Charles I - volume 271: July 1-16, 1634

Pages 127-153

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1634-5. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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July 1-16, 1634

July 1. 1. Officers of the Ordnance to Lords of the Admiralty. According to the proclamation and their letter, have examined the expense of powder in the Dreadnought, and find the same to be as follows: one item, being expense in salutes, powder 519½lbs., with shot proportionable. [¾ p.]
July 1.
The Charles, in Plymouth Sound.
2. Sir John Pennington to Nicholas. By the inclosed, Nicholas will see what he has done. Whether it will be pleasing to the Lords or not, time and Nicholas must acquaint him. The King and his subjects are infinitely abused by these men and their ways, the King in his honour, and they in their goods; and there is notable juggling in those parts by the Deputy Vice-Admirals, their serjeants and other inferior officers. This fellow of Qewe [St. Kew, Cornwall,] was stayed by them, and afterwards released, for what cause Nicholas shall hereafter know, and they come in and out ordinarily, sell their goods, and chop and change and victual at their pleasures, therefore, until a course be taken for the prevention thereof, they must never think to have the coast free of these rogues. Is this instant going away for the Downs, to meet his victuals, where he prays Nicholas to let him know of all things. The postmasters of those parts deny to carry the writer's letters, except they be directed to a Privy Councillor, saying it is against their orders, but he will try them this time again. [2 pp.]
July 1. 3. Capt. Henry Bell to Archbishop Laud. Beseeches him to communicate the following to the King and Council, viz:—He will maintain upon his life, that now in the third year, he has been kept in prison, in the greatest innocency, and for want of maintenance therein (which justly ought to have been ministered unto him), he has been suffered to pine away by degrees, for want of food. If any one point suggested in the information in the Star Chamber against the writer be proved, or if any one point in his answer be found false, then he will be content to undergo the most shameful death, and horrible punishment, that ever villain suffered. He has called out above these two years that he might be brought to trial but never could obtain it, and good cause why. He has long since cleared himself of those most false and devilish suggestions. If therefore he is still left in prison without order taken for his necessary sustenance, his innocent blood must rest upon the Archbishop and the Lords, at whose hands God will require the same. Has directed these lines to his Grace, in regard God has exalted him to the head place of the Council Board, and therefore he must needs be the chief instrument of the writer's detention. Ever since the 1st of May he has had his petition depending at the Council table,— first, in the hands of Mr. Trumbull, next, of Mr. Meautys, and now of Mr. Dickenson. Prays order for relief, and beseeches the Archbishop to take these things well to heart, and consider the old proverb "Hunger breaketh stone walls," yea, also, that it will be able to make iron grates and bars fly in pieces. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.]
July 1/11
4. Sir John Beaumont to Sec. Windebank. Acknowledges Windebank's favour in esteeming the writer worthy to attend his son. They are together at Tours, but Windebank's son goes this day to Angers, and the writer remains there to make himself ready to attend him. Sir John purposes not to enter Spain till the middle of September, because of the heats. Reiterates millions of thanks. [1 p.]
[July 1?] 5. Petition of Jeremy Phillips and others, inhabitants of Overton Waterville, co. Huntingdon, to Lord Chief Justice Heath. Certain lands are held by feoffment to the use of that church and town. John Hatley, one of the feoffees, has by a sale of wood growing on the premises, got into his hand 10l. and upwards, which he keeps from petitioner Phillips, being churchwarden and having disbursed for the use of the church 7l. and upwards. Pray his lordship to command Hatley to show cause why he keeps the money. Underwritten,
5. i. Order of Lord Chief Justice Heath, that if Hatley be in town he should attend and answer. 1st [?] July, 1634.
5. ii. Reference to Sir Thomas Cotton and Sir Robert Beville to settle or else to certify. 12th July, 1634. [Petition, &c., 1 p.]
July 1. Agreement between John Keyte, of Ebrington, co. Gloucester, Esquire, of the one part, and Endymion Porter, one of the grooms of the bedchamber, of the other part, touching a marriage between John Keyte, son and heir of John Keyte, party thereto, and Margaret Tayler, only child of William Tayler, of Brixworth, co. Northampton, gentleman, deceased. [One skin of parchment. This is the part signed by John Keyte, and has attached (but damaged) an impression of his seal bearing arms. See Case B., Charles I., No. 17.]
July 1. 6. Bond of Jerome Smyth, of Wasing, Berks, weaver, Seth Holdsworth, leather seller, London, and William Hickman, of St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey, fellmonger, to the King, in 1,000l., conditioned for appearance of Jerome Smyth before the Council within four days after notice. [Seals with arms. ¾ p.]
July 2.
Letters patent granting to William Bolton, grocer, the sole right of using certain new inventions of his, for garbling and cleansing the flat indigo which comes from the East Indies, and for grinding and soaking the rich hard indigo so that it shall be of the quality of the flat indigo. [One skin of parchment. See Charles I., case B., No. 18.]
July 2. 7. Petition of Endymion Porter, groom of the bedchamber, to the Council. Petitioner contracted with the lords, freeholders, and commons of North and South Somercoates, co. Lincoln, to drain Somercoates Marsh. Divers labourers repaired thither for expediting the said work, when Richard Drewrie, Francis Thompson, John Thew, and others, gave order that the inhabitants should not permit the workmen to have meat, drink, or lodging there. Prays warrant to the Justices of the Peace for co. Lincoln to bind over all persons who may hereafter disturb the said work to answer the same before their Honours. [¾ p.]
[July 2.] 8. Petition of George Lord Digby to the same. Having been formerly committed prisoner to the Fleet, he thanks them for his release, acknowledges their goodness therein, and his own weakness in offending them, for which he humbly begs pardon, and that they will believe it in nowise proceeded from undutifulness. Beseeches them to intercede with the King to restore him to a state of his grace, which he hopes he shall never forfeit again. [½ p.]
July 2.
Surgeous' Hall, Mugwell Street, London.
9. Certificate of William Clowes, Alexander Baker, and five other Surgeons, and of ten certificated Midwives, to [the same]. Under directions of Dr. Harvey, and in his presence, they have inspected the women lately brought up from Lancaster, and find on the bodies of Janet Hargraves, Frances Dicconson, and Mary Spencer nothing unnatural nor anything like a teat or mark. On the body of Margaret Johnson they find two things which may be called teats, the first in shape like the teat of a bitch, but in their judgment nothing but the skin drawn out as it will be after the piles on application of leeches; the second is like the nipple or teat of a woman's breast, but without any hollowness or issue for any blood or juice to come from thence. [1 p.]
July 2.
Trinity House.
10. Officers of the Trinity House to Nicholas. Jeremy Blackman, a seaman bound on a voyage is in custody of a messenger. Pray Nicholas to present him and his cause before the Lords [of the Admiralty], or if they please not to hear it, that they will refer it to the Trinity House, that Blackman may be set at liberty to follow his business. [¾ p.]
July 3.
Lords of the Admiralty to [Horace Lord Vere]. To give order that George Long, James Sherley and John Thomas, owners of the John and Mary of London, may furnish the same with six pieces of cast-iron ordnance out of the founder's store in East Smithfield. [Copy. See Vol. cclxiv., fol. 28. ¾ p.]
July 3.
Order of the Lords of the Admiralty, on petition of William Pullein. Petitioner stated that John Paltock, purser of one of his Majesty's ships, has divers years detained 4l. due to petitioner, and that Paltock being sent to for the same returned answer that petitioner might get it as he could. Prays leave to take his course against Paltock at law, and if he shall hide from arrest, order to the Paymaster of the Navy to pay petitioner out of Paltock's wages. The Lords ordered that Paltock should see this petition and make payment within three months, or else the Lords gave petitioner leave to take his course by law. [Ibid., fol. 28 a. ⅓ p.]
July 3.
Order of the same on petition of Capt. William Thomas. Petitioner has long suffered imprisonment upon informations for copies of which he formerly petitioned, which petition was referred to Sir Henry Marten, who certified petitioner's request to be reasonable; he now prayed order to Mr Nicholas that he might have such copies. The Lords desired Dr. Rives, his Majesty's advocate, to cause copies of the same to be given to petitioner. [Ibid., fol. 28 a. ⅓ p.]
July 3. Lords of the Admiralty to Sir William Courtenay, John Trefusis, Richard Erisey, and Hugh Boscawen. The Lords having appointed Capt. Hannibal Bonithon to be continued in the office of Lieutenant of the Castle of St. Mawes, the persons addressed are to survey the ordnance and stores thereof, and to deliver the same to Bonithon. They are also to cause John Stanbury, lately appointed lieutenant there by Sir Robert Le Grys, to surrender to Bonithon the keys and charge of the same castle. [Ibid., fol. 29. ¾ p.]
July 3. 11. Petition of Stephen Barrett, saltpetremaker for cos. Lincoln, Rutland, Huntingdon, and Cambridge, to the Lords of the Admiralty. For not bringing in his allotted proportion of saltpetre for last year, which arose through crossness of weather, want of ashes, and his servants' sickness, petitioner was dismissed, but afterwards on petition the Lords expressed, that if he put in security for future performance and supply of his default, that he should be restored. Prays that on entering into bond for performance of his three years' proportion, and making good what he is behind, he may be re-established. [¾ p.]
July 3. 12. Petition of Peter Spencer to the Lords of the Admiralty Being bound in a ship of passengers for Virginia, it fortuned a bottle of strong water was lost, for which a boy of the ship was in most cruel manner whipt by the master, Jeremy Blackman, with the tags of points bent and whipcord, to force him to confess, through which torment the boy (as the master pretends) accused petitioner with two others, and notwithstanding petitioner manifested his innocency, the master caused him to be drawn up with ropes and hung by the w[r]ists with a murderer or mortar piece of two cwt. made fast to his legs, there hanging in most miserable torment upon the rack, till the passengers crying out shame on him cut petitioner down. Prays them to call Blackman before them to answer the above and also his language to his Majesty's drum-major.
12. i. Reference to Sir Henry Marten to consider the petition and do therein according to justice. Whitehall, July 3, 1634. [Petition and reference, 1 p.]
12. ii. Report of Sir Henry Marten. He has heretofore heard and examined the complaints in the above petition, and has given such order therein as was agreeable to justice and the law of the sea, wherein if he has not given contentment to petitioner and the drum-major it is because he presses the maintenance of sea discipline before either of them. July 5, 1634. [¼ p.]
July 3. Copy of the above reference to Sir Henry Marten. [See Vol. cclxiv., fol 28 a. ½ p.]
July 3. 13. Petition of Piers Morgan, of London, mercer, to the same. Sir Henry Palmer, Comptroller of the Navy, has been indebted to petitioner 14l. and upwards about eleven years. Beseeches them to enjoin Sir Henry to make petitioner present payment, or else to give petitioner leave to take legal course for obtaining his just debt. [¾ p.]
July 3. 14. Petition of Robert Smyth, messenger attendant, to the same. Was employed to fetch Esay Whittiffe and Alexander Crocker from Southampton, whom he brought up and kept in custody for the space of days, with meat, drink, and lodging, for which he is never likely to be paid, the delinquents being very poor. Beseeches them for such allowance for his disbursements as they shall think fit. [½ p.]
July 3. 15. Dr. Thomas Rives, Dr. Richard Zouch, Edward Nicholas, and Richard Wyan, to the Lords of the Admiralty. Have taken a view of the Vice-Admirals' accounts brought in since 17th January last was twelve months, and have made an abstract which they annex. Therein have expressed the imperfections in such accounts, as also the names of such Vice-Admirals as have not brought in any accounts this last year, among which some have not accounted since the death of the late Lord Admiral. Have also conceived some rules for future regulation of proceedings of Vice-Admirals, which they present for consideration. In the time of Queen Elizabeth, she commanded Sir Julius Cæsar, then Judge of the Admiralty, to go a circuit round the coast, and visit every vice-admiralty, to reform abuses and settle orders, for the better government thereof, which he performed. Hold it very necessary that the now Judge of the Admiralty should be desired to do the like. [2¾ pp.] Annexed,
15. i. Rules conceived fit to be observed by Vice-Admirals for his Majesty's profit and advantage. The suggested rules provide for the appointment of a Judge, Registrar, and Marshal, and the holding of Courts of Sessions and Inquiry every half year, and the rendering of an account of the profits every half year. [12 pp.]
15. ii. Note of such Vice-Admirals' accounts as have been brought in since the 17th of January 1632–3. [3¼ pp.]
15. iii. Note of imperfections in these accounts. [12½ pp.]
15. iv. Note of Vice-Admirals who have not accounted since the death of the late Lord Admiral. [2 pp.]
15. v. Note of other Vice-Admirals who have not accounted for 1633. [2 pp.]
July 3.
D[octors'] C[ommons.]
16. Sir J[ohn] L[ambe] to Sir Richard Hutton, Justice of the Common Pleas. Made bold to acquaint Sir Richard with the troublesome humour of some who find fault that bonds are taken in Leicestershire for performance of wills, especially if they be of value, and there be children in minority that have legacies. 1. To take bonds has been used in that county time out of mind. 2. Many orphans would lose their legacies if bonds were not taken. 3. More loss must follow, if taking such bonds were omitted, than many good men's estates are worth. 5. Sir John had acquainted his Grace [Archbishop Laud] with it, who thinks it to be reasonable. Mr. Justice Croke is against the taking of bonds, and so expressed himself, which encourages the clamour. If Sir Richard be of the same mind, Sir John will promise there shall never be any bond taken again there. Let the children and orphans lose and perish, he will not be exclaimed on and indicted for doing good for them, nor is he willing any officer of his court should be. [Draft, written on blank page of a letter which has a seal with arms. ¾ p.]
July 3. 17. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 4. 18. Petition of Capt. Henry Bell, prisoner in the Gatehouse, to the Council. For the space of almost three years petitioner has cried out for justice, that his cause might be brought to a trial, and long since has fully cleared himself of those most false informations suggested against him; yet notwithstanding he is not only still detained a prisoner, but also is suffered to languish, starve, and perish for want of food. Prays that his cause may be brought to trial this vacancy, or that he may be released with his means restored unto him, or necessary sustenance ordered him to live in prison. [¾ p.]
July 4.
Lords of the Admiralty to the Clerk of the Signet. To prepare a grant to Capt. Thomas Porter of two-thirds of goods belonging to a Dutch ship forsaken in December last; and driven ashore at Holland, co. Essex, which are fraudulently detained. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fol. 29 a. ½ p.]
July 4.
The Charles, in the Downs.
19. Sir John Pennington to the Lords of the Admiralty. Since the 1st instant has ranged all the coast from Plymouth, and finds it free of pirates. Neither did he meet with any men-of-war, only one of the French King's ships, and two of his small pinnaces riding under the high lands of St. Alban's, near Portland, but before the writer came up with him, he took in his flag and saluted him with five pieces of ordnance. Sir John sent his lieutenant to see his commission, which was for guarding the coast of Picardy, Normandy, and Brittany, and so they parted friendly; his ship was very full of men. The captain's name was Jerroond. Arrived there last night, and attends the coming of their victuals, which received, he purposes to return to the western parts, for he conceives that to be the chiefest place to do service. [Seals with crests. 1 p.
July 4. 20. Copy of the same. [1 p.]
July 4. 21. Copy of entry on the Register of the Court of Arches, in a cause of the late Bishop of Bath and Wells now the Archbishop of Canterbury, against Lady Lake, whereby it appeared that the defendant having paid 40l. for dilapidations to the Archbishop, and 15l. for expenses, she was to be absolved from a previous sentence of excommunication. Latin. [Attested copy. 1 p.]
July 4. 22. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
July 4. 23-27. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 5.
Lords of the Admiralty to Sir Thomas Walsingham. Understand by his letter [see Vol. cclxx., No. 32.] that he has detained a ketch laden with soap from foreign parts. He is to continue the stay of the said ketch and soap until further order. They take in good part this proof of his diligence. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fol. 29. ½ p.]
July 5.
The same to [Horace Lord Vere]. To give order that Morris Thompson, Richard Wake, William Webster, and Richard Page, owners of the Merchants' Hope of London, may furnish the same with ten pieces of iron ordnance out of the founder's store in East Smithfield. [Copy. Ibid., fol. 29 a. ½ p.]
July 5.
Order of the Lords of the Admiralty on the petition of Henry Hughes. Petitioner showed that about two years since his brother obtained a promise from them of a grant of the anchorage of the bar at Chester, paying twenty nobles per annum, and that so soon as he had obtained such promise, upon other employments, he departed the land. Petitioner prays a grant of the said anchorage under the said rent. It is ordered that Sir Henry Marten certify thereon. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fol. 30. ⅓ p.]
July 5.
Lords of the Admiralty to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. The Lord Chancellor of Ireland exercises the offices of Judge of the Admiralty of that kingdom and Vice-Admiral of Leinster. As these places are not compatible, and having written several letters to him and not found performance nor received answer, the Lords pray the Lord Deputy to cause the Lord Chancellor to deliver copies of the grants of the said offices, and to declare of which he makes choice. [Copy. Ibid., fol. 30. ¾ p.]
July 5.
28. Nicholas Eaton to Theophilus Earl of Suffolk. Anthony Witherings was brought before the writer as Deputy Lieutenant of Dover Castle in the absence of Sir Edward Dering, upon a complaint contained in a letter of Robert Grant, one of the Earl's droit-gatherers, whereupon he has taken the examination of Witherings and Baker. Witherings pretends some authority from the Ambassadors of the States to take Dunkirk shallops trading from Dover and other parts to Dunkirk, to satisfy losses sustained by him, mentioned in a copy of a confiscation. But the writer conceives the authority he pretends is only letters of assistance, and if he had such authority, yet for him that is an Englishman against his Majesty's friends unlawful, wherefore he had stayed Witherings (he being unable to find sureties) until his lordship should give further order, and had taken good security for Baker's appearance. [1 p.] Inclosed,
28. i. Separate examinations of Anthony Witherings and John Baker. Witherings stated that he was an Englishman born, but for twenty-four years had lived in Denmark and other countries. At Faversham hired William Hilton with his hoy to come into the Downs to take examinant aboard and sail with him to the ship of the Admiral of Holland, and go with him between Gravelines and Calais to receive such goods as examinant should take out of any shallop of Dunkirk he could intercept, by virtue of a commission examinant has from the Ambassadors of Holland. Has not hired any man to go with him in the said hoy, nor is Baker nor any other partner with him. Has little acquaintance with Baker; but once seeing a Spaniard or two at Deal, examinant spoke words against them and said he should one day be even with them for the wrongs he had suffered by them, and that he had that in his pocket which would do it. To which Baker said that if examinant had any such thing it were best for him to conceal it. Baker on examination confirmed what Witherings had stated respecting himself. Dover, 5th July 1634. [1¼ p.]
July 5.
29. Thomas Webbe to Nicholas. Since he saw the draft of Nicholas's order [in the cause of Lopez and Le Clerke ?] he has thought better of it. Desires Nicholas to insert to whom the security should be given, and that bond being entered, the remission of the cause is to go under the seal of the Court of Delegates, according to the sentence of the Judge of the Admiralty, who will send a commission for delivery of the ship and goods, as he formerly decreed. [½ p.]
July 5. 30. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 6. 31. The King to [the Justices of Assize for co. Anglesey]. Taking notice of the great offence of poisoning Sir Richard Bulkeley, for which Thomas Chedle and Lady Bulkeley his wife stand indicted, and of the several means they have used to delay their trial, his Majesty's pleasure is that, without any further dispute, they suffer John Griffin [Griffith], the prosecutor, to bring the said delinquents to trial before them the next ensuing sessions, and that standing indicted for a petty treason of so foul a nature, they cause them to be kept in safe custody until their trial. Also that for such witnesses in this cause as have not been thought to be illegally examined, if they be dead, or not able to attend, that their examinations be allowed to be read in evidence. [Draft. Indorsed as Mr. Griffith's letter to the justices above mentioned. 1 p.]
[July 6 ?] 32. Sec. Windebank to [Timothy Tourneur], one of the Judges of Assize for co Anglesey. The delinquents concerning the death of Sir Richard Bulkeley being to receive their trial at the next general sessions for Anglesey, if John Griffith the prosecutor can be ready, his Majesty expects the person addressed to be present, and relies upon his care to see the proceedings against so foul an offence duly prosecuted and justice done without delay: also, that he take care that no undue practices be used as formerly have been, and that no person receiving gifts be suffered to give evidence, and this being his first service in his place, he shall do well to carry himself to the satisfaction of his Majesty. [Draft. ½ p.]
[July 6.] 33. The same to Sir Peter Mutton and Timothy Tourneur. John Griffith, prosecutor in the great cause for the poisoning of Sir Richard Bulkeley, has been a suitor to his Majesty for a reference to the College of Physicians, to certify their opinions upon those symptoms of poisoning which, as he conceives appear in the manner of Sir Richard's sickness. His Majesty holding it a thing neither reasonable nor fit that the evidence, depending upon several pregnant presumptions, which, in a case of poison, are of great force, nor the jury, who are to judge by what is testified upon oath, should be perplexed with opinions of such physicians as have not seen the body nor heard the sworn testimonies, it is his Majesty's express pleasure that the prosecutor shall procure no such opinions, and if he do his Majesty's command is that the judges reject the same as evidence, and also that if the delinquents on the other side offer any such opinions, the same be suppressed, and that the judges carry themselves in this business (whereupon his Majesty has a special eye) so that they may be able to give him a strict account thereof. [1 p.]
July 6. 34. Bricklayer's bill, endorsed by Nicholas as for repairs of his house at Richmond: total, 9s. 3d. [A bricklayer's wages are charged at 1s. 8d. per day, and a labourer's at 1s. 2d. ¼ p.]
July 7. 35. Sec. Windebank to Sir William Jones, Judge of the King's Bench, and Sir Thomas Trevor, Baron of the Exchequer, Judges of Assize for co. Monmouth. Henry Ravenscroft is to receive his trial at the next assizes. It is the King's pleasure that as Ravenscroft is a stranger in that country, and employed there in the King's service, they take care that he have a fair trial. And in case he be found guilty of murder, or manslaughter, that they certify the King, and respite his execution, burning in the hand, or any other punishment, until they receive his Majesty's further pleasure. [Draft. ¾ p.]
July 7. 36–37. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 8. 38. Petition of Four Fatherless Children, daughters of John Thorold, to the King. Petitioners' father, about eight years since, conveyed in trust to their uncle, Edward Ellis, a leasehold of the parsonage of Morton, co. Lincoln, of the value of 200l. per annum, (two lives then in being,) to be renewed or disposed of for the advantage of petitioners and to raise them portions. The deed being left in the hands of petitioners' mother, Jane Thorold, she concealed both deed and trust from petitioners and their uncle, being invited thereunto by many fair promises of the now Bishop of Lincoln, as petitioners have just cause to conceive. Petitioners' uncle being ignorant of that trust, out of affection to petitioners, concluded with the Bishop for renewing the lease, and 600l. was agreed upon by way of fine; but through the credulity of petitioners' mother (induced as aforesaid) the treaty took not effect. Through the concealment of the trust the lease has determined, and has been sold by the Bishop for 2,600l., who further, contrary to equity, refuses to give such portions to petitioners, as he often promised them both when their lease was in being and since it has determined, insomuch that they are like to perish. Pray a reference to such of the Council as his Majesty thinks fit, to call before them petitioners' mother and the Bishop, and order his lordship to give petitioners relief out of the 2,600l. Underwritten,
38. i. Reference to Archbishop Laud, Lord Cottington, and Sec. Windebank to certify the true state of the business. Theobalds, July 8, 1634. [Petition and reference, 1 p.]
July 8. 39. Sir Sampson Darrell to Nicholas. Prays him to move the Lords of the Admiralty for warrant for ten commissions for provision for the writer. Has heretofore been a suitor that he might provide things necessary in Ireland and Scotland, for pipestaves, and some other provisions, are hardly to be had elsewhere. The Lords directed him to move it at the Council table, which he did, and the Lords there referred it back to the Lords Commissioners. If Nicholas will move the Lords for that addition he may do great advantage to the King's service. [1 p.]
July 8.
40. Anthony Kyrle to John Howe, merchant, over against the Stocks in the Poultry. By William Clerk's means, Hull, York, and the country are grown so insolent, that they refuse to deliver into the officer's hands any soap found, and affirm they will justify the sale of speckled soap, giving foul speeches both to the new soap and to the parties dealing in it. They try the new with water, and affirm half of it to be lime, chalk, or other unprofitable matter, especially John Johnson of that town, who has most malignantly spoken to the parties who went to search. Johnson sells old soap himself, and encourages all to trade with the speckled, which discourages any to meddle with the new, so that if a speedy and severe course be not taken, the writer prays Howe to employ some other there, and for the soap he mentions to be sent, the writer desires none. When that on hand is sold he will deliver the moneys. Johnson says he will sell old soap in despite of any man; he will maintain and justify it; cares for none who do, may, or dare question him. Thus Edwards informs the writer, who refuses to be further employed. Edwards discovered in Johnson's house 6 or 8 firkins, and much foreign soap in William Lightfoot's possession. Howe must do now to the purpose or desist. If soap be sent, let it be by the bearer William Popple. [1 p.]
July 8. 41. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
42. Receipt of Gervase Thorp for 16l. 13s. 4d. paid by John Turnor for Thorp's quarter's pension, payable by Sir Paul Pindar and William Turnor. [¼ p.]
July 9. 43. Petition of John Oliver, of Linton, co. Hereford, preferred by Thomas Oliver, his brother, to the Council. Rowland Farlow, constable of Broxash hundred, informed the Deputy Lieutenants that he warned petitioner to appear to bear the arms of Richard Nicolettes, whereof petitioner had no notice. The Deputy Lieutenants certified that petitioner contemned their authority, whereupon a warrant was directed for bringing him and others before them. Sets forth his disability to serve, and prays discharge. [¾ p.] Annexed,
43. i. Affidavit of Thomas Oliver, that John Oliver is 55 years of age, very sickly, lame in his right arm, and unable to bear arms. July 9, 1634. [¼ p.]
July 9.
Christ Church, Canterbury.
44. Dean and Chapter of Canterbury to Archbishop Laud. Bless the hand that conveyed to them his Majesty's order prohibiting the turning of leases from years into lives. For ten years they have, in spite of the importunity sometimes of persons of quality, denied all tenants in that kind, and have changed two leases from lives to years. They have obeyed his directions in putting down the exorbitant seats in their quire. They will study to observe his cautions in the felling of timber. Without troubling him with any replication to Mr. Casaubon's answer, to the 15th article, they beseech the Archbishop to take notice, that the church, when Mr. Casaubon entered upon the treasurer's office, was indebted only 75l., the great part whereof was occasioned by sudden accidents, and that the moneys received for this year have been duly delivered to him as the church treasurer, and although there have been extraordinary expenses for ornaments of the altar, for a new frame of great bells, and the repair of church and steeple, yet was it their desire to bring it out of debt by the end of the year, in which they have been much quickened by his fatherly admonition, to which they promise most humble obedience. [Indorsed by Archbishop Laud, "The seats pulled down." 1 p.]
July 9.
His house on Tower Hill.
45. Thomas Viscount Savage to Edward Cherrie, keeper of the Queen's park at Eltham. There is yearly due to the writer, as Chancellor to the Queen, one fee buck and doe out of all her Majesty's forests and parks. He is therefore to kill and deliver to Richard Westwood, or the bearer, one fat buck out of the park at Eltham. [¾ p.]
July 9.
Trinity House, Ratcliff.
46. Officers of Trinity House to Lords of the Admiralty. Have considered the proposition made by the Governors of the Watermen's Hall, to diminish their own company, and the better to provide for the rest in point of means, as also to increase the number of seamen, for better accommodating his Majesty, and saving conduct money. As the writers conceive, these men are deceived in all they suppose, for taking watermen into our ships will not lessen the number of watermen, unless they lessen the number of their boats, which it is not likely they will do. And for the increase of Seamen, that is without bottom or reason, for to all our ships there is a certain number of men, which will neither be increased nor diminished by taking watermen into our ships, for if we take watermen in, we must leave other men out, so there will not be one seaman the more, and his Majesty nothing the better provided for, neither any conduct money saved. But further, if we carry watermen to sea, who shall teach them ? No man will, and so as ignorant seamen they will continue ever. Whereas the writers carry their own youth and servants to sea, and are careful to teach them, yea, make it part of their ambition so to breed them, that so soon as they are men they may be artists, and capable of his Majesty's service. And these servants and youth whom owners and masters of ships entertain are yearly five or six hundred, all of them land boys and youths. The writers submit, whether it be more meet that the watermen should take these to be their servants, and the writers should breed them, or the writers themselves take them and breed them. Moreover, officers may not be without servants, the master's mate brings up their servants in the knowledge of navigation, the gunners teach them the art of gunnery, the carpenters to be carpenters, and the boatswains to be good seamen. [2 pp.]
July 10.
Wallingford House.
47. Notes, by Nicholas, of business to be transacted by the Lords of the Admiralty. Among them,—To dispatch the business between Lopez and Le Clerke: [Margin, "Resolved as my Lord Dorset says."] Sir William Uvedale complains, that some of the ship's company at Portsmouth have robbed and spoiled his breed of pewets: [Margin, "A letter to punish."] Capt. Christian attends with his answer: [Margin, "Discharged."] To consider the King's reference upon the mariners' petition, complaining of the employment of foreign shipping: [Margin, "To the Lords of the Council."] Sir James Bagg desires order that out of the proceeds of Quaile's ship, his disbursements, and also freight and custom may be paid before distribution made to Quaile's company: [Margin, "To be put into money."] To consider the proclamation concerning trawls, prepared by Mr. Attorney: [Margin, "A warrant to be drawn."] Capt. Bonithon desires order to whom the letter for delivering the provisions in St. Mawes' Castle to him shall be addressed: [Margin, "Order is given."] His Majesty's pleasure is signified by the Earl of Dorset, that David Mitchell shall be boatswain in the new ship at Woolwich: [Margin, "Cada cosa en su tiempo"—everything in its time.] [The marginal notes are in the handwriting of Lord Cottington. 1 p.]
July 10.
Order of the Lords of the Admiralty upon the petition of Robert Atherall, ropemaker. Petitioner was established by the Officers of the Navy, 4th May 1632, master of the works in the ropeyard. Sets forth the nature of his employment, until the ropeyard was let to the East India Company. Prays order to give him satisfaction for the time of his attendance, and to establish him in his office when any service shall be done for his Majesty, with such allowance as his predecessor Barnes had. The Lords referred the petition to the Officers of the Navy. [Copy. See Vol. cclxiv., fol. 30 a. ¾ p.]
July 10. Entry on the Admiralty Register of order of the Lords, for discharge of Capt. Edward Christian, the Lords being satisfied with his answers concerning the complaints brought against him. [Ibid., fol. 30 a. ¼ p.]
July 10.
Lords of the Admiralty to [the Officers of the Navy]. John Spencer, master gunner of the Rainbow, being appointed by the Council and Lord Vere into several parts of the kingdom, on special service, they are to order the clerk of the cheque to take notice of his leave and licence. [Copy. Ibid., fol. 31. ¼ p.]
July 10.
The same to [Horace Lord Vere]. To give order that Henry St. John, Robert Clemens, and Robert Mott, owners of the Elizabeth of London, may furnish the same with ten pieces of iron ordnance out of the founder's store in East Smithfield. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fol. 31. ¼ p.]
July 10.
Lords of the Admiralty to John Goodwin. Complaint is made by Sir William Uvedale that some of the men belonging to the King's ships, riding at Portsmouth near Pewet Islands, went ashore on those islands in breeding time, not only destroying eggs and young pewets and frightening the old ones, but drawing their knives and threatening to kill Sir William Uvedale's servant, whom he keeps there for the preservation of his royalties. Goodwin is to take a strict examination, and having found the delinquents, to punish them severely. [Copy. Ibid, fol. 31. ¼ p.]
July 10. 48. Petition of Capt. Antonio Vito [White], of St. Sebastian, to Lords of the Admiralty. Having entered Penzance, he was there arrested by Sir John Pennington, on suspicion of piracy, being most innocent of it, as may appear by his commission from the King of Spain, and that no proofs have been made of his having done wrong to any. It is laid to his charge, to have taken at sea unlawfully two pieces of artillery, to have the greatest part of his men subjects of the King of England, and to have victuals insufficient for his men. He answers that the charge of the artillery is a most false calumny, that the greatest part of his men are Spaniards, and as to victuals, he has orders for merchants on this coast to provide him. Beseeches the Lords to grant him liberty to depart with his ship. [¾ p.]
July 10. 49. Petition of Capt. Nicholas Provost [Prevost] de la Marca, of Dunkirk, to the same. Returning to Spain, whence he had been sent some weeks before with a packet from the King of Spain to the Marquis of Aitona he put into Low [Looe], in the west country, where he was arrested by Sir John Pennington without proof of his having done wrong to any. He has since been brought to Plymouth where his ship is detained to his great loss, and contrary to the good correspondence between the two crowns. Prays order for his enlargement. [1 p.]
July 10. 50. Petition of Jeremy Blackman to the same. Petitioner, being master of the Expedition bound for Virginia, hired for wages Peter Spencer to serve in the said ship. In the voyage Spencer committed an offence deserving severe punishment. Petitioner causing small punishment to be inflicted, Spencer, being guilty of the crime, upbraided petitioner, willing him to do his worst. Since their return home Spencer has arrested petitioner in the Admiralty Court, and petitioned the judge for a "summonary hearing," which the judge granting did order the same; which Spencer waving, petitioned the Lords and procured petitioner to be apprehended and detained these eighteen days. The 3rd inst. they granted a reference to Sir Henry Marten. Prays them to view Sir Henry's report and order petitioner's release and relief. [½ p.]
July 10. 51. Sir William Russell to Nicholas. Should have waited on the Lords of the Admiralty but for the gout. Sir Henry Palmer is at the assizes in Kent and [Kenrick] Edisb[ury] not come home. Entreats Nicholas to move Sec. Coke to know what he has written to the Lord Deputy of Ireland concerning the 1,400l. behind for last year's services. Prays the Lords to second Sec. Coke's letters. [1 p.]
July 10. 52. Stephen Alcock to [Nicholas]. In 1625, Mr Paine, of Dover, victualled the Miniken ketch, and the King's barge several times, for which there remains due to him about 11l. [¾ p.]
July 10. 53–56. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 10. 57. Examination of Edmund Robinson the younger, of Newchurch, co. Lancaster, aged ten years or thereabouts, taken by George Long, Justice of Peace for Middlesex, by command of Sec. Windebank. Examinant told his father and mother, and the Justices of Peace, and Judges of Assize of co. Lancaster, and divers other persons, of divers things concerning the finding two greyhounds and starting a hare, and that the greyhounds refused to run at the hare, and that he tied the greyhounds to a bush and beat them, and that thereupon one assumed the shape of a woman, and the other of a boy, and that the woman offered examinant twelvepence to say nothing, and that she put a bridle into the boy's mouth, whereupon he became a white horse, and took up examinant, and carried him on his back to a place called Horestones in Pendle Forest, where he saw a number of persons gathered together who gave examinant meat, &c. He now says, that all that tale is false and feigned, and has no truth at all, but only as he has heard tales and reports made by women, so he framed his tale out of his own invention, which when he had once told he still persisted in, until he came to the King's coachman at Richmond, to whom he declared the truth. He invented the said tale for that his mother having brought him up to spin wool, and also used him to fetch home her kine, he was appointed one time to fetch home her kine but did not do it, but went to play with other children, and fearing his father or mother would beat him, he made this tale for an excuse. Denies that he ever saw any boy with a cloven foot, or any woman called Loynd wife in a wood as though she had first been a lantern and after a woman, but told these tales to excuse himself when he had been at play. [1½ p.]
July 11.
Office of Ordnance.
58. Officers of the Ordnance to Lords of the Admiralty. Report the expense of powder and ammunition in the Antelope employed last year on the coast of Ireland, in which are these particulars:— powder at the Lord Deputy's coming aboard and going ashore, and in other ordinary salutations, 4 barrels and 18 lbs. In healths nil. [¾ p.]
July 11. 59. Certificate of Sir Henry Spiller, Justice of Peace for Middlesex, that John Reade, of Canterbury, has taken the Oath of Allegiance. [Seal attached. ½ p.]
July 11. 60. Certificate of William Watty, junior, that John Giffard had from 16 May delivered into the King's store 97 cwt. 27 lbs. of saltpetre. [½ p.]
July 12. 61. Petition of the Sheriffs of the several counties of England to the King. Petitioners' predecessors have always passed their accounts before the Auditors of the Exchequer for all felons' goods that should happen within the time of their shrievalty until the first year of the King's reign, that Thomas Tailor and Henry Coveney, clerks of the parcels of the Exchequer, surreptitiously procurred a decree of the said court that sheriffs should pass such accounts before the parcel-makers, the aim whereof is to extort new fees from petitioners, which will amount to 500l. per annum and not any profit to the King. Pray that this being a new invented thing, if it shall appear that the office of the parcel-maker has been only to make parcels or particulars of escheators' accounts, that then petitioners may be freed from giving such account to the parcelmakers, and that the examination thereof may be referred to the Council. [¾ p.] Underwritten,
61. i. Reference to the Council to direct a course for settling the business. Theobalds, 12th July 1634. [¼ p.]
61. ii. Reference from the Council to the Lord Chief Baron and other Barons of the Exchequer to certify the grounds and reasons of the decree mentioned in the above petition, and whether the petitioners were made parties and summoned to make their defence. Star Chamber, 29th April 1635. [½ p.] Annexed,
61. iii. Lord Chief Baron Davenport, and Barons Denham, Trevor, and Weston to the Council. They report that by the decree in the above petition mentioned it appears that the Court of Exchequer, in the 20th James I., finding his then Majesty's casual revenue by way of escheats utterly neglected, and that sheriffs had accounted for the same promiscuously in the end of their foreign accounts, before auditors, for what value they list, paying them a yearly fee of 6s. 8d. for excuse of felons' goods, to the great defrauding of the Crown, and utter depriving of the clerks of parcels, whose duties are to take and enrol all accounts of casual profits, the court after conference with the officers of the court, decreed a uniformity of the yearly taking and enrolling such accounts by the clerks of parcels, as to them solely proper, and made a new settlement of fees moderately fixed. They also report that this decree was reviewed in the 1st year of the present reign and again (after hearing counsel for the King and the accountants) in Easter Term in the 8th year of the reign. Since the adoption of this mode of taking these accounts, casual profits under this head have been accounted for by sheriffs ranging from 10l. to 200l., and there are rents of escheated lands now answered for to the amount of 110l. per annum. [Sergeant's Inn, Fleet Street, 28 November 1635. ¾ p.]
July 12.
Lords of the Admiralty to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. On the death of William Ellsworth, marshal and water bailiff of Ireland, the Lords conferred the office on Robert Smyth, whose patent was passed on 1st June 1633. The Lords wrote letters to the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, being Judge of the Admiralty there, to settle Smyth and his deputies in the office, but hitherto the Lord Chancellor has not only delayed to answer their letters but refused to perform what was required, pretending a right to appoint such an officer. The Lords pray the Lord Deputy to use his higher power to put Smyth into possession of his place, and since the Lord Chancellor has continued one Sammon in possession thereof, to cause Sammon to account to Smyth for the profit thereof. Desire him to take this business to heart as a contempt of the authority of his Majesty committed to the writers. [Copy. Vol. cclxiv., fols. 21 a and 31 a. 1 p.]
July 12.
Totnam. [Tottenham.]
62. Richard Poole to Nicholas. Mr. Giffard was lately with Sec. [Coke] and related to him the right he has to Bath for making saltpetre, and that Hilliard, (Thornhill's predecessor,) never had it in deputation, but that Hilliard wrought that town by the favour of an uncle of his, who had the same with the adjoining counties in deputation. Hereupon Mr. Sec. desires Nicholas to move the Lords that Giffard may not have anything taken from him on Thornhill's suggestions. What inconveniences the country may suffer by Thornhill having it, Giffard's petition will declare. The writer's attendance on Mr. Sec. will not suffer him to be at London this day. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
July 12.
Tower Hill, London.
63. Bartholomew Haggett to the same. Has order from the Farmers of the Customs to desire Nicholas's help for renewing a warrant to Sir John Pennington consequent upon his knighthood. The last warrant for stay of Virginia ships, &c., is sick of this same disease. When it comes to Haggett's hands he will again trouble Nicholas. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
July 12. 64–6. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 12. 67. Copy of the Proceedings of the Justice-seat held for the Forest of Dean at Gloucester Castle, before Henry Earl of Holland, Mr. Justice Jones, Baron Trevor, and Sir John Bridgeman, as it was delivered to the King by Sir John Finch. This paper is incomplete. It treats,—1st, of the perambulation of the Forest, and whether the same included seventeen towns, which were situate within the circuit of the forest. An account is given of the arguments and evidence pro and con, when the question was ultimately determined by a verdict of the jury for the Crown. 2nd, of the trial of an indictment against Mr. Gibbons, for cutting down large numbers of trees on Crown lands alleged to be in lease to him, and for deceiving the Crown with reference to the quantity of land comprised within his lease. [10 pp. and 1 line.]
July 12. 68. Receipt of George Peirce for 3l. 10s., paid by Nicholas, for a quarter's rent for "a house and orchard at Richmond." [½ p.]
July 12. 69. Act Questions in Theology, Civil Law, and Philosophy to be discussed at Oxford this day and on the 14th inst. The names of the inceptors are Richard Baylie, Thomas Lawrence, John Elly, Thomas Walker, Hugh Williams, Morgan Wynne, Anthony Clopton, Gilbert Sheldon, Thomas Legh, Edward Willimote, Peter Wentworth, Arthur Wingham, John Morris, Edmund Staunton, Richard Parr, William Page, George Ryves, Robert Antrobus, Thomas Lockey, Thomas Read, and Richard Nevill. [Printed. 1 p.]
July 12. Examination of Edmund Robinson, of Newchurch, co. Lancaster, mason, taken before George Long, Justice of Peace for Middlesex, by command of Sec. Windebank. Examinant says that the first time that Edmund Robinson, his son, began to publish anything concerning the witches that met at Horestones in Pendle Forest was about Martillmas [Martinmas] last, and that he first made it known to examinant and afterwards to his mother. Examinant gave no credit to him, but sharply rebuked and corrected him. Nevertheless the boy continued in a constant affirmation thereof even with tears, insomuch that examinant imagined he had seen some vision or something that had troubled his mind, but he never believed anything that the boy spoke concerning the same. He never prosecuted or gave any evidence against them, but was sent for by warrant to bring his son before Mr. Shuttleworth and Mr. Starkey, two justices of peace, who bound examinant to bring forth his son at the next assizes. When he came there he was spoken to by the grand jury and others to prefer an indictment against Frances wife of John Dicconson, for the witchcraft of his son, but he refused. There was never any offence between examinant and Frances Dicconson or her husband, but confesses that he bought a cow of John Dicconson for 53s. 4d., for which he was paid without any difference between them therefore. Utterly denies that he ever had speech with Richard Hooker of receiving money for freeing Frances Dicconson. Dicconson and his wife are neighbours of examinant, and there was never any cause of difference between them. Thinks them very honest harmless people. [See this Volume, No. 57, fol. 3. 1 p.]
July 13.
Proclamation concerning the well-ordering the trade of making and selling of soap. By two former proclamations the King had declared his care for the employment of the poor and the reformation of abuses in making soap, but he finds that many factious persons have studied to hinder his good intentions, some by using Castile, Venice, Smyrna, and English hard soap, from the western parts, some by bringing in fish-oil soap, and other soap from Scotland, France, and Holland, some by procuring the increase of making soap in places where small quantities were formerly made, and dispersing it over the realm, and others by pretending to instruct householders to make soap with purpose to cause them to forbear the use of the new soap; and that besides all these inventions they have raised the price of the old soap in London to sixpence, and in other places even to twelvepence in the pound, which used to be sold for threepence, and have abused and falsified the new white soap. To remedy these inconveniences the Lord Keeper, or certain other officers of State, are to issue commissions for rectifying the price of soap, and finding out offenders against the former proclamations, to the end that they may receive condign punishment. Regulations were made for securing a supply of the new soap, no persons were to presume to make soap in their private houses for their own use or otherwise, nor was any soap to be imported from Scotland, Ireland, or any foreign country. [See Coll. Procs., No. 180. 4 pp.]
July 13.
70. The King to Sir James Bagg. The St. Anthony of St. Sebastian, set forth about November last in the service of the King of Spain, has been arrested on behalf of some of the subjects of the States of the United Provinces, by process out of the Admiralty, by the name of the Fortune of Hoorn, above three months since, yet nothing has been hitherto proved on the part of the Hollanders in justification of their claim, insomuch that the St. Anthony, or Fortune, is still in the possession of the subjects of the King of Spain. The said ship is to be released and delivered to such person as the Resident of Spain shall appoint for the use of the King of Spain, upon caution given in double the value of the appraisement of the said ship to answer the said Hollanders' suit. [Copy. 1 p.]
July 13. 71. Another copy of the same. [1 p.]
July 13. The like. [Vol. cclxiv., fol. 31a. ¾ p.]
July 13. 72. The same to [the Judges]. If any indictment for recusancy be commenced or prosecuted against Henry Earl of Worcester, or his wife or family, the same is upon sight of this letter to be discharged and made void. [Draft corrected by Sec. Windebank. Indorsed are the names of the Earl and eighteen other persons, all of whom had probably similar letters. 1 p.]
July 13.
The same to the Justices of Assize, Justices of Peace and others. Warrant to excuse Capt. John Read from the penalty of the laws for recusancy. [Copy. See Vol. cclxv., No. 84. ½ p.]
July 13.
Ludlow Castle.
73. John Earl of Bridgewater to the Council. Having this afternoon, as he was going to church, received from some Deputy Lieutenants of co. Pembroke the packet herewith sent, he represents their desires with more celerity than themselves, their letters bearing date the 7th inst., and but this day brought to his hands. He has been often times a mover that some course might be yearly taken for the better preserving those seas and coasts, and his Majesty's subjects living thereupon. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
July 13. 74. Petition of John Giffard, saltpetreman, to the Lords of the Admiralty. Petitioner having authority for making saltpetre in Bristol and within ten miles compass thereof, and being requested to set up a furnace in Bath, and finding by the computation and account of the country thereabout that Bath is but nine miles from Bristol, viz. from Bath, to a market town called Canesham [Keynsham] five miles, and from thence to Bristol four miles. Petitioner showed their deputation to the Mayor and Justices of Bath, who acknowledged that the said city is within ten miles of Bristol, and wished petitioner to work the same. Petitioner, by assistance of the Justices, being furnished with a convenient place, set up a furnace there, and being at work, Thomas Thornhill came thither and endeavoured to hinder petitioner, and since, namely upon Monday the 7th inst., came again and said he had now gotten Bath into his deputation, and commanded petitioner's servants to forbear working. Prays direction to the Mayor of Bath to assist petitioner in the performance of his service there. [¾ p.]
July 13. 75. Petition of Ralph Allestree and Sarah his wife to the same. Paul Eives entered the Great Seahorse under command of Capt. Quaile 18th June 1630, and continued till 7th December 1631, and then died at Surat, being most of the same time master's mate. Eives made petitioner Sarah, his sister, executrix, and bequeathed to her his pay. Pray order to receive the same. [½ p.] Annexed,
75. i. William Marsh, captain, and David Jones, master, of the Great Seahorse, to Sir William Russell. Certify the service of Paul Eives as above stated. [Copy. ½ p.]
July 13.
St. Malo.
76. Richard Legg the younger to his father Richard Legg the elder. Letter on commercial subjects. Ship of that port of 250 tons taken by the Turks. Proclamation at Paris that foreign corn shall be worth no more than in its own country. [Damaged. Seal with arms. 1 p.]
July 14. 77. Petition of Patrick Craford to the Lords of the Admiralty. The King granted petitioner to be clerk of the passes in the ports in South and North Wales, in Chester and in Chester Water, in Neston, Helbury, and other places. Petitioner has placed deputies for execution of the service. But by the obstinate disobedience of owners and masters of ships, passengers are transported beyond seas, without taking the Oath of Allegiance, or their names being registered, whereby his Majesty's service is neglected, and petitioner, his wife and children, (having spent his estate to settle the said office,) utterly ruined. Prays warrant to ministers, constables, and churchwardens, or to petitioner, to administer the Oath of Allegiance to all passengers out of the aforesaid places, by reason that the former commissioners are far distant from the places where passengers continually embark, and further warrant to compel owners and masters of ships to be bound in 100l. not to carry passengers without the oath, and to prohibit them to carry passengers until they enter into the said bond, and also warrant to innkeepers not to receive passengers to go beyond seas, or that shall land, without sending their names in writing to petitioner or his deputy, within 24 hours, as the same is performed in the Cinque Ports and elsewhere. [1 p.]
July 14.
The Charles, in the Downs.
78. Sir John Pennington to Nicholas. Received Nicholas's letter yesterday by Capt. Ketelby. Perceives the Lords had determined nothing about the Biscayner which he made stay of. He should be glad to know their resolutions before he returns thither, otherwise he shall not know how to carry himself. They are the men that do spoil in those parts, and will do more, if there be not some strict course taken with them. One master of a ship told Sir John he had lost 700l. by them within these two years, for they not only pillage small vessels of victuals, but where they find any goods of value they take them away; their pretence is for taking Hollanders, of whom there are few that trade in those parts, and none that go without convoys. Desires to know the Lords' minds therein, and also what they resolved about Capt. Ketelby's business. Understands Nicholas has delivered Sir John's letter to the Lady Duchess, whom he should have been very ready to serve, if she had continued her resolution. Nicholas makes no mention of his letters sent to Sec. Windebank, Sir Henry Vane, and Mr. Lake. Should be glad to receive Mr. Lake's answer, for it was about money, which the Lord Treasurer promised Pennington should receive at Dover from Sir Abraham Dawes's agents. Whatsoever Sir Sampson Darrell may tell the Lords or Nicholas, the writer is sure they have very little victuals come to them. The Hollanders would have almost furnished twenty sail of ships in this time, besides Sir Sampson had a month's warning. Nicholas writes that the French Ambassador took great notice of our shipping, as he went up the river; there are likewise gentlemen come from him since, that are returned into France, by water from London to Dover, which is no usual thing. Prays God they have no ill meaning towards us, and so surprise us suddenly. Believes our intelligence from thence is none of the best. For Sir John's purser being employed there by him, he is a rascal if he says any such thing, it is true he asked Sir John when he came from Rochester, leave for a week to go about his own business, and he never saw him since, nor cares if he never see him more. For his gunner embezzling powder, he never heard of it before; it must be out of the powder he brought from the Tower into the Downs, yet he brought the full number of barrels, but it seems he had sold the powder, and filled them with something else. Wishes Nicholas to advertise what course he shall take in it. [3 pp.]
July 14.
Commissioners for Pious Uses to Robert Bateman, chamberlain of London. The Commissioners having given directions for beginning the reparation of St. Paul's there will be speedy use of moneys in that behalf, he is therefore to deliver 2,000l. to Michael Griggs, paymaster of the works. [Copy. See Dom., Car. I., Vol. ccxiii., fol. 35. ½ p.]
July 14.
The same to Michael Griggs. Recite the directions in the preceding article and authorize him to lay out the 2,000l. above mentioned in making payment for carriages, materials, workmen's wages and other necessaries as he shall be directed by warrant of Inigo Jones. [Copy. See Dom., Car. I., Vol. ccxiii., fol. 35. ½ p.]
July 14. 79. Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh to [William Weld ?]. Has heard from his wife since she landed, they were all well. Enquires were his cousin Huncks may take land. The person addressed is to provide for Lord Conway's aunt, but with her son the writer will have nothing to do. To take care of the white Irish greyhound. To bring up the new written Polybius if it be reviewed and corrected. Sends all the horses. To let Tandy write out Sir Josias Bodley's journey and the person addressed is to bring it with him. To commend the writer to Mr. Chambers. [½ p.]
July 14.
80. Henry Bulstrode to the [Officers of] the College of Arms at the Swan in Iver. Their warrant to the constables of the hundred of Stoke to summon the writer among others to be before them to-morrow at Iver, or to send his arms and descents, did not reach the writer until this day at the sessions at Iver, where he was held upon the King's business almost uutil sunset. Such arms and matter of information for his descents as upon so short a time he could find he has sent. [Copy. fol. 1. ¾ p.]
July 14.
81. John Durie to [Sir Thomas Roe]. Explains the state of his money affairs, and by what means and assistance he had been able to live up to that time. From Hamburgh to that place Sir Robert Anstruther had allowed him to have a place in his coach, and Durie's man shifted sometimes in the baggage waggons and sometimes afoot, and sometimes in the second coach. Now to avoid jealousies, because Sir Robert is forbidden in the Archbishop of Canterbury's letters to countenance Durie or his business in the King's name, he lives by himself and frequents Sir Robert's house as a stranger. Lodging being dearer during the Diet his chamber costs him 9s. per week, and he has been obliged to put himself in some fashion for clothes. He gave in his proposition to the Diet on Thursday last with the fore-knowledge of various ambassadors, who have promised to second it. The Lord Chancellor Oxenstiern will not publicly support it. The little satisfaction his son has got in England will help much to take him off from all purposes that will advance the House Palatine. The Diet first insisted on ordering and reforming matters of war; then they treated with the ambassadors of Upper and Lower Saxony for a league, and yet they are upon this point. Disagreements between the German States and the Chancellor Oxenstiern. If the conjunction of the two Saxon circles be established, Durie has good hope of his business. Hopes the resolution upon it will be to authorize certain deputies to prosecute the matter, and invite foreign churches to a consultation. News of the war; Gustavns Horn, and Duke Bernard have joined together, and marched to the relief of Ratisbon, which has beaten off sixteen or seventeen assaults. [4 pp.] Inclosed,
81. i. Archbishop Laud to John Durie. Has received from his hand letters directed to him from brothers in Christ in the Palatinate, Biponto, Hesse, and elsewhere in Germany, from which he understands how diligently Durie has prosecuted the business of restoring the peace of the Church. Urges him to proceed, assures him of his prayers, and his aid at the proper time. In the meantime he is pressed by many burthens, but wishes Durie to salute for him all who are solicitous of the peace of the Church, and especially the distinguished theologians who have written to him, but whose letters he is unable to answer on account of the pressure of other businesses. Lambeth, 10th February, 1634. Latin. [1 p.]
81. ii. The same to the same. Similar letter, but having reference to letters received from Divines of the Augsburg confession. He is to salute them in the Archbishop's name, and assure them that he is and ever will be ready to promote the peace of the Church. Lambeth, 10th February, 1634. Latin. [1 p.]
July 14. 82. Copy of note given by the Chancellor of the Bishop of Lincoln to Archbishop Laud of various things out of order in that diocese. It first applies to the cathedral, in which great defects are alleged in attendance and in the performance of divine service. It then mentions various "occurences," in the diocese, principally in the parishes of Kelstern, Saxby, Ashby, Wainfleet, Louth, Gedney, Stow-green, Horbling, Billingborough, Swaton, Huttoft, and Riseholme, all in co. Lincoln. The following is the final entry: "That sort of people that run from their own parishes after affected preachers are the most troublesome part of the ecclesiastical inquisition, especially in Buckingham and Bedford shires, where they find great abettors of this their disorder. The new Recorder of Bedford questioned at a sessions one of my apparitors for troubling, as he said, these godly men, and there delivered publickly that if men were thus troubled for going to hear a sermon when their minister at home did not preach, it would breed a scab in the kingdom." [Indorsed by Sir John Lambe. "Copy of Dr. Farmery's note to my Lord Archbishop, 14th July 1634." 3 pp.]
July 14. 83–85 See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 14. 86. List of journeys to be daily performed by the King and Queen, during a progress which began this day, and ended on the 27th August. They stayed two nights at Hinchinbrook, five at Apethorpe, two at Grimsthorpe, four at Belvoir, six at Welbeck, five at Nottingham; the King stayed five nights at Tutbury, and the Queen eight, and the King three at Holdenby, four at Castle Ashby, and three at Easton. [¾ p.]
July 14. 87. Affidavit of William Poole, clerk, setting forth the circumstances under which he was prevented receiving induction into the rectory of North Cerney, co. Gloucester, by Samuel Rich, who claimed to be parson of the same church, Henry Galping, curate of Withington, and John Rich, brother of Samuel. [¾ p.]
July 15.
88. Mayor and another of Harwich to the Council. This afternoon a small vessel of Ostend took one of Holland, in sight of Landguard Fort. Peter Johnson, master of a Hamburgh hoy, on that occasion said in the hearing of many—"Then your King is naught," for which the writers thought it their duty to apprehend and commit him. Request directions. [¾ p.]
July 15. Commissioners of Pious Uses to the Sheriff and Justices of Peace, commissioners for the contributions towards the repair of St. Paul's, within each of the counties in England and Wales. Recite commissions heretofore directed to them for taking contributions for the object above mentioned, and call upon them to send a certificate of their doings therein. Expect their long delay to be recompensed with the more fruitful return. The King taking contentment in the good progress of the work, and finding the charge to rise higher than at first was conceived, is pleased to undergo the entire charge of building the west end of the fabric. It is hoped they will follow his Majesty's example by liberal contributions, and if any have not repaired to them, or not promised, or contributed too meanly, the persons addressed are to deal with them by their best persuasions, and to certify particularly of all occurrences and circumstances. They are to collect all contributions, and pay the same into the chamberlain's office, London, and to hold the like course in Easter term annually. [Copy. Dom., Car. I., Vol. ccxiii., fol. 35a. 2 pp. There follows, at p. 36a., a list of towns to which similar letters were sent.]
July 15. The same to Sir Thomas Moulson, the Lord Mayor, and others of London. They received immediately the declaration of his Majesty's undertaking touching the great work of St. Paul's, and the writers leave to them to consider what acknowledgments they ought to make thereupon. To the signification formerly made they are to add that the eye of the kingdom is fixed on the example of the city and the eye of the city on their example. They are therefore urged to take these things into their consideration, and, beside their own contributions, to extend their care to their wards, that the abler sort may be moved to measure their oblations by the blessings they have received and by his Majesty's example. [Copy. Ibid, fol. 36 a. 1½ p.]
[July 15.] 89. Draft of the same indorsed by William Dell, Archbishop Laud's secretary. [1 p.]
July 15.
John Philipot, Somerset, and William Ryley, Bluemantle, to Richard Francklin. Expect him at Agmondesham on Thursday next, or at Wycombe that day se'nnight after, to answer to such things as are required in their warrant. [Copy. See present Vol., No 80, fol. 5. ½ p.]
July 15.
Richard Francklin to [William Ryley]. Has so great occasion of business, that he cannot come according to his summons. If he will have him excused he will, about the beginning of next term, wait on him at the office. [Copy. Ibid., fol. 9. ½ p.]
July 15.
90. [Sir Thomas Roe] to Thomas Viscount Wentworth. If this hand seem strange to him so did the first from all his friends and servants, and that it sought him not in England will present it with more ingenuity, for in Ireland the writer has nothing to do, but to consider and apply a character of Scipio, in managing the Spanish war,—Tantus exercitus, quantus imperator. The occasion was given the writer by this worthy gentleman, who so much honours his lordship, and to hear of so many virtues in him, in a corner where Roe lives retired, and where flattery has no end nor object, (for it were no wonder to be praised in a court,) obliges Sir Thomas also to honour him, and, if this be not interpreted an intrusion, to offer his service. Presumes the reason and inducement will satisfy him, for Sir Thomas most willingly obeys him who knows what to command and how to govern; for so commands become lessons and instructions. It is a great act of which seven able men are not capable, a weight that overbalances most men. Does not think he tenders much to his lordship, for he is out of the way to be of use, but if he accept of the fruit of his own celebrity, the writer has as much as he desires, to be to virtue and to Lord Wentworth a professed and most humble servant. [Copy. ½ p.]
July 15. 91. Notes, by Nicholas, of business to be transacted by the Lords of the Admiralty:—Jeremy Blackman is in the messenger's custody on the complaint of the drum-major and Spencer. Letters from Yarmouth and the Trinity House. Difference between Giffard and Thornhill, saltpetremen, concerning Bath. Petitions of Pawlet, Capt. Vito [White], Capt. Prevost, and Mr. Griffith. Thornhill says, the Lords will lessen the proportion of saltpetre assigned him to bring in: [Margin, "The proportion to stand."] To appoint when to consider of altering or repair of the Unicorn. [½ p.]
July 15. 92–93. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."
July 16.
94. The King to the Lord Treasurer, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. A debt of 3,000l., lent to the late King by Sir Sebastian Harvey, alderman of London, was assigned to William Hinton, one of the gentlemen of the privy chamber, by Sir Thomas Hinton, his father, who married the widow and administratrix of Sir Sebastian. In consideration of a release of the said debt, his present Majesty on 25th May, in the 3rd year of his reign, granted to William Hinton for present maintenance a pension of 500l. during his life. William Hinton has petitioned that the said debt and interest thereof, until the grant of the said pension, amounting to 5,401l. 13s. 4d., and also the interest since due, should be satisfied by a grant of some of the King's lands, in fee farm, at the rate of twenty years' purchase, according to such rates and reprises, as are contained in the King's contract with Sir William Russell and Sir John Heydon, dated 7th May, in the 6th year of the reign, on passing which he will surrender his pension of 500l. per annum. The King condescends to this request, and gives the officers to whom this privy seal is addressed authority to make particulars and constats, and to prepare grants, for carrying out the same arrangements. [Copy. 3 pp.]
[July 16.] 95. Petition of John Hartgill, son and heir of John Hartgill of Kilmington, co. Somerset, to the Council. Petitioner, having a wife and eight children, has been reduced to poverty, first by neglect of his father, and now utterly undone by the practices of William Combes and William Helmes, his kinsmen, who, after several other plots, drew him to one of their houses, where they had provided four bailiffs, and made him prisoner there, during which imprisonment they enforced petitioner to pass as much land of inheritance to them as was well worth 2,000l., for which petitioner never had more than 350l. Prays the Lords to hear his case themselves, or refer the same to Sir Ralph Hopton, Sir Edward Bartley, and Mr. Hopton, justices of peace in the said county. [½ p.]
[July 16.] 96. Petition of Edmund Robinson, a poor distressed prisoner in the Gatehouse, to Sec. Windebank. Has been imprisoned since the 28th June in great want, having neither money nor friends, and being almost 200 miles from his poor house. Is ignorant of the cause of his imprisonment, but is informed that it is by reason of a petition against him by Mr. Duxbury, one of the jury, when the prisoners that are condemned for witchcraft were found guilty. Petitioner never gave evidence against them, nor prosecuted them. He has been told that Duxbury has received money from John Dicconson to prosecute the business for his wife. What he alleges against petitioner is only for his own benefit, and to gain money. Petitioner prays that he may appear and answer before Windebank to what Duxbury shall object, and that order may be given for his releasement. [¾ p.]
July 16. 97. Re-examination of Edmund Robinson the younger, taken before George Long. Being examined touching his accusation of Frances, wife of John Dicconson, Jennet, wife of Henry Hargraves, Jennet Devys, William Devys, her half brother, and Beawse, to be witches, and that they were at a witch feast at Horestones in Pendle Forest, he says that he had heard the neighbours talk of a witch feast that was kept at Mocking Tower in Pendle Forest about twenty years since, to which feast divers witches came, and many were apprehended and executed at Lancaster, and thereupon he framed those tales concerning the persons aforesaid, because he heard the neighbours repute them for witches. He heard Edmund Stevenson say that he was much troubled with the said Dicconson's wife in the time of his sickness, and that he suspected her, and he heard Robert Smith say that his wife, lying upon her death bed, accused Jennet Hargraves to be the cause of her death; and he heard William Nutter's wife say that Jennet Devys and William Devys had bewitched her; and it was generally spoken that Beawse's wife, who went a-begging, was a witch, and he had heard Sharpee Smith say that the wife of John Loynd laid her hand upon a cow of his, after which she never rose. Having heard the story of the meeting at Mocking Tower, it came into his head to make the like tale of a meeting at Horestones, at which place he had been with his father at such time as he built it for Thomas Robinson to dwell in. Nobody was ever acquainted with any part of his fiction or invention, nor did any body ever advise him, but it merely proceeded out of his own brain. Denies that he said to the King's Majesty or to any other person that he was set on to make the said declaration. At first he framed these tales to avoid his mother's correction for not bringing home her kine, but perceiving that many folks gave ear to him he grew confident in it more and more. [1½ p.]
July 16. Re-examination of Edmund Robinson [the elder], mason, taken as the last. Denies that he prosecuted at the assizes of Lancaster against Dicconson's wife, or any other of the women accused for witchcraft, or that he had any speech with Richard Holker [Hooker ?] or Thomas Houghton touching having money from Dicconson to forbear the evidence against his wife or any of these women, neither doth he believe that they will justify any such thing to his face. He neither preferred bill nor gave evidence against any of them. [Written on page 3 of the same sheet of paper as the preceding. ½ p.]
July 16. 98–101. See "Returns of Justices of Peace."