Charles I - volume 180: Undated 1630

Pages 437-450

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1629-31. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1860.

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Undated 1630

1. An equal and indifferent division of the counties for making saltpetre, with the several proportions to be supplied weekly from each division.
1A. Another list of the saltpetremen, with the district assigned to each of them, and the proportion to be supplied weekly.
2. Another similar list, but of different persons, perhaps after the changes consequent on the complaints of 1629 and 1630.
3. Suggestions for a proclamation for the regulation of the operations of the saltpetremen. Sec. Coke has added a list of the saltpetremen, in which the sufficient are distinguished from the insufficient.
4. Considerations on a proposal for making a store of saltpetre, in which the whole details of its production are stated.
5. Petition of David Stevenson to the Council. Had been deputed to furnish a certain quantity of saltpetre weekly, but wanting moneys to perform so great a business, he had taken Leonard Pinckney to be his partner, he furnishing a stock of 250l. Pinckney brought in 194l., but took a bond for the whole amount, and now refuses to bring in the residue, whereby petitioner cannot perform the service. Prays relief.
6. Lords of the Admiralty to the Mayor of Huntingdon, Sir Sydney Montague, Sir John Cutts, and — Ravenscroft. David Stevenson, Deputy for making saltpetre, having abused the country, and, as the writers are told, been indicted for his misdemeanors, the persons addressed are to certify whether he has been indicted, and what has been his misbehaviour or corruption, or that of his workmen. [Draft in the handwriting of Nicholas.]
7. Interrogatory for the examination of a witness as to his knowledge of a letter written by the Lords of the Admiralty to Thomas Hilliard, the saltpetreman, dated 22 July 1630, and its receipt by Hilliard.
8. Proposal for the supply of 240 lasts of gunpowder at 8d. per pound, provided the King's officers would furnish the undertakers with a sufficient supply of saltpetre.
9. Computation what his Majesty has been endamaged in seven years by the contracts made for converting saltpetre into gunpowder.
10. Account by Sec. Coke of the various patents for the manufacture of gunpowder in England, from 3rd Elizabeth, when she gave 500l. to a Dutchman to teach two of her subjects to make saltpetre, down to 1630. There is added a suggestion for new contracts, both with the saltpetremen and the gunpowder maker.
11. Considerations touching saltpetre and gunpowder, being suggestions for a new contract with the powder makers, and various alterations in the deputations to the saltpetremen.
12. Request to Mr. Collins to furnish the estimate in the next succeeding article.
13. Estimate by Mr. Collins of the charge of making 240 lasts of gunpowder, showing that the gain thereon to the contractors, if sold at 8d. per pound, amounted to 4,192l. 15s.
14. Another estimate of the cost of converting 50 lasts of saltpetre into gunpowder. Total, 4,751l.
15. Another similar estimate, more complete. It shows a profit on the 50 lasts, at the then present prices, of 1,139l. 17s. 4d.
16. Account of annuities and pensions granted by Queen Elizabeth, King James, and King Charles, then payable out of the Exchequer. The several totals are stated as follows:—those of Elizabeth, 680l. 10s. per annum; those of James, 40,120l. 19s. 2d.; and those of Charles, 21,716l. 19s. 7d., with others granted by Privy Seal, amounting to 13,729l. 5s. 6d.; the King of Bohemia, 6,000l., the Queen of Bohemia, 12,000l., the household of Prince Charles, 5,000l.; making altogether a grand total of 99,247l. 14s. 3d. per annum.
17. List of annuities and pensions payable out of several farms and other his Majesty's revenues, together with the fees in the Progress Book, and such payments as are not contained in the Book of Pensions. Total, 14,985l. 6s. 9½d. per annum.
18. Particular of such persons as have several pensions granted by the late King and his now Majesty, payable out of the receipt of the Exchequer and other his Majesty's revenues. Total, 42,262l. 6s. 10¾d.
19. Account of payments and allowances made to the farmers and officers of customs, wherein is shewed how greatly his Majesty is wronged and abused in the same, and how they may be reformed.
20. Comparison between the rent reserved on a grant in farm to the writer, of rents, fines, and arrearages in Devon and Cornwall, and the amounts received from those sources in other ways, through Mr. Williams or Auditor Phelips. Addressed to the Council.
21. Statement by Henry Earl of Manchester, Lord Privy Seal, of reasons to prove that the fees upon special liveries paid by the Petty Bag to the Signet and Privy Seal ought to be equal, and the same to the Lord Privy Seal that is paid to the Secretaries of State.
22. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure, in consequence of complaints of the increase of fees, that the Commissioners for exacted fees make a collection of the true state of all proceedings that have been against every officer whose fees have been examined and certified.
23. The King to Attorney General Heath. Certain annual payments due to the King by the Company of Starchmakers of London are appointed to be paid to Francis Staveley and Gregory Julian. The King minding that such moneys shall be paid over by the said receivers to Sir Robert Karr, Keeper of the Privy Purse, the Attorney General is to prepare a bill accordingly. [Signed but undated.]
24. Draft account of the compositions for knighthood made with the Commissioners for Berks., with the excuses assigned for those who did not appear or pay. [Indorsed is a note of the names of the Commissioners, and the days on which they met.]
25. Names of such as refuse to pay for respite of knighthood in the town of Maidstone and hundreds of Maidstone and Eyhorn, co. Kent, with their several answers. [This was probably the inclosure mentioned in the letter in Vol. clxxiii., No. 30.
26. Petition of William Wollascott to the Council. Having been sent for touching his composition for knighthood, represents that he is above 70 years of age, and suffers from palsy and epilepsy, wherefore he was unable either to wait on his Majesty at his coronation, or to attend their Lordships. For composition, has offered the Commissioners in the country 20l., which he prays them to accept.
27. Petition of Henry Billingsley to Sec. Dorchester. The right of export and import of letters to and from parts beyond seas belongs to Lord Stanhope's office of Postmaster General. Petitioner being deputed by him has been often interrupted by Matthew de Quester. Implores the Sec.'s favour in settling him in the right of his employment. Petitioner is a creditor of the late Earl of Desmond for 500l., and lost his wife's brother, Emanuel Thomson, among the "innocently-murthered men" at Amboyna.
28. Petition of Francis Corbutt to the same. Has been sick ever since he brought the packet of letters from Mr. Carleton, at the Hague, and is greatly indebted to a poor widow, who has maintained him throughout his sickness. Had order to receive 9l. from Sir William Uvedale, but Mr. Pay, Sir William's servant, paid him only 7l. Prays payment of the 2l., and that he may have a packet of letters to the Hague, whereby he may pay his debt to the poor widow.
29. Petition of Thomas Hutchins, post of Crewkerne, co. Somerset, and Lichfield, co. Stafford, to the Council. Is prisoner in the Marshalsea, on the information of Ranulph Church, paymaster to the posts. Prays that he may be brought before the Council board, or that the matter may be referred to Thomas Meautys and John Dickenson, or an order be given for his release.
30. Petition of the same to Sec. Dorchester, entitled Earl of Dorchester. Similar to the preceding.
31. Petition of his Majesty's Posts to the Council. Suppliants are behind of their yearly wages above 12,000l., there being owing to most of them four years and upwards. Pray that they may be forthwith paid. [Underwritten, "Rec. in March."]
32. John Baly to Sec. Dorchester. Propounded to him a business concerning the retailers of tobacco of great consequence to Virginia. If he will further this suit the writer will present him with 1,000 pieces, and make as good payment as any man.
33. Petition of the Companies of Grocers, Drapers, Fishmongers, Skinners, Haberdashers, Salters, Clothworkers, Girdlers, Stationers, and others, to Sir Robert Ducie, Lord Mayor, and the Aldermen his brethren. On information of the Company of Brewers the Council have written to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen to take order that the brethren of all other companies using the art of brewing should be translated into the Company of Brewers. Set forth reasons why this will be very unadvisable, and pray the persons addressed to give such information to the Council that this dangerous innovation may not proceed.
34. Petition of English Brokers, lawfully admitted to deal between merchants in London, to the Lord Keeper, Lord Treasurer, Lord President, and to the rest of the Commissioners for grievances by strangers. Pray that for reasons annexed no stranger shall exercise brokage in any place in the King's dominions. Annexed,
34. i. The reasons above alluded to. The chief is:—The disclosure of the state and secrets of English manufactures to strangers, and their consequent interference with home trade to their private enriching.
35. Orders suggested by Attorney General Heath for the better regulation of foreigners settled and carrying on trades and manufactures in England.
36. Petition of Drue Burton to the King. About January 1630, petitioner, by a Discovery presented to the King, made it appear that his Majesty had been greatly overcharged for the plain suit of Vulcan, and in other arrangements connected with the manufacture of tapestry. The Discovery was referred to the Secs. of State, but no report had been made thereon. For presenting the same, petitioner had been dismissed by Sir Francis Crane from the execution of the office of Auditor General, whereby he lost 50l. a year and the reward of 15 years' service. Prays for an examination of the Discovery, and if the same be found beneficial to the King, that petitioner may some ways find the King's favour. Annexed, [perhaps at some subsequent time].
36. i. Discovery of the great gain made by the manufacture of the tapestry. By four copies of the tapestry of Vulcan and Venus, manufactured for the King, together with other allowances also made by the King, the patentee had made a gain of 12,255l., besides his gain on other copies, some sold here and others exported. [Very much faded by damp.]
36. ii. Account of the cost of the first suit of Vulcan and Venus to the undertaker, and at what price it was sold to the King. [Similarly faded.]
36. iii. Similar account with reference to the four suits of tapestry sold to the King. [Similarly faded.]
36. iv. Account of amount overpaid after allowing interest at 8 per cent. [Similarly faded.]
37. The Discovery above mentioned, but differing from the preceding copy by it and the illustrative accounts being all written on one side of the same sheet of paper, and referred to in the Discovery, so as to be seen at one view.
38. Copy of the Discovery as it stands above, No. 36. i.
39. Copy of the paper appended above, No. 36. ii.
40. Unsigned certificate of some one to whom the Discovery referred to in several preceding articles had been referred for examination, generally confirmatory of the accuracy of its statements.
41. Copy of the same.
42. Suggested agreement with Sir Francis Crane for the sale of lands at Grafton, co. Northampton, assured to him as a security for 7,500l. advanced to the King, with proposal for the establishment of the manufacture of tapestry within the manor-house of Grafton, and the bringing up within the same of a constant succession of two boys as apprentices to be instructed in that art.
43. Petition of Richard Cruttall, of Benenden, Kent, clothier, to the Council. John Atkins and Robert Deering, of Hollington, co. Sussex, with the assistance of Nicholas Beale, had since the proclamation of 17 April last, exported great quantities of English wool. Prays that they may be sent for, and that petitioner may have such allowance for expenses as in the proclamation contained. [Indorsed on this petition by mistake is an original reference, dated 10 Nov. 1630, of some other petition respecting accounts to Sir Richard Sutton and George Bingley. The reference was afterwards erased.]
44. Another petition of the same to the same. Atkins having been brought up, and Deering and Beale sent for, petitioner prays that Atkins may not be released till Deering and Beale, with William Golding and persons named Goodin and Barber, have been examined.
45. Petition of William Deane, a late distressed French merchant, to the King. In the late time of hostility between France and England, petitioner lost goods to the value of 700l., which he had in France. Has obtained a stock of 100l., and desires to employ it in the importation of wicker bottles. Certain potters and seamen import the same irregularly, and enhance the price. Prays for letters patent for the sole importation of the same.
46. Petition of Daniel Dobines and Gilbert Havers, of London, merchants, to the same. In July last they shipped broadcloths and Spanish cloths to Rouen, which were there arrested, and petitioners fined, their broadcloths sent back, and their Spanish cloths confiscated. Pray redress. [Copy.]
47. Petition of John Dormer, John Webber, and others, merchants of London and Bristol, to the same. Six months past they surprised a ship bound for Spain, laden with corn, which is so impaired by long lying, that it is not vendible. Pray permission to carry it to Sallee, or some other port in Barbary.
48. Petition of the Drapers of London to the Council. After divers references of the business of the hot press, the Council appointed to hear it at a general sitting. As nothing is desired but what the late King thought fit, pray a renewal of his proclamation. [Underwritten;—"To a fuller Board."] Annexed,
48. i. Proclamation of James I. for ordering the use of the hot press. Westminster, 1619, March 22.
49. Petition of the Eastland Merchants, resident in London, Ipswich, York, Hull, and Newcastle, to the Council. Complain of the many difficulties in the way of their trade, arising from losses at sea, the burdens of war seated in Prussia, the trade of clothiers and mariners outward, and the interference of interlopers, who daily import Eastland commodities, not only through the Sound but from Hamburgh and Amsterdam. Hoping the late truce will settle their trade beyond seas, they pray that their privileges may be confirmed at home.
50. Minute of the particular regulations desired by the Eastland Merchants in the above petition.
51. Petition of the Eastland Merchants to the King. On a former remonstrance of the pressures and discouragements which lay upon their trade, his Majesty authorized their Commissioner, with the assistance of the King's agent, to seek redress. Their Commissioner had consequently agreed to certain articles with the Danskers, but the Chancellor of Sweden pretends that he wants a commission to reduce the high duties on cloth at that port. Pray for his Majesty's assistance in procuring such reduction.
52. Petition of Alexander Fellowes to the Council. Formerly presented four several petitions concerning certain clay for making tobacco pipes seized by Mr. Kirk and Mr. Maxfield. On the last petition a day was appointed for hearing the cause before the board, but that had been prevented by more weighty matters. Another bark load had now been seized. Pray hearing and restitution. [Underwritten,—"Nill."]
53. The same to the same. Another similar petition.
54. Petition of the Farmers of the custom of French wines to the same. Notwithstanding they have advanced to his Majesty's use divers great sums of money on rents to grow due for some years to come, there is owing to them among the merchants on last year's accompt, 15,000l., for part of which they have been forced to take 150 tons of French wines. The Vintners make a combination not to buy these wines unless at their own rates. Pray that the Master and Wardens of the Vintners Company may be dealt with to take off the 150 tons at reasonable rates.
55. Petition of Richard Greene and Edward Cadbe to the King. Although it is the King's pleasure they should receive reward for their service done in the malting business, yet they are by strong hand hindered. Pray order for their sudden dispatch.
56. Petition of Gregory Jenner, baymaker in Colchester, to the King. Abuse is committed by vintners in selling sugar to be drunk with wine in the taverns, as in a paper annexed is expressed, with a remedy. Prays for sole right of applying the remedy for such term and at such rent as the King may think fit. Annexed,
56. i. The paper above mentioned. The abuse is that vintners buy the sugar they sell to be drunk with wine vented in taverns at 18d. or 19d. the pound, which they make up into 18, 19, or 20 several papers, and selling each for 2d. a paper, make of each pound 3s. and upwards, whereby the King is hindered in his customs, in respect that less sugar is spent with wine than would usually be if it were sold at a reasonable rate. The remedy proposed is for the grocer to divide the pound into 16 ounce packets, for which he is to charge 2s. per lb., out of which he is to pay 3d. per lb. to the King, while the vintner, paying 2s., is to sell his 16 packets at 2d. each.
57. Petition of Thomas Long, Thomas Low, William Davy, and Charles Lynsey, Wardens of the Company of Worsted Weavers of Norwich, and Peter Barrett, late Warden, to the Council. Set forth orders for government of their trade sanctioned by order of the Council of 16 May 1617, by one of which any artificer of the same trade might seize yarns exposed to sale which were defective in length or number of threads, and upon trial so many "hespes or rolstaves" as should be found defective should be forfeited. Clement Francis exposing to sale 12 dozen of yarn, the same were seized by Peter Barrett, and nine dozen thereof being found false were forfeited. Whereupon Francis commenced, and notwithstanding notice of their Lordships' order, is prosecuting a suit against Barrett in the King's Bench. Pray that Francis may be sent for to answer the premises. [Indorsed on this petition occur the following words. "Mr. Cromwell and Mr. Kilboure [Kilborne], Huntingdon," with reference to which, see Vol. clxxvi., No. 34. Clement Francis was sent for by warrant on 8 Nov. 1630. Co. Reg. Car. I. Vol. vi., p. 157.]
58. Petition of Masters and owners of ships trading to Newcastleupon-Tyne for coals to the Council. Some of the Hoastmen being lately questioned for short entries of coals paying custom, have endeavoured to procure their discharge by propounding to yield to his Majesty a new payment of 12d. per chaldron on coals shipped, and thereby to procure a grant that some few of them might have the sole vending of coals at Newcastle, and the only lading of ships. Ships have ever heretofore had a free market, to buy of any free hoastmen, of whom they might have best coals and truest and justest measure. Set forth the inconveniences which will ensue from such monopoly, and pray that they may be left to their ancient liberty.
59. Answer of the Fellowship of Hoastmen of Newcastle-uponTyne to the petition and alleged grievances of the owners and masters of ships of London, Ipswich, and other coast towns trading to Newcastle for coals. The petitioners had prayed for a free market. The answer is that all proper freedom exists, and that absolute freedom would be to his Majesty's great loss, and to the utter undoing of many of the hoastmen.
60. Note of the misconduct of Walter Thomas Rive, towards the Justices of Peace of co. Glamorgan in their execution of the Council's letters respecting the restraint of unnecessary consumption of grain. [Underwritten is the fiat of the Earl of Manchester, Lord Privy Seal, that Rive should be sent for by a messenger.]
61. Petition of Roger Pettyward, Samuel Gott, and Thomas Pettyward, of London, ironmongers, to the Council. Had laden the Matthew, of London, with bar-iron at Bristol, to be delivered in London. The Mayor had stayed it. Pray that on bond not to transport the same iron, warrant may be granted for its discharge.
62. Petition of Daniel Skinner, merchant, to the same. Hoping to do good service, he had imported 200 quarters of wheat and maslen, from France, into Dover; but, having bought at a high rate, and the price of corn having much fallen at Dover, he prays leave to transport it to some other port which stands in greater want.
63. Petition of the same to the same. Petitioner had caused to be laden at Gottenburgh, aboard the Elizabeth, of Leith, 55 lasts of tar, and consigned the same to James Fletcher, of London, being ignorant of the proclamation prohibiting the importation of Eastland commodities by any other than the Eastland merchants. Prays that he may be suffered to land the said tar, promising never again to offend in the like kind.
64. Petition of Bailiffs and Burgesses of Tewkesbury to the same. Last year Tewkesbury, being situate on the Severn, and having vessels called trows built there, supplied the wants of Pembroke and Carmarthenshires with 2,000 quarters of corn, part thereof being still unpaid for. Several of petitioners have bought corn in those parts, where the same is plentiful, in great part for relief of the poor of Tewkesbury, above 500 in number. Pray permission to transport the same.
65. Petition of Thomas Thornhill, of London, merchant, to the same. Petitioner having in Ireland near 4,000 quarters of corn, which he is desirous to bring for relief of London and Westminster, he prays letter to the Lords Justices of Ireland to give way for his doing so.
66. Statement of the advantages which would result from the formation of a magazine of corn.
67. Suggestion that if the King would inquire by Commission, of forestallers and others, forestalling contrary to the proclamation of 28 Sept. 1630, and grant power to the Commissioners to compound with delinquents, good sums of money might be raised. [Copy.]
68. Form of warrant given by the Lord Mayor of London and two Justices of the Peace, for the person named therein to buy corn for the supply of the city. Underwritten are the names of 14 persons to each of whom a warrant had been given.
69. Reasons of the Merchants Adventurers against the taring of cloth by an office in London, with answers thereto.
70. Petition of the Company of Weavers of London to the Commissioners for Trade. For better strengthening them in right managing the manufacture of plushes, satins, damasks, and such like, they pray that their ancient charter may be renewed with larger powers, and that no patent may be granted to Mr. Bushell and Mr. Carleton for preventing the dying of silk heavy.
71. Specification of abuses in the trade of clothing, with suggested remedies. Some of the abuses can only be remedied by a parliament; in the meantime, various suggestions are made of remedies by proclamations.
72. Defence of the Merchants Adventurers to as much of the certificate of the Mayor and Burgesses of Reading as concerns the vent of their coloured cloth, addressed to the Council. The certificate alleges that since the restraint of liberty of venting, their manufacture is reduced from 100 cloths a week to 40. The answer is, that this is the result of the liberty granted to interlopers in the 18th year of the late King.
73. Answer of the Eastland Company (signed, William Greene) to Articles propounded by the Hanse Towns. The Hanse Towns solicited liberty of establishing houses in London, Boston, and Lynn, with a variety of peculiar privileges. The answer is, that no such privileges are given to English merchants within their cities.
74. Remonstrance and Petition of the Governor and Company of Merchants Adventurers to the Council. Refer to their many past complaints of the losses they sustain by abatements made by cloth buyers in the Low Countries, under the name of tare, for the defects in their cloth. Regulations were made that tare should only be taken at the staple town. These regulations have been frustrated by the great advantage taken in the Netherlands of the false making of the English cloths, which affords a ground and colour for the tare. About 12 years past, the late King, by proclamation, gave new life to the statutes on this subject; but the searchers and overseers now appointed are such as have no understanding of the matter, and pass over, or connive at, a great deal of wrongful dealing. Pray the Council to send some skilful person into the clothing counties of Gloucester, Oxford, Wilts, and Somerset, authorized by their letters to see that the clothiers do their duties according to the statutes, and that the petitioners may present to them a proper person for this work.
75. Complaint of the Drapers of England, presented by the Drapers of the City of London [to the same]. Set forth the great decay of the cloth trade, and the reasons to which they attribute the same, and suggest various remedies. Among the reasons assigned by them are, the export of wools "whereby the stranger's wheel is "set going;" ill regulations of the mint, which destroy the balance of trade; impositions laid on cloth in foreign parts as well as here; loss by pirates; unskilful and dishonest manufacture; burials in the night; and discontinuance of wearing gowns and petticoats of cloth by women.
76. Proposals of Sec. Dorchester for rectifying the abuses in the mode of taring English cloth in the Low Countries.
77. Breviat of the reasons given to the Council by the New Company, against the proposed removal of the mart for English cloths from Middleburgh to Hamburgh.
78. Proposal for measuring and marking of cloths in England as they come out of the mill wet, by sworn measurers appointed by the sheriffs of counties.
79. Proposition of some Dutchmen much approved by the English at Delft, for settling the controversy about the taring of English cloths, by their being sealed in England as they come out of the fulling mill, the length and breadth being expressed upon a great lead, having the King's arms on one side and the numbers of yards on the other.
80. Petition of the Company of Merchants Adventurers to the Council. The edict of the States General for taring English cloths at the houses of the merchants buyers, and not according to ancient custom at the Staple or Mart town of the Company, had led to impositions which had drawn from petitioners more than the whole profit of their trade. They had represented the same to the late Parliament, and the House of Commons petitioned the King to deal with the States for redress. His Majesty referred the same to the Commissioners for Trade, who had reported that the tare ought to be brought back to the Mart town. Pray for the King's letters to his Ambassador with the States to deal effectually therein with their Lordships.
81. Articles of a new edict of the States General for regulating the tare of English cloth, wherein the objections made by the English clothiers were removed.
82. Remembrances touching the import duty upon English cloth into Flanders, tracing its history from the earliest period.
83. The town of Middleburgh to [the Company of Merchant Adventurers ?]. Set forth what they have done in accordance with the agreement between them for the accommodation of the English cloth trade, and allege their willingness to allow the merchants all the privileges they desire, so that the mutual friendship between them and that town may be continued. [Translation?]
84. Francis Williams, John Richardson, and Robert Tailer, to Anne Viscountess Dorchester. Pray her to intreat Sec. Dorchester to stay a patent for making salt for Essex, now to be granted to Mr. Motte and Mr. Stricson, who intend to ingross the whole trade into their own hands and lay waste salt-pans on lands of Lady Dorchester, and some lately constructed by the writers on land of her son, the young Lord Bayning.
85. Particular of the requests of Francis Williams, John Richardson, and Robert Tailer, above mentioned. They desired that the patentees should allow them the money they had disbursed in erecting their salt-works, and add the amount to the general stock of the patentees for the benefit of the petitioners.
86. Person unnamed to some one addressed as Right Honourable. Some three or four rich silk dyers in dying raw silks use slip of grindlestones and dust of iron and steel, and keeping the same 30 or 40 days in working, the silk draws into it the dross of the said stones and iron, so that of 16 oz. they make 36 oz. The writer prays that he, and such as shall employ their endeavour about the reformation of this abuse, may have some reasonable consideration for the same.
87. The King to Attorney General Heath. Warrant to prepare a pardon for John Trott, of London, silkman, fined 3,000l. by the Court of Star Chamber for false dying of silk, on payment of 2,000l. by way of composition. [Signed, but not dated.]
88. The Eastland and Muscovia Companies, who are bound to supply the kingdom with hemp, leave the State to procure it from Holland. The writer suggests that a new patent be granted to persons who, under his directions, may bring all the hemp in Europe into the kingdom, and work it here into cordage. Proposes a primary reference to, amongst others, Sir Thomas Roe and Mr. Cradock.
89. Complaint of the flax and hemp dressers, on behalf of themselves and many thousands of poor people very much distressed for want of employment. The Eastland merchants have obtained a restraint for bringing in those commodities by any but themselves, to the great hindrance of many formerly employed in spinning and making cloth, thread and bone lace, and many other things. Pray that rough flax and hemp may be suffered to be brought in by any in English bottoms, and that all wares made of flax and hemp beyond the seas might pay an impost on importation.
90. Proposal for increasing the employment of the poor by sowing flax, with a statement of the great advantages to be derived therefrom. Annexed,
90. i. What the poor man may earn forth of the crop of an acre of flax, assuming that one acre may commonly yield 500 lbs. of flax when it is dressed before it comes to the hackle. The amount for labour on the land and the flax is stated at 33l. 17s. 6d. per acre.
91. Statement of an unnamed person, addressed probably to Sec. Dorchester. The writer sets forth the advantages which England derives from her trade with Poland and the countries on the Baltic, carried on by the Eastland Company, and urges the policy of endeavouring to effect a peace between the Poles and the Swedes.
92. Project for a trade to be made from England to the lower parts of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Slavonia, Croatia, Carinthia, Styria, Tyrol, Morlacca, and other countries.
93. Means whereby the Italian merchants may resolve themselves to come and dwell for trade in England. The means suggested are, the grant of liberty of religion, equality in payment of customs and subsidies with Englishmen, and freedom to bring in or transport out of the land any goods without impediment. The paper concludes thus;—"the true means to benefit the commonwealth and to enrich and enable the King's revenues, is to give liberty that every one may trade wheresoever it pleaseth them, as well in transporting goods from hence, goods not prohibited by the laws, as also in importing from all places whatsoever, whereby the labouring men here will get their living, and the King his custom; and for such goods and merchandise as are imported into the land, the King likewise shall have his custom, and the cities and country will plentifully be maintained with everything, and at a low rate."
94. Petition of Richard Barnes, of Great Yarmouth, fisherman, to the Council. About Michaelmas last the Bailiffs and Burgesses of Great Yarmouth ordered that every fisherman should contribute 20s. for victualling two ships, sent to waft the fisher boats from pirates, of which fisher boats petitioner was owner of one. Before that order, he had made his assurance in London, in the Assurance office, upon the said fisher boat, and paid 5l. for assurance for that fishing season. Having previously lost three boats from the Dunkirkers, prays to be discharged without payment of the 20s.
95. Petition of certain fishermen, unnamed, to Sec. Dorchester. Complain of the size of the trawl used by the Barking boats, and suggest various new regulations for correction of abuses in fishing.
96. Discourse of Sir Henry Mainwaring, addressed to Sec. Coke, on the inconveniences and abuses which result from licences given to the French to fish upon the Zowe, a fishing ground which lies betwixt Rye and Dieppe. He suggests that the licences should be withdrawn, and that the King should appoint boats of his own subjects to attend the French King's service.
97. Brief description of the Isle of Lewis, one of the Hebrides, wherein is contained the nature of the soil, the manners of the people, the several fishings, and their seasons, also the places most commodious for a free town or mart for traffic, according as it was ordered to be done by certain Lords of the Council, and performed in 1630, by Captain John Dymes.
98. Duplicate of the preceding.
99. Manner of setting out a fishing buss of 40 lasts to sea, with the charges belonging to the same, and the mode of packing and disposing of herrings.
100. Breviate of the Statutes of Scotland touching the fishings of the Isles thereof, having relation to a discourse concerning the same, represented to his Majesty.
101. Notes of Scottish statutes, principally that of Jac. VI., Parl. 15, Act 263, for bigging of burgh towns in the Isles and Highlands.
102. Secretary Coke to Captain John Mason, employed by his Majesty to treat with the Lords of the Council of Scotland, about the erection of a general fishing. Instructions to lay before the Council at Edinburgh the propositions which have been approved in England. A stock is to be raised by the contributions of adventurers; 200 vessels of between 30 and 50 tons are to be built, and supplied with necessaries, and the profits are calculated at 165,414l. per annum. Lewis is to be established as the seat of a continual fishing along the west coast of Scotland.