East Indies, China and Japan: March 1619

Pages 252-268

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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March 1619

March 1. Jacatra. 609. Sir Thos. Dale to the East India Company. Knows not whether those in a Flemish ship had the honesty to deliver his last letters from Saldanha. Narrow escape of himself and the President from drowning at Penguin island, where they landed for refreshment ; one boat cast away and twelve men lost. A Portugal galleon taken, but, having nothing in her profitable for the Company, was let go. Met with the Portugal Admiral carac, of 1,600 tons and 800 men, exceedingly richly laden ; preparations for a fight, but a parley desired by the Portugals, and after 20 days' treaty received 70,000 dollars for the East India Company, and 10,000 dollars for the men in the fleet, by way of restitution in part for former losses by their nation, and so they parted without bloodshed. Death of Captain Parker, 24 September. Loss of the Sun, 15 November, wherein he lost all that he had to his shirt, he and the President both recovering from sickness at the time ; arrived at Bantam 19 November ; Capt. Pring's fleet there. Resolution in Council to make war against the Dutch for satisfaction of their former losses. Seizure of the Black Lion, very richly laden, without the loss of a man. Account of a fight with the Dutch fleet of seven ships on 23 December, the English having eleven, whereof the Black Lion was one, the Peppercorn, fully laden, another, and the Thomas, fitted as a fire-ship, the third, but five of the Dutch fought, "the more shame for some of them." It lasted from eleven till three, "a cruel bloody fight ;" 3,000 great shot fired ; many men maimed and slain on both sides, but the Dutch had four times as many slain and maimed as the English ; three of the Dutch ships reported to be sunk ; knows not how true it is, but is sure they were soundly banged. Next night both fleets came to anchor in sight of each other, but the Dutch having the wind, began not with them. It was their ill fortune to discover three English ships out at sea from Bantam ; waited for them to join the fleet. The Dutch made off to the eastwards for Banda ; did not imagine they would have run away from their people at Jacatra as they did, "and so by this means we lost them, which troubled me very much, for if our three ships had not come in sight that morning, they had never gotten away from us, which was a great hindrance to our proceedings to the Moluccas." Roger Dale died of his wounds in this fight, his leg shot off. Chased the Dutch fleet through the Bay of Jacatra in sight of all the Javas, to whom formerly they had made their great brags, night overtaking them anchored near Jacatra. Order for the Black Lion to unload the next day. The same morning about 2 o'clock three or four drunken rogues broke open her hold and went to steal "rackapée," and, as they were drawing it, set some that was spilt on fire, and so fired the ship. Amazed at the accident, they stole out of the hold and covered the scuttle, and some fell to breaking open the chests while the ship was on fire about their ears and impossible to be quenched, "and so they consumed all that wealth in her, an unfortunate accident." Despatched the Francis to relieve the English fort at Pooloroon and encourage them to hold it against the Dutch. The Great James, Advice, and Owl joined them on 28th Dec. (?) Went on shore (at Jacatra) next day to make articles of agreement with the King for their abode there, on condition of assisting him and delivering the Fort Royal of the Dutch into his hands, which the King of Bantam for his sake had many times entreated the English to do. Articles agreed on, concerning the taking of the Dutch Fort Royal. Ships under Capt. Pring despatched to the straits of Sunda to chase six Dutch ships and keep them from refreshing their men, "the which was speedily effected." Conditions of surrender of the Dutch fort. The King of Jacatra to share the goods, ordnance, munition, &c. with the English, and the 360 Flemings to be taken under the protection of the English, guarded from the treacherous Javas, and afterwards shipped for the coast of Coromandel on payment of 2,000 dollars and taking an oath not to serve against the English until November next ; the castle to be delivered into the King of Jacatra's hands. Liberated two English merchants who were in irons ; twelve of the principal Dutchmen hostages on board his ship. Demand of the Pengran of Bantam for deliverance of seven prisoners, treacherously taken by the King of Jacatra, "by which means we were not able to keep our former contract with the Dutch." Conference with the Dutch and King of Bantam concerning the surrender of the castle, "but in truth meaning nothing." Came to Bantam Road with the rest of the English fleet, where they met Capt. Pring and his fleet. Dogged disposition of the Pengran to the English. Resolution at a Council to leave Bantam ; all the Company's moneys and goods shipped aboard within one week, but could not be so closely done but that the Pengran took notice of it, yet never sent to them. Fair promises still held out by the Dutch at Bantam, that the fort at Jacatra should be given up to the Pengran, but after nightly fortifying and daily getting in fresh supplies, they told the King of Bantam the castle was their master's. The King beginning to see himself gulled of so much wealth and lose both Jacatra and Bantam, if the Dutch held their castle no power could beat them out, made overtures to Dale, "but he [the King] is so perfidious that there is no trust to be given to anything he promises by word or deed, which makes us we dare not trust him." March 15. Account of things sent home in the Little James to his wife, some of Japan ware. Should be glad to hear how Virginia prospers and his (Dale's) business goes forward there. Begs him to tell his wife that John Poll was drowned at the Cape, and the youth Sir William Padye "put to me" and Stephen Pert. Roger Dale was slain in fight with the Flemings. Has only of his servants living Robt. Owen and his nephew, Henry Fusdyck ; Smythe's cousin Tracye died in Persia. [Fourteen pages. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 767.]
March 2. 610. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from Bantam, of 14 July last, from Rowland Quoitmore, master of the James Royal, to his wife, with news of their arrival there 19 June, having left Surat 12 March previously. Death of Wm. Wilson, the cooper, and of Nath. Salmon, 9 April. Petition of Robert White, master's mate in the Bull, about freight of his goods. Letter from my Lord of Buckingham in favour of his servant Cannon about Sir Henry Middleton's goods, the propriety being in the children and not in the woman. Timber to be borrowed out of the King's yard by reason of the Company's building four new ships. Letters read from the Lord Chancellor from York House in favour of Finch's suit concerning Gourney's goods ; also from the Lords about advancing part of the money promised against the pirates ; opinion that the Company are best able to husband their own affairs, and that being granted, to set forth their own ships, and that "if those moneys should be directed another way, and not against the pirates, they supposed they should be exclaimed of and cried out against." Committee to attend Mr. Chancellor with said answer. Petitions of Anthony Morbeck and Wm. Younge, who went forth in Lord Rich's ship and returned in the Bull, for recompence for their service for the Company ; of John Boyde and John Palmer, sailors, for relief for their losses by the burning of the [Black] Lion ; and of Mary, widow of Peter Burton, to receive her husband's means, without taking out letters of administration. [One page and three quarters. Court Bk. IV., 304-306.]
March 3. Aboard the New Year's Gift Bantam Road. 611. Anthony Finche, purser, to the East India Company. Promotions in the ship in consequence of great mortality ; Capt. Salmon and Philip Cr[e?]we among those deceased ; John Hatch, master of the Bee, placed commander and himself the purser. Riding in Acheen Road in May 1618, found the books in a most imperfect state, which John Hatch, John Beamont, and Michael Holman will testify. Reasons for his inability to send home his accounts. Presents given to Wm. Nicolls for the King of Tiku, to procure trade there either for a year or six months, but could no longer be procured, so they took everything on board, and dissolved the factory. Hear since their arrival at Bantam that the Flemings have had the trade granted them. Nicolls suspected of giving them assistance. The loss of Tiku will be a hindrance to the sale of cloth, as well as other things. Loss of the Admiral [ship Sun], and death of seventy-seven men, some from the Lion and the Francis. [One page and a half. Endorsed, "In this ship seventy-seven men dead. Wm. Nicolls suspected." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 770.]
March 4. Bantam. 612. Isaac Crowther, steward in the Moon, to Sir Thos. Smythe. Account of provisions consumed on board the Moon, and those remaining, three hundred men having been aboard for a month together at once. [One page. O.C. Vol. VI. No. 771.]
March 5. 613. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Inquiry of Capt. Adams as to the services of Anthony Morbeck and William Younge. Suit of the brother of Edward Langley, factor, deceased, for his goods. Five new ships to be built, two of 300 tons, "very good warlike ships," for Jask or Surat. Timber from Ireland. Virginia wheat, called maize, much commended for an excellent strong meat and hearty for men at sea, and more wholesome than beef ; the Virginia Company to be desired to procure some for trial by the next shipping. Fifty pounds to be paid to Mr. Giles for burning logwood. Wages of John Cooke. Carpets from Surat found to be somewhat dear. Petition of John and Elizabeth, children of John Averill, taken in the Defence in the Moluccas, and supposed to he since dead, for relief. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 306-308.]
March 5. Jacatra Road. 614. John Jourdain to his uncle, Capt. John Jourdain, at Bantam. Departure of Sir Thos. Dale hence eastward in his own ship the Moon, with the Hound, Bee, and Rose, to try and meet with the Flemings, who were reported to be cast away. Arrival of the prow from Bantam with the purser of the Peppercorn. Their ships want good employment, for they are now very idle. [Quarter of a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 772.]
March 6. 615. Sir Thos. Wynne to Carleton. The English and Dutch Commissioners absolutely dissevered ; Bas, Boreel, and Vanderdussen, all Armenians, thought to be the principal occasioners. They would have pre-eminence, not only in the Moluccas, but in all other places where they are not planted. [Extract from Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CVII., No. 9, Cal., p. 21.]
March 9. Newmarket. 616. Marquis of Buckingham to Carleton. Doubts not but he has long since heard from the States Commissioners what their treatment has been, wherein Buckingham assures himself they cannot justly complain of any want of courtesy. Had a special care to show some particular respect to Mr. Gogh, because of Carleton's testimony of his affection to his Majesty's state and subjects. The King will well consider the project for the new Company before any resolution be taken in it. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 9. 617. Court Minutes of the East India Company. John Averill placed with Wm. Townsend, cooper, at the Company's expense. Langley's business ; his brother's will not yet proved ; the Company will consent to nothing until it is. Gratuity to Adam Bowen for drawing 13 several plots of Surat, Jask, and other parts in the Indies, and writing three journals of Capt. Pring, with directions how to use them. Capt. Pepwell's goods to be sold ; abuses committed by him in taking a junk at Surat, &c. Gratuities to John Boyd and John Palmer. Petition of Hugh Emerye about payment of his imprest money. Allowance of 400l. or 500l. per annum to Giles Martyn, for procuring coral from Marseilles, Leghorn, &c, if he employ 30,000l. for the Company. [One page and a half. Court Bk. IV., 308-309.]
March 9. Bantam. 618. John Smelte to the East India Company. Wm. Evans and himself were kept in irons 45 days by the Hollanders. During his imprisonment at Jacatra they pillaged and then burnt the English house there ; his losses were to the value of 400 ryals. Concerning the stay of a Chinese junk in May 1618 by Capt. Ball's orders ; the death of John Bindon at Jacatra in October last, and the money found in his chest. [One page. Endorsed, "Received 6 Nov. 1619 by the Little James." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 773.]
March 10/20. Brussels. 619. W. Trumbull to Carleton. It were a happy turn if our treaty were ended about the East India trade before the return of the Spanish ambassador. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 11/21. Nangasaki. 620. Alvaro - to Mestre Ceres [Edmund Sayer]. Requests his good offices for Antonio Peres, who he wishes to employ respecting a consignment to Cochin China. [Portuguese. One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 774.]
March ? 621. Germo de Varreda. Instructions and authority to Maestre Ses [Edmund Sayer] to trade for him in the place of Antonio Peres, should anything happen to the latter. [Portuguese. One page. O.C., Vol VI., No. 775.]
March 12. 622. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Concerning Martin's allowance for his employment about the coral. Petition read of Christopher Boddam, Thos. Owen, Richard Rist, Richard Fowkes, John White, John Day, Thos. Faulkner, Abraham Hillwill, Edward Joye, and Bartholomew Grove, complaining of want of necessaries on board the Bull. Capt. Adams proved they fared no worse than himself, and that Boddam had been mutinous and punished ; Committee appointed touching the business. Proceedings of the Committee at Deptford and Blackwall. Request of the Virginia Company to borrow four minions ; acknowledge they owe four demi-culverins. Minutes of a General Court. Sale of commodities from the East Indies with names of the purchasers and the prices ; also of about 1,000 weight of tobacco from the Somers Islands, at 6s. per lb. [Five pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., 309-314.]
March 12. Bantam. 623. George Muschamp to the East India Company. His last was of 12 July 1617 from Pooloroon by Walter Stacye, with relation of their miserable and unfortunate voyage to Banda ; the surprise of the Swan by the Hollanders, the loss of the Great Defence, which was carried to Neira Road, and there detained by the Hollanders, and the lawful surrender of the islands of Pooloroon, Pooloway, Rosingyn, and Waye (Ay), signed and acknowledged by the country people, with other occurrences. Since then Courthope, Muschamp, and thirty-two men have kept possession of Pooloroon, enduring much want and misery in the hope of relief to maintain the surrender and settle upon the island of Lantar. This island the country people desired to surrender on the same terms as the others, not to trade with any other nation but the English. Feigned league of the people with the Hollanders. Their hopes frustrated by the late coming of the English ships from Bantam. Fight between the Solomon and Attendance and three Holland ships from two till eight o'clock p.m. Base conduct of Cassarian David, who struck his flag and surrendered to the Dutch. Details of the Dutch taking possession ; their disgraceful conduct, treading upon the English colours and speaking in contemptuous terms of England and her King. The Dutch dared not attack the English fort at Neira, but attempted Lantar 2 June 1618 with 700 men, but were repulsed by the country people with the loss of about thirty killed and wounded. The Bandanese hardened against the Dutch, and vow unless they be relieved from them they will abandon their islands and destroy their fruits. Are determined to stay until the next westerly monsoon ; have only rice and rain-water for their sustenance both in health and sickness. Commendations of Courthope. Left for Bantam 2 Aug. 1618 by Courthope's orders. Determination of Sir Thomas Dale to assist them at Pooloroon with the fleet, but "other occasions detained them." Miserable state of the poor men at Pooloroon ; hazard of losing that hopeful trade. Letters sent from Pooloway from the English prisoners there ; tyrannical conduct of the Dutch ; the English kept in irons and their diet bad and scarce. [Three pages. Endorsed, "Received 6 Nov. 1619 by the Little James." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 776.]
March 12. Surat. 624. Kerridge Biddulphe, Rastell, and James to the East India Company. Wrote by the Royal Ann, which departed hence the 16 ult., and now write overland by a Surat junk for Mocha. The Dragon, Lion, and Expedition, under Capt. Bonner, arrived at Surat 20 Sept. last. Disposal of the goods consigned hither. Advice concerning cloth and the colours most fit for sale. The elephants' teeth intended for Ahmedabad seized by the customer for the Prince, and the merchant refusing to share with him, they are still detained ; care should be had to their soundness and size, &c. Not sufficient lead ; the Expedition landed all she had at Jask. Their endeavours to improve the prices prevented by the customer. Half the tin has been sent for Persia, and the rest landed and sold ; larger quantities, 60 chests, may be sent for the supply of Surat and Persia. Sudden sale of all the coral from Capt. Pring's fleet ; yearly supply of 60, 70, or 100 chests of unpolished required. A hundred or a hundred and fifty skins a sufficient annual supply for Surat. Amber and coral beads not in so much request. The base prices given for quicksilver and vermilion. The sale of sword-blades, knives, glass ware, strong waters, and the like yields little profit, but are fit for presents. Supplies of morse teeth, cochineal, pearls, enamel, gloves, and bone lace may be refrained from altogether. Camlets, mohairs, or the like from Turkey not profitable, these people bringing them from Mocha much cheaper. No reason to encourage a second supply of tapestry, gold lace, spangles, mercery ware and embroideries, pictures, &c., except satin, which is useful for garments. Sir Thomas Roe conditions with "these chiefs" concerning the goods : those liked to be delivered to the appointed agent to carry to the Court for sale ; great inconveniences caused through this pretence of reserving them only for his first sight. Detention of Biddulphe to the hindrance of the Court affairs, the sale of the goods and investing the proceeds. The opportunity of a general reformation of their grievances and satisfaction of the Company's debts abroad omitted through the King's departure for Agra, and will never again be obtained. Of the bullion which arrived in the fleet three chests were sent for Persia, the rest landed at Surat. Employment of the Royal Ann in the Red Sea ; on her return the Expedition was sent to Persia. Amount of bullion, specie, and English and Indian commodities taken by the Expedition, which arrived at Jask 22 November, where the factors were expecting her with seventy-one bales of silk provided last year. On her way the Expedition surprised two Portugal ships laden with commodities from Goa to Ormuz, estimated, besides the vessels, "which are very useful for your occasions," to be worth some 2,000l. or 3,000l. sterling. Find encouragement for the sale of sundry English commodities in Persia, but, hope further conditions will be proposed for the Company's trade before a large supply is furnished. The Royal Ann, from which much more was expected, had not such success as the Expedition ; the captain and factors of different opinions as to the construction of Sir Thomas Roe's orders and intent. Opinion of Joseph Salbancke, who went up to the Bashaw at Sana, of the sale of cloth there ; both Indian and southern commodities will satisfy their desires and yield the Company "contented profit." Certified the Company by the 13 ult., the conditions of their residence at Surat ; they have received but poor remedy of former injuries, and have suffered many others since. The mean grace in which Sir Thomas Roe stood with his King and Prince ; after three years' attendance, at his departure he could not by earnest intercession procure the gift of a house or ground, or licence to build a habitation, or so much as continue them in this, whence (their time nearly expired) they shortly expect to be removed. Difficulties of finding another; these chiefs will not allow them to have any near the water-side, and in the inner part of the town there is not any either strong or convenient enough, except those belonging to Banians, who will not let them ; so where to be accommodated as yet they know not. Debts at Court and terms of his Lordship's licence ; his capitulations refused ; the fruits of the phirmaunds granted by the King and Prince may be seen in the detention of the Company's goods these six months in the custom-house, and themselves dwelling on every trivial humour subject to change. Another phirmaund granted by the Prince to as little purpose as the former. Roe's proposal to detain the pinks next year. The debts unlikely to be soon recovered; "these are a people that curbed will be brought to any reason, and if suffered in their own ways grow insolent and insupportable ;" and this is exercised not so much on the Portugals that encroach so much on them and permit none of their ships to sail without licence, and even forced the Gogo pink appertaining to the beloved Queen to pay custom to the port of Diu (an ancient duty). Account of the Company's "caphila" from Agra, being set upon and robbed while standing on some unjust tolls or exaction ; of this they have complained to the governor and chiefs, but fear the Lord of that place, "who is of the chief nobility," is the guilty person, and they dare not inform against him, and so "our relief is delayed." Presents given by Sir Thomas Roe during his residence to the King, the Prince, their ministers and officers, some of whom never till then received any, "who now will make it a custom, or cause your greater prejudice." Lading of the Lion, intended to be sent home next year. Touching supplies for the Agra factory consequent on the long detention of the Company's fine commodities in the custom-house. Goods laden upon the Royal Ann, besides the Persian silk. Roe returns in her, and takes with him in a sealed box, accounts, letters, registers, invoices, and other writings from the Surat and Agra factories ; others distrusting that conveyance have delivered theirs to Captain Shilling, master of the ship. Gabriel Towerson, the wife of Richard Steele, and Mrs. Hudson also go with Sir Thomas. Goods and specie on board the Dragon and Expedition for the coast of Sumatra. The reception last year at Mocha caused them to resolve on a further overture of trade there. Lading of the Lion for that place ; she will be returned next year for England. Breach between the Portugals and a people some twenty leagues to the southward of Goa that are "Malabar gentiles ;" their country is called Batacala [Battecollah] ; a frigate of war sent by them to the English ships in the name of their Prince with proffer of a trade in pepper and other spices ; measures taken to prevent any treachery. The Dutch at Masulipatam have divulged the removal of the English from Tiku and their own purchase of trade there for two years ; if so, doubt not but that the Dragon may reprocure it. The Company's factories all in health. The plague increases in Agra. The King at Fettipoore [Futtehpoor], within twelve coss of Agra. No supply from Bantam this year from the Masulipatam factory. This letter sent by the junk of Surat express to Mocha, from thence to be sent express to Alexandria, and conveyed either by the Venetian or French consul. It should arrive before the Royal Ann, but distrusting the consul's fidelity, a great part of this letter has been written "in characters." March 13.-Postscript. A messenger this instant arrived from Goa with news of the dispatch of the Portugal fleet of five ships, three of which have returned laden for Lisbon, and the other two galleons intend joining the three newly-built ships and other vessels in order to possess the road of Swalley before the arrival of the English fleet, so as to prevent their next year's trade. Good strength requisite to prevent this. Hope the Company will not continually rely on the small strength sent last time. The Lion warned of this news. [PARTLY IN CIPHER. Endorsed, "Sent by ye waie of ye Red Sea, dated, being coppie of one of ye same date receaved by ye Bull, 1619. Receaved 1 of January 1620[-1] overland by Marseilles or Venice. Fourteen pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 777.]
March. 15. The Unicorn, Bantam Road. 625. John Silver to the East India Company. Has served the Company three years in the country as a cooper In want of pipes and staves, with punches, chisels, rivets, and other tools which are not to be had at Bantam. [One page. "By the Little James." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 778.]
March ? 626. Report on the sufficiency of the Little James for a voyage to England. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 786.]
March 15. Bantam Road. 627. Thos. Batten to Sir Thos. Smythe. In behalf of "a poor son of mine" to be admitted into Sir Thomas' service. Has reposed trust in one Mr. Blomaly to attend his pleasure. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 779.]
March 16. Aboard the Unicorn. 628. John Jourdain to Sir Thos. Dale aboard the Moon. Understood from his letters from Jacatra that he would be here with as much speed as possible ; will attend his coming in the straits, as they wish to see him before the departure of the Little James. [Half a page. O.C., Vol VI., No. 781+1.]
March ? 629. Sir Thos. Dale's commission to Captain Rowland Coytmore to be chief commander of the Lesser James, homeward bound ; in the event of his death to Walter Bennett, master of the ship, and afterwards to John Totten. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 780.]
March ? 630. Schedule of inventories, bills of sale, books, accounts, writings, and letters sent in the Lesser James. These include the wills of Raphe Coppindall, Henry Eltonhead, purser of the Hound, William Baskerfield, Myles Booth, John Moore, Wm. Stonywell, and papers of Henry Langton, surgeon, Geo. Barkeley, Edward Wilmot, Richard Cocks, Wm. Methwold, and Jac. Peterson. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 781.]
March 16. 631. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from Thos. Brockedon aboard the Palsgrave in the Downs, giving notice of the ships there, where they remain for want of wind ; also letter from Walter Mountford from Deal touching the great expense of fresh provisions. Edlyn's books of accounts to be called in. Concerning the payment of workmen at Blackwall and Deptford and the employment of Robt. Young and Atkinson. Negligence of Henry Daniel, purser of the Charles. Boddam and Owen to be punished for mutinous conduct on board the Bull. Proclamation read, which had been published in Ireland by the Lord Deputy, concerning Milton's patent for prohibiting the exportation of timber or pipe staves from Ireland ; the Company finding it very prejudicial to them, the Governor desired to see the commissioners of the navy thereon. Suit of Jane, wife of - Martyn, armourer in the East Indies, for the admission of one of her children into Christ's Hospital ; wishing to relieve her poor condition, the Governor and some others underwrote the petition "to see what effect it would work." About obtaining a lease of the ground at Blackwall directly from Lord Wentworth. [Three pages. Court Bk. IV., 315-318.]
March 16. London. 632. Sir Gerard Herbert to Carleton. The States Commissioners breaking off discontented from the business they came for, gave out they meant to return presently, but received a kind message by the Lord Chamberlain from the King, which much comforted them. They sat anew yesterday with the King's commissioners, so that it is hoped the business will be well agreed on. The Lord Chamberlain is a noble friend to the States Commissioners. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CVII., No. 37, Cal., p. 25.]
March 17. London. 633. Sir Thos. Edmondes to [Carleton]. Can give but small hope of the treaty with the Dutch commissioners being brought to any good issue. Having passed over the point of reparation, the English commissioners fell upon a proposition for joining the stocks of the two companies, but the Hollanders pretending that theirs was much the greater would allow the English so little part of the trade, their first proposition was only a fourth, that another expedient was found out ; the trade of the Indies to be free and equal to both Companies, excepting the places possessed by the Hollanders alone, especially the Moluccas. The English commissioners willing to accept one-third of the trade of those places, but the Dutch commissioners could never be brought to consent in writing, alleging that they were not authorized to do so by their commission. Then the English consented to join the Dutch in a course of mutual defence, and to share half the burthen, which before the Dutch bare alone, demanding as a recompence one-half of the pepper trade, but that condition was directly refused, so that further conference has since been a good while broken off. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CVII., No. 38, Cal., p. 25.]
March 18. Island of Manaboca. 634. Remonstrance of Cassarian David, Bartholomew Churchman, and George Pettus to the Dutch Commander. "Consideration in things of difficulty is requisite, and therefore more requisite in this our unchristian-like misery ; but because this hath been but slightly respected, we are therefore resolved at present to tell you of all your perfidiousness." Gripp and his confederates, who surprised the English ships and vowed not to touch life or goods, forsworn. Their pagan-like usage at Pooloway by that cruel man Lawrence Riall, being kept in misery with stinking water, and rice half full of stones and dirt, not able to keep life and soul together ; had not free access to them been granted to the English at Pooloroon, they had all, ere this, been in their graves. Now, again, their misery is thrice doubled ; their base usage, and want of sustenance ; chained up like so many dogs, and left to lie in the rains and storms all night without shelter ; even the Dutch Commander's hogs lie better and drier than the remonstrants. The Dutchmen taken in the Black Lion were used like men ; the remonstrants like the most abject of the world. Do not certify thus much by way of entreaty, for that were in vain ; but that it may be known their lives are in danger by these cruel dealings, and that they never look to come alive out of the Dutchmen's hands, for manifestly the Dutch seek to take their liyes. [One page and a half. Endorsed, "The copy of a bill of grievances endured by the English under the tyranny of the Dutch in the East Indies, as it was written and sent unto Capt. Wm. Johnson, in the Angel" O.C., Vol. VI., No. 783.]
March 19. 635. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Clifton's contracts to be examined. Resolution to oppose Milton's patent and to procure that no timber be carried put of Ireland but in English bottoms, or else no timber to be sold but to his Majesty's subjects. Names of some of the Muscovy adventurers who have not paid in their adventures, and are to be applied to for payment by the members of the committee also named, with the amount due. Norton's amount remitted, his wife having written for it without his consent. Difference between Ward, a goldsmith, and Atkinson. Letter read from Wm. Finch, concerning the payment of money due to him under the will of John Gourney, whose executor he is, to Sir Wm. Garway and his son William, to whom Finch is greatly indebted. Minutes of a General Court. Sale of commodities from the Indies, with names of purchasers and the prices. [Three pages and three quarters. Court Bk. IV., 318-321.]
March 19. [The Hague.] 636. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Concerning M. de Boisise and two French ships taken by the [Dutch] East India Company about Bantam, and the goods confiscated. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 19. The Hague. 637. Carleton to Chamberlain. Complaint of M. de Boisise of the taking of two French ships near Bantam ; his demand of satisfaction by an express audience. Two of the deputies of the East India Company expected [daily from England] to relate what has passed in the treaty in England, which, if it be not the sooner dispatched, is like to find before long much opposition, because both France and Spain, from whence ambassadors are going to England, join in hindering the conjunction of our companies. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 19. Aboard the Unicorn, Bantam Road. 638. John Jourdain to Richard Hunt, master of the Clove. Understands that he has not heard from the General [Sir T. Dale] since his departure, which he much wonders at. If no news be received from Sir Thomas by Friday next [the 26th), the Little James is to sail. Has sent this, prow purposely for certain letters Jourdain delivered to Samuel Hazard to be copied out, but which he has detained idly in his hands. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 782.]
March 20. Westminster. 639. Abraham Williams to Carleton. The States Commissioners do nothing, but intend to refer themselves wholly to the King, who says he will end the business between them for the proceedings in the Indies ; they complain very much of the waywardness of the English merchants, who, as the Dutch say, will yield to no reason. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CVII., No. 44, Cal., p. 26.]
March 20. The Hague. 640. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Some of the deputies of the East India Company daily expected from England to make report of their treaty. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 20. The Hague. 641. Carleton to Buckingham. Good report from the States Commissioners to their masters, of their courteous usage ; testimony from Mons. Gogh in particular of the effects of Carleton's recommendation. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 23. 642. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Report of Sir Thos. Lowe and the other arbitrators in the case between Scott and the Company. Those of the Muscovy Company to be again urged to pay in their adventures. Abuses at Deptford to be examined ; about John Lamprier and Robt. Smith. Justinian, son of Thos. Offley, merchant, to be employed. Petition of Christopher Greene, who went out surgeon to Sir Thos. Roe, about his goods brought home. [Two pages and a half. Court Bk. IV., 322-324.]
March 23, Aboard the James Royal, near the isle of Becie, in the straits of Sunda. 643. Captain Martin Pring to the East India Company. Encloses copy of his last by the Bull [see ante, No. 302.] Sailed southward along the coast, anchored in the Bay of Brinjaun [in Travancore], where Capt. Best in the Dragon took in refreshments ; goats bought for a ryal apiece, four hens for a Spanish shilling. Presents to the Governor, but his attempts to extort resisted. Death of Nath. Salmon, master of the New Year's Gift, 10 April 1618. The Bee despatched 14 April for Masulipatam to supply that factory with money ; the Gift for Acheen, Tiku, and Priaman ; four days after, the writer in the James Royal for Bantam, with the Francis and the Portugal prize in company. The Francis leaky and unserviceable. Arrived at Bantam 19 June, and a small pinnace bought of the French, named the François ; the Hound and the Advice there. The Pengran highly incensed, and refused to see Ball for arresting a Chinese junk. Arrival of the Rose from Succadana on 6 July, with a small parcel of diamonds. The François sent to Jambi to supply the factory. Orders given by the Pengran to Kewee to commence building the English house, but in less than a week Kewee was put in irons purposely to delay the time, thinking thereby to procure another bribe. "And this hath been the manner of his dealing with the English from time to time, being (as I conceived) bribed by the Dutch to cross us in all our proceedings." The Hound despatched for Jambi 20 Aug., the Rose to Priaman 25th, and on the 27th Pring with the James Royal and the Advice sailed for Jacatra to treat with the King there, for the continuance of a factory and building a house. Arrived 2 Sept. ; found six Dutch ships in the mouth of the bay, and three in the road. His presents to the King kindly received ; began to move him touching their longer abode in this country which he seemed cheerfully to embrace. The Dutch so strongly fortified in their house, that the King knew not how to root them out without assistance of the English. "We made choice of this time to capitulate with the King, for now was the only time for us to work, when the country people did generally hate them." Advice from Japara that the King had taken the Dutch godong with all her money and goods, put some of the merchants to death, and the rest in irons. Arrival of the Bee from Bantam in September [1618] with Capt. Ball, Rich. Wickham, [Nic.] Ufflete, and others. Their interview with the King of Jacatra for his resolution concerning their stay or departure from his country ; his exorbitant demands for the privilege of their trading and a plot of ground. Arrival of the Dutch ship Angel from Amboyna with cloves and nutmegs ; also of the Gift, at Bantam, from Acheen ; on her way she stopped at Tiku, brought away the English merchants, and dissolved the English factory. Concluded with the King of Jacatra to pay 1,500 ryals for a plot of ground, and 700 ryals per annum for free trade. Arrival at Jacatra of Rich. Bishop from Japara ; desire of the Mataram for the English to establish a factory in his country ; Ball's answer, that it should be so, if he would utterly exclude the Dutch, but not otherwise. Bishop brought letters from English prisoners in the Moluccas. Certain information that the Dutch had taken four English ships, and "keep our people in chains like slaves ; thus have they requited the love of the English, who have spilt so much of their own blood to keep them from slavery. These boorish Netherlanders are now grown to that height of pride and arrogancy that they deceive all nations in respect of themselves." Visit of the King of Jacatra, the Prince, and the greatest part of the nobility to the James Royal ; their "no little admiration" of it. Opportune arrival of the Gift, Unicorn, and Bee ; plot of the Dutch to take the James Royal. Arrived with the James Royal, Gift, [Unicorn] and Bee at Bantam 22 Oct. Found the Thomas, Hawkeridge master, from Ternate, with about 40 pecul of cloves, having, through the Governor's friendship, narrowly escaped the Flemings. Return of the Rose from Tiku with news of the dissolving of the English factory there, and the establishment of a Dutch factory by order of the King of Acheen. Arrival of Sir Thos. Dale's fleet ; the Sun struck upon the rocks of Engano. Capture of the Dutch ship Black Lion "without any blows ;" she came from Patani, and was laden with rice, pepper, and other commodities. Message of the Dutch President to the English President, to know the reason of her arrest ; "before he received our answer he shot at our house at Jacatra." Reception of some twenty Portuguese who had escaped from the Dutch at Jacatra ; from them the strength of the Dutch there was ascertained. Departure of eleven English ships to assault the Dutch at Jacatra, 19 Dec. Details of their manœuvres. When within sight of the Dutch fleet, Sir Thos. Dale began the fight with the Sun, of Holland. It continued about three hours, in which time the English shot above 1,200 great shot from six ships. Chased the Dutch the next day through the Bay of Jacatra, in sight of their castle. Dec. 28, about 3 a.m., the Black Lion was set on fire by the wretched carelessness of three wicked fellows, and burnt to the water's edge. The President ashore, with John Jackson, to view the fortifications ; death of Jackson, whose leg was shot off. Arrival of the James Royal, Advice, and the Prize from Bantam. Conditions on which the English agreed to assist the King of Jacatra to take the Dutch fort. Return of. Capt. Pring to Bantam with six ships. Conditions on which the Dutch agreed to surrender their castle at Jacatra to the English ; but the King failed to keep his promise, and the English abandoned the siege. Resolution in Council, in consequence of the Pengran of Bantam's base usage, to ship all the goods and merchants at Bantam, and so leave but a few to take care of the house there. Chase of four Dutch ships and fight with them for an hour and a half, when "they grew so weary of their presumptuous attempt, that the Admiral first of all betook him to his heels, and the rest every one his way, for every way that led them from us seemed choice unto them." Return of the English fleet to Bantam ; the skipper of the [Dutch] Black Lion, who was present at the fight, put ashore to contradict the "abominable lies" of the Dutch merchants, that the English had been beaten. News of the casting away of two of the Dutch ships before Jacatra. Arrival of Mr. Powle from Jacatra 4 March, with news that Sir Thos. Dale had gone eastward. An intention of some of the sailors to have mutinied discovered, and five of the chief offenders whipped. Difficulty of governing this irregular and almost incorrigible scum of rascals, whom the land hath ejected for their wicked lives and ungodly behaviour. "Our misery is that we so often see the proverb fulfilled, which is if they be good for nothing send them to the East Indies." It were to be wished that your worships would not lend so free and gentle ears unto the unreasonable requests of many who think they have made an East Indian voyage if they lose an ungracious and disobedient son or an unruly depending kinsman.' Complains likewise of the semi nautœ, or rather seeming seamen," "who cannot want entertainment if they know what point of the compass is opposite to N.E." Knows many proper seamen were refused that would most willingly have been entertained, the only difference being two shillings a month. One good seaman worth five of these sea-gulls. The "damages" and "dangers" the Company undergo by entertaining such sailors, or sea-apes. They come to sea with few clothes but many diseases ; they fall into the purser's books, then if once denied money their fingers are like live twigs, nothing being too hot or too-heavy for them, that lies in their way ; many honest men robbed of the little money they had brought to sea by those wicked villains. All things removed from the house at Bantam. A Council held by the President, Spaldinge, Ball, Denton, and Pring to determine on the quantity of money to be left, and for the building of the house, "the President and principals having long before resolved to leave the place, and seek their fortunes with us at sea." News of Sir Thomas Dale following the Dutch fleet. The dispatch of the Little James deferred by the President in consequence, thinking to have Sir Thomas here at her departure. Certain information that the Mataram, who is King of Japara and hopes to be the monarch of Java major, is levying a great army by sea and land to bring Jacatra and Bantam under his dominions, a thing he has aimed at many years ; he has often said to his nobility that Jacatra had a thorn in her foot, which he himself must take the pains to pluck out for fear the whole body should be endangered ; the thorn is the castle of the Hollanders, who have so fortified themselves through bribery, that they regard neither the King nor his country, but set him at defiance. Return of Sir Thos. Dale, who was forced to give up chasing the Dutch ships because of a great tempest. Resolution to go for the Coromandel coast to repair their wants, hoping to return by the end of August to meet with the English fleet, which Pring hopes will be provided a little better than the last was. Necessity of the Company's sending a warlike fleet to arrive in Bantam before the Dutch fleet, "otherwise we are like to have a double assault both from the East and from the west." John Coone [Cœn], their new created general, resolved to return the first of the easterly monsoon with all the force he can get from the Moluccas, Amboyna, and the Bandas, saying, "he will either win the horse or lose the saddle, expel the English or be expelled himself." Great power given to the Dutch general ; his promises to his people to remain in the country. Something must also be given to "the ordinary sort" of the Company's people ; a small gratuity better esteemed now than a large one ; on their return, they ask what the Company will do for their wives and children if they themselves lose their lives in the Company's service, and say "there is more hope of a living fox than of a dead lion." These men must be fed with hopeful words. "Oh! what a great happiness it were if the Hollanders were united to the English ; we should then have all the trade of these countries in our own hands ; we might buy all commodities here at our own price, and your worships might make sales at home at your own pleasure." In favour of peace. Are not yet resolved to attend the coming of the Dutch fleet ; first in regard of this unwholesome coast, secondly because the Pengran of Bantam debars the English from all provisions, "endeavouring by all his devilish policy to cross and hinder us in all our proceedings." Cannot guess the cause unless it be the accumulation of bribery by the Hollanders. The English wrongs so grievous and intolerable that they can no longer be endured, and they must by force leave the country. Hopes on the arrival of the forces from England to be able to kick him out of his usurped government and draw beneficial conditions with the young King. The Company's desire for present returns, not regarding the future, has been the cause of their unstable estate. Unless means are sent this year to redress their wrongs, all the Company's factories are like to fall to the ground. If the Company intend the extirpation of the Hollanders "then we must hoc agere with all our force and might and not have too many irons in the fire, until your main business be effected, but if it shall please God in mercy to unite the companies of England and Holland (which were most to be desired by all true Christians), then had you none to oppose you but the King of Spain, and he overthrown by the proverb ne Hercules contra duos, so that in fine you might expect both wealth and honour, the two main pillars of earthly happiness." [Fifteen pages. Endorsed, "Before their going to Masulipatam. Received by the Lesser James." 6 Nov. 1619]. [O.C., Vol. VI., No. 784.]
March 24. Aboard the Unicorn. 644. John Jourdain to Sir Thomas Dale aboard the Moon. Sends abstract, as Jourdain conceives, of the true meaning of the Company's commission to them both, which if Jourdain mistake in anything, then is he content to be censured by those of better judgment, being indifferent persons. Has thought fitting before the departure of this ship, to send him these five articles that he may send them home to the Company, who can best decide this business and their meaning. Desires all things may be carried with peace in the meantime, without prejudice to the Company's business or any man's honour or reputation in particular. Encloses,
644. I. The five articles mentioned above. Sir Thos. Dale to have only command of the fleet he came forth with, except others be assigned to him by the President and Council. These to be disposed of by the Council after his arrival at Bantam. All shipping whatever to be disposed of by the President and Council, only the commanders of all other fleets to give priority to Sir Thomas, but the directions to be given to such commanders by the President and Council. The President not tied by commission to call Dale to any Council except on a matter in which he is to be chief actor or where his fleet is concerned. In all merchandising causes and employment of shipping, commissions to be given by the President and, his Council ; Dale himself, if employed in any voyage, to take his directions from the Council, retaining only his authority for government at sea, and not to appoint any chief commander or vice-admiral, such are to be chosen by the President and Council. [One page and a half. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 785.]
March 26. [The Hague.] 645. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Touching the two French ships taken by the Hollanders in the East Indies, for which M. de Boisise demanded "towards a million for recompence," no other satisfaction is given than in general terms, the matter being left with M. du Maurier for further prosecution. [Extract from Holland Coresp.]