East Indies, China and Japan: March 1621

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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, 'East Indies, China and Japan: March 1621', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) pp. 418-425. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp418-425 [accessed 23 May 2024].

. "East Indies, China and Japan: March 1621", in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) 418-425. British History Online, accessed May 23, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp418-425.

. "East Indies, China and Japan: March 1621", Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870). 418-425. British History Online. Web. 23 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp418-425.

March 1621

March 3. Jacatra. 986. Chr. Bogan to Sir Thos. Smythe. Account of a storm on the coast of China in which the Unicorn was caught and the damages she received. Moneys delivered to divers bad persons who denied to repay it. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 936.]
March 8. Hague. 987. Sir Dudley Carleton to John Chamberlain. Has received his letter of the 27th of this present, and thereby understands what he has for him, of which Sir Dudley Diggs and Abbott have in a joint letter likewise advertised him. Cannot but take it kindly of them, and so will advertise them at the return of Diggs' man, who came this way hither yesterday with letters to the mayors of Amsterdam from our Company. Begs him to deliver "that you have for me to Mr. Locke without letting him know where or how you had it, reserving as much as you think fit to bestow upon the bringer." He will go to Chamberlain for it, Carleton having use of more money for his lease of the college of Eton, whicli he is to borrow of Burlamachi. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 9/19 Paris. 988. Sir Ed. Herbert to Sir Dudley Carleton. The extraordinary ambassadors from the States have yet effected nothing in their negotiation here touching maritime affairs ; and for the renewing the truce between them and the Spaniard there hath not so much as one word yet passed on either side. Hears there are great preparations for war in Spain, notwithstanding he is also told here for certain that there is a Dominican friar sent from that King with commission to treat or give overtures of renewing the so truce (sic). Cannot omit to say how desirous the French are (or at least would seem so) of establishing a company of adventurers to the Indies, holding councils and publishing orders for that purpose according to certain edicts of this King, which he thinks they do with much ostentation, hoping to amuse the States extraordinary ambassadors here with the noise and opinion of their greatness by sea. [Extract from Holland Correspondence.]
March 9. Amboyna. 989. Consultation by George Muschamp and Henry Short. Upon advice from Banda, by the Hollanders, of Nathaniel Courthopp and some distaste of Rich. Welden, appointed to succeed him as the Company's agent on the Banda Islands, for refusing the Hollanders, as they allege, to go ashore at Pooloroon contrary to the articles of peace, Capt. Hump. Fitzherbert is directed with all possible speed to sail for Pooloroon with the Royal Exchange, and to be chief of the consultation there. [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 937.]
March 10. Aboard the Royal Exchange, Amboyna. 990. Capt. Hump. Fitzherbert to the East India Company. Refers to a previous letter (see ante, No. 943) in which he omitted to write of the departure of the Ruby from Jacatra for Macassar. Movements of the English and Dutch fleets, some to Japara and Macassar, others to Jacatra and Banda. It seems to him that the expedition of the Hollanders savoureth of a kind of prevention both in matter of fortification and also of merchandise, and cannot well be for the mutual good of both Companies or without the breach of the 27th article. Instances of this on the part of the Dutch General. The Bandanese favourable to the English, and content that they should keep the fort at Pooloroon, and take the whole benefit of the fruit of all the island, delivering to the Dutch their parts, so as the Dutch come not there to buy it themselves, "for with them they will not meddle." Were well received at Japara by the governor and Mr. Benet, the Company's chief factor ; the place abounds with all manner of victuals, and is not altogether to be rejected. Fruitless attempts of the Dutch "by a solemn embassage" to have commerce there. Found the Ruby at Macassar ; both her and the Royal Exchange took in rice, the former 400 tons. Sent the Star to the straits of Desalon to wait for Portugals going from Macassar. Present of guns and ammunition to the King of Tallo (? Tolo) accepted thankfully. The Roebuck found so unserviceable that she was unrigged and her provisions put aboard the Royal Exchange and Ruby, and the hull left with Staverton. Arrived at Amboyna 18 Feb. General Coen appointed this place the rendezvous both for the English and Dutch, and went away five days before for Banda. Speedy order taken for disposing the merchants to their several factories in and near Amboyna. Publication of the peace on 19 Feb. with great solemnity, in the castle of Amboyna and aboard the ship. Geo. Muschamp remains chief at Amboyna, with Samuel Colston, Henry Woolman, and others, with servants and blacks. In Hitto, Edward Meade, John Powell, with their assistants and blacks. In Loua [?Lugho], John Beamond, John Witherall), with an assistant and blacks. In Cambello, Samuel Foxcrofte and George Spence, with a boy and a black. In Luricca, Henry Short and George Sherricke, with a boy and a black. Found the Star at Amboyna, which sailed for Banda 22 Feb., the sooner to give notice of the publication of the agreement between the English and the Dutch at Amboyna, and to see the proceedings of the Dutch at Lantar together with their carriage towards the English at Pooloroon, and to get in what spice remained unsold. News that the Dutch had taken Lantar, that Courthoppe was slain by the Hollanders, that there was fighting (? torn away) between the English and Dutch touching Pooloroon (?), that the whole island had brought in their arms and submitted themselves to the Hollanders, that the Dutch General had Pooloroon, alleging that although the English had the fort, yet they had not the command of the people, who would be a great charge to maintain. It is thought fit for Fitzherbert to go with the Royal Exchange to Pooloroon to see what course be taken therein, and to speak with the general, "lest in the height of all his glory he should use some violence to your people there." Holds it fit neither to give it over nor to yield it to the Dutch at present ; his reasons, "it would be a disgrace to our nation, both here and at home, to forego a thing so slightly, that was so long kept by Mr. Courthope as obstinately." The Dutch General much desires his coming to moderate this business. Insufficiency of the men employed in the shipping in these parts ; generally they are given to drunkenness and thieving, nor is there anything that is either too heavy or too hot for them to make away with. Bad quality of the powder, as much dirt as powder in it. [Six pages. Injured by damp. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 938.]
March 11. 991. Sir Dudley Digges to Sir Dudley Carleton. Since his last, the clamour of our merchants and some ill offices of some great ones hath forced them again to be before the King, and from him to the Lords of the Council, but they have so constantly carried themselves that though the merchants cannot justly charge them with any boldness in their affairs, yet the King is grown more patient, and the Lords hopeful of reason from the States, for which they have fallen upon this resolution of having the cause finally heard and determined by the King and the States here, of which he makes account Carleton will speedily hear. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 14. Surat. 992. Robt. Jefferies to the East India Company. In his last letters of 20 and 25 July from Ispahan by way of Bagdad, delivered by an Italian messenger to Libby Chapman in Aleppo, he certified at large the general passages of their Persian proceedings. For endeavouring a reformation of weak, diseased, and unmerchantly carriage, and his discovering the unreasonable, unconscionable corruption of Edward Monox in certain parcels of iniquity, there hath been (with the dispensation of the devil) a triple treachery begotten against him by their critical agent Ed. Monox, their carnal minister Cardro, and Strachan, their infernal physician ; the world, the flesh,and the devil, whose conspiracy hath caused these lines to take their being. "Intimates cursorily" the cause of his persecution to better their apprehension of his undeserved banishment from their Persian employment. Account of a fight between the English and Portugal fleets some three leagues from Jask ; the latter "departed with dishonour" with the loss of two captains and many others, in number uncertain, and much damage to their shipping ; the English fleet lost but one man aboard the Roebuck. The fight renewed ; Capt. And. Shilling received an unfortunate shot on the left shoulder, which proved mortal nine days after. The enemy left in the night "with a second dishonour ;" being unable to chase them prevented their utter destruction ; no news of them since, but believes that in a subsequent storm some of them were sunk. The English lost six men killed, besides others mortally wounded. "In both fights we bestowed on the enemy 4,021 great shot." When all this fury was overpast "our persecuting agent" convoked a consultation aboard the London ; opinion of "the succeeding commander," Capt. Rich. Blyth, Rich. Swan, and the rest of the masters of the fleet, Henry Darrell and John Purefey, touching "the treason put to his account." Has satisfied Keridge of the wrongs he has endured by their unjust proceedings against him and of his being retained prisoner. Arrived at the port of Swally 2 Feb., "happy in his deliverance from such sufferings." Met, as he came from Lar, 150 camels and 200 mules laden with silk for Ispahan. Made sale with Bell, Purefey, and Benthall of their cloths and other goods to about 12,000l., which supplied their defects and enabled Bell to repair to the Court and make an addition of 120 bales, in all 520 bales. The silk taken in sacks to Moghistan, but after notice of the arrival of the English fleet, agent Monox's deputy, John Amye, carelessly brought away the silk, so that it was much fretted and lay in rain and dirt against all weathers, and each bale lost some part of its beauty, and many were much damnified, which he fears 2,000l. will hardly repair. Found wanting on examination, by Keridge's appointment, 4,241 lbs. of silk which came without number or contents, with one general weight. [Four pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 939.]
March 17. Amboyna. 993. George Muschamp to W. Nicolls. To inform himself by advice of Welden and Hayes of the quantity of rice needful to be left at Banda, from whence he is to hasten his return, as he is to spend some time in delivering rice at the factories on his way to the Moluccas. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 940.]
March 23. 994. Sir Dudley Digges to Sir Dudley Carleton. This day, with Sir Thos. Edmondes, Secretary Calvert, Mr. Chancellor, Master of the Rolls and of the Wards, Digges waited on the States ambassadors, who, as they had told the King on Wednesday, said they (Digges and Abbott) were despatched with reasonable contentment from the Hague, and that all might have been finished but that Digges and Abbott made promise to come back to finish things, they going to the Parliament, to which Abbott, before the King, gave an answer, in his absence, of denial, much blaming young Boreel. He showed the States this day that they were sent over to demand restitution of their goods brought into Holland, which after three months' dispute was at length, the Saturday before their departure, accommodated by the three deputed States before their lordships according to the signed demand and answer. Full account of what was said on this occasion. "We stayed long enough to have brought our good answer before the Parliament, and when we could not get a better, we took what they offered, paper payment in a provisional promise of satisfaction, which we little thought they would have broken so soon. To all which though they made such cavilling answers as showed they had as much instruction as Amsterdam could give them, yet when they came to be urged home they pretended want of instruction and commission." The King desired their stay for a full power to finish all, but all they yield to is to promise to get the States to send over speedily about it. Confesses that these men's base carriage hath made him a cold friend, though his religion shall keep him no enemy. [Holland Corresp.]
March 23. St. Martin's Lane. 995. Sec. Sir Geo. Calvert to Sir Dudley Carleton. The States ambassadors here are now ready to depart, with such answers as they have received to their propositions. One proposition has been made to them for the righting of his Majesty's subjects for those wrongs they have sustained in the Indies from their people since the last treaty, as likewise at Greenland, for which they allege they have no commission to treat. His Majesty has pressed them earnestly to stay, either all or some of them, and if not all, then to procure a commission presently to those that stay and to such others as the States shall think fit to send over and to join with them for a treaty, which our merchants allege they have broken in three articles by building their fort, beside the want of the restitution of their goods. His Majesty's pleasure that Carleton shall move the States presently and with all speed to command their stay or some of them, and to send over sufficient commission and authority for such a treaty as is aforementioned. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
March 24. London. 996. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. Hears the States Commissioners have had no pleasing audience of his Majesty at Theobalds, for the King, without further treating, asked them what satisfaction their people had given our merchants for the manifold wrongs and injuries they had done them. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CXX., No. 38, Cal., p. 238.]
March 27. Aboard the Royal Exchange before the castle of Neira. 997. Capt. Humphrey Fitzherbert to the East India Company. The Royal Exchange set sail from Amboyna 10 March 1621, and arrived at Pooloroon the 14th, where they found the Star and a Dutch ship, the Hart, at anchor. Haies, the chief factor there, related how the Dutch had taken Lantar and put the merchant and the rest of the English into prison, and seized all the Company's goods ; also, how three days before the Dutch General had sent about 500 men to Pooloroon to surprise the island, that the blacks asked Haies whether he would defend them, for if he would, they would fight it out to the last man, but Haies answered "he was not able nor could not." Meanwhile the Dutch landed, asked the blacks how they durst deliver their island to the English, and what amends they would make the King of Holland and their General, and made them deliver up their arms in general. "This miserable people being thus disarmed, the Dutch went to their towns, which was (sic) walled round about, and forced them with their own hands to throw down the said wall, so that before night there was not one stone left upon another ; and ranging the whole island, caused all the walls, little and great, to be made even with the ground, not so much as sparing the monuments of the dead." In fine they were compelled to give the island to the Dutch by presenting them with a nutmeg tree in a basin, as the custom of these parts is in like cases. They put up the Dutch colours on one of the pieces of ordnance in the English fort, and with the spoil of the whole island departed for Neira, "to the great grief of the inhabitants and the terror of the English." Had Fitzherbert not come with the Exchange, Haies had left Pooloroon altogether. He assembled the chiefs of the island on board, encouraged Haies to maintain the place in time of peace, which did maintain itself against them all in time of war, and wished him to persuade the country people not to fly from the English, but to keep the island until his return, which they faithfully promised to do. "But Haies never meant any such matter, as the sequel will show." He also took down the Dutch colours, and keeps them aboard to this day. Three Flemings who had served the Company about two years and a half in Pooloroon, and were much threatened by the Dutch General, sent aboard the Exchange by Haies, at whose importunity Fitzherbert was content to let them remain. On 15th set sail for Neira, where he found the Dutch General with fourteen great ships, in which and on shore were about two thousand six hundred trained soldiers, besides some 80 Java prows. Interview with the Dutch General ; he demanded of Fitzherbert when the peace should be proclaimed, who answered he thought it not fit to proclaim peace when they knew not whether it were peace or war, and therefore required that the Dutch General should first set at liberty the merchants and others of the Company's servants at Lantar and restore the Company's goods, wherewith he was so much offended that he would scarce speak that day. In the end, with many high words on both sides, the English prisoners were released and sent aboard the Exchange, and peace was proclaimed with great solemnity on the 19th March in Neira Castle. Relation by Randall, chief merchant at Lantar, of the usage he received from the Dutch ; they went to the English house, seized the English and Chinese there, who they bound hand and foot and threw over the wall, being made fast by two and two ; they sent a Japanese, who with two blows struck off the heads of the Chinese, then lifting up his sword to have struck Randall, Gov. Houtman stayed his hand, whether by chance or of purpose he knows not ; after which they were all three put into the bilboes aboard the Dutch General's ship, where Fitzherbert found them. Randall was "bound to a stake, and with a halter made fast to his neck, did trice up his head that the Japanese might despatch him the easier, which did much terrify the poor man, as may well appear by his looks." Welden and Bate, on going ashore to provide house room for themselves and magazines for their goods, were detained and told plainly they must there remain until Fitzherbert delivered to the General the Dutchmen who ran away from their garrison ; the Dutch also sent 40 soldiers and took the master of the Star and his men in the long boat prisoners and carried them to the castle. The Dutch General also sent men aboard the English ships with charge to stay there until he sent for them, "forbidding us to water and forbidding all prows to bring us any refreshing or to come near the ship." After much correspondence Fitzherbert thought good to send the said Dutchmen presently away, "considering what a disgrace it would have been to our nation and to myself if I should have delivered the Company's servants to the slaughter, and how much discontent it would have given your worships every way ; besides, while these broils did last the common business was at a stay and your ships in danger, for although they should not according to the articles of agreement practise any matter of fact or hostility against us, and the world would think they should not dare, notwithstanding by these proceedings we may easily see they dare do anything in these parts." Proceedings of the Dutch at Pooloroon ; refusal of Haies to take part "with the poor miserable people of the island." They forced the country people to dismount the ordnance from the two English forts on the great island, and threw them down on the rocks ; four were broken, the rest remain on the sands altogether unserviceable. They took the English colours off the island and some of the chieftest men prisoners, among whom was the priest of Pooloway, a man of great authority and a deadly enemy to the Hollanders. "Thus was Pooloroon lost, which in Mr. Courthopp's time by his good resolution with a few men maintained itself to their disgrace, and now by the fearfulness of Mr. Haies and his irresolution is fearfully lost in the time of peace." There is only in the hands of the English the castle on the little island. Pooloway is worth all the islands of Banda, to which the English have as much right as to Pooloroon, "and therefore there is great expectation by the country people, whose hearts are wholly yours, as also by the English, your servants in this place." The Dutch took at Lantar at least 200 brass pieces, together with a great quantity of spice and other luggage. But further, to the great disgrace of our nation and the better to beguile our friends, the Dutch carried the English flag on two of their ships, the Dragon and another ship of their own, "by which means your people's throats had been like to have been cut by the blacks, thinking they had practised with the Dutch to betray them, before they could persuade them to the contrary." Welden's interview with the Dutch General, who gave him leave to go aboard the Admiral, with a commander for his guardian, to whom he gave directions to treat with Fitzherbert about all differences, so as he would promise to return to the castle again. Sent "our guardian" Capt. Tisan to tell the Dutch General that if he would not take his men out of our ships Fitzherbert would put them out by force ; answer returned that they were discharged, and that the merchants and men in the castle should be set at liberty, and that they might fetch water for their ships when they pleased ; "and thus as the General had brewed did he brew also." Excuses himself for letting the Dutchmen come aboard at first. What other exploit the Dutch General has in hand at present is not well known ; some think he will go for Tidore others to Macassar ; verily believes he will go where he may do the English most disgrace, one of the principal ends of all their designs. At Lantar 1,000 men yet stand out against the Hollanders, and if it were lawful to aid them but with 100 shot and some rice they would yet beat the Hollanders off the island. The Dutch desired to get him into their hands, but knows not what their intent was. Believes they will never have good usage from them in any place but where their forces may equal theirs, as he has well seen by experience. English sailors are come to that pass that they will fight but when it pleaseth them, alleging they came to merchandise and not for men of war. Hopes hereafter a remedy will be considered and provided. There are five several factories, Pooloway, Neira, Lantar, Rosingyn, and Selaman, and Pooloroon should make the sixth ; the Dutch say all shall be brought to Neira. The Star is to remain here to deliver the several cargoes to the factories and to take in such fruit (spices) as the place will afford this easterly monsoon ; she is to go to Jacatra about the beginning of October. Has also left the Claw to go from factory to factory with goods, and then to go to Amboyna and the Moluccas to the Exchange. [Seven pages. Mutilated by damp. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 948.]
March 31. Hague. 998. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. Has received his letter of 23rd present, about which this morning he had audience in the States Assembly. Was desired to commit to writing what he had said about the two businesses of the East Indies and Greenland, to the end the States might acquaint their East India Company therewith. He accordingly presented his proposition, and warned them against consuming too much time over it. To all this they answered but in general terms that they would use their best endeavours to give his Majesty content. Encloses,
998. I. Proposition of Sir Dudley Carleton, ambassador for his Majesty of Great Britain, to the States General of the United Provinces, made in their assembly, and exhibited in writing 31 March/10 April 1621. French. [Holland Corresp.]