East Indies, China and Japan: September 1621

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

'East Indies, China and Japan: September 1621', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) pp. 450-462. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp450-462 [accessed 24 April 2024]

September 1621

Sept. 1. Hague. 1087. Sir Dudley Carleton. to Sec. Calvert. On Tuesday or Wednesday next at the furthest the States will resolve of their deputies to go into England, who, for anything he yet knows to the contrary, will be the men he formerly named, Gogh, Muse, and Joachimi, yet there may very well fall out some alteration, though it was then as good as resolved, for in his Excellency's absence they are like "rats en paille, chacun est maistre." [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 1. 1088. Extract from the "Journal of Banda," kept by Richard Welden. That Thos. Dawkes is debtor for 50 ryals, disbursed to the Dutch Governor for his release from prison after they had kept him there twenty days, scarce allowing him bread and water, and had used him more like a dog than a man. Extracted and attested by Roger Mosse. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 985.]
Sept. 3. Batchian (Moluccas). 1089. Thomas Johnson to Wm. Nicolls in Malayo. Has been afflicted with much sickness and is now hardly able to write. Has often demanded the 500 ryals Nicolls sent to him but cannot receive them. Wishes to God he had some one to speak Dutch or Portuguese, for he is alone for any good Giles Cole can do him. [One page. Vol. O.C., VIII., No. 982.]
Sept. 5. Hague. 1090. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. There are now pretenders to go extraordinary in hope to remain as ordinary, the burgomaster, Scott of Middelburg, who was last employed in England, one Liens of Turgoes [? Tholen] (who was there before), and Boreel, the Secretary of Zealand. To make way for this last, old Boreel, now chosen one of the deputies for the East India Company (whose younger son is advocate of the Company), knowing it will not be permitted the father and two sons to go in the same employment, doth excuse himself. In his place shall go for the Company Beccar of Middelburg, Brower of Amsterdam, and Noble of Rotterdam ; but for the States he may see as near as the time grows of their sending at what uncertainty they are. Gogh, being assistant to the old greffier Aerssens and expecting his reversion, is easily persuaded to give way to any other (as there are divers pretenders of his province of Guelderland), lest he should be supplanted in his absence. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 5. Hague. 1091. Sir Dudley Carleton to John Chamberlain. The States have not yet named their deputies for England, but are now about it ; hopes the choice will please our men. It will be a hard matter to remove the Dutch General in the Indies, who is the creature of the chief of these directors, and they have extolled his sufficiency so much, especially in trade, that all our men can say against him will be thought to proceed of envy and private interest, though it is plain he is an ill instrument betwixt the two Companies. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 5-7. 1092. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Treasurer Bateman to pay in moneys in his hands due jointly to the Muscovy and East India Companies. Money due to Middleton's orphans. Mrs. Harrison's debt to both Companies called for ; also the money due from Ralph Freeman. Musk to be sold. Lanman's report of the state of Walter Mountford's account ; a course proposed to test the truth thereof. Sir W. Russell's debt. Sept. 7.-Freeman to pay in 2,000l. of his debt and give bills for the remainder. Sir W. Russell's debt. Suit of Andrews on behalf of the orphans of Edward Lutterford, deceased, touching his adventure in the second joint stock. Order for payment of 1,000l. in full for the Company's proportion for two years' contribution for pirate money. Suit of Saunders to be admitted a freeman, he having married one of the orphan daughters of Prescott, late a free brother of the Company. Sir Thos. Smythe concerning his house adjoining Crosby House (the East India House). Letter from Bagg from Plymouth ; the Tryal expects a fair wind to be gone. Committee appointed to order mast-making ; the ship at Blackwall, of about 300 tons, for 16l.; that at Deptford, of 600 tons, for 30l. Carver's work referred to committee. Cloth to be bought. Wm. Waulker elected porter. [Nine pages. Court Bk. V. 73-81.]
Sept. 5-24 1093. Examinations of Robert Gibones, Richard Bickes, John Hall, Godfry Jacob, Rowland Lisborne, of the ship Ruby, taken in the English House in Malayo, before Wm. Nicolls, agent, John Alexander, master of the Ruby, John Perry, merchant, Peter Bell, purser, and others, respecting deserters from the Ruby, and embezzling of powder, &c. Confession of Gibones, "after he was released from his torture the second time." [Eight pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 987.]
Sept. 7. 1094. Richard Fursland and Thos. Brockedon to Capt. Fitzherbert. Doubt not he will be ready to sail with the Dutch, his admiral, who is gone abroad ; he is not to wait for "this ship," as they cannot resolve thereon until the others arrive. No divisions to be made with the Hollanders until Fitzherbert's return. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 986.]
Sept. 10 to March 11, 1622. 1095. Consultations of the joint Council of Defence. In behalf of the Netherlanders Company the Bantam, Admiral, Trowe, Hope, Harlem, and Moyen, and in behalf of the English Company the Moon, Vice-Admiral, Palsgrave, Elizabeth, Bull, and Peppercorn, to sail from Firando to the Manillas, 21 Nov./1 Dec. ; the ships Moyen and Peppercorn to sail within twenty days, the better to surprise the China junks sailing to Manilla. All Chinese taken this voyage, seeing how unfit it would be to bring them together in their ships, for divers reasons expressed in former resolutions, to be set ashore in Manilla or some other place thereabouts. In the Dutch Lodge at Firando, 1621, Sept. 10. The Council assembled by Wm. Johnson, admiral, to resolve what was best to be done for the good of both Companies with the fleet, and what ships shall be appointed to unlade the China junk taken by the Bull ; also, whether to go with the rest of the ships to Cavita to view the enemy's forces. By the departure of Wm. Johnson, master of the Harlem, and Lebe Jacobson, master of the Swan, also of two men from the Moyen and Peppercorn, four members of the Council are wanting, whose places are to be supplied by Wynant Balke, merchant of the Harlem ; John Vandmen, master of the Hope ; Mathew Morton, master of the Peppercorn ; and John Johnson, master of the Moyen. Aboard the Bantam, 1621, Dec. 11. The Council assembled by Wm. Johnson to resolve what ships should unlade a China junk taken by the Elizabeth, and the force fitting to go for Cavita ; four ships employed in unlading the two captured Chinese junks ; resolved that the remaining six ships go to Cavita to discover the enemy's force. Aboard the Bantam, under the island Maravilla, 1621, Dec. 17. The enemy's force found to consist of six great and two small ships, two galleons, and one frigate ; resolved to guard the bay with four ships for preventing any of the enemy's vessels going for the Moluccas, also to intercept any vessels or junks that might come in for the bay. Also concerning the fleet taking in wood and water. Aboard the Bantam in the bay of Manilla, 1621, Dec. 23. Whether to use the Chinese junk taken by the Bull as an instrument to fire the enemy's ships in Cavita, or to send her to the southward, or to burn her ; it is thought impossible to fire the enemy's ships without great danger and the loss of many men ; the junk therefore ordered to the southward. The bay to be guarded with nine ships. Instructions in case of the discovery of a sail or more, under a penalty of 100 ryals of eight, to be paid to Robert Adames, vice-admiral, at their arrival at Firando, or to Wm. Johnson, admiral. Aboard the Bantam, at anchor in the bay of Manilla, 1621-2, Jany. 15. Information having been obtained that divers blacks and slaves had run away from the Spaniards, and were keeping themselves in the woods, in hope of getting to the English ships, and also that if the fleet were nearer the town of Manilla or fort of Cavita many more would come, being very hardly used, and rice exceeding dear, resolution to anchor so near the town and Cavita as shall be fitting, for the better getting aboard of such as might run away, and also to see if the English and Dutch prisoners can be released for other Spaniards ; also to send a white flag to speak with the Spaniards concerning the English and Dutch prisoners. Ships appointed to intercept the expected China junks. Aboard the Bantam, at anchor before the castle of Cavita, 1621-2, January 30. The Bull to take the place of the Peppercorn before the bay of Pangasinan, to remain twenty days, and then return to the fleet to Maravilla with all expedition. Aboard the Bull, at anchor on the north side of Maravilla, 1621-2, March 3. The Moyen not having returned at her appointed time on the 6th March, and the Bull having been despatched to the bay of Pangasinan on the 4th for her relief, resolved to send the Harlem in search, and in the event of not meeting with the Moyen but with the Bull only, then to cast lots which ship shall remain at the bay of Pangasinan, and which shall cross betwixt Witters Island and the bay of Manilla. Aboard the Trowe, at anchor on the north side of Maravilla, 1621-2, March 11. [Together six pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 988.]
Sept. 12-14 1096. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Report by the Governor of his interview with Lord Cranfield and the Lord Admiral, whom he told that the Company would "in no sort meddle with the furnishing or borrowing of the King's ships, but are much disheartened in that they do not see the State constant to right them, as it hath been first propounded to the Company ; and that if they had not countenance from the State the trade must fall to the ground, which perhaps it will not be so easy to set afoot again ;" no hope to draw this Company into further charge. Lord Cranfield forward to further the Company ; satisfaction to my Lord Admiral, and the "honourable comfort" given by him to the Governor, by whom he sent this message to the Company, "that they should have their desire, and that he would presently move his Majesty for them." Declaration of the Governor that the Company is extra-ordinarily beholden to Lord Cranfield, in whom he found a real willingness to procure them satisfaction. Summons from the Lords to all the commissioners for the business of pirates, to attend their Lordships to understand the King's pleasure, that the proportions of his own and of merchants' ships shall be continued upon the Narrow Seas, as it had been formerly against pirates. Noted by some of the committee that this manner of arming to the Narrow Seas had proceeded from the State, and was never pressed by the Company, who had only made their general complaint to the State of the losses and injuries they had sustained. Mr. Deputy's opinion touching the effect of the staying of a Dutch ship : "then shall we also have restitution, and in conclusion we shall either find an honest trade with them, or else fall fairly from them, and find a better trade when we shall be severed than we can have by joining with them." Edward Lee's offer for part of goods in Russia. Hugh Catlyn, a prisoner in the hole at St. Katherine's 11 weeks, to be released on giving security to pay back imprest taken of the Company, and not going the voyage. No preacher to be sent into the Indies until the Company shall have treated with the Dutch. Request of the mother of Richard Wickham, deceased, in the Indies, touching her right to the goods of her son, whose executors are Sir Thos. Smythe and Capt. Pring. Freeman's offer for the Muscovy goods ; also Mrs. Harrison's, to pay what is due from her to the Company. Letters received from Plymouth from the Tryal, that she sailed 4th present with 143 men aboard. The time being at hand when the Dutch commissioners are expected, it were very necessary that all things for the treaty should be prepared and put in readiness ; report of the Governor's proceedings with the Lord Admiral concerning the differences depending, together with his Lordship's favourable answer and good respect towards the Company, promising to perform all good offices on their behalf. Two things considerable to be observed in the course intended by the King and State to right the Company ; the charge of the ships to be employed for six months in the narrow seas computed about 24,000l. or 26,000l. for the King's ships, and 8,000l. for the merchant ; the consequence twofold-either public if it should beget a quarrel between the two States, or private if the Company take the Dutch ships as they take theirs. Opinion of Mr. Deputy concerning the course intended to right the Company ; wished them to proceed without wavering, because, if these abuses be not redressed, the sea being full of Dutch ships, theirs shall not be suffered to go forth. Consideration how to begin with the treaty ; to insist first upon restitution, then damages, and in the last place sovereignty. The treaty would consist of two parts, form and matter ; "for the form it was held fit that matter of several natures should be reduced to certain heads, wherein all possible brevity was to be used ; * * * * for the matter itself it was wished that only substantial matter, and not trivial, may be insisted upon." All the Company's demands to be set down, wherein it be remembered their ships detained by the Dutch, which ought to be valued as they valued the Black Lion ; and all the Company's complaints to the King and State to be made good. Ellam and Lanman ordered to look up all notes, papers, writings, petitions, instructions, and commissions, letters from the Indies, or what else may be useful for the treaty. Sept. 14.-Report of the good condition of the Tryal when she put to sea. [Ralph] Freeman concerning goods bought of the Muscovy and India Companies for 12,000l. Sir W. Russell's debt. Direction to Capper, the Company's remembrancer, to put them in mind that at the going out of the fleet now making ready for the Narrow Seas they procure letters from the Lord Admiral for the safe keeping together, and not embezzling or breaking bulk of any goods that may come to their hands in any ships belonging to the Dutch East India merchants as they shall by order arrest or stay at sea. [Eight pages. Court Bk., V. 81-89.]
Sept. 17. 1097. Minutes of a court of committees to prepare for the treaty. Motion by the Governor that commissioners for the treaty might be thought on ; his opinion of what is fit to be insisted on, and in what manner ; to avoid all trivial circumstances, and come roundly to the point. Demands to be made of the Dutch, conceived by Lanman ; for instance, taken in the Sampson and Hound, 100,000 dollars, which would have produced 15,000l.; the like computation for the other ships, wherein were taken by the Dutch 290,000 dollars, and would have returned 400,000l. sterling, sic (?40,000l.). Form propounded by Mr. Deputy for the demands. The invoices procured from the Dutch by Sir Dudley Diggs and Mr. Deputy, held to be of good consequence, to be made use of in the approaching treaty ; difference in the estimates of the Dragon's cargo of pepper ; also in that of the Sampson and Hound ; the restitution of goods brought into Holland ; the valuation of the ordnance, of goods, provisions, and stores ; also of the ryals taken in specie. The Governor's opinion concerning the valuations of the above. Sir D. Diggs, Levinus Muncke, Sir H. Marten, with the other commissioners, to meet and inform themselves of the state of the business, that they may be prepared for the same. Some of opinion to take no notice of the Dutch commissioners on their arrival, but held fit to use them with such humanity and courtesy as is usual upon the like occasions. [Four pages. Court Bk. V. 89-93.]
Sept. 17. Hague. 1098. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. The difficulty in removing Langrac out of France, without much displeasure in that court, hath overthrown the whole cabal, and the election is fallen upon Aerssens himself and Bas of Amsterdam, in place of Gogh and Muys, who were recommended by his Excellency and desired by the East Indian Company. The procrastinations and delays do not spring out of design or artifice, but out of the natural constitution or rather imperfection of this State. Aerssens, Lord of Somersdike, son of the greffier, made excuses, but they would not be admitted, and in regard of his rank and abilities there is no exception against the choice. Bas played a trick of legerdemain with Muys, by whom he was employed for the gaining of voices, but used his credit secretly for himself, and had only one more vote than Muys. The States General no whit approve those of Holland for the choice of this man, who being the chief director of this East India Company, and more obnoxious than any other to ours, is too much interested in the cause to be an indifferent arbitrator ; it is alleged in his favour that he having most power with this East India Company can go most amply instructed and best authorized. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 17. Patani. 1099. John Jourdain to Edward Longe, chief factor in Siam. Understands by his letter of 10th Aug. that Jacob Constance has delivered to him 1,000 ryals of eight only one half of the money is in copper ; that is a small matter, as if he cannot put it off to the blacks Jourdain will make it good. As to Newrode's knavery and his saying that Longe's second, Dodde, deserved death, hopes it is not so. The bearer, Signor Colline, is sent Visitador here and to other factories, to place and displace whom he shall think fitting. Drifte, chief here, is to go for Jacatra, and his second, Phillippe, to remain in his place, and not to keep above three Netherlanders besides himself. Newrode to come from Siam and John Van Hassall to remain in his place at Siam, a subtle fellow, and Van Hassall's second, Daniell, remains in his place at Sangora. The President writes Jourdain he will if possible send a ship hither before the monsoon, but as yet she is not arrived. Pepper received from Ligor ; every year there is an increase ; is now a staple commodity. [Endorsed, "Recd. 11 Oct. 1621 by the Unicorn." O.C., Vol VIII., No. 989.]
Sept. 19. 1100. Court Minutes of the East India Company. News of the arrival in the Downs this morning of the Royal James from the Indies. Sir Thos. Smythe brought with him the purser, Henry Smythe, with the Company's letters from their several factories, stuffed with complaints of the insolent and injurious dealing of the Dutch ; letter from Capt. Pring, capt. of the ship for supplies. John Blunt, Edward Withers, and John Webb to go aboard and take care that nothing be conveyed ashore. Contracts with joiners and carvers for the ships now building. [One page. Court Book, V. 93-94.]
Sept. 20. Hague. 1101. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. Has advertised him of the choice of the States General of two of their deputies, and their intention to despatch them speedily, without attending the resolution of Zealand, from whence the third person may be sent directly. They commend the indifference of their choice, but Carleton told them the English Company would hardly be persuaded of this in the choice of Bas of Amsterdam, who is the most interested in the chief cause in question, whereof they say the States General had consideration, but being chosen by the States of Holland they could not refuse him. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 21. 1102. Court Minutes of the East India Company. In regard the King expected to be certified of the arrival of the Royal James, a committee to go to Theobalds to attend the King accordingly. Letters read from the Indies from Blithe and the other masters of the Surat fleet, dated 20 Dec. 1620, certifying the fight with the Portugals, together with their proceedings at Jask, and departure thence to Surat ; also three letters from Cocks in Japan to Capt. Saris, Sir Thos. Wilson, and Sir Thos. Smythe, specifying the insolent carriage of the Dutch, the attempting to kill the English in their house, and offering rewards for the murder of Cocks or other Englishmen (see ante, Nos. 818 to 820). Reasons for calling a general court. [One page and a half. Court Bk. V. 95-96.]
Sept. 22. 1103. Thos. Loeke to Sir Dudley Carleton. The James, of 800 or 900 tons, lately arrived from the East Indies, laden with the commodities mentioned in the enclosed schedule. Encloses,
1103. I. List of commodities brought from the East Indies by the James,which include bezoars,pepper, silk, cloves, diamonds, jewels, and green ginger. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CXXII., Nos. 140, 140 I., Cal., p. 291.]
Sept. 22. Hague. 1104. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. Interview with Mons. Somersdike since his election to be sent into England, and audience with the States General, at which both he and his colleague Bas were present, where Carleton spoke at large touching this present negotiation. Has this day delivered his speech in writing as the States required, copy of which he encloses.
1104. I. Proposition of Sir Dudley Carleton to the States General of the United Provinces pronounced in the Assembly on 21 Sept./1 Oct. and presented in writing the next day, representing the state of the differences between the two Companies in the East Indies, that their deputies may be more particularly instructed and authorized before they depart. Hague, 1621. Sept. 22/Oct. 2 French. [Nine pages. Holland Corresp.]
Sept. 22. Firando. 1105. Richard Watts to the East India Company. Sends according to their order the dead men's accounts of the ship Bull and their wills. Thinks it needless to write about their voyage to the Manillas, as others who were the principals in the action will do so. There is such striving for greatness among their servants here, that nothing else almost is regarded. So much discontent amongst them here, that their ruin is to be doubted, and the Hollander stands as a spectator ready to take advantage of their weakness. The common sailor is grown so careless that if he could find opportunity he had rather serve the Spaniard than live under the whip or other strange punishment now in use ; fears they will rather turn to the enemy than stand to their own defence. Writes not fables, but what he has seen and heard. It would make any honest heart lament the times that we live in this sinful Sodom of Japan. This house of the Company's is more like a "Pinteree" than a merchant's factory, every man for the most part affected to his own pleasure or his own private profit rather than the Company's business, as by their accounts will one day appear to their great expense and little gain. [One page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 990.]
Sept. 23. Firando. 1106. John Neeve, purser of the Moon, to the East India Company. All the dead men's accounts and their wills were sent by the Great James. Has had much sickness, but how can we look for favour at God's hands when we seek for nothing but our own overthrow and decay ? To nominate the vices will be too troublesome, and the abuses too tedious. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 991.]
Sept. 26. 1107. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Ralph Freeman touching the debt to the East India Company for goods in Russia. Letter from Firando certifying great defects aboard the Palsgrave. Proposition to dispose of the pepper in the Royal James. Agreement touching the old and new stocks ; device to set an indifferent value upon the old stock. How to proceed with those brought home prisoners in the Royal James, especially George Ball, through whose hands great sums of the Company's stock hath gone ; to bring an action of 10,000l. against him and move all the judges that common bail be not taken. Whether the goods now arrived shall pay one per cent. like the merchant adventurers. No one to be allowed to read the Company's letters nor any copy given but by an order of the court. [Four pages. Court Bk. V. 96-100.]
Sept. 26./Oct. 6. In the Fort, Batavia. 1108. Consultation of the United English and Dutch Council of Defence, touching the ships to be sent to the coast of Malabar ; for the Netherland Company the Good Fortune, South Holland, North Holland, Arms of Zealand, Morning Star, and the Hart and Little Enckhuysen pinnaces ; for the English Company the Exchange, Anne, Diamond, and Dragon's Claw. Also as to the answer received from Bantam and the resuming of the pepper trade there ; the Dutch of opinion that it ought to be charged with some tax or imposition for the easing of the excessive charges which the Netherland Company hath so long borne. Signed by Rich. Fursland, Humphrey FitzHerbert, Thomas Brokedon, and Rich. Hasellwood ; also by P. Coen, P. Carpentier, Jan Dirckz Lam, and J. Dedell. Annexed, Instructions for Jacob Dedell, admiral, H. FitzHerbert, vice-admiral, and the council of eleven ships in behalf of the Dutch and English Companies ordered to sail for the coasts of Malabar and Goa. Fort of Batavia, 1621, Oct. 1/11. Signed also as above. Commission of the United Dutch and English Council of Defence appointing Jacob Dedell, admiral, and Humphrey FitzHerbert, vice-admiral of the fleet of nine stout ships and two pinnaces, about to sail for the coasts of Malabar, India, and the Gulf of Persia. In the Fort, Batavia, 1621, Oct. 1/11. Signed as above. Resolutions of the United Dutch and English Council of Defence. That the charges of one Company more than the other, in setting forth the fleet before mentioned, shall be borne in equal halves, as also the profit and loss, conditionally that the charges be referred to the decision of their masters in Europe ; the prizes taken to be equally divided ; trade to be attempted along the coast of Malabar if it may be without hindrance or prejudice of the exploit ; the Dutch to be allowed to send ships out of this fleet, to procure blacks and slaves to people the islands of Banda, Batavia, and other places ; one or two ships of the fleet may also hereafter be sent towards Surat, in which the appointed council of the fleet may sail, if by consultation they think the same convenient. The English Bear, arrived from the coast of Coromandel, not accepted for any of these services for reasons formerly alleged. In the Fort of Batavia, 1621. Oct. 1/11. Signed as above. [Together nine pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 992.]
Sept. 27./Oct. 7. Batchian. 1109. Thomas Johnson to Wm. Nicolls at Malayo. Explains his accounts with Mr. Roll ; desires he will state his reasons why he allows the soldiers and not the married men to be paid monthly. At Roll's coming from Malayo he was told by the married men that they should be paid bub half in money and they must take half wares. Would be well content to leave his wine and great cheer to save the Company from these large chancery bills. Could buy a sufficient house for 150 ryals, so that for two years' rent the Company shall have a house of their own. Wishes instructions for himself or Giles Cole as to prices of goods. Account of goods landed on 24 August. [Three pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 993.]
Sept. 27. Firando. 1110. Capt. Robert Adames to the East India Company. His last was by Martin Pring, of the James Royal. Left Firando for the Manillas 3 February with nine ships ; of the English, the Moon, Admiral, the Palsgrave, Elizabeth, and the Bull and the Swan, equally taxed betwixt both Companies as to men's wages, victualling, and all other necessaries. Account of their voyage, capturing junks, &c. Abuses of the Dutch, who were like so many devils or "ravening" wolves seeking after their prey ; has fully certified the president at Jacatra. On 5th June was forced by foul weather from the coast of Manilla, five ships in one company and four in another, and having met in the Straits of Piscadores arrived safely in Japan 29th June. The Peppercorn and Dutch ship Moyen came from Jacatra. All the fleet appointed to go to the Manillas again. Must be content, though it much grieveth him, "seeing that 'nolence volence ' I must take it upon me." Forced to make a poor shift to fit their ships. Ten ships appointed to go the second voyage for Manilla ; of the English, the Moon, Vice-Admiral, the Palsgrave, Elizabeth, Bull, and Peppercorn. [Two pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 994.]
Sept. 28. 1111. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Gratuities to John Atkinson and Wm. Sare. Freeman's debt. Opinion of Stone, "one of the cities' council," that the Company cannot take assurance of the Cawsey, at Blackwall, in fee simple, as a freehold, without incurring the danger of the Statute of Mortmain ; agreed that first a lease of it should be taken for 500 years, and after, if the Company please, they may take it in fee simple if Council so advise. Purchase by Roger Brettridge of 12 barrels of the Company's flat indigo. Desire of Fras. Olyver to supply the Company with cider. Disorderly going away of men from the James Royal in the Downs ; above 100 men to be hired to bring up the ship ; resolution thereon. Arrival of the Royal James at Erith this day. Committee to go down and discharge Capt, Pring, and bring away such of the Company's servants as are come home prisoners, especially George Ball, with whom the Company purpose to deal roundly, and to charge him home to an account. [Three pages. Court Bk. V. 100-103.]
Sept. 30. Firando. 1112. Richard Cocks to the East India Company. Refers to his last letters (see ante, Nos. 930, 963). Arrival of the whole fleet of nine ships, English and Dutch, from the Manillas, 29th June last ; very few of the men died ; they took and pillaged five junks, the Dutch using much cruelty in killing many Chinas after they had rendered themselves. Abuses of the Dutch in the Manillas ; had it not been prevented by some, they had gone together by the ears to the endangering or loss of the whole fleet. The same fleet proceeds again this year, by order of the Council of Defence, from Jacatra, on the like voyage ; the Hollanders admiral this year as the English were the last. The Peppercorn arrived from Jacatra 20th November with five chests of money and cloth, &c. The money came in good time to take them out of debt, for the lead is not yet sold. The captain of the Holland house made a voyage with Cocks to Nangasaki. Conrok Dono, governor, their enemy, who takes the Spaniards' and Portugals' parts, is the Emperor's factor for buying all matters. Two great Holland ships arrived this year from the Moluccas laden with provisions for their fleet, and some few cloves, and are to lade rice and other provision from hence for the Moluccas. The Swan, going to Jacatra, will convey this letter. The Emperor given to understand that both the English and Hollanders are pirates and thieves, and live upon nothing but the spoil of the Chinas and others ; this is the utter overthrow of their trade in Japan, no one daring to come hither for fear of us, as the King of Firando tells us ; he is newly returned from the Emperor's court, where he has married the Emperor's kinswoman, which has brought him into great credit ; and he is the only stay now we have in Japan, and by his order the Holland Capt. Leonard Campes and Cocks are appointed to go to Yedo with presents for the Emperor and his Council to procure redress if they may, and prevent their enemy's proceedings, for the Emperor has sent orders that they shall carry out no Japons to man their shipping, or any ordnance, gunpowder, shot, or other warlike munition, and it was reported neither rice, bread, wine, nor flesh ; but that is not yet done. If no redress can be got for these matters, "it is no abiding for us in Japan." Are staying till the coming of Conrok Dono to make an end of the prize which was taken last year ; and if they prove these two friars to be padres (as they call them), then all is on our side ; if not, all is lost. They have confessed in his hearing to the Hollanders, and yet deny it before the Japans ; and the justice will not take our witness in our own behalf, although all the fleet would take their corporal oaths for it, and we have the friars own letters to witness against them. Six Portugal galliots have arrived this year at Nangasaki from Amacon (Macao ?), and have brought store of silk and silk stuff, which has made the price fall ; the prices. The Hollanders much abused the English at the Manillas, Wm. Johnson, vice-admiral, the chief occasion, so that they had like to have gone together by the ears in the Manillas, to the total destruction of both fleets, the enemy being so near. Capt. Robt. Adames now appointed vice-admiral, much against his will, fearing, now the Hollander is admiral, they will do worse than last year. Sends copy of a letter from Wm. Nicolls from the Moluccas, relating the proceedings of the Hollanders there ; "truly their proceedings everywhere are almost intolerable, and they are generally hated throughout all the Indies, and we much the worse thought of now we are joined with them." The fleet of defence might, with little danger, take and sack Amacon, in China, which is inhabited by Portugals, for the King of China has not allowed them to fortify the town, and three quarters of the inhabitants are Chinas. If that town were taken, all the Portugals' trade in these parts of the world would be quite spoiled, both for Manillas, Malacca, Goa, and elsewhere, and the King of China would gladly be rid of their neighbourhood. This year three Kings of China have died, the father and two sons, the wives of the two brethren procuring the poisoning of them both, so that now a young man of 14 or 15, son of one of the deceased brothers, is King, which is a stay to their (the English) proceedings to get trade into China, as new petition must now be made ; and their joining with the Dutch to take China junks is ill thought of ; but the barbarousness of the Hollanders at Manillas last year as much. Commodities which the Hollanders have in Japan, but, as yet, little sales made. Fall in the price of pepper. All merchandise in Japan begins to rise ; prices of iron and copper. The change of our good usage is so altered of late that it maketh us amazed. Notwithstanding the privileges which they and the Hollanders have from the Emperors of Japan, that the Japons shall not execute any justice upon our people, yet this year, in the absence of the King, the justice cut off the heads of two Hollanders for being drunk and brabbling with the Japons, and their bodies were left in the fields to be eaten by crows and dogs, if some Englishmen had not buried them. The Japons call in the English (sailors) as they walk through the streets, give them wine and w****s, and then strip them of all they have ; many are kept prisoners for forged debts, which have to be paid out of their wages, "so that the trouble I have with them here is much, nor can their commanders curb them." Mutinies on board the Bull and Moon ; the sailors will have a sixteenth part of all prize goods, or else the ships may lie still in Japan. These generals say that the president at Jacatra promised them it should be so, and that each should have two or three months' pay delivered them here, though Joseph Cockram, cape merchant of the fleet, has no commission to do so. "God grant that in the end, when they have all they desire, if they do not fall off and overthrow the voyage, for I have heard some say that the worshipful Company, our employers, could give out no commission to war against either Spaniard or Portugal, nor no others, and that our ships came out of England upon merchant voyages, and not to be set out for men-of-war and kept against their will as slaves." Casting away of the Unicorn on the coast of China, but all men saved, with a chest of money, wherewith they bought two barks to take them to Jacatra, one of which went to Amacon of their own accord. Christopher Bogan, the purser from the Unicorn, now come hither, merchant in the Peppercorn. Furbusher, the carpenter, with his wife and family in one bark, sent for Malacca, and so for Goa, to build shipping [for the Portugals is written in the margin] ; some others sent that way, and some for the Manillas, and the rest kept prisoners at Amacon. The English Hope is either cast away, or else the company have revolted and run away with the ship and killed the master, or else carried him away perforce ; Thornton and the surgeon suspected. Thornton's brother a pirate, and entertained by the Duke of Florence, so it is thought they will direct their course thither with the ship ; "this is the opinion of the chief in our fleet." Osterwick going with Cocks to Yedo, for one is not to go alone to the Emperor ; only Eaton left to stay in the factory during their absence, and Rich. Hudson, a "young youth ;" the rest sent with the fleet, according to the President's desire at Bantam, as we must put an English merchant into each Dutch ship to look to the prize goods taken, as the Hollanders do the like in the English ships. Would make known the pride of some or most of the sea commanders, especially in these ships of defence, who take too much upon themselves, and domineer over all the merchants, who are thrust back, and sometimes in danger of their lives, for telling the truth and looking out for the Company's benefit. Joseph Cockiam himself not free, although ordained Cape merchant of the English fleet. The English and Dutch mariners fall out ashore ; one of each nation executed for murder. Repairs to he ships. Sends account of prize goods taken. Richard Short, the witness against the two Jesuits touching the prize frigate, run away to Nangasaki to the Spaniards and Portugals. [Nine pages. O.C., Vol. VIIL, No. 995.]
1621, Sept., to 1621-2, Feb. 1113. Account of garrison charges of the Castle Revenge, Pooloway, for the months of September, October, November, and December 1621, and January and February 1621-2, of which the English bear the third part. [Seven pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 996.]