and Henry de Percy appointed by order of the king, who performed the office.
Robert de Veer earl of Oxford. Two petitions (French text), one to perform the office of chamberlain, the other to serve the king with water before and after meat, taking the basins and towels. Claims admitted by the king's consent, notwithstanding the earl's nonage; and offices performed.
John Wiltshire citizen of London, as tenant of certain lands in Heyden comprising the moiety of the manor. Petition (French text) for the serjeanty of holding a towel when the king shall wash his hands before meat, as did John son of John Pycot who held the said moiety of King Edward II. Claim admitted; and service performed by Edmund earl of Cantebrigge as the said John's deputy.
Thomas de Bello Campo earl of Warrewyk. Petition (French text) to bear the third sword, and for the office of paneter, taking for fee the salts, knives and spoons. Claims admitted, the salts and knives set before the king at table being the fee, the spoons to be at the king's will; on further evidence the king decreed that he should have the spoons also. Services performed, and fees taken.
John de Argenthem knight, tenant of the manor of Great Wilmondeleye co. Hertford, who at the last coronation was of the age of 8 years and in the king's wardship. Petition (French text) to serve the king with the cup. Claim admitted, and for fee a white cup of silver wherewith he should serve the king. Service performed as the king sat at table, and fee taken.
William Furnivall tenant of the manor of Farnham with the hamlet of Cere. Petition (French text) to find a glove for the king's right hand, and support the king's right arm so long as he should hold the rod. Claim admitted, the said William first taking the order of knighthood, which he did at Kenyngton on Tuesday before the coronation. Service performed.
Anne who was wife of John de Hastynges earl of Pembroke, tenant of the manor of Asshelle co. Norffolk in dower. Petition (French text) to perform by deputy the office of naperer, taking the cloths (napes, mappas) when removed as her fee. Claim admitted; and service performed by Thomas Blount knight her deputy, taking the said fee.
John son and heir of John de Hastynges earl of Pembroke. Petition (French text) to carry the great gilt spurs before the king, as did William le Mareschall his ancestor at the coronation of Edward II. Claim proved, but the claimant being a minor the service to be at the king's will. Edmund earl of March, appointed by the king, carried the spurs in right of the said heir.
The said John as tenant of the castles and towns of Pembroke, and Tynby, Kyngeswode grange, the commote of Croytrath, the manors of Castle Martin and Tregeyr. Petition (French text) to bear the second sword.
Richard earl of Arundell and Surrey, in right of the earldom of Surrey. Petition (French text) to bear the second sword. The said John, being a minor, shewed the better evidence for his claim. By order of the king Edmund earl of March performed the service in the name of the earl of Pembroke.
Richard earl of Arundell and Surrey, in right of the earldom of Arundell. Petition (French text) for the office of chief butler, taking the fees for the same.
Edmund son and heir of Edmund de Stapelgate (or Stablegate), as tenant of the manor of Bilsynton co. Kent. Petition (French text) to perform the office of butler, as appears in the book of the fees of serjeanties in the exchequer, reciting that on his father's death the late king by reason of such tenure seized the claimant as his ward, taking the profits of the said manor four years, and then committed to Geoffrey Chausyer the wardship and marriage of the claimant, for which he paid the said Geoffrey 104l. Seeing that final debate concerning the business might not be had before the coronation, that after the manor of Bilsyngton was by them aliened the earl's ancestors were in possession of the said office, and that it is not found nor alleged that any ancestor of the said Edmund performed the same, the earl was told to perform the office at this coronation and take the fees, saving the said Edmund's right; and so he did.
Membrane 44.
The mayor and citizens of London, appearing by the recorder. Claim that the mayor should serve the king with his gold cup as well at dinner in hall as after dinner at the spices (ad species) in his chamber, having for his fee the said cup and ewer of gold and taking the same with him [when] he should withdraw from the king's banquet; and that other citizens chosen by the city of London should serve the lords in the office of butler in aid of the chief butler as well at table at the dinner in hall as after dinner in the chamber. Finding evidence that the chief butler used to do the service and take the fee claimed, the steward referred the matter to the king, who in consideration of the loyalty and aid of the citizens in times past decreed of his complaisance that they should serve in aid of the chief butler in hall while the king should sit at table, and that after dinner when the king should enter his chamber and call for wine the mayor should serve him with a golden cup, and should have the cup of the king's gift and the ewer thereto pertaining. Service performed, and cup taken accordingly.
John Dymmok knight, in right of Margaret his wife for their manor of Scryvelby. Petition and bill (French text) to have on the eve of the coronation one of the king's destriers with saddle and harness of iron and full armour such as the king should wear in battle, and being so armed and mounted to ride before the king in the procession, crying to the people thrice in the hearing of all men that if any man would deny the king's right he was ready to deraign the same by his body, maintaining that he lies as a false traitor, and if any man should make denial and he should so deraign it the horse and harness should remain to him as his fee, and if no man should make denial, after the third hour after the procession and after the king should be anointed and crowned he should dismount and be disarmed, and the horse and harness should be at the king's will.
Baldwin de Freville knight cousin and one of the heirs of Philip Marmyon, to wit cousin and heir of his eldest daughter, and tenant of Tamworth castle co. Warrewyk. Petition (French text) to be at the king's coronation in armour on one of the king's destriers, and to defend his coronation if any man will gainsay the same. Inasmuch as the said John produced the better evidence, and upon the testimony of divers princes and lords that the late king and the prince in their life time often declared that he ought to do that service for his said manor, by order of the king it was determined that he should so do this time, provided that the said Baldwin should be heard if within three weeks after St. Hilary next he should shew more evidence, otherwise he should be for ever barred.
William de Latymer (or lord Latymer) and John son and heir of John Moubray of Axiholme, tenants of the lands of William Beauchamp of Bedeford. Petition (French text) to perform the office of almoner, and to take the silver alms dish with a cask of wine, citing the Red Book of the Exchequer. Claim admitted; the said William to do the service for himself and the said John, a minor in the king's wardship, and to take the alms dish, the cask of wine being reserved. Service performed and dish taken accordingly.
William de Bardolf tenant of certain lands in Adynton. Petition (French text) to find a man in the king's kitchen to make a mess called 'dilgirunt,' and if lard be added it is called 'malpigeryum.' Claim admitted, and service performed.
Richard Lyons tenant of the manor of Liston. Petition (French text) to make wafers to serve the king withal, as did John de Lyston and his ancestors time out of mind. Claim admitted and service performed.
The barons of the Cinque Ports. Petition (French text) to carry a cloth of gold or silk at his will over the king's head upon four lances covered with silver, and at the four corners thereof four bells (seignes, campanellis) of silver gilt, all at the king's cost, and to have these things for their fee; also to sit at meat at the chief table in the hall on the king's right hand. Claim to service and fee admitted, and that they should this time sit as aforesaid; and so it was done.
John fitz Johan tenant of the manor of Sculton co. Norffolk. Petition (French text) in right of his wife for the office of chief lardener, as performed by Sir Geoffrey Burdeleys at the coronation of Edward III, citing an inquisition taken 21 Edward III before William de Middelton escheator. Claim admitted, and office performed.
Nicholas Heryng tenant of the manor of Catteshull co. Surrey. Petition (French text) in right of Agnes his wife to be usher of the king's chamber. Determined that this claim does not affect the coronation.
[Fœdera. Munimenta Gildhalliœ London, (Rolls Series) vol. ii. pt. ii. (Lib. Custumarum) pp. 456 sqq.]
(A detailed account follows of the procession from the Tower to Westminster on St. Swithun's day, of the coronation ceremony on the day following, and of the service of intercession and sermon at St. Paul's on the Friday, continued on m. 43.)
Memorandum that the said steward by his own hands delivered this process to be enrolled in chancery.
[Ibid.]
Membrane 42.
June 28.
Westminster.
To John de Salesbury keeper of the dies of the late king's moneys in the Tower of London. Order to deliver all such dies in the Tower in his keeping to Thomas Hervy the king's clerk warden of the mint to keep until further order. By C.
June 27.
Westminster.
To Simon de Burgh constable of Rochester castle or his lieutenant. Order at his peril to bring to Westminster and deliver to the treasurer the money, jewels and other goods by him lately arrested at Rochester.
June 29.
Westminster.
To Robert de Euere. Order under pain of forfeiture to bring to Westminster and deliver to the treasurer all gold, silver, treasure and jewels lately arrested and in his keeping.
June 23.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Kent. Order to cause coroners to be elected, as many as used to be had in Kent in times past.
The like to singular the sheriffs throughout England.
July 9.
Westminster.
To John de Clynton. Order upon his allegiance to repair with his household to Folkestone castle by him held near the sea and there abide with power of men at arms, armed men and archers in his company sufficient to defend the same, and to be in person at Westminster at the king's coronation to perform the services due for his lands, performed by his ancestors of old time; as the king's enemies of France with a mighty fleet of ships and galleys are hastening to invade divers parts of England and especially the county of Kent, as the king has learned. By K. and C.
[Fœdera.]
July 20.
Westminster.
To Th. bishop of Durham. Order on sight of these presents, as the king with advice of the council has appointed, to draw to his lands nearest the march of Scotland, and there abide with all his household or where danger shall most threaten by invasions of the enemy, ready to march against them in strength with other lords and lieges whom the king has commanded to abide in those parts. By K. and C.
[Ibid.]
Membrane 41.
June 27.
Westminster.
To John de Bulkham mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne and escheator therein. Order to take the fealty of John son and heir of Ralph de Neville, to take of him security that he shall answer for the arrears of 90l. 16s. 8d. yearly from the death of Mary de Sancto Paulo countess of Pembroke to 14 June last if the same ought to pertain to the king, and to deliver to him that yearly sum with the arrears since her death, saving his relief if any be due; as in exchange for the castle and manor of the Ermytage in Scotland which Ralph de Neville gave to the late king and his heirs for 120l. a year of land and rent, on 16 July in the 26th year of his reign the late king granted to the said Ralph and his heirs in part thereof the reversion of 90l. 16s. 8d. a year which by the said king's grant John Darcy took during the life of the said countess of the farm of that town, and on 20 March in the 30th year granted the said sum for life to Isabel his daughter wife of Ingelram de Coucy earl of Bedford, and it was found by inquisition, taken by the said mayor, that the said countess is dead, and that the said John is next heir of the said Ralph and of full age; and at his suit the late king ordered the sheriff of Northumberland to give notice to the said earl and Isabel to be in chancery in the quinzaine of Trinity last to shew cause wherefore that yearly sum ought not to be delivered to the said John, and they came not, wherefore on 14 June it was determined that the same should be delivered to him. The king has commanded the collectors of customs in the port of Newcastle upon Tyne not to pay the said John aught since the death of the said countess of the 90l. 16s. 8d. a year which during her life he took of the issues of the said customs.
June 27.
Westminster.
To the mayor and bailiffs of Newcastle upon Tyne for the time being. Writ de intendendo, directing them of the farm of the town to pay to John son and heir of Ralph de Neville and to his heirs 90l. 16s. 8d. a year and the arrears since the death of the said countess of Pembroke.
Et erat patens.
June 30.
Westminster.
To Nicholas Daubrichecourt constable of Notyngham castle or to his lieutenant. Order to set free Peter de la Mare knight, any previous command to the contrary notwithstanding; as the king by advice of the council has fully remitted his contempt. By K. and C.
June 30.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Lincoln for the time being. Order to suffer John duke of Brittany and earl of Richemond to have the return and execution of all writs in Lincolnshire within the honour of Richemond as fully as any other earl had time out of mind; as by his complaint the king has learned that without default found in him he has been hindered by some ministers of the king from having the return and execution of such writs, although John late duke and earl and all other earls of Richemond time out of mind used ever to have the same, so that no sheriff, bailiff or minister of the king should enter the said honour to execute writs save for default of the earl for the time being, the bailiffs or ministers of the honour.
[Fœdera.]
June 25.
Westminster.
To the collectors of customs in the port of Newcastle upon Tyne. Order to pay nought to John de Neville, son and heir of Ralph de Neville, of the 90l. 16s. 8d. a year which he formerly took of the issues of the said customs; as Mary de Sancto Paulo countess of Pembroke being dead the king has commanded that yearly sum to de delivered to him of the farm of the said town according to the late king's letters patent, in part of 120l. yearly of land and rent in exchange for the castle and manor of the Ermytage in Scotland (as above, last page).