America and West Indies: March 1630

Pages 108-112

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 1, 1574-1660. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1860.

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March 1630

[March 3.] 57. Notes by Boswell of the situation of the proposed settlement of Carolina; the number of families to be transported; fortresses to be erected. [French, written on the blank side of a fragment of a letter, signed Sancé.]
March 5.
58. Commission to Sir Humphrey May, Sir John Coke, Sir Julius Caesar, and Sir Hen. Marten, to discover what goods, merchandise, and other things have been taken by Capt. David Kirke from the French, from the fort of Quebec, the College of Jesuits, and a French vessel. [Engrossed copy.]
March 7.
The Convertive.
59. Capt. Rich. Plumleigh to Lord Carlisle. Met at Cadiz, Geo. Donne, Lieut. Hay and five or six others, hostages for the ships lent by Don Frederico de Toledo for transportation of the planters upon the islands belonging to Carlisle, and promised that he would solicit his Lordship to hasten their delivery. Found them in great want, and relieved them both with advice and money. [On 2nd March previous Francis Brooke writes to Sec. Coke from Ports-mouth, that he conceives a Spanish bottom which brought home passengers from St. Christopher's ought to be confiscated to the King, although it is pretended it belongs to the passengers, as given by the enemy to bring them home. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CLXII., No. 10.]
March 11. 60. Articles demanded of the Attorney General by the Baron de Sance?, to be inserted in his grant from the King, respecting the limits, rights, and privileges in the intended settlement of Carolina. French. [Draft, corrected by Boswell.]
[March 11.] 61. Another draft of the preceding articles, though somewhat fuller. French.
March 11. 62. Fair copy of articles similar in substance to the preceding, but considerably fuller; with reasons in favour of their being complied with. French.
[March 11.] 63. Articles in English, almost a translation of No. 61.
[March.] 64. Articles agreed upon between the Attorney General and Baron de Sancé concerning the settlement of Carolina. French. [Draft by De Sancé, with corrections.]
March? 65. Directions to Mons. Bonnavolia [? Belavene] for a voyage to, and settling a plantation under 35th degree Nor. lat. Course to be taken by the pilot. Choice of land for the plantation. Twelve acres of ground to be prepared by 1st September. Great beans, French beans, and seeds of all sorts, principally anniseed, to be sown. To live in peace with the Indians. To obtain materials and build a house of two stories, and, when the ship has left, four towers for fortification, for which the most minute details are set down, and rough plans drawn in the margin. In case of an enemy, forty men to be armed with guns and pikes, "upon sight of whom they will run away." Overtures of friendship to the natives; selection of presents. Duty of the Governor to divide the men into four companies, each to have a quartermaster, three for the English, and one for the French. Punishment for neglect of duty or quarrelling. Prayers every Sunday. Every man to lay his hand upon the Bible, and thereby acknowledge himself a true Protestant and faithful to his commander, King, and country. Dressing of provisions and quantity to be allowed. No female cattle, nor eggs to be eaten. The Governor and quartermasters to govern the companies. Strict guard to be always kept. Prevention of sickness. Rules to be observed in the construction of ditches for defence, and salt pits. The Governor and quartermasters to have the choice of settling either in the 34th or 35th degree "both being very good places."
March? 66. Regulations [by Baron de Sancé] to be observed by all French Protestants wishing to settle in Carolina. To have certificates from their respective pastors in France, which will be attested by the Ministers of the French Church in London, and for which Attorney General Heath will deliver to each a certificate in exchange. Names and vocation to be written in a book. When arrived in the plantation all will give up their certificates to the Deputy and any found without will be reputed strangers [estrangers] and sent back again. French.
March? 67. Rules [by De Sancé] for those who go to dwell in Carolina. None going over the first two or three years to pay for the passage of themselves or their goods. Every man with servants to contribute 10l. to the public store, those without, what the Council think fit. A Council to be chosen with the Governor as President. Those going from France or Holland to have certificates of their religion and good conduct.
March? 68. Proposals [by the Baron de Sancé]. Many Protestant families in France and England wish to settle in 'some part either of New England or Virginia, in 36½ deg. [altered from 37th], upon a river where they can traffic in silk and other merchandise. Solicits the King's assistance with a ship, cannon, and ammunition, also pikes and muskets for 500 men, having foun merchants and gentlemen who will support the plantation under His Majesty's authority. Advantages to be gained. Great quantities of mulberry trees for silkworms. [French. Endorsed, by Sec. Coke, "Mons. Sancés proposition to carry 100 men to plant upon the river St. Jaques to the south of Virginia. Speak with Lord Keeper about releasing the Jesuits, discharge of Fr. Griffin. Inquire what forwardness the ships and provisions are in."]
March? 69. Mem. [by De Sancé] of the limits of his proposed grant for Carolina, and the conditions to be observed by those who wish to settle in the Province. Not more than 100 or 150 settlers to be sent over the first year, and labourers, artizans, and skilful seamen only to be sent during the next two or three years. French.
March? 70. Project for advancing the intended plantation [of Carolina?] by collecting from every communicant in England one penny before he receives the sacrament; the money to be paid to the treasurer for the plantation. The Bishops to require from every minister upon oatb, the number of communicants in his respective parish.
March? 71. Belavene to Boswell. Proposed general order concerning the privileges of those going out as servants to the province [of Carolina]. French.
[March.] 72. Mem. by De Sancé of the number of men he hopes to take out on the first voyage to Carolina, including a minister, carpenters, ship builders, locksmiths, bricklayers, masons, bakers, cooks, a tailor, bootmaker, apothecary, and barber, serving men, and others for discovery; total, 81 persons. The provisions and the several duties they will have to perform. French.
[March.] 73. A particular [by De Sancé] of the apparel, victuals, arms, tools, and household implements necessary for one person or for a family settling in Carolina; the charges for 50 men are estimated at 1,000l.
[March 12.] 74. List of six [French] ships that are making ready for Canada; their burden, names of commanders, and the ports where they are preparing. [Duplicate of an inclosure in a despatch from De Vic, from Paris, who states that great diligence is being used in the preparation of eight ships, two for St. Christopher's and the other six for Coast Guards; but that the Canada Company, by importunate complaints, has obtained from the French King and his Council, the use of the six Garde Costes to be employed for the recovery of Canada. The inclosed list, De Vic says, was received from a good hand with an assurance that the French King is at the greatest part of the charges of the expedition. See Corresp. FRANCE, of this date.]
March 16.
Francis Bassett to the Privy Council. Has examined Capt. Regnold, who, with his ship the Francis of Havre de Grace, and company, was arrested in the name of Thos. Littleton and others, merchants of London, together with the English who came from St. Christopher's in other ships. Finds that Regnold's commission was not dated a month after General Le Cusac's return from thence, but that he was at Barbadoes when the massacre was committed by Le Cusac, and that when he sailed from St. Christopher's, seven or eight and twenty days after the execution, Le Cusac's fleet was at St. Eustatius; all of which confirms his having no dependence on that general. Knows of no other cause for the detention of Regnold or his ship. Awaits their Lordships' further orders. [DOMESTIC Corresp. Car. I., Vol. CLXIII., No. 3.]
March 19. 75. Articles agreed upon between Attorney [Gen. Heath] and De Sancé respecting the settlement in Carolina; copy of which, as endorsed by De Sancé, he had sent into France. Latin. [Draft, with corrections by De Sancé, endorsed also by Boswell.]
1630? 76. Richard Sandes to [Sec. Coke?]. A long discourse, interspersed with Scriptural quotations, upon the advantages to England of sending people to the plantations in New England; many desirous to go, if some good way were taken to carry them over, who would further the conversion of the savages. Begs to be employed there if his Lordship should send any people to New England.
1630. 77. Narrative [addressed to Sec. Coke?] concerning the settlement of New England. The French claim it as being the first discoverers. Jacques Cartier called it Nova Francia, but never attempted to plant there. In 1603 the French King granted a patent to Mons. de Monts, of that country, lying between 40 and 46 degrees [of latitude]. The French made three unsuccessful attempts to discover Massachusetts Bay. An old Protestant Frenchman on a fishing voyage was cast away, and escaped to the shore of the bay. He lived with the Indians about two years, and used every means to convert them from the worship of the Devil to Christianity, without avail. He prophesied that God would destroy them, and the following year they were visited with the plague, which continued three years, and swept away almost all the people for about 60 miles along the sea-coast. In 1623 about 120 emigrants set out to plant in Delaware bay, but were forced, by cross winds, to land about 25 miles to the south of Massachusetts, and there they established a colony which begins to thrive, having increased to about 500 people. This year Mr. Winthrop, with 6 ships and 1,000 people landed at Massachusetts, having sent, two years before, between three and four hundred servants to provide houses and corn, which through idleness they neglected to do. Satisfactory progress of the colony. The providence of God worthy of observation.
[1630.] 78. Names of the principal undertakers for the plantation of the Massachusetts Bay, that are themselves gone over with their wives and children. John Winthrop, Governor, and three of his sons; Sir Rich. Saltonstall and five children; Isaac Johnson, Lady Arbella his wife, and Mr. Charles Fines, sister and brother to the Earl of Lincoln; Mr. Dudley, his wife and six children; Coddington and wife; Pincheon, wife, and two daughters; Vassall and wife, and Mr. Revell. Endorsed, "For the Rt. Hon. Lord Carleton."