East Indies, China and Japan: February 1621

Pages 413-418

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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February 1621

Feb. 5. Hague. 969. Sir Dudley Carleton to [Sec. Sir Geo. Calvert]. His Majesty will understand what is here passed in the business of the East Indies by the report of Sir Dudley Diggs and Morris Abbott, who return with this full satisfaction, that for the generality of the accord it will be here both by the States and the merchants religiously observed, as he firmly believes. In particular disputes, which could not be avoided, and which, with much diligence and dexterity, they have gone through, they have had his best assistance in company of three deputies of the States General. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Feb. 5. Hague. 970. Sir Dudley Carleton to the East India Company. Has yielded his best furtherance to their deputies, Sir Dudley Diggs and Morris Abbott, in presenting them to the States General and the Prince of Orange, and assisting them at their meetings with three deputies of the States. Refers to their report for "what is resolved for the present," and must give true testimony of their endeavours that they have omitted nothing which might tend to the Company's advantage. Makes this judgment that there is here both in the States themselves, and likewise in the Company, a true intention and settled resolution to perform the treaty. Makes no doubt but the fruits which they will mutually reap will sweeten the distastes of all former contention and turn to both your assured benefit. [Holland Correspondence.]
Feb. 10. Firando. 971. Richard Cocks to the East India Company. Arrival of Conrok Dono, governor of Nangasaki and Bongo, for the Emperor of Japan in these parts, who has orders to set the price of their lead "as it thinketh him good, . . . lead being a commodity that none can buy but the Emperor only." Has done what he could to have the price set at five taies the pecul, as the Emperor's Council "consented it should be," and is of opinion "it might have been ended now had not one Hollander prevented me." To send some red cloth for the Emperor ; "they stand not upon the fineness nor goodness of the broadcloth so it be red, neither of the colour, whether it be Venice red or stammel." The price of broadcloths risen by reason of the burning of the great city of Miako." [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 927.]
Feb. 10. 972. Certificate signed by William Baffin, master of the London, John Woolhouse, and Bartholomew Symonds, surgeon, that Edward Monox did, on the 22 Dec. last, publicly pronounce aboard the London in Jask Road, that Jefferies should not leave the ship, for that he did commit him there prisoner for the King. With mem. by Jeffries : That he could have had forty witnesses more, but excused them, for Monox spake it first in the great cabin and afterwards upon the half-deck, working Jeffries' disesteem among strangers to publish his disgrace so much as possibly he could. "God pardon him ; his practices have been foolish and infernal, from whom the Lord will deliver." [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 928.]
Feb. 14. Patani. 973. John Jourdain and William Webb to Edward Longe at Siam. They "part in halves" with the Dutch, and hope he will likewise, although he has no money at present ; they have but little, but hope to be better supplied this year. They are not "earnest for their money" in Patani. Within two or three months some shipping will arrive with money to supply the factories. Those Netherlanders are everywhere in their factories. Beg him see to the Dutch that they part not the better half unto themselves, for they will overreach him if possible ; hope they will be caught in their own knaveries. [One page. Endorsed, "Received 4 March 1621." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 929.]
Feb. 15. 974. Sir Dudley Digges and Morris Abbott to Sir Dudley Carleton. With much haste and an ill journey they got in good time to London to the happiest day they ever saw in Parliament, the confirmation of two subsidies to his Majesty as a free gift. Complain that clean contrary to the fair show of good meaning that was made before him and the States deputies on Sunday before their departure, and to the promise given to write good letters into the Indies and to sweeten the English Company with good answers to the complaints sent out of the Indies, young Boreel, in the name of the Company, brought a sealed letter and a copy in Dutch, as also several papers of answers to their complaints, with a provisional project of liquidation contrary to that signed by them, so strange when they came to be examined as gave infinite and just cause of discontent to the Company and much disgraced themselves, that had laboured to do good offices and to assure our men that they meant well ; "such base usage we deserved not of them." Were commanded to relate to his Majesty their service, which they did in the bedchamber, Lord of Arundel, Lord Digby, Lord Kelby, Sec. Calvert, and the Marquis being present. The King was much offended, and particularly with Carleton, for writing all was well. Explained that he had done as much as wit and diligence could, that he only wrote in general terms and gave the writers good content ; and that their (the Hollanders') ill meaning was discovered in a subsequent act after their departure and the signing of Carleton's despatch, "which pacified him, we hope." Are commanded to relate things to the Council on Sunday next. The Company hath gratitied him with 200 pieces, which they pray him to accept at present, and they have delivered to John Chamberlain to his use ; the Company presume they shall have other cause to use his help, for which he will find them further thankful. [Holland Correspondence.]
Feb. 15. Patani. 975. William Webb to Edward Longe. Knavery of the Jurebassa who came with the rice. News that China junks are expected at Siam, the Manillas, Jacatra, Jambi, and Sangora. Wishes Longe had men in the factory to equal the Dutch. Begs he will, if possible, send him some black wrought velvet. [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 930.]
Feb. 21./March 3. Castle of Amboyna. 976. Copy of instructions agreed upon by the Council of Defence for the better directions of the factors resident in the particular factories. Signed by Humphry Fitzherbert, George Muschamp, Edward Mead, Herman Van Speult, Lawrence de Marsschalk, and Jan Van Bruell. [Four pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 931.]
Feb. 23. Hague. 977. Sir Dudley Carleton to John Chamberlain. Wrote to him by Sir Dudley Diggs and his colleague that they passed some compliment with him of the Company's good meaning ; but it seems they will have some more service into the reckoning. Their speech was, they forbear doing what was ordained, because the Company did not know how much it was beholden to Carleton, and they desired him to authorize Chamberlain to be his receiver, which Carleton does by virtue of these hastily scribbled lines. [Extract from Holland Correspondence.]
Feb. 978. "A declaration of the Dutch ; their denial of the restoring of our ships after the arrival of the Bull and Vrede." [Holland Correspondence.]
Feb. 23. The Clove. 979. John Byrd to the East India Company. December 23, 1618, being in fight with the Hollanders near Jacatra, there was very bad service performed by many commanders of their sbips, in the Gift, which was the cause of others' faults in the same fight, for none performed any service but the Moon and Clove, which was the cause of much detriment and loss to the Company. The Hollanders report that had the fight been followed by the rest of the ships but one hour they must have yielded, as many men gone home in the Royal James can too well testify. Of all the ships lost none performed any fight worth speaking of but the Sampson and Hound. Three rich China junks taken in April 1619, "but your worships' factors were too unreasonable sharers in the purchase," for he heard it reported by Jeremy Shouker (Saker), purser of the Masulipatam factory, that Augustine Spaldinge and George Ball sold abundance of stuffs, silks, porcelain, and other goods upon their own accounts and little or none for the Company ; John Neate, purser of the Moon, can certify of more. More haste of feasting one ship after another than any resolution to fight to redress their wrongs. That worthy preacher Copland often reproved the commanders in his sermons, [see ante, No. 654,] and all poor men exclaimed on them, but they cared not how many dogs barked at them, they knew they durst not bite them. The Claw had good trade at Cotatinge [Sumatra]. Surgeon Wiley told Byrd that Robt. Farrer, purser of the Claw, told him he had received 3,000 ryals for Capt. Pring ; Saker will tell the Company what was done to avoid suspicion ; heard him say Spaldinge landed so many bales of his own in Jacatra that he was ashamed to set his own mark upon them, but used the marks of John Beamond and Andrew Cogwin. [One page. Endorsed, "Received 19 Sept. 1621 by the Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 932.]
Feb. 26. Aboard the Charles, Jacatra Road. 980. John Bickell to the East India Company. How all business hath passed in their fleet since his departure from Surat, 16 March 1620. Seizure of a junk of Goa and a junk of Dabul. Anchored in Dabul Road ; the governor demanded cloth and sword-blades, which if good will sell well there, and he persuaded them to settle a factory there, which Bickell wrote to Keridge about. The governor very thankful because they released the junk they had seized, and sent them word they should be as welcome to him as his own people, with a present of 20 bullocks, hens, rice, goats, and other provisions. Knows no such place on all that coast as Dabul for kind usage or refreshing sick men. Arrived at Acheen Road 25 April ; found the Claw there. A waited the coming of Capt. Pring till 5 June, when an English and a Dutch ship brought tidings of the peace, the death of Capt. Jourdain, Capt. Bonner, and the taking of divers of their ships. Left Acheen Road 23 July and arrived in Jacatra Road 18 Oct. in company of the Ruby and Diamond, and Richard Fursland to take the place of Capt. Jourdain here at Jacatra. Met Capt. Fitzherbert with his three ships, also the Globe, Peppercorn, and Star, which are at present dispersed to certain factories, but he remains at the disposal of the President, being appointed one of the ships of defence ; did hope to be better employed than to lie here to be eaten up with worms as the Gift is. Bad state of the Charles. The seamen that have been long in the Indies are worse than the heathens themselves. The Dutch deal kindly with them at Jacatra. Will leave to the relation of the president and assistants, who have the greatest cause to complain, the treatment of the Dutch, which he hopes the Company will very shortly reform, "in regard it is to the honour of our nation to be free men." They have to pay for the wood they burn, if they do not first ask leave, though the wood grows where it does no man good. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 933.]
Feb. 26 to Nov. 6. Jacatra. 981. Extracts from letters of the President and Council of India. The Globe sailed on 6 February for Bantam, there to ply to and fro with the Holland ship, to wait the coming of the China junk. The Clove and Diamond and the Fortune and South Holland arrived from Bantam 17th May in company with "other Frenchmen." On 19th and 20th May were sent back to Bantam the Diamond and Fortune. On 18 Sept. the English and Dutch sent a ship for Bantam and a letter to the Pengran. [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 934.]
Feb. 26. 982. "[Intolerable] grievances of the merchants against the Hollanders [sent in letters dated at Jacatra 26 Feb. 1620-1]," received by the Royal James. They exact tolls of 10 per cent. for all goods bought and sold by us at Jacatra and levy fines for non-payment. They compel our boats to be searched before leaving Jacatra. They exact seven ryals a month for brewing rack or usquebaugh. They take the most convenient grounds from us and allot what they please. They won't allow us to weigh our own goods, and impose a tax of one per cent. for weighing them themselves. No merchants dare trade with us at Jacatra until the Dutch are first served. Their inferior officers imprison us for trivial causes. They compel us to pay their proportion of the charges of the Dutch garrisons in Amboyna, the Moluccas, and Bandas, but will not receive commodities which they pay themselves. They debar us from all trade in Syngora, although the King has granted us free trade there. They falsify their promises, break their contracts, and refuse to make us restitution of money or goods they have taken from us. Their General Coen has said he "will have a benefit above us" for his fort of Jacatra, which he accounts to be the chief means of procuring anything from Bantam. The English factors advise some course to be taken to prevent all this, as they conceive the articles already agreed upon will not serve their turns. [Four pages. Endorsed as above. The words in brackets are in Bradshaw's hand. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 85.]
Feb. 26. 983. Copy of the preceding. [Two pages and a half. Holland Corresp.]
Feb.? 984. Proofs that restitution was not made by the Dutch in the Indies according to the treaty. First, upon the arrival of the Bull in March 1620 General Coen refused to make restitution ; secondly, after the Dutch ship the Vrede arrived in May 1620 the English could not obtain restitution, as appears by letter of 20 July 1620 ; and thirdly, as appears by the protest of 26 Jan. 1621, under the hands of the English president and others. [Three quarters of a page. East Indies. Vol. I., No. 86.]
Feb. 27. 985. Richard Fursland to the East India Company. Refers to his public letter. Is not fit to discharge his duty by reason of an infirmity (the hemorrhoids) got by sitting long on the wet ground before the King of Acheen ; begs leave to return home. Wishes that such monies of his as Rich. Guy shall pay into their hands, with his yearly wages, may supply what is wanting of his full adventure. Has not received any wages since his coming out, and hopes he shall not need any. "By discords amongst men here I perceive there was much abuse offered you by divers commanders in that fleet at the coast ; yea, so far were they given to their pleasures and profits, that it was the ruin of your shipping in other places by their failing of coming at their appointed time." What he says comes but by the relation of others, "therefore I will accuse no man." It is grown a practice for pursers and others to keep the stocks of dead men in their hands two and three years and make profit thereof in trade. Deficiency in Brockedon's account ; hopes it will prove some error. Wholly refers the charge of accounts to him ; Richard Haslewood is cashier. [Two pages. Endorsed, "Rec. 19 Sept. 1621 by the Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 935.]