East Indies: November 1625

Pages 103-122

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Persia, Volume 6, 1625-1629. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1884.

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November 1625

Nov. 2. 198. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Intelligence from Sir John Wolstenholne that there are some ryals of eight come into the Tower; Messrs. Henry Gar way and Leatt entreated to see what quantity there are and the price. Report of Mr. Governor that the Committee attended at Hampton Court on Sunday last to present to the Lords a Declaration and Complaint of their new grievances against the Dutch, his Majesty being pleased, notwithstanding the late proclamation that no one who had either been or lived in London should come to Court, to permit them to enter the Court gates, yet had no audienee that day, but my Lord of Arundel moved the King to vouchsafe them a hearing on Monday, when after "some small time of attendance" they presented said complaint to the Lords which was read by Mr. Dickenson, clerk of the council, after which Mr. Governor and Committee were ordered to withdraw, and being called in again, the Lord Treasurer declared their Lordships resolution that the Company should bring some good proofs of breach of the Treaty by the Hollanders, and their purpose to drive the English out of the Indies, and engross the whole trade to themselves, because although their Lordships believed what was informed yet they were to make report to his Majesty. Mr. Governor answered they had them ready, but the day being far spent, the next day was appointed to hear them at large, and they were wished to think in the meantime of the remedies that might give them satisfaction for their injuries and losses by the Dutch, and assured that his Majesty had a gracious care to do them justice and to see them righted. With this answer Mr. Governor and the rest returned to London, where they had notice from Sir Thos. Button, Admiral of the King's ships in Ireland, of a Dutch [homeward bound] East India ship of 1,000 tons richly laden, being in the harbour of Kinsale. Mr. Governor and the rest thought to make advantage thereof, being persuaded that his Majesty would "since said ship is come unto us offering as if it were herself into our hands" command her stay until reparation be made to the Company, whereupon it was resolved to pursue this request unto the Lords very hard, but yet would reserve it to the last, with which hope, having made ready their proofs, they again repaired to Court on Tuesday, and after some hours attendance were called in before his Majesty, and the Lords in Council when
Mr. Governor, addressing himself in humble manner unto his Majesty, made known that yesterday he had presented unto the Lords the aforesaid Complaint, and that now according to their Lordship's commandment he was come with his proofs, whereby he doubts not by his Majesty's favour and patience to make it plainly appear even out of Coen's own writings (which are come to our hands by means of our agents abroad) how maliciously and cruelly both he and the Hollander's East India Company have dealt with us, tending not only to the supplanting and driving us out of the Indies, having already surprised us in an island called Pulo Bessee, but threatening a second massacre upon our people there, which proofs if his Majesty would be pleased to admit Mr. Governor would not be long in the relation of them, for he had them ready in his hands. To this my Lord Chamberlain made answer that he was verily persuaded of the one, which was that the Dutch would dispossess our people (if they could) of the Indies, but for the other, meaning the massacre, he did not believe they would go about such a matter in regard of the alteration of the present time. Mr. Governor then proceeded to his proofs, and at large demonstrated the several villanies and barbarous cruelties of Coen and others of the Holland East India Company by breaking the treaty, and imposing unjust taxes and impositions upon us, by debarring us from the trade of Bantam, and such other grievances as are contained within the said Complaint, which Mr. Governor made good not only out of Coen's own projects and writings, but also by letters from Mr. Barlow and by one from Mr. Missendell (Misselden) which was read, wherein the abuses of the said Coen and the treacherousness of that nation are notably deciphered and painted out. His Majesty and the Lords being fully satisfied of the premises upon the relation and proofs produced, Mr. Governor then fell upon the remedies for present reparation to be made the Company for their losses and damages received from the Hollanders, and insisted upon the stay of their ships according to former order, there being no other way left to force satisfaction from them or give the generality contentment, who are resolved not to proceed further in the trade of the Indies until they see something really done against the Hollanders. Hereupon his Majesty was pleased to deliver thus much from his mouth, that as he did not love or desire to do wrong to any nation, so he would not suffer injury of any; that the Hollanders should make just and due satisfaction, both to himself in the point of honour for the lives of his subjects, and also to the Company (which he held a worthy company) for the loss of their goods and other damages sustained by the Dutch. And to that end his Majesty hath so provided in the league now made with them (unto which Aerssens and the other Commissioners have subscribed), that this business of Amboyna and the East Indies is especially excepted; and that unless the Hollanders shall give a speedy satisfaction for the aforesaid injuries, his Majesty hath therein declared (which he will make good) to make stay and seizure of their ships. Mr. Governor although he gave his Majesty thanks for his great care of the Company in making this provision for them, yet he and the rest of the Committees then present still pressed for stay of their shipping as the only means to bring the States over hither, and to make an end of these differences, and without which they shall never reap any other fruit than delays, alleging that it was not only the opinion of his late Majesty and the Lords, and confirmed by his Majesty that now is, but the desire and request of the Prince of Orange himself, who to that purpose had wrote his letters to my Lord Duke of Buckingham. Hereupon my Lord Conway stood up and declared that true it is that such directions were given, and letters were sent from my Lord Admiral to the captains of his Majesty's ships in the Downs, and for his part he knows of no revocation of them, howbeit in his opinion it had been very unfit even at that time for his Majesty's ships (which were but three) to have hazarded a fight with seven of the Hollanders, and if they had taken them they should have found but empty ships, for they were outward bound; but much more is it unfit at this time to use any hostile manner against them by reason of the new conjuncture between his Majesty and that State, and therefore the Company must not be offended though that course be not permitted; and that they must remember Holland is no monarchy and that the States cannot command as a monarch doth. To this Mr. Governor replied that his Lordship had well stated this business, for seeing the States are no monarchs, and have no power to help us, he trusted his Majesty would. As for the encountering of his Majesty's ships with the Hollanders, there was no cause of fear or danger, for had there been three times seven of them his Majesty's three ships were able to beat them all. Neither are the Company in any sort displeased for their passing by, seeing it is his Majesty's pleasure and the States to have it so. But they must confess one thing seemeth strange unto them and hath exceedingly discouraged the generality, which is this, that when another of the Holland ships came from the Indies and by tempest was driven into Dover Road, where she lay 44 hours in the sight of the King's ships, and notwithstanding the captains had notice of her, and we entreated by our servants to stay her, was yet suffered to depart without attempting anything against her. It was answered by one of the Lords that seeing nothing would content the Company but stay of the Holland ships, which cannot be done in any hostile manner by reason of the conjuncture aforesaid, they might do well to make that request to his Majesty, that if hereafter any more of their ships shall chance to fall upon his Majesty's coasts. Hereupon Mr. Governor and the committees were in hope to make good advantage to themselves of this offer, and observing that the resolution of his Majesty and the Lords was fixed not to give way for seizure of their ships, Mr. Governor besought his Majesty to vouchsafe them but one small favour, which he presumed his Majesty might easily do without breach of the said conjuncture, and which, if his Majesty shall be pleased to grant it, will prove an end of these differences and free us from ever complaining to this Board against the Hollanders, besides it will exceedingly encourage the generality to go on forwards cheerfully in their trade to the Indies, and even the Holland adventurers themselves will give his Majesty thanks for the same. His Majesty demanded what this-might be, and desired Mr. Governor to make it known, who acquainted his Majesty that the last night very late they had notice from the Vice-Admiral in Ireland that there was come into the harbour at Kinsale a ship from the East Indies belonging to Holland called the Hollandia, of the burden of 1,000 tons, very richly laden, upon which, if his Majesty shall be pleased at this time to lay his command of stay of her, it will without question cause the States to send over presently whereby to compose and settle these complaints and differences and to make a perpetual friendship between us and them hereafter. At this motion his Majesty and the Lords were silent. At last his Majesty told Mr. Governor this request required consideration, and therefore commanded him and the committees to withdraw themselves awhile which they did, during which time my Lord Conway came forth and went two several times to his chamber, and brought with him either time a paper in his hand, and in that interim Mr. Dickenson was also sent out by his Majesty to Mr. Governor to know of him whether he had ever seen that letter of the Prince of Orange which he had formerly mentioned written to the Duke of Buckingham. Mr. Governor returned this answer, that he must ingenuously confess he never saw the letter himself, but remembers well that about Christmas last the Duke of Buckingham told his late Majesty thereof two or three several times, which Mr. Garway and some other of the Committees then present also heard, and is confident that Mr. Secretary Coke hath both seen and read it. Mr. Dickenson understanding thus much from the Governor reported the same to his Majesty, and presently after Mr. Governor and the Committees were called for in, to whom Mr. Secretary Conway did signify his Majesty's pleasure as followeth: That, his Majesty did desire the Company to believe that he had and would have a special care of them, for he held them a worthy company, and would so take them into his protection that neither the Hollanders nor any others should do them the least injury, but his Majesty would see them righted to the full; but concerning this request of theirs at this time for the stay of the Holland ship now in Ireland, his Majesty cannot do it with his honour, being tied by his protestation to the contrary. And therefore his Majesty wished the Company to rest satisfied with this answer and content themselves with that which was for the King's honour and the conjuncture of the time to grant. Notwithstanding this answer Mr. Governor yet besought his Majesty to take their humble request once more into his princely consideration, for they desired net absolute seizure of their ship nor the possession of their goods, but only that a stay may be made of her, be it but for a month, that the Hollanders may see that his Majesty hath a will and power to do it. His Majesty answered that it would be to little purpose, for if the Dutch should but speak him fair and intreat a release he could not deny it to them, willing the Company to be of good cheer and not to doubt of his royal protection and speedy order for their satisfaction, for the Hollander should be sent to to come over and to treat about this business. Hereupon Mr. Bell spake that the Company did never intend to treat with the Hollanders any more, for by treaties the Company hath been undone. To which Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer replied that the treaty was of the Company's own making, and therefore they must blame themselves if it were not as they would have it. Mr. Deputy also further declared to his Majesty that there was now no hope to proceed in the trade, for when the generality shall be made acquainted what we have desired and cannot obtain it, they will be so exceedingly discouraged, as we have great cause to fear (though our endeavours shall not be wanting to persuade them) they will bring in no more moneys, and without a present supply this great and worthy design cannot be maintained, but will of necessity fall to the ground. His Majesty being thus importuned on every side, and finding that nothing would give satisfaction but a stay of their ships, seemed to be somewhat displeased, and said, Will nothing content you, must you have the ships stayed this present hour? In conclusion told Mr. Governor and the Committees that his protestation was gone forth, and until the limitation therein mentioned be expired he cannot condescend to what is desired. But for Coen's stay letters should be written to his Ambassador that he be not permitted to go to the Indies again. Mr. Governor perceiving it was in vain to press this business any further, humbly besought his Majesty to pardon them, for now they had discharged their duties to God and his Majesty, they wholly submitted themselves to his Majesty's pleasure and the State, and would report the same to the generality. This declaration being made by Mr. Governor the Court fell into a serious consideration what was further to be done, and after some debate they resolved to frame some writing or declaration themselves according to the opinion of Mr. Henry Garway, which they would present to his Majesty, and to that end order was given to send for Mr. Skinner to be here tomorrow in the morning, and to confer with him about the same.
Resolved that the King's arms be impressed upon the demi-culverins. Also that a committee be appointed for the warehouses by reason of the death of Messrs. Eyre and Cartwright. Motion of Mr. Treasurer Stone concerning the Company's stock, the calling in of their debts, and providing moneys for present occasions. By his books it appeared that debts by bills owing amounted to 49,000l. ; consideration of what was best to be done, but the business being of great consequence, and the Court but thin, no resolution was concluded, only that Lanman's balance of account be presented next Court. Thos Hanson appointed to follow and call in the Company's debts in lieu of Edward Lees, very unfit for that employment. Examination of the mariners charged with pillaging certain junks in the Indies, Mr. Rastell and Capt. Hall being present; they affirm that what they embezzled was forthwith taken from them, being searched to their skins and carried aboard the Blessing for the Company's account; nevertheless in regard the Company had to pay 110,000 R., the Court was of opinion that they should make some recompense out of their wages, but deferred till next Court. Request of divers mariners of the Moon for their wages; answered they shall have none from the beginning of her lading to her casting away. Leave to Gifford, auditor, to go into the country for a month. 6½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII. pp. 131–137.]
Nov. ? 199. Objections against John Petersen Coen, late General for the Netherlands East India Company in the Indies, exhibited to his Majesty, showing that he has notoriously violated the Treaty of 1619, and therefore by the 30th Article ought to be severely punished. First, in April 1620, the Bull arrived at Bantam with copies of said Treaty authentically signed, but Coen refused to publish it, pretending the copies sent were not of force. Secondly, two months after, on the arrival of the Dutch ship Vreed, Coen having condescended to the publishing of the treaty at Jacatra, notwithstanding in February 1621, prepared a fleet of 16 ships and 40 frigates, with 4,000 men, and went for Lantar, in possession of the English and fortified by them; and on March 1 landed 2,500 men, surprised the castle, took the English prisoners and abused them in most inhuman manner, killed three of their servants, seized their goods, and after all these outrages published the Treaty of Accord. The like was performed a few days after upon Pooloroon, another island of Banda, which had been in possession of the English from December 1616 till March 6,1621, when Coen sent 1,500 armed men, who razed the walls of the town, entered the forts, and threw the ordnance over the rocks; and this was done not only 10 months after publication of the Treaty at Jacatra, but also after its publication at Neira upon the taking of Lantar, contrary to the 2nd 23rd, and 30th Articles of the Treaty. Thirdly, upon the unjust complaint of certain Chinamen ("being mere heathens"), he condemned the English President and servants at Jacatra in the sum of 40,000l. and 10,500 R. for a fine to the States General for pretence of wronging their sovereignty. The English appealed therefrom to his Majesty and the States General, according to the 30th Article, but said Coen rejected their appeal and commanded his officers to take by force out of their warehouses goods for the satisfaction of 8,115 R., who accordingly took goods to the value of 16,182 R [See Protest of English Factors, 9 Jan. 1623 Cal in previous Vol., p. 94, No. 234]. Infinite more contradictions to the Treaty, outrages, insolencies, and indignities shall be alleged against the said Coen; all which convince that Coen ought to be punished according to the 30th Article of the treaty. 3½ pp. Two copies. [Ead Indies, Vol. III. Nos. 78, 79.]
Nov. 3? 200. Robert Barlow to Sir D. Carleton. There is something more delivered to the Company, which as yet he cannot get. Has received copy of the protest, whereof will make good use. It should seem our Company are ignorant that this Company have 18 months to compass the business of the Indies, and that in that time there should not any molest their ships. Holds that Coen, who still here, is out of hope for his employment, for having caused some of the Bewinthebbers to be sounded; they say they do not now think he shall go, yet Carleton will do well to deal with the Prince, for it is most certain they have resolved to use his help where the States decline. Longs to hear from the Company concerning the imprisonment of one of the Dutch Company's servants, who came in their ships, and the detaining and opening letters, which the Governor of Dover Castle said he did by express order from the East India Company, and threatened that they would deal with him as these had done by ours at Amboyna. Wishes it had not been done, and that the Company may well clear their hands, as being wholly without their consent. Makes no question that these who mightily complain have made their complaint to the States. 1 p. [Corresp. Holland.]
Nov. 4. 201. Court Minutes of the East India Company. James Barlowe entertained steward of the Exchange, now bound for the Indies. Refusal to bargain for the ryals, amounting to 7,000l. or 8,000l., in the Tower. Two journals of Brockenden's, produced by Hanson, one of the Company's auditors; ordered that he receive his salary for the time of his absence as well as his fellow auditors. Answer to be given on Wednesday to the mariners charged with pillaging the Choul junks. Information of Sir John Wolstenholme and Sir William Russell that they had pressed Capt. Christopher Browne to serve his Majesty to Flushing, and desired the Company would not take it ill, for lie should return in two months. Ordered that Sir William Russell be acquainted when the executors of of Thomas Brethers come to take out any of his adventure; also that the Moon's men very impetuous for their wages be paid, abating three months for her lading, also for her voyage homeward. Complaint in writing produced by Mr. Jesson, who went master of the Coaster, against Brockenden, deceased, and others for some notable abuses. Wages of Thomas Corbett, deceased, to be stayed. On reading Misselden's letter of 22nd October, " that the time of his Majesty's protestation with the Hollander is for 18 months," Mr. Governor and others were entreated to repair to Court on Sunday with the petition now agreed upon to be exhibited to the King. Mr. Scudamore being told he had not done well in complaining of the mariners, for he had shared the broken "cuttan" given by the King of Siam, and delivered to Treasurer Stone "8 pieces little and great, 2 rings and 2 cupps of swords gilded" [sic]. Debate on Treasurer Stone's motion for procuring of money, but the nomination of committees to make a calculation of the moneys to be issued between this and Candlemas, and of the charge of setting out these two ships deferred. 2 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII., 137–139.]
Nov. 6. 202. Petition of the East India Company to the King. Whereas they formerly petitioned his Majesty to intimate to the States General his pleasure that John Peterson Coen, should not be permitted to return to the East Indies until he had first answered the many notable wrongs and damages done by him in the East Indies, which his Majesty vouchsafed accordingly, and Sir Dudley Carleton on 19th October last made remonstance thereof to the said States. Whereupon though the States promised to restrain said Coen, petitioners are since certainly advertised they intend nevertheless to send him away in one of their ships now preparing for the Indies. Pray therefore, in regard Coen is so dangerous a person that his Majesty will once more signify his pleasure that said Coen may be enjoined not to proceed to the Indies, otherwise that his Majesty will have recourse for satisfaction by way of reprisal, hitherto forborne upon promise that justice should be done
I. Remonstance of Sir Dudley Carleton to the States General, Hague, 1625, Oct. 19. Translation of enclosure No. 194 I., ante p. 102. Together 2 pp. [East Indies, Vol. III., Nos. 80–80 I.]
Nov. 9. 203. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Information of Thomas Sanderson, purser of the Diamond, that he heard Captain Brookes say at the Cape concerning the Moon, that he would turn the nose of the ship the wrong way, and that he wished the ship were at Leghorn. Mem.: that the several committees for every particular employment were appointed. Complaint by Leatt of negligence in the warehouse at the Exchange in allowing porters and others to carry away privately pepper and other spices. Mr. Abdi requested to treat with Mr. Vandeputt about a parcel of quicksilver. The committees for Blackwall Yard to go down there once a month. Ordered that he that keeps "the prick and check" for the slaughter house shall not pay the wages, but he that pays the carpenters and other workmen. Captain King to receive 8l. for piloting the Discovery to Erith. About the security for wares sold. The nomination of committees to calculate what moneys are to be issued before Candlemas deferred. Report of Swanley that he cannot find masters, mates, or quartermasters willing to go to the southwards, and that many complain that when they are in the southwards they can never get leave to come away without giving of bribes, also of the unwholesomeness of the island where the English are planted, and of the want of victuals; consideration of complaint left to next court. Relation by Mr. Deputy, in the absence of Mr. Governor, that on Sunday last they had attended his Majesty at Hampton Court, where Mr. Governor, presenting the petition, his Majesty forthwith read the same and gave this answer. "That if the Company would go on stoutly like honest and worthy merchants, he would leave nothing undone that might encourage and countenance them in their trade," that what Lord Conway offered at the council table, the particulars being contained in their petition, should be presently done; and that the Duke had order already to mediate their cause with the States during his abode there. Hereupon Mr. Abdi intimated that the Hollanders are so strong in the Indies by reason they are backed up by the States with shipping and ordnance, &c., and unless his Majesty protect them in some such like manner they are not able to continue the trade. To which his Majesty gave this answer: That the Company hath his countenance and shall have his protection, but if they fear the Hollanders forces his advice is that they go forth strongly provided, but they are not to expect his ships to protect them in the Indies Whereupon my Lord Privy Seal made answer: That the Company feared not the Hollander by sea, but at land in the Indies. His Majesty, finding the Company to insist upon obtaining the like protection that the States gave to the Hollanders, fell upon the business heretofore propounded by his late Majesty, to be admitted an adventurer in the Company's stock, alleging that his father had desired it, but was refused, that if they would have him interested in their cause this was the way. Mr. Governor made this answer: That this Company consisted of persons of divers qualities, as the nobility, gentry, &c., amongst whom some are lawyers, who when they were made acquainted with his late Majesty's desire, in this kind delivered their opinions, that it could not be allowed, being contrary to the law, for that no partnership can be held with the King, and being admitted an adventurer the whole stock is presently in his Majesty's power to dispose of, which was the reason of the said refusal. And although his Majesty and the Lords assented to this opinion in the matter of partnership, yet were they not satisfied in point of an adventurer, for his Majesty replied I desire not to adventure in mine own name but in others, which is no more than you do yourselves and may be done without prejudice, and if so, then that objection is taken away. Mr. Governor besought his Majesty to pardon him in that he was not able at this time to give his Majesty a satisfactory answer herein; that this concerned the generality whereof himself and the Committees now present are but part and therefore cannot determine the same, but he would make them acquainted at their next meeting together with what his Majesty had propounded. His Majesty and the Lords perceiving no inclination to admit this motion, my Lord Chamberlain told Mr. Governor that this matter is not pressed upon the Company but left to their consideration; yet because they desire protection from his Majesty which he is content to give them, but cannot do so properly without interesting himself in the cause as an adventurer, therefore they pressed this the more, but yet no otherwise than as an answer to that objection. In conclusion, Mr. Governor desiring his Majesty's pardon in giving them leave to speak, said the Company might well allege that if your Majesty can protect us, being an adventurer, you may be pleased to do as much without. This discourse thus ended, Mr Governor fell again upon the protestation wherein he besought his Majesty to let them understand (which they hoped also was his Majesty's meaning) that howbeit the Holland ships are protected for 18 months, yet it was not meant to give that time unto them before they are to make satisfaction unto us for our goods and losses sustained. It was answered that the time had only relation to their ships: that his Majesty and the Lords meaning is that present satisfaction and reparation be made, and to that end his Majesty of his own accord in favour of the Company had put it in my Lord Duke's instructions especially to remember at this time of his being in Holland; protesting that if satisfaction should not be given within the time limited, his Majesty would without favour or further delay have recourse to the way of reprisal. It was also assured Mr. Governor and the Committees by my Lord Chamberlain, that his Majesty doth take this business so far to heart as he hath done more for the Company than is yet fit for them to know. Mr. Bell then made known what had passed on Monday when he attended Lord Conway for the despatches which his Majesty had promised according to the contents of the Company's petition; his Lordship "fell into a serious and large discourse of the differences between this Company and the Hollanders" and amongst other things used these words, that "although he had lived long with the Dutch yet he was a true Englishman," that the Company should make no doubt of his Majesty upholding this trade, "for he had vowed to God that he would not give it over, but rather than that trade shall fall he will send his own ships to the Indies," with much more which did declare his Majesty's extraordinary care of the Company. That his Majesty's declaration to the States, and the stay of Coen, and letters to the Duke were dispatched already, and he himself would speak with the Dutch Ambassador here about these matters, and would appoint a time when he desired some of the Committees to be present. Mr. Secretary Coke also told Mr. Styles that he had written to the Duke, who will return hither within nine days. 4½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII. 139–143.]
Nov. 10.
204. Robert Barlow to Sir D. Carleton. Refers to his last of 3 Nov. Has met with another paper of late delivered to the Bewinthebbers, which doth cross Coen in his projects for free trade and thereby is plainly seen the wrong these have done to ours in the Moluccas, in exacting from them their third part of the charge in ready money, whereas they paid the whole in victuals and commodities, whereof they made more than three of one, so that the third in money defrayed the whole charge. Hopes this great wrone and the causing ours, by other violences to leave those islands "will not be so put up" (with,) being the "most profitablest" places for trade of all the Indies, if ours may be dealt withal according to the contract; "but as in that, so in all other things, they have gone beyond us, and almost not in any one thing, have performed according to the contract." Does not think he shall now fear the well cease his suit. Their ship that was in Ireland is arrived in Zealand; no news of the other two. Several passenger much complain of the Government, and if there be not means used for redress, it is like to go ill with this Company. Has promise of some other papers, which shall be sent. 1 p. [Corresp. Holland.]
Nov. 11. 205. Court Minutes of the East India Company. On motion of Mr. Leatt about the late coming of Committees resolved that all the Committees give their attendance at the Court at 9 o'clock at the furthest and stay till 11, and none to depart without leave of the Court, on penalty of 12d., to the poor's box. On the motion of Mr. Governor discussion took place on the great and weighty business of the following or relinquishing the trade, and the proceedings before the King were recounted, and it was generally hoped that the King and State had so seriously taken the East India trade to heart that all differences would be removed, injuries repaired, and the trade upheld, and therefore it was resolved to follow this trade. Then followed debate on the number of ships to be employed and the money to be raised; also as to dividing one half capital part in money and part in goods; it was thought unnecessary to send any money to Surat this year, but as much goods as conveniently might be, the factors there having found out and practised the sending of ships from thence to the southward and to return them again. The Court again declared their resolution to follow the trade, and found it necessary to take up money at interest for the present, meanwhile to make sale of some calicoes and other commodities to raise ready money for setting out the ships; a computation of the "charge of the first two " amounted to 10,000l. or 20,000l. more for the three ships and pinnace ordered at this Court to "proceed after Christmas." A low price to be set upon indigo to encourage its transportation to Italy, Turkey, &c. also on pepper, to bring in money faster. A motion not to divide to those who take out in money so soon as formerly, left to further consideration. Also that the general books of the Company may be kept so exactly, though it should cost 500l. per annum, that they may know a balance whenever they call for it. Committee desired to make the computation before mentioned, the last balance being taken in May, since which time 20,000l. has been paid in, and 48,000l. will come in about Lady Day. Report of Swanley that he had tried 10 pieces of the ordnance bespoke a year since, and the Court taking notice of the great store of ordnance returned in these five ships, ordered him to refuse the rest; he is gratified with 10l., for piloting the Elizabeth, and attending for the Dutch in the Downs. Ordered that the Moon's men be paid their wages, deducting three mouths pay for the time of loading their ship and all their wages homeward. Order for payment of part of Sebastian Palmer's wages. 4 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII. 144–147]
Nov. 14.
206. Robert Barlow to Sir D. Carleton. Fell in speech yesterday with one of the Bewinthebbers concerning Coen's employment, and was told they had order from the States that they should not further employ him, but their pride and madness is such that notwithstanding several of this chamber have maintained that if they send him they may be sure the reprisals will be set at liberty, and their first ships laid hold upon, that they concluded to depute certain to go into the Hague to work with the Prince to procure the States to give way for his employment. This Bewinthebber who hath always opposed Coen, said it were good to give notice to Carleton, so that now the Lord Admiral being there it were not amiss that both to the States and Prince he gave a touch of that business. These their deputies are still in the Hague, and some of other chambers. Meerman of Delft, that great Arminian, doth much work in the business. The three of this town there are Advocate Boreel, Elyas Trip, and Derrick Tholyngs, as great an Arminian as any, whereof there are a great many too many in the present Government. 1 p. [Corresp. Holland.]
Nov. 14.
The Hague.
207. The Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Holland, and Sir Dudley Carleton to Secretary Lord Conway. Account of their reception and negotiation with the States. Answer of the States to their proposition from point to point. Touching Amboyna, they promised that all contentment should be given by the time set down in the protest wherewith his Majesty accompanied the Treaty, and that in the interim all diligence should be used by retention of such men as are already here, and timely examination and apprehension of others that may happily arrive, to prepare the matter for justice; adding further (as a thing they required) to avoid supercherie (fraud) on their men's side and jealousy on ours, that they would write to their several Admiralties, to have all such as had a hand in that bloody business seized on and sent under guard to the States before they should be seen by the Directors of the Dutch Company. Touching other differences betwixt the two Companies, pretending that the Treaty of association doth bear that they should be accommodated by meeting of deputies on both sides, and that two have been always in England and not any one here fully authorised since the first framing of the Treaty, and further that they being here might induce their merchants to enlarge themselves more amply than they could when deputies were sent to England with limited instructions, desired that English deputies might come hither to accommodate what is past and provide for the future; whereunto they consented under his Majesty's approbation. [Extract Holland Corresp., where is also the original draft full of corrections drawn up by Carleton.]
1625 ? 208. Reasons why the East India Company should not be constrained to send their Commissioners into Holland to treat concerning the restitution of their goods wrongfully taken by the Dutch. That having received so many wrongs it does not stand with reputation or reason for the Company to give attendance in Holland, where by former experience they have found that having great power with the States the Dutch Company overrule as they please. Doubt not divers of the Lords remember it was the resolution of his late Majesty to use reprisals as the only means to force the Dutch over to treat here. Since the Dutch Commissioners were last here in 1622 we had occasion for recovery of many damages done in the Indies to send over Commissioners, where in 18 months time they could obtain but two meeting, and were forced to return fruitless. Lastly, and principally, whereas we understand that the Lord Duke and the Lord Ambassador at the Hague have been informed that when the Dutch have been on one treaty in England, the English are to repair into Holland on the next, that there is no such article in the Treaty or the Explanation thereof. 1¼ pp. [East Indies, Vol. III., No. 81.]
Nov. 14.
209. [Joseph Hopkinson] to John Banggam, at the Court of Jehanguir, in the King's Laskar. Writes at the request of Aseph Khan to entreat Banggam to clear him before the Nabob (Cojah Abdul Hassan) from an accusation that the horses were given to him for a bribe, which is false. The Deccanese have laid claim to the vessel, in the durbar. If the Turks trouble him again, he may answer that they have estates and people in their country, Captain Cleager having been forced to land 300 bahars of pepper and three or four factors (at Mocha). The Palsgrave, Dolphin, Lion, and a small ship fought two days with the Portugals near Damaun, and were expecting the coming forth of the Jonas and Anne; but the Dutch commander, though he had three stout ships in port would not consent to their going out. Twenty days after arrived the James, a pinnace, and three Dutch ships. Think the Portugals have forced their ships for Persia to meet with the Lion, on which Sir Robert Sherley and his lady [sic]. At Damaun many were killed and maimed, "the small vessell blowing up her deck through oppression of men." The Spy sent to Gombroon to give intelligence of the James and Anne, with six Dutch ships, which depart hence the 25th current. The Jonas this year goes for England, with the Anne's lading and the Great James in Feb. next. In great want of money in every place, notwithstanding the 100,000 ryals brought from the southwards, occasioned by the Europe ships first going for Persia. To ask Goodwin "to set pen to paper." Padre Lord and Young go for England in the James with Woolhouse. Willoughby daily expected, he was in Lahore three months ago. Dated 14th only. Qu. written in Nov. 1625. Mutilated by damp.pp. [O.C. Vol. XI., No. 1211.]
Nov. 14.
210. Commission and instructions to Captains John Weddell, Charles Clevenger, and Barth. Goodall. For defence of the Company's ships against the common enemy. To use all possible providence to prevent separation. The chief and only end of this present employment being to secure the fleet from England, forced from this coast by the too unequal encounter of the Portugal galleons, they shall sail directly to Jasques; but if they meet with vessels belonging to the Portugals, Choul or Dabul to make seizure of them. If they meet with the Spy, to keep her in their company. To dispeed overland to Gombroon the letters and advices for the factors and commanders there, Capt. Blythe to name some fitting place to meet, either at Jasques, Costack, or Larack; but in no case to anchor at Gombroon or send any boat ashore. If they should not meet the fleet from England, then to anchor at Gombroon to advise with the factors and take in such goods as can be stowed in 24 hours only. But being "successfully conjoined," to endeavour the speediest course to the Road of Swally. In case they meet before arriving at Jasques, David Gellie, with all writings consigned to the factors there, to embark upon one of the Dutch ships. The Scout to be dispeeded on her voyage as soon as convenient. Eustace Man, Rich. Swanley, William Eaton, and Mr. Sares [Sayer] to be of their council.
Nov. 22.—The Falcon, one of Capt. Blythe's fleet, having arrived, she is to join their fleet, and any valuable quantity of goods for Persia in her to be landed at Gombroon. Robt. Young to be of their council. Signed by Thos. Kerridge, Richard Wylde, and Will. Hoare. 5 pp. [O.C., Vol. XI., No. 1212.]
Nov. 16–18. 211. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Upon the recommendation of Mr. Slade, Mr. Massam is entertained master of the ship Christopher at 6l., 10s. per month. Suit of Slade for delivery of 2 cwt. of benjamin, 380 lb. of long pepper, and 116 books of calicoes which he brought home in his fleet, for his own private trade also for his wages; his benjamin, pepper, and wages granted, but the calicoes detained. Publication to be set up on the Exchange of the sale of calicoes. 9 cwt. of pepper belonging to divers mariners deceased, to be delivered to their 14 several widows free of freight. Kirby to treat with Browning for his timber of the value of 1,000l. One month's pay extraordinary granted to Elizabeth Wilkinson, a poor widow conceived to be visited with the plague. Consideration and dispute about the raising of moneys; but nothing resolved, only it was wished that the Committees would not be backward in giving their bonds for taking up money if need should require or lending it to the Company. Estimate presented of the charges of setting forth this fleet; also of the balance of the Company's estate, made the 14th May 1624 (sic.), wherein was plainly demonstrated that the Company hath a very good estate within the land to satisfy their debts, and to make good whatsoever shall be taken up for their occasions at this time, without including either the goods now come home in these four ships, or touching upon the estate in the Indies; but one of the Committees doubting whether it was truly grounded, Messrs. Hanson and Markham, auditors, were required to examine it against Friday next. Mr. Grove attending was told by Mr. Governor that if the pepper wrecked in the Moon, which his servant obtained by breaking open a lock in the night, were not brought in speedily, they would arrest him on an action of 1,000l., and charge his servant with felony: he said he was altogether ignorant of the breaking open of the lock, and that all the pepper he had should be brought in. Messrs. Warner and Abdi to be present at the opening of the silk.
Nov. 18.—Bargain concluded with Clifton for biscuit at 16s. 3d., and meal at 15s. 3d. per cwt. Concerning Randall Jesson's contentions with Brockenden, "by means whereof he was put twice in the bilboes, but the Court remembering his giving intelligence of wrongs offered the company by their servants, and his good service in taking a Portugal after a brave fight, agreed that he should receive his wages. Question of raising moneys again considered and deferred. Report of Mr. Bell that Lord Conway had made known to him the day before that he had dealt roundly with the Dutch Ambassador, and told him he had delt roundly with months' respite from seizure of their ship to defeat justice, for that was to give time for making reparation, and he advised the Ambassador to write speedily to the states for the ending of these differences, for the King was absolutely resolved never to leave the trade of the East Indies, and rather than it should fail to send his own ships thither. That he then told his Lordship it was the main drift of the Hollanders, now they have driven the English out of the Moluccas, to raise the price of nutmegs, cloves, and mace to that excessive rate, as will make all Europe at their command for those commodities, and will prejudice his Majesty in his customs above 30,000l. per annum and the kingdom 300,000l. His Lordship desired a copy of that advice, and Mr. Ellam was commanded to draw an attract of the same out of Mr. Barlow's letters forthwith. His Lordship also said that the despatches to the Duke and the Lord Ambassador should be dispatched in two or three days, and they should have copies, and whatever else was in his power to further, so as they would be content not to go their own way, but the way the State propounds. Ordered that Stevens make ready the William and Blessing with all speed, launch their new ship the Morris; and if he could not get the Discovery [? ready] to go with them, the Court intended to provide a pinnace. About the business of the men of the Blessing that pillaged the Choul junk; ordered that their wages be paid. Mountney to provide provisions and stores for the four ships. That the weight of their cloves in the Indies amounted to 8,000 lbs. at 5s. per lb. 6 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII. 148–154.]
Nov. 19.
Hampton Court.
212. Sec. Lord Conway to Sir John Hippisley, Lieutenant of Dover Castle. The States Ambassador complains against him for staying one come from the East Indies and opening his letters. [Dom., Chas. I., Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 237, Cat., p. 153.]
Nov. 20.
Dover Castle.
213. Sir John Hippisley to Sec. Lord Conway. For the complaint of the States he never stayed any man that had letters for them in his life, nor ever opened any packets to read them, being no man of language; but there was a Dutchman that came home in the Indy ship that was cast away, who was stayed for that he was one of those that condemned the English at Amboyna, and he had no letters but what were taken out of the sea some of which they were forced to open to dry them. Afterwards the Governor (of the East India Company) desired him to take the man prisoner into the Castle and send them the papers, which he did; since which (when he was gone to Harwich to attend the Duke) the man brake out of the Castle and is gone to Holland; which escape one Peter Mase, a countryman of his, had a hand in, whom he has close prisoners until further order, which he has written to the East India Company to procure. [Dom. Chas. I., Vol. X., No. 10, Cal., p. 154.]
Nov. 20. 214. "True relation of a battery made by one English ship and three Dutch ships against a plantation of Portugals in Chapel Valley at the island of St. Helena." 5½ pp. [Dom. Jac. I., Vol. CLXXXIII., No. 58; Cal., Dom., Car. 1., p. 154.]
Nov. 21.
Hampton Court.
215. Sec. Lord Conway to Carleton. Transmits a new complaint delivered to the King and Council by the East India merchants, by which he will see how just cause his Majesty hath to resent the oppressions done to his subjects, contrary to all equity and the Treaty ratified by the King and the States. His Majesty's pleasure is that he remonstrate these things to the States and inform them with how much earnestness the Company pursues the staying of the Netherlands East India ships for reparation for the insolency done our men in Amboyna and the restitution of their goods, or else that he would so assist and protect them as they may master the Dutch in the Indies, and give and not receive the law. For the staying of the ships the King has answered that he cannot with honour stay the ships for those things committed in Amboyna until the time granted in the last Treaty be expired; but if the States do him not entire justice within that time he will apply his uttermost forces to do justice himself. Meantime he will cause their complaints to be represented to the States, and have them moved by Carleton, his ambassador, and the Lord of Buckingham to punish the offending parties and provide so with their subjects as that they offer no more such outrages and insolencies to his subjects, his Majesty thinking it no way reasonable that the Dutch should "impost upon" the English, execute justice upon them, take any of their enemies into their protection, or deny openly or. artificially the English to trade in any place, but according to the Treaty and by consent of the Council of Defence. "His Majesty's further pleasure is that you let that State know that if his Majesty shall be able to resist it there and revenge it here, he will not be forced from the trade nor from the protection of his merchants; nor will he by art be put off from having justice for the things past, and such a reglement for the time to come as shall be suitable for the wisdom of a King to content himself withal and answerable to the protection, justice, and care he owes to his subjects." And the King requires him to procure, with as much expedition as he can, answer to these last grievances; for though he will expect justice for the insolencies of Amboyna within the time limited, yet if he shall not have just satisfaction in these things now complained of, he will advise with himself what course to take to protect and satisfy his subjects, at what price soever He is to acquaint my Lord of Buckingham with this new complaint, who has instruction to move the States touching Amboyna and give Carleton what assistance he shall think good 3 pp. [Corresp. Holland.]
Nov. 21.
216. Sir Thos. Roe to Sir Isaac Wake. The Turks begin to quarrel with him, that his nation doth assist their enemies (the Persians) against the Portugals about Ormuz, who have obtained some favour and a mart at Balsora. Doubts it will procure him some trouble to answer men incapable of reason. [Extract Turkish Corresp.]
Nov. 23. 217. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Lawrence Henley entertained purser in the Exchange, and Richard Harrison purser in the Christopher. Petitions considered, see p. 135. 2 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII. 154, 155.]
Nov. 23. 218. Memorial presented to Lord Conway by the States Ambassadors, with the knowledge and consent of the directors of the English East India Company. Being a complaint against Sir John Hippisley, Governor of Dover Castle, for having arrested a servant of the Dutch East India Company and read all the letters he carried publicly, and kept same contrary to the Treaty. That condign reparation be made, and command given to Sir John Hippisley to produce into the hands of the States Ambassador said papers. Furthermore, that order be given that henceforth the people of the Netherlands Company, and letters addressed to their directors, may be safely transported in the English ships and delivered without being in any wise violated. His Lordship is also entreated to procure orders to all the King's officers to forbear giving any hindrance to the ships of the United Provinces, and to revoke all orders heretofore given to the contrary. 2 pp. French and English translation. [Corresp. Holland.]
Nov. 25. 219. Court Minutes of the East Company. Relation by Sir Dudley Digges of the proceedings upon the Commission for the recovery of the Moon's goods. The names to be taken of such shopkeepers as bought pepper before proclamation made. Agreement with Greenaway for bread for the two other ships on the same terms as Clifton for the Exchange and Christopher. The papers brought home by one Joosten, in the Moon, to be forthwith sent over (? to Holland), being nothing but navigation and other waste papers. Copy of Lord Conway's letter to the Ambassador [see ante. No. 215] concerning justice for the Amboyna cruelty, and restitution for injuries sustained, read, wherein was observed to be wanting an intimation from his Majesty to procure Commissioners to be sent over hither to conclude differences, and not to give way that any should be sent from hence thither, "being very unfit that the English should go to them for justice that were the causers of these insolences and injuries;" also were read divers letters from the Low Countries, amongst which, in one from Misselden, was pressed the extreme charge of the Dutch, and it was thought meet to write to him to desist from any motion to the Duke or Ambassador on this occasion, seeing the Company held themselves free from the said charge or any part thereof. Concerning the debt of John Martin to the Company for silks, his widow content to pass over her husband's adventure of 900l. to Palmer conditionally that he discharge her husband's debt, and she have the remainder in pepper and the price of it. Discussion on the business to be brought before the General Court on wednesday next, viz., about announcing a division of a 9th half capital, the security to be given for what is taken out on bill; that the matter of balance taken in May last had been examined by the Auditors and satisfaction given, and the conditions upon which pepper may be had for transportation. Concerning the price for knee-timber from Ireland, some bought of Mr. Browning for 35s. the load. Request of Alderman Hamersley concerning his adventure; the Court very desirous to favour this particular case, yet remembering what had passed in the general consideration of delinquents, and that Sir Dudley Digges and Mr. Travers' cases came recommended by the late King and were denied, a committee was nominated to confer with him and see if they can set down some justifiable course. Thos. Corne's bill of riding charges for 15 journeys to Dover about the Moon, amounting to 42l., to be paid. Singleton's services in providing petty stores for cooks and stewards rejected. Request of Milwarde for "a small fardle of calicoes" that belonged to his servant Christopher Rosod, deceased, granted. 3½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII., 156–159.]
Nov. 25.
220. Sir Robart Sherley to the Privy Council. Had some hope of a passage with the next East Indian fleet, as Lord Conway rehearsed, yet he presumes to solicit their Lordships once more since the time draws on, to call the Committees of the Company to subscribe to his transportation, and to declare where they pretend to land him, lest they set him, as they have done formerly, twice as far from the King of Persia's court as now. And if they shall not condescend to this just request, then his suit is that with his Majesty's authority he may treat with any of his countrymen for his transportation at the charges of them that adventure with him. 1½ pp. [East Indies, Vol. III., No. 82.]
221. Sir Robert Sherley to the King. Fearing his Majesty may forget what he acquainted him with at his last audience, his humble petition is, 1st, that his Majesty will command Lord Conway to give him his dispatch, for the time of year calls him away, and he infinitely longs to be in Persia to try whether his credit with the King will procure him to adventure his silks into England. 2nd. That his Majesty will appoint the gentleman to go with him, to witness what he has negotiated here, and return his Majesty a true answer of his success there. 3rd. That his Majesty will cause him to be presently paid by the Lord Treasurer, or at least such part of his entertainment as may supply his present occasions. 1 p. [East Indies, Vol. III., No. 83.]
Nov. 26.
Hampton Court.
222. Sec. Lord Conway to Sir Morris Abbott, Governor of the East India Company. To admit John Pelham a factor for the Company in the Indies. [Dom., Chas I., Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 237, Cal. p. 159.]
Nov. 26.
Hampton Court.
223. Sec. Lord Conway to Sir John Hippisley. The States Ambassador presses his complaint and affirms that the letters were opened and read at Dover. Sir John is desired to give, a true account and if he have any such letters to send them. [Dam., Chas. I., Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 237, Col. p. 159.]
Nov. 27? 224. Sir John Hippisley to Sec. Lord Conway. According to his Lordship's command has sent for Peter Mase, agent for the States and a prisoner in the castle for conveying away the man that brought letters out of the Indies, and he affirms that to his knowledge Sir John never opened any. Wishes to know his accuser, and protests before God that he never opened any letter to his knowledge that concerned the States. [Dom., Chas. I., Vol. X., No. 41, Cal. p. 161.]
(Nov.) 225. Note of "the States Ambassador's desires." That letters be written commanding all his Majesty's officers not to stop any ships of the Dutch East India Company, and that neither they nor the East India Company shall intercept or open any papers belonging to the Dutch, whether in Dutch or English ships, according to the Treaty; and that any commandments to the contrary be recalled. That the Dutchman detained prisoner by Sir John Hippisley be set at liberty. [Extract from Corresp. Holland.]
Nov. 30.
Hampton Court.
226. Sec. Lord Conway to Sir John Hippisley. The proceedings with him upon the Ambassador's complaints have been in his favour, and the best use shall be made of his answer. The Lords have ordered Mase to be set at liberty on security. [Dom., Chas. I., Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 238, Cal. p. 164.]
Nov. 30. 227. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Ordered that Alderman Cambell receive 40l. of the wages of Thomas Harris, a factor, according to Harris' desire. About the passing over Richard Wicke's adventure to Ald. Cambell, as security for a loan of 1,000l. Ordered that the wife of George Brewin, factor, receive 40l. per annum out of her husband's wages. Richard King entertained purser's mate in the Exchange. Ordered that Rastell receive so much more of his wages as shall make up 500l. Two or three linendrapers being desirous to deal for the whole complement of calicoes the warehouse doors to be open for any to take a view of them, and to be sold by the candle at the General Court. Discussion upon the business to be imparted to the General Court in the afternoon. Committees appointed for the speedy lading of the Christopher and Exchange. Letter read from Lord Conway on behalf of the son of Sir William Pelham to go factor into the Indies; the Court willed him to produce on Wednesday next halt a dozen lines of his handwriting, and entreated Messrs. Browne and Harby to inquire meantime of his sufficiency. Capt. Browne to have his 21 cwt. of goods, and to be dealt with hereafter for the freight. Ordered that Messrs. Yonge and Chauncey send the barque they have freighted at Dover with pepper and ordnance without convoy, notwithstanding the Dunkerkers are very busy abroad. Ordered that Capt Moreton may have the remainder of his wages. A warrant for the remainder of the factor John Dodd's wages to be examined. William Robinson to receive the wages of Henry Hawley, President at Lagundy, as they come due, except 50l. per annum, according to the request of Hawley and order of Court. 3½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII. 159–162.]
Nov. 30. 228. Minutes of a General Court. Those absent to be fined 12d. a piece. Mr. Governor "took occasion to praise God and to congratulate their meeting at this time and in this place after so fearful and contagious a sickness"; and then imparted the safe arival of their four ships and the unfortunate loss of the fifth near Dover Road, "wherein nevertheless they are to give God thanks for all, who had showed them herein both his mercy and his power in preserving and in destroying." Then in reference to the resolution of the last General Court for deserting the trade to the Indies, Mr. Governor read two letters from the Lords of the Council imputing great remissness to the Company, and requiring them, in his Majesty's name, not to desert the trade, with their answers; and he further acquainted them with the audiences of the committees of the King and Council at Hampton Court, and what had passed; also concerning the fresh grievances by the Dutch, as related in the letters sent home by this fleet, as the intention of the Dutch to engross to themselves the whole Molucca trade and their purpose to drive the English quite out of the Indies, the proofs of which gave both his Majesty and the Lords full satisfaction. Also his Majesty's answer, and that he would ever protect and countenance the Company, and that the States should give them present satisfaction and reparation, but that he could not possibly give way to their request to seize a Dutch East India ship in Ireland by reason of a league he had made with the States for 18 months, during which time his hands were bound; but at the expiration of that time if the Company have not satisfaction for their losses and his Majesty reparation in point of honour and justice for the lives of his subjects, he promised he would have recourse to the way of reprisal and stay the Dutch ships one after another until full satisfaction were given, and rather than this trade should fail his Majesty is resolved to send his own ships to the Indies. That his Majesty had done much more for the Company than was fit for them to know, but it was expected they should go his way, not their own. The Governor then desired the generality to deliver their resolution what they intended to do, and after debate it was pressed by the major part to put this question "As many of you as upon these encouragements and promises of his Majesty will follow the trade, hold up your hands," and by erection of hands it was concluded affirmatively, that is, to go on and follow the trade. Then was propounded the business of how to raise money to support the charges required. That by reason of the loss of three ships, the last whereof, being the Moon, "was not so little worth as 60,000l.," their debts and the payment of mariners the coffers were much exhausted, and the Committees had thought fit to raise money by sale of pepper, by taking out one half capital on stock and another with sureties payable at five six months; which after debate was confirmed. The indigo to be left to further consideration. Concerning the Michaelmas payments, which are to be brought in before December 15th. The last payment upon the last subscription due at Lady Day next. A Court of Sale fixed for 16,000 pieces of calicoes and a parcel of Bezoar stones the warehouses to be open for all to "view and peruse" the calicoes. 5½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. VIII. 163–168.]