East Indies, China and Japan: October 1621

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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'East Indies, China and Japan: October 1621', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870), pp. 462-480. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp462-480 [accessed 15 June 2024].

. "East Indies, China and Japan: October 1621", in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) 462-480. British History Online, accessed June 15, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp462-480.

. "East Indies, China and Japan: October 1621", Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870). 462-480. British History Online. Web. 15 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp462-480.

October 1621

Oct. 2. Hague. 1114. Sir Dudley Carleton to John Chamberlain. As for Carleton's own business, by a copy of his late proposition to the States, Chamberlain will see how the writer continues Vertere dolium ; he may communicate the same to Sir Dudley Digges. Has sent to both the East India Company and that of the Merchant Adventurers extracts of so much as concerns their particular business that they may know he does not sleep therein. [Extract from Hollamd Corresp.]
Oct. 3. 1115. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Complaint against Burrell for sending his apprentice John Browne to the Indies as a ship's carpenter Trial of lemon water. Mariners' goods in the Royal James to be brought to the East India House and viewed by the committees of the warehouse. Committee appointed to go down to the ship and break bulk. A special court to be held to settle the question between the first and second joint stocks. Accounts brought in by Mountney, the Company's husband ; he is admitted to the execution of his place from which he had been suspended, and admonished not to insist upon his innocency. Petition of Thos. Roswell, who was 28 months a prisoner of the Hollanders, touching his wages ; also of Wm. Thomas, imprisoned by the Hollanders, on the same subject. Letter read from Robert Turbervile, from Jacatra, of 4 Dec. 1620, complaining among other things of the evil condition of Edmund Lenmyes, master of the Elizabeth, partly for his bad life, and partly for his excessive waste, "together with his backwardness in the service of God." [Four pages. Court Book, V. 103-107.]
Oct. 4. Hague. 1116. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. Here are three East India ships newly put to sea, with convoy of the General States, they being here informed his Majesty's ships in the Narrow Seas inquire after these East India ships both going and coming, which they conceive to be without his Majesty's order, he being so well informed of their intention to send about accommodating that difference, and therefore do their best to secure the passage of those ships. It were a great unhappiness any ill encounter should fall out upon this occasion, which may carry with it many desperate consequences. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Oct. 4. Hague. 1117. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. They have here upon Carleton's proposition called the East India Company, those of the whale fishing, the cloth merchants, and generaux des monnoyes, to consultation, whereupon to frame an answer which shall serve in like sort for the ground of their deputies' instruction, whose despatch is still delayed, and as yet they hear not who is chosen for Zealand. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Oct. 4. Firando. 1118. Richard Cocks to the East India Company. His last, dated 30th ult., goes with this by way of Jacatra in the Swan by Capt. Jacob Specx, a Hollander. Since Richard Short ran away to their enemies at Nangasaki six others have followed, but were overtaken ; their names. The King of Firando has imprisoned the bark master and another Japon who carried them away, and it is said they shall both be put to death ; if it be so, then the ringleaders of our runaways must also be executed. Conrok Dono not yet come to Firando from Nangasaki, where it is said he stayeth to put to death many Japon Christians for harbouring Papist priests secretly, and till he come the King of Firando will not suffer us to go to the Emperor with our presents. In doubt whether the King secretly takes part with Conrok Dono and the Papists against the English and stays them until the Spaniards and Portugals have prevailed against them at the Emperor's court, for the King's mother is a Papist Christian and the King himself and all his brethren are christened. Cannot remedy this, for Cocks (and Osterwick) cannot depart from hence without the King's leave and one of his men to go with them, neither dare any bark take them without the King's commission. What makes Cocks more afraid than all the rest, is the unreasonableness and unruliness of their own people, which seems every day like to be worse. Has sent after Short to have him apprehended, but as yet knows not whether he be taken. [One page and a half. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 997.]
Oct 4-5. From the Road of Chaul. 1119. Robert Jefferies to the East India Company. The Council of Surat had notice lately of an unfortunate accident in the surprising of a caphila with Lahore and Agra goods, under the charge of Robt. Hutchinson, by Meleck Ambar, who with his army had invaded the territories of the Mogul, and through whose conquest our goods of necessity were forced to importune a passage. Is now suddenly, by consultation, called to a further and important employment in the Company's affairs which requires despatch. In their intended course for the Red Sea in May last they took two Portugal prizes with goods of value, which Keridge will describe more particularly. Could not reach Socotra, so made for the coast of Arabia Felix 25th May, the Hart and Roebuck making for the island of Massera to water and victual. The London, Andrew, Mayflower, and Primrose went within Cape Rosalgate, and on 7th June anchored at Tewee, where they had all sorts of refreshments ; interference of the Portugals ; "for their dishonesty we burned the town and spoiled many of their date trees." Bartholomew Symonds, our master surgeon, and Minister's boy were treacherously surprised, and John Hawtrye accidentally slain. Sailed on 22nd June towards the Cape at a road called Soar, whence they departed 8th August, met with the Hart and Roebuck, and came to an anchor four miles within the Cape, where is an excellent harbour, with several islands, where above two thousand sail may safely ride all weathers free from stormy furies, which place they called London's Hope ; oysters, mussels, and crackers, which are far better than oysters, with fresh fish of many kinds in great abundance. All the fleet in company arrived in the road of Dabul 1st. Sept. Courteous treatment of the Governor. Commodities sold there and the prices. Was told by the people there that the English would do well to establish a factory there, where cloths, coral, lead, elephants' teeth, &c. would sell, the proceeds of which they might invest in goods proper for the Red Sea, Persia, and England. That country abundant in pepper ; a ship of 500 tons might have her yearly lading. Keridge partly determined to further a factory's establishment this year at that place, which if omitted, the Flemings will doubtless enjoy the opportunity. Arrived in Chaul 18th Sept., where Keridge certified that Meleck Ambar had offered composition for their loss ; is commanded to solicit in that behalf, hostage being given for his security. [The first part of this letter, dated 4 March 1621, is a duplicate of No. 992. Together nine pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 998.]
Oct. 4-5. 1120. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Proposition to settle the old and new joint stocks. Robinson's account of the old stock in the Indies, of the moneys and goods in each factory, together with the value of ships and provisions when Sir Thos. Dale arrived there. Lanman's collections to the time of the coming away of the James. Arguments as to whether the new stock must answer the losses of the old, and how the proceedings of Sir Thos. Dale and Capt. Pring affected the same. The Governor's remarks. Committees to examine accounts of both stocks. Oct. 5.-Application of Downing on behalf of the children of Gresham Hoogan, a free brother, who came to a violent and wilful end. Letter read from Sir Dudley Diggs thankfully acknowledging the Company's gratuity. Motion to buy Muscovy cordage, "now come, [which] is exceeding good." [Five pages. Court Book, V. 107-112.]
Oct. 6. Batavia. 1121. Richard Fursland (President) and Thos. Brockedon to Capt. Fitzherbert. Having in their general instructions set down what is needful for the performance of his voyage, further recommend these particulars. They cannot send merchants upon the ships to take note of goods surprised, so pursers must be appointed in each ship to do so, and pursers' mates put aboard the Dutch ships to look after the division of the goods. To be frugal in taking in provisions, the men to have but four fresh meals in the week. Two thousand five hundred ryals of eight provided for the fleet ; so long as the ships remain together but one purser to be employed to buy provisions. To sell or barter away the sword-blades and truck them for provisions. The Samorin owes the Company 3,083 ryals of eight ; if you get any satisfaction it is more than we can expect, but we cannot pay ourselves out of his vessels, in regard of the hope of settling a trade there. [One page and a quarter. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 999.]
Oct. 8. Gnoffiquia. 1122. Statement of grievances signed by Wm. Nicolls, John Gomm, and Mich. Holman, with answers by the Dutch signed by Frederick Houtman, Jaochem Heyndrisckx, and Ab. de Vogeler. [Dutch. Three pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1000.]
Oct. 8. 1123. Court Minutes of the East India Company, The Company advised by counsel to prosecute upon their action of account at common law against Forrest and the rest of their servants sent home as prisoners from their factories in the Indies ; committee appointed to attend Sir Henry Marten thereon. Debate on the business between the new and old stock ; exceptions taken by the generality against the committees appointed, others named. Motion on behalf of Adam Denton, factor, come home in the Royal James, touching his goods ; to be paid 50l., part of his wages. Sir Wm. Garraway to have 200 bags of pepper. [Four pages. Court Book, V. 112-116.]
Oct. 8-9. In the English House, Firando 1124. Consultation signed by Robert Adames, Charles Clevenger, Edmond Lenmyes, Joseph Cockram, Christopher Bogan, John Munden, Arnold Browne, Richard Cocks, Wm. Eaton, and John Osterwick, that the sixteenth part of all prize goods be delivered, as promised, to the mariners of the fleet going the Manilla voyage. Oct. 9.-Examination of the six mariners belonging to the Peppercorn and Bull, runaways to the Portugals at Nangasaki, but who were captured and brought back ; sentence of death pronounced upon them all, and four of the principal offenders, Edward Harris, Thos. Guilbart, Wm. Harris, and Alex. Hix, hanged this day at the main yard arm of the ship they belonged to ; the other two, Christopher Badbe and Luke Underwick, reprieved ; it is hoped this punishment will breed a terror in the hearts of all others not to commit the like offence. [Three pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1001.]
Oct. 10. 1125. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Nicholas Leate to have 30 bags of pepper. Examination of Copland, minister, who served six years in the Indies and came home in the Royal James, as to a sermon of his before a fight with the Hollanders, "as if the action were unlawful, thereby disanimating the mariners, whereas it had been his part, the occasion being such as it was, by all good persuasions to have added to their courage ;" explained that he was much wronged by the report ; has written a journal of his voyage and is ready to deliver what he knows concerning the good of the Company. Goods belonging to Ball in the Royal James fathered by Jones ; all goods brought home in that ship to be viewed. Information that Forrest and Stavelinge have removed themselves and put in common bail to the action brought against them by the Company, and that they have procured a seizure of some of the Company's goods for their wages. Hall to prosecute them as the Company's solicitor. Renewed motion of Downing claiming the adventure of Gresham Hoogan according to a deed of gift in trust for Hoogan's children. To know what ships the Company will send to the Indies in the spring ; left to further consideration. Report of the committee and Treasurer Bateman touching the old and new stocks. Information of Hackwell, Churchman, Shapley, Mason, Silver, and Daniel, come home in the Royal James, touching the "miscovering" of the factories in the Indies ; if Spaldinge stay long he will be a great rich man only by private trade ; the Dutch carry themselves in all respects as in a settled kingdom of their own and with great contempt and tyranny towards the English ; they warn the English president to their consultations by a hangman, they publicly whipped an Englishman for a small offence, they intrude into the company of the English, and provoke them with causeless quarrels, that so they may be drawn within compass of a fine which they leave without any remission ; accuse the Company's factors of riotous and licentious lives and wasting the Company's stock, &c. Purchase of pepper by Peter Richaut, Walter Artson, and Henry Robinson. Application of Ellis Crispe touching an adventure of 600l. in the first joint stock conveyed without the knowledge of the court to Sir Alex. Temple. [Four pages. Court Bk. V., 116-119.]
Oct. 10. Masulipatam. 1126. Wm. Methwold to the East India Company. Has heard from Surat that Buy Frere de Andrada encountered near Jask the Company's last year's fleet with four galleons, and with dishonour was forced to retire to Ormuz ; is since reinforced with two more galleons from Goa, store of men and other small vessels, and having repaired his former hurt is now ready with six galleons to attend the coming of the next intended expedition for Persia. Charges of maintaining affairs in Pulicat and other difficulties there through the Dutch, as the entertainment of unnecessary soldiers, &c. The Dutch hold them to the strict sense of all agreements which themselves violate or infringe. How they proceeded in the late conquest of Banda, which having depopulated and by that means terrified the inhabitants of Pooloroon, they took oaths from them as vassals and forced them to abandon the English and relinquish the former surrender of their island, which of their free will they so solemnly passed, and for certain years since so resolutely continued. Hopes his appearance will give the Company the next and best satisfaction. [One page and a half. Endorsed : "Received by the way of Holland, 1622." O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1002.]
Oct. 10/20. Batchian. 1127. Thomas Johnson to William Nicolls in Malayo. They are all in pieces and look to him to mend them. The respect of all articles with the Dutch is not thought of ; can see no accounts nor how money is laid out for expenses till at the end of the month he sees their bills. There is not a black dares speak to him in their (the Dutch) presence. The King promises to get them cloves, but Johnson has neither wares nor money to pay for them. Dispute with Mr. Roll about the purchase of some lime ; his usage of G. Cole. These and other abuses of the Dutch must be prevented ; the English are curbed like slaves, so that flesh and blood cannot endure it ; "either release us or send ropes to end us." Insult from a Dutch gunner, who, asking Johnson to drink with him, after drinking himself threw the rest in his face ; his fruitless appeals to Roll for redress. [Three pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1003.]
Oct. 12. 1128. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Request of George Ball, prisoner in the Compter of the Poultry, that the Company would accept as bail John Ball of Wadingbourne (sic) and Philip Ball ; his account unbalanced, uncertain what the damage may be ; know not what bail to admit of ; petition to be preferred with all celerity and secrecy to the Lord Keeper for a writ of ne exeat regno against Ball, and then to prosecute with further complaint to the Lords as there shall be cause. Committees to unlade the James. Resolution to propound to the general court their unanimous agreement with reference to the old and new stocks. A dividend of half a capital to be declared to (holders of) the new joint stock out of the pepper in the James, to be delivered at 20d. per lb., any one preferring, to have his dividend in calicoes or carpets ; also the expectation of returns from Surat and Persia, and not to be dismayed if the ships expected hence do not arrive before Christmas, as they may winter at the Cape and come away in the spring. Touching the election of three new committees ; the scandalous reports of some brothers of this Company to be stopped ; the committees to be cherished. Minutes of a General Court. The Governor's relation of the return of the Royal James ; the safe arrival of the four ships in Persia, and discharge of the moneys and goods designed for that place and Surat ; relading at Jask of silk to the value of 9,000l., notwithstanding the great opposition of the Portugal armada ; that letters had been received overland from Surat, that two ships might be expected from thence and Persia to the value of 120,000l., but not till late in the year, "by reason of their encumbrances with the Portugals," and that they had resolved to winter by the way rather than venture upon our coast unseasonably. The resolution of the Court of Committees touching the old or first joint stock, to which the second joint stock should allow seven capitals and a half ; opposed by Cranfield, answered by the Governor, and confirmed by the whole court, and that all remains whatsoever in the Indies and elsewhere, both posse and esse, should be converted and turned over to the account of the second joint stock. Half a capital dividend ordered to the adventurers of the second joint stock either in pepper, two-thirds of Jambi and one-third of Tecoe, or in calicoes or carpets, provided always 700 bags of pepper be reserved for the use of the land ; the price of Jambi pepper fixed at 20d., of Acheen at 21d. per lb. to ship away. Aldermen Allen and Cambell elected committees in the room of [Edward] James and Lawrence Greene. [Five pages and a half. Court Bk. V., 120-125.]
Oct. 13. Masulipatam. 1129. Mathew Duke to the East India Company. The Globe arrived here about the beginning of June last, and departed 26 August with such lading as the two factories of Masulipatam and Pettapoli could conveniently provide ; quality of the goods. The Schiedam, of Delft, from Jacatra, came to this port 15th September. Some 1,500 men, women, and children, including 45 Orankays or chiefs of those people, brought by the Dutch from the islands of Banda to Jacatra to death for a conspiracy against the Dutch General, and have taken oath of the inhabitants of Pooloway and Pooloroon to remain as their vassals, notwithstanding that they of Pooloroon have formerly subjected themselves to the King of England's protection, the English yet holding a fort there. Bantam still stands out, not affording any trade to English or Dutch. A French ship got her lading of pepper there, but the English and Dutch each demanding a third part, she set fire to the ship, gave out that the Bandanese did it, saved themselves by a frigate they had, and went away to Acheen to seek their Admiral. No news yet of the Manilla action, or of the return of ships from the Moluccas. Two days' fight between three Dutch ships and a Spanish plate ship with a million and a half ryals in her ; she was driven ashore and saved all her cargo ; two of the Dutch ships have returned, but the third has not been heard of since. The Dutch have also sent six ships to the coast of Malabar to meet with the Portugal galleons. Nothing remains to be sold in Pettapoli but porcelain, which must be sent to some other factory. Lead vendible ; Pettapoli the best market for that commodity. Bargain for cloth between Wm. Methwold and the Dutch Governor, Andres Sere, to be delivered at Masulipatam. Great experience of the Dutch of all commodities on this coast. All things here carried by "a single double voice" and not ordered by consultation. Has hitherto found good quarter on the Dutch part, but has not had to do with them in matter of moment till now. In commendation of the Dutch Governor. After the Globe's departure Methwold appointed Duke accountant and cashier in Masulipatam. Their merchandising at Pulicat, according to Millward's letters, goes roundly forward ; charges of the fort there. A junk returned from the Red Sea from Mocha ; met thirty-five junks from sundry parts, but found very bad market for the commodities they carried ; two Holland ships from Surat at Mocha, but no English ships there. The Portugals sent to the relief of their galleons at Ormuz two other galleons ; they purpose some exploit against the English. [Five pages. O.C., Vol. VIII., No. 1004.]
Oct. 15-18. 1130. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Suit of Sir Richard Smith on behalf of Marmaduke Steventon, six years employed in the Company's service, for an increase of his wages from 30s. to 50s. a month. Richard Atkinson's accounts to be audited weekly. Committee appointed to audit and report upon the several accounts of Robinson and Lanman. Pruson to reform Fotherby's errors. Request of Hatch, come home in the James, to have his silks, &c. from the Custom House ; held an injury that any man by private trade should forestall the Company's market. Petition of George Ball to accept such bail as he can give to answer the Company's action of 70,000l. together with the ne exeat regno ; answered that he must have patience until now his account be reviewed by Lanman. Resolved to petition the Privy Council, setting forth his offences both against the Company and the State, and the Company's jealousy of his combining with the Dutch, and that their Lordships will hear the cause ; the Governor to attend the Lord Keeper and present same at the Council table ; Ellam to extract from the Company's letters the objections against him and his subtle and cunning proceedings. Oct. 17.-At the suit of Sir Richard Smith, the wages of Marmaduke Steventon, sometime steward in the Company's house at Bantam, and now serving there as second merchant, to be increased from 30s. to 50s. per month, to begin three years before this date. Consideration touching the ships to be set forth this year ; question whether the three ships now building at Woodbridge, Deptford, and Blackwall will suffice for the Bantam and Surat trade, considering that it is to be expected the Portugal will not thus give over, but will attempt our Persian fleet the next year as they have done this. Whether to pursue the trade of Persia ; general opinion not fit to be continued except upon better terms ; the charge of factors and carriage of goods, &c. leave little or no profit, unless they may have the whole trade of silk ; arguments thereon and terms of letters of instructions proposed to be sent to the factors there, with letters from his Majesty to the King, "for the better countenance of the business ;" the factors to be checked for their improvidence, with commandment to bring down all their goods to the water-side. Powder to be provided for three ships. Suit of Holloway to take out his remaining half capital in the old stock, in indigo. Request of Susan Viney, sister and executrix of Capt. Jourdain, deceased, concerning his wages and the performance of a contract between the Company and the deceased at his going forth to give three for one on his return, for 800l. left in the Company's hands ; also of her son, Jonas Viney, for a box or cabinet containing jewelry, &c. which had belonged to Capt. Jourdain ; Cary of the Custom House to view the same. Bail offered by Forrest and Staveley objected to ; "to desire such favour [from Sir Henry Marten herein] as he may lawfully show the Company." The Court Book containing the contract made with Freeman about the Muscovy business to be shown to the Lords of the Privy Council. Oct. 18.-Packet of letters which had been opened, received from Sir Thos. Smythe from a Dutchman to whom they had been given by a woman in Flushing. Examination of Jeremy Suker, purser of the factory of Masulipatam, who came home in the Royal James. He had been one year under Denton, two years under Methwold, and upwards of a year at Jacatra ; his knowledge of rioting and private trade ; as to the goods taken in the junks and what became of them ; knew of one that either Capt. Pring or George Ball had converted to their own use ; Spaldinge sold silks on his own account, but knew of nothing that Ball sold ; they might have left Masulipatam two months sooner than they did ; there were diamonds sold at Masulipatam of 4 and 500 ryals, but knows not who bought them. Knows not what ryals Capt. Pring had ; never said Capt. Pring had received 3,000 ryals, but heard the purser had 1,000 ryals of his in sand gold which was sold to the Chinese at Jacatra ; Spaldinge and Ball both held to be very rich, the former making the greater show, but the latter was thought to equal him in estate and the common voice was he was rich in diamonds. It was known that Ball should be called home in disgrace ; the report came first from the Dutch at Bantam. As to Ball's inward familiarity with the Dutch at Bantam. Examination of Wyles ; had lived a month or six weeks at Bantam before the house was given over, Capt. Jourdain then President ; went surgeon in the Moon, and was in her when the junks were taken, which were committed to the charge of Ball, Spaldinge, Evans, and Pike ; that Beaumont was put into one and Ufflete into another ; that the chief riches were put into the Moon, including some store of silks ; the junks were fully laden and estimated to be of 300, 200, and 150 tons ; much of their lading was China ware and China roots. Sir Thos. Dale took upon him no charge of merchandise, only he took care that all should be kept safe, but Spaldinge, Ball, and the rest received all. Knows not what quantity of ryals Capt. Pring had ; was ashore at Masulipatam, saw no quantity of silks sold there, but thinks the goods of the junks were left wholly with Methwold ; a ship might have been laden with them from Bantam ; thinks the only reason was the waiting for the return of a messenger sent overland to Surat to understand upon what terms they stood with the Dutch ; they had 11 ships well furnished with victuals. Knew not why the Dragon and other ships at Tecoe came not to them, nor whether Capt. Pring had written to the Dragon to take heed to herself. The Royal James to be brought to the dock at Blackwall. Eyers discharged from the execution of Mountney's place, and Mountney ordered to return to the same. [Fourteen pages. Court Bk., V., pp. 125-139,]
Oct. 18/28. Batchian. 1131. Thomas Johnson to Wm. Niclls in Malayo. Has bought a convenient house for the English for 140 ryals, and could have gained 60 ryals by it three hours after. Roll granted him more ground for a yard, where are six of the Company's cocoa-nut trees ; wishes to have some more. Goods he stands in need of, also some cloth for a flag, and word whether he may put it on the castle or no. Hopes they (the English and Dutch) will both live to better content, being parted houses. Payment of the married men. If he could persuade five or six Chinese to come hither they might find work enough. [Three pages. O.C, Vol. VIII., No. 1005.]
Oct. 19. 1132. The Privy Council to the sheriffs of London. Not to release George Ball, detained by a writ ne exeat regno, upon complaint of the East India Company, until further directions. [Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CXXIII., No. 42, Cal., p. 300.]
Oct.19. 1133. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Application of Lady Dale for payment of 100l. out of wages due to her late husband "to serve her present occasions ;" it was answered there was much to be charged upon Sir Thos. Dale, viz., certain ryals of eight taken out of the fort at Jacatra by him, whereof the Dutch require restitution, and his arrears to the new stock, besides other demands ; the accounts shall be made up within fourteen days, when she shall receive what shall be due to her. Payments to be made by Mountney ; his and Rich. Atkinson's accounts. Information of the Governor, that he had been to the Lord Keeper, but found him retired into his chamber and had no access to him, but had acquainted the Lord President of the Council with the Company's purpose to exhibit a petition to the Lords against Ball, showing the petition itself ; committee appointed to deliver the petition this afternoon. Motion to send two ships from hence and two from Bantam to Surat ; debate thereon ; no need to send any stock to Persia, "for if God bless us with the two ships upon their way, there will be so many calicoes and so much indigo as will make a glut except the Turkey merchants ship them away, and therefore the Company may well refrain one year's trading there, and in that time either they shall procure conditions such as may encourage them, or else resolve to fall off." Reasons against relying upon ships from Bantam. Number of ships to be sent to Surat ; the three ships now to be sent "will do to the full," being between fourteen and fifteen hundred tons in all ; better to lade cotton, wool, and such like on the coast of Coromandel, where it is to be had, than to expect it at Surat, where it is uncertain ; Capt. Pring's opinion of sending ships from Bantam to Surat ; he says Bantam cannot long hold out, and "when it shall open" there will be lading for 15 or 16 ships of the Dutch and English ; also that if the Chinese trade could be drawn to Japan it would prove the best factory in the world ; the three ships now building will be a sufficient force to secure their stock by sea, the rather that it was observed from the letters received that an island has been gained from the Portugals where they had been accustomed to water, the want of which would much disable them to stay there. Capper to take the Court Books to the Lords as they had ordered about the Muscovy business. Examination of Capt. Pring as to the reasons why Ball laded not pepper at Bantam as well as the Dutch ; the man ashore who used to provide them was imprisoned, Ball was out of favour, and the Pengran cross. It was answered that Ball had confessed he might have had pepper to lade one ship ; but Ball, when importuned by Capt. Pring, answered him with the rising of the price of pepper, and the crossing of the Pengran. Examined also as to the three junks he had taken, which were said to be very rich, but fall out poor enough to the Company ; they were divided into the several charges of Sir Thos. Dale, himself and Ball ; knew not what became of the goods in those junks ; he was under President Spaldinge, who with Ball and the rest sent men aboard to take charge and dispose of those goods ; to which it was answered it was his part to have seen what was trusted ; an account is required at his hands ; every master had given a particular invoice when a prize was taken ; the Dutch also have invoices of all our ships taken by them, and he knows that the commanders at sea have the whole authority by sea. Pring answered that the President undertook the charge and he gave way to it, and therefore could give no account of that which he never took charge of, only he had endeavoured to stay the pillage of mariners what he could ; to this it was replied that complaint had been made to the commanders by sea of the mariners' disorders in immoderate pillaging, and the answer was, "Alas! poor men, they have lost all, they had need get somewhat ;" that he should do well to show any warrant from the President to deliver the goods that he must have well known the worth of those junks, for he gave a month's pay to the mariners, which came to 3,000l. at least, and that a man of his judgment would not pay out so much of the Company's money without being assured of the worth of the service, neither can he be ignorant that silks were as commonly sold as oysters are here. "He still pretended ignorance of any such sales ashore. and laid all upon the factors, with which answers the court was utterly unsatisfied." Examined as to the reason of his staying so long upon the coast of Coromandel, and not lading a ship with the goods taken in the junk ; answered the question was improper to him, the President had the whole power. To his answers to why he came not to the rendezvous at Tecoe according to promise, it was replied that Masulipatam is a plentiful place, and provisions to be had in a short time, but the true reason of their stay was to sell the goods purloined out of the junks, and to confirm this a Dutchman that sailed that way reported that he saw the English ships (the Dragon, &c.) ride there With their top masts upon the hatches more like wrecks than ships. "The court declared themselves to be utterly unsatisfied with these answers, and where they expected that he would have been ready to inform unto the Company the abuses of their factors be takes knowledge of nothing. but covers all." When asked to deliver his journal he said he had none and referred to his letters' but upon being pressed promised to deliver a journal. He was told the Company was advertised that in the junks was taken as much China ware and counterfeit gold thread as would have laden two ships. He had brought home a little musk, china ware, and roots, and some ryals, and desired the Company to require an account from their factors of the goods in the junks, and that Ball might meet him in their presence. Oct. 19.-Minutes of a General Court. Sale of commodities with names of the purchasers and the prices, [Nine pages and a half. Court Bk. V. 139-148.]
Oct. 21-24 1134. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Consideration of the factors' abuses in the Indies ; among the rest, Ball and Spaldinge, "whose estates are swelled beyond the compass of servants." Offer of Thos. Jones, come home in the Royal James, to be examined, and "to discover much matter whereof the Company may make good use." The factors returned to be called to an account before they be paid wages. Application of Wm. Palmer touching an adventure of 400l. paid in his son's name, challenged by Francis Wadlow. Robt. Salmon to have 10l. for his brother Nathaniel Salmon, after the rate that others had upon taking the Portugal at Mozambique. Thos. Jones desires aid of the Company against Lady Dale, who had arrested him upon an account of 3,000l. ; answered that the matter of arrest in no way concerned the Company. Contract read with Jones ; to have 25l. yearly wages for five years, and at the end of that time, if alive, 500l. more, to forbear all private trade himself, and discover those that do trade privately. When asked which of their factors were private traders, he answered, "there is not a man free." Jones sworn and examined ; his employments at Surat, Ahmedabad, Dabul, and on the coast of Coromandel. Denton is a proper merchant, and had done the Company good service, and himself good ; his principal getting was by good husbandry, in fitting shirts for mariners, which yielded him good profit ; believes Denton had a stock of 2,000 ryals ; he was not at the taking of the junks, but at Patani, and in the fight with the Dutch. Sir Thos. Dale was present when the junks were taken, and had some pieces of silk given him by Capt. Jourdain ; the junks were left in charge of Spaldinge, Ball, and young Jourdain. To the question of what became of the stock Denton carried to Bantam, "for it was conceived that this snowball grew bigger with rolling," Jones answered that Denton went on still trading and fitting commodities for Sumatra, but cannot guess the proceeds. Touching Spaldinge's private trade ; had heard Spaldinge say he had more money than he knew what to do with, and by the common voice he is worth 20,000l. His reproofs of Spaldinge for private trade and what took place on those occasions. Knows of no private trade of Ball but a quantity of porcelain which he sold at Masulipatam. Further replies concerning the private trade of Ball and Spaldinge ; the moneys Capt. Jourdain had, which belonged to the Company ; Jourdain's loan to Sir Thos. Dale of 2,000 ryals of the Company's money, after he had lost all in the Sun ; and that the silk and other things sent home to Lady Dale were bought with the Company's money. The court informed Jones that Ball confessed that Sir Thos. Dale had 4,000 ryals of Capt. Jourdain, to which Jones made answer that it might well be, for they found near 2,000 ryals at his death, which Sir Thos. Dale said he had taken up of his wages. Oct. 22.-Thos. Jones, one of the factors now returned, to be paid fifty pounds in part of his wages. Oct. 23.-Examination of Henry Smith, purser of the Great James. She arrived at Bantam about end of May, and Sir Thos. Dale with his fleet in November. Reasons why Ball did not lade the ship in the interim, he was in danger both of the Pengran and of the Dutch, and willed this ship to stay in the road, both for the countenance and security of the Englishmen and goods there. No goods either for the Company's account or for private men were received on board, neither went any merchant in the James along with them. The goods taken in the junks and received aboard the James. No pursers suffered to go aboard the junks but merchants only once. The junks, when pillaged, let go ; the goods landed and disposed of by Spaldinge and Ball ; some delivered to Brockedon at Jacatra ; certain China money kept aboard the Globe and sent to Japara. What goods the James took in at the coast either for the Company or particular men. Knows not what the Claw and Bee did at Catotanga ; the fleet stayed two months to the leeward of Tecoe to take in provisions ; the Claw, within twenty miles of Tecoe ; and when the mariners came there they lived ashore and kept houses two and two together. Goods carried to Japan in the James, including five chests of silver and 5,000 peculs of pepper. Knows not why the goods taken from the junks were not laden aboard a ship for England, seeing there were enough for one of 500 tons, unless it was because they would not weaken their force by sending a ship away ; thinks the fault was with Spaldinge, and not with Capt. Pring, who often desired to be gone. Jones and Ball came from the coast in a Dutch ship, and as soon as they arrived at Jacatra, Spaldinge seized on all Ball's goods and writings, but meddled not with Jones' goods at all. Never heard that any goods belonging to Ball were transported for England in any Dutch ship. It was the common opinion that Ball was worth 5,000l., but knows not what diamonds or other rich goods he had. On his passage to Jacatra, Ball was dangerously sick, and made his will, and Jones, being with him then, must know what his whole estate came to ; Ball was also sick homeward, but made no mention of his estate. Knows not what children Spaldinge hath in the Indies ; has not heard of any. Capt. Pring brought home some musk, and is likely to have other rich goods. The master, the preacher, and another brought home six peculs of cloves. Had heard Ball would not buy pepper at Bantam because, it was dear ; when they stayed so long there they were forced to careen their ship through the springing of a leak. Oct. 24.-Petition of Thos. Read, who went out in the Merchant Hope and came home in the Royal James, for recompense for building a junk, for a hurt he had by a cut in his foot in the Company's service, and for a cloak like those given to others that had been in the fight with the Dutch. It was not thought reasonable he should expect recompense for work done when he received the Company's wages, neither for his hurt, because, though his hurt hindered his service, yet his wages went on ; to have a cloak if any cloth be left, otherwise fifty shillings to buy him one. Letter read from the Lords to the Governor, recommending the kind and loving usage of the King of Denmark's subjects by the Company's people in the Indies, "so far forth as they hurt not the trade and privileges of the Company." Skinner moved some further matter touching a joining with the Danes in the trade there, but the court answered they would recommend them to their people according to said letter. Capt. Pring's opinion that there was no possibility of now sending a pinnace to Bantam to order ships from thence this year to Surat ; resolution confirmed to send three ships from hence, and not to trust to any further force from Bantam. Capt. Pring expostulated with on the unnecessary charges of trimming the Royal James ; had he sunk her instead he had done the Company a service ; to write to the Indies to sink or burn unserviceable ships ; the men to be placed in the other ships that are now supplied with blacks, to the Company's great charge. Stores in the Indies worth 20,000l., and enough to rig sixteen of the best ships ; to repair an unserviceable ship costs five times as much as the ship will be valued at on her return. The Royal James to be brought into dock at Blackwall ; some persuaded that the King would be content to give a lesser ship newly built in exchange for the James. Capt. Pring's answers to the charges brought against him of private trade ; one of the committees testified that if Capt. Pring did do himself good by a little private trade in goods not of the ship's bulk, the Company would wink at it, but others remembered that the Company consented to give him 40 marks salary per month that he should forbear private trade. The Company would keep nothing back of his wages, but he had no reason to expect favour from them, which neither his service nor other carriage had deserved. Was much blamed for staying so long at Bantam and not protesting against Ball. He desired that Ball's errors might not be laid upon him, but that Ball himself might answer them. It was further pressed that his not coming to the rendezvous according to promise was the cause of all the disasters in the Indies, to the extreme prejudice of the Company and dishonour of the State. The deputy affirmed that some of the Lords had said that the whole misfortune that fell upon the Company in the Indies proceeded more out of the insufficiency of their servants and commanders than from the Hollanders. Ordered that George Ball and Capt. Pring meet at the court the next day. The wardens of the "potticaries" [apothecaries] to be requested to attend to give their judgment of lemon water reserved for that purpose. Rich, executor to Abraham Bond, deceased, to receive after the rate of 5s. per ryal for ryals belonging to said Bond. Petition of John Fary, come home in the Royal James, who had served the Company nine years as a sailor and assistant to the factories in Siam and Camboja, for his wages ; is charged by Gourney to have received the Company's goods to the value of 1,000l., and told that there is said to have been much abuse between Fary, Gourney, Longe, and Pitt ; the books to be examined. Complaint of Wm. Burdick against Bowry's executors receiving his wages. Suit on behalf of Isaack Van Paine, a Dutchman, to be made a freeman of this Company, for which he was contented to give 50l. Request of Hatch, late master of the New Year's Gift, to have those silks shipped home in the Royal James ; it was answered, he deserved no favour from the Company, that he was insufficient, had carried himself very weakly in the fight with the Flemings, having denied to fight with them because they were our friends, and was held in the Indies no way fit for employment, therefore favour he must expect none. If he have his wages it is as much as he can demand ; as for the silks, they are goods gotten by private trade, and therefore belong to the Company. It was afterwards resolved to put him to prove where he bought those silks, and that they were not purloined out of the junks, yet to give him some reasonable price for them, and the Company to have them. Examination of Bartholomew Churchman. The Hope arrived at Bantam 15th August 1621 (should be 1618, see ante, No. 245) under the charge of Capt. Newport ; Bartlett (Barkeley) was dead, and Ball had succeeded as President. At his first coming, Ball hugged him in his arms ; the first question he asked was, whether they had brought any money ; told him 25 chests of ryals, but wished him to be very secret, lest the Dutch should prevent their market ; to which Ball answered, "Tush, fear not, they have not money to buy them victuals." Saw great store of pepper, which Ball said belonged to the Dutch. Complains of his pride ; that he fell out with Churchman because he gave him not the title of President ; that he kept state, and went with a guard of 40 blacks, which he maintained at five or six ryals per month each man ; that he sent for the money ashore and wished Capt. Newport to go to the Moluccas, who refused both unless he might lade. Shortly after Newport died, and then all the money came to Ball's hands, who from August to January neither provided any pepper nor laded one ship, while the Dutch had laded 11 ships. He afterwards laded the Unicorn only. Was not present at any of the fights with the Dutch ; but there was nothing done on the English part worthy of the name of a fight. Touching Coomes' (Coen's) journey with the united force of the English and Dutch, says his design was upon Lantar, but fears there is a plot upon Pooloroon to get away the ordnance of that fort from the English. Ball might have laden all the Company's ships that were serviceable ; if there were any impediment it was only the Pengran's demand of custom for the three junks taken by our people, reckoned at 40,000 ryals ; also for another junk taken by Ball, "which though it were shortly delivered again, yet there was as much missing as the custom amounted unto 11,000 ryals." [Twenty-one pages. Court. Bk. V. 148-169.]
1621 ? 1135. Articles of a proposed treaty between King James I. and the King of Denmark, in reference to commerce in the East Indies. [Latin. Eight pages and a half. A treaty was concluded between England and Denmark in April 1621, but it had no reference to trade in the East Indies. Rymer, XVII., p. 305, also Brit. Mus. Lansdowne MSS. 151, and Slang Geschichte Christian IV., Vol. III., p. 171, in the King's Library in the Brit. Mus. See ante, No. 690. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 93.]
Oct. 25 1136. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Evelin to be paid 500l. for 150 barrels of powder, but as "for delivering any moneys beforehand [for the next parcel] the Company is not in plight to do it." A course to be thought upon that the ships now making ready for the Narrow Seas against pirates may be employed so as this Company may receive some benefit thereby. Capt. Pring called in ; he could neither condemn Ball nor clear him, he must answer for himself ; reasons why the Company conceive Capt. Pring willing to excuse Ball, whose abuses are so gross that he could not but see them, "which was ill taken at his hands." His neglect of duty in not taking an inventory of the goods of the prize junks, and not doing his best to procure lading ; the fault cast upon Ball, who was sent for and questioned. Towerson explained it was Ball's brother who informed the Company George Ball was ill thought of, because he had accused some of the committees. He had bought pepper, but the Dutch forestalled the market with ryals and diamonds. Kewee, his agent, who dealt for him for pepper, was clapped in prison ; he could have laden one ship, but found the price too dear and his agent was then 6,000 ryals in his debt. The country yields yearly 70,000 bags of pepper, of which the Dutch bought 2,400 ; the residue of two years was in the country. Was pressed why he had not laden for pepper at Acheen, Priaman, and Jambi, &c., but would answer nothing ; if they would frame interrogatories he would answer them upon oath. He was forced to secure himself with a strong guard, the Dutch being there 200 strong and every day ready to go to blows. Received intelligence of his disgrace through the Dutch. The Company surprised how he, who became so careful of the factories, was so careless of his commission, "but wished him to consider that so strong a commission neglected, and by occasion thereof so many of his Majesty's subjects lost, such a part of the stock of the whole kingdom wasted, and such ships perished, would be required at his hands in a higher place than where he then stood." His further answers "understood to manifest his wilful error ;" impossible that he could have come home not worth 100l. He confessed he might have laden home the Unicorn, "which if he had done he had saved the ship and so many men's lives as perished in her, which was also to the State." Sir Thos. Dale, upon Ball's knowledge, lost all his estate when the Sun was lost, and yet he had by him when he died near 2,000 ryals, besides silks sent home to Lady Dale. Capt. Pring again examined ; he was told "that both in the matter of lading, in that of the junks, and in his other behaviour there he had not carried himself like a man that understood his command ;" the reasons. The opinion held of him before his going true, that he is a good navigator, but not capable of any great command, neither would any man of virtue have broken his word in not coming to the rendezvous at Tecoe according to promise, the failing whereof produced all their loss of shipping in the Indies. On the arrival of the Bull, when the peace was published, he did so far undervalue the honour of his commission and of the English nation that he went three times aboard that base fellow Coone (Coen), when Coen never vouchsafed to come aboard him, but sent a substitute, and last of all he embraced the accord with the Dutch without first insisting upon such restitution as was warranted by the articles. Samuel Moore, servant to Lord Zouch, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, to receive two-thirds of the wages of his brother Benjamin Moore, gone factor in the Lesser James, according to a letter of attorney. [Five pages. Court Bk. V. 169-174.]
Oct. 25./Nov. 4. Madrid. 1137. Sir Walter Aston to Sir Dudley Carleton. Two caracs lately come home richly laden by the Portugals at Goa ; they encountered seventeen sail of Turkish pirates, who set upon one of the caracs, the other got into Lisbon, and after two days' fight, she having sunk two of the pirates and spoiled some others, they saw small hopes of taking her, and fired her within three leagues of the shore, and all perished, she being valued at near three millions of ducats ; the other carac was nothing near so wealthy, this being a new one, and so they strived in the Indies to lade most in her. [Extract from Correspondence, Spain.]
Oct. 26. 1138. Court Minutes of the East India Company. The Royal James arrived at Woolwich. Petition of Elizabeth Wickham for the estate of her son, who died in the Indies ; the Company knew of nothing due to him, and must clear with Sir Thos. Smythe and Capt. Pring, her son's executors. Demand of Jonas Viney for allowance for 100 ryals taken by Denton from a box belonging to Viney's uncle, Capt. Jourdain ; "it appears there rested in Capt. Jourdain's hand two chests of ryals belonging to the Company, which (if they perished in the ship with him) perished as his goods, not as the Company's goods, for that he never meant to bring them to the Company's account." Out of 1,500 ryals which the Flemings suffered Welden to carry ashore, he played away 1,000 at dice. Jonas Viney, but a youth, is desired to bring some friend better experienced to receive satisfaction from the court. Particular care to be taken of the goods of Denton, come home in the Royal James, "and to alter the property of them, lest he put a trick upon the Company." Denton can claim nothing in them ; besides they are the proceeds of private trade from which he is bound. Moreover Denton and Welden are charged with 1,100 ryals taken out of the fort at Jacatra. which the Dutch challenge from the Company. Lady Dale's charges against one Owen for ryals. Petition of Robt. Gayton, who went out in the Charles and came home in the Royal James, for 60 ryals, which he said he had delivered to Courthope for the Company's use upon his bill to receive three for one at his return to Pooloroon, that having suffered shipwreck in a junk and thereby lost that note, he went to Jacatra, where for want of that note he could not receive the money. Desires to have them here. It is answered that Gayton hath no reason to expect payment here until it may authentically appear that they are due. Information of the Governor that the last day after Capt. Pring had been in court he followed the Governor home and desired his wages, said it was to no purpose for him to come any more to the court, he had said as much as he could say. It was answered that Capt. Pring hath made them no fair answer ; he hath not performed his commission and instructions in the account of the junk ; he hath broke bond and covenant in private trade ; he suffered the mariners to pillage, he came not to the rendezvous, and thereby occasioned the loss of all their hopes ; he did, in a sort, submit to the Dutch ("it was answered that for Ball they had gone so far") and joined with them before any word spoken of restitution ; and therefore it was held fit that he give a reason of these his doings. Consideration of the course to be taken with Ball ; it was said there is coherence between him and Pring ; some thought the Star Chamber, some the Council table, but others that it should be left to the direction of the Lords. Whether to use rigour to these men or no before they have had use of their testimony against the Dutch. As for Ball they had gone so far they must now go on ; opinion that he and Pring should be proceeded against jointly ; the inconvenience less in provoking than in sparing them. Jones has shown himself one of the same tribe by fathering aboard the James what belonged to Ball. [Three pages and a half. Court Bk. V. 178-181.]
Oct. 30. Hague. 1139. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec. Calvert. The designed deputies from the States to his Majesty are at this present at the camp with the Prince of Orange, accompanied with Mons. Gogh and two others of the States, to communicate to his Excellency the project of their instructions, and therein to take his advice, of which having knowledge before their departure, he thought fit to send his Excellency a copy of his last proposition to the States General concerning the differences now in question betwixt his Majesty and the States. Their return is expected to-morrow or the next day at the farthest, after which they will be immediately despatched. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Oct. 31. 1140. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Wages of Lemman, master of the Royal James. The Governor and Mr. Bell to attend the Lords to assign a day for hearing their cause against Ball, by whose command he lies committed. Motion of Isaac Van Paine, a Dutchman born in England, to be admitted a free brother of the Company on payment of a fine of 50l. Discussion on the terms of admission of a stranger. Petition of Thos. Hews for the dressing of cloths. Demand of Jonas Viney, nephew of Capt. Jourdain, for allowance for 200 ryals taken out of his uncle's "countoyre" by Denton ; also of Viney and Henry Fosdick for 800 ryals given between them by the Queen of Patani in goods, part of a far greater quantity exacted from the Company by that Queen for protection of the English against the Flemings, "who at that time being proud of their victory at sea, and having the odds of number ashore, did draw their swords upon our people in the street, and threaten to burn their houses ; whereas the Queen of Patani had undertaken the protection of our people before without any such second consideration ;" the court having formerly ordered that all returns of gifts for presents to any heathen prince shall be to the use of the Company, approved the seizure of these goods by Denton, their factor in Patani, and saw no reason to break their order by making any allowance to the petitioners for the same. Suit of Mardocheus, brother and executor of Henry Mitchell, deceased, touching his brother's estate. [Three pages. Court Bk. V., 181-184,]