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Close Rolls, Richard II: March 1393

Pages 128-135

Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II: Volume 5, 1392-1396. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1925.

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March 1393

March 8.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of John Andrewe, John Watford, William Skynner and Robert Gerard of Middlesex, in favour of Thomas Wodefeld of Augmondesham co. Bukingham at suit of Agnes who was wife of John Scorpheyn citizen and 'armurer' of London, Matthew Rede, Richard Coupere and Robert Ladde, executors of John Scorpheyn 'fourbour' late citizen and 'armurer,' for render of 10 marks 6s. 8d.
Memorandum of a mainprise under a pain of 100l., made in chancery 11 March this year by John Conyers and John Welymot of Yorkshire, John Sokburne of Newcastle upon Tyne and Richard Middelton of London for William Bisshopdale, and of an undertaking by him under a pain of 200l., that he shall do or procure no hurt or harm to Adam Houden.
Membrane 13d.
March 17.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of William Botener and Henry Filongley of Warwickshire, John Ildesley and John Burton of Berkshire, in favour of John Hay of Boreford co. Oxford at suit of Lawrence Andrewe 'mercere' for debt.
March 18.
Westminster.
William Seint Nicholas of Kent and John Sondeford of Surrey to Robert de Faryngton and John Scarle clerks. Recognisance for 200l., to be levied etc. in the counties aforesaid.
Cancelled on payment, acknowledged by the said Robert.
John Flemynge and John Sheldwyche of Kent to the said Robert and John Scarle. (Like) recognisance, to be levied etc. in Kent.
Cancelled on payment (as the last).
March 10.
Westminster.
The prior of St. Katharine without Lincoln to Simon Gaunstede clerk. Recognisance for 200l., to be levied etc. in Lincolnshire.
March 14.
Westminster.
John Marscall chaplain to Simon Gaunstede clerk. Recognisance for 40l., to be levied etc. in Bukinghamshire.
Walter Ludenay citizen and draper of London to John Broun esquire of Devon. General release of all actions real and personal. Dated London, 19 March 16 Richard II.
Memorandum of acknowledgment in chancery at Westminster, 19 March.
Sampson de Matham, brother of Hamelin de Matham deceased, to William de Wykeham bishop of Winchester and his successors. Quitclaim with warranty of all lands, rents and services of tenants free and neif, all neifs, and all that goes with them, woods, waters, fisheries, suits of court, wards, marriages, reversions, liberties, lordships, profits etc. in the parish and townships of Esshere Episcopi and Esshere Waterville co. Surrey which were of the said Hamelin, and were by him given by charter to the said bishop, his heirs and assigns, and by licence of the king are now held by the bishop to him and his successors. Dated 18 March 16 Richard II.
Memorandum of acknowledgment (as above), 21 March.
March 19.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Middlesex. Writ of supersedeas, and order by mainprise of William Chaumberleyn 'taillour,' William Balle 'taillour,' Roger Scampston 'cordewaner' and John Martyn 'cutler,' all of London, to set free Maud Ussher, if taken at suit of the king and Hugh de Wetherby for leaving the said Hugh's service before the term agreed.
To the mayor and sheriffs of London. Order, if judgment be rendered in a cause before the sheriffs in the court of the city of London without the king's writ, between John Preston and Isolda his wife and Henry Barowe of Bloxham for debt, to cause the record and process to come before them in the next husting with all things which affect the same, and to be read and examined in presence of the parties, any error which has crept in to be corrected, and justice to be done according to the custom of the city; and to the sheriffs to set free Geoffrey Coke 'fleccher,' Richard Rose 'glover,' John Drewe 'skynner' and Richard Lunde, the defendant's mainpernors, and by mainprise of Thomas Steucle chaplain, John Prestwyke 'bowier,' William Faireforde 'glover,' Walter Trot 'cordewaner,' Walter Mace 'haberdasshere,' all of London, and Simon Barbour of Middlesex to stay the execution of such judgment while the business of the error is pending without debate; as manifest error has crept into the said record and process, to the grievous hurt of the said Geoffrey and the other prisoners, as the king has learned by their complaint; and Thomas Steucle and his fellows have mainperned for them under a pain of 20l., that they shall prosecute the writ of error, and shall content the plaintiffs of their debt and damages if the judgment shall be affirmed.
March 20.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Middlesex. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of John Wilteshire of Cambridgeshire, Roger Hillom of London and Thomas Ferrour of Holborne in the suburbs of London, in favour of William Craunford at suit of William Smeton for render of a horse price 100s.
To the sheriff of Kent. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of Henry de Horne, William Emery of Kent and William Cheyne the younger of Sussex, in favour of Thomas Cokeride and William Willes of Werehorne 'bocher' at suit of John Germeyn for trespass.
March 25.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Bedford. Order by mainprise of John de Luton of London 'goldsmyth,' Reynold Gaytforde of Yorkshire, Andrew Seweresby 'taillour,' and John Dusze 'goldesmyth,' both of London, to set free John Brampton of Turvey, imprisoned at suit of the king and Thomas Fodryngey for leaving Thomas Fodryngey's service before the term agreed.
Feb. 21.
Westminster.
Thomas Watton citizen of London, otherwise called Thomas Drover, to Richard Henry clerk. Recognisance for 14l., to be levied etc. in the city of London.
Defeasance thereof, upon condition that he pay 7l. at the term named.
March 22.
Westminster.
Edmund de la Pole knight and Robert James to John de Ravenser clerk. Recognisance for 40l., to be levied etc. in Cambridgeshire.
Defeasance thereof, upon condition that they pay 20l. on the day named.
Cancelled on payment.
April 1.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Kent. Order upon sight etc. to cause proclamation to be made in the county [court] and in cities, boroughs, market towns, fairs, markets etc., that all who henceforward will make for sale any rayed or coloured cloths shall under pain of forfeiting the same make rayed cloths of 28 ells measure by the list in length and five quarters in breadth, and coloured cloths of 26 ells measure by the fold and six quarters in breadth at least, and half cloths of proportionate length and of the same breadth, and shall cause them to be sealed with the alnager's seal before they be exposed for sale, according to divers statutes published in time of the late king and of the king, whereby it is ordered and agreed that such cloths made in England shall be of the measure aforesaid, that any cloth or half cloth exposed for sale which is not of that measure shall be forfeit to the king, and all exposed for sale before being so sealed shall likewise be forfeit; but it is not the king's intent that cloths made by people for their own use and for their household, or cloths made for sale by poor men be forfeit, though they be not of that measure, or cloths of 'cogware,' and 'Kendalecloth,' provided these be made of the worst and weakest wool of the realm, and exceed not the value of 40d. or 5s.
Like writs to singular the sheriffs throughout England.
March 23.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Kent. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of John Sewale of London 'fishmonger' and Simon Gardyner of Kent, in favour of Richard atte Broke chaplain, Thomas More and Robert atte Halle at suit of the abbot of St. Augustine Canterbury for trespass.
March 19.
Westminster.
John Maudeleyn yeoman of the king's robes is sent to the abbot and convent of Glastonbury co. Somerset, to take of that house such maintenance as John Petit, (fn. 1) one of the yeoman of the king's kitchen deceased, had at the king's command. By p.s. [8647.]
Membrane 12d.
March 10.
Westminster.
To the bailiffs of Wyche co. Worcester. Order, at the complaint of Richard Stury knight and Alice his wife, to be in person before the king and council in chancery in the quinzaine of Easter next with their charters, evidences etc. which concern the matter, in order to shew and declare by what authority they presume to take cognisance and jurisdiction in pleas concerning a freehold; and writ of supersedeas in respect of a plea before them pending between Edmund Unioun and the complainants concerning a bullary of five leads of brine in Wyche, and any process thereupon; as their complaint shews that, although the bailiffs have no power or jurisdiction in pleas concerning a freehold, by their own authority they have assumed cognisance thereof, haling the complainants before them in contempt of the king.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, and order by mainprise of John Bosevylle, Matthew de Ferne, John del Chaumbre and Paul Farneby of London to set free Gossinus Vandyland a Ducheman, if taken at suit of Lawrence Dyrkson averring threats.
March 13.
Westminster.
John Wryght of Hecham to Thomas Sandewyche clerk. Recognisance for 100l., to be levied etc. in Suffolk.
Cancelled on payment.
March 13.
Westminster.
Thomas Sandewyche clerk to John Wryght of Hecham. (Like) recognisance, to be levied etc. in Suffolk.
Cancelled on payment.
March 11.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of Thomas Elys of Devon, Reynold Sheffeld of Berkshire, William Wynnusley of Worcestershire and Robert Skyrne of Yorkshire, in favour of William Thorne of Redyng at suit of Lawrence Andrewe 'mercere' for debt.
Memorandum of a mainprise under a pain of 2,000l., made in chancery 15 March this year by Ralph Fitz Richard of Bedfordshire, Richard Broke of London, John Yedele and Stephen Orsenden of Kent for Walter Dautre, impeached before the king and council for usury, to have him from day to day before the king and council ready to answer touching the premises and other things which shall be laid against him.
Cancelled with assent of the court and the justices, for that the court is assured that the said Walter is dead, as appears by a record which is upon the chancery file.
March 15.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of Stephen Wyket 'brewere,' John Heryot 'smyth,' both of London, Ralph Trewales and Thomas Poos, both of Cornwall, in favour of Walter Menhire of Cornwall at suit of Michael Cornewaille citizen and draper of London for debt.
March 19.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of Simon Ingram, John Wynselowe, John Creyke and William Crowemere citizens and drapers of London, in favour of Thomas de Brewes knight at suit of William Scut clerk for debt.
John Broun esquire of Devon to Walter Ludenay citizen and draper of London. General release of all actions real and personal. Dated London, 19 March 16 Richard II.
Memorandum of acknowledgment in chancery at Westminster, 19 March.
Sampson de Matham, brother etc., to William de Wykeham bishop of Winchester and his successors. Quitclaim with warranty of lands etc. in Esshere Episcopi and Esshere Waterville (as above, p. 129). Dated 24 January 15 Richard II.
Memorandum of acknowledgment (as above), 21 March this year.
March 30.
Westminster.
Elizabeth Croyser, William Croyser her son and John Squery to Robert Shirwynd and Nicholas Walsyngham of London 'mercers.' Recognisance for 60l., to be levied etc. in Surrey.
March 28.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Gloucester. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of John Lilleston and Thomas Ferrour of Middlesex, John Wynchecombe of Gloucestershire and Richard Raulyn of Cornwall, in favour of Robert chaplain of Thomas Keys of Stowe St. Edwards at suit of Thomas atte Leghe for trespass.
April 1.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, and order by mainprise of William Ilketsale, Thomas Lexham and Nicholas Charwode of Norfolk to set free William Herte of Causton, if taken at suit of the king, Thomas Hardynge and Henry Fitz John for leaving the service of the said Thomas and Henry at London before the term agreed.
March 20.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Bukingham. Writ of supersedeas omnino, by mainprise of William Wycombe parson of Myserder co. Gloucester, Gregory Prentys vicar of Missynden, William Cranforde of Aylesbury and William Henry of Wobourne, in favour of John Penyshalle vicar of Wobourne at suit of Thomas Goldhoppe vicar of Burnham averring threats.
April 30.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Writ of supersedeas omnino in respect of any process against the executors of William Payn, who was appointed with others a justice of the peace, to keep the statutes of Winchester, Norhampton and Westminster concerning the peace, and a justice of oyer and terminer in Dorset, and against the heirs of the deceased and the tenants of his lands, but order to proceed against others who did meddle therein; as that commission came never to his hands, neither did he meddle in aught therein contained, as William his son and heir has made oath in chancery.
Membrane 11d.
March 5.
Westminster.
Thomas duke of Gloucester to the king. Recognisance for 10,000 marks, to be levied etc. in Essex.
Defeasance thereof, upon condition that the duke pay 5,000 marks by four half yearly instalments of 250 marks, and then by instalments of 1,000 marks a year.
March 14.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of York. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of William Osmundthorp, William Traismer, Richard Wakefeld of Notynghamshire and John Santon of Yorkshire, in favour of John de Bildesthorp of Newerke at suit of Robert de Crosse of Kyngeston upon Hull for debt.
March 12.
Westminster.
To the bailiffs of Westminster of the abbot of Westminster. Order upon sight etc. to cause proclamation to be made of an order made in the parliament last holden at Winchester with assent of parliament, for the credit of the city of London and of other places between the palace of Westminster and the Tower of London and to avoid pollution of the air there, that all unclean entrails, issues and intestines of beasts, dung, dunghills, ordure, rubbish, lastage, filth etc. between those places on either side of the Thames shall before Whitsuntide next be removed, abolished and taken away, and that henceforward no man shall put or cast any into the river, or cause that to be done, under a pain of 40l., and order to cause the same to be observed.
Like writ to the bailiffs of Suthwerke.
Feb. 21.
Westminster.
To the mayor and sheriffs of London. (Like) order in regard to an ordinance (then) made, that a dunghill upon the shore of the river Thames by the house of Robert Parys be removed, that before Easter next a house be there made by the butchers of London, and that they cause all entrails etc. of beasts by them slaughtered in the city to be removed in the most decent manner they may to such new house, cut up into small pieces according to the size used in the city of old time, put in boats there, brought to mid stream when the river is deepest, and cast into the water when the tide begins to ebb, and at no other place or time, any former ordinance or proclamation to the contrary notwithstanding; also in regard to the ordinance (above mentioned).
March 23.
Westminster.
To John Bussy, Philip Tilney, Walter Tailboys knights, and John Rocheforde. Writ of supersedeas in respect of the execution of the king's commission so far as concerns the hearing and final debate of the articles and suits of the dean and chapter of St. Mary Lincoln, which in order to avoid hurt and prejudice to the king and crown and for better safeguard of the right by him pretended the king will have debated and determined before him and the council at convenient times; as lately a hateful dispute arose between the dean and chapter and the commonalty of Lincoln on the one part and certain of the greater and more worthy citizens on the other part touching the election of mayor and bailiffs of the city, and the other articles etc. aforesaid which concern the several rights and privileges of the dean and chapter and of the commonalty, and when the report thereof came to the king's ears, pondering that thereby the peace was like to be disturbed, the people stirred up, and other mischief and peril was like to follow, at the earnest suit of certain attorneys of the commonalty, the king of his royal goodness by word of mouth deputed Thomas archbishop of York the chancellor to hear and determine the premises at his discretion; and the chancellor summoned before him such as he saw fit and, giving his attention in person at the king's command, after partial examination and ventilation of the matter, was not able to attend the conclusion of the business, being hindered by other urgent affairs which specially affected the king and the estate and governance of the realm, and because of the shortness of the time, but after such examination and partial reform, by consent of the parties committed the matter to the discretion and award of the said knights and John Rocheforde, to be by them determined and reported to the king and council; and without authority of the king's special command they dared not take upon them that charge because of divers doubts and other perils which might arise in time to come, and after taking information with the council, by advice of the council the king by his authority committed the whole matter to them, to be examined, heard and determined by them, three or two of them as to them should seem best; but after sounder deliberation thereupon, it seems to the king and council that damage and prejudice must happen to the king and crown if they should proceed to determine the articles and suits aforesaid, and the king has decreed that so far as concerns them his said commission is null and void, but shall remain in force in regard to other the premises.
March 20.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Kent. Order to set free the persons taken and imprisoned at suit of the abbot of St. Augustine Canterbury, and writ of supersedeas until the quinzaine of Easter next in respect of taking the bodies of all other persons of the Cinque Ports at his suit; as hearing lately by his report that divers such persons by force of arms took and carried away divers goods and wares to no small value which were cast up by the sea in particular places of Kent within the abbot's lordship and liberty and pertained to the abbot as wreck of the sea, and believing that such goods ought rather to pertain to him than to the abbot, by divers writs the king ordered those persons to be before the king and council at a day past in order to answer in person to the king and the abbot, and at that day gave them and the abbot a further day in the quinzaine aforesaid; and now the king is informed that, while the matter is so pending before the king and council, the abbot has sued divers writs against those persons, insomuch that some of them are by the sheriff taken and imprisoned, and some are fugitives, not daring to return to their own again for fear of being taken.

Footnotes

  • 1. In the warrant (French), Petit Johan.